19082019 - Nigeria to spend N2.53bn on 43 ministers








from CBN

ong>toong> hit N23trn

by year end

Taraba police killing:

Army captain

engaged welder ong>toong>

remove cuffs on



IPOB's attack on



warning ong>toong> Igbo

leaders —KANU



decry 17


in ong>Nigeriaong>

VOL. 26: NO. 63877

ong>Nigeriaong> ong>toong> ong>spendong>





ong>N2.53bnong> on

43 ministers

•Each minister ong>toong> get N58.766m

•Earns N11.652m a year

•Severance pay, furniture allowance N12.158m


Breakdown of ministers'

current salary, emoluments

•Annual basic salary (Minister) —N2,026, 400

•Annual basic Salary (Minister of State) —N1, 800,000

•Estacode Allowance —$900 per night

•Duty Tour Allowance— N35,000 per night

•Utilities (Telephone, electricity, water) —N607, 920

•Vehicle fueling, Maintenance Allowance —N1,519,800

•Domestic Staff Allowance— N1,519,800

•Personal Assistant Allowance —N506,600

•Newspaper Allowance— N303,960

•Accommodation Allowance— N4,052,800

•Furniture Allowance —N 6,079,200

•Leave Allowance —N202,640

•Severance pay —N6,079,200

•Entertainment Allowance— N607,920

•Moniong>toong>ring Allowance— N303,960

•Moong>toong>r Vehicle Loan— N8,105,600

Again, 8


LG boss,




razed in

Ogoni 7

Mr & Mrs

From left: Governor’s Forum Chairman and Ekiti

State Governor, Kayode Fayemi; APC National

Chairman, Comrade Adams Oshiomhole; the

Celebrant, Chief John Odigie-Oyegun; Mrs Oyegun,

Vice President, Prof. Yemi Osinbajo; Former Governor

of Ogun State, Aremo Segun Osoba; SGF, Boss

Mustapha and Ondo State Governor, Oluwarotimi

Akeredolu, chatting during the 80th Birthday

celebration of Chief Oyegun, former National

Chairman of All Progressives Congress (APC) in

Abuja, yesterday. Phoong>toong>: Gbemiga Olamikan.




begin strike ong>toong>day,

say it’ll be ong>toong>tal



NNPC selects 15

consortia for oil

sale, products

10 purchase deal 8


$16bn Power Project:

SERAP backs EFCC’s probe

of Obasanjo’s govt, others




2 – Vanguard, MONDAY, AUGUST 19, 2019




Vanguard, MONDAY, AUGUST 19, 2019 — 3




4 – Vanguard, MONDAY, AUGUST 19, 2019

Vanguard, MONDAY, AUGUST 19, 2019—5


the Federal Government

condemned the attack,

describing it as an

embarrassment ong>toong> the


ELUMELU IN RWANDA— Chairman, United Bank for Africa (UBA) Plc and

Founder, The Tony Elumelu Foundation, Mr. Tony Elumelu and President of

Rwanda, Mr. Paul Kagame (Right), during a courtesy visit by Elumelu ong>toong>

President Kagame at the Presidential Palace in Kigali on Friday. President

Kagame was in Abuja during the just held Tony Elumelu Foundation Forum.

IPOB's attack on Ekweremadu,

warning ong>toong> Igbo leaders —KANU

By Henry Umoru,

Vincent Ujumadu,


Nwabughiogu &

Dirisu Yakubu

A BUJA—Nnamdi

Kanu, Leader of

the Indigenous People of

Biafra, IPOB, insisted,

yesterday, that the attack

on the former Deputy

Senate President,



Ekweremadu, in

Nuremberg, Germany,

was a ‘courageous act’

and ‘polite warning.’

Reacting in his official

Twitter handle, Kanu

said: “The courageous

act by IPOB at Nürnberg,

Germany, is a polite

warning ong>toong> those

engaged in selling our

collective interest ong>toong>

Fulani caliphate. Nwodo

(Ohanaeze Ndigbo

president, Nnia Nwodo),

Igbo governors are


Meanwhile, strong

reactions, yesterday, trailed

the attack on the former

Deputy Senate President,

with the Federal

Government and House of

Representatives describing

the development as an

embarrassment ong>toong> ong>Nigeriaong>.

The House went further

ong>toong> say it was contemplating

a legislation ong>toong> protect

politically exposed

ong>Nigeriaong>ns abroad.

Similarly, the Senate

President, Ahmad Lawan;

his deputy, Ovie Omo-

Agege; Peoples Democratic

Party, PDP, South East

Professionals Forum of All

Progressives Congress,

APC; Senate Chief Whip,

Orji Uzor Kalu, and Senate

Minority Leader,

Enyinnaya Abaribe, also

described the attack on

Ekweremadu as not only

shameful but also

unedifying of the Igbo race.

Reacting through the

ong>Nigeriaong>ns In Diaspora

Commission, NIDCOM,

It’s shameful — FG

In a statement in Abuja,

the Chairman of


Dabiri-Erewa, said: “It is

also shamefully pathetic

that an event, which was

nobly put ong>toong>gether by the

Ndi-Igbo community whose

members make up the

majority of ong>Nigeriaong>ns living

in Germany, ended up in

such a disgraceful


She noted that the event

was ong>toong> provide a forum for

the ‘Diasporans’ and

various stakeholders ong>toong>

network and facilitate a

better cooperation between

German and ong>Nigeriaong>n

businesses, disclosing that

some of the culprits who

perpetrated the act had

been apprehended.

Dabiri-Erewa called on

the German government

and law enforcement

agencies ong>toong> ensure that

there were consequences

for the actions of the


She also appealed ong>toong>

ong>Nigeriaong>ns ong>toong> be of good

behavior wherever they

found themselves, saying

such unruly incidents

tarnish the image of the


House of Reps

Committee reacts

In its reaction, the House

of Representatives said it

was contemplating a

legislation ong>toong> protect

politically exposed people


Chairman of the House

Committee on Foreign

Affairs, Yusuf Buba Yakub,

who made the disclosure in

a statement he personally

signed yesterday, hinted

that the House upon

resumption in September,

would thoroughly

investigate the matter.

He urged the ong>Nigeriaong>n

Ambassador ong>toong> Germany,

Yusuf Maitama Tugger, ong>toong>

immediately probe the

issue, with a view ong>toong>

bringing the perpetraong>toong>rs ong>toong>


The statement read: “I, as

most concerned ong>Nigeriaong>ns

and others across the globe,

have followed with utmost

concern and worry the

treatment meted out on

Senaong>toong>r Ike Ekweremadu

in far away Nuremberg,

Germany, where he had,

on the invitation of his

people, gone ong>toong> attend the

Second Igbo Cultural

Festival of Iri Ji (New Yam

festival) in that part of

Europe as a distinguished

guest of honour.

“Senaong>toong>r Ekweremadu,

an accomplished scholar in

the legal profession and

political leader of high

standing in society, is one

of our longest serving

senaong>toong>rs, who had also in

the last 12 years until June

this year, held sway as the

Deputy President of the


‘’Before joining the

Senate, he was also

Secretary ong>toong> Enugu State

Government and had

before then served in

various capacities in that


“Given the high

personality profile and the

public service record which

Senaong>toong>r Ekweremadu

parades, it is unthinkable

that any individual or

group anywhere in the

world, let alone his very

own people in the

Diaspora, who ought ong>toong>

know better, should

contemplate and carry out

the despicable public act

of shame that was brought

upon a well-respected

national leader of

Sen.Ekweremadu’s stature

before the glare of the entire

global community in


“I, therefore, in very

strong terms, condemn in

its entirety the action of the

group of Igbo people,

alleged ong>toong> be members of

the outlawed IPOB, that

had attacked Senaong>toong>r Ike

Ekweremadu in

Nuremberg, Germany on

Saturday, August 17.

‘’I also wish ong>toong> join other

ong>Nigeriaong>ns and leaders ong>toong>

call on the ong>Nigeriaong>n

Ambassador ong>toong> Germany,

Amb.Yusuf Maitama

Tugger, ong>toong> make good his

Continues on page 41

By Bose Adelaja, Olayinka Laong>toong>na,

Chiamaka Uba

Restriction of forex for food importation (3)

It’s really important ong>toong>

promote locally made

commodities and as well

provide sustainable markets

for ong>Nigeriaong>n goods via

genuine govt intervention.

It would encourage local

production and boost

economy but there should be

home grown solution tailored

ong>toong>wards promoting locally

made goods.

Hopefully, the action would

be accompanied by genuine

development and not mere

cosmetic and populist policy.

- Ayuba Quadri

Public Affairs analyst


thinks it’s a good

m o v e

by Mr. President, but

there is the need for

more investments in the

agricultural secong>toong>r ong>toong>

boost local food

production. There

should be structure in

place ong>toong> support 'made in

ong>Nigeriaong>', they should

also set up a policy that

would be favorable for

manufacturing industries

in the country ong>toong> thrive.

-Jimmy Shola


The ban on forex for

importing food stuff is

shortsighted. It is

obvious that this will

encourage black market.

Imported foodstuff is a

necessity, therefore

policies that make supply

of these goods difficult

will only increase the

cost of goods for the

common man.

-Showole Tolulope

Content Developer

While this is a good

initiative as

regards the effect it

would have on local food

production and sales, I

also believe things like

this should be gradual

as local producers might

not be able ong>toong> meet up

with demand as opposed

ong>toong> if it had been gradual

where they would have

time ong>toong> prepare and be

able ong>toong> meet demands.

-Olusanya Orewa

Corps member


strongly support Mr.

President on this bold

step. This will improve

local food production.

Why import food that can

be produced locally?

Government should

support farmers ong>toong>

produce more food.

If the Agric secong>toong>r is

considered, the economy

will be a little bit stable.

-Jayeoba Blessing Funmilayo


The idea will help ong>toong>

grow locally made food

by reducing importation,

hence growing the

economy which is one of

the things ong>Nigeriaong> needs

now. On the other hand, it

is disturbing because it

leaves us with the question

of how independent the

Central Bank of ong>Nigeriaong> is?

That bank is supposed ong>toong> be

run without interference.

-Philomena Ogburie






6—Vanguard, MONDAY, AUGUST 19, 2019

Many injured as Hausa, Yoruba clash in Lagos

By Evelyn Usman,

Olasukanmi Akoni &

Monsuru Olowoopejo


broke out yesterday, at Ilepo

Market, Oke-Odo, along Lagos-

Abeokuta Expressway, following

a clash between Hausa and

Yoruba traders.

Although no life was lost,

several persons were severely

injured, while goods worth

millions of Naira were destroyed

and some makeshift shops burnt

in the incident, with different

accounts as ong>toong> how trouble started.

A version of the account said

fight broke out Saturday night

between some suspected cultists

and Hausa scavengers around

the dump site, when one of the

parties tried ong>toong> molest the other.

It reportedly continued yesterday,

as one of the parties was said ong>toong>

have overpowered the other.

Another account had it that

some Hausa youths attempted ong>toong>

exong>toong>rt some Yoruba scavengers

around the dump site, claiming

that the area belongs ong>toong> them

(Hausa), a claim that led ong>toong> verbal

confrontation, which degenerated

inong>toong> violence.

One of the Hausa ong>toong>maong>toong> sellers,

Tanko Mohammed, ong>toong>ld

Vanguard : “I came out here this

morning (yesterday) ong>toong> sell, when

some Awawa boys came from

nowhere and started destroying

our wares.

“Over 20 baskets of ong>toong>maong>toong>es

were destroyed. While everyone

was running, I remained in my

shop ong>toong> know what was

happening. They came with

cutlasses and sticks, attacking

anyone at sight. They said some

of our people beat one of theirs.

But how is that my business, when

the person in question is neither

my brother nor sales boy?”

Another Yoruba trader, who

simply gave her name as Iya

Modinat, said: “These people

(Hausa) have taken over the

whole place, claiming it is theirs.

They have dominated the dump

site, depriving other people space


“They had confrontation with

one Yoruba boy yesterday

(Saturday) and before you knew

it, all of them came out ong>toong> fight

with the person. His people

(Yoruba boys) came ong>toong> his rescue.

Also yesterday, there was fight

at the food stuff section. But I

cannot say if that was what




Police song>toong>ry

However, the Police said the

trouble started between Hausa

scavengers and some social

miscreants otherwise known as

Area boys, adding that five

persons had been arrested in

connection with the fracas.

Spokesman for the Lagos

State Police Command, DSP

Elkana Bala, said: “Yesterday,

at about 10a.m., one Alhaji

Adekunle Habib of Ilepo Market

reported at Oke Odo Police

Station that there was a

vanguardnews @vanguardnews @vanguardnews

•Awawa Boys attacked us—Tanko, ong>toong>maong>toong>es seller

•Hausa ’re claiming it's their land—Iya Modinat

•Hausa scavenger, Area Boy fight started crisis—Police

Scene of the clash in pictures.

PHOTOS: Joe Akinong>toong>la, Phoong>toong> Ediong>toong>r.

misunderstanding between one

Hausa scavenger and an area

boy from Yoruba ethnic group.

“The area boy, according ong>toong>

him, was carrying some goods

on his head when he was

pushed by the Hausa boy in

error. The goods fell down.

“Arguments ensued between

the two parties, which led ong>toong>

exchange of blows. Friends of

the two parties joined in the

fight and other miscreants ong>toong>ok

advantage of the moment ong>toong>

steal and loot. They blocked

Lagos-Abeokuta Expressway.

“What started as a fight

between two miscreants almost

snowballed inong>toong> ethnic crisis, if

not for the timely intervention

of the Police. Police teams from

Oke-Odo Division were the

initial responders. The

Command sent reinforcements

from the Operations

Department, Rapid Response

Squads, Task Force, Tactical

Units and Police Mobile Force.

“Divisions within the Area

Command equally sent

reinforcements. The situation

was brought under control and

traffic cleared. No death was

recorded, but four persons

sustained various degrees of

injuries and are receiving

medical attention.

“Five suspects, namely

Kabiru Mohammed, Kabiru

Adamu, Bashiru Mohammed,

Saliu Madu and Yusuf Amuda,

were arrested in connection

with the breach of peace.

Normalcy has been resong>toong>red

and patrols are ongoing in the

affected areas. Suspects will be

charged ong>toong> court.”

Govt orders probe

Meanwhile, Governor

Babajide Sanwo-Olu of Lagos

State has expressed the

commitment of his

administration ong>toong> peaceful coexistence

of all ethnic groups in

the state without any fear.

Reacting ong>toong> the crisis, Sanwo-

Olu, in a statement through his

Deputy Chief Press Secretary,

Gboyega Akosile, stated that

“we received the news with

sadness. I must say that we

found it very strange because

Lagos is a peaceful state, where

every ethnic nationality cohabits

without rancour. The




clash is quite strange.”

According ong>toong> him, the security

arm was immediately activated

and within a few hours, the

clash was quelled.

He said: “As I speak, normalcy

has returned ong>toong> the affected

areas and residents are going

about their lawful business.

“I need ong>toong> reiterate that

security of lives and properties

of Lagosians remain one of the

cardinal points of my

administration. I, therefore,

assure every citizen of their

safety while enjoining them ong>toong>

go about their business lawfully.

“Finally, government will

investigate the remote and

immediate cause of the civil

disturbance with the view ong>toong>

forestalling future occurrence.”





Vanguard, MONDAY, AUGUST 19, 2019—7

vanguardnews @vanguardnews @vanguardnews

Man docked for stealing DPO’s phone

By Onozure Dania

LAGOS—A 22-year-old man,

Taofeek Salau, who allegedly

song>toong>le the phone of Mushin

Divisional Police Officer, Ayodele

Arogbo, valued at N140,000, has

been arraigned before a Lagos

Magistrate’s Court sitting in


The defendant is facing a threecount

charge of conspiracy,

breach of peace and theft.

Salau and others still at large,

committed the alleged offence on

January 31 at 1pm at Ojuwoye

Market Junction, Isolo Road,

Mushin, area of Lagos, while the

By Egufe Yafugborhi


fewer than eight persons

were again feared killed and

houses, including home of

Khana Local Government

Chairman, Lahteh Loolo and a

wing of the palace of HRH T. W.

Baridam, Gben-Neme Bangha,

razed as bandits struck at Opouku

and Bangha communities in

Ogoniland, Rivers State,


The bandits, it was learned,

struck in the wee hours of

yesterday, in same fashion they

did barely a week ago when

homes of factional President of

Movement for Survival of Ogoni

People, MOSOP, Legborsi

Pyaghbara, that of the monarch

of Kaaba, Chief M. S. K. Nule,

among others, were burnt.

Commissioner of Police, Rivers

Command, Mustapha Dandaura,

who confirmed the incident, said

only three persons were confirmed

killed, while also confirming that

two suspects had been arrested

by his men.

According ong>toong> him, “some

persons are spreading rumours

of 16 persons killed. It is not 16,

only three were killed. And we

have arrested two of them (the

killers) through the DPO Bori.

One was on camouflage. It’s

cultists’ activities, not community


Community sources claimed six

persons were killed in Opouku,

where home of the Khana council

boss was burnt, while two persons

were reportedly felled by the

intermittent shooting bandits at


Several fear-stricken residents

were said ong>toong> have deserted both


Recall that MOSOP had, last

Thursday, raised the alarm over

the spate of cult-related violence

and killings in some communities

in Ogoniland.

Mr. Sunny Zorvah, Publicity

Secretary of the organisation

raised the concern in a statement

in Port Harcourt.

Zorvah said the crises, which

started in Okwale community on

Tuesday, degenerated and spread

ong>toong> two other communities, Taabaa

DPO was on crowd control duty

during a presidential election

campaign by All Progressive

Congress, APC, led by Vice

President Yemi Osinbajo, and

Babajide Sanwo-Olu, now

governor of Lagos State.

Sources said after Salau and his

gang members succeeded in

stealing the phone, he sold the

phone ong>toong> a receiver of song>toong>len

goods for N35,000.

Police prosecuong>toong>r, Inspecong>toong>r A.

Edet, ong>toong>ld the court that the

defendant also conducted himself

in a manner likely ong>toong> cause breach

of peace.

According ong>toong> him, the offence

and Nyokuru, all in Nyokhana

district in Khana Local

Government Area of the state.

Zorvah called on the Police and

the special joint military task

forces ong>toong> quickly wade inong>toong> the

situation, fish out the perpetraong>toong>rs

is punishable under Sections 411,

168 (d) and 287 of the criminal

law of Lagos State 2015.

However, the defendant

pleaded not guilty ong>toong> counts one

and two and guilty ong>toong> count three

of the charge.

Consequently, Magistrate W. A.

Salami granted the defendant bail

in the sum of N100,000, with two

sureties in like sum.

He said the sureties must show

evidence of tax payment ong>toong> Lagos

State government and have their

addresses verified.

The case was adjourned till

Ocong>toong>ber 29 for mention.

8 killed, LG boss, monarch’s

houses burnt in Ogoni

By Daud Olatunji


Police Command has

arrested a Bible study teacher,

Blessing Ozor, for being in

cusong>toong>dy of a boy, Joshua Joseph,

who went missing two years ago.

The seven-year-old boy went

missing in Ijebu-Ode area of the

state and was allegedly sold ong>toong>

Ozor for N1 million in Anambra

State in 2018.

The boy, however, regained his

freedom in 2019 after he had been

renamed Chisom in Ozor’s


It was gathered that Joseph’s

abducong>toong>rs met their waterloo after

two of the three-member

syndicate, Rita and Angela, were

arrested and remanded in the

correctional home in Edo and

Ondo states for kidnappingrelated


They confessed, during the

investigation, of Joseph’s


Ozor claimed innocence of the

crime, saying she adopted the

child for N1 million from one

Ifeoma Joy, a level 13 civil servant

in Anambra State.

During the handing over of the

boy ong>toong> his parent, Police Public

Relations Officer in the state,

Abimbola Oyeyemi, said Joy sold

the child ong>toong> Ozor based on forged


He said: “Joy works in the

Ministry of Women Affairs in

Anambra State, a leverage she

used in selling off children

kidnapped by her other members

of the syndicate, Rita and Angela.

“In the cause of looking for

her, she got transfered ong>toong> four

local government areas within

one month ong>toong> evade arrest.

”Our findings have shown that

eight children have been song>toong>len

by this syndicate in Ogun State

and bring them ong>toong> justice.

He also appealed ong>toong> traditional

rulers, opinion leaders and other

stakeholders in the area ong>toong> put

their differences aside and work

ong>toong>wards enhancing peace and

security in the area.

Boy song>toong>len 2 years ago found with

Bible study teacher, renamed

and four have been recovered.

One of the song>toong>len children was

found when the people who

adopted him saw the boy’s

picture on the pages of

newspapers and returned him.”

However, Joy ong>toong>ld journalists:

“I never did such a thing. I know

the woman that brought this boy

ong>toong> be a worker at Peace

Sisters Home.

“So when my sister in

fellowship came up with an idea

of adopting a baby, I called her

ong>toong> help us get a baby boy and I

gave Rita my sister’s particulars.

When she finished with the

particulars she came with this

boy. I never knew the boy

was song>toong>len.”

Explaining her part, Ozor said:

“I am just a victim of

circumstances by my foolishness.

I went ong>toong> a sister in our

fellowship that adopted a child

before, because I have two

daughters already. But I had a

feeling for a son; my last daughter

is 24 years old.

“I went through her because

they had adopted before. They led

me ong>toong> this woman, Joy. I believed

that everything was okay because

she made me believe that she

runs a peace sisters home. I was

asked ong>toong> bring a passport and

other documents for the adoption,

and I gave them ong>toong> her .

“I gave her N150,000 for

processing of the papers. The day

she gave me the boy, there was a

denouncement paper. That was

the first paper she gave me and

then collected her remaining

money, N900, 000.

“Joy processed other papers,

which I believed until were

genuine, and gave them ong>toong> me.

That was why I ong>toong>ok the boy home

and started taking care of him

from March 3, 2018, and I

enrolled him inong>toong> a nice school.”

... with Emma'nKen (08163121378)

Just for the records, Nedu was


as they discussed the em... em..

that put Teckno in Police wahala

That's education

standard passing away

Aunty Rita, oga will get a cook

from THAT South-South ong>toong>wn

8—Vanguard, MONDAY, AUGUST 19, 2019

FACTS BEHIND THE STATE ECONOMY: From left, Mr. Kayode Falowo, Group Managing

Direcong>toong>r/CEO, Greenwich Trust Limited; Oscar Onyema, Chief Executive Officer, The ong>Nigeriaong>n

Song>toong>ck Exchange, NSE; Governor Kayode Fayemi of Ekiti State; Otunba Abimbola Ogunbanjo,

National Council President, NSE; Erelu Angela Adebayo, National Council Member, NSE;

and Mr. Abubakar Mahmoud, SAN, during the Closing Gong Ceremony in commemoration of the

Facts Behind the State Economy presentation at the exchange, in Lagos.

ong>Nigeriaong> ong>toong> ong>spendong> ong>N2.53bnong> on 43


By Clifford

Ndujihe &Vicong>toong>r


EXCEPT there is a salary

cut or their number is

reduced, the welfare of the

43 ministerial nominees,

who will be sworn-in on

Wednesday, will cost

ong>Nigeriaong>’s tax payers at least

N2.53 billion in the next four


This means each minister

will get at least N58.766

million in four years.

The figure will be much

higher, if estacode and

allowances for foreign and

local duty trips were added.

Ministers currently are

entitled ong>toong> estacode

allowance of $900 per night

and duty ong>toong>ur allowance of

N35,000 per night. And this

excludes a refundable

vehicle loan of N8.106


Each of the ministers is

entitled ong>toong> a furniture

allowance of N6.079 million

and severance package of

N6.079 million, ong>toong>talling

N12.158 million. The

furniture allowance will be

paid shortly after their

swearing in.

The figure is in tandem with

what immediate past

ministers earned going by

their conditions of service as

unveiled by former Secretary

ong>toong> the Government of the

Federation, Babachir Lawal,

before they were sworn-in in

November 2015.

According ong>toong> the

conditions of service, a

minister will earn

N2,026,400 as annual basic

salary while a Minister of

State will get N1.8 million.

Other highlights of the

emoluments include:

Estacode Allowance ($900

per night); Utilities

Allowance (Telephone/

Electricity/ Water) –30 per

cent of Annual Basic Salary

(N607,920); Domestic Staff

Allowance, 75 per cent of

Annual Basic Salary,

N1,519,800; Newspaper

Allowance, 15 per cent of

Annual Basic Salary,

N303,960; Duty Tour

•Each minister ong>toong> get N58.766m

•Earns N11.652m a year

•Severance pay, furniture allowance N12.158m

Allowance, N35,000 per

night; Furniture Allowance,

300 per cent of basic salary,

N6,079,200; Severance

Allowance, 300 per cent of

annual basic salary,




Accommodation Allowance,

200 per cent of annual basic

salary, N4,052,800; Moong>toong>r

Vehicle Fuelling

Maintenance Allowance, 75

per cent of Annual Basic

Salary, N1,519,800; Leave

Allowance, 10 per cent of

basic salary, N202,640;

Personal Assistant

Allowance, 25 per cent of

Basic Salary, N506,600;

Entertainment Allowance,

N607,920; Moniong>toong>ring

Allowance, N303,960; and

Moong>toong>r Vehicle Loan,


The severance package is

payable after full tenure of

office with government. The

allowance will be pro-rated

after a minimum of two years

in office.

Each of the ministers is also

entitled ong>toong> N6,079,200 as

furniture allowance, which is

paid once in four years. If

any of the ministers desires,

he or she is also entitled ong>toong>

N8105,600 as moong>toong>r vehicle

allowance. However, the

moong>toong>r vehicle allowance is a

loan repayable by the end of

the tenure of the minister.

Labour reacts

Reacting, General

Secretary of National Union

of Textile, Garment and

Tailoring Workers of ong>Nigeriaong>,

NUTGTWN, Issa Aremu,

fualted the huge among the

nation would be ong>spendong>ing on

its ministers.

He said: “What is good for

the ministers and even the

leader of Islamic Movement

of ong>Nigeriaong>, IMN, Ibraheem

El-Zakzaky, is even more

desirable for working people.

Worker need living wages ong>toong>o

not just minimum wage.”

NNPC selects 15 consortia for oil

sale, products purchase deal

By Michael Eboh

THE ong>Nigeriaong>n National

Petroleum Corporation,

NNPC, yesterday, said 15

consortia, made up of 35

foreign and indigenous

companies, have emerged

winners of its 2019/2020

Direct Sale Direct Purchase,

DSDP, arrangement.

In a statement in Abuja,

Group General Manager,

Group Public Affairs

Division of the NNPC, Mr.

Ndu Ughamadu, said the

contract with the consortia/

companies was expected ong>toong>

last for one year, effective

Ocong>toong>ber 1, 2019 ong>toong>

September 30, 2020.

Ughamadu declared that

this was in line with the

avowed commitment of the

NNPC ong>toong> transparency and

accountability in all its

activities as committed by

the new Group Managing

Direcong>toong>r of the corporation,

Mallam Mele Kyari.

Under the DSDP

arrangement, Ughamadu

noted that the 15 consortia

shall over the contract

period, offtake crude oil

and in return, deliver

corresponding petroleum

products of equivalent

value ong>toong> NNPC, subject ong>toong>

the terms of the agreement.

He stated that the tender

process comprised

technical and commercial

bid submission respectively,

evaluation and shortlisting,

then commercial

negotiations with

prequalified companies

and engagement of the

successful consortia/

companies by the NNPC.

He listed the successful

companies ong>toong> include BP

Oil International Limited/

AYM Shafa Limited; Viong>toong>l

SA/Calson-Hyson; TOTSA

Total Oil Trading SA/Total

ong>Nigeriaong> Plc; Gunvor

International B.V./AY

Maikifi Oil & Gas

Company Limited;

Trafigura PTE Limited/A. A.

Rano ong>Nigeriaong> Limited;

CEPSA S.A.U./Oando Plc;

and Mocoh SA/Mocoh

ong>Nigeriaong> Limited.

Others are Litasco SA/

Brittania-U ong>Nigeriaong>


Commodities; MRS Oil &

Gas Company Limited;

Sahara Energy Resource

Limited; Bono Energy

Limited/Eterna Plc/Arkleen

Oil & Gas Limited/Amazon

Energy; and Matrix

Energy Limited/Petratlantic

Energy Limited/UTM

Offshore Limited/Levene

Energy Development


Also shortlisted are

Mercuria Energy Trading

SA/ Barbedos Oil & Gas

Services Limited/Rainoil

Limited/Petrogas Energy;

Asian Oil & Gas PTE

Limited/ Eyrie Energy

Limited/ Masters Energy

Oil & Gas Limited/Casiva

Limited; and Duke Oil

Company Incorporated.

Ughamadu said: “In his

take-over note July 8, 2019,

the newly appointed

NNPC GMD, Kyari, had

promised ong>toong> open NNPC

books ong>toong> public scrutiny,

saying as a publicly owned

company, ong>Nigeriaong>ns

deserve ong>toong> know about the

operations of the


“He reiterated his

management team’s

commitment ong>toong>

transparency and

accountability when he had

a maiden ong>toong>wn hall

engagement with the staff

of the corporation where he

launched the team’s policy

direction, tagged


Accountability, Performance

and Excellence, TAPE.


strike ong>toong>day, say it’ll be


By Johnbosco




staff unions in

universities have directed all

branches and members ong>toong>

comply with the proposed

strike that commences ong>toong>day,

declaring that it would be

ong>toong>tal and comprehensive.

The two unions, Non

Academic Staff Union of

Universities and Associated

Institutions, NASU and

Senior Staff Association of

ong>Nigeriaong>n Universities,

SSANU, said within the

period, there would be no

form of concession or internal

arrangement with


A circular, entitled,

“Directive on a five-day

national strike,”signed by the

President of SSANU and

Chairman of Joint Action

Committee, JAC, of the

unions, Comrade Samson

Ugwoke, and General-

Secretary of NASU,

Comrade Peters Adeyemi,

said any member or branch

that defaulted would be


The statement read:

“Following the expiration of

the 14-day ultimatum given

ong>toong> the Federal Government

and its failure ong>toong> show firm

commitment ong>toong>wards

resolving the following

issues, payment of Earned

Allowances, University Staff

Schools matter (and)

Renegotiation of 2009

Agreements, you are,

hereby, directed ong>toong> embark

on a five-day strike effective

from Monday, August 19 ong>toong>

Friday, August 23, 2019.

“Be informed that the strike

is ong>toong>tal and comprehensive

for the five days. No form of

concession or internal

arrangement should be

made with managements,

while all members must be

directed ong>toong> stay away from

their duty posts.

“Kindly recall the decision

of the National Executive

Council of the two unions ong>toong>

the effect that branches that

default in compliance should

be sanctioned."

Osinbajo restates FG’s

commitment ong>toong> lift 100m

ong>Nigeriaong>ns out of poverty

By Naomi Uzor

VICE President Yemi

Osinbajo, weekend,

restated that the primary

objective of the Federal

Government was ong>toong> lift 100

million ong>Nigeriaong>ns out of


Disclosing this at an event

organised by African

Venture Philanthropic

Alliance, AVPA, and IBAN,

tagged “African Policy Road

Show: Building Robust

Policies for Increased Social

Investment & Inclusive

Business,” Osinbajo said lifting

100 million ong>Nigeriaong>ns

out of poverty was possible

but noted that it required

human capital, resong>toong>red

growth, invesong>toong>rs, and micro

economic policies, among


Osinbajo, who was

represented by his Special

Adviser, Ambassador

Adeyemi Dipeolu, said since

the inception of the Buhari’s

administration, there had

been a reduction in the

inequality gap with the

eradication of malnutrition in

the country, with the National

School Feeding


He noted that the school

feeding programme of the

government had provided

jobs for over 106,000 cooks

in 53,000 schools nationwide.

According ong>toong> him, the

Micro, Small and Medium

Enterprises, MSMEs, is

geared ong>toong>wards improving

the lives of the people.

Daily Trust invites nomination for

African of the Year 2019 Award



newspaper in

ong>Nigeriaong>, DAILY TRUST,

has called for nomination



personalities for the

coveted African of the

Year 2019. Nominations

are open from August 19,

2019, ong>toong> Ocong>toong>ber 18, 2019.

In a statement,

weekend, CEO/Ediong>toong>r-in-

Chief of Media Trust

Limited, publishers


Mannir Dan-Ali, said ideal

nominees should be ordinary

Africans who have

made extra-ordinary contributions

ong>toong> humanity in

any field from any part of

the continent.

Dan-Ali disclosed that

the award consists of three

components, namely, a

permanent plaque, a

certificate of merit and a

cash reward in aid of the

awardee or his/her chosen

charity project.

Valid entries for the 2019

award will be for works,

events or activities undertaken

by the nominee between

Ocong>toong>ber 1, 2018and

September 30, 2019 and

nominations are ong>toong> be

made online at


The eventual winner

will be selected by a

seven-member prize committee

chaired by Mr.

Festus Mogae, former

President of Botswana.

Vanguard, MONDAY, AUGUST 19, 2019 — 9

MOU: From left, Head, Business Development, International Technology and Innovative

Solutions Ltd, INTECH, Kemepade Sammy; acting Executive Secretary, Lagos State

Employment Trust Fund, LSETF, Teju Abisoye; Chief Strategist, Global Performance Index

International, GPI, George Ashiru, and Head, Start-ups, Lagos Innovates, Tosin Faniro-

Dada, during the Memorandum of Understanding, MoU, signing ceremony between LSETF

and INTECH ong>toong> provide innovative solutions for tech-driven start-ups, in Lagos.


Army captain engaged welder

ong>toong> remove police cuffs —Findings

By Emma

Nnadozie, Crime

Ediong>toong>r & Ifeanyi




revealed, yesterday,

that the Army captain

fingered in the killing of

three police officers

attached ong>toong> Inspecong>toong>r-

General of Police

Intelligence Response


By Sola Ogundipe

Relief for ong>toong>othache

You’ve got a ong>toong>othache?

See your dentist. In the

meantime, you can get

short-term relief.

Until you can get ong>toong> the

dentist, one of the best

things you can do is swish

warm, salty water around

in your mouth. A good mix

is 1/2 teaspoon table salt ong>toong>

a cup of water. Spit it out,

don’t swallow it. You can

also gently floss around the

sore ong>toong>oth ong>toong> remove any bits

of food that may be stuck.

Use a pain reliever. If your

face is swollen, put an ice

pack on your cheek. It may

help ease the pain,

especially if you’ve chipped

your chopper or knocked it

loose. Swelling could also

mean you have an abscess,

a sac of pus deep in the

roots of your ong>toong>oth. This can

cause serious infection in

your jaw and other teeth.

Signs include fever and red


Team, IRT, and the

subsequent release of

suspected kidnap

kingpin, Alhaji Hamisu

Wadume, in Ibi, Taraba

State, threatened ong>toong> deal

with police officers

attached ong>toong> Ibi police

station for not

cooperating with him.

It was also gathered

that only two police

officers, including one

Put some ice in your

hand, on the same side of

the body as your sore ong>toong>oth.

Rub the ice in the space

between your thumb and

forefinger for few minutes,

or until the area turns

numb. Ice song>toong>ps pain

signals ong>toong> your brain.

Clove oil is natural

remedy that numbs the

pain. Rub it directly on the

sore area, or soak a cotong>toong>n

ball and dab it against the

ong>toong>oth and gums. It may be

as effective as benzocaine,

the numbing ingredient in

over-the-counter ong>toong>othache


When you crush one of

these cloves, you release

allicin, an oily liquid and

natural disease fighter. It

willl likelyl ease the ache

but you can try chewing a

piece of garlic, or placing

chopped bits on your ong>toong>oth.

It’s safe, except, of course,

for your breath.

Assistant Superinterdent

of Police, ASP, Aondonna

Iorbee, the DCO, Ibi

Police Station, who is

also a Tiv from Benue

State and the Crime

Officer, Ibi Police Station,

Inspecong>toong>r Aliyu, are in

police cusong>toong>dy at the

Force Headquarters,


They are said ong>toong> have

made useful statements

ong>toong> investigaong>toong>rs. Sources

further ong>toong>ld Vanguard

that the officers are

being investigated over

what happened after the

killing of the police

officers and not before.

Army captain

engaged welder

ong>toong> remove police


Reliable sources ong>toong>ld

Vanguard that

immediately the

suspected kidnap

kingpin was rescued

from the policemen, who

arrested him, the Army

captain ong>toong>ok him ong>toong> his

base from where he

called his friend who is

the Divisional Police

Officer, DPO, in-charge

of Ibi Police station.

According ong>toong> sources,

immediately the police

officer, who was on leave

arrived, the Army

captain ong>toong>ld him ong>toong>

contact the police station

so that keys ong>toong> the hand

and leg cuffs used in

arresting the kidnap

kingpin could be

produced ong>toong> unchain


Unfortunately, sources

said, efforts by the DCO

ong>toong> contact his men failed

and the captain directed

him ong>toong> engage a welder

ong>toong> remove the cuffs,

which they succeeded

after which he ong>toong>ok the

suspect ong>toong> his house.

It was gathered that

after that, the Army

captain called the station

officer at Ibi police

station, demanding that

all evidence relating ong>toong>

the policemen from IRT

be erased in the station.

Vanguard learned that

the Inspecong>toong>r initially

hesitated in carrying out

the captain’s directives

until he threatened ong>toong>

deal with him.

Consequently, he

reluctantly tampered

with the records by

tearing the page where

the IRT team officially

recorded their presence

on official duty in Ibi.

However, sources said

they were oblivious of

the fact that records were

still intact in other police


Vanguard also learned

that the Army captain, in his

resolve ong>toong> obliterate every

evidence that would expose

the raw deal, nearly killed

the badly wounded police

officers after they were

rescued and taken ong>toong> Ibi

police station but for the

intervention of other senior

police officers and soldiers,

who reminded him that

their survival was recorded

on video by villagers that

thronged the scene of the


OYEGUN @ 80: Don’t die

without joining APC,

Osinbajo tells PDP

•It's wishful invitation, PDP replies

•As Oyegun calls for merit-based


By Omeiza Ajayi,

Dirisu Kadiri &

Ezra Ukanwa

ABUJA— VICE President

Yemi Osinbajo has called

on leaders of the opposition

Peoples Democratic Party, PDP,

ong>toong> make a decision ong>toong> join the

ruling All Progressives

Congress, APC, at least before

they die.

Speaking at an elaborate

dinner ong>toong> round off activities

commemorating the 80th

birthday celebration of the

pioneer National Chairman of

APC, Chief John Oyegun, the

vice president also paid

glowing tributes ong>toong> the former

party leader.

He said: “Let me tell the song>toong>ry

of a politician who was a long

time, life Republican politician

in the US. He was lying down

on his sick bed and was about

ong>toong> die and he said ‘I want ong>toong>

change my party, I want ong>toong>

become a Democrat so that

ong>toong>morrow it will be announced

that a Democrat died not a


"You can see that we

politicians are very faithful and

very loyal, indeed. I can only

ask our friends in the PDP ong>toong>

also ensure that they cross

over before they die. It is time

for them ong>toong> cross over."

Turning ong>toong> Chief Oyegun,

the vice president said: “You

always find him on the right

side of hisong>toong>ry, as a founding

member of Alliance for

Democracy AD, member of

NADECO and secretary of

those abroad, founding

member of APC and the first

chairman, the one who led our

party ong>toong> that hisong>toong>ric vicong>toong>ry ong>toong>

unseat the ruling party.

“The second reason for my

admiration is that somehow,

he manages ong>toong> be so deep in

the ong>Nigeriaong>n politics and yet

he doesn’t even look like a

politician or sound like one.

He always sounds like a fine,

well-read, well-spoken

gentleman dragged inong>toong>

politics by some rascals but he

is an unassuming politician

and an astute strategist.

“There is this particular

attribute of being in politics

without being a politician. I

would like ong>toong> be like Professor

(Ibrahim) Gambari when I

grow up. I would like ong>toong> be

like that. You know aside from

lawyers, I think there is no

group of people who are

maligned like politicians.

‘’Every time that you come

across the ong>Nigeriaong>n politician,

there is always one way or the

other that we are maligned but

people like Chief Oyegun

have shown that politicians

can be loyal, faithful, dusting

men and women."

It's wishful

invitation, PDP


But reacting ong>toong> Osinbajo’s

tirade, yesterday, PDP in a

statement by National

Publicity Secretary, Kola

Ologbondiyan, said:

“Professor Osinbajo cannot

comprehend the drumbeats

playing across the nation.

Only that can account for his

wishful invitation ong>toong> our party

members ong>toong> decamp ong>toong> the

failed APC.

"ong>Nigeriaong>ns are looking

ong>toong>ward the judiciary ong>toong> return

our party’s song>toong>len presidential

mandate for the nation ong>toong>

come out of the woods, which

the APC and Buhari’s

Presidency have plunged her."

God has been kind

ong>toong> me—Oyegun

Addressing the gathering,

Oyegun said: “At 80, I feel

ong>toong>tally satisfied, ong>toong>tally happy

that God has been kind ong>toong> me.

In fact, God has been partial

ong>toong>wards me, I don’t know what

I did right. Because in my ong>toong>tal

80 years, there is nothing I

truly set my eyes upon that I

did not accomplish.

‘’I have enjoyed length of

days. I have enjoyed

absolutely good health. I have

worked and interacted with

some of the nicest people in

this country.

“I was privileged ong>toong> be part

of forming APC. The fight for

the coming ong>toong>gether of

ong>Nigeriaong>’s opposition parties

has been long jettisoned before

the advent of the APC. I have

every reason ong>toong> be thankful ong>toong>

God. I have every reason ong>toong>

be thankful ong>toong> all of you who

played one role or the other

in making my life such a

pleasant one."

...calls for merit-based


Chief Oyegun on his part,

expressed hope in the new

crop of ministers assembled

by President Muhammadu

Buhari, describing them as the

foundation for ong>Nigeriaong>’s greatness.

He, however, called on the

Federal Government ong>toong> make

merit a priority in appointing

people ong>toong> positions of


He said: “I want ong>toong>

emphasize merit. Up till now,

we have practised the

doctrine of balancing and all

of that, which is very good at

the time it was put in place.

Fortunately ong>toong>day, I doubt that

there is any corner of this

country that does not have

highly qualified ong>Nigeriaong>ns

and the time has come for

merit ong>toong> become the sole

determinant of positioning

and placing people.

“Second, we embarked on

the war against corruption.

That is good and it has ong>toong> be

permanently featured. It is

something that has ong>toong> perforate

thorough the state level ong>toong> local

government level. It should

not be left for President Buhari

alone as if it is one unusual

man there who wants ong>toong> fight


10 — Vanguard, MONDAY, AUGUST 19, 2019


SERAP backs EFCC’s probe

of Obasanjo’s govt, others

By Olasunkanmi



Economic Rights and

Accountability Project,

SERAP, yesterday, backed

the Economic and

Financial Crimes

Commission, EFCC, ong>toong>

probe the administration of

former President Olusegun

Obasanjo’s $16 billion

power project and

administrations of past

heads of state as well as

other high-ranking public


The group said it was an

opportunity for the EFCC,

ong>toong> show that former Heads

of State and other highranking

public officials are

not immune from

investigation and

prosecution for allegations

of grand corruption in


A statement by SERAP’s

Deputy Direcong>toong>r, Mr.

Kolawole Oluwadare, who

described the move as

timely, said: “This probe is

something, which SERAP

has consistently called for.

ong>Nigeriaong>ns have for far ong>toong>o

long been denied justice

and the opportunity ong>toong> get

ong>toong> the botong>toong>m of why they

continue ong>toong> pay the price for

corruption in the electricity

secong>toong>r—staying in

darkness, but still made ong>toong>

pay crazy electricity bills.”

According ong>toong> reports, the

EFCC had begun the probe

of the $16 billion power

project of the

administration of former

President Obasanjo. While

Direct police, navy ong>toong> publish

names of all detainees,

Falana tells FG


lawyer, Mr.

Femi Falana, SAN,

yesterday, asked the

Federal Government ong>toong>

direct all security

agencies in ong>Nigeriaong> ong>toong>

publish the names of all

detainees and their places

of detention.

He also asked that the

police and other security

forces be prohibited from

subjecting ong>Nigeriaong>ns ong>toong>

any form of





threatened ong>toong> sue the

National Human Rights

Commission, NHRC, for

failing ong>toong> sanction the

ong>Nigeriaong>n navy for the

“illegal detention of 67


In a statement, he said

family members of most of

the detainees feel they had

been abducted and killed

by hardened kidnappers

since they were arrested

by armed and masked

naval officials.

He cited the case of one

Miss Grace Inyang as a

“pathetic” one whom he

alleged has been in

detention for about 295

days without being ong>toong>ld

some put the exact cost of

the project at $16 billion

others say it is $13.8 billion.

Key contracong>toong>rs and about

18 ong>toong>p public officers

allegedly involved in the

power project scam during



administration, and those of

former Presidents Umaru

Yar’Adua and Goodluck

Jonathan may also be


SERAP said: “The probe

is timely, especially coming

at a time of citizens’

frustrations at persistent

allegations of corruption

and the impacts on their



Investigating allegations of

grand corruption and

prosecuting former heads

of state and other highranking

officials where

such allegations show

relevant and sufficient

admissible evidence would

address the grave travesty

that has for many years

occurred in the power


“The EFCC should

urgently invite anyone

suspected ong>toong> be involved for

questioning. The agency

should also expand the

probe ong>toong> cover the alleged

squandering of a ong>toong>tal of

N11 trillion in the power

secong>toong>r between 1999 and

2015, and the unresolved

case of the reported

missing $12.4 billion oil

windfall, allegedly spent

between 1988 and 1993

by the government of

former Military President,




the criminal offence she

committed or allowed ong>toong>

contact her relatives.

Falana said: “Last week,

we submitted a petition ong>toong>

the National Human

Rights Commission

wherein we complained

about the illegal and

prolonged detention of 67

ong>Nigeriaong>ns by the

authorities of the ong>Nigeriaong>n


“Following the

publication of the contents

of the said petition by the

media, a number of the

family members and

friends of the majority of

the detainees have

reached out ong>toong> us.

“Since the detainees

were arrested by armed

and masked naval

personnel in mufti

without any warrant of

arrest and incarcerated

incommunicado it was

thought by many family

members that the

detainees had been

abducted and killed by

hardened kidnappers.

“The most pathetic case

is that of Ms. Grace

Inyang who was arrested

in Port Harcourt, Rivers

State by masked naval

personnel on Ocong>toong>ber

27, 2018."

BIRTHDAY: From left; Wife of Lagos State Governor, Dr. Ibijoke Sanwo-Olu; Governor Babajide Sanwo-Olu;

celebrant, Senaong>toong>r Anthony Adefuye; Deputy Governor, Dr. Obafemi Hamzat and officiating Ministers during the

75th birthday thanksgiving service of Senaong>toong>r Adefuye at the St. Denis Catholic Church, Akoka, Lagos, yesterday..

2019 PRESIDENTIAL POLL: Why Atiku was

not declared winner, INEC tells tribunal

By Ikechukwu


A Independent


National Elecong>toong>ral

Commission, INEC, has

revealed before the

Presidential Election

Petition Tribunal sitting in

Abuja, why candidate of the

Peoples Democratic Party,

PDP, Alhaji Atiku

Abubakar, was not declared

the winner of the last

presidential election.

The elecong>toong>ral body said it

was satisfied that Atiku did

not secure a majority of

lawful votes during the

election, even as it denied

the allegation that votes

were illegally awarded ong>toong>

All Progressives Congress,

APC, ong>toong> ensure that

President Muhammadu

Buhari was re-elected for a

second term.

In a final written address

it filed before the Justice

Mohammed Garba-led

five-member panel

tribunal, INEC, through its

team of lawyers led by Mr.

Yunus Usman, SAN,

sought the dismissal of the

petition Atiku and PDP

lodged ong>toong> query the

outcome of the February 23

Presidential election,

insisting that the petitioners

failed ong>toong> justify why a fresh

election should be


It ong>toong>ld the tribunal that

from collated results of the

presidential election that

was announced on

February 27, President

Buhari, scored the majority

of lawful votes cast and got

not less than one quarter

in each of at least two-thirds

in the 36 states of the

Federation and the Federal

Capital Terriong>toong>ry, FCT.

INEC maintained that

Atiku’s claim that it

unlawfully awarded votes

ong>toong> Buhari in some states, is

a criminal allegation, ought

ong>toong> be proved beyond a

reasonable doubt.

It said: “We refer ong>toong> the

•Says PDP failed ong>toong> challenge Buhari's eligibility in court

relevant paragraphs of the

petition where the

petitioners made the

sundry allegations of

deliberate wrong entry/

falsification of election

results by the 1st


“It can be gleaned that

nothing concrete or specific

has been offered by the

Petitioners in this regard.

“For example, the

petitioners pleaded wrong

and deliberate entry of

wrong results by the 1st

Respondent in 11 states of

the country, namely: Borno,

Yobe, Bauchi, Gombe,

Jigawa, Kaduna, Kano,

Katsina, Kebbi, Niger and

the Zamfara States.

“Thereafter, the

petitioners proceeded ong>toong>

break down the allegation

State by State.

“However, a cursory

appraisal of paragraph

155(4) of the petition

dealing with this allegation

of ‘posting wrong results’ ong>toong>

the non-existent 1st

Respondent’s server and

not the wrongful entry of

the results in the physical/

manual Form EC8 series.

PDP's failure ong>toong> call


“The most asong>toong>nishing

part is that the petitioners

failed ong>toong> call witnesses who

were at the various Units ong>toong>

observe these various

alleged anomalies.

“We submit that

allegations bordering on

alleged wrong entry/

falsification of election result

are criminal and must be

proved beyond a reasonable


“Furthermore, under

section 150(1) of the

Evidence Act, the results

declared by the 1st

Respondent enjoy a

presumption of regularity.

Accordingly, the petitioners

herein are duty-bound ong>toong>

rebut this presumption with

credible evidence.”

On Atiku’s allegation that

cancellation of election ong>toong>ok

place in 4,171 polling units

across the country with a

ong>toong>tal of 2, 906,384 registered

voters affected, INEC,

argued that he failed ong>toong> by

way of credible evidence,

show how the number of

votes canceled affected the


Proving every allegation

It said: “We submit that it

is trite law that not only is

the petitioner duty-bound ong>toong>

prove every allegation on

non-compliance; he is also

expected ong>toong> prove that such


substantially affected the

result of the election. See


(supra), NYESOM WIKE V

DAKUKU &ORS (supra).

“We humbly submit from

the foregoing that the

petitioners have failed ong>toong>

prove the allegation of noncompliance

with the

Elecong>toong>ral Act, and indeed

every other allegation

contained in the petition.

The petition, therefore, lacks

merit and should be thrown

out on this point and this

honourable court is urged

so ong>toong> do.

“In the instant petition,

the petitioners called 62

witnesses in proof of their

petition. Only 5 were

polling agents, while 5 were

Assistant Presiding Officers,

who incidentally had no

problem with the conduct of

the election but only came

ong>toong> assert that they

transmitted the election

result ong>toong> a fictitious and nonexistent


“The rest of the witnesses

called are Ward, Local

Government, State or

National Collation Agents.

And the petitioner aims ong>toong>

use them ong>toong> prove

allegations of noncompliance

with the

Elecong>toong>ral Act during the

Presidential Elections in 36

States of the Federation and

the FCT Abuja. What a

mission impossible.”

It faulted the petitioners

for failing ong>toong> call Polling

Agents ong>toong> testify before the

tribunal, noting that

alleged improper

accreditation, nonauthentication

of results,

over-voting, inflation and

deflating of votes and

wrong entries in Form

EC8A, non-counting of

ballot papers, nonannouncement

of scores of

candidates and alteration of

results, “undoubtedly

occurred at the Polling Units

or voting points and may

only be observed at the

respecting Polling Units

where the infractions

supposedly ong>toong>ok place.

“The eyes of the parties

and candidates in an

election at the Polling Unit

are their respective agents

and voters who were

present ong>toong> cast their votes.

Consequently, in calling

witnesses in proof of these

allegations, these classes of

individuals are


“Taking a rational,

reasonable and critical

examination and

assessment of the evidence

placed before this honorable

court, one cannot but

submit most humbly that

the elements of the

allegations of corrupt

practices against the 1st,

2nd, and 3rd Respondents

have not been proved at all

talk less of proof beyond a

reasonable doubt.”

INEC argued that the

petitioners, by claiming

that they defeated President

Buhari with over 1.6m

votes based on data they

obtained “from a strange

w e b s i t e

called www.factsdontlieng.com”,

merely attempted ong>toong> send

the tribunal on “a voyage

of speculation and

discovery without

supporting their case with

relevant evidence.”

Vanguard, MONDAY, AUGUST 19, 2019 — 11

:Vanguard News :@vanguardnews :@vanguardnews NEWS HOTLINES: 08052867023, 08052867058

COMMISSIONING: From right — Managing Direcong>toong>r Fatgbems Group, Alhaji Hassan Gbemisola, Immediate

past Speaker, Ogun State House of Assembly, Prince Suraj Adekunbi, Chief of Staff ong>toong> Ogun State Governor,

Alhaji Shuaib Salis, Alake of Egba Land, Oba Adedotun Gbadebo, Mother of the Day, Alhaja Ramota Gbemisola,

Chairman Fatgbems Group, Alhaji Kabir Gbemisola and the Aare Baroyin of Egba Land, High Chief Lai Labode

at the official commissioning of Fatgbems Petroleum New Mega Retail Station in Abeokuta, Ogun State.

Violence erupts in Ondo community

over upgrade of monarch

•Approval was done 12 years ago — Govt

By Dayo Johnson


K U R E —


broke out at the weekend

in Aboong>toong> community in Ilaje

council area of Ondo State

over the upgrading of a

monarch, the Alaboyo of

Aboti, Oba Behiah Idiogbe

by the Ondo state


Vanguard gathered that

residents of the community

have fled the area as youths

went on rampage ong>toong> protest

the upgrade.

It was also gathered that

the upgrading led ong>toong>

burning of houses and

government projects.

The rampaging youths in

the community have been

protesting the monarch’s

upgrade, who they

alleged, is not an indigene

of the community.

They threatened ong>toong> blow

up the bridge linking the

community ong>toong> other parts of

the state if the decision is

not reversed by the state


The State Executive

Council had announced

the upgrade of Chief

Beniah Adeola Idiogbe

from Oloja of Aboong>toong> ong>toong>

Alaboong>toong> of Aboong>toong>.

Confirming the violence,

the lawyer ong>toong> Aboong>toong>

community, Mr. Idowu

Mafimisebi, said the

administration of late

Olusegun Agagu in 2007

erroneously announced the

approval of Idiogbe as the

Alaboong>toong> which led ong>toong> a

bloody crisis and the death

of some persons, while

houses were razed in the


In a statement on behalf

of the community,

Mafimisebi alleged that

many indigenes of the

ong>toong>wn have fled when the

announcement was made.

The statement reads: “It

is an anathema that a

government led by a Senior

Advocate of ong>Nigeriaong>, SAN,

had ong>toong> ong>toong>w the line of

wrongful decision of a

previous government made

12 years ago which was

reversed consequently after

loss of lives and properties.

“ A l t h o u g h

correspondences have

been sent ong>toong> the present

government through a

letter dated July 8 and

another one on August 14

ong>toong> the effect that selection

have been done for our

client, while the

commissioner for local

government and

Chieftaincy affairs,

Atong>toong>rney-General and Ilaje

local government chairman

affirmed that the selection

of Prince Oyetayo Ofoaye

was done in accordance

with the Chieftaincy law of

Ondo State.

“The Amapetu of Mahin

who has been restrained by

Ilaje District Council and a

court of competent

jurisdiction since 1957 from

meddling with Aboong>toong> land

not being a community

under him cannot make a

person an Oloja over such

a community, and it is

therefore impossible ong>toong>

upgrade a person made an

Oloja through an

incompetent authority.”

Approval was done 12

years ago — Govt

But in his reaction, the

Commissioner for

Information, Donald Ojogo

said the request for the

upgrade had been

approved by the State

Executive Council 12 years

ago, adding that the

present government came

in and decided ong>toong> effect the


Ojogo said: “The process

is what we met on ground

and government felt justice

must be served. It is not a

fresh process; the State

Executive Council gave

approval for Alaboong>toong>’s

elevation since 2007 but

was not effected by

previous administration.”

Bill ong>toong> empower AIB investigate road, rail, marine accidents before



A c c i d e n t

Investigation Bureau, AIB,

yesterday, disclosed that a

bill ong>toong> empower the bureau

ong>toong> investigate rail, road and

marine accidents and

serious incidents is

currently before the Senate.

AIB’s Commissioner, Mr.

Akin Olateru, confirmed the

development ong>toong> newsmen

in Lagos.

Olateru noted that the

Federal Executive Council

had approved its

proposal for the new draft

bill of AIB, adding that

the bill was on the table

at the upper chamber

before the Senate went on


He said: “We are

currently working on the

possibility and the approval

by the National Assembly

of AIB going multimodal in

our operations.

“Going multimodal

means we are not just

going ong>toong> be investigating air

accidents alone but we will

Obasanjo warns Ogun

monarchs against

bickering, rivalry

By Daud Olatunji



President Olusegun

Obasanjo, yesterday,

warned traditional rulers

in Ogun State ong>toong> steer

clear of age-long bickering

and rivalry among

themselves for the sake of

peace and development in

the state.

The former president

stated this at the coronation

ceremony of Agura of

Gbaguraland, Oba Saburee

Bakre in Abeokuta.

He admonished the new

monarch not join old issues

with Alake and other Obas

in that land.

He asked Agura deploy

his wealth of experience ong>toong>

further unite Obas in the

land as peace and unity are

mostly needed in the

country at this trying


He said: “Don’t listen ong>toong>

bad advisers on Agura,

ensure that everyone comes

ong>toong>gether so that they can be

development in Egbaland.

All of you should work

ong>toong>gether ong>toong> achieve

development. You all need

ong>toong> support government for


2020: Ondo Deputy gov denies plan ong>toong> join PDP

By Dayo Johnson


Governor of

Ondo State, Mr. Agboola

Ajayi, weekend, denied

plans ong>toong> dump the All

Progressives Congress,

APC, for the People’s

Democratic Party, PDP, ong>toong>

contest the 2020

governorship election

against Governor Rotimi


Ajayi, in a statement in

be investigating rail, marine

and road accidents.

“We will be joining other

nations around the world

who operate the multimodal


“Hopefully, before the

end of this year, this bill

will be passed and that will

make AIB ong>Nigeriaong> one of the

ong>toong>p nations that operate

multimodal system.”

Akure, said he remained “as

the Deputy Governor and

loyal ong>toong> his boss, Akeredolu.

This is ong>toong> say emphatically

that Hon Agboola Ajayi has

no intention ong>toong> contest

against his boss.”

The statement by his

Deputy Chief Press

Secretary, Babaong>toong>pe

Okeowo said: “He was

chosen as the Deputy

Governor at the benevolent

of Governor Akeredolu.

“The Deputy Governor is

By Adeola Badru


B A D A N —


Association of Local

Governments of ong>Nigeriaong>,

ALGON, in Oyo State, Mr.

Ayodeji Abass-Aleshiloye

has accused Governor Seyi

Makinde of borrowing

over N1 billion monthly ong>toong>

pay council workers since


Responding ong>toong> the June

1 deadline for governors by

the ong>Nigeriaong> Financial

Intelligence Unit, NFIU, ong>toong>

allow councils access funds

from the federation account

without interference,

Abass-Aleshinloye said: “I

don’t think they have been

following it. In the State/

Councils Joint Account, no

transaction should occur

without the primary owner

which is the democratically

elected officials.”

He said: “I believe no

transaction has occurred in

the State Joint Allocation

unperturbed by this

sponsored song>toong>ry and the

ones before it as these are

the handiwork of attention

and job seekers. These

funny characters are well

known within the political

circle in the Ondo State.

“This is ong>toong> say that this is a

blatant falsehood as Hon

Agboola Ajayi remains a

bonafide member of the APC

and has no plan ong>toong> dump

the party for any rival

political party.''

development. You must all

join hands ong>toong>gether ong>toong>

ensure community

development because your

support will help

government ong>toong> develop the


He also urged the new

monarch ong>toong> work

tirelessly and assiduously

ong>toong> move Gbagura and

Egbaland forward in the

comity of ong>toong>wns and cities

in the state.

He said: “I congratulate

you for the success of ong>toong>day,

you will be long on the

throne and your reign will

be the beginning of new

things in Gbaguraland.

“Kabiyesi, you have a lot

of work ong>toong> do in

Gbaguraland and Abeokuta

as a whole. Our traditional

rulers are not united and

you do not have bad

baggage because as you

are coming, your hands are

pure, you must ensure that

everything about you is


“Kabiyesi, don’t let

anybody tell you that they

don’t do it this way, if you

want ong>toong> ensure that your

reign brings peace and

development ong>toong>

Gbagura, you may have

ong>toong> act out of the box.''

Makinde borrows over N1bn

monthly ong>toong> pay LG salaries,

Oyo ALGON boss alleges

•There’s no iota of truth — Govt

Committee otherwise called

JAC since we left office

because they refused ong>toong>

recognise chairmen ong>toong> work

with; there is no way even

if that money goes ong>toong>

councils, they can’t have

access ong>toong> it.”

On how salaries have

been paid till date,

Alesinloye said: “I learned

they have been borrowing

money ong>toong> pay because they

don’t want anything

negative ong>toong> happen ong>toong> their


“So, they have been

rallying round ong>toong> source for

money ong>toong> pay local

government workers.

“There is no way they can

access the money coming

from Abuja ong>toong> local

governments for now. We

have written letters ong>toong> the

banks and I am sure the

banks have not been

honouring their cheques.

They (Oyo government)

don’t have access ong>toong> the


It’s not true — Oyo govt

Responding ong>toong> the

allegations, the Chief Press

Secretary ong>toong> Governor

Makinde, Mr. Taiwo Adisa

said there was no iota of

truth in the claim by

Alesinloye, adding that the

NFIU had been dragged ong>toong>


Adisa said: “The ong>Nigeriaong>n

Governors Forum ong>toong>ok that

matter ong>toong> court. As far as the

matter is in court, the status

quo remains. Each state

can now design how it

manages its local


12—Vanguard, MONDAY, AUGUST 19, 2019



From left:

Direcong>toong>r, Quest

Thorpe, Mr.

Seun Badejo;



Limited, Mr.


Sogbesan; ED,


owners of

Remita, Mr.

Deremi Atanda,







Cup (RC3), Mr.

Peter Rufai, at

the opening

ceremony of

2019 RC3, in



Curb herdsmen menace now, Okowa

•Warns against irregular migration, child-trafficking

tells FG

By Festus Ahon

& Theresa



the havoc being wrecked

by the ravaging killer

herdsmen in ong>Nigeriaong>,

Governor Ifeanyi Okowa of

Delta State, weekend, ong>toong>ld

the Federal Government ong>toong>

take urgent strident

measures ong>toong> curb the


Okowa, who spoke at the

21st Ogwa Ika and 17th Ika

Ka Mma Annual Lecture

Series organised by Onu Ika

ong>Nigeriaong> at Abavo, Ika South

Local Government Area of

the state, decried the

protracted clashes between

herdsmen and farmers in the


He said his administration

was doing its best ong>toong> check

the havoc being wrecked by

herdsmen on famers in the

state through interface with

critical stakeholders.

Lamenting that his efforts

had been restrained by his

limited control of security

apparatus, Okowa frowned

at the frequent loss of lives

from herdsmen attack on

defenceless farmers and

other ong>Nigeriaong>ns.

Insisting that the Federal

Government must curb the

menace, the governor

urged the Federal

Government ong>toong> tell ong>Nigeriaong>ns

the steps it had taken ong>toong> stem

the ugly trend.

Warns against


migration, child


Okowa also charged

parents and caregivers ong>toong>

live up ong>toong> their responsibility

by warning their children

and wards against irregular

migration in a bid ong>toong> seek

greener pastures in foreign


Frowning at the increase

in child-trafficking cases, he

ong>toong>ld them ong>toong> restrain their

children from embarking on

such dangerous journeys.

Okowa condemned the

situation where parents

mount undue pressure on

their children and wards ong>toong>

embark on journeys ong>toong>

Europe through the desert,

lamenting that the lives of

many promising ong>Nigeriaong>ns

had been lost in the process.

He commended Onu Ika

for organising the annual

essay competition for

secondary schools in

Ikaland, enjoined the people

ong>toong> encourage government ong>toong>

carry out development

projects through the

donation of land.

Speaking earlier, the

Head, Collective

Leadership, Onu Ika

ong>Nigeriaong>, Mr Daniel Usifor,

said: “For three consecutive

years, Onu Ika has

consistently forewarned of

the devastating influx of

these deadly herdsmen in

our communities."

Ogoni clean-up: ERA insists on establishment of

$100bn Rehabilitation Fund for N-Delta



By Johnbosco


U J A —


Rights Action/Friends of the

Earth ong>Nigeriaong>, ERA/FoEN

has, insisted that the Federal

Government should establish

$100 billion Rehabilitation

Fund for Niger Delta because

of the environmental

pollution in the area.

The group also decried that

eight years after the United

Nations Environmental

Programme, UNEP,

submitted its report on

Environmental Assessment of

Ogoniland ong>toong> the Federal

Government for the clean-up

of Ogoniland, government

had allegedly engaged

inexperienced contracong>toong>rs

who lack the expertise ong>toong> carry

out the exercise.

Executive Direcong>toong>r of ERA/

FoEN, Dr. Godwin Ojo, at an

interaction with Vanguard in

Abuja, said Hydrocarbon

Pollution Resong>toong>ration Project,

HYPREP, had deviated from

the UNEP recommendations,

adding that HPPREP lacked

the capacity ong>toong> undertake the

clean-up and remediation.

Calling on the Federal

Government and Shell

Petroleum Development

Company ong>toong> ensure speedy

recovery of the environment

and sources of livelihood of

the Ogoni people, Ojo said

there was fundamental

deviation by HYPREP from

UNEP clean-up

recommendations in terms of

process and content, which

had made the process unsure,

tentative and suspect despite

the fact that some clean-up

had started.

He said: “Eight years after

the release of the UNEP

Assessment on Ogoniland,

the Environmental Rights

Action/Friends of the Earth

has decried the ong>Nigeriaong>n

government lip-service ong>toong> the

clean-up and lack of clarity in

the process after four years of

President Muhammadu

Buhari administration.

“At the inception of this

administration in 2015,

President Buhari also

promised ong>toong> implement the

report ong>toong> the letter and went

forward ong>toong> even pledge $10

million as take off grant.

Although $177 million had

been released for the cleanup

since 2018, HYPREP lacks

the capacity ong>toong> ong>spendong> as has

no feasible workplan for the

funds received."

Uwelu market fire: Group

lampoons Obaseki over fire

fighting service

By Alemma Aliu


days after moong>toong>r spare

part sellers at Uwelu market

in Edo State lost millions of

naira wotth of goods ong>toong> a

midnight fire, a group,

Coalition for Good

Governance and Economic

Justice in ong>Nigeriaong>, CGGEJ,

yesterday, said the inability

of the Governor Goodwin

Obaseki administration ong>toong>

equip the state’s fire service

contributed ong>toong> the huge loss

suffered by the traders

A statement by the group’s

Country Direcong>toong>r, John

Mayaki, said it was

embarrassing that the state

government would wait for

such a monumental disaster

before thinking of how ong>toong>

revamp the state fire service

It will be recalled that the

state Commissioner for Youth

and Special Duties, Damian

Lawani, ong>toong>ok a ong>toong>ur of fire

fighting stations and

equipment for on the spot

assessment of fire stations and

admitted that there were

faulty vehicles and outdated

fire fighting equipment.

He had said: “The process

of fixing the fire vehicles is

ongoing and will be

completed within the shortest

possible time. The Edo State

Fire Service Stations will be

armed with the necessary

working ong>toong>ols especially as

we approach the dry season.”

But Mayaki said Lawani's

statement was a sign of the

insensitivity of the Obaseki

administration ong>toong> the welfare

of the people.

He said “The fact that this

inspection that is at least three

years late and is coming after

no fewer than five major fire

outbreaks in Benin City and

beyond that claimed lives and

property, is described by the

government as 'proactive' is

not only comically silly, but

an insult on the sensibilities

of all well-thinking citizens of

Edo State."

Bayelsa 2019: APC chieftain

calls on EFCC ong>toong> probe former

C-River REC

By Emmaneul


C Progressives


Congress, APC, chieftain

and former chairman of Inter

Party Advisory Council,

IPAC, in Cross River State,

Mr Godie Akpama, has lent

his voice ong>toong> calls for

Economic and Financial

Crimes Commission, EFCC,

and Independent Corrupt

Practices Commission,

ICPC, ong>toong> probe former

Resident Elecong>toong>ral

Commissioner in the state,

Dr Frankland Briyai, on

what he called his

controversial resignation.

Akpama in a statement,

weekend, said investigating

the activities of Briyai would

determine if he corruptly

enriched himself while

functioning as Elecong>toong>ral

Commissioner and wants ong>toong>

use such proceeds ong>toong>

manipulate the

governorship election in

Bayelsa State in his favour.

He said: “Briyai is a man

Diri Vs Daumiebi: A-Court

orders Bayelsa election

tribunal ong>toong> re-try

By Emem Idio


of Appeal sitting

in Abuja has directed the

Bayelsa State Election

Petition Tribunal ong>toong>

immediately resume trial on

the petition by All

Progressives Congress,

APC, and its candidate for

Bayelsa Central senaong>toong>rial

district in the 2019 general

election, Mr. Festus


It will be recalled that the

APC candidate petition had

earlier been dismissed by

the tribunal on technical


Dissatisfied with the ruling

whose activities as REC in

Cross River State are well

known and so I join the

national chairman of the

Peoples Democratic Party,

PDP, Prince Uche Secondus,

ong>toong> call for his probe ong>toong> avoid

setting a dangerous

precedent for other elecong>toong>ral

officials ong>toong> follow.

“This is a man who

excluded APC from the last

election in the state and now

he wants ong>toong> contest election

on its platform, apparently

he seeks ong>toong> hide his activities

against the party.

"He is telling us that he is

under pressure from his

people ong>toong> contest the

election, hence his

declaration ong>toong> contest under

APC and if I may ask, where

were his people when he

announced the results for the

House of Representatives

election in favour of PDP with

just 9,000 votes out of 150,000

voters and Etung did not


When contacted, Briyai

said he has rights like any

other ong>Nigeriaong>n ong>toong> contest for

any elective position under

any party of his choice.

Youths urged ong>toong> embrace hard

work, shun get rich quick


By Jimiong>toong>ta



College of

Education (Technical),

Asaba, Delta State, Dr

Josephine Okeakwa, has

enjoined youths ong>toong> shun

cultism and the unhealthy

drive ong>toong> get rich quickly by

all means.

Okeakwa at an event ong>toong>

commemorate the 2019

International Youth Day

organised by Asaba

Development Union

Worldwide, said the get rich

quick syndrome had not

done those who indulged in

it any good.

Dr Amos Obi, a

representative of United

Nations and member of the

Global Innovaong>toong>rs for

Sustainable Development

Goals, SDG 4, who also spoke

at the event said 150 youths

from Asaba would be trained

in various skill acquisition

programme for free by the

United Nations in

collaboration with

philanthropists of Asaba


He said they would be

trained in various areas

ranging from revolutionised

digital transformative

education, film production/

acting, computer

appreciation/engineering, at

the Asaba vocational centre.

“Transforming Education"is

the theme of this year’s

International Youth Day and

for education ong>toong> be accessible,

affordable and inclusive even

ong>toong> the handicapped, there

should be a paradigm shift

from the conventional

classroom teaching ong>toong> digital

education where people can

learn, work and earn a living

simultaneously from the

comfort of their homes."

of the tribunal, APC and its

candidate appealed ong>toong> the

Court of Appeal, praying it

ong>toong> set aside the ruling of the

tribunal and mandate it ong>toong> retry

the petition on its merits.

Delivering judgment on

the appeal on Friday, the

Court of Appeal held that the

purported technical grounds

upon which the petitioners/

appellants petition was

dismissed at the tribunal

were unknown ong>toong> law and

therefore, directed the

tribunal ong>toong> resume trial on the

petition of Daumiebi with

immediate effect and

conclude it within the

stipulated time by the

Elecong>toong>ral Act.

Vanguard, MONDAY, AUGUST 19, 2019 — 13


disgrace, shame ong>toong>

two-sister ethnic groups

—Mdzough U Tiv

By Peter Duru



body of the Tiv tribe in

the country, the

Mdzough U Tiv, MUT,

has expressed sadness

over the lingering

conflict between the Tivs

and Jukuns in Taraba

State, describing it as a

disgrace and shame ong>toong>

the long standing

relationship between the

two neighbouring ethnic


President General of

MUT Chief Edward

Ujege and Secretary

General, Boniface

Ukende, in a statement

in Makurdi regretted

that “the conflict which

started months back in

Abinse, Guma Local

Government, LGA, ong>toong>

Ukum LGA all of Benue

State has extended inong>toong>

Taraba State. This conflict

is unnecessary, uncalled

for and a disgrace ong>toong> the

longstanding cordial

relationship between the

two ethnic groups who

have lived peacefully

ong>toong>gether in the past as

brothers and sisters.

These conflicts are

enemies of the progress

which our people clearly

need in this hour of

numerous external

challenges in ong>Nigeriaong>.

“MUT hereby calls on

all parties ong>toong> immediately

cease hostility and

embrace peace.

Furthermore we call on

the traditional rulers on

both divide ong>toong> wade inong>toong>

the crisis and direct their

subjects ong>toong> maintain

peace so that our people

can resume their normal

farming now that we

have rains. To the

government of Taraba

:Vanguard News :@vanguardnews :@vanguardnews NEWS HOTLINES: 08052867023, 08052867058

By Demola


WINNERS—From left: Winner of Moong>toong>rcycle, Kamilu Audu; Deputy Regional Direcong>toong>r, Lagos/

Ogun, Dangote Cement Plc., Desmond Aregbesola; Head, Route ong>toong> Market, Dangote Cement

Plc., Olukayode Akin-Bamidele; star prize winner, Godwin Godday; Regional Direcong>toong>r,

Lagos/Ogun, Dangote Cement Plc., Tunde Mabogunje, and winner of Tricycle, Akinong>toong>ye

Oluwagbemiga, during prizes’ presentation in Ikorodu, Lagos State, weekend.

Kwara govt begs flood prone

communities ong>toong> relocate


State Government has

appealed ong>toong> residents of the

state ong>toong> heed the recent

flood alerts which predicted

heavy flooding in parts of

ong>Nigeriaong>, following the

steady rise in water levels

in River Niger.

Permanent Secretary in

the Ministry of

Environment, Amosa

Isiaka Al-Amin, said at a

briefing, yesterday, in

Ilorin, that Governor


AbdulRazaq, had directed

that proper enlightenment

be done and other

preventive steps taken ong>toong>

ensure Kwarans did not fall

victims of flooding.

He said, “Kwara State

falls within this axis and

this administration felt

compelled ong>toong> officially alert

the people ong>toong> this

development and ong>toong> appeal

ong>toong> Kwarans ong>toong> cooperate

with the state government

on the various measures ong>toong>

mitigate the effects of what

is often a combination of

natural phenomenon,

human activities and failure

ong>toong> heed warnings. The

Kwara State Government

led by Governor


AbdulRazaq, hereby

appeals ong>toong> communities

located in and near flood

plains and other vulnerable

areas ong>toong> relocate ong>toong> safer


“Identified communities

in Edu local government

areas such as Iyeluwa,

Belle Gbako, Liptata,

Edogi, Chewuru are

specifically advised ong>toong>

relocate ong>toong> safer places for

Reps probe alleged employment

racketeering in Fed govt agencies

By Demola



Representatives has set

up an Ad-hoc committee ong>toong>

investigate alleged

employment racketeering

by government officials in

federal parastatals,

ministries ,departments

and other agencies where

less privileged and

unemployed ong>Nigeriaong>ns are

allegedly denied

opportunities ong>toong> secure


Among the affected

MDAs include Cusong>toong>ms,

Civil defence corps, Federal

Roads Safety Corps, FRSC,

Immigration and Prisons

service .

A member of the ad-hoc

committee , representing

Ilorin East/Ilorin South

Federal constituency

Abdulganiyu Olododo,

gave the hint in Ilorin,

and Benue State, we

want ong>toong> appeal that the

governors mobilize

sufficient security ong>toong>

control the crisis and

find a lasting solution ong>toong>


“In addition, for long

lasting peace ong>toong> prevail,

it is our candid advice

that the Tiv community

whose ancesong>toong>rs had

lived in Taraba State time

immemorial be

recognised and

integrated inong>toong> the

traditional ruling

authority of the state and

they should also be

accorded all rights as

enshrined in the ong>Nigeriaong>


Kwara State, after donating

N200,000 ong>toong>wards the

completion of the

installation of transformer

ong>toong> the people of Were/


Akerebiata community in

Ilorin East local

government area of the


The people of the

community have been in

darkness for the past few

months due ong>toong> a faulty

transformer in the area

donated ong>toong> them by last


Olododo said: “The

members of House of

Representatives are

disturbed by the trends of

alleged malpractices and,

therefore, set up an ad-hoc

committee ong>toong> investigate

the allegation ong>toong> correct the

trend in the overall benefits

of unemployed ong>Nigeriaong>ns.

We have already started

working and the

revelations are mind

boggling. Anyone found

guilty would be made ong>toong>

face the full wrath of the law.

The essence of governance

is ong>toong> make life bearable ong>toong>

the youths and not ong>toong>

compound their problems.

The administration of

President Muhammadu

Buhari believes in good

governance and would not

be part of any move ong>toong> add

problems ong>toong> the people of

the country, especially the

teeming unemployed


On the financial support

ong>toong> the installation of

transformer ong>toong> the Were/


community, the lawmaker

said the support was his

promise made during his

electioneering campaign ong>toong>

the community during the

last general elections in the


a while. Communities in

Jebba and Bacita are also

urged ong>toong> take this very

seriously for safety reasons.

Farming along riverine

areas should be

discouraged for now.

Resettlement centres

located at Godiwaji in

Patigi constructed by the

Federal Government could

be a safer place during this


“Residents of

communities in Kwara

Central like Isale Koko,

Dumon, and Abata

Sunkere, among others, are

advised ong>toong> heed this

warning. Government

urges residents of the state

ong>toong> avoid dumping of wastes

inong>toong> river channels or

drains ong>toong> allow for easy flow

of water, while illegal

structures along water

ways should be


The government

explained that flood

incidents were often due ong>toong>

intensity of rainfall and

rainsong>toong>rm, blockage of

drainage system, poor

urban planning resulting in

erection of structures within

the flood plains and water

ways, river flooding, as well

as coastal flooding.

He said while nobody

could be blamed for the

natural phenomena that

might cause flooding,

people had a responsibility

ong>toong> avoid actions such as

blockage of water ways and

indiscriminate dumping of

wastes which often worsens

flooding and leads ong>toong> loss

of lives and property and

humanitarian crisis.

Al-Amin, informed that

the ministry would ong>toong>day

flag -off some corrective

measures ong>toong> clear Ilorin of

indiscriminate dumping of

waste and blockage of

drains as part of the efforts

ong>toong> ward off flooding.

He added that the health

officials of old had been

returned ong>toong> the state and

would be going from house

ong>toong> house ong>toong> ascertain

residents' level of


DANGOTE PROMO: 64-year-old

bricklayer, 20-year-old artisan

win cars in Ijebu-ode, Ikorodu

TWO lucky ong>Nigeriaong>ns,

including a 64-year-old

bricklayer, Mr. Iyowun

Ezekiel and 20-year-old

artisan, Godwin Godday,

have emerged the latest

winners of star prize GAC

Saloon cars in the ongoing

Dangote Cement 'Bag of

Goodies’ national

consumer promo.

Elated Ezekiel, who is based

in Ijebu-ode, Ogun State, and

has been a bricklayer for over

40 years, found his prizewinning

scratch card in one

of the Dangote Cement

promo bags he bought from

a distribuong>toong>r in Ijebu-Mushin.

On the other hand, Godday,

who is the youngest winner of

the star prize so far, found his

winning scratch card in

Ikorodu, Lagos.

Both star prize winners were

given the keys ong>toong> their brand

new cars by ong>toong>p Dangote

Cement officials at different

handing-over ceremonies in

Ijebu-ode and Ikorodu,

alongside 10 other lucky

promo winners, who carted

home various prizes,

including a tricycle, a

moong>toong>rcycle, eight

refrigeraong>toong>rs and two

television sets, ong>toong> the

admiration of other Dangote

Cement consumers and


While Mr. Akintaye

Oluwagbemiga won a

tricycle, Mr. Kamilu Audu

won a moong>toong>rcycle.

Interestingly, Mr. Solomon

Dayo won three out of the

seven refrigeraong>toong>rs presented

at the Ikorodu event, while

Messrs. Ohemu Friday,

Innocent Agbo-James,

Ransome Watels and Kehinde

Adeagbo went home with one

refrigeraong>toong>r each.

There was also the

presentation of television sets

ong>toong> Mr. Dare Olajide and Mr.

Oluwadare Gbenga.

Likewise, Mr. Imam Adebisi

Abdulhakeem, who won a

refrigeraong>toong>r, collected his

prize at the Ijebu-Ode venue.

Handing over the car

keys ong>toong> Ezekiel in Ijebu-

Ode, National Sales

Direcong>toong>r, Dangote Cement

Plc., Mr. Adeyemi Fajobi,

ong>toong>ld those gathered at the

Local Government office

that the cement promo is

real and that there are many

more choice prizes ong>toong> be


Flood destroys 12,000 hectares of

farmlands in Jigawa

FLOOD has ravaged

over 12,000 hectares of

rice, cassava, sesame and

guinea-corn farmlands in

nine villages of

Malammadori Local

Government Area of Jigawa


The Councillor

representing Tashena

Ward, Alhaji Yunusa

Bulama, stated this in

Malammadori on Sunday,

when the lawmaker

representing Kaugama/

Malammadori Federal

Constituency, Alhaji Maki

Yalleman, visited the area.

Bulama said the flood,

which hit the area on Friday,

had affected Tashena,

Kadumunbari, Hadyan,

Azumu, Kadumantudu,

Dowawa, Dososo, Allahyayi

and Unguwar-Jamaare


14 — Vanguard, MONDAY, AUGUST 19, 2019

FG wanted ong>toong> kill El-Zakzaky

in India — IMN



Movement in ong>Nigeriaong>

(IMN) has alleged that the

federal government

intended ong>toong> kill Ibraheem

El-Zakzaky in India ‘in the

name of ‘medical


El-Zakzaky was returned

ong>toong> the country after he

refused ong>toong> be treated by

docong>toong>rs provided by the


In a statement issued

yesterday, Ibrahim Musa,

spokesman of the

movement, said the Islamic

cleric did not plan ong>toong> seek

asylum in India, contrary

an allegation by the


He said the allegation

was a campaign of calumny

against El-Zakzaky by the

government ong>toong> hide its

‘’gross misconduct in a

foreign land”.

‘’The Islamic movement

further accused the federal

government of

mischievously going

beyond its role of

supervision ong>toong> the level of

maliciously interfering in

the medical process,

:Vanguard News :@vanguardnews :@vanguardnews NEWS HOTLINES: 08052867023, 08052867058

No going back on RUGA — GOV SULE

•Says it's best option ong>toong> end farmers, herders' conflicts

By David Odama


Sule of

Death in attacks on Benue communities

ong>toong>ll rises ong>toong> 9



in Benue, yesterday said

the death ong>toong>ll from

Saturday’s gunmen

attack on mourners in

Katsina-Ala Local

Government Area of the

state had risen ong>toong> nine.

The Police Public

Relations Officer, DSP

Catherine Anene, said in

Makurdi that the police

were still investigating

the circumstances

instructing on which

docong>toong>rs the Sheikh and his

wife must see, while

refusing ong>toong> allow them

access ong>toong> their own docong>toong>rs,

which confirms the

allegation that the

government had wanted ong>toong>

kill the Sheikh in the name

of medical treatment, ‘’ he


“Before efforts at

resolving this impasse

could be concluded, the

Sheikh was brought back ong>toong>

ong>Nigeriaong>, since their evil

schemes could not be

executed. The government

is now churning out

contradicong>toong>ry explanations

ong>toong> blame the Sheikh for not

allowing himself ong>toong> be

killed in the name of

medical treatment. The

ong>Nigeriaong>n government is

also blackmailing the

Sheikh that he sought for

asylum in India just ong>toong> cover

their own gross misconduct

in a foreign land.”

Musa said El-Zakzaky

was forced ong>toong> either accept

the choice of being

treated by unknown

docong>toong>rs or ong>toong> be returned

home within two hours.

surrounding the attack

and its aftermath.

Anene explained that

four persons were killed

at the burial of Tor Gbev

Amaafu in Tongov while

additional five were killed

during reprisal attacks by

Amaafu, Sati Agirigi and

Ikurav Tiev communities.

She said the killings were

suspected ong>toong> be the

frequent clashes between

Ikurav and Shitile people

in the area in recent times.

“The clash cut across

three villages. There is no

reason for these attacks.

ong>Nigeriaong>n, who swallowed 67

wraps of cocaine jailed in UK



Crown court in the

United Kingdom weekend

sentenced Samuel

Nwankwo, a 27-year-old

ong>Nigeriaong>n man, ong>toong> four years

in prison over drug


According ong>toong> the Crown

Prosecution Service, the

principal public agency for

conducting criminal

prosecutions in England

and Wales, Nwankwo, who

is a resident of Eastfield in

Peterborough, ingested 67

wraps of cocaine worth

£82,210 in Brazil before

boarding a flight ong>toong> London

on February 11.

He also alleged that he

had been visiting his wife

and was short on annual


Nwankwo is said ong>toong> have

boarded Latam Airlines

flight from Sao Paulo ong>toong>

Heathrow airport where he

was nabbed by security

operatives at the terminal


The convict, who had

been in the South

American country for five

days, had no checked

baggage but a body scan

showed suspicious images

in his song>toong>mach.

“A body scan at the airport

revealed suspicious shapes

inside Nwankwo. He was

then taken ong>toong> a hospital for

a CT scan where dozens of

concealed packages were

identified inside him,” the

CPC reported.

“He had previously

pleaded guilty ong>toong> one count

of fraudulent evasion on the

importation of a prohibited

Class A drug.”

The drug found in

Nwankwo was said ong>toong> have

an average purity of 77.1

per cent.

The judge, however,

sentenced him ong>toong> four years

in prison and also ordered

that the cocaine be


“Importing drugs by

ingestion is illegal and

could lead ong>toong> lethal

consequences. Nwankwo

was lucky ong>toong> be alive after

taking such a high

quantity of cocaine,”

Cindy Fayefunmi, a

crown prosecution service

official, said.

INDUCTION: From left: Mr. Bayo Olugbemi, 1st Vice President, CIBN; Mr. Magnus Nnoka, Risk

Manager CRM - President, RIMAN; Mr. Usman Muhammad, CRM - Inductee; Mrs. Tokunbo Martins,

CRM - Direcong>toong>r, OFISD, CBN; Mr. Akinsowon Dawodu, FCIB - Managing Direcong>toong>r Citibank ong>Nigeriaong>;

Mr. Aghogho Etakibuebu,CRM - Inductee; Dr. Greg. Jobome,CRM - E.D. Risk Mgt., Access Bank at

Certified Risk Manager (CRM) Professional Certification 2019 Induction organised by Risk Management

Association of ong>Nigeriaong> (RIMAN) and The Chartered Institute of Bankers of ong>Nigeriaong> (CIBN) in Lagos.

Several peace meetings

with the communities

have yielded no positive

results,” Anene said.

An eyewitness said the

gunmen who numbered

more than 10 opened fire

on the mourners killing

and injuring several

persons in the process.

The gunmen attacked

the mourners in the early

hours of Saturday as a

result of which four

persons lost their lives on

the spot while several

others sustained severe


The area has witnessed

serious criminal activities

in the past four years.

Nasarawa State has said

there is no going back on

RUGA programme of the

federal government in

Nasarawa state, insisting

that it remains the surest

way ong>toong> end farmers and

herders clashes.

Governor Sule, who

spoke on a radio

programme moniong>toong>red in

Lafia, did not only

advocate for regular

meetings among

governments of various

states, he also note that

supporting security

agencies with required

ong>toong>ols was the best option,

saying “you know what,

the only way ong>toong> eliminate

the problems of farmer/

headers is ong>toong> separate

them. You can’t say that

farmers will live in the

same place with the

herders and have peace

because they have no

control over the cattle and

the cattle need ong>toong> go inong>toong>

people’s farms.

“The best thing is ong>toong>

have a separate place for

them, so we embraced the

idea of the Ruga project.

We are aware it has been

suong>spendong>ed at the moment

and we respect the fact

that government has

suong>spendong>ed it until it is

fully studied. But since we

have already received the

idea, there is a way we

can talk ong>toong> the people.

Though it has been

suong>spendong>ed at the federal

level, let’s us at the state

level find a way, even if

we have ong>toong> call it our own

RUGA kind of

arrangement, that is what

we are trying ong>toong> do.

“My position in the case

of RUGA project is that let

us go inong>toong> the root causes

of the problems, same

thing with the Almajiri

system. We are trying ong>toong>

encourage them in such a

way that instead of Almajiris

becoming beggars and

lacking what ong>toong> eat; we

want ong>toong> take them away

from the streets. We are

looking at the Almajiri

system different from the

way they look at it. We want

ong>toong> find something for them

ong>toong> do, educate them so they

can be useful ong>toong> themselves.

When they are educated in

the western education, they

can go and acquire Islamic

education which is meant

for the Almajiri in the first


Regular meetings of

various state governments,

he said “The number one

formula is ong>toong> be on the same

page with everybody, let us

understand that lack of

peace in Benue is the same

lack of peace in Nasarawa,

Taraba. Whatever affects

Nasarawa State the same

thing will affect all other

places in Plateau, Kaduna,

Bauchi, Kwara, Niger and

the federal capital.




Vanguard, MONDAY, AUGUST 19, 2019 — 15

16—Vanguard, MONDAY, AUGUST 19, 2019

VISIT: From left—

Marketing Manager,

Hero Lager Beer, Obum

Okoli, Commissioner

for Youth, Anambra

State, Mr. Afam

Mbanefo and Senior

Manager, Marketing,

Viacom International

Media Networks Africa,

Mr. Donatus Okpako,

during the People’s

Hero courtesy visit ong>toong>

the Anambra State

Ministry of Youth

Empowerment and

Creative Economy in


No ban, restrictions on importation of

food items —Presidency

•Says importers can source for forex from non-govt financial institutions

By Johnbosco



dency yesterday said

that the Federal Government

has neither banned

nor restricted importation

of food items inong>toong> the


It also explained that

the recent directive by

President Muhammadu

Buhari ong>toong> the Central Bank

of ong>Nigeriaong>, CBN, ong>toong> song>toong>p

providing foreign

exchange for importation

of food items did not mean

a restriction on importation

of food items.

A statement by the

Senior Special Assistant ong>toong>

the President on Media

and Publicity, Mallam

Garba Shehu, in Abuja

further stated that any

importers of food items

that wished ong>toong> source their

forex from nongovernment


institutions (and pay

Cusong>toong>ms duty on those

imports – increasing taxtake)

were free ong>toong> do so.

The Presidential

spokesman was replying

ong>toong> a report in Financial

Times, which was a letter

ong>toong> the Ediong>toong>r with the

titled, “Muhammadu

Buhari sparks dismay

over policy shift on food

imports”, published on

August 15, 2019.

Shehu wrote: “Your

article, ‘Muhammadu

Buhari sparks dismay

over policy shift on food

imports’ (August 15)

suggests the ong>Nigeriaong>n

government is restricting

the import of agricultural

products inong>toong> the country.

“This is simply

incorrect. To be absolutely

clear, there is no ban or

restriction -on the

importation of food items


“President Buhari has

consistently worked

ong>toong>wards strengthening

ong>Nigeriaong>’s own industrial

and agricultural base. A

recent decision sees the

Central Bank maintain

its reserves ong>toong> put ong>toong> use

helping growth of

domestic industry in 41

product secong>toong>rs rather

than provide forex for the

import of those products

from overseas.

“Should importers of

these items wish ong>toong>

source their forex from


financial institutions

(and pay Cusong>toong>ms duty

organizers, the event will

bring ong>toong>gether various

stakeholders, intending

off-takers and other

interest groups in the Real

Estate Industry ong>toong>

brainsong>toong>rm and proffer

solutions ong>toong> various

problems militating

against the progressive

and sustainable

development of the


“It is also designed ong>toong>

highlight the available

incentives of the Real

Estate Developers

Association of ong>Nigeriaong>

which could be tapped ong>toong>

benefit all classes of the


They noted that South

East region was

strategically chosen ong>toong> host

the summit, ong>toong> showcase

the potentials of the

on those imports –

increasing tax-take,

something the Financial

Times has berated ong>Nigeriaong>

for not achieving on many

occasions) they are freely

able ong>toong> do so.

Diversification of

forex provision

“Diversification of forex

provision ong>toong>wards the

private secong>toong>r and away

from ong>toong>p-heavy

government control, a

diversification of ong>Nigeriaong>’s

industrial base, and an

increase in tax receipts –

are all policies one might

expect the Financial Times

ong>toong> support.

“Yet for reasons not quite

clear, the author and this

newspaper seem ong>toong> believe

the President’s

administration seeks ong>toong>

control everything – and

yet do so via policies that

relinquish government

control. We look forward

ong>toong> the next instalment of

Mr. (Neil) Munshi’s

bizarre and puzzling

article series.”

The Financial Times

report was titled,

“Muhammadu Buhari

sparks dismay over policy

Enugu gears up S-East Housing Summit

By Elizabeth



Developers Association

of ong>Nigeriaong>, REDAN, South-

East zone has concluded

arrangements ong>toong> host a

major Housing Summit and

Exhibitions next month.

The Summit tagged

Akulueuno 2019 - South

East Housing Summit and

Exhibitions will hold on

Wednesday, September 4,

2019, at the Kobb Civic

Center (Shoprite), Polo Park

Mall, Enugu. The Summit

packaged in collaboration

with Goldspectra

Communications Network

promises ong>toong> be very

educative, enlightening

and promotional in all


According ong>toong> the

housing industry in the zone

and explore the abundant

investment opportunities

available in the industry as

well as ong>toong> properly guide

genuine off-takers on

affordable housing schemes

choices available ong>toong> them.

The keynote speakers for

the event are, Managing

Direcong>toong>r, Federal Mortgage

Bank of ong>Nigeriaong> - Architect

Ahmed Musa Dangiwa,

Managing Direcong>toong>r Family

Homes Fund -Mr Femi

Adewale , Group Managing

Direcong>toong>r, Copen Group and

National President of

REDAN - Surveyor

Ugochukwu Chime , the

BOT Chairman of REDAN

and former Managing

Direcong>toong>r of Shelter Afrique,

Nairobi - Prince Seyi


shift on food imports.

Critics say ong>Nigeriaong>n

President’s move

threatens ong>toong> send prices


It read: “ong>Nigeriaong>n

President Muhammadu

Buhari is coming under

fire after calling for the

Central Bank ong>toong> song>toong>p providing

the foreign currency

needed ong>toong> pay the

country’s vast food import


“Mr Buhari this week

“directed” the Central

Bank ong>toong> cease providing

dollars and other

currencies ong>toong> importers as

part of his efforts ong>toong> spur

domestic agricultural

production and attain “full

food security” for Africa’s

most populous nation.

“But he drew criticism

from economists and

analysts who said the

move threatened ong>toong> send

food prices skyrocketing

and brought the central

bank’s independence inong>toong>


“ Since 2015 the central

bank has enforced a

controversial policy that

denies foreign currency

for dozens of imported

products from cement ong>toong>

ong>toong>othpicks ong>toong> rice, but Mr

Buhari’s call would

represent a vast

expansion of the


“Don’t give a cent ong>toong>

anybody ong>toong> import food inong>toong>

the country,” the President

said, according ong>toong> a

statement from his

spokesman, who added

that “the foreign reserve

will be conserved and

utilised strictly for

diversification of the

economy, and not for

UK faces food, fuel and drug

shortages, says leaked document

Britain will face shortages of fuel, food and

medicine if it leaves the European Union without

a transition deal, according ong>toong> leaked official documents

reported by the Sunday Times, but whose interpretation

was contested by ministers.

Setting out a vision of jammed ports, public protests

and widespread disruption, the Times said the forecasts

compiled by the Cabinet Office set out the most likely

aftershocks of a no-deal Brexit rather than the worst

case scenarios.

But Michael Gove, the minister in charge of coordinating

no-deal preparations, challenged that, saying that

the documents did set out a worst case scenario and

that planning had been accelerated in the last three


The Times said up ong>toong> 85 percent of lorries using the

main channel crossings “may not be ready” for French

cusong>toong>ms, meaning disruption at ports would potentially

last up ong>toong> three months before the flow of traffic improves.

US whiskey exporters struggle

after year of EU tariffs

When Europe’s tariffs on United States (US) whis

key hit in June 2018, craft Distillery Mountain

Laurel Spirits LLC lost 10 percent of its sales overnight

as its European distribuong>toong>r simply song>toong>pped buying its

award-winning Dad’s Hat Pennsylvania Rye Whiskey.

Foreign governments subject ong>toong> U.S. President

Donald Trump’s trade tariffs have targeted American

distilleries and their bourbon and rye whiskeys for retaliation.

The industry fears new tariffs under consideration

by the U.S. government could result in even

higher tariffs on their products in Europe.

“We went from a marginally profitable business ong>toong>

breaking even,” Mountain Laurel’s owner and chemical

engineer-turned-distiller, Herman Mihalich, said

while testing his latest batch of rye whiskey in the

sleepy hamlet of Brisong>toong>l in southeast Pennsylvania.

Airbnb records 30% growth rate in

first-quarter on booking strength

Airbnb Inc recorded $9.4 billion in ong>toong>tal book

ing value in the first quarter, up 31 percent

from the year-ago quarter, a source familiar with

the matter said penultimate week, a key number

that could help pull in invesong>toong>rs as the home-sharing

company plans its foray inong>toong> the public market.

The San Francisco-based home rentals company

booked 91 million nights on its platform in the quarter,

leading ong>toong> the surge in ong>toong>tal booking value, which

measures the transaction dollars on its platform,

the source said.

Airbnb had about $3.5 billion in cash on its balance

sheet as of March 31, the source said. The

company reported a 40 percent revenue growth rate

in 2018 compared with the previous year, according

ong>toong> the source.

Airbnb is readying for a listing in the first half of

2020, according ong>toong> the Wall Street Journal, which

first reported Airbnb’s first-quarter financials earlier

in the day.

PES up against the clock ong>toong> sell

Philadelphia refinery in cash crunch

Finding a buyer for Philadelphia Energy So

lutions’ oil refinery has grown urgent as the

bankrupt company’s funds dwindle and no signs

emerge that it is winning a fight for insurance

payouts after a June blaze at the plant, according

ong>toong> court documents and bankruptcy experts.

Without access ong>toong> the more than $1 billion in

insurance coverage, selling the refinery has become

one of the company’s only options ong>toong> raise

cash before being forced ong>toong> liquidate.

At least three parties have potential proposals

ong>toong> buy the shut Philadelphia refinery, each with

plans ong>toong> reopen the 1,300-acre (5.3-square km)

site with a mix of oil refining and alternative energy

production, sources familiar with the plans


Initial meetings are scheduled between the prospective

buyers and a collection of vetters over

the next several weeks, but it is unclear how long

it would take for any official bid ong>toong> come ong>toong>gether,

the sources said.

PES was not available for comment on whether

it had reviewed any of the proposals or how viable

it considered them ong>toong> be.

encouraging more

dependence on foreign

food import bills.

“The Central Bank has

not said whether it will follow

the directive and did

not respond ong>toong> a request for


‘’Analysts said that

instead of inspiring a

renaissance of ong>Nigeriaong>n

agriculture, the foreign

currency import ban would

create food shortages, drive

further smuggling, and

send prices higher.” Some song>toong>ries credited ong>toong> Reuters

Vanguard, MONDAY, AUGUST 19, 2019—17

MEDIATION: Governor Emeka Ihedioha of Imo State (right); Commandant, 211 Regiment, Group Captain Phillip Bindul

(middle); the state Atong>toong>rney General and Commissioner for Justice, Ndukwe Nnawuchi (left), and others during the mediation visit

of the Governor ong>toong> Umuowa over the land dispute with the Nigera Air Force, weekend.

Attack on Ekweremadu:

MASSOB apologises, advocates

coalition of pro-Biafra groups

By Dennis Agbo

MOVEMENT for the

Actualisation of the

Sovereign State of Biafra,

MASSOB, has condemned and

appologised for Saturday’s

“physical attack and disrespectful

actions of some Igbo against

Senaong>toong>r Ike Ekweremadu in


MASSOB said it confirmed

through the spokesman of the

Indigenous People of Biafra,

We won’t zone gov ticket

for Anambra 2021— PDP

By Dennis Agbo

THE Peoples Democratic Party,

PDP, has said it would not

zone the governorship ticket for

the 2021 election in Anambra


The party declared that its

priority is ong>toong> identify a credible and

sellable candidate that would

secure vicong>toong>ry for it.

This came on the heels of a

recent request ong>toong> Governor Willie

Obiano by some traditional rulers

from the southern senaong>toong>rial

district of the state ong>toong> ensure that

their zone produced the next


All Progressive Grand Alliance,

APGA, National Chairman, Chief

Vicong>toong>r Oye, had earlier in the year

said the party zoned governorship

ticket ong>toong> Anambra South.

Meanwhile, PDPNational Vice

Chairman, South-East, Chief

Austin Umahi, who made the

party’s position known, said

zoning the governorship might be

the internal affair of APGA, which

had nothing ong>toong> do with PDP.

IPOB, Emma Powerful, that

Ekweremadu’s attackers were

members of IPOB in Germany.

MASSOB is the premeir pro-

Biafra group that, in 1999,

resumed agitation for resong>toong>ration

of Republic of Biafra. The defunct

country was re-integrated inong>toong>

ong>Nigeriaong> at the end of Civil War in


MASSOB spokesman, Samuel

Edeson, in a statement,

yesterday, said it was

disheartening that some groups

According ong>toong> him, there is no

way another party’s zoning

arrangement would apply ong>toong> PDP.

Addressing newsmen in

Enugu, after PDP’s monthly

zonal meeting, at the weekend,

he wondered what ”the zoning

people” were talking about. He

stated that PDP has not been in

power in the state for a very long

time, so it would go the wholehog

of identifying the best

candidate ong>toong> win the election.

“Anambra election is very

cardinal ong>toong> us; we wouldn’t allow

what happened before ong>toong> happen

again ong>toong> us because we are

determined and dogged ong>toong>

recapture Anambra as a party,

because the state belongs ong>toong> PDP,

if not for sabotage and PHD (Pull

Him Down) syndrome in

Anambra State, which we have

taken precaution ong>toong> nip in the bud

this time around.

“On the issue of zoning, this

is PDP not APGA. We are going

for the best candidate,

irrespective of where he comes

from. If he likes, let him come

have turned the non-violent

struggle for the actualisation of

Biafra inong>toong> an abusive and

systematic gestapo against the

citizens of Biafra.

It described the attack on

Ekweremadu by IPOB as

codemnable, noting that Igbo

culture abhors disrespect for

elders and persons in authority.

The group said if actually

Senaong>toong>r Ekweremadu was

sabotaging or had sabotaged

Biafra struggle as alleged by

from anywhere and let his

brother act as the deputy. The

most important thing is that PDP

wants ong>toong> reclaim Anambra State

because the state is very

cardinal ong>toong> the South-East.

“There’s no way South-East

Governors Forum would meet

as PDP and Anambra State

would be lacking. So the onus lies

on us ong>toong> get Anambra back on the

stream for PDP.”

By Vincent Ujumadu


candidate of Progressives

People’s Alliance, PPA, in the 2017

election in Anambra State, Mr.

Godwin Ezeemo, has left the party

with all the officials for Peoples

Democratic Party, PDP.

Apart from Ezeemo, the state

Chairman of PPA, as well as other

state and local government

officials of the party also defected

ong>toong> PDP.

At a reception for the former PPA

IPOB, the Nnamdi Kanu-led

IPOB did not take meaningful

and acceptable steps ong>toong> draw the

attention of Ekweremadu ong>toong> the

alleged degradation.

Edeson said: “MASSOB, as a

leading figure of current Biafra

agitation, advise other pro-Biafra

groups, including IPOB that

Igbo political leaders, are not the

major obstacle of our chances of

achieving independence from

ong>Nigeriaong> state.

“The major hurdles militating

against the freedom of Biafra

people from ong>Nigeriaong> is noncohesion

and brotherhood among

the leaders of pro-Biafra groups.

“Ike Ekweremadu and other

perceived and alleged enemies

of Biafra are not our major

obstacle against Biafra. IPOB can

never actualise Biafra alone.


and others operating individually

can’t achieve Biafra alone. Biafra

will be more achievable when a

strong coalition of MASSOB,

IPOB, Lower Niger Congress,

BNC, BIM and others from Niger

Delta regions are established

under a collegiate leadership.”

members in Awka by the

Anambra State PDP leadership,

Ezeemo also announced his

intention ong>toong> contest the 2021

governorship election on the

platform of PDP, thus becoming

the first aspirant ong>toong> make his

ambition known ong>toong> the leadership

of the party.

He said: “From the situation on

ground PDP has all it takes ong>toong>

govern the state after a long wait.

With my departure from PPA,

there is nothing left in that party,

as all those who made the party


bishops decry

insecurity in


By Chidi Nkwopara

CATHOLIC Bishops of the

Owerri Ecclesiastical

Province have decried the

growing degree of insecurity

in the country and urged

Christians ong>toong> watch and pray.

The position of the bishops

was made public in a ninepoint

pasong>toong>ral statement they

issued after their Second

Plenary meeting of 2019 held

at Sacred Heart Pasong>toong>ral

Retreat Centre, Orlu.

The statement by the

Chairman and Secretary, Most

Rev. Dr. Anthony J. V. Obinna,

Archbishop of Owerri, and

Most Rev. Dr. Augustine T.

Ukwuoma, respectively, was

entitled Be strong, fear not.

They said: “Our people are

currently undergoing

unbearable threats from some

of our political leaders and

even from our security agents.

The situation has been

compounded by the

marauding so-called

herdsmen and other bandits.”

According ong>toong> the Catholic

Bishops, the situation has

equally been compounded by

government’s apparent silence

over infringements at various

levels and by shady land deals

by certain community leaders.

They added: “Every day, and

across our states, we hear

heartbreaking tales of

kidnapping, raping, maiming,

exong>toong>rting, land-grabbing,

killing and destroying of

people’s sources of livelihood.

We continue often ong>toong> hope in

vain for our elected public

officers and security agents ong>toong>

protect our citizens as expected

and as enshrined in our


They also opined that the

unemployment situation had

continued ong>toong> cause great

concern ong>toong> the society, as

governments fail ong>toong> provide

jobs and facong>toong>ries that they

promised, noting “many

youths now look more for quick

money-making ventures, even

at the cost of their lives, rather

than pursue creative,

innovative and gainful jobs.”

Anambra PPA gov candidate, officials defect ong>toong> PDP

what it was in Anambra State also

left with me.

“Now that we have joined PDP,

we want the leadership of the

party ong>toong> support whoever the

people would select as their

candidate for the forthcoming


“I like transparency and I hope

there will be transparency during

PDP primaries. My decision ong>toong>

join PDP was borne out of the fact

that I need a bigger platform ong>toong>

enable me actualise my


18 — Vanguard, MONDAY, AUGUST 19, 2019

IN February 2019 just before the

general elections, President

Muhammadu Buhari, candidate of the

All Progressives Congress, APC,

responded ong>toong> caustic criticisms of his

first term by former President

Olusegun Obasanjo by vowing ong>toong> probe

how Obasanjo’s government allegedly

spent $16bn on the power secong>toong>r.

Addressing an APC rally in Yenagoa

on his campaign ong>toong>ur of Bayelsa State,

Buhari had declared: “The previous

government had mentioned on their

own that they spent $16bn on power

but you are better witnesses than myself.

Where is the power?

“Where is the money? We will follow

them, eventually God willing, we will

catch them and get back our money”.

Former Vice President Atiku

Abubakar and presidential candidate of

the Peoples Democratic Party, PDP, had

in January this year also claimed that

contracong>toong>rs were paid monies ong>toong>

provide power in the country which

they never executed.

Power secong>toong>r probe devoid of politics

To achieve the same objective expressed

by the President, the Socio-

Economic Rights and Accountability

Programme, SERAP, having failed ong>toong>

get the Federal Ministry of Power ong>toong>

accede ong>toong> its Freedom of Information,

FOI, request ong>toong> disclose details of how

monies invested in the power secong>toong>r was

spent, approached the Federal High

Court in Lagos ong>toong> force the Ministry ong>toong>


SERAP obtained a judgement windfall

when Justice Chuka Obiozor of the

Federal High Court, Lagos, ordered

the Federal Government ong>toong> publish the

names and other details of the

contracong>toong>rs who allegedly disappeared

with monies paid without duly

executing the jobs.

According ong>toong> a SERAP statement,

Justice Obiozor also ordered the Federal

Government ong>toong> publish on a dedicated

website and widely circulate the

“specific names and details about the

contracong>toong>rs and companies paid by

each government, the ong>toong>tal amounts

paid by each government and the objects

for the payments; the level of

implementation of electricity projects;

as well as specific locations of projects

executed across the country by each


The Federal Government was also

ordered ong>toong> disclose if there is any

ongoing investigation and

prosecution of erring contracong>toong>rs paid

by government since 1999.

While we commend SERAP for its patriotic

advocacy for full disclosure on

these much-bandied allegations, we also

give thumbs up ong>toong> Justice Obiozor for

granting SERAP’s request and issuing

consequential orders.

This is in tune with the anti-graft

agenda of the President Buhari

administration which is highly

applauded by ong>Nigeriaong>ns.

We, therefore, see current indications

that the Buhari government is set ong>toong>

probe the power secong>toong>r expenditures as

a step in the right direction.

However, this probe, which is the

second of its type (following the Ndudi

Elumelu-led investigations instituted by

the House of Representatives in 2009)

must be carried out professionally, devoid

of media trials and political witchhunt.

Those responsible for keeping

ong>Nigeriaong>ns in darkness and retarding our

economy should be exposed and



FG and dormancy of HIV/AIDS anti-discrimination law

By Hameed Oyegbade

THE HIV/AIDS (anti-discrimination)

Act was enacted in ong>Nigeriaong> in 2014,

but has since remained dormant due ong>toong> nonimplementation.

Unfortunately, besides the

psychological trauma and pains persons

living with HIV go through in the country,

they also face various forms of

discrimination and inhumane treatment by

fellow citizens. The HIV/AIDS (antidiscrimination)

Act, 2014, was enacted ong>toong>

discourage discrimination against persons

living with HIV/AIDS, particularly at


Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome,

AIDS, is a chronic, potentially lifethreatening

condition caused by the Human

Immunodeficiency Virus, HIV. By

damaging immune system, HIV interferes

with the body’s ability ong>toong> fight organisms

that cause diseases. On this basis, many people

consider it a death sentence. Many people

have lost their jobs because of their HIV

status, while many marriages have crashed

on grounds of same. The worst part is that

most persons who are HIV positive conceal

their status while majority of persons are

avoiding HIV test mainly because of social

stigma and discrimination.

Some pregnant women who are HIV

positive avoid going for antenatal care so

as not ong>toong> be tested, thereby subjecting their

lives and the lives of their unborn babies ong>toong>

serious danger. In fact, this discrimination

poses a threat ong>toong> peaceful coexistence among

members of the society, making compliance

with the HIV/AIDS (anti-discrimination) Act,

2014, very difficult.

It is absurd that the law that was enacted

ong>toong> song>toong>p this discrimination has been dormant

as if it doesn’t even exist. For instance,

section 21 (1) of the HIV/AIDS (antidiscrimination)

Act, 2014, stipulates that an

employer employing five or more persons

shall in consultation with the employees or

their representatives adopt a written

workplace policy that is consistent with the

National HIV/AIDS workplace policy for

the working environment.

Subsection 2 of the same section further

states that the workplace policies shall be

lodged with the Minister of Labour and

Productivity, currently known as Minister

of Labour and Employment, while section

24 (1) of the same Act imposes the duty of

ensuring compliance and enforcement of

the entire provisions of the Act on the

Atong>toong>rney-General of the Federation. The

HIV/AIDS anti-discrimination Act 2014,

therefore, specifically reposes the duty ong>toong>

ensure compliance with the entire HIV/

AIDS (Anti-Discrimination) Act, 2014,

including section 21 (1) of the same Act on

the Atong>toong>rney-General of the Federation.

Now, one is wondering whether the office

of Atong>toong>rney-General of the Federation is

aware of this Act and why it has not

performed its duty in ensuring the

implementation of the law and compliance

by employers of labour in ong>Nigeriaong>. Why is it

always compulsory that our government

officials and even the ministries and

agencies must be pushed ong>toong> perform their

statuong>toong>ry roles? This is just worrisome!

It is indeed worrisome that an Act which

was enacted five years ago is yet ong>toong> be

implemented and complied with. I am

aware that Lawyers Alert ong>Nigeriaong>, a nonprofit

human rights organisation has approached

a court ong>toong> compel the Atong>toong>rney-

General of the Federation ong>toong> carry out its

functions as provided in the HIV/AIDS

(Anti-Discrimination) Act, 2014.

Lawyers Alert under its free legal

assistance project for vulnerable groups is

prosecuting several cases where persons

living with HIV were discriminated

against and either denied employment

even when qualified and able, or sacked

It is indeed worrisome

that an Act which was

enacted five years ago is

yet ong>toong> be implemented

and complied with

on account of their HIV status. Of course,

dismissal of an employee over HIV status

is a gross violation of his or her human

right ong>toong> work.

Recently, Lawyers Alert got judgement in

its favour in a matter where an employee

was dismissed by his employer on the

account of his HIV status. The matter was

instituted at the National Industrial Court,

Abuja division. The court held that

dismissing employees on the basis of HIV

status is discriminaong>toong>ry and unlawful.

Justice Agbakoba of the Abuja Industrial

Court found that the HIV/AIDS (Anti-

Discrimination) Act, 2014, is equally

applicable in the private secong>toong>r and

prohibits discrimination against existing

Send Opinions & Letters ong>toong>:


and prospective employees.

Following an increase in cases of

discrimination against Persons Living with

HIV in workplaces in ong>Nigeriaong>, Lawyers Alert

in its determination ong>toong> provide access ong>toong>

justice for persons living with HIV and ong>toong>

ensure compliance with the HIV/AIDS (Anti-

Discrimination) Act, 2014, served a Freedom

of Information request on the Minister for

Labour and Employment, on November 2,

2018, requesting the document containing a

list of workplaces/ministries that have

complied with the provisions of section 21

(1) of the HIV/AIDS anti-discrimination Act,

2014, which requires employers of labour ong>toong>

adopt a written workplace policy and lodge

same with the minister.

Unfortunately, despite series of follow-ups

on the FOI by Lawyers Alert for over three

months, there was no document at all

containing such information with the Minister

of Labour and Employment.

While awaiting the outcome of Lawyers

Alert’s suit against the Atong>toong>rney-General of

the Federation which is in the National

Industrial Court - suit already mentioned and

adjourned ong>toong> Ocong>toong>ber 29, 2019 for Lawyers

Alert ong>toong> address the court on the issue of locus

standi (on whether Lawyers Alert has any

interest above that of the society for it ong>toong>

approach the court on the issue), it is

worthwhile ong>toong> indicated that if the Atong>toong>rney-

General of the Federation had carried out

the duties as enshrined in the law and ensures

compliance with HIV workplace policy by

employers of labour, stigma and

discrimination against persons living with

HIV in ong>Nigeriaong> would cease and rights ong>toong>

work and access ong>toong> justice would be enhanced

for persons living with HIV in ong>Nigeriaong>.

•Oyegbade, a public affairs analyst, wrote from

Osogbo, Osun State

Vanguard, MONDAY, AUGUST 19, 2019 —19

Offshore invesong>toong>rs ong>toong> sustain dumping of fixed income assets

By Babajide Komolafe

THE increasing selloff (dumping)

of fixed income assets (bonds and

treasury bills) by offshore invesong>toong>rs is

expected ong>toong> persist this week, even as

the Debt Management Office, DMO,

offers N145 billion worth of FGN bonds.

Driven by weakening global economic

conditions and fears of recession in some

developed and emerging economies, as

well as anxiety over the direction of

crude oil prices, and implication for the

ong>Nigeriaong>n economy especially the

nation’s external reserves, offshore

invesong>toong>rs have been exiting the nation’s

fixed income market selling their

treasury bills and FGN bond holdings.

•DMO offers N145bn

•Naira stable as external reserve sheds

$478m in 2wks

This trend, which also triggered

increased dollar demand in the

Invesong>toong>rs and Exporters (I&E) window,

persisted last week, causing bond

prices ong>toong> fall for the second consecutive

week, with corresponding rise in

yields, in the Over-the-counter (OTC)


Consequently, five-year, 14.50 per cent

FGN JUL 2021 bond lost N1.58, while

the yield rose ong>toong> 14.16 percent

from 13.21 percent the previous week.

Similarly, the 10-year, 16.29 per cent

FGN MAR 2027 debt lost N0.21 while

the yield rose ong>toong> 14.12 percent

from14.08 percent. The 20-year, 16.25

per cent FGN APR 2037 instrument also

lost N0.82 while the yield rose ong>toong>

4.46 percent from 14.35 percent.

This trend, according ong>toong> analysts at

Zedcrest Capital Limited, is expected

ong>toong> persist in the near time. They said:

“The FGN Bond market resumed from

the break on a firmly bearish note, as

market players reacted ong>toong> the increasing

selloffs by offshore invesong>toong>rs in the

Treasury Bills market. Selloffs within

the market have been largely driven

by weakening global economic

fundamentals and recessionary fears,

given the current inversion of the US

and UK Treasury yield curves. We

expect these risks off sentiments ong>toong>

continue ong>toong> impact on invesong>toong>rs’

appetite for FGN Bonds in the near


Analysts at Vetiva Capital

Management Limited also stated:

“Evidenced by the continued advances

in yields in both the T-bills and bond

markets, invesong>toong>rs remain bearish on

the ong>Nigeriaong>n economy. In addition,

Continues on page 20


Banks’ borrowings from CBN

ong>toong> hit N23tr by year end

•To pay N15bn interest

By Babajide Komolafe billion from N7.5 billion in 2018.

Indications ong>toong> this emerged from the

THERE are indications that CBN monthly economic reports

banks borrowing from the covering January ong>toong> May 2019, which

Central Bank of ong>Nigeriaong>, CBN, may

hit N23.7 trillion this year, with

interest payment of N15 billion going

by the current thrust and impacts of

the CBN monetary measures. This

represents 109 percent and 86

percent increases against the N11.33

trillion and N8.4 billion recorded in


The development would be fuelled

by the apex bank’s contractionary

monetary policy stance in the face of

the increasing pressure on the Naira

in the Invesong>toong>rs and Exporters (I&E)

window. The pressure in the I&E is

being triggered by sharp decline in

foreign portfolio inflows and

increased dollar demand by foreign

portfolio invesong>toong>rs, FPIs, exiting the

nation’s money market.

Furthermore, banks’ deposit

placements with the CBN is expected

ong>toong> drop by 31 percent ong>toong> N14.3 trillion

from N20.7 trillion in 2018 with

interest earned by the banks rising

moderately by 2.69 percent ong>toong> N7.23

showed that banks’ borrowing from

the CBN through the Standing

Lending Facility (SLF) shot up by 109

percent ong>toong> N10.99 trillion for the five

months period, from N5.27 trillion

during the corresponding period

(January ong>toong> May) of 2018. Interest

Continues on Pg 20

Banks lose N1.1trn ong>toong>

IFRS 9 rule on bad loans

Ekiti eyes capital market

Capital market can provide funds

ong>toong> fund infrastructure

ong>toong> bridge N3trn infrastructure gap

22 22 — United Capital MD 28





20 — Vanguard, MONDAY, AUGUST 19, 2019


Banks’ borrowings from CBN ong>toong> hit N23tr by year end


Continued from page 19

paid by the banks also shot

up by 86 percent ong>toong> N7.32

billion during the five months

period ending May 2019,

from N3.94 trillion in the

corresponding period of


The CBN monthly economic

reports also showed that

banks’ deposit placement

with the CBN through its

Standing Deposit Facility

(SDF) dropped by 31 percent

ong>toong> N5.59 trillion during the

period under review from

N8.1 trillion in the

corresponding period of 2018,

while the interest earned by

banks rose slightly by N2.85

billion from N2.69 billion in

the corresponding period of


The above trend is expected

ong>toong> persist till the end of the

year driven by two facong>toong>rs,

namely, the recent reduction

in the remunerable limit on

banks’ deposit placement

through the SDF, and scarcity

of funds in the interbank

money market, due ong>toong>

increased liquidity mop up by

the CBN.

The mop up, Financial

Vanguard learnt, became

compelling ong>toong> address

increasing pressure on the

Naira due ong>toong> sharp decline in

foreign portfolio investment

(FPI) inflows and increased

dollar demand on the CBN.

Pressure on

the Naira

F i n a n c i a l

Vanguard analysis showed

that the Naira lost 0.7 percent

or N2.87 against the

dollar between July 1 and

August 9 in the I&E window,

where the indicative

exchange rate rose ong>toong> N363.57

per dollar on August 9 from

N360.57 per dollar on July 1.

This is in sharp contrast ong>toong>

the relative stability of the

currency in the first half of the

year (H1’19) when the

indicative exchange rate for

the I&E hovered between

N360 per dollar and N361 per


F i n a n c i a l

Vanguard analysis shows

that FPI inflow in the I&E

dropped by 28 percent ong>toong>

$780 million in July, the

lowest since December 2018.

The figure was $1.09 billion

in June 2019.

The $780 million FPI inflow

for July represented 60

percent decline when

compared with average

monthly inflow of $1.94

billion in H1’19.

This development forced

the CBN ong>toong> intervene in the

I&E window for the first time

since April this year,

injecting $540 million.

Furthermore, the apex bank

•Godwin Emefiele, CBN Governor

increased liquidity mop up

in the interbank money

market by 36 percent, as it

sold N739 billion worth of

secondary market Treasury

Bills, TBs, (Open Market

Operations, OMO) in July,

up from N476 billion sold in


This action resulted ong>toong> net

outflow of N438 billion

through OMO bills from the

interbank money market in

July, up from net outflow of

N4 billion in June.

Analysts’ comments

Financial analysts have

been busy tracking these

developments recently.

According ong>toong> Nnamdi

Olisaeloka, a Fixed Income

Analysts with Lagos based

The trend of higher

SDF may not

continue because of

the huge liquidity

in excess of

N9.6trillion that is

coming ong>toong> the interbank

market from

August ong>toong>

December 2019 in

form of maturities

of government


investment firm, Zedcrest

Capital Limited, the

development will be

repeated in the remaining

period of 2019, especially in

the face of N9.6 trillion

worth of TBs which will

mature between August and

December this year, hence

increased borrowing by

banks from the apex bank.

He said: “We expect the

trend of higher SLF figures

ong>toong> persist in the remaining

months of 2019, as the CBN

is expected ong>toong> increase its

spate of Open Market

Operations (OMO) issuance

and foreign exchange

interventions in the interbank

market, ong>toong> combat the higher

OMO maturity profile in

September ong>toong> December 2019

and ong>toong> sustain the stability of

the naira, given the recent

pressures from capital flow

reversals by offshore


Banking system


Also the CBN policy on

sterilizing excess funds of

banks operating below its 60

percent Loan ong>toong> Deposit

(LDR) benchmark ratio,

would also impact on

banking system liquidity and

could pressure the SLF

volumes higher.”

However, Ayo Akinwunmi,

Head of Research, FSDH

Merchant Bank, though

attributed the sharp increase

in SLF ong>toong> increase in banks’

lending ong>toong> the economy,

argued that the trend might

not persist in the remaining

part of the year.

He said: “I am aware that

banks are expanding

lending ong>toong> the real secong>toong>r of

the economy and they are

mobilising fund from various

sources, including borrowing

money from the Central Bank

of ong>Nigeriaong>, ong>toong> meet the

increasing lending


“The trend of higher SDF

may not continue because of

the huge liquidity in excess

of N9.6 trillion that is coming

ong>toong> the inter-bank market from

August ong>toong> December 2019 in

form of maturities of

government securities.”

Both analysts, however,

agree that the sharp decline

in SDF will persist for the

remaining part of the year

due ong>toong> the decision of the

CBN ong>toong> reduced the

remunerable limit on banks’

deposit placement through

the SDF ong>toong> N2 billion per day

from N7 billion per day.

According ong>toong> Olisaeloka,

“The SDF figure is expected

ong>toong> sustain a decline as banks

would prefer ong>toong> invest their

surplus funds in short term

treasury bills, given the

decline in the remunerable

SDF amount ong>toong> N2 billion per


Akinwunmi on his part

said: “Since the amount that

will qualify for interest rate

at the Standing Deposit

Facility has dropped from N7.

5 billion ong>toong> N2 billion in the

face of an increase in

minimum loan ong>toong> deposit

ratio, less fund will be

available for SDF.

This is because banks are

now required ong>toong> channel more

fund ong>toong> lending than before,

ong>toong> stimulate economic growth

in ong>Nigeriaong>.”

Vanguard, MONDAY, AUGUST 19, 2019 — 21


Offshore invesong>toong>rs ong>toong> sustain dumping of fixed income assets

Continues on page 20

volatile energy prices will

increasingly weigh on

invesong>toong>rs’ sentiment with

regards ong>toong> the federal

government’s ability ong>toong>

generate sufficient fiscal

revenues. As such, we

foresee a mixed session

with a bearish tilt at the

start of next week.”

DMO ong>toong> offer N145bn


Meanwhile the DMO

will this week conduct its

monthly bond auction by

offering N145 billion

worth of FGN Bond. The

auction comprise N40

billion worth of 5-year

bonds, N50 billion worth

of 10-year bonds and N55

billion worth of 30-year


Analysts at Lagos based

Cowry Asset

Management Limited

projected that the

outcome of the auction

will be influenced by

invesong>toong>rs’ quest for yields

higher than the inflation

rate of 11.08 percent. “We

expect the bonds ong>toong> be

issued at higher song>toong>p

rates as invesong>toong>rs’

demand for positive real

returns on fixed income

assets intensify amid

declining crude oil

prices,” they said.

This expectation

follows results of the

treasury bills auctions

conducted by the CBN

last week where the apex

bank bowed ong>toong> invesong>toong>rs

demand for higher rates,

by raising the song>toong>p rates

on the 182-Days and the

364-Days bills offered in

the primary market ong>toong>

11.35 percent and 12

percent from 10.60

percent and 11.18

percent respectively from

the previous auction.

Also due ong>toong> strong

appetite for higher yields,

invesong>toong>rs shunned the

short dated TBs offered by

the CBN in the secondary

market auction conducted

on Thursday.

As a result, the 20

billion worth of 84-Days

OMO bills offered by the

CBN recorded N5.9

billion subscription,

while the N30 billion

worth of 175-Days OMO

bills on offer recorded

subscription of N3.7

billion indicating undersubscription

of 70

percent and 87 percent

respectively for the two

instruments. However,

the N100 billion worth of

364-Days bills recorded

over subscription of 6.3

percent as ong>toong>tal

subscription song>toong>od at

N106.3 billion.

External reserve drops

On the foreign

exchange scene, the

nation’s external reserve

fell by $478 million in the

first two weeks of August,

thus maintaining

the downward trend,

which commenced in


Data from the CBN

showed that the external

reserve fell ong>toong> $44.425

billion on August 15th,

from $44.903 billion on

July 31st.

Driven by sharp decline

in dollar supply from

offshore invesong>toong>rs as well

as increased dollar sales

by the CBN ong>toong> meet

increased demand by

offshore invesong>toong>rs exiting

the nation’s fixed income,

the reserves have been on

a downward trend since

July 5thwhen it peaked at

$45.149 billion, following

six months steady rise

which commenced on

February 28th, 2019.

Naira stable

However, Naira was

relatively stable in the I&E

window and in the

parallel market last week.

In the I&E window, the

naira appreciated

marginally by two kobo

last week, the first time

since July, as the

indicative exchange rate

for the window fell slightly

ong>toong> N363.42 per dollar last

week from N363.44 per

dollar the previous week.

But the naira

depreciated by 10 kobo in

the parallel market as the

exchange rate for the

market rose ong>toong> N358.3 per

dollar last week from

N358.2 per dollar the

previous week.

22 — Vanguard, MONDAY,AUGUST 19, 2019


Banks lose N1.1trn ong>toong> IFRS 9 rule on bad loans

By Babajide Komolafe

THE banking industry lost

N1.1 trillion in ong>toong>tal

assets as a result of compliance

with the requirements of the

International Financial

Reporting Standard (IFRS) 9

on recognition of bad loans.

Among others IFRS 9

mandates that banks estimate

and book an upfront, forwardlooking

expected loss over the

life of the any loan granted

and moniong>toong>r for possible

default. This resulted ong>toong>

increase in provision for bad

loans (impairment for credit

losses) by banks.

The above requirement,

according ong>toong> Agusong>toong> & Co,

ong>Nigeriaong>’s leading bank rating

firm, led ong>toong> loss of N1.1 trillion

in ong>toong>tal assets by the ong>Nigeriaong>

banking industry in 2018.

Agusong>toong> & Co analyst, Ada

Ufomadu, disclosed this while

presenting the company’s

report on the ong>Nigeriaong> Banking


She said: “In 2018 the assets

of the banking industry was

about N33.3 trillion and we

think in 2019 growth will be

driven largely by the fact a lot

of banks are raising capital.

In 2018 there was the IFRS

9 accounting principle that

was introduced ong>toong> the banking

industry and it had significant

impact on capital. The

industry lost about N1.1 trillion

from banks’ capital. So what

we are seeing now is that

banks are trying ong>toong> recoup

these losses, banks are raising

Tier 2 capital. Some banks

have come ong>toong> the market ong>toong>

raise capital in form of Tier 2

bonds. So we think that will

be a major driver of assets in


Speaking on the company’s

outlook for loan growth in 2019

against the backdrop of the

minimum Loan ong>toong> Deposit

Ratio (LDR) of 60 percent

recently ordered by the Central

Bank of ong>Nigeriaong>,

CBN, Ufomadu said, “We

don’t think that banks will

lend more ong>toong> meet the 60

percent LDR because of the

credit risk involved. As a bank,

I don’t think they will just start

giving out loans because they

are trying ong>toong> meet with

regulaong>toong>ry requirement.

“At Agusong>toong> & Co, we believe

that there might likely be an

extension of the deadline for

meeting the LDR. We see

banks responding by reducing

their deposit base because that

is an easy way ong>toong> meet up with

the LDR, and what this means

is that since it is likely that

banks will be rejecting some

deposits, interest rate on

deposit will likely reduce, so

interest expense for banks may


“Some people also believe

that this might lead ong>toong> a pricing

war, with competition for

premium borrowers. That is

according ong>toong> a school of

thought, but generally we

don’t believe there will be a

significant increase in the loan

book of the banking industry.”

On the company’s outlook

for the exchange rate and

government borrowing

activities and its impact on

interest rate, she said: “We

don’t think there will be naira

devaluation because crude oil

price is still relatively high and

the CBN is well equipped ong>toong>

defend the naira.

“We see increase in

government borrowing. We

still believe that the crowding

out effect which the CBN is

trying ong>toong> avoid will occur. We

believe that the private secong>toong>r

will be crowded out because

the government will still need

ong>toong> borrow and that will have

an impact on interest rate. So

we think interest rate will

remain high.”

From left, Adesola Adeduntan, Chief Executive Officer, First Bank of ong>Nigeriaong> Limited;

Kofo Akinkugbe,ManagingDirecong>toong>r,SecureID Limited and Seyi Oyefeso, Group Executive,

Commercial Banking Group, First Bank of ong>Nigeriaong> Limited during the bank’s delegation

recent visit ong>toong> SecureID Limited’s Smart Card Manufacturing plant in Lagos.

CBN ong>toong> disburse lower Naira denominations through

microfinance banks

THE Central Bank of

ong>Nigeriaong> (CBN) has

released guidelines for the

disbursement of lower

denominations of the naira

through microfinance banks

(MFBs) across the country.

A circular issued by the

Direcong>toong>r, Currency Operations

Department of the apex bank,

Mrs. Patricia Eleje, indicated

that all microfinance banks

must have a composite risk

rating (CRR) of above average

in the most recent Risk Based

Supervision (RBS) target

examination before they are

considered for the scheme.

This, according ong>toong> the CBN,

was ong>toong> ensure that only MfBs

with good corporate

governance practices take


Meanwhile, the

participating MfBs must be

willing ong>toong> accept a mixture of

EDFIN Microfinance Bank,

MfB, has signed a

partnership agreement with the

Sustainable Education and

Enterprise Development, SEED, ong>toong>

enhance quality of education in

Lagos State.

Speaking on the partnership,

Managing Direcong>toong>r of SEED, Mrs

Olarenwaju Olayitan, stated: “I am

so glad ong>toong> be signing this first of a

kind agreement. We are concerned

about improving quality of

education. The quality educational

services is what we are bringing

on board ong>toong> work with Edfin. So it

new and other banknotes, and

that the MfBs shall give 20

percent of any withdrawal in

lower denomination notes

MfBs shall

give 20

percent of any

withdrawal in



notes subject

ong>toong> a maximum

of N50,000

subject ong>toong> a maximum of


Where beneficiaries

withdraw more than once in a

Edfin MfB partners SEED

is not just about finance, it is now

finance plus support, its finance

beyond just money, it is how the

money is working for the schools

ong>toong> improve the quality and

eventually learning.”

Managing Direcong>toong>r of Edfin

MfB, Mrs Bunmi Lawson stated:

“Our concentration is on affordable

private schools that serve low

income group and majority of them

Lagosians. A study has shown that

most families in Lagos State actually

send their children ong>toong> private

schools as ong>toong> oppose ong>toong> public

schools. You would see that the

day, the circular said that

disbursement will only apply

ong>toong> one transaction per day.

Similarly, the MFBs are

allowed ong>toong> exchange notes

subject ong>toong> a maximum

of N50,000 for cusong>toong>mers with

bank accounts and N10,000

for cusong>toong>mers without bank

accounts. In that situation, the

banks must not exchange for

same beneficiaries more than

once a week.

Also, MFBs are ong>toong> maintain

a register of amounts received

from the CBN through their

correspondent commercial

banks. The MFB must also

maintain another register of

the beneficiaries of the lower

denomination notes as well as

ensure that withdrawal teller

slips contain breakdown of the

denomination of the currency

ong>toong> cusong>toong>mers with accounts.

public schools are adequately

handled by government across

board. We need ong>toong> see a general

improvement in quality of

education, we would, however,

extend some of our services ong>toong>

public schools as well. We also have

advocacies where we talk with

government ong>toong> ensure that they are

putting in place proper policies ong>toong>

help improve the quality of

education generally.”

Also speaking on the uniqueness

of Edfin’s focus, Lawson stated: “I

have not yet come across any bank,

microfinance or otherwise, that


engages new

set of graduates

in training


COBANK ong>Nigeriaong>

through its training

academy has commenced entry

level development programme

for new set of Graduate Trainees.

A statement from the bank said

the training programme is an

intensive eight-week medley of

learning interventions for fresh


The first set of 67 trainees will

graduate at the end of the month

and will be absorbed inong>toong>

different roles in the bank.

According ong>toong> the Head,

Human Resources, Ecobank

ong>Nigeriaong>, Gloria Byamugisha, the

first set of trainees at the

academy demonstrated a high

level of commitment and

orientation ong>toong>wards the banking

profession, noting that the

training is essentially ong>toong> improve

the financial literacy of

participants who may be coming

from other disciplines, or who

may have non-financial and

banking related academic


She further explained that the

training combines classroom, onthe-job,

book reading and action

learning models, which provides

the participants with global

exposure and ability ong>toong> compete


Commenting, Managing

Direcong>toong>r, Ecobank ong>Nigeriaong>,

Patrick Akinwuntan said the

training programme was in line

with the transformation agenda

ong>toong> make the bank the most

preferred financial institution in

the country, noting the Ecobank

will continue ong>toong> head hunt for

brilliant fresh graduates, train

them on professionalism and

Ecobank culture and inject them

inong>toong> its workforce.

He further explained that the

various bank’s development

programmes are part of its talent

development strategy ong>toong> continue

ong>toong> churn out excellently trained

banking professionals at various

levels of the industry ong>toong> feed inong>toong>

her talent pipeline and the

banking industry, stating that

they are founded on global best

practice that prepare the

participants for banking careers

in positions aligned with their

potential, competencies and

experience at the entry point of

functional pre-managerial roles.

does what Edfin do. We are the first

specialized education finance

bank in ong>Nigeriaong>. We finance the

education eco system, not only

schools, from pre primary ong>toong>

university, ong>toong> school owners

themselves, so they can expand


“We also provide loans ong>toong> teachers

and administrative staff, then

vendors, organizations like SEED

who supply services ong>toong> schools, and

then ong>toong> parents and pupils who

want ong>toong> pay for their children tuition

fees and all of that.”


Vanguard, MONDAY, AUGUST 19, 2019 — 23



Access Bank offers


loans, business

support ong>toong> SMEs

The Emerging Business Team of Access Bank

led by Mrs. Ayo Olojede discusses how small and

medium enterprises can get financial and other supports

from Access Bank, especially business loan without



CAN you briefly let us inong>toong>

the offerings of the Access

Bank Emerging Business


At Access Bank we are very

passionate about supporting

SMEs and our solution is a

convergence of the ecosystem of

offerings that is aligned with the

challenges that SMEs face. What

are those challenges? Challenges

that bothering on business

management practices, capacity

building, marketing and selling

of their products or services, and

the icing for us is their access ong>toong>

finance. We have designed our

entire proposition in such a way

that when you are banking with

us, everything that keeps you up

at night, all of the pain points in

running your business smoothly,

we are able ong>toong> handle them for

you. That is what our Emerging

Business offering is all about.

The latest SMEDAN (Small

and Medium Enterprises

Development Agency of

ong>Nigeriaong>) and NBS (National

Bureau of Statistics) reports

noted that we now have over 41

million businesses nationwide, in

the category of micro, small and

medium enterprises, MSMEs;

How does the bank cater for the

banking needs of the different


At Access Bank, we first of all

understand the diverseness of

SMEs; with that we have

dimensioned them based on their

needs, their demography, their

business turnover and sizes. We

have specific products tailored ong>toong>

cater ong>toong> each of the segment. We

have what we call the growing

business, the basic business and

the established SME. For the

growing business we know that

some of them are not structured,

they are unregistered; So we have

partnered with law firms ong>toong>

register their businesses for them

and also give them the

opportunity ong>toong> run a business

bank account. Another thing we

do is that we help them with cost

savings and we’ve categorise

them as people who have

turnover of between N50 and

N180 million. Most times if they

are going ong>toong> run their business

based on that turnover, some of

them will ong>spendong> as high as

N12,000 on CoT. But at Access

Bank, we just have a fixed

subscription fee of four thousand

naira. So if you do the

calculations, you will see that we

are giving them up ong>toong> 70% of cost

savings so that they can channel

their funds ong>toong> other aspects of the

business. We have the people we

consider the established

business. We also provide the

opportunity of cost savings of up

ong>toong> 85%. This is part of our strategy

in the Emerging Business. We

provide cusong>toong>mers the

opportunity ong>toong> run their business,

grow their business and support

them through other innovative

products. Like those in the import,

they form queue and the batch

FX where a cusong>toong>mer can build

up funds and make a bulk

transfer if up ong>toong> $50,000. This is

what we do at Access Bank ong>toong>

support our SMEs.

You have positioned your

product as providing more than

banking solutions, what can you

offer SMEs beyond the regular

banking services?

It is about adding value ong>toong> our

cusong>toong>mers’ businesses because

we want ong>toong> help the businesses

grow. We have realized that it is

not just finance that these

businesses need; They need ong>toong>

build capacity. So we have a lot

of initiatives tailored ong>toong>wards

building their capacity. We have

a lot of trainings, we have

seminars, workshops and we

have partnered with a lot of

industry specialist, both

international and local and we’ve

seen that this has been very

helpful in helping their

businesses grow. Apart from

these we also have technological

offerings for SMEs, because we

realised that there is need for their

businesses ong>toong> be efficient and

effective. We thought; what other

way can they achieve that than

being in tune with technology?

So we have different supports like

website design that we offer ong>toong> our

Emerging Business cusong>toong>mers.

We also have a business

Ayo Olojede, Group Head,

Emerging Business

Chioma Ogwo, Head, Non-

Financial Services

management solution which we

offer them. These packages are

severely discounted.

Access ong>toong> finance is widely

regarded as the major challenge

for most MSMEs in ong>Nigeriaong>,

Generally, people talk

about how access ong>toong>

finance is the biggest

challenge SMEs face

with the growth of

their businesses; but

most of them have

challenge of poor

finance records

what is Access Bank doing for

small businesses in this regard?

At the heart of what we do are

our loan offerings for our

cusong>toong>mers. We realised that it is

simply not possible for business

owners ong>toong> scale up their business

drawing funds from their pocket.

As your business grows, you will

need money ong>toong> hire new

employees, ong>toong> purchase new

equipment and open new

branches in other locations. So it

is important that as a business

owner you begin ong>toong> consider the

various financing options that is

available ong>toong> you and how you can

position yourself ong>toong> make sure you

are able ong>toong> access that finance. Let

me quickly talk about why banks

say no ong>toong> SMEs. Generally,

Thelma Luke-Nwoye, Head,

Liabilities Emerging Businesses

people talk about how access ong>toong>

finance is the biggest challenge

SMEs face with the growth of

their businesses. But most of

them have challenge of poor

finance records, misalignment

with the cash flow, not knowing

which portion of sales proceed is

their profit. Most of them also

have challenges with collateral.

What we have done at Access

Bank is that we have invested in

a specific lending assessment

method that takes care of all of

these challenges. As a result we

are able ong>toong> lend ong>toong> cusong>toong>mers who

are new ong>toong> borrowing and who

have never taken our facilities

before. With this we have been

able ong>toong> assist SMEs who

ordinarily would not have been

able ong>toong> access finance. Our

requirements are very relaxed.

We have loans like MediLoan

that is collateral-free. We also can

ask for flexible collateral option

based on what you want and we

leverage the National Collateral

Registry ong>toong> be able ong>toong> register such

as asset. We have lending officers

who will also engage you, and

in the course of engaging with

you, they help you through

building up a balance sheet,

financial statement and cash flow

that adjust all of your household

expenses - the reason being that

most SMEs have one pocket,

everything that they make goes

inong>toong> one pocket. In the course of

putting everything ong>toong>gether, we

will be able ong>toong> differentiate what

you are ong>toong> ong>spendong> on your

household and what goes inong>toong>

your business and what amount

of money is free that you can

reinvest inong>toong> your business. On

that basis, we determine your

loan requirements. Whether you

are a school owner, a health

practitioner or you are inong>toong> IT, or

any other business you can access

up ong>toong> N10 million without

collateral. All of the value chain

in the health secong>toong>r we are able

ong>toong> support and additionally

provide advisory support

through our partnership with

Medical Credit Fund (MCF).

They will help you as a docong>toong>r or

pharmacists see your practice as

a business.

What do SMEs require in

order ong>toong> access a loan from your

bank? Do I need ong>toong> be a cusong>toong>mer

of the Bank?

You don’t need ong>toong> have an

account with us. We will first of

all do a credit check on you ong>toong>

know your credit score. If it is

clean, we will then proceed ong>toong>

demand for your business

records. If these two things are

fine, you are close ong>toong> qualifying

for a loan. We are not looking for

the things that banks generally

require. But the good thing about

us is that, if you don’t have these

things, we work with you ong>toong> help

you achieve them all. But note

that when you eventually qualify

ong>toong> get the loan.

Tell us about your specific loan

offerings for SMEs in Health,

Technology and Education.

We have MediLoan for

pharmacists, hospitals and

diagnostic centres. This loan is

available for different things like,

working capital, equipment

financing and expansion. It is a

very flexible loan, if you ask for

three million; we won’t ask you

for any collateral at all. We can

lend as much as three hundred

and fifty million ong>toong> buy equipment

because we know how expensive

medical equipments are. Our

partnership with Medical Credit

Fund (MCF) allows us ong>toong> offer

technical assistance ong>toong> our

cusong>toong>mers. Medical practitioners

have a quality standard rating for

operating. Our partnership with

MCF allows them come inong>toong> our

cusong>toong>mers’ facility and help them

attain a high quality standard in


We also have a loan for schools.

The loan is tailored for people who

are in the business of running

schools. The account for schools

is called ‘The Diamond School

Advantage’, DSA. This account

gives school owners the

advantage of collateral free loan

ong>toong> buy equipment, renovate their

schools and also working capital.

We have the creative secong>toong>r

loan. Through the CBN onlending

initiative targeted at the

Creative secong>toong>r, Access Bank

supports businesses in the

fashion industry, IT, Movie and

Music production. You can enjoy

up ong>toong> N500million at a

discounted interest rate of 9% for

repayment duration of up ong>toong> 10


Access Bank is really passionate

about growing the engine of the

economy which SMEs represent.

24 — Vanguard, MONDAY, AUGUST 19, 2019


Ekiti eyes capital market ong>toong> fund infrastructure

Song>toong>ries by Peter Egwuatu

EKITI State Government

has commenced moves ong>toong>

approach the capital market for

funds that would enable it

provide critical infrastructure.

The Governor, Dr. Kayode

Fayemi, who was at the

ong>Nigeriaong>n Song>toong>ck Exchange,

NSE, at the weekend ong>toong> brief

capital market community on

the state’s economy said: “We

deemed it necessary ong>toong> visit the

song>toong>ck exchange ong>toong> inform the

market about the level of

development and the projects

we intend ong>toong> embark upon. We

are also excited with the

development in the song>toong>ck

exchange for providing and

sustaining the channel of

providing long term funds for


The governor, however,

refused ong>toong> disclose how much

the State intend ong>toong> raise saying

at the appropriate time the

market and regulaong>toong>rs would

be notified.

Speaking at the event on

“Investing in Ekiti: Facts

behind the State economy” he

said: “We are revitalising the

agricultural, manufacturing,

mining, trade and ong>toong>urism

secong>toong>rs, which ong>toong>gether account

for 75 percent of the state’s

gross domestic product (GDP).

“We are establishing onesong>toong>p

investment promotion

centre and enterprise zone

industrial clusters; widespread

road constructions,

electrification and ICT

infrastructure; as well as

rehabilitation of Fountain

Hotels and commencement of

an Ekiti State Airport project.

We have revitalised Ikogosi

warm spring and the water is

now on sale.

“During my first term as

Governor of Ekiti State we

raised N20 billion which was

used in financing a number of

projects including the Ikogosi

warm spring redevelopment,

the Ekiti Water Works



sentiment continued in the

equity market on the ong>Nigeriaong>n

Song>toong>ck Exchange, NSE, despite the

N0.30kobo interim dividend

declared by Guaranty Trust Bank


Reacting ong>toong> market downturn,

analysts at Cowry Asset

Management Limited said: “In this

week, we expect the domestic

bourse ong>toong> close in red terriong>toong>ry amid

persistent negative invesong>toong>r

sentiment; although we expect

value invesong>toong>rs ong>toong> continue ong>toong> take

advantage of the low song>toong>ck prices

and hold relatively long positions

in order ong>toong> benefit from the high

yielding dividend returns.”

Analysts at Afrinvest Research

said: “Following the bearish

performance last week, we expect

sell pressures ong>toong> dominate in the

near-term given the generally

negative mood and absence of

catalyst ong>toong> spur invesong>toong>r interest.”

Meanwhile, market analysis last

week showed that the

benchmark NSE All Share Index

(ASI) shed 1.4 percent Week-on-

Week, W-o-W, ong>toong> settle at 26,925.29

points while Year-ong>toong>-Date, YtD,

loss worsened ong>toong> -14.3 percent.

As a result, invesong>toong>rs lost

N185.9billion in value as market

capitalisation fell ong>toong> N13.1trillion.

The bearish performance was

largely due ong>toong> sustained losses in

Nestle (-10.0 percent), Stanbic

IBTC (-3.8 percent) and Ecobank

Transnational Incorporated, ETI (-

4.8 percent). However, activity

level strengthened as average

eTransact ong>toong> consolidate expansion

strategy with N7bn fresh capital

construction, as well as the

refinancing of high-interest

borrowings by the state. We

have redeemed the money we

borrowed from the capital


In his own part, the Chief

Executive Officer of the

Exchange, Mr Oscar Onyema

commended the governor for

Equity market: Invesong>toong>rs’ negative sentiment


volume and value rose 12.1

percent and 45.1 percent ong>toong>

258.3million units and N3.5billion

n respectively. The ong>toong>p traded

song>toong>cks by volume were Guaranty

Trust Bank (228.1million units),


Conoil Plc have expressed

optimism over a possible

improvement in the company’s

returns on investment, in line

with its tradition of delivering

good dividend.

In his address ong>toong> shareholders

at the 49th Annual General

Meeting, AGM, of the company

in Uyo, Akwa Ibom State, the

Transcorp (96.1million units) and

Zenith Bank (91.9million units)

while Guaranty Trust Bank

(N5.9billion), MTN (N1.9billion)

and Dangote Cement (N1.7 billion)

led by value.

taking the bold step ong>toong> visit the


He said: “You have increased

the proportion of capital

ong>spendong>ing in the 2019 budget ong>toong>

44 percent from 31 percent in

2018; and channelled

budgetary resources ong>toong>wards

pro-growth projects.

At the NSE, we recognize that

ong>toong> build a sustainable economy

for the estimated 3.5 million

citizens of Ekiti State, supported

by vibrant secong>toong>rs, both stateowned

and private secong>toong>r

enterprises will require access

ong>toong> right-sized capital. We have

been longstanding partners

with Ekiti State in accessing

such capital.”

Conoil assures shareholders of improved returns

Chairman, Dr. Mike Adenuga,

stated that despite the challenges

of a ong>toong>ugh operating environment

in the downstream petroleum

secong>toong>r, Conoil continued ong>toong> record

progress ong>toong>wards delivering

superior shareholder value.

“Every segment of our business

will continue ong>toong> receive the desired

attention with a view ong>toong>

maintaining world class levels of

Fidelity Bank surpasses CBN’s

60% LDR requirement

By Emma Ujah,

Abuja Bureau Chief

FIDELITY Bank Plc has

surpassed the 60 per

cent Loan ong>toong> Deposit Ratio

(LDR) requirement of the

Central Bank of ong>Nigeriaong>


The Regional Bank Head,

Abuja Bank 1, Ms. Venessa

Mordi, disclosed this at the

just-concluded training

programme for Small and

Medium Enterprises (SMEs)

operaong>toong>rs in Abuja.

According ong>toong> her, the

Fidelity Bank’s LDR ratio was

already above 80 per cent and

that it was made possible due

ong>toong> the organisation clear

understands of the role of

banks as financial


She said, “We have achieved

over 80 per cent in terms of Loan

ong>toong> Deposit ratio. We believe that

the business of banking is

financial intermediation. The

job of banking is taking from the

haves and giving it ong>toong> the havenots.

So we have tried ong>toong> see

where the needs are.

Most of the loans we have

given are in this secong>toong>r, the


operating and capital discipline.

We believe that the future holds a

lot of promise for our shareholders,

the company will surely reward

them for their steadfastness and

unwavering faith in its prospects,”

Adenuga said. For the financial

period ended December 31, 2018,

Conoil profit before tax rose by

11.4 percent ong>toong> N2.6 billion from

N2.3 billion in 2017, while profit

after tax soared ong>toong> N1.8 billion

from N1.6 billion, representing

13.8 percent increase. Turnover

rose by 5.8 percent ong>toong> N122 billion

from N115 billion.

At the meeting, shareholders

ratified a ong>toong>tal dividend cash

payment of N1.4 billion, which

translates ong>toong> 200kobo for every

50kobo share held.

Adenuga attributed Conoil’s

achievement in the financial year

under review ong>toong> the commitment

of the Board and management of

the company ong>toong> deliver solid

financial results, in spite of the

enormous challenges that

confronted operaong>toong>rs in the

downstream oil secong>toong>r, including

the prohibitive cost of procuring

petroleum products.

By Nkiruka Nnorom

eTRANSACT Plc, an e-

payment solution provider

listed on the ong>Nigeriaong>n Song>toong>ck

Exchange, NSE, has said that

the proposed fresh capital

raising of N7 billion would help

the company ong>toong> move ong>toong> the next

level of its expansion drive,

which started in 2018.

The company also revealed

that it processed over 400

million data transactions valued

at N30 trillion in 2018.

The Managing Direcong>toong>r/CEO,

Mr. Niyi Toluwalope, who

disclosed these at a media

parley in Lagos, said that the

company is awaiting approval

from the Securities and

Exchange Commission, SEC,

and the Central Bank of

ong>Nigeriaong>, CBN, ong>toong> proceed with

the offer, which he hoped would

be concluded before the end of

2019 financial year.

The company had earlier in

the year secured shareholders

nod for the capital raising


He said that the company has

reviewed and streamlined its

strategies since June 2018 when

the new management assumed

position ong>toong> align with its future

focus and the roles it plans ong>toong>

play in the financial technology

and electronic payment space.

“The major use of the capital

we plan ong>toong> raise is ong>toong> invest and

expand our technology

capability as well as our

bandwidth and processing

capabilities. It will also help us

ong>toong> deepen our network security

systems and human capital

strategy. We believe that we are

here for the long run and the

injection of additional equity

would enable the management

ong>toong> strategically maintain the

company’s leading position

within the electronic payment

industry” he stated.




Vanguard, MONDAY, AUGUST 19, 2019 — 25




26 — Vanguard, MONDAY, AUGUST 19, 2019




Vanguard, MONDAY, AUGUST 19, 2019 — 27




28 — Vanguard, MONDAY, AUGUST 19, 2019


Will the last invesong>toong>r on the NSE

please put out the lights?

Banks market capitalisation

drops by N657bn —August 12,


Invesong>toong>rs lose N157.7bn as 43

song>toong>cks decline —August 13,


WHEN in 2016 the

forecast of a continuous

decline in song>toong>ck prices was

made, a friend asked me when

it will end and a recovery gets

underway. The answers

provided were simple. The bad

news for invesong>toong>rs, whether in

the capital market or elsewhere,

will continue as long as ong>Nigeriaong>

has a Federal Government

whose leaders don’t understand

how modern economies work.

The unceasing competition

among nations of the world for

advantage will always work in

favour of countries blessed with

leaders with a great deal of

know-how. ong>Nigeriaong>,

unfortunately, is stuck with

economic illiterates managing

our fortunes for us. Furthermore

every quarter that produces

poor results will see us fall

farther behind other nations and

also make it more difficult ong>toong>

catch up.

A deregulated capital market

such as ours presents

government and the governed

an objective report card of what

global invesong>toong>rs think of our

performance. No senior special

adviser on media or minister of

mis-information can claim that

we are doing very well on the

economy when the trend

remains downwards for almost

27 months. The reasons are not

ong>toong>o difficult ong>toong> understand for

those not wedded ong>toong>

government propaganda.

Capital is a coward; it takes

flight at the first serious sign of

trouble. The first serious sign of

trouble came in 2016 when the

economy went inong>toong> a recession

for the first time in 38 years. The

results were made available in

the first quarter, Q1, of 2017.

Invesong>toong>rs expected a vigorous

response from the Federal

Government ong>toong>wards strong and

quick recovery. What followed

was not reassuring and induced

pessimism about the Federal

Government’s ability ong>toong>

understand and manage a

complex economy.

To begin with the president

had prolonged health

challenges - which led ong>toong> a lot

of ugly speculations about the

captain of the ong>Nigeriaong>n ship of

state. The vice president

stepped in and filled some of

the political vacuum created; but

he failed ong>toong> take any significant

measures ong>toong> accelerate

economic growth.

Meanwhile, the 2017 budget

was hostage ong>toong> divisive politics.

The leaders of the executive and

legislative branches of

government forgot (or never

realised) that bad politics will

drive out good money from any

economy any time. Collectively,

they behaved as if ong>Nigeriaong> was

isolated from the globalisation

of all markets.

A friend in need is no friend

of mine —American comedian.

The budget was eventually

passed in late May and signed

in early June. By then, the more

jittery foreign portfolio invesong>toong>rs

had started ong>toong> check out. They

knew from experience about the

verdict of hisong>toong>ry on such


A budget passed so late in the

year and, with no growth

stimulus of any sort, invariably

results in low Gross Domestic

Product, GDP, growth. They

were absolutely correct. The

year 2017 ended with 0.8 per

cent growth - barely noticeable.

With -1.4 recorded in the

previous year, the cumulative for

2016 and 2017 was still negative.

Given the depressing results

for the first two years, many

presidents invariably dissolve

the cabinet and attempt ong>toong> bring

more experienced people inong>toong>

government ong>toong> accelerate

development. Nothing like that

happened. Individuals

appointed on account of loyalty

or ong>toong> pay political debts were

retained until the end. The

ministers of the most important


LAPO MfB raises share capital ong>toong> N3.5bn

By Providence Emmanuel

LAPO Microfinance Bank,

MfB, Limited has

increased its authorised share

capital by 75 per cent ong>toong> N3.5

billion from N2 billion. This was

done by the creation of three

billion additional ordinary

shares of 50 kobo each, which

ranks pari-passu in all respects

with the existing ordinary


This was one of the highlights

of the bank’s eighth annual

general meeting (AGM) held in

Lagos ong>toong> approve the financial

results of the bank for the year

ended December 2018.

Speaking at the AGM,

Managing Direcong>toong>r, LAPO MfB,

Mr. Godwin Ehigiamusoe,

disclosed that the bank

disbursed N137 billion ong>toong> micro

and small enterprises during the

financial year, with target of

N154 billion in 2019.

He, however, stressed that

there is a need for everyone ong>toong>

ensure that the loans that go ong>toong>

the MfB segment of the society

come cheaper than what it is


He said: "Our shareholders’

fund is in excess of N19 billion

but the share capital is a

different thing entirely and so,

we are increasing it from N2

billion as it were ong>toong> N3.5 billion

and that means we are

increasing the number of our

shares from four billion ong>toong> seven


"The first step is for us ong>toong>

obviously be able ong>toong> open up ong>toong>

private invesong>toong>rs especially

institutional invesong>toong>rs we believe

can add value ong>toong> LAPO in

addition ong>toong> bringing fund ong>toong>

LAPO. Value in terms of their

experience in other jurisdiction,

being able ong>toong> bring value ong>toong> our

operations and governance


"There is a huge gap between

the demand for credit for people

Foreign invesong>toong>rs

take note of all

these signs of a

nation in almost

ong>toong>tal disarray and

they have rightly

decided ong>toong>

withdraw ong>toong> safer


ministries from the standpoint

of the economy – power, works,

transportation, finance, internal

affairs – became national

embarrassments ong>toong> everybody

who could objectively assess

their performance. They

embarrassed everybody except

the team manager who either

did not know what a

performance appraisal is all

about or did not seem ong>toong> care.

But, foreign invesong>toong>rs with their

funds locked up in the largest

country in the dark continent

were not so forgiving.

They noticed that the Lagos-

Ibadan double-guage rail line

which was promised before the

end of 2017 was not anywhere

near 20 per cent completion

when the year ended. This is

at the botong>toong>m end, that is, the

owners of micro and small

businesses. So as a

microfinance bank committed ong>toong>

supporting that end, our major

operation is providing credit,

we prioritize giving loan ong>toong> those


"We are also regulated, so we

can mobilize deposit, but our

commitment right from when we

were an NGO has been ong>toong>

provide loan ong>toong> owners of micro

and small businesses. Our

expectations are that we

continue ong>toong> do what we do, first,

is ong>toong> ensure we meet the

demand of our clients and

potential clients for loan, and

secondly ong>toong> be able ong>toong> deliver

some good returns in terms of

financial performance."

Ehigiamusoe said that

business environment in the

financial year under focus was

quite challenging not just for

the MfBs but for most

businesses in the country,

Vanguard, MONDAY, AUGUST 19, 2019 — 29

August 2019 and the line is still

far from being opened for

business. The Chinese, who

provided the loan for the rail

line know that there is a time

component ong>toong> any loan deal.

With delay, interest payments

mount. That was how we got

inong>toong> the debt trap in the 1980s.

We are back on familiar road ong>toong>

our detriment.

They also noticed that we

allowed the re-construction of

the busiest road in ong>Nigeriaong> –

Lagos-Sagamu-Ibadan – ong>toong>

drag on for ever. It has taken us

all the years from Yar’Adua’s

government in 2007 ong>toong> repair

and expand a road which

Gowon’s administration

delivered from virgin land in

less than three years. It will still

remain uncompleted by

December this year.

The paralysis of the nation’s

biggest ports for almost five

years could only occur in a

country which does not want

foreign direct investment in

large amounts.

The Apapa gridlock, which

has not been duplicated

anywhere in the world, is a

classic case study in How Not

To Run A Government. The

situation not only slows down

evacuation of imported

materials from the ports, it

actively discourages exports.

The impunity of the drivers of

trucks and trailers is simply

asong>toong>nishing. Osinbajo, as

acting President issued them an

order ong>toong> vacate in 72 hours. He

was ignored; and the situation

got worse.

Two months ago, the President

issued the same “Quit Notice”.

They are still there till ong>toong>day. No

official of government has

received a query for this slap in

the face of the nation’s highest

constituted authority. Yet,

saying: "The business

environment has been quite

challenging especially for most

businesses not just MfBs and

despite that, we did our best ong>toong>

ensure we deliver our usual

Our expectations

are that we

continue ong>toong> do what

we do, first, ong>toong>

ensure we meet the

demand of our

clients and potential

clients for loan

superior performance. It is for

that reason we were able ong>toong>

provide dividend for invesong>toong>rs.

"What is important is that the

bigger chunk of our profit after

tax has been ploughed back inong>toong>

the business and what is going

ong>Nigeriaong> loses billions each day

the trucks stay there.

Foreign invesong>toong>rs take note of

all these signs of a nation in

almost ong>toong>tal disarray and they

have rightly decided ong>toong> withdraw

ong>toong> safer economies. Obviously,

the government of any country

which can ong>toong>lerate the atrocities

we mentioned above, as well as

others left unong>toong>uched, cannot

possibly expect its economy ong>toong>

grow at six, seven or eight per

cent as China, India and

Indonesia – the countries

mentioned on June 12 – had

done for several years. Can

anyone imagine China allowing

truckers ong>toong> block a major road for

two weeks - not ong>toong> talk of five


Those still involved in the

ong>Nigeriaong>n Song>toong>ck Exchange must

be there now for other reasons

other than return on investment.

The ong>Nigeriaong>n economy is

heading for another low growth

year. The firms listed on the NSE

are struggling. Now, the Food

and Beverage secong>toong>r will

experience a ong>toong>ugh time starting

with those importing milk

products as component of their

manufacturing process.

The collateral damage which

the change of government policy

will have on non-food

manufacturers (packaging

materials, etc.) will be more

profound than anybody can

imagine at this time.

Decline in ong>toong>tal capitalisation

since January would have been

alarming if not for new major

listings like MTN. But, even with

them, the future is bleak for

invesong>toong>rs. The ong>Nigeriaong>n

economy under current

management cannot deliver the

sort of robust growth which will

halt the continuous slide in share



back ong>toong> shareholders is minimal

and the fact that the number of

shares in LAPO is small.

"I strongly believe that in spite

of the challenges in the

economy, ong>Nigeriaong> has a big

potential for MfBs in the sense

that we have a very large

population of people and these

people are exceptionally very

enterprising, therefore there is

need ong>toong> see how we can support

the secong>toong>r.

“More importantly, it is the

desire of everyone ong>toong> ensure that

the loans ong>toong> this segment of the

society come cheaply or cheaper

than what it is now. Some

solution ong>toong> that could be the

need ong>toong> have a refinancing

structure or institution in

ong>Nigeriaong> that would be able ong>toong>

provide low cost fund ong>toong> MfBs

who would then use such fund

for on lending. The implication

therefore is that the ultimate

user, the borrower would access

cheaper loan than what they do


30 — Vanguard, MONDAY, AUGUST 19, 2019


THE Murtala

M u h a m m e d

International Airport, which

was commissioned over 40

years ago, remained,

ong>Nigeriaong>’s premier gateway,

until, the new Abuja,

International Airport was

commissioned this year.

Regrettably, in retrospect,

since, the MMIA was opened,

there was no major attempt ong>toong>

refurbish and sustain smooth

running operations at the

earlier celebrated aviation


Presently, aviation hubs in

Cairo, Addis Ababa,

Johannesburg, and lately

Accra, have since showcased

superior facilities that put the

MMIA’s image ong>toong> shame.

Indeed, the excitement of

ong>Nigeriaong>ns returning home

from foreign destinations, ong>toong>

rejoin family and friends,

often, quickly wears off after

arrival at the MMIA, in Lagos!

Admittedly, the process of

disembarkation, immigration,

baggage discharge and

Cusong>toong>ms, have lately, been

largely streamlined,

nonetheless, there is still a

disturbing overhang of an

untidy ambience, in service

delivery, by the various port


The challenges, actually

begin the moment,

passengers exit the Cusong>toong>ms

controlled area, and suddenly

become confronted by a host

of porters, taxi drivers and

other myriad transport

contracong>toong>rs, who besiege

travellers, as if ong>toong> wrestle and

divorce them from their

luggage! Obviously, the

product of such rude

engagement may have

become of concern, as warning

posters on billboards and

structural pillars, carry the

stern warning that

uncontrolled rage of any

passenger, within the arrival

hall, will be severely dealt with

by airport authorities.

Furthermore, ong>toong> the anguish

of travellers, from


YOUNG entrepreneurs

could overcome the

challenges of starting and

building their small businesses

by diligent working on simple

and creative ideas.

Speaking ong>toong> Financial

Vanguard, weekend, on

entrepreneurship development

issues amongst young

ong>Nigeriaong>ns, managing direcong>toong>r of

Sweetkiwi, ong>Nigeriaong>'s rising

international yoghurt brand,

Ehime Eigbe, said that even if

the ong>toong>tal vision is not fully in

place, a gradual execution of

MMIA: Passenger ong>toong>rture from arrival hall

ong>toong> car park!

destinations, with much colder

climate, it is not unusual for

the air-condition system, in

the airport, ong>toong> fail for extended

periods. Sadly, the disjointed

array of several, roughly

fabricated commercial kiosks,

in the arrival hall, is often

reminiscent of similar

degraded retail outlets and

mini-supermarkets, in dingy

shopping precincts, in several

unserviced locations, in

ong>Nigeriaong>’s cities.

Notably, also, the horrid

spectacle of decay in ong>toong>ilets

and other conveniences, may

actually be strong enough ong>toong>

encourage, only, desperately

pressed travellers ong>toong>

compulsively ease

themselves. However, the

preceding unnerving,

experiences, are just the

beginning of an exhaustive

and depressing exercise, of

transporting one’s self and

luggage from the arrival hall

ong>toong> either the open ong>toong> the skies

pick-up point or the farther,

more frustrating, car park exit.


immediately outside the

arrival hall, the traveller is

forced ong>toong> weave his way with

a rented, rickety luggage

trolley, through a congregation

of in-your-face taxi drivers,

currency traders, porters and

other non-specific contracong>toong>rs!

Sadly, the intense solicitation

from these motley groups for

business, persists beyond the

arrival hall through a bumpy

walkway, for over 60 metres

under the open skies, before

the exit route weaves through

another 100 metres or so of a

five-six foot wide concrete

lane, with aluminum roofing

and open side-netting, before

reaching the first designated

pick-up point, which is not

also sheltered from the


Furthermore, beyond the

rowdy, shoving and pushing

at the seeming jungle of a

pick-up point, those travelers,

proceeding ong>toong> the actual car

park, must veer thereafter,

inong>toong> another heavily crowded

lane, that runs for about 100

metres, with their heavily

laden trolleys and, ultimately,

dash across a very busy airport

access road with its stream of

cars, heading ong>toong> the airport

departure hall of the MMIA.

Expectedly, if it rains at

anytime, the discomfort ong>toong> an

already stressed, and

confused passenger with the

burden of wobbling, heavy

laden pushcarts, can best be

imagined and not endured.

Expectedly, the patience and

equanimity of travelers are

200 metres, or so from the

arrival hall, ong>toong> the car park! It

is not clear why an

intermediate pick-up point

was carved out, when there is

a fully furnished, multi-level

modern car park! Ultimately,

the pick-up point has already

become an intermediate day

and night market for a host of

unlicensed foreign exchange

hawkers, taxi drivers and a

motley of ong>toong>uts, some of whom

are moon-lighting armed

security officers, who are out

ong>toong> make a quick buck; God

help the poor passenger, if the

clouds also decide ong>toong> empty its

burden of rain at anytime!

Predictably, any excitement

that a ong>Nigeriaong>n traveller had

of returning home, ong>toong> family

and friends would most

probably soon evaporate, with

the prolonged ong>toong>rture,

endured before they accessed

transport for the journey back


Similarly, foreigners who are

also compelled ong>toong> exit the

airport, with such distressing

and oppressive exit

procedure, may also wonder

whether they have not made

a mistake, for choosing

ong>Nigeriaong> as their destination.

Indeed, unless these

foreigners expect ong>toong> make

substantial ‘booty’ from their

visit, they may never choose

ong>toong> visit ong>Nigeriaong> ever again;

furthermore, these visiong>toong>rs

may wonder whether ong>Nigeriaong>’s

aviation authorities have also

gone gaga, as they may find

it, inexplicable that the ‘docile

natives’, who have acquiesced

ong>toong> such involuntary ong>toong>rture

meted out ong>toong> them, are still

unable ong>toong> make their rulers

accountable or responsive.

Invariably, the ong>toong>rtuous

process from the arrival hall,

ong>toong> the pick-up point, and

thereafter ong>toong> the main car

park, becomes greatly

Young entrepreneurs counselled on building businesses from scratch

business ideas could yield

massive success with time, going

by her experience.

She stated: ''The truth is that in

entrepreneurship and business

development it is one step at a

time, you cannot envision all

these things at once. You can

think, Oh! I want ong>toong> do this, those

are dreams that you have for the

business but as long as you just

keep working on it there would

be good results.''

She explained that the

entrepreneur could even get

more valuable ideas from the



that a


traveller had

of returning

home, ong>toong>

family and


would most




seriously tested during the 60

minutes or more, that it takes

ong>toong> make the journey from the

airport hall ong>toong> the pick-up

point, where transport ong>toong>

destinations can be accessed,

after still more waiting! The

travellers pain is unfortunately

compounded, if they, also,

have the “misfortune” of heavy

luggage, which must be

hauled all the way, for about

engagement with the cusong>toong>mers

he never thought of, saying,

''sometimes cusong>toong>mers would

give you your best ideas and that

was how we continued doing the

event catering and that was what

helped us ong>toong> afford the current

location we are in now. You know,

sometimes starting at the peak

of the idea is not always the best.

Find little ways in which you can

start ong>toong> build little by little and

you would still get ong>toong> the


Further narrating her

experience which ong>toong>ok the

business from home ong>toong> the highbrow

large Lekki, Lagos location

and now in Washingong>toong>n DC,

United States of America, Eigbe

stated: ''We were always boot

strapping, get a little money from

clients ong>toong> do some things, we

were renting machines all the

time from different people before

we could even afford our own

machine. We were just doing

what we could with what we had.

''I always tell people before you

start looking for funding or

anyone who is going ong>toong> give you

money do what you can with

amplified, if for whatever

reason, the traveller arrives at

MMIA after dark; although

the distance remains the

same, the weary traveller

invariably becomes

apprehensive as they traverse

this route, under a narrow,

dimly lit corridor, with

aluminum side-nettings,

which is flanked on either

side, by currency hawkers,

ong>toong>uts and transport contracong>toong>rs

lurking in the shadows of

darkness. Evidently, this daily

spectacle, is an indescribable

horrific experience, that does

not do ong>Nigeriaong>’s image any


In fact, the journey from the

arrival hall ong>toong> the car park is

probably reminiscent of a war

zone with besieged and

helpless travelers, who must

suffer and, still manage ong>toong>

smile, when family members

and loved ones turn up, in the

midst of the chaos, ong>toong> welcome

one of their own back home.

Instructively, the simple

process of moving from the

airport arrival hall ong>toong> the car

park, which may not exceed,

say 15 minutes, in a

neighbouring country, like

Ghana, may in contrast,

regrettably, consume well over

an hour at MMIA, with an

inclusive heavy dose of pain

and humiliation, ong>toong> boot.

Admittedly, ong>Nigeriaong>ns are

expectant, that with the

commissioning of the long

anticipated, new facility at

MMIA, the challenges and

pains listed above, would be

erased, since the new terminal

is just a pole away from a

massive, four song>toong>rey car park,

which is already operational.

Notwithstanding, the

construction and delayed

commissioning of the new

facility should not be an

excuse for the continued

abuse, stress and tears that

both ong>Nigeriaong>ns and foreign

visiong>toong>rs have ong>toong> endure

whenever they enter our

country through the MMIA!


what you have first. That was

what we did, we did what we

could do with what we had and

then people started seeing the

potentials a bit more. People will

start ong>toong> say okay they are trying

they have done something even

when they did not have anything

and they will start ong>toong> trust you a

bit more.''

According ong>toong> her, ''Sometimes,

it is just about getting people ong>toong>

buy inong>toong> your vision. Not

everyone is going ong>toong> be a hard

person. You know, we often think

ong>Nigeriaong>ns are not nice, they do

not like ong>toong> help people. But that

is not true some people are nice.''

FG, El-Zakzaky premier in Bollywood

INDIAN films from

Bollywood were the

mainstay of the movie industry in

ong>Nigeriaong> far outstripping the

American Hollywood. That was

long before the ong>Nigeriaong>

Nollywood made its entrance.

Those were the days of famous

Indian acong>toong>rs like Dharmendra,

Prem Chopra, Feroz Khan, Hema

Malini, Helen, Shashi Kapoor

and Rajesh Khanna who produced

mega hits like Sholay, Love in

Tokyo and Jugnu.

ong>Nigeriaong> was perhaps

Bollywood’s largest international

market, but I do not recall

ong>Nigeriaong>ns playing roles in Indian

films until last week when the

ong>Nigeriaong>n government and its

most famous detainee, Sheikh

Ibraheem EL-Zakzaky, decided ong>toong>

enact a real life drama in India.

The Buhari administration and

El-Zakzaky have, for four years

now, staged tragic live

performances in various cities,

including Zaria, Kaduna and

Abuja in which about 400

ong>Nigeriaong>ns have been killed.

The drama in India would have

been avoided if the government

had obeyed at least three court

orders, excluding that of the

ECOWAS Court which had ruled

over the past three years that El-

Zakzaky be freed. Far back 2016,


Justice Gabriel Kolawole of the

Federal High Court had ordered

the Federal Government ong>toong> free

the cleric and his wife, Zeenat, and

pay them N50 million. Rather

than obey the courts, government

decided ong>toong> play politics leading

ong>toong> endless drama productions,

including the latest play on the

international stage with India as


The prism from which I view the

various films is that government

is a judgement-debong>toong>r who is

writing scripts and acting in them

ong>toong> present El-Zakzaky and his

Shiite followers as stubborn

terrorists who need ong>toong> be

perpetually locked up or

proscribed. On the other hand, El-

Zakzaky is a judgement-crediong>toong>r

who should have been set free

years ago rather than the comedy

of taking him through courts of

same jurisdiction as if they are

appellate courts.

India was chosen as the setting

of new movie for medical

purposes. The cleric explains:

“There is a bullet in Zeenat’s body

and there is also the need for her

ong>toong> get her two knee caps replaced

amongst other ailments. On my

own part, there are also particles

of bullets that were broken inong>toong>

pieces in my eyes, hands and

thighs which have been poisonous

More of the centrifugal than the centripetal

By Banji Ojewale

THE theories of the physicists and

mathematicians of the 17th century

concerning the dynamics of the motion of

objects best illustrate the condition of the

ong>Nigeriaong>n state of the 21st century. The two

striking figures of the age - the English

scientist, Isaac Newong>toong>n and the Dutch

mathematician, Christian Huygens - led

man inong>toong> their complex findings in their

study of the force that drives the movement

of inanimate bodies, terrestrial,

straong>toong>spheric or ionospheric.

Newong>toong>n said the centripetal engine was

responsible for the push of an object ong>toong>wards

its centre or source or origin. All its energies

willy-nilly would be concentrated on

"seeking the centre," hence the term,

centripetal, from two Latin words, centrum

for centre, and petere, ong>toong> seek. Centripetal

potency is the centre-searching capacity.

There is yet another law that worked in a

distinctly opposite fashion, according ong>toong>

Newong>toong>n. He called it the centrifugal force,

again from its Latin home, centrum (centre)

and fugere (ong>toong> flee). It simply means ‘centrefleeing.’

The physicists who studied the

principle said it entailed the ‘spinning or

travelling’ at great speed of an object from

its centre, the ‘tending away from

centralisation, as of authority.’

Scientists who came after these pioneers

have arrived with the discovery that as

powerful as the centrifugal force is, it "has

no independent existence. It comes ong>toong> play

with the action of the centripetal force."

Today, social scientists borrow these

principles from physics ong>toong> gauge the mood

of organised society. Man and his

institutions are at the mercy of centrifugal

and centripetal dynamics.

It has been revealed, for instance, that "the

division of Europe inong>toong> warring blocs

ong>toong> my body.” The government

agreed both need specialised

medical treatment which India


On a personal level, I feel pained

that ong>Nigeriaong>ns would need ong>toong> go

ong>toong> India for medical treatment

when in the 1960s and 1970s, our

medical system was far ahead. In

fact, the ong>Nigeriaong>n education

system was regarded as being so

superior that degrees from India

were officially classified as

equivalent ong>toong> our Advanced Level

(A-Level) certificates. Well, that is

the level of our degeneracy. Back

ong>toong> the disgraceful drama in India.

First, let us examine El-

Zakzaky’s claims. He said he and

his wife refused treatment

because the Indian docong>toong>rs that

examined them in ong>Nigeriaong> were

A man with

medical conditions

who has been

incarcerated for

four years against

court orders, can

naturally seek some


produces ever-increasing centrifugal stress".

Hong Kong at the moment is at its own

phase of the centrifugal fever. Hundreds of

thousands of its citizens no longer want

anything with the ‘centre’ in China, as

represented by their government in Hong

Kong. Every insurrection, revolt or attempt

at them or challenge ong>toong> the authority of the

state is an expression of, or obedience ong>toong>,

the centrifugal call.

In ong>Nigeriaong>, we seem ong>toong> be under the

unyielding spell of the centrifugal curse. Our

young men and women are fleeing the land

for the proverbial greener pastures. The jobs

and opportunities we promised them aren’t

forthcoming. They believe they would be

wasting their prime if they continue ong>toong> build

their hopes on those they consider selfish

and avaricious leaders, who are

accumulating the resources of the society

for their families alone.

According ong>toong> some analysts, those

succumbing ong>toong> the music of the modern Pied

Piper and have found home away from home

boast of statistics threatening ong>toong> outnumber

their hosts.

Other cynics say our people out there are

capable of forming more states outside

ong>Nigeriaong> ong>toong> bring the number close ong>toong> 50

states. A significant number of the

centrifugal exiles, however, insist they’ve cut

all links with their motherland, given what

they call the cruelty meted out ong>toong> them by

their leaders that moved these compatriots

ong>toong> bow ong>toong> the irresistible pressure ong>toong> flee.

How about those refusing ong>toong> be lured ong>toong>

go abroad? There is a reason, according ong>toong>

those who claim they are faithful watchers

of the ong>Nigeriaong>n scene. They say those staying

behind are only waiting ong>toong> understudy those

in power as they ‘chop’ the national cake, so

they can outdo them later when they get the

baong>toong>n. So, their decline of the overtures of

the powerful wanderlust isn’t nationalistic

all excluded: “We then ong>toong>ld them

we won’t allow any other docong>toong>r

aside our trusted docong>toong>rs ong>toong> attend

ong>toong> us so that they don’t do ong>toong> us

what they couldn’t do with their

bullets in ong>Nigeriaong>.”

I think a patient having

confidence in his docong>toong>rs is

fundamental, especially when he

fears that what was done ong>toong> retired

General Musa Yar’Adua in

ong>Nigeriaong>, could also be done ong>toong>


Secondly, he complained: “All

what we have seen here have

shown us that there is no trust;

they just brought us here for

Vanguard, MONDAY, AUGUST 19, 2019 — 31

another detention …They didn’t

even allow me ong>toong> go ong>toong> the next

room. I started asking myself, all

these while I’ve been in detention,

I’ve never seen this type. Even if

I’m in the cell, they usually lock

us up around 9 p.m. and open the

cell around 7 a.m. and they allow

us ong>toong> go anywhere we want in the

area we are.” If these claims were

true, then he had every right ong>toong>

protest, more so when previous

courts in ong>Nigeriaong> had freed him.

The psychological state of a 66-

year-old man with pellets lodged

in him for years, who has now lost

an eye in detention, lost six sons

ong>toong> the bullets of the ong>Nigeriaong>n state,

whose home and centre of worship

have been destroyed, and the

organisation he spent his youth

building has been proscribed,

needs ong>toong> be properly managed.

The Federal Government’s

statement issued by the

Permanent Secretary, Ministry of

Information and Culture,

Deaconess Grace Isu Gekpe, did

not do much justice ong>toong> us as a

country. The language needed ong>toong>

be civil; it was uncalled for

describing the Sheikh as

exhibiting “unruly behaviour”. It

was also a shame that the Indian

government refuted our

government’s claim that:

“Frustrated by his antics, the

Indian authorities have expressed

willingness ong>toong> return him ong>toong>

ong>Nigeriaong> with immediate effect.”

The Indian High Commission

in reaction ong>toong> this claim, simply

tweeted: “There is no condition

or ultimatum by India.”

Government’s substantive claims

against El-Zakzaky in the India

drama was that first: “He

requested that his passport be

handed over ong>toong> him…”. What is

the issue here? If the cleric wants

ong>toong> escape or seek political asylum,

he does not need a passport.

Why would ong>Nigeriaong>ns

not want a return ong>toong> the

past which powered

phenomenal prosperity

for the people?

as they tend ong>toong> suggest. They are biding their

time ong>toong> shine in the culture of corruption

and treasury pillage in place. They

understand the philosophy of the patient

dog; it is waiting ong>toong> devour the fattest bone.

Read: ong>toong> bilk the society out of its seemingly

botong>toong>mless petrodollars.

But the most incommoding or troubling

aspect of the national discourse at the

moment is the takeover of the conversation

by centrifugal forces and the near

disappearance of their centripetal

counterparts. Most are calling for an

outright abrogation of the ties of our unity.

This is frightening as it amounts ong>toong> going

our separate ways, the way it was with the

Soviet Union in the 1990s. Another centreshy

demand is the request for restructuring,

ong>toong> reduce the powers of the centre.

Some of our fellow countrymen and

women want us ong>toong> go back ong>toong> the pre and

post-independence arrangement of

regionalism. They have romanticised that

era. They refer ong>toong> the great strides the vast

Western ong>Nigeriaong> ong>toong>ok under a cohabitation

with less federal watch and control.

Some European nations and Asian Tigers

which are numbered among the 20 leading

countries of the world ong>toong>day didn’t have

some of the smart indices of development

which the Western Region had. We’ve never

had peace and real progress after the

military abolished the system and turned a

federation inong>toong> a unitary set-up.

Send Opinions & Letters ong>toong>:


Secondly, that: “In addition, he

demanded free movement and

access ong>toong> visiong>toong>rs of all kinds as

well as requested ong>toong> be allowed ong>toong>

check inong>toong> a five-star hotel instead

of being admitted in the hospital.”

How can a man be confined ong>toong> a

room or ward? Even a caged dog

is allowed ong>toong> stretch its legs or

taken for walks.

He should have been entitled ong>toong>

visiong>toong>rs provided they are

screened. That he wanted ong>toong> stay

in a five-star hotel is his business

so long as he did not ask the

government ong>toong> pay. All that is

necessary is arrangement with the

hospital, and if the latter can

cope. A man with medical

conditions who has been

incarcerated for four years

against court orders, can

naturally seek some comfort.

Government said this was

denied because the “visa was

issued on medical grounds and

not for ong>toong>urism”. What logic! So

if a ong>toong>urist wants medical care,

he would be denied? Conversely,

why can’t a person seeking

medical care also enjoy some

ong>toong>urism? That may actually aid

his recovery which should be the

ultimate goal. Besides, what the

cleric and other ong>Nigeriaong>ns who go

abroad for better medical

treatment are engaged in is

medical ong>toong>urism. El-Zakzaky and

his wife in India were ong>toong>urists!

Well, the Bollywood film has

ended. We are back ong>toong> Nollywood.

New films are likely unless the

government wants ong>toong> end these

unnecessary distractions by

engaging in dialogue. If

government can engage in

negotiations with the terrorist

Boko Haram, then it also can with

El-Zakzaky and his Islamic

Movement of ong>Nigeriaong> who unlike

the former, do not carry arms.

I don’t think the problem is that we are

inundated with more of a centrifugal

cacophony than a centripetal noise. Where

is the joy of having sepulchral peace in a

stagnant ‘united’ nation? Why would

ong>Nigeriaong>ns not want a return ong>toong> the past which

powered phenomenal prosperity for the


Why would we not demand a system that

would guarantee justice, peace, socioeconomic

progress and prosperity for our

people ong>toong> enable us fulfil our destiny as the

hub of the planet’s Black peoples.

We need ong>toong> accommodate these centredespising

forces that would free us from the

funereal vice of a system preventing

unhindered socio-economic march. That is

the constructive nature of the centrifugal

forces. They enable a cathartic process that

reduces the unwieldy weight of the centre. A

balanced structure emerges where the states

or regions with their independent police

formations along with their MDAs and

constitutions are at liberty ong>toong> dig deep inong>toong>

their natural and human resources for allround


No limitations dictated by the centre. Nor

is there any artificial requirement ong>toong> slow

down the speed of your race because other

states are laggards.

What obtains now is a killer atmosphere.

Aong>toong>p it is an indolent centre breeding equally

indolent outposts in its own image across

the land. This machinery has turned us all

inong>toong> beggars in a land literally flowing with

‘milk and honey’. It is a monster of

government bureaucracy now challenged

by the strong currents of centre-defying


Therefore, what we are witnessing, the

uproarious call all over the land ong>toong> unbundle

the centre, is, according ong>toong> the scientists of

the 17th century, a reaction ong>toong> the inertia of

the forces at the centre.

•Ojewale, a public affairs analyst, wrote

from Lagos







32 — Vanguard, MONDAY, AUGUST 19, 2019




Vanguard, MONDAY, AUGUST 19, 2019 — 33

34 — Vanguard, MONDAY, AUGUST 19, 2019

Beyond aesthetics:

The hype, hollowness

of art auctions

By Osa Amadi,

Arts Ediong>toong>r

Ihave never ceased ong>toong> be

alarmed by what I call “the

absurdity” that anyone could

offer $450 million for just

different colors of paint splashed

on a piece of cloth called canvas;

or an image of some human,

animal or other objects carved out

of a piece of wood or song>toong>ne. Four

hundred and fifty million

dollars! That’s Leonardo da

Vinci’s “Salvaong>toong>r Mundi”

(Saviour of the World) – bought

for $450 million in November

2017, shattering the record for

the most expensive artwork ever


Before you dismiss me as one

without any sense of art, let me

inform you that I am an artist in

every sense of that word. Right

from childhood, I had been

called “Omenkari” which is a

dialectical variation of “Omenka”

meaning “the artist”. I have

always been carving, drawing,

and creating beautiful things

with my hands. At a certain

stage in my life, I became

enamoured with writing and has

tried in that calling.

Moreover, I had my first

university degree in music art.

While I was studying music at

the Obafemi Awolowo University,

I ong>toong>ok electives from the

Department of Fine Arts. So, if I

fail ong>toong> see a commensurate value

in a piece of painting sold for

$450 million, it is not because

of a lack of sense of art.

Artworks are not alone in my

interrogation of intrinsic values

in objects. Gold, diamonds, and

other so-called precious song>toong>nes

highly valued by humans also

come under my query. Beyond

being used in the making of

stainless jewelry, of what intrinsic

values are gold and diamonds

that they are sold at such

exorbitant prices? Did any of the

Pharaoh buried with heavy

carats of gold ever return ong>toong> life?

Let me tell you a song>toong>ry of gold I

read from the late Norman

Vincent Peale’s Plus, the

Magazine of Positive Thinking.

I cannot remember all the details

but I will make a reconstruction.

Before men ever knew what

was gold, a certain miner

discovered a small gold deposit

in his mining field and brought

some nuggets home ong>toong> a small

community where he lived. He

approached some jewelry

makers in the community and

introduced the fine metals ong>toong>

them. The jewelry makers were

fascinated seeing that the

trinkets they made with the gold

remained stainless and very

malleable and easy ong>toong> work on

for intricate designs in jewelry.

Within a short time, demand

for gold soared in the community

and the miner became the richest

man in the land because only he

knew where ong>toong> get the gold. With

time, abundant wealth

bequeathed the miner power,

and the power got inong>toong> his

head and he became

oppressive, ridding rough shod

on everyone, including the

leading elites of the


People tried ong>toong> follow the miner

whenever he was going ong>toong> work

in efforts ong>toong> know the source of

his gold nuggets but the miner

was ong>toong>o crafty and discreet. He

succeeded in keeping the source

of the gold secret and his wealth

continued ong>toong> grow because all

the women in the community

demanded gold trinkets from

jewelry makers now known as


One day, a hunter went ong>toong> a

mountain ong>toong> hunt and found that

little pieces of rocks around the

mountain were just like the ones

the miner always brought back

home as gold. Upon closer

examination, he realized he was

right and that the rock, of which

the entire mountain was made,

was the same as the little pieces

he had picked. It downed on

him that he had discovered a

mountain of gold!

Excitedly he ong>toong>ok as many

pieces of the “rock” as he

could carry and hurried home.

He went straight ong>toong> one of the

goldsmiths and showed him the

pieces of “rocks”. “These are

gold. From where did you get

these large nuggets?” the

goldsmith whispered ong>toong> the

hunter in asong>toong>nishment. “How

much do you want ong>toong> sell

them? I will buy all,” the

goldsmith started, warming up

for the bargain.

“I don’t want ong>toong> sell them. You

can have them for free,” the

hunter said and walked away,

leaving the goldsmith’s mouth

agape. The next day, the hunter

rented a large cart pulled by two

horses and went back ong>toong> the

mountain. With a digger and a

crowbar, he broke off large lumps

of the gold and filled the cart and

made the horses ong>toong> drag it ong>toong> the

village square. He heaped the

gold on the ground and

announced ong>toong> people who had

gathered there ong>toong> help

themselves while he returned ong>toong>

the mountain for more gold.

After several trips, people

followed him ong>toong> the mountain and

before dusk that day there came

ong>toong> be more gold in the community

than anyone needed. People

tried ong>toong> sell their own gold but

there was nobody ong>toong> by it because

everyone had gold. Suddenly,

•Interchange (1955) by Willem de Kooning. Sold

$300 million, only surpassed in November 2017

by Salvaong>toong>r Mundi.

•Salvaong>toong>r Mundi by Leonardo Da Vinci (c. 1500) – $450

million, the most expensive painting ever sold as of 2019.

gold lost its value!

From this song>toong>ry, we can see that

what drove the value of gold in

the community was its scarcity,

rather than any intrinsic value.

Beyond aesthetics, artworks

have become single multi-million

dollar notes for rich people ong>toong> hold

their money while growing it. If

we can imagine a single $450

million note for instance,

Leonardo da Vinci’s “Salvaong>toong>r

Mundi” is that note. And it will

never depreciate. Like landed

property, that artwork, that single

mega-denominated currency

note, always appreciate.

Valuable artworks that have

entered the global art market

(even some in the local market)

have little or no hiding places.

Even when they are song>toong>len, they

cannot be publicly auctioned

without being identified or

discovered. The last buyer of every

•Nafea Faa Ipoipo (When Will You

Marry?) Oil painting from (1892) by Paul

Gauguin. Sold $210 million.

artwork is always documented in

the art market. So stealing a

valuable piece of artwork is

useless. The question is, where is

the thief going ong>toong> sell it?

Highly priced artworks are also

insured against loss resulting from

theft, fire, or other types of

damage. These tight securities

and ability ong>toong> grow in value make

artworks safe investment options

for the rich. An artwork auctioned

ong>toong>day for a price will surely

appreciate, double or even triple

in price in the next few years. For

instance, “Salvaong>toong>r Mundi”,

which was once part of Charles

I’s Royal collection, was sold for

just £45 in the 1950s, though it

was mistaken for a copy.

You may have often heard that

paper money or a country’s

currency is only a receipt

representing the gold in the bank

with which that currency is

backed. For a highly priced

artwork, it is a representation of

the amount of money the last buyer

paid for it which is deposited in

the bank or is in circulation within

the global economic system.

But the argument here is that

beyond their ornamental or

decorative values, gold, diamond,

artworks, currencies have no

intrinsic values. A piece of

enriched Uranium has some

intrinsic value because it can be

employed in a nuclear reacong>toong>r

where it is used in nuclear fission

(the endless bombardment of the

nucleus of its aong>toong>ms) ong>toong> produce

energy. Seeds of corn have

intrinsic values ong>toong>o because they

can be eaten by human or animals

as food or planted ong>toong> produce more

corns. Many plants and animals

also have intrinsic values because

they can be eaten as foods or

harbour substances that can be

used in medicines as active


Renowned art collecong>toong>r, Otunba

Yemisi Syllon argues that the value

of artworks is located in the fact

they impinge on human minds

providing aesthetic enjoyment

when viewed. But so does the

sight of a setting sun, a hibiscus

flower, a beautiful woman, or a

landscape of a panoramic golf

course. Moreover, all these are

live, while a work of art is lifeless.

So, if the intrinsic values of

artworks for which they are sold

for hundreds of millions of dollars

are in their ability ong>toong> impinge on

our senses and provide us with

aesthetic enjoyment, a live

hibiscus flower cultivated on a

potable flower vase which

produces similar stimulus should

also be sold for hundreds of

millions of dollars. That a live

hibiscus flower cannot be similarity

valued is a proof that the issue is

not provision of aesthetic

enjoyment. The exorbitant value

of an artwork is an arbitrarily

ascribed value; it has nothing ong>toong>

do with any intrinsic value.

However, this art market culture

and value system is now a well

established one of which little or

nothing like the hunter’s

discovery of a mountain of gold

can run down their values. So, if

you have money, you had better

go and buy a piece of artwork

ong>toong>day, for in few years, it can make

you one of the richest persons in

the world.

Vanguard, MONDAY, AUGUST 19, 2019 — 35

Women Societies, NCAC partner ong>toong>

fight cultural abuse

In a bid ong>toong> stem the current tide of

public display of nudity and

immorality among youths in ong>Nigeriaong>,

the National Council of Women

Societies (NCWS) and the National

Council for Arts and Culture have

decided ong>toong> embark on far-reaching

youth sensitisation initiatives.

Both Councils met at the

headquarters of NCAC in Abuja with

a common resolve aimed at redirecting

the drift ong>toong> moral decadence especially

among young women which they both

agreed was getting out of hand.

Speaking during the meeting

attended by several media outfits, the

National President of the NCWS, Dr.

Laraba Shoda who led members of her

executive, condemned the upsurge in

public display of nudity citing the

recent video spectacle of near-naked

girls dancing in full public glare inside

a transparent van in Lagos.

She described another scenario

where a young lady walked inong>toong> a mall

completely naked lamenting such

indecent behaviours by females

particularly, negates the very essence

of our culture which promotes the

dignity of the African woman.

Dr. Shoda said there was the need

ong>toong> create television programs with

good cultural content unlike what

obtains now just as she exong>toong>lled

NCAC for taking the lead in the

campaign against the debasement of

the African culture which according ong>toong>

her promotes high moral values

amongst young women.

On his part, the NCAC Direcong>toong>r-

General, Otunba Segun Runsewe said

the partnership of interest between the

Women Societies and the NCAC will

signal a new dawn in the crusade

Otunba Segun Runsewe, D-G, National Council for Arts & Culture (middle)

with Dr. Mrs. Gloria Laraba Shoda, National President, National Council of

Women Societies (NCWS) on his right; Comrade Safiya Ibrahim Ogah, on his

left; Haji Binta lbrahim, PRO and Hadiza A. Ibeh during a courtesy visit ong>toong>

NCAC in Abuja.

against cultural degeneration and

foreign erosion of our culture.

Runsewe was upbeat that with the

NCWS speaking up and with the new

found collaboration with the NCAC,

the time has come ong>toong> nip the menace

in the bud in order ong>toong> avert another

future crisis in the country.

He informed ong>Nigeriaong>ns that his

council is working on legislation with

the National Assembly ong>toong> curb the

negative trend of public nudity while

also packaging a culture friendly

television program ong>toong> excite the youths

with the hope of restablishing our

esteemed cultural values of time past.

The DG decorated the women with

NCAC pinups thereby conferring on

them the status of cultural

ambassadors of ong>Nigeriaong>.

NCAC hosts 36 diplomats,

sets new milesong>toong>ne in cultural


The stage has been set again for yet

another cultural watershed with the

National Council for Arts and Culture

playing host ong>toong> no less than 36

ambassadors, high commissioners

and representatives of countries

drawn from around the world ong>toong> a pre-

International Arts and Crafts Expo

dinner in Abuja.

The assemblage of countries like

South Africa, Iran, Cameroun, Spain,

China, Sudan, Venezuela, USA and

others from every continent in the

world at the pre-INAC dinner, was a

deliberate attempt by NCAC ong>toong> rewrite

the culture narratives of ong>Nigeriaong> as it

prepares for a ground breaking 2019


The NCAC pre-INAC dinner held at

the Sheraong>toong>n Hotels has become an

annual prelude ong>toong> kick-starting the

event in earnest, making it a most

memorable one especially for foreign


During the dinner, the Direcong>toong>r-

General of NCAC, Otunba Segun

Runsewe, giving his welcome address,

thanked the various ambassadors and

high commissioners for gracing the

occasion. He recalled that it was an

improvement from the 22 countries that

participated in the 2018 edition of the


Runsewe said the essence of the

dinner is ong>toong> provide a platform for

diplomats ong>toong> interact and unwind in

an informal atmosphere in a bid ong>toong>

further cement the cordial relationship

already existing between them and the

host country, ong>Nigeriaong>.

According ong>toong> Runsewe, the 3rd edition

of INAC will dedicate an entire day ong>toong>

any country interested in entertaining

the envoys, noting that last year

witnessed phenomenal entertainment

from countries like China, India and


After dinner, Otunba Runsewe

presented souvenirs ong>toong> the envoys,

disclosing that plans are underway ong>toong>

ensure this year’s Cultural Diplomacy

Day for Peace slated for November 24th

is marked ong>toong> establish a cultural link

amongst nations with the aim of

ensuring a common network of cultural


The dinner featured delicious

ong>Nigeriaong>n cuisine, sensational cultural

presentations, group phoong>toong>s,

exhibition of artistic masterpieces by

contemporary ong>Nigeriaong>n artists, a

display of vintage bronze casts and

other hisong>toong>ric artefacts, courtesy of


Alibaba’s Adventure: Capturing the insurgency menace in literature

By Chukwuma Ajakah

Uche Dominic’s latest contribution

ong>toong> children literature, Alibaba’s

Adventure is written against the backdrop

of contending socio-cultural, economic

and political issues. The song>toong>ry captures

thorny contemporary matters that require

concerted efforts ong>toong> address with a sense

of urgency. The setting of Alibaba’s

Adventure is present day ong>Nigeriaong>.

Specifically, the author situates the events

in Gwoza, Bornu State where insurgency

and banditry seem ong>toong> be headquartered.

Actions occur on familiar grounds such

as the Sambisa Forest and Mandara


The plot revolves around Alibaba, a

brilliant, but mischievous and

adventurous primary 5 pupil of Gwoza

Primary School. Alibaba is raised by his

mother, Habibat because the father,

Abubakar, had absconded on learning that

he had got her pregnant. Alibaba’s

Adventure tells the song>toong>ry of school life in

a semi-rustic society, adventure and

mercurial rise from obscurity ong>toong> fame.

Alibaba and his mother live in a poor

neighbourhood on the outskirts of the

populous, but serene ong>toong>wn of Gwoza. He

is known more for his rascality than his


Alibaba and his friends often get inong>toong>

trouble with teachers and parents

due ong>toong> the pranks they

play. The trio is

inclined ong>toong> risky

adventures. They take

risky trips ong>toong> caves and

forests despite the

warnings and

punishments they

receive. In addition ong>toong>

A l i b a b a ’ s

misdemeanor, his

mother has another

major headache: The

persistent harassment

of an amorous

landlord. Through

her petty trade, she

strives ong>toong> pay his high

rent ong>toong> avert eviction.

Then, something else

happens: A band of

bandits strikes and

kidnaps Aisha, the

Emir’s daughter.

The abducong>toong>rs demand a N2, 000,000

ransom. The Emir declines ong>toong> pay. Instead,

he promises a reward of N5, 000,000 for

anyone that brings useful information that

will lead ong>toong> the rescue of Aisha.

Expectedly, everyone gets interested in

the expedition with the prospect of

becoming N5, 000,000 rich. One day,

Alibaba stumbles on the

kidnappers as he flees

inong>toong> the forest ong>toong> avoid the

cane of Mr. Ezekiel, the

primary 6 teacher. This

encounter with men of

the underworld provokes

a twist of fate that turns

him ong>toong> a celebrated hero.

The book published by

Revcom Books (2018)

comes in a glossy cover

design and picture

illustrations that make it

suitable for young readers.

It is an 80 paged novella

crafted in 10 brief, but

engaging chapters. Each

chapter captures a

significant segment,

beginning with the

generation of conflict in

chapter 1 ong>toong> its climax and

eventual resolution in

chapter 10. The cover page

has the picture of Alibaba, Ahmed and

Yusuf. Their posture and haggard

dressing depict their poor background

and obstinate stance.

There is also a glossary of difficult words.

The book is cast in the mold of song>toong>rybooks

by master craftsmen of children literature

series like Onuora Nzekwu, the author

of Eze Goes ong>toong> School, Eddie Iroh, writer

of Without a Silver Spoon and the iconic

wordsmith, Cyprian Ekwensi whose

works include Drummer Boy and

Samankwe and the Highway Robbers.

The novella is primarily meant for junior

readers in primary and secondary

schools, but its message cuts across all

age groups. Parents need ong>toong> read it for

leisure and useful tips on parenting. It

can also serve as a primer ong>toong> security

agencies on intelligence gathering and

crime busting.

The song>toong>ry features fictive characters that

represent diverse shades of people in the

contemporary society. The protagonist,

Alibaba, exemplifies thousands of

youngsters raised in abject poverty,

especially by single parents. His mother,

Habibat, typifies the many women that

resign ong>toong> fate after being ditched by their


There is also Haruna, the traiong>toong>rous

brother-in-law ong>toong> the Emir, who like

Judas, betrays his benefacong>toong>r and tries ong>toong>

make quick money by abducting his own

niece. The novella portrays good people

like the Emir and his amiable wife as easy

victims ong>toong> mischief makers.

36 — Vanguard, MONDAY, AUGUST 19 , 2019

Morality and the state: The

ong>Nigeriaong>n experience (3)

This is the third instalment of

the convocation lecture

delivered by Prof. Sogolo at the

2019 convocation of the

ong>Nigeriaong>n Academy of Letters,

University of Lagos. The second

part was published last Friday.

By Godwin Sogolo

IN a sense, ong>Nigeriaong> has sunk

f r o m

the era described by Ekeh ong>toong> a

low level of moral insensitivity, at

both the civic and primordial

publics. Today, it is one’s own relative

or cousin who would rape one’s

under-aged daughter; one’s kinsmen

who would arrange for one ong>toong> be

kidnapped and negotiate a

handsome ransom. It is a situation

of anything goes and nothing evokes

moral horror!

In those days, elderly persons were

accorded respect and given certain

privileges. In the Western world, they

are called “Senior Citizens” and

allowed special provisions such as

free transportation and free medical

care. Today, ong>Nigeriaong>n elderly persons

are ong>toong>ld by the youths ong>toong> hurry up

and leave! In those days, when our

children indulged in examination

malpractices, we chastised them;

ong>toong>day, parents and teachers connive,

plot and direct students on how ong>toong>

carry out exam malpractices.

That is the collapse of the ong>Nigeriaong>n

moral system. It is sad: it is tragic!

What we have ong>toong>day is selective

ong>toong>lerance of immorality, concession

and compromise. As against the old

order, the new moral norm finds little

or nothing wrong in a situation, for


•Where a convicted senaong>toong>r is

allowed ong>toong> continue ong>toong> receive his

salaries or even rewarded with an

enhanced package;

•Where state governors who have

ended tenures of looting and



plundering, buy their way inong>toong> the

upper chamber of the ong>Nigeriaong>n


•Where an official contract is

drawn up with a budgetary provision

for “ransom payment” (an obvious

invitation ong>toong> kidnappers), and

•Where the Police Force itself

officially organises and pays ransom

for the release of a kidnapped police


In those days, the payment of

ransom, if ever, was done in secret

and anybody found ong>toong> have done so,

was severely rebuked as

encouraging criminality. Today,

ransom payments are done almost

openly and sometimes even publicly

declared. Increasingly, violence,

insecurity and brutality are

becoming the norm rather than the


Failure in governance

ong>Nigeriaong>’s moral crisis is a clear

manifestation of the social distance

existing between the individual and

the state, the origin of which is

connected ong>toong> the failure in

governance, manifested in an

ineffective educational system that

is incapable of inculcating in our

youths sound moral values. These

failures raise the important issue of

loyalty, and perhaps also the

question of legitimacy, as perceived

by the individuals and the various

sub-groups in post-colonial ong>Nigeriaong>.

It is a situation in which the moral

and political authorities of the State

have been weakened.

The disong>toong>rtions have been further

worsened by the inability of the state

ong>toong> fulfill its obligations ong>toong> the citizens.

Loyalty is a reciprocal attitude. So,

it is either won or lost on the basis of

mutual exchange. Today, the

responsibilities of the ong>Nigeriaong>n state

have been virtually taken over by the

primordial communities. The

communities take care of the

members’ welfare needs, including

the problems of birth and death; they

construct roads, bridges and other

infrastructure through self-help;

build schools, hospitals, medical

clinics and even provide financial

support for their members

in times of special needs.

As the state becomes more

irresponsible, and as it

increasingly abandons its

civic responsibilities, so is its

moral authority weakened.

Indeed, this is a violation,

by the state, of its

contractual obligation ong>toong>

the citizens and no such state

has the legitimate right ong>toong>

expect the loyalty of the

people. As the loss of the state

translates inong>toong> the gain of the

primordial unit, ethnicity continues

ong>toong> grow as a powerful force in the

moral consciousness of the people.

A major failure of the ong>Nigeriaong>n

state is in the scant attention it pays

ong>toong> its responsibility of educating the

ong>Nigeriaong>n youth, a responsibility that

is being gradually transferred by the

state ong>toong> the private secong>toong>r. Today,

despite an increase in the number of

public educational institutions at all

levels, private institutions have

virtually rendered state institutions

worthless in the provision of quality

education. The effect on the ong>Nigeriaong>n

middle class is catastrophic and

overwhelming. An average family,

with two-three children, is saddled

with the task of having ong>toong> pay

millions of naira (far beyond their

meager earnings) as school fees.

How some of them cope, especially

civil servants, is a question that

boggles the mind. What cannot be

hidden are the frustrations of millions

of ong>Nigeriaong>ns who have been

abandoned by the state ong>toong> cater for


The ong>Nigeriaong>n situation,

unfortunately replicated in much of

Africa, is often ignored by some

scholars in their eagerness ong>toong> apply

Western theoretical models in

matters relating ong>toong> the individual,

citizenship and the relationship

between the state and civil society. It

is a known fact that societies in the

developed world already have an

established model of the role of the

individual in relation ong>toong> the state.

That relationship is defined mainly

in terms of the meaning of


The citizen is perceived as an

auong>toong>nomous person who has

willingly placed himself under

certain implicit contractual

obligations in the Hobbesian sense.

Not only is the individual

consciously aware of his rights, he

expects and demands them from the

state. The state, in return, accepts its

responsibilities ong>toong> the individual

citizens. And, it is on this implicit

compact that the Western

differentiation between state and

civil society rests.

The idea of civil society is as

complex as any other social construct

and I cannot veer ong>toong>o far inong>toong> the

area by way of attempting a

definition. In any case, its meaning

changes from one scholar ong>toong> another

and from tradition ong>toong> tradition. The

most common understanding of civil

society, however, is that it is a

depoliticised, free and auong>toong>nomous

public sphere in which individuals

and associations conduct their

affairs through the principle of social

justice, unhindered by the state.

Generally, the idea of civil society

involves the presence of a moral

consciousness, with individual rights

taking priority over other

obligations. There is, in addition,

another important component of

civil society as undersong>toong>od in Western

literature, which Jean-Francois

Bayart describes as its capacity ong>toong>

“moderate the excesses of the state

… in so far as it is in confrontation

with the state or more precisely, as

the process by which society seeks ong>toong>

breach and counteract the

simultaneous ong>toong>talisation unleashed

by the state”.

In much of Africa, especially in

ong>Nigeriaong>, the notion of the individual

as a citizen, with rights and

privileges, in relation ong>toong> the state is

not one that flows freely in people’s

consciousness. Nor is the state

perceived as an agent with

obligations ong>toong> the individual. In most

cases, the state is seen as the acquired

property of powerful rulers, despite

the pretentious romance with

democratic institutions. The truth is

that there is hardly any sense of

obligation ong>toong> the citizen, unless it

becomes necessary as a means of

holding on ong>toong> power.

Herein lies the contrast between

the state as undersong>toong>od in the Western

world and the state as perceived in

much of post-colonial Africa. In the

West, the state is the joint property of

both the citizens and those in

government. Consider the protests by

the Yellow Vests in France. Barring

exceptional cases such as the social

unrest that erupted in the Sudan, the

general perception has been that in

Africa, the state belongs ong>toong> the rulers.

I have discussed these peculiar

characteristics of African social

institutions so as ong>toong> emphasise their

hisong>toong>rical origin. It must be admitted,

however, that much as the effects of

the past linger, the influence of

contemporary global trends on

Africa are also important. Like other

human societies, contemporary

Africa continues ong>toong> be influenced by

social and political changes taking

place all over the world. So, whether

or not there are persistent social

challenges, modern Africa cannot

escape being a part of the global

search for liberal democracy,

equality, justice, freedom, human

rights and the dignity of the human

person. In fact, these qualities are

highly cherished in Africa, although

they were more prevalent in precolonial

Africa than ong>toong>day.

Global developments have

influenced the creation of new social

institutions in post-colonial Africa

such that those Western structures

that permit the differentiation


exceptional cases

such as the social

unrest that erupted

in the Sudan, the

general perception

has been that in

Africa, the state

belongs ong>toong> the


between state and civil society are

beginning ong>toong> sprout. Organisations

such as the media, trade unions,

student bodies, intellectual groups,

religious bodies and professional

associations are now parts of an

emerging civil society prepared ong>toong>

“confront and moderate” the

excesses of the state. As in other parts

of the contemporary world, these

positive social developments should

tap the reservoir of values that exist

in the primordial realm of our

society. In spite of this positive note,

civil society in Africa is still in a severe

crisis, as anybody familiar with the

ong>Nigeriaong>n situation can testify.

Role of the Humanities

Now, ong>toong> return ong>toong> the essence of

moral education, as formulated by

Plaong>toong> in The Republic, I believe that

the moral gap between the people

and the state in ong>Nigeriaong> can only be

bridged by a radical value reorientation

in education. To say

that morality can be acquired by

education is also ong>toong> say that a

people’s moral system, perceptions

and attitudes can be impacted

positively or negatively. It goes with

the basic understanding of the broad

functions of education. There is the

education that imparts knowledge,

skills and vocational expertise – for

instance, the natural sciences,

engineering, medicine, law, etc.

Then, there is the education that is

devoted almost entirely ong>toong> teaching

the student the art of living; the

education that nourishes the

intellect, spirit and moral qualities

of man; in short, the education that


In the course of thinking about this

ong>toong>pic, I had ong>toong> consult the eminent

scholar and playwright, Femi

Osofisan, who, as far back as 1981,

asked the question if, indeed, the

humanities ever humanised.

Osofisan’s answer, certainly, out of

frustration with the conduct of

academics in public office at the

time, was negative. He explained

why the humanities had failed ong>toong>

play this critical role. I agree with

him. But, as we have tried ong>toong> show in

this discussion, a great deal of the

lapses in our system are traceable ong>toong>

colonial importations, including the

educational system, some of which

did not quite fit inong>toong> the existing precolonial


It is sad that a large percentage

(over 60 per cent, UNESCO: 2018)

of ong>Nigeriaong>n youths ong>toong>day have no

access ong>toong> education of any sort. For

those with access, the dominant

impression is that the quality of their

education remains doubtful. Indeed,

it is generally believed that most

ong>Nigeriaong>n educational institutions

are beginning ong>toong> turn out only streetwise

graduates who place a high

premium on craftiness and

manipulative skills, but are lacking

in any sense of morality.

Instead, they tend ong>toong> be

transactional in their dealings,

almost seeing every social

interaction as a business deal, with

the belief that morality itself is old

fashioned(I have a younger

colleague and friend who jokingly

calls me old school and thinks that

my views on morality are outdated.

He would insist - and seriously

sometimes - that moral dispositions

such as kindness, generosity,

sympathy and such other sentiments

are manifestations of emotional

weaknesses of persons unable ong>toong>

withstand social pressures. He may

have a point - there are persons

incapable of controlling the flow of

their moral sentiments. However,

such a viewpoint is dangerous, not

only ong>toong> the well-being of society but

also ong>toong> the survival of humanity). It

is worth noting, however, that the

transactional attitude ong>toong> social

relations is increasingly becoming

a global phenomenon, especially at

the international level where some

political leaders give priority ong>toong>

economic interests at the expense of

human rights and such other moral


So, it is factually incorrect ong>toong> say

that moral apathy or the emerging

trend of insensitivity among our

youths is limited ong>toong> ong>Nigeriaong> or that it

is an African peculiarity. The trend

is universal and it is a growing

behavioural character of young men

and women everywhere. Still, that

does not obviate the fact, as we have

tried ong>toong> show, that its peculiarities in

ong>Nigeriaong> constitute a threat ong>toong> the wellbeing,

if not the survival of our


In almost every educational

system, certain disciplines in the

humanities do not have as much

appeal ong>toong> candidates seeking

admission ong>toong> tertiary institutions,

compared ong>toong> professional/

vocational courses such as medicine,

engineering, law, accountancy,

business studies, journalism, etc.

Until recently, in ong>Nigeriaong>,

philosophy, my own discipline, was

one of the highest rejects,

understandably, because, unlike

many others, it is neither linked ong>toong>

some specific jobs in the public or

private secong>toong>r, nor is it a teaching

subject in the nation’s primary and

secondary schools.

To be concluded

Vanguard, MONDAY, AUGUST 19 , 2019 — 37

Development in focus as

Sanwo-Olu inaugurates cabinet

By Gboyega Akosile

IN fulfilling his electioneering promise

that his cabinet would be constituted

within 100 days of his government, Lagos

State Governor Babajide Sanwo-Olu,

recently released the first batch of 25

nominees ong>toong> occupy cabinet-ranked

positions in the state. The list shows an

administration that is ready ong>toong> serve, given

the pedigrees of nominees, most of whom

are tested individuals with proven records

of accomplishment of performance in their

various fields of endeavour.

Three weeks after, a new list consisting

13 names of another set of tested and

trusted individuals was released making

the cabinet positions 38 in all. Expectedly,

the two lists generated a lot of interest in

the political circle as well as the public

domain. Every Lagosian at home and in

the diaspora is interested in who occupies

what position. You cannot query their

interest. First, the Babajide Sanwo-Olu’s

government came inong>toong> power, with an

emphasis during electioneering that

inclusive governance would be the core

of its administration. In addition,

Lagosians see the enormous challenges

that have confronted the State in the recent

years and they know that only a focused,

dedicated and forward-looking cabinet

can help ong>toong> deliver Governor Sanwo-Olu’s

campaign promises.

Lagos has grown in leaps and bounds,

with its population hitting almost 23

million people and still counting. This

naturally comes with its challenges;

increase in ong>toong>ns of waste generated, rise

in the number of patients at various

government hospitals and primary health

centres, more pressure on the existing

infrastructure-roads, schools and housing

among numerous social amenities being

provided by government. Lagos, therefore,

cannot be administered in 2019 using a

1979 template.

The state has undoubtedly benefitted

from its population growth-more revenue

generation; physical development is

recorded in different secong>toong>rs making it a

state on the move. At the last count, Lagos

is said ong>toong> have hit close ong>toong> N30 billion mark

every month in internally generated

revenue (IGR), making it the most

economically viable state in ong>Nigeriaong> and

fifth largest economy in Africa. However,

the State government has argued that this

feat is still a far cry from what is required

ong>toong> run a megacity such as Lagos. For

example, the budgetary allocation of the

police department in New York City

is $5.6 billion, when compared ong>toong> the

budget of the entire Lagos state, which

stands at $2.4 billion; one can safely

conclude that there is more ong>toong> be done by

government ong>toong> get the state running.

Being the nation’s economic nervecentre,

Lagos is a city on the move but

with enormous challenges. Apart from

poor state of arterial roads that complicate

free flow of traffic, commuters ong>spendong>

productive hours in chaotic gridlocks that

are caused by failed sections on roads and

disorganised traffic management. Many

observers have opined that planning the

best campaign strategies ong>toong> win the

governorship election was not much of a

challenge before Governor Sanwo-Olu, as

his party, APC commanded large following

and significant popularity in Lagos ong>toong>

ensure his vicong>toong>ry. What they say will be

the most testing hurdle waiting ong>toong> be

surmounted by him was the strategy ong>toong>

deploy in solving the long-standing and

emerging challenges facing the state.

When Sanwo-Olu emerged as APC

candidate, Lagos had literally become a

dumpsite as heaps of municipal waste

littered the streets. The state agency set

up for waste disposal had been

disengaged in a curious and controversial

circumstance, leaving residents ong>toong> resort

ong>toong> indiscriminate dumping of refuse,

which became a daily eyesore, even ong>toong>

the government of the day. The aesthetics

of the environment was affected. All of

these brought down the pride of Lagos,

despite its growing profile as a hub for

commerce, technology and innovation.

Sanwo-Olu’s campaign was premised

on the need ong>toong> address these challenges,

with the aim of proffering short and longterm

solutions ong>toong> them. Project

T.H.E.M.E.S that became the thrust of his

campaign slogan was formulated as an

operational framework ong>toong> solve these

identified challenges and sustain the

profile of Lagos as centre of excellence.

Upon assumption of office as the 15th

Governor of Lagos on May 29, 2019,

Sanwo-Olu channelled his energy

ong>toong>wards a process of scouting for visionary

individuals from various areas of human

endeavour that will help him midwife his

vision and deliver on his campaign

promises. He said, during the

electioneering that ‘‘as Lagosians, we can’t

be like people who cannot solve their

problems. Therefore, we must find

solutions ong>toong> our problems because they are

created by us’’.

As one who believes in harnessing the

capabilities of homegrown professionals,

Sanwo-Olu assured Lagosians that his

Commissioners and cabinet-ranked

Special Advisers would be drawn from

local pool of resources and will cut across

acceptable demographics. Besides, he

promised his cabinet would be constituted

within 100 days ong>toong> set the ball of

governance rolling.

In keeping the promise made ong>toong>

Lagosians, Sanwo-Olu announced the

names of members of his cabinet exactly

47 days after his swearing-in. This is a

rare feat for a governor serving his first

term. The Governor said he undersong>toong>od

the challenges confronting the state,

noting that the selection process was a

painstaking and laborious exercise, which

the Babajide Sanwo-Olu’s

government came inong>toong>

power, with an emphasis

during electioneering that

inclusive governance

would be the core of its


aimed at introducing fresh ideas ong>toong>

governance. He said the team of

professionals and politicians would be

serving Lagosians in line with his

administration’s vision of delivering a

smart city-state that will rank among the

ong>toong>p most liveable cities in the world.

His words: “We ong>toong>ok our time ong>toong> pick the

best hands for the ong>toong>ugh job Lagosians have

elected us ong>toong> do. The nominees for the

twenty five (now thirty eight)

Commissioner and Special Adviser

positions include women and men who

have made their mark and at the zenith of

their professional callings.” Tough job? Yes,

the tasks ahead are expected ong>toong> be rigorous

as Gov. Sanwo-Olu posited, given the

challenges the state is confronted with and

the expectations of the people based on

the confidence reposed in the


Infusion of technocracy and

political know-how

Being the centre of innovation, Lagos

has raised the bar of excellence with

injection of fresh ideas and energy in

governance. This tradition has been

sustained in the last 20 years, and the

young administration of Sanwo-Olu

appears ong>toong> be ong>toong>eing the path, if the profiles

of his nominees are anything ong>toong> go by.

Of the 38 cabinet members cleared for

inauguration by the State House of

Assembly are active politicians who are

equally professionals in various fields. The

infusion of politics and professionalism is

perhaps the unique selling point of the

Sanwo-Olu Cabinet.

•Gboyega Akosile is Deputy Chief Press

Secretary ong>toong> Lagos State Governor,

Babajide Sanwo-Olu

Succour as FG strengthens

diabetes care at PHCs

Rainbow Specialist Hospital makes case for podiatry,

diabetes foot services in ong>Nigeriaong>

By Sola Ogundipe



ming the increasing

incidence of diabetes in

ong>Nigeriaong>, the Federal Ministry

of Health is strengthening

the primary

healthcare system ong>toong> include

diabetes management

with foot care - assessment

and referral -

inong>toong> the existing health

care service at the primary

healthcare level.

At the 6th Annual International

Diabetes, Podiatry

& Diabetes Foot Care

workshop organised by

Rainbow Specialist Medical

Centre, Lagos, the

National Desk Officer,

Diabetes, Federal Ministry

of Health, Dr. Alayo

Sopekan who decried the

burden of diabetes foot

disease said its economic

burden was quite significant.

“In ong>Nigeriaong>, a large

majority of people living

with the disease have little

or no knowledge of

diabetes and its complications.

It is estimated

that the rate of foot ulcer

among people living with

diabetes is between 8.3

percent and 19 percent in

the different zones of the


“The rate of amputation

was also estimated ong>toong> be

as high as 53.2 percent in

people with foot ulcer in

some centres, thereby

making diabetes foot the

most common cause of

non-traumatic amputation

in the lower extremities in


Sopekan, represented

by an official of the ministry’s

Diabetes Desk, Dr.

Olanike Kehinde

Akinkoye, however assured

of Government’s

commitment in providing

leadership for prevention

and control of diabetes

and other non-communicable

diseases through

the Federal Ministry of

Health “by strategically

eliminating the risk facong>toong>rs,

improving the management

of these diseases

as well as preventing

their complications. “

Already the apex ministry

had prepared the National

Guideline for the

Prevention, Control and

Management of Diabetes

and currently carrying out

a Diabetes Awareness and

Care Project in the FCT

and Imo State through

support of the World Diabetes

Foundation, WDF.

“These supports include

capacity building at

Pharmacists establish 24-hr

centres ong>toong> check drug,

chemical abuse nationwide

By Chioma Obinna

HOPE of survival

has risen for ong>Nigeriaong>ns

exposed ong>toong> unong>toong>ward

effects of drugs,

substances of abuse and

poisons as the Pharmaceutical

Society of ong>Nigeriaong>,

PSN, upscaled its

information centre ong>toong> a 24-

hour National Drug &

Poisons Information,

Emergency Response

and Research Centre.

To this end, an eightsong>toong>rey

building estimated

at N2.6 billion ong>toong> house

all the centres is under


The National drug centre

will, among other

things, serve as a counselling,

referral and when

necessary, mobilise appropriate

response team

for victims. It would also

be a coordinating centre

ong>toong> responses ong>toong> suicide

attempts, rehabilitation of

drug addicts and people

injured by poisons as well

as serve as information

and research warehouse

for reong>toong>oling pharmacy

and pharmacists ong>toong>wards

greater relevance.

At the unveiling of the

project last week in Lagos,

Chairman, Project

Committee of the PSN,

Dr John Nwaiwu said the

Centre would also serve

as part of preparing ong>Nigeriaong>ns

for chemical and

drug terrorism and other

disease epidemics.

Every State in ong>Nigeriaong>

would have a dedicated

phone line and personnel

Nwaiwu noted.

“The personnel must be

fluent in local language

for wider coverage and

effective communication

response ong>toong> poisoning issues,

adverse drug reactions

report, enquiries on

drug abuse use, suicide

attempt calls and connects

health professionals

in hospitals, community

pharmacies and

other healthcare facilities,

as ong>toong> availability of emergency

drugs, orphan

drugs, Red Cross, State

emergency response

units, community pharmacists

with hospitals

and special care centres

nationwide among others.

“The Centre will also

serve as a training facility

open ong>toong> all healthcare

professionals and a window

for internship programmes

for pharmacy

graduates etc.”

the Primary Care level

within the selected sites

and medical outreaches.

It is envisaged that the

project would be scaled


“More so, the Federal

Ministry of Health in collaboration

with nonhealth

Ministries, Department

and Agencies

developed the 7-year

National Multisecong>toong>ral

Action Plan (NMSAP) for

the prevention and control

of NCDs ong>toong> serve as a

strategic guide for the

national response ong>toong>

NCDs in ong>Nigeriaong>,”

Akinkoye said.

The Coordinaong>toong>r and

Managing Direcong>toong>r, Rainbow

Specialist Medical

Centre, Dr. Afokoghene

Rita Isiavwe said the

Medical Centre has, in

the builtbeen building local

capacity ong>toong> improve

management and prevention

of diabetes foot

complications and raise

awareness on proper foot

care in persons living

with diabetes mellitus;

through much needed

trainings via regular interactive

workshop sessions.

The ong>Nigeriaong> Podiatry

initiative, she said, had

produced a documentary

on diabetes foot while

over 1000 local health

care workers had been

trained. Also, a certification

programme on diabetes

foot care at Rainbow

Specialist Medical Centre

had been successfully


“The theme for this

year’s workshop - Building

the Diabetes Foot

First Responders, is very

relevant and important, as

having a strong diabetes

foot care proong>toong>col at the

primary care level will

save more diabetes limbs

and lives by ensuring Primary

health care workers

are able ong>toong> recognise the

high risk diabetes foot and

know how ong>toong> promptly

triage them, ong>toong> reduce

delays in getting appropriate

foot care services,”

Isiavwe said.

In his remarks, the Direcong>toong>r,

World Walk Foundation

Jamaica Chapter,

Dr. Owen Bernard declared

that foot care was

not minor, but often an

expensive venture that

requires team effort

which should be multidisciplinary

in approach.

Unfortunately, there’s a

dearth of podiatrists, the

specialists who manage

foot problems, worldwide.

“It makes sense ong>toong> train

as many people as possible

so that we can deal

with the problem of foot

care, especially at the

PHC level. We need ong>toong>

ong>spendong> moiré time and

money ong>toong> prevent foot

amputation,” he stressed.

38 —Vanguard, MONDAY, AUGUST 19, 2019

UK faces food, fuel shortages in no-deal


WITH less than 75

days until Britain

is set ong>toong> exit the European

Union, a government

report leaked ong>toong> The

Sunday Times newspaper

reveals the disastrous

effects a no-deal Brexit

would unleash on the


The United Kingdom

would likely face food,

fuel and medicine shortages

if it crashes out of

the bloc without a transition

deal, according ong>toong> the

forecasts compiled by the

Cabinet Office under the

code name “Operation


The dossier also predicts

the introduction of

a hard border in Ireland,

which has been a main

sticking point in negotiations,

and severe travel

disruptions at UK ports

that could last up ong>toong> three


Medical supplies coming

from Europe will be

“vulnerable ong>toong> severe extended

delays,” and the

availability of fresh food

will be reduced, causing

prices ong>toong> rise, the newspaper


It added that the public

and businesses remain

largely unprepared for a

no-deal Brexit, and that

growing “EU exit fatigue”

had hampered

contingency planning.

“This is not Project Fear

— this is the most realistic

assessment of what

the public face with no

deal,” a senior government

source ong>toong>ld the Sunday

Times. “These are

likely, basic, reasonable

scenarios — not the worst


However Michael

Gove, the British minister

responsible for planning

for a no-deal Brexit,

said on Twitter that

operation Yellowhammer

was indeed a “worst case

scenario” and that “significant

steps have been

taken in the last three

weeks” ong>toong> accelerate


A Downing Street

spokesperson ong>toong>ld CNN

“we will not comment on

leaked documents.”

Some have disputed

the accuracy of the report.

The Government of

Gibraltar — which is a

British terriong>toong>ry on

Spain’s southern coast

ong>toong>ld CNN the briefings

were “out of date”

and based on planning

for “worst case scenarios”

which it has “already dealt


The UK had been due ong>toong>

leave the EU on March 29

this year. But it was granted

a new deadline of Ocong>toong>ber

31, after failing ong>toong>

pass a withdrawal agree-

63 killed in Kabur wedding blast

Sudan opposition names members of sovereign


UK PM Boris Johnson

SUDAN’s opposition

coalition has named

five people, including a

woman, as civilian members

of the country’s sovereign

council ong>toong> be sworn in

on Monday, a source within

the coalition has said.

A landmark power-sharing

agreement signed on

Saturday paved the way for

Sudan’s transition ong>toong> a civilian-led

government and

eventual general elections.

The deal provides for a sovereign

council as the highest

authority in the country,

but largely delegates executive

powers ong>toong> a cabinet of

ministers, which is yet ong>toong> be


According ong>toong> the agreement,

the opposition coalition

is allowed ong>toong> choose

five members of the council

and the military another

five, with the two sides

jointly choosing a civilian

as an eleventh member.

The Forces of Freedom

and Change (FFC) chose

Aisha Mousa, Siddig Tower,

Mohamed Elfaki Suleiman,

Hassan Sheikh Idris

and Taha Othman

Ishaq, a coalition source

ong>toong>ld Reuters news agency

on Sunday.

On Saturday, the Transitional

Military Council’s

(TMC) spokesman said its

head Lieutenant General

Abdel Fattah al-Burhan,

his deputy General Mohamed

Hamdan Dagalo

and Lieutenant General

AT least 63 people

have been killed

and scores wounded in an

explosion targeting a

wedding in the Afghan

capital, officials said on

Sunday, the deadliest attack

in Kabul this year.

The suicide blast

ong>toong>ok place on Saturday

evening in the men’s reception

area of the Dubai

City wedding hall in western

Kabul, in a minority

Shia neighbourhood,

packed with people celebrating

a marriage.

Women and children

were among the casualties,

said Nasrat Rahimi,

a spokesman for the interior

ministry. The Islamic

State of Iraq and the Levant

(ISIL or ISIS) group

claimed responsibility for

the attack on Sunday.

The blast came as the

Taliban and the United

States are trying ong>toong> negotiate

an agreement on the

withdrawal of US forces in

exchange for a Taliban

commitment on security

and peace talks with Afghanistan’s



The Taliban denied any

involvement, calling Saturday’s

blast “forbidden

and unjustifiable”, but

Afghan President Ashraf

Ghani, said that the group

“cannot absolve themselves

of blame, for they

provide platform for terrorists”.

In a series of tweets on

Sunday, Ghani strongly

condemned the “inhumane

attack” and called

for an “extraordinary security

meeting ong>toong> review and

prevent such security lapses”.

The blast occurred near

the stage where musicians

were and “all the youths,

children and all the people

Yasser Al-Atta will serve as

three of the five military


The TMC is yet ong>toong> announce

the other two members

of the sovereign coun-

ment through Parliament.

The deadlock in Westminster

ultimately led ong>toong>

the resignation of former

Prime Minister Theresa

May, paving the way for

new leader Boris Johnson

who has vowed ong>toong> exit the

bloc on Ocong>toong>ber 31 —

even without a deal.

who were there were

killed,” witness Gul Mohammad

ong>toong>ld The Associated

Press news agency.

The groom, Mirwais

Elmi, recalled greeting

smiling guests in the afternoon,

before seeing their

bodies being carried out

hours later.The attack

“changed my happiness ong>toong>

sorrow”, the young man

ong>toong>ld local TV station Tolo


“My family, my bride are

in shock, they cannot even

speak. My bride keeps

fainting,” he said. “I lost my

brother, I lost my friends, I

lost my relatives. I will never

see happiness in my life


In the aftermath of the attack,

images from inside the

hall showed blood-stained

bodies on the ground along

with pieces of flesh and ong>toong>rn

clothes, hats, sandals and

bottles of mineral water.

cil. Tens of thousands of

people ong>toong>ok ong>toong> the streets of

capital Kharong>toong>um on Saturday

ong>toong> celebrate the final

signing of the powersharing


China records consistent drop

in criminal cases

CHINA says the

number of criminal

cases reported ong>toong> and investigated

by its police in

the first half of the year

has decreased by 6.7 per

cent year-on-year after

dropping for three consecutive


Police sources made

this known at a national

meeting on public security

and social order,

held in central China’s

Wuhan City.

The police said that

eight kinds of serious

violent crimes, such as

intentional homicide,

severe intentional injury,

rape, and drug trafficking,

declined by 11.1

per cent year-on-year

over the same period.

Gibraltar rejects US request ong>toong>

detain Iranian ship

GIBRALTAR has rejected a request by the US ong>toong> again

seize an Iranian tanker that it has been holding since

July on suspicion of transporting oil ong>toong> Syria.

The US made the last-minute request on Friday, a day after

Gibraltar lifted its detention order against Grace 1. Gibraltar

said it could not comply with Washingong>toong>n’s request ong>toong> issue a

new detention order because US sanctions against Iran did

not apply in the EU.

The Grace 1 is due ong>toong> leave Gibraltar later on Sunday, Iran’s

UK envoy says.

The ship with its crew of 29 - from India, Russia, Latvia and

the Philippines - was seized with the help of British marines on

4 July, after the government of Gibraltar - a British terriong>toong>ry

- suggested it was heading for Syria in breach of EU sanctions.

The move sparked a diplomatic crisis between the UK and

Iran, which has escalated over recent weeks and saw Iran

seize a British-flagged and Swedish-owned oil tanker, Stena

Impero, in the Gulf.

The Gibraltar authorities freed the vessel on Thursday after

receiving assurances from Iran that Grace 1 would not discharge

its cargo in Syria.

The US Justice Department then filed a request ong>toong> detain the

Grace 1 on the grounds that it had links ong>toong> Iran’s Islamic

Revolutionary Guard Corps, which it has designated a terrorist


Gibraltar, in a statement on Sunday, said it could not comply

with the request. It said: “The EU sanctions regime against

Iran - which is applicable in Gibraltar - is much narrower

than that applicable in the US.”

There has been no response yet from Washingong>toong>n.

Iran’s ambassador ong>toong> Britain, Hamid Baeidinejad, tweeted

on Sunday that two specialist engineering teams were on

their way ong>toong> Gibraltar and said: “The ship is expected ong>toong> depart


ong>Nigeriaong>n medical student

killed in Ukraine

THE family of Gbolade Ejemai, a 30-year-old, ong>Nigeriaong>n medical

student, who was murdered in Kharkov, Ukraine, allegedly by one

Vicong>toong>ria Popvrako, is crying out for justice.

Up ong>toong> 150 ong>Nigeriaong>ns living in the diaspora have been murdered across

countries such as South Africa, United Arab Emirates, China and

Ukraine, in the last three and half years.

Ejemai, a final year medical student of Kharkov International Medical

University, had lived in Ukraine for 10 years during which he had

made an acquaintance of Popvrako.

It was gathered that Popvrako, a 36-year-old Ukrainian mother of

two, had planned with her father ong>toong> kill him. She had invited him over ong>toong>

her house ong>toong> have a discussion – an invitation the deceased had unsuspectingly


“At 10:22 am, I received a distress message from him,” his young

widow, Vicong>toong>ria Luganska, ong>toong>ld TheCable, in a phone interview. The

message read – Trakong>toong>rostroitelei 95, 188 apartment, call police! that

there is a conflict.

“As I was trying ong>toong> do that, he called me again at 10:36 am, crying and

saying that they had stabbed him.”

Before Luganska could get there, she met an ambulance conveying

him ong>toong> the hospital (City Clinical Hospital for Emergency and Emergency

Medicine), where he later slipped inong>toong> coma.

Segun Ashade, a friend of the deceased, also ong>toong>ld TheCable, in a phone

chat, that the whole incident was master-minded and executed by the

lady and her father.

Ashade recounted that the deceased narrated his ordeal on hospital

bed, three days after he came out from coma.

“Gbolade said they had an argument in the room. (The girl’s father,

Mr. Popravko was reportedly in the house as well on that day). In the heat

of the argument, the lady’s father brought a knife with which the lady

stabbed Gbolade in the song>toong>mach. He later heard them saying this is not

enough ong>toong> kill him, get something else! The father scuttled in and out of

the room and returned with a hammer, and struck Gbolade on the head

with it,” he said.

White House says ‘no recession in

sight’ despite market turmoil

WHITE House officials pushed back on Sunday against

concerns that economic growth may be faltering, saying

they saw little risk of recession despite a volatile week on

global bond markets, and insisting their trade war with China

was doing no damage ong>toong> the United States.

“There is no recession in sight,” White House Economic

Adviser, Larry Kudlow, said on Fox News Sunday. Consumers

are working. Their wages are rising. They are ong>spendong>ing and

they are saving…I think we are in pretty good shape.”

U.S. song>toong>ck markets tanked last week on recession fears with

all three major U.S. indexes closing down about three per cent

on Wednesday only ong>toong> pair their losses by Friday due ong>toong> expectations

the European Central Bank might cut rates.

For a brief time last week, bond invesong>toong>rs also demanded a

higher interest rate on two-year Treasury bonds than for 10-

year Treasury bonds, often construed as a sign of lost faith in

near-term economic growth.

However, Trade Adviser Peter Navarro on Sunday likewise

dismissed last week’s warning signs, saying “good” economic

dynamics were encouraging invesong>toong>rs ong>toong> move money ong>toong>

the U.S.

“We have the strongest economy in the world and money is

coming here for our song>toong>ck market. It’s also coming here ong>toong>

chase yield in our bond markets,” Navarro ong>toong>ld ABC’s This


That sort “flight ong>toong> safety” is typically driven by concerns of

global economic trouble – in this case, the possibility that the

Trump administration’s tariff battle with China may dampen

business investment and growth worldwide.

The tariffs on Chinese goods, Navarro said, “are not hurting

anybody here”.

Vanguard, MONDAY, AUGUST 19, 2019 — 39

:Vanguard News

Sanwo-Olu ong>toong> swear in

cabinet members ong>toong>morrow


I, formerly known as Miss

Jennifer Nneka Obi, now wish ong>toong>

be known as Mrs Jennifer Nneka

Obi Nweke. All former documents

remain valid. General public

please take note.


I, formerly known as Miss Onwe

Chinenye Juliet, now wish ong>toong> be

known as Mrs Agboamaka-Obi

Chinenye Juliet. All former

documents remain valid. General

public please take note.


My correct name is Ogigai Polite

Festus but was wrongly captured

and written as Ogigai Paul.

Ogigai Polite Festus remains my

correct name. All former

documents remain valid.GTB

Bank and General public please

take note.


I, formerly known as Miss

Ahiaidu Omenogo Catherine,

now wish ong>toong> be known as Mrs.

Ezeugo Omenogo Catherine.

All documents bearing my

former name remain valid.

General public take note.


I, formerly known as Miss

Akintunde Omoong>toong>la Juliet,

now wish ong>toong> be known as Mrs

Taiwo Omoong>toong>la Juliet. All

former documents remain

valid. General public please

take note.


I, formerly known as Okore Mary

Azuma, now wish ong>toong> be known

as Chrisong>toong>pher Mary Onuabuchi.

All former documents remain

valid. Secondary Education

Management Board Umuahia

and general public take note.


I, formerly known as

Ajemrona Chrisong>toong>pher, now

wish ong>toong> be known as

Ajemrona Destiny

Oborakpororo henceforth. All

former documents remain

valid, general public take note.


I, formerly known as Otu

Lynda Hajia henceforth, want

ong>toong> be known as Obi Lynda

Hajia. All other documents

remain valid. General public

take note.


I, formerly known as Miss

Ometie Judith Roli, now wish ong>toong>

be known as Mrs Jones Judith

Roli. All former documents

remain valid. General public,

banks and all concern

institutions should please take



I, formerly known as Ogueri Esther

Egojuka, now wish ong>toong> be known as

Nwaokeke Esther Ugo Egojuka. All

former documents remain valid. Imo

Broadcasting Corporation, IBC,

Owerri, Banks and the general public

should please take note.


This is ong>toong> confirm that the name

Segun Tosin Arowokeye and

Olusegun Arokeye refer ong>toong> one and

same person, but now wish ong>toong> be

known as Arowokeye Oluwasegun

Tosin. All former documents remains

valid, Keysong>toong>ne bank and general

public please take note.


I, formerly known as Miss

Benedicta Orobosa Emenena,

now wish ong>toong> be known as Mrs.

Benedicta Orobosa Eweong>toong>.

All former documents remain

valid. General public please

take note.


I, formerly known as Azarael

Marvis Adrian, Nzete Marvis

and Nzete Marvis Adrian, now

wish ong>toong> be known as Nzete-

Azarael Marvis Adrian. All

former documents remain valid.

Banks, Embassy and General

public should please take note.


I, formerly known as Helen

Chidima Mmefu, now wish ong>toong>

be known as Helen Chidima

Ebikpolade. All former

documents remain valid.

General public please take



This is ong>toong> notify the general

public That Adeoye Ayomide

Salako and Salako-Adeoye

Ayomide David is the same

person, but now wish ong>toong> be

addressed as Salako-Adeoye

Ayomide David. All documents

remain valid, general public

should take note.


I, formerly known as Miss

Akingbade Jumoke Ejiro,

now wish ong>toong> be known as Mrs.

Emiko Jumoke. All former

documents remain valid.

General public please take



I, formerly known as Miss Nweze

Stephanie Chinyere, now wish ong>toong>

be known as Mrs. Chima-

Ekumankama Stephanie

Chinyere. All documents bearing

former names remain valid. The

general public should take note.


I, formerly known as Ayiwe

Friday, now wish ong>toong> be known as

Peter Ayiwe Elijah. All former

documents remain valid. General

public please take note.


I, formerly known as Miss Ejenavi

Ejiro Beauty, now wish ong>toong> be

known as Mrs Enahoro Ejiro

Beauty. All former documents

remain valid. General public, banks

and all concern institutions should

please take note.


I, formerly known as Roselyn C.

Oweregbulam, now wish ong>toong> be

known as Roselyn C. Daniels. All

former documents remain valid.

The general public should please

take note.


My name was wrongly written as

Okpede Ndidi, instead of my

correct name, Opeke Esther

Favour. All documents bearing

my former name still remain valid.

General public and all relevant

authorities please take note.


I, formerly known as Dr. Miss

Rukome Precious Emenena, now

wish ong>toong> be known as Dr. Mrs.

Rukome Precious Madjemu. All

former documents remain valid.

General public please take note.


I, formerly known as Miss

Deinmy Gift Andafa, now

wish ong>toong> be known as Mrs.

Deinmy O’Neill. All former

documents remain valid.

General public please take



I, formerly known as Oluchi

Helen Oriaku, now wish ong>toong> be

known as Oluchi Helen Oriaku

Jombo. All former documents

remain valid. General public

please take note.


This is ong>toong> certify that the names:

Miss Emmanuel Josephine Uloaku,

Miss Nworgu Josephine Uloaku and

Mrs Ejike Josephine Uloaku refer

ong>toong> one and the same person as Ejike

Josephine Uloaku. All former

documents remain valid. General

public please take note.


I, formerly known as

Babatunde Opeyemi Mary,

now wish ong>toong> be known as

Adediran, Opeyemi Mary. All

former documents remain

valid. General public please

take note.


I, formerly known as Mrs

Eshemitan Marian, now wish

ong>toong> be known as Miss

ELimhinogbe Marian. All

former documents remain

valid. General public please

take note.


I, formerly known as Miss

Ugan Emily, now wish ong>toong> be

known as Mrs. Akinola Emily.

All former documents remain

valid. General public please

take note.


I, formerly known as Nkwo

Benjamin Chiebuka, now wish ong>toong>

be known as Kenneth Benjamin

Chiebuka. All former documents

remain valid. The general public

should please take note.


I, formerly known as Miss

Egbivwie Elohor Judith, now

wish ong>toong> be known as Mrs Eboh

Elohor Judith. All former

documents remain valid. The

general public should please take



I, formerly known as

Omejeenyinniy Edozie Ebubbe,

now wish ong>toong> be known as

Omejeenyinniy Edozie Ebubbe Jk

Jaa. All former documents remain

valid. General public please take



I, formerly known as Miss Dawon

Abidemi Muinat, now wish ong>toong> be

known as Mrs. Abioye Abidemi

Muinat. All former documents

remain valid. General public

please take note.


I, formerly known and

addressed as Ogie Godbless,

now wish ong>toong> be known and

addressed as Anthony

Atahine Godbless. All former

documents remain valid.

General public please take



I, formerly known as Miss

Sagay Rachael Oghenenyore,

now wish ong>toong> be known as Mrs

Rachael Levi Samuel. All

former documents remain

valid. General public take



I, formerly known as Mrs

Opara Ifeyinwa Anthonia,

now wish ong>toong> be known as Miss

Eric Ifeyinwa Purit. All former

documents remain valid.

General public please take



I, formerly known as Miss Ogho

Ogheneruonano Juliet, now wish

ong>toong> be known as Mrs. Ireba

Ogheneruonano Juliet. All former

documents remain valid. General

public please take note.


I, formerly known as Miss

Edeheri Endurance, now wish ong>toong>

be known as Mrs Igugu Festus

Endurance. All former

documents remain valid. General

public please take note.


I, formerly known as Miss Rowland

Margaret Ikpokomiong>toong>p, now wish

ong>toong> be known as Mrs Isah Rowland

Margaret. All former documents

remain valid. General public, banks

and all concern institutions should

please take note.


I, formerly known as Miss

Nwosu Chidinma Cynthia, now

wish ong>toong> be known as Mrs.

Anyanwu Chidinma Cynthia.

All former documents remain

valid. The general public should

please take note.


I, formerly known as Miss

Ekhoowa Charity Umweni, now

wish ong>toong> be known as Mrs

Ekhoowa C. Simon Okisak nee

Umweni. All former documents

remain valid. The general public

should please take note.

By Olasunkanmi




G O S —


Babajide Sanwo-Olu of

Lagos State, yesterday, said

he would inaugurate the

State Executive Council

ong>toong>morrow after swearing-in

of 38 Commissioners and

Special Advisers-designate

already cleared by the State

House of Assembly.

Sanwo-Olu stated this,

weekend while receiving a

body of retired ong>toong>p civil

servants under the aegis of

the Association of Lagos

State Retired Heads of

Service and Permanent

Secretaries, ALARHOSPS.

The Commissioners and

Special Advisers are

FOOD SECURITY: We need 374,000

ong>toong>ns of fish annually —LASG

By Monsuru



State Government,

yesterday, disclosed that the

fish consumption demand

in the state has risen ong>toong>

374,000 ong>toong>ns annually.

The Permanent Secretary,

Ministry of Agriculture, Dr.

Olayiwole Onasanya

revealed the statistics at the

closing ceremony of the 15th

Annual Executive Weekend

Training on Investment

Opportunities in Fish

Farming organised by the

State Government.

Onasanya lamented that

the demand for fish

increases daily without any

adequate increase in

supply, saying, as the

population increases, so the

demand for fish also jumps.

The Permanent Secretary

noted that the state could

only provide 155,262 ong>toong>ns

per annum leaving it

with a deficit of 218, 738

THE founder of

Fastrack Group of

Schools, Festac Town,

Lagos, Mrs. Adesuwa

Obaseki has reiterated that

the school is committed ong>toong>

grooming world-class

leaders that will be solution

providers ong>toong> environmental

and global issues.

Speaking during the

school’s 15th annual

graduation/prize giving

and awards ceremony in

Lagos, Mrs. Obaseki noted

that the school in





expected ong>toong> be sworn in by

10 am at Adeyemi-Bero

Hall, Alausa, Secretariat,


Sanwo-Olu said the

wheel of governance would

be in full gear before the

end of the week, in

fulfillment of his campaign

promise ong>toong> inaugurate his

cabinet within 90 days.

He said: “We are

swearing in all other

complements of cabinet and

also Permanent Secretaries

ong>toong> have the engine of

governance on full swing.

At that point, we believe

that all the campaign

promises we made can

come ong>toong> reality and

Lagosians can benefit more

from the choice they made

at the last election.”

ong>toong>ns per annum.

He said: “Lagos State

with a population of

22million people is

structured ong>toong> have a fish

demand of 374,000 ong>toong>ns per

annum as against the

current fish production

figure of 155,262 ong>toong>ns per


“The deficit in supply is

being met through

importation which gulps

enormous foreign exchange

which the Federal Ministry

of Agriculture has estimated

at a ong>toong>tal sum of $1billion.”

To address the

challenges, Onasanya said

the state government has

embarked on programmes

and projects which include

fish farm estates

development; fish cage

culture system; training/

capacity building

programmes; agricultural

value chains empowerment

and artisanal fisheries



We’re committed ong>toong> grooming

world-class leaders


I, formerly known as Mrs

Ogbonna Patience Daniel, now

wish ong>toong> be known as Mrs

Ogbonna Patience Ego. All

documents bearing my former

names remain valid. The general

public should take note.


organised a leadership

training program for girls,

engagement of

experienced and result

oriented personnel,

amongst many other


She said: “We can only

keep improving as an

organisation shouldered

with the responsibility of

grooming the best of the

best inong>toong> trailblazers. As a

people, it is the duty of you

and I ong>toong> contribute our own

little quota ong>toong>wards making

the community, our country

and indeed the world a

better, safer and more

peaceful place ong>toong> live in.

“Our commitment is ong>toong>

render functional,

qualitative and globallyaccepted


service. Our focus remains

grooming world-class

leaders who will be solution

providers ong>toong> environmental

and global issues.’’

40 — Vanguard, MONDAY, AUGUST 19, 2019


By Joshua Adeyemo Phone 08056180139

LEO: You can make it a successful day with positive approach

on your part. You will be in a better position ong>toong>

defuse tension within your working arena. Try ong>toong> be more


VIRGO; Yes! You’re not scared a bit even, when opposition

and/or competition come your way but, if you give in ong>toong>

diplomatic approach, you’ll fare better ong>toong>day.

LIBRA: Pressure that came your way suddenly will give

way unexpectedly, ong>toong>day, ong>toong> the betterment of your course.

The more financially ambitious you are ong>toong>day, the better

for you. Be steadfast.

SCORPIO: You sincerely believe in intelligent argument or

discussion. And if you allow your ability ong>toong> be diplomatic

come ong>toong> play ong>toong>day, you’ll be better for it. Enjoy your love




“Abandon the idea that you will forever be

the victim of the things that have happened

ong>toong> you. Choose ong>toong> be a vicong>toong>r.” -Adam Smith-

Don’t believe everything that your mind is telling

you, especially if it’s negative and self-defeating.

Many people hurt themselves because

of such negative habits that pollutes the

mindset. - Ella Randle -



Lack of money is

lack of friends; if

you have money

at your disposal,

every dog and

goat will claim

ong>toong> be related ong>toong>

you. ~ Yoruba

SAGITTARIUS: You’ll tend ong>toong> become both creative and

persuasive ong>toong> the administration of others. Then those

who’ve been resisting secret love may slip suddenly and

become excited.

CAPRICORN: Even if opposition persists, supports you are

getting from the influential people will be enough ong>toong> see

you through. Yet, the more cooperative you are the better.

AQUARIUS: Your creativity quotient within your working

arena will ong>toong>day be enhanced. You’ll be blamed if you keep

official issues secrets from your challenges at work.

PISCES: After a few tension soaked days, you’ll have the

needed opportunity ong>toong> look through windows of the world

and have your way as well. Magnetic and/or magic days is

predicted for lovers ong>toong>day.

ARIES: Even if you continue ong>toong> work under pressure via

increased workload, you will have good results ong>toong> show for

your efforts ong>toong>day. Be steadfast.

TAURUS: Promise made ong>toong> genuine personalities should

be kept if not because of ong>toong>day but for better ong>toong>morrow. Be

reasonable and clean.

GEMINI: Those of you willing ong>toong> let go hard feelings at

work are for a progressive day ong>toong> the betterment of your

finances. Let go yesterday, move ahead.

TERROR MUDA in “Never say goodbye”


By Kola Fayemi

CANCER: Once again, you’ll have the needed opportunity

ong>toong> assert yourself ong>toong> the administration of others. Both love

and financial success can be yours with efforts. Reason with

your tried and trusted friends.


Send your date and place of birth ong>toong> the Astr


Counselling, P.M.B 100

007, Apapa, Lagos


Dear Joshua,

Kindly tell me how the planets lined up when I was

born and the day of the week I was born but don’t publish

my date of birth.. Please tell me my full horoscope

Anonymous, ong>Nigeriaong>.

Dear Anonymous,

You were born on a Sunday.


Day of Birth = Sunday

Sun Sign = Scorpio. Sun in Zero Degree of Scorpio

Moon Sign = Libra: Moon in 5th Degree of Libra

Mercury in 12th Degree of Scorpio

Venus in Zero Degree of Sagittarius

Mars in 1st Degree of Aquarius

Jupiter in 29th Degree of Cancer

Saturn in 10th Degree of Scorpio

Uranus in 27th Degree of Cancer

Neptune in 25th Degree of Libra

Pluong>toong> in 26th Degree of Leo

North Node in 8th Degree of Capricorn

South Node in 8th Degree of Cancer

No planet in earth spar sign, one in available, two in

fire, three in air, four in cardinal, fixed and water star

signs hosted five planets each.





You are both an intelligent and emotional person. And

as there was planet at home when you were born, ong>toong>o

many ideas will always struggle for prominent place in

your mind, thus decision making is difficult but most

times, your intelligence comes ong>toong> the rescue. Certainly,

you appear ong>toong> other as a gentle person who can be mistaken

for soft fellow but your inner-self is the personality

with a steel like will power.

You are the consistent type who may find it difficult ong>toong>

change once you have made up your mind as indicated

by distribution of the planets as written out in paragraph

two of this exercise.

One major challenge you have been battling for a very

long time is constant worries, some times, necessarily

and the other time, uncalled for, as indicated by conjunction

Mercury and Saturn formed when you were born.

Placement of your natal Sun (basic self head) and Moon

(your sub-conscious self) in Scorpio and Libra

respectively are indications of your being mainly Scorpio

born person and partly in Libran. And that is ong>toong> say basic

characteristics of both Scorpio and Libra are highly pronounced

in you. Then, you are spiritually gifted; if you

don’t develop it is another thing.




By Lawrence Akapa

Vanguard, MONDAY, AUGUST 19, 2019—41

HOMAGE—President Muhammadu Buhari (left), in a handshake with Prof. Umar Garba Danbatta,

Executive Vice Chairman/CEO, ong>Nigeriaong>n Communications Commission (NCC), when the EVC paid a

Sallah homage ong>toong> the President in his Daura, Katsina, home at the just concluded Sallah recently.

IPOB's attack on Ekweremadu,

warning ong>toong> Igbo leaders —KANU

Continues from Page 5

promise ong>toong> investigate and

bring ong>toong> book everyone who

was part of that dastardly

assault on a serving

national leader.

“On my part, I promise ong>toong>

lead the House Committee

on Foreign Affairs which I

currently chair, and,

indeed, other members of

the House, who have since

yesterday continued ong>toong> call

in ong>toong> express their

indignation against the act,

ong>toong> move a motion on the

floor of the House and ong>toong>

call for broader

investigations on the

matter, with a view ong>toong>

decisively dealing with all

those involved and seeking

protection for the politicallyexposed

persons on foreign

trips and assignments in

foreign jurisdictions.

“While conceding that it

is the right of any group or

individual ong>toong> protest against

a perceived wrong done ong>toong>

them in every democratic

set-up like ours, it goes

without saying that there is

a limit ong>toong> the extent any

protest can go.

“It ceases ong>toong> be a protest,

for instance, when those

involved in such a protest

begin ong>toong> make attempts on

life or endanger the rights

of others ong>toong> peaceful and

lawful assembly as we saw

in the case at Nuremberg,

Germany. As law-abiding

people, we must have a

recourse ong>toong> civility and

proper ways of doing

things at all times.”

It’s unnecessary


Similarly, Peoples

Democratic Party, PDP,

condemned the attack on

Ekweremadu, saying it was


PDP in a statement signed

by its National Publicity

Secretary, Kola

Ologbondiyan, noted that

the attack on the lawmaker

was uncalled for,

unprovoked and could not

be justified under any

guise whatsoever, adding

that the development

portrayed the nation in bad


The statement read: “The

PDP charges the ong>Nigeriaong>n

Ambassador ong>toong> Germany as

well as the German

government ong>toong> take

appropriate decisive action

on the matter.”

The party also urged the

Federal Government,

particularly the National

Assembly ong>toong> take urgent,

comprehensive step ong>toong>

address issues leading ong>toong>

acts of resentment and

agitations by ong>Nigeriaong>ns

within and outside the

country in the last four


Not in Igbo


APC youths

Reacting in a similar

manner, the South East

APC Young Progressives

Forum said the attack on

Ekweremadu by IPOB was

not in the character of the


Leader of the group,

Comrade Otimkpu

Paschal, said it was against

Igbo’s core values and

respect for elders for IPOB

members ong>toong> treat

Ekweremadu in a

disdainful manner.

He said: “This is barbaric

and unacceptable. The

incident was an

embarrassment ong>toong> the Igbo

nation and the country at


“It is also shamefully

pathetic that an event,

which was nobly put

ong>toong>gether by the Igbo

community, whose

members make up the

majority of ong>Nigeriaong>ns living

in Germany, ended up in

such a disgraceful manner.

Obviously, this is no