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Semantics world is a didactic strategic to transmit

the pleased by the study of the semantics through

image and the meaning.

Looking for diferent process about understanding

and knowledge of several topics of the english


We hope readers around the world may

advantage off from the different ideas founded

into this magazine.

Semantics may seems to have so much trouble

with understanding and sometimes really cannot

get our heads around it, but it can explain it in

simple terms because the stuffs related with this

subject doesn´t confuse.



Emantics is

the study of


The general

study of

languages, an


of semantics is

essential to

purchase tools

when we are

gonna talk with

someone in

social context,

its important to

know how

meaning is






Some important areas

of semantic theory or

related subjects

include these:

Ø Conceptions of


Ø Denotation and


Ø Ambiguity

Ø Metaphor, simile

and symbol

Ø Semantic fields

Ø Synonym, antonym

and hyponym

Ø Collocation, fixed

expression and


Ø Polysemy and


"ʺAny scientific

approach to

semantics has to

be clearly


from a sense of

the term that has

developed in

popular use,

when people talk

about the way

that language can

be manipulated

in order to

mislead the

public. The


approach studies

the properties of

meaning in a

systematic and

objective way,

with reference to

as wide a range

of uNerances and

languages as


(David Crystal,

How Language

Works. 2006)





The connotation of a

word refers to the

emotional or cultural

association with that

word rather than its

dictionary deffinition

Connotation comes from the latin word “connotare”

wich means “to mark in addition”.

Examples of connotation in common speech: There are

many words that can be understood as synonyms with

the same definition, yet their connotations are notable

different. For example.

-­‐‐ “House” vs “Home” : Both words refer to the structure

in wich a person lives, yet “home” connotes more

warmth and comfort, whereas “house” sounds colder

and more distant.


Denotation is generally defined as

literal or dictionary meanings of a

word in contrast to its connotative or

associated meanings.

Readers are familiar with

denotations of words but denotations

are generally restricted meanings.

Writers, therefore, deviate from the

denotative meanings of words to

create fresh ideas and images that

add deeper levels of meanings to

common and ordinary words.

“And on a

day we

meet to

walk the line and

set the wall

between us once

again. We keep

the wall between

us as we go. To

each the boulders

that have fallen to


“All the world’s a stage, And all the

men and women merely players;

they have their exits and their

entrances; And one man in his time plays

many parts,”

Shakespeare moves away

from the denotative

meanings of words in the

above lines in order to

give a symbolic sense to a

few words. “a stage”

symbolizes the world,

In the above lines,

the word “wall” is

used to suggest a


boundary which

is its denotative

meaning but it

also implies the

idea of



“A slumber did my

spirit seal; I had no

human fears … She

seemed a thing that

could not feel the touch

of earthly years. No motion

has she now, no force;

She neither hears nor sees;

Roll’d round in earth’s

diurnal course With rocks,

and stones, and trees.”

the poet uses



where rock

and stone

imply cold



object and the

tree suggests dirt and thus

the burial of that dead girl.

“In the spring, I

asked the daisies If

his words were true

And the clever, clear-­‐‐eyed

daisies always knew. Now

the fields are brown and

barren, BiNer autumn blows,

And of all the stupid asters

Not one knows.”

In the above


“spring” and

“daisies” are

symbol of


“Brown and

barren” are a

symbol of

transition from the

youth to the old


(Sara Teasdale 1884 – 1933)

(William Wordsworth 1770 – 1850)




An utterance is the use by a particular

speaker, on a particular occasion, of a

piece of language, such as a

sequence of sentences, or a single

phrase, or even a single word.

An utterance is the use of a sequence

of sentence, or a single word or phrase.

An utterance can be

defined simply as a

section of spoken speech,

separated by pauses or

silence. The specific

definition of the term is

hard to pin down,

because some people

believe it to relate to an

entire spoken "turn" in a

conversation, while others

believe the definition to

be more episodic, almost

the equivalent of

sentences for spoken







A sentence is a string of words put together by the

grammatical rules of a language Because a sentence is

neither a physical event nor a physical object, it is an

abstract element and can only be conceived

abstractly. Speakers make real sentences by uttering

them and sentences reach hearers when they filter out

certain kinds of information such as the difference in

pitch levels, a sentence can be longer and more

complicated, but basically there is always a subject and

a predicate.

Merriam-Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary includes the

following definition for sentence: “A word, clause, or

phrase or a group of clauses or phrases forming a

syntactic unit which expresses an assertion, a question,

a command, a wish, an exclamation, or the performance

of an action, that in writing usually begins with a capital

letter and concludes with appropriate

end punctuation, and that in speaking

is distinguished by characteristic

patterns of stress, pitch, and pauses.”

Declarative sentence.

A declarative sentence

state a fact and ends with a

period full stop.

• He has every attribute

of a dog except loyalty.

• I wonder if other dogs

think poodles are

members of a weird

religious cult.

Imperative sentence.

An imperative sentence is

a command or a polite

request. It ends with an

exclamation mark or a

period full stop.

• When a dog runs at

you, whistle for him.

Interrogative sentence.

An interrogative sentence

asks a question and ends

with a question mark

• Who knew that dog

saliva can mend a

broken heart?

Exclamatoy sentence.

Expresses excitement or


• In washington it´s dog

eat dog. In academia,

it´s exactly the


Prefixes and suffixes are sets of letters that are added to

the beginning or end of another word. They are not

words in their own right and cannot stand on their own in

a sentence: if they are printed on their own they have a

hyphen before or after them.


Many English words are formed by taking

basic words and adding combinations of

prefixes and suffixes to them. A basic

word to which prefixes and suffixes are

added is called a root word because it

forms the basis of a new word. The root word is also a

word in its own right.

In contrast, a root is the basis of a new word, but it does

not typically form a stand-alone word on its own. For

example, the word reject is made up of the prefix reand

the Latin root ject, which is not a stand-alone word.


A prefix is affix that's added in front of a

word and often changes the meaning of it.

- Prefixes are letters which

we add to the beginning of a

word to make a new word

with a different meaning.

Prefixes can, for example,

create a new word opposite

in meaning to the word the

prefix is attached to. They

can also make a word

negative or express

relations of time, place or


- There are no absolute rules for when to use a hyphen

or when to write a prefixed word as one whole Word.

You can see more information here:

The most common Prefixes.

(Cambridge Dictionary)


- A suffix is a group of letters placed after the

root of a word. For example, the word

flavorless consists of the root word "flavor"

combined with the suffix "less" which means

"without"; the word "flavorless" means having

no flavor.

-­‐‐ Often, the suffix causes a spelling change to the original

word. In the table above, the -e ending of complicate and

create disappears when the -ion suffix is added.

(Cambridge Dictionary)


The modal verbs are special verbs which behave

irregularly in English. They are different from normal

verbs like "work, play, visit..." They give additional

information about the function of the main verb that

follows it. They have a great variety of communicative


some characteristics of modal verbs:

• They never change their form. You can't add "s",

"ed", "ing"...

• They are always followed by an infinitive without

"to" (e.i. the bare infinitive.)

• They are used to indicate modality allow speakers

to express certainty, possibility, willingness,

obligation, necessity, ability

Taken from



verb patterns are the way you are going to use

the second verb when it is dependent on the first



I enjoy working on the emergency ward.

Alice doesn't mind working with children.

Tim is considering changing his job.


I'd like to go abroad.

I hope to go abroad.

I'd love to go abroad.


They invited us to stay in their house.

She told me to come on time.

They asked us not to make such a


Taken from. http://



It is used to refer to some or all of the following: the

primary bearers of truth-­‐‐value, the objects of belief

and other "ʺpropositional aNitudes"ʺ (i.e., what is

believed, doubted, etc.), the referents of that-­‐‐clauses

and the meanings of declarative sentences.

Propositions are the sharable objects of aNitudes and

the primary bearers of truth and falsity. This

stipulation rules out certain candidates for

propositions, including thought-­‐‐ and uNerance-­‐tokens

which are not sharable, and concrete events

or facts, which cannot be false.


Carlos Antonio Velez against José Peckerman.

Carlos Antonio Velez is a journalist and many times

has told that Peckerman´s world cup record isn´t

enough to know if he´s really good couch for

Colombia; I strongly believe that, because until now

he hasn´t shown being better than Bolillo Gomez

who was Colombian´s couch 4 years ago.

Many journalists told Bolillo was the worst couch in

Colombia, I sad myself. “are they kidding?”; In my

honest opinion Peckerman doesn´t know about

soccer tactic and strategic approach to do an

excellent work in our team.

In my limited experience I think

Peckerman hasn´t taken

advantage of the resources from

our players; I was wrong

because I thought Mr. José

would be a good couch for

Colombian team, but his work

has been awful; I might be able

to accept that.

I belive that if Pekerman works with the players, will

be great, but pitifully he doesn´t work, he doesn´t

like producing or generating; if he did anything,

would be an awesome coach and the team would

play excellent, because at the moment we have a

formidable team, almost all of them play in other

countries and usually are the most important

players in their groups.

In my limited experience

although soccer may seem like

a relatively simple sport,

soccer is only simple in the

rules and the basic game play,

the strategy of soccer can be

quite complex, especially at

high levels of play like profesional.

Colombia´s team has been beset by difficulties this

year but how many of them can be attributed to their

couch? That’s exactly the point I was trying to make,

Peckerman is only the responsable of this “strategic

mondongo”, Carlos Antonio Velez sad “ his decisión

to take off Jackson Martínez during the defeat at

Uruguay was strange, creepy, inflammatory, terrible,

hair-rising, dreadful, etc.”, I feel more or less the

same way.

I’m not sure, but I think pekerman can’t see the

potential of Colombian players, he just wants to

earn a lot of money with easy job. I’d probably think

with that money, the Colombian football federation

could sign on a better couch, someone who Work

hardly and honestly, I know that I´m absolutely right.

Written by Jesús Hurtado

Information related



“What an extraordinary

performance this is. It's

rare in a blockbuster of

this kind for the superhero

to be only the second

most important character.

Christian Bale and Gary

Oldman, terrifically

prowling and dynamic

alpha men both of them”.


“The Joker is played,

tremendously, by the late

Heath Ledger His great

grin, though enhanced by

rouge, has evidently been

caused by two horrid

slash-scars to the corners

of his mouth, and his

whiteface makeup is

always cracking and

peeling off”.


“Mr. Nolan has found a

way to make Batman

relevant to his time

meaning, to ours

investing him with

shadows that remind you

of the character’s. Mr.

Nolan has turned



By: Jesús Hurtado

Bale again brilliantly personifies all

the deep traumas and malice of

Batman, therefore, Bruce Wayne,

is near of the darkness. Bale have

shown take up his character,

awesome and amazing.

Ledger´s performance is

monumental and stands out in

a powerhouse ensemble this is

a tribute to his radically

unhinged interpretation of a

familiar character, the green

hair, the nasty words and lips

that call constant attention to the terrible look of his

mouth and the nightmare that her face radiates.

Nolan want to show an intense

and brutal viewing experience,

twisted, terrific, wonderful,

fantastic and great film, Nolan

captures the spirit and

anxieties of a darkness world

while manages an epic work of



Get around: You can easily get around on the bus.

Get back: When I got back from vacation, the lawn needed


Get in: We got in the car and went for a ride.

Give in: After a hard discussion, Bill gave in.

Go over: The inspector gadget went over the evidence


Hang up: She hung up the phone.

Keep up: They tried to keep up with the joneses.

Kick out: The manager kicked the drunk man out of the


Look for: I’m looking for a nice and cheap house

Look up: Look up that word in the dictionary

Pass of: Please, boy, pass all that trask off or I’ll have to do it

Put away: The football team put away a lot of food.

Put away: She put away the winter blankets

Put on: Put on your coat, hat and gloves

Run across: I ran across some old pictures in the attic.

Run into: I ran into an old friend the other day.

Shut off: Shut off that leakey faucet!.

Take out: Don’t forget to take out the trash.

Think over: Think it over carefully or your friends can die.

Turn into: The carriage turned into a pumpkin.

Tear up: He tore up his first draft and tried writing another


Pull for: Everybody were pulling for our team, but they lost.

Put away: The football team put away a lot of food.

Make up: We know that girl likes to make up strange stories.

Pass away: Finally, at two in the morning, the noie passed


Hurry up: It’s almost ten. Please, hurry up, we have to be at

ten thirty.


Special thanks first instance God our

sweet lord to give us life, having faith in

god miracles happen, how the doctor

Wayne Dyer says “ any time you start a

sentence with i´m, you are creating

what you are and what you want to be.

When you choose to say “I´m happy, I

´m kind, I´m perfect”, you help the light

of God inside you grow and shine”.

Second instance to my dear teacher to

share her knowledge, I don´t have

adjetives to refer to her.

Thanks to my dear uncle. Aditionally

the most special thing to me. My sons,

my beauty daughter. And my prince.

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