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08042018 - Education in free fall! •Sector gets paltry N3.9 trillion out of N55.19 trillion in 10 years

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PAGE 16 —SUNDAY VANGUARD, APRIL 8, 2018 Attah returns with new insights on resource control -- 1 “Lives of great men remind us that we can make our lives sublime; and, departing, leave behind us footprints on the sands of time”—HW. Longfellow, 1807-1882. NOTE: Three former governors of the South South geopolitical zone fought for the thirteen per cent derivation which has made it possible for almost rural state capitals like Uyo, Yenagoa and Asaba to now rival or even surpass long established capitals like Bauchi, Yola and Abeokuta today. Every Governor, Speaker, Commissioner and Local Government Council Chairman, as well as major contractors, not to talk of the people of oil producing states owes the three an everlasting debt of gratitude. Now, the leader of the group, Obong Victor Attah, the acclaimed Father of Modern Akwa Ibom State, is back again with fresh insights, ably supported by Chief James Ibori, as the nation embarks on the negotiation for RESTRUCTURING. Come and listen. April 25, 2018 is the date. Lagos is the place. Read on. Stuck against my will at Abuja airport, on March 29, 2018 for nine hours, because Buhari was visiting the Centre of Excellence, I was forced to buy six papers. The GUARDIAN was the last and most of the news reports in it had been covered by some of the other newspapers. But, GUARDIAN had a unique column which to me is worth the cover charge all by itself. Dare Babarinsa, a veteran journalist and one of the best anywhere, anytime was writing on that day about three immortals of Nigerian journalism – Segun Osoba, Felix Adenaike and Peter Ajayi - known as the Three Musketeers. It will require at least three columns to explain to kids under fifty who the Three Musketeers were. Only those from the “Lost Generation”, as Professor Soyinka called us, would recollect them vaguely – if dementia had not set in. But, even those born ten years ago can easily subscribe to the principles the three friends – called Three Musketeers – stood for. It was “all for one and one for all”. They were inseparable when fighting for the principles, invariably social justice and great journalism, to which they were committed. Of the three great journalists, Peter Ajayi was the only stranger to me. Without my brother Felix Adenaike, the VANGUARD BOOK OF QUOTATION, which kept me from ending up in the poor house, would not have seen the light of day. Aremo Segun Osoba made his own contribution to another effort which kept me for more years from sleeping under the bridge. I was away in the USA when they were making their reputations as journalists in Nigeria, but, Babarinsa is a contemporary giant. So, if he says they were great; then they must be. What I can testify to is the fact that they are two of the dozen or so Nigerians, outside my family, for whom I have the highest esteem and owe un-payable debts of gratitude as long as life endures. However, there was another group of three people, whose work together in 1999 to 2004/ 5 would entitle them to being called THE THREE MUSKETEERS OF RESOURCE CONTROL. The three former Governors of states in the South South Zone – Obong Victor Attah, Chief James Ibori and late AVM (rtd) Diepreye Alamieyeseigha (Alams), with Attah leading - were the gladiators, who fought gloriously and won for all oilproducing states the right to 13 per cent derivation – without onshore/offshore dichotomy. Before going into the financial gains resulting for the entire Niger Delta region from their collective efforts, let me make some pertinent observations. Nine states constitute the Niger Delta – Abia, Akwa Ibom, Bayelsa, Cross River, Delta, Edo, Imo, Ondo and Rivers. But, only the three former Governors championed the cause for RESOURCE CONTROL. The others were either indifferent or, as in the case of two (names withheld for now), they were actually hostile to the struggle. All the governors of the Niger Delta, in the Class of 1999 to 2007, were aware that President Obasanjo, a military man to the core, wanted the oil producing states to continue receiving one per cent derivation in order that more revenue might flow to Abuja. Obasanjo was the greatest enemy of RESOURCE CONTROL who the “Three Musketeers” had to fight. Left to OBJ, the Niger Delta States would have been poorer than they are now. One then wonders why some of them still welcome with open arms a man who never wished them well. Wait and read the book. The fighters for justice also had to fight the enemies within To Jonathan, I openly apologise. To Nigerians, I prostrate full length. I fully subscribe to OBJ’s dictum. I will not reinforce failure. Never the zone. These were two Governors who, hoping to succeed Obasanjo in 2007, were too eager to betray the people of the region for their inordinate ambitions. They actively sided with OBJ in his bid to keep the people down. Consequently, Alams, Ibori and Attah - leaders of the quest for justice - were targeted for destruction at all costs. This is not the time to go into details. But, we know what happened to Alams and Ibori. That was partly their punishment for daring to force the Federal Republic of Nigeria to transfer to the oil-producing states only a fraction of what under true federalism belongs to them. By any measure known to mankind, Attah, Ibori and Alams were victorious; even though two of them paid terrible prices for their courage and doggedness. Every state and everybody in the Niger Delta owes then debts of gratitude that can never be repaid. Without them, the oil producing states would have been a lot poorer now. Both Akwa Ibom and Rivers states received over N1.3 trillion from 2007 to 2011, that is, 4 years – which was about two times the same states collected from 1999 to 2007 (8 years) on account of sharply increased derivation. “An invasion of armies can be resisted, but not an idea whose time has come.” Victor Hugo, 1802-1885, in Histoire d’un crime (1852). Fourteen years after the bar was raised from one per cent to thirteen the nation now agrees the three men were right all along and their adversaries belong in the dust bin of history. Restructuring is now an idea whose time has come. What ever else might be added, at the heart of restructuring is RESOURCE CONTROL. That was the title of a book published in 2004. The topic has been revisited and the book revised because fourteen years have provided sufficient evidence to prove that the struggle was just. The rest of us also now know, as a matter of fact, that thirteen per cent did not go far enough. But, with hostility from President Obasanjo, the oil producing states almost got nothing more than one per cent. On Wednesday, April 25, 2018, at the Nigerian Institute of International Affairs, a revised and updated version of RESOURCE CONTROL will be launched. Attah and Ibori will be there. Only about 400 guests can be accommodated at this historic event. But everybody can join the struggle. This is only the first notice… FAILURE-IN-CHIEF OF THE ARMED FORCES? “What we have now is failure. Never you reinforce failure. Let failure be failure. …The truth is this: when you have an ineffective and incompetent government, we are all victims. And don’t let anybody deceive you.” Former President Olusegun Obasanjo, speaking at his controversial presidential Library in Abeokuta. Nobody will receive a prize for guessing who the Failure—In-Chief of the Armed Forces is. Baba Iyabo has simply increased to tempo and thunder attack against a government and its leader who have spent almost three years in office whining about challenges they met and pointing fingers of blame against the previous government as if this is the first government to inherit problems. Seldom do I find myself in agreement with Obasanjo. But, he is right on the button on this one. Lucky is the manager who is called upon to help clean up a mess. Every little improvement he makes writes his/her name into the golden books of history. In 2015, my Fellow Nigerians and I thought we had such a leader. We supported him with everything at our disposal. I recall an article written to demolish Jonathan which almost brought the roof down on me. So passionate was I about the now Failure-In- Chief. To Jonathan, I openly apologise. To Nigerians, I prostrate full length. I fully subscribe to OBJ’s dictum. I will not reinforce failure. Never. Legacy ‘Peace cannot be kept by force; it can only be achieved by understanding.” ~ Martin Luther King, Jr. Shikamo! Ma Winnie Madikizela- Mandela! The world woke to news of the death of Winnie Madikizela Mandela at the age of 81. Her passing for a certain generation including mine is very seismic and she represented the power behind the struggle. For many of us, who caught the glimpse of apartheid in books like Alan Paton’s Cry, the beloved country, the death of Steve Biko and the Sharpeville massacre in 1960-all gave an insight of what majority indigenous black South Africans had to endure during the pernicious apartheid regime of minority whites in South Africa. Winnie was instrumental and she was the face of the struggle. She was defiant and a phenomenal woman who refused to cower despite every threat and obstacle put in her way. She was determined to fight and kept the fight in the consciousness of the world, when her husband, Nelson Mandela was in prison in Robben Island for 26 years. Nigeria was a strong ally and a strong comrade, who supported in cash and in kind. It took this charismatic Winnie Madikizela-Mandela to take on the fight against apartheid when young men and boys were rounded up and, tortured, imprisoned and murdered. Women were the backbone of the struggle, - “The overwhelming majority of women accept patriarchy unquestioningly and even protect it, working out the resultant frustrations not against men but against themselves in their competition for men as sons, lovers and husbands. Traditionally the violated wife bides her time and off-loads her built-in aggression on her daughter-in-law. So men dominate women through the agency of women themselves.” Her contribution was key and no matter what the mainstream Western media have chosen to rewrite as the narrative; by playing down her role in dismantling her role in the struggle, we must not forget, Winnie was a titan, a warrior and a tireless campaigner. She was also a product of her time and she represented what life was like under apartheid. So they chose to paint her as a controversial figure but for many that know what Winnie did, she was key to the eventual embargo and the dismantling of the apartheid system and segregation of black majority and alienation of basic human rights in the country of their birth by minority whites, who denied and perpetuated the oppressive system and power over blacks in South Africa. Winnie was in all sense of the word at the forefront, a leader of the struggle and of the liberation of her people and those who suffered similar struggle around the world. She was a tower of strength and defiant. During the struggle she chose not to run away, she fought hard and stayed with her people in the township and she endured years of daily surveillance, threats, harassment, arrest and imprisonment. She faced 491 days in solitary confinement and eight years in exile. What many did not know was, the South African apartheid government used many methods of torture against her, for instance, while in confinement they routinely, denied her sanitary products so that she was found, in detention, covered in her own menstrual blood. They humiliated and degraded her in every way possible but she remained unbowed. She chose to stand and fight and was in the forefront leading the fight and struggle with her people and agitating for change. Winnie Mandela’s approach to apartheid was unlike her ex-husband, Nelson, who espoused nonviolence as a means to dismantle the regime especially when he was released from prison. He called for a rainbow nation, reconcilation and co-existence and forgiveness after his release from prison. Nelson and Winnie Mandela were the most celebrated political couple in South Africa. Hailed as the “mother of the nation”, she kept the name of her husband alive during his 27years in prison. Winnie was instrumental and she was the face of the struggle. She was defiant and a phenomenal woman who refused to cower despite every threat and obstacle put in her way She was a young social worker when she married Mr Mandela, then already a prominent ANC leader, in 1958. He was sentenced to life in prison in 1961 for his role in fighting apartheid. Winnie was seen as loose cannon, an embarrassment to the new sanitised South Africa, they tried but failed to air brush her from the history of the struggle. Winnie was the fearless struggle in every sense of the word-she was a contradiction-she was a woman, married to a man who spent more years in prison than the marriage, she was beautiful, well spoken, very educated, a mother and black woman. She was a triple threat and they did not know what to do with her – ”I am a product of the masses of my country. I am the product of my enemy.” We must not forget she was the mother of the struggle, she lost personally and psychologically for the struggle, she sacrificed so much. She was made of steely material and this lady was not going to go quietly. She was derided and sidelined by the ANC party, denied a stake in her late husband’s will, a place in her husband’s resting place. Winnie does not need these material things, she fought gallantly and she will continue to have a place in the hearts of many. She is the people’s champion and a warrior by every means possible. They cannot rewrite history and her role in the struggle-” I believe something is very wrong with the history of our country, and how we have messed up the African National Congress.” 50 years and Martin Luther King Jr’s legacy This week marks the 50th anniversary of the death of the civil rights leader, Martin Luther King Jr. by a white supremacist. He was 39 years old. He left behind a wife and four children. In his 39 years, King achieved so much and his legacy lives on and serves as an inspiration to younger generations and those facing oppressive regimes the world over. He was the recipient and at the time, the youngest to have received the Nobel peace prize. He was an author of five books of famous sermons, quotations and lectures. He was a Baptist minister like his father, King Senior. He came to prominence for his non-violent peace demonstrations. He led the bus boycott that segregated black people. Black people in America then had to sit at the back of the bus and white people sat at the front. The boycott of buses by black people started the eventual desegregation of the American policies and laws and the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that bus segregation laws are unconstitutional. As a civil rights leader, King was arrested many times, tortured, humiliated and hounded by the secret services and the Police. His home was burnt down, his mother and his brother were killed. He led the million man March and gave his “I Have a Dream” speech on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial that was attended by over 250,000 strong audience . In April 4, 1968, Martin Luther King Jr. was assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee. Below are some of Martin Luther King Jr.’s quotes; “I Have A Dream Quotes”. I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the colour of their skin, but by the content of their character”. Martin Luther King, Jr. “Darkness cannot drive out darkness; only light can do that. Hate cannot drive out hate; only love can do that”. “Free at last, Free at last, Thank God Almighty we are free at last. If you can’t fly then run, if you can’t run then walk, if you can’t walk then crawl, but whatever you do you have to keep moving forward.” Martin Luther King Jr. would have been 88 years.

SUNDAY Vanguard, APRIL 8, 2018, PAGE 17 I value love more than sex, money —Toby Grey By ROTIMI AGBANA I’m giving you all Fast rising female singer, Adeyemi Tobiloba Mariam, better known as Toby Grey, is one out of many girls who values love over good sex or money in a of me, says relationship ys In an exclusive chat, Toby who once revealed that she can marry a poor man told Showtime she values love more than money or sex in a relationship. Moet Abebe “It depends; if the partners are not in it for a long term, then the goal is a bit dicey. If it’s not for the long term, many people will choose sex and money By IYABO AINA because it’s temporal. But if it’s for the long haul and you are planning to get married to this person, then love is the On-Air-Personality, Moet Abebe, knows most important thing because at the end a thing or two about arresting of the day, when everything fades, the attention and she did it to near only thing you will have left is the love perfection during the Easter celebrations and the friendship you started with. I with a number of sensual photos to mark the learnt that from my parents”, she said. special day. The photos that were posted on She added that true friendship is even of Easter Monday saw the sexy Moet flashing more value than love because love fades her tits in a cleavage-baring wet shirt. with time. “At the end of the day love fades but In one of the photos she posted, the AOP friendship remains. I even think you are accompanied it with a teaser to tell us all missing something; it should be love, she was about, was just rediscovering herself •Toby friendship, sex or money. Friendship is and she aptly tagged it “The Rebirth of Moet •Moet Grey the most important thing to me. If there Abebe”. Abebe is something he or she is doing or not “Through it all, here I am giving you all of doing, iron it out and try to understand me. The rebirth of Moet Abebe. Thank you each other”, she concluded. to my entire team for coming ,” she wrote. The photos have since attracted all sorts of comments, both negative and positive. One follower named Monicaruth was particularly Gifty Powers raises hell among fans over effusive in her comment. “Are you going into porn? Or what’s the rebirth about? No semi nude photos offense Ma'am, I’m a big fan too,” she commented. T one Unclegeeonline commented. his is really the season of “Gifty dearie, you're getting deep in the world raunchy photos among of power and fame just like you always want celebrities and former Big it,” another follower, Janelle Nifemi countered Brother Naija reality show “Hit the nail on the head if you love her. A contestant, Gifty, is not left out as decent mother would support this, right? Some she recently went topless in a new of us men are jerks as you know, when the balls photo shoot. control the brains. Let a lady post her picture As expected, many of her fans during graduation with 3 master's degrees or praised her for the boldness she Ph.D and see how many comments she gets,” exhibited but much to the chagrin another comment queried. of others who saw the shoot as To which another follower, Akuaugusta unacceptable. The disagreement replied “ I asked if her mum has seen among her followers soon this and she said yes and her mum is became offensive war of words. her number one fan and totally in “This is the kind of children you support. So who am I", she asked? •Gifty have when you marry a stripper, Powers Singer Tiwa Sex should be had with Savage rocks self respect – African Gidi Fest in Dutchess denim bum perception that people have about intimacy. “I love sex, guys, don’t get me wrong, as a matter of fact, I shorts have huge appetite for it, but the way the society now sees sex as something you can buy on OLX is not looking normal anymore.” By IYABO AINA “Yeah one night stand can be normal for a lady that doesn’t want to get emotionally attached to anyone Nigerian singer and mother of due to some past emotional trauma but all the same one, Tiwa Savage is there should be self respect, class and dignity,” she said. unarguably one of the sexiest She expressed her distaste at the alarming rate at celebrities in the country. which sex is sold on social media. “Social media lately The music diva during the week took to her Instagram page to share •African has been terrible with the way it has painted sex as a photos of herself flaunting her Dutchess normal thing. It is not a normal thing, it is something you should have with self respect, don’t let all these derriere in a lacy lingerie top and reality shows and American lifestyle get to you. If you cut-off denim shorts. meet this one knack am, meet that one knack am, before She rocked that ravishing look at you go knack father and son with uncle you won’t know, the Gidi Festival event which took By ADETUTU ADESOJI and Karma will slap you right in the face. place in Lagos recently. “Lately, people say there is no big deal having sex P Meanwhile Tiwa Savage seems lus-size Nigerian on TV, my dear, it is a big deal. If you want to be a porn star, be a porn star but you can’t go on national to have given up on her failed blogger and reality TV star, African Dutchess has a word for TV to exhibit it and later come out to become a brand union with husband of four years, ambassador and think that’s the goal. What about the •Tiwa those who consider sex a commodity Teebillz as their divorce is at the that can be sold and bought. goal for the future, the record and legacy you want to Savage verge of getting settled. The model in an interview with keep? Let’s be careful about our sex life, let’s do it 60MINUTES.com corrects the wrong with respect and dignity,” she said. C M YK