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S06 SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY EXAM 7 Answers (Ashworth College)

Jessica has been

Jessica has been treating Paul like a king. She pays for all of their dates, and does lots of special things for him. Paul has not been reciprocating this treatment. How is he likely to be feeling, according to equity theory? A. Very pleased B. Uncomfortable and guilty C. Committed D. Satisfied Question 6 of 40 5.0/ 5.0 Points Research conducted by Leskovec and Horvitz (2007) has found that, in an analysis of instant messaging interactions between 240 million people, the connection between 90 percent of pairs A. could be connected in about 20 links/hops. B. could not reliably be connected using the six degrees of separation theory. C. were connected within 8 links/hops. D. were operating only in localized (physically close) network conversations. Question 7 of 40 5.0/ 5.0 Points When people are asked to rate the attractiveness of faces, the faces that they most prefer A. have the fewest blemishes. B. most resemble those of their current romantic partners. C. most differ from their own. D. most resemble their own. Question 8 of 40 5.0/ 5.0 Points Results of a study by Jankowiak and Fischer (1992) examining love across 166 cultures shows that cultures in ________ tend to have the greatest percentage of cultures with passionate love. A. sub-Saharan Africa B. North America C. Eurasia D. South and Central America Question 9 of 40 0.0/ 5.0 Points Based on research presented in this chapter, whom is Benjamin going to sit closest to in the library? Benjamin is wearing glasses, a university sweatshirt, and is moderately attractive. A. Hallie, a very attractive cheerleader dressed in her uniform B. Wendy, a somewhat attractive sophomore wearing glasses (my 1 st choice) but then hesitated and chose A. C. Sienna, a somewhat unattractive art student wearing tie-dyed pants D. Ava, a very attractive business major in a suit Question 10 of 40 5.0/ 5.0 Points According to an evolutionary approach to love, why do women prefer men with resources, whereas men prefer women who are attractive? A. Resources signal competence in men; attractiveness signals reproductive fitness in women.

B. Resources signal relationship commitment in men; attractiveness signals erotic passion in women. C. Reproduction is more costly to men than to women. D. Resources signal dominance in men; attractiveness signals willingness in women. Question 11 of 40 5.0/ 5.0 Points Advocates of which of the following approaches believe that men and women have different agendas in their relationships with each other? A. Equity theory B. Social attachment theory C. Social exchange theory D. Evolutionary psychology Question 12 of 40 0.0/ 5.0 Points When Festinger and his colleagues studied friendship patterns among married couples in an apartment complex at MIT, they found that people who lived at the foot of the stairs or near mailboxes had more friends on upper floors than did other people who lived on the first floor. This illustrates the power of ________ to influence friendship patterns. A. physical distance B. functional distance C. similarity D. movement patterns Question 13 of 40 5.0/ 5.0 Points Which of the following adages most directly contradicts research findings on the propinquity effect? A. Familiarity breeds contempt. B. You never get a second chance to make a good first impression. C. Birds of a feather flock together. D. Opposites attract. Question 14 of 40 5.0/ 5.0 Points Carla is involved in a romantic relationship with Jack. Her costs of the relationship are relatively low and her rewards are very high with this relationship. However, Carla has recently met Ted, and she believes that he could offer her a relationship with even higher rewards than Jack. According to social exchange theory, Carla is likely to A. break up with Jack in favor of the relationship with Ted. B. invest more in the relationship with Jack and try to forget about Ted. C. break up with Jack, forget about Ted, and seek an even more favorable third partner. D. try to maintain relationships with both Jack and Ted. Question 15 of 40 5.0/ 5.0 Points Often, toward the beginning of romantic relationships, we experience ________, whereas after the relationship has continued for a number of years, we experience ________.