Greenleaf 04-05-18

mattm

GreenLeaf

May 2018

Feature Article:

Dirty Water Organics

an Indepth an Indepth Interview Interview with with Peezy Pez

Magazine

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Sherbinski

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What’s Inside

Page 9

Strain Review:

Orange Harle Tsu

by Kaitlyn Buckley

9

Page 10

Page 18

An Interview with the Famous:

Sherbinski

by Wayne “the Cannabis King”

Burinni

The Legal Weed Series:

New Jersey Weedman,

Political Prisoner #420

by Mark Ward

10

Page 24

Feature:

DIRTY WATER ORGANICS

An Interview with Peezy

by Kaitlyn Buckley

18

Page 32

Page 39

What is CBD, and

Why Should We Care?

by Kassie Kristoff

Moldy Mass Medical

Cannabis

by Mike “Cann” Crawford

32

J4

39


Greenleaf

Magazine

Brett Cogill

Founder

bcbudz@greenleafmagazine.com

Editors

Kaitlyn Buckley

Editor

indicaazula@gmail.com

Anna Coletti

Assistant Editor

sparklebudz@greenleafmagazine.com

Photography:

Jerry Krecicki Photography

jerry@greenleafmagazine.com

www.jerrykrecicki.com

Sly Vegas Photography

www.slyvegasphoto.com

Jennifer Correia

@JENuimeVISION

jenuinmevision@gmail.com

Writers:

Mike “Cann” Crawford

www.mikecann.net

Mark Ward

mmwpi@aol.com

Lauren C. Moore

wordthatwander@livel.com

Kassia Kristoff

kkristoff30@mail.com

Wayne Burinni

thecannabisking@gmal.com

SNAFU

thepotninja@greenleafmagazine.com

24

Cover Photograph Courtesy of Dirty Water Organics

Cover Photo: Barnyward Animals

Contents Photo: Katsunana Kush

J5


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Strain Review

by Kaitlyn Buckley

Orange Harle Tsu

Orange Creamsicle x Harlequin

Breeder: HBK Genetics

Orange Harle Tsu is a cross between Orange Creamsicle and Harlequinn,

the original high CBD strain that helped pave the way for the current widespread

knowledge of the compound. Though little information is available on

this strain, HBK Genetics have done a great job creating this beauty. She is a

strong plant, that produces resinous, white trich flowers with bright orange

hairs which does best taking her 70 days until harvested. The aroma and flavor

of Orange Cremesicle Popsicles comes through very prominately.

I have only grown this strain indoors thus far, though I am sure she

would grow well outdoors also. I would recommend using continous preventative

foliars on her for bugs. And would suggest to keep her covered during

the fall rains. Orange Harle Tsu is a very relaxing body high without any

overactive brain stimulation and racey thoughts. It is great for bed time and

anxiety relief. Though she is not a heavy indica, body pain management is

available with this medicine.

J9


y Wayne “Cannabis King” Burrini

An Interview with the Famous:

Sherbinski

J10

Mr. Sherbinski aka Sherbs, and/or Mr. Sunset Sherbert! Mr. Sherbinski, breeder, grower, Muay Thai

Instructor, creator of thee Sunset Sherbert, Gelato, Mochi (a pheno of Gelato) Gello (another phenol of

Gelato) and Acai Berry (yet, another phenol of Gelato) and Owner of the Flavor factory, a fully licensed

California grow facility, which pumps out his famous Sherbinskis line, as interviewed by Wayne

“Cannabis King” Burrini aka “CK”!


CK: What/Who is the CookieFam and how did you become involved?

SHERBS: CookieFam is a group of guys from San Francisco responsible

for making GSC (Girl Scout Cookies) and a bunch of other fire genetics.

I met Jigga through my friend Matt, one of my Muay Thai students.

Jigga and I became close friends and we started experimenting in my

gardens, the rest is history. I have a lot of love and respect for that

man, we did our work with love and positive intentions for good medicine

to come out of the work we did. We would pray over the seeds

before we sprouted them. And you know what? We changed the

world for the better. That’s what our life work is about and we did that

together. He has a gift for working with plants, and he helped me find

out I have been given that gift as well, the connection with the plant.

CK: How old were you when you first smoked a joint?

SHERBS: My mom (RIP) let me go on the side of my house with my sister and her boyfriend and smoke

a joint when I was about 12. My mother was a free spirited hippie.

CK: Which do you prefer, joint, bong, vape? Flower or concentrate?

SHERBS: I’m a flower/Joint guy for sure. And I like a good vape pen with some live resin in it.

CK: How did you come up with the famed Sunset Sherbert Strain?

SHERBS: Jigga and I worked together for many years, the Sherbert got made in the first grow that

Jigga and I had together. It was in the basement of my Grandma’s house on Alemany Street in San

Francisco. I put a small Pink Panty plant inside a flowering room to help me see what sex it was. I came

back 3 or 4 days later and it pollinated

the room. I was upset at first, but those

seeds got sprouted and ended up being

the Sunset Sherbert. We called it Sherbert

because it had all types of flavors,

and Sunset because we all lived in the

Sunset District in San Francisco.

CK: Sunset Sherbert who are the

parents?

SHERBS: Pink Panties x GSC

CK: Sunset Sherbert is classified an Indica

dominant hybrid your thoughts?

SHERBS: Sunset Sherbert is a hybrid

that is a very well balanced variety. It

has the heaviness of a indica, however

it’s Burmese grandparent (sativa dominant)

gives it a well balanced uplifting

effect. It increases your sense of well

being while allowing one to use this as

a daytime “functional” smoke. Sunset

Sherbert is also the strain of choice for

people who suffer from PTSD.

CK: When and why did you start growing

and what was the first strain you grew?

Acai Berry

Gelato

SHERBS: I grow to provide safe, quality

medicine for myself and others. At

first I just grew for myself, but people

seemed to like my work so I kept doing

it. I’ve been growing for 15 years. I was

27 when I first started growing. The first

strain I grew was the Afgooey. I grew

buds the size of two liter soda bottles

my first run.

CK: Which do you prefer, growing Indoors

or Outdoors?

SHERBS: I prefer organic lightdep

greenhouses. You get indoor quality

but you are utilizing the sun. That light

can’t be reproduced indoor, they try but

Mother Nature has got ‘em on that. Indoor

will always be “less damaged” and

pretty because it’s protected the most

by being indoors and doesn’t face the

brutality of an outdoor environment. But

that’s what a greenhouse does, protect

the plant and the sun gives the plants a

spectrum that indoor lights cannot do.

So I see the genetics really doing what

Mother Nature intended them to do and

it’s always the best smoke to me.

J11


CK: What would your perfect grow set up look like?

SHERBS: It’s all about having a perfect grow environment, so for me having all the proper equipment.

Lighting, air conditioning, dehumidifiers etc. all have to be proper so the plants can grow without issues.

CK: Ok, let us talk genetics, that word seems to be popping everywhere where weed is becoming legal

whether recreationally or medicinally…how do you explain genetics?

SHERBS: When I explain genetics to friends of mine that are not in the industry, I explain it like this.

Cannabis has males and females. Let’s say your parents had 100 children. Out of those children there

is going to be variations in appearance, height, intelligence,

etc. but they will all look similar. When

you work with cannabis plants, we select the best

“children” out of the seeds that we sprout. Just like

parents having kids. It’s selective breeding.

CK: What is your favorite medium to grow with?

SHERBS: I use soil outdoor, and coco indoor.

CK: What are your favorite products to use?

The First Envirocann Certified Organic

Nursery in California. The New Home

of Sherbinskis Mothers.

SHERBS: Vital all the way, shout out to Bri

an at Vital Garden Supply on grass valley,

California. He’s the best in the business,

hands down, the owner showed me how to

farm Organic.

CK: Are there any certain lights that you

prefer?

SHERBS: I like to use Gavita double ended bulbs for flower and 630MH for veg. Generally speaking.

CK: In veg do you do 18 or 24 hours of light or something different?

SHERBS: 18 hours, plants need to sleep just like we do. They sleep for 6 hours.

J12

CK: How did you come up with the strain names…

SHERBS: When you taste it for the first time, you try to capture what it tastes like and how it makes

you feel medicinally. Those subtle hints that hit your senses guide you to a name. That’s the fun part

and it is amazing when a name fits the strain perfect.


CK: Please explain how you germinate?

SHERBS: I use Jiffy Pro forma Cells. They work great you can drop seeds in them, or use them for

clones. They have a small charge, so only need to give it water the first few weeks and it really takes

off. Highly recommend jiffy’s pro forma products.

CK: Any tips on how to sex your plants?

SHERBS: A few ways to sex your plants:

Nowadays they have genetic testing where

when the plant is very small (a few inches)

Acai Berry

you can cut a small part of the leaf off, have it tested

and in a few days they can tell you of it’s a male or

female. These tests have become more popular in

recent years as a tool for farmers to sex earlier and

save valuable time in the long process of breeding.

Another way is to let the plants grow up a little

and about 18-24 inches normally the plant will show

you during veg what sex it is. You look at the nodes

and if she has got two little hairs sticking up it’s a

female. If it’s got two little “nuts” on the plant nice it’s

a male. And that is pretty damn accurate. Sometimes you have to wait longer to see on some plants.

CK: Let’s talk pheno…recently I bought a zip of Gelato #41…I fuqin LOVED it…why #41? Why Phenos?

I am starting to think a few of your famed strains Gello & Mochi, are just different phenos of Gelato…

can you describe what pheno means to you?

SHERBS: Let’s get something straight, the 25, 33, 41, 45, 43, 47, 49 are all phenos of Gelato.

I explain phenos like this to people, those numbers are the numbers that were on the side of the pots.

That’s all it is. When they don’t have names yet, all you can do is give it a number. It is funny to me

how the numbers stuck. Now you see all types of people copying that. Imagine your parents had 20

kids, each child is a different phenotype. There will be variations of your brothers and sisters, however

most of them will look alike but have their own qualities.

CK: What are your favorite strains to grow? What is your hardest strain to grow?

SHERBS: Favorite strain to grow is Mochi. She’s short and fat and throws huge buds.

Gello is the most difficult strain I work with. She can’t take the stress the other strains can.

J13


CK: What are your top favorite strains to smoke?

SHERBS: Gelato of course, specifically Mochi and

Gello. I like a good OG as well.

CK: Gelato, Who are the parents?

SHERBS: Sunset Sherbert feminized polin x GSC.

Gello, Mochi, Acai berry are all gelato phenos I selected.

CK: How can you best describe “breeding”?

SHERBS: Breeding is something that is not as hard

as people may think. When you stick a female in a

room with a male, what tends to happen? Well many

times as humans we mate, plants are not that any different.

You place a male together with a female and

nature takes its course, and they mate!

CK: Is there any special tips you can give any

grower to help them be more one with the plant?

SHERBS: It’s true that we “growers” are blessed with

the honor of caring for these amazing plants. It’s a gift

to be able to grow and care for these magic medicinal

plants. I don’t like to use the word “magical” but it’s

truly what it is. This plant gives so much more to us

then we could ever give to it. It cares for us, provides

for us. And it will live on, long after we are gone. It’s

here to help and nurture us. And that’s why I’ve dedicated

my life to this plant and to the people that need

it in this world. That’s a life worth living. The best way

to connect to the plants is to

care for them. When you

begin to care about the

plants well being, you

start to begin to understand

the level of commitment

to the growing

process it takes

to make good medicine,

and when one is

passionate about that, it

takes you over and it becomes

more then a job, it’s

a lifestyle. And the plants “always”

come first no matter what.

Gelato

CK: Any new flavors coming from you soon?

SHERBS: I’m seeing a lot of people just cross

gelato back to more gelato. All these so called

“new strains” are just old regurgitated crosses

I’ve connected with Josh D, Bubba, and my friend

Ian. These guys brought Kush to California many

years ago, and helped make Kush what it is today.

I want to take the old school, and work it into

some of my new school and see what we come

up with. I have a few other tricks up my sleeve as

well. Europe is knocking on my door, so it may be

time to do some work on that side of the globe

this year as well.

CK: What exactly is the flavor factory?

SHERBS: Flavor factory is what we call our

f first grow facility in Sacramento, California.

We pump out flavors, that is what we do.

Sungrown, Organic Cannabis

Sherbinski trimming some

of his topshelf Flowers

J14

Disposable Vaporizer that

goes inside the Double Barrel.


CK: What is the future of Sherbinski Farms?

SHERBS: At The Flavor Factory a fully licensed

California facilitiy, we have worked very hard to

revolve with the industry and we are proud to be

in a position to expand and being able to continue

to bring our products to the great people of

California and the other legal states we will be

working with as Sherbinskis solidifies it’s licensing

deals this year.

CK: Are there “official“ dispensaries that carry

your strains and your Sherbinskis line?

SHERBS: Look for Sherbinskis products in Medmen

in SoCal. The Greendoor in SF, Garden of

Eden in Hayward, and a few other select dispensaries.

We will be delivering straight to consumer

through a new delivery service we are launching

Acai Berry Gelato

this year. Any of our products delivered to you in

30 minutes in LA and SF.

CK: Let’s discuss the new SHERBINKSKIS product

line… What is coming? Vape pens, pre-rolls,

clones, seeds...I wanna know everything you have

and are planning and when we can expect it!

SHERBS: We are launching our apparel this year,

our merchandise and apparel will exclusively be

available on WWW.Sherbinskis.com Check is

out. In addition to our world famous flower (what

we are known for) we are now bringing our vape

line to market. We have partnered with one of

the top manufacturers of vape products in California

and are excited being that to market. We

also have our prerolls and concentrate line available

at select dispensaries in California. Contact

your local shop and let them know you want

Sherbinskis.

CK: Cannabis is now outright legal in California,

your thoughts? With legalization a reality, where

do you envision the future of Sherbinskis?

SHERBS: I’m excited that people have safe access

now and that our kids don’t have to grow up

in a environment like we did, I would get busted

for having a single bowl of weed. Sherbinskis is

going to continue to service the cannabis community

and work hard to be a role model for compliance

and share my knowledge with the people

that have built this community and do it for all the

people that gave their lives in one way or another

for us to be where we are today. One love and

please stay up to date on what we have going on

by following us on:

Instagram: @sherbinski415 and @sherbinskis

Please check out our Website:

www.Sherbinskis.com

An Indoor Grow Facility run by Sherbinski

J15


WORLD'S FIRST


The Legal Weed Series:

by Mark M. Ward

@ReadLegalWeed

New Jersey Weedman,

Political Pristoner #420

J16 J18


It is early February, 2018 and as legalization

initiates in the state of New Jersey many are

overcome with great feelings of excitement and

jubilation, while others… not so much. While

some have plans of big business venture and expanding

profit margin, some still have concern of

being targeted or incarcerated for what for them,

may still be considered cannabis crime. Some

feel this soon to be instated legalization will only

benefit modern kings and not the common. Case

in point: NJ Weedman, who now is nearing his

344th day incarcerated without bail, for a charge

he was found not guilty of 3 months prior to present

time.

Robert Edward “Ed” Forchion, Jr. (born

July 23, 1964), also known as NJ Weedman, is

an US military veteran, Rastafari, cannabis rights

activist, free speech and jury nullification activist,

writer, as well as a restaurateur. Forchion, a resident

of New Jersey and California, is a registered

medical cannabis patient. He has been arrested

and convicted for some of his activities and has

taken part in several legal defenses and contested

laws regarding cannabis. In his home town

of Trenton, he also owns a licensed eatery “NJ

Weedman’s Joint”, which is a 420-friendly soul

food restaurant that is changing the concept of

NJ cannabis, as well as medical cannabis consumers

choices in healthy eating.

Directly adjacent to NJ Weedman’s Joint

you will find his registered sanctuary and cannabis

church, the “Liberty Bell Temple III”. Forchion

created this sanctuary as a place of safe refuge

for those that, in their religion choose to use cannabis

as a form of holy sacrament, or ritual tool

of ceremony. As a Rastafari himself, NJ Weedman

finds great need for such places of worship.

Others who also consume the plant as sacrament

come from near and far to enjoy this holy place

and their right to freedom of religion and the use

of to their ritual herb.

Forchion’s latest saga of what he and

many others feel is corruption and race-based

incarceration, initiated when he and patrons of

his restaurant and sanctuary began being approached

by Trenton police, as they entered or

exited the establishments. Local police didn’t stop

there, but also ticketed and towed patron vehicles

while they were in use of the restaurant or

church. Not even Forchion’s iconic Weedmobile

was safe, as it was also soon impounded and

crushed by local authorities.

The accounts of what NJ Weedman had

considered blatant intimidation and harassment

only continued. The Trenton police soon began

issuing late night citations to the restaurant itself,

under what they filed as a business operating

past 11:00 pm zoning hours. This continued to

transpire even though Forchion had brought to

their attention that NJ Weedmans Joint was in

fact in the business zone which can close shop at

2:00 am according to business zoning and planning

charts (ordinance 146-22). Tickets and citations

accrued according to Weedman, “They went

so far as to ticket the restaurant when it wasn’t

even open, but the Temple was in use.” Forchion

explains.

Without being able to conduct proper

business under legal hours and without being

able to practice his religion freely with his peers,

Forchion decided neither the restaurant, nor his

sanctuary deserved such a fate. As last-ditch

effort to save the integrity of both, Weedman filed

a (religious) federal civil rights lawsuit against

the City of Trenton for harassment on March

8th, 2016. This, of course wouldn’t sit lightly with

Trenton’s Police, as Forchion was well aware.

What Weedman didn’t know and What Forchion

would soon learn was that on March 10th, 2016

and only 2 days after he filed his lawsuit, Police

Detective Yolanda Ward hired a confidential informant,

in attempt to finally close down Weedman’s

Joint for good.

Well a rat is never good in a restaurant,

and this time was no different. On numerous

occasions this unknown informant would pose

as a NJ Weedman’s Joint patron. Often while at

the 420-friendly eatery the informant would ask

Forchion if he had any available sacrament or

cannabis for sale. This was to no avail time and

time again, as Forchion denied his requests.

After some time, the informant made himself

right at home, as rats do. Eventually this informant

became a faithful restaurant customer and

Temple member and even donated $300.00 to

the church. As a shared blessing and sacrament

between trusted friends and clergy, the informant

was able to procure cannabis.

Trenton police found this all that need be

to incarcerate Forchion, so on April 27th, 2016

Weedman was arrested by officials, based on

informant testimony. This however was not Ed’s

J19


“Ed” Forchion, aka NJ Weedman,

smelling the Flowers of an

HPS Flower Room

J18 J20

final arrest during this debacle of ongoing

citations and charges. On May 13th,

2016 Weedman was arrested for cyber

bullying of Officer Flowers, after making

comments about him on social media.

This too was not Weedmans final arrest

that led him to his 344-day stint behind

bars.

A lawyer named Edward “Heftybag”

Heyburn soon contacted Weedman,

stating that he wanted to represent

him and his case pro bono. Forchion

accepted his offer, which may have witness,

as this would make his name no

longer confidential rendering the motion

moot.

At this point, Weedman admittedly

was gloating about the prosecutions

weak defense openly online, also as

part of Heyburn’s strategy. Forchion

accounted “I exercised my free speech,

to openly complain about the police

tactics” Weedman explains over his call

with me while imprisoned, “And between

August 2016 and February 2017 my

lawyer Heyburn and I sought the public’s

help in identifying my RAT. Once

identified, we sought info on him and

once gained through legal means, we

exposed that info online which included

the RATS criminal activity, his living conditions,

his addictions, and his personal

info which was all legally obtainable for.”

Heyburn coordinated & pre-approved of

the posts and claimed STATE vs MIL-

LIGAN, justified this strategy. In retaliation,

the state called it “Witness Tampering”.

After this strategy was already

put into effect, on Feb 23rd, 2017 Judge

Massi signed the prosecutors requested

protective order (5 months late). Even

though Weedman already put his informant

on a social media blast prior to this

signed order, he still was indicted for

witness tampering on Feb 28th, 2017.

“This is in violation of the EX POST

FACTO clause of the US Constitution”

Forchion explains, “Nothing we did

between August and February was in


violation of any order, so to be charged after

the fact is unconstitutional. Additionally, I was

the only one charged with witness tampering for

HEYBURNS legal strategy!”

On March 3rd Robert Edward Fochion Jr.

was arrested and detained on the current witness

tampering charge. To add final insult to injury

Weedmans attorney Edward Hayburn did the unthinkable

and quit his position as Forchion’s defense

council and started working for Forchion’s

prosecution. The state of New Jersey filed a

motion on March 7, 2017, for pretrial detention

to incarcerate Forchion until trial. Forchion held

a hunger strike for nearly two weeks while being

held without bail, calling himself a political prisoner.

The trial began October 26, 2017. On November

8, the jury found him not-guilty of one charge

of second-degree witness tampering, which

supposedly was the charge that had clause of

being held without bail and the jury was hung on

another charge in the third degree.

So why is it that on January 2018, NJ

Weedman was again denied bail pending a re-trial?

Why is it that only after having his business

targeted and even his business license revoked,

did the city clerk and zoning officer both admit

that the revoked license and in turn the original

citations for 11:00 pm closing hour were done in

error? Why is it that 43 charges, a hung jury and

a not-guilty verdict later, a man is sill in jail almost

a year for non-violent charges? Is it because Ed

Forchion is dangerous, or is he just NJ Weedman,

Political Prisoner #420?

J21


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Featured Article

An Interview with Peezy the Owner and Breeder of:

Dirty Water

J24

Sour Dubb Tre


Peezy has been growing and breeding cannabis since the early 90’s. Born and raised

in Massachusetts, he grew up with a family of the same trade. Learning skills from his

father and uncles, he was blessed to have access to great genetics passed on to him

as well as ones he has acquired throughout the years. He began outdoors, crossing

the few strains he had at the time. In 1999, he started to line breed for generations

using an old Northern Lights and DJ Short 90’s Blueberry Pollen. Back then the Blueberry

was highly sought after. Around that same time, he started getting ordering

seeds from across the pond, collecting genes from festivals/concerts he would attend,

other growers and friends, all to widen his span of genetics to work with. In those

days, there were a lot of skunks and dog bud, diesel, lots of hybrids from Amsterdam,

Canada, Cali, Washington and the Northeast. Over time, the landraces slowly disappeared

and the name game started to boom on the scene, the popular names you hear

of today. Throughout time Peezy has created an extensive collection of strains to work

with that most people do not have access to today.

Peezy had the name Dirty Water Organics locally for years. Around 2010 he

started to come out more publicly, at least on the internet. Around that time he linked

up with Bean Boys Genetics as their second head breeder and crew chief and head

breeder for Karma Kings. Under those companies he had many world wide seed releases,

all while continuing to do his own thing under D.W.O. in MA. Eventually, he left

BBG and Karma Kings, took all of his work with him and went “officially” live and public

with D.W.O. in 2018 and hasn’t looked back since. D.W.O. is a “real breeding” craft

seed company that only uses living organic methods to grow, create seeds and make

clones.

by Kaitlyn Buckley

Organics

What are some of your favorite strains? Overall as well as

one(s) you have created.

PEEZY: I like Skunks / Chems / Diesels / Kushes / Cookies and

Hazes. I really love everything to be honest. Anything from

the Chemdog Ffamily has to be on my favorite list. Chemdog

91, Chem d, Chem 4, etc etc. Also the old Original Diesel stuff

as well as. That Kerosine Gas Rank Dank. Love the old OG

Kushes, a few types of Old Hazes and a bunch of old land races

are for sure my favorites. There is many out there it is hard to

choose just a few. Some of our stuff would have to be Kookie

MOB aka MOAB, Fooman Chu, Cinco de Chem. Our Old

Mass Chem Skunk work, some of our newer Cookie crosses

and Old Diesel, Old Chem work. All the Kush stuff. East Coast

Sour Dawgz, Katsunana, Chalet Creme, there’s so many… It’s

all awesome in its own way really. You can’t go wrong with any

of our seed/clone cultivars.

Katsunana Kush

J25


MOAB

aka Mother of all Berries

Featured Article

You make both feminized and regular seeds, which do

you prefer or focus on?

PEEZY: I prefer regular sex breeding and seeds in general.

But I do like feminized too. We make both types avail to

cater to everyone’s likes and needs. Some want fems. Others

want regs. They both have their advantages and disadvantages

as well as both have their place in the market .

How far do you normally take your breeding process F1,

F2, F3, F4 so on and so forth.

PEEZY: It all depends on the projected outcome of the project.

If I’m just making some new outcrosses, I’ll just bring

it to it’s first and second generation, but if I’m working the

line, I like to go further. I go to f3-f4-f5. Usually stop around

then to keep vigor and less drift, and I’ll back cross back to

the original f1 cross parent or p1 parent of the cross if I’m

trying to pick something like either of those parents. I will

also use the cubing method to lock down a specific parent in

Seed form. This means no forward filial breeding, but only

backcrossing. For instance. Say you make a Kush Cross F1

x Kush p1. = Kush bx1 then take Kush bx1 x Kush p1. = Kush bx2 etc. etc. Doing

this to bx4-5 will eventually lock down that Kush into seed form so most seeds will be

very similar to that Kush parent originally used for the bx. This needs to be done with

proper selections though as this takes years to do if done right. We do this also but it’s

not something that’s released much. If I’m breeding for new traits I like to filial breed

with one side a semi/stable poly. Or true hybrid or landrace ibl then uses a poly hybrid

parent and cross them together and you will get less variation than a poly x poly but

Velvet Cookies

enough to still get a bunch of new things to hunt for, this in turn will make it easier

later on to line breed your selections further. There’s many ways

to line breed. I love having fun with it really. It’s a huge passion of

mine. Always has been.

J26

What are some ideal phenotypes in your opinion?

PEEZY: Ideal “plant types”. As I call them, would really depend

on what it’s being used for or the person who is choosing it and

their likes. But me personally I think a short flowering time, not

too tall, med/large height/med stretch, perfect internode length

, big chunky nugs from the bottom up but not too dense or airy,

big thick calyxes and Minimal pistils. Also it has to be very resisto

molds and bugs, and very sexually

stable and easy to grow / not

Fooman Chu

finicky. Big yields. Amazing terpenes/smell,

taste and bag appeal.

High resin content and high potency

, High calyx to leaf ratio. Throw a

little CBD and other healing cannabinoids

in there for good measure

besides just high THC. And last bit

not least, it would be a great breeder

to pass on it’s genes to other plants

perfectly.

09 Animal bx

aka Chalet Creme


How do you choose strains you want to work with?

PEEZY: I choose things based on my many years of breeding and growing experience, also what I personally

like and want as well as I’ll listen to what the market is looking for at the time. It also matters on the projects being

worked on. I’ll choose differently for things like terpenes or a fast finisher or a high cannabinoid profile like

high CBD or THC etc etc. Smell and taste are extremely important to me and we like to impart that in all our

work. Who wants something that doesn’t smell or taste good. I know I don’t. I highly suggest to your readers to

use real Living Organic methods when growing our seeds or anyone else’s, this is how one will achieve superb

outcomes in all departments. I used to grow non organic for years and when I switched, and have never looked

Barnyard

Animals

back. It was like a night and day difference. Explosive terpenes and resins,

yields and smoothness of smoking flowers is off the charts. Just remember,

everything you put into your cannabis when growing it will be in its final product.

Less is always more when growing living organic all natural cannabis as a

medicine or for recreation.

What type of terpene profiles do you tend to lean toward?

PEEZY: I like anything really, but I’m always going for the gassy funky super

stank dank. I really love the fruity sweet stuff too. Big time. We breed for it all.

It is a one stop shop with us. I’ll never hate on any type of cannabis or terpene,

strain etc etc. I embrace it all with as much love and respect as I can.

Chalet Creme

Pink Monster

Preferred method for collecting pollen? Picking the

best males?

PEEZY: I mainly breed and pollen collect in many

breeding/pollen chambers, both big and tents rather

than one big area. This helps me to be able to do nu

merous things at once, collecting pollen, testing

males, testing females, selecting plants, pollinating

plants with different pollens, reg and fem breeding,

plant preservation, clone keeping, mother keeping,

vegging flowering , propagation, plant reversals etc. etc.

It is imperative for a real breeder like myself to have 20-

40 different air tight light tight smaller spaces to do all

this. The only time I’ll use big open spaces is when I’m

open pollinating for Seed increases naturally as well as

selectively . I like keeping projects as far away from one

another as possible, especially when pollen in involved.

I collect it as well as use it in live pollinations. To collect

it you need one male in its own small chamber, run it

till it’s finished and cut most leaves off wet before the

latter part of the pods open, this helps with collections

later on when the plant dries out. Keeps the mess down

and more pollen can be directed toward the area of

collection…then once it’s dry and cured the pollen will

be a mustard yellow in color , now it’s time to collect it.

Once collected it needs to be screen sifted/ cleaned for

debris and can be used right away or stored for many

years. I personally use rice mixed with the pollen to absorb

moisture when stored in its final container. Then

we use the freezer to store our pollens. The longest I’ve

used frozen pollen was 6 years old stored in the freezer.

J27


I’m going to be testing some 10 year old frozen pollen next to see if it will

work. Fingers crossed…

Picking the best males involved many things. I personally like to

do this over a long Period of time. First I like to keep seed plants in tiny 9

ounce keg cups . Run them in veg very late to see if they start to flower in

veg from the small pots. If they do, usually I won’t use it. But it also depends

on the type it is. Some have more auto tendencies in their genes. Also

some are acclimated more to certain climates or grow styles. Like landraces

for instance. If it’s one of these I’ll give it a second chance and grow it in a

regular pot. Fluctuate veg times to see if it auto flowers. Also see how well

it takes drought and over water. Then when it comes to flowering, I’ll do all

the same stuff but do heavy nutrients and no nutrients alike, also over and

under water, light intensities, time fluctuations, all types of pruning and

cropping/and even topping right before flower and during flower (usually

topping happens in the second test run as I like to see how it fairs untopped

first ). I’ll run them very deep in flower. Basically try to stress them out as hard as I can to see if they can

handle it without throwing herms or dropping leaves or being very finicky. I call it stress testing in the tent of

torture. Usually only the most smelly, vigorous males make it to-this test. Also resinous males can be great to

look for but not all males breed the same so it all matters how it breeds. This is why resinous males aren’t a big

factor in my personal selection process but it definitely helps. Smell and stability is a big thing for me. Usually

I can just tell how well a male is gonna be by just looking at it . It’s sort of like having an eye for it and after 25

years experience , you tend to know what to look for. The best way is just to test the male with a few well known

females to make some out crossings, then run the progeny to see what said male has to offer. It’s best to use females

your familiar with in other crossings, for instance, what they pass over when out crossed. This way you can

better judge what the male has passed on. All this is very time consuming so this is why it is important to have

many places to do this all at one time. You can’t do all this in one room. The only things that can really happen in

one room is pollen chucking mostly.

If you had to chose one strain (any strain ever) to work with or grow what would it be?

PEEZY: One would probably be something like a northern lights #5 x Neville’s haze (nl5haze).

Or straight old school northern lights, a skunk 1 or old Hindu/afghani/Thai. etc etc. I love the old stuff. Those

genetics have changed the game years back and are in so many of today’s cultivars. They are basically referred to

as building blocks of today. It’s very hard to honestly say what one plant I would like. I adore them all so much.

Barnyard Animals

Kookiez 91

I don’t know what I’d do with myself if I only had to pick

just one. There is some stuff from our genetics, like in our

Katsunana Cultivar, East Coast Sour Dawgz or our Mass

Chem Skunk among many others of that I could see myself

choosing. This question has really got me stumped to

be honest. Haha.

J28

One of

DWO’s

Breeding

Males

Kookie

MOB


Featured Article

Branded Animal Fire

What are the hardest strains to work with in your opinion?

PEEZY: Old Hazes or landrace Thai’s, any long flowering Sativa

and or old Sativa landraces are the hardest to grow in my

opinion.

Now that there is the availability to have strains tested for

aspects such as THC, CBD, THCA (to name a few) percentages,

terpene profiles, has that become part of your regime

for breeding selection?

PEEZY: No. We breed the old school way. The way our fore

fathers have been doing it for centuries. Selective breeding and

testing the long way. The only way I’d see myself using labs

for breeding would be to make high CBD strains, or specific

cannabinoid profile strains for a patient or someone who requests

such a thing… Although it is cool to know your plants

potential, I’ve just always found it to be sort of cheating in

breeding sense. There’s no skill, experience, or even work involved in lab test

breeding. It also sort of takes the spiritual connection and passion it takes to

have “the eye for it “ out of it as well. Lab test breeding is not something I’d

never do. I’m open to try anything. Who knows, maybe one day I’ll give it a

whirl.

Tell us about your garden environments and techniques. i.e. Lighting, temperatures,

soil or hydro. organic or synthetic nutrients/technique or No-till

living soil.

PEEZY: Well, my garden isn’t really a garden per-say. It’s all for breeding for us

here mainly so

Cherry Pup

Pie Mother

it is made up of

a many gardens - small chambers and tents all

with their own micro climate for all the different

projects we are constantly working on. Line

breeding isn’t your typical clone only pollen

chucking one and done type of deal. No sir. Real

indoor breeding and selecting involves many

many different environments all going on at the

same time in my opinion. managing this gets

very tiring and tough at times. If I didn’t keep

notes I would probably forget what half of the

projects are doing as there’s so much going on at

once to deal with. I’m sort of an OCD perfectionist

so it’s hard to find good help who will actually

understand how I want things and do things. It’s

mostly taken care of by myself.

I love led lighting, I think that’s the future as

its power consumption and heat output are very

minimal compared to other methods like hid

lights. We only use living organic methods so all

natural and organic ingredients in our own soil

mixes, we use top dressings or sometimes super

soils style or spikes or teas, it really is the bene-

Dirty Water Organic Stardawg Cut

J29


Featured Article

cial organisms that make what we do great . The method used really all matters on what’s being done. I’d like to

try out soil no till beds for some seed increases soon so that’s my next venture to try out. Surprisingly I haven’t

done that yet with breeding. It’s up next on the bucket list.

What are some of your most sought after strains?

PEEZY: I would say our Kookie MOB aka MOAB. Or our Velvet Cookies or The Cinco de Chem or our Mass

Chem Skunk line. Fooman Chu, Puptarts, Chalet Creme, Barnyard Animals, Katsunana, Sour Dubb Tre., Mob

Stomper, there is a bunch of them!

What are some of your tips/tricks/methods for germinating seeds?

PEEZY: I suggest using a glass of distilled water with a little bit of h202. I call this our float tek.

You put seeds on top of the water in the cup, put a cover on top so it’s dark and kept moist , keep in warm area /

room temp works fine. Don’t move the cup and let seeds sit there till they all open up and shoot out nice size tails

while floating on top of the water. It can take a few days. Don’t sink them. You can plant them right away after

or put them in between wet paper towels to finish opening up and shed their shells and then plant. Your choice.

If Seeds are hard to pop or old I’d suggest some skuffing or shaving along the seem with a file or emery Board to

help water get in. One could even crack the shells in between ones fingers. Also good enzymes or using gibb acid

bath. Even a positive pressure seed bomb with gibb acid can help a lot. The gibb acid will help give old Seed legs

again. They will be a bit stretchy but pop none the less. I never suggest putting cannabis seeds directly in soil

when buying them on the market. You never know where a Seed has been or where it’s been sitting before it gets

East Coast Stardawg

aka ECSDawg

to you. It’s best to keep them in the fridge but not all breeders

and seed vendors do this, so germ rates go down. We however

keep all ours in our 3 dedicated seed fridges as ideal temps so

even our old Seeds still pop good. There’s many ways to germ a

cannabis seed. These are just a few tried and true methods to try.

For our New England gardeners, which of your strains will

grow the best outdoors around this part of the country?

PEEZY: For outdoors I’d say Katsunana, Sour Dubb Tre, Chalet

Creme, Fooman Chu. Star Stomper, Branded Animal Fire, pretty

much anything as most things finish within 9ish weeks give or

take. We try to run things outdoors too but it’s usually all tested

indoors with some of them having the outdoor test. By now, a

lot of our strains we offer at the vendors have been ran outdoors.

Acclimation might be a bit different at first but they will grow

into it eventually. We want everyone to do what they want with

any of our genetic offerings.

Meaning we love

it when others use them

for their own breeding

plans, if you want to

make more generations,

crosses, use males,

females etc etc. Please

do so as we do this for

the community and our

gene pool as well as for

ourselves. It’s an honor

when we hear someone

gets some use out of our

J30

Chalet Creme


work. Genetics made indoors will acclimatize better

for outdoors when bred outdoors over a few generations

in my own experience with it. I’ve had things

grow way better outside than indoors. And visa versa.

If you could give a few “words of advice” on growing

to other growers who may not be as experienced as

you what would those be?

PEEZY: Advise I can give to someone starting out or

in their early years would be to have an open mind,

be willing to try anything and keep your mind like a

sponge. Stay in the grow room constantly and immerse

yourself in it all. Practice everything and mess up as

much as you can cause we learn best from our mistakes.

Trial and error is the best form of learning, in

my opinion. Strive for excellence.

Who are some breeders you look up to (or have

respect for)?

PEEZY: I’ve always been a huge fan of the legendary

breeders Nevil Schoenmakers and

Shanti, also Henk Van Dalen, Luc Krol, Wernard

Bruining, Ben Dronkers, Soma, Tony from Sag, Simon

from Serious, DJ Short, Angus from Real Seed Co,

also the guys from Cannabiogen and Ace etc etc. So

many others. Too many to list. Also some newer guys

too like Bodhi and Mephisto, JJ NYC, Nespecta. There

are lots of underground folks too including my fathers

side of the family which whom I learned from when

I was a kid in the early 80’s to the early 90’s. When

I finally started myself already going into it with a

vast knowledge of old landrace cultivars and growing

plants. Thanks Dad.

What is your opinion on auto flower seeds?

PEEZY: I myself personally Am not a big fan of auto

flowering seed. I understand their worth and respect

what it takes to truly breed them properly like the guys

from Mephisto. I’m just not really into them nor do I

have a use for them or breed them. I’ll probably never

make autos available for our customers.

What are some new strains/projects you are working

on?

PEEZY: We are constantly working on numerous

line breeds to further stabilize specific seed cultivars,

there is lots of new out cross breedings happening in

the form of new Seed Series releases set to be let out

sometime this year in both regular and feminized

form. I don’t want to reveal too much, but folks can go

check out our social network pages for more up to date

info in real time as it happens. We are updating our

Instagram profile daily with pics and info, just search

for our company name, Dirty Water Organics and it is

easily found.

There are many more exciting new ventures

that have been in the works as well in the form of new

seed/clone/flower collaboration companies, all sorts of

great stuff happening in the near future. We will be at

some upcoming events here in mass as well as others

across the country to meet folks in person. We also will

have some cool t-shirts and sweatshirts available soon

as well, which will be announced where and when over

on our Instagram page for those interested.

Where do you see yourself/company in the future of

the upcoming times of recreational/legalization of

cannabis?

PEEZY: I see myself and my companies going much

further as the times switch into a more normalized

industry. We don’t plan to be going anywhere anytime

soon. This is just the beginning of a new era as far

as I’m concerned. There’s going to be obstacles and

hardships but stuff like that is no stranger to us here as

being on the demonized side of underground breeding/growing

the better part of my life the past 25 years

or so. I think the legal side shouldn’t be much different

in terms of hardships and obstacles, it just changes the

types there will be… I see myself and our companies

prospering more as the times change. This is and has

been my whole life’s passion and life blood. We want to

help others who are legal get the best most unique actually

bred, real organic, non GMO all natural cannabis

seeds to grow for their much needed medicine and/

or for recreation as well as for novelty souvenirs and

preservation until laws change around the globe.

Where can our readers purchase your seeds from?

PEEZY:

Neptune Seed bank

Oregon Elite Seeds

Labyrinth Seed Co

The Rare Seed Store

Horror Seeds

FireStax Seeds

Manchester Seeds

Kookie MOB

J31


What is CBD,

Kassia Kristoff

kkristoff30@gmail.com

and Why Should

We Care?

At this point in human history, almost everybody has at

least a basic understanding of what THC is. Even my 85

year old grandmother can probably tell you that it has

something to do with that wacky weed plant that all those

kids have been smoking ever since women were accused

of burning their bras in the sixties. In fact, if you are

reading this article and you don’t know that THC, otherwise

known as tetrahydrocannabinol, is the psychoactive

cannabinoid in cannabis that is currently getting you

so stoned that you are having trouble making out the

words on this page, please set your lighter down right

now. You’re cut off.

Yes, we all know about THC, and why shouldn’t

we? For much of American history, cannabis has been

viewed singularly as a tool to get high, making THC and

its mind-altering effects the sensible focal point for most

Darrell Gudroe, owner of Pharmer’s

cannabis users, along with every doomsday politician

Market in his local cannabis caregiver storefront

located in Boothbay Harbor, Maine.

and hysterical anti-marijuana campaign from the 1930’s

on. Until recent years, very few people were looking at

cannabis as a medicine, and those that did were not being taken seriously. Today, we know differently. And

because we know differently, we are getting more familiar not only with THC and what it can do, but also with

some of the other 200-odd cannabinoids and terpenes in the cannabis plant. With so many contenders to

choose from, the only logical place for researchers to start was with THC’s sister cannabinoid, CBD.

CBD stands for cannabidiol, and it, like THC, is present in virtually every strain of cannabis that exists.

In fact, plants with primarily CBD content and.03% or less THC are not even regulated as cannabis, but are

instead classified as hemp. You can look at CBD as the yin to THC’s yang; in the simplest of terms, CBD and

THC balance each other out. While it is true that the type of cannabis plant (Indica, Sativa, or hybrid) plays a

large role in determining what our experience will be when we light up, this is also affected by the ratio of THC

to CBD, in addition to the presence of a host of other cannabinoids and terpenes, deemed the “entourage

effect.”

CBD is not only a major factor in determining the quality, or “flavor” of the high experienced from smoking

cannabis, but, like THC, possesses a host of medical benefits. It is an all-star at treating inflammation and

related pain, anxiety and seizures, and it is frequently used for the treatment of PTSD, ADD and ADHD, due

to its anti-anxiety effects and its ability to enhance focus and concentration. It serves the additional purpose of

regulating the degree of psychoactivity that is experienced as a result of THC. CBD on its own is non-psychoactive,

and doses of it can be administered to level out, or completely negate, a THC high.

So why should we care about CBD, aside from the medical benefits and the fact that too much of it may

prevent us from getting so blitzed that we begin wondering if Beyonce is, in fact, a reptilian invader from another

galaxy? The answer lies in the question, my friends. Because CBD is non-psychoactive, it is not regulated

by the federal or state government, and is legal for anyone to harvest and to sell, provided their plants meet

THC content guidelines and are subsequently classified as hemp. There are the two types of CBD found in

CBD products: isolates and whole plant extracts. Whole plant extracts are seen by many in the industry as the

J32


A Variety of CBD Products available at

Pharmer’s Market.

J34

preferable option, as they still contain all of the terpenes,

cannabinoids and other beneficial qualities of

the hemp plant. The isolate holds its own, however,

and is a great option for someone who gets urine tested

regularly, and doesn’t want to risk trace amounts of

THC causing them to fail a drug test.

Because CBD is legal, you can buy CBD products

just about anywhere without a medical card. That

being said, it is important to know what you are buying,

because all products are not created equal, and

all vendors are not created honest. Buying CBD from

a non-verified vendor is sort of like accepting a drink

from a stranger at a bar- it could be a vodka tonic, or

it could be GHB. You want to know your supplier, and

you want to see the lab results from their products.

Reputable CBD vendors will have this information

available for you, should you ask for it.

CBD is a miracle not only for those without

legal access to cannabis, but also for those who just

plain don’t want to get stoned. This concept may be

mind boggling to some, but it turns out that a lot of

potential patients, particularly those belonging to older

generations, avoid medical cannabis as an option because

of the psychoactive effects, and also because

of the stigma surrounding its use.

CBD is a miracle not only for those without

legal access to cannabis, but also for those who just

plain don’t want to get stoned. This concept may be

mind boggling to some, but it turns out that a lot of

potential patients, particularly those belonging to older

generations, avoid medical cannabis as an option because

of the psychoactive effects, and also because

of the stigma surrounding its use.

I had an opportunity to sit down with Darrell

Gudroe, a cannabis consultant and co-owner of

Pharmer’s Market, a local cannabis caregiver storefront

that has become quite well-known in Boothbay

Harbor, Maine for its wide variety of CBD products.

Said Gudroe, “I will start [first time patients] by saying,

‘If you have never used either [THC or CBD products],

and you have no inclination to be high, then let’s start

you with the stuff that doesn’t get you high, and if

that’s not enough for you then we can talk about using

the other products that you may have to deal with

having the psychoactive effect from.’” Gudroe went on

to say, “The reality is that the aging population is trying

to keep their clarity…they are excited to be able to

come in and get a product that is going to relieve their

pain, with the knowledge behind it that will tell them

that they won’t get high, and they are still participating

in not using pharmaceuticals to get there.”

CBD is so effective at treating anxiety, inflammation

and pain that many of Gudroe’s medical

card-carrying customers rely on it solely to control

their symptoms, even with the option of THC products

available to them. Gudroe himself, a two-time cancer

survivor who deals with chronic pain as a result of

multiple knee and back surgeries, uses cannabis in all

of its forms, but swears by CBD topicals for generalized

aches and pains. Says Gudroe, “I use cannabis

and CBD all of the time, but when it comes to the topical

that I am putting on, it’s just the straight CBD.” He

never leaves the house without his CBD body butter,

and after being given a sample, neither do I. It works

marvelously for my joint aches and pains, as well as

any muscle soreness that I may be experiencing.

I spoke with Ryan Leighton, a resident of

Newcastle, Maine, who used the CBD body butter


to recover from a hand injury that doctors told him

would require physical therapy. After hearing about

the Pharmer’s Market and reading glowing testimonials,

Leighton decided to give the butter a try, and was

astounded when he regained full dexterity in his pinkie

within three days, despite assurances from a physical

therapist that this would take much longer. Says Leighton

of the discovery of CBD products, “I don’t have to

go to the hospital and spend thousands of dollars every

time I have a quirky pain. I can go buy a jar of CBD

butter for forty bucks.”

I spoke also with Terry Serino, another patient

at the Pharmer’s Market, about what CBD has done

for her. Said Terry, “It’s not a cure for what ails you. But

it improves the quality of your life so much… It would

kind of disingenuous for me to sit here and say well,

I’m a candidate for a double knee replacement. I have

arthritis, I have bone spurs…my knees are just a train

wreck. It would be stupid

for me to say, now with

the CBD, I don’t have to

have a knee replacement.

That’s not true. But

because of CBD I am

not living with constant

pain. Therefore, if I’m

not in pain, I can extend

the amount of time before

I have to have a knee

replacement….if you

can cut down the pain,

it’s not going to improve

the functionality, but it’s

going to allow you to function

as a normal person.”

Serino, like many

others, was initially concerned about the legality

of CBD, as well as the stereotypes and stigma surrounding

cannabis use. Gudroe captures the essence

of the issue of misinformation and stigma when he

describes the weeks surrounding the opening of the

Pharmer’s Market; “When people first started coming

into our store… they came with big, brimmed hats and

big glasses, and they came in their husband’s trucks

because they didn’t want their cars to be seen in the

driveway. And they sent their husbands. We had police

officers that came in here because their wives were

interested in the products but they didn’t want people

to see them in the marijuana store. And after the first

month, when everybody did that or sent their friend…

they started coming in as teams. To bring their friend in

so that they would dare to come in and see what it was

that we had, because they really wanted what we had

but they didn’t dare to come in.”

Leighton acknowledges this issue as well, addressing

those who hold outdated views of cannabis as

he tells me, “I think the social norm of marijuana being

taboo is changing, and I think we should have a more

open mind when it comes to products. One may think

that these products with cannabis have a ‘witch doctor’

healing effect. In reality, I know for a fact that when I

apply [CBD body butter] to an area that is experiencing

pain; the pain is then alleviated almost instantly. [CBD

is] just a great use of the cannabis plant, something

found in nature…it’s legal, over the table, non-psychoactive,

and you’re not smoking anything. I would

recommend it to anyone who is experiencing pain,

whether a little or a lot, because it could be a remedy.”

In addition to bringing relief to a wide

variety of more conservative patients, CBD is also a

god-send for another population that very few peo

Gudroe standing behind the CBD display

in his store.

ple consider when

thinking about medical

cannabis: children.

I spoke also with Laurel

Sheppard, a Nurse

Practitioner who has

been practicing at the

Falmouth, Maine branch

of Integr8 Health, a

medical marijuana clinic

with a second location

in Manchester, New

Hampshire, for the past

5 years. A nurse of 30

years and Nurse Practitioner

of 16, Sheppard

began studying Integrative

Medicine and training

under Integr8’s Dr.

Dustin Sulak. Sheppard was amazed at the staggering

success rates of cannabis treatment, and became

dedicated to joining the fight to improve lives through

medical cannabis.

The main conditions that Sheppard’s pediatric

patients are being treated for at Integr8 are epilepsy,

chronic pain, cancer, ADHD and Tourette ’s syndrome,

and she tells me that CBD has been shown to treat

autism as well. Sheppard says that she has treated

children who came to her non-verbal and watched

them, through CBD treatment, cut back on their seizure

meds and improve their comprehension to the point

where they were eventually able to speak. When all

conventional forms of medical treatment have failed

their children, medical cannabis is the final frontier for

many parents, and it is very often successful.

J36


To make parents feel more

at ease, Sheppard shares information

about the safety of cannabis.

Says Sheppard, “The more we learn

about this medicine, the more

amazed we are by its potential,

and it is so unbelievably safe. The

research study that was done recently

wanted to see how high could

they pump the dose of CBD and

THC and still have no organ damage,

and no effect to the heart and

the lungs. And obviously they couldn’t

do human studies, so they did

animal studies. And they raised

the dose to 1,000 times above the

recommended dosing range and

there were absolutely no heart or lung issues, and no

organ damage. I think these mice ate for three days,

and then they slept. They were so chill.”

Though cannabis is incredibly safe even in astronomical

doses, the smallest effective dosage is always

preferable from a medical standpoint. There are

a couple new players in town that are showing great

promise when it comes not only to decreasing dosage

ranges, but even micro-dosing, and these new

up-and-comers are THCA and CBDA, or tetrahydrocannabinolic

acid and cannabidiolic acid, respectively.

They are the pre-cursors to THC and CBD, essentially

the cannabinoids in their raw, wet form. Once dried, or

decarboxylated, either naturally or through the process

of adding heat, the acid component is removed,

transforming THCA into THC, and CBDA into CBD.

This is especially relevant in the case of THC,

as it is the conversion of THCA into THC that activates

the psychoactive factor - put more simply: if it

ain’t dried, you get no high. THCA can therefore be

used in its raw form in tinctures and other varieties to

treat patients without the mind altering effects, while

still preserving specific medicinal qualities. CBD is

already non-psychoactive, but CBDA, like THCA,

is showing itself to be far more potent, with a much

smaller amount going a much longer way.

The increased potency of raw cannabinoids

is important: because raw cannabinoids have a

much smaller dosing range than their heat activated

counterparts, or range of dosing that is necessary

to achieve a therapeutic effect, this translates to a

smaller price tag for patients, who are paying out of

pocket for cannabis currently. In addition to this perk,

a smaller dosing range also helps to shorten the often

lengthy process of helping patients to find relief. The

versatile qualities of cannabis allow it to be tailored

specifically to each patient and their individual needs;

unfortunately, the flip side to this coin is that the pro-

CBD Products by Healing Harbor, varying

in Tincture, Roller Relief cess and of finding Lotion the right combination and dosage ca

n sometimes be frustrating. Because every patient’s

endocannabinoid system and receptor sites are not

uniform, the same strain of cannabis or combination

of cannabinoids will affect individuals differently. When

it comes to cannabis treatment, there is no such thing

as “one size fits all,” though there does appear to be a

size to fit almost every patient, if they have the patience

to discover it.

Sheppard estimates that Integr8 has been prescribing

THCA to medical patients for the last 12-18

months, and CBDA for mere months. Because

research is still in its infancy, THCA is generally only

prescribed at Integr8 for pain and seizures, though

Sheppard expects both THCA and CBDA to be used

with much more frequency as research continues.

Countering the psychoactive properties of THC with a

larger dose of CBD is still, at this junction, the preferred

method when treating patients who need the

benefits of THC without the high.

As cannabis continues to be studied and

experimented with, it is becoming clear that the possibilities

for its use are, quite literally, endless. The

only thing going up in smoke is the stigma that labels

cannabis a dangerous drug, and portrays its users as

extras from “Reefer Madness”. Cannabis is instead

showing itself to be one of the safest and most versatile

medicines known to date, with CBD and raw

cannabinoids further proving that cannabis’s ability to

get us stoned may very well be the least remarkable

thing about this bountiful plant. So stick that in your

pipe and smoke it.

J37


J42


NEWS

Moldy Mass Medical Cannabis

Contaminated flower may be getting patients and employees sick

by Mike Crawford @mikecannboston

Anne Hassel had high hopes for a new career when

she applied for a job serving medical marijuana

patients at New England Treatment Access (NETA),

a registered medical dispensary (RMD) in Massachusetts.

A licensed physical therapist, she believes in the

efficacy of cannabis and says that she appreciated

how NETA was presented “as having a new business

paradigm, one of worker input and responsive management.”

That was then. Now, nearly a year after

she quit working at NETA and filed a complaint with

the Occupational Safety and Health Administration

(OSHA) claiming she was

regularly exposed to mold

via cannabis flower, Hassel

mockingly says NETA stands

for “Never Ethically Treating

Anybody.” “Mold was an issue

at both [NETA’s] Franklin

cultivation center and the

Northampton dispensary,”

Hassel wrote in her complaint

to OSHA. The former

budtender reported that she

“observed powered mildew

flower” while trimming cannabis

in 2016 in Franklin but

was instructed by a supervisor

to “cut around it.” She

also says that management

dunked “marijuana flower into

a hydrogen peroxide solution

to treat the mold.”

In response to a

request for comment, a NETA

spokesperson wrote, “Our

product is tested for mold,

yeast, bacterial and other biological pathogens, by

independent laboratories… No product is delivered

to the dispensaries that has not passed state testing

protocols.” Regarding hydrogen peroxide, the

spokesperson offered information that was previously

unavailable in the company’s response to regulators:

“NETA has been open and public about our use. The

[response to Hassel’s OSHA complaint] pertained to

our Northampton RMD and would be misapplied when

discussing our harvest practices.” In her May 2017

complaint, in which she detailed her employment as

an RMD agent from September 2015 through March

2017, Hassel claimed that she was “not informed” that

people were breathing in potentially hazardous mold.

She says, and another former employee confirms,

that NETA supervisors said the use of hydrogen peroxide

to clean moldy cannabis is the “industry standard.”

But some experts claim otherwise.

According to Dr. Jordan Tishler, a Harvard

Medical School and Brigham and Women’s Hospital-trained

physician who specializes

in cannabis treatment,

“Hydrogen peroxide isn’t going

to contaminate the flower as

peroxides are too unstable to

remain. However, they are quite

caustic and will react with the

plant material. This may change

the cannabinoids, as well as

general plant material, into God

knows what. So, not a great

idea. Moldy flower should be

tossed.” Hassel’s complaint,

drawn from her experience as a

budtender at NETA, continues:

In the dispensary the marijuana

flower is kept in bins that are

constantly opened in order to

weigh the flower in front of the

patient. At times while dispensing

I would experience allergic

reactions including throat

irritation. On multiple occasions

I observed moldy flower in the

bins and when management was approached, I was

told to take out the visibly moldy flower but sell the

remainder in the bin. The NETA spokesperson wrote:

“Regarding the use in harvest, hydrogen peroxide

applied to harvested plant material last occurred more

than two years ago to remediate powdery mildew. We

are pleased to report that there have been no signs of

this issue for the past 18 months at our cultivation facility.”

(Ed. note: Not to be confused, mold and mildew

J39


J40

Experienced and educated cannabis consumers

are concerned about mold in their medicine. They

talk about it at conferences and online, and report

negative experiences to vendors, hoping for corrections.

Patientadvocates I contacted for this story said

that another Massachusetts RMD, Sage Cannabis,

has a record of addressing such a complaint with

transparency. Contacted for this story, Sage CEO

Michael Dundas emailed: We had a patient inform

us that there appeared to be mold on several buds in

an ounce of White Walker Kush. We asked the patient

to return the unused portion of the product and

immediately began an investigation. We pulled all

remaining units from the same batch off the shelf and

inspected them. No contaminants of any kind were

found. According to Dundas, Sage additionally took its

response a step further: “We also reached out to every

patient who had purchased any product from the

same batch and informed them of the situation. They

were given the opportunity to return the product for an

exchange or refund. To my knowledge, none of those

individuals reported finding any contaminants.”

Sage has been applauded in chat forums and

among more learned cannabis consumers for its handling

of said complaint. In the case of NETA, OSHA

closed Hassel’s complaint without consulting other

employees, past or present, or even visiting the workplaces.

While NETA responded to the federal agency

by denying the presence of mold, stating that

it has not used hydrogen peroxide as charged.

As proof of its position, the RMD included lab

results of tested cannabis marked as moldfree.

I have spoken with several former NETA

employees, all of whom confirm the presence

of mold as well as hydrogen peroxide used

to clean affected cannabis. Said one source:

“When I worked in cultivation everyone was

getting red rashes. … No ventilation in the

room and certainly no one forcing us to wear

a mask for safety.” Another ex-employee

confirmed the presence of “H2O2” (hydrogen

peroxide), posting on Facebook: “I was… a

cultivator there at the point when they decided

“dunking” [cannabis in hydrogen peroxide] was

somehow a good idea. … There’s no way in

hell they threw all of that [moldy] crop away. …

They prided themselves on “do the right thing”

everywhere they go but couldn’t manage to

put out a good product because of the lack of

care for the environment the crops were growing

in.”

—///—

In September, one of the NETA founders,

Kevin Fisher, had a scare related to

banned pesticides at a dispensary he co-owns

in Steamboat Springs, Colorado. As was reported by

the Aspen Times, after “tests by the Colorado Department

of Agriculture showed that there was a pesticide

called Avermectin Bla found in some of the [dispensary’s]

marijuana,” “the Colorado Department of

Revenue sent out a public health and safety advisory

for some marijuana grown by Rocky Mountain Remedies.”

In response, Fisher denied the allegations. “I

know that we didn’t spray it,” he told reporters. “If we

sprayed it, we would spray it at all of our grows.” He

added, “that product’s not out there. … It hasn’t been

sold,” and said the pesticide “might have came from

cloned plants that had been properly acquired from

a third-party vendor.” Fisher’s run afoul of the Commonwealth

regulatory process as well. As the Daily

Hampshire Gazette reported in 2014, “The executive

director of the company planning to open medical

marijuana dispensaries in Northampton and Brookline

resigned over the weekend after misrepresenting his

academic credentials in an application to the state.”

Following the incident, NETA announced Fisher’s

resignation from his executive director role. But

Fisher has had a continued presence at their facilities

as a registered agent and consultant, speaking at

subsequent employee meetings in Northampton and

Franklin.

A Cannabis Flower Infected with Botrytis

—///—


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In an attempt to understand

ow such an issue can contine

unmitigated, I reached out to


S Department of Labor respond-


ormal complaint, emailing: The


non-formal (phone/fax ) investiation.

It contacted New England

reatment Access describing the

afety and health concerns raised

y an employee. It accepted New


ritten response to the complaint

egarding hazards alleged by the

omplainant in the Northampton

ispensary and the non-formal

hone investigation was closed.


gency “does not regulate or have

ny jurisdiction regarding the safey

of the marijuana product(s) for

onsumers or the public,” but “is

illing to review additional informaion

regarding employee exposure

o hydrogen peroxide and mold

s a result of work activities in the

orthampton dispensary and could

onsider re-opening the investigaion

in order to perform an on-site

nspection.” Furthermore, the

pokesperson wrote: “There is no


old in the workplace,” while

igations

do not normally include

n investigation to verify employer

tatements made in response to a

omplaint.”

In her part, Hassel has

ontinued to pursue the issue

ith regulators and has also

ontacted the Mass Department

f Health and the state attorey

general. She worries that

ome former NETA workers are

fraid of being blackballed by

ther dispensaries and that by

omplaining they could violate



lone in speaking out publicly,


ETA employee, Gregg Padula,

posted his grievance on

Facebook: “I personally soaked

hundreds of plants in [hydrogen



the powdery mildew enough to

get it into the dispensary. The


solution—strong enough to


high gloves slipped off. Plants

dripping water, strewn all over

the ground, then hung back to

dry. I have a list of at least a

dozen ex-employees who are

sick. You can literally taste the


Padula and another

former NETA employee, Maggie

Kinsella, also spoke about their

experiences on a July show of

my WEMF Radio program The

Young Jurks. They describe an

experience in which employees

who expressed concerns about

their safety were unfairly scrutinized,

ignored, and intimidated.

Though NETA has reportedly

been unresponsive to employee

gripes, there is one case in

which management responded

to a problem that was covered

by the Globe. Last May, reporter

Kay Lazar revealed that NETA,

among other dispensaries,

“placed low-income patients

on waiting lists for discounted

products—creating delays that

run afoul of state law.” And they

were “effectively denying those

low-income patients the discounts

state regulations require

cial

hardship, with no cap on the

number.”

Following the Globe report,

NETA reportedly honored


hardship patients.


—///—


dispensary operation in Mass

with political ties, but its prox-


From the start, as was reported

in the Globe in 2014, the

company employed a patient/

medical director who was “a

key former DPH staff member,”

and “a nurse who helped craft

na

regulations before retiring

from government.” It may have

been good luck or such plentiful

connections in high places

that helped NETA get over the

hurdles formed after Fisher,

a founding co-owner, ran into

tion.

In 2014, then-Gov. Deval

Patrick said, “If somebody lied

on their application, they are

not going to get a license.” But

dentials

being misrepresented,

that rule apparently did not ap-


whether, in fact, it was a lie,”

Patrick told reporters in 2014.


certainly an inaccuracy, and


of that.”

In the end, NETA got the green

light from the DPH.

Critics of the dispensary

who were contacted for

this article point to the top of


is owned by recreational cannabis

operators with established

Colorado grass roots, so to speak,



who, according to a Bloomberg

-



Hospital, United Way of Massachusetts

Bay, Babson College and


Kessler, a Palm Beach

staple who has hosted Hillary and

J43


ill Clinton at his $30 million beachfront estate,

as given to the campaign funds of multiple

lected pols. According to the Massachusetts


ontributions over several years include $8,000 to

ecretary of State William Galvin, $2,000 to Gov.

harlie Baker, $1,000 to Lt. Gov. Karyn Polito,

3,000 to Treasurer Deb Goldberg, and $1,000


ave made comparable contributions, spreading

oney all across the state into the war chests of


Also of note, former US Congressman

arney Frank was for a short time listed as


elations—until NETA was approved by then-Gov.


-



—///—

in Boston, including Brigham and Wom-



ospital.”

Kessler, a Palm Beach staple who has

osted Hillary and Bill Clinton at his $30 million

eachfront estate, has given to the campaign

unds of multiple elected pols. According to the


inance, his contributions over several years inlude

$8,000 to Secretary of State William Galvin,

2,000 to Gov. Charlie Baker, $1,000 to Lt. Gov.

aryn Polito, $3,000 to Treasurer Deb Goldberg,

nd $1,000 to Boston Mayor Marty


omparable contributions, spreading

oney all across the state into the war


Also of note, former US Conressman

Barney Frank was for a short

rnment

and community relations—until

ETA was approved by then-Gov. Pat-


o MassLive, “Fisher said Frank served

-


e on staff moving forward.”

—///—

Hassel, as well as the other former NETA

employees who spoke for this story, fears that

she was exposed to a moldy product, as a worker

and as a consumer, that negatively impacted

her health. She says she paid to have physical

evaluations, the results of which she offered: “My


high for cadmium.” Last June, she wrote a letter

to the DPH: Two months after beginning to consume

NETA products, I began to experience the

following symptoms: headaches, sore throat and

na

concentrates (shatter, wax) were released in

2016, I began consuming them. My symptoms

progressed to bloating in my abdomen, nausea,


Neurological symptoms such as neuropathy

(numbness in the toes and ball of my foot)

and tetany (spasms) in my calves greatly increased

in escalating pain intensity and frequency

starting November 2016, and I also began to

experience fasciculations (twitching) in my calves

when seated in the beginning of 2017.

NETA, meanwhile, is apparently eyeing

the legal market. As was reported by the Globe



ries,

advocated for cracking down on gray market

providers, all while asking that existing medical


consumers. Considering how things have gone


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June 2014

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