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TN Musician Vol. 75 No. 2

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The Official Publication of the Tennessee Music Education Association<br />

TMEA 2023<br />

CONFERENCE<br />

PERFORMANCE<br />

ENSEMBLES<br />

p. 9<br />

TMEA 2023<br />

ALL-STATE<br />

CONDUCTORS<br />

p. 22<br />

NEVER TAKE “NO”<br />

FROM AN INANIMATE<br />

OBJECT: A GUIDE FOR<br />

TEACHING OBOISTS<br />

by Kathleen Carter Bell<br />

p. 24<br />

VOLUME <strong>75</strong>, NO. 2


School of<br />

Music<br />

B.M. in Music Performance: Composition • Instrumental • Jazz • Musical Theatre • Piano • Vocal<br />

B.M. in Music Education: Vocal/General Music, K-12 Licensure • Instrumental/General Music, K-12 Licensure<br />

Music Minors: Music History • Music Performance • Music Technology • Music Theory & Composition<br />

tntech.edu/music<br />

(931) 372-3161<br />

music@tntech.edu<br />

1000 N. Dixie Ave.<br />

Campus Box 5045<br />

Cookeville <strong>TN</strong> 38505-0001<br />

CFA033-PRNT-23


NASHVILLE SYMPHONY<br />

Student tickets<br />

$10 student access with code SOUNDCHECK<br />

HOW TO BUY YOUR $10<br />

CLASSICAL SERIES TICKETS<br />

ONLINE: NashvilleSymphony.org/Soundcheck<br />

Enter code SOUNDCHECK at login.<br />

PHONE: 615.687.6400<br />

Questions: Tickets@NashvilleSymphony.org<br />

Limit two SOUNDCHECK tickets per student. Availability may be limited — fi rst come, fi rst served.<br />

Giancarlo Guerrero, Music Director


TABLE OF CONTENTS 2023 VOLUME <strong>75</strong>, <strong>No</strong>. 2<br />

PROGRAM NOTES<br />

04<br />

05<br />

07<br />

TMEA Board and Council Directory<br />

2022-2023<br />

Tennessee <strong>Musician</strong> Advertiser Index<br />

Issue <strong>No</strong>. 2<br />

TMEA President’s Message<br />

Ryan Fisher<br />

24<br />

27<br />

TEACHING IN TENNESSEE<br />

Never Take “<strong>No</strong>” from an Inanimate<br />

Object: A Guide for Teaching Oboists<br />

by Kathleen Carter Bell<br />

TMEA Back Then<br />

May 1964<br />

Tennessee <strong>Musician</strong> is mailed to members four times each year at an annual<br />

subscription rate of $5.00 (included in dues).<br />

<strong>No</strong>n-member subscription rate (includes S&H): $30.00 per school year;<br />

single copies: $10.00 per issue. Cover Image: Archiwiz/Shutterstock.com<br />

09<br />

22<br />

64TH ANNUAL TMEA CONFERENCE<br />

TMEA 2023 Conference<br />

Performance Ensembles<br />

TMEA 2023 All-State Conductors<br />

Postmaster - Send address changes to:<br />

Tennessee <strong>Musician</strong><br />

c/o Tennessee Music Education Association<br />

2441-Q Old Fort Pkwy, #635<br />

Murfreesboro, <strong>TN</strong> 37128-4162<br />

Published by Slate Group: 6024 45th Street, Lubbock, Texas 79407.<br />

Graphic Design: Nikki Davis. Account Executive: Ian Spector (800-794-5594).<br />

<strong>No</strong>n-Profit 501(c)(3) Organization. U.S. Postage Paid at Lubbock, Texas.<br />

ISSN Number 0400-3332; EIN number 20-3325550.<br />

Copyright © 2023 Tennessee Music Education Association. Reproduction in any form<br />

is illegal without the express permission of the editor: Anna Laura Williams, Managing<br />

Editor & Advertising Manager; anna.laura.williams@tnmea.org.<br />

Tennessee Music Education Association | www.tnmea.org | 3


TMEA BOARD AND COUNCIL<br />

tmea executive board<br />

TMEA Executive Director<br />

Michael W. Chester<br />

michael.chester@tnmea.org<br />

TMEA President<br />

Ryan Fisher, Ph.D.<br />

ryan.fisher@tnmea.org<br />

TMEA President-Elect<br />

Joel Denton<br />

leaderslead@yahoo.com<br />

TMEA Immediate Past-President<br />

Alexis Yatuzis-Derryberry<br />

derryberrya@rcschools.net<br />

TMEA Secretary<br />

Dian Eddleman<br />

deddleman@usjbruins.org<br />

tmea council<br />

WTGMEA President<br />

Jennifer Proseus<br />

wtgmeamemphis@yahoo.com<br />

WTGMEA President-Elect<br />

Allen Moody<br />

amoodyteacher@gmail.com<br />

WTVMEA President<br />

Adrian Maclin<br />

maclinal@scsk12.org<br />

WTVMEA President-Elect<br />

Reachel Hudgins<br />

reachelhudgins@dcchoctaws.net<br />

WTSBOA President<br />

Jennifer Cupples<br />

jennifer.cupples@wcsk12tn.net<br />

WTSBOA President-Elect<br />

Benjamin Martin<br />

bmartin@huntingdonschools.net<br />

tmea board of directors<br />

TMEA State General Music Chair<br />

Ben Torres<br />

benjamin.torres@cmcss.net<br />

TMEA State Choral Chair<br />

Demetrius Robinson, Ed.S.<br />

dlrbnsn2@memphis.edu<br />

TMEA State Orchestra Chair<br />

Cynthia Wright<br />

cynthia.wright@maryville-schools.org<br />

TMEA State Band Chair<br />

Ollie Liddell, Ph.D.<br />

liddello@scsk12.org<br />

TMEA State Higher Education Chair<br />

Lauren Ramey, Ph.D.<br />

lauren.e.ramey@gmail.com<br />

MTGMEA President<br />

Corynn York<br />

yorkc@rcschools.net<br />

MTGMEA President-Elect<br />

Abbi Miller<br />

abigail.miller@cityschools.net<br />

MTVA President<br />

Lorna Pyka<br />

lornapyka@yahoo.com<br />

MTVA President-Elect<br />

T.J. McLaughlin<br />

t.j.mclaughlin@sumnerschools.org<br />

MTSBOA President<br />

J.R. Baker<br />

john.baker@rcstn.net<br />

MTSBOA President-Elect<br />

Stacy Jernigan<br />

stacy.jernigan000@gmail.com<br />

TMEA NAfME Collegiate Chair<br />

Michael Chandler, Ph.D.<br />

chandlermd@apsu.edu<br />

TMEA Society for Music Teacher<br />

Education/Research Chair<br />

Loneka Wilkinson Battiste, Ph.D.<br />

lbattis2@utk.edu<br />

TMEA Advocacy and<br />

Government Relations Chair<br />

Christopher Dye, Ed.D.<br />

christopher.dye@mtsu.edu<br />

TMEA Communications Manager,<br />

Publications Editor and<br />

Advertising Manager<br />

Anna Laura Williams<br />

anna.laura.williams@tnmea.org<br />

ETGMEA President<br />

Bryant Adler<br />

etgmea@gmail.com<br />

ETGMEA President-Elect<br />

Hannah Strong<br />

hannahstrong@hvocals.com<br />

ETVA President<br />

Kristen Wiram<br />

KristenWi@gmail.com<br />

ETVA President-Elect<br />

William Brimer<br />

william.brimer@knoxschools.org<br />

ETSBOA President<br />

Jim Burton<br />

president@etsboa.org<br />

ETSBOA President-Elect<br />

Megan Christian<br />

presidentelect@etsboa.org<br />

tmea project chairs<br />

TMEA Modern Band Education Chair<br />

Michael Parsons<br />

mlparsons@briarcrest.com<br />

TMEA Jazz Education Policy Chair<br />

Frank Zimmerer, Ed.D.<br />

frank.zimmerer@mnps.org<br />

TMEA Tri-M Chair<br />

Pamela Wilensky<br />

wilenskypb@scsk12.org<br />

TMEA Music In Our Schools Month Chair<br />

Lisa Crunk<br />

crunkl@bedfordk12tn.net<br />

TMEA Music Merchants Industry Chair<br />

Scott Lane<br />

scott@lanemusic.com<br />

TMEA Retired Teachers Chair<br />

Deborah Gouge<br />

debbie.gouge@ecschools.net<br />

TMEA Webmaster<br />

John Womack<br />

john.womack@tnmea.org<br />

tmea all-state & conference management team<br />

<strong>TN</strong> All-State Choral Chair<br />

Brian Russell, DMA<br />

brian.russell@tnmea.org<br />

<strong>TN</strong> All-State Instrumental Chair<br />

Carter <strong>No</strong>blin<br />

carter.noblin@tnmea.org<br />

<strong>TN</strong> All-State Jazz Band Chair<br />

Cord Martin<br />

corderyl.martin@gmail.com<br />

<strong>TN</strong> Treble Honor Choir Chair<br />

Tiffany Barton<br />

tntreblechoir@gmail.com<br />

TMEA Conference<br />

Registration Chair<br />

Mark Garey<br />

mgarey86@comcast.net<br />

TMEA Conference Performing<br />

Ensembles Instrumental Chair<br />

John Mears<br />

mearsj@rcschools.net<br />

TMEA Conference Performing<br />

Ensembles Choral Chair<br />

Susan Kelly, DMA<br />

kellysu@rcschools.net<br />

4 | TENNESSEE MUSICIAN | 2023 | <strong>Vol</strong>ume <strong>75</strong>, <strong>No</strong>. 2


TENNESSEE MUSICIAN ADVERTISER INDEX | VOLUME <strong>75</strong>, <strong>No</strong>. 2<br />

Tennessee <strong>Musician</strong><br />

The Official Publication of the<br />

Tennessee Music Education<br />

Association<br />

Inside Front Cover<br />

Tennessee Tech. University<br />

University of Memphis Rudi E. Scheidt School of Music<br />

02 | Nashville Symphony<br />

06 | East Tennessee State<br />

University<br />

08 | Austin Peay State<br />

University<br />

14 | Maryville College<br />

16 | University of Tennessee<br />

Knoxville Bands<br />

Center Page<br />

Bethel University Renaissance<br />

Inside Back Cover<br />

University of Tennessee at Chattanooga<br />

Back Cover<br />

Lee University<br />

17 | University of Tennessee<br />

Knoxville School of Music<br />

19 | Middle Tennessee State<br />

University<br />

21 | University of Tennessee<br />

Martin<br />

28 | Slate Group<br />

The Tennessee Music Education<br />

Association (TMEA) was officially<br />

formed in 1945 as a voluntary, nonprofit<br />

organization representing<br />

all phases of music education at all<br />

school levels. The mission of TMEA<br />

is to promote the advancement of<br />

high-quality music education for all.<br />

Active TMEA membership is open to<br />

all persons currently teaching music<br />

and others with a special interest<br />

or involvement in music education.<br />

Collegiate memberships and<br />

retired memberships are available.<br />

Additional membership information<br />

is available on the TMEA website:<br />

www.tnmea.org.<br />

The Tennessee <strong>Musician</strong> was<br />

founded in 1948 with J. Clark Rhodes<br />

appointed by the TMEA Board of<br />

Control as inaugural editor.<br />

Tennessee <strong>Musician</strong> was preceded<br />

by an earlier publication, Tennessee<br />

Music Editors’ Downbeat, which was<br />

discontinued by the TMEA Board of<br />

Control at the spring board meeting,<br />

held in Chattanooga, Tennessee, in<br />

1948.<br />

All advertising and editorial<br />

materials should be sent to<br />

Anna Laura Williams, Managing<br />

Editor and Advertising Manager;<br />

anna.laura.williams@tnmea.org;<br />

615-784-8632.<br />

Advertising information is available<br />

on the TMEA website:<br />

https://www.tnmea.org/advertising.<br />

html. Submit editorial materials by<br />

e-mail in Microsoft Word format.<br />

<strong>No</strong>n-member subscriptions and<br />

single copy orders can be placed via<br />

e-mail to the editor.<br />

Deadlines for advertisement orders<br />

and editorial materials:<br />

Issue <strong>No</strong>. 1 – Deadline: September 15<br />

(in home delivery: December/January);<br />

Issue <strong>No</strong>. 2 – Deadline: <strong>No</strong>vember 15<br />

(in home delivery: January/February);<br />

Issue <strong>No</strong>. 3 – Deadline: February 15<br />

(in home delivery: March/April);<br />

Issue <strong>No</strong>. 4 – Deadline: April 15<br />

(in home delivery: May/June)<br />

The views and opinions expressed in<br />

the articles included in the Tennessee<br />

<strong>Musician</strong> are those of the authors and<br />

do not necessarily reflect the official<br />

policy or position of TMEA, the<br />

members, the staff, or the advertisers.<br />

Tennessee Music Education Association | www.tnmea.org | 5


DEPARTMENT OF MUSIC<br />

• Degrees in Performance, Music<br />

Education, Contemporary Music<br />

Performance, Composition, and<br />

Music History<br />

• Nationally-recognized classical<br />

and contemporary ensembles<br />

• Award-winning faculty who care<br />

about student success<br />

Make Your<br />

Dreams a reality<br />

• Competitive scholarships up<br />

to full tuition available for<br />

music majors<br />

• Scholarships available to<br />

all non-music majors who<br />

participate in ensembles<br />

Want us to<br />

contact you?<br />

Scan now!<br />

etsu.edu/music<br />

Facebook.com/ETSUMusic<br />

GoETSUMusic<br />

The ETSU Department of Music is fully accredited by the National Association of Schools of Music.<br />

ETSU is an Equal Opportunity/Affirmative Action University: etsu.edu/universitycounsel/compliance. ETSU-230761-A-23 Designed and produced by BMC Creative.


TMEA PRESIDENT’S MESSAGE<br />

Ryan Fisher, Ph.D.<br />

University of Memphis<br />

IF YOU HAVEN'T ALREADY, BE SURE YOU<br />

REGISTER FOR THE 64TH ANNUAL TMEA<br />

CONFERENCE IMMEDIATELY.<br />

Tennessee Music Education Association leadership has been<br />

hard at work over the last few months. I am excited to share<br />

more information about the exceptional successes that your<br />

TMEA Executive Committee, Board of Directors, Council<br />

Members, and Project Chairs have accomplished for you.<br />

Our organization now has a TMEA Constitution and has<br />

substantially amended our TMEA Bylaws to improve the<br />

overall flow and structure while also removing redundancies<br />

and contradictions. You can review these recently adopted<br />

amendments on the TMEA website.<br />

One of my priorities as president of TMEA was to create our<br />

first Equity in Music committee. The board approved the<br />

committee members at the end of the Fall semester, and the<br />

committee has now had several meetings. Roland Wilson and<br />

Jasmine Fripp are co-chairing this important committee, and<br />

they have already started several research projects to examine<br />

equity in our organization and our music programs across<br />

the state. The committee will also present a session at the<br />

conference and solicit your feedback on your perceptions of<br />

diversity, equity, inclusion and access to develop programming<br />

to address potential issues identified.<br />

We are also elated to launch the inaugural All-State Modern<br />

Band this Spring. Our TMEA Modern Band Project Chair,<br />

Michael Parsons, has done a fantastic job in organizing the<br />

audition process and will host and lead the ensemble at<br />

Briarcrest High School prior to our professional development<br />

conference. We hope to show you some video footage from the<br />

modern band event at the conference.<br />

As we approach our 64th Annual Tennessee Music Education<br />

Association Conference, I want to encourage you to purchase<br />

your ticket to attend the TMEA Awards Banquet on<br />

Thursday, April 20, 2023. Dr. Cedric Dent, MTSU professor<br />

and Take 6 legend, will present the keynote address, and Susan<br />

Smith, President-Elect of the NAfME Southern Division,<br />

will share information on the exciting things our national<br />

organization has done and is planning to execute in the coming<br />

months and years. My favorite part of this event is recognizing<br />

our outstanding music educators in Tennessee. We have added<br />

several award categories in order to ensure music teachers of<br />

various grade levels are acknowledged for the essential work<br />

they do to expose our students to a quality music education.<br />

Sound Fuzion, the phenomenal modern band from the<br />

University of Memphis, will perform at the conclusion of<br />

our banquet.<br />

In this issue, you will read about the incredible ensembles<br />

that have been selected to perform at this year’s conference.<br />

On Wednesday evening of the conference, we will present two<br />

community music ensembles: Tennessee Wind Symphony<br />

and Music City Chorus. Thursday morning will feature the<br />

Collierville High School Wind Ensemble; the <strong>No</strong>lensville<br />

High School Wind Ensemble will perform afterwards as part<br />

of the Tennessee Bandmasters Association Awards Ceremony.<br />

That afternoon, we will present a power-packed, two-hour choral<br />

performance session that features Athena Treble Choir from<br />

Stewarts Creek High School, the Farragut High School<br />

Advanced Mixed Choir, TEBA (Tenor Bass) Chorale from<br />

Middle Tennessee State University, and the Cordova High<br />

School Concert Singers. We will also have chamber ensemble<br />

performances during the conference from the percussion<br />

ensembles at Blackman Middle School, Blackman High<br />

School, and East Tennessee State University.<br />

Finally, our All-State ensembles will be led by a diverse<br />

representation of the very best conductors and educators in our<br />

country. You can read more about their accolades and credentials<br />

in this issue. I can’t wait to witness the impact these talented<br />

directors will make on our students. If you haven’t already,<br />

be sure you register for the 64th Annual TMEA Conference<br />

immediately. All details on the presenters and schedule<br />

are available through our conference app (Whova). This<br />

conference will be one you will not want to miss.<br />

Ryan Fisher, Ph.D.<br />

39th TMEA President<br />

Tennessee Music Education Association | www.tnmea.org | 7


DEPARTMENT OF<br />

MUSIC<br />

CONCENTRATIONS IN:<br />

Music Performance • Music Education • Music Therapy<br />

Composition • Liberal Studies<br />

Visit us online for audition dates and<br />

scholarship information.<br />

apsu.edu/music<br />

931-221-7818 • music@apsu.edu<br />

Austin Peay State University does not discriminate on the basis of race, color, religion, creed, national origin, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity/expression, disability, age,<br />

status as a protected veteran, genetic information, or any other legally protected class with respect to all employment, programs and activities sponsored by APSU. Policy 6:001<br />

AP119/10-21/1


TMEA 2023 CONFERENCE PERFORMANCE ENSEMBLES<br />

TENNESSEE WIND SYMPHONY<br />

Performance on Wednesday, April 19, 2023, at 9:00 p.m<br />

The Tennessee Wind Symphony (TWS) was founded in 1991.<br />

It presents a year-round series of concerts in a wide range of<br />

venues. The TWS is dedicated to excellence in symphonic<br />

band performance and to providing quality band music for the<br />

people of Tennessee.<br />

In addition to a regular schedule of concerts in Tennessee, the<br />

TWS has performed in Washington, D.C.; London, England; and twice at Carnegie Hall, New York, NY. The TWS has received numerous<br />

awards and recognitions, most notably the 2007-2008 John Philip Sousa Foundation Sudler Silver Scroll, <strong>No</strong>rth America’s most<br />

prestigious award for community concert bands.<br />

The Wind Symphony typically provides admission-free concerts, being a not-for-profit 501(c)(3) corporation chartered in the State of<br />

Tennessee, funded entirely through membership dues, donations, and corporate sponsors. The TWS membership consists of a wide<br />

range of ages, professions, and musical backgrounds. Members live and work all over East Tennessee, assembling weekly in Knoxville<br />

for rehearsals.<br />

The Tennessee Wind Symphony is a member of the Association of Concert Bands, the Arts & Culture Alliance of Greater Knoxville, and<br />

is supported by the Tennessee Arts Commission.<br />

Dr. John Culvahouse<br />

John N. Culvahouse retired as Professor of Music Education at Kennesaw State University in<br />

2014. From 1991 until 2007, he served on the faculty at the University of Georgia, where he was a<br />

tenured Associate Professor and member of the Graduate Faculty. Prior to his appointment at UGA<br />

in 1991, Dr. Culvahouse taught in the public schools in South Carolina and Tennessee for seventeen<br />

years, where he directed high school, middle school, and elementary school bands. He received the<br />

Bachelor and Master of Music Education degrees from the University of Tennessee and the Doctor<br />

of Musical Arts in Conducting from the University of South Carolina. In 2014, he was elected to<br />

the membership of the American Bandmasters Association. On April 24, 2018, he was appointed<br />

Conductor of the Tennessee Wind Symphony.<br />

Dr. Wayne Dorothy<br />

Wayne F. Dorothy, Professor of Music Emeritus, recently retired as Director of Bands and<br />

Professor of Music from Hardin-Simmons University where, for sixteen years, he conducted<br />

the Concert Band, “The World Famous” Cowboy Band, and taught graduate and undergraduate<br />

classes in conducting, band repertoire, and music education. His 39-year teaching career included<br />

appointments at Ball State University, <strong>No</strong>rth Dakota State University, Morehead State University,<br />

Kansas State University, and eight years as a public-school band director in Tennessee. Dorothy<br />

earned the B.S. and M.S. in music education from the University of Tennessee and the Doctor of<br />

Arts in conducting from Ball State University. His honors include the National Band Association’s<br />

“Citation of Excellence,” “1999 <strong>No</strong>rth Dakota Band Director of the Year,” Sigma Alpha Iota “Friend<br />

of the Arts,” East Tennessee School Band & Orchestra Association Honorary Lifetime Member, and<br />

elected membership in Phi Beta Mu International Bandmaster’s Fraternity (1985) and Pi Kappa<br />

Lambda. In 2008, his Hardin-Simmons University Concert Band performed at the College Band<br />

Directors National Association Southwest Region Convention in Kansas City, Missouri.<br />

Dorothy has served as guest conductor, clinician, and adjudicator in 17 states and performs as a clarinetist and saxophonist. Dorothy<br />

held elected office in the Texas Music Educators Association and served on the Board of Directors of the National Band Association,<br />

East Tennessee School Band & Orchestra Association, and <strong>No</strong>rth Dakota Music Educators Association. He has numerous publications,<br />

including entries in four volumes of the GIA Teaching Music through Performance in Band series.<br />

Tennessee Music Education Association | www.tnmea.org | 9


TMEA 2023 CONFERENCE PERFORMANCE ENSEMBLES<br />

MUSIC CITY CHORUS<br />

Performance on Wednesday, April 19, 2023, at 9:00 p.m.<br />

Under the direction of Dusty Schleier, the Music City Chorus<br />

(MCC) is a premier men’s a cappella chorus based in Nashville,<br />

Tennessee, known for its captivating and entertaining<br />

performances of diverse repertoire, including barbershop,<br />

musical theater, pop, and holiday favorites. MCC recently<br />

presented its second show at the historic Ryman Auditorium<br />

in December 2022 with special guest artist David Phelps. For the first time in its <strong>75</strong>-year history, MCC was crowned International<br />

Chorus Champion of the Barbershop Harmony Society in 2022, fulfilling the dream of its 80+ chorus members.<br />

MCC focuses on building fellowship and camaraderie through the barbershop style. MCC is fortunate to have an incredibly talented<br />

music leadership team, with certified directors and coaches who seek to build the individual vocal craft and musicianship of each<br />

chorus member. Music, and especially a capella singing, has the power to change lives for the better; MCC takes its role seriously as<br />

an arts community leader in Middle Tennessee, striving to share their love and passion for vocal excellence with as many as possible.<br />

Performing at TMEA is a huge honor for the chorus, and it helps them fulfill their mission of exceptional singing and lifelong learning.<br />

Dusty Schleier<br />

Dusty Schleier joined the Barbershop Harmony Society in 1989. He is a second-generation<br />

barbershopper, and “grew up” singing with the three-time International Champion Phoenicians<br />

chorus. He served as an assistant director with the Phoenicians and directed the Mesa, AZ, chapter<br />

from 1998-2000.<br />

In June of 2000, Dusty moved to Connecticut and later won the <strong>No</strong>rtheastern District Quartet<br />

Championship with Prelude. He directed the Bridgeport, CT, and the Westchester County, NY,<br />

chapters while living in the northeast. He led the Westchester Chordsmen to multiple<br />

Mid-Atlantic division championships as well as a Buckeye Invitational Championship. Dusty is<br />

also a past International Quartet competitor with Resolution and a four-time International Quartet<br />

Finalist with <strong>TN</strong>S.<br />

In 2007, Dusty relocated to Nashville and is the Director of Meetings & Conventions for the<br />

Barbershop Harmony Society. Dusty is a certified Performance Judge and travels the country coaching quartets & choruses. He<br />

resides in Smyrna, <strong>TN</strong>, with his wife, Erica, and daughter, Scarlett.<br />

Rick Spencer<br />

Rick Spencer has spent over three-quarters of his life immersed in barbershop harmony. He joined<br />

the Barbershop Harmony Society at age 10 and has dedicated most of his life to teaching others<br />

about the barbershop art form.<br />

As a quartet singer, Rick has won numerous district-level awards and has placed as high as 4th in<br />

international competition. He is a Music Judge for the Barbershop Harmony Society, a published<br />

arranger of men’s and women’s a cappella choral music, and an active music coach and clinician.<br />

Originally from Connecticut, Rick holds degrees in music and music education from the University<br />

of Connecticut. When he’s not doing music, Rick loves spending time with his wife Heather and<br />

their combined family of six children.<br />

10 | TENNESSEE MUSICIAN | 2023 | <strong>Vol</strong>ume <strong>75</strong>, <strong>No</strong>. 2


COLLIERVILLE HIGH SCHOOL<br />

WIND ENSEMBLE<br />

Performance on Thursday, April 20, 2023, at 9:30 a.m.<br />

The Collierville Wind Ensemble (Collierville High School)<br />

is the top performance group comprised of 9th-12th grade<br />

students. The wind ensemble's mission is to expose students<br />

to the rich history of wind band literature and create<br />

memorable performance for the Collierville community. The ensemble has earned consistent superior ratings in concert<br />

performance assessment and ASBDA awards of distinction. The ensemble has worked with several esteemed conductors,<br />

including Dr. Scott Jones (Ohio State University), Dr. Steve Moore (University of Miami), Dr. Steven Meyer (<strong>No</strong>rthern Arizona<br />

University), Dr. Christopher Morehouse (Southern Illinois University), Dr. Benjamin Diden (Georgia Tech University), and Dr.<br />

Albert Nguyen (University of Memphis).<br />

Thomas Richardson<br />

Mr. Thomas Richardson is a native of Charleston, South Carolina. He is a graduate of the<br />

University of South Carolina with a Bachelor of Music in Education and the University of<br />

Southern Illinois with a Master of Music in Wind Conducting.<br />

Prior to joining Collierville High School, Mr. Richardson was Director of Bands at Berkeley High<br />

School in South Carolina before moving to Tennessee. From 2017 to July 2019, Mr. Richardson<br />

was vital to the growth of Collierville High School as the Associate Director of Bands. The<br />

concert bands earned consistent superior ratings, the winter guards were MIA medalists (2018-<br />

2019), and the jazz band earned its first superior rating in 2019. Mr. Richardson then became<br />

the Director of Bands at Collierville in the Fall of 2019 continuing the growth of the program<br />

to three concert bands, all earning superior ratings at concert assessment. The marching band<br />

became BOA regional finalist in 2019. The CHS band program has continued to grow their<br />

participation in the All-West, All-State, NAfME, and MFA national honor bands each year.<br />

Mr. Richardson’s professional organizations include the National Association for Music Education, Tennessee<br />

Bandmasters Association, and Phi Mu Alpha Music Fraternity. He still performs with multiple professional performing<br />

groups, including the Charleston Wind Symphony (South Carolina), Sacred Winds Ensemble (Pikeville, KY), and the<br />

Memphis Wind Ensemble. He continues to volunteer time to local band programs as an adjudicator and clinician. Mr.<br />

Richardson is the current conductor of the Memphis Youth Wind Ensemble and serves on the executive board for the<br />

Scheidt School of Music summer music programs.<br />

Tennessee Music Education Association | www.tnmea.org | 11


TMEA 2023 CONFERENCE PERFORMANCE ENSEMBLES<br />

NOLENSVILLE HIGH SCHOOL<br />

WIND ENSEMBLE<br />

Performance on Thursday, April 20, 2023, at 11:30 a.m.<br />

The <strong>No</strong>lensville Wind Ensemble (<strong>No</strong>lensville High School)<br />

is the premiere instrumental ensemble of <strong>No</strong>lensville Band.<br />

Currently in its fifth year, the Wind Ensemble is comprised<br />

of advanced young musicians representing grades 9 through<br />

12. The ensemble consistently produces MTSBOA All Mid-<br />

State Honor Band and Tennessee All-State Band members. In addition to annually achieving unanimous superior ratings at Concert<br />

Performance Assessment and the ASBDA Award of Distinction in Concert Performance, the <strong>No</strong>lensville Wind Ensemble performed<br />

before 8 million viewers as a televised featured on ABC World News Tonight With David Muir. The ensemble is honored to perform<br />

the Tennessee Bandmasters Association Hall of Fame Concert at the 64 th Annual Tennessee Music Education Association Conference,<br />

which will feature the premiere of the first <strong>No</strong>lensville Band commission by composer Brant Karrick.<br />

Benjamin Easley<br />

Benjamin Easley serves as Director of Bands at <strong>No</strong>lensville High School, the newest Williamson<br />

County Schools high school which opened in 2016. Prior to starting <strong>No</strong>lensville Band, Mr. Easley<br />

began his Tennessee teaching career at John Overton High School. He previously served as<br />

Associate Band Director at Berkner High School in Richardson, Texas, where his concert<br />

ensembles achieved the UIL Sweepstakes Award and the Mighty Ram Band performed his<br />

original compositions and arrangements as finalists at the 2012 TX UIL 5A State Marching<br />

Contest and multiple Bands of America Regional Championships.<br />

Under his leadership, <strong>No</strong>lensville Band membership has increased by 450% since its beginnings<br />

in 2016. In addition to consistently earning unanimous superior ratings at Concert Performance<br />

Assessment and the ASBDA Award of Distinction in Concert Performance, recent <strong>No</strong>lensville Band<br />

performances include appearances at the 49th Annual Gospel Music Association Dove Awards,<br />

Chicago St. Patrick’s Day Parade, and Nissan Stadium for the Tennessee Titans.<br />

Honored as a four-time CMA Music Teacher of Excellence, Manilow Music Teacher Award winner, School Band & Orchestra Magazine’s<br />

“50 Directors Who Make a Difference,” and 2018-2019 <strong>No</strong>lensville High School Teacher of the Year, Mr. Easley graduated summa cum<br />

laude with a B.M. in Trombone Performance, M.M. in Instrumental Conducting, M.M. in Music Education, and M.M. in Music Theory<br />

Pedagogy from Southern Methodist University in Dallas, Texas. His primary professional mentors include Jack Delaney, John Kitzman,<br />

Ray Conklin, Lynne Jackson, Brian Merrill, Frank Troyka, and John Easley. As a performing artist, Mr. Easley has collaborated and<br />

performed live with Grammy-winning recording artists including Josh Groban, <strong>No</strong>rah Jones, Shane & Shane, and Béla Fleck & the<br />

Flecktones. He currently resides in <strong>No</strong>lensville with his wife, Sarah, and their daughters, Ella (8) and Harper (6).<br />

Regina Go<br />

Regina Go serves as Assistant Band Director for <strong>No</strong>lensville High School and Mill Creek Middle<br />

School in <strong>No</strong>lensville, Tennessee. A native of Indiana, Regina graduated from Indiana University<br />

in 2019 with a Bachelor of Music Education. During that time, she performed with nearly every<br />

IU band and orchestra, including the Wind Ensemble and the Philharmonic Orchestra. She also<br />

performed at the Foster Farms Bowl in 2016 during her time with the IU Marching Hundred. She<br />

has been a member of the Steel Pan and the Afro-Cuban ensembles and performed with many extracurricular<br />

ensembles, such as the Southern Indiana Wind Ensemble. Regina spent multiple years<br />

with the Phantom Regiment Drum and Bugle Corps (summers of 2015, 2016, and 2018).<br />

Throughout her undergraduate career, Regina built and shared her skills as a middle and high school<br />

educator. She taught at Ben Davis High School (Indianapolis, IN) and served as a lead percussion<br />

instructor for Edgewood High School (Ellettsville, IN). She has taught private lessons since 2015,<br />

teaching lessons to students anywhere from ages 5-22. In 2019, Regina moved to Tennessee and<br />

became the Assistant Band Director at Woodland Middle School, and simultaneously worked with the Ravenwood High School marching<br />

band and winter percussion ensembles in Brentwood, Tennessee. She taught there for three years before moving to her current position<br />

in <strong>No</strong>lensville.<br />

12 | TENNESSEE MUSICIAN | 2023 | <strong>Vol</strong>ume <strong>75</strong>, <strong>No</strong>. 2


STEWARTS CREEK H.S.<br />

ATHENA TREBLE CHOIR<br />

Performance on Thursday, April 20, 2023, at 4:00 p.m.<br />

The Athena Treble Choir is the flagship treble ensemble of<br />

the Stewarts Creek High School choral program, which also<br />

includes the Apollo Contra Ensemble (advanced tenor/bass),<br />

Bel Canto (intermediate treble), Giovani Voci (beginning<br />

treble), and Meistersingers (beginning tenor/bass). The<br />

Stewarts Creek Choirs are one division of the Stewarts Creek<br />

Fine Arts Academy, which, along with Visual Arts, Theater,<br />

and Instrumental Music, offers a collaborative, conservatory-style education within Stewarts Creek High School, offering students<br />

a focused study in the Arts while enjoying the benefits of a comprehensive public high school. The Academy also offers the Stewarts<br />

Creek Arts Certificate, a four-year diploma program that offers the highest-achieving students guided opportunities for growth, such<br />

as monthly advisory sessions, yearly performance evaluations, and a senior Capstone Recital/Portfolio juried by Stewarts Creek<br />

faculty. Nearly fifty students in the Stewarts Creek Choral and Theater programs take private voice instruction from two applied<br />

voice faculty who teach during the school day. Stewarts Creek students perform in two voice recitals and masterclasses each year.<br />

Stewarts Creek voice students are past winners of Regional NATS competitions and the Orpheus Vocal Competition and are regularly<br />

accepted into the All-County Choirs, Mid-State Choirs, All-State Choirs, Governor’s School for the Arts, and Regional/National<br />

Honor Choirs of the American Choral Directors Association.<br />

Dr. Susan Kelly<br />

Dr. Susan Kelly is Director of Choirs at Stewarts Creek High School, where she conducts five choirs,<br />

teaches Dual Enrollment Ear Training, and music directs the campus musicals and operas. She<br />

joined the faculty of Stewarts Creek in 2020. Prior to coming to Stewarts Creek, Dr. Kelly served as<br />

an Assistant Professor of Music/Choral Director at Tennessee State University where she directed the<br />

University Choir and Meistersingers, taught classes in Music Education and Conducting, and taught<br />

Applied Voice. She currently serves as an associate conductor for Vox Grata Women’s Choir and as<br />

Adult Choir Director at St. Paul's Episcopal Church in Murfreesboro. Dr. Kelly is also in demand as<br />

a guest conductor, having recently conducted the KY-ACDA All-State Middle-School Choir, as well<br />

as choirs in Georgia, Tennessee, Pennsylvania, New York, and Virginia. Additionally, she has sung<br />

soprano with the Tennessee Chamber Chorus, a professional choir based in eastern Tennessee and The<br />

Cecilia Ensemble, based in Augusta, Georgia. Susan holds undergraduate degrees in Music Education<br />

and English Education from Wilkes University, a Master of Music degree in Vocal Performance and Choral Conducting from Temple<br />

University, and a Doctor of Musical Arts degree in Choral Conducting from the University of South Carolina. Prior to her move to<br />

Tennessee, Susan was active in both PennsylvaniaMusic Educators Association (in which she served as Choral Coordinator of District<br />

9) and ACDA (in which she served as President-Elect Designate of PA-ACDA). She is serving as the Vice-President of <strong>TN</strong>-ACDA.<br />

Dr. Brian Russell<br />

Dr. Brian Russell is Director of Choirs at Stewarts Creek High School, where he conducts five<br />

choirs, teaches Dual Enrollment Music Theory, music directs the campus musicals and operas,<br />

and is Fine Arts Department Chair. Dr. Russell founded the Choral Program when Stewarts<br />

Creek opened in Spring 2013. Dr. Russell holds his Bachelor of Music degree from MTSU where<br />

he studied trombone, piano, violin, and voice. He received his Master’s and Doctorate degrees<br />

in Conducting from the Eastman School of Music in Rochester, NY, where he won the coveted<br />

Walter Hagan Conducting Prize and the Julius Herford Prize, awarded for outstanding research<br />

in his dissertation on the music of G. P. Telemann. Before returning to Murfreesboro in 2012,<br />

Dr. Russell was Assistant Professor of Music at Illinois Wesleyan University (Bloomington) and<br />

Hobart and William Smith Colleges (Geneva, NY), where he conducted vocal and instrumental<br />

ensembles, taught conducting and courses in secondary instrumental and vocal methods. He has also<br />

taught middle and high school instrumental and vocal music at five different schools in Rutherford and Sumner counties.<br />

He has been an invited guest conductor and clinician for regional and All-State choirs across the Southeast, Midwest, and <strong>No</strong>rtheast.<br />

Dr. Russell is the Executive Music Director of Murfreesboro’s Ethos Youth Ensembles. Dr. Russell is also Director of Music at St.<br />

Andrew Lutheran Church in Franklin, the State Choral Performance Assessment Coordinator for the Tennessee Chapter of the<br />

American Choral Directors Association, and the All-State Choral Chair for the Tennessee Music Education Association. Dr.<br />

Russell lives in Murfreesboro with his wife and three children, all of whom attend Stewarts Creek schools.<br />

Tennessee Music Education Association | www.tnmea.org | 13


TMEA 2023 CONFERENCE PERFORMANCE ENSEMBLES<br />

FARRAGUT HIGH SCHOOL<br />

ADVANCED MIXED CHOIR<br />

Performance on Thursday, April 20, 2023, at 4:00 p.m.<br />

The Advanced Mixed Choir is the premiere ensemble in the Farragut High School<br />

Choral Program. Students selected for this choir have completed at least one semester<br />

of study in vocal music during which they have shown exceptional musical skill. The<br />

group focuses on performing a variety of repertoire while building skill in music theory<br />

and sight reading. Members of this ensemble regularly participate in All East Honor<br />

Choir, All-State Choirs, and Governor’s School for the Arts. In the last two years, the<br />

Advanced Mixed Choir has performed for the opening session of the Tennessee State Senate, scored straight superior markings<br />

at JB Lyle and ACDA State Performance Assessment, and performed at Carnegie Hall in New York City.<br />

Mitchell Moore<br />

Mitchell Moore is the Director of Choirs at Farragut High School, where he directs Women’s Chorale,<br />

Men’s Chorale, Concert Choir, Advanced Women’s Choir, Advanced Mixed Choir, and vocal directs the<br />

annual musical. Originally from Tifton, Georgia, Mitchell graduated with a Bachelor of Music Education<br />

from Georgia College & State University (Milledgeville, GA) in 2015. He served as Director of Choirs<br />

at Howard High School (Macon, GA) from 2015-2018. In 2020, he graduated with a Master of Music<br />

in Choral Conducting from the University of Tennessee (Knoxville, <strong>TN</strong>), where he directed the UT<br />

Women’s Chorale and VOLume men’s a cappella ensemble. Mitchell has been fortunate to participate<br />

in the 2019 Atlanta Summer Conducting Institute and the 2020 Southern Division ACDA Student<br />

Conducting Masterclass. He is proud to be serving his third year as the Choir Director at Farragut High<br />

School (Knoxville, <strong>TN</strong>).<br />

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Apply online at maryvillecollege.edu/apply. For details, contact Admissions at 865.981.8092 or email admissions@maryvillecollege.edu<br />

MARYVILLECOLLEGE.EDU 502 E. LAMAR ALEXANDER PKWY., MARYVILLE TENNESSEE 37804


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2023 PRIDE OF THE SOUTHLAND<br />

MARCHING BAND AUDITION DATES<br />

Video auditions may be submitted<br />

if you are unable to attend these dates<br />

Music Majors<br />

Woodwind/Brass/Percussion<br />

February 11, 2023 & February 18, 2023<br />

<strong>No</strong>n Music Majors<br />

Woodwind/Brass/Percussion<br />

February 18, 2023 & February 25, 2023<br />

Color Guard<br />

March 4, 2023<br />

Both live and virtual auditions available...For more information regarding video submission options for<br />

The Pride of the Southland Band visit our website www.utbands.com or call 865-974-5031<br />

CONNECT WITH UT BANDS


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TMEA 2023 CONFERENCE PERFORMANCE ENSEMBLES<br />

MTSU TEBA CHORALE<br />

Performance on Thursday, April 20, 2023, at 5:00 p.m.<br />

The MTSU TEBA Chorale began singing together in the Fall<br />

of 2019. The ensemble is open to all university students,<br />

staff, and faculty who sing tenor or bass. They perform<br />

two concerts each semester, with a varied repertoire from<br />

madrigals to musical theatre. The ensemble encompasses<br />

students from across many majors, with over half being<br />

non-music majors such as audio production, plant and soil<br />

science, and aerospace. They were invited to perform for the Williamson County Men’s Choir Festival, and they regularly appear<br />

in MTSU’s “Joys of the Season” produced by the College of Liberal Arts.<br />

Angela Tipps<br />

Angela Tipps is completing her 25th year at MTSU. She conducts the MTSU TEBA and SOAL<br />

Chorales, teaches basic and choral conducting, coordinates the music appreciation courses in the<br />

School of Music, and often serves as musical director for the Department of Speech and Theatre.<br />

Angela recently became the Musical Director of the Middle Tennessee Choral Society, which<br />

performs major choral works with orchestra each semester. She is also the Organist and Director<br />

of Music at St. Paul’s Episcopal Church in Murfreesboro. Her choirs have sung for TMEA, state<br />

and regional ACDA conferences, and have been recorded for NPR’s Performance Today. The MTSU<br />

SOAL Chorale was invited to perform in the Nashville Symphony Chorus’s “Voices of Spring”<br />

concert in 2019.<br />

Ms. Tipps received the Bachelor of Music degree in organ performance from MTSU and the Master<br />

of Church Music degree from Scarritt Graduate School in Nashville. She studied conducting<br />

with Dr. Sandra Willetts and organ with Dr. Janette Fishell and Dr. Wilma Jensen. She is Past-<br />

President of the Tennessee chapter of the American Choral Directors Association, and a past college representative for MTVA. An<br />

active conductor and clinician, Angela has conducted the Virginia All-State Mixed Chorus, the Governors School for the Arts, and<br />

various collegiate and high school festivals across the region.<br />

18 | TENNESSEE MUSICIAN | 2023 | <strong>Vol</strong>ume <strong>75</strong>, <strong>No</strong>. 2


Ensembles from<br />

jazz to orchestra<br />

to commercial music<br />

Make Music at MTSU<br />

Audition to Major or Minor in Music<br />

Virtual auditions accepted through May 1.<br />

More information about auditioning and available programs at mtsu.edu/music<br />

Music living-learning<br />

community on campus<br />

SCHOOL OF MUSIC<br />

615-898-2469 • Angela.Satterfield@mtsu.edu<br />

0821-9660 / Middle Tennessee State University does not discriminate on the basis of race, color, national origin, sex, disability,<br />

age, status as a protected veteran, or any other category protected by law. See our full policy at mtsu.edu/iec.


TMEA 2023 CONFERENCE PERFORMANCE ENSEMBLES<br />

CORDOVA HIGH SCHOOL<br />

CONCERT SINGERS<br />

Performance on Thursday, April 20, 2023, at 5:00 p.m.<br />

The award-winning Concert Singers is the top-performing<br />

ensemble at Cordova High School. “The Singers” are<br />

comprised of 10th through 12th grade honor students and<br />

occasionally a few 9th graders who meet the audition and<br />

academic requirements; they must maintain a C average<br />

in their classes to perform with this ensemble. Of this<br />

ensemble, 30 of these singers made the All-Southwest Tennessee Senior High Honor choir. “The Singers” continuously receive<br />

superior ratings, best in class, and overall top ensemble at local and national competitions. In 2018, “The Singers” reached<br />

national acclaim with over 9 million views on Facebook for their musical tribute to Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., and have had<br />

additional viral videos surpassing over a million views on both YouTube and Facebook. “The Singers” by invitation have performed<br />

in Louisiana, Mississippi, Arkansas, Hawaii, and New York at the world-renowned Carnegie Hall. This past Spring, “The<br />

Singers” were selected to perform at the 2022 Southern Conference of the American Choral Directors Association in Raleigh,<br />

<strong>No</strong>rth Carolina. The students continuously graduate with full vocal, choral, and academic scholarships to institutions of their choices.<br />

The Concert Singers are widely known for their inspiring and moving performances.<br />

Adrian Maclin<br />

Adrian Maclin is in his tenth year as director of choirs at Cordova High School. As a product<br />

of Memphis City Schools, Maclin was inspired by his middle and high school choral directors<br />

to become a music educator. Adrian is a graduate of Philander Smith College where earned his<br />

Bachelor of Arts degree in Music with emphasis on vocal performance.<br />

Adrian works hard to not only produce outstanding performing ensembles, but he is committed<br />

to educating and cultivating the total musician and student. Adrian works to inspire his<br />

students to allow music to inspire their next chapter in life. In addition to Adrian’s work at<br />

Cordova, he serves the Memphis-Shelby County School district on the Music Leadership team.<br />

In this role, Adrian’s primary focus is to support his choral colleagues and novice directors<br />

in professional development planning and presentations, and opportunities to organize team<br />

teaching and mentoring. Adrian also serves as President for the West Tennessee Vocal Music<br />

Educators Association and has served on the board for the Tennessee Chapter of the American<br />

Choral Directors Association. Through these roles, Adrian hopes he fulfill his part to aid in every child having access to a strong<br />

choral music education.<br />

Maclin has faithfully served his home church of Mount Moriah-East Baptist Church 18 years as the Minister of Music. Adrian<br />

has adjudicated festival as well as served as guest clinician in the Memphis area, Louisiana, Florida, and for the National Baptist<br />

Convention Lucie E. Campbell Music Workshop. Adrian was recently recognized by the Country Music Association Foundation<br />

as one of their 2020 Music Teachers of Excellence award recipients. Maclin has two daughters, Madison and McKenzie, who<br />

are the apples of his eye.<br />

20 | TENNESSEE MUSICIAN | 2023 | <strong>Vol</strong>ume <strong>75</strong>, <strong>No</strong>. 2


APPLY & AUDITION<br />

Test Flight: Feb. 20, 2023<br />

Experience what it’s like to be a music major or minor at<br />

UT Martin and audition the same day. Additional audition<br />

dates upon request.<br />

Visit: utm.edu/audition<br />

SCHOLARSHIPS<br />

Available for music majors, music minors,<br />

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SPRING EVENTS FOR<br />

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Death by Voice<br />

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DEDICATED INNOVATIVE INCLUSIVE<br />

FOR MORE INFORMATION: (731)881-7402 | music@utm.edu | utm.edu/music<br />

The University of Tennessee is an EEO/AA/Title VI/Title IX/ Section 504/ADA/ADEA institution in the provision of its education and employment programs and services. All qualified applicants will receive equal consideration for employment without regard to race, color, national origin, religion, sex, pregnancy, marital status, sexual orientation, gender identity, age, physical or mental disability, or covered veteran status.<br />

Inquiries should be directed to the Office of Equity and Diversity (OED), 303 Administration Building, Martin, <strong>TN</strong> 38238, (731) 881-3505 Office, (731) 881-4889 TTY, Hearing Impaired, (731) 881-3507 Fax, equityanddiversity@utm.edu, http://www.utm.edu/departments/equalopp/. In compliance with the Jeanne Clery Disclosure of Campus Security Policy and Campus Crime Statistics Act (The Clery Act), UTM’s annual security<br />

report includes statistics for the previous three years concerning reported crimes that occurred on or around the campus and UTM’s emergency response and evacuation procedures. You can view the report at http://www.utm.edu/departments/publicsafety/_pdfs/annual security report 2014 adobe.pdf or you may obtain a paper copy of the report by contacting the Office of Public Safety, 215 Hurt Street, Martin, <strong>TN</strong> 38238 or<br />

calling (731) 881-7777. Data on intercollegiate athletics program participation rates and financial support may be found at http://www.utm.edu/about/consumer.php#3g and printed copies may be obtained through the Office of Intercollegiate Athletics, 1022 Elam Center, Martin, <strong>TN</strong> 38238 or by calling (731) 881-7660. E05-5220-00-002-23


TMEA 2023 TENNESSEE ALL-STATE ENSEMBLE CONDUCTORS<br />

DR. JULIE YU-OPPENHEIM,<br />

CONDUCTOR<br />

Tennessee All-State SATB Choir<br />

Dr. Julie Yu (She/Her/Hers) is Professor<br />

of Music and Co-Director of Choral<br />

Studies at Kansas State University<br />

where she oversees and conducts<br />

undergraduate choral ensembles,<br />

choral music education courses and<br />

the summer and residency Master<br />

of Music choral programs. Her choirs have performed in the<br />

following: Carnegie Hall; Hawaii; the National Cathedral in<br />

Washington, D.C.; Austria; the Czech Republic; France; Ireland;<br />

and Italy. She holds a Bachelor of Music degree in Music<br />

Education from the University of Central Oklahoma, Master<br />

of Music degree in Choral Conducting from Oklahoma State<br />

University, and the Doctor of Musical Arts degree in Choral<br />

Conducting from the University of <strong>No</strong>rth Texas.<br />

EUGENE ROGERS, CONDUCTOR<br />

Tennessee All-State TTBB Choir<br />

A two-time Michigan Emmy Award<br />

winner, a 2017 Sphinx Medal of<br />

Excellence recipient, and a 2015<br />

GRAMMY® Award nominee, Dr. Eugene<br />

Rogers is recognized as a leading<br />

conductor and pedagogue throughout<br />

the United States and abroad. In<br />

addition to being the founding director<br />

of EXIGENCE and the director of choirs and an associate professor<br />

of conducting at the University of Michigan, Dr. Rogers is the artistic<br />

director of The Washington Chorus (Washington D.C.). Rogers<br />

holds a Bachelor of Arts degree in choral music education from the<br />

University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign and the Master of Music<br />

and Doctor of Musical Arts degrees in choral conducting from<br />

University of Michigan.<br />

JESSICA NÁPOLES, CONDUCTOR<br />

Tennessee All-State SSAA Choir<br />

Dr. Jessica Nápoles is Professor<br />

of Choral Music Education and<br />

Conductor of the Concert Choir at<br />

the University of <strong>No</strong>rth Texas (UNT).<br />

A native of Florida with a Cuban-<br />

American background, Dr. Nápoles<br />

taught in the public schools of Miami<br />

and Orlando, Florida. She received<br />

three degrees in Music Education from the Florida State<br />

University. Dr. Nápoles has conducted All-State and honor<br />

choirs in seventeen states. Additionally, she guest conducted<br />

honor choirs for the ACDA Southern, Eastern, <strong>No</strong>rth Central/<br />

Central and Western regions of the American Choral Directors<br />

Association (ACDA) and was the featured conductor for the<br />

World Strides Honors Performance Series in Carnegie Hall on<br />

multiple occasions.<br />

KEVIN R. BURNS, CMSGT. USAF;<br />

DIRECTOR<br />

Tennessee All-State Jazz Band<br />

Chief Master Sergeant Kevin Burns<br />

was born in Fort Worth, Texas, and<br />

grew up in Cleveland, Tennessee. He<br />

enlisted in the Air Force in <strong>No</strong>vember<br />

1993. His first assignment was with<br />

the U.S. Air Force Band of the West,<br />

Lackland AFB, Texas. In 1996, he won a<br />

position with the U.S. Air Force Academy Band, Colorado Springs,<br />

Colorado, as lead trumpet with the Falconaires jazz ensemble.<br />

In 2002, he won a position with The U.S. Air Force Band as split<br />

lead trumpet with the premier jazz ensemble of the Air Force, the<br />

Airmen of <strong>No</strong>te. From 2017-2020, Burns led the Airmen of <strong>No</strong>te<br />

as flight chief. He currently serves in his 30th and final year in<br />

the Air Force. Chief Master Sergeant Burns’ duties also include<br />

leading the Marketing and Outreach shop for the entire unit. Chief<br />

Burns' music exposure began at a very early age thanks to his<br />

musical family. His senior year at Cleveland High School, he won<br />

the lead trumpet position with the Tennessee All-State Jazz Band<br />

(1985). His formal secondary music studies began at Lee University<br />

in Cleveland, Tennessee. He finished at Oral Roberts University in<br />

Tulsa, Oklahoma, where he completed a Bachelor of Music degree<br />

in performance and a Master of Business Administration degree.<br />

SHANNON JEFFREYS,<br />

CONDUCTOR<br />

Tennessee Treble Honor Choir<br />

Dr. Shannon Jeffreys is Professor of<br />

Music and Director of Choral Activities<br />

at Georgia Southern University in<br />

Statesboro, Georgia. Her focus is the<br />

Southern Chorale, teaching in the<br />

undergraduate and graduate conducting<br />

and music education curriculums,<br />

along with directing Southern Gentlemen. Dr. Jeffreys has led these<br />

choirs in six international choral competitions and two national<br />

competitions where the choirs won significant awards. Most<br />

recently, Southern Chorale won both of their categories in the<br />

2022 Sing Berlin International Choral Competition. In 2019, she<br />

received the Conductor’s Award from the Ave Verum International<br />

Choral Competition in Baden, Austria. Choirs under her direction<br />

have also been featured at multiple state and national conferences,<br />

most recently performing at the National Collegiate Choral<br />

Organization’s National Conference. She holds degrees in music<br />

performance and conducting from Birmingham Southern College,<br />

the University of Mississippi, and the University of South Carolina.<br />

22 | TENNESSEE MUSICIAN | 2023 | <strong>Vol</strong>ume <strong>75</strong>, <strong>No</strong>. 2


ANGELA AMMERMAN,<br />

CONDUCTOR<br />

Tennessee All-State<br />

9-10 String Orchestra<br />

Dr. Angela Ammerman, referred to<br />

by the Washington Post as a “music<br />

teacher prodigy,” earned degrees in<br />

Music Education from the University<br />

of Cincinnati: College-Conservatory<br />

of Music, Boston University, and her Ph.D. from George Mason<br />

University. Dr. Ammerman has dedicated much of her musical<br />

career to providing access to quality music education for<br />

underserved populations of children, including the beginnings of<br />

a strings program at a children’s home in Chiang Mai, Thailand.<br />

Dr. Ammerman is in high demand as a clinician and guest<br />

conductor and has recently been invited to conduct the California<br />

Jr. High All State Orchestra as well as the Georgia Middle School<br />

All State Orchestra.<br />

KEVIN NOE, CONDUCTOR<br />

Tennessee All-State<br />

11-12 Symphony Orchestra<br />

Kevin <strong>No</strong>e is currently Director<br />

of Orchestras and Professor<br />

of Conducting at the UMKC<br />

Conservatory of Music and Artistic<br />

Director of the Pittsburgh New Music<br />

Ensemble. A passionate promoter<br />

of the arts of our time, <strong>No</strong>e has<br />

commissioned and premiered over one hundred new works<br />

to date. With a background in the theatre, he serves regularly<br />

as writer, stage director, singer, actor, and filmmaker for a<br />

variety of mixed-media productions. <strong>No</strong>e has worked at<br />

Michigan State University, the University of Texas at Austin,<br />

the National Repertory Orchestra, the Pittsburgh Symphony,<br />

Duquesne University, the Pittsburgh Opera, the Melbourne<br />

Conservatory, the Oberlin Conservatory, and the Jacobs School<br />

of Music at Indiana University, and has conducted All-State<br />

and honors orchestras all across the United States.<br />

ANDREA BROWN, CONDUCTOR<br />

Tennessee All-State<br />

9-10 Concert Band<br />

Dr. Andrea E. Brown was appointed<br />

the Associate Director of Bands at<br />

the University of Maryland in 2018<br />

where she conducts the UMD Wind<br />

Ensemble, serves as the Director<br />

of Athletic Bands, and teaches<br />

conducting. Brown is formerly<br />

a member of the conducting faculty at the University of<br />

Michigan and served as the Director of Orchestra and Assistant<br />

Director of Bands at the Georgia Institute of Technology in<br />

Atlanta. She is a frequent guest conductor, clinician, and<br />

adjudicator in the United States, Europe, and Asia. Originally<br />

from Milan, Tennessee, she is a graduate of Austin Peay State<br />

University and earned a Master of Music degree in horn<br />

performance and a Master of Music Education degree with<br />

a cognate in instrumental conducting from UNCG. She was<br />

awarded the Rose of Honor as a member of Sigma Alpha Iota<br />

Women's Music Fraternity and is an honorary member of<br />

Kappa Kappa Psi and Tau Beta Sigma.<br />

LOWELL E. GRAHAM, COL. (RET.)<br />

USAF; CONDUCTOR<br />

Tennessee All-State<br />

11-12 Concert Band<br />

A native of Greeley, Colorado, Dr. Lowell<br />

E. Graham was named Music Director<br />

for the Greeley Philharmonic Orchestra<br />

(GPO) in 2021. He previously served<br />

as Professor of Music holding the<br />

Abraham Chavez Professorship in Music at The University of Texas<br />

at El Paso (UTEP) from 2002 to 2021. Prior to that he served as<br />

Commander and Conductor of the United States Air Force Band in<br />

Washington, D.C. As a USAF Colonel, he became the senior ranking<br />

musician in the Department of Defense. He is a graduate of the<br />

University of <strong>No</strong>rthern Colorado where he received a Bachelor of<br />

Arts degree in music education in 1970 and a Master of Arts degree in<br />

performance the following year. In 1977, he became the first<br />

person to be awarded the Doctor of Musical Arts degree in<br />

orchestral conducting from The Catholic University of America in<br />

Washington, D.C.<br />

Tennessee Music Education Association | www.tnmea.org | 23


TMEA TEACHING IN TENNESSEE<br />

“<br />

NEVER TAKE “NO” FROM<br />

AN INANIMATE OBJECT:<br />

A GUIDE FOR TEACHING OBOISTS<br />

by Kathleen Carter Bell<br />

Never take ‘<strong>No</strong>’ from an inanimate object.” These words,<br />

spoken by John Mack, legendary principal oboist of the<br />

Cleveland Orchestra, have been a comfort and, at times, a<br />

challenge to young oboists. Mr. Mack was speaking about reedmaking,<br />

but reeds aren’t the only challenge oboists face. This<br />

article provides strategies to help music educators and their<br />

students triumph when the oboe tries to say an emphatic “<strong>No</strong>!”.<br />

For music educators who aren’t oboists, starting students<br />

on oboe can be a daunting task. While I can’t speak to all the<br />

burning questions in one article, what follows are some things<br />

to consider:<br />

WHO SHOULD PLAY THE OBOE?<br />

There isn’t an exact recipe for the perfect oboist, but it helps<br />

to ask who might be a good candidate for the instrument. Since<br />

there are fewer band parts for oboes (and likely fewer available<br />

instruments), you don’t need as many in your program. That<br />

said, it’s often hard to choose quality high school repertoire<br />

with zero oboists. Encourage self-motivated students who<br />

seem enthusiastic enough to stick with band to try the oboe.<br />

Students who can persevere and will be dedicated to practicing<br />

are a must. I remember sitting in beginning band staring<br />

jealously at the flute players who already sounded decent on<br />

their shiny instruments, while I sounded like a strangled duck.<br />

Even though I was excited about my instrument, it was still<br />

disheartening. It’s common to feel behind even if you start<br />

learning to play when everyone else does. If possible, start<br />

oboists over the summer to give them a jumpstart. Students<br />

who are easily frustrated or embarrassed may not be happy<br />

with an instrument which, for good or ill, often puts players<br />

in the spotlight. Parental support is also very beneficial,<br />

since it is a perpetually expensive instrument: oboes are not<br />

cheap, great reeds often cost $25-30 each, private lessons are<br />

encouraged, and oboes are fragile, meaning regular repairs. If<br />

local organizations sponsor young students in music lessons or<br />

fund educational equipment, oboists would be great candidates.<br />

Philosophies differ regarding when and how to start students<br />

on oboe. Some programs have students learn another<br />

instrument and then transition to the oboe or bassoon; others<br />

start students directly on a double reed instrument, which<br />

I recommend. While there are pros and cons, I’ve found that<br />

students who switch from another woodwind instrument<br />

have already developed playing habits and strengthened an<br />

embouchure which doesn’t directly translate to the oboe (for<br />

example, proper clarinet embouchure is almost the exact<br />

opposite of good oboe embouchure).<br />

REEDS:<br />

One of the most crucial determinants of success or struggle on<br />

the oboe is the reed. Students may buy mass-produced reeds<br />

or professionally hand-made reeds. If you can help students<br />

find a reputable and reliable professional source, professional<br />

reeds are undoubtably the best choice. I purchased two of the<br />

same type of store-bought reed for a woodwind methods class,<br />

and the pitch was an entire step different between them. In<br />

that circumstance, how could students ever learn if their pitch<br />

issue is them or the reed? Students should always have 3-4<br />

functioning reeds. Consider keeping extras in your office, since<br />

reeds always seem to break on concert days.<br />

Reeds require special care and maintenance to make them last.<br />

Each student should have a small cup in which to soak the reed<br />

before playing. Soaking the reed with saliva is not the same as<br />

letting it soak in water. The reed should be placed gently, caneend<br />

first, in water almost up to the string. The cork shouldn’t be<br />

soaked, since it will be hard to fit in the oboe if it expands. The<br />

reed should be in the water between 1.5-2 minutes. Any less, the<br />

reed will not be soaked enough to vibrate well; any more, and<br />

the reed can oversoak, making it hard and too open, altering the<br />

pitch. Please try to give oboists enough time to get their reed<br />

out and soaked! It can be stressful for oboists to both treat their<br />

reed with care and hurry to get set up and ready to play.<br />

It is wise to perform periodic “reed checks” to confirm that<br />

the student’s reeds are in playing shape. The opening should<br />

not be overly closed or open, the reed should be without cracks<br />

(which are death to reeds), and the corners intact. If the reed is<br />

cracked, missing all corners, or extremely closed, it’s time for a<br />

new reed.<br />

REEDS REQUIRE SPECIAL CARE AND<br />

MAINTENANCE TO MAKE THEM LAST.<br />

FUNDAMENTALS:<br />

“Fundamentals” refers to the most important physical<br />

elements of playing an instrument: embouchure, breathing,<br />

hand position, posture, tone, pitch, etc. Great fundamentals<br />

are essential. They help us play successfully and enjoyably,<br />

ultimately helping us do everything we want to do musically.<br />

While it’s impossible to discuss all fundamentals in detail here,<br />

these are the most important elements for beginners:<br />

Embouchure<br />

Start by having students whistle (or pretend to, if they can’t).<br />

When we whistle, the corners of our lips are forward (“ooo”<br />

shape) and our chin is flat. This is a great start for the oboe<br />

embouchure. From the whistling position, have students very<br />

24 | TENNESSEE MUSICIAN | 2023 | <strong>Vol</strong>ume <strong>75</strong>, <strong>No</strong>. 2


slightly tuck their lips inward and “firm up” the lips as if they’re<br />

cinching a drawstring bag. Instruct students to look in a mirror<br />

and work to memorize this feeling. The reed is then placed on<br />

the lower lip. Approximately 2/3 of the cane should be in the<br />

player’s mouth. The thread should not be touching the lips.<br />

Biting on the reed with pressure from the jaw or teeth should<br />

be completely avoided! Building an embouchure takes time and<br />

practice — it’s normal for the embouchure to get tired until new<br />

muscles develop.<br />

Breathing<br />

Breaths should be low, deep, and expansive. If students’<br />

shoulders are rising and falling with each breath, they’re likely<br />

using only the top half of their lungs, which is insufficient.<br />

Have students envision breathing in warm air with their tongue<br />

on the floor of their mouth. Breaths should be noiseless but<br />

powerful. It is often necessary to let old, used air out before<br />

taking a full, deep breath in. Breath should always be supported<br />

using the abdominal muscles.<br />

Hand Position<br />

We always want students to aim for tension-free playing! Avoid<br />

flat fingers and collapsed finger joints, which lead to pain<br />

and greater problems, such as carpal tunnel syndrome. Have<br />

students hold out their hand with their palm up, imagining<br />

they’re gently holding a baby chick or a ping pong ball. Fingers<br />

should curve around the imaginary object, not squeezing it.<br />

Holding that position, have students turn their hand over, and<br />

try placing it on the instrument. Fingers, especially the ring<br />

finger and pinky (which tend to straighten the most) should<br />

still be curved. Have students aim for quiet fingers that stay<br />

close to the keys.<br />

student is playing sharp: check the reed’s pitch (should sound<br />

a C by itself ), make sure the student isn’t biting the reed, and<br />

lastly have them take the reed a tiny bit out of their mouth. If<br />

a student is playing flat: check the reed’s pitch (as before, it<br />

should sound a C), make sure they’re blowing fast and supported<br />

air, and have the student put a little more reed in their mouth to<br />

raise the pitch.<br />

It’s tempting for directors to start beginning instrumentalists<br />

in the key of Bb, but the notes in a Bb scale are quite awkward<br />

for beginning oboists. Begin by teaching students the following<br />

notes: middle B, A, G, F#, E and D, all of which they can play by<br />

putting down one finger at a time.<br />

It is helpful to understand what I call the “F” situation on<br />

oboes: there are three ways to play a low or octave F. “Regular<br />

F” should be the default fingering, however anyone who takes a<br />

look at a fingering chart will see that we quickly run into finger<br />

problems if we go from D or Eb to this “regular F.” There are two<br />

solutions — a “forked F” fingering (often indicated in method<br />

books with an “x”) or a “side F” fingering. The “side F” fingering<br />

is far and away preferable due to the sound consistency, but<br />

many beginning oboes do not have the “side F” key. When<br />

available, it is always better to try teaching the “side F” fingering<br />

as opposed to the “forked F.” It is very hard to break students<br />

from relying on the “forked F” fingering — but necessary for the<br />

best pitch and tone. Make sure oboes you’re purchasing have<br />

the “side F” key and low Bb (the two keys most often omitted<br />

from student instruments).<br />

Posture<br />

Students should start with their feet flat on the floor for<br />

stability, their upper body lifted without tension, and their eyes<br />

looking straight ahead or slightly raised. The oboe should come<br />

up to the player, not vice versa. For the best embouchure and<br />

tone, the oboe is held at an angle of 45 degrees or less. Arms<br />

should be relaxed at the player’s side, rather than floating<br />

midair.<br />

Tone<br />

As early as possible, discuss what is meant by a “great oboe<br />

tone.” This ideal differs greatly from player to player. For me,<br />

a great tone means depth and richness, with resonance and the<br />

ability to produce many musical colors. A goal should be to have<br />

the different registers on the oboe match as much as possible,<br />

which means we need to constantly adjust our voicing (internal<br />

adjustments of throat, mouth and tongue placement). From the<br />

beginning, have students listen to recordings of great oboists.<br />

Pitch<br />

The oboe is very pitch-flexible. On the reed alone, we can<br />

achieve a whole range of pitches. Have students practice<br />

singing a pitch before playing it to develop their inner ear. If a<br />

Tennessee Music Education Association | www.tnmea.org | 25


WORDS OF WISDOM FOR STUDENTS WHO ARE SERIOUS<br />

ABOUT THE OBOE:<br />

Get a private teacher ASAP: A private teacher can help students<br />

fix specific oboe problems they encounter (and there will be a<br />

lot). They will also be experts in oboe repertoire and able to<br />

assist with reeds. If there isn’t a private teacher in your area,<br />

many teachers are open to giving online lessons, which can be<br />

a great alternative.<br />

Consider purchasing a personal instrument. Unless your<br />

school has a decent instrument that has received regular<br />

repairs and adjustments, students who can afford it will be<br />

better off purchasing their own oboe. There are many great<br />

brand options, including: Fox, Lorée, Yamaha, and Howarth. A<br />

big consideration is whether to purchase a plastic or wooden<br />

instrument. Plastic instruments are more resilient to heat and<br />

cold but lose something by way of tone. Wooden instruments<br />

require special care, including a break-in process and warming<br />

up wood before playing to prevent cracking, but often have<br />

more resonance and a richer tone. It may be best for students to<br />

purchase plastic unless they’re planning to continue studying<br />

oboe in college.<br />

Develop a consistent warm-up routine and practice plan:<br />

regular long tones, scales, and other exercises will help students<br />

improve rapidly and gain consistency.<br />

Listen to great oboe players: There are CDs and other recordings<br />

available for purchase or streaming on the internet and Spotify.<br />

Listening to incredible performers will help students know<br />

what they’re aiming for sound-wise. Some of my favorite players<br />

include Linda Strommen, Elaine Douvas, John Ferrillo, Jeffrey<br />

Rathbun, Roger Roe, Eugene Izotov and Frank Rosenwein.<br />

Students should attend any available events to learn about their<br />

instrument, including camps, faculty recitals, double reed days,<br />

and orchestral and band concerts. Exposure to great music will<br />

help make better musicians!<br />

KATHLEEN CARTER BELL<br />

A passionate educator and performer<br />

of solo, chamber, and orchestral<br />

repertoire, Dr. Kathleen Carter<br />

Bell has recently relocated with<br />

her husband to the Nashville area,<br />

where she serves as Instructor of<br />

Oboe and English Horn at Tennessee<br />

State University. Kathleen served as<br />

Oboe Lecturer at Auburn University<br />

for three years, is oboe faculty for<br />

Indiana University’s Summer Music<br />

Clinic, and taught at Interlochen this past summer as the<br />

Oboe Teaching Fellow. Kathleen has given masterclasses and<br />

presentations across the country and represented Indiana<br />

University at Seoul National University’s 2019 Chamber<br />

Music Festival. Her trio, Elicio Winds, has been awarded<br />

several grants, including: an Alabama State Council on the<br />

Arts grant to commission five woodwind trio pieces, which<br />

will be performed on an upcoming CD; a Draughon Center for<br />

the Arts and Humanities collaborative outreach project; and<br />

a SEC Travel Grant to the University of Arkansas. Kathleen<br />

recently performed with the Elicio Winds at the NFA<br />

Conference (Chicago) and presented several recitals at the<br />

IDRS Conference (Boulder). An advocate of new music, Bell<br />

has collaborated with several female composers, including<br />

Althea Talbot-Howard, Alyssa Morris, and Meera Gudipati.<br />

Kathleen and her husband, Conor Bell, have started an<br />

organization called Double Talk Workshop to equip educators<br />

to teach young double reed players. Bell is fascinated by the<br />

interdisciplinary arts and music’s place within the broader<br />

context of art and culture. Her current research includes the<br />

influence of the ancient Greek aulos on Wagner’s use of the<br />

oboe. Kathleen earned her DM degree from Indiana University<br />

and was one of six graduate recipients of the 2012 Barbara<br />

and David H. Jacobs Fellowship, granted for “excellence and<br />

leadership in the world of music.”<br />

Purchase: a good reed case, a tuner, metronome, and drone<br />

Explore double reed vendors online: Forrests Music, Midwest<br />

Musical Imports, RDG Woodwinds, Trev-Co Varner Music,<br />

Harvard Double Reeds<br />

The oboe is a beautiful instrument which presents many unique<br />

challenges. Helping students develop confidence and skill early<br />

will increase their enjoyment in making music and raise the<br />

overall level of your musical ensemble!<br />

A previous version of this article appeared in Ala Breve<br />

(February/March 2020), the official publication of the Alabama<br />

Music Educators Association, and is reprinted here with<br />

permission.<br />

26 | TENNESSEE MUSICIAN | 2023 | <strong>Vol</strong>ume <strong>75</strong>, <strong>No</strong>. 2


TMEA BACK THEN<br />

➣<br />

➣<br />

➣<br />

In this issue of the Tennessee <strong>Musician</strong>, then-TMEA<br />

President O’Dell Willis reflected upon the work of the<br />

TMEA under his leadership term and welcomed thenincoming<br />

TMEA President Tom Cowan.<br />

An announcement recognized O’Dell Willis on his honor of<br />

being elected to the American Bandmasters Association.<br />

According to the article, Mr. Willis was the only Tennessee<br />

member of the organization at the time of this May 1964<br />

publication.<br />

A news release highlighted the Knox County Junior-Senior<br />

High School Festival that was held at the University of<br />

Tennessee Alumni Memorial Auditorium on April 24,<br />

1964. Over 300 students participated in the High School<br />

Chorus under the direction of Mr. Edward H. Hamilton (a<br />

former TMEA Past-President and former conductor of the<br />

Knoxville Chorale Society). Additionally, approximately 700<br />

vocalists performed in the Junior High School Chorus with<br />

conductor Mr. J. B. Lyle (a former Supervisor of Music for<br />

Knox County Schools).<br />

➣<br />

The summary of the East Tennessee Vocal<br />

Association’s spring East Tennessee Vocal Festival<br />

was included in this publication. This event occurred<br />

April 15-16, 1964, and was hosted on the campus<br />

of Maryville College. The following individuals<br />

served as adjudicators for the festival:<br />

Ê<br />

Ê<br />

Ê<br />

Ê<br />

Ê<br />

Ê<br />

Warner L. Imig (University of Colorado, Boulder)<br />

Paul W. Peterson (Salem College, Winston-Salem,<br />

<strong>No</strong>rth Carolina)<br />

Richard G. Cox (University of <strong>No</strong>rth Carolina,<br />

Greensboro<br />

Louis O. Ball (Carson-Newman College)<br />

Dan Linsinger (Maryville College)<br />

Gordon Leavitt (University of Tennessee, Knoxville)<br />

➣ Five bands from Tennessee performed in the 1964<br />

Cherry Blossom Festival Parade in Washington,<br />

D.C. The Tullahoma High School Band, the<br />

Memphis Central Band, and the Cookeville High<br />

School Band were three of the bands that represented<br />

Tennessee at this parade.<br />

THE TENNESSEE MUSICIAN (MAY 1964)<br />

<strong>Vol</strong>ume 16, <strong>No</strong>. 4 – 12 pgs.<br />

O’Dell Willis, TMEA President<br />

Carolyn M. Scruggs, Editor<br />

Tennessee Music Education Association | www.tnmea.org | 27


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