The Next Level of Mobility: Ropeways as Urban Means of Transport [EN]


The Next Level of Mobility

Ropeways as Urban Means of Transport

... to urban mobility.

From congested roads ...

2 Doppelmayr/Garaventa Group

At home around the globe:

The Doppelmayr/Garaventa Group

International comparisons confirm the position of the Doppelmayr/Garaventa

Group as the world’s leading ropeway manufacturer.

And the figures are impressive: To date, Doppelmayr/

Garaventa has built some 14,900 ropeway installations on

six continents. Ropeway manufacture takes place at seven

production sites. The Group’s installations can be found in

95 countries around the globe.

To ensure proximity to our customers and personal service,

Doppelmayr/Garaventa already has subsidiaries or agents in

more than 40 countries.


Founding year


More than

countries with subsidiaries

and agents


Countries in which


has built ropeways


Installations on six continents


Production sites


Hohe Brücke headquarter




Doppelmayr Immobilien


AllesWirdGut Architektur

ZT GmbH, Vienna


Straße 1, Wolfurt (AUT)

Land area Approx. 8,000 m 2

Gross floor area Approx. 27,000 m 2



Initial occupation

Investment volume

Basement, ground

floor, 5 upper stories

625 modern workplaces

450 employees

Approx. EUR 55 million


ceremony December 15, 2014

Opened June 10, 2017

Doppelmayr/Garaventa Group


Employees worldwide

A thoroughly


business year

















Consolidated sales revenues

by region 2017/2018




10 %


USA, Canada












Consolidated sales revenues

in EUR millions

Rest of

the World

628 795




801 846








The Doppelmayr/Garaventa Group can be

proud of its results for the last fiscal year,

which saw sales revenues rise from the previous

year’s 801 million euros to reach 846

million euros. This represents an increase of

5.7 percent. Customers in the winter tourism

sector who are keen to invest, large projects in

growth markets and a dedicated team made

this success possible.

The clear sales driver in 2017/2018 was once

again winter tourism – two-thirds of the Group’s

projects are implemented in this sector.

Doppelmayr/Garaventa generated 40 percent

of its overall sales revenues in the Alpine countries

Austria, Germany, Switzerland, France

and Italy. Milestones set in 2018 were the reversible

aerial tramway up to Germany’s Zugspitze

and completion of the world’s steepest

funicular railway up to the Stoos in Switzerland.

Garaventa won the 2018 IHZ Innovation

Award for its innovative design of the cars on

the Stoos funicular.

Gratifying development in Asia

Development in Asia, which accounted for 21

percent of sales revenues, was more than

gratifying for Doppelmayr/Garaventa. In Vietnam,

the world’s longest tricable gondola lift

now links up the vacation islands of Phú Quôc

and Hòn Thom, and has consequently claimed

its place in the Guinness World Records.

China’s first tricable gondola lift crosses

Lushan National Park. Contracts for another

nine ropeways for the 2022 Winter Olympics in

Beijing will ensure continued strong growth in

the Asian market in the future. A new Cable

Liner from Doppelmayr Car at Sheremetyevo

Airport in Moscow and completion of

the material ropeway in Cerattepe, Turkey,

again demonstrate the professional and highly

efficient work performed by this Doppelmayr

subsidiary and the great commitment of its


Growth in expertise

The company has gained more know-how in

the area of ropeway control systems through

the integration of the Frey Group. LTW Intralogistics

is expanding its software expertise with

the takeover of the Vienna-based software

company Metasyst Informatik GmbH. With

these two companies and worldwide growth,

the Doppelmayr/Garaventa Group has welcomed

213 new employees to the family.

The outlook for Doppelmayr/Garaventa is positive

in all areas. The growth in Asia and South

America as well as the stable ropeway business

in Central Europe are promising indicators

for the future. The company will also be

systematically expanding is service network

for customers.

4 Urban Facts and Figures

Benefits of the world’s biggest urban ropeway network in figures

The ropeway network:




KWH energy

required to carry

13 passengers

Time saving per annum for regular


a day in service

Up to 3,000 PASSENGERS

carried by each line per hour and direction

commuters using the Línea Amarilla



Record-holder Línea Amarilla


passengers in 2015

The ropeway network linking the Bolivian cities of La Paz and El Alto

has already broken several records since it opened in May 2014. As

a means of public transport, the 10-passenger detachable gondola

lifts bring benefits for the environment and for the people – among

other things, a huge time saving for the passengers. With an individual

transport capacity of 3,000 passengers per hour and direction,

each of the three lines operates 17 hours a day. According to a

study conducted by the state-run operating company, Mi Teleférico,

the total time saved per annum by a user on the yellow line (Línea

Amarilla) thanks to the congestion-free and emission-free means of

transport is 17 days. The ropeway network also scores on energy

consumption: It requires only 1 kWh of energy to transport three

passengers, whereas conventional means of transport such as

minibuses need 47 kWh.

Línea Amarilla: 14 million passengers in one year

The record-holder is the yellow line. In 2015, it carried approximately

14 million passengers – its peak days are Fridays and Wednesdays.

On a busy day, the number of passengers using the Línea Amarilla

can be anything up to 80,000. The availability of this means of transport

is virtually 100 percent. With these record figures and successes

for the public transport network, the operating company has already

been contacted by 83 international media organizations for interviews

and reports.

Since opening in 2014, the world's biggest

urban ropeway network carried more than

120 million passengers.

Source: Mi Teleférico

Five years of the Koblenz gondola

In June 2015 – i.e. after just five years in service – the gondola

lift in Koblenz celebrated its ten millionth ride. Originally, it was

envisaged that the ropeway, which was built in 2010 for the

Federal Horticultural Show, would remain in operation for a limited

period of three years. More than 105,000 Koblenz residents

signed a petition in favor of keeping the installation. The lift provides

a magnificent view of the UNESCO World Heritage Site

known as the Upper Middle Rhine Valley. The positive effect on

tourism: Guest numbers in Koblenz have risen by 30 percent

since the ropeway opened.

+30 %

30 percent up: Development

in guest numbers in Koblenz

More than 105,000 votes

in favor of keeping the lift





APRIL 2015





TICKET 10,000,000 | 5.6.2015


After the i-Mobility show in Stuttgart, the portal named the urban ropeway

“Product of the Month”.

Emirates Air Line | June 2012 through June 2017


operating hours


system availability

8.5 million


London’s public transport:

Ropeway is number one for customer satisfaction

Emirates Air Line, the urban ropeway designed

as an integral part of London’s public

transport network, enjoys exceptional popularity

and is seen as a true tourist attraction.

Doppelmayr Cable Car UK Ltd. (DCC) has

been responsible for running the ropeway

since it opened in July 2012. In view of the

company’s operational expertise, as borne

out by the impressive figures, the customer,

Transport for London (TfL), took the decision

to extend their contract with DCC by another

five years. A recent survey conducted by TfL

confirms outstanding satisfaction on the part

of Emirates Air Line passengers. The ropeway

is the most popular means of transport in

the entire TfL network – ahead of all others including

the London Underground. The ropeway

also exceeds all expectations in terms of

system availability. Operating up to 16 hours

a day, the installation has surpassed all contractually

agreed and industry benchmarks by

achieving 99.94 percent availability since it

was opened. In the first five years in service –

and over 26,500 operating hours – 8.5 million

passengers were carried without accident: a

proud result thanks to the top product and

service quality of the Doppelmayr Group.

Trip time just

2.5 min

instead of 90 minutes

Urban ropeway in Venezuela cuts

travel time by almost 1½ hours

The ropeway known as the “Trolcable”, installed

by Doppelmayr in the Venezuelan city

of Mérida has been part of the public transport

network for six years. The route crosses a river

and leads directly to the city center. The gondola

lift has carried 15 million people in safety

and comfort since 2012. With some 15,000 operating

hours to its credit, this urban means of

transport boasts 99% availability – an achievement

that benefits the users first and foremost.

On school days, that means 14,000 passengers

a day who enjoy a major time saving. The

90 minutes it once took to travel each way with

conventional means of transport has been cut

to just two and one-half minutes thanks to the


Sixty percent of the maintenance and service

engineers and technicians who work on this

system were trained by Doppelmayr in Wolfurt

direct as well as at the new training center in


Trolcable (formerly Río Chama), Mérida (VEN)

15 million passengers

carried in total

14,000 passengers/

day on school days

12 operating hours

per day

99% system


One ropeway instead

of 2,000 car journeys

Urban ropeways from Doppelmayr/Garaventa bridge, link and add –

they are reliable and relieve pressure on the transport network.

On average, it takes 2,000 automobiles to transport 10,000

people on an hourly basis – or 100 buses – or one ropeway,

which glides noiselessly and with minimal environmental impact

along a dedicated route above the roofs of the city.

The Doppelmayr/Garaventa Group has been building ropeways

for more than eighty years: Today, they are used in winter

tourism, as a tourist attraction, to transport materials and as a

means of pub lic transport in cities and suburban areas. This

great wealth of experience is what makes today’s ropeways

from Doppelmayr/Garaventa so reliable and attractive. That’s

why more and more decision-makers and planners see ropeways

as the mode of urban transport for the future. The smooth

handling of operations that can run for up to 24 hours a day

and the safety of this means of transport are factors which are

driving its development.

Enhanced quality of life in cities

When Doppelmayr/Garaventa can complete a ropeway installation

in a densely populated metropolis in a matter of months, the

advantages are plain to see – and not just for urban planners.

Urban ropeways can be readily adapted to harmonize with a

city’s architecture and integrated into the existing infrastructure.

Linking them up with the existing transport network is also a

straightforward process. There are virtually no obstacles for the

alignment of a ropeway, irrespective of how steep and difficult

the terrain might be. Moreover, the ropeway occupies significantly

less space in comparison with other means of transport

as well as being particularly eco-friendly and virtually noiseless.

It provides an attractive, barrier-free transport link, which also

works perfectly as a tourist attraction. Thanks to their high level

of availability and transport capacity, urban ropeways from

Doppelmayr/Garaventa are extremely cost-effective.

10-MGD Línea Roja, La Paz, BOL

8 Urban Ropeways

8-MGD Mariche Tramo Expreso, Caracas, VEN

For cities and for industrial, commercial

and recreational zones

Urban ropeway projects develop their own

dynamics. Doppelmayr/Garaventa can provide

effective support for regional and urban planning

professionals right from the planning

stage of an urban installation. The company’s

experts contribute their many years of experience

and offer customized services extending

far beyond the project engineering and construction

of a ropeway. They analyze the traffic

situation and advise on the alignment and the

most cost-effective, energy-saving and attractive

solution as well as on the design of the

stations – which act as hubs and lead to the

creation of new centers of activity. They know

what is required to link industrial and commercial

zones with public transport systems,

or to close gaps in the provision of access to

recreational areas or other traffic zones. They

are competent advisers when you need to

look at how to reduce traffic congestion. Clients

can save considerable costs with the help

of the know-how provided by Doppelmayr/

Garaventa’s experts. As well as opening up

new dimensions in mobility, it ultimately enables

them to set new milestones with forwardthinking

transport policy.

Attractive means of transport:

The path is the goal

Urban ropeways from Doppelmayr/Garaventa

combine two decisive factors: attractiveness

and transport. A ride on a ropeway is not only

a punctual and stress-free way to travel – the

views enjoyed during the relaxing trip are an

added bonus. Passengers also benefit from

the high level of comfort offered by modern carriers

– and, needless to say, that also applies

to wheelchair users as well as passengers with

bicycles or baby strollers. Johannes Winter,

head of Operations Services at Doppelmayr

Cable Car, sums it up as follows: “Conventional

means of transport in cities are subject to a

timetable and at the mercy of other road users.

A ropeway, on the other hand, runs continuously

along its own dedicated pathway.

‘Running for the bus”, becomes a thing of the

past, as do collisions with other road users.”

Examples of urban ropeways from Doppelmayr/Garaventa

“Get on this cable car

immediately! It’s beautiful

and a stunning piece of


Boris Johnson, former mayor of London

Gondola lifts page 10

Three lines consisting of detachable 10-passenger

gondola lifts with an overall length of

almost 10 kilometers form the biggest ropeway

network in the world linking the cities of La Paz

and El Alto. They save time and make life much

easier for local residents and commuters.

Video clip of the world’s

biggest ropeway network

3S lifts page 16

The ropeway in Koblenz, Germany’s first tricable

gondola lift and built for the 2011 Federal

Horticultural Show, glides across the River

Rhine. It has 18 cabins and achieves an impressive

transport capacity of 3,800 passengers

an hour in each direction.

Video clip of the

Koblenz 3S lift

Urban Ropeways


Benefits of the urban

ropeway at a glance

Bonus: attraction

in its own right

Short construction time,

fast implementation

High reliability and

transport capacity

Small footprint, low energy

requirements and flexible


Simple link-up with other

means of transport

Lower investment



1 1

Lower operating


Virtually noiseless,

no exhaust emissions

High, continuous availability,

no waiting times

Most eco-friendly

means of transport

Safest means

of transport

Reversible aerial tramways page 20

The Marquam Hill aerial tramway in Portland,

Oregon, is a public transport system which has

carried around 12 million passengers in just

eight years, saving some 3.5 million automobile

kilometers and approximately 1,000 tons

of greenhouse gas emissions in the process.

Funicular railways page 22

In Istanbul, the Doppelmayr/Garaventa Group

built an underground funicular railway from

the Bosporus harbor Kabatas, where the line

and tourist ferries dock at the Yenikapi pier,

all the way to the metro, bus and tram hub of

Taksim that lies high above the sea.

Cable Liner ® page 26

BART to OAK is the biggest project in the company

history of Doppelmayr Cable Car. This

Cable Liner located in the San Francisco Bay

Area connects the Oakland International Airport

with the public transport system (Bay Area

Rapid Transit). During 20 hours of operation

per day it offers > 98.0% availability.

Video clip of reversible

aerial tramways from


10 References: Detachable Ropeways

10-MGD Mi Teleférico

The world’s biggest urban ropeway network

Empresa Estatal de Transporte por Cable „Mi Teleférico“

La Paz I Bolivia

Since 2014, the Bolivian conurbations La Paz

and El Alto have ranked among the flagship

cities that use ropeways as a means of urban

transport. And do so with great success.

The topographic location and narrow streets

of La Paz and El Alto posed a major challenge

for public transport. The optimal solution

adopted to meet that challenge demonstrated

a great sense of innovation and created the

world’s biggest urban ropeway network in La

Paz, known as “Mi Teleférico”. The Línea Roja

was the first ropeway line to open in May 2014;

it achieved the 1-million-trip mark just 28 days

later. But things didn’t stop with the three lines

belonging to the first construction phase:

Línea Roja (red), Línea Amarilla (yellow) and

Línea Verde (green). By 2017, the Línea Azul

(blue) and Línea Naranja (orange) had already

opened. 2018 saw the next big expansion with

the addition of the Línea Blanca (white), Línea

Celeste (sky blue), Línea Morada (purple) and

Línea Café (brown).

200 million passengers

The Línea Plateada (silver) opened in 2019 was

the tenth and final line belonging to the biggest

ropeway contract in Doppelmayr/Garaventa’s

company history. This completes the network

circuit, providing a particularly convenient link

between the two cities La Paz and El Alto. The

ropeway network encompassing the South

American metropolises has an overall length

of approximately 33 kilometers. Since the first

ropeway opened in May 2014, almost 200 million

passengers have been carried as of March

2019. Every day, Mi Teleférico is used by some

300,000 people – as a means of getting to

work, going shopping, going to school or accessing

leisure time activities. The ropeways

are also very popular with tourists and recommended

as a top attraction by Tripadvisor.

Bolivia’s ropeway network is a reference for

the use of ropeways as a means of public

transport in the urban environment. Its ropeways

highlight the many benefits this means of

transport has to offer and the environmentally

friendly and efficient contribution it can make

to improving mobility in cities.

The ropeway network in La Paz

today comprises 10 lines

• Overall length: 33 kilometers

• 200 million passengers carried

as of March 2019

Mi Teleférico is used by some


people daily

12 References: Detachable Ropeways

8-MGD Singapore Cable Car

National symbol in Singapore

Mount Faber Leisure Group Pte Ltd.

Singapore | Singapore

1,719 m 46 m 2,800 pphpd 5.0 m/s 2010

After 35 years of service, the iconic cable car

linking Singapore's mainland with Sentosa

Island was beginning to show its age. It has

been replaced by a lavishly equipped gondola

lift from Doppelmayr. Since opening in July

2010, the new lift is a must for every tourist

who visits Singapore.

The bicable ropeway built by Von Roll in 1974

and subsequently modernized at various

times has been replaced by a new lift system.

At the press conference to mark the reopening,

Ms Susan Teh, CEO of the Mount Faber Leisure

Group, said: "This is more than a milestone for

our company and Singapore's tourist industry.

It's a national symbol."

Huge interest

The modernization was necessary to accommodate

the huge increase in passenger

traffic: every month, one million tourists visit

Singapore. Many of them want to enjoy the

attractions on Sentosa. The total capacity of

all means of transport was simply no longer

sufficient. The gondola lift has three stations.

The drive station is located on Mount Faber, a

hill covered in lush tropical vegetation on the


15th floor stop-off

The intermediate station is situated on level

15 of HarbourFront Tower Two. Close by is the

VivoCity shopping mall with subway connection,

a large number of bus stops and the terminus

of the Sentosa Express monorail. The

stations of the old bicable gondola lift have

been rebuilt. Steel structures have been set on

the solid concrete tower foundations of the old

lift. The new, three-armed lattice structure of

the Pulau Selegu tower on the coast of Sentosa

has increased in height from 85 m to 115 m. The

twin-shaft Seah Im tower between the Jewel

Box and HarbourFront is now 85 m high. Cabin

parking is provided in the two end stations.

Sky dining at dazzling heights

The well-ventilated gondolas have large panoramic

windows and flip-up seats. Tables

are provided in the cabin for evening Sky

Dining. These can be readily fixed in place

and removed. The 7-Star VIP Jewelled Cabin

is encrusted with Swarovski crystals inside

and out. It also has a crystal panel glass floor,

leather upholstered seats, a mini-bar and an

iPod/iPhone docking station with sound system.

The mainland station is integrated into a

sparkling restaurant and shopping complex,

known as the Jewel Box. The Sentosa Island

station has a souvenir shop and snack bars.

References: Detachable Ropeways


10-MGD Emirates Air Line

Ropeway trip with a view of the London skyline

Transport for London

London | UK

1,103 m 77 m 2,500 pphpd 6.0 m/s 4.14 min 34 Cabins 5 Towers

London’s urban ropeway has given the city an

innovative means of crossing the River Thames

since 2012 as well as providing an exciting new

landmark. It is also an integral part of the capital’s

transport network.

The Emirates Air Line links the Greenwich

Peninsula with Royal Victoria Dock and forms

part of a scheme to revitalize the Royal Docks

area, where an enterprise zone, shops and

apartments are to be created. Pedestrians and

cyclists can enjoy a fast, comfortable ride

across the Thames at a height of 90 m.

As the UK’s first urban ropeway, the new lift is

firmly integrated into the public transport network

for the Greater London area and operates

from 7 am to 9 pm.

The ropeway is named after its sponsor,

Emirates Airline, and its slogan “Have a good

flight with Emirates Air Line” underlines the

importance of the ride experience. Doppelmayr

was awarded the contract for the ropeway

equipment by the UK-based international

consultancy and construction company Mace,

which acted as principal contractor for the


Other References in Brief

15-MGD Oued Koriche-Beau Fraisier-Bouzaréa

Location Algiers, Algeria

Customer Entreprise Métro d'Alger

Year of construction 2014

Inclined length 2,908 m

Vertical rise 307 m

Speed 6.0 m/s

Capacity 3,000 pphpd

Highlight Stylish station architecture

fits inconspicuously and elegantly into

the cityscape.

8-MGD Batumi Transit

Location Batumi, Georgia

Customer Hestok Batumi Ltd.

Year of construction 2012

Inclined length 2,586 m

Vertical rise 248 m

Speed 5.0 m/s

Capacity 500 pphpd

Highlight Ropeway connection from the city

center to the leisure area with shops, cafés

and a casino.

8-MGD Teleférico de Gaia

Location Vila Nova de Gaia, Portugal

Customer Etemar

Year of construction 2011

Inclined length 544 m

Vertical rise 49 m

Speed 5.0 m/s

Capacity 850 pphpd

Highlight Saves space and effortlessly crosses

steep slopes in densely built-up cities with

narrow streets.

References: Tricable Gondola Lifts


35-TGD Koblenz cable car

Floating away from traffic with comfort and high energy efficiency

Skyglide Event Deutschland GmbH

Koblenz | Germany

890 m 112 m 3,800 pphpd 4.5 m/s 18 cabins (up to 35 passengers each)

The top-notch 3S ropeway system was used

for the first time in an urban environment in

Koblenz. The installation is entirely barrierfree

and guarantees a superlative ride experience.

and, with its 18 cabins, achieves an impressive

transport capacity of 3,800 passengers

an hour in each direction. In 2013, UNESCO

gave its approval for the ropeway to continue

operations until 2026.

The gondola trip from Deutsches Eck to the

Ehrenbreitstein Fortress opens up entirely

new perspectives and gives visitors a spectacular

panoramic view of the UNESCO World

Heritage Site “Upper Middle Rhine Valley”. The

ropeway was specially built as an attraction

and environmentally friendly transport link for

the 2011 Federal Horticultural Show (BUGA)

and connects the park along the banks of

the Rhine near the Basilica of St. Castor with

the plateau in front of the Ehrenbreitstein Fortress.

It is Germany’s first tricable gondola lift

For the utmost safety, Doppelmayr implemented

its innovative recovery concept on the

Koblenz gondola lift, which dispenses with

the need for a separate rescue ropeway as the

cabins can be safely run to the nearest station

in an evacuation scenario. The incorporation

of various safety systems and a specially designed

drive solution make this possible.

References: Tricable Gondola Lifts


30-TGD Hòn Thom

Islands connected by the world’s longest tricable gondola lift

Sun Group Corporation

Phú Quôc | Vietnam

7,900 m WR 3,500 pphpd 8.5 m/s 15.6 min 6 towers 02/2018

The vacation islands Phú Quôc and Hòn Thom

in southern Vietnam are linked by a 3S gondola

lift which is almost eight kilometers long and

sets a world record.

It is nearly one and one-half kilometers longer

than the previous record holder, Fansipan Legend

on Vietnam’s tallest mountain. At 7,900 meters,

the 3S gondola lift Hòn Thom in southern

Vietnam is the world’s longest tricable ropeway.

It connects the two vacation islands

Phú Quôc and Hòn Thom and is a highlight

for every visitor. The south of the country was

already a popular vacation destination before

the ropeway was built. The modern lift installation

is making another major contribution

toward the development of tourism in Vietnam

– on the one hand as part of the infrastructure,

on the other as an attraction in its own right.

The route of the gondola lift crosses the sea,

and the towers – the highest of which rises up

164 meters – were also built on two smaller islands

that lie between the two vacation islands.

This gives passengers a breathtaking view.

Energy-saving and safe

A 3S lift is particularly well suited to an alignment

of this type. It offers high wind stability,

enables long unsupported rope spans and

has low power consumption. In addition, the

Hòn Thom 3S lift is fitted with many technical

refinements. The carriage wheel generator developed

by Doppelmayr, for example, supplies

the electricity for the lighting and PA system

during the trip. For maximum safety in an evacuation

scenario, the ropeway features an integrated

recovery concept. Additional safety devices

and redundant components that operate

independently of one another make it possible

to return the cabins to the station without having

to rescue passengers on the line.

Air-conditioned VIP cabin

The standard cabins on the gondola lift already

offer top comfort, but that can be taken

to a whole new level with the VIP cabin for

a maximum of eight passengers. This model

offers impressive luxury with premium fittings:

genuine-leather seats, real wood furnishings

with decorative detail in gold leaf, exclusive entertainment

system, refrigerator, USB socket,

dimmable interior LED lighting and starry sky.

The permanent air-conditioning is a world first.

This creates a pleasant temperature inside and

a unique sense of space amid Vietnam’s hot,

subtropical climate. To round off the VIP visual

experience, a glass floor gives an unhindered

view of the sea below.

“With Doppelmayr, we have built a

fantastic ropeway that has entered

the Guinness World Records.

That’s an added attraction for our


Pham Quoc Quan, Sun Group Deputy

General Director for Southern Vietnam

Other References in Brief

30-TGD Olympic Village


Location Sochi, Russian Federation

Year of construction 2013

Section 1 Section 2

Inclined length 1,736 m 1,460 m

Vertical rise 496 m 194 m

Speed 7.5 m/s 7.5 m/s


4,500 pphpd 4,500 pphpd

Highlight Special transport carriers enable the

combined transport of people and goods.

30-TGD 3S Penkenbahn

Customer Mayrhofner Bergbahnen AG

Location Mayrhofen, Austria

Year of construction 2015

Inclined length 2,903 m

Vertical rise 1,135 m

Speed 7.5 m/s

Capacity 3,360 pphpd

Highlight 3S gondola lift travels along a curve

and offers passengers Wi-Fi

28-TGD 3S Pardatschgrat

Customer Silvrettaseilbahn AG

Location Ischgl, Austria

Year of construction 2014

Inclined length 3,424 m

Vertical rise 1,251 m

Speed 7.0 m/s

Capacity 2,800 pphpd

Highlight A carriage wheel generator provides

an autonomous power supply to the cabins

during the trip

20 References: Aerial Tramways

78-ATW Marquam Hill

Urban development by tram

Portland Aerial Transportation Inc.

Portland, OR | USA

1,027 m 112 m 1,014 pphpd 10.0 m/s 3 min 1 tower

The City of Portland has used a ropeway as a

catalyst for redevelopment of the South Waterfront

District. An architecturally stunning

reversible aerial tramway links the Oregon

Health and Science University (OHSU) with

the South Waterfront District on the Willamette


The OHSU is a top-tier medical research institution

and also the city’s largest employer.

Portland itself has a population of 500,000,

while over 2 million people live in the metropolitan


The design of the tram is visually impressive.

Passengers reach the terminal via a glazed

bridge from the ninth story of the 14-story

main building. From here, they enjoy a 3,300-

foot (1-kilometer) trip down to the parking lot.

The 140-foot (43-meter) upper terminal is a

pyramid of glass, steel and concrete, which

widens out toward the top and is described by

the architects as being “as gracious as a ballet

dancer”. The cabins are perfectly matched

with this elegant construction. While providing

space for eight seated and 70 standing passengers,

the cabins appear light and airy “like

soap bubbles in the sky”. They refract and

reflect the daylight and do not carry any advertising

text which is visible from the ground.

The South Waterfront station was designed as

the “earthly” counter point to the upper terminal

on the hill which is “of the air”.

Urban development and the expansion of the

university have been given a decisive boost

by the tram, which is an integral part of the

public transport system.

“I viewed my mission as mayor

to build the city physically as

well as socially and economically.

This is one physical build that I

am proud of.”

Vera Katz, former mayor of Portland

Other References in Brief

230-ATW Halong Queen Cable Car

Location Halong City, Vietnam

Customer Sun Group

Year of construction 2016

Inclined length 2,165 m

Vertical rise 88 m

Speed 10.0 m/s

Capacity 2,000 pphpd

Highlight Passengers travel in the world's

biggest ropeway cabin (230 people)

across the world’s tallest ropeway tower

(188.88 meters)

130-ATW G-Link

Location Wagrain, Austria

Customer Bergbahnen AG Wagrain

Year of construction 2013

Inclined length 2,309 m

Vertical rise 8 m

Speed 12.0 m/s

Capacity 1,268 pphpd

Highlight Connects two mountains. The

proven recovery system for aerial tramways

has been incorporated for utmost safety of

all passengers.

45-ATW San Marino

Location San Marino

Customer Azienda Autonoma di Stato per i

Servizi Pubblici

Year of construction 2017

Inclined length 338 m

Vertical rise 166 m

Speed 6.0 m/s

Capacity 1,190 pphpd

Highlight Accesses the historic center and

provides information to the passengers via

info screens.

22 References: Funicular Railways

2x168-FUL Arrêt Pfaffenthal–Kirchberg

Luxembourg’s first urban ropeway

Société Nationale des Chemins de Fer Luxembourgeois (CFL)

City of Luxembourg | Luxembourg

200 m 39 m 7,200 pphpd 7.0 m/s 2 x 2 cabins for 168 passengers each

With the new funicular railway, up to 7,200 passengers

an hour can travel direct from the new

Pfaffenthal rail station to the Kirchberg plateau.

Since December 2017, the Arrêt Pfaffenthal–

Kirchberg funicular in Luxembourg has been

helping to ensure smooth commuter flows. As

part of an existing transport line, it links the local

network of the Société Nationale des Chemins

de Fer Luxembourgeois (CFL) with the

Kirchberg plateau roughly 40 meters higher up,

where a lot of people work. Two parallel systems

carry up to 7,200 passengers an hour at

maximum capacity. This capacity is sufficient to

bring the passengers from two simultaneously

arriving suburban trains to the business quarter

Kirchberg within just ten minutes. Garaventa

designed the funicular in line with the customer’s

individual specifications: Cabin exterior

and fittings were chosen to match the CFL

buses and trains.

Running quietly through the city

The funicular railway Arrêt Pfaffenthal–Kirchberg

is another flagship project typifying the

successful use of ropeways for inner-city transportation.

The two parallel systems forming the

funicular are identical in design but operate

entirely independently of each other. Each

system has its own drive with transformer as

well as its own control system and control unit.

The fully automated funicular runs according

to an adjustable regular-interval timetable and

can be operated and monitored from three

different locations. Damping elements along

the entire route as well as low-noise pumps

in the hydraulic brake system plus low-noise

fan and cooler units guarantee particularly

quiet operation. Operations were maintained

on the adjacent railroad throughout the entire

construction period. For the ropeway experts,

this meant that all technical solutions and interfaces

had to be precisely planned in advance.

Garaventa won the contract for this project as

the company can show a host of funicular reference

projects as well as the relevant experience.

The reliability of the components was

another decisive factor for the owner as a high

level of availability is an absolute must in the

public transport sector.

The funicular is the logical

answer to the project requirements:

integration into the

nat ural landscape, capacity

and reliability. The expertise of

the Garaventa personnel

was a major factor

in the success

of this project.”

Tom Braun, Departmental

Manager Responsible

for Infrastructure

Projects, CFL

References: Funicular Railways


375-FUL Taksim – Kabatas

Funicular railway from the harbor to the city

Yapi Merkezi Insaat ve Sanayi A.S.

Istanbul | Turkey

640.5 m 75 m 7,500 pphpd 10.0 m/s

Istanbul is a city of 16 million inhabitants

which straddles Europe and Asia across the

Bosphorus Strait. Around 5 million of its citizens

live on the European side and 11 million

on the Asian side. One million commuters

cross from one side to the other on working


The new funicular railway gives passengers a

direct link from the district of Kabatas at the

port to the European transport hub Taksim

and connection to the existing subway network.

The entire route is tunneled.

In order to guarantee the required 99% availability,

a double drive system was installed

in the top station. The twin-grooved drive

bull wheel is propelled by one of the two independent

drive units (gear unit and electric

motor). This means that in the event of a gear

unit, motor or power section malfunction

in one of the drive units, operations can

be maintained with the still intact second

drive. In such cases, the trains are run at

reduced speed.

Other References in Brief

100-FUL Lugano Città–Stazione FFS

Location Lugano, Switzerland

Customer TPL Trasporti Pubblici Luganesi SA

Year of construction 2016

Inclined length 206 m

Vertical rise 50 m

Speed 3.0 m/s

Capacity 2,240 pphpd

Highlight The train travels over bridges and

through tunnels to connect the station directly

with the city center

100-FUL Wellington Cable Car

Location Wellington, New Zealand

Customer Wellington Cable Car Limited

Year of construction 2016

Inclined length 609 m

Vertical rise 120 m

Speed 5.0 m/s

Capacity 1,440 pphpd

Highlight Track designs can be customized for

high recognition value and variety en route.

40-FUL Baku

Location Baku, Azerbaijan

Customer A+A Group of Companies

Year of construction 2012

Inclined length 430 m

Vertical rise 91 m

Speed 3.0 m/s

Capacity 600 pphpd

Highlight Connects commuters and shoppers

from modern residential and business districts

with the Old City.

26 References: Cable Liner

CLS Tronchetto – Piazzale Roma

Cable Liner Shuttle for Venice

ASM Venezia SpA

Venice | Italy

870 m 3,000 pphpd 29.2 km/h 3 min 3 stations 52 towers

train capacity 200 p/train

Venice has to cope with huge traffic volumes.

In addition to the usual traffic flows

in and around the provincial capital and

industrial center, which is home to a quarter

of a million inhabitants, the area attracts

15 million tourists on an annual basis.

In view of the limited scope for accommodating

the flood of cars in the two parking garages

at the Piazzale Roma, it was decided to

redirect cars and buses to Tronchetto, which

has large parking facilities. From the island of

Tronchetto, the new Cable Liner Shuttle provides

a convenient transport link to the Piazzale

Roma on the edge of the historic quarter.

The intermediate station Marittima lies not far

from the passenger terminal of one of the biggest

and most important cruise ship ports in

the entire Mediterranean.

Lack of space meant that the “people mover”,

as the Venetians like to call it, was built with

just a single track and an alignment averaging

between five and seven meters above ground.

The vehicles are all fitted with low-noise rubber

tires. The line has three stations, with the

Piazzale Roma station also acting as return


The impressive architecture was the creation

of Francesco Cocco, who not only designed

the round steel-glass architecture of the stations

but was also responsible for the design

of the two bridges crossing the Canale Columbuola

and the Canale Santa Chiara.

References: Cable Liner


CLP Oakland Airport Connector

New mobility for the San Francisco Bay Area

San Francisco Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART)

San Francisco | USA

5,100 m (twin guideway) 1,490 pphpd 14.0 m/s

8.5 min (terminal to terminal) 22/11/2014

The new Cable Liner links Oakland International

Airport with the BART public transport

network – in just 8.5 minutes.

November 22, 2014 was a momentous occasion

for Doppelmayr Cable Car GmbH & Co KG

(DCC): It was the day on which the biggest project

in the company’s history officially opened

for passenger service. This had been preceded

by months of intensive testing, including a 30-

day trial phase under real operating conditions.

The result: > 98.0% availability during 20 hours

of operation per day.

Initial efforts to connect Oakland International

Airport and San Francisco to the local transit

system (BART) go back as far as 1970. In 2009,

DCC succeeded in winning the contract with a

financially and technically impressive concept.

This is the first automated people mover (APM)

the company has installed as an airport link in

pinched loop design. DCC’s pinched loop system

consists of double guideways on the line

and single guideways in the terminals. The four

trains can change sides via switch rails and

are moved synchronously by four cable loops

propelled from the mid station (Doolittle).

In each station the train disconnects from the

current haul rope and re-attaches to the next.

This takes place when the rope is stationary

and all the trains are stopped in the stations,

each train being assigned to one rope.

The very latest design of equipment such as

switch rails and grips were used on this installation.

The four air-conditioned walk-through

trains – each consisting of three cars – are

equipped with a cutting-edge infotainment

system. The cars rest on Jacobs arrangements.

These new technologies, which were subjected

to an extensive test program at an early stage

(beginning in 2010) in order to guarantee their

functionality and endurance, were a major factor

contributing to the success of the project.

Thanks to the convincing operation and maintenance

concept, BART also awarded DCC

the contract to operate the system for the next

20 years.


Luton DART

to London

Luton Airport

Other References in Brief

190-CLS Hamad International Airport Shuttle

Location Doha, Qatar

Customer NDIA New Doha International Airport

Year of construction 2015

Inclined length 770 m

Speed 12.0 m/s

Capacity 6,000 pphpd

Highlight Remarkably quiet indoor facility,

transporting passengers efficiently around

the airport.

132-CLS MGM CityCenter Shuttle

Location Las Vegas, USA

Customer MGM Mirage

Year of construction 2009

Inclined length 650 m

Speed 10.5 m/s

Capacity 3,000 pphpd

Highlight Runs on its own traffic level

independently of the streets of Las Vegas,

connecting a range of hotels with the

heart of the city.

108-CLS Sheremetyevo

Location Moscow, Russian Federation

Customer Interterminal Tunnel Sheremetyevo LLC

Year of construction 2017

Inclined length 2,035 m

Speed 14.0 m/s

Capacity 1,680 pphpd

Highlight The fully automatic People Mover

connects two airport terminals at Moscow


30 Fast Facts

Topical issues at the

OITAF Congress

Mi Teleférico: 100 million passengers

and No. 1 on TripAdvisor

The ropeway network belonging to Mi Teleférico is the number one attraction in the

Bolivian city of La Paz. TripAdvisor®, the biggest travel website worldwide, continuously

compares the ratings for a total of 119 activities on offer in the region. Visitors to

the website have put the urban ropeway in top position. The urban means of transport

has currently attracted almost 3,000 ratings, with 71% awarding it a score of “excellent”

and 24% “very good”. Many tourists praise the unusual, yet economically priced

means of doing a tour of the city by ropeway.

100 million passengers

The system’s popularity is not only demonstrated online, but also quite clearly in real

life. At 6.40 am local time on November 16, 2017, Mi Teleférico welcomed its 100

millionth passenger.

As of: November 2017

Doppelmayr/Garaventa was one of the main

sponsors of the International Ropeway Congress

of OITAF (organizzazione internazionale transporti

a fune) in Bolzano from June 6 to 9, 2017. Many

distinguished speakers presented their projects

and experiences from the ropeway sector. At the

congress, César Dockweiler, CEO of Mi Teleférico,

reported on the ropeway network in Bolivia, and

Iwan Bissig (Garaventa AG) talked about unusual

reversible aerial tramways.

Pioneering 1st International

Urban Ropeway Congress

From October 20 to 23, 2015, La Paz hosted

the first international congress dedicated

to urban ropeway construction (Congreso

Internacional de Transporte por Cable

Urbano). The event was aimed at passing on

the experience gained with urban ropeways

to decision-makers in local and national

gov ernment.

Some 800 participants, who included ropeway

experts, government ministers, technical

delegations and scientists as well as

representatives from development banks,

universities and consulting firms, took part

in the exchange of know-how and experience.

Dozens of high-caliber experts gave

talks and illustrated the potential of urban

ropeways on the basis of real-world examples.

DCC’s CEO Markus Schrentewein also

addressed the international audience and

presented the possibilities available from

Doppelmayr’s Operations Services. The

Doppelmayr/Garaventa Group had its own

large stand at the event. During the congress,

which is to become a regular event,

an association was also formed for operators

(AITCU – Asociación Internacional de

Operadores de Transporte por Cable Urbano).

Current members are Mi Teleférico,

Metro de Medellín, MIO Cable and Emirates

Air Line.

Jessica Gürth from the Institute for Transport and

Logistics Management at the Vienna University of

Economics and Business compared the efficiency

of alternative means of transport for public transit

applications. Other topics included future trends,

ropeway technology and ecology. OITAF is an international

organization representing the ropeway

sector and its mission is to promote development

in the sector as well as the harmonization of international

guidelines. The International Ropeway

Congress is held once every six years.

For further information and presentations visit

Fast Facts


Libertador station:

One station for all

Award-winning quality

for Koblenz Cable Car

The Royal Institute of Architects of Ireland

gave architect Roberto Ameneiro Galdo a

special mention in the UIA Friendly and Inclusive

Spaces Award 2017 in the “New

Buildings” category for his design of the

Libertador station in La Paz-El Alto, Bolivia.

The jury honored this project as an outstanding

example of an inclusive space with

barrier-free features for all passengers. The

building itself was built in challenging terrain,

which made it necessary to give special

consideration to the question of accessibility.

The architect, Roberto Ameneiro Galdo, took

great care in implementing different physical

and visual elements to ensure a high level of

disabled-friendliness. The ropeway station,

where the yellow and green lines meet, is

adapted to suit wheelchair users as well as

people with impaired sight or hearing. Personnel

are on hand to help anyone needing

assistance to find their way through the station.

In the interests of inclusion of the indigenous

population, bilingual signage in Spanish

and Aymara is provided throughout the

building. The ropeway network is impressive

all round, with it user-friendliness and barrier-

free access for all passengers.

Details of the award can

be found here:

Koblenz Cable Car is the first ropeway operating

company in Germany to be awarded the

quality seal “Service-oriented Organization

– ServiceQuality Germany Stage II”. With the

quality management system of the initiative

“ServiceQuality Germany”, service organizations

structure their internal processes and optimize

their services by means of targeted measures,

which they develop themselves and which form

the basis for certification. The objective is to

ensure service quality in the interests of their

guests. The seal remains valid until 2020. The

company was already awarded Stage I of the

quality certificate back in 2015 and has successfully

retained it ever since. The decisive

factor is first and foremost the service quality,

as lived and breathed by the employees. It is

their commitment that enabled the company

to achieve the certification. The Koblenz cable

car is Germany’s first tricable gondola lift and

has connected the park along the banks of the

Rhine near the Basilica of St. Castor with the

plateau in front of the Ehrenbreitstein Fortress

since 2010. Last year, almost 700,000 guests

used the Koblenz cable car.

UN-HABITAT: Working together for

successful urban development

Half of the world’s population – 3.5 billion people – now lives in cities; by 2030,

it will be 60%. Although cities only account for 3% of the world’s land surface,

they are responsible for 60-80% of energy consumption and 75% of CO 2


In view of the growing need for mobility solutions as urbanization increases,

Doppelmayr/Garaventa has been working with the United Nations

Human Settlements Program, UN-HABITAT, since September 2016.

At the Habitat III Conference in Quito in October 2016, Doppelmayr

provided information on the many possibilities and benefits that urban

ropeways have to offer.


Doppelmayr Seilbahnen GmbH

Konrad-Doppelmayr-Straße 1, Postfach 20

6922 Wolfurt / Austria

T +43 5574 604,

Garaventa AG

Birkenstrasse 47

6343 Rotkreuz / Switzerland

T +41 41 859 11 11,

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