D. Active conditioning Question 4 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points When photographing cats escaping their puzzle box, Guthrie and Horton found evidence for: • A. conditioned inhibition. • B. spontaneous recovery. • C. the stop-action principle. • D. conditioned reinforcement. Question 5 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points Regarding the topic of biological constraints on learning, today most learning theorists believe that: • A. it is not possible to discover general principles of learning. • B. different general principles of learning are needed for different species. • C. different general principles of learning are needed for different categories of behavior. • D. many behaviors are controlled by a mixture of learning and hereditary factors. Question 6 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points Skinner's explanation of his superstition experiment made use of the concept of: • A. interim behaviors. • B. terminal behaviors. • C. accidental reinforcement. • D. None of the above Question 7 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points Response chains include all of the following EXCEPT: discriminative stimuli, biological constraints, operant responses, conditioned reinforcers, a primary reinforcer, and: • A. operant responses. • B. biological constraints. • C. discriminative stimuli. • D. conditioned reinforcers. Question 8 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points Autoshaping will NOT be observed unless: • A. illumination of the key light predicts an upcoming food delivery. • B. a peck at the key produces immediate food. • C. a peck at the key produces a darkening of the key light.
• D. All of the above Question 9 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points Which of the following is an example of a conditioned reinforcer? • A. Food • B. Warmth • C. Sexual stimulation • D. A good grade on an exam Question 10 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points In a response chain, the weakest response is usually: • A. the response at the beginning of the chain. • B. the response at the end of the chain. • C. the last response the individual learns. • D. the first response the individual learns. Question 11 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points A modern term for the law of effect is: • A. reinforcement. • B. classical conditioning. • C. evolution. • D. generalization. Question 12 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points The Brelands usually observed "instinctive drift" in their animals: • A. early in training. • B. after a response had been successfully learned. • C. during extinction. • D. when the animals were not highly motivated to work for food. Question 13 of 20 0.0/ 5.0 Points The biggest problem with the superstition explanation of autoshaped behaviors is that: • A. autoshaped responses persist even when each response cancels the reinforce delivery. • B. the autoshaped response is sometimes very different from the unconditioned response to the reinforcer. • C. the form of the autoshaped response varies with the type of reinforcer that is used.