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Global Next Generation Refrigerant Market
Projected to Reach $4.72 Billion by 2023
United States Alliance Fire Protection Acquires
K&S Automatic Sprinklers
Volume 84 · Number 1 | 1
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VOLUME 84 • Number 1
Official Magazine of
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Testa Produce Maximizes Efficiency
Peter Testa had an idea to grow his business while limiting
the growth of his operating expenses. The solution was to
invest in green technologies.
Global Next Generation
Refrigerant Market Projected to
Reach $4.72 Billion by 2023
According to a new market intelligence report, the global
refrigeration market is expected to expand to $4.72 billion
United States Alliance Fire
Protection Acquires K&S
USA Fire Protection recently announced its acquisition of
the very highly respected K&S Automatic Sprinklers.
Rentals and Sales
Portable Air Conditioning and Heating
John J. Fanning
Editor In Chief
Karl J. Paloucek
Mariah M. Beavers
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2 | Chief Engineer
Volume 84 · Number 1 | 3
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4 | Chief Engineer
Volume 84 · Number 1 | 5
I hope everyone had a wonderful
holiday season with their loved
ones. It’s hard to believe we
are past the holidays and into
January already! December
always seems to fly by with
endless parties, shopping and
family time. The CEAC annual
holiday party at the Sheraton
was a huge success. Thanks to
all who attended! It was great
to see some new faces and
old friends fill the room as we
enjoyed the musical stylings
of member Jim Barrett and his
Jazz Band. I would also like to
thank our vendor sponsors, Air
Comfort, Bear Construction, F.E. Moran, LionHeart and JOS Services.
They are such valued partners of the Chief Engineers Association and
we are lucky to have dedicated expert vendors as a resource for our
At the December meeting we collected donations for our charity
partner, A New Direction. A big thank-you to all who donated gift
cards or made monetary donations! We collected a record amount,
and I know many people will benefit from our contributions. Jessica
McCarihan, Board President, was on hand to accept our donation, and
was extremely grateful for the assistance they will be able to provide to
the women and families in need.
The association has a busy and exciting 2019 planned. We kick off the
year with an educational general meeting on Jan. 16. We will have a
presentation by Mid-Continent Marketing and they will be discussing
power digital thermostatic mixing valves. Make sure you get there in
time for the presentation! These are very informative overviews that
provide solutions for running efficient and effective building operations.
The next event, the annual Skatefest, is Sunday, Feb. 16 at the Morgan
Park Sports Center. This is a great event for families and is free for
all members! This year is also the year of the Vendor Fair on April 17.
This trade show event is the perfect place for vendors to exhibit their
products and services, and for our Chief Engineer members to gather
resources and learn about what they offer.
While we are well on our way into the winter season, good ole Chicago
weather will be sticking around for a while. This is a difficult time as
engineers ensure tenant’s comfort levels as well as dealing with the
winter elements. Hang in there as we progress through the season and
always remember to reach out to our Associate Members as expert
resources. You can find all the contact information for the vendors in
the Quick Shopper guide on the website (chiefengineer.org).
I am looking forward to a very successful 2019!
Fight Brewing Over Prospect of Nuclear
Power Plant Shutdowns
HARRISBURG, Pa. (AP) — Pennsylvania lawmakers sympathetic
to nuclear power plants are making a push
for state action to bail out plants whose shutdown is
being threatened by their energy company owners.
Four lawmakers released a 44-page report Nov. 29,
calling for action to avoid plants shutting down.
Their ideas include requiring utilities to buy a certain
amount of nuclear power or imposing a fee on carbon
Both ideas are designed to make the cost of nuclear
power more competitive, as it faces pressure from a
booming natural gas industry.
The prospect of a bailout has drawn opposition from
large industrial electricity users, ratepayer advocates,
the natural gas industry, the AARP, the National Federation
of Independent Business and anti-nuclear power
States including Illinois, New York and New Jersey have
approved subsidies. — Marc Levy
Army Corps to Spend $32M on Soo
Locks Channel Deepening
DETROIT (AP) — The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
says it will spend $32.4 million in the coming year for
a channel deepening project that will be an important
step toward construction of a new Great Lakes shipping
The funds will be used to finish design and begin construction
work on the upstream approach channel of
the Soo Locks complex at Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan.
The locks raise and lower vessels on the St. Marys River,
enabling passage between Lakes Huron and Superior.
Just one of them can accommodate large freighters
that haul iron ore, coal and other bulk commodities.
The Corps last year endorsed construction of a second
The $1 billion project could be finished in seven years
if Congress continues to provide funding.
Environmentalists: Coal Plant Waste
Puts Water at Risk
SPRINGFIELD, Ill. (AP) — Several environmental groups
say coal ash dump sites at power plants across Illinois
have contaminated the water sources of nearby communities.
The report by the Environmental Integrity Project,
Earthjustice, Prairie Rivers Network and the Sierra Club
released Nov. 28 indicates toxic pollutants emanate
from 22 of 24 coal ash dump sites.
The data cited by the groups came largely from the
results of tests conducted by the companies that own
the power plants.
The groups behind the report are urging Governor-elect
J.B. Pritzker to require coal-plant owners to
stop polluting the state’s protected waters and to set
aside money to clean up their pits of hazardous coal
New Jersey-based NRG owns several coal-fired power
plants. Spokesman David Knox takes issue with the
methodology used by the report’s authors and said
some of the contamination could come from other
sources, not the company’s coal ash dumps.
Utility Reaches $2B Settlement Over
Failed Nuclear Plants
CAYCE, S.C. (AP) — Troubled utility SCANA has reached
a $2 billion settlement with the South Carolina customers
who sued after they were charged high rates
to pay for the company’s failed nuclear construction
SCANA announced the agreement in a news release
Nov. 23. As part of the settlement, South Carolina Electric
& Gas Co. customers will also receive $115 million
that The State newspaper reports had been set aside
for soon-to-be-ousted SCANA executives.
Before the settlement can be finalized, it must receive
the approval of a judge and the S.C. Public Service
Commission must also approve Virginia-based Dominion
Energy’s proposed buyout of SCANA, SCE&G’s
Santee Cooper and South Carolina Electric & Gas Co.
abandoned the V.C. Summer Nuclear Station expansion
project near Columbia in 2017 following the bankruptcy
of lead contractor Westinghouse.
With NEXUS Gas Pipeline Built, Some
Restoration Work Remains
AKRON, Ohio (AP) — A new high-pressure natural gas
pipeline crossing northern Ohio has been completed,
but work to finish restoring the landscape disturbed by
the construction along some of the 255-mile (410-kilometer)
route will wait until after winter.
A spokesman for the NEXUS Gas Transmission project
says heavy rain made some of that property too wet to
be restored this fall as planned.
The Akron Beacon Journal reports the delay has left
some landowners along the route unhappy.
Project spokesman Adam Parker says the plan is to
finish the restoration work in the spring.
The 3-foot-wide, $2.1 billion pipeline was built to carry
gas from Appalachian shale fields across northern Ohio
into Michigan and Canada. NEXUS is a partnership
between Canadian energy firm Enbridge and Detroit’s
Energy Company Gets Time to Work
Out Deal Over Wind Farm
PROVIDENCE, R.I. (AP) — Rhode Island regulators are
giving an energy company more time to reach an
agreement with fishermen over a proposed 800-megawatt
wind farm off Rhode Island and Massachusetts.
The Providence Journal reports that the Rhode Island
Coastal Resources Management Council agreed to
postpone its decision to grant a “consistency certification”
for Vineyard Wind until the end of January.
The delay follows the Fishermen’s Advisory Board’s
denial of support for the project.
Fishermen fear the project’s 84 turbines will close lucrative
commercial fishing grounds.
Even though the project would supply power to Massachusetts
and be located in federal waters, Rhode
Island has some jurisdiction.
If Rhode Island denies certification, Vineyard Wind
could appeal to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric
Vineyard Wind CEO Lars Pedersen believes the company
can work out an agreement.
Pipeline Company to Pay $122K for
CHARLESTON, W.Va. (AP) — A company building a
natural gas pipeline in West Virginia has agreed to pay
$122,350 for environmental violations.
The Charleston Gazette-Mail cited a consent order
made public Nov. 26 in reporting that Columbia Gas
Transmission agreed to pay the amount to the West
Virginia Department of Environmental Protection for
16 violations while building the Mountaineer Xpress
Columbia Gas Transmission is a subsidiary of TransCanada
and will operate the Mountaineer Xpress Pipeline
when it’s completed.
TransCanada spokesman Scott Castleman said that the
company implemented measures to address each environmental
issue as it arose and has accepted the draft
The pipeline is one of many being built in the region
and would run 170 miles (274 kilometers) from Marshall
County to Wayne County.
New Joint Venture Formed to Convert
Pig Waste to Power
RICHMOND, Va. (AP) — The world’s largest pork company
is teaming up with a major energy company to
turn pig manure into renewable natural gas.
Smithfield Foods and Dominion Energy announced
a joint venture partnership Nov. 27 to trap methane
from hog waste and convert it into power for heating
homes and generating electricity.
Smithfield previously announced that its company-owned
and contract farms over the next decade
will cover waste-treatment pits to capture the gas and
keep out rainwater. The gas will be channeled to processing
centers and converted into natural gas.
The joint venture with Dominion will operate initially
in North Carolina, Virginia and Utah. The first projects
are scheduled to be operating by late 2019.
sulfur dioxide annually.
6 | Chief Engineer
Volume 84 · Number 1 | 7
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Project Manager John Murphy talks about the special fill dirt used for the new cheese and dairy processing plant being built in Bingham Township in St.
Johns, Mich. (Robert Killips/Lansing State Journal via AP)
ST. JOHNS, Mich. (AP) — Construction has begun in central
Michigan on a $555 million diary processing plant that will
have the capacity to process a quarter of the milk produced
in the state each year.
Irish food and nutrition company Glanbia in August announced
plans for a cheese plant in St. Johns industrial park,
The Lansing State Journal reported. The project also includes
an adjacent facility belonging to Iowa-based Proliant Dairy
The facility will employ more than 250 people, though local
officials believe it could generate an additional 600 jobs
through related businesses and increased demand for retailers
“The job seekers are very excited about this facility,” said Rachel
Rosendale, executive director of the Clinton Task Force
on Employment at Capital Area Michigan Works. “This is big
stuff, and it’s opening up opportunities.”
It will be about a year before the plant starts hiring, said
John Dardis, senior vice president of U.S. corporate affairs for
Glanbia. Many of the positions in maintenance, safety, lab
work and automation will need certifications, while other
jobs will require bachelor’s or master’s degrees, he said.
“It’s a mixed bag of needs,” he said. “Most importantly, it’s
just an aptitude and a willingness to learn.”
City and county leaders expect the project to attract new
housing, businesses and families to the area.
“There’s going to be a lot of people who move here or come
here from outlying areas,” said St. Johns Mayor Dana Beaman.
“We anticipate an influx of people.”
The plant is projected to produce 300 million pounds of
cheese annually, with the bulk of the product being American-style
8 | Chief Engineer
Volume 84 · Number 1 | 9
Blockages Gone, Fish Back in Post-
Sandy Projects in 6 States By Wayne Parry
Brook trout, sea run brown trout, sea lamprey, American eel
and river herring.
One of the first and most successful projects happened in
Spring Lake, New Jersey’s Wreck Pond. For years, the conflicting
goals of protecting the environment and some of
the New Jersey shore’s priciest real estate from storms have
bedeviled the pond.
Storms sometimes open a channel between the 48-acre tidal
pond and the ocean, but governments keep sealing it shut
to protect homes from flooding. The result was poor water
quality and much narrower access to the ocean, which hurts
fish that travel from ocean to pond to breed.
The American Littoral Society oversaw construction of a
concrete culvert between the pond and the ocean to make it
easier for fish, including herring, to reach the sea. In addition
to letting fish in and out more easily, the culvert can be
opened or closed as needed during storms to control flooding.
It succeeded at both goals, said Tim Dillingham, the group’s
“The restoration of connectivity to allow fish to return and
spawn has been a great success,” he said. “We’re seeing fish
come back in numbers we hadn’t seen before. And it has also
added to the resiliency of the area during storms, by adding
capacity to deal with flooding.”
GOT A STORY
HAVE YOU BEEN PART OF A PROJECT MAKING A
BUILDING MORE EFFICIENT OR SAFER?
DO YOU HAVE A NEW PRODUCT OR SERVICE YOU
THINK CHIEF ENGINEERS NEED TO KNOW ABOUT?
DO YOU KNOW A LONG-TIME MEMBER WHO'S
WORK SHOULD BE SPOTLIGHTED?
WE WANT TO KNOW!
CALL CHIEF ENGINEER AT
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AND LET US KNOW ABOUT YOUR
PROJECT, PRODUCT, SERVICE OR
ANYTHING OTHER INDUSTRY NEWS YOU
THINK CHIEF ENGINEERS NEED TO KNOW
Pim Van Hemmen, left, and Al Modjeski, right, of the American Littoral Society environmental group, stretch large fish nets under a railroad overpass at
Wreck Pond in Spring Lake, N.J. Billions of dollars have been spent on the recovery from Superstorm Sandy to help people get their lives back together, but
a little-noticed portion of that effort is quietly helping another population along the shoreline: fish that need to migrate from coastal rivers out to the sea
and back. (AP Photo/Wayne Parry, File)
SPRING LAKE, N.J. (AP) — Billions of dollars have been spent
on the recovery from Superstorm Sandy to help people get
their lives back together, but a little-noticed portion of that
effort is quietly helping another population along the shoreline:
fish that need to migrate from coastal rivers out to the
sea and back.
After the 2012 storm, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service spent
nearly $11 million on a series of projects to remove dams and
other blockages from coastal waters in six states, partnering
with local environmental groups. Fish species that were
scarce or entirely absent from those waterways for years
soon began showing up again.
The so-called “aquatic connectivity” projects in Massachusetts,
Connecticut, Rhode Island, New Jersey, Maryland and
Virginia were part of a $105 million effort not only to fix
what was damaged by Sandy, but also to improve environmental
conditions in places where recreational benefits could
help tourism and the economy, as well. While the storm did
its worst damage in New York and New Jersey, its effects
were felt in many states along the East Coast.
“The idea was not only to do good things for fish and wildlife,
but to provide community benefits and make communities
more resilient,” said Rick Bennett, a scientist with the
Fish and Wildlife Service in Massachusetts. “By removing
dams, you also reduce flooding, especially upstream.”
Aquatic species benefiting from the work include the Eastern
Other similar work includes:
• The 2016 removal of the Hughesville Dam on the Musconetcong
River in New Jersey. In just a few months, an
American shad was found upstream of the former dam
site, which environmental officials say could be the first to
make it that far since the dam was built in 1889.
• The removal from 2013 to 2018 of the West Britannia Dam
in Taunton, Massachusetts. Within months, an underwater
camera spotted a river herring using the fish ladder at Lake
Sabbatia, the first one of its species to enter the lake in
200 years, the wildlife service said. Before spawning season
was done, at least 1,200 herring swam through.
• Removal of 10 dams in Rhode Island and Connecticut that
helped restore fish populations to the Pawcatuck, West
and Jeremy rivers, and the Whitford Brook, allowing fish
species including alewives to return in greater numbers.
• The removal of the Centreville (2015) and Bloede dams
(started in September 2018) along the Corsica and Patapsco
rivers Maryland to help the movement of eel and river
herring, and reduce flooding.
• The 2016 restoration of part of Dewey’s Creek in Dumfries,
Virginia, that became clogged with sediment during Sandy.
Two other dam removal projects on the Coonamessett River
in Falmouth, Massachusetts, and the Chester River in Millington,
Maryland, are just getting underway.
The feds will monitor conditions and the resulting benefits to
communities for the next five years.
10 | Chief Engineer
Volume 84 · Number 1 | 11
The Mackinac Bridge that spans the Straits of Mackinac from Mackinaw City, Mich. Michigan Gov. Rick Snyder hopes to use the final weeks of his tenure
to lock in a deal allowing construction of a hotly debated oil pipeline tunnel beneath a channel linking two of the Great Lakes — a plan his successor
opposes but may be powerless to stop. The Republican and his team are working on several fronts to seal an agreement with Canadian oil transport giant
Enbridge for replacing the underwater segment of its Line 5, which carries oil and natural gas liquids between Wisconsin and Ontario and traverses northern
Michigan. (AP Photo/Carlos Osorio, File)
Snyder Drops Plan to Task Bridge Panel
With Tunnel Oversight By David Eggert
LANSING, Mich. (AP) — Gov. Rick Snyder has abandoned
his proposal to have Michigan’s Mackinac Bridge Authority
oversee the construction and operation of a tunnel to house
a replacement for a controversial oil pipeline in the Great
Lakes, noting that the proposal did not have enough legislative
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The outgoing Republican governor said he supports the
creation of a new state authority to handle the functions instead.
His move came days after the Senate put on hold a bill
that would have tasked the seven-member bridge authority
with the additional responsibilities in the Straits of Mackinac,
the convergence between Lakes Huron and Michigan.
“The target in all of this hasn’t been the oversight decision
but rather doing all we can to protect the Straits of Mackinac
and the Great Lakes while ensuring energy stability for
Michigan,” said Snyder’s spokesman Ari Adler.
Snyder and his team are working on several fronts to finalize
an agreement with Canadian oil transport giant Enbridge to
replace the underwater segment of its Line 5, which carries
about 23 million gallons (87 million liters) of oil and natural
gas liquids daily between Superior, Wisconsin, and Sarnia,
Ontario, traversing large sections of northern Michigan. A
more than 4-mile-long (6.4-kilometer) section, divided into
two pipes, lies on the floor of the churning Straits of Mackinac.
Environmentalists, native tribes, tourism-related businesses
and other critics say the twin pipelines, which were laid in
1953, are ripe for a spill that could inflict catastrophic damage
on the lakes and region’s economy.
Key members of the Republican-led Legislature support the
tunnel that would be leased to Enbridge and potentially
other users such as electric cable companies. But they said
Monday they oppose involving the bridge authority in the
project that is projected to take seven to 10 years and cost
Enbridge $350 million to $500 million.
“I do not wish to see them distracted by another job, and
because of that, I am pushing to create an entity that can
meet this obligation instead of the bridge authority,” GOP
Rep. Lee Chatfield of Levering said on Facebook. Chatfield’s
district includes the Mackinac Bridge and he will be House
speaker in the two-year term that starts in January.
“The most important thing is that we protect our beautiful
Great Lakes and give northern Michigan families the ability
to heat their homes this winter,” Chatfield said. “I am doing
all that I can to place a solution on Governor Snyder’s desk
that enables the construction of an underground infrastructure
corridor with the proper oversight to hold all parties
Critics told a Senate committee last week that the legislation
— if not rewritten to establish a new authority — should at
the very least be revised to protect the bridge entity from
legal costs and to ensure that Enbridge makes payments in
lieu of taxes. Environmental groups continue to oppose the
tunnel deal because the existing pipeline would keep operating
for up to a decade.
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12 | Chief Engineer
Volume 84 · Number 1 | 13
Global HVAC Systems Market Report
DUBLIN /PRNewswire/ — The Global HVAC systems market
is poised to grow strong during the forecast period 2017
to 2027. Some of the prominent trends that the market is
increasing include penetration of variable refrigerant flow
(VRF) systems in residential applications and growing investments
in the construction sector.
This industry report analyzes the market estimates and forecasts
of all the given segments on global as well as regional
levels presented in the research scope. The study provides
historical market data for 2015, 2016 revenue estimations are
presented for 2017 and forecasts from 2018 till 2027.
The study focuses on market trends, leading players, supply
chain trends, technological innovations, key developments,
and future strategies. With comprehensive market assessment
across the major geographies such as North America,
Europe, Asia Pacific, Middle East, Latin America and Rest of
the world the report is a valuable asset for the existing players,
new entrants and the future investors.
The study presents detailed market analysis with inputs
derived from industry professionals across the value chain.
A special focus has been made on 23 countries such as U.S.,
Canada, Mexico, U.K., Germany, Spain, France, Italy, China,
Brazil, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, etc.
Scope of the Report
• Based on Implementation Type, the market is categorized
retrofit and new construction.
• By Cooling Equipment, the market is divided into VRF
systems, cooling towers, coolers, chillers, unitary air conditioners
and room air conditioners.
• In addition cooling towers is segmented into hybrid cooling
towers, dry cooling towers and evaporative cooling
• Further coolers are segregated into window coolers and
• Moreover, Chillers are bifurcated into absorption chillers,
reciprocating chillers, centrifugal chillers, screw chillers and
• Further unitary air conditioners are segmented into packaged
air conditioners and split air conditioners.
• On the basis of Ventilation Equipment the market is categorized
into air handling units, air filters, ventilation fans,
air purifiers, humidifiers and dehumidifiers.
• Moreover, ventilation fans are segregated into power roof
fans, range hood fans, domestic fans, centrifugal fans,
axial fans and crossflow fans.
• Further, air purifiers are divided into ionic air purifiers,
electrostatic air purifiers, activated carbon air purifiers and
hepa air purifiers.
• In addition, humidifiers are bifurcated into cool-mist
humidifiers, ultrasonic humidifiers and warm-mist humidifiers.
• Further, dehumidifiers are divided into absorption dehumidifiers
and refrigeration dehumidifiers.
• Amongst Heating Equipment is categorized into unitary
heaters, boilers, furnaces and heat pumps.
• Further, Unitary Heaters are divided into electric unit heaters,
oil-fired unit heaters and gas unit heaters.
• In addition boilers are segmented into hot water boilers
and steam boilers.
• Moreover, Furnaces are segmented into oil furnaces, electric
furnaces and gas furnaces.
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• In addition Heat Pumps are bifurcated into water-to-water
heat pumps, air-to-water heat pumps and air-to-air heat
• By Application the market is divided into industrial, residential
• Further Commercial is segregated into retail, airport, office,
government, education and healthcare.
For more information or to purchase the complete report,
• The report provides a detailed analysis on current and future
market trends to identify the investment opportunities
• Market forecasts till 2027, using estimated market values as
the base numbers
• Key market trends across the business segments, Regions
• Key developments and strategies observed in the market
• Market Dynamics such as Drivers, Restraints, Opportunities
and other trends
• In-depth company profiles of key players and upcoming
• Growth prospects among the emerging nations through
• Market opportunities and recommendations for new investments
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14 | Chief Engineer
Volume 84 · Number 1 | 15
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Global Next Generation Refrigerant
Market Projected to Reach $4.72 Billion
FREMONT, California /PRNewswire/ — According to a new
market intelligence report by BIS Research, titled Global Next
Generation Refrigerant Market - Analysis and Forecast, 2018-
2023 the global next generation refrigerant market is expected
to reach to $4.72 billion by 2023, growing at a CAGR of
8.11 percent and 10.52 percent during the forecast period
from 2018 to 2023 in terms of value and volume, respectively.
Europe accounted for 53.94 percent of the total next generation
refrigerant market in 2017. The rise in government
initiatives, such as F-Gas regulation against hydrofluorocarbons
(HFCs) and hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs), has led
to an increase in the demand for natural refrigerants and
hydrofluoric olefin (HFO) in the region. Additionally, commercial
supermarkets have mainly taken over the usage of
carbon dioxide as a refrigerant in their refrigeration and air
conditioning systems. These factors are further expected to
increase the demand for natural refrigerants in the region.
The Asia-Pacific region accounted for 32.00 percent (by
volume) of the next generation refrigerant market in 2017.
The next generation refrigerant market in Asia-Pacific is expected
to grow at a rate of 9.50 percent (by volume) during
the forecast period. This potential growth is supported by a
strong industrial base, encouraging government policies, and
financial support in research and development in this region.
According to Arpit Benjwal, Lead Analyst at BIS Research,
“Japan dominated the next generation refrigerant market
in Asia-Pacific in 2017. The next generation refrigerant
market in Japan by type in terms of volume is dominated by
the natural refrigerants, followed by HFO.” The key factors
driving the demand for natural refrigerants in Japan are
the increased government initiatives in reducing the use of
fluorinated gases as refrigerants along with the promotion
of natural refrigerants by offering subsidies and energy-efficient
benefits of natural refrigerants. Natural refrigerants are
also commonly used in vending machines in Japan.
According to Maitreyee Dey, Research Associate at BIS Research,
“The refrigeration end user segment is expected to
witness the fastest growth in the market.” Natural refrigerants
are extensively used in industrial and commercial refrigeration.
Ammonia or R-717 is one of the preferred choices
for large installations, whereas ozone-depleting substances
such as CFCs, HCFCs and other high global warming potential
refrigerants, have been ruled out under international
agreements. In Europe, ammonia has been widely adopted
for industrial refrigeration in the U.K. and Germany, owing
to the usage restrictions and taxation on greenhouse gases
(Continued on page 18)
© Commonwealth Edison Company, 2018
The ComEd Energy Efficiency Program is funded in compliance with state law.
16 | Chief Engineer
Volume 84 · Number 1 | 17
in the countries.
Some of the key players operating in the next generation
refrigerant market include AGC Inc., Arkema SA, ASPENRefrigerants,
Inc., Daikin Industries, Ltd., Global Refrigerants,
Harp International Ltd., Honeywell International Inc., SRF
Limited, Tazzetti S.p.A., The Chemours Company, and The
Linde Group, among others. The key players operating in
this market have increased their business expansion activities
over the years to generate public awareness about their
existing and new products and technologies and to compete
with the competitors’ product portfolio. Out of the total
development, 38.89 percent of the developmental strategies
have been product launches.
Driven by the rapid evolution of the next generation refrigerant,
there has been a sudden growth in the research and
development activities by many important players in this
market, leading to an increase in the number of business
expansions over the last three years. For instance, Honeywell
International started a new plant in Geismar, Louisiana, in
the U.S. to produce R-1234yf type of refrigerant. It is a $300
million project whereby the company started the production
of Solstice products in May 2017.
This report is a meticulous compilation of research on more
than 100 players in the next generation refrigerant market
and draws upon the insights from in-depth interviews with
the key opinion leaders from more than 50 leading companies,
market participants, and vendors. The report also
profiles approximately 15 companies including supplier and
customer profiles. The supplier profiles offered in the report
are AGC Inc., Arkema SA, ASPEN Refrigerants, Inc., Daikin
Industries, Ltd., Global Refrigerants, Harp International Ltd.,
Honeywell International Inc., SRF Limited, Tazzetti S.p.A., The
Chemours Company, and The Linde Group, among others.
The key end user companies profiled in the report include
Carrier Corporation, Panasonic Corporation, Samsung Electronics,
Ltd., and Trane Inc.
Key questions answered in the report:
What is the global next generation refrigerant market size in
terms of value ($Million) and volume (Kilotons) from 2016-
2023 along with the CAGR from 2018 to 2023?
• What are the different types of next generation refrigerants
and their growth pattern in terms of value and
volume across regions and countries?
• What are the major end user industries for next generation
refrigerants across the globe in terms of volume
consumption and revenue generation?
• What is the consumption pattern of the next generation
refrigerants in its end users across different regions and
• Which are the major regions and countries that provide
growth opportunities for the next generation refrigerant
• What is the revenue generation and volume consumption
of the next generation refrigerants for various applications
across different countries?
• What is the competitive strength of the key players in the
next generation refrigerant market based on their recent
developments, product offerings, and regional presence?
• Who are the key players (along with their detailed
analysis and profiles including their financials, company
snapshots, key products and services, and SWOT analysis)
in the market?
For more information, to request a sample, or to purchase
the complete report, visit bisresearch.com/industry-report/
Minnesota Electric Co-Ops Fail to
Disclose Info Online By Frank Jossi of Energy News Network
ST. PAUL, Minn. (AP) — Finding out where Minnesota electric
cooperatives get their power from requires more legwork
than simply logging on to a website.
A new report by rural environmental group CURE looks at
data available on the websites of Minnesota’s 44 rural electric
cooperatives and found none of them include information
about generation portfolios.
Most of the sites also lacked information on upcoming board
meetings and how to contact board members or participate
in board elections.
A representative of the Minnesota Rural Electric Association
disputed a suggestion that the lack of online information
equals a lack of transparency. The survey does little, though,
to dissuade clean energy advocates who have long criticized
co-ops for being insular and closed off to members.
“Co-ops are not doing a great job in getting information
to their members on websites,” said Erik Hatlestad, energy
democracy organizer for CURE. Most people today use the
web to retrieve common data from service providers and
generally do not have time to stop by the co-op office for
information, he said.
Surveys show most rural residents support clean energy, yet
their electricity providers do not list the mix of generation
sources they use.
“I’m surprised none of them listed their energy mix,” Hatlestad
said. “They’re really just not being forthcoming with
their member-owners even though they have demonstrated
they’re supportive of clean energy. ... The information just
isn’t out there.”
The lack of transparency comes as no surprise to John Farrell,
who heads the Energy Democracy Initiative for the Institute
for Local Self-Reliance. He found largely the same issues
when studying co-ops around the country.
“The thing you hear most from rural electric cooperatives
in public forums is that they are member-owned and represent
their members’ interests,” he said. “CURE’s report card
suggests a gap between the promise and reality. It’s also a
warning that co-ops must do better to deliver a level of fair
and open democratic process that matches their high-minded
Joyce Peppin, director of government affairs and general
counsel for the Minnesota Rural Electric Association, said the
lack of information on co-op websites does not indicate a
lack of transparency.
“I would say electric co-ops in Minnesota are very transparent
but maybe not in all cases on their websites,” she said.
“But they send out newsletters about board elections and
describe how to vote. They have annual reports and annual
Members can drop in to their local co-ops or call to get an
explanation of the information they need.
“All the co-ops strive to be responsive to their members because
they’re locally owned,” she said. “They’re transparent
and open to the public.”
All the information detailed in the report is available by mail
or by request, said Peppin, a former legislator. Many co-ops
have few staff members and may not have a person dedicated
to updating and adding content to websites.
“Resources aren’t always available for website updates,”
(Continued on page 20)
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18 | Chief Engineer
Volume 84 · Number 1 | 19
she said. “But all the information is available in some form
or another. It’s a resource question when dealing with the
The association in the future may look at training to improve
websites, she said. In addition, many co-ops purchase their
electricity from Great River Energy, and they could link its
website for showing members their energy mix, Peppin said.
“It would be nice to have a link that says what the energy
mix is, because they’re not producing it themselves,” she
said. “They would have to see if it makes sense to link their
website to that information.”
The survey found Dakota Electric Association lacking in just
three areas, though spokesman Joe Miller questioned the
findings. Dakota Electric lists board members with photos.
However, it requires members to call Dakota Electric for
information on how to get in touch with them.
The website has a bill explainer, he said, and offers information
on its energy mix under “generating your electricity.”
(Coal generates 46 percent of its electricity; followed by
renewables at 22 percent; purchased market energy, 13.7
percent; hydro and natural gas represented the rest.)
“I think CURE is trying to do a good thing,” Miller said. “Coops
are about serving their membership and they should be
providing this information.”
That said, Dakota Electric tracks what members look for on
its website and places the most common items on the home
page and in the various sections. The items in the CURE survey
do not rank highly on searches.
“We generally know what people are looking for on our
site,” Miller said. “Our goal is to help them find it.”
The idea for CURE’s survey came during a debate over fees
some cooperatives were charging members who had solar
installations. One argument co-ops made is that they did not
need regulatory oversight because they were democratic
institutions with member-owners who had opportunities for
Hatlestad said CURE supports co-ops but believes they can do
a better job.
“The big thing we want to get across is we’re not making a
critique of cooperatives as a model of organizing a utility,”
he said. “We’re pro-cooperative but we want to see a re-centering
of democratic values in our rural electric co-ops.”
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20 | Chief Engineer
Volume 84 · Number 1 | 21
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Michigan Businesses Discharging
Contaminants Into Water
DETROIT (AP) — Michigan businesses are discharging large
amounts of chemical contaminants into the state’s waterways
every day, according to a newspaper investigation.
State officials began testing 93 treatment plants in February
through an Industrial Pretreatment Program to examine
discharge being sent by commercial customers.
MLive.com obtained documents through the Freedom of Information
Act that show that 16 of the plants received written
orders over the past year to reduce industrial sources of
perfluorinated chemicals, or PFAS, found in their discharges.
Exposure to PFAS has been linked in epidemiological studies
to some cancers, thyroid disorders, low birth weights, elevated
cholesterol and other chronic diseases.
At least 130 businesses have been considered as potential
sources of PFAS. Many of the businesses releasing chemicals
are plating companies that make chrome parts for the auto
“We haven’t used it in almost six years,” Lacks Enterprises
CEO Nick Hrynyk said of the chemicals. “But it’s still there
because it just clings.”
The highest recorded discharge level was 240,000-ppt of
PFAS from Bronson Plating to the Bronson wastewater plant,
which is about 25 miles south of Battle Creek. The plant
discharges into Swan Creek, which connects to the St. Joseph
River and Lake Michigan.
Environmental advocates say the numbers are concerning.
“(Levels that high) could take years to move through the system,
and could cause significant public health impacts during
that time,” said James Clift, policy director of the Michigan
Teresa Seidel, director of the Water Resources Division of
the Michigan Department of Environmental Quality, said the
state is working to stop contamination from both manufacturers
and the treatment plants.
Equipment used to test for PFAS (per- and polyfluoroalkyl chemicals) in drinking water at Trident Laboratories in Holland, Mich. Documents obtained by
MLive.com via a FOIA search reveal that 16 plants received written orders over the past year to reduce the discharge of PFAS. (Cory Morse/The Grand
Rapids Press via AP)
“We want to see reasonable progress, reasonable growth,
reasonable improvement in the system,” Seidel said. “We’re
seeing that from everyone we’ve asked to step forward and
work on this.”
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pollution don’t come with “a whole lot of extra regulatory
oversight. She said it’s important efforts don’t put “Michigan
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22 | Chief Engineer
Volume 84 · Number 1 | 23
Fight Brewing Over Prospect of Nuclear
Power Plant Shutdowns By Marc Levy
HARRISBURG, Pa. (AP) — Pennsylvania lawmakers sympathetic
to nuclear power plants are making a push for state action
to rescue plants at risk of being shut down by their energy
Four lawmakers calling themselves the Nuclear Energy
Caucus released a 44-page report Thursday, Nov. 29, calling
for action to avoid plants shutting down and warning that
shutdowns would devastate communities that depend on the
plants’ jobs and property taxes.
The prospect of bailing out nuclear power plants is spurring
a debate over why Pennsylvania ratepayers should foot the
cost and whether nuclear power provides an environmental
benefit in the age of global warming.
Three Mile Island’s owner, Chicago-based Exelon Corp.,
announced last year that the plant that was the site of a
terrifying partial meltdown in 1979 will close in 2019 unless
Pennsylvania comes to its financial rescue. Earlier this year,
Ohio-based FirstEnergy Corp. said it will shut down its Beaver
Chicago-based Exelon Corp., owners of Middleton, Pennsylvania’s Three
Mile Island — site of the nation’s worst nuclear accident — will close in
2019 unless the state comes to its financial rescue. (AP Photo/Carolyn
would support, he coupled that sentiment with his desire to
advance the cause of cleaner energy.
“Governor Wolf believes we need a robust conversation
about our energy economy and looks forward to engaging
with the General Assembly about what direction Pennsylvania
will go in regards to its energy sector, including the
future of nuclearpower and the value of lower emission
energy for Pennsylvania’s economy and environment,” Wolf’s
Nuclear power plants are being buffeted by a flood of natural
gas plants coming online, relatively flat post-recession
electricity demand and states putting more emphasis on
renewable energy and efficiency.
PJM Interconnection, which operates the electric grid covering
Pennsylvania and the 65 million people from Illinois east
to Washington, says those four nuclear power plant closings
— two in Pennsylvania and two in Ohio — won’t affect the
availability of electricity.
“We have studied that and analyzed that and yes, we will
maintain reliability,” said Stu Bressler, PJM’s senior vice president
for operations and markets.
The prospect of a bailout is drawing opposition from large
industrial electricity users, ratepayer advocates, the natural
gas industry, the AARP, the National Federation of Independent
Business and anti-nuclear power activists.
Pennsylvania is the nation’s No. 2 nuclear power state. The
owners of its five nuclear power plants — primarily Exelon,
FirstEnergy and Allentown-based Talen Energy — are part
of a coalition backing Thursday’s report that includes labor
unions and some local chambers of commerce, including the
A push for a carbon tax could be aided by some environmental
groups, which are pressing for such a concept in Pennsylvania.
Illinois, New York and New Jersey have approved
subsidies in the past two years to bail out nuclear plants,
assembling compromise packages that brought environmental
or ratepayer groups on board by advancing renewable
energy or energy efficiency goals.
The caucus’ report suggests that other nuclear power plants
in Pennsylvania could start losing money and face premature
Valley nuclear power plant in Pennsylvania — as well as two
nuclear plants in Ohio — within the next three years unless
Pennsylvania steps up.
Proposals in the report include requiring utilities to buy
a certain amount of nuclear power or imposing a fee on
carbon emissions, ideas designed to make the cost of nuclear
power more competitive as it faces pressure from a booming
natural gas industry.
Gov. Tom Wolf, a Democrat whose home is barely 10 miles
(16 kilometers) from Three Mile Island, said in a statement
from his office that he is concerned about layoffs at the
power plants. While he gave no promises about what he
24 | Chief Engineer
Volume 84 · Number 1 | 25
The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
released a preliminary report on the U.S. government’s
plan, which calls for diluting 34 metric tons of plutonium and
shipping it to the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant in southern New
The purpose of the work would be to satisfy a nonproliferation
agreement with Russia.
Another challenge, the scientists say, would be getting
officials in that country to approve of the dilution of the
The pact between the two countries was initially based on
a proposal for turning the surplus plutonium into fuel that
could be used for commercial nuclear reactors. That project,
beset by years of delays and cost overruns, was cancelled
earlier last year.
The review of the plan that calls for shipping the plutonium
to New Mexico was requested by Congress. A final report
from the National Academies is expected next summer.
The U.S. Energy Department’s Office of Environmental Management
has demonstrated that diluting the plutonium is
possible by working with a separate batch of material. However,
citing a lack of information, the scientists did not study
the agency’s ability to scale up that process to handle the 34
metric tons that are part of the nonproliferation agreement.
If the plan were to be approved, the Energy Department
has estimated that it would take 31 years to dilute and
dispose of all 34 metric tons. The work would involve four
sites around the U.S. — the Pantex Plant in West Texas, the
Savannah River Site in South Carolina, Los Alamos National
Laboratory in northern New Mexico and the Waste Isolation
The panel of scientists found that the agency doesn’t have a
well-developed plan for reaching out to those host sites and
stressed that public trust would have to be developed and
maintained over the life of the project.
A continuous miner performing mining activities in the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant near Carlsbad, N.M. Scientists and other experts are looking at the challenges
— including space limitations — of disposing tons of plutonium at the site. (David X. Tejada/U.S. Department of Energy via AP, File)
Scientists: Capacity at US Nuclear Waste
Dump a Challenge
ALBUQUERQUE, N.M. (AP) — The lack of space at the federal
government’s only underground nuclear waste repository
is among several challenges identified Friday, Nov. 30, by a
group of scientists and other experts who are looking at the
viability of disposing tons of weapons-grade plutonium at
the desert location.
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26 | Chief Engineer
Volume 84 · Number 1 | 27
No Answers Yet to Gas Leak That
Disrupted Bridge Traffic By Randall Chase
da production facility on Sunday forced the precautionary
closure of the Delaware Memorial Bridge for more than six
hours as the Thanksgiving holiday weekend wound down.
The bridge carries traffic along Interstate 295, a major East
Coast artery, with a daily volume of about 80,000 vehicles.
Cara Eaton, a Croda spokeswoman, said in an email Nov. 26
that the company was focused on investigating the matter
and that officials were not available for interviews.
A company statement earlier that day said the Atlas Point
facility at the base of the bridge was shut down safely, and
that final preparations were being made for an inspection of
the plant, so that an investigation can proceed.
“We would like to reassure the public that gas levels were
independently monitored during and after the incident and
we can confirm that there was no point at which there was
an unsafe level detected,” the statement read. The company,
which is based in the United Kingdom, also said one employee
working on the plant at the time decided to seek medical
advice as a precaution and was under observation.
(Continued on page 30)
Southbound traffic on New Jersey Turnpike backs up on the Delaware Memorial Bridge in New Jersey on Sunday, Nov. 25, 2018. A chemical leak shut
down the bridge in both directions that evening, bringing traffic on a major East Coast artery to a standstill on one of the busiest travel days of the year.
(Elizabeth Robertson/The Philadelphia Inquirer via AP)
DOVER, Del. (AP) — Officials are trying to determine what
caused a chemical gas leak that forced the temporary closure
of a heavily used bridge connecting Delaware and New Jersey
on one of the busiest travel days of the year.
The leak of highly flammable ethylene oxide from a Cro-
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28 | Chief Engineer
Volume 84 · Number 1 | 29
“We are very sorry for the significant inconvenience that
this had on the community and those travelling nearby,” the
Meanwhile, Delaware environmental secretary Shawn Garvin
said state officials, who oversee operations at the facility, do
not yet know what happened.
“We are investigating, along with the company, to make
some determinations as to what actually did go wrong,”
Garvin said, adding that the leak apparently was restricted to
Ethylene oxide is an ingredient in the production of several
industrial chemicals, including ethylene glycol, a compound
found in automotive antifreeze and brake fluids, solvents,
paints and other industrial and commercial products.
Ethylene oxide, which is also used as an agricultural fumigant
and sterilizing agent for medical equipment and supplies, is
highly flammable and reactive. Acute exposure can cause respiratory
and skin irritation, while chronic exposure has been
associated with cancer.
In 2015, Croda was granted a permit under Delaware’s
Coastal Zone Act, which limits heavy industry in designated
coastal areas, to manufacture ethylene oxide from cornbased
ethanol. In seeking the permit, the company touted
the environmental sustainability benefits of using ethanol
instead of petroleum products in the manufacturing process.
It also noted that production would eliminate the safety risks
involved in transporting ethylene oxide by railcar from the
“The process safety aspects of this project have been thoroughly
analyzed and addressed,” the company said in a slide
presentation on its permit request. It also noted that it was
following industry standards to guard against accidental
chemical releases and would rely on redundant detection
systems and use of automated computer control systems to
help eliminate human errors.
Croda began production of ethylene oxide on Aug. 24, four
days after state officials conducted a partial compliance evaluation
of boilers and generators at the facility. In a Sept. 21
letter, a state environmental engineer informed Croda that
the August evaluation resulted in an “excellent inspection.”
Earlier in November, however, Croda sought a permit modification
regarding particulate emissions for a temporary boiler
the company was planning to use during maintenance and
repair work on two primary boilers.
Croda acquired the Atlas Point site in 2006 from another
chemical company, UiQema.
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30 | Chief Engineer
Volume 84 · Number 1 | 31
Solar Advocates Stress Net Metering Not
Dead in Indiana By Seth Slabaugh
This photo shows the solar panel array at Sheridan Elementary School in
Sheridan, Ind., that was installed by Johnson-Melloh ahead of changes in
the Indiana’s net metering law in 2018. Now the challenge is informing
residents that net metering still exists in Indiana. (Don Knight/The Herald-Bulletin
MUNCIE, Ind. (AP) — Retired Ball State University professors
Carolyn and John Vann used to attract crowds of several dozen
people to meetings at which the couple would sign some
up to add solar panels to their homes.
Nowadays, the two grass roots solar advocates are frustrated.
“We hold a meeting and no one comes,” Carolyn Vann said.
A recent meeting at the Kennedy Library drew an audience
of just two people, and they were invited by John Vann, who
knew them from the YMCA.
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The Vanns set up for a presentation in Yorktown and no one
The couple attributes the lack of solar interest/awareness
to net metering, which Indiana’s Senate Bill 309 changed in
“That’s one of the things that has made it more difficult for
us,” John Vann said. “There was so much press coverage of
the bill and so much debate, and now no one’s talking about
When Vann spoke to some BSU faculty members recently
about going solar, he learned they mistakenly believed “you
don’t get net metering any more.”
32 | Chief Engineer
6/12/18 4:06 PM
Volume 84 · Number 1 | 33
2018 CEAd series.indd 4
In fact, SB 309, championed by the state’s powerful utility
industry, phases out net metering — which requires utilities
to pay solar users for any excess energy that is created by
their solar panels — but it didn’t immediately eliminate net
The program was intended to provide an important incentive
for Hoosiers to install expensive solar panels and produce
their own energy that is better for the environment.
Thanks to SB 309, there was a rush to install solar panels
before December of 2017 because customers who entered
into net metering contracts before that date were able to
continue their contracts for 30 years (until July 1, 2047).
But customers who still sign up before July 1, 2022, can
continue net metering until July 1, 2032 — or 13 years from
now, or 12 years from next year and so on until 2022, when
the benefit would amount to 10 years.
It’s important for potential solar customers to know three
things, John Vann said. Carolyn listed them: Net metering it
still available; a federal solar tax credit allows you to deduct
30 percent of the cost of installing a solar energy system
from your federal taxes (the deduction drops to 26 percent
for systems placed in service after the end of 2019 and to 22
percent for systems placed in service after the end of 2020);
and you can get a group discount of 20 percent by purchasing
a solar system through Solarize ECI.
“Then there are four things,” John Vann added. “The fourth
is: businesses, including farms, can depreciate the solar system.
So they get the federal tax credit and can depreciate it
in as little as one year.”
There are really more than three or four benefits to going
solar. For example, solar installations don’t increase the
assessed value of a home for property taxation purposes but
typically add 15 percent to the sales price of a home, according
to the Vanns.
Carolyn Vann is a retired biology professor. John, her husband,
is a retired marketing professor. Both are deeply
concerned about climate change. During a recent interview,
Carolyn said, in reference to the phase-out of net metering
in 2032, “We’ll be dead by then,” referring to death from
climate change, not natural causes.
In 2006, when John Vann met and became one of former
Vice President Al Gore’s climate-change messengers, he told
The Star Press, “I’ve become convinced there is nothing more
important as a threat to humanity than global warming.”
The Vanns were invited last year to Indianapolis for an organizational
meeting of Solarize Indiana. “We went seeking
more information, not thinking of starting a unit here,” John
Vann said. Muncie surgeon John Eliades also attended.
“It started in Bloomington,” Carolyn Vann said of the Solarize
initiative. “They’re way ahead of this stuff. They’ve done
hundreds of installations.”
Solarize ECI was an offshoot started and operated by the
Vanns and other grass roots volunteers who are unpaid. The
Vanns pay expenses out of their own pockets and have had
trouble finding meeting places at no cost.
Solarize Indiana sent out requests for proposals to solar
companies in the Midwest, looking at reliability, product
quality, tenure in business and lowest group pricing. From
those companies, Solarize ECI chose to work with Icon Solar,
More than 40 homeowners in East Central Indiana have
installed solar panels through Solarize ECI, receiving group
pricing 20 percent below what they would have to pay if
they didn’t go through Solarize ECI.
The Vanns themselves participated, getting 30 solar panels,
for which they paid about $26,000 before the federal tax
credit; they will end up paying about $16,000. The couple
live in Henry County and had their panels mounted on a
barn, though they provide electricity to their house.
Solar panels also can be mounted on the rooftops of garages,
houses and other buildings (not on a north-facing,
however) or ground mounted.
The Vanns say they installed more solar panels than normal
for a residence.
For example, Solarize ECI volunteer Sheryl Swingley, a lecturer
in the journalism department at Ball State, paid a more
typical $12,000 for her residential solar system and received a
$3,600 tax credit.
John Vann contacted The Star Press after being interviewed
to add this thought: “I know we talked a lot about the financial
benefits of solar, but our major motivation is to reduce
greenhouse gas emissions.”
Outgoing Michigan Governor Pushing
for Great Lakes Pipeline
By John Flesher and David Eggert
LANSING, Mich. (AP) — Michigan Gov. Rick Snyder hopes to
use the final weeks of his tenure to lock in a deal allowing
construction of a hotly debated oil pipeline tunnel beneath a
channel linking two of the Great Lakes — a plan his successor
opposes but may be powerless to stop.
At press time, the two-term Republican and his team are
working on several fronts to seal an agreement with Canadian
oil transport giant Enbridge for replacing the underwater
segment of its Line 5, which carries about 23 million gallons
(87 million liters) of oil and natural gas liquids daily between
Superior, Wisconsin, and Sarnia, Ontario, traversing large
sections of northern Michigan.
A more than 4-mile-long (6.4-kilometer) section, divided into
two pipes, lies on the floor of the churning Straits of Mackinac,
the convergence between Lakes Huron and Michigan.
Laid in 1953, the twin pipelines have become a target of
environmentalists, native tribes, tourism-related businesses
and other critics who say it’s ripe for a spill that could do catastrophic
damage to the lakes and the regional economy.
While insisting they’re in sound condition, Enbridge reached
an agreement with Snyder’s administration in October to
decommission the pipes and drill a tunnel for a new line
through bedrock below the straits. The project would take
seven to 10 years and cost $350 million to $500 million,
which Enbridge would pay.
Gov.-elect Gretchen Whitmer, elected this month, pledged
during her campaign to shut down Line 5 and criticized the
tunnel plan — as did fellow Democrat Dana Nessel, who won
the race for attorney general. Both take office in January
and have said the Snyder administration should not steamroll
the plan to enactment in the meantime.
A spokeswoman for Nessel said she was “deeply concerned
and troubled by the hasty legislative rush-to-judgment efforts
to push through a proposal that has not been properly
vetted, that handcuffs Governor-elect Whitmer and Attorney
General-elect Nessel before they even take office, and will
have negative repercussions on the state of Michigan and its
residents for generations.”
But Snyder’s team is plowing ahead. Keith Creagh, director
of the Department of Natural Resources, told The Associated
Press this week that he expects the final steps to be completed
before Snyder leaves office.
“This is not a rush to finish,” Creagh said. “This is a culmination
of four-plus years of looking at a very complex issue.”
(Continued on page 43)
34 | Chief Engineer
Volume 84 · Number 1 | 35
Happy New Year to all members of the Chief Engineer Association of
Chicagoland. We had a great time at the Sheraton Grand Chicago,
and thanks to your generosity, those at A New Direction Beverly
Morgan Park’s crisis intervention facility had their Christmas made just
a bit merrier. The event itself was a tremendous success, with great
food, great company, all accompanied to the wonderful sounds of Jim
Barrett’s Juggernaut Jazz Band.
As always, we extend our deepest thanks to our benevolent sponsors,
without whom events like last month’s Christmas dinner would not be
possible. Our gratitude goes out to Air Comfort, BEAR Construction,
F.E. Moran and LionHeart for their contribution to giving our lives and
those victims at A New Direction a bit of extra glow during the holiday
season. We also thank Alex Boerner for her work in bringing this event
together, and to the folks at Fanning Communications for helping to
streamline the registration process for this event.
We are still looking for sponsors for upcoming meetings. If your
organization is interested in sponsoring any of the events coming
up in the near future, please reach out to Alex Boerner at AlexB@
36 | Chief Engineer
Volume 84 · Number 1 | 37
There’s a lot to envy about Peter Testa’s situation. As President
and CEO of Testa Produce in Chicago’s Back of the Yards
neighborhood, he sits atop a successful business established
by his grandfather 106 years ago. He grew up in the family
business, and still loves going to work every day, even
though he comes in at 3:00am. The job has its challenges, but
worrying about the rising costs of his operating expenses is
not high among them. Why? Because in designing the facility
that currently houses his business, he invested heavily in renewable
energy technologies, turning foresight into savings
that keep giving year after year.
We caught up with Testa and his company’s marketing coordinator,
Katie Lingle, to tour the building and see firsthand
the innovation that has earned this facility its reputation as
a paragon of efficiency, as well as its LEED Platinum designation.
Driving up to the building, it’s evident that this is no ordinary
produce facility. A 283-foot turbine towers above the property
— the first freestanding turbine in the city of Chicago, for
which Testa had to write the initial city code himself, as none
existed at the time — and the building’s green roof curves
downward, covering the façade in a lush lawn that makes a
bold statement about its owner’s philosophy and his vision
for his business.
“Efficiency is my number one goal,” Testa declares. “In any
type of produce operation, efficiency is your number one
goal, because you’re dealing with product that has to move,
and has to move very quickly. The faster you move it, the
better you keep it, the quicker it gets out of the building —
that’s the number one driver.
“The cost of doing business is your number two driver,” he
continues. “The cost of doing business in every place I was
at before always got much more expensive over time,” Testa
recalls. “And that was always a problem. So I always said to
myself, if I could figure out a way to make it less expensive
over time, how much better is that?”
So Testa challenged himself to come up with a building
design that would maximize utility, efficiency and renewable
The floor covering in the exercise room at Testa Produce is coated
with a compound fabricated from recycled tire materials.
Two diagonally placed soltar panels on the roof account for a
huge volume of savings on Testa Produce’s electric bills each
The variable temperatures in the warehouses at Testa Produce
meant that they had to make a concession to electric pickers and
forklifts, as condensation build-up in fossil-fuel cell variations
proved them to be unreliable.
Peter Testa, third-generation CEO of Testa Produce and visionary
behind one of Chicago’s most innovative and efficient commercial
38 | Chief Engineer
Volume 84 · Number 1 | 39
“When you ask them the question, ‘Well why wouldn’t you do this?’
‘Well, it’s too expensive.’ No, it’s not. Do the math. You do the math.”
— Peter Testa, President and CEO, Testa Produce
to reduce energy consumption and, naturally, attendant expenses.
“We have solar panels on our roof,” she begins. “We
have solar panels — photovoltaic — throughout our parking
lot and on our receiving dock. But on our roof we have solar
thermal, which creates all of our hot water.” (The bubbling
sound came from the holding tank — simply the result of
generating more hot water than is being used.)
The main conference room features bamboo floors and is the only room in
the building that does not employ motion-sensor lighting.
Efficiency of moving produce in and out of the building with the greatest
speed is the number one driving force at Testa Produce, and the building’s
flow is designed to go in one direction in keeping with that mission.
sources of energy. He succeeded. Spectacularly so.
A Catalogue of Innovations
As Lingle led us through the offices, a distinct popping and
gurgling sound could be heard. This was the start of what
would be a litany of innovations employed at Testa Produce
An onsite fitness center sports a floor covering made from
recycled tire materials. “The floor is very similar to that in the
newer parks nowadays, that have that spongier material,”
Lingle says, before showing us across the hall, where the
restrooms feature stalls made of recycled milk jug material,
and the water used in the toilets is harvested from the roof.
“What we do is, any access water the plants don’t need, we
harvest it downstairs in our cistern, and then we re-use the
water in our first back of bathrooms, for the toilets.
“We have bioswales on each side, as well, that flow into our
retention pond,” she adds. “The cistern and the pond are
both connected, as well, so if one level were to get too high,
it just basically avoids any precipitation or grey water from
going into the city sewer systems. The only thing that goes
into our city sewer systems is our waste.”
Because of the fitness center and the company’s encouragement
of its employees to be active, there are showers in
each, and the women’s room features a washer/dryer for the
cleaning staff, who use them to launder mop heads and towels
for re-use. All of the cleaners used onsite are all natural,
“All of our rooms except for one have motion-sensor lighting,
so in addition to all of the windows that we try and
utilize as much as possible with all of the natural light, we
have skylights and LED lights throughout,” Lingle explains.
“Our main conference room is the only room or office that
doesn’t have the motion sensor lighting, so that saves down
our energy a lot. Thirty-one percent of this building is made
from recycled materials. … We use bamboo in our flooring
for our offices, and wood flooring. Even a percentage of the
wallpaper is made from recycled material.”
Up on the roof, Lingle points out the solar thermal panels
that are used for heating the water that we heard popping
in the holding tank. They’re much smaller than one might
expect. For now, they’re up there on their own, but the
building was designed to accommodate more panels as the
company’s growth should require. “They actually built the
roof here to be about 30 percent stronger than it needed to
be, so that if he wanted to, he could put a solar field over
here,” Lingle says. “It’s also a box-in-box design, so what
we’re standing on is not the top of the warehouse — there
is about six feet of insulation. So that definitely helps our
energy costs, as well, and to keep it cold all year round.”
On the way back down, Lingle points out the efficiency of
the natural lighting that illuminates the stairwell. “The solar
tracking skylights actually create a majority of the light in
the whole stairwell going all the way down,” she says. “All
the lights you see are just these little rectangle lights. So it’s
kind of crazy, I think, that something so little goes so far, and
This cistern collects the excess rainwater from the roof, which passes
through a UV filter and the water is subsequently used to flush the building’s
you see all of these kind of combined into our building. It’s
At nearly every turn, something in the building or the business’s
design is turned toward maximizing efficiency. That
said, there did have to be one or two concessions to the
nature of the produce business. “[The pickers/forklifts] are
electric,” Lingle concedes. “Peter did try fossil fuel cell, but
unfortunately, going from all of the different-temperature
rooms, because all of our rooms are different temperatures,
and then the freezer, the condensation built up in the cell. …
Unfortunately, it’s one of those things that was not able to
be as successful as planned.”
But just the idea of reaching for fossil fuel cell-driven forklifts
shows the care and commitment to efficiency and environmentalism
exhibited by Testa in his operational planning,
as well as the detail involved in managing every aspect of
the business’s efficiency. “Peter actually designed a way that
— some of our products arrive with ice in them, things that
need to be kept cold — so he designed a drainage system
that doesn’t drip down to the next level. It just kind of goes
down and into the drain” to protect the produce beneath.
The Price of Staying Ahead
The Testa Produce building is a wonder to behold in so many
ways, and one that sets a firm benchmark for other businesses
to consider when re-designing or retrofitting their own
facilities. For Peter Testa, every option to make things more
environmentally friendly, more efficient and cost-effective
was worth considering, even if the initial cost outlay was
much more than it otherwise might have been.
“The thing is, I believe in all of the renewable technological
side — I actually believe in all of that,” Testa says. “I actually
put credence into that. I think it’s very good for the environment.
I think it’s very good for business in general, which
seems to be a hard concept for people to get — that it’s
good for business.”
Testa is both adamant and passionate about the benefits of
doing business in an efficient and environmentally sound
fashion — so much so, that we had to delete some of his
saltier language from this story. But his intent still comes
through with firmness and conviction. “Some of this stuff is
just dumb,” he says, frankly. “And talking to people when
you ask them the question, ‘Well why wouldn’t you do this?’
‘Well, it’s too expensive.’ No, it’s not. Do the math. You do
the math. If you put up a solar field, and it costs x amount,
the government gives you x amount as a rebate for it, and
you get the power for the rest of the time, the solar panels
last for 25 … years, and you put a big enough piece up there
on the [roof] — your entire building doesn’t get an electrical
bill for the next 20 years, and you’re going to tell me it’s not
cost efficient? You’re dead wrong.
“That doesn’t even take into calculations the actual physical
of your employees,” he continues. More than just the
ongoing cost savings, Testa is also insistent about the positive
effect of doing business his way on the people who work for
his company. “They’re not coming to a … hole every morning.
They’re coming to the best facility in the United States.
What is that worth? Where is the money in that? If you can’t
quantify that in a corporate environment — ‘It doesn’t count
for anything’ — you’re out of your … mind if you think it
doesn’t count for anything. It’s called retention. It’s called
employee happiness. It’s called employees’ work ethic.”
Testa acknowledges the hesitation that comes with the big
upfront price tag where a a lot of renewable technologies
are concerned. “The upfront money is the big problem,” he
says. “Everyone looks at it and, ‘Oh, I’ve got to spend a million
dollars.’ Yes, you’re going to spend a million dollars, but
when you spend that million dollars, you’re going to get x
amount back in savings that will take a long period of time.”
That initial upfront cost was heavy for Testa, he readily
admits. But he has no regrets about doing what he felt was
the right thing, and running his business in a way in which
he and his employees can feel good about it for years to
come. “The upfront costs for me, yes. They were more money
than I probably should have spent or wanted to spend,” he
says, “but the environmental impact has been tremendous;
the customer impact has been tremendous; the cost savings
have been very good — what I consider to be very good. And
they’ve actually stayed the same or gone down. … So I’ve accomplished
my goal, to keep the expenses from my building
at a relatively low cost.”
40 | Chief Engineer
Volume 84 · Number 1 | 41
Announcing a New
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Fresh nuts, bolts and fittings are ready to be added to the east leg of the pipeline near St. Ignace, Mich., as Enbridge prepares to test the east and west
sides of the Line 5 pipeline under the Straits of Mackinac in Mackinaw City, Mich. Gov. Rick Snyder hoped to use the final weeks of his tenure to lock in
a deal allowing construction of a hotly debated oil pipeline tunnel beneath a channel linking two of the Great Lakes. (Dale G Young/Detroit News via AP,
A Republican-backed bill would designate the Mackinac
Bridge Authority as owner of the tunnel, with responsibility
for overseeing construction and managing its operations
while leasing it to Enbridge and other potential users, such
as electric cable companies. Snyder’s office is also requesting
$4.5 million for startup administrative costs and radar to
monitor wave heights in the straits.
The seven-member bridge authority, whose sole responsibility
since its creation in the 1950s has been to maintain the
vehicular bridge that crosses the straits and links Michigan’s
two peninsulas, heard from supporters and opponents Nov. 8
(Continued on page 44)
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42 | Chief Engineer
Volume 84 · Number 1 | 43
but took no action. Its next scheduled meeting is in February,
but Creagh said he hopes the group will convene before
January to ratify the tunnel plan. Snyder recently filled four
vacancies on the authority, giving his appointees the majority.
The authority’s Democratic chairman, Patrick “Shorty” Gleason,
signaled that he has little interest in calling a special
meeting in December to accept oversight responsibility for
the proposed structure before the governorship changes
“If they think I or any member of the Mackinac Bridge
Authority can be given an agreement with absolutely no negotiations
or discussions with Enbridge and have it resolved
within a couple weeks, there’s no way that’s possible,” he
said. Gleason said the incoming administration’s views are
“equally important,” and he hopes Snyder and Whitmer
discuss the issue.
Opponents hope concerns about altering the bridge agency’s
mission so significantly — raised even by people who don’t
necessarily oppose the tunnel — will persuade the panel to
delay a decision.
“We re living in a moment of energy transition and the idea
of building a tunnel under the Great Lakes for a foreign oil
company to use for the next century has not been given the
forethought and due diligence that the public demands,”
executive director Liz Kirkwood said.
Creagh said the bridge authority was the logical choice to
oversee the tunnel.
“They have an impeccable record, they’ve done a great job
with the bridge,” he said. “They’ve been bipartisan, looked
out not just for the bridge, but for the straits.”
Enbridge spokesman Ryan Duffy declined to speculate about
the fate of the agreement if it isn’t completed before Whitmer
“We believe now is the time to build for the future,” Duffy
said. “That’s what our agreement with the state is about —
protecting the straits and having energy independence.”
Keystone XL Pipeline Builder Asks Judge
to Allow Some Work By Matt Volz
William Gnodtke, the outgoing chairman who was appointed
by former Republican Gov. John Engler, and seven other
former members issued a statement saying the plan “would
mean a major dilution of the authority’s focus on the bridge”
and “has the potential to seriously compromise its effectiveness
in managing Michigan’s single largest asset.”
Gnodtke and current bridge authority member Barbara
Brown are among leaders of the newly formed Friends of
Mackinac Bridge, which will lobby state officials to slow
things down and establish a separate agency to manage the
tunnel if one is built, said Jim Lively of the Traverse Citybased
Groundworks Center for Resilient Communities.
For Love of Water, an environmental group, contends the
plan would expose the bridge authority to financial and
legal liability in the event of a rupture or other disaster, despite
a provision in the agreement that Enbridge would pony
up at least $1.8 billion to deal with potential spills.
The Keystone Steele City pumping station, into which the planned Keystone XL pipeline is to connect, is seen in Steele City, Neb. The company that wants
to build the Keystone XL pipeline is asking a Montana judge to change his order blocking the project to allow pre-construction work to continue, such as
purchasing materials and finalizing contracts. Attorneys for the company were to argue in a Wed. Nov.28, 2018, telephone conference that U.S. District
Judge Brian Morris should clarify or amend his ruling to say the injunction does not apply to activities such as finalizing contracts, purchasing materials,
conducting land surveys and discussing federal permits. (AP Photo/Nati Harnik, File)
HELENA, Mont. (AP) — The company that wants to build the
Keystone XL pipeline is asking a judge to change his order
blocking the project to allow pre-construction work to continue,
such as purchasing materials and finalizing contracts.
Attorneys for the company were to argue in a Nov. 28
telephone conference that U.S. District Judge Brian Morris
should clarify or amend his ruling to say the injunction does
not apply to activities such as finalizing contracts, purchasing
materials, conducting land surveys and discussing federal
TransCanada wants to keep that preliminary work on track
so that the Calgary-based company can be prepared to start
pipeline construction as early as mid-February.
Blocking the pre-construction work even for several weeks
would likely cause the company to miss the entire 2019
construction season and delay its 2021 target for oil to start
flowing through the pipeline.
“A one-year delay in construction of the pipeline would result
in substantial harm to TransCanada, as well was to United
States workers, and to TransCanada’s customers relying
on the current in-service date of the project,” TransCanada
Pipelines Limited Senior Vice President Norrie Ramsay said in
a written statement to the court.
A yearlong delay would cost TransCanada $949 million in
earnings and put off the hiring of about 6,600 workers for
construction, Ramsay said.
On Nov. 8, Morris blocked TransCanada’s permit to build the
pipeline from Alberta’s oil sands through a half-dozen U.S.
states to the Gulf of Mexico.
The judge had ruled the Trump administration had not fully
considered the environmental effects of the pipeline.
TransCanada’s attorneys say the company is considering
appealing Morris’ order. Ramsay also estimates that it could
take as long as the first quarter of 2019 for federal agencies
to complete the review that Morris ordered.
One group that sued to block the pipeline project, the Northern
Plains Resource Council, declined comment on TransCanada’s
request, spokesman Dustin Ogdin said.
The attorney for another plaintiff, Indigenous Environmental
Network, did not respond to a voicemail requesting comment.
44 | Chief Engineer
Volume 84 · Number 1 | 45
United States Alliance Fire Protection
Acquires K&S Automatic Sprinklers
LAKE FOREST, ILL. — United States Alliance Fire Protection
(USAFP), the largest full service fire protection solution provider
in the Midwest, announced it has acquired K&S Automatic
Sprinklers Inc. The move strengthens USAFP’s array of
commercial, residential and tenant improvement solutions.
K&S Automatic Sprinklers Inc. has a historic legacy serving
the Chicago area. As one of the original eight fire safety
companies to serve the Chicagoland area, K&S has provided
consistent, attentive service to its customers.
“We have a great team at USAFP, and this acquisition allows
us to further strengthen our capabilities and continue to
deliver reliable and efficient service to our customers,” said
Chad Huennekens, president of United States Alliance Fire
Established in 1986, United States Alliance Fire Protection is a
licensed, insured and financially solid contractor specializing
in all aspects of fixed fire protection systems. USAFP will continue
to provide its full range of services from engineering
USA Fire Protection celebrates its acquisition of K&S Automatic Sprinklers.
and design to inspections, testing and maintenance.
United States Alliance Fire Protection is a subsidiary of APi
Group, Inc. For more information, visit www.usafireprotectioninc.com.
Mike Doorhy Joins Weil-McLain® as Vice
“Mike’s proven track record in leading growth transformations,
his deep understanding of critical building infrastructure
applications, and his strong technical skills in managing
complex channel structures and highly engineered product
categories will be tremendous assets to Weil-McLain,” said
John Swann, president of Weil-McLain. “His experience is an
ideal fit as we accelerate our investment and growth across
both residential and commercial heating segments, with a
strong focus on high efficiency products, advanced controls
and other emerging technologies.”
Most recently, Doorhy served as Executive Vice President for
the largest business unit within Panduit, a global manufacturer
of physical infrastructure equipment supporting power,
communications, control and security systems. At Panduit,
Doorhy also held leadership positions in engineering, product
management, operations and business development.
Doorhy has a bachelor’s degree in mechanical engineering
from Marquette University, a master’s in electrical engineering
from the Illinois Institute of Technology, and a MBA from
BURR RIDGE, Ill. — Weil-McLain®, a leading designer and
manufacturer of hydronic comfort heating systems for residential,
commercial and institutional buildings, announces
the appointment of Mike Doorhy as Vice President / General
Manager. In this important leadership role, Mike will be
responsible for executing Weil-McLain’s ongoing product
line expansion, channel management and customer support
strategies designed to meet the evolving needs of building
owners, installers, specifiers and channel partners.
46 | Chief Engineer
Volume 84 · Number 1 | 47
Mortenson’s Greg Werner Receives
Highest Honor from City of Hope
Pictured from left to right: Andy Stapleton, Greg Werner,
Dan Johnson (Credit: City of Hope)
CHICAGO — Greg Werner, senior vice president
for national builder and developer
Mortenson, has received the 2018 Spirit of
Life® Award for his service to City of Hope,
a world-renowned research and treatment
center for cancer, diabetes and other serious
diseases. The annual award, the City of Hope’s
highest honor, recognizes philanthropic leaders
who make important contributions to their
profession and to the communities in which
they live and work.
Werner, an active member of the City of Hope
Chicago Construction and Real Estate Council
for more than a decade, was honored at the
annual Chicago City of Hope gala on November
8. Werner also led the Chicago council’s
2018 City of Hope fundraising campaign,
along with co-chairs Dan Johnson, Mortenson
president and CEO, and Andy Stapleton, general
manager of Mortenson’s Chicago office.
The Spirit of Life dinner raised $452,000,
including an all-time record for the Fund-A-
Need auction. The group has raised more than
$12 million for City of Hope since its founding
“Greg is a leader in both the construction
industry and in his commitment to giving back
to the community. He exemplifies professionalism,
integrity and stewardship,” said Joe
Cushing, president of the City of Hope Chicago
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Construction and Real Estate Council and executive vice president
of Cushing & Co.
Werner’s community involvement is part of a long tradition
of philanthropy at Mortenson, a private, family-owned business
based in Minneapolis that has given 5 percent of annual
pretax profits to its communities for more than 25 years.
“I have had the pleasure of working closely with Greg for
over two decades. His unwavering commitment to serve our
customers and our communities with passion and energy
have been hallmarks of his success as a business leader,” said
David Mortenson, chairman of Mortenson.
Werner joined Mortenson’s Milwaukee office as a project
engineer in 1990. He spent five years in San Francisco as
construction executive before moving to Chicago to open
a new office for Mortenson in 2000. He was promoted to
senior vice president in 2016 and now oversees the company’s
Chicago and Milwaukee offices. Werner holds a Bachelor
of Science in construction management from the University
of Wisconsin-Madison. In addition to serving on the Chicago
Construction and Real Estate Council for City of Hope, he is a
board director of the Harper College Educational Foundation
and Barrington Children’s Charities.
“I am honored and humbled to receive the Spirit of Life
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the work is. I am proud to be able to support their mission
through the Chicago construction council,” said Werner.
Pictured from left to right: Andy Stapleton, Dan Johnson, Leo Wang M.D.,
PH.D., Greg Werner, Sara Werner, Elizabeth Werner (Credit: City of Hope)
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48 | Chief Engineer
Volume 84 · Number 1 | 49
New FLIR InSite Mobile Application
Simplifies Inspection Management
WILSONVILLE, Ore. — FLIR Systems, Inc. (NASDAQ: FLIR) recently
announced the launch of FLIR InSite, a new mobile
application and Web portal for organizing client information
and thermal inspection data in one location that is easy to
access, manage and share. Ideal for electricians, electrical
contractors, and thermography service professionals, the FLIR
InSite workflow management tool reduces inspection preparation
time, increases efficiency, and helps deliver results
quickly. With FLIR InSite, inspection professionals deliver a
better customer experience and can visually demonstrate the
value of their services.
FLIR InSite application helps users effectively plan and prepare
for their work before beginning the day’s inspection.
Working seamlessly with FLIR thermal imaging cameras and
tools, the app collects all the images and data needed for
an inspection report, while also reducing administrative
workload. For reporting, the application provides real-time
updates and delivers images, inspection data, and reports
through a secure and private client portal.
The feature-rich FLIR InSite app includes a client registry for
customer accounts, sites and assets. Additionally, it helps
with planning optimal inspection routes, and connectivity
with thermal imaging cameras and METERLiNK®-capable
meters to immediately associate photos and data with the
asset being inspected. Once the inspection is complete, the
secure FLIR InSite client portal enables image sharing, and
inspection data and recommendations with a team, clients,
or anyone subscribing to the portal. FLIR InSite also organizes
and stores all data for quick access to status summaries on
any electrical asset.
The FLIR InSite app is available as a free download through
the Apple Store and on the FLIR website. For more information,
About FLIR Systems, Inc.
Founded in 1978 and headquartered in Wilsonville, Ore.,
FLIR Systems is a world-leading maker of sensor systems that
enhance perception and heighten awareness, helping to save
lives, improve productivity, and protect the environment.
Through its nearly 3,500 employees, FLIR’s vision is to be
“The World’s Sixth Sense” by leveraging thermal imaging
and adjacent technologies to provide innovative, intelligent
solutions for security and surveillance, environmental and
condition monitoring, outdoor recreation, machine vision,
navigation, and advanced threat detection. For more information,
please visit www.flir.com and follow @flir.
YOU CAN VIEW, DOWNLOAD AND PRINT PHOTOS
FROM CHIEF ENGINEERS ASSOCIATION OF
CHICAGOLAND MEETINGS ONLINE.
JUST VISIT HTTP://WWW.FLICKR.COM/-
CHIEFENGINEER.ORG AND CLICK ON THE
IMAGES ON THE BOTTOM OF THE PAGE.
FLIR’s InSite mobile application streamlines the thermal inspection process,
50 | Chief Engineer
Volume 84 · Number 1 | 51
form, allowing architectural and engineering firms to design
with REHAU PEXa plumbing and radiant heating/cooling
content directly in Autodesk® Revit® models.
Subscribers to the cloud-based platform UNIFI Connect can
locate and adopt manufacturer content into their internal libraries.
Collaboration and data exchange between all parties
is reliable because data is accessed and updated in real time.
BIM library administrators are alerted when manufacturers
update their content libraries, facilitating timely updates
within their open projects and their internal libraries.
“Our new BIM library is a great addition to our technical
services, which include continuing education training, design
and takeoff software for material estimating, specifications
and radiant heating/cooling design services,” said Jonathan
Bittenbender, director of engineering for REHAU’s building
solutions division. “With this array of online and staff services,
architects and engineers can be assured of the support
they need to successfully specify and implement REHAU
Designers can access the REHAU BIM library through UNIFI
at http://unifilabs.com or download files from the REHAU
Resource Center at: http://www.na.rehau.com/bim. Designers
who do not already have a UNIFI subscription can request a
free trial at http://unifilabs.com/free-trial.
For more information, contact REHAU, 1501 Edwards Ferry
Rd., N.E., Leesburg, Va., 20176. Phone: 1.800.247.9445. Fax:
1.800.627.3428. E-mail: email@example.com. Web site:
REHAU delivers “Unlimited Polymer Solutions,” and is the
premium worldwide brand for polymer-based innovations
and systems in construction, automotive and industry. The
company generates continuous growth through its expertise
and innovative capabilities in materials development, systems
design and surface technology. Approximately 20,000 employees
at more than 170 locations around the world ensure
success of the independent, privately held company.
Among the components in the REHAU BIM library are the
RAUPEX® crosslinked polyethylene (PEXa) pipe, EVER-
LOC+TM polymer and lead-free brass compression-sleeve
fittings and radiant distribution manifolds offered throughout
the United States and Canada.
FLIR’s InSite mobile application streamlines the thermal inspection process, and simplifies data collection and result sharing.
REHAU Offers BIM Files for Plumbing
and Mechanical Systems Through UNIFI
LEESBURG, Va. — The REHAU BIM library is now available on
GENERAL CONTRACTING & CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT
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52 | Chief Engineer
Volume 84 · Number 1 | 53
Smartphone Makers Bet on Foldable
Screens as Next Big Thing By Michael Liedtke
Samsung and several rivals are preparing to roll out such
screens to make devices more versatile for work and pleasure.
The foldable screens could increase display space to the
size of a mini-tablet, but fold like a wallet so they revert to
the size of regular phones. But there are questions about
price and durability.
If the new phones fulfill their makers’ ambitions, they will
become a leap ahead for an industry whose origins can be
traced to the old flip phones that consumers once embraced
as cool and convenient. Foldable-screen phones, though,
won’t need hinges because they have continuous displays
that can bend.
In an indication of how difficult it is to make a flexible screen
that’s also durable, Samsung first announced plans to build
a folding-screen phone five years ago. It wasn’t until late
last year, though, that Samsung finally provided a glimpse at
what it’s been working on.
“We have been living in a world where the size of a screen
could only be as large as the device itself,” said Justin
Denison, Samsung’s senior vice president of mobile product
marketing. “We have just entered a new dimension.”
Except for a fleeting look at a device he held in a hand, Denison
provided scant information about the phone. Samsung
says it will be ready to hit the market at some point next
Smartphone makers are looking for something to excite
consumers as they replace phones less often because new
models are pricey and aren’t that much different from their
predecessors beyond slightly better cameras and batteries.
That’s the main reason worldwide smartphone sales have
fallen from the previous year for four consecutive quarters,
according to IDC. Add it all up, and smartphone sales declined
by 4 percent during 12 months ending in September.
Samsung, the world’s leading seller of smartphones, suffered
a 7 percent decline in shipments during that period, based
on IDC’s calculations.
But it’s not clear whether flexible-screen phones will have
mass appeal, especially when the bendy devices are expected
to cost more than $1,000. Royole Corp., a small Silicon Valley
company, is hoping to sell early versions of its FlexPai foldable-screen
phone for $1,300 to $1,500 once it comes to the
U.S. — something that won’t happen until next year, at the
earliest. For now, it will be available in China starting next
month, at a price equivalent to about $1,300.
While the idea of a device being able to bend into different
shapes may sound good, IDC analyst Ramon Llamas is skeptical
about how practical and durable they will be. One of the
biggest questions is whether the quality of the screens will
degrade as they get repeatedly folded. “Are people really
going to want to watch a Netflix show on these devices if
there is a crease down the middle of it?” Llamas said.
Royole said its FlexPai can be bent more than 200,000 times
Other foldable-screen phones running Google’s Android software
are expected to be available, too. Huawei confirmed
last month that it is working on a phone with a flexible
screen. LG Electronics is widely expected to unveil one at the
CES gadget show in Las Vegas in January. LG didn’t respond
to a request for comment.
“Everyone has been thinking about the same question:
‘What’s next? Is there nothing more from a smartphone?”’
Royole CEO Bill Liu said.
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FlexPai smartphone with a flexible screen displayed in San Francisco. Royole
Corp. recently unveiled what it is billing to be the world’s first smartphone
with a flexible screen so the device can be folded like a billfold. The phone
will go on sale next month in China only, but Royole hopes to release it in
the U.S. next year. Samsung announced its plans for its own foldable-screen
phone in San Francisco in October. (AP Photo/Michael Liedtke)
SAN FRANCISCO (AP) — For the past few years, the smartphone
industry has been searching for a breakthrough to
revive a market mired in an innovation lull and a sales slump.
A potential catalyst is on the horizon in the form of flexible
screens that can be folded in half without breaking.
54 | Chief Engineer
Volume 84 · Number 1 | 55
Mountain Home Firefighters Get Real-Time
Mapping System By Josh Dooley | The Baxter Bulletin
MOUNTAIN HOME, Ark. (AP) — The days of Mountain Home
firefighters potentially getting lost when responding to an
emergency are now numbered. Thanks to a new system
being put into place, the firefighters will be given directions
and a host of other information in real time.
The system is called Active911 and involves software loaded
on smartphones and tablets. The fire department is in the
process of mounting iPads in firetrucks to accommodate the
new software, the Baxter Bulletin reported.
As an example, let’s say there is an accident on the
Sheid-Hopper Bypass. A witness with a cellphone calls 911
and says the accident is on the bypass “near” College Street.
of fire hydrants nearby.
Let’s say Engine 1 responds to the accident scene with four
firefighters aboard, all of whom have the Active911 application
on their smartphones. Any firefighter who opens the
application on a phone or tablet will be able to see Engine
1 and the four firefighters traveling across the map in real
Now, let’s say Engine 2 responds from a different location.
Meanwhile, Engine 1 discovers the accident is not really
“near” College Street, but rather half a mile east of the
street. And the accident is not in the westbound lanes as
reported by the caller but in the eastbound lanes.
Cpt. Kris Quick who’s heading up the effort to bring the
system on line.
“It’s also easy to forget where a street is. It’s great to have
the route just pop up on the screen,” Quick said.
The system provides the quickest route available, but cannot
take into account given conditions on any random day.
“Let’s say we’ve got multiple trucks responding to an incident
and the first truck in encounters construction,” Quick
said. “They can alter the route and other responding units
will go around the obstruction.”
Maps with real-time locations of people and trucks aren’t
the only pieces of information the system conveys.
Thanks to the Mountain Home Street Department, every fire
hydrant in the city is now mapped out. When the fire department
got the new software, the water department gave
them precise GPS locations to all the fire hydrants.
enter the flow ratings for each hydrant. If two fire hydrants
are near a home on fire and one hydrant can provide 2,000
gallons per minute while the other can only provide 500,
firefighters can choose the hydrant based on the size of the
In the future, the system will improve as firefighters enter
more data about specific locations. One of the improvements
they hope to make is to replace the Google mapping with
the local 911 mapping, a more accurate and up-to-date rendering
of local roads.
“This system will get better and better as the years go by
and we add more information,” Quick said. “There are cities
that have been using it for several years and they say it gets
better over time as you add more data to it, so it will always
be a work in progress.”
The 911 system pings the person’s cellphone and gets the
address of the nearest cell tower. When they dispatch the
Mountain Home Fire Department, the address of that cell
tower will populate on the iPads in the trucks and on any
Additionally, the map firefighters see will show the location
Engine 1 stops at the accident and reports they are on scene.
Now, Engine 2 knows exactly where the accident is because
they can see on their map where Engine 1 has stopped, thus
saving them time in locating the accident.
“It doesn’t matter how long you’ve lived here, you’re always
going to come across streets you’ve never heard of,” said
Other information is being added to the system as time allows.
Plans of buildings can be entered, along with locations
of hazardous materials, drawings, pictures and other information
about specific addresses.
In the case of fire hydrants, the department will eventually
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56 | Chief Engineer
Volume 84 · Number 1 | 57
Weil-McLain® Introduces Advanced,
Energy Efficient Stainless Steel Vertical
Firetube Commercial Boiler
Weil-Mclain’s new state-of-the-art boiler line features industry-leading
thermal efficiencies, contractor-friendly controls and durable design for all
BURR RIDGE, Ill. — Hydronic comfort heating leader Weil-Mc-
Lain® now offers its most advanced commercial stainless
steel boiler. The new Stainless Steel Vertical Firetube (SVF)
features industry-leading thermal efficiency up to 97.1
percent, unrivaled ease of installation and maintenance,
the intuitive and user-friendly Unity control system, and
Weil-McLain boiler design reliability and longevity.
“The SVF boiler line was developed with the contractor in
mind and utilizing extensive market research and testing to
help shape design and functionality,” said John Miller, senior
product manager with Weil-McLain. “The result is firetube
performance, perfected. The new SVF showcases the quality,
durability, serviceability and innovation that contractors have
come to expect from Weil-McLain, and demonstrates our
commitment to industry-leading hydronic heating performance.”
Available in 750 and 1100 models, the SVF line features a
clover-shaped stainless steel fire tube heat exchanger for
best-in-class corrosion resistance, a new and bold exterior
look, and simple, user-friendly controls to make installation
and operation easy. With superior thermal efficiencies, the
SVF line offers cost savings and energy efficiencies that could
allow owners to qualify for local utility rebates, if available.
The unit meets all market-driven bid specifications, and is
designed for most heating needs including applications in
schools and other educational facilities, public institutions,
healthcare buildings, offices, hotels, multi-family, churches
Time-saving installation features including heavy-duty roller
casters for improved maneuverability in confined spaces,
industrial-grade leveling legs, an end-shot burner design
requiring only 18 inches overhead space, and the advanced
Unity control set-up wizard.
“The Unity Controller is designed to reduce installation and
set-up time for contractors, simplify boiler system design for
Weil-Mclain’s new state-of-the-art boiler line features industry-leading
thermal efficiencies, contractor-friendly controls and durable design for all
specifying engineers, and improve control interface commonality
and communication across the entire Weil-McLain high
efficiency boiler line,” said Miller.
For ease of service, the SVF features a hinged cover plate
with quick access to the burner and fire tubes for simple heat
exchanger wash-down with no need for additional disassembly,
and an open back panel design with no side access
required for service. The unit also features a removable and
replaceable condensate base.
Other key features include:
• 70 to 2,0000 MBH compatibility
• 160 psi working pressure
• Natural gas or propane fuel options
• Modbus communication with BACet/Lonworks compatibility
• Low NOX
• Full line of venting options
The SVF also is ideal for applications calling for a cast iron
boiler complement, and joins the Weil-McLain family of boilers
that includes the industry’s widest selection of high-efficiency
gas and oil-fired boilers for residential, commercial
and institutional needs.
To learn more about the SVF Unity boilers, visit https://
www.weil-mclain.com/products/residential-boilers or contact
a Weil-McLain regional sales office at www.weil-mclain.com/
YOU CAN VIEW, DOWNLOAD AND PRINT PHOTOS
FROM CHIEF ENGINEERS ASSOCIATION OF
CHICAGOLAND MEETINGS ONLINE.
JUST VISIT HTTP://WWW.FLICKR.COM/-
CHIEFENGINEER.ORG AND CLICK ON THE
IMAGES ON THE BOTTOM OF THE PAGE.
58 | Chief Engineer
Volume 84 · Number 1 | 59
Big Engines Mean Lots of Soot
because the centrifuge removes contaminants from the oil
flow altogether. Filters take out solids and hold them from
circulating further but plug and reduce oil flow and eventually
reach the point of not working. The cleaning efficiency
remains constant in a centrifuge, where in a filter it drops off
as the filter plugs.
Taco Introduces Hot-LinkPlus-e ECM
With Dieselcraft Centrifuges, extending drains doesn’t mean
a few extra hours between oil changes. It means multiplying
your current interval by two, three — even four times. All
while protecting your engine better than ever before.
The Model 500 centrifuge is designed with the CAT 3500
engine in mind. Dieselcraft offers two mounting options to
fit any applications.
Dieselcraft has many testimonials and third-party test results
to document the savings.
See the company website at www.dieselcraft.com.
Dieselcraft Centrifuges can extend the interval between oil changes by as
much as four times.
If it is a marine application or land fill gas/generator this
system will surprise you with the soot the current filter is not
Dieselcraft Centrifuges have more than five times the debris-holding
capacity of any “filters” on the market. This is
Taco’s Hot-LinkPlus-e ECM recirculation system offers high-efficiency domestic
hot water recirculation ideal for retrofit applications.
Hot-LinkPlus-e by Taco Comfort Solutions® offers high-efficiency,
intelligent domestic hot water recirculation ideal for
retrofit applications. A dedicated return line is not required.
The HotLinkPlus-e combines a 006e3 ECM hot water circulator
with Taco’s Hot-Link® Valve and Smart Plug Instant Hot
Water Control® in one easily installed package. The Hot-Link
Valve, installed at the building’s furthest water fixture, sends
cooled water back to the water heater so hot water lines
The 006e3 circulator that comes in the Hot-LinkPlus-e package
uses up to 85 percent less electricity than a conventional
circulator. It has three performance curves to best match the
application, and a setting selection guide to make the choice
simple. The Smart Plug learns hot water usage patterns and
delivers hot water when it’s needed, reducing energy use
and extending the life of the water heater.
The entire package is compact, making it ideal for tight spaces.
Multiple connection options are available. A temperature
sensor is included.
For more information, visit www.TacoComfort.com
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60 | Chief Engineer
Volume 84 · Number 1 | 61
STNR-0024-18_Chief Engineer Gear_v4.indd 1
3/15/18 2:09 PM
CRCA Trade Show & Seminars
Jan. 16-18, 2019
Drury Lane Conference Center
100 Drury Lane, Oakbrook Terrace
Since 1983 the CRCA Trade Show & Seminars has provided a
venue for Roofing and Waterproofing Contractors to expand
their knowledge in technology, safety, product and service
enhancements to develop the highest level of Roofing and
This three-day event includes two days of more than 130
manufacturers and suppliers displaying, demonstrating and
promoting the newest products and technology in the roofing
and waterproofing industries, and three days of educational
Attendees can look forward to the following seminars,
Workforce Recruitment, Retention and Development– Finding
And Keeping Your Labor Force Now
Speaker: Kevin Dougherty
MetroMix Prefabricated Hot Water
Temperature Control System
• Safeguard against high temperature system
• Internet & BACnet communication capability.
• Optional power / communication loss protection.
• Stainless steel valve body provides lead-free
domestic hot water use.
Let’s work together to customize a packaged
temperature control system tailored to your project.
The recession of 2007-2008 drained the construction industry
of a lot of talent. People found new work in other industries
or retired. Whether a roofing contractor, roofing consultancy,
design company or building department, we all have
challenges finding and keeping staff to replace the talent
that left. Dougherty covers critical issues in recruiting and
retaining workers for your business.
Roof Replacement Process and Design Liability
Speakers: Kevin Froeter (Sterling Commercial Roofing), Stephen
Phillips (Hendrick Phillips) and Carole Ceja (RRJ)
Ever involved in specifying a roof replacement for a building
owner without a licensed professional? Roofing accounts for
a big percentage of construction litigation while it gets little
attention due to being ‘out of sight, out of mind’. Hear from
a panel of a roof consultant specifier, roofing contractor, and
roofing specialist lawyer about possible liability in the roof
replacement process. From Roofing specifications to installation
and inspection, they’ll cover issues that will keep you
out of court.
Roofing Over Concrete Decks – Centuries of Use, New Prob-
Electronic Mixing Valve
Safeguard against high
temperature system conditions.
Internet & BACnet
Optional Power / communication
Stainles steel valve body provides
lead-free domestic hot water use.
Lets work together to build & sell
smart products for the future.
815-886-9200 or metropolitanind.com
815-886-9200 • metropolitanind.com • firstname.lastname@example.org
lems & Solutions
Speaker: Matt Dupuis (SRI)
What’s the latest guidance when roofing over concrete
decks? This program wraps up the three-year research
project funded by CRCA, CRC, NRCA and others. Using data
from the research, Matt Dupuis, PhD, PE will share findings
and critical recommendations about today’s roofing systems
when applied over concrete.
Common Solutions for Steep Slope Roof Problems
Speaker: Nick Sabino (Deer Park Roofing & NRCA Chairman
Nick speaks about common problems and solutions for steep
slope roofs during this fast-moving program. He’ll cover
why ice dams form and how to prevent leaks from them,
what happens when there is not enough insulation in the
attic, when ventilation is inadequate, bad flashing and edge,
gutter details. He’ll provide possible solutions for these issues
and many more.
For more information or to register, visit crca.org/crca_events/
National HVACR Educators and
March 3-5, 2019
South Point Hotel
Las Vegas, NV
You are cordially invited to the 2019 National HVACR Educators
and Trainers Conference. This is the only conference created
exclusively for HVACR instructors. Instructors can attend
knowing that the sessions are conducted by professionals
who are involved in many aspects of the HVACR industry, including
teaching, manufacturing, designing and engineering.
This conference helps HVACR instructors to improve their
understanding of the physics and theories needed for teaching,
incorporate emerging technologies into the classroom,
gain the knowledge to improve student outcomes, learn
about new educational delivery methodologies, understand
regulatory changes, and to network with peers to discuss
approaches for incorporating these technologies, methods
and concepts into their own programs back home.
• Professional development for HVACR instructors.
• 50+ sessions to attend.
• Gain the knowledge to improve the training you offer.
• Test your knowledge with free educator credentialing
• Exposition showcasing new technology, equipment, tools
& teaching aids.
• Put your skills to the test in the instructor competition.
• Three plated meals and three continental breakfasts are
• Earn continuing education units/hours.
• Meet instructors who share common goals.
• Network and exchange ideas.
• Stay an extra day for VRV Training on March 6th.
The conference is open to anyone involved in training
current or future HVACR workforce. This includes but is not
limited to: HVACR instructors, utility trainers, technical service
advisors, manufacturers, corporate trainers, and administrators.
More Reasons to Attend
Professional development is an ongoing process where
instructors learn about technological advancements, educational
delivery systems, and critical issues that directly relate
to the curriculum they teach.
For HVACR instructors to receive professional development
that keeps them appraised of emerging technologies and
regulatory updates necessary to align their program with industry
needs, they need continuing education that is created
exclusively for them. The HVAC Excellence National HVACR
Educators and Trainers Conference offers this and much
Instructors can participate knowing that the sessions are
conducted by professionals who are involved in many aspects
of the HVACR industry, including: manufacturing, designing,
engineering, or teaching.
This conference offers professional development specifically
designed for HVACR instructors by HVACR instructors, to
meet the continually changing needs of the HVACR industry.
• Attend knowing that the sessions offered were created
with the instructor in mind.
• Immediately feel confident to incorporate concepts from
sessions into one’s training program.
• Learn how to incorporate emerging technologies into the
• Discover new educational delivery systems to connect with
Generation Z, as each generational change comes a pedagogical
• Network with peers from across North America to share
ideas, gain new skills and become a better instructor.
• Discover innovative approaches to teaching the same
• Improve your knowledge of the subject matter required to
teach your curriculum.
• Learn new teaching techniques that can improve student
• Earn continuing education units that directly relate to the
curriculum you teach.
• Take educator-credentialing exams specifically designed
for HVACR instructors free of charge.
Our speakers will inspire and motivate you while our slate of
over 50 sessions will bring you knowledge and skills you can
begin implementing immediately.
For more information or to register, visit www.escogroup.org
and click on “Conference.”
62 | Chief Engineer
Volume 84 · Number 1 | 63
ASHRAE Leadership Addresses Canada
House of Commons Standing Committee
on Natural Resources
ATLANTA — Sheila J. Hayter, P.E. 2018-2019 ASHRAE president,
and Darryl K. Boyce, P.Eng., 2018-2019 ASHRAE president-elect,
testified before the Standing Committee on
Natural Resources at the House of Commons of Canada on
Tuesday, Nov. 20.
The committee is currently studying economic opportunities
for energy efficiency in Canada. ASHRAE provided testimony
focused on the technical tools, standards and guidelines it
develops that can help government — and the private sector
— deliver on energy efficiency and building performance.
During the hearing, Hayter highlighted how ASHRAE resources
can help drive sound energy policy, and aid Canada
in its development of a nationwide net-zero energy building
code, which it aims to complete by 2030, with all provinces
and territories adopting and implementing it by 2040.
Hayter shared that ASHRAE is reviewing its existing portfolio
of standards to determine the best way to create a zero-energy
building standard and would happily share the Society’s
knowledge in the area.
“ASHRAE is honored to have had the opportunity to testify
before the Standing Committee on Natural Resources,” said
Hayter. “We take immense pride in being invited into these
important discussions while we work as a Society to spearhead
the efforts toward building a new energy future. As
Canada moves toward a smart grid, we welcome the opportunity
to continue sharing our technical expertise to ensure
this transition is done effectively and efficiently, and to also
assist in providing the tools, resources, and knowledge to
ensure proper operation of buildings in this new paradigm.”
During his testimony, Boyce passionately articulated the importance
of optimizing the performance of Canada’s existing
buildings, sharing that every $1 million invested in energy
efficiency results in $3 to $4 million in economic growth,
according to the Pembina Institute. Boyce also emphasized
the need to focus on building operations to ensure optimal
“Optimizing Canada’s existing buildings and ensuring effective
building operations are key to meeting Canada’s energy
and climate commitments,” said Boyce. “Investments in these
buildings can also generate solid economic benefits for those
who own, operate, live and work in these buildings — and
ASHRAE has the resources and tools to help achieve those
Boyce particularly pointed out the following tools as resources
well equipped to help Canada achieve its goals.
• ASHRAE Standard 100, Energy Efficiency in Existing Buildings,
which sets criteria to reduce energy consumption
through improved energy efficiency and performance.
• ANSI/ACCA/ASHRAE Standard 211, Standard for Commercial
Building Energy Audits, which outlines the requirements
for ASHRAE Level 1, Level 2, and Level 3 energy
• ASHRAE Building EQ, which is a building energy rating
program that provides both an operational and asset
rating to assess a building’s energy performance. Beyond
providing a score, Building EQ can help improve a
building’s energy performance after the benchmarking
is completed. The Building EQ-In Operation rating assists
with an ASHRAE Level 1 energy audit and provides both a
standardized process and actionable recommendations for
• ASHRAE Standard 135, BACNET® — A Data Communication
Protocol for Building Automation and Control
Networks, which defines data communication services
and protocols for information technology used to monitor
building systems and to ensure all building automation
systems can “talk” to one another.
ASHRAE and Partners
Release 2018 International Green
ATLANTA – ASHRAE has announced the release of the 2018
International Green Construction Code® (2018 IgCC®). The
2018 IgCC is a joint initiative of the U.S. Green Building
Council (USGBC), International Code Council (ICC), ASHRAE
and the Illuminating Engineering Society (IES).
The 2018 IgCC aligns the technical requirements of ANSI/
ASHRAE/ICC/USGBC/IES 189.1-2017-Standard for the Design
of High-Performance Green Buildings Except Low Rise Residential
Buildings, with ICC’s multi-stakeholder IgCC. Goals of
the updated code are to help governments streamline code
development and adoption and improve building industry
standardization by integrating the two previously separate
guidance documents. As a result, the 2018 IgCC is now a unified
code that emphasizes adoption, ease of use and enforcement
for building projects.
“The 2018 IgCC leverages ASHRAE’s technical expertise to
offer a comprehensive tool that has a direct effect on how
green building strategies are implemented,” said Sheila J.
Hayter, 2018-2019 ASHRAE President. “Improving energy
efficiency, building performance and indoor air quality are
at the core of ASHRAE’s mission and we are encouraged by
the impact of this landmark model towards realizing more a
sustainable future for us all.”
As a standing project committee, ASHRAE SSPC 189.1 updated
the technical aspects of Standard 189.1-2014 using
ASHRAE’s continuous maintenance procedures. The final set
of changes to the 2017 edition of Standard 189.1 provided
the foundation for ICC to develop the administrative procedures
for the technical content and codify of the document
into the 2018 IgCC.
“Our hope is that building professionals and policymakers
alike adopt better, greener building strategies that help
them better implement LEED® and achieve higher performance
in sustainability,” said Mahesh Ramanujam, president
and CEO, USGBC.
64 | Chief Engineer
Volume 84 · Number 1 | 65
American Street Guide
Owner of Windmill Property Considers
Future By Mary O’Leary | New Haven Register
Brian Driscoll, owner of the Phoenix Press, is photographed in the bindery
section of the printing company in New Haven, Conn., on Nov. 14, 2018.
(Arnold Gold/Hearst Connecticut Media via AP)
NEW HAVEN, Conn. (AP) — Brian Driscoll loves his view of
New Haven Harbor, the organic farm behind his plant and
watching the wind turbine he erected steadily create green
But the longtime owner of the Phoenix Press feels it is time
to look for a more compact space for his business or sell the
2.5-acre site and lease back a portion of it to fit his needs.
For $3.9 million you could own: the 100-kilowatt turbine that
can be viewed from Interstate 95, the long one-story building
that extends from 5 James St. to 17 James St., and a dock.
“I make jokes saying ‘this is my bridge,’ because every day
basically, I was here watching the construction going on.
They did a marvelous job,” Driscoll said of the structure he,
like most residents, refers to as the “Q Bridge,” although the
proper name is the Pearl Harbor Memorial Bridge.
“With what they had to work with, with the old bridge in
the way and chopping out half of the bridge and then going
back and building the rest of it, it was amazing,” he said.
If he can’t stay where he is now, Driscoll’s next choice would
be to go somewhere else in New Haven. He kept emphasizing
that the business is not closing, only possibly relocating.
Driscoll said he has had a lot of people show interest in the
The building is a series of bays that over time housed several
businesses and could do so again.
Driscoll originally bought the site with his brothers, Tony and
New Haven Farms is located on his property, a successful
nonprofit that works in conjunction with the Fair Haven
Community Health Clinic on a wellness program that teaches
diabetes patients good eating habits.
In exchange for working on the farm, listening to health and
cooking lessons, they get a share of the crop.
Driscoll said if a buyer comes along during the growing
season, he would make it a condition of the sale to let them
finish the season.
For the first couple of years, Driscoll picked up the cost of
the water and electricity for the farm, but more recently, the
farm has been making a contribution.
He said he will miss the beekeepers on the property, as well
as Peels and Wheels run by Domingo A. Medina, who picks
up vegetable waste from area residents who want to contribute
to the farm’s compost pile.
The local entrepreneur travels once a week to homes on his
bicycle, which is attached to a cart where he can carry up to
16 buckets at a time.
many sites in New Haven have been contaminated by metals
traced back to the city’s industrial heyday.
Jacqueline Maisonpierre, the executive director of New Haven
Farms, who previously was the farm manager, said they
are so grateful for Driscoll’s generosity over the past six years
in allowing them to operate there.
“It has been fabulous,” she said.
They don’t have a lease because it was always understood
that at some point he might want to sell.
“We knew it would not be permanent,” Maisonpierre said.
She said being so close to the Quinnipiac River is also problematic,
although the property has not flooded in recent
She said they will move the soil and all the structures elsewhere
if they need to, although it is “heartbreaking” to
Maisonpierre said she hopes a new buyer might also see the
value of the community contribution the present use embodies
and “maybe prioritize that kind of community impact.”
They start growing seedlings in a greenhouse in February
and plant in March. Currently they still are growing hardy
vegetables, such as beets, kale and turnips.
“It is a unique community,” she said.
They have been working most recently with the New Haven
Land Trust and City Seed on future projects.
Driscoll said his off-set printing business, which the brothers
started 37 years ago, is doing well as is the digital printing
component that was added some 25 years ago.
They used to have two large presses, but their footprint has
dropped to one press because of their digital business.
Driscoll said his real incentive to move is to turn the maintenance
over to someone else.
“I’m no spring chicken. I used to climb all over the building.
I used to jump up on the roof if something was going on up
there,” he said, a task he would rather turn over to a new
Driscoll, 66, said if he moves he will continue to buy energy
from wind farms; he just won’t be generating it himself.
“I’m still committed to renewable energy and clean business.
I will do what I can,” he said. “It’s what I have become.”
The logo, which features a wind turbine, says ‘Phoenix Press
- Wind to Print.’
“We can still say that. We just won’t be able to say printed
using clean renewable energy generated from an on-site
wind turbine,” Driscoll said. It will just clarify that the energy
is generated off-site.
He said the turbine never gives them any trouble and it
saves the company between $20,000 and $25,000 a year on
“Literally, it spins our meter backward when we go out to
the grid,” where they get a credit for any electricity they
generate. “It’s nice; we have something no one else has.”
Driscoll said he has only superficially looked for a replacement
site, but has been in touch with city officials and will
get serious if a deal to sell the property comes together
The biweekly Yale New Haven Hospital bulletin was being
printed that morning, a job Phoenix Press has been doing for
“We never missed a date,” he said.
Medina said he calls the area “the corner of sustainability,”
given the wind turbine, the farm and his own composting
business. The compost is continuously added to the soil at
this site and other farms they run, as the natural soils of
66 | Chief Engineer
Volume 84 · Number 1 | 67
Boiler Room Annex
Risk vs. Reward
Engineers hate risk. They try to eliminate it whenever they
can. This is understandable, given that when an engineer
makes one little mistake, the media often treats it like it’s a
big deal or something. For example:
• The Hindenburg
• The Space Shuttle Challenger
• The Hubble Space Telescope
• Apollo 13
• The Titanic
• The Ford Pinto
• The Chevy Corvair
The risk/reward calculation for engineers looks something
RISK: Public humiliation and the death of thousands of innocent
REWARD: A certificate of appreciation in a handsome plastic
Being practical people, engineers evaluate this balance of
risks and rewards and decide that risk is not a good thing.
The best way to avoid risk is by advising that any activity is
technically impossible for reasons that are far too complicated
If that approach is not sufficient to halt a project, then the
engineer will fall back to
Strong and Dumb vs. an Engineer
A big buffoon, sick of working at McDonald’s for what had
seemed an eternity, decided to get a job working as a laborer
at a construction site. Being overconfident, he soon began to
brag to the other workers about all sorts of things. One day
bragged that he could outdo anyone in a feat of strength. He
made a special case of making fun of the wiry engineer on
the site. After several minutes, the engineer had had enough.
“Why don’t you put your money where your mouth is?” said
the engineer. “I will bet a week’s wages that I can haul something
in a wheelbarrow over to that outbuilding that you
won’t be able to wheel back.”
“You’re on, little guy!” the braggart replied. “Let’s see what
The engineer reached out and grabbed the wheelbarrow by
the handles. Then, nodding to the young man, he said, “All
right: Get in.”
68 | Chief Engineer
Volume 84 · Number 1 | 69
Abron Filter and Supply 30
Addison Electric Motors & Drives 67
Admiral Heating & Ventilating, Inc. 55
Advanced Boiler Control Services 50
Affiliated Customer Service 57
Affiliated Parts 21
Affiliated Steam Equipment Co. 60
Air Comfort 15
Air Filter Engineers
Airways Systems 57
American Combustion Service Inc. 56
American Scrap Metal 53
AMS Mechanical Systems, Inc. 52
Anagnos Door Co. 65
Anchor Mechanical 52
Apex Pumping Equipment 47
Arlington Glass & Mirror 64
Armstrong Fluid Technologies 43
Atomatic Mechanical Services 52
Automatic Building Controls 59
Inside Back Cover
Bear Construction 52
Beverly Companies 44
BG Talent 55
BMS Cat of Illinois 64
Breakthru Enterprise 12
Bullock, Logan & Assoc. 30
Chicago Corrosion Group 19
Christopher Glass 26
Chicago Backflow 60
Citywide Pool & Spa 34
Competitive Piping Systems 47
Core Mechanical 14
Dar Pro 11
Door Service, Inc. 53
Dynamic Building Restoration 23
Dynamic Door Service, Ltd. 54
Earthwise Environmental 51
Eastland Industries 65
E/C Vibration 64
Edwards Engineering 66
Energy Improvement Products 16
Exelon Energy ComEd 16
Falls Mechanical 55
Fox Valley Filters 13
Franklin Energy 27
Garratt Callahan 12
Hard Rock Concrete 15
Hart, Travers & Assoc. 35
Hayes Mechanical 24
Hill Fire Protection 22
Hudson Boiler & Tank 28
Imbert International 8
Imperial Crane 53
Industrial Door Company 48
J & L Cooling Towers 55
Johnstone Supply 58
JLS Industries 57
Just In Time Pool & Spa 43
Kent Consulting Engineers 29
Kroeschell, Inc 14
Litgen Concrete Cutting 18
Metropolitan Industries 62
M & O Insulation Company 22
Motion Industries 33
MVB Services 17
National Security Window & Filming 51
NIULPE, Inc. 35
Newmark Construction 58
Preservation Services 50
Prime Energy 59
Q.C. Enterprises, Inc. 24
Rice Mechanical 26
Reliable Fire Equipment Co. 51
Rotating Equipment Specialists 23
Inside Front Cover
Sprinkler Fitters Local 281 31 & 32
Steiner Electric Company 61
Synergy Mechanical 18
United Radio Communications, Inc. 22
USA Fire Protection 44
W.J. O'Neil Chicago LLC 13
Van Meter 29
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70 | Chief Engineer
Volume 84 · Number 1 | 71
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