USAID Afghanistan

afghaneic.org

USAID Afghanistan

USAID

Afghanistan

January 2004

U.S. Agency for International Development


2

OUR MISSION

Working with our multi-national partners, we will promote

security and accelerate the political and economic

reconstruction of Afghanistan.

U.S. Agency for International Development


3

Definition of Success

An Afghanistan that does not again become a base for

terrorism; that is committed to democracy and human

rights, and that can achieve progress through free market

and legal economic activity.

Prerequisites for Success:

– Security in the countryside

– Adequate funding for development

U.S. Agency for International Development


US Assistance to Afghanistan

Total Assistance to Date: $2,160,000,000

4

2500

2,110

2000

1500

1000

(millions)

912 953

500

103

192

0

FY00 FY01 FY02 FY03 FY04

U.S. Agency for International Development


5

US FY04 Support to the National Development Budget: $2,109.56m

(millions)

Pillar I - $330.4

•Refugee & IDP Return - $92

•Education & Voc Training – $97.5

•Health & Nutrition – $98.6

•Livelihood & Soc Protection - $42.3

Pillar III - $958.04

•Trade & Investment - $45

•Public Admin Ref & Ec Mgm – $138.54

•Justice - $20

•Nat’l. police & law enforcement - $160

•Afghan National Army (ANA) – $549

•DDR - $45.4

Pillar II – $472.2

•Transport - $308.5

•Energy, Mining & Telecoms - $80

•Natural Resource Management - $5

•Urban Management - $78.7

Other – $218.3

•Support to Bonn Process - $111.7

•KPD/PPS - $45

•PRT - $54

•Human Rights - $7.6

U.S. Agency for International Development


6

Agriculture and Rural Economy

In Afghanistan agriculture is a way of life for 70 percent of the population.

After years of civil war and drought, most of the productive assets have

been destroyed, crops have been uprooted, livestock lost, and farmers

are heavily indebted.

Program Goals

• 100% increase in average productivity for

500,000 families

• 615 irrigation projects to increase water

use efficiency by 50% and productivity by

20%

• 1000 km of village roads rehabilitated

• 1000 village market centers built

U.S. Agency for International Development


7

Revitalizing Afghanistan’s Agricultural

Markets Program (RAMP)

RAMP has two principal objectives: increase productivity

and output and facilitate effective linkages between

producers, processors and markets.

Activities:

– Technology and market development ($40 million)

– Rural financial services ($25 million)

– Rural infrastructure ($67.5 million)

– Management and Technical Assistance ($17.5 million)

U.S. Agency for International Development


8

4

2

6

2

12

3

Irrigation Projects

9

3

10

Current Projects on

Schedule

Planned Project

#s Correspond to Projects

U.S. Agency for International Development


9

Increased Access to Basic Health Care

The health status of Afghanistan’s people is among the worst in the

world, with 25% infant and child mortality and 17% maternal mortality.

Program Goals

• Renovate/construct 400 rural health centers

• Provide basic services to 12 million people,

including 4.4 million women and children

• Train 3,400 community health workers, 1,000

midwives and 6,000 clinic staff

• Improve access to safe water systems, iodized

salt, contraceptives, mosquito nets and other

health products

• Strengthen Ministry of Public Health capacity at

the national and provincial levels

U.S. Agency for International Development


10

16

15

15

7

1

13 13

Health Clinic Construction /

Renovation

>2 OHDACA

1-2 OHDACA

0 OHDACA

USAID Projects

U.S. Agency for International Development


11

13

10

16

5

13

16

3

10

10

10 10

6

5

10

10

5 10

5 10

8

10 9

12

1

5 10

10

10

7

5 10

5 10

5

8

13 10

15 Clinic Construction

Projects Completed to Date

14

(US, UNAMA, et al)

10

Current Construction

Security Project

Phase 1 Construction

6

Phase ITGA 2 Construction Support (#)

13

7

Phase Economic 3 Construction (#)

Human Capital (#)

#s Correspond to

Construction Projects

As of: 08/01/04

U.S. Agency for International Development


Education

12

USAID is rebuilding Afghanistan’s devastated education system.

Through intensive programs that provide quality education and training,

the children and teachers of Afghanistan are coming back to school.

Program Goals

• 1,000 schools constructed or rehabilitated

• 14,000 teachers trained via radio

• 108 radio programs developed

• 5600 village mentors trained via accelerated learning

• 140,000 students graduated from accelerated

learning courses

• 280,000 grade equivalencies achieved

• 35 million textbooks distributed

U.S. Agency for International Development


13

9

1

10

12

12

10

School Construction /

Projects Renovation Completed to Date

(US, UNAMA, et al)

Projects >10 OHDACA Completed

1-10 OHDACA

Current Zero Security Projects OHDACA Project on

Schedule

USAID Projects

ITGA Support (#)

Planned Projects

#s Economic (#)

Projects Correspond Significantly to Schools

Constructed/Renovated

Behind Schedule

Human Capital (#)

#s Correspond to Schools

U.S. Agency for International Development


14

10

510

10

10

10

10

6

10

9 10

10

10

8

10

10

10

1

10

10

10

10

12 10

10

10

10

10

10 10

10

5

5

10

10

10

School Construction

Projects Completed to Date

(US, UNAMA, et al)

Current Construction

Security Project

Phase 1 Construction

6

10

10

Phase ITGA 2 Construction Support (#)

Phase Economic 3 Construction (#)

Human Capital (#)

#s Correspond to

Construction Projects

As of: 08/01/04

U.S. Agency for International Development


Gender

A focus on Afghan girls and women has been integrated into sector

programs (education, health, agriculture, democracy and governance).

Additionally, specific gender-specific activities include:

15

Activities

• Rehabilitated the Ministry of Women

Affair’s building and established the

first Women’s Resource Center

• Built kindergartens in 9 Ministries

• Building 17 multi-service Provincial

Women’s Centers

• Soon to launch an accelerated healthfocused

literacy program across 13

rural provinces to enable 5,500

women to train as Community

Healthcare Workers and Community

Midwives ($5 million obligated)

U.S. Agency for International Development


Strengthening Democracy

USAID is supporting the Bonn process, including the Constitutional, Human

Rights and Judicial Commissions, the Constitutional Loya Jirga and June

2004 elections. USAID is also building capacity to implement other

legitimate government functions and providing support for a free and

independent media.

16

Activities

• Provided critical assistance for the emergency and

Constitutional Loya Jirgas (register delegates, printed

constitution, etc.).

• Rehabilitated 4 provincial courthouses.

• Supporting political parties, interim Afghan Electoral

Commission and UNAMA in voter registration

• Trained 325 journalists and supported 31 radio stations with

equipment and training

• Catalogued and archived property documents in Kabul

• Provided IT and office equipment and internet access to the

three Commissions and the Ministry of Justice

U.S. Agency for International Development


Economic Governance

17

USAID is strengthening Afghanistan's economy by creating jobs in a

variety of sectors, enabling Afghans to support their families and help

rebuild their country.

Activities

•Managed the currency conversion

•Customs: streamlined Kabul posts, designed reform

program implemented it at 5 posts outside Kabul

•Budget: Assisted in developing first national budget;

assistance ongoing

•Facilitating central government control of provincial

budget execution through Mustofiats

•Tax Administration: Designed/implementing issuance

of TINs; implementing Large Taxpayer Office

•Working with Central Bank to establish national and

international money transfer services

•Continuing work with relevant ministries in trade reform and

public utilities

U.S. Agency for International Development


18

Rebuilding the Kabul-Kandahar-Herat Highway

Phase I – Completed

As of December 31, 2003 all 482 kilometers are paved with at least one layer of four-inchthick

asphalt.

Vehicles travel between Kabul and Kandahar in less than seven hours

Thirty-five percent of the nation’s population lives within 50 kilometers of the road

Phase II – 2004: Additional asphalt, bridge work, shoulders. Kandahar to Herat section.

U.S. Agency for International Development


19

Power Generation

Activities

• Kabul: Emergency diesel fuel provided (2.9 M

liters; 72 tanker trucks) to provide 4,200 Mwhours

• Kandahar: 10 Mw emergency generating plant

• Lashkar-Gah: 3 Mw emergency generating

plant

• Qalat: 2 Mw emergency generating plant

• Kandahar Long-Term Electricity Generation:

•Kajaki Hydroelectric Plant: Engineering

study complete; SOW approved by MoPW;

contracting for rehab of turbines

•Kandahar Diesel Generating Plant:

Engineering study complete; initial contract

awarded for building and related

infrastructure rehab; contract for rehab of

mechanical and electrical components

forthcoming

U.S. Agency for International Development


Infrastructure

Secondary Roads (planned)

20

U.S. Agency for International Development


21

Provincial Reconstruction Teams

•Work for military commander of AO

•Dedicated CFC focus on enabling reconstruction

•Work variety of projects

•16 PRTs by June 2004

U.S. Agency for International Development


Current & Planned PRTs and Coalition Bases

Mazar-e Sharif

Konduz

Herat

Bamian

Bagram/Parwan

Asadabad

Kabul (ISAF)

Jalalabad

Ghazni

Sharan

Salerno

Gardez

Khowst

Farah

Gereshk

Lashkar Gah

Deh Rawod

Tirin Kowt

Qalat

Kandahar

KAF

Spin Boldak

Orgun-e

Shkin

Current PRTs

Planned PRTs

Firebases


23

Public Affairs

Activities

•Joint US Public Affairs Coordination

Council (CFC, Embassy, USAID)

•Coordinated Public Affairs Plan in

development

U.S. Agency for International Development


24

Radio Stations

Bamyan Radio Bamyan 55k 12hrs 08/16/03 89.1Mhz

Istiqlal Radio Station Logar 59k 02hrs 01/08/04 89.6Mhz

Radio Sharq Nangahar 360k 12hrs 09/30/03 91.3Mhz

Kallid Radio Station Kabul 2.8mil 24hrs 08/01/03 88.0Mhz

Millie-Paygham Radio StationLogar 63k 07hrs 10/23/03 94.0Mhz

Taraj-Mir Radio Station Baghlan 150k 15hrs 10/15/03 91.3Mhz

Qura-Bagh Shura Radio Station Kabul ??? 06hrs 01/01/04 91.3Mhz

Sahar Radio Herat 300k 1.5hrs 10/25/03 88.7Mhz

Radio Azad Afghan Kandahar 585k 04hrs 12/06/03 88.0Mhz

New Bahari-Balkh Balkh 580k 09hrs 01/04/04 88.5Mhz

Suli-Paygham Khost 140.5k 09hrs 01/15/04 93.1Mhz

Rabia Balkhi Balkh ??? ??? 01/08/04 ???

??? Kundoz ??? ??? 02/10/04 ???

Radio Chikh-Chiran Ghore ??? ??? End of JAN ???

U.S. Agency for International Development


Radio Stations

25

580K

580k

150k

300k

55k

59k

2,800k

63k

140k

360k

Projects Completed

585k

#s Correspond to Audience

U.S. Agency for International Development


USAID

Afghanistan

January 2004

U.S. Agency for International Development

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