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CURRENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL EXCAVATIONS IN CROATIA Site name: Grebine Position: the north slope of Grebine Hill Place/Municipality: Baćina/Ploče Head of excavations: Damir Kliškić, M.A. Institution: Archaeological Museum in Split Excavation period: 03/11 – 18/12/2014 Type of excavation: rescue Total excavated area: 40 m² Chronological and cultural attribution of the site: Iron Age THE 2014 RESCUE ARCHAEOLOGICAL EXCAVATIONS OF THE TUMULUS AT THE BAĆINA-GREBINE SITE The prehistoric tumulus is located on the north slope of the Grebine Hill in the Sladinac-Baćina settlement, the municipality of Ploče. Rescue archaeological excavations were conducted from November 3 to December 18, 2014, financed by the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Croatia and the Archaeological Museum in Split itself. It was found that the tumulus was demolished after Croatian Roads (HC) expanded the road by adding another lane during the construction of a new entrance to Ploče in 2004. At that time, a considerable part of the tumulus, over which a metal fence was set up to prevent rockslide, was destroyed. However, due to heavy rainfall, a great number of archaeological finds tumbled down to the road. Since the site is located approx. 5 meters above the road, four-meter-high scaffolding was immediately set up on the north side of the structure in order to ensure a smooth continuation of work. Firstly, the soil along the exposed profile on the north side had to be secured by placing bags of soil to prevent landslide. Next, the soil that had fallen down to the road and contained archaeological material had to be collected. Through wet sieving, considerable archaeological material was collected, which was made of bronze (e.g. pins), iron (spears), silver (pin), glass (pierced beads), and pottery. The lush vegetation on the entire south side of the tumulus was first cleared. Afterwards, all visible stones were cleared in order to determine whether or not they were part of the stone cap of the tumulus. Next, the stone detritus had to be carefully removed in order to reach the layer with archaeological remains. The first thing encountered was a stone wall that ran parallel to the above mentioned structure, but it was located about 40 cm below its level. Further removal of the stone detritus revealed the southern structure of a burial chamber. This wall was located another 40 cm below the previous one. The next phase included the removal of the rammed earth and the fine river gravel that had formed over the tomb itself. As the remains of two human individuals were found, so were many grave goods , which included numerous metal, especially bronze and iron, finds, glass beads, and pottery. The excavation confirmed that at least two human individuals had been buried in this tumulus, with numerous valuable grave goods, probably dated to the period between the end of the 4 th or the beginning of the 3 rd century BC. Rescue archaeological excavations will be continued in 2015. Translated by Sara Bogdan

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