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Oceans of noise - Whale and Dolphin Conservation Society

Oceans of noise - Whale and Dolphin Conservation Society

Oceans of noise - Whale and Dolphin Conservation

  • Page 2: Oceans of Noise 2004A WDCS Science
  • Page 8 and 9: In the US, the deployment of Low Fr
  • Page 10 and 11: its propagation beyond those declar
  • Page 12 and 13: The best evidence for noise being f
  • Page 14 and 15: Box 1. Characteristics of sound / l
  • Page 16 and 17: Sound speed (c)The speed (c) of a w
  • Page 18 and 19: Box 2. The effects of temperature,
  • Page 20 and 21: 2.1.2. Measuring sound intensityIde
  • Page 22 and 23: i.e. Equal pressure measurements di
  • Page 24 and 25: Spherical or Geometrical spreading
  • Page 28 and 29: 5.0 145Tug pulling loaded barge 1.0
  • Page 30 and 31: The source used during 3-D surveys
  • Page 32 and 33: Machinery noisePropulsion machinery
  • Page 34 and 35: Man-made islands /caissonsFixed pla
  • Page 36 and 37: 12 3245Drill bit6Figure 3.4. Sound
  • Page 38 and 39: Transientnoise sourcesAircraftHelic
  • Page 40 and 41: Results from the aerial surveys con
  • Page 42 and 43: haemorrhaging in the inner ears and
  • Page 44 and 45: However they also noted that whales
  • Page 46 and 47: 4. The Use of Sound by CetaceansChr
  • Page 48 and 49: seems logical, therefore, that if t
  • Page 50 and 51: However, despite the reported low a
  • Page 52 and 53:

    Kamminga and Wiersma 1981;Akamatsu

  • Page 54 and 55:

    SongSocial callsShrieksSlaps0.03-80

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    anthropogenic factors that make the

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    5.3 Longer-term impactsNoise is cle

  • Page 60 and 61:

    5.4 Indirect impactsThe above impac

  • Page 62 and 63:

    decompression sickness (DCS) as see

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    6. Examples of regional and nationa

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    6.3 ASCOBANS and ACCOBAMSTwo region

  • Page 68 and 69:

    implications and the discussion sho

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    7.1. Consideration of Voluntary vs.

  • Page 72 and 73:

    acoustic measurements have been mad

  • Page 74 and 75:

    7.6. Methods of protectionComplianc

  • Page 76 and 77:

    7.6.1 Monitoring7.6.1.1 Visual, aco

  • Page 78 and 79:

    Delory et al. (2002) use Ambient No

  • Page 80 and 81:

    8. ReferencesAburto, A., Rountry, D

  • Page 82 and 83:

    Caldwell, M.C., Caldwell, D.K., and

  • Page 84 and 85:

    Engas, A., Lokkeborg, S., Ona, E. a

  • Page 86 and 87:

    IWC 2002b. Report of the Scientific

  • Page 88 and 89:

    McCauley, R.D. 1994. Seismic Survey

  • Page 90 and 91:

    Potter, J. and Delory, E. 2001. Noi

  • Page 92 and 93:

    Smolker, R.A., Mann, J. and Smuts,

  • Page 94 and 95:

    Watkins, W.A. 1981b. The activities

  • Page 96 and 97:

    ANNEX 1The Application of Marine Po

  • Page 98 and 99:

    an important factor. 13 The judgeme

  • Page 100 and 101:

    in the preparatory work of the LOSC

  • Page 102 and 103:

    practice by the UNEP Governing Coun

  • Page 104 and 105:

    protection and preservation of the

  • Page 106 and 107:

    than international rules, standards

  • Page 108 and 109:

    Four of the twelve regional seas tr

  • Page 110 and 111:

    seismic operations in the Protocol

  • Page 112 and 113:

    ConclusionAt the global level, only

  • Page 114 and 115:

    Art 209 LOSC focuses on both standa

  • Page 116 and 117:

    No State Party may impose condition

  • Page 118 and 119:

    coastal States”. This formulation

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    If the IMO makes this determination

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    estrictions to vessels operating in

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    In the EEZ, in comparison to the te

  • Page 126 and 127:

    Appendix A - Some international ins

  • Page 128 and 129:

    Convention for the Protection of th

  • Page 130 and 131:

    Available at:http://www.unep.ch/sea

  • Page 132 and 133:

    BucharestConventionArticle XIPollut

  • Page 134 and 135:

    environment1. The Contracting Parti

  • Page 136 and 137:

    - that under Article III.8.c) of AC

  • Page 138 and 139:

    e) no sudden or repeated change in

  • Page 140 and 141:

    Ref: Nowacek et al. 2001.Location:

  • Page 142 and 143:

    Location: Arctic• Vocal behaviour

  • Page 144 and 145:

    • Vaquita surfacing duration and

  • Page 146 and 147:

    • 6% of small delphinids (n=264;

  • Page 148 and 149:

    Species type: Boto, Inia geoffrensi

  • Page 150 and 151:

    • Humpback whales appeared tolera

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    • Behaviour interpreted as aggres

  • Page 154 and 155:

    • There was no evidence of minke

  • Page 156 and 157:

    • Northern right whales may be ap

  • Page 158 and 159:

    • Migrating gray whales disturbed

  • Page 160 and 161:

    to Ensenada De La Paz, Mexico. Aqua

  • Page 162 and 163:

    distribution of humpback whales, Me

  • Page 164 and 165:

    Richardson, C.R. Greene, C.I. Malme

  • Page 166 and 167:

    Zhou, K., Pilleri, G. and Li, Y. 19

  • Page 168 and 169:

    6. surveys for Cuvier’s beaked wh

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