National Report SPAIN Spanish Catalogue of Invasive Alien Species

National Report SPAIN Spanish Catalogue of Invasive Alien Species

National Report


Spanish Catalogue of Invasive Alien


Isabel Lorenzo Iñigo


• Current situation

– Law 42/2007 on Natural Heritage and Biodiversity

National Projects

– 3 Strategies

– Regional Communities

• Future situation

Spanish Catalogue of Invasive Alien Species

Current situation

Law 42/2007, 13th December, on the Conservation of the

Natural Heritage and Biodiversity, the major legal corpus in

nature conservation

• Article 52.2 – Public administrations

will ban the introduction of species,

subspecies or breeds when they are

subject to compete with wild indigenous

species, modify its genetic purity or the

ecological balances.

• Article 61 - Creates the Spanish

Catalogue of Invasive Alien Species

• Article 62.3.e – In relation to fishing

and hunting activities it is forbidden the

introduction of exotic species

Current situation

With the actual regulatory framework the main activities are

centralised in specific projects.

In coordination with the regional authorities, the Spanish

Ministry of Environment, Rural and Marine Affairs continues

with the implementation of national or local projects.

National control of Ruddy duck (Oxyura

jamaicensis) – Conservation Strategy of

White headed-duck (Oxyura leucocephala)

• Control of American mink (Mustela vison)

in areas where the European mink, one of

the most endangered carnivore species in

the world, is present – Conservation Strategy

of European mink (Mustela lutreola)

Additionally, a

number of projects

implemented with

LIFE financial

support address the

IAS management

Current situation

Dedicated budget lines of the Ministry for 2010:

• Conservation project of European mink Mustela lutreola

and management of American mink Neovison vison


National Water Basins

- Management and restoration projects for the

Dreissena polymorpha, Eichornia crassipes, Procambarus

clarkii and alien fish species.

- Zebra mussel National Control Strategy

Current situation

Actions for the control of American Mink – Since 2003 > 3000


Burgos, Álava, La Rioja, Navarra, Soria, Palencia, Segovia, Cataluña, Teruel,

Zaragoza, Castellón, La Coruña y Lugo.


Support Biodiversity in rivers and wetlands


Remove invasive species populations within the

area of European mink distribution.

Population control of feral American mink out of

the influence area of the native species.

© WWF/Adena


Current situation


Regional Communities

- Valencia: Law – Decree 213/2009, 20th November, by which IAS control measures in

Valencia Regional Community are approved

- Castilla la Mancha: The species declared as IAS are Ameiurus melas, Ictalurus

punctatus, Silurus glanis, Pacifastacus leniusculus, Procambarus clarkii, Alburnus

alburnus, Gobio gobio, Leppomis gibosus and Sander Lucioperca


- Andalucía: Andalucian Program for IAS control


- Baleares Islands: Actions on IAS - Pennisetum villosum, Pennisetum setaceum,

Eichornia crassipes, Cotula coronifolia, Carpobrotus, Hydrocolite bonariense,

Limonium, Estrilda astrild, Procyon lotor, Nasua nasua, Myiopsitta monachus, Podarcis


Also: Rodent eradication in Sa Dragonera (260 hectares), rattus rattus and mus musculus have

been eradicated, captures of feral pigs and pigs hybridized with wild boar (Sus scrofa) and feral


Future situation

Law on the Conservation of the Natural Heritage and

Biodiversity from 2007, the major legal framework in nature

conservation, creates the Spanish Catalogue of Invasive Alien

Species dependent on the Ministry of Environment, Rural and

Marine Affairs

• This National Catalogue is in process of


• The Regulatory implementation is planned by

means of Royal Decree

• It is expected to come into force in 2012.

Future situation

Law 42/2007, 13th December. Article 61

1. Creates the Spanish Catalogue of Invasive Alien Species and defines

that it should include all the invasive alien species when there are

technical or scientific info reflecting a serious threat for indigenous

species, habitats or ecosystems, agronomy or for the economic resources

associated to the use of natural heritage.

2. Species are included by the Ministry when technical or scientific

information is available. Any person or organization could request to

initiate the process for the inclusion by filing the application together with

presentation of scientific reasons.

3. The inclusion in the Catalogue of one species leads to the general


ALIVE OR DIED INDIVIDUALS, of their remains or propagules,

INCLUDING FOREING TRADE. This ban could be subjected to

derogations for the purpose of research, health or human security.

Future situation

4. Regional Communities will monitor potential invasive alien

species, especially those that have demonstrate this character in other

countries or regions, in order to, if needed, lead to the inclusion in the


5. The Ministry and the Regional Communities within the framework of

National Commission on Natural Heritage and Biodiversity will prepare

Strategies with the guidelines for management, control and possible

eradication of the species included in the Catalogue. Prioritization will be

taken considering the risk for threatened native fauna, flora or habitats

with a particular attention on island biodiversity.

6. Regional Communities could also develop their own Catalogues.

Future situation


- Catalogue: Article 61.1 – serious threat

Article 61.3 – Effect: Not possession, transport,

traffic and trade, including

foreign trade

- List of IAS: Art. 61.4 - species with potential of entail a threat

species with lack or controversial information

Effect: It is totally forbidden to introduce them in

the nature

Future situation

Royal Decree under preparation:

• Definition of the content and characteristics of inclusion of new species

• Creation of a Scientific Committee

• Effects: possibility of declaring activities for the control and eradication as of public


• Synergy with Liability legislation

• Risk analysis for new imports

• Early Warning Network: Regional Communities focal points, information technology

open to public participation

• Measures for management, control and possible eradication of established species,

including public awareness

• Management, control and possible eradication Strategies

• Transitory requirements

• Specificity for islands

Future situation

Main issues under discussion:

- What to do with species already established in Spain

and that have been used with different intention? i.e.

Species of flora in nursery

Species for fishing and hunting


For flora

- Economic interest.

- Until specific legislation is developed the competent

authorities would be able to allow the maintenance of

catalogued species, subject to delivery of a report, in

Botanic Gardens or Botanic Centers

- Difference for Canary Island – Macaronesia

Biogeographical Region

Future situation

Fishing and Hunting

- Art. 62.3.e

- Conditions to the actual management

- Define the areas of exploitation within a year to control

de possible expansion

- Not use IAS as alive or dead bait

- Specificity for Canary Island: no rivers

Future situation


- Inform within a year of the possession

- Competent authorities (Reg. Comm.) could establish systems of

identification, if possible.

- Obligation to inform if escaped

- Not commerce or cession

- Competent authorities should facilitate the return of individuals if so

decided by owners. Shops could by entitled for this matter temporally.

- Transitional requirements for industry

Future situation

Thank you very much

Muchas gracias

Invasive species: the car

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