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The Alchemical Patronage of Sir William Cecil, Lord Burghley

The Alchemical Patronage of Sir William Cecil, Lord Burghley

The Alchemical Patronage of Sir William Cecil, Lord

The Alchemical Patronage of Sir William Cecil, Lord Burghley James Stuart Campbell A thesis submitted to the Victoria University of Wellington in fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Arts in History Victoria University of Wellington 2009

  • Page 2 and 3: Image 1: Attr. Hans Eworth, ‗Will
  • Page 4 and 5: Contents Abstract iii Acknowledgmen
  • Page 6 and 7: List of Images 1. Attr. Hans Eworth
  • Page 8 and 9: Note on Dates and Transcription As
  • Page 10 and 11: examination of primary evidence rev
  • Page 12 and 13: Nineteenth century biographers of C
  • Page 14 and 15: creature of his time, sceptical of
  • Page 16 and 17: support for economic projects. Desc
  • Page 18 and 19: Modern Science 1300-1800 (1951) fam
  • Page 20 and 21: interest in its occultist theory‖
  • Page 22 and 23: usually spread across all of them.
  • Page 24 and 25: these examples it argues that Cecil
  • Page 26 and 27: In its broadest sense alchemy sough
  • Page 28 and 29: associated alchemy with the humanis
  • Page 30 and 31: St John‘s College, and to whom ma
  • Page 32 and 33: among students and teachers, with a
  • Page 34 and 35: governments. Cecil made sure his fr
  • Page 36 and 37: Unfortunately we can only speculate
  • Page 38 and 39: occultism‖. 75 Bowden sees Medici
  • Page 40 and 41: came easily, as a result of his con
  • Page 42 and 43: the third book defying deciphering
  • Page 44 and 45: from Mordechai Feingold‘s examina
  • Page 46 and 47: Cecil, by this point an advisor to
  • Page 48 and 49: Whilst there is little record of Ed
  • Page 50 and 51: Marcus Manilius and Plato, had form
  • Page 52 and 53:

    After the 1572 St. Bartholomew‘s

  • Page 54 and 55:

    Thynne‘s poem A Discourse uppon t

  • Page 56 and 57:

    eighteenth century cataloguer of th

  • Page 58 and 59:

    and the patronage of Cecil. His app

  • Page 60 and 61:

    Chapter 2: Alchemical Medicine Ceci

  • Page 62 and 63:

    practitioner and in introducing a c

  • Page 64 and 65:

    Alongside these official groupings,

  • Page 66 and 67:

    According to Russwurin the universi

  • Page 68 and 69:

    attempted to deceive his patients w

  • Page 70 and 71:

    way whereby these intestine evils m

  • Page 72 and 73:

    Cecil‘s physician in the early 15

  • Page 74 and 75:

    emerged. 91 Whilst Grund provides u

  • Page 76 and 77:

    caste the ffeare of god behynd me a

  • Page 78 and 79:

    patronage, which may have been well

  • Page 80 and 81:

    himself as ―Samuel Rynevile and N

  • Page 82 and 83:

    Another work of mine owne practice

  • Page 84 and 85:

    Chapter Three: Alchemy and Crown Fi

  • Page 86 and 87:

    Cornelius de Lannoy On 12 January 1

  • Page 88 and 89:

    credentials, promises and condition

  • Page 90 and 91:

    Elizabeth and her brother King Eric

  • Page 92 and 93:

    coloring the bussynes in sort as yo

  • Page 94 and 95:

    patience had been exhausted. Desper

  • Page 96 and 97:

    limit. During just the last twelve

  • Page 98 and 99:

    some sadly abused talents‖ was an

  • Page 100 and 101:

    others, he must have known the news

  • Page 102 and 103:

    Parkin‘s role as an English agent

  • Page 104 and 105:

    you wold fear to be proved such one

  • Page 106 and 107:

    Dyer remained in Prague through the

  • Page 108 and 109:

    patience was clearly wearing thin.

  • Page 110 and 111:

    without the Erls consent‖. 153 On

  • Page 112 and 113:

    honor of presenting us bothe‖. 16

  • Page 114 and 115:

    eventually complained to the Empero

  • Page 116 and 117:

    alchemical skills to create gold fo

  • Page 118 and 119:

    them. For it seems that by this sta

  • Page 120 and 121:

    In the mean time, Cecil had lost pa

  • Page 122 and 123:

    Spira[Speyer]‖ as they had no aut

  • Page 124 and 125:

    government desperation. Chapter fou

  • Page 126 and 127:

    Cecil ―had clear general aims in

  • Page 128 and 129:

    of the Frobisher ore, as proof that

  • Page 130 and 131:

    transmutation‖. 19 Having employe

  • Page 132 and 133:

    vessels was valued at over £4,000.

  • Page 134 and 135:

    The Frobisher voyages and the assoc

  • Page 136 and 137:

    Image 2: Labelled ‗Burchart‘s f

  • Page 138 and 139:

    to ingratiate himself with Cecil an

  • Page 140 and 141:

    England‘s dependence on imports f

  • Page 142 and 143:

    were written in Latin by German aut

  • Page 144 and 145:

    Finally, in early December 1571, th

  • Page 146 and 147:

    the 250 mile journey to the Isle of

  • Page 148 and 149:

    yields of the Cumberland copper min

  • Page 150 and 151:

    country, it is told me, knoweth the

  • Page 152 and 153:

    Prestall himself repeatedly preyed

  • Page 154 and 155:

    perform counter magic and to divine

  • Page 156 and 157:

    commitment to act as the captain of

  • Page 158 and 159:

    Robert Cecil with his alchemical ab

  • Page 160 and 161:

    ecause their appeals aimed ―at un

  • Page 162 and 163:

    Conclusion Stephen Alford has recog

  • Page 164 and 165:

    led him to back a number of alchemi

  • Page 166 and 167:

    the New Art and the Frobisher voyag

  • Page 168 and 169:

    Primary Sources Calendars, Catalogu

  • Page 170 and 171:

    ———, Sloane Manuscripts. Camb

  • Page 172 and 173:

    Secondary Sources Articles Bowden,

  • Page 174 and 175:

    Chester Waters, Robert Edmond, Gene

  • Page 176 and 177:

    Hughes, Jonathan, Arthurian Myths a

  • Page 178 and 179:

    Read, Conyers, Lord Burghley and Qu

  • Page 180:

    [http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk

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