Chemistry and Chemical Physics Graduate Programs brochure

Chemistry and Chemical Physics Graduate Programs brochure

University of Nevada, Reno





Welcome 3

About the University of Nevada, Reno 4

The Chemistry Program 5

Degree Programs 5

Courses 5

Credit Requirements 5

Examinations 6

Student Seminars 6

Research 6

Graduate Teaching 7

Graduate Courses 7

Graduate Admission 8

Chemical Physics Program 9

Facilities and Equipment 11

Reno: The Community and Its Setting 13

The Faculty

Above: Students align a Nd:YAG laser system in Dr.

Cline’s laboratory. Below: Reno skyline. At right:

the Chemistry building. On cover: View of the

University of Nevada.

Frank G. Baglin 16

Thomas W. Bell 17

Ana de Bettencourt-Dias 18

Sean M. Casey 19

Vincent J. Catalano 20

Joseph I. Cline 21

Kent M. Ervin 22

Brian J. Frost 23

Benjamin T. King 24

David M. Leitner 25

David A. Lightner 26

Jason Shearer 27

Robert S. Sheridan 28

Suk-Wah Tam-Chang 29

Hyung-June Woo 30

Liming Zhang 31

Sarah A. Cummings, Garry N. Fickes, Sési M. McCullough, Charles B. Rose 32

Scott W. Waite, Richard D. Burkhart 33

Kenneth C. Kemp, H. Eugene Lemay, Jr., John H. Nelson 34

Hyung K. Shin 35

Thank you for your interest in the Department of Chemistry at the

University of Nevada, Reno.

We are a teaching- and research-oriented department offering degrees

in Chemistry (B.S., M.S., Ph.D.), Environmental Chemistry (B.S.), and

Chemical Physics (Ph.D., jointly with the Physics Department), including

bachelor’s degree programs certified by the American Chemical Society.

As a relatively small department, we are able to provide close interactions

among students and faculty. Many of our undergraduates and all of

our graduate students participate in state-of-the-art chemistry research,

working with a faculty mentor. Our graduates go on to employment in

academia, industry, and government; many of our Bachelor’s degree graduates are admitted

to high-ranked graduate chemistry programs, medical, or dental schools. In the most recent

National Resource Council survey of chemistry departments, our department was ranked

second nationally among departments of our size or smaller.

We are located in the Chemistry Building near the

center of the University of Nevada, Reno campus.

This brochure is designed to provide information for

both current and prospective students about our

programs and services. More detail can be found on

our web site (link at right).

Please contact us if you have any questions.

— Dr. Vince Catalano, Department Chair


For more information write:

Graduate Admissions Committee

Department of Chemistry

University of Nevada, Reno

Reno, NV 89557-0216



Or call (775)-784-6041

About the University of Nevada, Reno

Situated on the foothills at the northern edge of the

Truckee Meadows metropolitan area, the University of

Nevada campus commands a panoramic view of the

Washoe Mountains to the east, the Sierra Nevada to the

west, and Reno to the south. The University is a land

grant institution and the oldest of the eight institutions

in the Nevada System of Higher Education. The student

body numbers over 16,000 and consists of the Colleges

of Agriculture, Biotechnology, and Natural Resources;

Business Administration; Education; Engineering; Health

and Human Sciences; the Reynolds School of Journalism;

Liberal Arts; Medicine; and Science. Additionally,

Cooperative Extension is a non-degree-granting college.

Several schools exist as sub-units of the colleges, including

the Schools of Nursing, Public Health, and Social Work

in Health and Human Sciences, the School of the Arts in Liberal Arts, and the Mackay School of

Earth Sciences and Engineering in the College of Science. The Department of Chemistry is part

of the College of Science with its graduate programs administered by the Graduate School.

The 255-acre main campus features both historic and contemporary

architecture. The central campus includes scenic Manzanita

Lake (pictured above) and the beautiful elm-lined Quadrangle

(pictured at left), listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

On the campus are five galleries and museums, the Church Fine

Arts Complex with several theaters, and the Lawlor Events Center, a

regular site for concerts, athletic events, and other local activities. At

the north end of campus are the university-affiliated Fleischmann

Planetarium and the E.L. Cord Public Telecommunications Center,

The central Quad on the


which provide educational programs and public radio/TV broadcasting.

Although affordable on-campus parking is available for students,

many choose to find housing among a wide variety available

within convenient walking or cycling distance to campus. There is also an extensive public

transportation system providing campus access from throughout the Truckee Meadows.

The University is the cultural focus of Northern Nevada, sponsoring a special performing

artist series, a plethora of musical concerts, an active drama program with several plays on

campus each year, and frequent exhibitions that feature local artists. In addition, it supports

major college athletics such as football, basketball, track, baseball, swimming, and volleyball as

a member of the Western Athletic Conference (WAC).

The chemistry department maintains a close relationship with other campus departments

with related interests, including biochemistry, molecular biology, and physics. The Desert

Research Institute (DRI), a division of the university system, is headquartered in Reno and

sponsors research programs of particular concern to Nevada and other western states. Desert

biology, atmospheric chemistry and physics, and water and soil resources are primary areas of

research at the institute.


Manzanita Lake on the University


The Chemistry Program

In comparison with many contemporary graduate institutions, Nevada’s chemistry department

enjoys an exceedingly favorable student to faculty ratio, with 17 faculty, 60-65 graduate

students, and typically 12-15 postdoctoral associates and visiting faculty. Our department has

enjoyed tremendous growth in its personnel and research facilities over the past 10 years. The

research programs in the department enjoy an excellent international reputation, reflecting our

commitment to quality and our success in competing for research funding. Research grants in

the department total more than $1 million per year, with much of that money spent on support

for graduate research assistants.

An important aspect of graduate education is exposure to and interaction with scientists

from outside the university. The department maintains an outstanding seminar program

with approximately 40 outside speakers of international stature each year, many from overseas.

Among the highlights of this program are the annual R.C. Fuson Lectureship, the annual

Distinguished Physical Chemist Lectureship, and the biennial Sierra Nevada ACS Distinguished

Chemist Lectureship, which have featured many Nobel Laureates.

Degree Programs: The Department of Chemistry offers

graduate programs leading to a Master of Science in

Chemistry and to a Doctor of Philosophy in Chemistry. An

interdisciplinary Ph.D. program in Chemical Physics is offered

in cooperation with the Department of Physics. Students

enrolled in the Chemical Physics program follow a different

set of requirements, outlined beginning on page 9.

Courses: The department emphasizes individualized

programs for each graduate student, tailored to interest and

career goals. Initial assessment examinations in inorganic,

organic, and physical chemistry are given at the beginning

of students’ graduate studies in order to ascertain preparation

levels. The examinations are used primarily for initial

Students discuss organic chemistry

in Dr. Zhang’s laboratory.

advisement purposes to help select a program of courses appropriate to individual student

training. Each year a monetary award is presented to the entering student with the best overall

performance on these exams.

Chemistry M.S. and Ph.D. graduates are expected to have a broad background in the major

areas of chemistry. Most students take “core” courses in the areas of inorganic (CHEM 631),

organic (CHEM 642), and physical chemistry (CHEM 650) during their first semester. Students

that demonstrate exceptional proficiency in one or more areas on the qualifying exams may be

exempted from taking the corresponding core courses. Following the graduate core courses,

two additional graduate lecture courses are required for the M.S. degree; four additional graduate

lecture courses are required for the Ph.D. degree. These specialized courses are chosen

in consultation with one’s research adviser to fit specific interests and to provide a suitable

background for research.

Credit Requirements: The general credit requirements for the M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in

Chemistry are listed on the website at: Information on requirements for


the Chemical Physics Ph.D. program are given separately on pages 9-10. Further details about

degree requirements, including general requirements of the Graduate School, may be found in

the most recent General Catalog of the University of Nevada, Reno, and the Chemistry Graduate

Student Guidelines, which always supersede the information given here.

Examinations: The written candidacy exam in chemistry is a series of cumulative examinations

that are given to test one’s ability to solve problems in chemistry and to integrate material

from various courses, the current chemical literature, and seminars. After completion of the

cumulative exam requirement an oral comprehensive examination is required for admission to

Ph.D. candidacy. Fulfillment of the requirements for the M.S. and Ph.D. degrees is attained with

the writing of an original thesis (M.S.) or dissertation (Ph.D.) on one’s research. Finally, the thesis

or dissertation is defended in an oral examination before one’s graduate advisory committee.

Student Seminars: Recognizing the importance of oral communication in the sciences, the

department requires all graduate students to present at least two departmental seminars. The

first of these is given in the third semester of residence and is based on a topic taken from the

chemical literature. The second seminar, usually given no later

than the third year of residence, is a final thesis seminar for M.S.

candidates and a “research progress report” for Ph.D. candidates.

Ph.D. students also often present a dissertation seminar immediately

prior to their oral defense.

Students work on an ultrahigh

vacuum chamber in Dr. Casey’s


Research: Research is the foundation for all the graduate

degree programs offered by the Department of Chemistry. The

focus of graduate study is a program of original research under

the direction of a faculty adviser. Students are encouraged to

select a research adviser and start on thesis (M.S.) or dissertation

(Ph.D.) research by the second semester in residence. This

is especially important as one’s research topic is a large factor in

determining subsequent course curriculum. Research study options in the department include

organic chemistry, inorganic chemistry, physical chemistry, theoretical chemistry, chemical

physics, physical organic chemistry, bio-organic chemistry,

bio-inorganic chemistry, and organometallic chemistry. After

choosing a research adviser, a graduate advisory committee

comprised of the adviser and other faculty in the chemistry

department is formed. This committee approves programs of

study and presides over oral examinations. The research program

culminates in the completion of a thesis or dissertation.

Graduate Teaching: The ability to communicate knowledge

to others is an important part of a graduate education,

whether or not one plans to pursue a career in teaching. The

department requires that all graduate students have some

teaching experience as part of their advanced degree require-


A student working up a reaction

in Dr. Bell’s laboratory.

ments. To aid in the development of teaching and communication skills, beginning teaching

assistants participate in the Graduate School Instructional Development orientation program

just prior to their first fall semester, and take CHEM 700, Supervised Teaching in College Chemistry,

during their first fall semester.

A typical first year graduate student is assigned to teach two laboratories per week (6 contact

hours) plus some exam proctoring and grading. Lab responsibilities include providing brief

introductions of the experiments, answering student questions in lab, and grading students’

written lab reports. Experiments take 1.5 to 3 hours and the enrollment of lab sections is

limited to 25 students. Teaching assistants frequently generate and administer pre lab quizzes

to their students to test preparation and understanding of concepts used in the experiments.

Each year the department presents an award to its outstanding teaching assistant.

Graduate Courses: The following is a listing of regularly offered graduate courses in the

Department of Chemistry. Courses in other departments of interest to chemistry graduate

students may be found in the UNR General Catalog. The University of Nevada, Reno operates

on the semester system with the Fall semester beginning in late August and ending in mid

December, and the Spring semester beginning in late January and ending in mid May.



























Graduate Admission: Formal application is required for admission to the degree programs of

the Graduate School. Application materials may be requested by writing to the address given

below or visiting the web site at The application consists of several parts,

including an application form for admission to our graduate school and an application form for

graduate fellowship for financial support, instructions for completing these forms, and envelopes

for letters of recommendation written by individuals able to comment on one’s qualifications

for graduate studies. Completed application forms should then be sent directly to the

chemistry department. The department accepts applications at all times of the year; however,

most students apply during the winter and spring of their senior year in college for admission

in the following fall semester.

Applicants should have a bachelor’s degree in chemistry or a related field, and should have

a minimum GPA of 3.0 on a 4.0 scale for admission to the Ph.D. program and 2.75 (or 3.0 for the

last two years) for the M.S. program. Graduate Record Examination (GRE) general exam scores

must be submitted as part of the application. Consideration for admission to the department’s

program is based on one’s apparent potential for successful completion of the degree

as indicated by undergraduate performance, letters of recommendation, and GRE scores. The

department encourages applications from women and minority students.

Financial Aid: Financial support for incoming graduate students is provided primarily through

teaching fellowships. The amount of the stipend for a ten month appointment is adjusted for

cost of living increases each year, and the department should be contacted to learn the current

stipend. Students generally receive an additional two month research fellowship during

the summer. It should be noted that the actual value of a teaching fellowship appointment

for an out of state student is quite a bit higher because tuition and other fees are significantly


Financial support from research assistantships and fellowships is also available to highly

qualified entering students. It is the usual practice of the department to support students

during the entire time that they are working toward an advanced degree. Most students

are supported during the bulk of their graduate studies on their research director’s research

grants. It has been our experience that the stipends we provide to students, coupled with the

reasonable cost of living found in Reno, make it possible for students to maintain a comfortable


For more information regarding the department’s graduate

program and financial assistance, please contact:

Chairman, Graduate Admissions Committee

Department of Chemistry

University of Nevada, Reno

1664 N. Virginia St.

Reno, NV 89557-0216


or to apply on-line please see our web site at:


Students load a sample into an

ultrahigh vacuum chamber for surface

chemical analysis in Dr. Casey’s


Chemical Physics

The chemical physics program provides an interdisciplinary curriculum for those students

whose primary research interests are in atomic and molecular physics and physical chemistry.

While requiring the student to complete a rigorous selection of courses that outline the foundations

of modern chemical physics, the chemical physics program also offers extreme flexibility

in the choice of dissertation topic as the student may choose any of the affiliated faculty

in either the chemistry or the physics departments to serve as a research adviser.

Graduates of the program have gone on to a variety of outstanding postdoctoral research

and teaching positions, with many excellent employment opportunities awaiting them in

academics, industry, and government research labs. Several of today’s most exciting new technologies

are in the areas of molecular and materials sciences— for example, nanotechnology,

molecular devices, and high temperature superconducting materials— and a background in

chemical physics is the key to exploring the future in these areas.

Curriculum: The curriculum in chemical physics is based on five required, or “core,” courses

which should be taken as early as possible in the student’s residency. The core courses are

comprised of the following:

Mathematical Physics PHYS 701

Quantum Theory I CHEM 757 or PHYS 721

Quantum Theory II PHYS 722 or CHEM 750

Statistical Mechanics CHEM 755 or PHYS 732

Choice of:

Classical Mechanics PHYS 702

Chemical Kinetics CHEM 752

Modern Optics and Laser Physics PHYS 730

Additional, or “elective,” courses in areas of particular interest to the student are then used to

fill out the curriculum. These courses are typically chosen from the 600- and 700-level courses

offered by the physics, chemistry, and mathematics departments. A full listing of the degree

requirements for the program can be found on the web page:

Associated Faculty: The faculty associated with the chemical physics program are listed

below along with a brief indication of their research areas.

Frank G. Baglin Chemistry Raman scattering in supercritical fluids

Bruno S. Bauer Physics Experimental studies of plasma waves and


Reinhard Bruch Physics Low and high energy ion-atom and ion-

molecule collisions

Sean M. Casey Chemistry Semiconductor surface science

Joseph I. Cline Chemistry Molecular stereodynamics

Andrei Derevianko Physics Theoretical physics


Kent M. Ervin Chemistry Cluster ion reactions and photophysics

David M. Leitner Chemistry Biophysical theoretical chemistry

Roberto C. Mancini Physics Theory and modeling of laser-produced

transient plasmas

Katherine R. McCall Physics Theoretical condensed matter physics

Hans Moosmüller Physics Atmospheric and aerosol physics

Ronald A. Phaneuf Physics Experimental studies of highly charged ion

interactions with electrons and atoms

Alla Safranova Physics Theoretical plasma physics

Jonathan Weinstein Physics Ultracold atomic and molecular physics

Peter Winkler Physics Theory of many-body systems

Hyung-June Woo Chemistry Biophysical theoretical chemistry

Admission: Admission into the chemical physics program is handled separately by the chemistry

and physics departments. Interested students whose background is primarily in chemistry

are encouraged to apply through the chemistry department, listing “chemical physics” as the

specific area of chemistry on the application form. Those students whose background is in

physics should likewise seek admission through the physics department. The individual departments

provide financial support through teaching and research fellowships to the chemical

physics students that they admit.

For more information about the program, please contact:

Prof. Joseph I. Cline

Director, Chemical Physics Program

Department of Chemistry

University of Nevada, Reno

1664 N. Virginia St.

Reno, NV 89557-0216



Facilities and Equipment

Chemistry research is heavily reliant on modern facilities, instrumentation, and technical

support personnel. The Chemistry Department at Nevada is endowed with a full complement

of support services, shops, and laboratories. These facilities are managed by our Director of

Chemistry Laboratories, Scott Waite.

The Chemistry Building is a four-story structure located in the central campus, adjoining the

Leifson Physics Building and near the engineering research complex. Custom research instruments

are fabricated in our professionally staffed machine shop

and a student shop is also available. Specialty glassware and

high vacuum systems are fabricated in the glass shop. Custom

circuit design, construction, and instrument maintenance is

provided by electronics engineer Tom Grothaus in the electronics


Research in synthetic chemistry is heavily dependent on the

most sophisticated tools for structure elucidation. The Magnetic

A student sets up a reaction

in a fume hood in Dr. Bell’s


Resonance Laboratory houses three nuclear magnetic resonance

spectrometers for departmental use: two Varian 400-MHz spectrometers,

and a Varian Unity-Plus 500-MHz spectrometer. The

400-MHz instruments are equipped with quad nucleus probes

(proton, fluorine, carbon, and phosphorous) and a 100 sample autochanger. The Varian-500 is

a multi-nuclear instrument with variable temperature, double resonance, and two-dimensional

capabilities, and it can also carry out C/H/P triple resonance, indirect detection, and gradient

spectroscopy. Each NMR instrument is connected by Ethernet to remote data stations for

off-line data processing and analysis. Magnetic resonance specialist Lew Cary maintains these

instruments and provides expert assistance with more sophisticated experiments. The X-ray

structure determination laboratory is equipped with a Bruker-Nonius SMART Apex CCD-based

single crystal diffractometer with low temperature capabilities. This instrument is interfaced to

multiple workstations for data analysis and structure visualization. Mass spectrometry can be

performed using a Saturn GC-MS equipped with an autoinjector, a Bruker Proflex MALDI-TOF

instrument, a Waters atmospheric pressure chemical ionization / photoionization / electrospray

ionization (APCI / APPI / ESI) quadrupole mass spectrometer, or the high-resolution mass spectrometry

center on campus, depending on one’s sample needs. Transient emission, absorption,

and excited state lifetime studies are possible using the departmental laser spectroscopy facility

which includes a diode array spectrometer and a tunable pulsed laser. The department also

maintains an atomic absorption spectrometer, a routine Perkin-Elmer Spectrum 2000 FTIR with

mid- and far-IR capabilities, a routine Fluoromax-3 Horiba fluorimeter, several UV-vis spectrophotometers,

and a scanning tunneling microscope that are primarily used for instructional

purposes. Electronic absorption, infra-red, and fluorescence spectroscopies are facilitated by

several other departmental teaching spectrometers.

Computational facilities are a critically important part of chemical research. The chemistry

department maintains several high performance Beowulf computer clusters. The departmental

general use cluster is configured with 42 2.2-GHz AMD Opteron (64-bit) processors, 84 GB of

RAM, TB RAID disk storage, and gigabit networking. Computational research groups also have

their own clusters. PBS and a sophisticated scheduler handle job allocations. Available applica-


tions include Gaussian 03,

Amber, NWChem, Ghemical,

and ORCA. A chemistry computing

laboratory consisting of

12 Pentium IV-class computers

is available for instructional

and research computing.

These departmental machines,

together with those in

individual research groups, are

connected by the departmental

Ethernet to the high-speed

campus fiber optic computing

backbone and the Internet.

The department’s computer

systems are coordinated by

our Computing and Networking


Much of our most impressive

and specialized instrumentation

is found within the

laboratories of individual research

groups. Computational

equipment available includes

UNIX and LINUX workstations and a host of

desktop microcomputers. The physical chemistry

groups utilize lasers for non-linear, highresolution,

or fast spectroscopy, and for studies

of molecular dynamics. Laser equipment

includes pulsed high-power Nd:YAG lasers, tunable

infrared and visible semiconductor lasers,

high-power excimer lasers, Ar ion lasers, copper

vapor lasers, and several tunable CW and

pulsed dye lasers. Other state-of-the-art equipment

includes high vacuum molecular beam

and ion beam chambers, ultra-high vacuum

chambers for studies of surface chemistry, a

variety of specialized optics and instruments

for nonlinear spectroscopy and polarized laser

experiments, ion and photon detectors, fast

digital oscilloscopes and detection electronics,

and time-of-flight, quadrupole, and magnetic

mass spectrometers and octopole ion traps.

Most synthetic chemistry groups have their

Chemsitry front office staff: (l to r) Roxie Taft, Jennifer Melius,

Xanthea Elsbree, and Jenny Costa.


(Above left) Machinist Walt Weaver fabricates

specialized instruments for research projects in

the chemistry department. (Above) Electrical

engineer Tom Grothaus designs and fabricates

custom electronic circuits for research projects.

(Above right) Lew Cary manages the departmental

magnetic resonance laboratories.

own Fourier transform IR spectrometers and other specialized research instruments.

The DeLaMare Library currently subscribes to about 1200 print journals and provides connection

to over 19000 electronic journals. The Library, which is the physical science and engineering

library on the UNR campus, houses Chemical Abstracts and provides 24-hour access via

SciFinder to the full Chemical Abstracts and Registry files online. Bound journal volumes and

an exhaustive collection of reference books (about 100000) are also housed there. Computer

access to on-line retrieval services and databases is readily available, with assistance provided

from our librarians. The online catalog provides instant information on holdings in the entire

University of Nevada Library System and other libraries connected to the Internet.

Reno: The Community and its Setting

Reno is situated in a broad valley of the Truckee River on the eastern slope of the Sierra

Nevada Mountains and on the western boundary of the Great Basin high desert. Reno weather

is temperate due to the mountainous location and the elevation of 4500 feet. Summers are

comfortable and dry with cool evening temperatures and low humidity. Despite heavy snow

in the surrounding mountains, winters in Reno are moderate with only occasional, short-lived

snowfalls. The average temperatures call for highs in January of 45 F and lows of 18 F. July

temperatures range from a normal high of 91 F to a normal low of 50 F.

Reno has long been famed as "The Biggest Little City in the World." With a population of

about 400,000 in the greater Reno area, the region offers the advantages and excitement of

a major urban area along with the quality of life characteristic of a relatively small western

community. The major industry in Reno is tourism and the big names in show business can

be found in the downtown and Lake Tahoe entertainment centers. Fine restaurants and night

clubs exist in abundance.


Reno also supports a thriving

arts community rivaled by few

cities of its size: philharmonic

and chamber orchestras, a

municipal band, an opera

guild, a performing artist series,

a summer arts festival, and

active theater groups. Several

art galleries, museums, and a

planetarium are located on or

near the university campus and

throughout the community.

The municipally-owned Pioneer

Center for the Performing Arts in downtown Reno and the Church Fine Arts Complex at the

university provide fine settings for artistic and cultural events. The Convention Center near the

southern edge of the city and the Lawlor Events Center on campus are used for indoor athletic

activities such as basketball, for large concerts, conventions, and trade fairs.

Many major special events and festivals are

held in Reno on an annual basis. Examples include

the National Championship Air Races, The

Great Reno Balloon Race, Hot August Nights

(a celebration of 50's music, cars, and culture),

the Nevada State Fair and the Reno Rodeo ("the

World's Wildest and Richest"). Reno is the home

of the National Bowling Stadium, where bowling

tournaments are held regularly. The nearby

communities of Virginia City and Carson City are

of interest to fans of the culture and history of the Old West.

Rand McNally's Vacation Places Rated has ranked Reno-Tahoe as the number one location

in the nation for outdoor sports activities. Dozens of’ golf courses lie within an hour's drive of

downtown Reno and numerous parks, swimming pools, and picnic areas are found within the

city. The Truckee River, which runs from Lake Tahoe through Reno to Pyramid Lake, provides a

natural parkway that winds through the heart of the city and a developed bicycle and pedestrian

path follows its course. Reno is surrounded by public lands that provide hiking and mountain

biking opportunities immediately accessible

from the city and the university campus.

The Reno-Lake Tahoe area provides one of

the highest concentration of developed alpine

and nordic skiing facilities in the world and back

country skiing opportunities are equally accessible.

In summers, road and mountain biking,

camping, hiking (including portions of the Pacific

Crest Trail and the Tahoe Rim Trail), and rock

climbing in the Sierra Nevada are unsurpassed.


To the east of the city, the rugged mountains and isolation of

the Great Basin desert challenge more adventurous outdoor

enthusiasts with country as wild and remote as can be found

in the West, including National Forests and National Wilderness

Areas. Big game and bird hunting, as well as fishing, are outstanding

in the immediate Reno area and throughout the state.

Special regional attractions include the winter sports complex

at Squaw Valley, site of the 1960 Winter Olympics, one of the

country’s largest cross-country ski resorts at Royal Gorge, and

the unique year-round recreational opportunities at Lake Tahoe

and Pyramid Lake.

Beyond the local area, Yosemite,

Lassen Volcanic, Great Basin, Redwood,

Crater Lake, Death Valley, and

Sequoia and King’s Canyon National

Parks are located within a day’s drive from Reno. Interstate 80 leads

west through Sacramento (about two and one-half hours), to the

San Francisco Bay area (about four hours), passing through some of

the finest mountain scenery in the nation.

Reno is a major industry and trade center for the western

geographic region. While gaming, mining, and agriculture remain

the most important components of the regional economy, local

industry, usually science-based and research oriented, is becoming

an increasingly significant economic factor in the community.

Reno is the headquarters for the Sierra Nevada Section of the American Chemical Society.

Many of the faculty, students, and staff in the chemistry, biochemistry, and chemical engineering

departments, the Desert Research Institute, and scientists in local government and industry

are involved in local ACS activities.


Mario A. Alpuche

Assistant Professor

Analytical, Physical and Materials Chemistry


The development and application of electrochemical methods are the focus

or our research. We are interested in using these methods to solve problems

in analytical chemistry, energy conversion and corrosion.

Renewable energy sources can be utilized with electrochemical devices

such as fuel cells, batteries and dye-sensitized solar cells. We are interested

in studying the fundamental properties

of materials used for these applications to

explain observed trends in electrocatalytic

activity; we aim at using this knowledge to design new

materials for more efficient devices. We apply electrochemical

principles to study the thermodynamics and kinetics of

electron transfer reactions to correlate these with structure

and other properties of materials. We are interested in

developing new methods for the analysis of nanostructures,

films and bulk materials for their potential use in energy conversion, such as semiconductors for

harvesting solar energy and electrocatalysts for fuel cells (see Fig. 1).

Selected Publications

1. “Photoelectrochemistry studies of the band structure of Zn2SnO4 prepared by the hydrothermal

method,” Alpuche-Aviles, M.A.; Wu, Y. Journal of the American Chemical Society

2009, ASAP.

2. “Interrogation of surfaces for the quantification of adsorbed species on electrodes: Oxygen

on gold and platinum in neutral media,” Rodriguez Lopez, J.; Alpuche-Aviles, M.A.; Bard, A.J.

Journal of the American Chemical Society 2008, 130, 16985-16995.

3. “Cyclic voltammetry studies of Cd2+ and Zn2+ complexation with hydroxyl terminated

polyamidoamine generation 2 dendrimer at a mercury microelectrode,” Nepomnyashchii,

A.; Alpuche-Aviles, M.A.; Pan, S.; Zhan, D.; Fan, F.-R.; Bard, A.J. Journal of Electroanalytical

Chemistry 2008, 621, 286-296.

4. “Screening of oxygen evolution electrocatalysts by scanning electrochemical microscopy

using a tip shielding approach,” Minguzzi, A.; Alpuche-Aviles, M.A.; Rodriguez Lopez, J.; Rondinini,

S.; Bard, A.J. Analytical Chemistry 2008, 80, 4055-4064.

5. “Imaging of metal ion dissolution and electrodeposition by anodic stripping voltammetryscanning

electrochemical microscopy,” Alpuche-Aviles, M.A.; Baur, J.E.; Wipf, D.O. Analytical

Chemistry 2008, 80, 3612-3621.

6. “Scanning electrochemical microscopy. 59. Effect of defects and structure on electron transfer

through self-assembled monolayers,” Kiani, A.; Alpuche-Aviles, M.A.; Eggers, P.; Jones, M.;.

Gooding, J.J.; Paddon-Row, M.N.; Bard, A.J. Langmuir 2008, 24, 2841-2849.

7. “Selective insulation with polytetrafluoroethylene of substrate electrodes for electrochemical

background reduction in scanning electrochemical microscopy,” Rodriguez Lopez, J.;

Alpuche-Avilés, M.A.; Bard, A.J. Analytical Chemistry 2008, 80, 1813-1818.

8. “Fast-scan cyclic voltammetry - scanning electrochemical microscopy,” Luis Díaz-Ballote, L.;

Alpuche-Avilés, M.A.; Wipf, D.O. Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry 2007, 604, 17-25.

32 - Faculty

B.S. (Licenciatura, 1999) Autonomous University of

Yucatan; Ph.D. (2005), Mississippi State University

(David Wipf); Postdoctoral Fellow (2005-2007), The

University of Texas at Austin, Center for Electrochemistry

(Allen J. Bard), and (2007-2009) The Ohio State

University (Yiying Wu).



Physical Chemistry; Chemical Physics


16 - Faculty

B.S. (1963), Michigan State University; Ph.D. (1967),

Washington State University (E.L. Wagner); Postdoctoral

(1967-68), NIH Postdoctoral Fellow, University of South

Carolina (J.R. Durig); Alexander Van Humboldt Fellow

(1981-83), University of Dortmund (Heiner Versmold).

Generally, our interests focus on the electro-optical properties of supracritical

dense gases. Because of the supracritical property we can vary the density

with complete freedom without condensation taking place. This allows us to

probe the intermolecular potential of the system via interaction induced (ii)

Raman light scattering. The Raman spectral intensity, I, may be written as

I = 2 N 2 2 + 4 N 3 + N 4

where N is the number density and the m ij ’s are the induced spectral moments.

The N 3 term’s moments are negative so at high enough density

values the spectral intensity will begin to fall off sharply. Thus, the Raman ii

signal may be thought of as arising from local density fluctuations giving rise to transient local

field gradients.

Most recently, we have been investigating

neat methane and methane solution

spectra at supracritical conditions. We have

seen that the Raman depolarization ratios

(RDR) track the ultra-strong rotation-vibration

coupling (coriolis constant) in the methane

molecule. The RDR changes very rapidly

at elevated densities (pressure) indicating

changes in the intermolecular potential

function. Depending upon the molecules

surrounding the methane, the position of

the sigmoidal curves will shift reflecting the

inter-body potential change. In the figure above, frequency shifts are denoted by triangles and

the RDR data by squares.

Intermolecular Raman light scattering depends upon the electron polarizabilty between

molecules. As the molecules move the polarizability must change. Thus, as the molecular

motion fluctuates so does the polarizabilty. As a result, the polarizability tracks the molecular

positional fluctuations.

Selected Publications

1. “An interpretation of the solute-solvent interactions in supercritical binary fluids as monitored

by interaction-induced Raman light scattering,” Palmer, T.; Stanbery, W.; Baglin, F.G. J.

Mol. Liqs. 2000, 85, 153.

2. “Interaction-induced Raman light scattering as a probe of the local density of binary supercritical

solutions,” Baglin, F.G.; Murray, S.K.; Daugherty, J.E.; Palmer, T.E.; Stanbery, W. Mol. Phys.

2000, 98, 409.

3. “Interaction induced Raman light scattering studies of CH4

/H mixtures as a function of


density,” Baglin, F.G.; Sweitzer, S.; Friend, D.G. J. Phys. Chem. B 1997, 101, 8816-8822.

4. “Raman light scattering from supracritical binary fluid mixtures: CH4

/CF ” Baglin, F.G.;


Sweitzer, S.; Stanbery, W.J. Chem. Phys. 1996, 105, 7285.

5. “Identification of 1, 2 and 3 body Raman scattering by the field gradient induced dipole A

tensor in methane,” Baglin, F.G.; Rose, E.J.; Sweitzer, S. Mol. Phys. 1995, 84, 115.



Organic and Bioorganic Chemistry


Our research projects draw upon concepts and methods in synthetic and

physical organic chemistry, coordination chemistry, spectroscopy and structural

chemistry. The unifying theme is molecular devices: molecules that

are tailored to bind and sense other molecules, to act as switches or motors,

or to act as drugs interfering with biochemical processes.

We have made artificial receptors by fusing rings, particularly pyridine,

that can bind guest molecules by forming hydrogen bonds. These “hexagonal

lattice receptors” can be tailored to bind analytes of medical interest

and report their concentrations by an

optical response. Two examples are a

chromogenic reagent for measuring

blood creatinine, which is an indicator of

kidney function, and a fluorescent sensor

for bicarbonate ion.

Our third research area is aimed at

novel antiviral drugs. We have synthesized

a series of compounds, called

CADA analogs, that are active against

several viruses, including HIV. Our approach

to new drugs for AIDS is to synthesize

and test compounds designed

on the basis of proposed mechanisms of action.

Selected Publications

1. “Design and cellular kinetics of dansyl-labeled CADA derivatives with anti-HIV and CD4

receptor down-modulating activity,” Vermeire, K.; Lisco, A.; Grivel, J.-C.; Scarbrough, E.; Dey, K.;

Duffy, N.; Margolis, L.; Bell, T.W.; Schols, D. Biochemical Pharmacology 2007, 74, 566-578.

2. “Synthesis and structure-activity relationship studies of CD4 down-modulating cyclotriazadisulfonamide

(CADA) analogs,” Bell, T.W.; Anugu, S.; Bailey, P.; Catalano, V.J.; Dey, K.; Drew,

M.G.B.; Duffy, N.H.; Jin, Q.; Samala, M.F.; Sodoma, A.; Welch, W.H.; Schols, D.; Vermeire, K. J.

Med. Chem. 2006, 49, 1291-1312.

3. “A D2 symmetric tetraamide macrocycle based on 1,10,4,40-tetrahydro[3,30(2H,20H)spirobiquinoline]-2,20-dione:

Synthesis and selectivity for lithium over sodium and alkaline

earth ions,” Choi, H.-J.; Park, Y.S.; Kim, M.G.; Park, Y.J.; Yoon, N.S.; Bell, T.W. Tetrahedron 2006,


4. “CD4-targeted HIV inhibitors,” Vermeire, K.; Schols, D.; Bell, T.W. Curr. Med. Chem. 2006, 13,


5. “Syntheses, structures, and photoisomerization of ( E)- and (Z)-2-tert-butyl-9-(2,2,2)-triphenyethylidenefluorene,”

Barr, J.W.; Bell, T.W.; Catalano, V.J.; Cline, J.I.; Phillips, D.J.; Procupez, R. J.

Phys. Chem. 2005, A 109, 11650-11654.

6. “CD4 down-modulating compounds with potent anti-HIV activity,” Vermeire, K.; Schols, D.;

Bell, T.W. Curr. Pharmaceut. Design 2004, 10, 1795-1803.

17 - Faculty

B.S. (1974), California Institute of Technology; Ph.D.

(1980), University College, University of London (F.

Sondheimer); NIH Postdoctoral Fellow (1980-82),

Cornell University (J. Meinwald); Fellow of the

American Association for the Advancement of Science



Associate Professor

Inorganic and Materials Chemistry


Our group is interested in the luminescent properties of lanthanide ion

complexes and of materials containing lanthanide ions, as well as the

coordination chemistry of the f elements. Lanthanide ions are utilized in

luminescence applications, as they display strong light emission with high

color purity. The emission is based on f-f transitions, which are spin- and parity

forbidden. Therefore, to efficiently populate the emissive excited state,

sensitizers or antennas are utilized. We synthesize and characterize new

antennas and study the photophysical properties of the new ligands and of

the corresponding lanthanide ion complexes.

The synthetic strategy followed in

our research group involves utilizing

thiophene in our ligands, which will

allow us to incorporate ligands of metal

complexes into organic polymers to

make luminescent films. The thiophene

group is derivatized with selected moieties

capable of coordinating lanthanide

ions and sensitizing their luminescence.

Comparison of the structure-properties

relationship of the synthesized ligands

and of the corresponding metal complexes

allows us to optimize our systems

for applications such as light-emitting


Selected Publications

1. “Lanthanide-based emitting materials in light-emitting diodes,” de Bettencourt-Dias, A.

Dalton Trans. 2007, 2229-2241.

2. “Exploring lanthanide luminsecence in metal-organic frameworks: Synthesis, structure,

and guest sensitized luminescence of a mixed europium/terbium-adipate framework and

a terbium-adipate framework,” de Lill, D.T.; de Bettencourt-Dias, A.; Cahill, C.L. Inorg. Chem.

2007, 46, 3960-3965.

3. “Small molecule luminescent lanthanide ion complexes - Photophysical characterization

and recent developments,” de Bettencourt-Dias, A. Curr. Org. Chem. 2007, in press.

4. “Phenylthiophene-dipicolinic acid-based with strong solution blue and solid state green

emission,” de Bettencourt-Dias, A.; Poloukhtine, A. J. Phys. Chem. B 2006, 110, 25638-25645.

5. “Eu(III) and Tb(III) luminescence sensitized by thiophenyl-derivatized nitrobenzoato antennas,”

Viswanathan, S.; de Bettencourt-Dias, A. Inorg. Chem. 2006, 45, 10138-10146.

6. “Nitro-functionalization and quantum yield of Eu(III) and Tb(III) benzoic acid complexes,” de

Bettencourt-Dias, A.; Viswanathan, S. Dalton Trans. 2006, 4093-4103.

7. “2-Chloro-5-nitrobenzoato complexes of Eu(III) and Tb(III) - A 1 D coordination polymer and

enhanced solution luminescence,” Viswanathan, S.; de Bettencourt-Dias, A. Inorg. Chem.

Comm. 2006, 9, 444-448.

18 - Faculty

Licenciatura (1993), University of Lisbon, Portugal;

Dr. rer. nat. (1997), magna cum laude, University of

Cologne, Germany (T. Kruck); Gulbenkian Postdoctoral

Fellow (1998-2001), University of California,

Davis (A.L. Balch).


Associate Professor

Physical and Surface Chemistry; Chemical Physics


19 - Faculty

B.S. (1988), State University of New York, College at

Purchase; Ph.D. (1993), University of Minnesota (D.G.

Leopold); NRC-NIST Postdoctoral Fellow (1993-95)

and Postdoctoral (1995-97), JILA, University of

Colorado (S.R. Leone).

Our research is centered on the investigation of growth mechanisms of

semiconductor materials during processes such as plasma-enhanced chemical

vapor deposition (PECVD). To mimic these plasmas under more carefully

controlled conditions, we use a hyperthermal beam of the reactive species of

interest and single crystal semiconductor

wafers. Specifically,

we generate a variable energy

beam of mass-selected, reactive

atomic or molecular ions, with

energies in the 1 - 100 eV range, and use this as

the source of growth species. The interaction

of these species with clean, well characterized

semiconductor surfaces is then examined in an

ultrahigh vacuum environment (pictured below).

Mass spectrometry is used to examine the identity

of desorbing and scattered species and to provide

kinetic information about reactions occurring on

the surface. Low-energy electron diffraction and

Auger electron spectroscopy are used to examine

the crystallinity and composition of the resulting

surfaces. Results from such experiments allow for

a more complete understanding of the mechanisms

involved in reactive ion-surface interactions,

an area of great importance during these PECVD processes.

Selected Publications

1. “Gas phase chemomechanical modification of silicon,” Lee, M.V.; Richards, J.L.; Linford, M.R.;

Casey, S.M. J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 2006, 24, 750-755.

2. “Molecularly designed chromonic liquid crystals for the fabrication of broad spectrum

polarizing materials,” Tam-Chang, S.-W.; Seo, W.; Rove, K.O.; Casey, S.M. Chem. Mater. 2004,

16, 1832-1834.

3. “Adsorption and thermal decomposition chemistry of 1-propanol and other primary alcohols

on the Si(100) surface,” Zhang, L.; Carman, A.J.; Casey, S.M. J. Phys. Chem. B 2003, 107,


4. “Novel polarized photoluminescent films derived from sequential self-organization,

induced-orientation, and order transfer processes,” Carson, T.D.; Seo, W.; Tam-Chang, S.-W.;

Casey, S.M. Chem. Mater. 2003, 15, 2292-2294.

5. “Adsorption and thermal decomposition chemistry of 1-propanol and other primary alcohols

on the Si(100) surface,” Zhang, L.; Carman, A.J.; Casey, S.M. J. Phys. Chem. B 2003, 107,


6. “Novel polarized photoluminescent films derived from sequential self-organization,

induced-orientation, and order transfer processes,” Carson, T.D.; Seo, W.; Tam-Chang, S.-W.;

Casey, S.M. Chem. Mater. 2003, 15, 2292-2294. [Communication]


Professor and Chair

Inorganic Chemistry


20 - Faculty

B.S. (1987), University of California, Santa Barbara;

Ph.D. (1991), University of California, Davis (A.L.

Balch); NSF Postdoctoral Fellow (1992-93), California

Institute of Technology (H.B. Gray).

Our research interests include the synthesis, structure, bonding and

optical properties of transition metal complexes. We are currently exploring

the application of N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC) ligands as supports for

maintaining short metal-metal interactions between closed-shell ions,

particularly Au(I) and Ag(I). With these ligands we are able to prepare highly

luminescent, one-dimensional coordination polymers that contain very

short metal-metal separations. Perturbing this metal-metal separation either

through intercalation or coordination alters the emission properties making

these molecules ideally suited for applications as luminescent sensors.

Additionally, synthetically manipulating the

NHC backbone to include specific receptor

moieties, introduces selectivity for analyte

sensing. Receptors for nitro arenes as mimics

for explosives are or particular interest.

Additionally, the physical and optical

properties of discrete NHC bridged dimers

are being explored as models for the larger

extended polymeric systems.

All of these complexes are probed with a

variety of techniques including multinuclear

NMR, electronic absorption and emission

spectroscopy and single crystal X-ray


Selected Publications

1. “Preparation of Au(I), Ag(I), and Pd(II) N-heterocyclic carbene complexes utilizing a

methylpyridyl-substituted NHC ligand. Formation of a luminescent coordination polymer,”

Catalano, V.J.; Etogo, A.O. Inorg. Chem. 2007, 46, 5608-5615.

2. “Luminescent coordination polymers with extended Au(I)-Ag(I) interactions supported by

a pyridine substituted NHC ligand,” Catalano, V.J.; Etogo, A.O. J. Organomet. Chem. (Special

Carbene Issue) 2005, 690, 6041-6050.

3. “Mono-, di-, and trinuclear luminescent silver(I) and gold(I) N-heterocyclic carbene

complexes derived from the picolyl-substituted methylimidazolium salt: 1-methyl-3-(2pyridinylmethyl)-1H-imidazolium

tetrafluoroborate,” Catalano, V.J.; Moore, A.L. Inorg. Chem.

2005, 44, 6558-6566.

4. “Pyridine substituted N-heterocyclic carbene ligands as supports for Au(I)–Ag(I) interactions:

Formation of a chiral coordination polymer,” Catalano, V.J.; Malwitz, M.A.; Etogo, A.O. Inorg.

Chem. 2004, 43, 5714-5724.

5. “Mixed-metal metallocryptands. Short metal-metal separations stabilized by dipolar

interactions,” Catalano, V.J.; Malwitz, M.A. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2004, 126, 6560-6561.

6. “Metallocryptands: Host complexes for probing closed-shell metal-metal interactions,”

Catalano, V.J.; Bennett, B.L.; Malwitz, M.A.; Yson, R.L.; Kar, H.M.; Muratidis, S.; Horner, S.J.

Comments on Inorganic Chemistry 2003, 24, 24-68.



Physical Chemistry; Chemical Physics


21 - Faculty

B.S. (1983), University of Virginia; Ph.D. (1988),

California Institute of Technology (K.C. Janda);

Postdoctoral (1988-90), JILA, University of Colorado

(S.R. Leone).

Research interests center around the

experimental investigation of inelastic

molecular collisions, vibrational

predissociation in weakly-bound

complexes, photodissociation of

molecules, and gas-phase chemical

kinetics. Molecular beam techniques

and time-of-flight mass spectrometry

detection are used in conjunction

with laser spectroscopic probes to study these chemical

processes with electronic, vibrational, rotational, and

translational quantum-state resolution. Experimental

measurements are interpreted using theoretical models

for these dynamic processes. Construction of realistic potential energy surfaces from dynamical

measurements on complex systems is one major goal of our research.

Selected Publications

2 1. “Ion imaging studies of product rotational alignment in collisions of NO (X Π1/2 , j=0.5) with

Ar,” Wade, E.A.; Lorenz, K.T.; Chandler, D.W.; Barr, J.W.; Barnes, G.L.; Cline, J.I. Chem. Phys. 2004,

301, 261-272.

2. “Ion Imaging Applied to the Study of Chemical Dynamics,” David W. Chandler and Joseph I.

Cline, in X. Yang and K. Liu, eds. Modern Trends In Chemical Reaction Dynamics, Part I: Experiment

and Theory Advanced Series in Physical Chemistry Vol. 14 (World Scientific: 2004), pgs.


3. “Direct measurement of the binding energy of the NO dimer,” Wade, E.A.; Cline, J.I.; Lorenz,

K.T.; Hayden, C.; Chandler, D.W. J. Chem. Phys. 2002, 116, 4755-4757.

4. “Measurement of bipolar moments for photofragment angular correlations in ion imaging

experiments,” Nestorov, V.K.; Hinchliffe, R.D.; Uberna, R.; Cline, J.I.; Lorenz, K.T.; Chandler, D.W.

J. Chem. Phys. 2001, 115, 7881-7891.

5. “Ion imaging measurement of collision-induced rotational alignment in Ar-NO scattering,”

Cline, J.I.; Lorenz, K.T.; Wade, E.A.; Barr, J.W.; Chandler, D.W. J. Chem. Phys. 2001, 115,


6. “Direct measurement of the preferred sense of NO rotation after collision with argon,”

Lorenz, K.T.; Chandler, D.W.; Barr, J.W.; Chen, W.; Barnes, G.L.; Cline, J.I. Science 2001, 293,


7. “Determination of μ-v-j vector correlations in photodissociation experiments using 2+n

resonance-enhanced multiphoton ionization with time-of-flight mass spectrometry detection,”

Pisano, P.J.; Cline, J.I. J. Chem. Phys. 2000, 112, 6190.

8. “Detection of ‘ended’ NO recoil in the 355 nm NO photodissociation mechanism,” Nestorov,


V.K.; Cline, J.I. J. Chem. Phys. 1999, 111, 5287-5290.

9. “Scalar and angular correlations in CF NO photodissociation: Statistical and nonstatistical


channels,” Spasov, J.S.; Cline, J.I. J. Chem. Phys. 1999, 110, 9568-9577.



Physical and Analytical Chemistry; Chemical Physics


22 - Faculty

B.S., B.A. (1981), University of Kansas; Ph.D. (1986),

University of California, Berkeley (P.B. Armentrout);

Postdoctoral (1986-90), JILA, University of Colorado

(W.C. Lineberger).

Tandem mass spectrometry techniques are used to study chemical systems

relevant to combustion kinetics and the dissociation dynamics of molecular

ions. Two custom-built tandem mass spectrometers have been developed

for these studies: a guided ion beam tandem mass spectrometer with a

magnetic sector initial mass spectrometer and a 2D quadrupole final mass

spectrometer, and a crossed ion beam/molecular beam apparatus with

a 3D quadrupole ion trap initial mass spectrometer and a time-of-flight

mass spectrometer for detection. Both systems allow the measurement of

ion-molecule reactions as a function of collision energy and time-resolved

examination of photodissociation processes.

In addition, laser-induced fluorescence studies

of ions may be conducted in the ion trap.

Current research focuses on the following


Proton transfer and hydrogen atom

transfer reactions of organic molecules are

used to investigate thermochemical properties

of hydrocarbon radicals important in

combustion kinetics and environmental

chemistry. Reaction threshold energies

measured with the guided ion beam mass

spectrometer can be related to the R-H bond

dissociation energies. Competitive threshold

collision-induced dissociation of protonbound

complex ions is used to measure

relative gas-phase acidities and proton affinities. Product velocity distributions are investigated

to probe microscopic reaction mechanisms and the energy disposal into vibrational and translational

degrees of freedom.

Selected Publications

1. “Gas-phase acidities and O-H bond dissociation enthalpies of phenol, 3-methylphenol,

2,4,6-trimethylphenol, and ethanoic acid,” Angel, L.A.; Ervin, K.M. J. Phys. Chem. A 2006, 110,


2. “Collision-induced dissociation of HS-(HCN): Unsymmetrical hydrogen bonding in a protonbound

dimer anion,” Akin, F.A.; Ervin, K.M. J. Phys. Chem. A 2006, 110, 1342.

3. “Threshold collision-induced dissociation of diatomic molecules: A case study of the ener-

- getics and dynamics of O collisions with Ar and Xe,” Akin, F.A.; Ree, J.; Ervin, K.M.; Shin, H.K.


J. Chem. Phys. 2005, 123, 064308.

4. “Systematic and random errors in ion affinities and activation entropies from the extended

kinetic method,” Ervin, K.M.; Armentrout, P.B. J. Mass Spectrom. 2004, 39, 1004-1015.

5. “Competitive threshold collision-induced dissociation: Gas-phase acidity and O-H bond dissociation

enthalpy of phenol,” Angel, L.A.; Ervin, K.M. J. Phys. Chem. A 2004, 108, 8346-8352.

6. “Gas-phase reactions of the iodide ion with chloromethane and bromomethane: Competition

between nucleophilic displacement and halogen abstraction,” Angel, L.A.; Ervin, K.M. J.

Phys. Chem. A 2004, 108, 9827-9833.


Assistant Professor

Inorganic and Organometallic Chemistry; Catalysis


23 - Faculty

B.S. (1995), Elizabethtown College; Ph.D. (1999),

Texas A&M University (D.J. Darensbourg); Postdoctoral

Research Associate (2000-02), Columbia University

(J.R. Norton).

Organometallic chemistry and catalysis remain exciting areas of research

with many opportunities for fundamental, not to mention pedagogical,

contributions. We are interested in the synthesis, structure, and reactivity of

inorganic and organometallic complexes with emphasis on those applicable

to catalysis. Our research program encompasses a wide range of interests

including: (1) green chemistry, (2) coordination chemistry, (3) catalysis in

aqueous, organic, and biphasic media, (4) kinetic and mechanistic studies of

catalytic processes, (5) small molecule activation, (6) ligand synthesis.

Currently our group is working on projects involving the synthesis and characterization of

new water-soluble phosphines, and exploring the catalytic activity of water-soluble inorganic

and organometallic complexes. We are also interested in utilizing carbon dioxide, or a CO 2

equivalent, as a C1 feedstock. We attempt to bring together aspects of inorganic, organic, and

organometallic chemistry. One of the projects currently underway in our laboratory involves

the synthesis of the water-soluble ruthenium hydride shown below and investigating its utility

as an aqueous-phase hydrogenation catalyst, and its reactivity with acids and bases.

Selected Publications

1. “Isomerization of trans-[Ru(PTA) Cl ] to cis-[Ru(PTA) Cl ] in water and organic solvent: Revisit-

4 2 4 2

ing the chemistry of [Ru(PTA) Cl ],” Mebi, C.A.; Frost, B.J. Inorg. Chem. 2007, 46, 7115-7120.

4 2






“pH dependent selective transfer hydrogenation of α,β-unsaturated carbonyls in aqueous

media utilizing half-sandwich ruthenium (II) complexes,” Mebi, C.A.; Nair, R.P.; Frost, B.J. Organometallics

2007, 26, 429-438.

“Synthesis and coordination chemistry of a novel bidentate phosphine,

6-(diphenylphosphino)-1,3,5-triaza-7-phosphaadamantane (PTA-PPh 2 ),” Wong, G.W.;

Harkreader, J.L.; Mebi, C.A.; Frost, B.J. Inorg. Chem. 2006, 45, 6748-6755.

“Manganese complexes of 1,3,5-triaza-7-phosphaadamantane (PTA): The first nitrogen

bound transition metal complex of PTA,” Frost, B.J.; Bautista, C.M.; Huang, R.; Shearer, J. Inorg.

Chem. 2006, 45, 3481-3483.

“Boron-nitrogen adducts of 1,3,5-triaza-7-phosphaadamantane (PTA): Synthesis, reactiv-

ity, and molecular structure,” Frost, B.J.; Mebi, C.A.; Gingrich, P.W. Eur. J. Inorg. Chem. 2006,


“Effect of pH on the biphasic catalytic hydrogenation of benzylidene acetone using

CpRu(PTA) H,” Mebi, C.A.; Frost, B.J. Organometallics 2005, 24, 2339-2346.


Christopher S. Jeffrey

Assistant Professor

Organic, Bioorganic, and Organometallic Chemistry


Research in the Jeffrey laboratory is focused on addressing important,

unmet challenges in target directed synthesis. Areas of research are

identified using a synergistic approach where (1) inspiration from structurally

and biologically interesting molecular targets drives reaction

discovery, and (2) innovation in methodology enables new strategies

for target-directed synthesis.

Some preliminary areas of research in our laboratory are focused on

the development of new methods/strategies to generate and control

electrophilic nitrogen species that will enable the direct functionalization of alkenes and

C-H bonds-the two most ubiquitous functional groups in organic molecules. These research

interests are focused on the development of: (i) new hetero-cycloaddition reactions, (ii) a

concise and general synthesis of a family of biologically active alkaloids, and (iii) new methods

of metal-mediated amination.

Selected Publications

1. “Dynamic Kinetic Resolution During a Vinylogous Payne Rearrangement: A Concise

Synthesis of the Polar Pharmacophoric Subunit of (+)-Scyphostatin,” Hoye, T.R.; Jeffrey, C.S.;

Nelson, D.P. Org. Lett. 2010, 12, 52–55.

2. “A Hypervalent Iodine-Induced Double Annulation Enables a Concise Synthesis of the

Pentacyclic Core Structure of the Cortistatins,” Frie, J.L.; Jeffrey, C.S.; Sorensen, E.J. Org. Lett.

2009, 11, 5394–5397.

3. “Mosher Ester Analysis for the Determination of Absolute Configuration of Stereogenic

(a.k.a. Chiral) Carbinol Carbons,” Hoye, T.R.; Jeffrey, C.S.; Shao, F. Nature Protocols 2007, 2,


4. “The Structure Determination of the Sulfated Steroids PSDS and PADS – New Components

of the Sea Lamprey (Petromyzon marinus) Migratory Pheromone,” Hoye, T.R.; Dvornikovs,

V.; Fine, J.M.; Anderson, K.R.; Jeffrey, C.S.; Muddiman, D.C.; Shao, F.; Sorensen, P.W.; Wang, J. J.

Org. Chem. 2007, 72, 7544-7550.

5. “Student Empowerment through ‘Mini-Microscale’ Reactions: The Epoxidation of 1.0 mg of

Geraniol,” Hoye, T.R.; Jeffrey, C.S. J. Chem. Educ. 2006, 83, 919-920.

6. “Mixture of New Sulfated Steroids Functions as a Migratory Pheromone in the Sea Lamprey,”

Sorensen, P.W.; Fine, J.M.; Dvornikovs, V.; Jeffrey, C.S.; Shao, F.; Wang, J.; Vrieze, L.A.;

Anderson, K.R.; Hoye, T.R. Nature Chem. Biol. 2005, 1, 324-328.

7. “Relay Ring-Closing Metathesis (RRCM): A Strategy for Directing Metal Movement Throughout

Olefin Metathesis Sequences,” Hoye, T.R.; Jeffrey, C.S.; Tennakoon, M.A.; Wang, J.; Zhao,

H. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2004, 126, 10210-10211.

33 - Faculty

B.S. (2002), Carroll College; Ph.D. (2007), University

of Minnesota (Thomas R. Hoye); Postdoctoral Fellow

(2007-2010), Princeton University (Erik J. Sorensen).


Associate Professor

Organic Chemistry


24 - Faculty

B.S. (1992), Northeastern University; Ph.D. (2000),

University of Colorado (J. Michl); NIH Postdoctoral

Fellow (2000-02), University of California, Berkeley

(R.G. Bergman).

Our research focuses on the preparation of molecules that might someday

serve as useful materials. The approach is to design synthetic targets using

computational chemistry, prepare them by chemical synthesis, and then

study their properties and behavior.

The benzenoid unit is a particularly versatile building block for nanostructures,

as demonstrated by graphite, fullerenes, and carbon nanotubes. We

are interested in constructing benzenoid nanostructures using controlled organic

synthesis instead of the normal high temperature arc discharge methods.

Two of our molecular targets are shown below. The short nanotubes

might nucleate the growth

of longer nanotubes and the

extended helicenes might serve

as molecular actuators.

Since the incorporation of

fluorine into molecules often

confers unusual properties, such

as high stability (e.g., Teflon®) or

the ability to attain high oxidation

states (e.g., XeF 2 ), the preparation of highly fluorinated nanostructures is another goal. Our

initial targets are perfluorinated fullerenes, which are expected to be good electron acceptors.

This work is safely carried out in specialized vacuum manifolds.

Selected Publications

1. “Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons by ring closing metathesis,” Bonifacio, M.C.; Robertson,

C.R.; Jung, J.-Y.; King, B.T. J. Org. Chem. 2005, 70, 8522-8526.

2. “A slippery slope: Mechanistic analysis of the intramolecular Scholl reaction of hexaphenylbenzene,”

Rempala, P.; Kroulík, J.; King, B.T. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2004, 126, 15002-15003.

3. “Clar valence bond representation of π-bonding in carbon nanotubes,” Ormsby, J.; King, B.T.

J. Org. Chem. 2004, 69, 4287-4291. (Cover feature).

4. “Alkylated carborane anions and radicals,” King, B. T.; Zharov, I.; Michl, J. Chemical Innovation

2001, 31, 23-29.

5. “Preparation of [ closo-CB H ] 11 12 - by dichlorocarbene insertion into [nido-B H ] 11 14 - ,” Franken, A.;

King, B.T.; Rudolph, J.; Rao, P.; Noll, B.C.; Michl, J. Collection of Czechoslovak Chemical Communications

2001, 66, 1238-1249.

6. “LiCB11Me

: A catalyst for pericyclic rearrangements,” Moss, S.; King, B.T.; de Meijere, A.;


Kozhushkov, S.I.; Eaton, P.E.; Michl, J. Organic Letters 2001, 3, 2375-2377.

7. “The explosive ‘inert’ anion,CB11

(CF3 ) 8.

- ,” King, B.T.; Michl, J. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2000, 122, 10255.


“Crystal structure of n-Bu Sn 3 + -, CB Me ” Zharov, I.; King, B.T.; Havlas, Z.; Pardi, A.; Michl, J. J. Am.

11 12

Chem. Soc. 2000, 122, 10253-10254.


+ - “Cation-π interactions in the solid state: Crystal structures of M (benzene)2CB Me (M = Tl,

11 12

Cs, Rb, K, Na) and Li + - (toluene)CB Me ,” King, B.T.; Noll, B.C.; Michl, J. Collection of Czechoslo-

11 12

vak Chemical Communications 1999, 64, 1001-1012.


Associate Professor

Theoretical and Biophysical Chemistry; Chemical Physics


B.S. (1985), Cornell University; Ph.D. (1989), The

University of Chicago (R.S. Berry); Postdoctoral (1990),

25 - Faculty

Brown University (J.D. Doll); NSF Postdoctoral Fellow

(1991-1993); Alexander von Humboldt Fellow (1993-

94), Universität Heidelberg (L.S. Cederbaum); Research

Associate (1994-98), University of Illinois at Urbana-

Champaign (P.G. Wolynes); Assistant Project Scientist

(1998-2000), UC San Diego.

How energy flows within a molecule mediates the rate at which it reacts

both in gas and condensed phases. We are developing theories describing

quantum mechanical energy flow in molecules, and applying them to

predict rates of conformational change, such as the prototypical chair-boat

isomerization of cyclohexane, as well as photoisomerization of stilbene, a reaction

that in many ways serves as a prototype for the initial event in vision.

We are also exploring how energy flows in rather large molecules, on the

mesoscopic scale, such as proteins or crystalline nanostructures. An understanding

of how these objects conduct heat is valuable for emerging nanotechnologies, in

addition to describing the role of heat flow during chemical reactions in mesoscopic environments.

Rate theories developed for chemical reactions can also be usefully applied to describe the

mobility of proteins in

cells. We are examining

models for transport

of proteins in the

membranes of cells,

such as receptors or

channels, that account

for dynamical barriers

to transport. In the

red blood cell, for

example, fluctuations

in the structure of the

membrane skeleton, largely responsible for the red blood cell’s remarkable elasticity, strongly

influences the mobility of proteins spanning the red blood cell membrane.

Selected Publications

1. “Energy flow in proteins,” Leitner, D.M. Ann. Rev. Phys. Chem. 2008, 59, in press.

2. “Quantum energy flow and the kinetics of water shuttling between hydrogen bonding

sites on trans-formanilide,” Agbo, J.K.; Leitner, D.M.; Myshakin, E.M.; Jordan, K.D. J. Chem. Phys.

2007, 127, art. 064315, pp. 1-10.

3. “Biomolecule large amplitude motion and solvation dynamics: Modeling and probes

from THz to X-rays,” Leitner, D.M.; Havenith, M.; Gruebele, M. Int. Rev. Phys. Chem. 2006, 25,


4. “Thermal conductivity computed for vitreous silica and methyl-doped silica above the

plateau,” Yu, X.; Leitner, D.M. Phys. Rev. B 2006, 74, art. 184305, pp. 1-11.

5. “Influence of vibrational energy flow on isomerization of flexible molecules: Incorporating

non-RRKM kinetics in the simulation of dipeptide isomerization,” Agbo, J.K.; Leitner, D.M.;

Evans, D.A.; Wales, D.J. J. Chem. Phys. 2005, 123, 1-8.

6. “Thermal transport coefficients for liquid and glassy water computed from a harmonic

aqueous glass,” Yu, X.; Leitner, D.M. J. Chem. Phys. 2005, 123, art. no. 104503, pp. 1-10.

7. “Heat flow in proteins: Computation of thermal transport coefficients,” Yu, X.; Leitner, D.M. J.

Chem. Phys. 2005, 122, art. no. 054902, pp. 1-11.


R.C. Fuson Professor

Organic and Bioorganic Chemistry


26 - Faculty

A.B. (1960), University of California at Berkeley;

Ph.D. (1963), Stanford University (C. Djerassi); NSF

Postdoctoral Fellow (1963-64), Stanford University

(C. Djerassi) and (1964-65), University of Minnesota

(A. Moscowitz); Foundation Professor, University of

Nevada, Reno (1987-90).

Current research is directed toward synthesis, stereochemistry, molecular recognition

and photochemistry, with an emphasis on (i) dipyrrole and tetrapyrrole

synthetic analogs of bilirubin, the yellow pigment of jaundice; (ii) organic

conformational analysis from circular dichroism and NMR spectroscopy; (iii)

photobiology, molecular mechanisms of phototherapy for neonatal jaundice,

bilirubin metabolism,

pyrrole chemistry

and photochemistry,

photooxidation and

singlet oxygen; (iv) chiral molecular recognition;

(v) chiroptical properties and

electronic interaction of non-adjacent

chromophores, long-range interactions;

(vi) exciton interactions in organic and

biological systems as detected by circular

dichroism; and (vii) stereochemistry

of cyclic ketones and the Octant Rule.

Selected Publications

1. “Amphiphilic dipyrrinones,” Dey, S.K.; Lightner, D.A. Monatsh. Chem. 2007, 138, 687-697.

2. “Converting 9-methyldipyrrinones to 9-H and 9-CHO dipyrrinones,” Boiadjiev, S.E.; Lightner,

D.A. Tetrahedron 2007, 63, 8962-8976.

3. “Influence of conformation on intramolecular hydrogen bonding on the acyl glucuronidation

and biliary excretion of acetylenic bis-dipyrrinones related to bilirubin,” McDonagh, A.F.;

Lightner, D.A. J. Med. Chem. 2007, 50, 480-488.

4. “Synthesis and hepatic metabolism of xanthobilirubinic acid regioisomers,” Boiadjiev,

S.E.; Conley, B.A.; Brower, J.O.; McDonagh, A.F.; Lightner, D.A. Monatsh. Chem. 2006, 137,


5. “Carboxylic acid to amide hydrogen bonding. Oxo-semirubins,” Salzameda, N.T.; Huggins,

M.T.; Lightner, D.A. Tetrahedron 2006, 62, 8610-8619.

6. “Synthesis, properties, and hepatic metabolism of strongly fluorescent fluorodipyrrinones,”

Boiadjiev, S.E.; Woydziak, Z.R.; McDonagh, A.F.; Lightner, D.A. Tetrahedron 2006, 62,


7. “Exciton chirality: (A) Origins of and (B) Applications from strongly-fluorescent dipyrrinone

chromophores,” Boiadjiev, S.E.; Lightner, D.A. Monatsh. Chem. 2005, 136, 489-508.

8. “Synthesis and hepatic transport of strongly fluorescent cholephilic dipyrrinones,” Woydziak,

Z.R.; Boiadjiev, S.E.; Norona, W.S.; McDonagh, A.F.; Lightner, D.A. J. Org. Chem. 2005, 70,


9. “pKa and aggregation of bilirubin: Titrimetric and ultracentrifugation studies on water-soluble

pegylated conjugates of bilirubin and fatty acids,” Boiadjiev, S.E.; Watters, K.; Lai, B.; Wolf,

S.; Welch, W.; McDonagh, A.F.; Lightner, D.A. Biochemistry 2004, 43, 15617-15632.

10. “The gem-dimethyl effect: Amphiphilic bilirubins,” Tu, B.; Ghosh, B.; Lightner, D.A. Tetrahedron

2004, 60, 9017-9029.


Assistant Professor

Inorganic, Bioinorganic, and Bioorganic Chemistry


27 - Faculty

B.S. (1998), University of Maryland, College Park;

Ph.D. (2001), University of Washington (J.A. Kovacs);

NIH Postdoctoral Fellow (2002-04), Johns Hopkins

University (K.D. Karlin)

Many of life’s most important processes are performed by metalloproteins.

Metalloproteins are proteins that contain one or more metal cofactors at

their active-sites, and can be thought of as the ultimate transition metal

complex. The ligand environment about the metal-center in a metalloprotein

is often characterized by low symmetry, an unusual coordination

geometry, and unique metal-ligand bonding. Therefore, many of the fine

details concerning how interactions between the primary and secondary

coordination sphere and the metal ion contribute to the metalloproteins

physical properties and function in many metalloproteins remain unclear.

To understand these complex and fascinating systems the Shearer group utilizes a multi-tiered

approach. We first start by considering the relevant information concerning the metalloprotein

in question and design and

prepare small transition metal

complexes and metallopeptides

based on the active-site of the

metalloprotein. These metalloprotein

synthetic analogues

are then subjected to a detailed

spectroscopic and computational

analysis. Finally the information

acquired from these

studies are applied back to the

metalloprotein. Further studies

on the metalloprotein then aid

in refining future generations

of the synthetic analogues, and

the whole process is repeated.

Current areas of focus in the

Shearer group concern: the

biological chemistry of nickel containing metalloproteins, the interaction between copper ions

and proteins involved in neurodegenerative disorders, and the biological chemistry of sulfur

and selenium containing proteins.

Selected Publications

1. “The Cu(II) adduct of the unstructured region of the amyloidogenic fragment derived from

the human prion protein is redox active at physiological pH,” Shearer, J.; Soh, P. Inorg. Chem.

2007, 46, 710-719.

2. “The influence of amine/amide vs. bis-amide coordination in nickel superoxide dismutase,”

Neupane, K.P.; Shearer, J. Inorg. Chem. 2006, 45, 10552-10566.

3. “[Me4N](NiII

(BEAAM)): A synthetic model for nickel superoxide dismutase that contains Ni in

a mixed amine/amide coordination environment,” Shearer, J.; Zhao, N. Inorg. Chem. 2006,

45, 9637-9639.

4. “A nickel superoxide dismutase maquette that reproduces the spectroscopic and functional

properties of the metalloenzyme,” Shearer, J.; Long, L.M. Inorg. Chem. 2006, 45, 2358-2360.



Organic Chemistry


28 - Faculty

B.S. (1974), Iowa State University; Ph.D. (1979),

University of California, Los Angeles (O.L. Chapman), NSF

Predoctoral Fellow; NIH Postdoctoral Fellow (1979-80),

Yale University (J.A. Berson); Foundation Professor,

University of Nevada, Reno (2001-03).

Our research revolves around highly reactive organic molecules. These

unstable and elusive intermediates, such as carbenes, nitrenes, and biradicals,

are especially important in photochemistry, but their chemistry and

properties are poorly understood. Moreover, these molecules are related

to searches for organic conducting and magnetic materials. Much of the

organic synthesis that we carry out involves making previously unknown

compounds, and we spend a considerable amount of our time developing

new synthetic methods to tackle these challenging molecules. A specialized

technique that we use to study

reaction intermediates involves matrix isolation

photochemistry. In this method, organic molecules

are frozen into glasses of inert gas at extremely

low temperatures (10 K). The samples are

then irradiated with UV light to generate highly

reactive intermediates. The low temperatures

and high dilution in inert surroundings protect

these otherwise unstable species from reaction.

IR and UV spectra of the samples, acquired at low

temperature, tell us a great deal about the bonding

and structures of the products. Finally, we

carry out a variety of ab initio and DFT electronic

structure calculations to model the structures,

spectra, and electronics of these novel molecules.

Our recent work has focused on three major

areas: (1) investigations of carbenes important

in biological photoaffinity labeling, (2) highly strained organic molecules, and (3) quantum

mechanical tunneling in reactive intermediates.

Selected Publications

1. “Quantum mechanical tunneling in organic reactive intermediates,” Sheridan, R.S., in Reviews

in Reactive Intermediate Chemistry, R.A. Moss, M.S. Platz, and M.J. Jones, Jr., Ed., John Wiley &

Sons, 2007, pp 415 – 463.

2. “A singlet aryl-CF carbene: 2-Benzothienyl(trifluoromethyl)carbene and interconversion


with a strained cyclic allene,” Wang, J.; Sheridan, R.S. Org. Lett. 2007, 9, 3177 – 3180.

3. “Conformational product control in the low-temperature photochemistry of cyclopropylcarbenes,”

Zuev, P.S.; Sheridan, R.S.; Sauers, R.R.; Moss, R.A.; Chu, G. Org. Lett. 2006, 8, 4963.

4. “Kinetic studies of the cyclization of singlet vinylchlorocarbenes,” Moss, R.A.; Tian, J.; Sauers,

R.R.; Sheridan, R.S.; Bhakta, A.; Zuev, P.S. Org. Lett. 2005, 7, 4645.

5. “Geometry and aromaticity in highly strained heterocyclic allenes: Characterization of a

2,3-didehydro-2H-thiopyran,” Nikitina, A.; Sheridan, R.S. Org. Lett. 2005, 7, 4467.

6. “Activation energies for the 1,2-carbon migration of ring-fused cyclopropylchlorocarbenes,”

Chu, G.; Moss, R.A.; Sauers, R.R.; Sheridan, R.S.; Zuev, P.S. Tetrahedron Lett. 2005, 46, 4137.

7. “Singlet Vinylcarbenes: Spectroscopy and Photochemistry,” Zuev, P. S.; Sheridan, R. S. J. Am.

Chem. Soc. 2004, 126, 12220.



Organic and Materials Chemistry; Biosensors


29 - Faculty

B.S. (1983), University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong;

Ph.D. (1992), University of California, Los Angeles (F.

Diederich); Postdoctoral Fellow (1992-93) and NIH

Postdoctoral Fellow (1994), Harvard University (G.M.


An important goal of our research is to increase our basic knowledge of the

relationships between molecular structure, supramolecular interactions,

phase behavior, molecular orientation, and physical properties of organic

compounds in the liquid-crystalline state and in the solid state. We are

particularly interested in the synthesis and studies of liquid-crystalline compounds

that exhibit dichroic properties (direction-dependent absorption

of light) and fluorescence emission at long wavelengths. Dichroic dyes and

fluorophores can potentially be used as sensing probes in biological studies

and as polarizing materials in liquid-crystal displays (LCDs). In addition, long

wavelength absorbing materials can potentially be used in optical applications in conjunction

with commercially available AlGaAs lasers that emit at 780 nm. Near-infrared (NIR) absorbing

and emitting dyes have potential use in high-technology applications such as optical recording,

thermally-written displays, laser printers, laser filters, infrared photography, and fiber-optic


Micro- and nano-patterned organic semiconducting materials have potential applications

in the field of microelectronics, where the direction-dependent orientation of the molecules in

these materials can enhance their semiconducting properties. In addition, patterned anisotropic

(direction-dependent) materials have potential applications as angle-dependent optical

materials, holographic films, and in stereoscopic displays. These organic materials may also

have useful photonic and optoelectronic properties. A wide range of methods is available for

the micro- and nano-patterning of isotropic (direction-independent) materials including scanning

probe techniques, electron-beam lithography, photolithography, and soft-lithography.

However, techniques for the micro-fabrication of anisotropic organic materials is presently

limited to approaches that employ either uniaxially stretched polymer films or photo-alignment

techniques. Our research group is interested in the micro- and nano-fabrication of anisotropic

organic materials by template-guided organization of chromonic liquid crystals.

Biosensors are devices interfaced with biological detector molecules for identifying specific

target analytes. Biosensors have applications that range from medical diagnostics to environmental

analysis. Our current interest focuses on the research and development of biosensors

for detecting unlabeled nucleic acids.

Selected Publications

1. “Microfabrication of anisotropic organic materials via self-organization of an ionic perylenemonoimide,”

Huang, L.; Tam-Chang, S.-W.; Seo, W.; Rove, K. Adv. Mater. 2007 [Communication]


2. “Stem-loop probe with universal reporter for sensing unlabeled nucleic acids,” Tam-Chang,

S.-W.; Carson, T.D.; Huang, L.; Publicover, N.G.; Hunter, K.W., Jr. Anal. Biochem. 2007, 326,


3. “Anisotropic fluorescent materials via self-organization of perylenedicarboximide,” Huang, L.;

Catalano, V.J.; Tam-Chang, S.-W. Chem. Commun. 2007, 2016-2018. [Communication]

4. “Template-guided organization of chromonic liquid crystals into micropatterned anisotropic

organic solids,” Tam-Chang, S.-W.; Helbley, J.; Carson, T.D.; Seo, W.; Iverson, I.K. Chem.

Commun. 2006, 503-505. [Communication]


Lecturer and Organic Chemistry


Chemical Education


B.S. (2001), Haverford College; Ph.D.

(2006), Columbia University (J.R. Norton); Postdoctoral

(2006-2007), University of Utah (M.S. Sigman).

Dr. Cummings is involved in developing and

upgrading the Organic Chemistry Laboratory

program, and in the supervision and training

of laboratory teaching assistants. In addition

to overseeing the laboratory program, she

also teaches General Chemistry and Organic


Selected Publications

1. “An estimate of the reduction potential of

B(C F ) from electrochemical measurements on

6 5 3

related mesityl boranes,” Cummings, S.A.; Iimura,

M.; Harlan, C.J.; Kwaan, R.J.; vu Trieu, I.; Norton,

J.R.; Bridgewater, B.M.; Jakle, F.; Sundararaman, A.;

Tilset, M. Organometallics 2006, 1595-1598.

2 2. “Formation of a dynamic η (O,N)hydroxylaminato

zirconocene complex by

Nitrosoarene insertion into a ZrC σ-bond,” Cummings,

S.A.; Radford, R.; Erker, G.; Kehr, G.; Fröhlich,

R. Organometallics 2006, 839-842.


Distinguished Research Professor

Organic Chemistry


B.S. (1960), University of California

at Davis; Ph. D. (1965), University

of Wisconsin (H.L. Goering); Postdoctoral (1965-66)

Harvard University (P.D. Bartlett).

My research interests are in organic synthesis

and reaction mechanisms. Recent synthetic

work is in the areas of polycyclic ring systems,

polymers with special optical properties, and

photochemically reactive chiral compounds.

Selected Publications

1. “Synthesis of soluble, substituted silane high

polymers by Wurtz coupling techniques,” Miller,

R.D.; Fickes, G.N.; Thompson, D.T. J. Polym. Sci.,

Polym. Chem. Ed. 1991, 29, 813.

2. “Block interrupt polysilane derivatives,” Miller, R.D.;

Fickes, G.N. J. Polym. Sci., Polym. Chem. Ed. 1990,

28, 1397.


Lecturer and General Chemistry


Chemical Education


B.A. (1986), California State

University, Sacramento; Ph.D. (1992), University of

California, Davis (C. Lebrilla); Postdoctoral (1992-

1993), Beckman Research Institute, Duarte, California

(T. Lee).

Dr. McCullough is involved in developing and

upgrading the General Chemistry Laboratory

program, and in the supervision and training

of laboratory teaching assistants. In addition

to overseeing the laboratory program, she

also teaches General Chemistry and Analytical



Associate Professor

Organic Chemistry


B.S. (1960), Brigham Young University;

M.A. (1963), Ph.D. (1966),

Harvard University (R.B. Woodward); Postdoctoral

Fellow (1966), Harvard University (R.B. Woodward).

Current projects include synthesis and

determination of physical properties of the

macrocyclic tetrapyrrole salts of the tetrabenzoporphyrin

system. We are also studying the

isolation and structure elucidation of natural

products from marine sources.

32 - Lecturers, Distinguished, and Emeritus Faculty

Selected Publications

1. “New polychlorinated amino acid derivatives

from the marine sponge Dysidea herbacea,”

Unson, M.D.; Rose, C.B.; Faulkner, D.J.; Brinen,

L.S.; Steiner, J.R.; Clardy, J. J. Org. Chem. 1993, 58,


2. “5-epi-Ilimiquinone, a metabolite of the sponge

Fenestraspongia Sp.,” Carté, B.; Rose, C.B.;

Faulkner, D.J. J. Org. Chem. 1985, 50, 2785.


Administrative Faculty

Director of Laboratories


B.S. (1988), University of Arizona;

Ph.D. (1993), University of Utah (J.

Harris); Procter and Gamble (1993-1998); Huntsman

Corporation (1998-2003); MPR Services (2003-2005).

Dr. Waite teaches courses in analytical chemistry

and is responsible for the general physical

facilities of the chemistry department including

planning and operation of facilities, financial

planning and budgeting, planning and

coordination of renovation and maintenance

of facilities, and long range planning of space

needs. He prepares the class schedules for

instructional and laboratory programs including

the AP chemistry laboratory program. He

is the Departmental Safety Officer responsible

for the administration of the Chemical

Hygiene Plan, Hazardous Materials Disposal

Program, the Emergency Response Plan, and

the Student Safety Policy, and he serves as the

Departmental Emergency Coordinator. Dr.

Waite also supervises the classified technical

staff and stockroom supervisors.

Selected Publications

1. “Assessment of alcohol ethoxylate surfactants

and fatty alcohol mixtures in river sediments

and prospective risk assessment,” Dyer, S.D.;

Sanderson, H.; Waite, S.W.; Van Compernolle, R.;

Price, B.; Nielsen, A.M.; Evans, A.; Decarvalho, A.J.;

Hooton, D.J; Sherren, A.J. Environ. Monit. Assess.

2006, 120, 45.

2. “Occurrence and hazard screening of alkyl sulfates

and alkyl ethoxysulfates in river sediments,”

Sanderson, H.; Price, B.B.; Dyer, S.D.; DeCarvalho,

A.J.; Robaugh, D.; Waite, S.W.; Morrall, S.W.;

Nielsen, A.M.; Cano, M.L.; Evans, K.A. Sci. Tot. Env.

2006, 367, 312.

3. “Corrosion and corrosion enhancers in amine

systems,” Cummings, A.L.; Waite, S.W.; Nelson, D.K.

Proceedings of the Brimstone Sulfur Conference,

Banff, Alberta, 2005.

33 - Lecturers, Distinguished, and Emeritus Faculty


Professor Emeritus

Physical Chemistry; Chemical


A.B. (1956), Dartmouth College;

Ph.D. (1960), University of Colorado.

Our research is centered upon photophysical

processes involving pure and molecularly

doped polymers. Since polymers are

potentially useful materials for optoelectronic

devices or solar energy applications, characterization

of their light-induced properties

is of considerable interest both in the solid

state and in solution. We use high powered

excimer lasers or tunable dye lasers as the

excitation source and luminescence spectra

are recorded using diode arrays.

Selected Publications

1. “Some photophysical properties of electronically

excited phenldibenzophosphole in rigid

polymer matrices,” Ganguly, T.; Burkhart, R.D. J.

Phys. Chem. A 1997, 101, 5633-5639.

2. “Triplet energy migration in poly(4-methacryloylbenzophenone-co-methyl

methacrylate) films:

Temperature dependence and chromophore

concentration dependence,” Tsuchida, A.; Yamamoto,

M.; Liebe, W.R.; Burkhart, R.D.; Tsubakiyama,

K. Macromolecules 1996, 29, 1589-1594.


Professor Emeritus

Organic Chemistry


B.S. (1950), Northwestern University;

Ph.D. (1956), Illinois Institute of

Technology (M.L. Bender).

The effects of neighboring groups on reactions

of derivatives of carboxylic acids are

of interest. Examples include accelerating

effects of the carbonyl group in the alkaline

hydrolysis of gamma-keto esters and of the

carboxylate group in the solvolysis of gammabromophenylacetates.

The scope and

sythetic utility of intramolecular Friedel-Crafts

acylation of alkenes are also of interest. By

studying the structure and stereochemistry of

the cyclization products from acid chlorides, it

is hoped that a clearer insight into the nature

of the reaction will emerge.

Selected Publications

1. “A novel, simple, and inexpensive model for

teaching VSEPR theory,” Kemp, K.C. J. Chem. Educ.

1988, 65, 222.

2. “Writing chemical equations. Introductory

experiment,” LeMay, H.E., Jr.; Kemp, K.C. J. Chem.

Educ. 1975, 52, 121


Professor Emeritus

Inorganic Chemistry; Chemical



B.S. (1962), Pacific Lutheran University;

M.S. (1964), Ph.D. (1966), University of Illinois

(J.C. Bailar).

I am greatly interested in chemical education

and are involved in textbook development

both as a author and as a consultant. Two

textbooks that I have coauthored are widely

used in college and high school courses:

Chemistry: the Central Science, a gen-

eral chemistry textbook that is also used in

advanced-placement courses in high schools,

and Chemistry: Connections to our Changing

World, a high-school text.

Selected Publications

1. Chemistry: The Central Science,

9th ed., Theodore

L. Brown, H. Eugene LeMay, Jr., Bruce E. Bursten,

and Julia R. Burdge (Prentice Hall, Englewood

Cliffs, NJ, 2003).

2. Chemistry: Connections to Our Changing World, H.

Eugene LeMay, Jr., Herbert Beall, Karen M. Robblee,

and Douglas C. Brower (Prentice Hall, Upper

Saddle River, NJ, 1996).

3. “Solid-phase thermal isomerization of

dicarbonyldichlorobis(tertiary phosphine)

ruthenium and carbonyldichlorotris(tertiary

phosphine)ruthenium complexes,” Krassowski,

D.W.; Reimer, K.; LeMay, H.E., Jr.; Nelson, J.H. Inorg.

Chem. 1988, 27, 4307-9.


Professor Emeritus

Inorganic Chemistry


B.S. (1964), Ph.D. (1968), University

of Utah (R.O. Ragsdale); Postdoctoral

(1968-70), Tulane University (H.B. Jonassen).

Research interests include the synthesis,

physical properties, structure, reactions and

catalytic properties of coordination and

organometallic compounds. We have been

pursuing four avenues of research: (1) Structure,

dynamics, and bonding in Pd(II) and

Pt(II) complexes. (2) Reactions of coordinated

ligands, particularly phosphines and arsines.

(3) Solid state NMR spectroscopy. (4) Asymmetric

homogeneous catalysis.

Selected Publications

1. “Phosphaallyl complexes of Ru(II) derived from

dicyclohexylvinylphosphine (DCVP),” Duraczynska,

D.; Nelson, J.H. Dalton Trans. 2005, 92-103.


“Reactions of ruthenium(II) tris(pyrazolyl)borate

34 - Lecturers, Distinguished, and Emeritus Faculty

and tris(pyrazolyl)methane complexes with

diphenylvinylphosphine and 3,4-dimethyl-1phenylphosphole,”

Wilson, D.C.; Nelson, J.H. J.

Organomet. Chem. 2003, 682, 272-289.


Professor Emeritus

Theoretical Chemistry; Chemical



B.S. (1959), Ph. D. (1961), University

of Utah (J.C. Giddings); Postdoctoral (1963-64),

Cornell University (B. Widom, P. Debye).

Research activities center around the theory

of molecular collisions. Principal topics of

current research include the dynamics of gassurface

reactions, collision-induced intramolecular

energy flow and bond dissociation in

large molecules, and vibrational relaxation of

matrix-isolated guest molecules.

Selected Publications

1. “Host-assisted intramolecular vibrational relaxation

at low temperatures: OH in an argon cage,”

Shin, H.K. J. Chem. Phys. 2006, 125, 024501, pp.


2. “Collision-induced dissociation of transition

metal-oxide ions: Dyanmics of VO + collision

with Xe,” Ree, J.; Kim, Y.H.; Shin, H.K. J. Chem. Phys.

2006, 124, 074307, pp. 1-12.

3. “Threshold collision-induced dissociation of diatomic

molecules: A case study of the energet-

- ics and dynamics of O collisions with Ar and Xe,”


Akin, F.A.; Ree, J.; Ervin, K.M.; Shin, H.K. J. Chem.

Phys. 2005, 123, art. no. 064308, pp. 1-12.

35 - Lecturers, Distinguished, and Emeritus Faculty

University of Nevada, Reno


Department of Chemistry

University of Nevada, Reno

1664 North Virginia Street

Reno, NV 89557-0216


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