Cubic Defense Applications, Inc. develops training and
specialized electronic systems to help prepare our forces
for the contemporary operating environment. With Cubic’s
training systems and services, troops learn the individual and
collective skills they need to accomplish their mission and
return home safely.
Realistic Training for Complete Combat Readiness
Who We Are
Cubic Defense Applications, a major segment of San Diegobased
Cubic Corporation, is a world’s leading provider of live combat
training systems and virtual small arms trainers. The corporation has
two primary business areas, Defense and Transportation, which are
both No. 1 in their core markets. In total, Cubic has approximately
7,300 employees at 130 locations worldwide.
In addition to combat training systems, Cubic’s defense segment
provides mission support services, computer-assisted training,
educational technologies, tactical data links, specialty avionics and
electro-optics. The defense segment supplies products, systems and
services to U.S. and allied forces in 50 allied nations.
What We Do
Cubic’s combat training systems allow soldiers and pilots to train
as they fight – to experience the “fog of war” with their individual
weapons, tanks and aircraft without the use of live ammunition.
The systems replicate actual combat environments and weapons’
performance, giving troops the individual and collective skills they
need to survive.
Cubic designs, installs and sustains instrumented range systems
for attack and fighter aircraft, armored vehicles and infantry forceon-force
live training. We provide everything from real-time tracking
and weapons effects simulations to laser engagement simulation
systems and advanced precision gunnery solutions.
The live training systems accurately simulate weapons effects
and the tactical actions of combat pilots and soldiers. They provide
objective feedback for aircrew debriefs and After Action Reviews
Cubic’s systems support all levels of training – including urban
operations, single service, joint, combined and multinational
missions – from squad through brigade-level training and aviation air
The company provides high-fidelity training simulation for any
size mission, ranging from instrumentation systems at the world’s
largest Combat Training Centers (CTCs) to mobile systems for
deployed and homestation training.
In the area of virtual simulation, Cubic is providing the U.S.
Army’s No. 1 virtual small arms training system, the Engagement
Skills Trainer, or EST 2000. This projection-based system teaches
marksmanship skills, squadron-level collective defense training and
judgmental use of force.
Centers and Mobile
Cubic leads the world in instrumented air and ground combat
training systems. The company has fielded more live air and ground
combat training systems than any other company. Cubic has:
• Installed/delivered over 70 combat air and ground training
systems at 55 sites for U.S. and allied nations
• Delivered more than 140,000 MILES laser engagement
simulation systems around the globe
• Fielded over 1,100 EST 2000 systems and 9,200 simulated
weapons at military installations in the U.S. and eight other
Cubic’s live and virtual training systems simulate combat effects
in safe, realistic environments to ensure maximum readiness for
forces on land, air and at sea. Our primary products and systems
• Laser Engagement Simulation Systems – Precisely
simulates weapons ballistics and provides casualty effects
during force-on-force training scenarios
• Instrumented Combat Training Centers – Provides
exercise control, tracking, data collection and rapid After
Action Reviews for live training
• Air Combat Training Systems – “Top Gun”
instrumented training, which uses highly accurate GPS to
determine the aircraft’s position and state, validated missile
simulations, and aircrew exercise control and debrief systems
• Virtual Training Systems – Includes marksmanship
and convoy training systems that operate in a virtual 3-D
Live, Virtual and
Cubic’s interoperable systems enable air, sea and land forces
to train jointly in Live, Virtual and Constructive (LVC) environments.
By integrating all three environments, participants can interact with
one another and conduct a coordinated battle, replicating real-world
operations that are relevant to today’s military operations.
• Live simulation involves REAL people operating REAL
equipment in limited maneuver space
• Virtual simulation involves REAL people operating
SIMULATED equipment. The systems can be linked to expand
the training exercise
• Constructive simulation uses computers to simulate
battle elements in an unconstrained exercise
Air Combat Training Systems..........................................................................................................................................................................................
As the leading provider of Air Combat Training Systems, Cubic
has installed/delivered more than 60 Air Combat Maneuvering
Instrumentation (ACMI) systems around the world.
The ACMI systems feature air-to-air, air-to-ground, and groundto-air
weapons simulation; real-time monitoring capabilities;
calculation of the aircraft’s position; and post-mission debriefs to
capitalize on “lessons learned.”
Our fourth and fifth generation ACMI systems provide
rangeless/autonomous ACMI training that allow pilots to train in
any available airspace without a fixed infrastructure. The training
exercise can be monitored on the ground in real time for added
fidelity and safety.
The ACMI systems include two major components – the
airborne instrumentation pod that collects in-flight events and data,
and the ground station that provides real-time exercise control and
At the heart of the ground system is Cubic’s Individual Combat
Aircrew Display System (ICADS), the most widely deployed
debriefing tool in use by aircrews today.
The other major component, the airborne pod, provides
onboard calculation of aircraft position, weapon “flyouts” and realtime
kill notification to the pilots. The pods record all in-flight events
and data, and also transmit the information to the ground stations.
The pods can be mounted on a wingtip weapon station or packaged
Cubic’s advanced pods incorporate GPS technology to provide
continuous and precise position tracking of all players. The rangeless
pods operate simultaneously in both the untethered and real-time
Missile simulations are processed in the pod, with real-time kill
notification provided to pilots via a synthesized voice call. Data is also
transmitted to a ground monitoring station.
Our ICADS debrief software provides realistic 2-D and 3-D views
of the simulated battle on desktop or laptop computers. The system
allows range training officers to communicate with pilots in real time,
control simulated threats and record the data for aircrew debriefs.
Our ACMI systems support individual pilot debriefs at their
squadrons or at theaters for mass debriefings.
ICADS is interoperable with various types of ACMI pod
configurations. The system features a user-friendly interface and
incorporates commercial off-the-shelf components to keep costs low
and reliability high.
Turnkey ACMI Systems
Cubic provides full-service ACMI systems and components
to forces around the world, including Canada, Australia, the
UK, Netherlands, Taiwan, Thailand, Saudi Arabia, Poland, Egypt,
Singapore and Japan.
Cubic also oversees all aspects of the U.S. Air Force’s Misawa-
Osan-Kunsan-Kadena Instrumentation Training System, or MOKKITS,
which supports training for the U.S. Pacific Air Forces and coalition
partners throughout Asia.
Next-Generation P5 CTS/TCTS
Cubic and its teammate DRS Technologies are delivering the
fifth-generation P5 Combat Training System/Tactical Combat Training
System (P5 CTS/TCTS), which sets the standard for joint, multiservice
and coalition training.
The P5 system provides interoperable air combat training
capabilities for U.S. and allied forces. It allows the U.S. Navy, Marines,
Air Force, Air National Guard and coalition partners to train on a
Under the 10-year P5 ID/IQ contract, Cubic is delivering P5 to
more than 30 training ranges in the U.S., Europe and the Pacific Air
Forces region. Today, P5 is operational at more than a dozen bases.
Cubic also is providing the system to coalition partners under
FMS contracts, including Poland, Singapore and Egypt.
P5 CTS/TCTS Capabilities
P5 provides an airborne subsystem pod that supports up to 100
aircraft. It has a range of 80 nautical miles air-to-air and 125 nautical
miles air-to-ground, providing real-time weapons scoring for longrange
weapons such as AMRAAM. A built-in relay capability further
extends the range to over 200 miles.
P5 CTS/TCTS technology will also be embedded within the fifth
generation F-35 Joint Strike Fighter. Additional capabilities include:
• Rack-mounted subsystem for a variety of fixed and rotary
• Electronic combat warfare training capabilities
• Computer-generated threat system
• Portable ground subsystem
• Shipboard ground subsystem
• Fixed ground subsystem
• Compliance with USAF AACMI Security in Mode 3
• No Drop Weapons Scoring (NDWS), which includes
• Compliance with next-generation range instrumentation
• Compatibility with all U.S. and most coalition fighter
and attack aircraft platforms
Laser Engagement Simulation Systems....................................................................................................................................................................
Cubic has unparalleled experience in delivering Tactical
Engagement Simulation Systems (TESS) for live force-on-force
training, including the Multiple Integrated Laser Engagement System
(MILES) for individual soldiers, vehicles and pop-up targets.
The company also provides advanced precision gunnery systems
and simulation systems for indirect fire weapons such as mortars and
Today, Cubic is focusing on products that incorporate wireless
technologies and are user-friendly, modular and interoperable.
Recent innovations include:
• Wireless and modular solutions for manworn systems, and
combat and tactical vehicles
• Use of commercially available handheld touch-screen
technology for installation and setup of training systems
• Incorporating commercial map-accurate satellite imagery via
• Geo-pairing and Non Line-of-Sight (NLOS) weapons
MILES Laser-Based Systems
Cubic’s laser-based MILES products are field hardened, highly
qualified and widely praised. MILES is fully compatible with CTC
instrumentation systems, deployable/homestation systems, and
urban operations training systems.
Available in a variety of configurations around the world, Cubic’s
MILES products accurately replicate the weapons’ ballistics and
performance, and provide casualty status of the trainees. MILES
allows troops to fire infrared “bullets” from the same weapons and
vehicles that they use in actual combat.
Eye-safe laser transmitters and detectors are attached to the
soldiers’ weapons, helmets, training harnesses and tactical vehicles.
When the “laser” bullets are fired, the MILES detector system
indicates if they “hit,” “missed” or “killed” their opponents. The
individual weapons fire blank ammunition and simulate realistic
smoke and blast effects.
Cubic’s MILES products are currently in use by the U.S. Army,
U.S. Marine Corps, U.S. Air Force, U.S. Navy, U.S. Coast Guard, the
Department of Energy and independent power plants. Additionally,
MILES has been fielded internationally to major Combat Training
Centers in the UK, Canada, Australia, Southeast Asia and the Middle
East. Cubic also provides MILES equipment under numerous FMS
contracts, including Croatia, Kuwait, Hungary, Slovakia, Romania,
Ukraine, Latvia and Georgia.
Cubic is a proud provider of the U.S. Army’s next-generation
MILES Individual Weapon System, or MILES IWS, an upgrade to the
widely endorsed MILES 2000 system. Cubic has fielded over 140,000
MILES products around the world since 1997.
MILES IWS features small, lightweight components for
individual soldiers, and provides greater realism and accuracy than
previously fielded MILES. It is user-friendly, requires less time to align
weapons, and holds alignment throughout the training exercise.
The Small Arms Transmitters (SATs) provide accurate replication
of the weapons’ performance to ensure the most realistic training
experience possible. MILES IWS can be easily upgraded, offering
The first large-scale fielding of MILES IWS took place at the
National Training Center (NTC) at Fort Irwin, Calif., in July 2008 under
Cubic’s contract with the Program Executive Office for Simulation
Training and Instrumentation (PEO STRI).
IWS is integrated into the sophisticated urban operations
training exercises at Fort Irwin, one of the premier pre-deployment
training sites in the U.S.
IWS Major Features
• Accurate replication of actual weapons’ performance
• Includes SATS for M16A2/M4, M240, M249, M24, M107,
M110 and M2 weapons, PKM, RPVT, AK-74, AK-47, AK4/G36,
RPK, and SVD weapons
• Small, Lightweight components
• Significant reduction in total cost of ownership
• System counts number of rounds fired
• Visible laser alignment
• Alignment can be performed in all light conditions
• Alignment retention for an entire exercise
• Industry standard 802.15.4 RF link for connection between
the SAT and harness
Wireless MILES (PAN)
Cubic’s wireless version of MILES – the Personal Area Network
(PAN) – incorporates the latest wireless technologies while retaining
Cubic’s proven MILES methodologies.
The system is designed with small, lightweight components
and packaged in mobile transit cases. The equipment is universally
configurable and easily attached to soldiers’ tactical equipment.
PAN’s industry-standard wireless link replaces traditional
harnesses and cables, allowing for easy adaptation of new features
and components. This significantly reduces cost of ownership while
increasing ease of use, extensibility and reliability.
The system’s Smart Transit Case (STC) provides convenient
battery recharge and transportation capabilities. The STC also
provides a maintenance interface to perform system health checks
and rapid download of event data.
Cubic’s wireless MILES is employed in various configurations for
dismounted ground warfighters, tactical vehicles, combat vehicles
and law enforcement watercraft.
Instrumented Ground Combat Training Systems......................................................................................................................................................
Cubic supplies world-class combat training systems for major
Combat Training Centers, homestations and forward-deployed
environments. The instrumentation systems are designed to support
any mission, including force-on-force, urban operations, joint,
combined arms and multinational training.
Cubic also develops mobile tactical tracking systems for land
navigation, public safety and security management applications.
The CTC instrumentation systems interoperate with the full
range of TESS and urban operations systems. The systems provide
tracking and positioning data of the individual players, vehicles, fixed
wing and rotary wing platforms involved in the exercises.
The systems record the exercise data, including the position
and status of the participants, and rapidly fuse the information into
meaningful After Action Reviews.
The AARs can be conducted in large theaters, portable military
shelters or tents. Cubic’s PC-Range Instrumentation System provides
exercise control (EXCON) functions on desktop or laptop computers,
and processes the data for immediate AARs.
Cubic’s deployable training systems deliver high-fidelity CTClike
capabilities for mobile, transportable or fixed site applications.
Designed with open architecture, the deployable CTC systems
support all levels of training, from squad through brigade.
Cubic is expanding its combat training capabilities with recent
• Web-based applications with user-friendly, familiar
• Wireless, modular and universal systems
• Medical care training using live and virtual simulation
• Built-in models for AARs and learning assessment
• Exercise Control Center (EXCON) – The hub of
the training exercise where observers/ controllers/analysts
can monitor and record battlefield activity and initiate area
• After Action Review Facilities – Fixed or mobile
AARs, which include a multimedia presentation where troops
receive objective replay and review of the exercise
• Digital Communications Network – Enables realtime
monitoring and exercise control. It provides the RF link
between the EXCON and the soldier/vehicle instrumentation.
• Instrumentation Equipment – Includes manworn,
vehicle and helicopter kits. The participant instrumentation
uses GPS and other techniques to track player locations,
calculate weapons events and transmit exercise data to the
EXCON in real time.
• Camp Casey, Korea – Eighth U.S. Army
• Forts Richardson and Wainwright, Alaska – Pacific Alaska
• Canadian WES – Weapons Effects Simulation System
• Fort Irwin, CA – National Training Center (NTC)
• Fort Polk, LA – Joint Readiness Training Center (JRTC)
• Hawaii – Schofield Barracks, U.S. Army
• Hungarian Army CTC – Hungary
• Korean Army CTC – South Korea
• Land 134 Deployable CTC, Australia – Urban Operations
Training Facility (UOTF)
• Romanian Land Forces CTC
• Singapore Armed Forces – Battlefield Instrumentation
• Slovak Republic Armed Forces CTC
• UK AWES – Area Weapons Effects Simulator
(UK - SPTA and Canada - BATUS)
Urban Operations Training
Cubic provides a complete instrumentation solution for urban
training operations around the globe, including sites throughout the
U.S., UK, Australia and the Middle East.
Cubic’s systems are flexible and scalable, providing the most
realistic experience possible for urban operations training, also called
Military Operations on Urban Terrain (MOUT).
Cubic supports MOUT operations in single buildings as well as
full urban cities, which accurately replicate scenarios that soldiers
face in today’s urban warfare environments. The MOUT villages
include IED avoidance training, role players, tactical vehicles and
Cubic’s MOUT systems are fully compatible with MILES
systems, CTC instrumentation and deployable/homestation training
systems. The company provides complete MOUT solutions for the
total training environment, including data collection, AARs, player
instrumentation, and direct and indirect fire.
MOUT Key Features
• Seamless indoor/outdoor tracking
• Shoot-through-wall capability
• Integration with Engagement Simulation Systems
• Area weapons effects (blast and smoke)
• Pop-up targets
• Video monitoring and real-time control of scenarios
• Data fusion
• Extensive AAR capability
Virtual Training Systems........................................................................................................................................................................................................
Cubic provides a full range of virtual training devices to military,
public safety and commercial customers worldwide. We focus on the
development and systems integration of simulation-based training
systems for vehicles, missiles, small arms and aircraft.
Cubic’s devices include EST 2000 – a U.S. Army Program of
Record – along with operations and maintenance trainers, and
tabletop simulators for classroom, shipboard and field use.
In addition to EST 2000, the company offers a wide variety
of immersive small arms training systems, including EST Plus, the
Warrior Skills Trainer (WST), EST DS (Dismounted Solution) and the
new CombatRedi portable training system.
The simulated weapons used in conjunction with the immersive
training products are high-fidelity surrogates of tactical weapons.
Each weapon contains sensors to measure the performance of the
trainee and the weapon. The external appearance of the weapons is
kept as identical to real weapons as possible.
tactics. The projector-based virtual system trains soldiers in the use
of small arms, AT4 antitank weapons, the 50-caliber M-2 machine
gun and the MK 19 40mm grenade launcher.
It allows trainees to shoot virtual bullets from actual weapons
at simulated enemies shown on high-resolution displays, including
giant wraparound screens for immersive training.
Cubic’s EST systems feature ballistically accurate weapons and
geo-specific scenarios customized for specific training requirements.
The virtual scenarios feature multiple environments – ranging from
Middle Eastern desert battle scenes to urban, jungle and mountain
terrains – in all weather and light conditions. All actions are recorded
EST Plus incorporates all the capabilities of EST 2000 but adds
a fourth mode of training – an “offensive” mode that provides the
ability to move through 3D terrains for mounted and dismounted
EST DS is a compact, single-shooter system that provides the
cutting-edge marksmanship capabilities of EST 2000 – plus expanded
capabilities for dismounted warrior training. The system allows the
individual soldier to train in a small, undedicated area – requiring
as little as 48 square feet (4.5m2) of space – allowing troops to
maintain weapon proficiency wherever they are. EST DS brings the
latest in gaming graphics to military training while incorporating the
same ballistics of EST 2000. Features of EST DS include:
• Single shooter, local network, and interoperability with other
• Projector-based visual system
• Training position requires only 48 square feet (4.5m2)
• Common weapons with EST 2000 and WST
• Common hardware with EST 2000 for logistics savings
CombatRedi consists of a helmet-mounted display, a tactical
manworn system with wireless communications, a simulated
weapon and a sensor suite for tracking soldier movements.
Operations & Maintenance
With over three decades experience in tactical vehicle
replication, Cubic has provided virtual trainers and components
for the M1/M2 family of tank trainers; the USMC Expeditionary
Fighting Vehicle (EFV); the LAV 25; multiple Mine Resistant Ambush
Protected (MRAP) vehicles; the Bradley fighting vehicle; and over 150
man modules the U.S. Army’s Close Combat Tactical Trainer (CCTT)
program. The company has also developed aircraft maintenance
trainers for the F-16, F-18 and C-17.
In the area of classroom trainers, Cubic provides Javelin Basic
Skills Trainers and components for the Javelin Field Tactical Trainer.
EST 2000 / EST PLUS
Cubic’s EST 2000 virtual trainer is the only system of its kind
validated, verified and accredited by the U.S. Army Infantry School.
Cubic has delivered more than 1,100 EST 2000 systems and 9,200
simulated weapons at U.S. military installations, law enforcement
agencies and for eight other nations.
The system provides training for individual marksmanship skills,
squad-level collective defense, and judgmental “shoot-don’t shoot”
Warrior Skills Trainer
The Warrior Skills Trainer is an extension of the EST 2000 and
the EST Plus. Trainees traverse the environment, both mounted and
The WST prepares soldiers for all weather conditions, convoy
attacks, and judgment issues that arise in real-world combat. The
WST trainees can train dismounted, in multiple vehicles during a
convoy scenario, or in single vehicles.
CombatRedi is the latest offering from Cubic’s immersive small arms
training portfolio. This portable training system allows the soldier to
be immersed in a 360-degree virtual battlespace to conduct mission
rehearsal, squad and platoon-level training.
The powerful, compact system is worn by the soldier, providing
a complete training system without the need for dedicated facilities.
This system includes a Command Launch Unit and a directed MILES
laser capable of MILES pairing – recording a near miss, hit or kill – up
to 3,000 meters on the training range or in force-on-force scenarios.
The Javelin Basic Skills Trainer provides training in the classroom,
garrison or aboard ship for field surveillance, fire mission control, and
target identification, location and acquisition.
Cubic has produced over 1,800 Javelin devices as part of the
Raytheon-Lockheed Martin Javelin Joint Venture.
Live Training Components
• Fixed and Mobile Instrumented Combat Training Systems
• PC-Based Exercise Control, AAR Display and Debrief Systems
• Multiple Integrated Laser Engagement Systems
• Advanced Precision Gunnery Systems
• Infantry Weapons Effects Simulation Systems
• Urban Operations Training Solutions
• Simulated Mines and Hand Grenades
• Communications Systems for CTCs
• Vehicle and Manworn GPS/RF Player Units
• Tactical Vehicle Systems
Virtual Training Capabilities
• Mounted and Dismounted Soldier Virtual Training Systems
• Small Arms Marksmanship Trainers
• Ground and Air Vehicle Operator and Maintenance
• Tactical Vehicle Replication (for Armored, Combat and
• Convoy and Driver Training Systems
• Desktop Vehicle Trainers
• Classroom and Tactical Trainers for Missile Systems
• ATF Licensed Weapons Manufacturer
• Small Arms Weapons Replication
Live Training Technologies
• Asset Tracking and Positioning
• Data Collection and Analysis
• Weapons Effects Simulations
• Electronic Warfare Threat Integration
• ECM Effects Modeling and Integration
• Embedded Training
• Tactical Engagement Simulation
• Analysis of Threat Systems, including Radio Communication,
Navigation and Jamming/Spoofing
• Fire Support Missions and Targets
• Mine and Obstacle Simulations
• Nuclear, Biological, Chemical Effects (NBC) Modeling
• Participant Instrumentation and RF Communications
• Integrated Live, Virtual and Constructive Simulations
• Laser Designation and Communications
• Fixed and Mobile Theater Design for AARs
• Voice and Video Recording
• Database Management and Data Mining
• Design, Manufacture and Installation
• System Integration
Cubic Defense Applications Office Locations.........................
Cubic Defense Applications
9333 Balboa Avenue
San Diego, CA 92123
858-277-6780 • 858-505-1523 Fax
Simulation Systems Division
2001 W. Oak Ridge Road
Orlando, FL 32809-3803
407-859-7410 • 407-855-4840 Fax
Cubic Field Services Canada Ltd.
Suite 402, 222 Queen Street
Ottawa Ontario K1P 5V9
613-233-5523 • 613-563-4284 Fax
Cubic Defense New Zealand Ltd.
P.O. Box 6008
Mt. Eden, Auckland, 1411, New Zealand
011-64-9-379-0360 • 011-64-9-373-9799 Fax
Cubic Defense Australia Pty Ltd.
P.O. Box 811
3/16 Casey Street
Aitkenvale, Queensland 4814
61 (0)7 4775 1881 • 61 (0)7 4728 8242 Fax
51 Goldhill Plaza #07-05
011-65-6258-9877 • 011 65-6356-2433 Fax
Crystal Gateway Two, Suite 702
1225 S. Clark Street
Arlington, VA 22202
703-415-1600 • 703-415-1608 Fax
AWES EXCON Building
Salisbury, Wiltshire SP3 4RS
01908 621393 • 01980 621033 Fax
Orlando Field Office
12000 Research Parkway
Orlando, FL 32826
407-273-5500 • 407-275-0200 Fax
9333 Balboa Ave. • San Diego, California • USA • Phone 858-277-6780 • Fax 858-505-1523
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