Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM) - Global Spatial Data ...

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Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM) - Global Spatial Data ...

SDI In Geoinformatics

Education and Training At

Universiti Teknologi Malaysia

Mohamad Nor Said

Mohamad Ghazali Hasim

Department of Geoinformatics

Faculty of Geoinformation & Real Estate

Universiti Teknologi Malaysia

81310, UTM Skudai, Johor

MALAYSIA

Email: m.nor@utm.my; ghazalihashim@utm.my


Presentation Outline






SDI – A Quick Look

SDI – The Need For Human

Capital Development

Geoinformatics Programs At

Universiti Teknologi Malaysia

(UTM)

• Education

• Professional Training

• Research & Consultancy

• Collaboration Initiatives

Issues In Graduates Career

Summary


GIS – The Subsystems

Data is the central focus:

• technology (software functions)

• application (professional capability)


GIS Implementation:

The Driving Components

ArcGIS

MapInfo

• software

• hardware

− computer

− peripherals

− configuration

• model

• procedures

TECHNOLOGY

DATA

Property Market

Report

• availability/ sources

• accuracy

• currency

• completeness

• hardcopy vs

digital

• spatial vs textual

• database

− design

− development

• operation

− information

retrieval

− spatial analysis

• maintenance

PEOPLE


PEOPLE

SDI & Geospatial Community

Spatially Enabling The Society”

Geospatial Community:

Professionals

• to handle 4 subsystems

SDI Authority

• Access; Policy; Standard

• e.g. MaCGDI (Malaysia)

Data Providers

• government & private agencies

End Users

• town planners; engineers

• researchers

• general public

Spatial Data Infrastructure (SDI)

belongs to Geospatial Community

Geospatial Community needs to be:

• given awareness

• educated

• trained


Malaysian SDI

MyGDI

• To promote use, sharing, exchange &

distribution of geospatial data

− access to national geospatial data

− towards a balanced development:

economic, social & environmental

• Outreach programs to educate stakeholders

− Collaboration with universities

Components of MyGDI

Standard

Clearinghouse

(Technology)

Data

Policy

Human

Resource

Development

ISO, OGC

Technology

Suppliers

Government

Private

Government

Private

University

Industry


SDI – A Need For Experts

Human Resource

Development

Human Resource Development:

1. Formal Education

2. Professional (On-job) Training


Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM)

Contributing Efforts Towards Human Resource Development

UTM:



12 faculties

SDI/ Geoinformatics Programs:

• Run by Department of Geoinformatics - under

Faculty of Geoinformation & Real Estate

• Academic Programs:

1. BSc (Geoinformatics)

2. MSc (Geoinformatics)

3. PhD – 3 to 4 years

• Professional (on-job) Training

1. Government agencies

2. Private companies

• Cooperative/ Collaborative Research


Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM)

Contributing Efforts Towards Human Resource Development

Branch Campus

Kuala Lumpur

Main Campus

Skudai, Johor

UTM Campus


Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM)

Contributing Efforts Towards Human Resource Development

Undergraduate Program

BSc (Geoinformatics)

Duration: 4-year program (8 semesters)

Started: 1994

Total graduated (2010): 550

Average intake: 40

Curriculum

• GI Science & Technology (GISc&T)

• Outcome Based Education

− Directive of Malaysian Ministry of Higher

Education (MoHE)

• Accreditation: Malaysian Quality

Agency (MQA)


Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM)

Contributing Efforts Towards Human Resource Development

Undergraduate Program (cont’d)

BSc (Geoinformatics)

Entry Requirements

Fresh

Matriculation Certificate

Malaysian Higher

Certificate of Education

* Entry level: Year 1

Diploma Holders

Land Survey

Computer Science/ IT

Others

• Town & Regional Planning

• Property Valuation

• Forestry

• Statistics

• Civil Engineering

• etc.

* Entry level: Year 2


Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM)

Contributing Efforts Towards Human Resource Development

Undergraduate Program (cont’d)

BSc (Geoinformatics)

The Advisory Panels

Department of Surveying

& Mapping Malaysia

(DSMM)

Malaysian Centre For

Geospatial Data Infrastructure

(MaCGDI)

Malaysian Remote

Sensing Agency

(ARSM)


Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM)

Contributing Efforts Towards Human Resource Development

Undergraduate Program (cont’d)

BSc (Geoinformatics)

Academic Delivery

First Year Experience (FYE)

• Year 1 (Sem I)

• Awareness

Lectures/ Labs

(14 Weeks)

Training Camps

• 3 Weeks (2x)

• Year 2 (Sem II)

• Year 3 (Sem I)

Industrial Training

• 10 Weeks

• Year 3 (Sem II)

Global Outreach Program (GOP)

• Year 3/ Year 4

• Awareness

Undergraduate Project

• 2 semesters

• Year 4 (Sem VII & Sem VIII


Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM)

Contributing Efforts Towards Human Resource Development

BSc (Geoinformatics) – The Curriculum

Year 1: Semester I & II Year 2: Semester III & IV


Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM)

Contributing Efforts Towards Human Resource Development

Year 3: Semester V & VI

Year 4: Semester VII & VIII


Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM)

Contributing Efforts Towards Human Resource Development

Undergraduate Program (3)

• SDI – related Courses

1. Principles of Geographic Information Science

• Awareness: Technology vs Data vs People/Users

Data model & structures; coordinate systems; topology

2. Surveying & Mapping (I & II)

Data capture & processing

• Coordinate systems & map projection

3. GIS Database

Database design & development

4. Geospatial Data Management

• Concepts of Geospatial Data Infrastructure (GDI)

• Terrestrial & Marine SDI

• Metadata, Feature Coding, Data Distribution, Data Security

5. Web-based GIS

• Intranet; Internet; Enterprise GIS; hardware/ software

requirements; data distribution

* GIS Training Camps (I & II); Industrial Training


Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM)

Contributing Efforts Towards Human Resource Development

BSc (Geoinformatics) - Balancing The Knowledge & Skill


Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM)

Contributing Efforts Towards Human Resource Development

SDI: Awareness About Data

Geospatial Features; Terrain

Mapping; Organization of Data; Users

Roles of GIS Specialist

Program: First Year Experience (FYE)

Students: Year 1

Mode: Off Campus


Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM)

Contributing Efforts Towards Human Resource Development

SDI: Appreciation of Data

Storage, Retrieval & Analysis

Disorganized Data – Maps/ Reports

Difficulty in Spatial Analysis

Year 2 & 3


Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM)

Contributing Efforts Towards Human Resource Development

SDI: Appreciation of Data

Capturing Techniques, Cost & Accuracy

Year 2 & 3


Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM)

Contributing Efforts Towards Human Resource Development

BSc (Geoinformatics) – Visits

Enhancing Classroom Lecture

Visit To

Malaysian Ground Receiving Station

(MGRS) – Satellite Imaging

Vist ToTanjung Piai

Mangrove Forest Reserve

- Marine SDI


Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM)

Contributing Efforts Towards Human Resource Development

SDI: Topology (Planar & Network)

Database Design For Utility Network

(e.g. Network Topology For Water Supply) (1)

Year 3


Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM)

Contributing Efforts Towards Human Resource Development

SDI: Topology (Planar & Network)

Database Design For Utility Network

(e.g. Network Topology For Water Supply) (2)

Year 3


Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM)

Contributing Efforts Towards Human Resource Development

SDI: Standard (MS1759)

Feature & Attribute Coding (e.g. Stormwater Features) (1)

Year 4


Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM)

Contributing Efforts Towards Human Resource Development

SDI: Standard (MS1759)

Feature & Attribute Coding (e.g. Stormwater Features) (1)

Year 4


Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM)

Contributing Efforts Towards Human Resource Development

SDI: Standard (MS1759)

Feature & Attribute Coding (e.g. Stormwater Features) (2)


Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM)

Contributing Efforts Towards Human Resource Development

SDI: Establishment of National Geospatial Data Centre (NGDC) (1)

- Exposing Students To The Actual SDI Implementation

NGDC – Terms of Reference:

• Seamless database – synchronization of coordinate

systems into GDM2000

• Topologically correct

Database structure: to fit MS1759

• Cadastral maps: to have Unique Parcel Identifier (UPI)

Year 4


Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM)

Contributing Efforts Towards Human Resource Development

SDI: Establishment of National Geospatial Data Centre (NGDC) (2)

- Fitting Database Model With MS1759 Data Framework

Year 4


Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM)

Contributing Efforts Towards Human Resource Development

SDI: Establishment of National Geospatial Data Centre (NGDC) (3)

- Coordinate Conversion: RSO to GDM2000

M

R

S

O

B

R

S

O

P

E

N

I

N

S

U

L

A

R

S

A

B

A

H

S’

W

A

K


Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM)

Contributing Efforts Towards Human Resource Development

SDI: Data Protection/ Security (Distribution)

Government Circular On Restricted Data

Draft of Geospatial Act

Year 4


Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM)

Contributing Efforts Towards Human Resource Development

Example of Assignment – SDI: Metadata


Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM)

Contributing Efforts Towards Human Resource Development

Example of Assignment – SDI: Data Distribution


Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM)

Contributing Efforts Towards Human Resource Development

Example of Assignment – SDI For Geocoding


Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM)

Contributing Efforts Towards Human Resource Development

BSc (Geoinformatics) – Global Outreach Program (GOP)

Bangkok (2009)

Geoinformatic and Space Technology

Development Agency (GISTDA)

Asian Institute of Technology

(AIT)

SDI: Experience of Other Neighboring Countries


Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM)

Contributing Efforts Towards Human Resource Development

BSc (Geoinformatics) – Global Outreach Program (GOP)

Hong Kong (2010)

Hong Kong Polytechnic University

University of Hong Kong

SDI: Experience of Other Neighboring Countries


Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM)

Contributing Efforts Towards Human Resource Development

BSc (Geoinformatics) – The Graduated Students

120

BSc (Geoinformatics) - Universiti Teknologi Malaysia

Number of Graduates (1998-2009)

100

Number of Graduates

80

60

40

20

0

Year

1998

Year

1999

Year

2000

Year

2001

Year

2002

Year

2003

Year

2004

Year

2005

Year

2006

Year

2007

Year

2008

Year

2009

Year of Graduation


Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM)

Contributing Efforts Towards Human Resource Development

EMPLOYMENT


Employers/ End Users

Government
Agencies


• 
DSMM


• 
MaCGDI


• 
ARSM


• 
DoE


• 
etc


Private
Agencies


• 
Town
Planning


• 
U8lity


• 
Transporta8on


• 
Hydrology


• 
etc


Demand

Academic

Program

Graduates


Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM)

Contributing Efforts Towards Human Resource Development

Government
Agencies


• High
demands


• Survey
(March
2010):
more
than


200
posts
required


• Government;
semi‐government


(esp.
local
authoriDes)


• Issue


• No
service
scheme
created


• Job
done
at
ad
hoc
basis:
by
contract


GIS
graduates,
exisDng
staff
(e.g.


town
planner,
IT
officer,
etc.)


• SDI
implementaDon:
hard
to
execute


• SoluDon


• PSD
agrees
to
create
post:


GEOSPATIALIST


• Expected:
Jan
2011


• DSMM:
Head
of
Service


EMPLOYMENT
(cont’d)


Private
Agencies


• main
employers


• jobs
depending
on


government
projects


Database
development


• NGDC
(MaCGDI’s
project)


• ApplicaDon
development


• Modeling


• E.g.
Hydrology


• SoHware
development/
sales



Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM)

Contributing Efforts Towards Human Resource Development

EMPLOYMENT
(Govt
Agencies)


Public Service Department

(PSD)

Department
of
Surveying
&



Mapping
(DSMM)


Head
of
Service


Service
To
Other
Agencies


• 
MaCGDI


• 
ARSM


• 
DoE


• 
Local
AuthoriDes


• 
etc


Name of Post

(Proposed)

“Geospatialist”

• Scheme: Engineering

• Code: J

• Equivalent to:

• Land Surveyors

• Engineers

• Town Planners


Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM)

Contributing Efforts Towards Human Resource Development

Professional Training:



Started in 1992: to create GIS awareness especially to

government agencies

Focus:

Database Development – to enrich digital data

• To support Spatial Data Infrastructure (SDI) initiatives

Actively conducted beginning 1999


• More GIS-educated staff

• Co-organized with Malaysian Centre for Geospatial Data

Infrastructure (MaCGDI)

• For land-related agencies and local authorities

Recent Years

• For MaCGDI staff: GIS; Remote Sensing; GPS

• Other agencies: Dept of Statistics; Electoral Commission;

Forestry Dept; Malaysian Oil Palm Board; State Water Boards;

Highway Maintenance Company (PROPEL)


Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM)

Contributing Efforts Towards Human Resource Development

Staff of Department of Statistics

Being Trained How To Use GPS

For Enumeration Block Survey

Determination of EB

– The Traditional Way

PDA With Bluetooth

GPS Receiver


Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM)

Contributing Efforts Towards Human Resource Development

Professional Training

Sarawak’s Forest Department (2010)

Professional Training

Electoral Commission (2009)

Professional Training

MaCGDI (2008)

Professional Training

PROPEL (2008)


Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM)

Contributing Efforts Towards Human Resource Development

Research & Postgraduate Studies (1)


Research:

• Focus area:

- 3D GIS

- Marine SDI

- Spatio-Temporal GIS

- Terrestrial Laser Scanning (TLS)

• Collaboration

− Marine SDI: National Oceanography Directorate (NOD)

− National Geospatial Data Centre (NGDC): MaCGDI (a test

study - Batu Pahat)

− Newly proposed ‘Collaborative Research Council (CRC)’:

joint-research between UTM, DSMM and MaCGDI

• Government funds:

- Ministry of Science, Technology & Innovation (eScience Grant

Scheme)

- Ministry of Higher Education (Fundamental Research Grant

Scheme)


Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM)

Contributing Efforts Towards Human Resource Development

Research & Postgraduate Studies (2)


Postgraduate Programs:

• MSc (Geoinformatics):

- Duration: 1 ½ years

- Mode of study: Taught Course; Mixed Mode; Fully

Research

• PhD

• Foreign students:

• Middle East: Iran, UAE,Saudi Arabia, Yemen

• Africa: Egypt, Libya, Palestine, Nigeria, Ghana,

Ethiopia

• Others: Indonesia, India, Bangladesh


Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM)

Contributing Efforts Towards Human Resource Development

Consultancy:


Aim

• To provide an opportunity to academic staff practising

their professional expertise

• To enhance teaching

- Project Management course

- SDI – related courses

- Professional training – issues related to GIS

implementation (technical & organizational)

• To exploit more research ideas



Incentive

• staff involvement contributes to promotion

University’s Consultancy Support Unit

• Bureau of Innovation & Consultancy


Summary

UTM’s undergraduate program designed to fit

SDI needs as much as possible

• Classroom lecture supported by training camps

& site visits

Global Outreach Programs expose students to

other countries’ SDI implementation

• Exposure to real implementation

− NGDC

− Feature Coding

− Geocoding

There is a very significant need in government

agencies

• Current works rely on ad-hoc assignment to

existing staff

• Graduates are there but posts are not (yet) in

place

• Well-trained graduates should execute SDI

programs better

• On-job training as a short term measure

Very important to balance between knowledge

& skill – GI Science vs GI Technology


Thank You…

m.nor@utm.my

ghazalihashim@utm.my

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