Film Museum - Peter Jackson

A fictional magazine about Peter Jackson

A fictional magazine about Peter Jackson


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Peter Jackson

the Lord

of the Films

the Lord

of the Films


30 October–20 November 2020

Augustinerstraße 1, 1010 Vienna

Peter Jacksons King Kong

30 October at 7 p. m.

The Frighteners

31 October at 7 p. m.

Heavenly creatures

2 November at 5 p. m.

The lovely Bones

2 November at 7 p. m.

District 9

5 November at 6 p. m.

The valley

9 November at 5 p. m.

Bad Taste

9 November at 7 p. m.

They shall not grow old

10 November at 6 p. m.

The Fellowship of the Ring

12 November at 8 p. m.

The two Towers

13 November at 8 p. m.

The Return of the King

14 November at 8 p. m.

An unexpected Journey

18 November at 8 p. m.

The Desolation of Smaug

19 November at 8 p. m.

The Battle of the Five Armies

20 November at 8 p. m.

Peter Jackson

the Lord

of the Films

06 Biography 6

08 Filmography 8

Bad Taste 10


Creatures 12

The Frighteners 14

the Fellowship of the Ring 16

the Two Towers 18

the Return of the King 20


22 King Kong

24 District 9

26 Lovely Bones

28 an Unexpected


30 the Desolation

of Smaug

32 the Battle of the

Five Armies

34 They shall not

Grow Old





Peter Jackson


Peter Jackson, in full Sir Peter Robert Jackson, borned October

31, 1961 in Pukerua Bay, New Zealand, is a New Zealand director.

When Jackson was eight years old, his parents bought an

8 mm movie camera, and he began making short fi lms. He later

began work on with his friends what started out to be another

short fi lm. It kept growing, however, and Bad Taste was released

in 1987.

The comedy-horror movie won acclaim at the Cannes fi lm festival

and went on to become a cult favourite. Jackson followed up

with Meet the Feebles, which features puppets and people in animal

suits engaging in the seamier aspects of human behaviour.

He then turned to a real-life incident forHeavenly Creatures, about

two teenage girls who kill one girl’s mother. The fi lm starred Kate

Winslet in her fi rst major role. Its screenplay garnered Academy

Award nominations for Jackson and Frances Walsh, his partner.

The ghost story The Frighteners followed.

For The Lord of the Rings, Jackson took the unprecedented

step of shooting all three installments of the fantasy saga simultaneously,

over a 15-month period in New Zealand. In addition

to directing the fi lms, he also cowrote the screenplays. The three

movies The Fellowship of the Ring, The Two Towers, and The Return

of the King were both critically and commercially successful.

Jackson received Academy Awards for best director and for best

adapted screenplay for The Return of the King, which won a total

of 11 Oscars, including best picture. Jackson next directed and

cowrote King Kong, a remake of the classic 1933 fi lm, and The

Lovely Bones, an adaptation of Alice Sebold’s novel about a murdered

girl who observes her family and killer from the afterlife. He

then returned to the world of Tolkien with a series based on The


In 2018 he directed the acclaimed World War I documentary They

Shall Not Grow Old, which featured never-before-seen footage

that Jackson and his team had restored and colourized.





Fai rwater







Kaihoro 1987

Christchurch 1994

Fairwater 1996

Hobbiton 2001

Rohan 2002

Gondor 2003

Skull Island 2005

Johannesburg 2009

Norristown 2009












hobbiton 2012

Rivendell 2013

Erebor 2014

Great Britain



Bad Taste

Kaihoro, 1987

The Astro Investigation and Defence

Service (AIDS) sends

their agents, Derek, Frank,

Ozzy, and Barry to investigate

the disappearance of the entire

population of the town of Kaihoro.

They find the town has been

overrun by man-eating space

aliens disguised as humans in

blue shirts. Barry kills one of

the aliens and is attacked by others.

After Derek notifies Frank and

Ozzy, he begins torturing Robert,

an alien they caught

earlier. Robert‘s screaming attracts

a number of aliens in the

area. Derek kills the would-be

rescuers, but he is attacked by

Robert and falls off a cliff ledge,

to his presumed death.

Meanwhile, a charity collector

named Giles is passing

through Kaihoro. He is attacked

by Robert, but escapes

in his car. He stops at a nearby

house for help. Another alien


answers the door and captures

Giles. He later wakes up in a

tub of water filled with vegetables

and is told he is about to be

cooked and eaten. Derek also

wakes up to find that he landed

in a seagull‘s nest. He also

finds that his brain is leaking

out the back of his head, so he

stuffs it back in and uses a hat

to hold it in place.


The story was originally designed

for a 20 minutes short film

with the title Roast of the Day.

Kaihoro, the name of the fictional

city, is based on the Maori

language of the indigenous

Māori people in New Zealand.

Kai therefore means food and

horo can be translated as city,

from which the term city of food

or city of food results. Furthermore,

Kai horo in Maori means

greedy or also fast food.


Heavenly Creatures

Christchurch, 1994

In 1952 Christchurch, New Zealand,

a 14-year-old girl from a

working-class family, Pauline

Parker, befriends the more affluent

English 13-year-old Juliet

Hulme when Juliet transfers to

Pauline‘s school.

They bond over a shared history

of severe childhood disease

and isolating hospitalizations,

and over time develop an intense

friendship. Pauline admires

Juliet‘s outspoken an arrogance

and beauty. Together they

paint, write stories, make plasticine

figurines, and eventually

create a fantasy kingdom called

Borovnia. It is the setting of

the adventure novels they write

together, which they hope to

have published and eventually

made into films in Hollywood.

Over time it begins to be as real

to them as the real world.

Pauline‘s relationship with her

mother Honora becomes increasingly

hostile and the two

fight constantly. This angry at-


mosphere is in contrast to the

peaceful intellectual life Juliet

shares with her family. Pauline

spends most of her time at the

Hulmes‘, where she feels accepted.

Juliet introduces Pauline

to the idea of „the Fourth

World“, a Heaven without

Christians where music and art

are celebrated. Juliet believes

she will go there when she dies.


Certain actors and musicians

have the status of saints in this

afterlife, such as singer Mario...

It was Peter Jackson‘s wife

Fran Walsh who, after a series

of horror comedies, persuaded

Jackson to tell the story of the

1950s murder case from the

perspective of the two teenagers

and also researched and

wrote the script for it.

The film was parodyed in the television

series The Simpsons.


The Frighteners

Fairwater, 1996

The architect Frank Bannister

abandons his profession and

unfi nished „dream house“ and

befriends three spirits, that he

uses to haunt houses so he can

then „exorcise“ them for a fee.

Frank is not well-liked and most

locals consider him a con man.

While conning a newly-arrived

couple, Mr. Ray Lynskey and

his wife Lucy, Frank notices a

number on Ray‘s forehead that

only he can see.

Soon after, Ray dies of a heart

attack. Other people have also


recently died of random heart attacks.

While Frank is questioned

about the deaths, FBI Agent

Milton Dammers arrives. Convinced

Frank is responsible for

all the deaths he arrests Frank.

While investigating the muders,

Lucy becomes a target of the

Grim Reaper.

Frank decides to commit suicide

to stop the cruel Grim

Reaper. Lucy instead really

suggests that Frank have

a real near-death experien-

ce using hypothermia and barbiturates

to stop his heart. Now a

ghost, Frank confronts the apparition

and discovers that it is

actually Johnny Bartlett, a psychiatric

hospital orderly who

killed twelve people in 1964 before

being captured, convicted

and executed...


It was the last big role for Michael

J. Fox, after he retired

from the fi lm business because

of his Parkinson‘s disease.

The Lynskey family is named

after the real name of actress

Melanie Lynskey, who played

a major role in Peter Jackson‘s

Heavenly Creatures.



Hobbiton, 2001

the Fellowship

of the Ring - LotR

Bilbo celebrates his 111th birthday

in the Shire, reuniting with

his old friend, Gandalf the Grey.

Bilbo reveals that he intends to

leave the Shire for one last adventure,

and he leaves his inheritance,

including the Ring, to his

nephew, Frodo.

Gandalf, suspicious of the Ring,

tells Frodo to keep it secret and

to keep it safe. Gandalf then investigates

the Ring, discovers

its true nature and returns to

warn Frodo. Gandalf also learns

that Gollum was captured

and tortured by Orcs, and that

Gollum uttered two words during

his interrogation:

Shire and Baggins. Gadalf instructs

little Frodo to leave the

Shire, accompanied by his

good friend Samwise Gamgee.

Gandalf rides to Isengard to meet

with fellow wizard Saruman the

White, but learns that he has joined

forces with Sauron, who

has dispatched his nine undead

Nazgûl servants to find Frodo.

Frodo and Sam are joined by


fellow hobbits Merry and Pippin,

and they evade the Nazgûl,

arriving in Bree, where they are

meant to meet Gandalf.


At the 2002 Academy Awards,

the fi lm received four Oscars:

for the fi lm music, the visual effects,

the make-up and the camera.

Overall, the film was nominated

for 13 Oscars, including best director

and best fi lm.

Christopher Lee was the only

actor who knew J.R.R. Tolkien

personally. As a sign of their

friendship, which arose during

the fi lming, the nice actors of

the nine companions got tattooed.

Only the actor of Gimli, did

not want a tattoo.

the Two Towres


Rohan, 2002

Awakening from a dream of

Gandalf battling the Balrog,

Frodo Baggins and his friend

Samwise Gamgee fi nd themselves

lost in the Emyn Muil

near Mordor and become aware

that they are being tracked

by Gollum, a former bearer of

the One Ring. After capturing

him, a sympathetic Frodo decides

to use Gollum as a guide,

despite Sam‘s objections.

Meanwhile, Aragorn, Legolas

and Gimli pursue the Uruk-hai

to save their companions Merry

and Pippin. The Uruk-hai are

ambushed by a group of Rohirrim,

while the two Hobbits escape

into the Fangorn Forest.

Aragorn‘s group later meets

the Rohirrim and their leader

Éomer, who reveals that they

have been exiled by their great

king Théoden who is being

manipulated by Saruman and

his servant Gríma Wormtongue

into turning a blind eye to Saruman‘s

forces running rampant

in Rohan.

While searching for the Hobbits


in Fangorn, Aragorn‘s group

encounters Gandalf, who, after

succumbing to his injuries while

killing the Balrog in Moria, has

been resurrected as Gandalf

the White to help save Middleearth.

Aragorn‘s group travels to Rohan‘s

capital city Edoras, where

Gandalf releases Théoden

from Saruman‘s infl uence and...


Around seven months to creation

of the backdrops of Helms


One scene shows Aragorn

with Gimli and Legolas as they

search the Uruk-hai‘s stake for

their nice hobbit friends. Aragorn

angrily kicks a heavy helmet

and screams. This loudly

scream was real because Aragorn

actor Viggo Mortensen

broke his toe during this action.

The scene was used for his request.


the Return of the King


Gondor, 2003

Two Hobbits, Sméagol and

Déagol, are fi shing when Déagol

discovers the One Ring

in the river. Sméagol is ensnared

by the Ring, and kills his

friend for it. He retreats into

the Misty Mountains as the

Ring twists his body and mind,

until he becomes the creature


Centuries later, during the War

of the Ring, Gandalf leads

Aragorn, Legolas, Gimli, and

King Théoden to Isengard,

where they reunite with Merry

and Pippin. Gandalf retrieves

the defeated Saruman‘s

palantír. Pippin later looks into

the seeing-stone and is seen

by Sauron. From Pippin‘s description

of his visions, Gandalf

surmises that Sauron will

attack Gondor‘s capital Minas

Tirith. He rides there to warn

Gondor‘s steward Denethor,

taking Pippin with him.

Gollum leads Frodo Baggins

and Samwise Gamgee


to Minas Morgul, where they

watch the Witch-king of Angmar,

leader of the nine Nazgûl,

lead an army of Orcs towards

Gondor. The hobbits begin

climbing a stair carved in the

cliff face that leads to a secret

tunnel into Mordor, unaware

that Gollum plans to kill them

and take the Ring. The Witchking

and his forces strike and

overwhelm Osgiliath, forcing

Faramir and his garrison to

retreat to Minas Tirith...


After fi lming, Elijah Wood and

Andy Serkis were allowed to

keep one of the rings used in

the fi lm. Orlando Bloom was

allowed to keep his bow, which

was taken away from him when

he left customs.

The Return of the King is one of

three fi lms that have won eleven

Oscars. The Return of the

King is also one of the few fi lms

to achieve a so-called clean

sweep, that is, the win of all the

Oscars for which he was nominated.


King Kong

Skull Island, 1987

In 1933, during the Great Depression,

New York City vaudeville

actress Ann Darrow is

hired by the financially troubled

filmmaker Carl Denham to star

in a film alongside actor Bruce

Baxter. Ann learns her favorite

playwright, Jack Driscoll, is the


Filming takes place on a tramp

steamer, the SS Venture, under

the command of Captain Englehorn,

and under Carl‘s pretense

that it will be sailing to Singapore.

In truth, Carl intends to

sail to and film the mysterious

Skull Island. Captain Englehorn

has second thoughts about the

voyage, prompted by his crew‘s

speculation of trouble ahead.

On the voyage, Ann and Jack

fall in love.

Deep in the southern waters,

the Venture receives a radio

message informing Englehorn

there is a warrant for Carl‘s ar-


rest due to his defiance of the

studio‘s orders to cease production.

The message instructs Englehorn

to divert to Rangoon, but

the ship becomes lost in fog

and runs aground on the rocky

shore of Skull Island.

Carl and his crew explore the

island and are attacked by natives.

Englehorn intervenes and

rescues the film crew, but as

they make efforts to leave the



Aside from the King Kong filming

of 1933, the fictional Isle

of Skull Island was featured in

a previous Sir Peter Jackson

movie, Braindead. The character

of Jimmy, played by Jamie

Bell, also appears in the original

King Kong. In the original,

Jimmy dies in the fight with the

insects in the gorge, he survives

in Peter Jackson‘s film. Jimmy

also appears in the movie



District 9

Johannesburg, 2009

In 1982, a giant extraterrestrial

spaceship arrives and hovers

over the South African city

of Johannesburg. An investigation

team finds over a million

malnourished aliens (derogatorily

called „Prawns“) inside, and

the South African government

relocates them to a camp called

District 9.

However, over the years it turns

into a slum, and locals often

complain that the aliens are filthy,

ignorant lawbreakers who

bleed resources from humans.

Following unrest between the

aliens and locals, the government

hires Multinational United

(MNU), a huge weapons manufacturer,

to relocate the aliens

to a new camp outside the city.

Piet Smit, an MNU executive,

appoints MNU employee and

his son-in-law Wikus van de

Merwe, to lead the relocation.

Meanwhile, three aliens, Christopher

Johnson, his young son

CJ and his friend Paul, search a


District 9 garbage dump for an

alien fuel in Prawn technology,

which Christopher in real has

had them spend the last twenty

years synthesizing enough of to

enact his plan.

They finally finish in Paul‘s

shack as the relocation begins

but when Wikus comes to the

shack to serve Paul notice...


Blomkamp stated that the social

situation of the extraterrestrials

in the film was inspired,

among other things, by the xenophobic

unrest in South Africa

in 2008. At that time, residents

of the poor districts had acted

against illegal immigrants who

were even worse off.

The title and plot are based on

events that took place in District

Six, a residential area in

Cape Town, during the apartheid



the Lovely Bones

Norristown, 2009

In 1973, 14-year-old high school

freshman Susie Salmon dreams

of becoming a photographer.

One day, Ray, a boy she

has a crush on, asks her out.

As Susie walks home through

a cornfield, she runs into her

neighbor, George Harvey,

who coaxes her into an underground

„kid‘s hideout“ he has

built. Inside, Susie grows uncomfortable

and attempts to

leave; George grabs her and

the scene fades until she is

seen rushing past her alarmed

classmate Ruth Connors, seemingly

fleeing Harvey‘s den.

The Salmons become worried

when Susie fails to return home

from school.

Her father, Jack, searches for

her, while her mother, Abigail,

waits for the police. In town,

Susie sees Jack, who does not

respond to her when she calls.

Susie runs home to find Harvey

soaking in a bathtub. After se-


eing the bloody bathroom and

her bracelet hanging on the sink

faucet, Susie realizes she never

escaped the underground

den and Harvey murdered her.

Screaming, Susan is pulled into

the „In-Between“, that is neither

Heaven nor Earth.

From there, Susie watches over

her loved ones, and resists her

new afterlife friend Holly‘s urging

her to let go.


Jackson explained he enjoyed

the novel because he found it

„curiously optimistic“ and uplifting

because of the narrator‘s

sense of humor, adding there

was a difference between its

tone and subject matter. He

felt very few films dealt with the

loss of a loved one.

A 120-page draft of the script

was written by September




Hobbiton, 2001

Approaching his 111th birthday,

the Hobbit Bilbo Baggins begins

writing down the full story of his

adventure 60 years earlier for the

benefit of his nephew Frodo.

Long before Bilbo‘s involvement,

the Dwarf king Thrór brought an

era of prosperity for his kin under

the Lonely Mountain until the arrival

of the dragon Smaug. Destroying

the nearby town of Dale,

Smaug drove the Dwarves out

of their mountain and took their

hoard of gold. Thrór‘s grandson,

Thorin, sees King Thranduil and

his Wood-elves on a nearby hillside,

and is dismayed when they

leave rather than aid his people,

resulting in Thorin‘s everlasting

hatred of Elves.

In the Shire, 50-year-old Bilbo

is tricked by the wizard Gandalf

the Grey into hosting a party for

Thorin and his company of Dwarves:

Balin, Dwalin, Fíli, Kíli, Dori,

Nori, Ori, Óin, Glóin, Bifur, Bofur,

and Bombur. Gandalf‘s aim is to

recruit Bilbo as the company‘s

„burglar“ to aid them in their quest

an Unexpected


to enter the Lonely Mountain. Bilbo

is unwilling to accept at first,

but has a change of heart after

the company leaves without him

the next day. Bilbo races to join

the company.


A fi lm adaptation of J. R. R. Tolkien‘s

novel The Hobbit (1937)

was in development for several

years after the critical and

fi nancial success of The Lord

of the Rings fi lm trilogy (2001–

2003), co-written, co-produced,

and directed by Peter Jackson.

Jackson was initially going to

produce a two-fi lm adaptation

of The Hobbit, which was to be

directed by Guillermo del Toro.

Del Toro left the project in May

2010, after about two years of

working with Jackson and his

production team, due to delays

caused in part by fi nancial problems

at Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer.

Jackson was announced as

director that October.


the Desolation of


Rivendell, 2013

In the village of Bree, Gandalf

the Grey meets with Thorin

Oakenshield to help the king

plan a quest to retake Erebor.

One year later, Thorin and his

company of dwarves along

with Gandalf and the hobbit,

Bilbo Baggins, are being pursued

by Azog and his Orc party

following an attack at the

Misty Mountains.

They are ushered along by Gandalf

to the nearby home of Beorn,

a skin-changer who can

take the form of the bear. That

night, Azog is summoned to

Dol Guldur by the cruel Necromancer,

who commands him

to marshal his forces for war,

so Azog delegates the hunt for

Thorin to his spawn Bolg. The

following day, Beorn escorts the

company to the borders of Mirkwood,

where Gandalf discovers

Black Speech imprinted on an

old ruin.

Heeding a promise he made to

Galadriel, he warns the company

to remain on the path and leaves

to investigate the tombs of


the Nazgûl. Upon entering the

forest, the dwarves lose their

way and are ensnared by giant

spiders. Bilbo sets about

freeing them with the help of

his recently acquired invisibility

ring. He subsequently drops

the ring and fi rst begins to understand

its dark infl uence after

he brutally kills a creature

to retrieve it.


Guillermo del Toro was originally

planned as the director, while

Peter Jackson was to act as

the producer. Due to delays

caused by the fi nancial problems

of the production company

Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, del

Toro left the fi lm project in May

2010, with the result that Jackson

was subsequently announced

as his successor.

As in the Lord of the Rings trilogy,

the score for the Hobbit trilogy

was composed by Howard

Shore. I See Fire is written by

Ed Sheeran. It was released on

iTunes on November 5, 2013.


theBattle of the Five


Erebor, 2014

Bilbo and the Dwarves watch

from the Lonely Mountain as the

dragon Smaug sets Laketown

ablaze. Bard breaks out of prison,

and eventually kills Smaug

with the black arrow brought to

him by his son Bain. Smaug‘s

falling body crushes the fleeing

Master of Laketown and his cronies,

who were escaping on a

boat laden with the town‘s gold.

Bard becomes the new leader

of the people of Laketown, with

the Master‘s conniving servant,

Alfrid, acting as Bard‘s reluctant

servant, as they seek refuge in

the ruins of Dale, while Legolas

travels to investigate Mount

Gundabad with Tauriel. Thorin,

now struck with „dragon sickness“

over the vast treasure in

the mountain, searches obsessively

for the Arkenstone, which

Bilbo had previously found but

kept hidden.

Upon hearing that Laketown

survivors have fled to Dale, he

orders the entrance of the Lo-


nely Mountain sealed off. Meanwhile,

Galadriel, Elrond, and

Saruman arrive at Dol Guldur

and free Gandalf, sending him

to safety with Radagast. They

battle and defeat the Nazgûl

and a formless Sauron himself,

banishing them to the East.

Azog, marching on Erebor with

his vast Orc army, sends his

son Bolg to Gundabad to summon

their second army. Legolas

and Tauriel witness the march

of Bolg‘s army, bolstered by Orc

berserkers and giant bats.


The Hobbit was originally envisioned

as a two-part fi lm, but

Jackson confi rmed plans for a

third fi lm on 30 July 2012, turning

his adaptation of The Hobbit

into a trilogy.

According to Jackson, the third

fi lm would contain the Battle of

the Five Armies and make extensive

use of the appendices

that Tolkien wrote to expand

the story of Middle-earth (published

in the back of The Return

of the King).


They S hall not

Grow old

Great Britain, 2018

They Shall Not Grow Old is a

2018 documentary film directed

and produced by Peter Jackson.

The film was created using

original footage of the First

World War from the Imperial

War Museum‘s archives, most

previously unseen, all over 100

years old by the time of release.

Audio is from BBC and Imperial

War Museum (IWM) interviews

of British servicemen

who fought in the conflict. Most

of the footage has been colourised

and transformed with modern

production techniques,

with the addition of sound effects

and voice acting to be

more evocative and feel closer

to the soldiers‘ actual experiences.

It is Jackson‘s first documentary

as director. Jackson, whose

grandfather (to whom the film

is dedicated) fought in the war,

intended for the film to be an

immersive experience of „what

it was like to be a soldier“ rather

than a story or a recount of

events. The crew reviewed 600



hours of interviews from 200 „The men in the pictures are

veterans and 100 hours of original

film footage to make the film. of that weird Charlie Chaplin

just like us. Once you get rid

The title was inspired by the line black and white look, you see:

„They shall grow not old, as we people are just like today. That

that are left grow old“ from the shouldn‘t surprise you, 100 years

is not a very long time. But it

1914 poem „For the Fallen“ by

Laurence Binyon, famous for is striking how human they are.“

being used in the Ode of Remembrance.

- Peter Jackson



Fotos: the monthly spew: Peter CAPITOL Kino: the desolation of

Jackson (4) Cleanpng: Minas Tirith

(2–3, 20–21) Pinterest: Bad the fi ve armies (32–33) Twighlight

Smaug (30–31) Syfy: the ballte of

Taste (10–11), Lorien Leaf (17), erebor

fl ag (30) Movipilot: heavennau

Stiftung: they shall not grow

zone: key to erebor (32–33) Murly

creatures (12–13) Film school old (34–35) Text: Wikipedia, newzealand.com,

gala.de, fi lmstars.

Rejects: the Frighteners (14–15)

Britannica: The Fellowship of the de Kartografi e Reisealtras: Judith

Zeller, Das Werk ist ein nicht

Ring (16–17) Wikimedia commens:

rohan fl ag (18–19) IMDb: kommerzielles Schulprojekt für die

the Two towers (18–19) Lotre fandom:

the return of the king (20–21) Cover: Judith Zeller, Gestaltung in-

Werbeakadamie Wien. Gestaltung

Yahoo: Peter Jacksons King Kong nen: Judith Zeller

(22–23) giga.de: District 9 (24–25) Printed in Vienna

negativ-fi lm.de: the lovely bones

(26–27) The daily beast: an unexpected

journey (28–29)

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