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Creating a Culture

In support of the UNSDG "Better Health and Well Being", Grade 8 Culture Studies students at Swiss International School Qatar published a peer reviewed ethnographic study of how the COVID pandemic had impacted the digital well being of their peers. They presented their data to their school leaders and the Ministry of Public Health to request further research and a deeper discussion.

In support of the UNSDG "Better Health and Well Being", Grade 8 Culture Studies students at Swiss International School Qatar published a peer reviewed ethnographic study of how the COVID pandemic had impacted the digital well being of their peers. They presented their data to their school leaders and the Ministry of Public Health to request further research and a deeper discussion.

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SWISS INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL QATAR <br />

<strong>Creating</strong> a<br />

<strong>Culture</strong> <br />

Grade 8 <strong>Culture</strong> Study students use<br />

ethnographic research to create a<br />

culture of digital well being.


<strong>Creating</strong> A <strong>Culture</strong><br />

Grade 8 <strong>Culture</strong> Studies students use<br />

ethnographic research to create a culture of<br />

digital well being.<br />

By Swiss International School Qatar<br />

INSPIRED! FULFILLED! PREPARED!


Prologue ......................................................................6<br />

How does time on digital devices affect empathy?<br />

- Leah F. A. ....................................................................7<br />

What does the digital culture in grade 8 even look<br />

like? - Natalie K .........................................................15<br />

Is technology a bigger priority than family? -<br />

Ellemieke W ..............................................................25<br />

How have females of color (ages 11-15) been<br />

affected by white beauty trends online? - Madelyn<br />

D .................................................................................30<br />

How much time do SISQ students spend on<br />

screens compared to the global average? - Dustin<br />

M .................................................................................40<br />

Is screen-time affected by parental ethnicity? -<br />

Grace M and Rita K ...................................................43<br />

What are the effects of social media on MYP<br />

students at SISQ? - Adwita V ...................................52<br />

Headphones or headaches: are we harming our<br />

hearing? - Jana E? ....................................................57<br />

Social Media and Academics - Keziah S and Marc<br />

Aurele Paul G ............................................................66<br />

Apple vs Samsung - are we paying the price? -<br />

Ioana V .......................................................................75


Girl Gamers: answer to social media? - Shreedhar<br />

K. .................................................................................89<br />

It’s Not As Bad As You Think - Ethan ......................95


Prologue<br />

Kofi Anan believed that young people should be “active<br />

architects” in achieving the United Nations Sustainable<br />

Development Goals. At Swiss International School Qatar, we<br />

cannot agree more and this is reflected in our mission:<br />

“Inspired! Fulfilled! Prepared!”<br />

In 2020, the midst of lockdown, our grade 8 Cultural<br />

Studies boys researched how lockdown had impacted the<br />

digital behaviour and mental well being of other young<br />

people their age.<br />

Their research was so well executed that they won<br />

international recognition through The Global Social<br />

Leaders Competition and we formed a relationship with the<br />

Ministry of Public Health which has allowed our students to<br />

continue applying their learning in practical and ethical<br />

ways.<br />

This journal is a reflection of some of the questions posed<br />

by our 2023 cohort of students (of both genders) and their<br />

recommendations for our school leaders and pastoral<br />

team.<br />

Students were supervised by pastoral leads and provided<br />

with guidance regarding ethics and confidentiality. No<br />

students were forced to participate and students were<br />

encouraged to contact staff at the first sign of distress or<br />

concern.


How does time on digital devices<br />

affect empathy? - Leah F. A.<br />

During the last few weeks, my classmates and I have<br />

been collecting data from different topics<br />

surrounding digital culture. I have decided to focus<br />

on technology and empathy because I feel like empathy is a<br />

very underrated topic that people should be more aware of<br />

as it is crucial to our mental health.There are different<br />

types of empathy. The first type is referred to as "active<br />

empathy". It describes the inner emotions that surface<br />

when we witness other people expressing emotion. This is<br />

a subtle imitation of those expressions. The second is<br />

"cognitive empathy," which is the ability to comprehend the<br />

meaning of other people's emotions and why they occur.<br />

(“Which Factors Shape Our Empathy?”)<br />

Empathy isn't only used for compassion but also for<br />

manipulating and harming. (Bonnette). It is crucial for<br />

human beings and for the success of our society, helping so<br />

that we are capable of empathizing with others, to feel as<br />

they do, to care about their well-being, and to act with<br />

compassion, all resulting in a thriving society. (“Why the<br />

World Needs an Empathy Revolution”)


My literature findings show that empathy is different<br />

depending on the gender and the role in life of the person.<br />

The study shows middle children are more empathetic than<br />

only children. The author uses personal experiences to<br />

justify her points (she said her brother aka the middle child<br />

vomited due to anxiety when their sibling got bit by a dog).<br />

It is also mentioned older and younger children have<br />

almost the same levels of empathy, only children’s scores<br />

are the lowest and middle children ones are the highest.<br />

Only children do not have siblings to negotiate and worry<br />

about which is one of the reasons why they are less<br />

empathetic. (“Which Factors Shape Our Empathy?”).<br />

“During the Covid pandemic, empathy was<br />

compromised”<br />

During the covid pandemic empathy was compromised.<br />

(“Technology and Empathy in the COVID-19 Era”)<br />

Teenagers nowadays have the capacity to understand what<br />

someone is feeling but have a lesser capability of mimicking<br />

and understanding what to do in that situation. For<br />

example, Student X hurt Student Y. Student X took notice<br />

of what Student Y was feeling but didn't know how to act.<br />

Student X didn’t know how to apologize or how to talk to<br />

Student Y to x the situation.<br />

On the other hand, according to a current study, healthy<br />

young people’s social empathy abilities decreased a year<br />

after the pandemic breakout. On the other hand, their<br />

tendency to identify with fictional characters has increased.<br />

Not only because it is a normal response to growing up to<br />

relate to a character's emotions and actions but also


ecause the participants<br />

showed higher levels of<br />

cognitive as well as<br />

emotional components of<br />

empathy. However, they<br />

maintained the same levels<br />

of affective empathy. (Chiara<br />

Baiano et al.).<br />

I gathered my research by<br />

asking teenage students from<br />

ages varying from 13 to 15 to<br />

answer a survey that included questions about empathy,<br />

relationships and adaptation. Twenty three students<br />

answered, consisting of 12 males and 11 females. I divided<br />

my questions in two categories in my notebook: the ones<br />

whose answers had to be separated because of gender and<br />

the second category in which I would look at the overall<br />

result without separating males and females. Sixteen out of<br />

23 people answered .


This circular graph shows that 16 of the 23 don’t feel like<br />

they have been capable of readapting to their old routine<br />

from before lockdown. This is due to the fact that during<br />

the 2 years of lockdown social events were prevented and<br />

working from home was adopted.<br />

By the time people had to go back millions of people<br />

decided to<br />

stay<br />

working<br />

from<br />

home<br />

due to<br />

adopting<br />

social<br />

anxiety<br />

while<br />

being<br />

away<br />

from<br />

others for such a long period of time. Furthermore, the<br />

majority of students consisting of 17 have noted a<br />

distancing from friends and family after being exposed to<br />

an abundance of technology. Eight of the seventeen<br />

students were males and the rest<br />

female.<br />

But what<br />

about<br />

people<br />

who lack<br />

empathy?


21.7% of students in total have chosen answers that link to<br />

having a lack of empathy but this does not mean that they<br />

have no empathy. It could signify that they have less<br />

empathy which is not unusual after a pandemic. Although<br />

some people lack empathy due to traumatic experiences it<br />

can also happen due to illnesses or maybe their emotions<br />

are just diminished. People with low empathy can have a<br />

hard time realizing how their behavior is affecting others<br />

and might struggle making strong relationships. In addition<br />

low empathy can cause constant friction and a lack of<br />

strong bonds. This is because when someone has<br />

difficulties understanding peoples emotions and their<br />

actions no significant connections are made. (Drake).<br />

As observed here, most people questioned usually look at<br />

their phones when someone else is sharing something with<br />

them. This is significant because the person glancing at<br />

their phone is giving o a message of not being 100%<br />

interested in what the person is sharing. Counsellors or any<br />

professional that has a job where they have to talk to a<br />

patient learn a position called the square. The square is


used to emit a welcoming atmosphere for the person<br />

bonding with them. When others look at their phone while<br />

someone is talking to them it is rude and can cause the<br />

person to feel excluded and neglected. This links to<br />

another question in my survey.<br />

We can clearly see that more than 2⁄3 of people are feeling<br />

neglected by other people, could be their parents and<br />

friends. is can cause serious trouble in the person’s mental<br />

health and also shows a lack of interest and empathy from<br />

the person who is using their phone.<br />

<br />

In addition, this links<br />

to further research I<br />

did. I asked a<br />

question about<br />

friction in<br />

relationships, 6<br />

people said they did<br />

feel like they were<br />

having a hard time.<br />

Similarly, 3 people


feel like they are struggling relating to others. Nevertheless,<br />

this shows how there are many students with low levels of<br />

empathy who don't realize they have this problem. This is<br />

evident because 3 people realized they are struggling<br />

relating to others which is a “symptom” of low empathy. On<br />

the other hand, 5 people showed lack of empathy, this<br />

shows how they aren’t aware of this connection.<br />

One of the biggest findings was that the majority of people<br />

have decided to take a break from social media. A total of<br />

56.5% (or in other words 13 out of 23) provided reasons<br />

such as:<br />

● “Lack of sleep”<br />

● “Because i kept getting bullied in grade 7 (cyber bullying)<br />

● “Procrastination,anxiety,startingtogetmealittlesadbutnott<br />

oomuch.”<br />

● “ProbablybecauseIwasgettingabittooaddictedilemyphonebehindfora<br />

week and felt so much better<br />

without all the craziness of social media- like I could<br />

finally breathe”.<br />

● “Because sometimes I get into a time of life where a lot of<br />

things are happening at the same time and it would've<br />

been better for me to take a break from social media.”<br />

● “I'm gonna be honest because I was too tired to deal with<br />

the drama that happened. So I stopped for maybe 1-2<br />

months and had a very close friend give me advice and<br />

went to Gym.”<br />

● “I was spending too much time, I had to cut down on it.”<br />

Linking back to my literature findings, bonds with fictitious<br />

characters are very common with teenagers (especially<br />

girls). This phenomenon has increased after lockdown<br />

because of the lack of socialization. It is shown in my study


that 10 students said “yes” to creating bonds but 13 said<br />

“no”.Although, due to the fact that there are more boys in<br />

the survey the majority chose ‘no’. In other words more<br />

girls chose yes than boys - which mirrors global trends.<br />

My recommendations to preserve empathy are to<br />

acknowledge your mistakes and make more eye contact<br />

with others. Don’t take things so personally.<br />

Bibliography <br />

Drake, Kimberly. “Is It Possible to Lack Empathy?” Psych<br />

Central, Psych Central, 21 July 2021, psychcentral.com/lib/<br />

why-do-some-people-lack-empathy#lack-of-empathy.<br />

Accessed 11 June 2023.<br />

Chiara Baiano, et al. Empathy through the Pandemic:<br />

Changes of Different Emphatic Dimensions during the<br />

COVID-19 Outbreak. Vol. 19, no. 4, 20 Feb. 2022, pp. 2435–<br />

2435, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8872216/<br />

#:~:text=The%20present%20stud<br />

y%20showed%20that,identify%20with%20fictional%20cha<br />

racters%2C%20increase d., https://doi.org/10.3390/<br />

ijerph19042435. Accessed 11 June 2023.<br />

“Why the World Needs an Empathy Revolution.” Greater<br />

Good, 2019, greatergood.berkeley.edu/article/item/<br />

why_the_world_needs_an_empathy_revolutio<br />

n#:~:text=The%20ability%20to%20connect%20empathicall<br />

y,and%20thrive%20as% 20a%20society. Accessed 11 June<br />

2023.<br />

“Technology and Empathy in the COVID-19 Era.” Center for<br />

Global Development | Ideas to Action, 2020,<br />

www.cgdev.org/publication/technology-and-empathycovid-19-era.<br />

Accessed 11 June 2023.


Bonnette, Rachel. Rethinking Technology’s Impact on<br />

Empathy. 2014.<br />

“Which Factors Shape Our Empathy?” Greater Good, 2017,<br />

greatergood.berkeley.edu/article/item/<br />

which_factors_shape_our_empathy#:~:text=O<br />

ur%20level%20of%20empathy%20does,we%20can%20dev<br />

elop%20through%20eff ort. Accessed 11 June 2023.<br />

What does the digital culture in grade<br />

8 even look like? - Natalie K<br />

(Peer reviewed by Shreedhar)<br />

In today’s day and age, we use technology so much in our<br />

daily lives that we don’t even realize it that much. Because<br />

of this, it is hard to detect how social media influences our<br />

daily lives and how we live, and in what way it impacts our<br />

social life, academic scores, participation, and<br />

collaboration in school. How do we know if it is such an<br />

uncommon topic to discuss with people? Why do people<br />

barely bring up the subject of social media and how<br />

addictive it can be? How addicted are people to social<br />

media around us? Well, you are about to find out after<br />

reading about my findings both in my literature study and<br />

my own study. This case study mainly focuses on 8th<br />

graders in SISQ during the academic year of 2022-23, their<br />

social media usage, what social media app they use the<br />

most, what device they use the most, and if they play<br />

online games or use social media more.


According to the study I did about people in 8th grade of<br />

SISQ, I have been able to find out a lot about our peers as<br />

well as the difference in our views. I was able to form a<br />

hypothesis that I thought that the most used social media<br />

platform would be TikTok or YouTube. This is as I see (from<br />

observations) my peers use it the most (as well as me,<br />

personally, who uses these two platforms quite often in my<br />

daily life). Not only that but I also thought no matter how<br />

many social media platforms they have, it would be the<br />

same continuously, which the results were but it wasn’t the<br />

sort of same I expected. However, my results showed<br />

something quite similar but also quite different which took<br />

me by surprise.<br />

Before I observe and state my results from the survey I<br />

sent out, I will also mention what I discovered during my<br />

literature study when I was trying to find out what people<br />

had already studied about this topic.<br />

One of the first studies was this article published on<br />

exploding topics. According to (Howarth), this article has a<br />

lot of good information about statistics about how much<br />

teenagers use the app, especially information on the<br />

nationality of the people who use TikTok as well as the age<br />

range of the TikTok content creators that are also known as<br />

influencers are all in the age range of 18-24 (52%) and the<br />

other higher percentage is content creators in the age range<br />

of 13-17 (18%). One thing I found quite surprising is that the<br />

percentage of TikTok users is pretty even except that 57%<br />

of users are female and the rest are male. 25% of TikTok<br />

users are in the age range of 10-19.


The second article that piqued my interest was published<br />

by the National Library of Medicine. According to (Tang<br />

and Patrick), there have been very few studies that focus on<br />

children's usage of interactive social media let alone their<br />

academic outcomes of the usage of social media; however,<br />

it is shown that college students’ academics are affected<br />

when using social media. When it comes to gaming and<br />

television screen time, there seem to be more studies that<br />

focus on that for children and social media usage for<br />

college students.<br />

Further information on this topic is included in this<br />

article, it is the difference in males' and females' usage on<br />

screens. It is usually that females text and are on social<br />

media more meanwhile males are gaming online more<br />

instead. It is also shown that white kids watch TV more<br />

than black and Hispanic kids because they have less access<br />

to computers and TVs. According to this research, the<br />

impact of this can be both negative and positive. Why I<br />

think this is because<br />

The third article was a study published in the world<br />

economic forum. According to (Ellerbeck), Almost half of<br />

the teenagers say that they use technology almost<br />

constantly in the last year (2022) compared to 2014/15 who<br />

said that they only used technology several times a day.<br />

It is also mentioned that 95% of teens use youtube, 67%<br />

of teens use Tiktok, and 62% use Instagram (top 3, 2022).<br />

On average, the teens that use the internet the most are<br />

females. When it comes to ethnicity both Hispanic (55%)<br />

and black (56%) teens use the internet the most. When it<br />

comes to age, teens that are in the age range of 15-17 use it<br />

the most (52).<br />

The last article I mentioned showed very different results<br />

due to this study being conducted and published in 2018 by


the Pew Research Center. According to (Anderson and<br />

Jiang), Even though this article has a lot of interesting<br />

information, this study was conducted in 2018 before covid,<br />

meaning that the information on this website is likely to<br />

have changed now after the global pandemic.<br />

When it comes to how teens see how social media affects<br />

their people their age seems to be pretty mixed as well as<br />

pretty debatable amongst the teens. 24% of the people who<br />

took part in this study said it has a negative impact, 45%<br />

said it was neutral and 31% said that it has a positive effect.<br />

It is more common for white and black kids to have access<br />

to computers than Hispanic kids. Another thing is that<br />

when it comes to the parent's level of education and their<br />

income, it shows that people with an income lower than 30<br />

thousand are less likely to have a computer.<br />

On extended research, 66% of TikTok users in the Middle<br />

East are men, according to Statista. The prevalent social<br />

media habits are completely at odds with this.<br />

Now, after reading all of these articles with all of this<br />

information that helped me with my hypothesis, let me<br />

now get into the responses I got to share with the grade that<br />

have helped me build up my case. My only data collection<br />

tool was that I sent out a survey to all of grade 8.<br />

The first chart shown here shows the percentage of both<br />

genders that filled in my form. This is the finalized version<br />

of my form, yes, however, due to a minor<br />

misunderstanding with some other classes from other<br />

grades, I originally had 26 responses, although due to an<br />

inconvenience, 4 responses out of the 26 (15.4%) were<br />

exterminated due to them being contaminated responses.<br />

This question was quite a broad one however it helped<br />

me prove my prediction that the majority of my peers have


a lot of social media platforms, however, when it came to<br />

individual responses (which will be kept confidential),<br />

people either had almost all of the social media platforms I<br />

listed (maybe not up to 3, if they didn't, have all of them),<br />

and if they didn’t they would have very few of the social<br />

media platforms, they would mainly only have access to<br />

WhatsApp, Pinterest, and YouTube for example due to<br />

them not being much considered as social media platforms<br />

because they are more of platforms you can use to watch<br />

videos or chat with<br />

people online.<br />

According to these<br />

results, my<br />

hypothesis was<br />

correct about<br />

people using<br />

YouTube as the<br />

most used social


media however I did not expect Snapchat to be the other<br />

social media platform most used amongst my peers, yes, I<br />

am aware that my peers do have this social media app<br />

however I did not expect it to be the most used amongst all<br />

of the platforms. I am also rather surprised that TikTok and<br />

Instagram resulted equally as the second most used social<br />

media platforms because according to my literature study,<br />

ever since the release of TikTok, people have started using<br />

Instagram less and used TikTok more. I am not very<br />

surprised by these results due to the fact that Snapchat<br />

resulted to be one of the most used social media platforms<br />

out of all that I listed in the 2 previous questions. I am not<br />

surprised about these results because Snapchat is usually<br />

only used as a platform to chat voice or video call with<br />

friends or people you know which doesn’t result in as much<br />

screen time compared to just scrolling through videos or<br />

pictures on different platforms.<br />

I am not very surprised by these responses either<br />

because it is very common for almost everyone in my grade


to have a phone to use out of school and to have a laptop to<br />

use for school however I expected at least some people to<br />

respond with that they used their iPad’s or other devices<br />

more than<br />

their phone and/or<br />

laptop but barely<br />

anyone did which<br />

took me by<br />

surprise.<br />

<br />

These<br />

results are<br />

not that<br />

surprising<br />

because if<br />

you search<br />

up the<br />

average<br />

screen time<br />

of a 13-year-old it shows that from the age of 11-14, their<br />

average screen time is 9 hours per day according to several<br />

reliable sources such as [CDC, OSF healthcare] and other<br />

articles such as (“30+ Average Screen Time Statistics for<br />

2023 | SlickText”) (which isn’t a healthy amount of screen<br />

time of course) however here it is only the screen time on<br />

that device they use the most so they can also have a<br />

certain screen time on a different device which could add<br />

up to 9 hours or even more, however also, about the<br />

answers having a possibility not being completely accurate<br />

because some people might have gotten confused and


answered the question as their total screen time (on all<br />

devices they use daily) and not just on that certain device.<br />

This question was an optional question to answer<br />

however I am surprised that almost everyone actually<br />

answered this question. I did not expect a lot of people to<br />

respond with under 3/10 because I feel like mental health<br />

and social media are very much brought up in school and<br />

even amongst people who just bring up such a topic, or the<br />

students maybe just don’t want to admit that social media<br />

affects your mental health just by using social media daily,<br />

however, of course, everyone has different opinions and it<br />

also depends how that person interacts and uses social<br />

media to either agree or disagree if it affects their mental<br />

health or not.<br />

This question didn’t relate to my study however I was just<br />

curious if maybe it would affect my results or if it would<br />

add up to something, which it didn’t very much except the


fact that maybe due to the very little use of screen time on<br />

their most used social media which was Snapchat (which<br />

people didn’t have big screen time on), it would be because<br />

they played games more, however, I was incorrect, the only<br />

thing it made me observe is that maybe people use their<br />

laptops more not just to use social media (because<br />

nowadays people also have the social media apps on their<br />

laptops, especially WhatsApp and YouTube), but also play<br />

games, which may be why they have such a high screen<br />

time usage.<br />

<br />

In conclusion, with the research that I have conducted<br />

both as primary research sources and secondary research<br />

sources, I believe that I can investigate and look into this a<br />

lot deeper and collect more information about people’s<br />

screen time usage average, what devices they use the most,<br />

if people game more or use social media more, in more<br />

detail, such as survey people, ask people what they use the<br />

apps for, if they just interact with it or as well post their<br />

things on the internet and figure out if is affecting people<br />

around my age range in this school’s grades, if it is affecting<br />

their mental health, sleeping schedule, motivation and so<br />

much more. I also suggest that this should be investigated<br />

in general all over Qatar as I don’t think social media usage


amongst people of all age ranges is discussed that often or<br />

even researched.<br />

References (MLA 8 and alphabetical order):<br />

Anderson, Monica. “Teens, Social Media and Technology<br />

2018.” Pew Research Center: Internet, Science & Tech, 31<br />

May 2018, www.pewresearch.org/internet/2018/05/31/<br />

teens-social-media-technology-2018/<br />

#:~:text=A%20growing%20share%20of%20teens%20describ<br />

e%20their%20internet<br />

%20use%20as%20near%2Dconstant. Accessed 11 June 2023.<br />

“30+ Average Screen Time Statistics for 2023 | SlickText.”<br />

SlickText, 6 Jan. 2023, www.slicktext.com/blog/2023/01/30-<br />

key-screen-time-statistics-for-2022-2023/#:~:t<br />

ext=To%20break%20that%20down%20further,screen%20ti<br />

me%20of%207.5%20ho urs. Accessed 11 June 2023.<br />

Ellerbeck, Stefan. “Nearly Half of US Teens Use the Social<br />

Media “Almost Constantly.”” World Economic Forum, 30<br />

Aug. 2022, www.weforum.org/agenda/2022/08/socialmedia-internet-online-teenagers-screen<br />

s-us/<br />

#:~:text=Youtube%20is%20the%20leading%20social,same%<br />

20for%20Snapchat %20and%20Instagram. Accessed 11 June<br />

2023.<br />

<br />

Howarth, Josh. “TikTok User Age, Gender, &<br />

Demographics (2023).” Exploding Topics, Exploding<br />

Topics, 12 Oct. 2022, explodingtopics.com/blog/tiktokdemographics.<br />

Accessed 11 June 2023.<br />

Legner, Luke. “Kids’ Screen Time: How Much Is Too<br />

Much?” OSF HealthCare Blog, 6 Dec. 2021,<br />

www.osfhealthcare.org/blog/kids-screen-time-how-muchis-too-much/.<br />

Accessed 11 June 2023.<br />

Tang, Sandra, and Megan E Patrick. Technology and<br />

Interactive Social Media Use among 8th and 10th Graders in


the U.S. And Associations with Homework and School<br />

Grades. Vol. 86, 1 Sept. 2018, pp. 34–44,<br />

www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6223659/, https://<br />

doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2018.04.025. Accessed 11 June 2023.<br />

Is technology a bigger priority than<br />

family? - Ellemieke W<br />

After reading Leah’s research, the question arises about<br />

whether technology will ever replace our friends and loved<br />

ones.<br />

While asking this question I have found some interesting<br />

answers from grade 8. I got 16 responses which I agreed to<br />

keep anonymous. Therefore names will not be stated.<br />

I gathered my research by sending out a Google form. For<br />

this research study, I did not choose to interview anyone,<br />

but this did make me wonder if I should check in on some<br />

people who answered this and I decided to refer them to<br />

the school counselor instead.<br />

Whilst doing my own online research, I found some<br />

interesting things about technology. I will put it below in<br />

English and in Dutch as I researched in my mother tongue.<br />

“Volgens ouders en tieners waren de vier belangrijkste<br />

iirzaken van eenzamhijd bij jongeren problemen met geld,<br />

vertrouwen, vriendschappen en verlegenheid.” - Dutch<br />

(https://www.facebook.com/InternetMatters)


“According to parents and teens, the top four causes of<br />

youth loneliness were problems with money, trust,<br />

friendships, and shyness.” <br />

“TalkTalk Teenage Eenzaamheid en technologie verslag<br />

onthult dat de helft van tieners in her VK (48%) denkt dat<br />

sociale media en internet hen minder eenzam voelen,<br />

twerwijl slechts een kwart (26%) van hun ouders darmee<br />

eens is.” - Dutch<br />

(https://www.facebook.com/InternetMatters)<br />

“TalkTalk Teenage Loneliness and Technology report<br />

reveals that half of UK teenagers (48%) think social media<br />

and the internet make them feel less lonely, while only a<br />

quarter (26%) of their parents agree.” - English<br />

Findings from our school<br />

50% of people in grade 8 got their first phone at the ages<br />

of 8-10 (8 people), whereas according to other people's<br />

research, most people only get their first phone at the ages<br />

of 12 or 13. (Kids typically own phones between the ages of<br />

12 and 13. In light of this, parents should make the best<br />

decision on whether their child is prepared for a cell<br />

phone.) - (all4kids) So the information I found is very<br />

shocking to me and very unexpected. As only 31% of<br />

students (5) got their phone when they were 11-12 and only 1<br />

person (6.3%) got their phone at the age of 13-14.<br />

Another thing that really surprised me was the screen<br />

time, according to research, children between the ages of<br />

five and 17 should limit their daily screen time to two hours,


according to some health professionals. (“What Is the<br />

Recommended Screen Time for Children? - Answered -<br />

Twinkl Teaching”) The shocking thing about my research<br />

was that 2 people said they spend less than an hour on<br />

their screens (12.5%), and 1 person (6.3%) spends 2-3 hours<br />

on their screens. But the majority of people (25%/4 people)<br />

said they spend 7-8 hours on screens.<br />

The following image truly shocked me a lot. 2 people (out<br />

of 16 people, 12.5%) think that technology is a better family<br />

than their real family. This, to me, was really shocking as I<br />

did not expect to get this result. I didn’t think anybody<br />

would say this, but I am very thankful that they trusted me<br />

with this information.<br />

To me, another shocking finding was how important<br />

technology was. I did not expect the majority of people to<br />

think technology was a 7. The reason to me was shocking<br />

too. You’d expect people to find technology important<br />

because of social media and to be cool, but most people<br />

said they think it's a 7 so that they can communicate with


friends and family abroad. This completely contradicts my<br />

thesis. Technology is important BECAUSE of family.<br />

I sent a similar research form to some teachers of the<br />

school asking them about technology. For that I got 7<br />

replies, I was hoping for more but I can work with 7 as<br />

these teachers gave me the answers I needed.<br />

Not surprisingly, 100% had phones but one response<br />

surprised me.<br />

One teacher (out of the seven that responded) has<br />

admitted to hiding technology from their kids or partner so


that the other is unaware of how much they are using it.<br />

Not many people would blame this person if they were<br />

hiding it from their kids because if the kids see an adult<br />

using technology they would probably want to use it more<br />

too. But what if they were hiding it from their partner is<br />

that question that was shocking? This was probably the<br />

most interesting question in my form, and I got an<br />

interesting response too.<br />

In conclusion no, technology is not a bigger priority than<br />

family. But that does not mean that we don’t have some<br />

students that are struggling.<br />

My recommendation is that we should check on students<br />

in different grades. Whether it's a higher grade than grade 8<br />

or lower. I would think I would get many different results<br />

varying from each grade. Another recommendation is that<br />

if someone is shocked by a result, they should check in on<br />

them. Even if you are not sure it is major, for their safety<br />

you could check in on them. Mentally or physically. If they<br />

are not okay you could help them by telling an adult that<br />

can help.<br />

References<br />

https://www.twinkl.com/teaching-wiki/recommendedscreen-time-for-children#:~:text=It's<br />

recommended that<br />

children under,screen time to 2 hours.<br />

https://www.internetmatters.org/nl/hub/news-blogs/newresearch-reveals-parent-and-teen-divide-over-impact-oftech-on-loneliness/


https://www.all4kids.org/news/blog/when-shouldchildren-get-cell-phones-2/#:~:text=The<br />

average age kids<br />

get,ready for a cell phone.<br />

How have females of color (ages 11-15)<br />

been affected by white beauty trends<br />

online? - Madelyn D<br />

With the rise of social media, the skincare, makeup and<br />

fashion industries have continued to grow, with current<br />

data showing that this pattern will continue for the coming<br />

years. Beauty trends especially have been displayed all<br />

throughout social media, gaining large followings. Tik Tok<br />

is now a platform with an enormous audience of a wide<br />

range of ages, making it extremely popular among young,<br />

impressionable<br />

teens.<br />

Though these<br />

platforms are<br />

‘social’, the majority<br />

of effects are the<br />

opposite with selfesteem,<br />

socialanxiety<br />

and<br />

confidence taking<br />

great reverberations.<br />

This is a result of the<br />

social comparison in<br />

which the platform


users are exposed.<br />

With the human addiction of becoming a global sensation<br />

and gaining income, waves of beauty trends surface Tik Tok<br />

monthly. These trends entail dressing or looking a certain<br />

way, whether it be with the use of makeup, or a different<br />

hairstyle. What the majority of people don't see however, is<br />

the lack of representation these trends have, stemming in<br />

negative responses, predominantly in females.<br />

Tiktok, launched in 2016 by ‘ByteDance’ (A Chinese<br />

technology company). It eventually became, for some, a<br />

periodical application, and for others, part of their daily<br />

routine. It should be noted that Tik Tok uses an ‘algorithm<br />

system’ in which individual engagement is evoked by<br />

recommendations, resulting in a highly personalized<br />

experience. Consequently, no one trend is seen by all users.<br />

However, creators can encourage their videos to be<br />

recommended with the use of hashtags. These hashtags<br />

allow videos to reach accounts with more ease, ultimately<br />

allowing the creator to receive more views and<br />

engagement.<br />

The online beauty trend which has proven to have a great<br />

following is the ‘Vanilla-girl’ trend. “On TikTok, the hashtag<br />

#vanillagirl has amassed an enormous 547.1 million views<br />

and counting, while #vanillagirlaesthetic isn't far behind at<br />

141.2 million.``, “It consists of just a dab of concealer,<br />

blush-flushed cheeks, fluffed-up brows, a slick of mascara,<br />

and (almost always) straight, blonde hair.” (Lartey). In spite<br />

of this trend’s seemingly innocent appearance, the true<br />

effects of this trend can even be seen in the name of it.<br />

‘Vanilla’ has had a prolonged use in writing and cosmetics,<br />

typically describing ‘white-ness’. This term can be seen in


ordinary situations, for example foundation, “deeper skin<br />

tones are often referred to as 'chocolate', 'caramel', 'toffee',<br />

or 'cinnamon'. To suggest<br />

that the vanilla girl<br />

beauty trend is inclusive<br />

would be untrue.”<br />

(Lartey). This trend<br />

promotes the features<br />

primarily seen in white<br />

females and does have<br />

significant<br />

representation of<br />

females of color.<br />

Following this trend, I conducted research regarding the<br />

whitening-products sold in skincare, predominantly in<br />

Asian countries. As per this source (Noble), “Half of the<br />

population in Korea, Malaysia, and the Philippines uses<br />

some kind of skin lightening treatment. And it's even higher<br />

in India (60%) and African countries, such as Nigeria<br />

(77%).”. In contrast to online media trends, this is no<br />

original discovery. Light skin was recognized as a luxury as<br />

it meant that the person was not required to work in the<br />

sun. “Having light skin implied that one was a woman of<br />

high class, education, and leisure,” (Noble). However, this<br />

meant that those without a lighter complexion, were not<br />

seen as to such a high degree. These ideologies carried into<br />

current trends and beauty standards in the present.<br />

Overall, ‘whitening’ has become incredibly normalized<br />

despite the fact that the term itself creates a society in<br />

which white and euro-centric features are the ‘norm’. It<br />

should be noted that these features are also praised on<br />

social media, a platform that is majority western creating a


larger need for ‘white-washing’ one's self as it is ‘required’<br />

increasingly.<br />

At this time, I was thoroughly informed in cosmetics and<br />

makeup trends, however not in cosmetic surgery. Plastic<br />

surgery has created a large ripple in the world of beauty<br />

today. Plastic surgery dates back as far as the 1400s with<br />

nose jobs gaining popularity up until the late 18th century,<br />

eventually developing into facial reconstruction for soldiers<br />

in war. Now, it is widely<br />

known as a cosmetic<br />

service opposed to its<br />

past reconstructive<br />

purpose. Plastic<br />

surgery is most<br />

commonly recognized<br />

as the ‘nose-job’ as it is<br />

the most commonly<br />

seen and normalized.<br />

“Approximately 74<br />

percent of patients who get rhinoplasty, commonly<br />

referred to as a nose job, are white. But a narrow, one-sizefits-all<br />

focus on the “American nose” fails to preserve<br />

patients’ ethnic identity” (“Redirecting”). In particular, the<br />

26 percent of patients, do not only have aesthetic based<br />

alterations, but health alterations. “Applying Caucasian<br />

rhinoplasty guidelines to the face of an African-American,<br />

Asian, Native American, or Middle Eastern patient may<br />

result in potential breathing issues and an increased risk for<br />

needing multiple or revisional surgeries.” (“Redirecting”).<br />

Plastic surgery was once purely for changing lives of those<br />

with health related complications. Now it has become a


usiness for aesthetics. People seek out the ‘white nose’ to<br />

adhere to the white beauty standards. However, these<br />

surgeries can result in breathing issues in different ethnic<br />

backgrounds. Additionally, altering one's nose can<br />

permanently result in a loss of ethnic features and cultures.<br />

Alternatively to the topic of “white-washing”.<br />

Within east Asia, a particular surgery is very relevant. The<br />

‘double-eyelid’ surgery. This surgery entails the surgically<br />

created upper eyelid<br />

crease to mimic a more<br />

‘open’ eye. The procedure<br />

is incredibly common with<br />

there often being a very<br />

young age limit. “In Japan,<br />

for example, 187,000<br />

eyelid procedures were<br />

done in 2017 – well over<br />

the amount of every other<br />

surgical procedure<br />

combined (roughly<br />

107,000).” (Ng). The purpose of this surgery is to ‘widen’<br />

the eyes to achieve a more ‘attractive’ and ‘western’ look.<br />

Though, like most cosmetic procedures, it is undermining<br />

the natural ethnic features of the person to attain a<br />

conventional adhered appearance.<br />

CHOSEN SAMPLE & PRESENTATION OF DATA<br />

I have chosen to collect data from a young-teen sample as<br />

social media has sky-rocketed in youth. The covid<br />

pandemic plays a large part in this as during the lockdown,<br />

teens were secluded to nothing but their devices. At one<br />

point in the pandemic, Tik Tok reached almost 80 million<br />

downloads. It should be noted that Tik Tok has an age limit


of 12+, yet children younger than this have the ability to<br />

access the exact content as every other person. Does this<br />

unlimited internet access have consequences of ‘growing<br />

up too quickly’?<br />

To answer this question, I conducted a survey for the SISQ<br />

grades: 6, 7, 8, particularly females of color, to find out if<br />

these online beauty trends actually have a difference on the<br />

maturing mind of a female imprisoned into a world with<br />

unrealistic beauty standards.<br />

The data was collected anonymously and ethically and was<br />

shared with the school counselor for provisional support.<br />

My interpretations of my data are that SISQ, Swiss<br />

International School of Qatar, generally does not follow the<br />

global trend except for the use of filters. <br />

I suspect that this is due to less exposure which Qatar has<br />

to western social media. In addition, Qatar is a Muslim<br />

country, making it reasonably conservative which could<br />

counteract the drastic trends online. Nonetheless, those<br />

who are exposed to the rapid modernization of media, do<br />

show similarities to young teens who are exposed to media<br />

without restrictions. Because of this, I believe that the lack<br />

of diversity in the modern trends and set beauty standards<br />

are relevant in SISQ.<br />

MY RECOMMENDATIONS<br />

With reference to my findings, it is undoubtedly important<br />

to raise awareness and to inform students, parents and<br />

teachers of the effects social media has on youth. I<br />

recommend doing so in mandatory advisory sessions and/


or assembly classes where information, such as the sources<br />

previously stated, should be thoroughly discussed to create<br />

a broader understanding of the effects that social media<br />

has. I believe that it is of utmost importance to highlight the<br />

effect social media has on females of color specifically, as<br />

the lack of representation online is not something that can<br />

be overlooked. If overlooked, a blindspot is created


preventing people from seeing the whole picture -<br />

ultimately resulting in a loss of care for the young<br />

generations left unprotected from the harsh reality of social<br />

media.<br />

Additionally, the role of parents in social media which their<br />

children are exposed to, should be studied to create a<br />

better understanding of how parents influence their<br />

children's decisions. This study could be conducted with a<br />

subsidiary survey to gather honest and clear information.<br />

Parents contribute to the development of the child,<br />

meaning that their parenting styles could have an effect<br />

towards the child's way of approaching life and their self<br />

control of social media. As a result, I believe that this topic<br />

is incredibly important to prevent the ‘blind spot’ from<br />

occurring.<br />

CONCLUSION<br />

Social media paved the way for a new world of connected<br />

services through portable devices, much different from the<br />

once complex communication services. Social media has<br />

been developed to promote, teach and, not to mention,<br />

generate new markets. <br />

Through social media, people are influenced to follow an<br />

exponential way of life. This is done with the help of<br />

‘influencers’ or a coded and calculated algorithms,<br />

delivering all one needs for a consistent connection.<br />

However, the effects of this innovative culture of online<br />

interactions is far more than what meets the eye.<br />

In the words of Albert Einstein, “I am absolutely convinced<br />

that no wealth in the world can help humanity forward,


even in the hands of the most devoted worker in this cause.<br />

The example of great and pure characters is the only thing<br />

that can produce fine ideas and noble deeds. Money only<br />

appeals to selfishness and always tempts its owners<br />

irresistibly to abuse it”. <br />

Applications once dedicated to entertainment, have now<br />

shown to be dedicated towards generating a ‘buzz’ all for<br />

the sake of profit. <br />

Young followers buy into this and allow creators to gain the<br />

following they need for their net-worth to skyrocket. So<br />

what is the effect on the followers? Thousands of popular<br />

online trends surface monthly, promoting non-inclusive<br />

standards of appearance and lifestyle. However these<br />

trends do have an origin. Beauty standards have been<br />

prominent for years, dictating the way one should appear.<br />

The effects of these are lowered self-esteem and unrealistic<br />

views on beauty and how to achieve it.<br />

In SISQ, a large portion of grades 6, 7, 8, particularly<br />

females of color, have similar effects to social media and<br />

what it promotes in spite of their young age. Consequently,<br />

I believe that it is important to debrief the severity of social<br />

media’s effects and the danger it poses. Without adapted<br />

use of social media, the preconceived beliefs of one's self<br />

worth, are set to endure.<br />

All images were taken from the Dove Reverse Selfie Campaign.<br />

BIBLIOGRAPHY<br />

● Lartey, Alicia. “Here’s the Big Problem with TikTok’s<br />

“Vanilla Girl.”” Refinery29.com, Refinery29, 18 Jan. 2023,


www.refinery29.com/en-us/tiktok-vanilla-girl-aestheticbeauty-trend-problematic.<br />

Accessed 30 Mar. 2023.<br />

● Noble, Audrey. “Skin Lightening Is Fraught with Risk,<br />

but It Still Thrives in the Asian Beauty Market—Here’s Why.”<br />

Vogue, Vogue, 9 Aug. 2019, www.vogue.com/article/skinlightening-risks-asian-beauty-market.<br />

Accessed 4 Apr. 2023.<br />

● “The Art of Ethnic Rhinoplasty: A Nose Job That<br />

Preserves Your Cultural Identity | Plastic Surgery | UT<br />

Southwestern Medical Center.” Utswmed.org, 2021,<br />

utswmed.org/medblog/ethnic-rhinoplasty-nose-job/.<br />

Accessed 4 Apr. 2023.<br />

● Ng, Amanda. “Why Is the Double Eyelid Surgery so<br />

Popular in Asia?” Dazed, Dazed Digital, 27 Feb. 2019,<br />

www.dazeddigital.com/beauty/article/43499/1/why-doubleeyelid-surgery-popular-asia.<br />

Accessed 6 Apr. 2023.<br />

● “Albert Einstein Quote.” A-Z Quotes, 2023,<br />

www.azquotes.com/quote/536395. Accessed 31 May<br />

2023.2023.


How much time do SISQ students<br />

spend on screens compared to the<br />

global average? - Dustin M<br />

Today's children spend a large amount of time staring at<br />

screens, which include a variety of electronic devices such<br />

as smartphones, tablets, computers, and televisions. The<br />

development of technology and the digital age has resulted<br />

in a fundamental change in the way children engage with<br />

the world around them. According to surveys(“Kids as<br />

Young as 8 Are Using Social Media More than Ever, Study<br />

Finds (Published 2022)”) and (Siegel), children aged 13-14<br />

spend around 8-9 hours each day on screens, which<br />

includes entertainment, educational activities, and social<br />

contacts. <br />

While screen time provides various advantages, such as<br />

access to information and connectivity, it is critical to find a


alance and encourage a wide variety of activities to<br />

maintain children's overall growth and well-being.<br />

I recently conducted a research survey on the topic to<br />

compare the results which I had found online to the ones<br />

that I would get at the end of the survey. I found that the<br />

highest value of total time spent on screens was 16 hours,<br />

that is two thirds of a day set on screen time, meaning that<br />

this user only doesn’t use screens when they go to sleep,<br />

which is quite concerning as this response came from a 8th<br />

grader in the Swiss International School of Qatar. However,<br />

the lowest value was 1-2 hours but this user also stated that<br />

they spent 3-4 hours on screen-time despite their total<br />

screen time being only 1-2 hours, thus making this response<br />

invalid. The next lowest value was 3-4 hours. The majority<br />

of respondents stated that they only spent 7-8 hours on<br />

screen-time which isn’t the best thing in the world,<br />

however it is much less in comparison to the highest value<br />

recorded.<br />

Excessive screen time has become a growing concern in<br />

today’s digital age/generation. However, there are several<br />

effective ways to diffuse this habit and strike a healthy<br />

balance. First, creating different limits and designating<br />

screen-free areas or times might be helpful. To ensure a<br />

break from screens, set aside certain times each day for<br />

things like exercise, hobbies, or spending time with loved<br />

ones. Additionally, avoiding mindless scrolling may be<br />

accomplished by engaging in attentive screen usage, which<br />

involves being conscious of the objective and duration of<br />

each session. Taking part in non-screen activities such as<br />

reading books, exercising outside, or engaging in creative<br />

pursuits is another beneficial strategy. Last but not least,


using screen time tracking applications or features on<br />

devices can offer insights into usage trends and assist<br />

people in efficiently managing their screen time. One may<br />

adopt a healthy lifestyle and reduce excessive screen time<br />

by putting these tips into practice.<br />

Some responses stated that their total screen time is less<br />

than the amount of screen-time that they say is used for<br />

work. Some students stated that their screen-time was<br />

equivalent to the amount of time they spent on work,<br />

meaning that they have used all of their screen time just on<br />

work. This either means that they are fully dedicated to<br />

their work and only work, or that they have just submitted<br />

in is invalid. In comparison to the average set by<br />

“mykidseyes.org”, our school’s current 8th graders in the<br />

2022-23 year has on average, is 7.25 hours, which is<br />

significantly less than the average set by the online source.<br />

This means that some of our students do indeed spend<br />

quite a lot of time on screens, however if we look at the<br />

majority of our students, we are much less than the world<br />

average.<br />

In conclusion, the screen time that children among today<br />

use is a significant concern, the survey which I conducted<br />

revealed that there are various amounts levels of screen<br />

time amongst the students, such as previously mentioned<br />

before; having students with 16 hours of screen time tells us<br />

that we need an awareness for moderation of screen time,<br />

especially with the fact that this was sent in by a 13-14 year<br />

old teenager in the eighth grade. <br />

On the other hand, there were also other students who<br />

showed that they spent less time, however the large<br />

majority of students (which was 9 students) still fell into the


7-8 bracket. While it is still a substantial amount of screentime,<br />

the students aren’t above the world average in screen<br />

time. I think that it’s quite important to address the<br />

negative impacts of using too much screen time on<br />

children’s mental health, well being and development. I<br />

think that by setting time limits, creating screen-free zones<br />

or only certain amounts of screen time per day, we can<br />

greatly reduce the amount of screen-time SISQ students<br />

spend on their screens. By doing these, we can greatly<br />

reduce the amount of time students spend on screens to a<br />

more moderate and healthy level.<br />

This article was peer reviewed by Rita K.<br />

Is screen-time affected by parental<br />

ethnicity? - Grace M and Rita K<br />

Grace explores how ethnicity impacts screen time while Rita<br />

continues Grace’s findings by looking at how being a TCK<br />

causes our students to access devices at a very young age -<br />

even in cultures that are normally very conservative.<br />

Have you ever wondered why certain kids spend more<br />

time or less time on their devices? Perhaps you haven’t but<br />

this is something that truly does need to be looked into.<br />

Due to different nationalities, this can change how parents<br />

use strategies to teach their children discipline.<br />

I decided to study this topic because it is something that<br />

is not openly discussed amongst both the younger<br />

generation or the older generation. Due to the rise of<br />

screen time usage I believe that this needs to be addressed<br />

which is why I have decided to conduct research revolving


around the topic of nationalities and screen time to avoid<br />

cultural misunderstandings.<br />

My literature findings show that a child’s ethnicity truly<br />

does influence their screen time usage and according to the<br />

Journal of Pediatrics, a white child’s average screen time is<br />

3.99 hours per day however black children are seemingly<br />

on their devices for 1.58 hours more. Although this is the<br />

case with white and black children, Asians seem to have an<br />

average of 0.35 hours less than white children thus making<br />

them the ethnicity with the least screen time. <br />

The research reflected findings from Canada, the USA<br />

and South Africa.<br />

The research I am going to conduct is related to the<br />

nationality of the child not the ethnicity of the child and,<br />

although there are some similarities, there are also some<br />

differences regarding the colour of the child's skin as all<br />

children can be both black, white, asian, latino and still<br />

biologically be from somewhere as many families nowadays<br />

tend to be of mixed nationality.<br />

This journal was released in 2022 but their findings were<br />

before COVID-19 as I personally do not agree that these<br />

results would be accurate now as children most definitely<br />

have a higher screen time then 3-6 hours as many school<br />

use laptops and ipads nowadays to supply students with<br />

materials, homework, e.t.c.<br />

My choice of data collection tools<br />

I chose to use a google form to collect my data that I<br />

needed in order to conduct this research as it is efficient


and I can modify my questionnaire in anyway I please<br />

meaning that these questions will directly be targeting the<br />

audience in order for them to give me results which I can<br />

work with to conclude my research. In order to confirm<br />

that my data collection is efficient, I have asked my peers to<br />

fill in their name and nationality which I will not disclose to<br />

anyone other than the school counsellor as they have the<br />

right to privacy. <br />

My research findings<br />

Firstly, I sent out a form which had questions regarding<br />

their nationality, ages they received a device, and screen<br />

time usage. My first question on my survey was in regard to<br />

their nationality as this is nearly the most important<br />

information I needed from the 25 students that have filled<br />

out my form; however , only 24 disclosed their<br />

nationalities. I discovered that there are 21 different<br />

nationalities within these 24 people who disclosed their<br />

nationality, which proves that SISQ is truly a multicultural<br />

and international school.


Secondly, I uncovered that 12% of the 25 people who<br />

filled out my form address themselves as part of the French<br />

Nationality which in my opinion is not surprising<br />

considering the fact SISQ is known to have French as their<br />

second language. <br />

My second question was addressing my peers and asking<br />

them when they had gotten their first Iphone (if they had<br />

one) and I soon found that 9 in 25 people had gotten their<br />

first phone at 11-13 however 12 in 25 people have gotten their<br />

first phone from ages 8-11.<br />

If I were to further improve my survey this is something I<br />

would include as well as their school week screen time<br />

usage could be very different in comparison to their at<br />

home screen time usage on a weekend. Lastly, the sum of<br />

my research has shown me that the majority with higher<br />

screen times do not reach the sleep minimum for our age<br />

category which is 9 hours and above. For example, 6 out of<br />

25 people have a sleep schedule of 6-7 hours of sleep and 3<br />

students have filled in the form saying they consistently only<br />

have 5 hours or less of sleep and 2 of these students said 3<br />

hours or less of sleep.<br />

The students screen times which have 6-7 hours of sleep<br />

range from 10-12 hours of screen time which is in quite a high<br />

range. This is close to almost half a day which is roughly just<br />

below the amount of hours a student is awake. For example, if<br />

these students are only getting 6-7 hours of sleep on average<br />

(say they go to sleep at 10-11 and wake up at 5am everyday for<br />

school) this means they’re awake for 17-18 hours a day and<br />

10-12 of these hours are occupied with using screens.


In more extreme cases where students are getting 5 hours of<br />

sleep or less their screen time seemingly ranges from 10-16<br />

hours however there was 1 extreme case where an anonymous<br />

participant that has filled out this form has a rough screen<br />

time average of 31 hours and you may ask how this is<br />

physically possible as there are only 24 hours in a day,<br />

however, using multiple devices at once adds onto the amount<br />

of screen time usage being done as the brain is not fixated to<br />

one device but multiple at a time which is even more<br />

damaging.<br />

Another interesting piece of data I uncovered was the<br />

fact that these children that have higher levels of screen<br />

time have parents who do not ask for them to place their<br />

devices in another room other than the room they’re<br />

sleeping in which can hugely affect their sleeping schedule<br />

as they have access to electronic devices in the room which<br />

may distract them from the sleep they should be getting.<br />

But is this affected by ethnicity?<br />

My limited study suggests that our school is similar to the<br />

global study with Asian students reporting that their<br />

parents are stricter when controlling devices. This varies<br />

when children come from multi cultural backgrounds as<br />

these families tend to be more easy going.<br />

I recommend that we study this across the school to<br />

learn from different cultures about how we can work<br />

together to help our students to handle technology.


Rita notes that:<br />

When you got your first device, preferably a cellphone,<br />

did you ever think about how much it could affect your<br />

mental health if you got it at a young age? Well in this<br />

generation that doesn’t matter anymore because phones<br />

are the “hype” now and if you were caught not having a<br />

phone it would cause drama between the person that<br />

DOESN’T have a phone and the kids that have a phone so<br />

today I will discuss with you the age that people in G8 got<br />

their first-ever cell phone and whether they think it’s<br />

essential in society. In reality, having and not having a<br />

phone shouldn’t matter because after researching about<br />

this I discovered that most of the students in school that<br />

have a phone or don’t use it during class have a higher<br />

chance to get good grades and go to an ivy league<br />

university. If parents ever give their kids a phone at a young<br />

age it damages their mental health (“Phones in the<br />

Classroom Hurt Everyone’s Grades”).<br />

I will be showing my data collection here. What I have<br />

found during this research activity for my survey is that<br />

most of the people in G8 got a cell phone when they were<br />

in the age range of 10-12 which I don’t think is good because<br />

they weren’t even teenagers yet and they got a phone<br />

because other people had it so ultimately it’s “cool” to have<br />

one. <br />

Sadly, none of us can control whether our parents would<br />

want to give us a phone or not. What we do need to think<br />

about is the fact that some people got their first phone<br />

when they weren’t even a teenager, this might concern lots


of people as some of them got their phone when they were<br />

almost 16 and I think that for the students that got it or have<br />

it now when they were younger than a teen shouldn’t have<br />

social media as it would affect them mentally because they<br />

would be thinking about what other people think about<br />

them which isn't good as peoples opinion on the internet<br />

doesn’t and shouldn’t matter to you whether you’re below<br />

12 and above or below. Social media apps like Tiktok ruin<br />

young audiences because of the way they are advertising<br />

their app and the people that are on that app. Tiktok<br />

should be an app where everyone can express themselves<br />

and show what they love on the internet to influence others<br />

or help them if there’s any trouble. But pre-teens should<br />

not be unsupervised on an app where people are scared to<br />

be themselves and show their interests.<br />

And that is very much the case with some of our<br />

students.<br />

I found that 62.5% of students in G8 got their first phone<br />

in the age range of 10-12. This isn’t good as I suggest parents<br />

should be giving them a phone when they are mature<br />

enough to understand why they have it and how it works.<br />

Parents could always give their kids a phone for only calling<br />

them whenever they go outside and you have no contact<br />

for now.<br />

33.3% of students in G8 got their first phone when they<br />

were in the age range of 7-9 which I think is outrageous<br />

because they are way too young to have a device that isn’t<br />

an iPad. I think that at that age, kids aren’t mature enough<br />

and don’t understand anything about it because they are<br />

too young, but I do think that parents should take into<br />

consideration that the only device a 7-9-year-old should


have is an iPad. 66.7% of students think that kids should get<br />

their first phone when they are between the ages of 12-14<br />

and I think that this is an appropriate age range for kids to<br />

get their first phone because they are mature enough to<br />

understand how a phone works and if their parents give it<br />

for only calling then the teen would understand why they<br />

got the phone and ask for permission to download any<br />

games. <br />

On a scale from 1-10, 25% of students chose 7 on the<br />

importance of having a phone which could be reasonable<br />

because of contacting family that lives far away or if you<br />

want to contact your friends if they also live far away from<br />

you. One of the answers I got mentioned what’s important<br />

to have a phone and their personal opinion on<br />

downloading social media on your phone.<br />

Most of my responses were from girls though I did get<br />

enough boys to answer my survey so that it’s an even<br />

amount of boys and girls to get an accurate result. 54.2% of<br />

the students in G8 are 14 years old which shows me that the<br />

people that have chosen the 7-9 age to get their first phone<br />

concerns me, it would upset other people that got their first<br />

phone when they were 12-14 because getting a device like<br />

that at a young age wouldn’t help the child get more mature<br />

due to their parents/parent getting them a cellphone when<br />

they aren’t even a teenager yet. Some of the findings I have<br />

gotten from my survey do concern me due to the responses<br />

I've gotten from people because all of this is confidential. I<br />

won’t be sharing it with anyone, it does shock me the ages<br />

people have gotten their phone and how important they<br />

think having a phone is for example, one person on my


survey got their phone when they were 7-9 and put the<br />

number 8 for the importance of having a phone, although I<br />

respect whatever answer they put this is an example of why<br />

I do get concerned for some of the people that responded<br />

to my survey.<br />

In conclusion, I believe that the mature age for a child to<br />

get a phone is 13-15 this is because they have the<br />

responsibility, they know how to work a phone, and they<br />

are mature enough to realize that hiding stuff from your<br />

parents on their phone makes them untrustworthy to the<br />

parent.<br />

<br />

Bibliography <br />

https://www.jpeds.com/article/S0022-3476(21)00862-3/<br />

pdf#:~:text=On average, Black children reported,trends<br />

persisted across most modalities


What are the effects of social media<br />

on MYP students at SISQ? - Adwita V<br />

With recommendations based on research by Mete S<br />

How does social media affect you? In MYP, we are<br />

transitioning into adolescence . Social media doesn’t help<br />

the awkwardness - it actually makes it worse.<br />

According to my literature study, there has been: “A 17 %<br />

increase in screen use among teens and tweens in the last 2<br />

years more than in the last 4 years prior. On average 8-12-<br />

year-olds have been online for more than 5 hours per day.<br />

Teens (13-18)have increased online time to over 8 hours per<br />

day.” (“Social Media”) <br />

Between 1-2 hours of social media affects both the perception<br />

of oneself and their mental being. <br />

Most results, surprisingly did not correspond with the<br />

literature study, in fact, it, in some cases has some positive<br />

impact on the subject.<br />

At SISQ, a negative example of the amount of time that an<br />

average 8th grader spends on a device (for non-related<br />

school work), is an average of 9 hours a day, and this was<br />

fully on social media and this does not include the time that<br />

was spent on work. <br />

As we all know, there are 24 hours, every. single. day.


So, hypothetically since there are 6 hours of school, we<br />

can say 4 hours are used on a device, for school, and 2<br />

hours for homework. So 8 hours for work and with that<br />

average 9 hours from my research, which is a total of 17<br />

hours together, so in total 17 hours would be spent per day.<br />

So 7 hours would be spent in the day, sleeping.<br />

Another quote from my research study shows how<br />

alarming the effect is:<br />

“ It was found that teens spend more than 7 hours on<br />

average per day on screen for entertainment and tweens<br />

spend more than 5 hours online and that doesn’t include<br />

using screens for homework. But there has been a large<br />

drop in watching television and using tv, but that does not<br />

make up for how much the time average has increased.”<br />

(Holcombe)<br />

See how alarming that is?<br />

To summarize, “teens” need at least 8 hours of sleep, but if<br />

you have this confounding dynamic which was mentioned<br />

above, you would be online for 17 hours per day, and then<br />

when it is about 7:00 pm they would go to sleep.<br />

Which doesn’t make sense.<br />

From personal experience, this age group sleeps around<br />

9-10 pm time. Which obviously means, they would spend<br />

more time on a screen.<br />

Now this get’s into a disturbing and alarming cycle of just<br />

looking at devices all day(including lunch- breakfast and<br />

dinner!). A daily schedule of an 8th-grade child would look<br />

like this:<br />

- Wake up (with device)<br />

- Go to school (with devices)


- After school (with device)<br />

- Routine (with device)<br />

- Home (with device)<br />

- Sleep (with device)<br />

Now this shows a pattern, a disgusting one.<br />

My research shows that about 86% of my literature study<br />

findings were correct, based on personal experience as<br />

well. This affects “teens” more negatively than positively. A<br />

figure example<br />

is provided<br />

below.<br />

Now, as you<br />

can see in the<br />

above picture,<br />

the severity<br />

scale is 1 being<br />

fine and 5<br />

being very concerned. Shown above, is a total of 18<br />

students who have taken the survey. And 10 people are<br />

concerned, and the other 8 are not. But taking into<br />

consideration the answers, the majority did show that they<br />

were concerned. Another concern for me is that at this age,<br />

the mind goes through a very delicate phase of sorts, and at<br />

this sort of time, parents would need to take care of their<br />

child more.<br />

This is where deception comes into play.<br />

Normally when your parents tell you something, you<br />

wouldn’t listen to them. In fact times it’s just innocent<br />

ignorance. But the problem with this “rebelling” is that it<br />

can take a toll on your body, mind, and the way you think.


Let’s look at a scenario:<br />

A 13-year-old named Sarah is your typical teenage girl. She<br />

has 2 younger brothers and a mother and father. Now Sarah<br />

spends quite a lot of time with her phone. She has it in her<br />

hand at all times. Sarah’s parents are quite strict and they<br />

take her phone away at night in order for her to have a<br />

stable sleep pattern. But at one point, Sarah gets so sick of<br />

having her belongings taken away at night, she sneaks in<br />

and takes her phone. At this point, Sarah feels brave<br />

enough to use her phone. She stays maybe up till 3:00 am<br />

in the morning scrolling through her phone. This now<br />

becomes an addiction, her sleep pattern is now ruined and<br />

she spends up to 17 hours a day on her phone.<br />

This scenario would be in the worst case.<br />

Taking care of a child is important, but parents have to<br />

understand that if you become strict with a child, especially<br />

at such a delicate age, it would end in the child keeping<br />

secrets from you and deceiving you and it would end<br />

bitterly. So freedom is the key.<br />

But not too much of it.<br />

Mete offers a different approach by suggesting that physical<br />

activity could provide a way to break the addiction. Here are<br />

his findings and recommendations:<br />

Most of the people I interviewed were between the ages 12-14<br />

years old. 85% of people were females and 15% were males (11<br />

females and 2 males). When I asked how long they would<br />

typically spend on a screen, my data revealed that most people


30.8% spend about 8 hours per day on a screen/device. The<br />

least common result was 7.7% <br />

1 person spent around 1 hour per day on a screen.<br />

In comparison to the amount of sports people are doing per<br />

week, my data revealed that the most common answer was<br />

23.1% people spent 7 hours per week doing sports and one of<br />

the lowest answers but highest amount of doing sports per<br />

week was 7.7% as 1 person was doing over 11 hours per week. <br />

Another one of the lowest responses was 7.7% as 1 person was<br />

doing only 3 hours of sports per week. However, 3 hours of this<br />

could be explained by doing P.E because in a week there are 2<br />

P.E lessons and they take 2 hours each so the amount of time<br />

they are doing sports willingly is 1 hour if they are only doing 3<br />

hours of doing sports per week. When I asked how long people<br />

would typically spend reading per week, the most common<br />

answer was 38.5% people spent 5 hours reading per week and<br />

the least common answer and lowest amount of reading was<br />

7.7% person spent around 1 hour reading per week. A small<br />

number of people (1person) spent more than 10 hours per week<br />

doing sport.<br />

<br />

When I asked at what age people first received their own<br />

device, the most common answer was 11 years old (3 people)<br />

Only 1 person was older, receiving their first device at age 13.<br />

Another responder said they received their first device at the<br />

age of 6.<br />

When asked about the amount of time spent willingly going<br />

without their device, the most common answer was more than<br />

5 hours (38.5% 5 people). The least common answer was (7% 1


person) less than 5 hours. However, it’s possible that people<br />

counted sleeping as part of this time spent without their<br />

device.<br />

Recommendations<br />

From the data I collected, it is clear to see that people spend a<br />

lot of time on their screens and not enough outside playing<br />

sports or doing exercise. I recommend that people should<br />

spend at least more than 5 hours a week playing sports or<br />

doing some sort of exercise for example if it is swimming,<br />

football, gym, squash or athletics. Playing sports increases<br />

blood flow to the brain and helps the body have more<br />

connection between nerves, helping concentration and helping<br />

memory.<br />

Headphones or headaches: are we<br />

harming our hearing? - Jana E?<br />

All of us like to watch Netflix and<br />

Youtube as well as listen to music but<br />

do we know how many teenagers do<br />

this while doing their homework? <br />

According to Insider, Netflix and<br />

YouTube make up 70.7% of video


entertainment among teens. There are a lot of students<br />

who aren’t aware of the risks of using headphones- after<br />

one gets tired after finishing homework, they fall asleep<br />

with their headphones on which could have serious<br />

consequences such as hearing difficulties, earaches, ear<br />

infections, and a lot more that I myself wasn’t even aware<br />

of! <br />

MedicalNewsToday says that being exposed to loud sounds<br />

for a long duration can have effects on the auditory nerve<br />

of the cochlea which is in your ear. They recommend a<br />

sound level of 85 decibels and no louder than that.<br />

In this essay, I’ll be exploring topics that range from<br />

statistics of students who do the above while studying,<br />

students who fall asleep with their headphones on,<br />

consequences of using headphones a handful of times and<br />

what we could do to prevent this.<br />

I did a research study that consisted of surveys and online<br />

interviews throughout the whole of MYP at SISQ. The<br />

grades ranged from 6-10 as it could give me information on<br />

whether this could occur to certain age groups. Some of the<br />

questions from the survey include;<br />

- Name + class<br />

- Age<br />

- Do you occasionally listen to music, Netflix or Youtube<br />

while studying and/or doing homework?<br />

- If you said yes, on an average scale from 1-10, how long<br />

would you be doing homework and<br />

using social media daily?<br />

- Do you use headphones/earphones when you do so?<br />

- Do you take a nap after doing your homework?


Based on my survey, I can figure out the following:<br />

Out of 12 male<br />

and female grade<br />

8 students, 50%<br />

responded to<br />

using social<br />

media while<br />

doing<br />

homework,<br />

41.7% said that<br />

they sometimes<br />

use social media and 8.3 said that they don’t. By the<br />

majority, we can see that most 8th graders do ‘multi-task’.<br />

In the following question, we have a variety of responses.<br />

41.7% said that it takes them 1-2 hours to do their<br />

homework, 33.3% said that it takes them 2-3 hours, 16.7%<br />

said that it takes them less than an hour and 8.3 (one<br />

student) said that they weren’t aware of how long it takes<br />

them to do homework.


In the following question, 41.7% said that they sometimes<br />

use headphones when listening to music, 33.3% said that<br />

they always use headphones, 16.7% said that they never use<br />

headphones and 8.3 said that they don’t use headphones,<br />

instead, they let it play without.<br />

41.7% said that they sometimes take a nap after doing their<br />

homework and the other 58.3% never. To the question that<br />

relates to the one previously, 75% reported never having<br />

their headphones on while taking a nap, 8.3% said that they<br />

sometimes leave it on and the other 16.6% said that they<br />

don’t take a nap, therefore they don’t have headphones on.<br />

So, this will be considered as a negative correlation due to<br />

the fact that only 12 students in the whole of grade 8<br />

responded. This doesn’t make the results as accurate as<br />

they could be because it doesn’t represent everyone in the<br />

grade. If I had much more responses, my results may have<br />

turned out the way I hoped they would. <br />

Furthermore, I received 8 more responses from grade 7<br />

boys. Overall, within 12-14-year-olds, I can see that 50% said


that they listen to music while doing homework, 44.4% said<br />

that they sometimes do so and 5.6% said that they don’t at<br />

all. For the next question, 33.3% said that it takes them 2-3<br />

hours to complete their homework, 27.8% said that it takes<br />

them 1-2 hours, 22.2% said that it takes them less than an<br />

hour and the rest said that it depends on the homework<br />

they receive. 38.9% said that they use headphones while<br />

listening to music, 38.9% said that they sometimes use<br />

headphones 11.1% said that they never use headphones, and<br />

11.2% said that they blast music openly. For the second last<br />

question, 55.6% said that they never take a nap after doing<br />

homework, 38.9% said that they sometimes take a nap and<br />

5.6% said that they always take a nap. Finally, 66.7% said<br />

that they take off their headphones when taking a nap,<br />

11.2% said that they leave on their headphones and the rest<br />

said that they never take naps after doing homework.<br />

Overall, I can see that only 2 people out of 18 leave their<br />

headphones on while taking a nap. However, they<br />

mentioned that they keep the content on low so they don’t<br />

disturb their ears/nap. Although I don’t believe that


everyone answered honestly to the last question, it most<br />

likely wouldn’t have affected my results by a lot. I do<br />

however believe that my hypothesis was incorrect as I<br />

predicted that over 50% of teenagers taking the survey<br />

would have admitted to having their headphones on while<br />

taking a nap.<br />

Literature Study<br />

Stomp Out Bullying is a reliable organization that presented<br />

its findings on the number of kids that use social media<br />

while doing homework. Their research is as shown:<br />

Teenagers from the ages of 13-18 are seen to have used an<br />

average of nine hours a day on social media. Half of the<br />

teens taking the survey have answered that they sometimes<br />

watch TV (51%) while doing homework, 50% use social<br />

media, 60% text their friends and 76% listen to music. From<br />

these statistics, we can conclude that most teens who took<br />

this survey listen to music the most when doing homework.<br />

<br />

As you can see,<br />

almost 80% of<br />

teenagers that<br />

use social media<br />

have reported<br />

that their<br />

attention span<br />

when<br />

completing<br />

assignments has<br />

decreased. As<br />

social media<br />

continues to


ecome more and more popular, we’ll notice that more<br />

teenagers will have their attention span being taken away<br />

carefully.<br />

Moreover, “Common Sense Media” says that teens they<br />

surveyed (51%) admitted to sometimes/often watching TV<br />

while doing homework. 50% said that they sometimes/<br />

often use social media, 60% said that they sometimes/often<br />

text, 76% said that they sometimes/often listen to music as<br />

they believe that it helps them focus. The percentages add<br />

up to more than 100 and this is because they included a<br />

multiple choice section in the survey which allowed the<br />

same people to tick off what they do while doing<br />

homework. Their research says that productivity could lead<br />

to the brain suffering when having face-to-face<br />

conversations. This multi-tasking also makes your<br />

productivity suffer because your brain needs to handle<br />

switching tasks quickly. They also say that listening to<br />

popular music could lead to poor reading comprehension<br />

skills and “the ability to do complex tasks.”<br />

How I gathered my research and sample<br />

I would need to ‘borrow’ any statistics that have been taken<br />

from other websites/organizations to be able to compare<br />

the results I receive and results that have already been<br />

received by other people. This also helps with whether the<br />

data I collected is reliable or not. I would need to use a<br />

representative sample because it allows me to receive<br />

information from a larger group of people which gives me<br />

the advantage of having a more ‘accurate’ and ‘reliable’ set<br />

of results. This also allows me to compare results from one<br />

group to another. Furthermore, I chose 7th and 8th graders<br />

because I wanted to choose an age group that consists of<br />

newly-turned teenagers. They’re also near the age when


they begin to receive a lot of homework and therefore<br />

prefer listening to something while doing so.<br />

My recommendations<br />

So, what now? Our next steps are to create an assembly and<br />

make sure that we spread awareness on this topic as our<br />

ears could be damaged if we continue on the same path.<br />

We could also get the school nurse involved with this topic<br />

so she could perform a few routine checks on the students<br />

that admitted to sleeping with their headphones on or even<br />

checks on every student because they may not be aware of<br />

it or may have lied on the survey. We could then publish<br />

statistics and get parents involved so they could monitor<br />

their child’s use of electronics and headphones and make<br />

sure they use them at the appropriate volume. Overall,<br />

making an assembly or dedicating a lesson to using<br />

headphones and how we could use them effectively with<br />

the advice from the school nurse.<br />

Note from the editor<br />

As a teacher, this raises questions on whether we should<br />

allow AirPod use in class. I also feel like a stricter<br />

approach might be required for sharing AirPods.<br />

Bibliography (link to survey)<br />

- “Should I Be Concerned About My Teen’s Constant<br />

Multitasking During...” Common<br />

Sense Media, 2020, www.commonsensemedia.org/articles/<br />

should-i-be-concerned-about-my-teens-constant-m<br />

ultitasking-duringhomework#:~:text=Many%20teens%20multitask%20with%2<br />

0media,s


ocial%20media%20while%20doing%20homework.<br />

Accessed 1 June 2023.<br />

- Shevenock, Sarah. “YouTube, Netflix and Gaming: A Look<br />

at What Kids Are Doing with Their Increased Screen Time.”<br />

Morning Consult Pro, Morning Consult, 20 Aug. 2020,<br />

pro.morningconsult.com/articles/youtube-netflix-andgaming-a-look-at-what-kids-are-doi<br />

ng-with-their-increasedscreen-time.<br />

Accessed 1 June 2023.<br />

- Bhowmik, Suchandrima. “Headphones and Hearing Loss:<br />

What to Know.” Medicalnewstoday.com, Medical News<br />

Today, 28 Sept. 2022, www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/<br />

do-headphones-cause-hearing-loss#summary. Accessed 1<br />

June 2023.<br />

- Cassata, Cathy. “How Headphones, Earbuds Can Slowly<br />

Harm Your Hearing over Time.” Healthline, Healthline<br />

Media, 14 June 2021, www.healthline.com/health-news/<br />

how-headphones-earbuds-can-slowly-harm-your-hearin g-<br />

over-time#Health-implications-of-hearing-loss. Accessed 1<br />

June 2023.<br />

- Corona, Alberto. “¿Pagas Mucho Por Netflix? Estas<br />

Mejoras En Su Plan Más Barato Con Anuncios Te Interesan.”<br />

Cinemanía, Cinemanía, 19 Apr. 2023, www.20minutos.es/<br />

cinemania/series/netflix-mejora-su-plan-barato-conpublicidad-incorp<br />

orando-reproduccion-full-hd-y-dosdispositivos-simultaneos-5120265/.<br />

Accessed 1 June 2023.<br />

<br />

- Smith, Kalorra. “Teens Feen for Media, Neglect<br />

Schoolwork.” The Current, 2020, olhscurrent.org/12378/<br />

opinion/teens-feen-for-media-neglect-schoolwork/.<br />

Accessed 1 June 2023.


Social Media and Academics - Keziah S<br />

and Marc Aurele Paul G<br />

(This research was peer reviewed by Shreedhar K)<br />

Keziah’s study focuses on females aged 13-15<br />

and how their academic performance could be impacted by<br />

spending time on social media. Marc Auréle Paul focuses on<br />

both genders and highlights the effects on reading time.<br />

Based on the research conducted, social media can have all<br />

sorts of effects on youth, but this topic was of main interest<br />

particularly due to the fact that frequent social media<br />

disproportionately affected a teen girl’s mental health more<br />

negatively than. that of a teen boy. This can be seen<br />

through trends focusing on make-up, body type,<br />

preferred skin colors, eliminating insecurities through<br />

surgeries such as BBL. These trends that have surfaced on<br />

social media apps have taken up the majority of the time<br />

of some teenage girls and have negatively impacted their<br />

daily lives.<br />

When it comes to posting, boys may not have as much<br />

attachment or pay any attention to what they’re posting<br />

and it almost always is something funny and/or<br />

entertaining. Girls on the other hand use social media to<br />

connect with people online. They feel pressured that they<br />

will be perceived a certain way online, especially when<br />

they present themselves the way they wish to be seen and<br />

will be judged for that. Since girls use social media in a<br />

different way than boys, they are more likely to post about<br />

their beliefs, personal feelings and problems. This is where<br />

the negative aspect of social media comes into play. The


likes, comments, shares and views. The number of likes,<br />

the judgemental comments, the people the post was shared<br />

with and the number of views (Staff. “Managing the Effects<br />

of Social Media on Teen Girls.”).<br />

As commonly known, women attract more negative<br />

feedback when expressing their opinions making them<br />

more reticent. <br />

Since these teenage girls would be so focused and<br />

centred on social media and have their mental health<br />

affected, where would the time for focusing on<br />

academics and other activities be?<br />

Chosen Sample<br />

When it came to doing this literature study, I was stuck<br />

between the ideas of what to<br />

do and what seemed better rather than boring. Then I<br />

looked at my own experiences in<br />

life, specifically one that had impacted me greatly, social<br />

media, procrastination<br />

and my academics played a big part in my academic<br />

performance and I would be<br />

negatively affected by it and often, I’d be sucked into this<br />

whirlwind of wants over<br />

priorities and then later nearing deadlines and a huge<br />

workload. And I thought to<br />

myself, ‘What if I’m not the only one going through this,<br />

social media is a global<br />

phenomenon, so I’m not alone am I?’ and I decided that<br />

the focus of my study would be<br />

centered on social media and academics. I simplified my<br />

target audience, from just


students aged 13-15 to female students in Grade 8 aged 13-15.<br />

This has allowed me to<br />

focus on a much smaller and easily interpreted population,<br />

which has allowed me to<br />

make inferences and judgments that are focused and<br />

definite.<br />

Data and Analysis <br />

Students are familiar with numerous apps, a great number<br />

of them being quite similar, which shows us that these<br />

girls are highly invested in social media and that they know<br />

how to use and operate these apps. <br />

The most used app is Whatsapp, with a high<br />

percentage of 11.3% and the least used Reddit with a<br />

percentage of 4.8%.<br />

For the second question, my query was which ones did<br />

they use the most. Receiving the<br />

response to this question could help me out a lot, as some<br />

apps can be more influential and time consuming than<br />

others and each has a different purpose hence different<br />

impacts.


As for the responses, Instagram see be used most out of all<br />

with a percentage of 33.3. And tied at second for most used<br />

are Tiktok each with Youtube taking up the last spot at<br />

16.7%. This shows us that Instagram, which is not<br />

necessarily the most safest app, is the most common.<br />

Available to users aged 13 and above, this app can contain<br />

content that could be influential in a harmful way and<br />

contain mature content, yet nothing is stopping these<br />

students from engaging with this form of social media.<br />

For this question, I<br />

wanted to ask the<br />

female students if<br />

they were able to<br />

resonate with the<br />

things they viewed<br />

online, as it could<br />

provide me with an<br />

explanation as to why they feel so invested and find social<br />

media to be very ‘relatable’. There is this trend on tiktok,<br />

snapchat, instagram and youtube where influencers post<br />

about relatable topics. In the second image, you can see the<br />

topics that are mentioned: family, friends, school, fashion,<br />

lifestyle choices, humor etc.. The purpose of this is for the<br />

audience to be able to say ‘Yeah, this is exactly what I go<br />

through’ or ‘This is the definition of the way things are for


me’. This allows the audience to feel what others online will<br />

feel and so I chose this question. <br />

As seen in the image above, the results show that almost<br />

50% of the students that answered my survey feel that they<br />

can in fact relate to the stuff they see online. This could<br />

mean that while they might find things relatable as they are<br />

associated very closely with their current lifestyle, they also<br />

find that comparing themselves to people online makes just<br />

as much sense, which is not a healthy thing to do. This isn’t<br />

healthy as comparing themselves may hurt them. They may<br />

start to feel self-conscious of their looks, force themselves<br />

to look a certain way according to what they see online,<br />

change their attitude and mindset towards things, and<br />

overall, influence them in a way that does more harm than<br />

good.


This question explored the very popular idea that social<br />

media affects academic performance- which is my whole<br />

hypothesis for this study. As seen here almost 50% agree<br />

that their academic performance has been affected and<br />

around 20% say maybe- as in they are unsure of whether it<br />

has affected them or not. Although we may take ‘affected<br />

by social media’ in a negative way, it's not all that. In the<br />

second image, it's shown that the students are not only<br />

negatively affected by social media but also positively<br />

affected by it. In some cases, social media has been a<br />

beneficial tool in motivating students, encouraging


discipline and so on. Some are not affected at all by social<br />

media.<br />

In conclusion, the question asks if the students<br />

procrastinate, and a large amount of the respondents say<br />

that they do. Procrastination is one of the biggest problems<br />

in academics as it causes unnecessary stress, feeling<br />

overwhelmed and can reduce a child’s academic<br />

performance even if they are a bright student. So, I decided<br />

to dig deeper and asked if this procrastination was fuelled<br />

by the need to be on social media or that calling<br />

addictiveness that propels the student to pick up their<br />

gadget and start scrolling. According to the research I have<br />

gathered through my primary source of a survey, the ratio<br />

of students who procrastinate because of social media to<br />

students who procrastinate due to other reasons is 10:9.<br />

Although the ratio almost meets at a 50-50 spread, it's good<br />

to know that not all the females in Grade 8 procrastinate<br />

due to social media, and rather other reasons like make up<br />

or cooking.<br />

Recommendations <br />

• Families should should discuss and monitor screen<br />

time <br />

• Schools should raise attention in advisory <br />

• Schools are part of the problem. Too much class time is<br />

on screens. Why can’t we learn outdoors or do more<br />

practicals or paper based tasks?<br />

This was echoed by Marc Aurele Paul’s findings:


In conclusion, the researchers think that social media<br />

can have a profound effect on female students, but they<br />

aren’t necessarily negative. Social media can be used as an<br />

advantageous tool and can promote academic success as<br />

well as personal development. But the people in real life


and the people surrounding them should be more aware of<br />

these students and nurture and care for them according to<br />

their needs. This will promote better school life, happier<br />

students and more unity as well as understanding between<br />

everyone.<br />

Bibliography<br />

- “HowUsingSocialMediaAffectsTeenagers-<br />

ChildMindInstitute.”ChildMind Institute, 13 Mar. 2023,<br />

childmind.org/article/how-using-social-mediaaffects-teenagers/.<br />

Accessed 7 June<br />

2023.<br />

- Atske,Sara.<br />

“1.TeensandTheirExperiencesonSocialMedia.”<br />

PewResearchCenter: Internet, Science & Tech, 28 Nov.<br />

2018, www.pewresearch.org/internet/2018/11/28/teens-andtheir-experiences-on-social-media/<br />

. Accessed 7 June 2023.<br />

- “HowSocialMediaAffectsStudentProductivity|<br />

St.CloudTechnical&Community College.” Sctcc.edu, 2016,<br />

sctcc.edu/news/10-20-2020/how-social-media-affectsstudent-productivity.<br />

Accessed 7<br />

June 2023.<br />

- Staff.“ManagingtheEffectsofSocialMediaonTeenGirls.”<br />

NU-MAC,11Mar.2020,<br />

counseling.northwestern.edu/blog/effects-social-mediateen-girls/.<br />

Accessed 7 June<br />

2023.<br />

- “TipsforManagingTooMuchScreenTimeatSchool.”<br />

Brainbalancecenters.com,2023,<br />

www.brainbalancecenters.com/blog/tips-managingmuch-screen-time-school#:~:text=Tips%


20for%20Managing%20Too%20Much%20Screen%20Time<br />

%20at,supplement%20teaching%20without%2<br />

0the%20use%20of%20electronics.%20. Accessed 7 June<br />

2023.<br />

- Shepherd,Victoria.<br />

“Top5ReasonsWhyYouNeedaSocialMediaManager.”<br />

Search Engine Journal, 21 Oct. 2021,<br />

www.searchenginejournal.com/top-reasons-why-youneed-social-media-manager/273333/.<br />

Apple vs Samsung - are we paying the<br />

price? - Ioana V<br />

(Peer reviewed by Madelyn)<br />

I have always been aware of different brands, and the types<br />

of people who use each brand, and have always assumed<br />

that there was some social status with the type of<br />

electronics you have - specifically the phone you have.<br />

Amongst adults, this may not be as evident, although<br />

amongst teenagers and the children - the new generation of<br />

digital citizens - nothing is stopping them from developing<br />

some disparity with the brands of their phones, which is<br />

one of the most ‘wanted’ and utilised products within their<br />

“society”. As if it was not bad enough for teenagers, not<br />

owning their own phone, they have to deal carefully with<br />

the phone they buy now too.<br />

With this in mind, I took it further, and developed a<br />

realisation that with this, there can also come some<br />

damaging effects to the young minds, which care about


these minuscule things, for example, if Apple, one of the<br />

biggest companies of electronics, asserts a dominance and<br />

higher status, that children with androids are considered<br />

below, then this can cause some bullying between them. It<br />

can also cause lower self esteem and insecurity regarding<br />

what phone that they have. I only wanted to see if<br />

something like this is present within our society/school,<br />

and see how much exposure to certain mindsets the<br />

children in our school have based on this. <br />

Personally, in my class, I do not experience anything like<br />

this, although I know it is present within the world,<br />

stronger in places and less in other places.<br />

I have always silently noticed that the majority of the<br />

population in Qatar, have the<br />

latest iPhone, and very few,<br />

have Android phones. Which<br />

is why this research question<br />

came to my mind, why did<br />

everyone have Apple phones?<br />

Was it just a coincidence? In<br />

addition, we can see that<br />

brands like Gucci, Channel<br />

and Louis Vuitton, choose to<br />

sell products which<br />

customise the Apple gadgets and devices. This is not the<br />

same case for Android devices.<br />

I will start off with the fact that I have learned a lot within<br />

the literature study, but there is something that I would like<br />

to point out, before I begin to evaluate my results. This is


that my topic has not been researched before on an<br />

academic level and definitely not in schools or<br />

universities . But it is a hot topic of discussion on<br />

parent chat rooms.<br />

I decided to switch the web search from an academic<br />

search to a sociological search and I began to look at<br />

“mumsnet” and business articles where suddenly I found a<br />

lot of information.<br />

Overall, multiple sources state that Apple was using a<br />

“blue bubble” strategy for increasing the sales by secluding<br />

the Android users against the Apple, so people needed to<br />

change to the Apple products in order to get the special<br />

features that this company has. Many sources said that it is<br />

a powerful strategy, and it affects the lifestyles of many<br />

students and teenagers. There is the obvious dread of being<br />

part of the green bubble, because you have android<br />

phones,and every student wishes to be a part of the blue<br />

bubble group, since that is what the majority of the people<br />

were. And the<br />

android users<br />

were missing out<br />

on many things. It<br />

was a peerpressure<br />

to be a<br />

part of the blue<br />

messages group.<br />

There has also<br />

been the decision<br />

that only Apple would have blue bubbles, and if an Android<br />

user was within a group chat of apple users in iMessages,


then the other apple users would see green instead of blue,<br />

only when the android user texted. This is how the peerpressure<br />

started to have the blue bubble too. Apple wanted<br />

to keep their branding, and only let Apple products have<br />

the blue bubble. The Android user also has a loss of<br />

abilities, and doesn’t experience certain settings Apple<br />

users do. That you can only get Apple settings, if you have<br />

an Apple product, and for those with Android, were<br />

supposedly “missing out”.<br />

They discovered how popular Apple is, and that 87% of<br />

teens own iPhones. It was also seen through an interview<br />

that young people and teens dreaded exclusion from peers<br />

by having the green text. That many experience deafening<br />

social exclusion and pressure, and being singled out when<br />

having the Green Bubble. Through many surveys and<br />

interviews, multiple students bought Apple, and wanted to<br />

be a part of it, and not have the Android, green.<br />

(TheWallStreetJournal)<br />

The Toronto Star also helped back up my findings, and I<br />

found out that Since the most popular gadgets nowadays<br />

are within the child society, and can also be associated with<br />

adults, since the technology that everyone uses is very<br />

expensive, and back to school shopping, it is becoming<br />

difficult to stay on a fixed budget<br />

Additionally there is peer pressure going on, to buy the<br />

latest and the best tech, but it also is something of the<br />

costly side. “Parents are pinching pennies on tech. Just 6<br />

percent of parents plan to spend most of their back-toschool<br />

dollars on tablets and other tech toys.” Through<br />

surveys, there is also a discovery that “Along with pressure<br />

from other parents, 82 per cent of Canadians surveyed<br />

believe a child’s peers influence their purchasing<br />

decisions.” And “Back-to-school shopping is getting more


expensive as kids – and parents – want the latest and<br />

greatest”. This just goes to show how people around them<br />

are creating a superiority within the tech, since there is a<br />

certain type that everyone wants, and is being influenced<br />

into getting. (TorontoStar) Whereas insider backed it up by<br />

starting with my assumption of the Gen Z generation,<br />

where everything, or nearly everything is conducted<br />

online. So then I say that, without surprise, when asked, 34<br />

percent are iPhone users and only 10 percent are Samsung<br />

users, we can just see the separation.<br />

Additionally, when asking in person, through a large<br />

quantity of Gen Zs, and almost all of them, over 70% said<br />

they would never switch to Android. This age group makes<br />

up a third of all iPhone users in the USA. Through a small<br />

interview of two Android users, they said that it is difficult<br />

to have this type of technology. And for someone who has<br />

always owned Android, she received criticism and<br />

questions from her school peers, displaying how Apple has<br />

created a superiority, that having this type of product is<br />

considered a ‘luxury’ worldwide.<br />

Overall, internationally 87% of teens own apple products,<br />

and for those who don’t, they have a more difficult life. It is<br />

common in Middle School that Android users were seen as<br />

“poor people, or losers”, where Apple users are the best.<br />

iPhone is the best choice to ever make. (Insider) Lastly,<br />

another source which said the same kind of things, was<br />

Sun. I discovered that the tech giant of Apple is benefitting<br />

from the bullying, since it is an international strategy to<br />

guide the younger people from Android to Apple. Sneaky.<br />

The strategy being only special features are included on IOS<br />

devices that Android misses out on. That you would be<br />

bullied and be considered an Alien if you have this specific<br />

product, a constant pressure to switch.


“Many teenagers and college-aged young people also feel<br />

that Apple's iMessage service has become a way for iPhone<br />

users to show that they not only own an iPhone but are a<br />

part of an exclusive messaging platform.” Apple is more<br />

exclusive and important. At one point, Apple was and still<br />

is concerned about the bullying, they did consider<br />

switching and giving Android the blue text bubble too,<br />

although it was denied, since Apple would financially<br />

benefit. (Sun)<br />

With this, you can definitely see how this separation<br />

between the companies is all based on the features that<br />

only Apple experiences, and this minuscule decision, was<br />

creating separation and lowering-self esteem within<br />

teengagers. This may be a problem, due to the fact that<br />

everyone would like to conform to the trends and the<br />

similar, and this can cause bullying, and it can be<br />

impossible for certain children to avoid, due to financial<br />

problems, or not being able to access a device like so.<br />

Data Collection<br />

I will conduct this study by sending out a survey. Within<br />

this short time period, there is not a lot of time in order to<br />

conduct multiple interviews, and questionnaires, since you<br />

need to take time to carry them out, and not only that, but<br />

it takes time to finalise questions, to construct the<br />

questionnaire and also analyse the results. Obviously the<br />

survey was the most efficient and ethical option, faster to<br />

set up, easier to analyse, can spread the word and get<br />

results from a larger audience, and does not waste as much<br />

time. Bonus, it is still as effective as the rest, it still does<br />

collect results, and can ask the same questions. I took this<br />

method of collecting the data from actual people, and have


already created the survey and sent it to the teacher for<br />

finalisation, approval and sending it to the G6, G7 and G8.<br />

Furthermore, why G6, 7 & 8? Well, they are the most<br />

important group that I considered would fit into the topic.<br />

This is because they are at the age that they have just gotten<br />

a phone, and where they take these things into<br />

consideration, since they look up at the older examples of<br />

people, and they see the different brands, and make the<br />

connections of what is the trend. These are the children<br />

who have not developed their common sense yet, and<br />

would consider that the type of device that they use is<br />

crucial to fit in.<br />

All in a similar age range, it would provide a large<br />

amount of responses covered. I would also say that they<br />

could possibly be a good starting point for a research study<br />

like this. I would move onto interviewing, and possibly<br />

including the adults into this, if the research study would<br />

develop into something of this sort. Although the reason is<br />

that I do not start with the adults, and opt for the children.<br />

This is because they are the most into this generation, and<br />

have the most exposure to everything, while the adults<br />

have already developed into a world with no phones, and<br />

only have just received them at an older age, therefore I<br />

would say that they don’t really care what brand they use. I<br />

would also make this reliable since I would ask them ‘why’<br />

do they consider themselves responding to the multiquestion<br />

answer like this. The ‘why’ makes them reflect<br />

and can make them provide a more reliable answer, I also<br />

state that their information will be anonymous to our eyes,<br />

and so they may have that confidence. What I can conclude<br />

is that I am not sure myself that the answers which are<br />

given are reliable, since one would always like a good


impression seen on their perspective, which can affect their<br />

personal answers.<br />

MY DATA FINDINGS (Survey)<br />

There were a diverse amount of results, and I ended up<br />

collecting 34 respondents, both in the Grades of 8 and<br />

Grade 6, with mixed genders. Grade 7 was not able to be<br />

reached in the time given, and the accessibility of that class,<br />

although the number 34 was enough for me to have a<br />

diverse amount of responses and respondents. Luckily for<br />

me, the majority, or all of the<br />

<br />

respondents provided an answer which was relating to<br />

the question given, and not something random and silly.<br />

The rest of the answers were one-worded responses<br />

which are not enough for me to use, so when analysing that<br />

question I will not take that answer in consideration since I<br />

can interpret that the individual completing it was too lazy<br />

or did not put their interest to fill it in. I will also say that<br />

these respondents did not answer with full reliability, the<br />

majority of the respondents denied that they don’t feel any<br />

status of superiority by using one brand or the other. The<br />

fact that multiple people, and almost all answered no, can<br />

show that there was not much of a truth going into that<br />

answer, but they want to seem like they don’t choose the<br />

wrong answer. This was generally a yes or a no response, so<br />

there should have been a 50 / 50 response quantity, but<br />

what happened was that No was answered by 73.5% of the<br />

population, and Yes was with a few 14.7%. There was the<br />

option for maybe, but I only included it to make it seem<br />

more comfortable for the people answering. (Maybe 11.8%)<br />

This was the results for the Question; Personally, do you<br />

think you are better if you have Apple?


Furthermore, I am still questioning the reliability of these<br />

responses, since the people answering would always want a<br />

nice way for you, and they would feel the pressure to<br />

answer the way that seems convenient to the person<br />

recording. I would like to mention that there were certain<br />

individuals, or more like 2, who did provide the answer<br />

that I was looking for, which goes to show that there are<br />

generally people who think the way that I am looking for,<br />

who have that mentality that was researched about, it<br />

shows that people do actually think that, but are trying to<br />

cover it up, and look like the fair human they are. Based on<br />

these few responses, which can not define the whole school<br />

since there are more than a thousand students in the<br />

school, and that can not compare to 34, it shows that our<br />

school may be different compared to the other schools or<br />

the high schools that were suggested from America or other<br />

places from the literature study.<br />

Moreover, one of the biggest patterns that can make up<br />

multiple conclusions when focused on was that almost<br />

everyone that answered the survey, roughly 70% or more,<br />

preferred the general brand, or that they chose within the<br />

options of Android and Apple. Apple was taking the lead.<br />

For the questions which had the option for either choosing<br />

Apple or Android, the highest picked option out of the two,<br />

was Apple. Could this conclude something? The literary<br />

study mentioned that Apple was the most popular<br />

technology chosen within America, based upon the<br />

Messaging app, and the features Apple excludes themselves<br />

from, and even so, here in the school, Apple was the most<br />

preferred branding of technology.<br />

While looking at the results, I focused on one question,<br />

which was one of those using the tailored approach,<br />

tricking the individual into answering a certain way. This is


ethical, and a way to collect answers which can be more<br />

truthful. I would like to focus on the question of “Do you<br />

think Android is cheaper than Apple?”. I found the answers<br />

to this question perfect, and they told me exactly what I<br />

was looking for. Firstly, there were 28 people who picked<br />

the answer “Yes”, a percentage of 82.4%, whereas there<br />

was a few percentage of people who picked no, to be exact,<br />

17.6%, which was 6 people. Instantly I can infer that the<br />

majority of the population picked yes, and from this simple<br />

yes or no question, I can conclude many things. I can<br />

conclude that, yes, one brand does have a higher status<br />

among the population than others, and this brand would<br />

be Apple.<br />

I can interpret this, because of the reason that people<br />

answered yes to Apple being more expensive. This tells me<br />

that they think it is better, more expensive and that you<br />

seem more ‘rich’ or better if you have a more expensive<br />

brand, and that Android to them is cheap. The fact<br />

that people answered yes to a question so broad, broad<br />

meaning that I did not specify which Android brand or<br />

electronic type, but they instantly assumed, “yes it is more<br />

expensive”. Which Android would clearly disagree. This is<br />

because there are multiple Android phones, mainly the<br />

flagship phones. For example the recently released phones<br />

of Samsung and Apple, the iPhone 14 has a base cost of<br />

$799 USD, whereas the Samsung S23 has a starting price of<br />

$799 USD, the same price. There are also Android folding<br />

phones, which have an unimaginable price of more than<br />

$1000 USD. It is difficult to explain, although you can judge<br />

that people think Apple is more expensive due to its large<br />

scale status of popularity between people, and this is why<br />

anything other than Apple to them, is cheap.


In addition, when looking at the free response answers,<br />

which generally asked “why?” to many of the questions<br />

before it, like “Why Apple? Does it matter if you have a<br />

certain brand?” The majority of the results to this did point<br />

me in some directions, they responded that Apple is more<br />

preferable since they are more used to it, and Apple has<br />

more features which are convenient and familiar to them.<br />

Apple is what they have known, and that Apple has safety<br />

features. That Apple has better quality features, like the<br />

camera, the processor chip and that it is easier to share<br />

within the family and with other Apple users. Multiple<br />

answers all praising the features of Apple, and the things<br />

that it provides for them, which Android can provide for<br />

them too. When asking if they have more Apple or Android<br />

products, 85.3% answered Apple.<br />

When going into the more personal questions, I asked a<br />

very straightforward question: Do you think you are better<br />

if you own Apple? I thought, “It's too personal, and prone<br />

to judgements, surely no one would pick yes?” In fact,<br />

there was a minimal percentage of people who answered<br />

Yes and Maybe. 14.7% for Yes and 11.8% for Maybe. It shows<br />

that some people were honest, and it slowly points me into<br />

the answer of the research question, that like the literature<br />

study states, Apple is becoming more of a luxury status,<br />

and that few people agreed that they think they are better<br />

by owning one, proves my point a little.<br />

Overall, this survey proved useful in discovering if certain<br />

brands of electronic devices create social classes and<br />

exclusion. That people consider themselves better or a<br />

nonentity if they have a certain brand. This survey may not<br />

have been so reliable, but I consider that nothing is, and<br />

this is the closest you can get, and so with multiple


answers, all diverse, we can conclude that the<br />

preponderance of the population side with Apple, and its<br />

features for multiple reasons.<br />

There is of course so much more to infer and interpret<br />

from the answers in the survey, although seeing the data<br />

visually further on will make it easy enough to understand<br />

and you can make conclusions themselves .<br />

Here are the pie charts of data from the survey,<br />

withholding some of the answers due to confidentiality.


RECOMMENDATIONS<br />

In conclusion to this essay, I have found out that the<br />

majority of the population prefer Apple, although it may<br />

not seem like it, since the majority of the population have<br />

said that it is not due to status that this brand provides, but<br />

for the features that it has, and that they have eulogised the<br />

Apple brand by what it provides for them in their lives.<br />

Although we are not aware of bullying, I recommend that<br />

staff and parents remain vigilant. It should be noted that<br />

the use of devices as part of education could put<br />

children at risk of feeling inferior if they are not able<br />

to access the same learning devices.


- Sohn, Jiyoung. “Apple’s IPhones Winning over Gen Z—<br />

and the World’s Premium Market.” WSJ, The Wall Street<br />

Journal, 27 Feb. 2023, www.wsj.com/articles/applesiphones-are-winning-over-gen-zand-the-worlds-premiu<br />

m-<br />

market-7611bd38. Accessed 11 June 2023.<br />

- Jaupi, Jona. “Google Warns Kids Are Being BULLIED<br />

over a Popular IPhone Feature...” The US Sun, The US Sun,<br />

10 Jan. 2022, www.the-sun.com/tech/4432751/google-kidsiphone-android/hu.<br />

Accessed 11 June 2023.<br />

- Hart, Jordan. “Gen Z Android Users Teased by Peers<br />

Who Own IPhones.” Business Insider, Insider, 22 Feb. 2023,<br />

www.businessinsider.com/gen-z-android-users-teasedpeers-iphones-2023-2.<br />

Accessed 11 June 2023.<br />

- Flavelle, Dana. “Back-To-School Getting More<br />

Expensive, Survey of Parents Finds.” Thestar.com, Toronto<br />

Star, 12 Aug. 2014, www.thestar.com/business/<br />

personal_finance/2014/08/12/backtoschool_getting_more_<br />

expensive_survey_of_parents_finds.html. Accessed 11 June<br />

2023.<br />

- Higgins, Tim. “Why Apple’s IMessage Is Winning: Teens<br />

Dread the Green Text Bubble.” WSJ, The Wall Street<br />

Journal, 8 Jan. 2022, www.wsj.com/articles/why-applesimessage-is-winning-teens-dread-the-green-text-bu<br />

bble-11641618009. Accessed 11 June 2023.<br />

Girl Gamers: answer to social media? -<br />

Shreedhar K.<br />

(Peer reviewed by Natalie K)<br />

In today’s modern age, we spend roughly 7 hours on<br />

average on screen time, a reason for this is as gaming has


emerged as a fun and popular pastime activity for people of<br />

all ages. However, a common misconception is that females<br />

almost don’t game at all and the amount of time they spend<br />

gaming online is almost non-existent. To test this theory, I<br />

have conducted research both by looking at trustable<br />

secondary research and conducting first hand research on<br />

my own. I undertook a study which focused on gathering<br />

data on which gender spends more time on online gaming<br />

per day. By collecting data first hand, I wanted to see if the<br />

world’s average for both genders roughly matched my<br />

findings. I have carefully analyzed the data that I have<br />

collected and looked at patterns and odd figures to point<br />

them out and evaluate my data.<br />

The form that I sent out to gather my findings consisted<br />

of six questions: What is your name/class/gender, what is<br />

your favorite game, how long do you game for per day, and<br />

do you<br />

prefer<br />

gaming or<br />

social<br />

media?. I<br />

was able to<br />

collect 33<br />

responses<br />

in total, 9<br />

grade 8<br />

students<br />

stated that they did not play video games at all. There were<br />

11 responses from 8A, 6 from 8B and 16 from 8C. 54.5% of<br />

respondents were female, 45.5% of the 33 respondents<br />

were male.


Technically speaking, this would give females a higher<br />

chance at having more times spent on video games if all the<br />

females played an equal amount of time as the males do<br />

25 of the 33 respondents stated that they enjoyed playing<br />

video games, whilst 8 stated that they didn’t enjoy playing<br />

video games. There was a respondent that also stated that<br />

they lacked time to play video games but still enjoyed<br />

playing them.<br />

The average time spent by a student who plays video<br />

games during the school week is 2.4 hours. The amount of<br />

time that females spend playing video games is exactly 2<br />

hours, whilst males have an average time of 2.58 hours. The<br />

highest amount of time recorded was a male who achieved<br />

6 hours daily, whilst the lowest was 2 minutes. However<br />

this was voided from the data as it was too insignificant that<br />

it was most likely someone making a joke or having fun, so<br />

it was voided and raised to the second lowest value which<br />

was achieved by a male who achieved 25 mins. The<br />

majority of the males had an average of just an hour per<br />

day. Out of the 18 females who responded, 13 stated that<br />

they enjoyed video games. 12 out of the 15 males stated that<br />

they enjoyed playing video games. Exactly 3 people of each<br />

gender stated that they disliked playing video games,<br />

making the grand sum of all the people who don’t like<br />

video games in my response sheet from grade 8, 6 people.<br />

The last question of my form proved to be the most<br />

interesting, as it asked people if they preferred social media<br />

or video games. As the majority of the respondents were<br />

female, I expected social media to have the majority of<br />

votes by a long shot, this is as a stereotype within the SISQ


community about females spending all their time on social<br />

media was wide-spread,<br />

<br />

However, when the results came in I was in for a shock:<br />

Social Media had indeed won, but only by a single person.<br />

This completely caught me off guard, as I had never<br />

expected that the outcome would be such a close gap<br />

between the two. This piece of information triangulates<br />

with other surveys, such as one of my peers, Natalie<br />

Kvapilova, who had found similar results. <br />

I then looked deeper into my research, but I soon<br />

realized that looking through each person’s answers to my<br />

form was a bit tedious and could look very bad if the<br />

respondents found out that I was looking at everything they<br />

had written down in ties to their name. To fix this, I put all<br />

the responses on a google sheet and blacked out the names.<br />

In this way, it was much easier to find key data points with<br />

google sheets. By manipulating the google sheets built-in<br />

calculator, I was able to find out that the sum of the time<br />

that people play video games per day, which totalled up to


oughly 28, with 14 being from males and 10 being from<br />

females.<br />

In comparison to the research that I conducted before I<br />

sent out my form, I think that some of the basic statements<br />

such as the statement of “the growth of females that play<br />

video games have sharply increased in recent years is valid,<br />

as a significant amount of females play video games, in fact<br />

in this survey, there are more females who enjoy playing<br />

video games rather than males, however this may be due to<br />

the fact that there were more females who participated in<br />

this survey in comparison to males. The statistics that I had<br />

received when conducting my own research from sources<br />

such as [Forbes] and [Business Today], their statistics in<br />

how many females play video games is quite accurate, even<br />

though the websites used a sample of adult females,<br />

whereas I used girls, the pattern is almost the same for both<br />

age groups. This shows us two things; the first one being<br />

that video games have now started targeting the female<br />

gender quite a lot, and that playing video games is<br />

becoming a normal culture for both young and older<br />

females.<br />

As an evaluation of the findings of this research<br />

project, females having a larger percentage of those who<br />

play video games is a positive factor as it helps females with<br />

their prosocial behavior, encourages the development of<br />

games to reach a larger audience and community. However,<br />

this test also raises the question if too much video games<br />

are bad for you, which, indeed they are as they may irritate<br />

your eyes and may cause eye diseases such as asthenopia<br />

or even miopia. Now, we are faced with a dilemma; how do<br />

we encourage gaming for its advantages, however reduce<br />

or eliminate the issue of not just females, but also males<br />

from spending too much time on video games? A


suggestion that I have is to have all gaming accounts to have<br />

a set timer of 1-3 hours per day, and maybe a little more on<br />

weekends, as well as encouraging the use of educational<br />

video games within school.<br />

In conclusion, it is quite clear that the gender<br />

representation in gaming is undergoing a huge change. This<br />

essay has proven that long-held perceptions such as that<br />

gaming is a male-dominated industry/hobby is an invalid<br />

statement, as it shows that there are almost as many female<br />

gamers as there are male gamers. The analysis of the<br />

statistical information in primary and secondary research<br />

clearly shows that women have taken up a significant<br />

percent of all gamers and will continue to grow as a result<br />

of advertisements and other factors. Females have also<br />

enabled the gaming industry to expand out and target<br />

different groups of people in advertisements and have<br />

influenced game development. However, boundaries must<br />

be set to keep children in a safe zone for both their mental<br />

and physical health.<br />

O<br />

Yokoi, Tomoko. “Female Gamers Are on the Rise. Can the<br />

Gaming Industry Catch Up?” Forbes,<br />

www.forbes.com/sites/tomokoyokoi/2021/03/04/femalegamers-are-on-the-rise-can-the-g<br />

aming-industry-catch-up/?sh=226a24d8f9fe. Accessed 11<br />

June 2023.<br />

Zaidi, Tarib. “56% of India’s Gamers Are from Non-<br />

Metros; Women Spend More Time than<br />

Men on Online Games.” Business Today, 6 Apr. 2023,<br />

www.businesstoday.in/technology/news/story/56-of-indiasgamers-are-from-non-metros-<br />

women-spend-more-timethan-men-on-online-games-376391-2023-04-06.


It’s Not As Bad As You Think - Ethan<br />

(Peer reviewed by Marc Auréle Paul)<br />

Introduction:<br />

I am carrying out this research project because I feel that<br />

social media can be beneficial. I believe that most students<br />

aged 13-14 will say that social media is beneficial and can<br />

help in many ways. This research will prove or disprove<br />

whether grade 8 students believe that social media is<br />

beneficial.<br />

My Findings:<br />

From my questionnaire, I got 20 responses. 35% were<br />

male and 65% were female. 45% were 13 years old and 55%<br />

were 14 years old. 55% said that they spend less than 4<br />

hours on social media a day, 25% said that they spend<br />

between 5-6 hours, 10% said they spend between 7-8 hours<br />

per day, and 10% said they spend between 9-10 hours per<br />

day on social media. 10% of people said that they spend 1<br />

hour a week playing sports, 10% said they spend 2 hours<br />

playing sports a week, 10% said they spend 3 hours a week<br />

playing sports, 25% said that they spend 4 hours a week<br />

playing sports, 10% said they spend 5 hours a week on<br />

sports, and 35% said that they spend more than 5 hours a<br />

week playing sports. 5% said that they spend 30 mins or<br />

less reading every week. 40% said that they spend 1-2 hours<br />

a week reading. 30% said that they spend 3-4 hours a week<br />

reading. 15% said they spend 5-6 hours a week reading, and<br />

10% said they spend more than 7 hours a week reading.<br />

60% of the respondents agreed that Social media<br />

sometimes damages their mental health. 35% agreed that<br />

social media is damaging to their mental health, and 5%<br />

said that Social media is not damaging to their mental


health. When asked “Is social media beneficial?”, 60% said<br />

that social media can sometimes be beneficial and 40% said<br />

that social media is always helpful. While 0% said that<br />

social media was not beneficial.<br />

Correlations:<br />

Some of the correlations that I found were that the<br />

majority of the people that spend less than 4 hours per day<br />

on social media, spend more than 5 hours a week playing<br />

sports, while the majority of the people said they spend<br />

more than 9 hours a week on social media said they spend<br />

5 or more hours per week doing physical activities. This is a<br />

correlation because it shows that the majority of people<br />

spend more the 5 hours a week on sports even though they<br />

might spend more time on social media. From my results, I<br />

found that the majority of the respondents that spend more<br />

than 5 hours a week playing sports were actually male and<br />

the majority of the people that spent more than 6 hours per


day on social media were male. From my results, I found<br />

out that the females that spent less time on social media<br />

(per day) actually spent more time reading books (per<br />

week).<br />

This pie chart shows the average amount of time that<br />

teenagers spend on social media per day. Comparing this to<br />

my results, I have found out that the majority of the<br />

teenagers that they interviewed spent 8 or more hours per<br />

day on social media while the majority of teenagers that I<br />

interviewed said that they spend 4 or fewer hours per day.<br />

According to teachers, students should be reading for 1<br />

hour a day outside of school. While students should be<br />

reading 1 hour per day, the majority of my respondents said<br />

that they spend 1-4 hours a week reading.<br />

Recommendations:<br />

I recommend that the majority of the students should<br />

spend more time reading<br />

Conclusion:<br />

In conclusion, the majority of the respondents believed<br />

that Social Media was damaging to mental health but they<br />

also said that Social media was beneficial. I found that<br />

social media did not affect how much time students spend<br />

playing sports and reading per week.


Sonam wrote, “Have you ever<br />

wondered how the impact of the<br />

lockdown affected our future<br />

generations and our school as a<br />

whole? These questions pose great<br />

importance as they can help us learn<br />

about ourselves as well as others. ”<br />

We hope that our research has sparked<br />

a deeper conversation from those<br />

more qualified than ourselves.

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