Everything You Should Know About IT Governance

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In simple words, IT Governance is structuring how organizations align IT strategy with its business strategy, ensuring that the company stays on track with their strategy to achieve its goals, and implementing good ways of measuring IT performance.

Everything You Should Know About

IT Governance

IT Governance is a subset of Corporate Governance. Though it is sometimes mistaken as a field of study

on its own, it is actually a part of the overall Governance Strategy of an organization. In simple words, IT

Governance is structuring how organizations align IT strategy with its business strategy, ensuring that

the company stays on track with their strategy to achieve its goals, and implementing good ways of

measuring IT performance. It ensures that all stakeholders’ interests are taken into account and

processes provide measurable results.

A governance framework answers some of the critical questions, such as how the IT department is

functioning, what key metrics management requires and what return IT is giving to the business.

The primary goal of IT Governance is to ensure that the investments in IT generate business value and to

mitigate the risks associated with IT. This can be achieved by implementing an organizational structure

with well-defined roles & responsibility, business processes, applications, and infrastructure.


Organizations or business requires a structure or framework to ensure that the IT function is able to

sustain the organization’s strategies and goals. The necessary framework depends upon the size of the

industry or applicable laws and regulations. In general, the larger and more regulated an organization is,

the more detailed IT governance structure should be.

Principles of IT Governance

• Risk Principle: Measures and control need to be adjusted according to the levels of risk.

• Suitability Principle: The plan for the level and style of governance depends upon the needs

of an organization.

• Behavior Principle: A governance solution drives the organizational behavior

• Deployment Principle: The governance solution should be incrementally implemented

• Automation Principle: It is technology which makes the governance solution empowering and

unobtrusive.


The Differences between IT Governance and Management

Governance







Strategies for organizational success

Focuses on the organization’s priorities and policies

Provides guidance and steering

Usually driven by a governance committee consisting of business stakeholders and IT

representatives

Their duty is to assess and mitigate risk and compliance with controls and regulation

They are typically a mix of technical and non-technical individuals

Management






Involves routine actions, decisions, implementations, and processes

Works on upholding organizational and departmental objectives

Usually driven by technologists tasked with implementation and support of the IT

department.

Their priorities and mission are consistent and optimal with IT service delivery.

Their background is typically based on technology.

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