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PS420 Learning Theories Exam 5 Part 2 Answers (Ashworth College)

D. None of the above

D. None of the above Question 34 of 40 2.5/ 2.5 Points Giving an animal a chance to drink sweetened water might reinforce a lower-probability behavior but NOT reinforce a higher-probability behavior. Such a finding would be evidence against: • A. drive-reduction theory. • B. trans-situationality. • C. Premack’s principle. • D. response-deprivation theory. Question 35 of 40 2.5/ 2.5 Points When all behaviors can occur freely, a child spends 30 minutes playing with blocks, 15 minutes playing with crayons, and 5 minutes playing with a truck. Suppose the child is required to play with the blocks and the crayons for equal amounts of time. Premack's principle predicts that: • A. the time spent playing with blocks will be more than 30 minutes. • B. the time spent playing with crayons will be more than 15 minutes. • C. the time spent playing with crayons will be less than 15 minutes. • D. None of the above Question 36 of 40 2.5/ 2.5 Points In their experiments on the operant conditioning of heart rate, Miller and DiCara: • A. were able to reinforce heart rate increases. • B. were able to reinforce heart rate decreases. • C. were able to control heart rate with a discriminative stimulus. • D. All of the above Question 37 of 40 2.5/ 2.5 Points One research finding that poses a problem for Premack's principle is that: • A. a behavior that acts as a reinforcer in one context may not be a reinforcer in another context. • B. a behavior that acts as a punisher in one context may not be a punisher in another context. • C. more probable behaviors can sometimes reinforce less probable behaviors. • D. less probable behaviors can sometimes reinforce more probable behaviors. Question 38 of 40 2.5/ 2.5 Points Drive-reduction theory CANNOT explain why __________ is a reinforcer. • A. food • B. water

• C. removal of a painful stimulus • D. sexual foreplay Question 39 of 40 2.5/ 2.5 Points An advantage of applying Premack's principle in behavior modification is that: • A. one does not have to watch the patient to decide what reinforcer to use. • B. one does not always have to use physical items as reinforcers. • C. activities are stronger reinforcers than physical items. • D. All of the above Question 40 of 40 2.5/ 2.5 Points The concept of __________ states that people will distribute their resources in a way that optimizes subjective value to that individual. • A. drive reduction theory • B. need reduction theory • C. optimization theory • D. response deprivation theory