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I N T E R N A T I O N A L F E D E R A T I O N O F E S S E N T I A L O I L S & A R O M A T R A D E S

N E W S F R O M A R O U N D T H E G L O B E • A P R I L 2 0 1 7


Preparations are well under way for the 2017

IFEAT Conference to be held in Athens,

Greece at the InterContinental Athenaeum

Hotel from 24th to 28th September. I look

forward to welcoming members and their

partners to this beautiful, historical city

with strong global links deriving from its

shipping, finance, commerce, arts, culture and

Dominique Roques tourism sectors. This year, it will be a

celebratory conference, as we mark 40 years since

IFEAT’s inception in Kyoto in 1977; the theme will be “Celebrating

40 years of IFEAT”. There is much to celebrate, as our industry has

flourished and IFEAT activities continue to expand. As part of the

celebrations we shall be looking at “fragrances in antiquity”. The

glorious era of Ancient Athens stands roughly halfway in the course of

the 40 centuries of documented perfumery. With the unique smells of

Greek origin such as labdanum or mastic, our conference will pay

special tribute to the on-going discoveries around the fascinating

richness of these ancient scents.

Following the success of last year’s Dubai Conference, the order of

events at the Athens Conference will be the same as 2016. There will

be two days of a formal conference speaker programme with

presentations on topical issues for the global essential oils and aroma

chemicals trade (Monday 25th and Tuesday 26th September). This will

be followed by a two-day Trade Exhibition on Wednesday 27th and

Thursday 28th September, as well as private meetings and networking

between members. Workshops are being organised for these last two

days including the ICATS Intermediate Perfumery Workshop

led by Joanna Norman and Special Topics in Flavours and

Flavourings led by Michael Zviely. More information about these

ticket-only courses can be found on the IFEAT website at

www.ifeat.org .

InterContinental Athenaeum Hotel

The Welcome Reception will be held on Sunday 24th September prior

to the start of the conference. The annual IFEAT Dinner will be held

at The Zappeion Hall on Tuesday 26th September with the Closing

Banquet being held at the exquisite beach front Balux Prive on

Thursday 28th September.

I am delighted to have a very energetic and competent new IFEAT

secretariat (see page 2) working on this year’s IFEAT Conference. I am

also very grateful to my organising committee which consists of longstanding

members of the IFEAT Executive Committee, who already

have form with regard to the organisation of spectacular IFEAT events.

Thank you for your time and unwavering support: Kim Bleimann,

Michael G Boudjouk, Antonella Corleone, Hussein Fakhry,

Csaba Fodor, Jens-Achim Protzen, Ravi Sanganeria, Michael

Torre and Stephen Pisano.

More information will be forthcoming soon on the IFEAT website.

Please do contact the secretariat if you have any questions with

regard to the 2017 IFEAT Athens Conference.

Dominique Roques

Conference Chairman

Athens organising committee (l to r): Michael Torre, Hussein Fakhry, Michael

Boudjouk, Kim Bleimann, Stephen Pisano, Antonella Corleone, Jens-Achim

Protzen, Dominique Roques (Chairman)

Raise your company profile at the IFEAT Conference

The IFEAT Conference offers superb opportunities for companies to raise their profiles during one of the most important annual

gatherings of F&F personnel. From a full “platinum sponsorship” package to the inclusion of a pen in the delegate pack, a wide range of

sponsorship and advertising opportunities is offered. conference@ifeat.org



I S E O 2 0 1 6

IFEAT expands its staff team

ISEO 2016 abstracts available

Two new members of staff have joined the

IFEAT team. Tina Carne takes on the

combined roles of Conference Programme

Coordinator and Editor of IFEATWORLD

and Ronit Meier is IFEAT’s new

bookkeeper. The team continues to ensure

the efficient and smooth running of IFEAT, as

well as the organisation of the annual

conference, the study tours and


The new staff join Salma Rossell, who

started her role as Events Manager with

IFEAT in November 2015. Salma is relocating

to New Zealand this year, so will sadly be

leaving IFEAT in a few months.The team will

continue to be supported by independent

contractor Louise Kapor who provides

services to IFEAT, primarily through the

Executive Committee Chairman and

Executive Committee.


Tina is IFEAT’S Conference Programme

Coordinator and IFEATWORLD editor. She

ran her own website design and marketing

communications business for 15 years and

more recently, was head of a film and media


Tina attended the IFEAT 1998 London

Conference in her role as Marketing & PR

Officer at the University of Plymouth, where

she worked with Dr Tony Curtis to market

the BA Business of Perfumery course and

later the IFEAT Diploma programme. She

has also been to IFEAT conferences in

Marrakech, Barcelona and Singapore and is a

familiar face to many on the Executive

Committee. In 1994, when her children were

in primary school, Tina studied for a BA

(Hons) degree in Public Relations with

Applied Information Technology, specialising

in Artificial Intelligence. She is also working

with the Membership Committee on the

development of IFEAT’s website.

Tina is also a Clinical Hypnotherapist and in

her spare time she acts in amateur and

“The pillars of our Federation” (l to r): Tina Carne, Louise Kapor and Ronit Meier

professional theatre productions. When

time permits, she also plays guitar in a band.


Ronit joined IFEAT’s London based team in

January this year as the financial coordinator

and is responsible for all financial transactions

and the bookkeeping.

She brings a wealth of experience to IFEAT,

with over 12 years of accounting knowledge

gained in a wide range of sectors, including

most recently the property industry. Ronit is

looking forward to working for an

international organisation with a wide global

reach and IFEAT will certainly benefit from

her knowledge and skills.

Ronit has two children, both girls, who

attend primary school in West London close

to their family home. Her hobbies include

cooking, baking and make-up.



Sarah will also join

the IFEAT team in

May for a second term

as Events Manager, taking

over from Salma. She

Sarah Greenwood

previously worked for IFEAT from 2004 to

2009 and organised the conferences in

Lisbon, Cochin, Cape Town, Budapest and

Montreal as well as the inaugural Study Tours

in Sri Lanka and Egypt. Sarah has spent the

last eight years working for an events

company and another membership

association, organising its large UK annual

conference and exhibition as well as its first

overseas events in New York and Hong

Kong. Sarah has a passion for all things

vintage and loves to buy and sell clothes,

accessories and homewares at vintage sales

in her local area.

Antonella Corleone,

Chairman of

IFEAT's Executive


commented: "The

new team will be

able to provide better

services to all members, Antonella Corleone

assist them more

efficiently and help the Executive

Committee to make IFEAT stronger in the

current demanding world of the industry.

The team will also help to ensure that IFEAT

will be able to follow new projects more

closely and make its interest and influence

wide. They will also ensure the smooth

running of our annual conference. I am

confident that together the new staff will

become the precious pillars of our beloved


The 47th International Symposium on

Essential Oils (ISEO), held in Nice, France

on 11th-14th September 2016 attracted

more than 280 participants from 38

countries. As in previous years, IFEAT

sponsored 20 young scientists to attend

this event (see December 2016 issue of

IFEATWORLD). A full list of participants

and all the abstracts of presentations given

can be downloaded from the ISEO 2016

official website:


Dr Nicolas Baldovini, President of the

ISEO2016 Organising Committee, in his

report from the Nice event, said it had

been “quantitatively and qualitatively very

positive.” Plenary lectures gave new

perspectives on research in essential oils,

including a presentation by Dr Bellenot,

Director of ITEPMAI on promising

applications of essential oils in agriculture.

Dr Blerot, from the R & D department at

IFF, showed the significant impact of all

stages of the cultivation and the harvesting

of roses to obtain high yields of essential oil.

Dr Schalk from Firmenich presented the

possibilities of biotechnology to produce

terpenoids and demonstrated the efficiency

of this approach for the production of

several fragrant ingredients in the marketing

phase such as Clearwood ® , Sclareol or

sandalwood essential oil derivatives.

The infinite richness and variety of essential

oils means that highly technological

equipment is often required to identify their

subtlety. Professors Tranchida and

Ferreira illustrated this; Professor Ferreira

by revisiting the methodologies associating

chemical analysis and sensory perception,

while Professor Tranchida highlighted the

contribution of low-flow modulation to

comprehensive two-dimensional gas

chromatography to obtain ultra-high

resolution separations. These new

technological offerings were well illustrated

in papers on the analysis of pesticides in

essential oils (Dr Céline Roy - ERINI), as

well as the expanded list of 61 allergens

(Dr Jane Cooper - Waters,

Dr Frank David - RIC, Dr Emilie

Belhassen - Firmenich, Dr Thomas

Dutriez - Givaudan).

Regulation is still an essential element in the

field of aromas and fragrances. Matthias

Vey gave an enlightening presentation on

the progress of IFRA's work in assessing the

allergenic potential of the enlarged list of

compounds covered by the European

Commission. The paper by Paul Thomas,

CEO of Kreatis, also highlighted an

innovative method for assessing the

environmental risk of a complex natural


ISEO 2017



The 48th ISEO will be held on

10-13 September, 2017 in the

beautiful and historical city of

Pécs in south-west Hungary.

IFEAT will again be sponsoring a

number of talented young students

to attend this year’s event.





By William Troy, PhD, IFEAT Scientific Advisor

For fifty-six years the Expert Panel of the

Flavour and Extract Manufacturers Association

(FEMA) has served as the primary,

independent body evaluating the safety of

flavour ingredients. This Expert Panel evaluates

flavour materials to determine if they can be

considered “Generally Recognised As Safe”

(GRAS) for their intended use as flavour

ingredients, consistent with the 1958 Food

Additives Amendment to the US Federal

Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act. Currently, the

FEMA Expert Panel has determined that over

2,800 flavour materials have met the criteria

for GRAS status under conditions of intended

use as flavour ingredients.

Since its inception the FEMA GRAS

programme has continued apace, with new

materials being reviewed and added to the

list, as well as updated re-evaluations of

materials that already had GRAS status. In

addition to conducting reviews for chemically

defined individual ingredients, the Expert

Panel has also regularly evaluated and

updated the scientific approaches that are

used in its review processes.

In 2004 the Expert Panel published its

updated process specifically for the safety

evaluation of Natural Flavour Complexes

(NFCs). Natural Flavour Complexes are

mixtures of naturally-occurring chemicals

which have been obtained by subjecting

botanical materials to various physical

separation techniques, such as extraction or

distillation. The resulting products, for

example essential oils, represent the aroma

components of these natural products. The

FEMA Expert Panel's approach to evaluating

the safety of a natural flavour complex is

similar to that outlined by the Joint

WHO/FAO Expert Committee on Food

Additives (JECFA) as published in their

technical report series following the 2003 and

2004 meetings. It begins with an

understanding of the chemical composition of

each commercial product, followed by a

review of the history of dietary use. The

NFCs are then grouped into classes having

structural similarity and a toxicological review

proceeds. If the available data supports the

safety in use of the NFC its GRAS status is


“It may allow for critical

decisions to be made about

future usage patterns for

some NFCs”

In 2014 flavour industry discussions began to

focus on the need for a systematic GRAS

re-review programme that would concentrate

solely on NFCs. A key driver in this discussion

was the International Federation of Essential

Oils and Aroma Trades (IFEAT), whose major

focus is on NFCs. IFEAT was joined by FEMA

and IOFI (the International Organisation of

the Flavour Industry) and within the next year

agreement was reached for a robust scientific

review programme for these materials. By this

agreement project support is provided by

IFEAT and IOFI; IOFI staff take the lead in

driving the programme, working

collaboratively with IFEAT scientific support

and with FEMA scientific staff who assemble

the available data for the actual GRAS reviews

by the Expert Panel.

This programme makes specific use of the

so-called “Naturals Paradigm” * represented

in the Panel’s 2004 publication 1 . The basic

premise of the FEMA Expert Panel's Naturals

Paradigm is the evaluation of an essential oil

based on its chemical composition. By

organising the chemical constituents into

congeneric groups of similar chemical and

toxicological properties, the risk posed by

each congeneric group can be considered

separately. Essential oils are chemical mixtures

and, for most essential oils, the analytical

technology exists so that their composition

can be accurately determined and evaluated

for safety. This approach is scientifically based,

transparent and comprehensive to assure that

the commercially relevant NFCs destined for

consumer exposure are the materials

evaluated. It also allows for evaluation of

mixtures, such as those derived from

botanicals, that may display variability due to

source country and harvesting time and

conditions. During the course of its

evaluation the Panel also reviews and

considers the results of toxicological testing

conducted on the NFC itself, which can also

be very useful despite this potential variability.

Dr William Troy

The current FEMA GRAS list contains about

350 NFCs, and it has been determined that

250 of these would be appropriate for GRAS

re-affirmation. The 100 or so materials that

would not be included in this review are

categorised as whole spices, leaves and gums -

which are already GRAS - as well as newer

NFCs that were reviewed when the Naturals

Paradigm was developed in 2004. Using the

results of global poundage surveys that are

conducted regularly by FEMA to track flavour

material use, the NFCs are prioritised for reevaluation,

with the highest use materials

being in the highest priority grouping.

Materials having known biological activity also

receive high priority attention. A request for

compositional data is sent to the entire

industry for each group of materials; the

scope of this request maximises the

opportunity for assembling a robust data

package. Then the so-called congeneric

groupings of the NFCs are created based on

materials having individual components of

similar structural classes. FEMA scientific staff

next assembles all available safety data for

these groups and, together with composition

data, all information is provided to the Expert

Panel for its review. If the Panel determines

that additional information is needed to

complete its review, FEMA scientific staff

organises the necessary testing or information

gathering. Finally, the results of the Panel

review are published in an appropriate

peer-reviewed journal.

The re-affirmation programme is planned to

complete the review of about 50 materials

per year, with a five year timeline for overall project completion. A total

of 149 materials are scheduled to have Panel review completed by the

first quarter of 2018, with two more groups following that in

subsequent years. The first group of materials (49 total) to be reviewed

was the citrus products, broken down as follows: Lemon (6); Orange,

high volume (13); Orange, moderate volume (14); Lime (6); Grapefruit

(5); and Petitgrain (5). As of this writing the Panel review of these has

been completed and a document for publication is in the final stages of


The second group review is in progress, with the call for data being

completed and the data being prepared for review by the Panel. There

are five groups of materials (total 44) being addressed: Mint (13);

Cinnamon (8); Alkoxybenzene-containing oils (including Basil Oil,

Nutmeg Oil, Allspice Oil, etc.) (14); Eugenol (7); and two unique

materials, Walnut Hull Extract and Haw Bark Extract. A draft document

for publication is expected in mid-2017.

Finally, a third call for data has just been issued for a disparate group of

some 56 NFC materials, all of them FEMA GRAS. The same pattern of

data collection, review and publication will be followed, with the latter

scheduled for mid-2018.

The outcome of this programme will clearly strengthen the safety

support for both the natural products themselves but also for those

consumer products in which they are contained. It may also allow for

critical decisions to be made about future usage patterns for some

NFCs. If, for example, there are some very low usage materials with

gaps in the supporting data, industry members will have to decide

whether to invest in generating the additional data. Likewise, it may

be possible that, for some high usage materials, additional data points

are recommended to supplement the data support dossiers that

already exist.

With the conclusion of this programme, those naturally occurring

flavouring materials that have been in such long use will have all

undergone the same rigorous safety review, according to updated

processes for scrutiny, as the synthetic flavour materials that must have

each qualified for inclusion in the FEMA GRAS list. This is a major step

for the flavour industry, and a testimony to its commitment to the

assurance of safety of its materials.

* The Naturals Paradigm is a tool that is specifically used for the safety evaluation of NFCs. This

approach prioritises constituents of NFCs according to their chemical structure and intake, for

subsequent toxicological evaluation.


R.L. Smith, T.B. Adams, S.M Cohen, J. Doull, V.J. Feron, J.I. Goodman, R.L. Hall, L.J. Marnett, P.S.

Portoghese, W.J. Waddell, B.M. Wagner, 2004. Safety evaluation of natural flavor complexes.

Toxicology Letters. 149, 197-207.

Bill Troy has spent his entire career in the personal care products

industry, including 25 years at Revlon and Avon and 17 years at

Firmenich. Actively involved in FEMA, FMA, IFRA and IOFI for many

years, he served as chair of a number of technical committees for the

trade associations, as well as President of FMA for a three year term.

Since his retirement eight years ago he has maintained ties to the

flavour and fragrance industry through consulting, and is currently

assisting IFEAT as Scientific Advisor for the naturals GRAS

recertification programme.

Oils from basil and cinnamon are among the materials in the second

group of NFCs being reviewed

A leading innovator in the Essential Oils,

Fragrances and Flavors industries

Since 1908




I F E A T S O C I O - E C O N O M I C I M P A C T S T U D Y

I F E A T S O C I O - E C O N O M I C I M P A C T S T U D Y

This report on gum turpentine is

the tenth in a series of reports being

produced by the IFEAT Socio-

Economic Sub-Committee on the

importance of specific naturals to the

livelihoods of those involved in their

production. This report, along with all

the previous socio-economic reports,

can be found on the IFEAT website,

under the tab “Publications”.

Tapping trees is a labour-intensive job

Bags are attached to trees for gum collection

Crude gum



Gum (not CST or Wood Turpentine)

Turpentine is the volatile oil obtained from

pine trees by three manufacturing processes

which yield respectively gum turpentine,

crude sulphate turpentine (CST) and wood

turpentine. Turpentine obtained by

distillation from the oleoresin collected via

the tapping of living trees of the genus Pinus

is known as gum turpentine. This

distinguishes it from turpentine recovered as

a by-product from chemical pulping of

pinewood in the pulp and paper process,

which is referred to as sulphate turpentine.

Wood turpentine is extracted from aged

pine stumps. Due to the characteristics of

the production areas, we are going to focus

on gum turpentine for this socio-economic

impact study.

Gum turpentine is mainly used as a solvent

for paints and in numerous household

products including shoe polish and furniture

care products. In folk medicine, it was used

as a chest rub to treat colds and flu and is

still used as an ingredient in contemporary

pharmaceutical products of that kind today.

This use is limited now due to the sensitising

properties of peroxides which are easily

formed when the product is stored in

contact with air. The addition of antioxidants

can solve the problem. Content of peroxides

should not exceed 10 millimoles per litre, as

advised by IFRA. It can be used against

parasites, and has antiseptic and diuretic

properties. It was the principal medicament

used by the Magellan fleet on its pioneering

journey from Europe to Asia in the sixteenth

century. Certain components of gum

turpentine (pinenes) are used in

pharmaceutical applications for treatment of

gallstones and kidney stones.

Gum turpentine is also a very important raw

material for the synthesis of terpene-based

aroma chemicals.

Impact category: High impact, many

people involved.

Relevant site location: China.

The main production regions are located in

the southern part of China. Traditionally the

principal areas are located in the southern

coastal provinces; ie Guangdong, Guangxi

and Fujian. These areas are rich in Pinus

massoniana. Next in importance with regard

to gum turpentine production are Yunnan

and Jiangxi Provinces, which have unique

forests of Pinus kesiya, Pinus yunnaensis and

Pinus elliottii respectively. These five

provinces dominate the total production in

China, although production is steadily

increasing in several inland provinces,

including Hunan, Hubei, Guizhou and

Sichuan. There is currently a gradual shift of

pine tapping from traditional crop regions

towards less developed regions in the

North. This trend is mainly driven by

regional differences in wage rates.

Farmed or foraged

Pine gum resin is collected by tapping living

trees. The approximate annual yield of pine

gum resin is 2-3 kg per tree. This

accumulated pine gum resin is distilled to

obtain two products; gum rosin (GR) and

gum turpentine (GT) in an approximate

ratio of five parts GR to one part GT.

Harvest timing/cropping

Tapping may proceed all year round,

although seasonal heavy rains may interrupt

its collection (Coppen and Hone, 1995).

The predominant tapping season is generally

six months from around June to November

in the southern coastal provinces, while in

Yunnan Province it can be as long as nine


Location of processing

Over 800 GR/GT distillation plants are spread over the production

area (Zheng, 2012).

Distinguishing characteristics

Pine gum tapping in China is still a labour-intensive industry. It is

estimated that the labour needed (as a median of all farming areas in

the world) for the production of three MT of pine gum resin is one

person. Since 2000, the number of farmers involved in tapping has

been greater than 250,000. Most activities are still done in the

traditional way, which is hard work. In total there are around 400,000

people relying on the GR/GT industry for a living, including farmers,

crude gum collectors, dealers and gum rosin processing operators

(Zheng, 2012).


In 2015, the Chinese output of GT was approx. 100,000 metric

tonnes of which less than 3,000 metric tonnes were exported.

Regarding GR, the output was around 590,000 metric tonnes of

which approximately 90,000 metric tonnes were exported. China's

output was 70% of the total, followed by South America (14% and

growing) and Indonesia (11%). Minor producing areas are found

around the Mediterranean (5%) and Central America (5%).

It is interesting to note that due to the global economic slowdown,

farmers have commenced pine resin collection again in countries

where it was no longer considered to be economically feasible, as

illustrated by Spain’s increased tapping activities in recent years.

In 2016, the Chinese output of GT is estimated to be 90,000 metric

tonnes and for GR, the estimated output will be between 500,000-

550,000 metric tonnes.

The GT produced in China is one of the most important raw

materials supporting the sustainable development of the aroma

chemicals industry (Chen Doing Xia, 2007; Wimberley, 2008; Zheng,


Gum turpentine, like crude sulphate turpentine, provides mankind

with alpha- and beta- pinenes, which are key raw materials for various

industries including fragrance, flavours and resins. The chemical

uniqueness of pinenes enables such industries to produce renewable

perfumes, renewable flavours and renewable resins from pine trees,

and create (at an affordable cost) consumer products that could not

exist otherwise.

The amount of pinenes from both main types of turpentine (GT and

CST) exceed 230,000 metric tonnes, therefore turpentine is one of

our industry’s highest contributors to socio-economic welfare.

Turpentine production in Brazil is estimated to be 21,000 MT/year.

Indonesia also produces about 13,500 MT per year in a cultivated

area of 87,000 ha, of which only 36% is tapped. Approx. 24,000

people are involved in the industry according to Perhutani, the state

owned company.

A distillation plant


Gum turpentine is a key raw material for the aroma chemicals

industry. In China, around 400,000 people rely on the GR/GT

industry for a living, including farmers, crude gum collectors,

dealers and gum rosin processors. A large number of people

are also involved in production in other countries around the

world including Brazil and Indonesia.


- Chen Doing Xia, C., 2007. Status and Development of China’s Aroma Chemicals

Manufacturing Industry. In: IFEAT International Conference 2007. Budapest, Hungary

23-27 September 2007. London: IFEAT.

- Coppen, J. J. W. and Hone, G. A., 1995. Gum Naval Stores: Turpentine and rosin

from pine resin. In: Non-Wood Forest Products 2. Rome: Natural Resources Institute,


- ISO 4720:2009. Essential oils. Nomenclature.

- ISO 21389:2004. Oil of gum turpentine, Chinese (mainly from Pinus massoniana


- Wimberley, M. B., 2008. A Review of the North American and Global Terpene Sector.

In: IFEAT International Conference 2008. Montreal, Canada 28 September to

3 October 2008. London: IFEAT.

- Zheng, E., 2012. Overview of the Chinese Gum Turpentine and Turpentine Derivatives

Industry. In: IFEAT International Conference 2012. Singapore 4-8 November 2012.

Photos reproduced courtesy of Green Pine and Winnie Yeung of Kallin International Ltd

6 7

I F E A T - H I S T O R Y

I F E A T - H I S T O R Y


By Peter Greenhalgh, Consultant to IFEAT

This is the second instalment of Peter Greenhalgh’s “History of IFEAT” series, which is being

prepared to celebrate IFEAT’s fortieth anniversary this year. It follows on from his article

“The Founding of IFEAT”, published in the December 2016 issue of IFEATWORLD.

Following IFEAT’s

creation in 1977, the

next few years laid

the foundation

for the IFEAT

that we know

today. With

much effort and


Peter Greenhalgh uncertainty, the first

few years saw the

foundation of IFEAT’s

committee system, membership structure,

educational initiatives, an irregular newsletter,

an initial study tour to China in 1982 and,

most importantly, the development of the

annual conferences. The early days were not

easy, particularly if you were a founder

member. Administration was “run on a

shoestring”, predominantly by Murray-

Pearce from his Cosmetic World News

offices in London, and it was a struggle to

meet the many expenses associated with

setting up IFEAT. Insufficient funds meant

that some founder members had to make

donations to supplement membership

subscriptions. The appointment of a

Director-General was discussed in some

detail but never materialised because of

funding issues. As today, all the Executive

Committee (EC) members met their own

travel and hotel expenses when participating

in any IFEAT activities.


A recruitment drive began from the very

beginning, and the annual $100 membership

fee agreed in Kyoto in 1977 was soon

lowered to $60 to encourage membership.

Both individual companies and associations

were encouraged to join as well as all

industry stakeholders: producers, shippers,

exporters, importers, brokers and users.

Concerns were expressed over end-users

becoming members and the voting

structure, especially for associations.

Membership numbers were not high (53

companies by late 1979) and there was

resistance to the concept of IFEAT from

some larger companies in our industry.

Nevertheless, the EC was undaunted and,

through dogged determination and effort,

gradually built up IFEAT’s reputation and



Various committees were formed, most of

which are still in existence today, e.g. Finance,

Membership, Education, Technical (now

Scientific), Planning (now Strategic). In

addition, there was the Contract

Committee, aiming to establish an essential

oil trading contract. Despite several reincarnations

the “vexed question” of an

IFEAT contract governing the trading of

essential oils and other aromatic materials

was never resolved. There was too much

opposition to a general contract from some

quarters. A Trade Relations Committee was

established in which Richard Pisano

(chair), Dr Brud and Klaus-Dieter

Protzen undertook the important task of

liaising with both international (especially

IFRA and IOFI) and national organisations

involved in the F&F sector.


An early IFEAT member was the Tropical

Products Institute (TPI), a UK Government

scientific organisation based in London. This

organisation dates back to the late 19th

century and had been intimately involved in

the industry for many decades. At that time,

it had by far the world’s

best and most

comprehensive library

on essential oils, and it

made this available to

IFEAT members along with its information

service. Today it is often forgotten that the

UK, and predominantly London, was a major

trading centre, along with New York and

Grasse, for flavour and fragrance ingredients.

Dr Clinton Green was Head of TPI’s

“Essential Oils, Spices, Gums and Resin

Section” and was closely involved in IFEAT’s

development, both as a provider of technical

expertise and later as Conference

Programme Coordinator. TPI staff often

gave papers at IFEAT Conferences and

provided considerable technical support to

IFEAT activities.

“The founders would no

doubt be amazed at how

successfully IFEAT has



Over the past 40 years, conferences have

taken pride of place in IFEAT activities. In the

early years, IFEAT held a conference every

two years, while the third year was devoted

to the International Congress of Essential

Oils (ICEO), later becoming the

International Congress of Essential Oils,

Flavours and Fragrances (ICEOFF). The first

triennial ICEO was held in Reggio Calabria,

Italy in 1956 and these congresses were

much larger affairs than the early IFEAT

Conferences. They were dominated by

scientific/technical papers rather than


papers. In establishing

IFEAT Conferences, the EC

had a number of objectives.

Increasingly the aromatic

ingredients industry was a

dynamic and rapidly evolving

sector and conferences needed

to reflect these changes. Annual

meetings were much preferred to

triennial ones; conferences needed

to be more commercially orientated;

by attending, delegates would be able

to update themselves on the many changes

taking place, not only by listening to

presentations but also by putting questions

to experts on subjects such as legislation,

which was becoming a major issue for the

trade. This was particularly the case from

1992 when the 12 countries in the

European Community (later the European

Union) intended to be regulated as one

market. The number of regulations and laws

expanded alongside the expansion of

membership of the EU, which by 2017 had

reached 27. Whether EU membership

numbers continue to expand or decline

remains to be seen!

The table lists IFEAT Conferences held

between 1979 and1990, including the

cancelled 1981 Conference following the

assassination of President Sadat (some

delegates had already arrived in Egypt prior

to his assassination). The first IFEAT


Year President Chairman Conference/ Medal



1977 Ramon Bordas Ronald V Neal Kyoto, Japan – 7th ICEO*

(Spain) (UK) foundation of IFEAT


1979 Bangalore, India IFEAT with



1980 Jose Luis Adrian Cannes, France 8th ICEO*

1981 Cairo, Egypt Assassination of

(cancelled) President Sadat

1982 London, UK

1983 Ronald V Neal Richard C Pisano Singapore 9th ICEOFF**

1984 Cairo, Egypt Dr Brian Lawrence

(UK/ Canada)

1985 Varna, Bulgaria Prof Dr Iliya


1986 Dr W S Brud Washington DC, USA 10th ICEOFF** Richard Taylor (UK)

1987 Taormina, Italy Prof Angelo

di Giacomo

1988 Beijing, China Prof Ding Desheng

1989 Mr Takio Yamada New Delhi, India 11th ICEOFF** Prof S C



1990 Antalya, Turkey Zeki Konur

* International Congress of Essential Oils ** International Congress of Essential Oils, Flavours and Fragrances

*** Unless otherwise stated the Medal Lecturer was from the Conference hosting country.

Conference, and associated World Council

meeting, was planned for October 1979 in

Cairo, Egypt but was switched to Bangalore,

India to coincide with a four day “Seminar

on Essential Oils” being organised by

UNCTAD/GATT/ITC along with

CHEMEXIL. Many speakers that IFEAT had

arranged for Cairo were willing to switch to

Bangalore, and IFEAT’s efforts in making

Bangalore a success were much appreciated

by the organisers. Nevertheless, it was a

relatively small affair compared with recent

conferences, with approximately 80 foreign

attendees alongside several hundred Indian

companies. Some excellent presentations

and discussions took place. To quote

Ron Neal: “It was a very good Congress

because we started out with not too high

hopes, but in the end it proved to be very

unusual in my experience of these congresses.

It had a very high top rate participation from



Support for education was an early IFEAT

initiative, with the 1980 Cannes Congress

seeing IFEAT launch David William’s

Perfumery Correspondence Course, while

the 1984 Cairo Conference saw the first

IFEAT Medal Lecture by Dr Brian

Lawrence, but these are stories for future

instalments of IFEAT history!

The founders would no doubt be amazed at

how successfully IFEAT has developed!

Today, virtually every country and sector

involved in the global industry is represented

in the membership, and the annual IFEAT

Conference has become a major item on

the F&F industry calendar.





Below is a list of new IFEAT members who had joined by 16th February 2017:


Berjé Inc. an SQF Level 3 Quality Certified Supplier



Ingredients Pvt Ltd

207 ParvatI Ind Estate,

New Sun Mill Compound

Lower Parel , West Mumbai

Mumbai, MH 400013


Contact: Mr Rishabh Chohani

Web: md@euroasias-ing.com


Chennai Bioflora

Pvt Ltd

71/72, R K Shanmugam Salai

K K Nagar, Chennai, TN 600078


Contact: Ganesh Jayaraman

Email: chennaibioflora2000@


Nanjing Univis


Development Co. Ltd

Room 3311

Huali International Mansion

No. 67 Zhujiang Road

Nanjing, 32 210018


Contact: Mr Jack Zhang

Email: jack@univisintl.com

Web: www.univisintl.com


Zhuhai Pak Li

Heung Flavours

and Fragrances Ltd

RM701 Senyu International

No. 8 Cuiqian North Road

Xingzhou Zhuhai, 44


Contact: Mr Kaijun Wang

Email: samwangkj@


Web: www.zhuhaiplh.com

Best Value Chem

Pvt Ltd

706/707/708 Atlantis Heights

Vikram Sarabhai Marg

Near Genda Circle

Vadiwadi, GJ 390007


Contact: Mr Ravish Patel

Email: r.patel@


Web: www.facebook.com/


DM Aromatics

Po. Sakti, Distt.

Janjgir-Champa , CT 495689


Contact: Mr Sumeet Agrawal

Email: sumeet@


Web: www.dmaromatics.com


International LLC

2185 West Pecos Road, Suite #5

Chandler, AZ 85224


Contact: Dr Siddharth Sanganeria

Email: info@eoils.com

Web: www.eoils.com

Elixir Extracts

Private Limited

Kinfra Park, Nellad


Kochi, KL 686669


Contact: Mr Anil Krishna

Email: anil@elixirextracts.com

Web: www.elixirextracts.com

Lucta SA

Carrer de Can

Parellada 28,

Montornès del Vallès

Barcelona 08170


Contact: Mr Jordi Jolis

Email: jordi.jolis@lucta.com

Web: www.lucta.com

Prodalim Group

5 Droyanov Street

Tel Aviv 6314305


Contact: Mr Ofer Amitay

Email: ofer@prodalim.com

Web: www.prodalim.com

Monachem Additives

Pvt Ltd

401/A, Synergy Square

Krishna Industrial Estate

Vadodora, Gorwa, Gujarat 390016


Contact: Mr Vrajesh Shah

Email: vrajesh_shah@


Web: www.monachem.com

EKO BIO GEN d.o.o.

GrudePodkrstina b.b.

88345 Sovići - Grude


Contact: Mrs Nives Grizelj

Email: nives.grizelj@


Web: www.ekobiogen.com

Elixens UK Limited

No. 1 Essence House

Thorpe Industrial Park

Egham, Surrey

TW20 8RN


Contact: Ms Barbara Keen

Email: barbara.keen@


Web: www.elixens.com/en


Davraz Mah. 115 Cd.

No:105, Isparta

Isparta 32300


Contact: Mr Ibrahim Isidan

Email: ibrahimisidan@


Web: www.gulbirlik.com

Bulgarian Herb Ltd

Proslava street, 15

Plovdiv 4015


Contact: Yonko Stefanov

Email: vivabg@mail.bg

Web: www.essentialoils


Aliksir Inc.

1040 chemin du Roy


Quebec G0A 1W0


Contact: Mrs Ginette Douville

Email: direction.adj@


Web: www.aliksir.com/en


Raiffeisenstrasse 35

Donaueschingen 78166


Contact: Dr Markus Ringwald

Email: ifeat@mcat.de

Web: www.mcat.de/cms/



37 allée du Pré clair

Gif sur Yvette 91190


Contact: Ms Sema Naimoglou

Email: sema.fydesan.fr@



Industria e Serviços


Rodovia BR 174, Km 15, Ramal

da Esperança,

200 Claudio Mesquita

Manaus, Amazonas 69048992


Contact: Aguimar Simoes

Email: aguimar.simoes@


Web: www.agroconltda.


Mysore Essential

Oils and Naturals

5/10, Bushcroft Apts

Norris Road, Richmond Town

Bangalore, Karnataka 560025


Contact: Ms Varsha Shivashankar

Email: varsha@meon.in

Web: www.meon.in

Immortelle Group


Berkovici b.b. 88363,

Republika Srpska


Contact: Ms Dajana Jukic

Email: dj@immortelle


Web: www.immortelle


+1 973 748 8980 | 700 BLAIR ROAD, CARTERET, NJ 07008 USA |




27 May – 2 June 2017

A full itinerary is now in place for this year’s

IFEAT Study Tour. Participants will travel to

Bulgaria to learn about the country’s rose

industry as well as other domestically

produced essential oils such as lavender and

melissa oils. The tour has been timed to

take place during the major rose harvesting

season and participants will visit farms in the

renowned “Rose Valley” where picking will

be taking place. They will also visit rose oil

producers, processors and exporters and

meet leading experts from the Bulgarian

essential oil industry. Bulgaria is responsible

for 60% of the world’s production of rose oil

and is also the largest producer of lavender

oil in the world, and some breathtakingly

beautiful landscapes will be seen.

The trip will start in Sofia, the capital of

Bulgaria, on Sunday 28th May. A tram tour,

with cocktails on board, has been organised

for the first evening, to be followed by a

Welcome Dinner, with panoramic views of

Sofia. On Monday 29th May, participants will

travel by coach to Plovdiv for a visit to Rosa

Impex Company, which is is one of the

first private Bulgarian companies to produce

cosmetic products. This will be followed by

five presentations on the Bulgarian essential

oil industry, including one from the Chairman

of the Bulgarian National Association for

Essential Oils, Perfumery and Cosmetics.

The group will stay in Plovdiv that night.

“Bulgaria is responsible for

60% of the world’s production

of rose oil”

On Tuesday 30th May, participants will travel

to Zelenikovo village, where they will meet

local rose farmers. They will also visit

Kateko Ltd and Bul Fito Oils Ltd, both

of which are producers of rose concrete,

absolute and various herbal extracts. After

lunch they will travel to Yasenovo for a visit

to Rosa Eterna, producer of rose and

lavender essential oils. The group will then

travel to Pavel Banya, where participants will

stay two nights. From here there will be a

trip to Kazanlak, the most famous town in

the Rose Valley and renowned for its 4th

century BC Thracian tomb, a UNESCO

World Heritage Site. On Wednesday 31st

May, participants will see and become

involved in the rose picking at Enio

Bonchev, as well as visiting the company’s

distilleries at the village of Tarnichene. They

will then travel back to Pavel Banya to visit

Bulattars PC Ltd. Alain Dinner Frix will be at the

recently opened Kazanlak Rose Museum.

There will be a visit to Vigalex Ltd at

Gurkovo village on Thursday 1st June, where

the group will visit the local cooperative

rose field as well as a private lavender field

next to it. The coach will then take

participants back to Sofia for a visit to

Panteley Toshev, specialists in aroma

flavours. A farewell dinner will be held in

Sofia that night before participants depart

on Friday 2nd June.

The Bulgaria Study Tour was sold out within 24 hours of registration. While IFEAT has increased the number of participants from 40 to

45, there is still a waiting list, but if you are interested in being added to this list, please do contact the secretariat.



The International Federation of Essential Oils and Aroma Trades Limited

6th Floor | Mutual House | 70 Conduit Street | London W1S 2GF

Tel: +44 (0) 1707 245862 | E-mail: secretariat@ifeat.org | Website: www.ifeat.org | www.facebook.com/IFEAT.ORG

Registered in England & Wales with liability limited by guarantee under Company no. 01369368

© IFEAT. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be copied, stored, published or in any way reproduced without the prior written consent of IFEAT.

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