Parantez Workspace

aysmakn

AAP

DESIGN

2021

WORKSPACE

A L T E R N A T I V E A R C H I T E C T U R A L P R A C T I C E S

M E F U N I V E R S I T Y G R A D U A T E P R O G R A M M E


CONTENTS

CONTEXT

1. WORKSPACE

2. URBAN SPACE

3. BODY & TIME

PROPOSAL: PARANTEZ

4. STRUCTURE

5. TRANSPORTATION AND INSTALLATION

6. SERVICES

7. USERS AND SITE STUDIES

DESIGN

8. CONSTRUCTION PROCESS

AAP TEAM

Students: Berrak Oğrak, Elnur Kayaoğlu, Hanse Yalçınkaya, Murat Usta, Ravza Türk,

Sibel Öksüz, Uğur Yögen

Studio Instructor: Oral Göktaş

Program Coordinators: Kürşad Özdemir, Sevince Bayrak

Program Partners: Fibrobeton, Metal Yapı

2020 - 2021

MEF University Graduate Programme

Alternative Architectural Practices



INTRODUCTION

We are in a threshold that changes the way we work and live due to

the developments in information and communication technologies.

Moreover, this catalogue has been prepared during a period while the

world has been struggling with a pandemic (COVID-19) which causes

a radical acceleration of change in work life. Just before the pandemic,

although we were likely to choose where and when to work, we were in a

period where work predominantly exploited our personal time.

The relation between working and individual life has constantly changed

owing to technological developments and crises. Considering the fact

that, the influences of recently occurring developments have significantly

changed the workplace of white-collars, the scope of this research is

defined in trajectories of the office space and white-collars work life.

In order to understand today’s workspace and to ensure a discussion

ground about alternative ways of contemporary workspace design, this

research focuses on white-collar workers (precariat) and offices in the

time of knowledge economy.

Workspaces are inquired under four main sections ensuring comprehensive

research. First of all, under the title of ‘Thresholds’, historical research

focuses on significant points which affect workspace and work life.

Then, the office types that emerged during this period are analyzed and

classified according to work organizations, relations and work-life balance

in the ‘Typology’ section. The ‘Work Environment’ section investigates the

interior space of the office and analyses it by separating into sub-chapters

of tools, furniture and functions in the context of being user-friendly

and aesthetical. In the last chapter, ‘Cycles’, workspace is analysed as a

systematic combination of cycles which construct office space together

such as the cycle of human, the cycle of data, and the cycle of water.

AAP Team

Image 1: Parantez.

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CONTEXT

“The idea that there isn’t a permanent solution and you have to keep on thinking about what a

city is, and what the nature of a city is, is incredibly important. Because we’re not all going to go to

work at 9am, pack our bag and get on the train at 5pm. Which means the office has escaped from

the office building. It is actually an urban issue at a very different scale.”

Frank Duffy, 2012 [01]

Working is one of the main activities that occupy our time and

space. The working environment has been constantly shaped to

make people work comfortably in order to obtain efficiency. So,

it’s more of a layout game to make people more productive and

efficient in the workplace. Accordingly, the modes of production

have changed and technological tools began to be added. Adding

technological tools in this game makes us more available in every

way. Our way to work, workplaces, and hours have changed. We

work alone, we work together, we work freelance, we work remote,

we work in office, we work in home, in cafe, in school, in bus, in

campus, in subway, in street. We work in the city.

“Your office is where you are.”

Stone and Luchetti, 1985 [02]

Criticizing the built environment and usage of the urban spaces,

and examination of the workspace history let us think about these

notions together. The urban space that can promote well-being

not for efficiency on work but for people’s daily life. We adopt an

approach of designing urban life-centered space to get together

citizens, create coincidental encounters, care for others, and being a

part of everyday life. Therefore, we take into account the behaviors

and needs of the public/users. Stand by your community!

Image 2: Flickr. “NEC Reinvents the Office.”

Workspace is a space that we occupy with our body, also a space

where we can exist digitally. Thus, work is not done by just sitting,

it can also be done by standing. In a way, it’s about looking for new

ways. Stand front of the desk/screen!

The ways of work progressively have exposed people’s privacy to the

public while isolating the individuals. The pandemic made it more

visible. This design process tries to underline other possibilities

of work and space relations in urban space. We have questioned

whether it is possible to find an alternative way in the public space

to this isolation and stuckness that we are exposed to due to the

pandemic process. In this way, we thought about the question of

whether an environment that serves equal opportunities can be

created while creating an area of work and interaction within the

city.

IN LIGHT OF ALL THIS, PARANTEZ

HAS COME OUT. NOW,

YOU CAN ENJOY YOUR TIME

AND

THE

URBAN SPACE!



1. WORKSPACE

EVOLUTION OF THE OFFICE

Image 3: Medieval Manuscripts. “Scriptorium:La-

TAYLORISM

CURRENT WORK CULTURE

SCRIPTORIUM

Image 4: Syllable Inc. “The Taylorism Office.”

How we work and, accordingly, where we work

constantly change and transform. Unlike home,

office spaces have undergone radical changes, especially

since the early 1900s. The pandemic is also the last landmark

of this change.

Image 5: The Architectural Review.

Also, “new” work areas shaped by economic,

technological, and socio-cultural developments,

have begun to demand the time we devote to

ourselves and deconstruct

the boundaries between work life and

private life.

The boundaries of the working spaces have become

very ambiguous with the addition of many

different accessories to the offices. This has

caused employees to spend longer in

offices and become even more isolated

from outside social life.

BUROLANDSCHAFT

Image 6: K2 Space. “The History of Office Design.” “Typology: Offices.”

ACTION

CO-WORKING

Image 8: Kolektif House.

Image 7: Syllable Inc. “A sea of Cubicles.”

CUBICLE

HOME-OFFICE

Image 9: Woman’s Day. “22 Work From Home Jobs That Bring in Cash.”

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People who had no preparation for this

“new normal” as space and infrastructure,

quickly and necessarily transformed the house.

While the walls around us physically isolated us

from other people, technology has made us accessible

at any time and anywhere.

EFFECTS OF

COVID-19

PANDEMIC

“new

normal”

The isolation in the offices was

further intensified with the

pandemic and moved to homes.

Image 10: The Conversation.

Image 11: Alaska Public Media.

Housework, studying, working, attending online meetings, and

similar activities began to squeeze into the house. This increased ,

differences in gender roles within the home and negatively affected the

lives of individuals.

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NOW WE ARE

WORKING

EVERYWHERE

AND IN EVERY

SITUATION.

In addition, spaces such as the bedroom, bathroom,

kitchen, and living room have been transforming into

a work/study space.

Image 12, 13: The New York Times Magazine. “Illustration by Max Guther.”

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In the process, we began to search

for new escapes/cracks, while the

boundaries of the house

became more visible.

While working from home or remote

work was an option before

the pandemic, these became a necessity

that we were caught unprepared

for after the starting of the

pandemic.

Image 14: Creatively Different. “An Ideal Home No. II. The Folding Garden by W. Heath Robinson.”

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Can it be possible to open parenthesis in the urban space to this isolation

and the situation of being stuck that we are exposed to with the

post-pandemic?

CURRENT STATE

DESIGN PROPOSAL

Image 15: Memoori

Image 16: Work Environment

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2. URBAN SPACE

Cities are areas where knowledge and experience

are produced and shared. Free access to

these areas both ensures equal opportunity

and decays the gap between social

classes. The idea of positioning the design in

open spaces in the city stems from the sensitive

approach to this situation.

Image 17: Kultur Istanbul. “Atatürk Kitaplığı.”

ATATÜRK LIBRARY

Urban equipment has been shaped by

the relocation of domestic habits to the urban

space.

Services that are available to everyone such as a

fountain, telephone booth, and toilet, have the

potential to address inequalities of gender, class,

etc.

Urban equipment and its potential have begun

to transform with the development of

technology and the change of needs.

These types of equipment placed in the built environment

play an important role in increasing

interaction in the city.

Image 18: Gazete Kadıköy. “Kalamış Parkı.”

KALAMIŞ PARK

Urban spaces

create equality

of opportunity.

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SMALL SCALE INTERVENTIONS IN URBAN

Simple interventions in the urban area can respond

to short-term needs such as sitting and

resting.

Although experiments have been conducted

in the urban area that can meet these changing

needs, it has remained at the performative

level, as it usually takes place at the initiative of a

person or group. In order for these potentials to

be used efficiently in the urban space, an organization

including local authorities is required. [03]

Can a piece of alternative urban

equipment be designed that will

eliminate the disadvantages of remote

work that we have been forced, gender

inequalities, social and economic

differences that begin with

the pandemic, increase interaction with

people, and help becoming more

intertwined with the urban space? [04]

Image 19: Designboom. “Damien gires: urban terrasse.”

Image 20: BED. “Boll Mobilier Urbain Par Adrian Blanc.”

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We work in an office, a home,

a cafe, a school, a bus, a campus,

a metro, a street.

We work in the city. [05]

Image 21: Fast Company. “WePark.”

TELEPHONE

archaic furniture

Ancient Rome

trubinal usage

Medieval Tuscany

urban & pastoral

18th cc. Europe

illumination

communication

transportation

urination

mass production electricity wireless technology

Image 22: Type of Urban Equipment (Infrastructure/Street Furniture)

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3. BODY & TIME

THE END OF SITTING, THE RAAAF

STANDING WHILE WORKING

The most important design decision was to

integrate the “standing” position into

the design.

Instead of sitting, which is the result of long

working hours without breaks, we recommended

standing in an urban area to create a short-term/

temporary and ergonomic working environment.

The prospect of working long hours forced

people to work sitting down. This has brought

with it some health problems. Standing while

working, which emerged as an alternative

method of work, was considered

both a solution to these health problems

and an encouraging alternative to

give a break to work.

This method of work, which is preferred in the past

and today, shows that the work can be done not

only sitting but also standing.

The RAAAF, which said the built

environment was based on “sitting,” but

its research concluded that too much

sitting is harmful to health, designed this

installation. This installation questions

the main use of elements such as chairs

and tables, providing the user with other

possible alternative forms of use.

The “experimental work landscape”, The

End of Sitting - Cut Out, aims to show

the future office in 2025 will be radically

changed and evolved as a “standing”

office. [06]

Image 23: RAAAF. “The End of Sitting.”

24

Image 24: Diagram “Time and Ergonomy”.

STANDING WHILE WORKING :

WORKSPACE 25

TIME AND ERGONOMY



1:1 TESTING

Standing work, which we see by experimenting that

it is suitable for different body sizes, does not tire our

spine due to the posture position and encourages

us to take regular breaks with the impermanence of

standing.

Image 25: 25, Testing 26: Testing Different Different Body Body Sizes Sizes.

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PARANTEZ

TEZ

Working

PARAN

and Interaction Point in Urban Space

Image 27: Render of Fiber-concrete version of Parantez.

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PARANTEZ

WORKSPACE 29



PARANTEZ, while providing opportunities to escape from the home

that has limited conditions, creates a space to work and interact. The

conditions that occurred because of the pandemic isolates the individuals

while reducing their privacy. Is it possible to open a parenthesis

in the urban space in order to reduce this isolation and stuckness that

they exposed?

Image 28: Different type of use.

Image 29: Articulation of Units.

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Different

base

+ sitting + lounge

type of

use.

working pod

table + canopy flowerpot

canopy / station

climbing wall

landmark + threshold point

exhibition panel + billboard

high flowerpot

trash + flowerpot

disabled - friendly desk

bank + flowerpot + trash

bank + high flowerpot

bicycle + scooter parking area

bank + animal food bowl

bicycle + scooter parking area

Image 30: Different type of use.

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4. STRUCTURE and MATERIAL

Material selection was made in accordance

with factors such as user, location, function, and

form, with the prerequisite for the applicability

and sustainability of design decisions taken in

accordance with the data obtained. The molding

technology that affects the design is due to

the cooperation with Fibrobeton. The most

important feature of this material is that it has a

long life in urban space thanks to its durability.

In this direction, its structural fiction is

considered in detail. The design is created from

two main materials, such as fibrous concrete

and metal. Also, a wood version of Parantez can

be a lightweight alternative for indoor usages.

In accordance with the decisions taken to make

a new version of the design which can be used

in semi-public places, places that have more

security, indoor places workable and sustainable;

a wooden version has been implemented in

accordance with factors such as user, location,

function, and form.

Parenthesis has basically a 3-way fiction. Its

use is enriched with tools and metal elements

attached to the base and on it. In this way,

the uses other than the working function

are diversified and transformed into urban

equipment.

Image 32: Detailed photo of Parantez.

Image 31: Photo of wood construction process.

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Image 33: Structural Fiction / Assembly.

Image 34:

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Image 34: Render of Parantez in Caddebostan.



Image 35: Different functions with same mould technology.

Image 37: Render of the interior of the working area.

Image 36: Working Unit parts.

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Image 38: Plan of Base.

Image 40: Section of Parantez.

Image 39: Plan of Parantez.

Image 41: Section of Parantez.

Image 42: Section of Parantez.

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VERSIONS of

PARANTEZ

Image 43: Metal Version of Parantez.

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WOOD VERSION of

PARANTEZ

Different variants of Parantez have been

developed as a final project within the scope of

the Prefabricated and Modular Systems course.

In this process, we questioned and tried how the

main idea and section can be constructed with

different materials.

Image 45: Front view of Paran

PARANTEZ, while providing opportunities

to escape from the home that has limited

conditions, creates a space to work and interact.

The conditions that occurred because of

the pandemic isolates the individuals while

reducing their privacy. Is it possible to open

a parenthesis in the urban space in order to

reduce this isolation and stuckness that they

exposed?

The main goal of Parantez is to create an

alternative parenthesis for business life stuck in

homes, especially in the post-pandemic period,

to create a piece of urban equipment accessible

to everyone in the public space, and to make

it open to the entire city by collaborating with

local governments.

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Image 44: Front view of Parantez.



steel wire

rope pulley

plywood

roof plate

perforated

metal panel

turnbuckle

steel wire

rope

roof beam

steel wire

rope pulley

1150

steel wire

rope pulley

plywood

roof plate

474

2062

plywood

roof plate

892

mortise and

tenon joint

perforated

metal panel

696

plywood

roof beam

turnbuckle

roof

2414

steel wire

rope

roof beam

steel wire

rope pulley

steel wire

rope

1312 1089

base

1996

2358

1150

mortise and

tenon joint

adjustable metal

foot system

696

plywood

roof beam 2000

plywood

bookshelf

474

2062

perforated

metal panel

plywood

roof plate

892

450 427

perforated

metal panel

2534

perforated metal

working surface

roof

2414

seat

perforated

metal cover

plywood

bookshelf

2013

metal

switch button

1200

steel wire

rope

1312 1089

base

1996

1577

1650

2358

Image 46: Plan of the wood verison of Parantez.

adjustable metal

foot system

perforated

metal cover

450

2000

plywood

bookshelf

perforated metal socket

metal panel

perforated metal

standing surface

450 427

perforated

metal panel

2534

perforated metal

working surface

plywood

bookshelf

2013

metal

switch button

seat

perforated

metal cover

1200

metal socket

perforated

metal cover

1577

1650

450

perforated metal

standing surface

Image 47: Section of the wood verison of Parantez.

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5. TRANSPORTATION AND INSTALLATION

The design is suitable for transportation on

highways and fast installation. Packaging takes

place in accordance with the size of the carrier

vehicles.

The wood version is also made transportation

and the installation process quick and easy as

being a flat-pack system.

Image 49: Photo of Parantez.

Image 48: Photo of Parantez.

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2.4 m

6 m

x8

Image 50: Transportation and Installation of Parantez.

Image 51: Renders of Parantez.

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Image 52: Isometric View of Parantez.

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WOOD VERSION of

PARANTEZ

Image 53: Photo of Parantez.

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Image 54: Assembly Instructions of Wooden Base.

Image 55: Assembly Instructions of Wooden Workspace.

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2.4 m

6 m

2.4 m

X 8

20 feet standard

container dimension

Image 56: Transportation of wood Parantez.

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6. SERVICES

Parantez is self-contained urban equipment

that provides internet, electricity, and lighting

services.

The design process, which starts with “work”-

oriented, is enriched with different functions

with its modular setup.

For this purpose, modules that can be diversified

using the same mold are designed. In this way,

the sustainability of the design is also increased.

In the design process, different polygons

were tried for providing an easy production

and application for base measurements, and

decagon shape was decided, which provides the

most flexible spatial editing.

Thanks to decagon design and modular editing,

fiction has been created within the city that

can adapt to the gaps in different sizes and

geometry.

Image 58: Photo of Workspace and

Perforated Meal Surface.

Image 57: Photo of Parantez.

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Image 59: Section Diagram of the lighting, Wi-Fi, electricity services.

Image 60: Diagram of Services.

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WOOD VERSION

PARANTEZ

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Image 61: Photo of Parantez.



It is designed in accordance with the use of

all employees who can do their work with

technological equipment such as computers

and telephones. It offers a parenthesis to parents

whose domestic responsibility is increased by

working from home and who do not have a

dedicated workspace, those who need fresh air,

employees who need an emergency workspace

in cases such as power failure/ internet failure.

7. USERS AND SITE STUDIES

In addition, it appeals to disabled people who

complain that the designs within the city do not

appeal to them in general, creates an interaction

area where local and foreign tourists can stop

and rest, ask for a place-direction, do an urgent

job, or communicate with the local user.

The design is placed in surplus spaces and

undefined spaces in important urban areas of

Istanbul in a way that does not interfere with

everyday life and circulation, and potential

location trials are conducted.

The experiment on Karaköy Square provides to

define a busy square.

Another experiment in a busy area, without

disturbing the social life and daily flow there, is

at Kadıköy Quay.

As can be seen from the experiment on

Bostancı Beach, we take care that the design

can be placed on any floor without the need for

additional intervention.

Image 63: Photo of the sitting area of Parantez.

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Image 62: Photo of Parantez.



Image 64: Isometric view of Parantez.

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STUDENTS

HOME-OFFICE

WORKERS

WHITE COLLAR

ANIMALS

DISABLED PEOPLE

WORKING

PARENTS

FREELANCERS

CHILDREN

TOURISTS

USERS OF WORK-ORIENTED MODULE

It is designed in accordance with the use of all employees

who can do their work with technological equipment such as

computers and telephones. It offers a parenthesis to parents

whose domestic responsibility is increased by working from

home and who do not have a dedicated workspace, those who

need fresh air, employees who need an emergency workspace

in cases such as power failure/ internet failure.

USERS OF RECREATIVE MODULES

In addition, it appeals to disabled people who complain that

the designs within the city do not appeal to them in general,

creates an interaction area where local and foreign tourists can

stop and rest, ask for a place-direction, do an urgent job, or

communicate with the local user.

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SCENARIO 1

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SCENARIO 2

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SITE STUDIES

KaraköyCONSTRUCTION

KadıköyCONSTRUCTION

Image 65: Collage of Parantez in Karaköy.

Image 66: Collage of Parantez in Kadıköy.

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Caddebostan

Image 86:

Image 67: Collage of Parantez in Caddebostan.

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Image 69: Photo of wood structure.

8. CONSTRUCTION PROCESS

Image 68: Metal pieces of Parantez.

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WOOD VERSION

PARANTEZ

Image 70: Wood and Metal CNC cutting

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MOD-

Checking Stability

EL

Group Work

Color Palette

Group Work

Models

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BASE

Assembling of

The Parts of

Base

Carrier Parts

On-site

Measurement

The Combination of Wood

and Metal Surface

Weight-Resistant Metal Surface

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Transportation of Wood Panels in

Cooperation with Craftsmen

CNC

Cutting

Process

Creation of

Mortise Joint

Rub with

Emery

Cutting The Parts of

The Base

WOOD

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The Signboard

of

Parantez

Back View of

The Metal Part

Metal Side Surface With a Design that

Prevents The Feeling of Stuckness

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METAL

The Cutting

Down Process

for Metal Parts

Group Works

The Cutting

Down Process

for Metal Parts

Occupational

Health and

Safety

Metal Works Done by Designers

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Seat Squab

Color alternative

Color palette

FAB-

Checking seat

squab

Combination

of purple

and mint

RIC

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ELEC-

TRICITY

Procurement of Electrical Parts

Assembling Electrical Parts

Detail

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BIBLIOGRAPHY

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BIBLIOGRAPHY

[1] Duffy, Frank. “FM World Interview: Frank Duffy (CBE) and Peter McLennan,”

interview by Peter McLennan, Facilitate Magazine, March 19, 2012, https://www.

facilitatemagazine.com/features/interviews/2012/03/19/fm-world-interview-frankduffy-cbe-and-peter-mclennan.

[2] Stone, Philip J., and Robert Luchetti. “Your office is where you are.” Harvard

Business Review 63, no. 2 (March/April 1985): 102–117.

[3] Accessed September 14, 2021. https://www.maisonapart.com/edito/autour-de-lhabitat/urbanisme-ville/sitting-urbain-3261.php

[4] “Can a piece of alternative...?” Blog Esprit Design. “Boll mobilier urbain par

Adrian Blanc.” Last modified July 01, 2015. https://blog-espritdesign.com/

mobilier/boll-mobilier-urbain-par-adrian-blanc-33093.

[5] “We work in the city.” Accessed September 14, 2021. https://www.bbc.com/news/

world-us-canada-48114878

[6] “The End of the Sitting.” Accessed September 14, 2021. https://www.archdaily.

com/574795/the-end-of-sitting-raaaf

LIST OF IMAGES

Image 2: Flickr. “NEC Reinvents the Office.” Accessed September 14, 2021. https://

www.flickr.com/photos/sa_steve/3489330110/in/pool-319560@N24/

Image 3: Medieval Manuscripts. “Scriptorium:Layout.” Accessed September 14, 2021.

https://gilbertredman.com/medievalmanuscripts/codicology/scriptorium-layout/

Image 4: Syllable Inc. “The Taylorism Office.” Accessed September 14, 2021.

https://medium.com/@syllable.design/workplace-evolution-a-retrospective-onoffice-design-from-the-industrial-revolution-to-the-d20ed00bb6e1

Image 5: The Architectural Review. “Typology: Offices.” Accessed September 14, 2021.

https://www.architectural-review.com/essays/typology/typology-offices

Image 6: K2 Space. “The History of Office Design.” Accessed September 14, 2021.

https://k2space.co.uk/knowledge/history-of-office-design/

Image 7: Syllable Inc. “A sea of Cubicles.” Accessed September 14, 2021.

https://medium.com/@syllable.design/workplace-evolution-a-retrospective-onoffice-design-from-the-industrial-revolution-to-the-d20ed00bb6e1

Image 8: Kolektif House. Accessed September 14, 2021. https://kolektifhouse.co/en/

levent-office/

Image 9: Woman’s Day. “22 Work From Home Jobs That Bring in Cash.” Accessed

September 14, 2021. https://www.womansday.com/life/work-money/g934/best-workat-home-jobs/

Image 10: The Conversation. Accessed September 14, 2021. https://theconversation.

com/working-from-home-why-detachment-is-crucial-for-mental-health-135986

Image 11: Alaska Public Media. Accessed September 14, 2021. https://www.

alaskapublic.org/2020/07/31/parenting-during-a-pandemic-means-managingmental-and-physical-health-in-new-ways-were-here-to-help/

Image 12, 13: The New York Times Magazine. “Illustration by Max Guther.” Accessed

September 14, 2021. https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2020/06/09/magazine/

remote-work-covid.html

Image 14: Creatively Different. “An Ideal Home No. II. The Folding Garden by W.

Heath Robinson.” Accessed September 14, 2021.

http://www.creativelydifferentblinds.com/

MaryEvansPictureLibraryWilliamHeathRobinson18721944/

AnIdealHomeNoIITheFoldingGardenbyWHeathRobinson.aspx

Image 15: Memoori. Accessed September 14, 2021. https://memoori.com/covid-19-

the-worlds-biggest-remote-working-experiment-is-underway/

Image 17: Kultur Istanbul. “Atatürk Kitaplığı.” Accessed September 14, 2021. http://

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