Cubic Defense Applications, Inc. develops training

Cubic Defense Applications, Inc. develops training

Cubic Defense Applications, Inc. develops training and

specialized electronic systems to help prepare our forces

for the contemporary operating environment. With Cubic’s

training systems and services, troops learn the individual and

collective skills they need to accomplish their mission and

return home safely.

Realistic Training for Complete Combat Readiness


Who We Are

Cubic Defense Applications, a major segment of San Diegobased

Cubic Corporation, is a world’s leading provider of live combat

training systems and virtual small arms trainers. The corporation has

two primary business areas, Defense and Transportation, which are

both No. 1 in their core markets. In total, Cubic has approximately

7,300 employees at 130 locations worldwide.

In addition to combat training systems, Cubic’s defense segment

provides mission support services, computer-assisted training,

educational technologies, tactical data links, specialty avionics and

electro-optics. The defense segment supplies products, systems and

services to U.S. and allied forces in 50 allied nations.

What We Do

Cubic’s combat training systems allow soldiers and pilots to train

as they fight – to experience the “fog of war” with their individual

weapons, tanks and aircraft without the use of live ammunition.

The systems replicate actual combat environments and weapons’

performance, giving troops the individual and collective skills they

need to survive.

Cubic designs, installs and sustains instrumented range systems

for attack and fighter aircraft, armored vehicles and infantry forceon-force

live training. We provide everything from real-time tracking

and weapons effects simulations to laser engagement simulation

systems and advanced precision gunnery solutions.

The live training systems accurately simulate weapons effects

and the tactical actions of combat pilots and soldiers. They provide

objective feedback for aircrew debriefs and After Action Reviews


Cubic’s systems support all levels of training – including urban

operations, single service, joint, combined and multinational

missions – from squad through brigade-level training and aviation air


The company provides high-fidelity training simulation for any

size mission, ranging from instrumentation systems at the world’s

largest Combat Training Centers (CTCs) to mobile systems for

deployed and homestation training.

In the area of virtual simulation, Cubic is providing the U.S.

Army’s No. 1 virtual small arms training system, the Engagement

Skills Trainer, or EST 2000. This projection-based system teaches

marksmanship skills, squadron-level collective defense training and

judgmental use of force.


Air Combat

Training Systems


MILES Products


Planned Deliveries

Precision Gunnery

Systems (PGS)

EST 2000

Combat Training

Centers and Mobile


Global Leadership

Cubic leads the world in instrumented air and ground combat

training systems. The company has fielded more live air and ground

combat training systems than any other company. Cubic has:

• Installed/delivered over 70 combat air and ground training

systems at 55 sites for U.S. and allied nations

• Delivered more than 140,000 MILES laser engagement

simulation systems around the globe

• Fielded over 1,100 EST 2000 systems and 9,200 simulated

weapons at military installations in the U.S. and eight other


Training Portfolio

Cubic’s live and virtual training systems simulate combat effects

in safe, realistic environments to ensure maximum readiness for

forces on land, air and at sea. Our primary products and systems


• Laser Engagement Simulation Systems – Precisely

simulates weapons ballistics and provides casualty effects

during force-on-force training scenarios

• Instrumented Combat Training Centers – Provides

exercise control, tracking, data collection and rapid After

Action Reviews for live training

• Air Combat Training Systems – “Top Gun”

instrumented training, which uses highly accurate GPS to

determine the aircraft’s position and state, validated missile

simulations, and aircrew exercise control and debrief systems

• Virtual Training Systems – Includes marksmanship

and convoy training systems that operate in a virtual 3-D


Live, Virtual and

Constructive Integration

Cubic’s interoperable systems enable air, sea and land forces

to train jointly in Live, Virtual and Constructive (LVC) environments.

By integrating all three environments, participants can interact with

one another and conduct a coordinated battle, replicating real-world

operations that are relevant to today’s military operations.

• Live simulation involves REAL people operating REAL

equipment in limited maneuver space

• Virtual simulation involves REAL people operating

SIMULATED equipment. The systems can be linked to expand

the training exercise

• Constructive simulation uses computers to simulate

battle elements in an unconstrained exercise

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Air Combat Training Systems..........................................................................................................................................................................................

As the leading provider of Air Combat Training Systems, Cubic

has installed/delivered more than 60 Air Combat Maneuvering

Instrumentation (ACMI) systems around the world.

The ACMI systems feature air-to-air, air-to-ground, and groundto-air

weapons simulation; real-time monitoring capabilities;

calculation of the aircraft’s position; and post-mission debriefs to

capitalize on “lessons learned.”

Our fourth and fifth generation ACMI systems provide

rangeless/autonomous ACMI training that allow pilots to train in

any available airspace without a fixed infrastructure. The training

exercise can be monitored on the ground in real time for added

fidelity and safety.

Major Components

The ACMI systems include two major components – the

airborne instrumentation pod that collects in-flight events and data,

and the ground station that provides real-time exercise control and

post-mission debriefs.

At the heart of the ground system is Cubic’s Individual Combat

Aircrew Display System (ICADS), the most widely deployed

debriefing tool in use by aircrews today.

The other major component, the airborne pod, provides

onboard calculation of aircraft position, weapon “flyouts” and realtime

kill notification to the pilots. The pods record all in-flight events

and data, and also transmit the information to the ground stations.

The pods can be mounted on a wingtip weapon station or packaged


Cubic’s advanced pods incorporate GPS technology to provide

continuous and precise position tracking of all players. The rangeless

pods operate simultaneously in both the untethered and real-time

monitor mode.

Missile simulations are processed in the pod, with real-time kill

notification provided to pilots via a synthesized voice call. Data is also

transmitted to a ground monitoring station.

Simulated Views

Our ICADS debrief software provides realistic 2-D and 3-D views

of the simulated battle on desktop or laptop computers. The system

allows range training officers to communicate with pilots in real time,

control simulated threats and record the data for aircrew debriefs.

Our ACMI systems support individual pilot debriefs at their

squadrons or at theaters for mass debriefings.

ICADS is interoperable with various types of ACMI pod

configurations. The system features a user-friendly interface and

incorporates commercial off-the-shelf components to keep costs low

and reliability high.

Turnkey ACMI Systems

Cubic provides full-service ACMI systems and components

to forces around the world, including Canada, Australia, the

UK, Netherlands, Taiwan, Thailand, Saudi Arabia, Poland, Egypt,

Singapore and Japan.

Cubic also oversees all aspects of the U.S. Air Force’s Misawa-

Osan-Kunsan-Kadena Instrumentation Training System, or MOKKITS,

which supports training for the U.S. Pacific Air Forces and coalition

partners throughout Asia.

Next-Generation P5 CTS/TCTS

Cubic and its teammate DRS Technologies are delivering the

fifth-generation P5 Combat Training System/Tactical Combat Training

System (P5 CTS/TCTS), which sets the standard for joint, multiservice

and coalition training.

The P5 system provides interoperable air combat training

capabilities for U.S. and allied forces. It allows the U.S. Navy, Marines,

Air Force, Air National Guard and coalition partners to train on a

common platform.

Under the 10-year P5 ID/IQ contract, Cubic is delivering P5 to

more than 30 training ranges in the U.S., Europe and the Pacific Air

Forces region. Today, P5 is operational at more than a dozen bases.

Cubic also is providing the system to coalition partners under

FMS contracts, including Poland, Singapore and Egypt.

P5 CTS/TCTS Capabilities

P5 provides an airborne subsystem pod that supports up to 100

aircraft. It has a range of 80 nautical miles air-to-air and 125 nautical

miles air-to-ground, providing real-time weapons scoring for longrange

weapons such as AMRAAM. A built-in relay capability further

extends the range to over 200 miles.

P5 CTS/TCTS technology will also be embedded within the fifth

generation F-35 Joint Strike Fighter. Additional capabilities include:

• Rack-mounted subsystem for a variety of fixed and rotary

wing aircraft

• Electronic combat warfare training capabilities

• Computer-generated threat system

• Portable ground subsystem

• Shipboard ground subsystem

• Fixed ground subsystem

• Compliance with USAF AACMI Security in Mode 3

• No Drop Weapons Scoring (NDWS), which includes

precision-guided weapons

• Compliance with next-generation range instrumentation

interface standards

• Compatibility with all U.S. and most coalition fighter

and attack aircraft platforms

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Laser Engagement Simulation Systems....................................................................................................................................................................

Cubic has unparalleled experience in delivering Tactical

Engagement Simulation Systems (TESS) for live force-on-force

training, including the Multiple Integrated Laser Engagement System

(MILES) for individual soldiers, vehicles and pop-up targets.

The company also provides advanced precision gunnery systems

and simulation systems for indirect fire weapons such as mortars and


Today, Cubic is focusing on products that incorporate wireless

technologies and are user-friendly, modular and interoperable.

Recent innovations include:

• Wireless and modular solutions for manworn systems, and

combat and tactical vehicles

• Use of commercially available handheld touch-screen

technology for installation and setup of training systems

Incorporating commercial map-accurate satellite imagery via

the Web

• Geo-pairing and Non Line-of-Sight (NLOS) weapons

MILES Laser-Based Systems

Cubic’s laser-based MILES products are field hardened, highly

qualified and widely praised. MILES is fully compatible with CTC

instrumentation systems, deployable/homestation systems, and

urban operations training systems.

Available in a variety of configurations around the world, Cubic’s

MILES products accurately replicate the weapons’ ballistics and

performance, and provide casualty status of the trainees. MILES

allows troops to fire infrared “bullets” from the same weapons and

vehicles that they use in actual combat.

Eye-safe laser transmitters and detectors are attached to the

soldiers’ weapons, helmets, training harnesses and tactical vehicles.

When the “laser” bullets are fired, the MILES detector system

indicates if they “hit,” “missed” or “killed” their opponents. The

individual weapons fire blank ammunition and simulate realistic

smoke and blast effects.

Cubic’s MILES products are currently in use by the U.S. Army,

U.S. Marine Corps, U.S. Air Force, U.S. Navy, U.S. Coast Guard, the

Department of Energy and independent power plants. Additionally,

MILES has been fielded internationally to major Combat Training

Centers in the UK, Canada, Australia, Southeast Asia and the Middle

East. Cubic also provides MILES equipment under numerous FMS

contracts, including Croatia, Kuwait, Hungary, Slovakia, Romania,

Ukraine, Latvia and Georgia.

IWS Overview

Cubic is a proud provider of the U.S. Army’s next-generation

MILES Individual Weapon System, or MILES IWS, an upgrade to the

widely endorsed MILES 2000 system. Cubic has fielded over 140,000

MILES products around the world since 1997.

MILES IWS features small, lightweight components for

individual soldiers, and provides greater realism and accuracy than

previously fielded MILES. It is user-friendly, requires less time to align

weapons, and holds alignment throughout the training exercise.

The Small Arms Transmitters (SATs) provide accurate replication

of the weapons’ performance to ensure the most realistic training

experience possible. MILES IWS can be easily upgraded, offering

long-term sustainability.

The first large-scale fielding of MILES IWS took place at the

National Training Center (NTC) at Fort Irwin, Calif., in July 2008 under

Cubic’s contract with the Program Executive Office for Simulation

Training and Instrumentation (PEO STRI).

IWS is integrated into the sophisticated urban operations

training exercises at Fort Irwin, one of the premier pre-deployment

training sites in the U.S.

IWS Major Features

• Accurate replication of actual weapons’ performance

Includes SATS for M16A2/M4, M240, M249, M24, M107,

M110 and M2 weapons, PKM, RPVT, AK-74, AK-47, AK4/G36,

RPK, and SVD weapons

• Small, Lightweight components

• Significant reduction in total cost of ownership

• System counts number of rounds fired

• Visible laser alignment

• Alignment can be performed in all light conditions

• Alignment retention for an entire exercise

• Industry standard 802.15.4 RF link for connection between

the SAT and harness

Wireless MILES (PAN)

Cubic’s wireless version of MILES – the Personal Area Network

(PAN) – incorporates the latest wireless technologies while retaining

Cubic’s proven MILES methodologies.

The system is designed with small, lightweight components

and packaged in mobile transit cases. The equipment is universally

configurable and easily attached to soldiers’ tactical equipment.

PAN’s industry-standard wireless link replaces traditional

harnesses and cables, allowing for easy adaptation of new features

and components. This significantly reduces cost of ownership while

increasing ease of use, extensibility and reliability.

The system’s Smart Transit Case (STC) provides convenient

battery recharge and transportation capabilities. The STC also

provides a maintenance interface to perform system health checks

and rapid download of event data.

Cubic’s wireless MILES is employed in various configurations for

dismounted ground warfighters, tactical vehicles, combat vehicles

and law enforcement watercraft.

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Instrumented Ground Combat Training Systems......................................................................................................................................................

Cubic supplies world-class combat training systems for major

Combat Training Centers, homestations and forward-deployed

environments. The instrumentation systems are designed to support

any mission, including force-on-force, urban operations, joint,

combined arms and multinational training.

Cubic also develops mobile tactical tracking systems for land

navigation, public safety and security management applications.


The CTC instrumentation systems interoperate with the full

range of TESS and urban operations systems. The systems provide

tracking and positioning data of the individual players, vehicles, fixed

wing and rotary wing platforms involved in the exercises.

The systems record the exercise data, including the position

and status of the participants, and rapidly fuse the information into

meaningful After Action Reviews.

The AARs can be conducted in large theaters, portable military

shelters or tents. Cubic’s PC-Range Instrumentation System provides

exercise control (EXCON) functions on desktop or laptop computers,

and processes the data for immediate AARs.

Cubic’s deployable training systems deliver high-fidelity CTClike

capabilities for mobile, transportable or fixed site applications.

Designed with open architecture, the deployable CTC systems

support all levels of training, from squad through brigade.

Cubic is expanding its combat training capabilities with recent

innovations including:

• Web-based applications with user-friendly, familiar


• Wireless, modular and universal systems

• Medical care training using live and virtual simulation

• Built-in models for AARs and learning assessment

Major Subsystems

• Exercise Control Center (EXCON) – The hub of

the training exercise where observers/ controllers/analysts

can monitor and record battlefield activity and initiate area

weapons events

• After Action Review Facilities – Fixed or mobile

AARs, which include a multimedia presentation where troops

receive objective replay and review of the exercise

• Digital Communications Network – Enables realtime

monitoring and exercise control. It provides the RF link

between the EXCON and the soldier/vehicle instrumentation.

• Instrumentation Equipment – Includes manworn,

vehicle and helicopter kits. The participant instrumentation

uses GPS and other techniques to track player locations,

calculate weapons events and transmit exercise data to the

EXCON in real time.

Major Programs

• Camp Casey, Korea – Eighth U.S. Army

• Forts Richardson and Wainwright, Alaska – Pacific Alaska

Range Complex

• Canadian WES – Weapons Effects Simulation System

• Fort Irwin, CA – National Training Center (NTC)

• Fort Polk, LA – Joint Readiness Training Center (JRTC)

• Hawaii – Schofield Barracks, U.S. Army

• Hungarian Army CTC – Hungary

• Korean Army CTC – South Korea

• Land 134 Deployable CTC, Australia – Urban Operations

Training Facility (UOTF)

• Romanian Land Forces CTC

• Singapore Armed Forces – Battlefield Instrumentation

System (BFI)

• Slovak Republic Armed Forces CTC

• UK AWES – Area Weapons Effects Simulator

(UK - SPTA and Canada - BATUS)

Urban Operations Training

Cubic provides a complete instrumentation solution for urban

training operations around the globe, including sites throughout the

U.S., UK, Australia and the Middle East.

Cubic’s systems are flexible and scalable, providing the most

realistic experience possible for urban operations training, also called

Military Operations on Urban Terrain (MOUT).

Cubic supports MOUT operations in single buildings as well as

full urban cities, which accurately replicate scenarios that soldiers

face in today’s urban warfare environments. The MOUT villages

include IED avoidance training, role players, tactical vehicles and


Cubic’s MOUT systems are fully compatible with MILES

systems, CTC instrumentation and deployable/homestation training

systems. The company provides complete MOUT solutions for the

total training environment, including data collection, AARs, player

instrumentation, and direct and indirect fire.

MOUT Key Features

• Seamless indoor/outdoor tracking

• Shoot-through-wall capability

• Integration with Engagement Simulation Systems

• Area weapons effects (blast and smoke)

• Pop-up targets

• Video monitoring and real-time control of scenarios

• Data fusion

• Extensive AAR capability

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Virtual Training Systems........................................................................................................................................................................................................

Cubic provides a full range of virtual training devices to military,

public safety and commercial customers worldwide. We focus on the

development and systems integration of simulation-based training

systems for vehicles, missiles, small arms and aircraft.

Cubic’s devices include EST 2000 – a U.S. Army Program of

Record – along with operations and maintenance trainers, and

tabletop simulators for classroom, shipboard and field use.

In addition to EST 2000, the company offers a wide variety

of immersive small arms training systems, including EST Plus, the

Warrior Skills Trainer (WST), EST DS (Dismounted Solution) and the

new CombatRedi portable training system.

The simulated weapons used in conjunction with the immersive

training products are high-fidelity surrogates of tactical weapons.

Each weapon contains sensors to measure the performance of the

trainee and the weapon. The external appearance of the weapons is

kept as identical to real weapons as possible.

tactics. The projector-based virtual system trains soldiers in the use

of small arms, AT4 antitank weapons, the 50-caliber M-2 machine

gun and the MK 19 40mm grenade launcher.

It allows trainees to shoot virtual bullets from actual weapons

at simulated enemies shown on high-resolution displays, including

giant wraparound screens for immersive training.

Cubic’s EST systems feature ballistically accurate weapons and

geo-specific scenarios customized for specific training requirements.

The virtual scenarios feature multiple environments – ranging from

Middle Eastern desert battle scenes to urban, jungle and mountain

terrains – in all weather and light conditions. All actions are recorded

for AARs.

EST Plus incorporates all the capabilities of EST 2000 but adds

a fourth mode of training – an “offensive” mode that provides the

ability to move through 3D terrains for mounted and dismounted



EST DS is a compact, single-shooter system that provides the

cutting-edge marksmanship capabilities of EST 2000 – plus expanded

capabilities for dismounted warrior training. The system allows the

individual soldier to train in a small, undedicated area – requiring

as little as 48 square feet (4.5m2) of space – allowing troops to

maintain weapon proficiency wherever they are. EST DS brings the

latest in gaming graphics to military training while incorporating the

same ballistics of EST 2000. Features of EST DS include:

• Single shooter, local network, and interoperability with other


• Projector-based visual system

• Training position requires only 48 square feet (4.5m2)

• Common weapons with EST 2000 and WST

• Common hardware with EST 2000 for logistics savings

CombatRedi consists of a helmet-mounted display, a tactical

manworn system with wireless communications, a simulated

weapon and a sensor suite for tracking soldier movements.

Operations & Maintenance


With over three decades experience in tactical vehicle

replication, Cubic has provided virtual trainers and components

for the M1/M2 family of tank trainers; the USMC Expeditionary

Fighting Vehicle (EFV); the LAV 25; multiple Mine Resistant Ambush

Protected (MRAP) vehicles; the Bradley fighting vehicle; and over 150

man modules the U.S. Army’s Close Combat Tactical Trainer (CCTT)

program. The company has also developed aircraft maintenance

trainers for the F-16, F-18 and C-17.

In the area of classroom trainers, Cubic provides Javelin Basic

Skills Trainers and components for the Javelin Field Tactical Trainer.


Cubic’s EST 2000 virtual trainer is the only system of its kind

validated, verified and accredited by the U.S. Army Infantry School.

Cubic has delivered more than 1,100 EST 2000 systems and 9,200

simulated weapons at U.S. military installations, law enforcement

agencies and for eight other nations.

The system provides training for individual marksmanship skills,

squad-level collective defense, and judgmental “shoot-don’t shoot”

Warrior Skills Trainer

The Warrior Skills Trainer is an extension of the EST 2000 and

the EST Plus. Trainees traverse the environment, both mounted and


The WST prepares soldiers for all weather conditions, convoy

attacks, and judgment issues that arise in real-world combat. The

WST trainees can train dismounted, in multiple vehicles during a

convoy scenario, or in single vehicles.


CombatRedi is the latest offering from Cubic’s immersive small arms

training portfolio. This portable training system allows the soldier to

be immersed in a 360-degree virtual battlespace to conduct mission

rehearsal, squad and platoon-level training.

The powerful, compact system is worn by the soldier, providing

a complete training system without the need for dedicated facilities.

This system includes a Command Launch Unit and a directed MILES

laser capable of MILES pairing – recording a near miss, hit or kill – up

to 3,000 meters on the training range or in force-on-force scenarios.

The Javelin Basic Skills Trainer provides training in the classroom,

garrison or aboard ship for field surveillance, fire mission control, and

target identification, location and acquisition.

Cubic has produced over 1,800 Javelin devices as part of the

Raytheon-Lockheed Martin Javelin Joint Venture.

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Our Capabilities.................................................................................

Live Training Components

• Fixed and Mobile Instrumented Combat Training Systems

• PC-Based Exercise Control, AAR Display and Debrief Systems

• Multiple Integrated Laser Engagement Systems

• Advanced Precision Gunnery Systems

• Infantry Weapons Effects Simulation Systems

• Urban Operations Training Solutions

• Simulated Mines and Hand Grenades

• Communications Systems for CTCs

• Vehicle and Manworn GPS/RF Player Units

• Tactical Vehicle Systems

Virtual Training Capabilities

• Mounted and Dismounted Soldier Virtual Training Systems

• Small Arms Marksmanship Trainers

• Ground and Air Vehicle Operator and Maintenance

Training Systems

• Tactical Vehicle Replication (for Armored, Combat and

Support Vehicles)

• Convoy and Driver Training Systems

• Desktop Vehicle Trainers

• Classroom and Tactical Trainers for Missile Systems

• ATF Licensed Weapons Manufacturer

• Small Arms Weapons Replication

Live Training Technologies

• Asset Tracking and Positioning

• Data Collection and Analysis

• Weapons Effects Simulations

• Electronic Warfare Threat Integration

• ECM Effects Modeling and Integration

• Embedded Training

• Tactical Engagement Simulation

• Encryption

• Analysis of Threat Systems, including Radio Communication,

Navigation and Jamming/Spoofing

• Fire Support Missions and Targets

• Mine and Obstacle Simulations

• Nuclear, Biological, Chemical Effects (NBC) Modeling

• Participant Instrumentation and RF Communications

• Integrated Live, Virtual and Constructive Simulations

• Laser Designation and Communications

• Fixed and Mobile Theater Design for AARs

• Voice and Video Recording

• Database Management and Data Mining

• Design, Manufacture and Installation

• System Integration

Cubic Defense Applications Office Locations.........................

Cubic Defense Applications


9333 Balboa Avenue

San Diego, CA 92123

858-277-6780 • 858-505-1523 Fax

Simulation Systems Division

2001 W. Oak Ridge Road

Orlando, FL 32809-3803

407-859-7410 • 407-855-4840 Fax

Cubic Field Services Canada Ltd.

Suite 402, 222 Queen Street

Ottawa Ontario K1P 5V9

613-233-5523 • 613-563-4284 Fax

Cubic Defense New Zealand Ltd.

P.O. Box 6008

Wellesley Street

Mt. Eden, Auckland, 1411, New Zealand

011-64-9-379-0360 • 011-64-9-373-9799 Fax

Australia Operations

Cubic Defense Australia Pty Ltd.

P.O. Box 811

3/16 Casey Street

Aitkenvale, Queensland 4814

61 (0)7 4775 1881 • 61 (0)7 4728 8242 Fax


51 Goldhill Plaza #07-05

Singapore 308900

011-65-6258-9877 • 011 65-6356-2433 Fax

Washington, D.C.

Crystal Gateway Two, Suite 702

1225 S. Clark Street

Arlington, VA 22202

703-415-1600 • 703-415-1608 Fax



Westdown Camp


Salisbury, Wiltshire SP3 4RS

United Kingdom

01908 621393 • 01980 621033 Fax

Orlando Field Office

12000 Research Parkway

Suite 408

Orlando, FL 32826

407-273-5500 • 407-275-0200 Fax


9333 Balboa Ave. • San Diego, California • USA • Phone 858-277-6780 • Fax 858-505-1523

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Copyright © 3/10 • CDA 10933

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