Institute Welcomes Latin

American Rectors

Visit of Religious Leaders

from the Far East

3 5

Students for Peace


Promoting Women



Face to Face with War in


Religion and

Peacebuilding in Africa

4 6

The Economic Side

of the Conflict

New Researchers

10 17-21



Scholas Occurrentes and Truman to Partner on Educational

Encounter for Youth of Different Religions

Truman Institute and Hebrew University leaders had the

honor of meeting with Pope Francis and Scholas Occurrentes

Global Directors on a visit to the Vatican that marked the

beginning of an exciting collaboration for the Institute.

In the 45-minute meeting, which was held in

an unprecedented atmosphere of friendship,

the Pope, along with Scholas President, José

María del Corral and Scholas Secretary and

Global Director, Enrique Palmeyro, Presented

his view of the project to his Israeli guests:

Hebrew University president Prof. Menahem

Ben Sasson; Mr. Yossi Gal, Vice President of

External Relations; Truman Institute Director

Prof. Menahem Blondheim, and Executive

Director Ms. Naama Shpeter.

The leader of more than 1.2 billion Catholics

around the world expressed happiness and

satisfaction that the Institute will handle this

important project. “Religion can bring us

together and teach us to create the bonds

of friendship,” the Pope stated. “With the

intuition of Scholas and the intelligence and

history of the Hebrew University, I am sure

that this will produce great changes in the


The unique invitation came from the Pontifical

Foundation Scholas Occurrentes after it selected

the Truman Institute to organize and host the first

international congress of Scholas Occurentes in

Jerusalem. Scholas is an educational organization

established by Pope Francis when he was

Archbishop of Argentina. Initiated on the local

level and taken international when the Pope began

his reign, Scholas is dedicated to educating youth

towards values, leadership and peacebuilding.

The four-day 2nd Scholas Chairs International

Congress and a simultaneous inter-religious

youth meeting, “Between University and School -

Peacebuilding through Culture of Encounter,” will

take place at the Truman Institute in July 2017.




More than 20 rectors of leading universities in Latin American countries,

including some that have no diplomatic relations with Israel, visited the

Truman Institute in a new initiative aimed at strengthening academic

connections between their universities and the Hebrew University.

Hailing from Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Peru, Venezuela, Nicaragua,

Dominican Republic, Uruguay, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Columbia,

Honduras and Bolivia, the Rectors met with Hebrew University President

Prof. Menahem Ben Sasson, Hebrew University Rector Prof. Asher Cohen

and Nobel Prize laureate Prof. Yisrael (Robert) Aumann. They also met with

leading researchers at the University’s two Jerusalem campuses and The

Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment in Rehovot. A high point

of their stay was a meeting with Israeli president Reuven Rivlin at the

President’s Residence in Jerusalem.

The results of the exceptionally

successful visit: 20 new academic

agreements were signed between the

Truman Institute and Hebrew University

and the universities represented by the

rectors, for cooperation on joint research

projects on topics including the Middle

East, peace and social processes.

The visit was carried out in cooperation

with the Israeli Foreign Ministry.




The horrific situation that has become reality for the Syrian people in

recent years was described in detail by two Syrian expatriates in a forum

for media and the public sponsored by the Truman Institute. In the first

event of its kind in Israel, the Syrians presented their view of the Assad

regime and how it has been abusing their fellow citizens. They expressed

bewilderment and incredulity that the international community is failing

to bring an end to the war and atrocities that are ravaging their country

and killing their families and friends.

The Syrians also described what they felt Israel can do to help the Syrian

people trapped in the combat zones with no means of escape. Their

presentation incorporated live conversations with opposition leaders in

the country’s battle zones, who provided vivid illustrations of life in their

war-torn land.



A delegation of Asian religious leaders visited the Hebrew

University for a day of discussions hosted by the Truman

Institute. The leaders met with their Israeli counterparts

from the worlds of religion and academia, to exchange

ideas on issues such as protecting the environment and the

role of religious leadership in peacemaking. The delegation

included representatives of the Buddhist, Hindu, Jain, Shinto,

Sikh, Taoist and Zoroastrian faiths, from China, India, Japan,

Myanmar, South Korea and Taiwan.



Key politicians and religious leaders from across Africa came together for an international conference

on Democratization, Religion and the Pursuit of Peace in Africa, sponsored by the Truman Institute

and the Africa Center for Peace and Democracy. The event provided an opportunity for these leaders

to engage with researchers from Israel, France and the USA, with a focus on current academic trends

in peacebuilding, ethnic and religious diversity, democratization and elections, and the effects of the

Africa’s deep history on its cultural and political present.

The conference also furnished

a forum for continent-wide

debate among parliamentary

representatives and church

officials from Kenya, Botswana,

Sierra Leone, Mozambique,

Burundi, Liberia, Namibia and

Tanzania, as they engaged in

understanding the role religion

and religious institutions

can play in peacebuilding,

democratization and

development processes. At

the same time, the venue

of Israel, Jerusalem and the

Truman Institute provided

an opportunity for gaining

perspective on Israel and the

Middle East.




On an official visit to the Truman Institute, German

President Frank-Walter Steinmeier met with Hebrew

University leadership and delivered an address to a

packed auditorium. Accompanied by University President,

Professor Menahem Ben-Sasson and Rector Prof. Asher

Cohen, Steinmeier took in the panoramic view of

Jerusalem and the Judean desert from the roof of the

Truman building. “It’s good to be back again,” the German

President wrote in the Truman guest book, referring to his

visit last year, when he was presented with an honorary

doctorate by the University.


The Truman Institute was honored to host the

ceremony of conferring an honorary doctorate,

of the Hebrew University to the President

of Guatemala, Jimmy Morales. Following

a Reception in the Truman lobby, and the

awarding of the degree in the Institute’s Handler

Auditorium, Hebrew University President Prof.

Menahem Ben Sasson carried out a private

meeting with President Morales at the Institute.


The Truman Institute was proud to host the

President of the Italian Republic, Sergio Mattarela.

President Mattarela was welcomed by the

management of the Hebrew University in the

Institute’s Round Room, followed by a reception

in the lobby of the Institute. The president

delivered a lecture entitled “Israel and Italy –

Memory, Responsibility and Solidarity in the Age of

Globalization.” The guests at the lecture also enjoyed

a musical performance of the song “Beautiful That

Way,” an example of Israeli – Italian collaboration.





In a unique project, students are carrying out volunteer work in the Arab neighborhoods of Sur Baher and Beit

Hanina in the outskirts of Jerusalem. This is a joint project of the Truman Institute and the School of Social Work

and Social Welfare at the Hebrew University. In Sur Baher, the students are assigned to work with youth to prevent

dropping out of school and to improve parent-child relationships in at-risk families. The students in Beit Hanina

work through the community’s recently-established Center for Citizens’ Rights on projects established to benefit the

community. These include support groups for empowering single mothers and activities aimed at increasing the

involvement of residents in decision-making relating to the character of their neighborhood.


Youth for Peace, a joint project of the Truman Institute and the Youth Peace Initiative (YPI), a Dutch organization,

brought together a delegation of Israeli students from the Hebrew University with a Palestinian student delegation,

for dialogue and negotiations. In a secluded hotel outside Amsterdam – chosen to enable participants to focus on

the heart of the issues – the students first studied the history of the conflict and received guidance and coaching on

effective communication.

The Ambassadors of

Israel and the Palestinian

Authority participated in a

special event. At the close

of the discussions, the two

sides reached agreements

on carrying out cooperative

ventures in culture and

entrepreneurship, with an

eye toward continuing the

dialogue in the future.






Although Jewish and Arab students attend classes together at Hebrew

University, they rarely meet outside class. Now, 18 Jewish, Moslem and

Christian students are meeting on a regular basis to explore their different

religions by studying fundamental texts - including the Jewish bible, the

Koran and the New Testament – through a new initiative: the Inter-Religious

Beit Midrash-Madrasa.

In small groups led by one Jewish and one Moslem or Christian facilitator,

participants are focusing on topics such as the creation of humans in

the image of God; relating to others; conflict between tradition and new

religious ideas; and women and religion. Through their study, the students

are revealing similarities and differences among religions, learning about

different cultures and traditions, and discovering the facets of religion that

connect them all. Along with studying texts, the students visit religious

places – synagogues, mosques, churches and religious courts.

With support from the Truman

Institute, a new Arabic language

and culture project is breaking

down social barriers between

Jewish and Arab students in the

Hebrew University’s Department

of Islam and Middle Eastern

Studies, while helping students

learn to speak Arabic. Arab

students teach Arabic language

to Jewish students, working with

them to increase their vocabulary,

read texts and increase their

spoken fluency while introducing

them to Arabic culture. With

the Arab students guided and

supervised by university Arabic

teachers, the program is exposing

Jewish students to the differences

between spoken Arabic and the

literary Arabic taught in school, as

well as to Arab culture, customs

and holidays.

With the students’ progress in

learning Arabic and the positive

relationships that have developed

between the Jewish and Arab

students all pointing to the

success of the program, the

project is expanding to include

cultural activities, such as movies,

theater and music performances

and culinary events.



The Truman Institute-based Aix group, which has been analyzing the economic effects, impact and

consequences of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict for several years, held a conference in Jerusalem to

present the results of its research. Representatives of the World Bank and the International Monetary

Fund joined the group’s Israeli and Palestinian economists; military, security and legal professionals;

architects, and experts in agriculture and the environment to explore future cooperation toward

promoting a two-state solution.



Scholars, journalists, religious leaders, and political figures from Brazil, Israel, and Palestinian Authority

gathered together for the Sixth International Symposium on Brazil at The Truman Institute, to discuss the

interaction of politics and religion in the three societies, and their effects on the search for peace. They

considered issues including the role of religious leaders in setting the stage for dialogue, the relative merits

of framing the conflict between Israel and Palestinian Authority in religious or secular terms, and the

pressures of conservative religious forces that are challenging the secular nature of the Brazilian state.



Fifteen Latin American ambassadors visited the Truman Institute and gained understanding about the Israeli-

Palestinian conflict and the Middle East region at a day of lectures hosted by the Latin American Unit. The

Ambassadors represented Argentina, the Dominican Republic, Chile, Brazil, Panama, El Salvador, Guatemala,

Ecuador, Paraguay, Costa Rica, Colombia, Peru, Uruguay, Honduras and Mexico.

These events were part of the Unit’s full schedule of conferences exploring different topics in Latin American politics

and policy. These included Fascism and Populism in Latin America and the Renewal of Relations between Cuba

and the U.S., with a focus on the advantages and disadvantages of the new policy, and its possible consequences

for Israel. Another conference examined changes in U.S. and Latin American relations following the election of U.S.

president Donald Trump.

The unit, under its dynamic coordinator Dr. Mauricio Dimant, also conducted a series of meetings in partnership

with the Hebrew University’s Lafer Center for Women and Gender Studies, discussing the unique connection

between gender and ethnicity in Latin America. Another seminar was held on the subject of Diaspora and

International Migration, to examine recent changes in the involvement of ethnic minorities in social, political and

cultural processes in the region. The Unit also introduced a series of lectures on Brazil in collaboration with the

Brazilian lectureship program at the Hebrew University.


The Middle Eastern Unit organized a conference in honor of the publication of

Jews and Arabs in Israel Encountering Their Identities: Transformations in Dialogue, a

book by Dr. Maya Kahanoff. Speakers explored the ways in which it is possible to

promote resolution, reconciliation and understanding between two sides

of a conflict, with an emphasis on Israelis and Palestinians. Looking at the

practice of transformation and conflict in Israeli civil society, they discussed

ways of transmitting messages towards advancing the status of Arab Israeli

citizens, negotiations over religious issues, and how to build community

and establish processes of socialization during times of crisis, such as the

evacuation of the communities of Gush Katif and Amona.



A group of 21 public health students from developing

countries including Africa, India, Haiti and Jordan

learned about the work of the Truman Institute’s

regional divisions and researchers during a visit to

the Institute. Participants in an intensive one-year

program at the University’s school of Public Health

and Community Medicine, the students gained new

perspective on Middle East topics in conversation with

Truman researchers. Like most visitors, they enjoyed

the panoramic view of Jerusalem seen from the roof of

the Truman Institute.


The contribution of Palestinian agents to Israel’s security is more effective than that of Arab soldiers in the Israel

Defense Forces. That opinion was voiced by Abed Rajoub, a former informant who now holds permanent Israeli

residence, at a conference on collaboration organized by the Institute’s Middle East Unit. Rajoub, a cousin of

Palestinian politician Jibril Rajoub, told his story and critisized the discriminatory way in which Israel treats its

collaborators. “They are considered traitors, even though they choose to put themselves in danger by helping

the enemy,” he declared.

The conference explored the factors that motivate cooperation with the enemy, and the effects of that

collaboration. Relating to the phenomenon in the Israeli-Arab conflict, speakers noted that collaboration

takes many different forms, including security and intelligence, selling land to the enemy, and even in buying

consumer goods from the enemy. They discussed how Israeli and Palestinian society view collaborators, and laws

that relate to this phenomenon. On the global level, researchers compared collaborators in Northern Ireland

to their counterparts in Israel, and discussed conflicts in identity of members of the Southern Lebanese Army

between their Israeli activity and Lebanese patriotism.




Now in its third year, the Female Researchers Forum at the Truman

Institute is a friendly social forum that provides a platform for the exchange

of ideas and advice among women who carry out research at the Institute

and the Hebrew University. The Forum brings together veteran researchers

and young academics at the start of their careers for activities ranging

from meetings with groundbreaking researchers to practical workshops on

topics such as defining a clear academic niche, writing and publicity, and

television interviews. Meetings are often open to academics from other

institutions across Israel. The goal: is to foster supportive relationships

and to enable young women in research to benefit from the experience

of female role models who can help them blaze trails in the largely maleoriented

world of academia.




A group of students from

Tulane University in New Orleans

gained broad and in-depth

understanding of the Middle East

as participants in Tulane’s Stacy

Mandel Palagye and Keith Palagye

Program in Middle East Peace,

hosted by the Truman Institute.

During their stay in Israel, the

students heard presentations by

Truman researchers and fellows,

in addition to touring the country.

They met with Knesset members,

heads of different communities,

and people working to change

the life in Israel – all with the aim

of gaining better understanding

about the Israeli-Palestinian

situation, the history of the

two peoples and their different




A one-day conference exploring sultans and dictators marked the 80 th birthday of Prof. Amnon Cohen,

former head of the Truman Institute. Well-wishers included the University President, Prof. Menahem Ben

Sasson, who opened the event with a review of Prof. Cohen’s accomplishments, including the 2007 Israel

Prize. The conference sessions illuminated Prof. Cohen’s many years of research on the Ottomon Empire, with

emphasis on its rule over the Land of Israel and Jerusalem. In recent years, Prof. Cohen has devoted his work

to Iraq, Turkey and relations between Jews and Arabs throughout history, as well as Turkey under the current

rule of President Recep Tayyip Erdogan.



Argentinian federal judge Sandra Arroyo Salgado headlined a

conference run by the Institute’s Latin American Unit on the case of

prosecutor Alberto Nisman, who headed the investigation of the

1994 terror attack on the Jewish Community Center in Buenos Aires

until he was found shot dead at home in 2015. Salgado, Nisman’s

former wife, presented her unique position on Nisman’s death,

which was first declared a suicide until an investigation raised the

possibility that the suicide was staged.

Salgado discussed questions about the case that remained

open, and the connection of Nisman’s death to his legal work.

The conference, which was co-sponsored by the University’s

Department of Romance and Latin American Studies, also raised the

issues of Argentine intelligence involvement in the investigation of

Nisman’s death, and the Iranian connection to the attack.



A small humanitarian movement has grown out of a recent visit by Prof. Dalia Gavrieli-Nuri of the Truman

Institute to a refugee center run by volunteers in an old Athens hotel for some 400 people from Syria and

other countries. Upon returning to Israel, Dalia collected donations of perfume for the female residents.

“They have food and clothing, but they don’t have a moment to just be feminine,” she explained. “They

carry much of the burden, especially if there are young children involved, and they don’t receive any special

attention.” After distributing the perfume to grateful recipients, Dalia spearheaded a toy drive in Israel for

the center’s 150 children, and, after consulting with a doctor at the center, also purchased much-needed

medications and toiletries.

Dalia believes that along with providing material support, it is most important simply to be with the

women and children, and speak to them as much as language limitations permit. “After the very difficult

tribulations they’ve gone through, they appreciate humanity and solidarity,” she remarks. “They know that

I’m from Israel and it touches them. Maybe this is a way to make peace.”


Prof. Zehavit Gross has been awarded the Distinguished Scholar

Award from the Religion and Education SIG of the American

Education Research Association (AERA). The award recognizes

her contributions to the fields of religion and education in both

scholarship and service.

The government of Japan has honored Prof. Meron Medzini Prof. Zehavit Gross

with its Order of the Rising Sun, presented in recognition of his

contributions to the development of Japan studies, and his work in

promoting understanding and friendship between Israel and Japan.

Prof. Meron Medzini



Michael S. Kurtz, a longtime member of the Truman Institute’s Board of

Trustees, is being awarded an honorary doctorate by the Hebrew University in

recognition of his steadfast commitment to Israel’s well-being and his support for

its leading institution of higher education and research. The honorary doctorate

will be conferred during the opening Convocation of the University’s 80 th

International Board of Governors in June.

A certified public accountant with the firm of Kurtz and Hornak, P.A., which he

founded, Kurtz has been active on behalf of the Hebrew University since 1978.

In addition to serving on the Truman board, he is a member of the University’s

Board of Governors and a member of its Budget and Finance Committee, as well

as a board member of the Rothberg International School. He has been National

Chairman of the American Friends of the Hebrew University since 2013. A co-chair

of the Lautenberg Center for Immunology and Cancer Research, Michael and his

wife Carol support pioneering advances in science through the center’s Michael S.

and Carol A. Kurtz Endowment Fund for the Advancement of Cancer Research.




We mourn the loss of Harvey M. Krueger, a longtime active member of

the Truman Institute’s Board of Trustees. The Institute benefited greatly from

his experience and wisdom. Renowned in the field of investment banking,

Harvey was equally admired and respected for his tireless efforts in support of

Israel and its economic and educational institutions. He served two terms as

president of the American Friends of Hebrew University, and was chairman of

the Hebrew University Board of Governors for nine years.

Dr. Nissim Otmazgin is the Chair of

the Department of Asian Studies and a

member of the Israeli Young Academy

of Science and Humanities. A political

scientist in training, his research focuses

on political and cultural change in

contemporary East Asia. Dr. Otmazgin

has been at the Truman Institute since

completing his Ph.D. in 2007 (Kyoto

University), first as a postdoc, then as a

research fellow and associate director,

and now as the Acting Director.


NEW TRUMAN Researchers 2017

Wael Abu-‘Uksa, a scholar of the

history of political and religious ideas

in the Middle East, has a Ph.D. from

the Hebrew University and is a faculty

member in its Department of Political

Science. Wael did post-doctoral work

at Harvard University and at the Van

Leer Institute in Jerusalem Institute and

recently published his book, Freedom in

the Arab World: Concepts and Ideologies

in Arabic Thought in the 19 th Century.

At Truman, Wael is researching the

concept of civilization in the 19th

century in Arabic-speaking regions

through the lens of conceptual history.

His work explores the language of

modernity through the concept of

civilization, and presents its historical

roots and their modern theorization

in the early modern intellectual works

in Arabic. This analysis suggests

understanding Arab modernity and

its critique from within, rather than

outside of, the temporality of the

historical condition.

Atalia Shragai is researching how

eco-tourism projects in Central America

are essentially an imperialistic tool in

the hands of wealthy American and

European individuals and organizations.

Focusing mainly on Costa Rica,

Nicaragua and Panama, she examines

how these projects, which social

scientists call the ‘new mission stations’,

are making use of money people and

ideology originating outside Central

America to keep countries in the region

poor, weak and dependent on firstworld

countries, thus mimicking the

Dr. Wael Abu-‘Uksa

Dr. Atalia Shragai


Dr. Sami H. Miaari

Dr. Yakir Englander

Dr. Yael Ben David

Dr. Yonatan Gez

Dr. Verena Krebs

Dr. Gregor Buss

patterns of colonialists and imperialists

from the time of the Spanish conquest

in the 16 th century. Atalia, who holds a

Ph.D. in history from Tel Aviv University,

teaches in the Department of English

and American Studies at TAU and the

History Department of the Kibbutzim


Sami H. Miaari is a lecturer in conflict

economics and labor economics in the

Department of Labor Studies at Tel

Aviv University. His research examines

the welfare impact of trade restrictions

on the Egyptian and Israeli borders, by

analyzing the prices of essential goods

in Gaza. Sami is concentrating on the

influence of the rise of Hamas to power

and the effect of opening the tunnels

on the welfare of Gaza residents. Sami

has a Ph.D. from Hebrew University

and did post-doctoral work at the EU

Institute in Florence, the University

of California in San Diego and at the

Institute for Economic Research in


Yakir Englander is continuing postdoctoral

research that he began at

Northwestern University in Chicago

and at Harvard University, where he

wrote his first book, The Male Body in

Jewish Lithuanian Ultra-Orthodoxy.

He is now carrying out research for a

new book, An Intimate Jewish Critique

of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict. For

the past 12 years, Yakir has been an

activist in religious spheres of the

Israeli-Arab conflict, especially in

Jerusalem. He is one of the founders

of the interreligious “Kids4Peace”

youth movement, which has some 500

Israeli and Palestinian members from

6 th grade through high school. He is

also a founder of “From Dialogue to

Action,” a project encompassing Israeli

and Palestinian young adults who

operate in the public spheres of both

communities in Jerusalem.

Post-doctoral fellow Yael Ben David

is studying how Jewish and Arab

members of the neighboring Negev

communities of Omer and Tel-Sheva

experience injustice in their lives. Yael

is exploring the different perceptions

within each community in relation to

its neighboring community and to

the residents’ perceptions of injustices

that were done to them, or injustices

they have done to others. Through

interviews, observation and focus

groups, she is analyzing how identity

dimensions such as gender, class

and ethnicity shape the experience

of harmdoing in the context of the

relationship with the Jewish/Arab

“other.” Yael teaches conflict resolution

at Ben Gurion University and social

psychology at IDC in Herzliya.

Yonatan Gez, a post-doctoral

researcher in anthropology, is

collaborating with Verena Krebs

and Gregor Buss on establishing

and operating “Africounters,” an

initiative that brings together some

40 researchers in different fields

relating to Africa. These include

immigration and mobility, religion,

economic development, women,

youth and education, and culture

and democratization in politics. The

program carries out meetings, tours

and conferences, with the goal of

reinvigorating research on Africa at the

Hebrew University. Yonatan holds a

doctorate from the Graduate Institute

of International and Development

Studies in Geneva. Gregor Buss is

a post-doctoral fellow at the Martin

Buber Society of Fellows in the

Humanities and Social Sciences and

part of the Africa Unit at Truman

Institute. He studied Catholic theology

at Muenster University, Germany, and

holds a Ph.D. from Charles University

in Prague, Czech Republic. Verena

Krebs is also a post-doctoral Martin


Buber Fellow at the Hebrew University.

She holds a binational Ph.D. from the

University of Konstanz, Germany and

Mekelle University, Ethiopia.

Seung Hyok Lee is a postdoctoral

fellow who received his Ph.D. in

political science and international

relations from the University of

Toronto. His book, Japanese Society

and the Politics of the North Korean

Threat, was published last year. Seung

Hyok is investigating the ways in

which domestic public and societal

influences stemming from national

historical narratives can serve as a

“watchdog” for governmental foreign

policies and diplomatic negotiations

in history-linked and “publicized”

security issues, and the resulting

consequences for international

conflicts and negotiations. Focusing on

contemporary South Korea-Japan and

Japan-North Korea relations, his work

takes an interdisciplinary approach to

international relations, foreign policy

studies, regional history, and media


Elyakim Kislev is a faculty member

at the Federmann School of Public

Policy and Government of the

Hebrew University, with a Ph.D. from

Columbia University. He is analyzing

the integration of Israeli Arabs in the

Israeli high-tech industry. Although

the integration of Arabs in the Israeli

workplace in general, and in hightech

specifically, tends to be low,

high-tech firms with a more global

nature can provide Israeli-Arabs

with opportunities for shattering

their minority status and entering a

universal realm of employment that

opens possibilities for upward mobility

and enhanced status. “I see great

importance in talking about Israeli

Arabs who stand out at the cutting

edge of Israeli industry,” Elyakim states.

“Relating in this way changes the

conversation and transforms them

into an appreciated minority, similar

to the process that took place with

Jews in the U.S. and Europe.”

Henriette Dahan Kalev is a professor

of political science and gender studies

at Ben Gurion University, who has also

taught and carried out research at

New York University, Oxford, and the

French National Center for Scientific

Research. Her work at Truman focuses

on gender, immigration and the

Maghreb region of North Africa,

with the aim of reaching a solution

to gender-related problems of

immigrants from Maghreb in Europe.

“My previous studies have shown that

women assimilate better than men

in the public sphere at the country

of destination,” explains Henriette,

who has a Ph.D. from the Hebrew

University. “However, in the private

sphere, they are still restricted to the

family codes of the country of origin.

This tension creates contradictions

and difficulties in the immigrants’ lives,

even when the host countries provide

social services and protect their rights.”

Min Zhang has a Ph.D. in cultural

anthropology from Harvard University.

Her areas of specialization include

education and youth development.

At Truman, she is working on a

monograph about the processes

and practices involved in promoting

school success in China’s public

school system. Min proposes that

Chinese educators actively construct

a moralized lecturing system to boost

educational success. Her study shows

how the efforts of educators in one

county pervade many of the pivotal

domains of teenagers’ daily school

life, such as time management, spatial

organization and seating practices,

psychological and social maturation,

moral development, school safety,

and teachers’ evaluations. In the

Dr. Seung Hyok Lee

Dr. Elyakim Kislev

Prof. Henriette Dahan Kalev

Dr. Min Zhang


Dr. Reut Barak Weekes

Dr. Yoni Furas

Prof. Zehavit Gross

Dr. Yael Litmanovitz

context of the exaltation of educational

success and the accelerated polarization

of Chinese society, such efforts can both

acculturate to, and subvert the influence

from, the wider environment.

Dr. Reut Barak Weekes is a lecturer

and internship coordinator in the Glocal

International Development program at

the Hebrew University. She has a Ph.D.

from SOAS, University of London, in

Political Economy and Development.

Her research explores the influence of

microfinance schemes on relationships

in communities within Eastern African

society. “Micro financing systems enable

people in poor and remote regions to

save money together and use these

funds for loans within their community,”

Reut explains. She is focusing on these

systems in Uganda and Rwanda, and

their effect on relationships, institutions

and traditional leadership within the

community. Reut is a member of the

“Africounters” research group at the

University, and sits on the Board of

Directors of SID-Israel, an umbrella

organization for organizations in Israel

working in international development.

Yoni Furas specializes in Palestinian

history and the sociology of Palestinian

knowledge during the British Mandate.

His Ph.D. thesis research at Oxford

University explored the teaching of

history within the Arab population in

Mandatory Palestine, focusing on who

wrote the textbooks, the sources they

used, how and where teachers learned

the material and how their students

related to it. Among the questions he

sought to answer: What was the effect of

their relations or absence of relations with

Zionists- consciously or unconsciously -

and how did Jewish education influence

Palestinian education, and vice versa? At

the Truman Institute, Yoni is working on

his second book based on this research,

as well as two other projects: one on the

Palestinian Kuttab during the Mandate

and the second on Arab doctors during

the same period.

Prof. Zehavit Gross is the head of the

graduate program of Management and

Development in Informal Education

Systems at the School of Education at

Bar-Ilan University, Israel. She also heads

the UNESCO Chair in Education for

Human Values, Tolerance, Democracy

and Peace; and the Sal Van Gelder Center

for Holocaust Instruction & Research

at Bar Ilan. Zehavit’s main research

areas are multicultural and intercultural

education, peace education, interfaith

and religious education and Holocaust

education, with a concentration

on socialization processes among

adolescents. At the Truman Institute,

she is analyzing the attitude of the

religious Zionist community toward

the phenomenon of Tag Mehir and the

justification of revenge. Zehavit recently

won the Distinguished Scholar Award

from the Religion and Education SIG

of the American Education Research

Association (AERA).

Yael Litmanovitz’s Ph.D. dissertation

at Oxford University’s Department of

Social Policy focused on training border

police for handling demonstrations

in democratic countries – a topic of

interest to her since she worked for

Amnesty International, leading training

for police officers on the topic of human

trafficking. In her postdoctoral work at

the Truman Institute, Yael is examining

policing and police training in divided

countries. She is examining the work of

the police in Arab society in Israel from

the viewpoint of station commanders,

and undertaking additional research,

deriving from the protocols of the Or

commission, on developing a theoretical

model for policing demonstrations. Yael

is also participating in a European Union

research program, in which she leads a

team investigating risk factors for terror

and radicalization.


Dr. Daniel Zisenwine teaches at Tel Aviv

University and at the Rothberg School

for Overseas Students at the Hebrew

University. His field is the political and

social history of the North African

countries of Morocco, Algeria and

Tunisia. Daniel’s research monitors the

Reconciliation Commission established

in Tunisia to investigate the wrongdoings

of the old regime that was overthrown in

2011. “This is the first time that an Arab

country has initiated a national project

to collect this type of evidence,” he says,

explaining that gathering information is

part of the transition from an authoritarian

regime to a democratic one. Noting that

the commission model originated in

South Africa, Daniel expresses interest

in learning whether Tunisia will design a

model more suited to Arab and Middle

Eastern countries that have experienced


Dr. Daniel Zisenwine


The Gilutz Fund was established in memory of Ruth Gilutz by the Gilutz family. Ruth was killed in a terror attack in 1972.

The Prize is awarded for graduate research in the field of Israeli-Arab coexistence.

Tajread Keadan is a doctoral candidate

in the department of Islamic and Middle

East Studies at the Hebrew University. She

teaches Islamic studies and pedagogy

at the Al-Qasimi College of Education in

Baka al-Gharbiya. Tajread focuses on the

rights of women, especially Palestinian

women, and wrote her dissertation

on the law of equal rights for women,

from its legislation in 1951 until 1961.

Her doctorate examines the Movement

of Democratic Women, which fought for

reproductive rights for women in Israel,

among other issues, between 1948 and

1966. “The movement was founded by Arab

communist women immediately following

the creation of the State,” she explains.

“Two years later, Jewish women joined the

organization, so its name was changed to

the Union of Democratic Women.”

Tajread Keadan



Each year, The Truman Institute community expands its horizons by visiting a different community in Israel. This

year, they traveled to the city of Baqa al-Gharbiyye, to learn about the local community and its developing academic

institutions. The first stop was the Al-Qesami College, where the administration and academic staff - including

many female researchers - gave presentations that highlighted the incorporation of Muslim beliefs and values

with academic studies and careers. After lunch at the college, the group proceeded to City Hall, where the Deputy

Mayor, the local Education Director and the women’s Empowerment Advisor spoke to them about challenges at the

municipal and national level.

The trip was coordinated by Truman fellow Tajread Keadan who lives in Baqa al-Gharbiyye.


Rukundwa Sebitereko Lazare is President and Rector of Eben-Ezer University in Minembwe,

Democratic Republic of the Congo. He holds a Ph.D. in political theology, and is an

international lecturer in theology, culture, peace-building, land management and gender

issues. He is exploring possible joint opportunities between the Truman Institute and

institutes in Africa for promoting peace through trust building, coexistence and dialogue.

Gökhan Çınkara is a Ph.D. student in political science at Ankara University

in Turkey. He is writing his thesis on the Israeli labor party. Gökhan is

carrying out his research in Israel under the auspices of the Israeli Foreign

Ministry, within the framework of a Turkish-Israeli bilateral agreement.

Makiko Nambu is a Ph.D. student in global studies at the Tokyo

University of Foreign Studies. She is examining representations

of national identity in Palestinian society relating to arrest and

imprisonment. This includes the impact of imprisonment on

prisoners’ identities, community and family relations, and the

social processes involved in the construction of heroism.


Truman Shelves

New Books by Truman Scholars


Representations of

Israeli and Palestinian

Memories and


Edited by Avraham

Sela and Alon Kadish

The past three decades have witnessed a major surge in the production, by

both Israelis and Palestinians, of historical research and memory relating

to the 1948 war. This has been accompanied by shifting focus of the Arab-

Israeli conflict from one between Israel and the neighboring Arab states to

its original inter-communal Arab-Jewish dispute within historic Palestine.

This volume comprises chapters contributed by scholars of various expertise

and disciplines, all relating to Israeli and Palestinian memory and historical

narratives of the 1948 war.




Des Origins a Nos Jours

by Amnon Cohen

The book describes the relationship between Jews and Arabs in Israel from the

beginning of Islam to the present day. Departing from the accepted picture of

hostile relations and mutual hostility over the past century, the book celebrates

the hundreds of years preceding the British Mandate. Analysis of thousands

of documents from the archives of the Muslim court in Jerusalem during the

400 years of Turkish-Ottoman rule makes it clear that there was a diverse and

multidisciplinary system of coexistence, tolerance and partnership in all areas

of life between the Jews of Palestine and their Arab neighbors.


Protest and Revolution in

the Middle East

by Eli Podeh

and Onn Winkler

In December 2010, an unemployed Tunisian youth named Mohammed

Bouazizi set himself on fire. This act ignited demonstrations throughout the

Arab world, led to the downfall of the regimes in Tunisia, Egypt, Libya and

Yemen and sparked civil war in Syria and Yemen. The Arab Spring was the

third wave of awakening in the Arab world since the establishment of the Arab

territorial states after the fall of the Ottoman Empire. This book is the first indepth

Hebrew examination of the storm of the Arab Spring.



Stickers, Stitches, and

Other Critical Practices

by Hagar Salamon

The brilliant kaleidoscope of everyday creativity in Israel is thrown into relief in

this study, which teases out the abiding national tensions and contradictions at

work in the expressive acts of ordinary people. It examines creativity in Israel’s

public sphere through the discourse of bumper stickers, which have become

a potent medium for identity and commentary on national and religious

issues. The book captures the complex creative essence of a nation state and

vividly demonstrates how its citizens go about defining themselves, others,

and their country every day.





Edited by

Nissim Otmazgin

and Rebecca Suter

Based on a workshop organized by the editors at the University of Sydney,

this book looks at the way manga (comic publications) reproduces alternative

visions of Japanese history, and its potential to shape national historical

memory. The book concentrates on the way in which the past is integrated

and insinuated into the surrounding environment through the everyday

production and consumption of manga. Chapters showcase specific instances

of re-imagining, rewriting, and consuming history in manga format, from the

late nineteenth century to the present.


Truman Shelves


Voices of Palestinian

Dropouts in East


by Laila Abed Rabho

According to data published in 2012, nearly 40% of Palestinian students in East

Jerusalem do not complete 12 years of study. Comparatively, the dropout rate

is a mere 3% amongst the overall Jewish population of Jerusalem. This study

examines the factors that lead to such high dropout rates in East Jerusalem, and

possible ways to contend with them. It includes extensive in-depth interviews

with 26 youth who agreed to disclose their personal stories under condition of

anonymity, as well as interviews with principals, teachers and advisors.



A Literary and Cultural

Reading of the Arabic

Geographical Names of

the Land

by Amer Dahamshe

The book examines the meaning of the Arab names of places in Israel, their

subjects, the reasons for their existence, and the practices of Arab-Palestinian

society, as evidenced by local stories and community memoirs that were

recorded by the Galilee Arabs. The book relates not only to names of settlements,

but also to names of natural features such as springs, caves, tracts of land, roads

and more. This is the first academic forum in which Arabic place names are

analyzed as a cultural and narrative creation whose deep structure contains

cultural and ideological messages relating to the perception of land and place,

and the perception of names in Palestinian Arab society.


Zionism as a Housing

Regime, 1860-2011

by Yael Allweil

This book reveals how housing has played a pivotal role in the history of

nationalism and nation building in Israel-Palestine. The author highlights how

land and housing are central to both Zionism and Palestinian nationalism,

and how the histories of Zionist and Palestinian national housing have been

inseparably intertwined from the introduction of the Ottoman Land Code in

1858 to the present day. She discusses the formation of nationalism as the

direct result of the Ottoman Land Code of 1858 and examines housing as a

means of claiming rights over the homeland.


Reimagining the Past

for the Future in Israel-


by Yifat Gutman

Set in Israel in the first decade of the twenty-first century and based on

long-term fieldwork, this ethnographic study offers an innovative analysis

of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. It explores practices of "memory activism"

among three groups of Jewish-Israeli and Arab-Palestinian citizens--Zochrot,

Autobiography of a City, and Baladna—and shows how they appropriated the

global model of truth and reconciliation while utilizing local cultural practices

such as tours and testimonies.



Concepts and Ideologies

in Arabic Thought in the

Nineteenth Century

by Wael Abu-’Uksa

This book examines the development of the concept of freedom (hurriyya)

in nineteenth-century Arab political thought, its ideological offshoots, their

modes, and their substance as they developed the dynamics of the Arabic

language. The author traces the transition of the idea of freedom from a term

used in a predominantly non-political way, to its popularity and near ubiquity

at the dawn of the 20th century. He also analyses the importance of associated

concepts such as “liberalism”, “socialism”, “progress,” “rationalism,” “secularism,”

and “citizenship.”


New Books by Truman Scholars







by Yosef Govrin

These reflections are based on the author's activities in developing relations with

Austria, Slovenia and Slovakia, in substance and in quantity. They include his

discussions with the heads of these states and their discussions with their Israeli

counterparts, surveying their internal and external policies, and describing the

local Jewish communities and their activities to foster relations with them and

to strengthen their national status. These reflections have a documentary nature

and constitute a unique and important source for research regarding the history

of Israel's relations with these from the beginning of the 1990..




by Yakir Englander

How does ultra-Orthodox literature describe the male body? What does the body

represent? What is the ideal male body? This book is a philosophical-theological

journey through the different images of the male body in ultra-Orthodox

literature after the Holocaust. It focuses on the body as the center of its research

because the body is the axis by which this community tries to understand its

meaning and its role in life. The book begins by examining the “problem of the

body” and the different ways that ultra-Orthodox theology confronts it.




by Yu Lingbo

Anaphora is an important approach for article connection and extension, playing

an indispensable role in article construction. This thesis discusses “anaphora in

Arabic,” its functions in text and how it is constructed. It also utilizes comparative

study of Arabic and Chinese texts.




Dialogue, Protest,


by Gadi Hitman

This study takes a balanced approach to providing a comprehensive picture

of the Arab sector in Israel over six decades. It examines when and why the

Arab minority chooses to negotiate with the government, or turn to protest or

violence in order to change the status quo. The book offers a unique framework

for enabling policy makers to identify the best policy for implementing toward

national minorities in order to reduce the possibility of tensions, violence and

escalation in any given situation.





The Arab Revolts in Comparative

Global Perspective

Edited by Eitan Alimi,

Avraham Sela and

Mario Sznajder

Why is it that, in spite of undeniable similarities and time coincidence among

Middle Eastern and North African countries, there are such different trajectories

and outcomes of popular contention? And, why is it that, despite unquestionable

differences between MENA and non-MENA revolts, there are striking similarities in

the actual dynamics of popular contention? This book moves beyond a sole focus

on root-causes and structural conditions to focus on dynamics of contentious



Truman Shelves




Japan and the Jews

During the Holocaust


by Meron Medzini

Although Japan was a member of the Axis Alliance, its leaders informed Nazi

Germany that their attitude toward the Jews was very different from that of the

Nazi regime. Virtually all of the 40,000 Jews under Japanese occupation in World

War II survived, unlike their brethren in Europe. The book traces the evolution of

Japan's policy toward Jews from the start of the 20th century and explains why

Japan ignored repeated German demands to be involved in the "final solution."


A Political Biography

by Meron Medzini

For five decades Golda Meir was at the center of the political arena in Israel and

left her mark on the development of the Yishuv and the state. She was a unique

woman and a great leader with a magnetic personality: a highly complex

individual. She held some of the most important positions that her party and

the State could bestow. She fulfilled most of them with talent and dignity, but

failed in the top job - that of Prime Minister. This biography traces her origins

and finally the reasons that led to her failure as prime minister.



The Morphogeneseis

of an African Regional


by Liora Bigon

This book looks at the planning, cultural and architectural endeavors that

shaped the model space of French colonial Dakar, a prominent city in West

Africa. Part of the burgeoning field of studying the extra-European planning

history of Europe, this book is a pioneer in attesting to the connection between

the French colonial doctrines of assimilation, association, and French colonial

planning and architectural policies in sub-Saharan Africa.



Colonial Urban

Legacies, Entangled


by Liora Bigon

This volume examines the discursive relations between indigenous, colonial

and post-colonial legacies of place naming in Africa in terms of the production

of urban space and place. It traces and analyzes place-naming processes,

particularly in sub-Saharan Africa during colonial times (British, French, Belgian,

Portuguese), with considerable attention to both the pre-colonial and postcolonial

situations. By combining in-depth area studies research with colonial

history, planning history and geography, the author intends to show that

culture matters in research on place names.


Morocco Revisited

by Raphael Israeli

This volume sums up the tribulations of Morocco’s considerable Jewish

community as it was rejected by the country’s Muslim culture in the 1950s and

1960s, resulting in massive immigration to Israel. The fate of Moroccan Jewry is

told through the private experiences of a young Jewish boy growing up amid

these difficulties, and emigrating to fledgling Israel, to be followed by his entire



New Books by Truman Scholars



Visions and Revisions,


by Raphael Israeli

Anti-Semitism was widespread and deeply rooted throughout Yugoslavia

during World War II. The author traces the circumstances and historical context

in which the pro-Nazi Ustasha state, encompassing Croatia and Bosnia,

erected the Jadovno and Jasenovac death camps. This volume distills fact and

historical record from accusation and grievance without passing judgment,

but acknowledges the evil inflicted by all sides upon the Jewish minority in

their midst.




by Raphael Israeli

This polemical volume tackles the thorny and controversial issue of the vastly

different narratives told (or manufactured) by the two parties in the Middle

East conflict, focusing on 1948 when it all began. The book encompasses a

wide range of controversial topics, such as an evaluation of the 1948 war, its

morality and its main reverberations - seven decades of continuing conflict,

the aggravation of the Palestinian minority in Israel, and the essence of what

history means.






by Raphael Israeli

This is the partly-autobiographical saga of the underground Jewish

emigration from Morocco, which placed hundreds of thousands of Moroccan

Jews on illegal ships to escape persecution under Islam. Facing stormy seas

and authorities forbidding their emigration, the Jews risked their lives for the

dream of reaching the shores of nascent Israel. In one of those attempts, the

ship "Pisces" sank off the coast of Morocco, taking with it 45 souls, including

entire families.


The Persecution of

Christians Under Islam

Edited by Raphael


As chaos, war, and vengeance create havoc in the Muslim world, Muslim

radicals have been venting their frustrations on the minorities among them.

Most of these are Christian - Chaldeans in Iraq, Orthodox denominations in

Turkey, Catholics in Indonesia and Malaysia and isolated Christian communities

in Afghanistan and Pakistan. Related to this vast and escalating phenomenon

has been the violent activity of some within the Muslim minorities in the West,

who have migrated there in the past few decades and now seek revenge

against their former colonial masters.



Open and Hidden


by Raphael Israeli

Israeli Arabs constitute some 20% of the general population – a percentage

that has remained steady since 1948, despite massive waves of Jewish aliyah.

Because the Arab population growth rate is greater than the Jewish one, Israel’s

Jewish nature could be endangered once sources of Jewish immigration dry

up. Together with Israeli Arab refusal to integrate into Israeli political parties,

and their insistence on maintaining separate linguistic and educational

systems, this will perpetuate the growing gap between the two populations.


Truman Institute Statistics:

• Founded in 1965

• Since its establishment:

• More than 600 researchers

• More than 2,000 research projects

This Year at Truman

• 129 Research Fellows

• 5 regional research units

• 375 lectures

• 38 delegations & official visits

Governing Body

Acting Chairman:

Amb. William A. Brown


Prof. Menahem Blondheim

Acting Director:

Dr. Nissim Otmazgin

Executive Director:

Naama Shpeter

Academic Committee

Prof. Ronnie Ellenblum, Chairman

Prof. Menahem Blondheim

Prof. Asher Cohen, HU Rector

Prof. Ruth Fine

Dr. Liat Kozma

Prof. Dan Miodownik

Prof. Avraham Sela

Dr. Lihi Yariv-Laor

Board of Trustees

Dan Bavly

Prof. Menahem Ben-Sasson, HU President

Ernest Bogen

Stanley M. Bogen

Prof. Asher Cohen, HU Rector

Steven Edelson

Prof. Ronnie Ellenblum

Alan Fiske

Amb. Carmi Gillon

Lawrence E. Glick

Amb. Efraim Halevy

Dan Halperin

Clive Kabatznik

Isaac Kaye

Michael S. Kurtz

Prof. Celso Lafer

Tallie Lipkin-Shahak

Barbara A. Mandel

Marc Mayer, AFHU President

Amb. Alfred Moses

Dr. Leonard Polonsky

George A. Schieren

Daniel Schlessinger, AFHU Board Chairman

Prof. Hermona Soreq

Ira Lee Sorkin

Harry Van den Bergh




Chief Editor: Naama Shpeter

Editor Producer: Rivka Yuval

Language Editor: Bracha Osofsky

Design: Youval Hefetz, Abstract

Photography: Reuven Remez, Amir

Hershkovitz, Tamir Kalimian

Editing Team: Amir Hershkovitz, Tamir

Kalimian, Lila Arenzon, Reuven Remez

The Harry S. Truman Research Institute

for the Advancement of Peace

The Hebrew University of Jerusalem,

Mount Scopus, Jerusalem 9190501 Israel

Tel: 972-2-5882300 Fax: 972-2-5828076



Similar magazines