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National Cancer Institute U.s. Department of HealtH anD HUman serviCes national institutes of Health In ThIs Issue: Congress of Epidemiology, 5 Jonine Figueroa Profile, 6 Gretchen Gierach Profile, 7 Visiting Scholar Scott Davis, 8 NIH 2012 FARE Winners, 10 Joint Statistical Meetings, 10 Nilanjan Chatterjee Receives Statistics Award, 11 DCEG Annual Town Meeting, 12 Summer Fellows Event, 14 Early-Life Events and Cancer Workshop, 16 Radiation Research Agreement Signed, 17 Scientific Highlights, 18 DCEG People in the News, 25 Comings…Goings, 28 Mary Fraser Retires, 31 Fraumeni Inducted Into the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, 32 Division of CanCer epiDemiology anD genetiCs Linkage November 2011 • Number 43 DCEG Studies in Africa: Seeking to Understand Cancer Causes on Another Continent The investigation of global cancer incidence and mortality patterns can provide clues to cancer etiology and inform the development of cancer control strategies. Among DCEG’s many international research activities are its studies in Africa, which stand to contribute significantly to our understanding of cancer and its risk factors. According to the World Health Organization, Africa’s already huge cancer burden will increase in future years—the 681,000 new cases of cancer and 512,000 deaths reported in 2008 are estimated to grow to 1.6 million new cases and 1.2 million deaths annually by 2030. Contributing to the situation are the large number of infection-related cancers among HIV/AIDS patients and the high costs of cancer treatment, which most African patients cannot afford. Research on hIV-related Cancer HIV/AIDS has been linked to increased risks of Kaposi sarcoma (KS), non-Hodgkin lymphoma, Hodgkin lymphoma, and cancers of the cervix, anus, liver, and lung. Effects of HIV on cancer incidence, however, appear to vary in magnitude by geographic region. Less is known about the risk of HIV/ AIDS-associated cancers in Africa than in the United States, even though Africa is home to more than two-thirds of the nearly 34 million people infected with HIV worldwide. Approximately 30 percent of cancers in Africa are thought to be attributable to Senegal Morocco Algeria Ghana Nigeria Zambia Botswana South Africa Tunisia Egypt Uganda Kenya Tanzania Malawi Map shows countries in Africa in which DCEG conducts or has conducted research.