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AD 2015 Q4

This is the “not do” component. It is also somewhat harder to define. After all, who determines the duty to care and the non-compliance thereto in unique emergency situations? Still, this component is more likely to lead to a recovery of damages. Put differently, when you are under a legal duty to take reasonable care and you do not do it, then you could be held liable for damages that are directly caused by the breach of that duty. The key elements are “reasonable care” and “directly caused”. Let’s break that down, starting with directly caused. This means that the damages are linked directly to the failure to perform the reasonable duty. This is called a causal connection. In other words, there must be a connection between the duty not complied with and the damages. deep diving are so hazardous that it may well be better to only jeopardise the life of one individual rather than two. That is, of course, as long as no one is put at risk during the subsequent body recovery or rescue efforts! Well, as a qualified instructor and dive leader, I shall continue to teach and advocate the buddy system. I do not like the idea of diving alone anyway. I prefer to share the joys of diving with someone able to share the memories of the dive. To me, diving is, and remains, a team sport. Which introduces another consideration: How would the principle of duty to take care be applied to children who dive? Training agencies impose age and depth restrictions on children who enter the sport before the age of 14. Depending on the age and diving course, a child may be required to dive with an instructor or at least another adult dive buddy. If the adult were to get into trouble, the child would not be expected to meet the duty of care of another adult. He/she would be held to an age appropriate standard. What about all those waivers? As mentioned in the previous article, waivers define the boundaries of the self-imposed risk divers are willing to take by requiring that they acknowledge them. Waivers do not remove all the potential claims for negligence and non-compliance with a duty of care. As such, it is left to our courts to ultimately interpret the content of a waiver within the actual context of damage or injury.

DIVE SLATE TRAVEL

DIVE SLATE TRAVEL SMARTER Item(s) Before You Dive After You Dive Storage Professional Servicing Mask, fins, snorkel BCD Regulator Wetsuit,boots, gloves, hood Computer Cylinder GEAR MAINTENANCE As we settle into the colder months in the Northern Hemisphere, some divers choose to put away their gear for a while. Whether you continue diving year-round or take a seasonal break from the sport, here are a few helpful tips for maintaining and storing your gear. Keep them well organized to minimize risk of being kicked or stepped on. Check valves, inflator buttons and pressure maintenance. Inspect hoses, filters, connections, pressure, breathability and watertightness. Lubricate zippers if necessary. Check battery life and gas settings. Handle with care; pressurized cylinders contain a lot of potential energy. Secure tightly for transportation. Rinse and dry. Rinse the outside, and flush the bladder with fresh water. Hang to dry. Soak and clean in fresh water while still connected to scuba cylinder and pressurized. Leave out to dry. Rinse, turn inside out, and hang to dry. If wetsuit has an unpleasant odor, use wetsuit shampoo in the postdive rinse tub. Rinse and dry. Rinse thoroughly and let dry. Regularly remove tank boot to prevent buildup of salt and debris. Pack and store carefully to avoid having these items crushed by heavier gear. After drying, partially inflate jacket for storage. Remove weights from pockets. Keep dust cap in place, and store in a regulator bag. Keep out of direct sunlight; neoprene, like most dive gear, is susceptible to UV damage. Store in a dry, cool, ventilated area. Never empty of gas completely. Reduce pressure to the lowest you can read on the pressure gauge. Keep a clean, dry dust cap on the valve. n/a Test at least once every year. Service at least once a year. n/a Service every one or two years per the manufacturer’s recommendation. Cylinders need a visual inspection once per year and a hydrostatic test every five years. STEPHEN FRINK DAN EDUCATION SPOTLIGHT THE DAN RESEARCH INTERNSHIP PROGRAM Each year DAN’s research department hosts interns to be mentored by the organization’s experts in dive medicine and research. During the internship participants identify their particular scientific interests, gain research experience and build professional skills for career advancement. The program provides interns with the opportunity to gather and analyze data, learn about research ethics, practice scientific writing, present research findings, go on dive-research field trips and participate in a NASA-led hyperbaric experiment. At the end of the program, interns leave with a better idea of what they enjoy most about science — whether they want to work with people, data, statistics or even on a liveaboard. The specific work interns do while at DAN varies according to their interests and skills. This flexibility allows them to bring their enthusiasm and hard work to the dive community as they enrich DAN’s dive research and injury-prevention efforts. “This program continues to be a wonderful addition to the organization,” DAN President and CEO Bill Ziefle said. “Not only do we get the benefit of working with some of the brightest minds in the industry, but we also get the satisfaction of helping them along their way.” Since the DAN Research Internship Program began in 1999, several dozen interns have left DAN — trained in the full suite of DAN courses and with new knowledge about dive medicine and science — to return to 30 | FALL 2015

CALENDAR OF EVENTS DIVE SHOWS AND EVENTS Outdoor Adventure Show Feb. 19-21: Toronto, Ontario Many divers enjoy exploring the great outdoors by hiking, biking, climbing or paddling. Dive into all of your hobbies at once at Toronto’s annual adventure showcase, and discover new destinations and the gear you need to get you there. Our World-Underwater Feb. 26-28: Rosemont, Ill. Join DAN for a day of seminars, safety discussions and workshops at the Midwest’s largest dive expo. Participate in the CPR challenge, and explore the latest in dive safety gear. Ask about our travel insurance, which is ideal for any dive trip. Bring your DAN membership card and photo ID to receive $5 off admission. Boston Sea Rovers March 5-6: Boston, Mass. This weekend clinic features more than 40 seminars, advanced training, a film festival and workshops with industry experts. DAN will showcase its new diveaccident coverage, travel insurance programs and Health and Diving resources. RESEARCH AND MEDICAL EVENTS Dive Safety Seminar: “Field Investigation of Diver Deaths” Dec. 2: Durham, N.C. Diving conditions, human error, health problems and equipment all can play a role in diver deaths, making field investigation and equipment preservation critical. This presentation will cover field investigation techniques including evidence preservation and documentation, which can make the difference in understanding a diver fatality. Dive Safety Seminar: “Advancement and Challenges in Rebreather Diving” Feb. 3: Durham, N.C. Rebreathing systems have a long history of use in diving, but development efforts in the past 20 years have been critical for advancing the technology sufficiently for it to become a mainstream tool. This presentation will describe how and where rebreather technology is being used, discuss limitations and accident data, and consider future directions. communities across virtually every state in the country. These former interns act as ambassadors for DAN’s mission of dive safety. “For the interns, the most exciting part often is getting to work with highly recognized dive scientists,” said Peter Buzzacott, DAN’s director of Injury Monitoring and Prevention. “For us, the most exciting part is working with enthusiastic divers beginning their careers in dive science.” Buzzacott, a former DAN intern, appreciates the experience from both angles. “Now that I’m in this chair, eight years later,” he said, “the best thing for me is when an intern comes into my office, asks if I’ve got a minute, and says, ‘I’ve got this idea ….’” For more information or to apply, visit DAN.org/Research/ Intern. The next application deadline is Jan. 15, 2016. ALERTDIVER.COM | 31

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