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Grade 6 Swiss international School<br />

<strong>Be</strong> <strong>The</strong> <strong>Change</strong>!<br />

On 7 March, Handhu, an Olive Ridley<br />

turtle, got released back into the sea<br />

after suffering horrific injuries the year<br />

before. In their first IDU, grade 6 students<br />

adopted Handhu and this magazine<br />

reflects how they navigated the two<br />

critical concepts of fairness and<br />

development to protect turtles and<br />

economic growth in marine<br />


<strong>Be</strong> the <strong>Change</strong>!<br />

Did you know that Qatar is the home of a number of<br />

critically endangered marine species?<br />

Did you know that our every day actions can either<br />

destroy or protect these beautiful animals?<br />

By using their ATL skills in LLE and INS, our students<br />

have created this booklet to educate our school<br />

community about how we can develop in a sustainable<br />

way that is fair to all the residents of our planet.<br />

None of our learning would be possible<br />

without the generous support of Dadu<br />

Children’s Museum, <strong>The</strong> Olive Ridley<br />

Project and <strong>The</strong> Ministry of the<br />

Environment and Climate <strong>Change</strong> Qatar.<br />

Turtles are a keystone species.<br />

In order to fully understand<br />

their situation, we adopted an<br />

injured sea turtle.

Gathering Data<br />

In 1945, the life expectancy in Qatar<br />

was roughly 40 years old. Now, Qatari<br />

nationals look forward to a long and<br />

prosperous future due to the country’s<br />

commitment to development. So how<br />

do we support global development (a<br />

human right) without harming marine<br />

life?<br />

Let’s ask our experts!<br />

We were incredibly privileged to be able to speak to some<br />

of the best turtle experts in the world! Not only did Mr<br />

Jasim ( the director marine affairs MOECC) bring his team<br />

to educate us about the local situation, we also got a<br />

private tour of turtle hospital where our beloved Handhu<br />

was being treated. Dr Mariana and her team spent hours<br />

teaching us about turtle medicine and animal conservation<br />

in countries like <strong>The</strong> Maldives, Kenya, <strong>The</strong> Seychelles and<br />

even Oman.<br />

As you can imagine, we became experts at our ATLs of<br />

note taking, gathering important data and creating<br />

innovative solutions to real life problems.

Turtles: Older than<br />

Mankind - Anas and<br />

Ward<br />

<strong>The</strong> world would die without keystone<br />

species, meaning the earth needs them to<br />

keep ecosystems stable; one of those is going<br />

extinct. Want to know which one?<br />

Let’s take a deep dive to the world of<br />

turtles…<br />

Did you know that turtles have existed since the late permian<br />

epoch( 200-300 million years ago)? Turtles are fascinating creatures, but<br />

they have a longer history than us! In this article, you will learn about their<br />

history and how we can preserve them<br />

Sea turtles belong to the order Testudines, whose first specimens date<br />

back to about 220 million years ago, making them one of the most<br />

primitive groups of reptiles that still inhabit the earth. So to be more<br />

specific, let's take a deep dive into the world of Archelons.<br />

Archelons have walked on earth before mankind with the dinosaurs. Wait,<br />

does that make them dinosaurs? No, they are part of a group called<br />

Pantestudine (Pan-test-udine), while dinosaurs are part of a group called<br />

Archosauromorpha(Aka-soura-morpha) Still, they are related, living at the<br />

same time as being part of a clade called Sauria. <strong>The</strong> Archelons could<br />

weigh up to 3 light tons and ate meat such as jellyfish. Yet turtles are still<br />

here today. How did they live for so long? How are they still here? How did<br />

they become extinct after living for millions of years?

Turtles have existed since the late permian epoch, they evolved<br />

many times in different ways! <strong>The</strong> first appearance of turtles was<br />

a reptile called Eunotosaurus, This reptile is a Stem turtle. Stem<br />

turtles are animals that definitely relate to turtles but are not<br />

them. <strong>The</strong>n, there was a Eorhynchochelys. This reptile developed<br />

a shell under the stomach. <strong>The</strong>n, the Proganochelys came in. This<br />

reptile was the first who had a proper shell. Finally, the<br />

Desmatochelys was the first proper sea turtle to exist, it was<br />

huge. <strong>The</strong> total length of it was 2m. In Qatar, there are 5 species<br />

of sea turtles that can be observed.<br />

Archelons first appeared during the Triassic period, meaning they<br />

came at the same time as Dinosaurs, marine reptiles, lizards,<br />

crocodiles, and more. This was part of some of the early stages of<br />

life on earth. <strong>The</strong>se creatures lived through every life stage on<br />

earth until now, some of these stages were when the dinosaurs<br />

went extinct because of asteroids and volcanoes. So how did<br />

Archelons survive?<br />

Essentially, since their physical processes were so slow and<br />

required so little energy, they could survive on scarce resources<br />

during and after the dinosaur extinction. <strong>The</strong> conclusion is based<br />

on the discovery of a turtle fossil in North Dakota that goes back<br />

60 million to 65 million years. <strong>The</strong> specimen belongs to a turtle<br />

species that is assumed to have survived global extinction<br />

because fossils of the same species were discovered in rock layers<br />

deposited up to 75 million years ago.<br />

<strong>The</strong> global extinction event that wiped out the dinosaurs, known<br />

as the K-T boundary because of its unique signature in rock layers,<br />

was most likely caused by a meteorite strike, though the exact<br />

sequence of events is still being debated. Some researchers<br />

believe the meteor triggered a series of world-shattering volcanic<br />

eruptions, which may or may not have been caused by the meteor.

<strong>The</strong> turtles, along with other burrowing and water-living animals,<br />

survived the dinosaur-killing whole-Earth extinction event, which<br />

wiped out 90 percent of land-living animal and plant species,<br />

including land-living turtles. So if Archelons were this strong why<br />

aren't they here now?<br />

Archelons as previously talked about lived many years on earth but<br />

went extinct. But why? <strong>The</strong> increasing threat of egg or hatchling<br />

predation by new marine or mammalian species may have led to the<br />

extinction of Archelon meaning turtle eggs have been attacked<br />

more and slowly disappeared after time. Wait if they were a<br />

keystone species how is the earth still here but what about the new<br />

turtle species Who are they and how did they come?<br />

Have you noticed the animals I<br />

chose?<br />

Predators are an animals worst enemy: a stronger species ready to<br />

feast on them and this is the same for sea turtle hatchling usually<br />

they hatch at night to hide from predators but this could be<br />

changed from light pollution. To understand why this is bad, turtles<br />

follow the moon that points to the ocean meaning other lights<br />

could distort their path and could bring attention to other<br />

predators such as crabs, birds and more meaning less survival rate<br />

but a question is: why don’t they just find a new nesting place?<br />

So far in our generation there are Hawksbills,Greens,Olive<br />

ridleys,Logger head, Leather back and the extinct ones Archelons<br />

and Toxochelyidae’s now as said the strongest sea turtles<br />

archelons went extinct so what about thes ones well they arent in a<br />

good state either. Wait so how much sea turtles are there left?<br />

<strong>The</strong>re are around 6.5 million now your first thought is that theres<br />

alot of turtles left are you sure though?<br />

Billions of humans.<br />

50 Billion birds.<br />

4500 species of crabs and more…

When a turtle lays an egg, the gender of the turtle depends on the<br />

temperature. If the temperature is 27 C or less, then the turtle will be<br />

a male, but if the temperature is 31 C or more, then the turtle will be a<br />

female. To recognise the gender of a turtle you can: Look at the sea<br />

turtle's tail size. Male sea turtles have a longer tail that extends past<br />

the edge of the carapace, while females have a shorter tail that barely<br />

reaches the carapace. Or Look at the sea turtle's cloaca. This is an<br />

opening or vent on the underside of the tail. Male sea turtles have a<br />

cloaca that is closer to the tip of the tail, while females have a cloaca<br />

that is closer to the body.<br />

For thousands of years, turtles have used the same nesting<br />

beaches because the temperature is just right and the eggs<br />

won’t wash away. If we destroy a nesting beach, the turtles will<br />

just stop laying or lay eggs in the road that has replaced their<br />

nesting area.<br />

Nesting is a complicated thing. How it works is that when a<br />

mom lays its eggs the turtles when they hatch they memorize<br />

their beach to grow up and lay their eggs in the same place -<br />

meaning if we can calculate when they hatch we can know<br />

when they will come back to watch or learn more about them.<br />

Not just that: in the process of them growing by the time<br />

they come back to their nesting place the might be new<br />

buildings that could harm the mom or the new eggs<br />

This is why you should never interfere with hatchlings or try<br />

to “help” them get to the sea. <strong>The</strong> baby turtles need to move<br />

or they will not remember their beach for when it’s time to<br />

lay their eggs.<br />

This little one will always remember the beach where she<br />

hatched<br />













Sea turtle rescue in<br />

Qatar - Jian and Rita<br />

Sea turtles are one of the most<br />

imperiled animals on earth. In Qatar,<br />

there are an estimated 3,000 sea<br />

turtles that have been stranded in the<br />

Persian Gulf. <strong>The</strong>se endangered<br />

reptiles need our help!<br />

Sea turtles are keystone species ( Important species for their<br />

ecosystem: Turtles help keep beach dunes, the seafloor and<br />

coral reefs healthy, keep jellyfish populations balanced, and<br />

more.) in the marine ecosystem. <strong>The</strong>re are 7 types of sea<br />

turtles, 4 of which you can find in Qatar; these are: green<br />

turtles, olive ridley turtles, loggerhead turtles, and<br />

hawksbills .Although sea turtles lack teeth, their jaws have<br />

evolved into custom "beaks" that are tailored to their specific<br />

food. <strong>The</strong>y have skin-covered eardrums but not noticeable<br />

ears. <strong>The</strong>y have an excellent sense of smell and hear best at<br />

low pitches. Although they have good underwater eyesight,<br />

they are shortsighted on land. <strong>The</strong>y are very well-suited to<br />

living at sea thanks to their sleek bodies and big flippers. Sea<br />

turtles, however, still have strong attachments to the land,<br />

due to them having to lay eggs.

Why Do Turtles Get Stranded ?<br />

turtles were injured. (Information from Olive Ridley<br />

Project).<br />

Sea turtles are one of the most endangered species on<br />

earth. Population numbers have decreased by more than<br />

95 percent since they were first described in the early<br />

1800s. <strong>The</strong>y used to be common sightings along the coasts<br />

of Qatar and other Gulf countries, but are now slowly<br />

disappearing due to a variety of factors including poaching<br />

for their meat, illegal fishing, entanglements in plastics and<br />

coastal development.<br />

Sea Turtles get stranded by getting entangled in ghost<br />

gear (Abandoned fishing nets, hooks etc.). Or, they could be<br />

attacked by a predator, and drift towards the shore. Most<br />

turtles get stunned by cold weather, and are paralyzed for<br />

hours. Many turtle strandings are caused by human<br />

activity e.g vessel strikes, entanglement etc. 37 dead and<br />

injured sea turtles were found at the northern Aegean and<br />

Sea of Marmara between 2010 and 2017, of which 34 were<br />

loggerhead sea turtles and 3 were green sea turtles. <strong>The</strong><br />

frequency of stranding was 4.62 turtles per year. All green<br />

sea turtles were dead, whereas 16 of the loggerhead sea<br />

If you find a sea turtle stranded on the beach,<br />

call the Ministry call center (184) to report<br />

your observation and findings. Or, you could<br />

call the national helpline for turtles (189). If<br />

you see a hatchling emerging, do not interfere<br />

with it. Switch off any bright lights and stay<br />

clear of the path to the ocean. Do not pick<br />

them up with your bare hands, or bring them<br />

towards the ocean. You could pass germs and<br />

bacteria to the baby hatchling with your bare<br />

hands. Hatchlings need to imprint where they<br />

were born, so they can come back later. <strong>The</strong>y<br />

need to warm up their muscles for the big<br />

swim they have after they get into the ocean.

We have been lucky enough to partner with <strong>The</strong> Olive<br />

Ridley Project. Out of 7 known turtle species, 5 are<br />

present in the Maldives, <strong>The</strong> two most common are the<br />

hawksbill and the green turtles. Those sea turtles are<br />

endangered, that's why Dr. Mariana Fragoso (Resident<br />

veterinary surgeon) and her team are saving the sea<br />

turtles from immediate extinction. <strong>The</strong>y are raising<br />

awareness by posting on social media and giving<br />

presentations to schools and the general public. So, as<br />

individuals, we can also save the turtles by reducing the<br />

debris that can be eaten by the turtles.<br />

Moreover, people not only in the<br />

Maldives but also in Qatar are<br />

responsible for saving the turtles. For<br />

example, the Environmental Science<br />

Center in Qatar University, in<br />

collaboration with the Protection and<br />

Wildlife Department team, executed<br />

the Qatar Turtle Project. <strong>The</strong> project<br />

is funded by Qatar Energy and<br />

monitored by the Ministry of<br />

Environment and Climate <strong>Change</strong>.<br />

This project targets all Qatar beaches<br />

and specifically in Fuwairit, where they<br />

helped release more than 31,000<br />

hawksbill baby turtles to protect<br />

endangered species. Last but not<br />

least, it is everyone’s responsibility in<br />

Qatar, be it residents or locals, to help<br />

the authorities implement the plan<br />

and make it successful.<br />

As David Attenborough said “ Every breath of air we<br />

take, every mouthful of food that we take, comes from the<br />

natural world. And if we damage the natural world, we<br />

damage ourselves.” Protecting sea turtles is essential for<br />

a healthy ocean. Let's put our effort together and make<br />

sure sea turtles exist in our ocean for future generations.

Sauvons Les Tortues Marines En Voie De<br />

Disparition De L'extinction !!<br />

Les scientifiques ont passé des décennies à tenter de<br />

résoudre les mystères de créatures incroyables qui<br />

suscitent la curiosité. Savez-vous qui ils sont? Tortues de<br />

mer! Ils sont extrêmement<br />

importants pour notre<br />

planète pour de<br />

nombreuses raisons.<br />

Sur 7 espèces de tortues<br />

connues, 5 sont présentes<br />

aux Maldives. Les deux plus<br />

courantes sont la tortue<br />

imbriqué et la tortue verte.<br />

Ces tortues marines sont Endangered turtle in Persian Gulf<br />

en voie de disparition, c'est<br />

pourquoi le Dr Mariana<br />

Fragoso (vétérinaire résidents ) et son équipe sauvent les<br />

tortues marines d'une extinction immédiate. Ils sensibilisent<br />

en publiant sur les réseaux sociaux et en faisant des<br />

présentations dans les écoles et le grand public. Ainsi, en<br />

tant qu’individus, nous pouvons également sauver les<br />

tortues en réduisant les débris qu’elles peuvent manger.<br />

De plus, ce sont les habitants des Maldives mais aussi<br />

du Qatar qui sont responsables de la sauvegarde des<br />

tortues. Par exemple, le Centre des sciences de<br />

l'environnement de l’université du Qatar, en<br />

collaboration avec l'équipe du Département de la<br />

protection et de la faune, a exécuté le projet Qatar<br />

Turtle. Le projet est financé par Qatar Energy et<br />

suivi par le ministère de l'Environnement et du<br />

<strong>Change</strong>ment climatique. Ce projet cible toutes les<br />

plages du Qatar et plus particulièrement celle de<br />

Fuwairit, où ils ont contribué à relacher plus de 31<br />

000 bébés tortues imbriqués pour protéger les<br />

espèces menacés. Enfin et surtout, il est de la<br />

responsabilité de chacun au Qatar, qu’il soit<br />

résident ou local, d’aider les autorités a mettre en<br />

œuvre le plan et a en faire un succès.Comme l’a dit<br />

David Attenborough : « Chaque respiration que nous<br />

prenons, chaque bouchée de nourriture que nous prenons<br />

vient du monde naturel. Et si nous endommageons le monde<br />

naturel, nous nous endommageant nous-mêmes. » La<br />

protection des tortues marines est essentielle pour un<br />

océan sain. Unissons nos efforts et veillons à ce que les<br />

tortues marines existent dans notre océan pour les<br />

générations futures.

What are we doing<br />

to our turtles? -<br />

Nathan and Vittoria<br />

In the photo, nurse Tristan treats Handhu with<br />

antibiotics. This article will explain more about how<br />

Handhu ended up in hospital and what dangers he<br />

will face in the wild<br />

For over 100 million years, sea turtles have covered huge<br />

distances in many of the world's oceans. <strong>The</strong>y are extremely<br />

important because they have a crucial role in the balance of<br />

marine life. Humans have a role in their chosen activities to<br />

protect them from harm, before it's too late!<br />

Firstly, many turtles are harmed by human activity of fishing. For<br />

example, fishing nets accidentally catch sea turtles and make<br />

them suffer and could potentially lead to their death. Turtles need<br />

air to breathe, as they are air-breathing reptiles. When they are<br />

caught in the fishing nets for too long, they drown because they<br />

are unable to come up from the surface for air. <strong>The</strong> main effect on<br />

this is that human activity is reducing turtle numbers. ‘’ Trapped<br />

in a net, the turtles are dragged through the water with no access<br />

to the surface to breathe, causing them to drown. It is estimated<br />

that some 4,600 sea turtles are killed by fishing nets hooks every<br />

year in the U.S. waters” - Smithsonian Oceans

This story also connects to a turtle called Handhu .<br />

Handgun was severely disentangled and rescuers knew he<br />

was in a terrible condition as there was a deep laceration<br />

to his right left flipper. Luckily he has recovered slowly and<br />

is still getting treated. <strong>The</strong> nurses are aiming for Handu to<br />

have a happy successful life now that he is treated with the<br />

right care.<br />

Secondly, an additional reason why human activity is<br />

harming turtles is because of illegal trade in selling turtle<br />

shells. For example, turtle shells are very popular and<br />

people like to buy them. Evidence supporting this is that in<br />

many places, turtle shells are used to make jewelry and<br />

other luxury items to sell to tourists and this is<br />

endangering turtles. A solution for this problem is to be a<br />

valid customer and know the consciences for the innocent<br />

turtles out there.<br />

Moreover, a further reason that shows human activity is<br />

harming the population of turtles is climate change.<br />

Climate change is causing the earth to heat up. For<br />

example, sand is also heating up and this is impacting. Male<br />

and female turtle hatchlings change as a result of the sand<br />

temperature. If the sand is hotter the gender is most likely<br />

to be female. This means that the balance of sea turtles<br />

will be more biased towards females and this could lead to<br />

reducing turtle population in the future.<br />

Finally, an increase in severe storms is another climate<br />

change problem affecting turtles. For example, hurricanes<br />

and tropical cyclones could make the problem of beach<br />

erosion happen faster. This means that sea turtles' nesting<br />

habitat are more likely to be flooded and this means that<br />

nesting success rates will be lowered. This would endanger<br />

turtles even in the future.<br />

Even though Handhu was rescued in the Maldives, the<br />

same issues affect turtles in Qatar.<br />

Our beautiful country Qatar is home to 5 out of 7 turtle<br />

species, but they are dying because of our actions. Now<br />

250,000 turtles die per year and you probably didn’t know<br />

that only 0.1% of turtles survive to nesting age - Dr<br />

Mariana Olive Ridley Project. If you can make these minor<br />

changes to your everyday life you will impact Qatar and the<br />

turtles greatly.<br />

What are these changes? You might be asking yourself,<br />

they are small changes like turning of lights when not in<br />

the room to save electricity or not wasting your food<br />

because when you waste food it releases a greenhouse gas<br />

called methane which is 82 times worse than Co2. <strong>The</strong>se<br />

are small changes that will directly affect Qatar and other<br />

countries with vast turtle populations.

But really there is something that<br />

is such an easy fix, its plastic,<br />

plastic is such a big problem<br />

because it does not decompose<br />

which means it lasts for more<br />

than 500 years and plastic bags<br />

look like jellyfish which is a turtles<br />

main source of food.<br />

Plastic Isn’t all bad, it is<br />

used everywhere in the<br />

medical field such as<br />

syringes those are made<br />

of plastic and there are<br />

pacemakers which save<br />

600,000 people per year<br />

and then some<br />

bulletproof armor is also<br />

made in plastic which so<br />

far has saved more than<br />

3000 and now in Europe<br />

only 3% of food is<br />

delivered spoilt because<br />

they are wrapped in<br />

plastic. Unfortunately, we<br />

waste so much of it and this lands in the<br />

ocean.<br />

If these small, small changes are made then the Qatari<br />

marine ecosystem will be in a much better shape and you<br />

will see a beautiful ecosystem thriving below water, the<br />

beaches will not be trash everywhere and it will be a silky<br />

sand going through your toes. Just please take these<br />

small changes into consideration.

Plastics: Good or Evil? - Jenna and Johann<br />

Did you know that more than 5 trillion pieces of plastic are<br />

floating around our oceans? Around the world, plastic is used<br />

in many different ways, some bad,<br />

some good. Plastic can be used to<br />

save peoples lives. But it can also be<br />

used to harm many things such as<br />

marine life. Why can’t we take 5<br />

minutes to clean up after ourselves<br />

and recycle? Or simply avoid using<br />

plastic?<br />

Turtles are very important to our<br />

survival and without them our<br />

oceans will suffer. Turtles are<br />

endangered for many horrifying<br />

reasons but the main reason is<br />

PLASTIC. For instance, ingestion of plastic is one of the<br />

critical reasons that make marine animals starve, choke and<br />

die… When marine animals ingest the plastic the plastic<br />

doesn’t degrade making the animal feel full. When this<br />

happens the animal will not eat which leads to starvation and<br />

death.<br />

Don’t you wonder where all this plastic we dispose of in the<br />

trash goes? Well, it goes into landfills and then straight to the<br />

ocean. Once it reaches the ocean it stays there forever until<br />

an animal eats it or gets entangled in it. <strong>The</strong>n, it can lead to<br />

death or starvation, injuries and harm to the animal. So do<br />

you really want to kill animals with our trash?<br />

Plastic is an integral part of our<br />

lives.Plastic is so cheap and easy to<br />

make that we use it all the time.<br />

Unfortunately, it’s not even recycled in<br />

a proper manner. About 91% of plastic<br />

is thrown away. So where does all that<br />

plastic go? Every year, over 17 trillion<br />

pounds (7.72 trillion kilograms) of<br />

plastic are washed into the<br />

oceans.<strong>The</strong>re are five huge areas in<br />

This image was taken from Doha News<br />

the world’s oceans that are a “soup” of<br />

floating trash. One of these areas, the<br />

Great Pacific Garbage Patch, is three times as large as<br />

France.Plastic pollution has particularly harmed marine life<br />

and their ecosystem .<strong>The</strong>se magnificent creatures are among<br />

the oldest species on the planet Earth.You may be shocked to<br />

know that themain reason that the sea turtles are<br />

endangered species is because of plastic pollution.People are<br />

dumping plastic everywhere and it is reaching the oceans.Sea<br />

turtles and other marine animals are mistaking plastic as food<br />

and are consuming it.<strong>The</strong> plastic damages their internal<br />

organs which leads to starvation,eventually death. Do we say<br />

goodbye to plastic or sea turtles?

But if we still need plastic then there<br />

are so many other ways you can<br />

reuse plastic instead of throwing it<br />

in the trash. For example, making<br />

jewelry, because in the Oliver Ridley<br />

project they take the nets and<br />

plastic in the ocean that harmed<br />

animals and use it to make jewelry.<br />

Afterwards, they sell them and with<br />

the money they buy medications for<br />

the turtles. Another way is to take<br />

your plastic and put it into a<br />

recycling bin. Of course we can’t<br />

take plastic entirely but we can<br />

always reuse it!<br />

But of all the bad things plastic does<br />

there are also good things. Like,<br />

plastic saves lives. Plastic is used for<br />

police shields and armor/protection.<br />

As plastic is not biodegradable it is<br />

very hard to break it and can<br />

protect you. It is also a lot cheaper<br />

than leather, cotton, paper, etc and<br />

it can keep things good for longer.<br />

And, that is good because if you are poor or cannot<br />

afford your food going bad or buying big bags of<br />

groceries then you can keep the food you do have good<br />

for 5-10 days just by wrapping it in plastic wrap. Plastic<br />

wrap is also much cheaper than aluminum foil and is<br />

better than aluminum foil.<br />

Two experts from the<br />

Ministry of Environment for<br />

Qatar, Jassim Mohd Lari<br />

(Head of the marine wildlife<br />

section) and Mohammed E.<br />

Ahmed (marine biologist)<br />

visited our school to raise<br />

awareness just for turtles<br />

and explained to us why we<br />

need to help and how. It used<br />

to be 1 in a 1000 baby turtles<br />

making it to adulthood but<br />

now it is “10 in 1000 baby<br />

turtles making it to<br />

adulthood”.<strong>The</strong>se are acts we<br />

need to continue to do,<br />

raising awareness, helping<br />

the endangered and<br />

reducing, reusing and<br />

recycling.<br />

In conclusion, we can’t<br />

always get rid of the problem<br />

but we can always make it better. Need an easy solution?<br />

Well just start recycling and stop harming marine life and<br />

leaving ghost nets and plastic in the water. As MYP<br />

students we should be able to reduce and reuse. “ <strong>The</strong><br />

human race will regret it if we don’t act on plastic now”<br />

Said by David Attenborough.

Is your boat helping or harming? - Ali<br />

While Handhu was in hospital, he made friends with another patient called Aïcha. Aïcha<br />

was a victim of a boat strike and is still in recovery after losing two flippers.<br />

Aïcha is doing well after sustaining<br />

horrific injuries. Her wounds were<br />

treated with surgery, cold laser<br />

therapy and manuka honey. This<br />

brave little girl is now swimming in<br />

the sea with the help of her medical<br />

team.<br />




Why should we care about turtles?<br />

We should care about turtles because turtles are a<br />

really important aspect for the ocean. Turtles help maintain<br />

coral reef production all the way up to transporting all the<br />

essential nutrients that the beaches, coastal dunes and<br />

oceans need. Without turtles, the ocean would not have the<br />

ability to function on its own. <strong>The</strong>refore, it is very important<br />

that we protect all 7 species of sea turtles.<br />

Can I tell you a story about a turtle that the Olive Ridley<br />

Project saved? <strong>The</strong>ir name is Aisha. Aisha’s gender/sex is<br />

unknown, but we only know that she was found floating at<br />

the Dhaalu Atoll resort. <strong>The</strong> resort staff rescued the turtle<br />

as fast as they can. <strong>The</strong> resort staff called the Olive Ridley<br />

Project. <strong>The</strong>re was a lot of turbulence and there was a<br />

storm, so they had to make a 2 day trip. For the 1st day, the<br />

turtle stayed at the resort. <strong>The</strong> 2nd day, Aisha was<br />

transported to the resort on November 4th, 2023. Aisha<br />

suffered severe trauma to her front left flipper. Aisha also<br />

has the front right flipper’s humerus bone completely<br />

exposed and is also currently undergoing critical care<br />

wherever she is injured.<br />

<strong>The</strong>re are many ways that turtles die. One of these ways is<br />

boat strikes. 40% of turtles die from boat strikes every<br />

year. <strong>The</strong> turtles get hit by boats because of many factors;<br />

for example, when a turtle is surfacing to bask or get some<br />

air, a boat might be coming where the turtle is, and, when a<br />

turtle is breathing or basking, the turtle is vulnerable, so,<br />

the body or the propeller of the boat strikes the turtle, and<br />

the turtle is severely injured from the propeller. <strong>The</strong> speed<br />

and power of the propeller or boat also determines the<br />

intensity of the injury. .<br />

<strong>The</strong>re are only some solutions to this saddening problem. A<br />

solution to boat strikes on turtles is that we could slow<br />

down when a turtle is spotted basking or breathing in air. We<br />

should also attempt to avoid driving over seagrass beds<br />

because turtles sometimes hide there in case a predator is<br />

hunting it. Under the seagrass beds, there might be a turtle<br />

and the propeller might even kill the turtle instantly, which<br />

has happened many times in the ocean. We should also stay<br />

in channels of water to make the rates of hitting a turtle<br />

lower by a lot.<br />

You should always attempt to stop your boat when a turtle is<br />

basking or breathing near your area and let the turtle bring<br />

itself down after it is done with breathing or basking. We<br />

should always remember to not go too fast on your boat. If<br />

we do these things, we will be able to stop boat strikes and<br />

we might be able to put a stop to the current situation that<br />

is happening in the ocean. I hope this world can put an end to<br />

the boat strikes and at least lower the amount of turtle<br />

deaths by boat strikes from 40% to at least 15% to at least<br />

help out the turtles a bit.










Can technology help<br />

turtles? - Nicolas and Mahd<br />

Have you ever wondered how modern technology can affect<br />

turtles?You might have not but I have.Turtles are<br />

magnificent species so we need to know how to save them<br />

so we need to know how technology can affect them saving<br />

them or harming them.<strong>The</strong>refore let's get right into it.<br />

Have you ever wondered what the world would look like from the<br />

perspective of a turtle? Contaminated soil, polluted air, a soup of<br />

trash floating in the seas - the world has changed dramatically with<br />

the advancement of industrialization and modernization but is<br />

technology bad indeed?<br />

<strong>The</strong> world has many different things that prove that we have come a<br />

long way from just sticks and stones. but what effect does it have on<br />

others, not only humans. But marine animals and all other creatures<br />

of this world? For one the humans have made plastic, plastic can be<br />

very grim for marine animals including sea turtles. But what can it do<br />

to help sea turtles?<br />

<strong>The</strong>re are all sorts of machines, devices and other gadgets that us<br />

humans use to make us feel healthy and strong. But did you know they<br />

can also help sea turtles? <strong>The</strong> common x-ray is used to see the sea<br />

turtle's bones and other parts of its body. <strong>The</strong>re is also an app that<br />

multiple people use when they find a hurt/stranded/stuck sea turtle<br />

and the app is called Conservation AI which uses AI to help a sea<br />

turtle in a much easier way.

To act fast we will need your help.For you to donate to<br />

ORP and adopt a turtle which you can donate the money<br />

for the ORP to use your money to help the turtles get<br />

better and raise awareness or just learn about them and<br />

do a beach cleanup.No matter what you do it all helps so it<br />

doesn't matter if all you do is pick up a piece of garbage<br />

every day it all counts. This technology is great and all<br />

but we don't have it in our hands everywhere so is this<br />

just a prediction or is this technology taking play right<br />

now<br />

<strong>The</strong> cool thing is that the technology mentioned below<br />

is being used now and is currently developing to be even<br />

better.So now let's move on to the main point, how does<br />

technology affect turtles?<br />

Technology these days is fantastic it will be able to help<br />

or harm badly turtles affecting them greatly so let's<br />

look at both sides.Good:modern technology can help<br />

turtles by tracking them throughout the ocean with<br />

satellites allowing you to see where they nest and lay<br />

their eggs after that you can protect that area. Another<br />

good way to help turtles with modern technology is that it<br />

allows making riskier surgeries possible by using lasers to<br />

cut off infected parts of the body quicker and less painfully<br />

and Let go of trapped turtles for example every year many<br />

turtles get trapped and drown in the trawl nets that<br />

shrimp catching boats drag across the ocean floor (thanks<br />

to humans again) but now we have developed a way to set<br />

them free.This happens by putting metal bars in the middle<br />

of the net while the shrimp flow right through them the<br />

turtles (and other big animals) get stuck so then are<br />

brought out through a flap in the trawl net.<br />

This technology can<br />

be found almost<br />

everywhere but<br />

mostly in the<br />

maldive because<br />

there there is an<br />

organization known<br />

as the ORP (Olive<br />

Ridley Project)<br />

whose goal is to<br />

save turtles.<strong>The</strong>y<br />

use a lot of<br />

technology such as<br />

satellite trackers to<br />

find and figure out<br />

the turtles swim path nesting location and hatching<br />

location and the doppler wich is a device used to hear a<br />

turtle's heart beat or more specifically the blood flow.With<br />

that said let's move on into the conclusion.<br />

“We need to work with nature not<br />

against it” (David Attenborough)

A Turtle’s Viewpoint<br />

on Global Warming -<br />

Ammar and Hugo<br />

Are you aware that you are a culprit involved in, not one but<br />

many crimes? You are destroying your own home and the<br />

home of billions of creatures. Especially that of sea turtles.<br />

As a hawksbill living in the Arabian gulf, I am experiencing<br />

severe climate change. <strong>Be</strong>cause of you, it’s about to get<br />

worse.<br />

To start with, you humans are burning fossil fuels for your own benefit,<br />

releasing greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. Thus trapping the<br />

sun’s heat and making the globe hotter. Deforestation aids global<br />

warming. When forests are demolished, carbon dioxide escapes into the<br />

atmosphere, reinforcing what is becoming a prison of heat. <strong>The</strong> middle<br />

east is among the places on the planet with very few greenery.<br />

According to Jhon Mcmanus, geographical.co.uk, “Recent scientific<br />

research predicts that, by 2070, the Gulf will experience heat waves<br />

beyond the limits of human tolerance”. If that’s what will happen to the<br />

land, what will happen to the seas, my home?<br />

74,000 years ago, Qatar wasn’t a peninsula surrounded by the Persian<br />

gulf. Global warming elevated the seas. 6000 years ago, the Persian gulf<br />

came to existence. So did the nesting beaches of the hawksbill<br />

population. But, the sea isn’t stopping there. Soon, our nesting grounds<br />

will be engulfed by the sea. Sea turtles will lose the privilege of nesting<br />

on beaches isolated from human civilization. Especially hawksbills.<br />

That’s not the only problem.

Mr Jassim Mohammed Lari taught grade 6 exactly<br />

how temperature affects our eggs. If it is less than<br />

29 C, you will get males. If it’s over 35, you will get females<br />

but ideally the temperature will fluctuate and you will get<br />

both.<br />

Endangered turtle nesting on a landing strip in Maldives<br />

If a turtle was born where a hotel is being built, she will still<br />

try to lay her eggs there. So turtles will lay eggs in hotels,<br />

airports or busy roads because they will built over the<br />

beach. <strong>The</strong>re is not just one turtle laying eggs but lots of<br />

turtles.<br />

This is why humans must stop wasting food and fossil fuels.<br />

Global warming will cause our nesting beaches to flood.<br />

We need YOUR help!

Can Sunshine Make<br />

a Difference?<br />

ATL: generate creative solutions for<br />

authentic problems.<br />

It started as a joke between friends.<br />

What if? What if we can use the floor to<br />

stop climate change? What if we put<br />

solar panels on the floor…<br />

Luckily, Mr AlGammal and his friends<br />

decided to try and make this crazy<br />

dream a reality and their idea became a<br />

company called Sunpave that created<br />

walkable solar tiles for Al Thumama<br />

stadium.<br />





Mohammad AlGammal holds an innovative solution to help our turtles

Climate change threatens every living creature in Qatar.<br />

Unfortunately, solar panels take up a LOT of space. <strong>The</strong>y<br />

also need to be made of strong stuff to withstand the<br />

desert winds and searing heat. This could make this option<br />

ridiculously expensive.<br />

Mr AlGammal works in the technical engineering<br />

department of Texas A&M University and has over 14 years<br />

experience in mechanical design, simulation and project<br />

management. He also has a group of wonderful friends and<br />

colleagues who are passionate about improving the world<br />

we live in.<br />

By working together, they designed a floor tile that<br />

creates solar energy and reduces pollution and climate<br />

change. This innovation earned them multiple awards and<br />

they got to showcase their design during the Qatar World<br />

Cup!<br />

Sunpave won first place in the Sustainable Technologies/<br />

Future Energy category in the “Create the Future Design<br />

Contest”.<br />

When I asked Mr AlGammal what message he had for my<br />

students, he shared one of his biggest challenges: the tiles<br />

are made out of materials like glass and it took a lot of<br />

work and struggle to get the materials to be strong<br />

enough to handle a lot of weight and impact. Plus, the solar<br />

cells are incredibly fragile and shatter very easily. But the<br />

team did not give up despite huge challenges and lots of<br />

failed attempts.<br />

<strong>The</strong> tiles are now strong enough to handle fire trucks!<br />

<strong>The</strong>y can also be placed in train tracks and marine vessels.<br />

This will definitely make a difference to our cold blooded<br />

friends like Handhu.<br />

Many of us don’t realise that “comfort” is an enemy. We<br />

need challenge and failure to reach our full potential. We<br />

have to dream big and find friends who will work with us<br />

and we mustn’t expect instant success.<br />






Author Name<br />

If you<br />

enjoyed<br />

this<br />

magazine,<br />

please<br />

visit and<br />

support<br />

the Olive<br />

Ridley<br />

Project<br />

Adopt an<br />

injured turtle

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