In order to gauge whether he had studied long enough for his psychology exam, Markus texted two of his classmates to ask them how long they had spent reviewing material. Markus is engaging in A. impression management. B. self-handicapping. C. a self-protective behavior. D. social comparison. Question 6 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points In a controlled experiment, Rosenthal and Jacobson (1968) informed grade school teachers that some of their students (called “bloomers”) would show great academic improvement in the upcoming year. In reality, the “bloomers” were chosen randomly by the researchers, and were no smarter than any of the other students. Which of the following best describes the results of this study? At the end of the year, A. bloomers and non-bloomers performed equally well on an IQ test. B. bloomers improved more on an IQ test than did non-bloomers. C. non-bloomers improved more on an IQ test than did bloomers. D. there were no IQ differences between bloomers and non-bloomers, but the bloomers were more interested in school. Question 7 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points If you just declined an invitation to go out with friends so that you can study and then another friend offers you a beer, according to research in this chapter, what can you do to exert some self-control and stick with your study plan? A. Give up. There’s nothing you can do now; you’ve already seen the beer. B. Take a break and collect yourself. You can resist the temptation. C. Promise yourself you’ll only have one. It can’t affect studying that much. D. Have a cookie instead. You deserve some treat. Question 8 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points States that were settled ______ by European Americans tend to have a more independent view of the self. A. more recently B. a long time ago C. predominantly D. only Question 9 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points All of the following describe controlled thinking except A. conscious. B. effortless. C. considers only one thing at a time. D. requires mental energy. Question 10 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points In the study by Shariff and Norenzayan (2007) presented in your text, what made people behave more altruistically, actually leaving more money for a stranger? They were A. primed with words related to money. B. primed with images of wealth. C. told the next participant would know their names. D. primed with words related to God. Question 11 of 20 0.0/ 5.0 Points Matias is a narcissist. Antonia is not. Who will be most successful in their new businesses this year? A. Matias B. Antonia C. Both will. D. One cannot tell from this information.
Question 12 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points Wegner (2002, 2004) compared the illusion of free will to which of the following? A. The “correlation does not equal causation” problem B. The representativeness heuristic C. The self-fulfilling prophecy D. The interjudge reliability effect Question 13 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points When there are no objective criteria to measure achievement, people often rely on ________ to evaluate how well they performed. A. social comparison B. introspection C. cognitive appraisal processes D. attribution of arousal Question 14 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points When we are in a state of ________, we evaluate or compare our current behavior against our internal standards and values. A. self-awareness B. self-centeredness C. self-perception D. distraction Question 15 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points Stella is very serious about dancing and starts college as a dance major. The more serious she gets about dancing, the more she worries about the pressure to succeed and the rewards associated with succeeding. She finds that dancing feels like a chore and something she has to do rather than wants to do. Her change in her views about dance is due to what social psychologists call A. cognitive appraisal. B. attribution of arousal. C. insufficient justification. D. over-justification. Question 16 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points Most initial impressions of a novel situation are made using A. controlled thinking. B. the representativeness heuristic. C. counterfactual thinking. D. automatic thinking. Question 17 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points The development of our sense of self is partly influenced by the culture in which we grow up. For example, in Western cultures, people tend to have an ________ view of the self, whereas in non-Western cultures, people tend to have an ________ view of the self. A. independent; interdependent B. interdependent; independent C. intrinsic; extrinsic D. extrinsic; intrinsic Question 18 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points One of the chief executive functions of the ________ is making choices about what to do. A. ego B. cortex C. self D. superego Question 19 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points Research demonstrated that physical sensation can activate metaphors that influence our judgments about