World Security Report June 2014

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For the latest news, features, essential analysis and comment on security, counter-terrorism, international affairs, warfare and defence

TRANSPORT SECURITY

INDUSTRY NEWS

signals and spotting what is a

threat and what is not. Machines

on the other hand are not.

The ARENA system combined

complementary sensors to reduce

false alarm rates. The threatdetection

task was also broken

down into four interconnected

steps: object detection, object

tracking; event recognition; and

threat recognition. The fewer the

bystanders to the vehicle, the

easier the system could interpret

what is going on, meaning that it

would be easier to detect a threat

in a quiet railway siding than when

standing by a busy platform. For

the same reason, trains may, on

the whole, prove easier to protect

than trucks, which often park in

places where there is innocent

foot traffic.

The project also tackled the

sensitive legal and ethical issues

involved in surveillance and

electronic security, particularly

those revolving around privacy. It

will be crucial to have the consent

of the driver for any camera

system which secures a vehicle

on the basis of facial recognition.

Facial recognition cameras were

only used in the cab of a vehicle,

so presented no challenge in

respect of the privacy of passersby.

ARENA’s innovative combination

of existing surveillance technology

provides autonomous monitoring

The Homeland Defense and Security Database

and situational awareness of the

environment surrounding critical

mobile assets, alerting personnel

to threats. In achieving this goal

it has the potential to fill the

yawning security gap between

harbours, depots and garages,

currently a cash cow for criminals

and potentially a loophole

exploited by terrorists.

There has been an uneasy

acceptance that piracy, hijacking

and thefts are facts of commercial

life, particularly when trading in

some parts of the world. But a

growing refusal to accept this

situation has helped to put the

issue to the top of the EU agenda.

ARENA may signal the beginning

of a fundamental shift in the

balance of power away from

criminals, improving the safety of

transport personnel and ultimately,

cutting costs for everyone.

Delta R Detection – Is this the magic bullet for airport security screening?

In the aftermath of 911

increasingly rigorous

screening procedures

have struggled to keep

with the high demand at

airport security and parcel

screening checkpoints.

What was needed was an

automated high speed

detection technologies that

can process large volumes

and be implemented with

little or no need for human

intervention.

Working with experts in

materials and computer

science from the University

of Florida Delta R

Detection has developed a

highly adaptable detection

platform for sensing

dangerous chemicals on

the surface of objects. This

technology has successfully

been applied to rapidly

scan baggage and cargo

for explosives.

This fully automated, high

speed system solves the

“needle in the haystack”

problem of detecting

explosives for the air

transportation, parcel

and cargo industries. The

combination of sensitivity

and high throughput

makes the system ideal

for baggage and parcel

screening.

The Delta R Detection

automated carry-on

baggage scanner can

be placed directly in line

with any existing x-ray

machines. It uses a non

invasive optical sampling

technique to detect trace

quantities of explosives.

Luggage is simply placed

on to the conveyer belt

the way it would be at

an existing checkpoint

but it is simultaneously

scanned for microscopic

amounts of explosive. It

plugs directly into existing

infrastructure with no need

for an additional operator

and scans every carry-on

bag for trace quantities of a

broad range of explosives

with a low false positive

rate without increasing

wait time at security check

points

Dr. Thierry Dubroca,

CEO Delta R Detection

said, “We have used the

scientific discovery from

the University of Florida

to build a fully functioning

prototype (currently

being demonstrated at

Schipol Airport, in The

Netherlands). Using

ultra violet spectroscopy

we can now identify

unique signatures of

explosives. For example

we can now detect sub

microns grams of TNT

on the surface of bags

and parcels. Our current

ODSecurity sells 3 SOTER Through-Body Scanners to Hong Kong

Correctional Services

prototype automatically

detects explosives thanks

to a custom designed

software.”

Dr Esen Yuksel, Research

Scientist, University of

California said, “We

have designed a unique

software for this low level

of detection. With our

high speed computing

techniques and state of the

art classification algorithms

we are able to provide very

low false alarm rates at very

high speeds. We will have

the ability to upgrade our

software to detect future

terrorist threats.

Delta R Detection plan

to turn the prototype to

a product by bringing

the hardware sensor and

optical component to meet

larger customers needs,

such as higher sensitivity,

and speed.

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The Global Security Portal

Netherlands based

security manufacturer,

ODSecurity has sold 3

units of the SOTER RS

Through Body Scanner

to the Hong Kong

Correctional Services,

CSD (Correctional Services

Department) for use in

drug interdiction within a

number of high security

custodial establishments.

The use of Through

Body Scanners in prisons

is regarded as the

most effective way of

www.worldsecurity-index.com

countering the smuggling

of items such as drugs,

mobile phones, weapons

and other contraband

material without

subjecting inmates and

visitors to intrusive body

searchers.

The SOTER RS is a low

dosage full body scanner

which combines ultra low

radiation with maximum

visibility, for use at airports

and prisons. Within

seconds the SOTER RS

reveals hidden items, such

as weapons or narcotics,

diamonds, or any stolen

or smuggled goods. It

doesn’t even have to be

metal. The SOTER shows

a clear difference between

human tissue and other

materials, even ingested

or camouflaged items will

be shown.

The scanners will increase

the level of security

operations previously

possible through the use

of conventional metal

detectors. Non metallic

objects hidden under

clothes, in natural cavities

or within the human

body cannot be detected

by conventional metal

detectors and typically,

these non-detectable

items, such as narcotics,

explosives, precious

stones, plastic weapons,

or other contraband,

can only otherwise be

detected by highly

intrusive total body

searches.

World Security Report - 15

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