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The Physiology of Flowering Plants - KHAM PHA MOI

The Physiology of Flowering Plants - KHAM PHA MOI

The Physiology of Flowering Plants - KHAM PHA

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  • Page 8: The Physiology of Flowering PlantsF
  • Page 12: ContentsPrefacepage ixChapter 1 Int
  • Page 16: CONTENTSVIIChapter 10 Photomorphoge
  • Page 20: PrefaceThe history of this book dat
  • Page 24: Chapter 1Introduction1.1 Appreciati
  • Page 28: MOLECULAR BIOLOGY AND PLANT PHYSIOL
  • Page 32: OUTLINE OF THE TEXT 5all organisms
  • Page 36: Part INutrition and transport
  • Page 42: 10 FLOW OF ENERGY AND CARBON THROUG
  • Page 46: 12 FLOW OF ENERGY AND CARBON THROUG
  • Page 50: 14 FLOW OF ENERGY AND CARBON THROUG
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    16 FLOW OF ENERGY AND CARBON THROUG

  • Page 58:

    18 FLOW OF ENERGY AND CARBON THROUG

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    20 FLOW OF ENERGY AND CARBON THROUG

  • Page 68:

    THE FIXATION OF CARBON DIOXIDE 23Fi

  • Page 72:

    THE FIXATION OF CARBON DIOXIDE 25Fi

  • Page 76:

    THE FIXATION OF CARBON DIOXIDE 27Fi

  • Page 80:

    THE FIXATION OF CARBON DIOXIDE 29va

  • Page 84:

    LIMITING FACTORS FOR PHOTOSYNTHESIS

  • Page 88:

    THE EFFICIENCY OF ENERGY CONVERSION

  • Page 92:

    THE EFFICIENCY OF ENERGY CONVERSION

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    PHOTOSYNTHESIS AND THE INCREASE IN

  • Page 100:

    RESPIRATION: THE OXIDATIVE BREAKDOW

  • Page 104:

    RESPIRATION: THE OXIDATIVE BREAKDOW

  • Page 108:

    RESPIRATION: THE OXIDATIVE BREAKDOW

  • Page 112:

    RESPIRATION: THE OXIDATIVE BREAKDOW

  • Page 116:

    TERMINAL OXIDATION AND OXIDATIVE PH

  • Page 120:

    ANAEROBIC RESPIRATION 49Table 2.3 T

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    ANAEROBIC RESPIRATION 51grass Echin

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    RESPIRATION AND PLANT ACTIVITY 53of

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    higher rate of ATP synthesis. The r

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    RESPIRATION AND PLANT ACTIVITY 57he

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    D. D. Lefebvre & D.B. Layzell. Harl

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    WATER POTENTIALS OF PLANT CELLS AND

  • Page 148:

    WATER POTENTIALS OF PLANT CELLS AND

  • Page 152:

    WATER POTENTIALS OF PLANT CELLS AND

  • Page 156:

    WATER POTENTIALS OF PLANT CELLS AND

  • Page 160:

    WATER RELATIONS OF WHOLE PLANTS AND

  • Page 164:

    lumina of these cells are blocked w

  • Page 168:

    WATER RELATIONS OF WHOLE PLANTS AND

  • Page 172:

    WATER RELATIONS OF WHOLE PLANTS AND

  • Page 176:

    WATER RELATIONS OF WHOLE PLANTS AND

  • Page 180:

    atmosphere is very humid and water

  • Page 184:

    WATER RELATIONS OF WHOLE PLANTS AND

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    flow. How is this to be reconciled

  • Page 192:

    THE TRANSPORT OF SOLUTES IN THE XYL

  • Page 196:

    WATER UPTAKE AND LOSS 87When a soil

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    WATER UPTAKE AND LOSS 89Fig:3:12 Th

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    WATER UPTAKE AND LOSS 91excluding s

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    gives the ‘bloom’ to glaucous l

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    WATER CONSERVATION 95much slower wa

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    WATER CONSERVATION 97different syst

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    Huber, B. (1956). Die Gefäßleitun

  • Page 224:

    ESSENTIAL ELEMENTS 101pollution of

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    used as drugs, e.g. morphine, nicot

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    ESSENTIAL ELEMENTS 105oxidoreductio

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    ION UPTAKE AND TRANSPORT IN THE PLA

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    ION UPTAKE AND TRANSPORT IN THE PLA

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    the argument lies in extrapolating

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    sp. and Valonia sp. One Nitella cel

  • Page 252:

    ION UPTAKE AND TRANSPORT IN THE PLA

  • Page 256:

    ION UPTAKE AND TRANSPORT IN THE PLA

  • Page 260:

    ION UPTAKE AND TRANSPORT IN THE PLA

  • Page 264:

    ION UPTAKE AND TRANSPORT IN THE PLA

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    NITROGEN ASSIMILATION, FIXATION AND

  • Page 272:

    NITROGEN ASSIMILATION, FIXATION AND

  • Page 276:

    NITROGEN ASSIMILATION, FIXATION AND

  • Page 280:

    In natural habitats, the elements a

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    REFERENCES 131Brown, P. H., Bellalo

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    Chapter 5Translocation of organicco

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    PHLOEM AS THE CHANNEL FOR ORGANIC T

  • Page 296:

    PHLOEM AS THE CHANNEL FOR ORGANIC T

  • Page 300:

    THE RATE AND DIRECTION OF TRANSLOCA

  • Page 304:

    THE RATE AND DIRECTION OF TRANSLOCA

  • Page 308:

    PHLOEM LOADING AND UNLOADING 143Fig

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    PHLOEM LOADING AND UNLOADING 145Apo

  • Page 316:

    PARTITIONING OF TRANSLOCATE BETWEEN

  • Page 320:

    THE MECHANISM OF PHLOEM TRANSLOCATI

  • Page 324:

    The dimensions of transport channel

  • Page 328:

    THE MECHANISM OF PHLOEM TRANSLOCATI

  • Page 332:

    THE MECHANISM OF PHLOEM TRANSLOCATI

  • Page 336:

    REFERENCES 157ReferencesBalachandar

  • Page 344:

    Chapter 6Growth as a quantitativepr

  • Page 348:

    GROWTH, DEVELOPMENT AND DIFFERENTIA

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    CONDITIONS NECESSARY FOR GROWTH 165

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    GROWTH RATES 167Fig: 6:1 The effect

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    GROWTH RATES 169generally high rate

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    GROWTH RATES 171Area of leaf surfac

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    GROWTH RATES 173The smooth growth c

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    GROWTH RATES 17524-hour cycle. The

  • Page 376:

    Chapter 7Plant growth hormones7.1 I

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    PLANT GROWTH HORMONES 179The concen

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    PLANT GROWTH HORMONES 181system pro

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    PLANT GROWTH HORMONES 183growth-pro

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    PLANT GROWTH HORMONES 185traditiona

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    PLANT GROWTH HORMONES 187plants. Mu

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    PLANT GROWTH HORMONES 189molecules

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    DETECTION AND QUANTIFICATION OF HOR

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    purified hormone. Figure 7.7 shows

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    HOW DO PLANT HORMONES CAUSE RESPONS

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    HOW DO PLANT HORMONES CAUSE RESPONS

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    HOW DO PLANT HORMONES CAUSE RESPONS

  • Page 424:

    HOW DO PLANT HORMONES CAUSE RESPONS

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    REFERENCES 203Lindsey, K. Plant pep

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    Chapter 8Cell growth and differenti

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    MERISTEMS AND CELL DIVISION 207gene

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    MERISTEMS AND CELL DIVISION 209doub

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    MITOCHONDRIAL AND PLASTID DIVISION

  • Page 448:

    CELL EXPANSION: MECHANISM AND CONTR

  • Page 452:

    CELL EXPANSION: MECHANISM AND CONTR

  • Page 456:

    CELL EXPANSION: MECHANISM AND CONTR

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    REFERENCES 219pteridophytes a polar

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    Chapter 9Vegetative development9.1

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    THE STRUCTURE AND ACTIVITY OF THE S

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    ORGAN FORMATION 225in the clv1 muta

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    SECONDARY GROWTH 227developing vasc

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    DEVELOPMENT OF THE LEAF 229marginmi

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    DEVELOPMENT OF THE LEAF 231plastic

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    DEVELOPMENT OF THE LEAF 233ABFig: 9

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    DEVELOPMENT OF THE LEAF 235an airti

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    DEVELOPMENT OF THE LEAF 237identifi

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    THE STRUCTURE AND ACTIVITY OF THE R

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    THE STRUCTURE AND ACTIVITY OF THE R

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    REFERENCES 243of nitrate-starved Ar

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    Sinha, N. (1999). Leaf development

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    THE SWITCH FROM ETIOLATED TO DE-ETI

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    PHYTOCHROME AND PHOTOMORPHOGENESIS

  • Page 524:

    PHYTOCHROME AND PHOTOMORPHOGENESIS

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    PHYTOCHROME AND PHOTOMORPHOGENESIS

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    UV-A/BLUE LIGHT PHOTORECEPTORS (CRY

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    UNRAVELLING PHOTOMORPHOGENESIS 257g

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    UNRAVELLING PHOTOMORPHOGENESIS 259p

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    UNRAVELLING PHOTOMORPHOGENESIS 261A

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    PHYTOCHROME SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION 263

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    PHYTOCHROME SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION 265

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    PHYTOCHROME SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION 267

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    Sweere, U., Eichenberg, K., Lohrman

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    THE CONTROL OF FLOWERING BY DAYLENG

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    THE CONTROL OF FLOWERING BY DAYLENG

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    THE CONTROL OF FLOWERING BY DAYLENG

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    PLANT SIZE AND FLOWERING 277Again,

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    THE REGULATION OF FLORAL INDUCTION

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    FLORAL DEVELOPMENT 281which, as the

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    FLORAL DEVELOPMENT 283SAM becomes a

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    FLORAL DEVELOPMENT 285named NEEDLY,

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    A = sepalA = sepalA = sepalB + C =

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    activities, leaf-like structures ar

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    THE FORMATION OF POLLEN 291Fig: 11:

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    THE FORMATION OF THE EMBRYO SAC 293

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    POLLINATION 295orchids, the ovule p

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    POLLINATION 297mechanism is exhibit

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    POLLINATION 299from differences in

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    EMBRYO FORMATION 301development of

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    SEEDS AND NUTRITION 30311.11.3 Apom

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    SEEDS AND NUTRITION 305(e.g. pea, b

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    SEEDS AND NUTRITION 307Seeds also c

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    FRUIT DEVELOPMENT 309AUXINSGIBBEREL

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    SEED DORMANCY 311auxin, cytokinin a

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    SEED DORMANCY 313ABALeaching ofABA

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    GERMINATION AND THE RESUMPTION OF G

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    McDaniel, C. N. & Poethig, R. S. (1

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    NASTIC RESPONSES 319Venus flytrap (

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    TROPISMS 321positively gravitropic

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    TROPISMS 323before resuming horizon

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    TROPISMS 325AUnilateral illuminatio

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    TROPISMS 327ABUniform illumination

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    TROPISMS 329ABsensitivity as much a

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    TROPISMS 331accumulates on the late

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    TROPISMS 333The role of statolithsT

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    TROPISMS 335If the sedimentation of

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    TROPISMS 337be a result of cell dam

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    TROPISMS 339ADBECTransmission (%)16

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    REFERENCES 341be abolished by subse

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    Okada, K., Ueda, J., Komaki, M. K.,

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    TERMINOLOGY AND CONCEPTS 345situati

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    WATER-DEFICIT STRESS 347environment

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    WATER-DEFICIT STRESS 349to observed

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    WATER-DEFICIT STRESS 351Ψ or Ψ π

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    WATER-DEFICIT STRESS 353whilst thos

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    LOW-TEMPERATURE STRESS 355above the

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    LOW-TEMPERATURE STRESS 357Table 13.

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    LOW-TEMPERATURE STRESS 359Fig: 13:9

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    LOW-TEMPERATURE STRESS 361The physi

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    HIGH-TEMPERATURE STRESS 363These va

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    HIGH-TEMPERATURE STRESS 365homology

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    RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN DIFFERENT TYP

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    DEVELOPMENT OF STRESS-RESISTANT CRO

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    REFERENCES 371Munns, R. Comparative

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    AppendixA.1 NAMING GENES, PROTEINS

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    UNITS OF MEASUREMENT 375A.3 PREFIXE

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    INDEX 377apomixis 303apoplast 72-76

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    INDEX 379chromatographygas-liquid (

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    INDEX 381ETR1 protein 198etr (ethyl

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    INDEX 383hexokinase 41high-irradian

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    INDEX 385indeterminate 277, 282, 28

  • Page 796:

    INDEX 387tolerance 253, 260-263, 26

  • Page 800:

    INDEX 389Robinia pseudacacia see fa

  • Page 804:

    INDEX 391tea 106, 128tea-yellows 12

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