Sporting Equals Corona Summary Active Lives May 2019_20

sportingequals

Active Lives Survey May 2019/20

Corona Report -Summary Findings

December 2020


INTRODUCTION

• This report presents data from the Active Lives Adult Survey for the period

mid-Nov 2019 to mid-May 2020. Data is presented for adults aged 16+ in

England. The results were first published 22 nd October 2020. The 6 months

includes the 7-weeks from the 23 March to mid-May when England was in

full lockdown in response to the coronavirus pandemic

• Survey respondents were asked to recall activity over a 28 day reference

period and as such some pre-lockdown activity will have been captured in

the data.

• The data is based a sample of 190,401 responses: White British-158,564,

Other White-10,108, Asian (excl. Chinese) -7,807, Black-2,671, Chinese-

1,079, Mixed ethnicity-2,319 and Other ethnic group-1,424.

• Across mid-March to mid-May 2020, the achieved sample was 39,041.

• The Survey uses weighting to reduce the bias in survey estimates. Weights

are produced to make the weighted achieved sample match the

population as closely as possible.


DEFINITIONS

• The Chief Medical Officer defines an active person as someone who, over

the course of a week, does 150 or more moderate intensity equivalent

(MIE) minutes of physical activity.

• ‘Fairly active’ refers to 30-149 minutes of activity and ‘inactive’ refers to

30 or fewer minutes.

• ‘Moderate intensity’ is defined as activity where you raise your heart rate

and feel a little out of breath.

• Sport England’s definition of being active includes all types of sport and

physical activity excluding gardening.


Corona impact: 12 month comparison

• Between mid-March-mid-May, overall levels of activity

reduced by 7.1% from 65.3% in the same period in 2019

to 58.2% in 2020. This represents just over 3 million

fewer active adults.

• Adults classed as inactive increased by 7.4%, from 23%

last year to 30.4% in mid-March-mid-May this year. This

represents just over 3.4 million more inactive adults.


Corona impact: 12 month comparison, by ethnicity

• The national lockdown has had

a disproportionately negative

impact on those from Asian,

Black, Other ethnic.

• Drops in activity levels (at least

150 mins a week) compared to

the same period in 2019 were

larger amongst these groups -

indicating they've found it

harder to find new ways to stay

active.

• Other ethnic - 17.9% drop

• Black – 14.2% drop

• Asian – 14% drop

• Chinese – 13% drop*

66% 65%

60% 61%

58%

44%

White British White Other Asian (excl.

Chinese)

Activity levels - mid-March-mid May

61%

46%

55%

42%

69%

61%

71%

53%

Black Chinese Mixed Other ethnic

group

2019 2020


Corona impact: participation by ethnicity & gender

• Females from Mixed ethnic

backgrounds (62.9%), White Other

males (61.1%) and White British

males (61%) were the most active

during early lockdown.

Active mid-March-mid May, by gender

62.9% 61.1% 61.0% 60.7% 59.8% 59.7%

54.7%

52.1%

47.0% 46.7% 45.0% 44.0% 43.6%

• The least active were both Chinese

males (38.9%) and females (43.6%)

Asian males (44%) and females (45%)

and Black females (46.7%) and Black

males (47%).

38.9%

• Drops in activity levels were larger

for men from both Asian (excluding

Chinese) (20.8%) and Black

backgrounds (19.5%). Therefore,

whilst the overall inequalities

increased, within these ethnic groups

the gender inequalities slightly

reduced.


Corona impact: How anxious did you feel yesterday?

Mid-March to Mid-May 12 month comparison by ethnicity

5.0

4.5

4.0

3.5

3.0

2.5

2.0

1.5

1.0

0.5

0.0

3.9 3.9 4.0

3.4 3.3

3.5

All 16+

White

British

White

Other

3.73.8

Asian

(excl

Chinese)

3.1

4.1

3.4

4.5 4.5

4.0

3.6

4.1

Black Chinese Mixed Other

ethnic

group

Mid-Mar to Mid-May 2019 Mid-Mar to Mid-May 2020

Mid-Mar to Mid-May, 12 month comparison by gender & ethnicity

5.0

4.5

4.0

3.5

3.0

2.5

2.0

1.5

1.0

0.5

0.0

4.6

4.6

4.3 4.3 4.3 4.5

4.7

4.4

3.9

4.0 4.1

3.5 3.4

3.7 3.7

3.4

3.6 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.6

3.2 3.1

3.3

3.4

2.9 2.8

3.0

Mid-Mar to Mid-May 2019 Mid-Mar to Mid-May 2020

• During early lock-down, females were more anxious than males across all ethnic groups (mean scores

of 4.3, 3.5 respectively). Both scores were a significant increase from the previous year.

• Between Mid-March-Mid May 2020 anxiety increased significantly among White British and Black

people compared to the same period last year (1).

• The highest anxiety scores were found among females from Other Ethnic backgrounds and males

from Mixed Ethnic backgrounds. The lowest scores were given by White British males and males

from Other Ethnic backgrounds (2).

• Significant increases in anxiety were seen among White British and Mixed males and females from

White British, White Other and Black backgrounds compared to the same period last year.


Corona impact: How satisfied are you with life

nowadays?

Mid-March to Mid-May 12 month comparison by ethnicity

Mid-Mar to Mid-May, 12 month comparison by gender & ethnicity

7.4

7.2

7.0

6.8

6.6

6.4

6.2

7.1 7.1

7.2 7.2

6.9 6.9

6.7

6.9

7.1

6.6 6.6

6.5

6.2

6.4

7.3

7.2

8.0

7.0

6.0

5.0

4.0

3.0

2.0

1.0

0.0

7.17.2 7.3 7.3 7.1 7.3

6.7

7.0

6.6 6.9

6.46.7

7.1 7.1 7.17.0 7.27.1

7.1

6.7 6.76.8

7.2 7.07.2

5.9

6.06.2

7.37.4

6.0

5.8

5.6

All 16+

White

British

White

Other

Asian

(excl

Chinese)

Black Chinese Mixed Other

ethnic

group

Mid-Mar to Mid-May 2019 Mid-Mar to Mid-May 2020

Mid-Mar to Mid-May 2019 Mid-Mar to Mid-May 2020

• Life satisfaction mean scores were slightly higher among males than females during the early

part of lockdown (7.7, 7.0 respectively). There was no change from the same period in 2019.

• Overall there was little change in life satisfaction scores across all ethnic groups from the

previous year (1).

• Although the largest increase was seen among Black people this does not represent a

significant statistical change. A significant increase in life satisfaction, however, is noted among

Black females (rise of 1.26).


Corona impact: To what extent are the things you do

in life worthwhile?

Mid-March to Mid-May 12 month comparison by ethnicity

Mid-Mar to Mid-May, 12 month comparison by gender & ethnicity

9.0

8.0

7.0

6.0

5.0

4.0

3.0

2.0

7.3 7.3 7.4 7.3 7.3

7.1 7.0

6.7

7.2

7.9

6.7

6.3 6.3 6.5

7.6

7.2

9.0

8.0

7.0

6.0

5.0

4.0

3.0

2.0

1.0

0.0

7.3 7.3 7.4 7.4

7.0

7.3

6.87.0

8.0

7.4

6.5

5.9

7.6

7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5

7.2 7.3

6.9

7.1

6.7

7.0

7.9

7.1

6.7 6.66.5

7.97.8

1.0

0.0

All 16+

White

British

White

Other

Asian

(excl

Chinese)

Black Chinese Mixed Other

ethnic

group

Mid-Mar to Mid-May 2019 Mid-Mar to Mid-May 2020

Mid-Mar to Mid-May 2019 Mid-Mar to Mid-May 2020

• Males had only slightly higher mean scores for ‘worthwhile’ activity than females during early

lockdown (7.3, 7.2 respectively); this represents little change from the same period in 2019.

• The only notable change is among Black people where a rise of 0.73 in the mean score

represents a significant increase from the previous year.

• The highest scores where given by Black males and females and lowest by males and females

from Mixed ethnic backgrounds.

• Compared to the previous year, a significant increase is seen among Black females and a

significant decrease among Other White females.


Corona impact: How happy did you feel yesterday?

Mid-March to Mid-May 12 month comparison by ethnicity

Mid-Mar to Mid-May, 12 month comparison by gender & ethnicity

7.4

7.2

7.0

6.8

6.6

6.4

6.2

6.0

5.8

7.1

7.2

6.9 6.9 6.9 6.9

6.8 6.8 6.8

6.7

6.6

6.1

6.4

6.3

7.3

7.1

8.0

7.0

6.0

5.0

4.0

3.0

2.0

1.0

0.0

7.27.1 7.37.1 6.97.1 6.76.9

7.4

7.4 7.1 7.2 7.0 6.9

6.4 6.6 6.8 6.7 6.8 6.8 6.6

6.2

6.9 7.1

6.9

6.3

6.46.2

7.5 7.5

5.6

5.4

All 16+

White

British

White

Other

Asian

(excl

Chinese)

Black Chinese Mixed Other

ethnic

group

Mid-Mar to Mid-May 2019 Mid-Mar to Mid-May 2020

Mid-Mar to Mid-May 2019 Mid-Mar to Mid-May 2020

• During early lockdown males were generally happier than females across all ethnic groups (mean

scores of 7.1, 6.7 respectively). This represents a significant decrease from the previous year among

women.

• In Mid-March-Mid May 2020, a significant decrease in happiness (drop of 0.29) was only seen

among White British people compared to the same period last year (1).

• Significantly lower happiness levels were seen among White British and Black males and White

British females (2).

• Females from Other Ethnic groups had the highest happiness mean scores followed by White British

males. Lowest scores were given by females from Mixed ethnic backgrounds and Black males.


CONCLUSION

• As expected activity levels dropped and inactivity increased during the

national lockdown. However the lockdown had a disproportionately

negative impact on those from Asian, Black, Other ethnic and Chinese

backgrounds. Drops in activity levels (at least 150 mins a week) compared

to the same period in 2019 were larger amongst these groups - indicating

they've found it harder to find new ways to stay active.

• Drops in activity levels were larger for men from both Asian and Black

backgrounds. Therefore, whilst the overall inequalities increased, within

these ethnic groups the gender inequalities slightly reduced.

• Wellbeing levels were mixed among different ethnic groups e.g. Black

females and males were most likely to feel that the things they did in life

were worthwhile. Although drops in wellbeing were seen among White

British people, they still scored higher across most measures compared to

other ethnic groups, particularly White British males.


RECOMMENDATIONS

• The impact of the pandemic presented significant challenges in engaging

communities that were already less active. The lockdown measures had

had a disproportionate impact on wellbeing and activity levels among

some communities. Taking a holistic approach to addressing inactivity will

be critical in improving overall wellbeing in some of the most inactive

groups.

• The need to work locally through community partners will be even more

important to not only understand the longer term impact of lockdown in

local communities but in the development of solutions and in their

implementation. Providers of sport and physical activity will need to

explore how provision can be made accessible in new ways to reach these

communities.


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