The Cultural Heritage Risk Map – Israel

iaa.conservation.org.il

The Cultural Heritage Risk Map – Israel

The Cultural Heritage Risk MapIsrael

ACRE, 17 December 2012

2

Michael Cohen, Israel Antiquities Authority Conservation Department

mic401@bezeqint.net

http://www.iaa-conservation.org.il/index_eng.asp

Israel Risk Map


Risk map objectives

• State of art

• Management tool based on knowledge

• Possible priorities for action

• Coordination

• A tool to raise the awareness

The Great Rift

Valley

• Guidelines for risk preparedness

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4

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2009 Launch

Study

Methodology

2011 Model -

Risk assessment

Pilot

Risk assessment in Archaeological Sites

Verification

Evaluation

Training

2012 Execution

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Initiative

The Italian Risk Map – a model for inspiration VS The reality

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Inspiration …..

PRINCIPLES for our RISK MAP

SIMPLE - simplified model, open to upgrade

SUPPORT - by external expertise ( Padova Uni. Italy, Niker project)

KNOWN CRITERIA - existing parameters

WIDESPREAD - collaboration with all key players

SUSTAINABLE - based on internal sources / capacities

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Parameters for Selected Sites.

Height

Value/important

Seismic danger

3.5

3

2.5

>4m

2

1.5

1


Final results of sites evaluation according the 3 parameters:

Location, Value/important, Height

Seismic

ScoreLocation

12

12

11

11

11

11

11

11

11

11

11

10

10

10

10

10

9

4

4

3

3

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

3

3

3

2

3

Value

5

5

5

5

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

5

4

Height

3

3

3

3

3

3

3

3

3

3

3

3

3

3

3

3

NY NX SY SX

5820 2350 5790 2330

00 00 00 00

7702 2542 7686 2525

00 00 50 00

7604 2089 7580 2064

00 00 00 00

7220 2180 7210 2170

00 00 00 00

7140 2410 7130 2400

00 00 00 00

7470 2459 7465 2452

00 00 00 00

7130 2490 7110 2460

00 00 00 00

7230 2500 7220 2490

00 00 00 00

7953 2656 7940 2633

00 00 00 00

7956 2673 7952 2668

00 00 00 00

7643 2453 7623 2444

00 00 00 00

7510 2110 7490 2100

00 00 00 00

7666 2212 7665 2210

00 00 00 00

7722 2216 7721 2214

00 00 00 00

6340 2237 6296 2213

00 00 00 00

7490 2270 7480 2260

00 00 00 00

תת

אתר

שם

פיילוט מפת סיכונים

NAME

Masada (3201/0)

Hazor, T. (3757/0)

Acre (2266/0)

Megiddo, T. (2723/0)

Bet Alfa (3338/0)

Arbel, H. (3482/0)

Bet She'an (3537/0)

Belvoir (3612/0)

Panias, H. (3945/0)

Mivzar Nimrod (4007/0)

Nahal `Amud (north)

(29563/0)

Afeq, T. (2425/0)

Mezudat Yehi`am

(Unofficial name) (2899/0)

Montfort (2901/0)

Jerusalem, Old City

(2921/0)

Yodefat (3040/0)

Israel Risk Map

)2921/0(

)3201/0(

)3757/0(

)2723/0(

חרבות מצדה

חצור,‏ תל

עכו )2266/0(

מגידו,‏ תל

בית אלפא )3338/0(

)3482/0(

)3537/0(

)3612/0(

)3945/0(

)4007/0(

ארבל,‏ ח'‏

בית שאן

כוכב הירדן

פאניס,‏ ח'‏

מבצר נמרוד

נחל עמוד ‏)צפון(‏ )29563/0(

)2425/0(

)2899/0(

)2901/0(

אפק,‏ תל

מצודת גדין

מונפור

ירושלים,‏ העיר העתיקה

יודפת )3040/0(

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

ATA_I

D

Site

No

32013201/0

37573757/0

22662266/0

27232723/0

33383338/0

34823482/0

35373537/0

36123612/0

39453945/0

0 40074007/0

29563/

0 295630

0

0

0

0

0

24252425/0

28992899/0

29012901/0

29212921/0

30403040/0


Selected sites

(Based on the 750 sites list)

Location

Height

Location

Hunin

Banias

Tiberias

Caserea

Kakun

Beth She'an

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Earthquake and Archaeological Sites

Development Risk Assessment Model

x VULNERABILITY HAZARD = RISK

Engineering and Physical

conservation state

Faults

Topography amplification

Slope stability

Liquidation

Tsunami

Critical (450 - )

High ) 300-450(

Medium ) 150-300(

Low ) 0-150(

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Training

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טופס Risk Evaluation

Risk Map - Structure Card

Date

Site

Name of the Building/complex

Reference

Site serial number

Fill duration in minutes

Type of the edifice remains

Materials

Mortar

Technology

Integrity

Elevation

Height (absolute)

Engineering and conservation state

Collapse

Dismantled

3D connections

Vaults arches

Deformations

Verticals or Horizental Cracks

Adjacent constructions

Modern intervention

Physical- conservation state

Lacking bricks/blocks/mortar/element

Deterioration

Vegetation

Vulnerability

Conclusion

General conclusion

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3 2

0

4 3

4 3

4 3

4 3

4 3

4 3

4 3

4 3

0

4 3

4 3

4 3

0

1

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

not calculated

Multiplicity

High ------------------- Low

Automatic

yes ---------------------- no

yes ---------------------- no

yes ---------------------- no

yes ---------------------- no

yes ---------------------- no

yes ---------------------- no

yes ---------------------- no

yes ---------------------- no

Automatic

yes ---------------------- no

yes ---------------------- no

yes ---------------------- no

Automatic

Structure, Complex, Part of complex, Colonnade

Concrete, Basalt, Lime stone, Sand stone, Other

Lime, Cement, Mud, Epoxy

One leaf, two leaves, three leafs, colonnade

3D connections

3) more then 4m - 2) 2-4m - 1) up to 2m

Existence of collapse that endanger the Structure

Existence of dismantling of structural element that endanger the Structure

No existence of 3D connections of structural element that stabilize the Structure

No existence of Arc / Vaults that stabilize the Structure

Existence of deformation that endanger the Structure

Existence of vertical constructive cracks that endanger the Structure

Adjacent construction the endanger the structure

Modern intervention that endanger the structure (dangering or stabilize)

Lacking of elements the endanger the structure

Deterioration that endanger the structure in the short term

Vegetation that endanger the stabilizing of the structure

Detail Conclusion

Recommendation

General

Details

Free words

Hazard

Faults

Topography Amplification

Slope stability

Liquidation

Tsunami

Dangers

Risk Score

Critic

High

Medium

Stable

1

0

1

0

0

4

4

4

4

4

3

3

3

3

3

2

2

2

2

2

1

1

1

1

1

Automatic

Automatic

Endangered Condition

Active deterioration

Bad condition

Stable Condition

Engineer Applicant

Geological Applicant

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Appendix

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Engineering and conservation state

No - Yes Σ

instability of constructive elements which endanger the structure 1 2 3 4 0

Lack of constructive elements which endanger the Structure (beam/ vault/ arch/ pillar) 1 2 3 4 0

Lack of 3D connections between constructive elements (foundations / walls/ roof/ ceiling/ columns ) 1 2 3 4 0

Slenderness (the proportion between the tall and wide) 1) 1: 4 / 2) 1:6 / 3) 1:8 / 4) 1:10 1 2 3 4 0

Existence of deformation (sinks, blows, attitude) that can endanger the stability of the structure

1 2 3 4 0

Existence of vertical / horizontal / diagonal constructive cracks that endanger the stability of the

structure 1 2 3 4 0

Adjacent construction that endanger the structure

Modern intervention that endanger the stability of the structure

Physical - conservation state

1 2 3 4 0

1 2 3 4 0

Total 0

Lacking bricks/blocks/mortar/element

Lacking of elements the endanger the structure 1 2 3 4 0

Deterioration Deterioration that endanger the structure in the short term 1 2 3 4 0

Vegetation Vegetation that endanger the stabilizing of the structure 1 2 3 4 0

Total 0

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Engineering and conservation state

No - Yes Σ

instability of constructive elements which endanger the structure 1 2 3 4 0

Lack of constructive elements which endanger the Structure (beam/ vault/ arch/ pillar) 1 2 3 4 0

Lack of 3D connections between constructive elements (foundations / walls/ roof/ ceiling/ columns ) 1 2 3 4 0

Slenderness (the proportion between the tall and wide) 1) 1: 4 / 2) 1:6 / 3) 1:8 / 4) 1:10 1 2 3 4 0

Existence of deformation (sinks, blows, attitude) that can endanger the stability of the structure

1 2 3 4 0

Existence of vertical / horizontal / diagonal constructive cracks that endanger the stability of the

structure 1 2 3 4 0

Adjacent construction that endanger the structure

Modern intervention that endanger the stability of the structure

Physical - conservation state

1 2 3 4 0

1 2 3 4 0

Total 0

Lacking bricks/blocks/mortar/element

Lacking of elements the endanger the structure 1 2 3 4 0

Deterioration Deterioration that endanger the structure in the short term 1 2 3 4 0

Vegetation Vegetation that endanger the stabilizing of the structure 1 2 3 4 0

Total 0

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Engineering and conservation state

No - Yes Σ

instability of constructive elements which endanger the structure 1 2 3 4 0

Lack of constructive elements which endanger the Structure (beam/ vault/ arch/ pillar) 1 2 3 4 0

Lack of 3D connections between constructive elements (foundations / walls/ roof/ ceiling/ columns ) 1 2 3 4 0

Slenderness (the proportion between the tall and wide) 1) 1: 4 / 2) 1:6 / 3) 1:8 / 4) 1:10 1 2 3 4 0

Existence of deformation (sinks, blows, attitude) that can endanger the stability of the structure

1 2 3 4 0

Existence of vertical / horizontal / diagonal constructive cracks that endanger the stability of the

structure 1 2 3 4 0

Adjacent construction that endanger the structure

Modern intervention that endanger the stability of the structure

Physical - conservation state

1 2 3 4 0

1 2 3 4 0

Total 0

Lacking bricks/blocks/mortar/element

Lacking of elements the endanger the structure 1 2 3 4 0

Deterioration Deterioration that endanger the structure in the short term 1 2 3 4 0

Vegetation Vegetation that endanger the stabilizing of the structure 1 2 3 4 0

Total 0

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Israel Risk Map


Engineering and conservation state

No - Yes Σ

instability of constructive elements which endanger the structure 1 2 3 4 0

Lack of constructive elements which endanger the Structure (beam/ vault/ arch/ pillar) 1 2 3 4 0

Lack of 3D connections between constructive elements (foundations / walls/ roof/ ceiling/ columns ) 1 2 3 4 0

Slenderness (the proportion between the tall and wide) 1) 1: 4 / 2) 1:6 / 3) 1:8 / 4) 1:10 1 2 3 4 0

Existence of deformation (sinks, blows, attitude) that can endanger the stability of the structure

1 2 3 4 0

Existence of vertical / horizontal / diagonal constructive cracks that endanger the stability of the

structure 1 2 3 4 0

Adjacent construction that endanger the structure

Modern intervention that endanger the stability of the structure

Physical - conservation state

1 2 3 4 0

1 2 3 4 0

Total 0

Lacking bricks/blocks/mortar/element

Lacking of elements the endanger the structure 1 2 3 4 0

Deterioration Deterioration that endanger the structure in the short term 1 2 3 4 0

Vegetation Vegetation that endanger the stabilizing of the structure 1 2 3 4 0

Total 0

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Engineering and conservation state

No - Yes Σ

instability of constructive elements which endanger the structure 1 2 3 4 0

Lack of constructive elements which endanger the Structure (beam/ vault/ arch/ pillar) 1 2 3 4 0

Lack of 3D connections between constructive elements (foundations / walls/ roof/ ceiling/ columns ) 1 2 3 4 0

Slenderness (the proportion between the tall and wide) 1) 1: 4 / 2) 1:6 / 3) 1:8 / 4) 1:10 1 2 3 4 0

Existence of deformation (sinks, blows, attitude) that can endanger the stability of the structure

1 2 3 4 0

Existence of vertical / horizontal / diagonal constructive cracks that endanger the stability of the

structure 1 2 3 4 0

Adjacent construction that endanger the structure

Modern intervention that endanger the stability of the structure

Physical - conservation state

1 2 3 4 0

1 2 3 4 0

Total 0

Lacking bricks/blocks/mortar/element

Lacking of elements the endanger the structure 1 2 3 4 0

Deterioration Deterioration that endanger the structure in the short term 1 2 3 4 0

Vegetation Vegetation that endanger the stabilizing of the structure 1 2 3 4 0

Total 0

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Engineering and conservation state

No - Yes Σ

instability of constructive elements which endanger the structure 1 2 3 4 0

Lack of constructive elements which endanger the Structure (beam/ vault/ arch/ pillar) 1 2 3 4 0

Lack of 3D connections between constructive elements (foundations / walls/ roof/ ceiling/ columns ) 1 2 3 4 0

Slenderness (the proportion between the tall and wide) 1) 1: 4 / 2) 1:6 / 3) 1:8 / 4) 1:10 1 2 3 4 0

Existence of deformation (sinks, blows, attitude) that can endanger the stability of the structure

1 2 3 4 0

Existence of vertical / horizontal / diagonal constructive cracks that endanger the stability of the

structure 1 2 3 4 0

Adjacent construction that endanger the structure

Modern intervention that endanger the stability of the structure

Physical - conservation state

1 2 3 4 0

1 2 3 4 0

Total 0

Lacking bricks/blocks/mortar/element

Lacking of elements the endanger the structure 1 2 3 4 0

Deterioration Deterioration that endanger the structure in the short term 1 2 3 4 0

Vegetation Vegetation that endanger the stabilizing of the structure 1 2 3 4 0

Total 0

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Engineering and conservation state

No - Yes Σ

instability of constructive elements which endanger the structure 1 2 3 4 0

Lack of constructive elements which endanger the Structure (beam/ vault/ arch/ pillar) 1 2 3 4 0

Lack of 3D connections between constructive elements (foundations / walls/ roof/ ceiling/ columns ) 1 2 3 4 0

Slenderness (the proportion between the tall and wide) 1) 1: 4 / 2) 1:6 / 3) 1:8 / 4) 1:10 1 2 3 4 0

Existence of deformation (sinks, blows, attitude) that can endanger the stability of the structure

1 2 3 4 0

Existence of vertical / horizontal / diagonal constructive cracks that endanger the stability of the

structure 1 2 3 4 0

Adjacent construction that endanger the structure

Modern intervention that endanger the stability of the structure

Physical - conservation state

1 2 3 4 0

1 2 3 4 0

Total 0

Lacking bricks/blocks/mortar/element

Lacking of elements the endanger the structure 1 2 3 4 0

Deterioration Deterioration that endanger the structure in the short term 1 2 3 4 0

Vegetation Vegetation that endanger the stabilizing of the structure 1 2 3 4 0

Total 0

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Preliminary Risk Assessment results of Archaeological Sites - Pilot (2010-1)

400

350

300

250

200

150

100

50

0

Caserea the port vaults

Tiberiades theatre

Banias the Crusader gate

Beth She'an the East bridge

Caserea the South wall

Beth She'an Cripta Portico

Caserea theatre

Caserea the West-North wall

Caserea the West-North wall

Hunin fortress

Caserea the Crusader gate

Beth She'an the reflection pool

Beth She'an palestra

Beth She'an Paladius Road

Beth She'an Theatre

Beth She'an the terme

Banias the palace

Beth She'an latrine

Kakun fortress

Caserea the promonade vaults

Critical

High

Medium

Low

Conservation Intervention

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Critical

High

Medium

Stable

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Preliminary pilot results – risk assessment of CH structures

Critical

High

Hunin

תצוגה גרפית של מפת

סיכונים ע"פ דירוג הסיכון

של המבנים בפיילוט

Banias

Medium

Low

Tiberias

Caserea

Kakun

Beth She'an

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First remarks

• Feasibility of simple model for Risk map

The results based on knowledge give validity

There is lack of risk preparedness in managed sites, some

of their monuments are in high or critical state

• Structures that were submitted to conservation are

usually in good state

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Thinkable solutions for Risk Preparedness

• Sharing information (GIS)

• Alarm / monitoring systems

• Reinforcing / strengthening

• Closing / isolating structures / places

• Evacuation routes

• Guideline procedures

• Training professionals

• Supplementary investigations

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Israel 2013

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Intervention

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Appropriate development

Beth She’an’s theatre

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Thank You

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