Angelus News | November 5, 2021 | Vol. 6 No. 22

One the cover: A mix of Santa Catalina Island residents and mainland Guadalupanos led by Auxiliary Bishop Marc V. Trudeau processed through the streets of Avalon with the pilgrim images of Our Lady of Guadalupe and St. Juan Diego on Friday, Oct. 22. Angelus’ Tom Hoffarth was there to witness it all, and on Page 10 he heard from pilgrims about the importance of taking their love for Guadalupe across the sea.

One the cover: A mix of Santa Catalina Island residents and mainland Guadalupanos led by Auxiliary Bishop Marc V. Trudeau processed through the streets of Avalon with the pilgrim images of Our Lady of Guadalupe and St. Juan Diego on Friday, Oct. 22. Angelus’ Tom Hoffarth was there to witness it all, and on Page 10 he heard from pilgrims about the importance of taking their love for Guadalupe across the sea.


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<strong><strong>No</strong>vember</strong> 5, <strong>2021</strong> <strong>Vol</strong>. 6 <strong>No</strong>. <strong>22</strong>


<strong><strong>No</strong>vember</strong> 5, <strong>2021</strong><br />

<strong>Vol</strong>. 6 • <strong>No</strong>. <strong>22</strong><br />

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A mix of Santa Catalina Island residents and mainland Guadalupanos<br />

led by Auxiliary Bishop Marc V. Trudeau processed<br />

through the streets of Avalon with the pilgrim images of Our<br />

Lady of Guadalupe and St. Juan Diego on Friday, Oct. <strong>22</strong>.<br />

<strong>Angelus</strong>’ Tom Hoffarth was there to witness it all, and on Page<br />

10 he heard from pilgrims about the importance of taking their<br />

love for Guadalupe across the sea.<br />



Archbishop José H. Gomez celebrated the<br />

35th annual Mass Oct. 17 at St. Matthias<br />

Church in Huntington Park for members<br />

of FUERZA, Inc., a nonprofit organization<br />

whose members are Spanish-speaking<br />

parents of children with a developmental<br />

disability.<br />

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Pope Watch.................................................................................................................................... 2<br />

Archbishop Gomez..................................................................................................................... 3<br />

World, Nation, and Local <strong>News</strong>.......................................................................................... 4-6<br />

In Other Words............................................................................................................................. 7<br />

Father Rolheiser............................................................................................................................ 8<br />

Scott Hahn................................................................................................................................... 32<br />

Events Calendar......................................................................................................................... 33<br />


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<strong><strong>No</strong>vember</strong> 5, <strong>2021</strong> • ANGELUS • 1


A post-pandemic plea<br />

In an Oct. 16 video message, Pope<br />

Francis praised last year’s George Floyd<br />

protests and said he knows “it often<br />

annoys people” when he promotes<br />

Catholic teaching on social issues like<br />

poverty, migration, and ecology, but he<br />

is going to keep doing so because the<br />

gospel demands it.<br />

“Principles such as the preferential<br />

option for the poor, the universal destination<br />

of goods, solidarity, subsidiarity,<br />

participation, and the common good”<br />

are all values that ensure “the good<br />

news of the gospel takes concrete form<br />

on a social and cultural level,” the<br />

pope said, addressing the virtual World<br />

Meeting of Popular Movements.<br />

The meeting brought together leaders<br />

of cooperatives and other grassroots<br />

organizations of the poor, the underemployed,<br />

indigenous communities,<br />

and farmworkers.<br />

The pontiff thanked members of the<br />

movements for demonstrating true humanity,<br />

“the humanity that is not built<br />

by turning your back on the suffering<br />

of those around you, but in the patient,<br />

committed, and often even sorrowful<br />

recognition that the other person is my<br />

brother or sister and that his or her joys<br />

and hopes, griefs and anxieties are also<br />

mine. To ignore those who have fallen<br />

is to ignore our own humanity that<br />

cries out in every brother and sister of<br />

ours.”<br />

“Do you know what comes to mind<br />

now when, together with popular<br />

movements, I think of the good Samaritan?<br />

Do you know what comes to<br />

mind? The protests over the death of<br />

George Floyd,” he said.<br />

Obviously, such protests can be<br />

exploited and manipulated, “but<br />

the main thing is that in that protest<br />

against this death, there was the collective<br />

Samaritan,” Pope Francis said.<br />

“This movement did not pass by on the<br />

other side of the road when it saw the<br />

injury to human dignity caused by an<br />

abuse of power.<br />

The pope went on to make a series of<br />

appeals, including asking pharmaceutical<br />

companies to release the patents<br />

on their COVID-19 vaccines so that<br />

they could be manufactured cheaply in<br />

poor countries “where only 3% or 4%<br />

of the inhabitants have been vaccinated.”<br />

“In the name of God,” he asked for<br />

the cancellation of the foreign debts of<br />

poor countries, and asked mining, oil,<br />

forestry, real estate, and big agribusiness<br />

companies “to stop destroying<br />

forests, wetlands and mountains, to<br />

stop polluting rivers and seas, to stop<br />

poisoning food and people.”<br />

He asked weapons manufacturers and<br />

dealers “to completely stop their activity,<br />

because it foments violence and<br />

war,” and he asked telecom giants to<br />

make it easier for teachers and students<br />

in poor communities to access distance<br />

learning.<br />

“In the name of God, I ask the media<br />

to stop the logic of post-truth, disinformation,<br />

defamation, slander, and<br />

the unhealthy attraction to dirt and<br />

scandal, and to contribute to human<br />

fraternity and empathy with those who<br />

are most deeply damaged,” he said.<br />

Pope Francis also spoke of the need to<br />

create more jobs, perhaps by shortening<br />

the workday, and to ensure a living<br />

wage for all workers, including those<br />

working in the informal economy.<br />

The universal basic income or<br />

minimum salary would guarantee that<br />

everyone has access “to the most basic<br />

necessities of life,” he said.<br />

Reporting courtesy of Catholic <strong>News</strong> Service<br />

Rome bureau chief Cindy Wooden.<br />

Papal Prayer Intention for <strong><strong>No</strong>vember</strong>: We pray that people<br />

who suffer from depression or burnout will find support<br />

and a light that opens them up to life.<br />

2 • ANGELUS • <strong><strong>No</strong>vember</strong> 5, <strong>2021</strong>



Strengthen what remains<br />

There is a spiritual awakening<br />

going on in America, underneath<br />

all the controversy of our<br />

politics, the continued clouds of the<br />

pandemic, all the uncertainty about<br />

where our country is heading.<br />

People are taking stock, examining<br />

what they truly believe and what they<br />

value most deeply in their lives. I am<br />

reminded of the line from the Bible’s<br />

last book: “Awake, and strengthen what<br />

remains.” This is happening.<br />

I do not have data or evidence to<br />

prove it. Just a feeling. But it is a strong<br />

and hopeful feeling that I am getting<br />

from my many visits to different<br />

parishes around the Archdiocese of Los<br />

Angeles, in talking to different people,<br />

and to other pastors, reading the media.<br />

The bargain of our secular society and<br />

consumer economy has always been<br />

empty and false. It could never satisfy<br />

our deepest longings or answer the<br />

questions that we all hold in our hearts:<br />

Who am I? What kind of person<br />

should I be? What should I be living<br />

for, and why? What happens when I<br />

die?<br />

Especially in light of the pandemic<br />

and the social unrest of these past two<br />

years, people now seem to understand<br />

more clearly that there is more to life<br />

than working to make money to buy<br />

things, more to life than seeking to be<br />

comfortable and entertained.<br />

If we are paying attention, we can see<br />

the changes around us. It is not a mass<br />

movement. But quietly and steadily<br />

many people, of all ages and in every<br />

walk of life, are deepening their faith<br />

or making new decisions about what is<br />

important in their lives and how they<br />

want to live.<br />

These are encouraging signs and I believe<br />

this is an evangelical opportunity<br />

for the Church. <strong>No</strong>w is the time for<br />

rebuilding with God, starting from the<br />

most basic foundations of the Church’s<br />

mission.<br />

We are here for one purpose, to evangelize,<br />

to proclaim Christ, to tell the<br />

beautiful story of Christ’s love for us,<br />

expressed in his dying and rising from<br />

the dead for us and for our salvation,<br />

and what that means for how we live<br />

our lives.<br />

In its most basic form, our Christian<br />

story goes like this:<br />

We are created in the image of God<br />

and called to a blessed life in union<br />

with him and with our neighbors.<br />

Human life has a God-given “telos,”<br />

an intention and direction. Through<br />

our sin, we are alienated from God and<br />

from one another, and we live now in<br />

the shadow of our own death.<br />

By the mercy of God and his love<br />

for each of us, we are saved through<br />

the dying and rising of Jesus Christ.<br />

Jesus reconciles us to God and our<br />

neighbors, gives us the grace to be<br />

transformed in his image, and calls us<br />

to follow him in faith, loving God and<br />

our neighbor, and working to build his<br />

kingdom on earth — all in confident<br />

hope that we will have eternal life with<br />

him in the world to come.<br />

This is our story, our hope, and our<br />

promise in Christ. It is a story that is<br />

beautiful and true. I pray that all of us<br />

in the Church, every Catholic, will<br />

reclaim this story as their own, and<br />

proclaim it by the way they live, with<br />

joy and compassion.<br />

As a Church, we should not be<br />

worried about numbers, or money, or<br />

influence in society. We are here to<br />

save souls, and Jesus promised us that if<br />

we seek his kingdom first, the rest will<br />

be given to us.<br />

We have grown unaccustomed to talking<br />

in these terms — about salvation<br />

and saving souls. But people right now<br />

are longing for certainty, they want<br />

to know that their lives matter, that<br />

they have a purpose and meaning that<br />

transcends this earthly life, this bodily<br />

existence.<br />

In the face of the widespread fear<br />

of sickness and death that has resulted<br />

from this pandemic, we need to<br />

proclaim with new confidence the<br />

<strong>No</strong>w is the time for rebuilding with God,<br />

starting from the most basic foundations<br />

of the Church’s mission.<br />

truth that Christ in his love has overcome<br />

death, and that joined with him,<br />

we can, too.<br />

That means, first of all, recovering the<br />

truth that we are creatures of body and<br />

soul, that there is a part of us that is<br />

eternal, that we are created for communion<br />

with God, for participation in his<br />

divine life.<br />

This is the meaning of the two great<br />

holy days that we celebrate this week,<br />

All Saints’ and All Souls’. And the<br />

amazing promise of heaven, the lively<br />

awareness of eternity, should guide our<br />

path on earth.<br />

Pray for me and I will pray for you.<br />

And let us ask holy Mary, our hope,<br />

to stir in us the desire to bear witness<br />

to the power of her Son’s love and his<br />

resurrection in everything we do.<br />

<strong><strong>No</strong>vember</strong> 5, <strong>2021</strong> • ANGELUS • 3

WORLD<br />

■ US, EU push Pakistan extremism, cardinal says<br />

Pakistan’s lone cardinal says that western nations are partial instigators to the growing<br />

extremism in his country.<br />

“They see us (Christians) as the devil, the product of colonialism,” Cardinal<br />

Joseph Coutts said of Islamic terrorists in an interview with Crux. “If anything<br />

happens in the West … we were on pins and needles, because one more church to<br />

be attacked, a few more Christians will be brutally killed.”<br />

Cardinal Coutts noted a growing governmental and social movement in Pakistan<br />

to promote Islam over Christianity and Hinduism. The Pakistan parliamentary<br />

committee recently rejected a bill that would ban conversion before the age of 18,<br />

promoted to combat the increase of kidnappings, forced marriages, and conversions<br />

of Christian and Hindu girls.<br />

“What is also making it bad for us is again, the duplicity, the hypocrisy of the United<br />

States,” Cardinal Coutts said. “For them [extremists] the United States, European<br />

Union, all the Western countries or let’s say the white people, are Christians.”<br />

■ Spanish Civil War martyrs beatified<br />

One-hundred twenty-seven Catholics killed for their faith during the Spanish<br />

Civil War were added to the Church’s list of “blesseds” at an Oct. 16 ceremony<br />

in Córdoba, Spain. The newly beatified martyrs include 15-year-old<br />

Francisco García León, who was imprisoned by his father for refusing to remove<br />

a scapular and was later killed by nationalist troops; six unnamed female<br />

pastoral workers, ages 26 to 77, who were abducted from their parish, tortured,<br />

and killed; and 33-year old Father Juan Elías Medina, a champion for the poor<br />

who refused to deny his priesthood.<br />

The Spanish Civil War, from 1935-1939, saw the destruction of more than<br />

2,000 churches and the death of up to 8,000 Catholic clergy and religious.<br />

Tens of thousands of lay Catholics also were killed, and more than 2,000 have<br />

been beatified or canonized as martyrs.<br />

“After 85 years, it isn’t those horrors which now reach us, but the precious<br />

perfume of a greater love, the eloquent testimony of forgiveness offered to persecutors,”<br />

Córdoba Bishop Demetrio Fernández González wrote in a pastoral<br />

letter marking the beatifications.<br />

A man of the word — Councilor Helen Boyd speaks during a prayer vigil for murdered British lawmaker David<br />

Amess in Leigh-on-Sea, England, on Oct. 15. Amess, a member of the Conservative Party and one of the most<br />

prominent Catholic politicians in the U.K. Parliament, was stabbed to death while meeting local people in his<br />

constituency. Twenty-five-year-old Ali Harbi Ali, who is being investigated for ties to the Islamic State, has been<br />

charged with murder. | CNS/TONY O’BRIEN, REUTERS<br />

Former Anglican Bishop Michael Nazir-Ali. | CNS<br />

■ England: Another<br />

Anglican bishop converts<br />

to Catholicism<br />

A former Anglican bishop in England<br />

announced that he had joined<br />

the Catholic Church, the third to do<br />

so this year.<br />

Michael Nazir-Ali of Rochester, who<br />

was ordained an Anglican priest in<br />

1976, explained his decision to leave<br />

the Church of England in an October<br />

17 op-ed in the Daily Mail.<br />

“When I was ordained an Anglican<br />

priest back in 1976, it was a moment<br />

of joy, and hope,” he wrote. “The<br />

Church’s values were everything I<br />

believed in … Back then the Church<br />

celebrated and defended those values.<br />

It wasn’t reticent, apologetic or<br />

ashamed of them.”<br />

“I could never have imagined that<br />

45 years later I would feel compelled<br />

to leave the Anglican Church I have<br />

loved,” Nazir-Ali wrote.<br />

Nazir-Ali, who is married and has<br />

two children, is expected to be ordained<br />

as a Catholic for the Ordinariate,<br />

a community of Catholics who<br />

practice using approved Anglican<br />

traditions.<br />

4 • ANGELUS • <strong><strong>No</strong>vember</strong> 5, <strong>2021</strong>

NATION<br />

■ New bishop named for troubled Minnesota diocese<br />

Pope Francis has named a new bishop for the Diocese of Crookston, Minnesota,<br />

after its last bishop resigned amid a Vatican investigation into abuse cover-up<br />

allegations.<br />

Fifty-three-year-old Bishop Andrew Cozzens, an auxiliary of St. Paul-Minneapolis,<br />

will replace Bishop Michael Hoeppner, the Vatican announced Oct. 18.<br />

Bishop Hoeppner was accused of forcing a man studying to become a deacon<br />

to recant an allegation of abuse by a priest when he was a teenager. The bishop<br />

denied the accusations, but a Vatican investigation led Pope Francis to ask for his<br />

resignation last April.<br />

Bishop Cozzens is known for his work in evangelization and accompanying victim-survivors<br />

of clerical abuse. The appointment drew praise from Catholics who<br />

have worked with him in both areas.<br />

“Please pray for Bishop Cozzens!” tweeted Gina Barthel the day of the announcement.<br />

“He has met with me monthly for the past 7 1/2 years as I recovered<br />

from clergy abuse. He called me early this morning to reassure me he’s not abandoning<br />

me — that’s the kind of shepherd he is.”<br />

■ Latino Catholics lead in vaccination numbers<br />

Latino Catholics are the most vaccinated religious group, according to a new<br />

Pew Research Center study.<br />

The study, released in late September, found that 86% of Latino Catholics said<br />

they were partially or fully vaccinated as of August, 4% higher than the general<br />

Catholic population and 7% higher than white Catholics.<br />

Though Latino Protestants have vaccination rates higher than white Protestants,<br />

they still lag behind Latino Catholics at only 67% with at least one dose.<br />

One potential cause for higher rates of vaccination is a concerted effort by the<br />

clergy to promote vaccines, including an August video message in Spanish with<br />

Pope Francis, Archbishop José H. Gomez, and other Latino bishops.<br />

Wisconsin’s rosary warriors — Students at St. John the Baptist School in Howard, Wisconsin, recited two<br />

decades of the rosary following an all-school Mass on Oct. 13. All Catholic schools in the Diocese of Green Bay<br />

recited the rosary “for the salvation of our world” in unison at 9 a.m. on Oct. 13 to commemorate Mary’s final<br />

apparition to three children in Fátima, Portugal, in 1917. | CNS/SAM LUCERO, THE COMPASS<br />

Graffiti on a door of Denver’s Catholic cathedral<br />


■ U.S. anti-Catholic<br />

vandalism count hits 100<br />

More than 100 acts of vandalism and<br />

destruction against Catholic sites in the<br />

U.S. have been committed since May<br />

2020, according to the country’s Catholic<br />

bishops.<br />

Most recently, the exterior wall and<br />

door of Denver’s Cathedral Basilica<br />

of the Immaculate Conception were<br />

spray-painted with satanic and profane<br />

graffiti; the following day, a vandal<br />

splattered paint across the exterior of<br />

St. Peter Italian Catholic Church in<br />

Los Angeles.<br />

Incidents have been registered in 29<br />

states and have ranged from statue and<br />

property destruction to arson.<br />

“In all cases, we must reach out to the<br />

perpetrators with prayer and forgiveness,”<br />

New York Cardinal Timothy<br />

Dolan and Oklahoma City Archbishop<br />

Paul Coakley said in a joint statement<br />

on behalf of the U.S. bishops.<br />

“True, where the motive was retribution<br />

for some past fault of ours, we<br />

must reconcile; where misunderstanding<br />

of our teachings has caused anger<br />

toward us, we must offer clarity; but<br />

this destruction must stop. This is not<br />

the way.”<br />

<strong><strong>No</strong>vember</strong> 5, <strong>2021</strong> • ANGELUS • 5

LOCAL<br />

Wendell Callahan, Ph.D., at the Oct. 20 Zoom training<br />

session.<br />

■ ADLA launches<br />

Mental Health Ministry<br />

for parishes<br />

The Archdiocese of Los Angeles has<br />

launched a series of Mental Health<br />

Ministry workshops aimed at helping<br />

local parishes and Catholic organizations<br />

to accompany those suffering<br />

from mental illness.<br />

The first of four Zoom workshops<br />

organized by the Office of Life, Justice<br />

and Peace was led by Wendell Callahan,<br />

Ph.D., of the University of San Diego’s<br />

Mental Health Institute on Oct.<br />

20. It drew more than 150 registered<br />

local parish leaders representing 87<br />

parishes around the archdiocese. The<br />

sessions take place every Wednesday<br />

at 6:30 p.m. through <strong>No</strong>v. 10.<br />

The training sessions are aimed at<br />

helping bring the new ministry to the<br />

parish level.<br />

“Training and collaboration are essential<br />

to equip parishes and Catholic<br />

organizations with the awareness,<br />

dialogue, and skills to companion<br />

those with mental illness,” said Lauren<br />

Stadelman, MPH, who leads the<br />

Mental Health Ministry. “This is a<br />

powerful avenue to building welcoming<br />

and supportive spaces for people<br />

to encounter Christ’s healing love.”<br />

For more information, visit LifeJusticeandPeace.lacatholics.org/mental-health.<br />

■ LA nixes St. Junípero’s name from downtown park<br />

The city of Los Angeles is removing the name of St. Junípero Serra from a<br />

downtown park.<br />

Mayor Eric Garcetti, who was joined by LA City Councilmembers Mitch<br />

O’Farrell and Kevin de León at an Oct. 11 event announcing the change, said<br />

that an “indigenous cultural easement” would be created “to give local indigenous<br />

communities priority access to the park for practice of traditional ceremonies.”<br />

The park located across from Union Station will be referred to as La Plaza Park<br />

until a new name is decided upon. The park’s statue of St. Junípero was one of<br />

several vandalized around the state last summer during a wave of protests against<br />

racial injustice.<br />

At St. Junípero’s canonization ceremony in 2015, Pope Francis affirmed the<br />

Spanish friar “sought to defend the dignity of the native community, to protect it<br />

from those who had mistreated and abused it.”<br />

■ Vandals strike Manhattan Beach parish<br />

Police are investigating yet another vandalism attack on a local Catholic<br />

church.<br />

Anti-Catholic messages in red paint were found scrawled on the wall and<br />

prayer walk outside of American Martyrs Church in Manhattan Beach the<br />

morning of Oct. 17 before the parish’s 6:45 a.m. Sunday Mass, pastor Msgr.<br />

John Barry told parishioners.<br />

Surveillance video footage from the parish showed two people around midnight<br />

the night before appearing “to discharge an aerosol can believed to be<br />

spray paint” before fleeing.<br />

“My first response was not to give publicity to this kind of hate, since it will<br />

only encourage these people,” wrote Msgr. Barry in a message to parishioners.<br />

“But at the same time, I know we must confront these acts of vandalism and<br />

destruction which have been increasing not just in our area, but across the<br />

country.”<br />

Anyone with information is asked to contact the Manhattan Beach Police<br />

Department Tip Line at 310-802-5171.<br />

<strong>No</strong>t your average field trip — Students from Santa Isabel School in Boyle Heights walked nearly 4 miles from<br />

their school to the Cathedral of Our Lady of the Angels to attend the Missionary Childhood Association (MCA)<br />

Mass Oct. 20. At the Mass, archdiocesan schools were honored for their fundraising efforts to cover school costs<br />

and provide meals to children in remote rural areas in Bangladesh and Colombia. | DORIS BENAVIDES<br />

Y<br />

6 • ANGELUS • <strong><strong>No</strong>vember</strong> 5, <strong>2021</strong>

V<br />


Letters to the Editor<br />

A student of ‘The other Guadalupe’<br />

Thank you for your article about ‘The other Guadalupe’ in the Oct. <strong>22</strong><br />

issue.<br />

I was blessed to have visited the small town of Guadalupe in Spain after I finished<br />

the Camino de Santiago in July 2018. I went specifically to Guadalupe to<br />

see the Black Madonna that I read about and researched while studying for my<br />

Master of Arts at Loyola Marymount University.<br />

I found the article to be very accurate and well-researched, drawing on authoritative<br />

information from the Royal Spanish Association of Official Chroniclers, and<br />

so I also learned some new details from it.<br />

— Deacon Gabe Saavedra, St. Bruno Church, Whittier<br />

Getting synodality right<br />

Archbishop José H. Gomez’s column on the synodal path in the Oct. <strong>22</strong> issue is<br />

a superior explanation of what the Holy Father is trying to do with respect to the<br />

“Synod on Synodality.” Thank you for this wonderful and informative information.<br />

— Deacon Thomas E. Brandlin, Los Angeles<br />

Y<br />

Continue the conversation! To submit a letter to the editor, visit <strong>Angelus</strong><strong>News</strong>.com/Letters-To-The-Editor<br />

and use our online form or send an email to editorial@angelusnews.com. Please limit to 300 words. Letters<br />

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The Church’s true gifts<br />

View more photos<br />

from this gallery at<br />

<strong>Angelus</strong><strong>News</strong>.com/photos-videos<br />

Young people bring up the gifts during the offertory at the 35th annual Mass with Archbishop José H. Gomez<br />

Gomez for members of FUERZA, Inc., at St. Matthias Church in Huntington Park on Oct. 17. FUERZA was<br />

established almost 36 years ago to support Spanish-speaking families as they deal with the diagnosis and prognosis<br />

of their children with disabilities. | VICTOR ALEMÁN<br />

“The aim of a<br />

compassionate society<br />

should be assisted living<br />

rather than an acceptance<br />

of assisted suicide.”<br />

~ Three Catholic, Anglican, and Jewish leaders in a<br />

joint appeal to U.K. lawmakers to reject a bill that<br />

would legalize assisted suicide.<br />

“Love is free or it is not love.”<br />

~ Pope Francis in a Netflix documentary about love<br />

that will air on Christmas Day.<br />

“Even in an America with<br />

policies and public squares<br />

designed for them, children<br />

would still act like children.<br />

We will have to decide for<br />

ourselves whether we are<br />

willing to welcome them as<br />

they are.”<br />

~ Writer Stephanie H. Murray in an Oct. 25 op-ed<br />

for The Week titled “The parenting problem the<br />

government can’t fix.”<br />

“Science and religion seem<br />

to be in conflict only if you<br />

think of both of them as<br />

closed books of rules and<br />

facts, each demanding<br />

infallible credulity.”<br />

~ Brother Guy Consolmagno SJ, director of the<br />

Vatican Observatory, in an Oct. <strong>22</strong> article for<br />

America magazine titled “I am a Jesuit scientist. I’m all<br />

for vaccines, but we have to do more than just ‘follow<br />

the science.’ ”<br />

Do you have photos or a story from your parish that you’d like to share? Please send to editorial @angelusnews.com.<br />

<strong><strong>No</strong>vember</strong> 5, <strong>2021</strong> • ANGELUS • 7

IN EXILE<br />


Oblate of Mary Immaculate Father<br />

Ronald Rolheiser is a spiritual<br />

writer; ronaldrolheiser.com.<br />

Permission to be sad<br />

“Let the preacher say, you have<br />

permission to be sad!”<br />

In the book “When the Bartender<br />

Dims the Lights” (Your Nickel’s<br />

Worth Publishing, 2019) Ron<br />

Evans writes:<br />

“There’s a line I came upon in the<br />

musings of a preacher: On a Sunday<br />

morning many of the people sitting<br />

before you are the walking wounded,<br />

and you need to give them permission<br />

to be sad. In a world obsessed with<br />

happiness, where being great is all<br />

that matters, let the preacher say, you<br />

have permission to be sad. And in<br />

a world where old age becomes the<br />

golden years, where every problem<br />

can be fixed and every ailment cured,<br />

let the preacher say, you have permission<br />

to be sad. In a world preoccupied<br />

with prolonging life, where death is a<br />

forbidden word, let the preacher say,<br />

you have permission to die. And let<br />

the preacher say, you have permission<br />

to live in memories of a lonesome<br />

kind.”<br />

Today neither our culture nor our<br />

churches give us sufficient permission<br />

to be sad. Occasionally, yes, when a<br />

loved one dies or some particular tragedy<br />

befalls us, we are allowed to be<br />

sad, to be down, tearful, not upbeat.<br />

But there are so many other occasions<br />

and circumstances in our lives where<br />

our souls are legitimately sad, and our<br />

culture, churches, and egos do not<br />

give us the permission we need to feel<br />

what we are experiencing — sadness.<br />

When that is the case, and it often<br />

is, we can either deny how we feel<br />

and go through the motions of being<br />

upbeat, or we can give way to our sadness,<br />

but only at the price of feeling<br />

there is something wrong with us, that<br />

we should not be feeling this way.<br />

Both are bad.<br />

Sadness is an unavoidable part of<br />

life and not, in itself, a negative thing.<br />

In sadness, there is a cry to which we<br />

are often deaf. In sadness, our soul<br />

gets its chance to speak and its voice<br />

is telling us that a certain frustration,<br />

loss, death, inadequacy, moral failure,<br />

or particular circumstance or season<br />

of our lives is real, bitter, and unalterable.<br />

Acceptance is our only choice<br />

and sadness is its price. When that<br />

voice is not listened to, our health and<br />

sanity feel a strain.<br />

For example, in a particularly challenging<br />

(raw) book, “Suicide and the<br />

Soul,” the late James Hillman states<br />

that sometimes what happens in a suicide<br />

is that the soul is so frustrated and<br />

wounded that it kills the body. For reasons<br />

too complex and many to know,<br />

that soul could not make itself heard<br />

and was never given permission to feel<br />

what it was, in fact, experiencing. At<br />

an extreme, this can kill the body.<br />

We see this in a less extreme (though<br />

also deadly) way in the phenomenon<br />

of anorexia among young women.<br />

There is an irresistible pressure from<br />

the culture (often coupled with actual<br />

bullying on social media) to have a<br />

perfect body. But nature doesn’t issue<br />

many of those. Thus, these young<br />

women need permission to accept the<br />

limitations of their own bodies and to<br />

be OK with the sadness that comes<br />

with that. Unfortunately, this isn’t<br />

happening enough, and so instead of<br />

accepting the sadness of not having<br />

the body they want, these young women<br />

are forced to try to measure up. We<br />

see its sad effects.<br />

Psychotherapists, who do dream<br />

work with clients, tell us that when we<br />

have bad dreams, the reason is often<br />

that our soul is angry with us. Since<br />

it cannot make itself heard during<br />

the day, it makes itself heard at night<br />

when we are helpless to drown it out.<br />

There are many legitimate reasons<br />

for being sad. Some of us are born<br />

with “old souls,” poets, over-sensitive<br />

to the pathos in life. Some of us suffer<br />

from bad physical health, others from<br />

fragile mental health. Some of us<br />

have never been sufficiently loved and<br />

honored for who we are; others have<br />

had our hearts broken by infidelity<br />

and betrayal. Some of us have had<br />

our lives irrevocably ripped apart by<br />

abuse, rape, and violence; others are<br />

simply hopeless, frustrated romantics<br />

with perpetually crushed dreams,<br />

agonizing in nostalgia.<br />

Moreover, all of us will have our own<br />

share of losing loved ones, of breakdowns<br />

of all sorts, and bad seasons<br />

that test the heart. There are a myriad<br />

of legitimate reasons to be sad.<br />

This needs to be honored in our<br />

Eucharists and in other church gatherings.<br />

Church is not just a place for<br />

upbeat celebration. It is also supposed<br />

to be a safe place where we can break<br />

down. Liturgy, too, must give us<br />

permission to be sad. D.H. Lawrence<br />

once famously wrote:<br />

“The feeling I don’t have I don’t<br />

have.<br />

The feelings I don’t have, I won’t say<br />

I have.<br />

The feeling you say you have,<br />

you don’t have.<br />

The feelings you would like us both<br />

to have, we neither of us have.”<br />

We need to be true to our souls by<br />

being true to their feelings.<br />

8 • ANGELUS • <strong><strong>No</strong>vember</strong> 5, <strong>2021</strong>

The Guadalupe pilgrim image<br />

procession pauses at Bird Park<br />

Aviary in Avalon for a moment<br />

of prayer and reflection led by<br />

Bishop Marc V. Trudeau.<br />


LA’s Guadalupe pilgrim images made their presence<br />

felt during a jubilee visit to Santa Catalina Island.<br />


Curiosity got the best of the<br />

locals.<br />

A joyous procession of prayerful<br />

hymns and enthusiastic chanting<br />

rang through the tiny residential<br />

streets of Avalon on Santa Catalina<br />

Island as the sun was about to go<br />

behind the central ridge on a late<br />

Friday afternoon. It was made up of<br />

a mix of some 100 visitors from the<br />

mainland and their newfound friends<br />

who followed behind framed images<br />

of Our Lady of Guadalupe and St.<br />

Juan Diego secured to the back of<br />

utility trucks.<br />

Neighbors poked their heads out and<br />

appeared on their porches. Tourists<br />

behind the wheels of electric rental<br />

cars stopped in their tracks. Some<br />

joined in and asked what the commotion<br />

was about.<br />

Among the pilgrims was Auxiliary<br />

Bishop Marc V. Trudeau, who sensed<br />

a teachable moment for the inquisitive.<br />

“There’s something wonderful about<br />

this place — it’s different living here,<br />

very laid back,” said Bishop Trudeau,<br />

who oversees the San Pedro Pastoral<br />

Region that includes Avalon. “So<br />

10 • ANGELUS • <strong><strong>No</strong>vember</strong> 5, <strong>2021</strong>

when you can get a parade of people<br />

with a couple floats and all the colors,<br />

people here can’t help but want to<br />

know what’s going on.”<br />

A 2-mile loop starting and ending on<br />

the front steps of St. Catherine of Alexandria<br />

Church — past City Hall, up<br />

Avalon Canyon Road to the historic<br />

Bird Park aviary before circling back<br />

— gave way to a cavalcade escorted<br />

by local Knights of Columbus and<br />

cheered on by young children in<br />

colorful costumes.<br />

The trek was just one portion of<br />

the dawn-to-dark day of pilgrimage<br />

on Oct. <strong>22</strong>, marking the first of the<br />

images’ several stops around the archdiocese<br />

leading up to the 90th annual<br />

procession of Our Lady of Guadalupe,<br />

coinciding this year with the San Gabriel<br />

jubilee year marking 250 years of<br />

Catholicism in Los Angeles.<br />

The day began just after sunrise<br />

with Bishop Trudeau’s blessing of<br />

the images as they were loaded onto<br />

a small boat, Lotus, in Long Beach,<br />

serenaded by a mariachi band and<br />

young dancers. The boat needed five<br />

hours to cross the 26-mile waterway<br />

and deliver the pair of 8-by-4 images.<br />

Meanwhile, some 60 pilgrims from<br />

nine parishes in the archdiocese made<br />

the trip to Avalon in one hour on the<br />

Catalina Express.<br />

“It might sound like a slow boat<br />

ride,” said Lotus owner Carm Gullo, a<br />

parishioner at St. Catherine of Siena<br />

Church in Laguna Beach. “But it was<br />

very efficient.”<br />

Mark Padilla, a Knight of Columbus<br />

for the last 20 years from St. Anthony<br />

Church in San Gabriel, has become<br />

known as the “chauffeur” of the<br />

images as it goes to various events,<br />

including to visit the incarcerated<br />

in prisons. He said he took the day<br />

off his job as a sixth-grade teacher at<br />

St. Joseph School in La Puente to<br />

orchestrate the delivery, knowing what<br />

he experienced at Catalina would be<br />

something he could share with his<br />

students.<br />

“We see Our Lady of Guadalupe<br />

images all through LA in Hispanic<br />

communities, but it’s important it<br />

comes to Catalina Island and goes<br />

everywhere, as it should,” said Padilla.<br />

“We need to know her unique message<br />

as a guidepost that points us to<br />

our faith. I have a great devotion and<br />

responsibility to her.”<br />

Maria Aranda, from St. Mary of the<br />

Assumption Church in Whittier, followed<br />

the procession through Catalina<br />

banging her tambourine, joined by<br />

her husband and daughter as well as<br />

her brother and his wife.<br />

Aranda explained in Spanish how<br />

she has attended the parades through<br />

Maria Aranda from St. Mary of the Assumption<br />

Church in Whittier (center) and her husband, Jesus<br />

Castaneda Gomez (far left) during the procession on<br />

the streets of Avalon.<br />

<strong><strong>No</strong>vember</strong> 5, <strong>2021</strong> • ANGELUS • 11

LA before, but felt it was important to<br />

honor Our Lady of Guadalupe in Avalon<br />

after experiencing her presence<br />

during a recovery from lymphoma<br />

seven years ago.<br />

“She had a lot of pain during the<br />

biopsies and chemotherapy and bone<br />

marrow transplants, but she kept<br />

praying to Our Lady of Guadalupe<br />

for giving her the blessing to survive,”<br />

translated Aranda’s daughter, Elizabeth<br />

Castaneda.<br />

St. Catherine of Alexandria, one of<br />

the <strong>22</strong> parishes designated as a “Forward<br />

in Mission” pilgrimage site during<br />

the jubilee, has history on its side.<br />

While established in 1902, its home<br />

base of Catalina Island was a recorded<br />

site where Masses of thanksgiving<br />

were celebrated by Spanish explorer<br />

Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo in 1542, as<br />

well as Sebastian Vizcaino in 1602 —<br />

the latter of which is represented in<br />

several murals on the church walls.<br />

As a St. Catherine parishioner, Dina<br />

Octavo said she felt blessed the icons<br />

could come to her since she rarely is<br />

able to leave the island. She has only<br />

experienced the processions via the<br />

internet.<br />

Octavo said she learned of Our Lady<br />

of Guadalupe decades ago when a<br />

local prayer group encouraged her to<br />

offer prayers as she struggled for eight<br />

years to start a family. A month after<br />

doing so, Octavo said she became<br />

pregnant. She eventually needed<br />

an emergency helicopter trip from<br />

Catalina to Long Beach to deliver her<br />

only son, who is now a 34-year-old<br />

paramedic in Avalon.<br />

“Every time I see the image of the<br />

Virgin of Guadalupe, I can relive<br />

the joy and hope I felt during those<br />

moments,” Octavo said. “You can see<br />

my emotions. I see how other people<br />

experience the faith when they pin<br />

the notes on the mantle (green banner<br />

draping the icons) asking for help and<br />

prayers. Seeing that today has been<br />

special to us. Mary brings all of us<br />

together.”<br />

As he reflected on the day’s events<br />

before the boat trip back home, Bishop<br />

Trudeau hoped those taking the<br />

trip could realize the pilgrimage was<br />

far from finished.<br />

“We’re in such a hurry to get places<br />

these days that we don’t always appreciate<br />

the process of getting there,”<br />

he said. “A pilgrimage is about the<br />

process. You don’t stop the pilgrimage<br />

when you arrive at the destination.<br />

Getting to Catalina wasn’t the<br />

pilgrimage. It’s getting back home<br />

and continuing that even when you<br />

are tired. Looking back on history,<br />

it’s wonderful for us to do these small<br />

pilgrimages, which are models or<br />

snapshots of the larger pilgrimage,<br />

which is our lives.”<br />

During an evening Mass before the<br />

A view from the choir loft as Bishop Trudeau, center,<br />

celebrates at the 6:30 p.m. Mass at St. Catherine of<br />

Alexandria Church, capping off the daylong event<br />

in Avalon.<br />

12 • ANGELUS • <strong><strong>No</strong>vember</strong> 5, <strong>2021</strong>

A woman prays before the pilgrim images at St. Catherine of Alexandria Church in Avalon. Faithful pinned prayer<br />

intentions to the green mantle draped between the two images.<br />

pilgrims headed back to the mainland,<br />

Bishop Trudeau also punctuated<br />

a homily with exclamations that<br />

were heard throughout the day by<br />

the “peregrinos”: “Viva la Virgen de<br />

Guadalupe! Viva San Juan Diego!<br />

Viva Christo Rey!”<br />

He then added a fourth: “Viva Santa<br />

Catalina!”<br />

Tom Hoffarth is an award-winning<br />

journalist based in Los Angeles.<br />

‘La Peregrina’<br />

blazes a trail<br />

After leaving St. Catherine<br />

of Alexandria Church<br />

on Oct. 23, the traveling<br />

Guadalupe and St. Juan Diego<br />

images were set to continue on to<br />

St. Martha Church in Huntington<br />

Park, St. Gregory the Great<br />

Church and St. Mary of the<br />

Assumption Church in Whitter,<br />

and Mission Santa Inéz in Solvang<br />

to finish the month.<br />

For the full schedule of the<br />

images’ Southern California<br />

itinerary leading up to the Dec.<br />

5 procession and Mass in honor<br />

of Our Lady of Guadalupe, visit<br />



Thousands of Chumash natives buried<br />

in a long-forgotten cemetery at San<br />

Buenaventura Mission may finally get<br />

the chance to rest in peace.<br />


Beneath a 99-year-old building at<br />

Mission Basilica San Buenaventura<br />

lies an abandoned cemetery<br />

with the remains of about<br />

3,000 Chumash Catholics who died<br />

between the mission’s founding by St.<br />

Junípero Serra in 1782 and the mid-<br />

19th century.<br />

<strong>No</strong>w, the pastor of the mission is<br />

working with Chumash leaders and<br />

an archaeologist to identify and commemorate<br />

the dead.<br />

It is “time to formally address this as<br />

a point of reconciliation and healing<br />

with the Chumash people,” said the<br />

pastor, Father Tom Elewaut.<br />

In 1862, with the cemetery at capacity,<br />

all headstones and the remains of<br />

perhaps 1,000 people were transferred<br />

to a new cemetery. But most of the<br />

Chumash had been buried without<br />

coffins, wrapped in cloth, which was<br />

their tradition. After decades, their<br />

remains were impossible to detect and<br />

were not recovered, he said. In 19<strong>22</strong>,<br />

the mission built Holy Cross School<br />

over the cemetery, a building that now<br />

serves as parish offices.<br />

For the Chumash, those graves represent<br />

many losses inflicted on their<br />

people as a consequence of Spanish<br />

colonization — loss of homes, loss of<br />

lives and loved ones, loss of culture,<br />

loss of respect.<br />

“I will be 65 this year. The people<br />

coming up behind me in their 30s<br />

and 40s are very vocal about the<br />

intergenerational trauma and why<br />

they don’t know about, why they<br />

didn’t grow up in, this place of pride<br />

in their heritage,” said Julie Tumamait-Stenslie,<br />

chairperson of the Barbareño-Ventureño<br />

Band of Mission<br />

Indians.<br />

In addition to being a Chumash<br />

traditional singer and artist, she is<br />

certified to monitor construction sites<br />

for Indigenous archaeological finds.<br />

14 • ANGELUS • <strong><strong>No</strong>vember</strong> 5, <strong>2021</strong>

A building now used to house the parish offices of<br />

Mission Basilica San Buenaventura (lower center, to<br />

the left of the church) was built over an abandoned<br />

Chumash cemetery a century ago. | SHUTTERSTOCK<br />

She also advises universities and other<br />

institutions on the repatriation of such<br />

artifacts. For her, the buried cemetery<br />

is like an open wound.<br />

Tumamait-Stenslie believes the<br />

Chumash buried there were deprived<br />

of the rites of their people, who held<br />

that the soul lingers after death to bid<br />

farewell in dreams and visions, then<br />

shoots like a comet into the western<br />

sky. Did anyone sing them into the<br />

next life — with prayers to remember<br />

their loved ones — as the mission now<br />

allows her to sing when Chumash<br />

Catholics have been lowered into<br />

their graves?<br />

As for those transferred to the new<br />

cemetery in 1862, “I wonder if they<br />

were just dumped,” she said.<br />

Father Elewaut is similarly disturbed<br />

that the church was built over the<br />

cemetery. “I don’t know how they<br />

could not have known it was there,”<br />

he said.<br />

Shortly after he was assigned to the<br />

mission in 2011, someone contacted<br />

him demanding the demolition of a<br />

building that stood over a Chumash<br />

burial site. “I had no idea what they<br />

were talking about, but I promised to<br />

look into it,” he said.<br />

He found it was true. The cemetery<br />

troubled him until, in summer 2020,<br />

An archive photo of<br />

Mission San Buenaventura<br />

from the early 1900s shows<br />

the plot of land next to the<br />

mission where the remains<br />

of Chumash natives were<br />

buried. A school was later<br />

built over it. | MISSION BA-<br />


he had an<br />

opportunity to<br />

speak at a protest<br />

by Indigenous<br />

people<br />

who wanted<br />

a statue of St.<br />

Junípero Serra<br />

removed from<br />

the Ventura<br />

City Hall. They<br />

viewed St.<br />

Junípero as a racist, responsible for the<br />

deaths of countless Native people.<br />

While he and Tumamait-Stenslie<br />

have very different interpretations of<br />

the mission period, Father Elewaut acknowledges<br />

the unhealed wounds and<br />

<strong><strong>No</strong>vember</strong> 5, <strong>2021</strong> • ANGELUS • 15

San Buenaventura pastor Father Tom<br />

Elewaut speaks at a Mass celebrating the<br />

elevation of the mission to the rank of minor<br />

basilica in July 2020. | COLTON MACHADO<br />

continued suffering of the Chumash.<br />

Identifying and commemorating the<br />

dead is “an opportunity for recognition<br />

and healing that won’t just ignore<br />

what happened,” he said.<br />

Father Elewaut believes the history<br />

of the missions and the Indigenous<br />

people is complex, and that St.<br />

Junípero deserves sainthood in part<br />

for his heroic efforts to protect Native<br />

Americans from abuse by the military.<br />

When several speakers brought up<br />

the cemetery, he saw an opening for<br />

constructive action.<br />

“I made a public proclamation that<br />

it was long overdue to have some<br />

form of recognition of them being<br />

buried on the grounds of this mission.<br />

I promised that before I leave my<br />

pastorate, I would work with the tribal<br />

chairperson to make sure that was<br />

accomplished,” he said.<br />

Tumamait-Stenslie heard his promise.<br />

She had first met Father Elewaut<br />

in the mission garden as she burned<br />

white sage in an abalone shell for<br />

descendants of Spanish soldiers on<br />

pilgrimage to repent for the sins of<br />

their ancestors.<br />

The priest had asked who she was.<br />

When she told him, she said, he let<br />

her proceed, explaining that he only<br />

allowed such ceremonies if the celebrants<br />

had permission from the Chumash.<br />

His intent was to respect the<br />

integrity of Chumash tradition and<br />

their relationship with the mission.<br />

“I appreciate Father Tom. He<br />

recognizes that our families built that<br />

mission. <strong>No</strong>t by choice, but it is ours,”<br />

said Tumamait-Stenslie, who is not a<br />

practicing Catholic.<br />

After his pledge, she connected him<br />

with Robert Lopez, professor emeritus<br />

of anthropology and archaeology at<br />

Moorpark College and archivist of the<br />

Ventura County Archaeological Society.<br />

He had spent decades studying<br />

the sacramental records of Mission<br />

San Buenaventura, and was digitizing<br />

them for genealogical use.<br />

His work is invaluable because the<br />

Chumash had no written language,<br />

Tumamait-Stenslie said: “We have no<br />

written documentation other than the<br />

baptismal records.”<br />

The sacramental books — penned in<br />

elaborate 18th-century Spanish script<br />

— include baptisms, weddings, and<br />

burials. Early entries often had Chumash<br />

birth names, and sometimes a<br />

village of origin. Lopez has entered<br />

4,330 individuals up to 1844, with an<br />

estimated 3,000 remaining. About half<br />

died and were buried at Mission San<br />

Buenaventura.<br />

The records are enlightening<br />

because “they are connected to a<br />

mission and that mission absorbed<br />

predominantly one tribe,” Lopez said.<br />

The Chumash might have become<br />

celebrated as one of the great peoples<br />

of America, had disease not decimated<br />

them. “The population for the Chumash<br />

was very high when the Spanish<br />

arrived. It diminished to just a few<br />

thousand individuals at the very end,”<br />

Lopez said.<br />

Before colonization, the Chumash<br />

occupied 7,000 square miles along<br />

some of California’s most iconic coastline.<br />

Their territory extended inland<br />

about 40 miles from Malibu, stretching<br />

north past Point Conception and<br />

included the islands of San Miguel,<br />

Santa Rosa, Santa Cruz and Anacapa.<br />

They prospered off land and sea, using<br />

harpoons to catch swordfish, with<br />

nets and lines for smaller fish, Lopez<br />

said. Their extensive trade routes<br />

included seafaring on wooden rafts.<br />

They exercised responsible governance,<br />

such as conserving game by not<br />

hunting deer during fawning season.<br />

“They called themselves the People<br />

of the Big Rock,” Lopez said, referring<br />

to Mugu Rock.<br />

“The Franciscans did not consider<br />

the Chumash savages,” he said.<br />

“They understood that they were<br />

dealing with a culture that was very<br />

advanced.”<br />

One friar spoke fluent Chumash and<br />

wrote about their social structure. An<br />

aspect he missed was that tribal status<br />

was inherited through mothers, not<br />

fathers.<br />

“Unfortunately, they didn’t understand<br />

that the Chumash were a<br />

matrilineal society. If they had, they<br />

16 • ANGELUS • <strong><strong>No</strong>vember</strong> 5, <strong>2021</strong>

would have asked the names of the<br />

women,” he said, noting that mothers<br />

were often omitted in the records.<br />

The friars also did not understand<br />

that they carried diseases that they<br />

could resist, but the Chumash could<br />

not. <strong>No</strong> matter what one thinks of<br />

their methods, “their intent was to<br />

teach the people, not to kill them,”<br />

Father Elewaut said.<br />

But as the Chumash died, traditions<br />

died with them. Stories and rituals<br />

were randomly preserved by individuals<br />

who practiced them in secret.<br />

Many Chumash beliefs about death<br />

are lost or unclear, Tumamait-Stenslie<br />

said.<br />

What is clear is that burial sites are<br />

robbed for bones, jewelry, tools, and<br />

other items buried with the Chumash.<br />

“There is a market in selling artifacts<br />

from these graves,” she said.<br />

Tumamait-Stenslie and Father<br />

Elewaut believe that the memorial<br />

project will restore respect for the<br />

dead and some sense of connection to<br />

their descendants.<br />

They envision a digitized list of the<br />

dead and their family relationships, as<br />

well as a monument. Tumamait-Stenslie<br />

intends to consult widely about<br />

the memorial design, not only with<br />

her own band but other Chumash<br />

groups and individuals who have left<br />

the region.<br />

“It’s not just my family that’s buried<br />

there, so it’s not just my decision,” she<br />

said. “Maybe it will be some sort of art<br />

form. I personally would like to see<br />

the names of our people, which are<br />

beautiful in our language.”<br />

Father Elewaut hopes that restoring<br />

the names will help to convey the<br />

missionaries’ desire to recognize and<br />

minister to the Native Americans.<br />

“Despite the negative things that<br />

happened, something good has come<br />

because the Church kept accurate,<br />

detailed records,” he said. “This gives<br />

the history, the ancestry, of Indigenous<br />

people for whom there otherwise<br />

would be no records.”<br />

Ann Rodgers is a longtime religion<br />

reporter and freelance writer whose<br />

awards include the William A. Reed<br />

Lifetime Achievement Award from the<br />

Religion <strong>News</strong> Association.<br />

<strong><strong>No</strong>vember</strong> 5, <strong>2021</strong> • ANGELUS • 17

Archbishop Christophe Pierre, apostolic<br />

nuncio to the U.S., preaches at the 39th<br />

Annual Red Mass Oct. 20. The French<br />

prelate recently revealed that Pope Francis<br />

has asked him to remain on the job past<br />

the standard retirement age of 75.<br />

Time to take a stand<br />

The pope’s ambassador to the U.S. encouraged legal professionals to ‘be<br />

open to an encounter with the truth’ at this year’s Red Mass.<br />


Preaching at LA’s 39th annual<br />

“Red Mass,” the pope’s ambassador<br />

to the United States called<br />

on members of the legal community<br />

to defend the voiceless of society even<br />

in the face of political pressure or the<br />

threat of being “canceled.”<br />

“It is not always easy to do the right<br />

thing, to stand up for the dignity of<br />

the person, the needy, the poor, the<br />

voiceless members of our society,” said<br />

Archbishop Christophe Pierre, apostolic<br />

nuncio to U.S., in his homily at the<br />

Oct. 20 liturgy at the Cathedral of Our<br />

Lady of the Angels.<br />

“It is not easy to take a stand,” he<br />

continued, “when there is so much<br />

political pressure upon you and<br />

when instead of tolerating differences<br />

and searching for solutions through<br />

dialogue, the looming threat of being<br />

canceled strikes fear.”<br />

“In those moments,” he added, “we<br />

must ask the Spirit of God for strength,<br />

mindful of St. Paul’s words, ‘I can do<br />

all things through Him who strengthens<br />

me.’”<br />

Organized by the local chapter of<br />

the St. Thomas More Society, the Red<br />

Mass is an ecumenical, civic celebration<br />

that honors judges, lawyers, legislators,<br />

and legal professionals typically<br />

celebrated around the start of the legal<br />

year in many Catholic dioceses. The<br />

Wednesday night liturgy was presided<br />

by Los Angeles Archbishop José H.<br />

Gomez.<br />

Coming a year after the 2020 Red<br />

Mass, which was limited to virtual<br />

participation due to the COVID-19<br />

pandemic, several prominent civic figures<br />

attended this year’s liturgy. Among<br />

those who read prayer petitions during<br />

the Mass were acting U.S. Attorney<br />

Tracy Wilkison; Pete Peterson, dean<br />

of the Pepperdine School of Public<br />

Policy; and the LAPD’s highest ranking<br />

female officer, Assistant Chief Office<br />

18 • ANGELUS • <strong><strong>No</strong>vember</strong> 5, <strong>2021</strong>

Members of the St.<br />

Thomas More Society of<br />

LA and guests at the Red<br />

Mass, from left: Michele<br />

Friend; Katyadela Calderon,<br />

DM; acting U.S.<br />

Attorney Tracy Wilkison;<br />

retired Judge Jacqueline<br />

A. Connor; Judge Stephen<br />

M. Moloney; Pete<br />

Peterson of Pepperdine<br />

University; Vince Farhat,<br />

KM; Renee Pea, consul<br />

general, Republic of Croatia;<br />

Armando Paz; and<br />

LAPD Assistant Chief<br />

Beatrice Girmala.<br />

of Operations Beatrice Girmala.<br />

In following with tradition, several<br />

representatives of other faiths, including<br />

Islam, the Church of Latter-Day<br />

Saints, and various Protestant denominations,<br />

were introduced at the Mass<br />

by longtime LA interreligious dialogue<br />

leader and Greek Catholic priest Rt.<br />

Rev. Alexei Smith. The Mass’ ceremonial<br />

honor guard was led by members<br />

of the Knights of St. Peter Claver and<br />

the Knights of Columbus.<br />

Vince Farhat, chair of the St. Thomas<br />

More Society of Los Angeles, said that<br />

the ecumenical aspect of the Red Mass<br />

is an invitation for non-Catholics to<br />

reflect on the legacy of the 16th-century<br />

saint, who was beheaded by the<br />

English crown for choosing to defend<br />

his Christian faith over loyalty to the<br />

king.<br />

“We believe that St. Thomas More<br />

is a role model for attorneys of all<br />

different faiths,” Farhat told <strong>Angelus</strong>.<br />

“Because all are welcome at this Mass,<br />

we are very intentional about inviting<br />

people to participate in the Mass who<br />

are not Catholic, so they can discern<br />

and consider what [St. More’s] example<br />

and life means for them, and to<br />

also be welcome in our church.”<br />

In the words of closing speaker LA<br />

Superior Court Judge Stephen M.<br />

Moloney, the Mass was an opportunity<br />

to gather “as judges, lawyers, political,<br />

government and religious leaders,<br />

recognizing that the spiritual is fundamentally<br />

important as we live out our<br />

daily lives.”<br />

In his remarks, Moloney also recalled<br />

how the words of his seventh-grade<br />

Catholic schoolteacher — ironically<br />

named Sister Thomas More — guided<br />

him through his legal career.<br />

“She told me that I could achieve<br />

great things if I was willing to put in<br />

the hard work,” said Moloney, who<br />

once studied for the priesthood at St.<br />

John’s Seminary in Camarillo before<br />

studying law at the Jesuit-run University<br />

of Santa Clara. “She was right.”<br />

Moloney said the nun often comes<br />

to mind at the unavoidable sight of<br />

the homeless tents visible around the<br />

downtown courthouse where he works.<br />

“I know Sister would remind me that<br />

they are entitled to justice just like all<br />

who appear before the court,” he said.<br />

In his homily, Archbishop Pierre listed<br />

some of the ways that the seven gifts<br />

of the Holy Spirit could help guide civic<br />

and legal professionals in their work.<br />

The supernatural gift of understanding,<br />

the French prelate suggested, was<br />

especially important in a world “filled<br />

with the superficial and the ephemeral,<br />

lived in sound bites and tweets” and<br />

driven by ideologies.<br />

“God calls you, the members of<br />

our judiciary and legal systems, to be<br />

persons of substance and integrity,<br />

willing to engage in public discourse<br />

and debate, open to being changed<br />

by an encounter with the truth,” said<br />

Archbishop Pierre.<br />

Pablo Kay is the editor-in-chief of<br />

<strong>Angelus</strong>.<br />

<strong><strong>No</strong>vember</strong> 5, <strong>2021</strong> • ANGELUS • 19

Penance and protection<br />

As a new dust-up<br />

in France reminds<br />

us, the confessional<br />

seal is simply not<br />

a roadblock in the<br />

fight against abuse.<br />


ROME — Bishops certainly<br />

have had bad weeks before.<br />

One thinks, for example, of the<br />

unfortunate late Cardinal Michele<br />

Giordano of Naples, who, when it was<br />

announced in 1999 that he was under<br />

investigation for a Ponzi scheme run<br />

by his brother with archdiocesan<br />

funds, gave an interview in which<br />

he insisted he couldn’t be complicit<br />

because he wasn’t smart enough to<br />

understand what was going on.<br />

In the annals of such bad weeks,<br />

however, a special place now must be<br />

reserved for Archbishop Éric de Moulins-Beaufort<br />

of Reims, France, who,<br />

in one seven-day span, has managed<br />

to infuriate both victims of clerical<br />

sexual abuse and faithful Catholics<br />

most inclined to defend the Church<br />

when it’s under attack.<br />

After having apologized for his<br />

“clumsy” wording in early October in<br />

which he appeared to assert that the<br />

seal of the confessional was above the<br />

laws of the French Republic, Archbishop<br />

de Moulins-Beaufort, president<br />

of the French bishops’ conference,<br />

sparked outrage in Catholic circles after<br />

headlines around the world a week<br />

later reported he said child protection<br />

actually overrides the secrecy of the<br />

confessional.<br />

“The scope of the violence and sexual<br />

assaults against minors revealed by<br />

the report demands that the Church<br />

revise its practices in light of this reality,”<br />

he said. “It is therefore necessary<br />

to reconcile the nature of confession<br />

with the need to protect children.”<br />

In all honesty, the archbishop probably<br />

didn’t intend to give rise to either<br />

impression, but his struggles to make<br />

himself clear reflect the hyper-sensitivity<br />

of the situation in which the<br />

French Church now finds itself.<br />

Like his American, Irish, Canadian,<br />

German, Belgian, and English<br />

confreres, and like bishops anywhere<br />

when the clerical abuse crisis detonates<br />

in their own backyard, Archbishop<br />

de Moulins-Beaufort has to get two<br />

things across to the French public,<br />

which are often difficult to reconcile<br />

in the court of popular opinion.<br />

First, that the Catholic Church is<br />

fully and inexorably committed to<br />

collaboration and transparency with<br />

regard to civil and criminal justice systems,<br />

and that the Church will satisfy<br />

or exceed all civil laws with regard to<br />

reporting abuse.<br />

Second, that the Catholic Church<br />

is also committed to the integrity of<br />

its faith and sacramental life, which<br />

includes defending the inviolability of<br />

the confessional seal.<br />

Perhaps the problem here is that<br />

it’s Archbishop de Moulins-Beaufort<br />

answering the questions, which means<br />

that virtually anything he says will<br />

be styled as defensive and rooted in<br />

institutional self-interest rather than<br />

genuine concern for the welfare of<br />

abuse survivors.<br />

It’s not really his fault, of course.<br />

When a scandal erupts, reporters don’t<br />

want to be passed off to underlings,<br />

they want to hear from the CEO. Still,<br />

what would be truly helpful when the<br />

next controversy around the seal of<br />

the confessional erupts is to hear, not<br />

from bishops, but from survivors of<br />

abuse themselves, because what they’d<br />

have to say would be illuminating.<br />

A confessional on which is written,<br />

“M. the Priest,” in a Catholic church<br />

near Nantes, France, Oct. 5. | CNS/<br />


20 • ANGELUS • <strong><strong>No</strong>vember</strong> 5, <strong>2021</strong>

Pope Francis gives French Prime Minister Jean Castex<br />

a small mosaic as a gift during a private audience at the<br />

Vatican Oct. 18, days after the release of a report by an<br />

independent commission on sex abuse in the French<br />

Catholic Church. | CNS/VATICAN MEDIA<br />

Over the years I’ve interviewed multiple<br />

survivors on this issue, and not<br />

just those who join movements, attend<br />

rallies, and call press conferences, but<br />

also those who are quietly trying to put<br />

their lives back together and achieve a<br />

sort of spiritual and personal peace.<br />

Almost to a person, they’ve told me<br />

that repealing the seal of the confessional<br />

not only wouldn’t promote<br />

child protection, it might actually<br />

impede it.<br />

Here’s why.<br />

In general, abuser priests don’t<br />

reveal their abuse in the confessional.<br />

They’re master compartmentalizers<br />

and rationalizers, and either don’t<br />

regard their conduct as sinful or simply<br />

push it to the side psychologically<br />

and don’t address it. In either event,<br />

they’re not going to bring it up with a<br />

fellow priest, regardless of the context.<br />

The only situation in which a priest<br />

is likely to hear about clerical abuse<br />

in the confessional, therefore, is if a<br />

victim brings it up, usually because<br />

they’re carrying some burden of guilt,<br />

thinking they either brought it on<br />

themselves or didn’t do enough to resist<br />

it. At this stage in the journey, the<br />

victim often is unwilling to disclose<br />

the experience publicly, and the only<br />

reason they’re willing to do so in confession<br />

is because they know the priest<br />

is under an absolute obligation never<br />

to tell anyone what they discussed.<br />

Sometimes, with patience and good<br />

pastoral counseling, the victim eventually<br />

decides to come forward and<br />

make a formal accusation against the<br />

abuser. In other cases, based on the<br />

realities of their own circumstances<br />

and what it means for them to heal,<br />

they opt not to do so. In any event,<br />

the confessional is one environment<br />

in which it’s the wishes of the victim,<br />

and no one else, that reign supreme.<br />

Take that away, and, in all likelihood,<br />

the only thing you’ll accomplish is to<br />

make it less likely that a certain share<br />

of victims ever come forward.<br />

While it may be tough for the de<br />

Moulins-Beauforts of the world to say<br />

so out loud while the fires are raging,<br />

that doesn’t make it any less true. Perhaps<br />

what the French Church ought<br />

to be doing right now is spending less<br />

time crafting the next episcopal statement,<br />

and more time finding survivors<br />

who, at least on this point, can tell the<br />

story for them.<br />

John L. Allen Jr. is the editor of Crux.<br />

<strong><strong>No</strong>vember</strong> 5, <strong>2021</strong> • ANGELUS • 21

The comeback queen<br />

A look at the historical events that have kept making Mary great again.<br />


I<br />

was born at the end of the Baby<br />

Boom in a Sicilian neighborhood.<br />

Our parish served immigrants from<br />

two villages: Serra di Falco and Monte<br />

d’Oro. Each village had a feast day,<br />

and for both it was Marian: Our Lady<br />

of Sorrows and Our Lady of the Rosary.<br />

Every year on the Sundays closest<br />

to those feasts, the men of the parish<br />

attached a life-sized statue of Mary to<br />

a platform, and then carried it through<br />

the streets in a procession that stopped<br />

traffic and always ended in fireworks.<br />

The processions were an important<br />

marker for our identity — as Sicilians<br />

and as Catholics. But my generation<br />

moved out of the neighborhood, and<br />

many of us married out of our tribe.<br />

As we left, we tended to leave behind<br />

the markers of ethnic and religious<br />

identity. The important identity for us<br />

was American, and the old processions<br />

didn’t feel American.<br />

American culture was Protestant,<br />

and our raucous love for the Madonna<br />

seemed conspicuously foreign and<br />

lacking in decorum. We wanted to fit<br />

in, so we tried to make our religion<br />

look American. The rosary fell out of<br />

fashion.<br />

But the trend didn’t last long. Mainline<br />

Protestantism soon went into<br />

steep decline. And Pope John Paul II<br />

appeared on the scene, brandishing his<br />

rosary and invoking Mary in everything<br />

he proclaimed.<br />

There was a resurgence in Catholic<br />

identity, and it was distinctively Marian.<br />

Yet it wasn’t at all foreign. In fact, it<br />

began to feel American.<br />

So how did that happen? Much in the<br />

same way it always has through history.<br />

Mary is a mother, and so she finds a<br />

way to stay in the lives of her children.<br />

And she finds a way to make them<br />

know they are at home in the Church.<br />

In the Gospels, she’s the context for<br />

the beginning of the Messiah’s story.<br />

She consents to the angel’s proposal,<br />

and the Messiah finds his home in her.<br />

“Madonna and Child,” by the workshop of Sano di Pietro, circa 1448-60. | THE METROPOLITAN MUSEUM OF ART<br />

She acts on his behalf as she welcomes<br />

shepherds, and Magi who arrive to<br />

adore him. They find the child with<br />

Mary his mother — and that is where<br />

all generations since have found him.<br />

Mary shows herself to be a mother<br />

throughout the stories of Jesus’<br />

childhood. She anguishes when he’s<br />

<strong>22</strong> • ANGELUS • <strong><strong>No</strong>vember</strong> 5, <strong>2021</strong>

lost and rejoices upon finding him.<br />

St. Luke sums up Jesus’ adolescent<br />

years with the observation that he was<br />

“obedient” to his parents. That tells<br />

us all we need to know about Mary’s<br />

character. God himself chose to be<br />

obedient to her.<br />

Nevertheless, we find a role reversal<br />

at the start of Jesus’ public life. After<br />

his baptism, Mary appears as her son’s<br />

model disciple. When he was told,<br />

“Your mother and your brothers are<br />

standing outside, desiring to see you,”<br />

he responded: “My mother and my<br />

brothers are those who hear the word<br />

of God and do it.”<br />

Mary was more blessed, then, for her<br />

discipleship than for her maternity.<br />

She was the one who heard the word<br />

of God and kept it — in the most<br />

physical way possible. She became his<br />

disciple, yet she remained his mother.<br />

It is she who launched his ministry<br />

of wonderworking. She was with her<br />

son at a wedding, and the host had run<br />

out of wine. She simply pointed out to<br />

Jesus: “They have no wine.”<br />

He made the strangest response: “O<br />

woman, what have you to do with me?<br />

My hour has not yet come.”<br />

God incarnate seems to know the<br />

foreordained moment for his manifestation<br />

to the world — and that wedding<br />

feast was not it. Yet he advanced<br />

the moment for his mother’s sake! He<br />

turned water into wine, and he saved<br />

the celebration.<br />

The moment is significant because<br />

it marks the beginning of Our Lord’s<br />

miracles, but also because it marks<br />

Our Lady’s debut as intercessor. Who<br />

could be more reliable in this than the<br />

disciple who persuaded God to change<br />

his timetable?<br />

After her son’s death and resurrection,<br />

at the beginning of the Church’s<br />

history, she remains with the disciples<br />

in the Upper Room as they await the<br />

Holy Spirit<br />

She would be essential to their proclamation.<br />

When St. Paul summarizes<br />

the Gospel, he says: “God sent forth<br />

his Son, born of a woman, born under<br />

the law.” Born of a woman. Why is that<br />

one of only two details he chooses to<br />

include?<br />

As virgin-mother, Mary testifies to<br />

Jesus’ full humanity and his full divinity.<br />

Her virginity proves that God is his<br />

Father — and Jesus is truly divine. Her<br />

motherhood proves that Jesus is truly<br />

human, with living flesh and blood.<br />

The next time we see Mary is in the<br />

Book of Revelation. She is crowned<br />

with stars, appearing as a queen, after<br />

being assumed body and soul into<br />

heaven. This was a rare honor that,<br />

according to Jewish tradition, had only<br />

been given to Moses and Elijah.<br />

In the New Testament, she is mother,<br />

model disciple, intercessor, companion<br />

in the Church, and finally, queen<br />

of heaven and history. She is a true<br />

mother, and so she still engages with<br />

the Church through the centuries that<br />

follow.<br />

In the first centuries of the Church,<br />

she is discussed in the works of St. Ignatius<br />

of Antioch and Justin Martyr. St.<br />

Irenaeus in France speaks of her as the<br />

“undoer of knots” and the New Eve, as<br />

does Tertullian in <strong>No</strong>rth Africa.<br />

The term “Mother of God” emerges<br />

in the archaeological record around<br />

the year A.D. 200, and it soon becomes<br />

the most popular form of address for<br />

Mary. Only in the fifth century did<br />

a Christian raise qualms about the<br />

title. He was Nestorius, the bishop<br />

of Constantinople, and in his city he<br />

ordered the term struck from hymns<br />

and prayers.<br />

But he failed. His people held public<br />

demonstrations. They complained<br />

to the emperor and the pope. They<br />

argued that Nestorius couldn’t be right<br />

because he was opposing the faith they<br />

had learned from their grandparents.<br />

They invoked the full weight of Scripture<br />

and tradition.<br />

To restore peace, the emperor<br />

convoked the Council of Ephesus. At<br />

the council, the bishop of Alexandria,<br />

Cyril, demonstrated that the Church<br />

had always used the term “Mother of<br />

God.” When Nestorius argued that a<br />

mother must precede her son, Cyril<br />

responded with the historical facts:<br />

Mary did not precede God, but she<br />

undoubtedly mothered him. Scripture<br />

refers to her as the mother of Jesus, and<br />

Jesus is God.<br />

Nestorius countered that Mary was<br />

mother only to Jesus’ human nature<br />

and not to his divine nature. In<br />

response, Cyril observed that a mother<br />

does not give birth to a nature, but to a<br />

person, and this person was divine. To<br />

separate his divinity from his humanity,<br />

as Nestorius was doing, was to divide<br />

Christ in two. And that was heresy.<br />

Cyril’s arguments prevailed. And<br />

when the bishops emerged from<br />

council chambers, they found an<br />

enormous throng gathered. Ordinary<br />

Mary was the one who heard the word of<br />

God and kept it — in the most physical way<br />

possible. She became his disciple, yet she<br />

remained his mother.<br />

people had traveled far in miserable<br />

heat — because this council was about<br />

their mother. When they learned of the<br />

bishops’ conclusions, they erupted with<br />

joy and sang hymns.<br />

The Council of Ephesus took place in<br />

A.D. 431, and it confirmed the Marian<br />

devotion of Christians who had lived in<br />

every century till then.<br />

Two hundred years after Ephesus, the<br />

Christian lands of the East would be<br />

overwhelmed by Arab invaders bearing<br />

a new religion. That religion, Islam,<br />

was imposed by force.<br />

It is at least arguable that the Islamic<br />

invaders could not have succeeded,<br />

had they not found a way to accommodate<br />

the affection of the common<br />

people for Jesus and Mary. Thus, both<br />

appear in the Koran and in the secondary<br />

literature of Islam.<br />

The Irish monks of the dark ages<br />

would go on to write hymns to Mary<br />

and paint her picture in the Gospel<br />

Book of Kells. Mary inspired builders<br />

to construct the great Gothic cathedrals,<br />

many of which were named for<br />

her (<strong>No</strong>tre Dame). She inspired monks<br />

to develop new technology for stained<br />

glass, to illuminate her image.<br />

In the time of the Black Death, the<br />

mid-1300s, Mary appeared everywhere<br />

<strong><strong>No</strong>vember</strong> 5, <strong>2021</strong> • ANGELUS • 23

in a new form of art: the “Pietà.” During<br />

the plague, hundreds of millions<br />

died throughout Europe. The continent<br />

was grieving, and suddenly the “Pietà”<br />

replaced earlier, more glorious images<br />

of the Madonna. <strong>No</strong>w, Europe prayed<br />

before sculptures and paintings of the<br />

grieving mother holding the lifeless<br />

body of her divine Son. And people saw<br />

that she was with them in their sorrow.<br />

With the Protestant Reformation,<br />

Mary’s role was eclipsed for many.<br />

Martin Luther tried to hold on to the<br />

Marian doctrines while abandoning<br />

devotions. John Calvin had no such<br />

scruples, and he even revived the<br />

error of Nestorius in rejecting the title<br />

“Mother of God.”<br />

Yet just as millions were leaving the<br />

Church in Europe, millions entered in<br />

the New World. Though the conquistadors<br />

and missionaries had failed<br />

to convert the native peoples, Mary<br />

succeeded. In 1531, she appeared at<br />

Guadalupe to a poor man named Juan<br />

Diego. And she accomplished what<br />

money and laws could never do. She<br />

converted a continent in a matter of a<br />

few years.<br />

Then, 40 years later, she saved<br />

fractured Europe from succumbing<br />

to Muslim invaders. As the Ottoman<br />

fleet advanced, Pope Pius V roused the<br />

Catholic people to pray the rosary. And<br />

on Oct. 7, 1571, at the Battle of Lepanto,<br />

Christendom’s ragtag navy prevailed<br />

over the Sultan’s fleet. The Blessed<br />

Virgin — and an army of common<br />

people praying their beads — received<br />

credit as a new feast day was added to<br />

the calendar.<br />

The story continues into the modern<br />

era. There have been apparitions — at<br />

Rue de Bac, Lourdes, Fátima, and<br />

elsewhere.<br />

And the future?<br />

I see it in an image of Mary I keep<br />

in my office. It’s from India, and it is<br />

“The Descent from the Cross,” (also known as the<br />

“Pietà”) by Nicolas Coustou in <strong>No</strong>tre-Dame Cathedral,<br />


painted on a pipal leaf.<br />

The Church is growing. Though<br />

it seems weakened in the West, it is<br />

growing in the global South and East.<br />

The painting on the pipal leaf is a sign<br />

of that growth and the future’s promise.<br />

Every crisis in Church history has led to<br />

surprising developments, often brought<br />

about not by the rich and powerful, but<br />

by poor people who stand with Mary<br />

and pray — and are pleased to make<br />

some noise as they carry her image<br />

through the streets.<br />

Mike Aquilina is a contributing editor<br />

to <strong>Angelus</strong> and the author of many<br />

books, most recently “Friendship and<br />

the Fathers: How the Early Church<br />

Evangelized” (Emmaus Road Publishing,<br />

$<strong>22</strong>.95).<br />

24 • ANGELUS • <strong><strong>No</strong>vember</strong> 5, <strong>2021</strong>



The choices we make<br />

An anti-COVID-19 vaccine mandate<br />

protest in Akron, Ohio, Aug. 16. |<br />


My body, my choice.<br />

It is such a simple phrase,<br />

yet it sums up an attitude that<br />

seems quintessentially modern and yet<br />

sad as well.<br />

Over the years, “My body, my choice”<br />

became a slogan for the pro-abortion<br />

movement. The idea that a woman<br />

was the master of her body included<br />

mastery over the unborn child that she<br />

carried inside of her.<br />

“My body, my choice” fits a particularly<br />

modern mindset. It was a phrase<br />

that could be stretched to include<br />

everything from a teen’s demand for<br />

a tattoo to a grandmother’s request<br />

for physician-assisted suicide. It is my<br />

choice, regardless of social impact or<br />

consequences, and the only person<br />

who can make that determination is<br />

me.<br />

So it is a disturbing irony that people<br />

who may think they have little in common<br />

with abortion proponents or suicide<br />

advocates would adopt the same<br />

slogan to defend their unwillingness to<br />

take a COVID-19 vaccine. “My body,<br />

my choice” has become one of the<br />

catchphrases for some in the anti-vaccine<br />

and anti-mandate movements.<br />

Despite whatever social need there<br />

is to stop a public health crisis, what<br />

matters is not the recommendation<br />

of health experts or the decisions of<br />

political or military leaders, but one’s<br />

own preferences.<br />

Of course, many vaccine opponents<br />

have legitimate reasons to seek exemption<br />

to vaccine mandates. Although<br />

the Catholic Church has deemed it<br />

“remote material cooperation,” the<br />

fact that cell lines derived from fetuses<br />

aborted in the early 1970s were used<br />

in testing and in some cases development<br />

of many vaccines and medicines<br />

is of great moral concern for some.<br />

The Church has urged scientists to<br />

refrain from using these cell lines.<br />

Some are distrustful of the science,<br />

distrustful of what they see as an<br />

overreach of government mandates, or<br />

simply more confident that their own<br />

immunity from having had the virus<br />

will protect them.<br />

For those who are following their<br />

conscience in these matters, it is<br />

important to stay informed and, of<br />

course, to follow standard protocols for<br />

social distancing to protect those who<br />

are most vulnerable. For the toll of the<br />

pandemic is truly horrific: One in 500<br />

Americans has died from COVID-19.<br />

On the national mall, 700,000 white<br />

flags fluttered in commemoration of<br />

those who died in just 19 months, a<br />

grim toll that continues to climb, more<br />

often than not claiming the lives of the<br />

unvaccinated and the most vulnerable.<br />

While there are legitimate reasons of<br />

conscience for opposing vaccines that<br />

must be respected, I don’t believe that<br />

the argument, “My body, my choice,”<br />

is one of them.<br />

The response to the pro-abortion<br />

argument “My body, my choice” is<br />

that it is not just your body. There is<br />

another human being alive in you who<br />

is biologically and genetically distinct.<br />

The idea that that human person lives<br />

or dies based on the desire of another,<br />

more powerful person is morally<br />

wrong.<br />

And the response to those who<br />

demonstrate against vaccine or mask<br />

mandates while shouting, “My body,<br />

my choice,” is similar. It is not just<br />

about you and your body. If you<br />

26 • ANGELUS • <strong><strong>No</strong>vember</strong> 5, <strong>2021</strong>

Greg Erlandson is the president and<br />

editor-in-chief of Catholic <strong>News</strong> Service.<br />

could be guaranteed not to be an<br />

asymptomatic carrier, if you could be<br />

guaranteed not to spread the disease<br />

to someone who was immunocompromised,<br />

if you could be guaranteed that<br />

you would not kill or cripple another<br />

person, then perhaps “My body, my<br />

choice” would make some sense. If<br />

you could guarantee that the only<br />

person hurt would be yourself, perhaps<br />

it would be tolerable.<br />

Death of loved ones or strangers is<br />

not the only risk. Long-term or even<br />

permanent damage is an under-reported<br />

phenomenon of COVID-19:<br />

Long haulers, those who suffer from<br />

COVID-19 aftereffects for months and<br />

years, or those whose bodies have been<br />

so damaged they may be on oxygen or<br />

in need of intensive care for the rest of<br />

their lives.<br />

The slogan is itself reflective of a kind<br />

of street-corner libertarianism, a folk<br />

philosophy that crosses the left-right<br />

political divide. It makes personal<br />

autonomy the highest good, and in<br />

so doing it challenges notions of the<br />

common good and social justice. It is<br />

a philosophy no longer just of the welloff<br />

and self-sufficient, but of populist<br />

resentments. And it poses a grave<br />

threat for the Church.<br />

Laying down one’s life for another<br />

is the Christian response. We follow<br />

a Savior who offered up his life for<br />

the many. The models for Christian<br />

sacrifice today are the doctors and<br />

nurses caring for the grievously ill who<br />

fill the ICUs and, too often, the body<br />

bags. The Church is asking all of us to<br />

consider what is best for the common<br />

good, what sacrifices we can make to<br />

protect the weakest.<br />

We all struggle to make the best<br />

choices in a difficult situation, following<br />

the science and following our<br />

conscience. But let’s put aside the<br />

cheap slogans that reflect an ideological<br />

selfishness.<br />

In the words of the pro-life movement,<br />

let’s choose life: seeking the best<br />

for our community and mindful always<br />

of the weakest and most vulnerable<br />

among us.

Why Dave<br />

means well<br />

Lessons from the controversy<br />

over a legendary comedian’s<br />

jokes about transgenderism.<br />


Dave Chappelle in Netflix’s “The Closer.” | NETFLIX VIA ROTTEN TOMATOES<br />

Well, Dave Chappelle has<br />

done it again.<br />

His new Netflix special<br />

has not only captured the attention<br />

of millions across the nation, it has<br />

continued his ongoing crusade to<br />

open the doors and push the boundaries<br />

of acceptable public discourse in<br />

our pluralistic republic — especially<br />

surrounding the nature of sex and<br />

gender.<br />

Chappelle really is a genius in how<br />

he effortlessly weaves in and out of the<br />

most hot-button issues imaginable.<br />

These topics can’t even be touched by<br />

most public figures, but his skill at setting<br />

up jokes, thoughtful distinctions,<br />

raw courage, and genuine love and<br />

care for those who disagree with him<br />

permits him to not only to touch —<br />

but to firmly grasp and expertly pick<br />

apart these issues.<br />

That said, not everyone agrees with<br />

me about these judgments.<br />

Indeed, because Chappelle’s complex<br />

and nuanced view (I encourage<br />

readers to do their research on what<br />

he actually holds) on the transgenderism<br />

debate doesn’t fit with contemporary<br />

orthodoxy on these matters, a<br />

number of their employees are staging<br />

a walkout in an attempt to coerce Netflix<br />

to take his shows off its platform.<br />

There are plenty of folks, of course,<br />

who will see this as yet another example<br />

of our increasingly humorless<br />

society. If we can’t even joke about<br />

these matters, how will we ever get to<br />

the point where we can discuss them<br />

seriously? How can we claim to live<br />

in a pluralistic republic — one in<br />

which we welcome multiple points<br />

of view — if the greatest comedian of<br />

his generation can’t go after a live and<br />

important issue in the culture?<br />

In response to these questions, I<br />

think it is important to acknowledge<br />

that the instinct behind many of<br />

Chappelle’s critics comes from a good<br />

place. They see what he’s doing as a<br />

kind of bullying — punching down a<br />

group of people (those who identity as<br />

transgender) who are a radical minority<br />

and already deeply marginalized in<br />

the culture.<br />

And a generalized anti-bullying concern<br />

is very, very important. Many aggressive<br />

interactions have until recently<br />

been dismissed as “someone’s sense<br />

of humor” or “joking around” — but<br />

they have real world consequences for<br />

people that may include self-doubt,<br />

self-harm, and even suicide. Indeed,<br />

28 • ANGELUS • <strong><strong>No</strong>vember</strong> 5, <strong>2021</strong>


today’s online bullying takes it up<br />

another level and is directly related<br />

to the increase of suicide, especially<br />

among young women.<br />

Thank God, therefore, for recent<br />

interventions to take this problem way<br />

more seriously than we have in the<br />

past.<br />

But is the only alternative living in<br />

a humorless society? One where we<br />

can’t joke about things at all? That<br />

doesn’t seem right. Traditionally,<br />

discussion of the virtues presents them<br />

as the “golden mean” between two<br />

extremes. For instance, the virtue of<br />

courage lies between rashness and<br />

cowardice. The virtue of modesty lies<br />

between shyness and shamelessness.<br />

And so on.<br />

Is there a way to live out a “golden<br />

mean” between bullying and humorlessness?<br />

I think so. And the reason is because<br />

I’ve experienced something like it as<br />

a member of sports teams and also<br />

working on construction crews.<br />

It is difficult to articulate — but it is<br />

even more difficult to understand if<br />

you, yourself, haven’t been a part of<br />

a community like this. There’s a kind<br />

of culture in play which makes space<br />

for “giving people [crap]” and poking<br />

fun at them — but in ways that really<br />

shouldn’t be described as bullying.<br />

In fact, this dynamic is often used to<br />

signal to a younger person or newbie<br />

that they are part of the community<br />

— and also to validate their rise up<br />

the ranks of respect of one’s peers.<br />

It can also serve as a way of working<br />

through differences — and calling out<br />

problems.<br />

Sometimes there are just things that<br />

need to be said that, in other contexts,<br />

are just left alone to fester and toxify<br />

relationships and communities. But<br />

in a community like this, the dynamic<br />

allows difficult truths to be told in<br />

ways that don’t break the bonds of<br />

fellowship.<br />

When the joking and poking fun<br />

crosses a line (as, let’s be honest, it<br />

sometimes does), the dynamic of the<br />

group is very often such that it polices<br />

itself — with veteran members of the<br />

community deciding that something<br />

has gone too far. And there’s even<br />

a check on those veterans, because<br />

when one of them gets too big for<br />

their britches, the joking and poking<br />

fun can bring them down a peg.<br />

In healthy groups like this (and, to be<br />

clear, they aren’t all healthy), there is<br />

a kind of solidarity present. A culture<br />

of encounter. The willing of the good<br />

of the other, even as words are spoken<br />

that (on paper and isolated from the<br />

social context) seem to indicate the<br />

opposite.<br />

Chappelle tries to do this throughout<br />

his comedy specials (and, again,<br />

I encourage readers to actually do<br />

your own research on this), showing<br />

that even as he is poking fun, and<br />

saying some things that need to be<br />

said, he genuinely loves and cares for<br />

those who identify as trans. He tries to<br />

show this explicitly through his story<br />

of friendship with a trans comic —<br />

someone who he clearly loved and<br />

supported, but with whom he had<br />

disagreements as well.<br />

Tragically, it was only after his friend<br />

publicly defended Chappelle against<br />

the social media mob — and after she<br />

got dogpiled online for doing so —<br />

that his friend committed suicide.<br />

Chappelle discussed creating a trust<br />

fund for his friend’s child and thought<br />

about what he would say to the kid<br />

one day. He came up with this: “I<br />

knew your father, and he was one hell<br />

of a woman.”<br />

Signaling the kind of relationship<br />

and dynamic they said, Chappelle<br />

said, “She would have loved that<br />

joke.”<br />

What’s the golden mean between<br />

bullying and humorlessness? I’m not<br />

sure I have a good word or phrase<br />

for it, but maybe it is something like<br />

“winsomeness”? A kind of good-natured,<br />

attractive, and funny way of<br />

speaking things that need to be said.<br />

But always with the love due the<br />

dignity of the human person squarely<br />

in mind.<br />

<strong>No</strong>body does this better than Chappelle.<br />

And he lights the way for the<br />

rest of us.<br />

Charles C. Camosy is an associate<br />

professor of theology and bioethics at<br />

Fordham University. His most recent<br />

book is “Losing Our Dignity: How<br />

Secularized Medicine is Undermining<br />

Fundamental Human Equality” (New<br />

City Press, $<strong>22</strong>.95).<br />

<strong><strong>No</strong>vember</strong> 5, <strong>2021</strong> • ANGELUS • 29



Heaven is our home<br />

Fonthill Castle, in Doylestown, Pennsylvania, in <strong>2021</strong>. | FERNANDO GARCIA ESTEBAN/SHUTTERSTOCK<br />

On a recent trip to the East<br />

Coast, I made a point of visiting<br />

the former homes and studios<br />

of three late artists.<br />

The Moravian Pottery & Tile Works<br />

in Doylestown, Pennsylvania, was the<br />

studio of historian Henry Chapman<br />

Mercer (1856-1930), a self-taught<br />

architect, ceramicist, and collector.<br />

He modeled the design for his tile<br />

works on the California missions he’d<br />

seen on his travels. Then he added<br />

his own stamp, which might be called<br />

“Early Hobbit.”<br />

The compound is now a nonprofit<br />

history museum, offering guided tours<br />

to the public, as well as an annual Tile<br />

Fest, summer music and movie series,<br />

visiting artist residencies and workshops.<br />

It’s also a humming working studio,<br />

producing among other items mosaic<br />

murals, floors, patios, fireplace<br />

surrounds, hearths, and architectural<br />

friezes. The tiles, available for purchase<br />

in the museum store, are still pressed<br />

from the more than 6,000 molds designed<br />

by Mercer.<br />

The next day I moved on to his<br />

former residence: the adjacent Fonthill<br />

Castle. With 44 rooms, 32 staircases,<br />

21 chimneys, 10 bathrooms, and 200<br />

windows, in 1908-1912, the castle<br />

(actually a large poured-in-concrete<br />

house) cost $32,000 to build.<br />

There were dumbwaiters, elevators,<br />

call bells, and a central heating system.<br />

The biggest room, a kind of one-off<br />

grand hall, was interrupted every few<br />

30 • ANGELUS • <strong><strong>No</strong>vember</strong> 5, <strong>2021</strong>

Heather King is an award-winning<br />

author, speaker, and workshop leader.<br />

feet by a floor-to-ceiling, tile-embedded<br />

concrete column (turned out Mercer<br />

erred on the side of caution and had<br />

the edifice constructed five times stronger<br />

than it needed to be).<br />

In fact, every square inch of the<br />

castle, almost, was plastered with tile:<br />

the floors, the walls, the windows, and<br />

fireplace surrounds.<br />

Mercer loved to tell stories, and the<br />

subjects of his molds range from mythology<br />

to Holy Grail quests to parables<br />

from the Bible. The ceiling of one of<br />

his favorite rooms was covered with<br />

tiles that told the story of Columbus’<br />

conquest of the New World. Other subjects<br />

included animals, family crests,<br />

fairy tale figures, sheaves of wheat, fruit.<br />

Even on a sunny day the castle was<br />

gloomy and chill. Maybe I’ve been too<br />

long out west — but I couldn’t imagine<br />

spending a whole winter there.<br />

Next stop was the museum/studio/former<br />

home of Wharton Esherick (1887-<br />

1970), an artist, sculptor, and furniture<br />

designer who lived in the hills above<br />

the Pennsylvania town of Paoli.<br />

Esherick made a lot of furniture in<br />

particular that was lovely — lamps,<br />

desks, tables, chairs — out of wood. His<br />

hand-hewn and eccentrically unique<br />

living space was filled with carvings,<br />

sculptures, paintings, gorgeous chairs,<br />

custom-made sofas, a fireplace, handmade<br />

serving utensils, desks with builtin<br />

lamps, sliding trays for drawings and<br />

prints, inlaid work-of-art floors made<br />

from scrap wood.<br />

The house, as was true of Fonthill,<br />

was also insanely impractical, with<br />

narrow winding staircases, very little<br />

open space in which to move, and with<br />

hardly any natural light.<br />

A couple of days later, I drove to<br />

upstate New York and visited Manitoga,<br />

aka Dragon Rock, the former<br />

home of Russel Wright (1904-1976).<br />

Best known as a mid-century designer<br />

of clean-lined dish collections in<br />

sophisticated shades of chartreuse, teal,<br />

and slate gray, in 1942 Wright bought<br />

75 acres of a former logging site and<br />

abandoned quarry.<br />

The Japanese-inspired indoor-outdoor<br />

design featured views of the Wright-designed<br />

waterfall, quarry pool, and<br />

woodland garden. Here, too, inside and<br />

out, were the irregular, winding granite<br />

steps which, if I hadn’t sprained my<br />

knee the week before in a fall on a New<br />

York City sidewalk, might have struck<br />

me as slightly more picturesque.<br />

Here, too, the creativity and natural<br />

beauty were stunning — and faintly<br />

underlain by damp, chill, moss, and<br />

mold.<br />

Don’t get me wrong. All three homes<br />

were wondrous. I wouldn’t have missed<br />

them for the world. Still, I couldn’t<br />

help reflecting afterward that the effort<br />

to preserve in amber any human life<br />

carries a touch of the absurd.<br />

Does a meticulous catalogue really<br />

need to be maintained of Henry Chapman<br />

Mercer’s thousands of decomposing<br />

library books?<br />

What purpose is served by keeping<br />

Esherick’s L.L. Bean shirts still folded<br />

in a drawer beneath his bed, and on a<br />

shelf in the kitchen the spices, in their<br />

little metal cans, that he used 50 years<br />

before?<br />

A house that’s not lived in begins to<br />

disintegrate in some way, is sapped of<br />

its vitality, begins to waft the air of a<br />

moldering tomb.<br />

The Catholic tradition of venerating<br />

relics, a matter of high hilarity among<br />

nonbelievers, is actually a glimpse into<br />

the realm of eternal life.<br />

In Rome, for example, you can visit<br />

the rooms where the mendicant St.<br />

Benedict Joseph Labré (1748-1783)<br />

lived for two years before his death.<br />

But you don’t kneel in mere rooms.<br />

For that, gaze upon the secondary<br />

relics preserved in the nearby house<br />

chapel of San Benedetto Giuseppe<br />

Labre ai Monti: the filthy rags the saint<br />

was wearing when he died.<br />

<strong><strong>No</strong>vember</strong> 5, <strong>2021</strong> • ANGELUS • 31



Scott Hahn is founder of the<br />

St. Paul Center for Biblical<br />

Theology; stpaulcenter.com.<br />

Bible lost and found<br />

St. Anthony of Padua is surely among the best-loved<br />

of the saints in glory. He is the patron of those who<br />

search for lost objects. Artists portray him in his Franciscan<br />

habit, holding the baby Jesus.<br />

We all call upon St. Anthony when we’re looking for<br />

something. But I invoke him today for a different reason.<br />

I recall him to you because he was a biblical scholar par<br />

excellence, with so prodigious a memory that he has been<br />

called “The Concordance.”<br />

St. Anthony was a bit like the book you’re holding in your<br />

hands. He was able to retrieve passages from the Bible at a<br />

moment’s notice. Name a theme, and he could draw relevant<br />

Scriptures from many points in the biblical canon.<br />

In fact, he was fond of the word “concordance” (in its<br />

Latin equivalents), though he didn’t use it to describe a<br />

book. He used it to describe a reality: the unity of the two<br />

testaments, the unity of the whole Bible.<br />

“The God of the New Testament is one and the same as<br />

the God of the Old and is indeed Jesus Christ the Son of<br />

God.” We may apply to him the words of Isaiah: “I myself<br />

that spoke, behold, I am here [Isaiah 52.6]. I spoke to the<br />

fathers in the prophets; I am here in the truth of the Incarnation.<br />

That is the justification for seeking to concord the<br />

Scriptures of both Testaments.”<br />

St. Anthony was on to something here. If the Bible were<br />

not the work of a single principal author, God, then why<br />

should we care to compare the Hebrew verbs of the Book<br />

of Genesis with their Greek equivalents in Revelation?<br />

Our medieval Paduan was merely passing on a timeless<br />

truth of the faith. Almost a millennium before, the Fathers<br />

of the Egyptian desert had applied themselves to the same<br />

task, and for all the same reasons. They would chant all<br />

the psalms every day; and, in those centuries when few<br />

people could own books, they would gather for daily and<br />

weekly “synaxes” (“congregation”) to hear the word of<br />

God and commit it to memory. In fourth-century Egypt,<br />

St. Sisoes the Great was asked the secret to his wisdom<br />

and holiness. He said, “What shall I say to you? I read the<br />

New Testament, and I turn to the Old?”<br />

What those saints meant by concordance is “the juxtaposition<br />

and correlation of scriptural passages, so that they<br />

illuminate and interpret one another.”<br />

We live in a day when search engines can power through<br />

the Bible in seconds — doing the work of many monks,<br />

and even many monasteries.<br />

“St. Anthony of Padua,” by Benozzo Gozzoli, 1420-1497, Italian. | WIKIMEDIA<br />


These are great times indeed for biblical studies. But,<br />

unlike former periods of renewal, ours is not confined by<br />

the walls of the abbeys or by the towers of the universities.<br />

Catholic Bible studies, websites, and apps give us a kind of<br />

spiritual technology — interpretive elevators, to borrow a<br />

metaphor from St. Thérèse of Lisieux.<br />

May we all rise to the occasion, using tools like this<br />

concordance to become “concordances” ourselves, like St.<br />

Anthony and so many of our ancestors in the faith.<br />

32 • ANGELUS • <strong><strong>No</strong>vember</strong> 5, <strong>2021</strong>

■ FRIDAY, OCTOBER 29<br />

REVIVE: Evening of Recollection for Women. Sacred Heart<br />

Retreat House, 507 N. Granada Ave., Alhambra, 4:30 p.m.<br />

Evening of recollection for women aged 18-35 will include<br />

dinner, spiritual reflection on prayer given by the Carmelite<br />

Sisters, eucharistic adoration, praise, and worship. For more<br />

information, email beautyofcarmel@carmelitesistersocd.com.<br />


Conscious Aging, Death Makes Life Possible, Surrender<br />

& Letting Go. Holy Spirit Retreat Center, 4316 Lanai Rd.,<br />

Encino, 9:30 a.m.-3 p.m. With Sister Deborah Lorentz, SSS.<br />

For more information, visit www.hsrcenter.com or call 818-<br />

784-4515.<br />


Memorial Mass for COVID-19 Victims. St. Sebastian<br />

Church, 1453 Federal Ave., Los Angeles, 7 p.m. A trilingual<br />

Mass will be celebrated to bless a mosaic of pictures of loved<br />

ones who died during the pandemic. For more information,<br />

visit stsebastianla.org.<br />

Catholic Cemeteries & Mortuaries Día de Los Muertos<br />

Vigil Prayer Service. Calvary Cemetery, 4201 Whittier Blvd.,<br />

Los Angeles, 7 p.m. Archbishop Gomez will lead a prayer<br />

service that will be livestreamed on LA Catholics social media<br />

channels and EWTN. Event is not open to the public.<br />

Calvary Cemetery Día de los Muertos Altar Viewings.<br />

4201 Whittier Blvd., Los Angeles, 8 a.m.-6 p.m. Community<br />

group altars will be on display <strong>No</strong>v. 1-5.<br />

Santa Clara Cemetery Día de los Muertos Altar Viewings.<br />

2370 N. H Street, Oxnard, 8 a.m.-6 p.m. Local parish altars<br />

will be on display <strong>No</strong>v. 1-5; Marigold Cross will be displayed<br />

<strong>No</strong>v. 1-7.<br />


Día de los Muertos Light Display. Calvary Cemetery, 4201<br />

Whittier Blvd., Los Angeles, 6-8 p.m., at the Main Mausoleum<br />

<strong>No</strong>v. 2-3.<br />

Catholic Cemeteries & Mortuaries All Souls’ Day Mass.<br />

Calvary Cemetery, 4201 Whittier Blvd., Los Angeles, 10 a.m.<br />

Archbishop José H. Gomez will be the principal celebrant.<br />

Mass will be livestreamed on LA Catholics social media<br />

channels and EWTN.<br />


“Growing Stronger in Our Faith” Weekly Series. St. Dorothy<br />

Church, 241 S. Valley Center Ave., Glendora, 7-8:30 p.m.,<br />

Wednesdays through April 6, 20<strong>22</strong>. Deepen your understanding<br />

of the Catholic faith through dynamic DVD presentations<br />

by top scholars and apologists like Bishop Robert<br />

Barron, Scott Hahn, Ph.D., and Brant Pitre, Ph.D. Free event,<br />

no reservations required. Call 626-335-2811 or visit www.<br />

stdorothy.org for more information.<br />

Truth Talk: Rt. Rev. Alexei Smith on Christian Unity. 7 p.m.<br />

Wordnet Productions will feature Rev. Alexei Smith, ecumenical<br />

and interreligious officer of the Archdiocese of Los Angeles.<br />

Program will be livestreamed on Wordnet Productions’<br />

YouTube channel and Facebook page, and will be followed<br />

by an online Q&A. Contact Sister Jeanne Harris at Wordnet<br />

Productions at com@wordnet.tv for more information.<br />


Virtual Centering Prayer. Hosted by Pippa Currey and team<br />

from the Holy Spirit Retreat Center, the group meets every<br />

Thursday on Zoom, 10 a.m.-12 p.m. For more information,<br />

visit www.hsrcenter.com or call 818-784-4515.<br />


Retrouvaille: A Lifeline for Married Couples. Weekend<br />

program runs <strong>No</strong>v. 5-7 in Santa Clarita. Retrouvaille is an<br />

effective Catholic Christian ministry that helps married couples.<br />

The program offers the chance to rediscover yourself,<br />

your spouse, and the love in your marriage. Married couples<br />

of any faith are welcome. For more information, visit https://<br />

www.losangelesretrouvaille.com or call 909-900-5465.<br />


St. Peter Claver’s Annual Holiday Boutique. Corner of Stow<br />

and Cochran Streets, across from Simi Valley High School.<br />

Boutique will be open <strong>No</strong>v. 6, 9 a.m.-5 p.m. and <strong>No</strong>v. 7, 9<br />

a.m.-3 p.m. More than 70 vendors will be available to sell<br />

crafts, gift items, clothing, jewelry, decor, and food. Includes<br />

a gift card basket raffle, 50/50 drawing, photos with Santa,<br />

and baked goods table. Call Lisa at 805-583-0466 for more<br />

information.<br />

God’s Healing Power for Your Family Tree: Past, Present,<br />

and Future. St. Anthony of Padua Church, 1050 W. 163rd<br />

St., Gardena, 10:30 a.m.-4:30 p.m. Speakers: Fr. Michael<br />

Barry, SSCC, Dominic Berardino, Marianne Dyogi, and Erick<br />

Rubalcava. Topics: Prayer for Breaking Family Bondages;<br />

Does Ancestral Sin Affect the Living?; Passing Blessings to<br />

Future Generations; Freedom and Deliverance Through the<br />

Eucharist; Mass for Healing Your Family Tree. Register at<br />

http://www.scrc.org/. Cost: $25/person before Oct. 25, $35/<br />

person after.<br />

Preparing for the Holidays. 10 a.m. Zoom webinar hosted<br />

by the Separated and Divorced Ministry. This presentation<br />

will hopefully provide those separated and divorced with<br />

guidance and support through the holiday season. Presenter:<br />

Vince Frese. To register, visit lacatholics.org/event/preparing-for-the-holidays/.<br />


Catholic Cemeteries and Mortuaries Memorial Mass.<br />

San Fernando Mission Rey de España, 11 a.m. Mass will be<br />

livestreamed on LA Catholics social media channels and will<br />

not be open to the public.<br />

Women at the Well. Holy Spirit Retreat Center, 4316 Lanai<br />

Rd., Encino, 10 a.m.-12 p.m. With Sister Chris Machado,<br />

SSS. For more information, visit www.hsrcenter.com or call<br />

818-784-4515.<br />


45th Annual Catholic-Jewish Women’s Conference:<br />

Unveiling the Sacred through Storytelling. 9 a.m.-12 p.m.<br />

Zoom conference. Keynote speakers: Michel Lemberger and<br />

Diana Macalintal, followed by participant dialogue groups.<br />

Cost: $20/person, tax deductible. Students are free with<br />

pre-registration and valid student ID. Need-based scholarships<br />

are available. For more information and to register,<br />

visit catholicjewishwomenla.org/conference. Registration<br />

closes <strong>No</strong>v. 1. Contact Julie Heath Elliott at 310-575-1078 or<br />

jheathelliott@yahoo.com for more information.<br />


Introduction to the Scriptures. Holy Spirit Retreat Center,<br />

4316 Lanai Rd., Encino, 10 a.m.-2 p.m. With Terry Dicks,<br />

MTS. For more information, visit www.hsrcenter.com or call<br />

818-784-4515.<br />

12th Annual African American Catholic Ancestral Mass.<br />

St. Odilia Church, 1335 E. 53rd St., Los Angeles, 90011,<br />

12 p.m. Mass will be livestreamed on AACCFE’s Facebook<br />

account.<br />

Items for the calendar of events are due four weeks prior to the date of the event. They may be emailed to calendar@angelusnews.com.<br />

All calendar items must include the name, date, time, address of the event, and a phone number for additional information.<br />

<strong><strong>No</strong>vember</strong> 5, <strong>2021</strong> • ANGELUS • 33

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