Semantics world is a didactic strategic to transmit
the pleased by the study of the semantics through
image and the meaning.
Looking for diferent process about understanding
and knowledge of several topics of the english
We hope readers around the world may
advantage off from the different ideas founded
into this magazine.
Semantics may seems to have so much trouble
with understanding and sometimes really cannot
get our heads around it, but it can explain it in
simple terms because the stuffs related with this
subject doesn´t confuse.
the study of
of semantics is
when we are
gonna talk with
its important to
Some important areas
of semantic theory or
Ø Conceptions of
Ø Denotation and
Ø Metaphor, simile
Ø Semantic fields
Ø Synonym, antonym
Ø Collocation, fixed
Ø Polysemy and
semantics has to
from a sense of
the term that has
when people talk
about the way
that language can
in order to
the properties of
meaning in a
with reference to
as wide a range
of uNerances and
The connotation of a
word refers to the
emotional or cultural
association with that
word rather than its
Connotation comes from the latin word “connotare”
wich means “to mark in addition”.
Examples of connotation in common speech: There are
many words that can be understood as synonyms with
the same definition, yet their connotations are notable
different. For example.
-‐‐ “House” vs “Home” : Both words refer to the structure
in wich a person lives, yet “home” connotes more
warmth and comfort, whereas “house” sounds colder
and more distant.
Denotation is generally defined as
literal or dictionary meanings of a
word in contrast to its connotative or
Readers are familiar with
denotations of words but denotations
are generally restricted meanings.
Writers, therefore, deviate from the
denotative meanings of words to
create fresh ideas and images that
add deeper levels of meanings to
common and ordinary words.
“And on a
walk the line and
set the wall
between us once
again. We keep
the wall between
us as we go. To
each the boulders
that have fallen to
“All the world’s a stage, And all the
men and women merely players;
they have their exits and their
entrances; And one man in his time plays
Shakespeare moves away
from the denotative
meanings of words in the
above lines in order to
give a symbolic sense to a
few words. “a stage”
symbolizes the world,
In the above lines,
the word “wall” is
used to suggest a
is its denotative
meaning but it
also implies the
“A slumber did my
spirit seal; I had no
human fears … She
seemed a thing that
could not feel the touch
of earthly years. No motion
has she now, no force;
She neither hears nor sees;
Roll’d round in earth’s
diurnal course With rocks,
and stones, and trees.”
the poet uses
object and the
tree suggests dirt and thus
the burial of that dead girl.
“In the spring, I
asked the daisies If
his words were true
And the clever, clear-‐‐eyed
daisies always knew. Now
the fields are brown and
barren, BiNer autumn blows,
And of all the stupid asters
Not one knows.”
In the above
barren” are a
transition from the
youth to the old
(Sara Teasdale 1884 – 1933)
(William Wordsworth 1770 – 1850)
An utterance is the use by a particular
speaker, on a particular occasion, of a
piece of language, such as a
sequence of sentences, or a single
phrase, or even a single word.
An utterance is the use of a sequence
of sentence, or a single word or phrase.
An utterance can be
defined simply as a
section of spoken speech,
separated by pauses or
silence. The specific
definition of the term is
hard to pin down,
because some people
believe it to relate to an
entire spoken "turn" in a
conversation, while others
believe the definition to
be more episodic, almost
the equivalent of
sentences for spoken
A sentence is a string of words put together by the
grammatical rules of a language Because a sentence is
neither a physical event nor a physical object, it is an
abstract element and can only be conceived
abstractly. Speakers make real sentences by uttering
them and sentences reach hearers when they filter out
certain kinds of information such as the difference in
pitch levels, a sentence can be longer and more
complicated, but basically there is always a subject and
Merriam-Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary includes the
following definition for sentence: “A word, clause, or
phrase or a group of clauses or phrases forming a
syntactic unit which expresses an assertion, a question,
a command, a wish, an exclamation, or the performance
of an action, that in writing usually begins with a capital
letter and concludes with appropriate
end punctuation, and that in speaking
is distinguished by characteristic
patterns of stress, pitch, and pauses.”
A declarative sentence
state a fact and ends with a
period full stop.
• He has every attribute
of a dog except loyalty.
• I wonder if other dogs
think poodles are
members of a weird
An imperative sentence is
a command or a polite
request. It ends with an
exclamation mark or a
period full stop.
• When a dog runs at
you, whistle for him.
An interrogative sentence
asks a question and ends
with a question mark
• Who knew that dog
saliva can mend a
Expresses excitement or
• In washington it´s dog
eat dog. In academia,
it´s exactly the
Prefixes and suffixes are sets of letters that are added to
the beginning or end of another word. They are not
words in their own right and cannot stand on their own in
a sentence: if they are printed on their own they have a
hyphen before or after them.
Many English words are formed by taking
basic words and adding combinations of
prefixes and suffixes to them. A basic
word to which prefixes and suffixes are
added is called a root word because it
forms the basis of a new word. The root word is also a
word in its own right.
In contrast, a root is the basis of a new word, but it does
not typically form a stand-alone word on its own. For
example, the word reject is made up of the prefix reand
the Latin root ject, which is not a stand-alone word.
A prefix is affix that's added in front of a
word and often changes the meaning of it.
- Prefixes are letters which
we add to the beginning of a
word to make a new word
with a different meaning.
Prefixes can, for example,
create a new word opposite
in meaning to the word the
prefix is attached to. They
can also make a word
negative or express
relations of time, place or
- There are no absolute rules for when to use a hyphen
or when to write a prefixed word as one whole Word.
You can see more information here:
The most common Prefixes.
- A suffix is a group of letters placed after the
root of a word. For example, the word
flavorless consists of the root word "flavor"
combined with the suffix "less" which means
"without"; the word "flavorless" means having
-‐‐ Often, the suffix causes a spelling change to the original
word. In the table above, the -e ending of complicate and
create disappears when the -ion suffix is added.
The modal verbs are special verbs which behave
irregularly in English. They are different from normal
verbs like "work, play, visit..." They give additional
information about the function of the main verb that
follows it. They have a great variety of communicative
some characteristics of modal verbs:
• They never change their form. You can't add "s",
• They are always followed by an infinitive without
"to" (e.i. the bare infinitive.)
• They are used to indicate modality allow speakers
to express certainty, possibility, willingness,
obligation, necessity, ability
Taken from http://www.myenglishpages.com/
verb patterns are the way you are going to use
the second verb when it is dependent on the first
I enjoy working on the emergency ward.
Alice doesn't mind working with children.
Tim is considering changing his job.
I'd like to go abroad.
I hope to go abroad.
I'd love to go abroad.
They invited us to stay in their house.
She told me to come on time.
They asked us not to make such a
Taken from. http://
It is used to refer to some or all of the following: the
primary bearers of truth-‐‐value, the objects of belief
and other "ʺpropositional aNitudes"ʺ (i.e., what is
believed, doubted, etc.), the referents of that-‐‐clauses
and the meanings of declarative sentences.
Propositions are the sharable objects of aNitudes and
the primary bearers of truth and falsity. This
stipulation rules out certain candidates for
propositions, including thought-‐‐ and uNerance-‐tokens
which are not sharable, and concrete events
or facts, which cannot be false.
STRONG WEAK SEMANTICS OPINIONS
Carlos Antonio Velez against José Peckerman.
Carlos Antonio Velez is a journalist and many times
has told that Peckerman´s world cup record isn´t
enough to know if he´s really good couch for
Colombia; I strongly believe that, because until now
he hasn´t shown being better than Bolillo Gomez
who was Colombian´s couch 4 years ago.
Many journalists told Bolillo was the worst couch in
Colombia, I sad myself. “are they kidding?”; In my
honest opinion Peckerman doesn´t know about
soccer tactic and strategic approach to do an
excellent work in our team.
In my limited experience I think
Peckerman hasn´t taken
advantage of the resources from
our players; I was wrong
because I thought Mr. José
would be a good couch for
Colombian team, but his work
has been awful; I might be able
to accept that.
I belive that if Pekerman works with the players, will
be great, but pitifully he doesn´t work, he doesn´t
like producing or generating; if he did anything,
would be an awesome coach and the team would
play excellent, because at the moment we have a
formidable team, almost all of them play in other
countries and usually are the most important
players in their groups.
In my limited experience
although soccer may seem like
a relatively simple sport,
soccer is only simple in the
rules and the basic game play,
the strategy of soccer can be
quite complex, especially at
high levels of play like profesional.
Colombia´s team has been beset by difficulties this
year but how many of them can be attributed to their
couch? That’s exactly the point I was trying to make,
Peckerman is only the responsable of this “strategic
mondongo”, Carlos Antonio Velez sad “ his decisión
to take off Jackson Martínez during the defeat at
Uruguay was strange, creepy, inflammatory, terrible,
hair-rising, dreadful, etc.”, I feel more or less the
I’m not sure, but I think pekerman can’t see the
potential of Colombian players, he just wants to
earn a lot of money with easy job. I’d probably think
with that money, the Colombian football federation
could sign on a better couch, someone who Work
hardly and honestly, I know that I´m absolutely right.
Written by Jesús Hurtado
“What an extraordinary
performance this is. It's
rare in a blockbuster of
this kind for the superhero
to be only the second
most important character.
Christian Bale and Gary
prowling and dynamic
alpha men both of them”.
“The Joker is played,
tremendously, by the late
Heath Ledger His great
grin, though enhanced by
rouge, has evidently been
caused by two horrid
slash-scars to the corners
of his mouth, and his
whiteface makeup is
always cracking and
THE NEW YORK TIMES
“Mr. Nolan has found a
way to make Batman
relevant to his time
meaning, to ours
investing him with
shadows that remind you
of the character’s. Mr.
Nolan has turned
THE DARK KNIGHT REVIEW
By: Jesús Hurtado
Bale again brilliantly personifies all
the deep traumas and malice of
Batman, therefore, Bruce Wayne,
is near of the darkness. Bale have
shown take up his character,
awesome and amazing.
Ledger´s performance is
monumental and stands out in
a powerhouse ensemble this is
a tribute to his radically
unhinged interpretation of a
familiar character, the green
hair, the nasty words and lips
that call constant attention to the terrible look of his
mouth and the nightmare that her face radiates.
Nolan want to show an intense
and brutal viewing experience,
twisted, terrific, wonderful,
fantastic and great film, Nolan
captures the spirit and
anxieties of a darkness world
while manages an epic work of
Get around: You can easily get around on the bus.
Get back: When I got back from vacation, the lawn needed
Get in: We got in the car and went for a ride.
Give in: After a hard discussion, Bill gave in.
Go over: The inspector gadget went over the evidence
Hang up: She hung up the phone.
Keep up: They tried to keep up with the joneses.
Kick out: The manager kicked the drunk man out of the
Look for: I’m looking for a nice and cheap house
Look up: Look up that word in the dictionary
Pass of: Please, boy, pass all that trask off or I’ll have to do it
Put away: The football team put away a lot of food.
Put away: She put away the winter blankets
Put on: Put on your coat, hat and gloves
Run across: I ran across some old pictures in the attic.
Run into: I ran into an old friend the other day.
Shut off: Shut off that leakey faucet!.
Take out: Don’t forget to take out the trash.
Think over: Think it over carefully or your friends can die.
Turn into: The carriage turned into a pumpkin.
Tear up: He tore up his first draft and tried writing another
Pull for: Everybody were pulling for our team, but they lost.
Put away: The football team put away a lot of food.
Make up: We know that girl likes to make up strange stories.
Pass away: Finally, at two in the morning, the noie passed
Hurry up: It’s almost ten. Please, hurry up, we have to be at
Special thanks first instance God our
sweet lord to give us life, having faith in
god miracles happen, how the doctor
Wayne Dyer says “ any time you start a
sentence with i´m, you are creating
what you are and what you want to be.
When you choose to say “I´m happy, I
´m kind, I´m perfect”, you help the light
of God inside you grow and shine”.
Second instance to my dear teacher to
share her knowledge, I don´t have
adjetives to refer to her.
Thanks to my dear uncle. Aditionally
the most special thing to me. My sons,
my beauty daughter. And my prince.