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POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGY TN

POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGY

MONOGRAPH 6/2010 MDGs-BASED POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGY FOR TAMIL NADU D.K.Srivastava, K.R. Shanmugam and C.Bhujanga Rao MADRAS SCHOOL OF ECONOMICS Gandhi Mandapam Road Chennai 600 025 India March 2010

  • Page 3: MDGs-Based Poverty Reduction Strate
  • Page 6 and 7: Acknowledgement We are thankful to
  • Page 8 and 9: Chapter 5 Water, Land and Agricultu
  • Page 10 and 11: Table 3.1 Tamil Nadu State Finances
  • Page 12 and 13: List of Charts Chart 1.1 Chart 1.2
  • Page 14 and 15: EXECUTIVE SUMMARY This study aims t
  • Page 16 and 17: Fiscal Reforms for Poverty Reductio
  • Page 18 and 19: ural areas, rely heavily on natural
  • Page 20 and 21: epayments) may be raised from 2.9 p
  • Page 22 and 23: T: The four tier targeting strategy
  • Page 24 and 25: fundamental goals, divided into 18
  • Page 26 and 27: threshold. Details of measurement o
  • Page 28 and 29: In regard to reduction in the urban
  • Page 30 and 31: urban poor to total poor. This perc
  • Page 32 and 33: d. Poverty and Calorie Intake in In
  • Page 34 and 35: The state wise HPI values provided
  • Page 36 and 37: to attaining the first Millennium D
  • Page 38 and 39: . MDGs and Education Status in Tami
  • Page 40 and 41: down by a small margin considering
  • Page 42 and 43: (i) Child and Infant Mortality It i
  • Page 44 and 45: in terms of MMR (1998) with 79 deat
  • Page 46 and 47: each the maximum possible value. 8
  • Page 48 and 49: g. The incidence of HIV/Aids is dis
  • Page 50 and 51: of the currently unemployed, may le
  • Page 52 and 53:

    The contrast, with countries where

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    Table 2.2 indicates sectoral shares

  • Page 56 and 57:

    c. Comparing Tamil Nadu Growth with

  • Page 58 and 59:

    were all poverty reducing. The elas

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    decomposition of poverty is done fo

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    influence of increased income inequ

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    Table 2.11: Growth Inequality Pover

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    which are significantly higher than

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    Table 2.14 shows the movement in re

  • Page 70 and 71:

    48

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    Government budgets support poverty

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    The chain from growth to human deve

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    a. Evolution of Fiscal Imbalance Fo

  • Page 78 and 79:

    Chart 3.3: Profile of Tamil Nadu St

  • Page 80 and 81:

    Table 3.3 shows the performance of

  • Page 82 and 83:

    for the five-year period Tamil Nadu

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    . Medium Term Fiscal Policy Stateme

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    government buildings, the capital c

  • Page 88 and 89:

    may be noted that even with the int

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    immediately. Fiscal slippage could

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    70

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    Table 4.1: District Level Indicator

  • Page 96 and 97:

    has been successful in spreading ed

  • Page 98 and 99:

    In terms of per capita GDDP, the di

  • Page 100 and 101:

    Based on this, the gender developme

  • Page 102 and 103:

    Table 4.6 indicates relative positi

  • Page 104 and 105:

    . Access Costs A recent study by Da

  • Page 106 and 107:

    districts, 16 (55 percent) were tec

  • Page 108 and 109:

    Districts Table 4.10: Percentage of

  • Page 110 and 111:

    BPL population belongs to SC catego

  • Page 112 and 113:

    obliged to pay from its own resourc

  • Page 114 and 115:

    The District level PRSP should part

  • Page 116 and 117:

    Table 4.15: Block-wise Literacy Rat

  • Page 118 and 119:

    play grounds. Clearly, much more in

  • Page 120 and 121:

    4.9 Summary There are considerable

  • Page 122 and 123:

    100

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    Water is an important input for agr

  • Page 126 and 127:

    largest. 14 Cauvery water irrigates

  • Page 128 and 129:

    Year Table 5.5: Net Sown, Gross Are

  • Page 130 and 131:

    The total water demand already exce

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    2012). The state government spends

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    A specific unit was established in

  • Page 136 and 137:

    essential for intensive farming. Su

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    possible. Even some of the marginal

  • Page 140 and 141:

    and Water tests are conducted in ea

  • Page 142 and 143:

    of Cauvery water was delayed (Plann

  • Page 144 and 145:

    Table 5.20 also shows that Tamil Na

  • Page 146 and 147:

    Table 5.25: Estimated Per Hectare C

  • Page 148 and 149:

    Managing and developing water resou

  • Page 150 and 151:

    iii. Even for the relatively good c

  • Page 152 and 153:

    Cornia and Stewart argue that the t

  • Page 154 and 155:

    durable seen as an extreme deprivat

  • Page 156 and 157:

    c. Third Stage: Rural: Villages; Ur

  • Page 158 and 159:

    fixed at 700 calories and 20 grams

  • Page 160 and 161:

    primary school in 2002-03. They est

  • Page 162 and 163:

    a9. Pulse Polio Immunization Progra

  • Page 164 and 165:

    While the general base for many sch

  • Page 166 and 167:

    a. Micro Credit Micro credit scheme

  • Page 168 and 169:

    which was in operation since 1985.

  • Page 170 and 171:

    ii. The local level institutions (P

  • Page 172 and 173:

    In Tamil Nadu, in 1991 nearly 18.7

  • Page 174 and 175:

    iii. iv. social development plannin

  • Page 176 and 177:

    as well as new additions to the num

  • Page 178 and 179:

    social housing by identifying land

  • Page 180 and 181:

    internet facilities to the various

  • Page 182 and 183:

    In relation to other millennium dev

  • Page 184 and 185:

    shown in the fiscal restructuring s

  • Page 186 and 187:

    e. Water, Land and Agriculture Wate

  • Page 188 and 189:

    It is suggested that geographic tar

  • Page 190 and 191:

    a. Macro Drivers The key to sustain

  • Page 192 and 193:

    targeting strategy: First, District

  • Page 194 and 195:

    deficiencies. State governments hav

  • Page 196 and 197:

    . Augmenting Fiscal Space Districts

  • Page 198 and 199:

    Some supplementary role that GoTN s

  • Page 200 and 201:

    6. loans from financial institution

  • Page 202 and 203:

    iii. Coordinated efforts to address

  • Page 204 and 205:

    commerce, including Special Economi

  • Page 206 and 207:

    Income Generating Activities a. For

  • Page 208 and 209:

    186

  • Page 210 and 211:

    Citro, Constance F. and Michael, Ro

  • Page 212 and 213:

    Government of India (2001), Census

  • Page 214 and 215:

    Planning Commission (1979), Report

  • Page 216 and 217:

    Their, H. and R. Finke (1985), “I

  • Page 218 and 219:

    Appendix Table 1.1 (contd.): Millen

  • Page 220 and 221:

    Appendix Table 1.1 (contd.): Millen

  • Page 222 and 223:

    States Rura l Appendix Table 1.2 (b

  • Page 224 and 225:

    Appendix Table 1.4: Some Summary St

  • Page 226 and 227:

    Appendix Table 1.6: Progress toward

  • Page 228 and 229:

    Table 1.7: Educational Indicators S

  • Page 230 and 231:

    Appendix Table 1.9: Malnutrition am

  • Page 232 and 233:

    Appendix Table 1.11: State-wise Mor

  • Page 234 and 235:

    States Appendix Table 1.12: Materna

  • Page 236 and 237:

    Appendix Table 2.1: Per Capita Cons

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    Appendix Table 3.2: Per Capita Expe

  • Page 240 and 241:

    Life Expectancy at Birth (LEB) Appe

  • Page 242 and 243:

    Appendix Table 4.4: Demography Rela

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    Appendix Table 4.6: Health Faciliti

  • Page 246 and 247:

    Districts Appendix Table 4.8: Index

  • Page 248 and 249:

    Appendix 4.10: Thiruannamalai: Inde

  • Page 250 and 251:

    Appendix 6.1: Status of Self Help G

  • Page 252 and 253:

    230

  • Page 254 and 255:

    Annexure 1.1 POVERTY MEASURES: AXIO

  • Page 256 and 257:

    Annexure 1.2 POVERTY LINE: CONCEPT

  • Page 258 and 259:

    would have some poverty. Hence, a s

  • Page 260 and 261:

    A number of poverty “indexes” h

  • Page 262 and 263:

    where y y = y for y < z (i 1, ...,

  • Page 264 and 265:

    Annexure 4.1 TAMIL NADU DISTRICTS A

  • Page 266 and 267:

    Annexure 4.2 METHODOLOGY AND DEFINI

  • Page 268 and 269:

    Annexure 4.3 SOME MDG INDICATORS FO

  • Page 270 and 271:

    "Nattukottai Chettiars" or Nagarath

  • Page 272 and 273:

    Table 4.5 gives the pupil-teacher r

  • Page 274 and 275:

    Table 4.7: PHC wise Infant Mortalit

  • Page 276 and 277:

    8. Underground water is the major s

  • Page 278 and 279:

    hit States in the current year up t

  • Page 280 and 281:

    MSE Monographs * Monograph 1/2006 A

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