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Disaster management strategy for avoiding landslide induced losses to the villages in the vicinity of the Himalayan township of Mussoorie in Uttaranchal (India)

Disaster management strategy for avoiding landslide induced losses to the villages in the vicinity of the Himalayan township of Mussoorie in Uttaranchal (India)

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I' Disaster Prevention and Management An International Journal, sets out to advance the available knowledge in the fields of disaster prevention and management and to aetas an integrative agent for extant methodologies and activities relating to disaster emergency and crisis management. Publishing high quality, refereed papers, the journal supports the exchange of Ideas, experience and practice between academics, practitioners, and policy-makers. EDITOR Dr H.C. Wilson Senior University Teacher, Department of Cybernetics & Virtual Systems, University of Bradford, Bradford BD7 1DP MANAGING EDITOR Simon Llnacre CONSULTINGEDITOR Dr A.Z. Keller DurhamUniversityBusinessSchool,UK ISSN 0965-3562 @ 2005 EmeraldGroupPublishing Limited Publishedin associationwith the DisasterPreventionand Limitation Unit, Universityof Bradford ~ CertifiC8lenwnber LtII:r'!I:........ Disaster Prevention and Management: An Intematlonalloumal Is indexed and abstracted in: Awardedin recognitionof Emerald'sproduction department'sadherenceto quality systemsand processeswhen preparing scholarlyjournalsfor print Cabell's Directory of Publishing Opportunities In Management and Marketing Emerald Reviews (formerly Anbar) GeographicalAbstracts: Human Geography Health & Safety Science Abstracts Risk Abstracts ASFA-2: Ocean Technology, Policy & Non Living Resources Abstracts ASFA-3: Aquatic Pollution & Environmental Quality Abstracts Scopus Taylor and Francis Ergonomics Abstracts This journal Is also available online at www.emeraldinsight.com/dpm.htm Internet services available worldwide at www.emeraldinsighLcom EmeraldGroupPublishingLimited 60/62 Tollerlane, Bradford ( - ) BD89BY,UnitedKingdom Tel +44 (0) 1274 7mOO Q :.>_c: Fax+44 (0) 1274 785200 E-mailhelp@emeraldlnslght.com INVESTORINPEOPLE Regional offices: For North America Emerald, 875 Massachusetts Avenue, 7th Roor, Cambridge,MA02139.USA TelTollfree +1888 6220075;Fax+16173546875 E-mailamerlca@emeraldlnslghLcom ForJapan Emerald, 3-22-7Oowada. Ichlkawa-shi. Chiba, 272-0025. Japan Tel+8147 393 7322; Fax+81 47 393 7323 E-mailJapan@emeraldlnslghLcom ForAsia Pacific Emerald, 7-2, 7th Floor.MenaraKLH,BandarPuchong Jaya, 47100 Puchong,Selangor.Malaysia Tel+60 3 8076 6009; Fax+60 3 8076 6007 E-mailaslapaclflC@emeraldlnslght.com Customer helpdesk: Tel+44 (0) 1274785278; Fax+44 (0) 1274785204; E-mailsupport@emeraldlnslghLcom Webwww.emeraldlnslghLcom/customercharter Orders, subscription and missing claims enquiries: Tel+44(0)1274777700;Fax+44(0)1274785200 Missingissueclaimswill befulfilled if claimedwithin four monthsof dateof despatch.Maximumof one claim per issue. Reprints and permissions service: Anne-MarieThorslund Tel+44(0) 1274785139 E-mailathorslund@emeraldlnslghLcom Web www.emeraldlnslght.com/reprlnts www.emeraldlnslght.com/permlsslons No part of this journal may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, transmitted in any form or by any means electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or othelWise without either the prior written permission of the publisher or a licence permitting restricted copying issued in the UK by The Copyright Licensing Agency and In the USA by The Copyright Clearance Center. No responsibility is accepted for the accuracy of information contained in the text, illustrations or advertisements. The opinions expressed in the articles are not necessarily those o!the Editor or the publisher. - Emerald is a trading name of Emerald Group Publishing limited Printed by Printhaus Group Ltd, Scirocco Close, Moulton Park, Northampton NN3 6HE -- I I I l

L The Emerald Research Register for this journal is available at. The ClUTent issue and full text archive of this journal is available at www.emeraldinsight.comlresearchregister .. www.emeraldinsight.coml0965-3562.htm DPM 14,3 378 Disaster Pre\'entjon and Management Vol. 14 No.3. 2005 pp. 378-387 iC Emerald Group Publishing Limited 0965-3562 DOl 10.I 108109653560510605036 Disaster management strategy for avoiding landslide induced losses to the villages in the vicinity of the Himalayan township of Mussoorie in Uttaranchal (India) Aniruddha Uniyal and Piyoosh Rautela Disaster Mitigation and Management Centre, Uttaranchal Secretanat, Dehradun, India Abstract Purpose - Many villages in the vicinity of the hill township of Mussorie in the Indian Himalayas are witnessing signs of an impending disaster. These villages are witnessing active wastage that might take an heavy toll of human interest during the monsoon season and therefore the paper proposes examining this subjeci. Design/methodology/approach - A detailed study was undertaken in the area of Mussorie. Findings - It is suggested that a series of prevention and mitigation measures (both structural and non-struct1lr(1) with the involvement of the local conUTIunityare required for ruling out the possibility of any mishap in the area. Originality/value - This paper highlights the importance of having a disaster management strategies for the region and involving the community with these. Keywords Landslides, India, Disasters. Management strategy Paper type Research paper Introduction Natural disasters are common in the Himalayan state of Uttaranchal but their increased frequency and impact in the recent past has turned out to be a cause of concern for both the masses and the government alike. In the past earthquakes (1991 Uttarkashi and 1999 Chamoli), landslides (1998 Malpa and Okhimath, 2003 Uttarkashi), cloudbursts and flash floods (1971 Alaknanda, 2001 Burakedar and Khetgaon) have caused great damage to life and property in the various parts of the state. The Himalayas owe their evolution to the subduction and eventual collision of the alien plates (Indian and Eurasian) that have resulted in the formation of the tectonically active Himalayan orogenic belt (Thakur, 1992)which is subject to modifications by natural processes. High relief and peculiar meteorological regime of the region add to the pace of the natural degradational processes. Unplanned and uncontrolled L The authors are thankful to Dr R.K. Pan de, executive director, DMMC for guidance, support and encouragement to undertake work in the field of Disaster Management.