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PS380 Multicultural Psychology Exam 4&5 Answers (Ashworth College)

Question 0 / 2.5 points

Question 0 / 2.5 points 16 The World Trade Centre towers collapsed later on the same day that two of them were hit by airplanes, therefore the collapse was caused by the airplanes. This scenario is a reflection of: Question options: self-fulfilling prophecy. the post hoc error. dichotomous variable. the fundamental attribution error. Question 2.5 / 2.5 points 17 Medieval medicine was barely more effective than leaving someone alone to heal on its own, but because the times where the therapy worked are more available, practicing medicine was considered effective whether or not it really was. This is a reflection of: Question options: Barnum effect. continuous variable. availability bias. post-hoc error. Question 2.5 / 2.5 points 18 Cross-cultural similarities were found in the way emotions determine behavior. For example, joy causes approaching behavior, anger elicits aggressive behavior. What is the MOST common reaction of sadness or shame? Question options: Similar aggressive tendencies Walking fast Withdrawal Excessive talking Question 2.5 / 2.5 points 19 According to Darwin, basic emotional expressions in humans are similar. Why? What purpose do they serve? Question options: Cultural purpose Physiological purpose Emotional purpose Adaptive purpose Question 2.5 / 2.5 points 20 In cross-cultural comparisons, emotions may be cross-culturally similar or different, depending on the level of generalization chosen for description. Observations of specific emotional characteristics are more likely to highlight __________, than are observations of generalized characteristics. Question options: cultural differences cultural similarities trouble that researchers encounter studying emotions that people around the world are reluctant to talk about their emotions Section 2 Question 2.5 / 2.5 points 21 Oliver's view that self-actualizing of a person's life is governed by the search for "being-values" such as Truth, Goodness, Beauty, Wholeness, Justice, and Meaningfulness. These values are rooted in this theory: Question options: psychoanalysis. social needs. sociobiology.

Maslow. Question 2.5 / 2.5 points 22 During junior high, the typical student is preoccupied with making friends. According to Maslow's hierarchy of needs, which of the following needs is he/she satisfying? Question options: Fundamental needs Safety needs Love and belonging needs Esteem needs Question 0 / 2.5 points 23 Eric was sincerely fond of Patricia and he was driven to be with her and marry her. This is an example of what? Question options: Drive Motivation Intrinsic motivation Social needs Question 2.5 / 2.5 points 24 Barry really enjoys writing short stories. Over the past 5 years he has written 13 short stories. This description best illustrates what type of motivation? Question options: Intrinsic motivation James-Lange theory Extrinsic motivation Drive Question 0 / 2.5 points 25 After a long jog, Jason might be motivated to drink a glass of water in order to reduce the internal state of thirst. What is this an example of? Question options: Need Drive Intrinsic motivation Need for achievement Question 2.5 / 2.5 points 26 John believes that women make better parents than men because women have an inborn tendency to "mother" children. John's statement would reflect which of the following theories of motivation? Question options: Incentive Instinct Drive Need Question 2.5 / 2.5 points 27 After running a 6 hour marathon Julies had a strong desire for water. The desire for water is considered: Question options: instinct. hope. need. drive. Question 2.5 / 2.5 points 28 Carl works hard to get A's on his report card because his mother pays him 25 dollars for each one. Carl's behavior is being influenced by:… Question options: fixed action powers. hierarchy of needs. extrinsic motivation. human motivation. Question 29 2.5 / 2.5 points

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