C. A simple repeated-measures design D. A matched-conditions design Question 35 of 40 2.5/ 2.5 Points In ABA designs, the effects of the independent variable on the dependent variable are demonstrated if the: A. level of the dependent variable stays the same in spite of any manipulation. B. behavior changes in the predicted direction whenever the conditions are reversed. C. level of the dependent variable changes even though there is no independent variable being manipulated. D. time graph shows some fluctuations. Question 36 of 40 2.5/ 2.5 Points A good way to control for carry-over effects in within-subjects experiments, provided that there are not too many experimental conditions, is: A. positive practice. B. using a matched-subjects design. C. debriefing participants. D. counterbalancing. Question 37 of 40 2.5/ 2.5 Points Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of a within-subjects design? A. Each participant is tested under each experimental condition. B. The scores in each condition are correlated with each other. C. Each participant is measured only once on the dependent variable. D. The critical comparison is the difference between correlated groups on the dependent variable. Question 38 of 40 0.0/ 2.5 Points In within-subjects designs, each participant: A. is measured at least five times. B. serves as his or her own control. C. is measured only once. D. is randomly assigned to one of two conditions. Question 39 of 40 0.0/ 2.5 Points In an ABA reversal design, the term "reversal" refers to: A. the sequential reversal of levels of treatment. B. reversing the order of presentation of stimuli.
C. controlling for sequence effects. D. switching the independent variable with the dependent variable. Question 40 of 40 2.5/ 2.5 Points A researcher is using a within-subjects design. After condition two (there are a total of three conditions) the researcher notices that the participants are looking bored and restless. After the third condition, the researcher records a falling off of performance. This is a(n) __________ effect. A. positive practice B. negative practice C. participant D. ordering