decaying electrical currents circulating in the earth's core as advocated by Creationists Barns & Humphreys; hence, the magnetic field is decaying congruent with the entropy of the 6k year old free circulating electrical currents of the earth's molten core. http://news.mit.edu/2010/explained-dynamo-0325 http://abyss.uoregon.edu/~js/glossary/dynamo_effect.html Year M 1 1835 8.522 2 1845 8.468 3 1885 8.371 4 1900 8.321 5 1905 8.300 6 1910 8.272 7 1915 8.235 8 1920 8.195 9 1925 8.160 10 1930 8.129 11 1935 8.106 12 1940 8.091 13 1945 8.075 14 1950 8.064 15 1955 8.051 16 1960 8.028 17 1965 8.005 18 1970 7.973 19 1975 7.939 20 1980 7.907 21 1985 7.871 22 1990 7.841 23 1995 7.814 24 2000 7.790 25 2005 7.767 26 2010 7.746 Chart showing the decaying Magnetosphere from 1835 to 2010 The magnetic moment in 1984 was 7.9 x 10^22 Jules per Tesla (1 J/T = 1 Amp-M^2 =1000 Gauss/cm^3) Planetary Magnetospheres by Dr. Humphreys & Dr. Barnes Dr. Russell Humphreys, a prominent nuclear physicist and geophysicist who earned an award for excellence for his contributions to light ion–fusion target theory from the Sandia National Laboratories in New Mexico, is a creationist who formulated a model that is >95% accurate at predicting the existence, the strength, and decay rate of planetary magnetosphere before they are known based on a 6,000 year old universe and H20 molecules as given in the process of creation described in the Bible.
Creation scientists have a distinct advantage over secular scientists when it comes to scientific modeling – the Word of God. There are clues given in the Bible that would never be considered by the secular scientist. One of the most exemplary scientific models of creation science is the planetary magnetosphere model developed by Dr. Russell Humphreys in 1984. Using the clues given in the Bible, he was able to make accurate predictions based on assumptions and deduced processes that would not have been known from any other scientific or historical resource. Key Scriptures on the Process of Creation: Ge:1:2: And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters. Ge:1:6: And God said, let there be a firmament in the midst of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters. Ge:1:7: And God made the firmament, and divided the waters which were under the firmament from the waters which were above the firmament: and it was so. Gen:1:9: And God said, let the waters under the heaven be gathered together unto one place, and let the dry land appear: and it was so. Ge:1:10: And God called the dry land Earth; and the gathering together of the waters called he Seas: and God saw that it was good. 2Pe:3:5: For this they willingly are ignorant of, that by the word of God the heavens were of old, and the earth standing out of the water and in the water: These scriptures describe a process by which God first made all astrological objects as bodies of water (the earth, sun, moon, stars, et al) with all the physical properties of water, mass, and motion, including molecular structure (H2O), gravity, orbits, rotation, and magnetospheres. Then he created the solid matters and associated elements (dry land). So in six days, God created the earth within a solar system of many, within a galaxy of many, within a grand universe. Time of creation: The approximate year of creation can be determined by formulating a time line based on the genealogies and chronological events given in Old Testament which comes to about 6000 years from 2000 AD. Based on this knowledge, the following assumptions were made for the basis of this model: A. The earth was created about 6,000 years ago. B. While yet in the watery state God created atomic nuclei with their spins pointing in the same direction, thereby creating the force of the original magnetosphere. C. Once the solids and other elements were created, the alignments would immediately decay to random order due to natural thermal collisions; however, large electrical currents (billions of amperes) would be generated due to the laws of electricity and magnetism in the planets’ interior molten core, reproducing the magnetosphere at near the same strength. D. At this point, the electrical currents in the core would start to decay exponentially due to the laws of electrical resistance and entropy. This expected decay rate is reflected in the empirical data recorded over the last 160 years, as shown in the many articles by Dr. Humphries and Jeff Walling’s book “HIS STORY as a Matter of Fact” 1.Earth’s Magnetic Field Is Decaying Steadily with a Little Rhythm by D. Russell Humphreys, Winter 2011, CRSQ Vol 47 No 3 pp 193-201 [PDF] Retrieved from https://creationresearch.org/selected-articles-1975-2012/ 2.Barnes, T. G. Ph.D, (1983). Origin and destiny of the earth's magnetic field (2nd Ed.). El Cajon, CA: Institute for Creation Research. In 1984, Dr. Humphreys took Dr. Barnes’ theory based on the exponential decay factors of the strength of earth's magnetic field when extrapolated backwards and came up with this model based on the approximate age of the universe as given in the Bible, the planetary masses, and a certain k factor (k=0.25 in almost all cases) to apply to other planets in the solar system. He then modeled several planetary magnetic fields such as the Sun, Moon, Mercury, Mars, Venus, Jupiter, and Saturn. He not only rightly predicted the known values of the sun, moon, and planets, he also predicted what we would find when we got close enough to Uranus in 1986 and Neptune in 1989 via the Voyager II and was precisely correct. Due to the uncertainties of the planets’ interiors, Dr. Humphreys predicted that the magnetic moments of both planets would be between 1 x 10^23 and 1 x 10^25 A m2. On January 20, 1986, Voyager II passed by Uranus and measured Uranus's magnetic moment at 3.0 x 10^24 A m2. On August 25, 1989, Voyager II passed by Neptune and found that it has a magnetic moment of 1.5 x 10^24 A m2. Both actual values are approximately in the middle of Dr. Humphreys’ estimates. Additionally, Dr. Humphreys’ model accurately predicted Mercury's decaying magnetosphere. In 1974 & 75, to the surprise of NASA scientists, the Mariner 10 Spacecraft measured Mercury's magnetic moment at 4.8 x 10^22 gauss CM3. In 1984 Dr. Humphreys published his Magnetic Field Model which included the predicted decay factors for Mercury's magnetic field. In 2008 Messenger flew by Mercury and found the magnetic moment had decayed as the model had predicted. NASA scientists had predicted that there would be no magnetic field due to its size, whereas Dr. Humphreys’ model predicts it would have a magnetic field, its original strength, and the approximate strength at any given time, just as it did with the Uranus and Neptune magnetic fields. The actual measured magnetic strength is not a precise science, and scientists are not in agreement as to the magnitude of decay of Mercury, as the data interpretation ranges from 0%, 4%, 27%, to 40% decay. Being that Dr. Humphreys’ model has been accurate in all other instances, there is no reason not to believe that his predicted calculation is probably the most accurate at 4%.