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NEF 2005 Annual Report - Near East Foundation

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EAR EAST FOUNDATION WINS 2004 AGFUND INTERNATIONAL PRIZE FOR<br />

PIONEERING DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS among 83 competing projects, in 32<br />

countries, on three continents. <strong>NEF</strong> won for its enhancement of nursing as a<br />

career in Upper Egypt.<br />

1 2 3<br />

Editor: Andrea M. Couture<br />

• Designer: Ellen Scott


EAR EAST FOUNDATION PRESENTED 2004 FREEDOM AWARD BY<br />

ARMENIAN NATIONAL COMMITTEE OF AMERICA, WESTERN REGION, “…for<br />

your organization’s longstanding history of aiding the Armenian people and others<br />

in their darkest hours.”<br />

1 2 3<br />

Editor: Andrea M. Couture<br />

• Designer: Ellen Scott


From thousands of miles away they came to <strong>Near</strong> <strong>East</strong> <strong>Foundation</strong>’s New York headquarters, little<br />

burgundy velvet boxes that opened to reveal brass plaques:<br />

ASIRA EL-SHAMALLIA WOMEN’S CLUB<br />

Thanks gratefully<br />

NEAR EAST FOUNDATION (<strong>NEF</strong>)<br />

For their helpful efforts in establishing many projects<br />

With all regards<br />

2004<br />

And from the Albadan Regional Council “For your support and efforts” and<br />

the Bayte Imrin Village Council…all West Bank Palestinian towns.<br />

Closer to home were recognitions from the State of California Senate and<br />

the State Assembly “…for bridging national and cultural boundaries to help<br />

people help themselves.” From the City and County of Los Angeles, “…your<br />

commitment to helping people in the Middle <strong>East</strong> and Africa build better lives<br />

for themselves and their communities by working with local institutions is of<br />

great benefit to those you serve and to the global community,” signed Los<br />

Angeles Mayor James K. Hahn.


Presented annually “for remarkable contributions toward the<br />

Armenian people and the cause of peace in the world,” the <strong>Near</strong><br />

<strong>East</strong> <strong>Foundation</strong> was honored in October with the highest award<br />

conferred by the Armenian National Committee of America,<br />

Western Region, a dramatic, nearly foot high, bronze eagle with<br />

outstretched wings. It was accepted by <strong>NEF</strong> Board Chairwoman<br />

Linda K. Jacobs and <strong>NEF</strong> President Ryan A. LaHurd at a gala with<br />

over 600 guests and a long list of dignitaries, who stood and<br />

applauded the presentation.<br />

“There is no more meaningful acknowledgement than that which<br />

comes from those to whom we are most closely connected<br />

historically,” Dr. LaHurd told them. <strong>Near</strong> <strong>East</strong> <strong>Foundation</strong> was created in 1915 to rescue desperate and<br />

dying survivors of the Armenian Genocide and deportations, becoming the first nationwide, large scale,<br />

international assistance organization in the United States. In February Dr. LaHurd returned to Los<br />

Angeles to be featured speaker at the “International Relief, Refuge, and Recognition Tribute.” <strong>Near</strong><br />

<strong>East</strong> <strong>Foundation</strong> was recognized by the Armenian Assembly, Armenian General Benevolent Union, and<br />

the Western Diocese of the Armenian Church, for its efforts on behalf of survivors of the Genocide.<br />

In April Dr. LaHurd was guest speaker again, this time in Washington, D.C. for the Congressional<br />

Armenian Genocide Observance held on Capitol Hill, joined by Members of Congress, civic, religious,<br />

human rights leaders, and Armenian-Americans from across the country. “The work of the <strong>Near</strong> <strong>East</strong><br />

<strong>Foundation</strong> argues that humanity can respond to evil with good; to despair with hope; and to destruction<br />

with rebuilding,” he told the assembly.<br />

<strong>Near</strong> <strong>East</strong> <strong>Foundation</strong> received the very<br />

prestigious 2004 International Prize for<br />

Pioneering Development Projects by the<br />

Arab Gulf Programme for United Nations<br />

Development Organizations (AGFUND).<br />

The announcement was made in Riyadh in<br />

September on the recommendation of a<br />

distinguished committee, and the award<br />

was presented in Tunis in December by His<br />

Royal Highness Prince Talal Bin Abdul<br />

Aziz Al Saud. <strong>NEF</strong> won for its<br />

enhancement of nursing as a career in Upper Egypt, in competition with 83 projects from 32 countries<br />

and three continents. “Looking at the overwhelming need in our world,” the <strong>NEF</strong> President said upon<br />

accepting the prize, “too many people regard as worthwhile only projects which affect millions…but<br />

every human life is of great value. And every effort which enhances a human life is an important<br />

success.”


<strong>Near</strong> <strong>East</strong> <strong>Foundation</strong>'s efforts and successes in 2004-05 follow, in<br />

keeping with our historic mission — To help the people of the Middle <strong>East</strong> and Africa build the<br />

future they envision for themselves.<br />

Editor: Andrea M. Couture<br />

• Designer: Ellen Scott<br />

1 2 3


This has been another momentous year for <strong>Near</strong> <strong>East</strong> <strong>Foundation</strong>. Not only did we mark the close of our<br />

ninth decade, we also implemented important structural and organizational changes at <strong>NEF</strong>. The growth of<br />

our field programs has been consistent and rewarded by new grants in places like Palestine, Egypt, and<br />

Morocco. However, it has been a struggle for our fundraising, which mostly takes place here in the United<br />

States, to keep pace with this expansion.<br />

Consequently, <strong>NEF</strong>’s Board of Directors made a number of difficult decisions, including strict budget<br />

controls, cuts in spending, and contracting our office here in New York to make the best use of our limited<br />

resources. <strong>NEF</strong> President Ryan LaHurd and I went to Cairo in January to talk with our Egyptian staff about<br />

implementing these cuts. Each manager understood the necessity and timeliness of the measures, and<br />

worked wholeheartedly to implement them. Despite the challenges, <strong>NEF</strong> continues project exploration,<br />

including in Armenia, Sudan and in Ethiopia, where we received government registration as an international<br />

NGO this year.<br />

Not just content with cuts, however, we have stepped up our fundraising efforts, both on the Web, through<br />

personal contacts, and with our loyal donors. Your support has helped <strong>NEF</strong> reach this 90th year milestone.<br />

Now we hope that you will help us, not just in monetary support, but in talking about <strong>NEF</strong> with your friends, in<br />

your giving circle, at the gym, or at your place of worship. We would be happy to provide you with a speaker,<br />

should you request one. Word of mouth is one of the most powerful ways that any organization becomes<br />

known.<br />

At this time, the American people are both curious about—and confused by—what is happening in the<br />

Middle <strong>East</strong>. Having spent more than two decades in the region, working first as an archaeologist in Iran and<br />

Jordan, and since 1986, with <strong>NEF</strong>, I have to say that never before have I seen the kind of mutual<br />

misunderstanding which now exists. <strong>NEF</strong> is the only organization I know which can become a bridge of<br />

understanding between our peoples.<br />

Thank you for your continuing support, which has helped <strong>NEF</strong> reach this remarkable 90th anniversary year<br />

in its service to the Middle <strong>East</strong> and Africa. Our partnership is more important than ever to the people we<br />

serve during these difficult times in the Islamic world.<br />

Sincerely,<br />

Chair<br />

Editor: Andrea M. Couture<br />

• Designer: Ellen Scott


Recently, The New York Times joined other periodicals in reflecting on the doomsday outlook of many<br />

Americans. People anguish at the piling up of disasters and potential disasters from tsunami to earthquake to<br />

avian flu. While their concern has motivated some philanthropic generosity, it seems to have also generated<br />

feelings of despair: that improving the condition of people in developing countries is impossible.<br />

The <strong>Near</strong> <strong>East</strong> <strong>Foundation</strong> shares a deep concern about the crises that affect people’s lives around the<br />

globe. But far from despair, we have a sense of optimism. For we see first hand the genuine progress being<br />

made by the people with whom we work in the Middle <strong>East</strong> and Africa.<br />

In these countries one finds people suffering the devastation of famine, conflict, authoritarian government,<br />

and economic deprivation. Yet we find them to be people of great resilience, hope, energy, and commitment<br />

to the betterment of themselves and their communities.<br />

They respond with gratitude and vigor to <strong>NEF</strong>’s participatory approach, which treats them as equal partners<br />

with a great deal to offer, but in need of a helping hand. Palestinian villages are developing democratic<br />

institutions and economic stability; displaced persons in Sudan are starting businesses and learning to<br />

improve their health and nutrition; Malians are forging community structures to ensure their food security and<br />

build the structures of civil society; women in Jordan and Morocco are gaining a place in the future of their<br />

society through training and cooperative ventures.<br />

These are examples of real people whose real lives are improving. Their stories unfortunately do not often<br />

make it to the airwaves or the newsprint of American media. But they are no less a sign of hope for being<br />

hidden from sight.<br />

They are why we are optimistic about the state of the world and about the future--and why we think you<br />

should be too. And, for those of you who support our work, these stories are why you should feel proud of<br />

having made a difference. These people know they have enhanced their lives because of the generosity of<br />

average Americans and of American foundations and corporations who care. I think there is no better “public<br />

diplomacy.”


As we approach the end of our 90th anniversary year, we at <strong>NEF</strong> can proudly say that we are continuing to<br />

bring hope, build friendships, and do good in the international arena as we enter our 10th decade. We are<br />

hard at work shaping <strong>NEF</strong> to be even more effective in the future. We can do more with your help. Please be<br />

generous enough to include <strong>NEF</strong> among those philanthropic efforts you support.<br />

Sincerely,<br />

<strong>NEF</strong> President<br />

Editor: Andrea M. Couture<br />

• Designer: Ellen Scott


Remarks by Montasser Kamal, M.D., Ph.D.<br />

Chief of the United Nations Health Institutions Unit<br />

Director General of Multilateral Programs, Canadian International Development Agency (Quebec)<br />

y relationship with the <strong>Near</strong> <strong>East</strong> <strong>Foundation</strong> began more than 20 years ago, starting from their work<br />

in Egypt. During that time I was a medical student at Cairo University, and at a later date, I worked<br />

directly with their Center for Development Services as a manager. <strong>NEF</strong> has without doubt come to<br />

be one of the most influential institutions in my life and the lives of many other development practitioners in<br />

Egypt and other countries of the Middle <strong>East</strong>.<br />

“The influence of <strong>NEF</strong> cannot be attributed to the scale of its financial resources, which was always modest,<br />

but is mainly due to the ability of its leadership to engage in key development issues, making timely<br />

decisions and charting new strategic directions and alliances. These decisions have contributed<br />

substantially to helping alleviate the suffering of poor women, men and children in the region….<br />

“Perhaps one of the most extraordinary achievements of <strong>NEF</strong> has been to bring the voice of the poor to<br />

policymakers. In the absence of democratic processes, people’s voices are often lost to the more powerful.<br />

That is not the case where <strong>NEF</strong> works. Where <strong>NEF</strong> works, people now know that power is not a zero-sum<br />

game and that they have an ally who can help them bridge this power gap in an effective and constructive<br />

way.<br />

“I remember the time I was working at <strong>NEF</strong>, when the concept of citizen participation in development was<br />

paid lip-service at best. At that time, <strong>NEF</strong> had embarked on a change strategy by which all its projects and<br />

programs had to demonstrate that they were participatory in nature. It was not easy. It is still not easy. But<br />

progress has been made, and <strong>NEF</strong> has come to set the ground rules on how to encourage participation and<br />

create the social sphere for it to take place.<br />

“<strong>NEF</strong> has also had a profound impact on my life. Work ethos, teamwork, mutual respect and having an<br />

investigative mind—are all qualities which I gained while at <strong>NEF</strong> and which I carry with me to this day.”<br />

hortly after the Camp David accords were signed in 1978, development resources began pouring into<br />

Egypt, but something vital was in short supply—qualified local staff—to use these new funds effectively.<br />

The <strong>Near</strong> <strong>East</strong> <strong>Foundation</strong> saw this need for a pool of skilled development professionals who could<br />

provide necessary project management, development and capacity-building services. Given this important<br />

recognition, <strong>NEF</strong> headed in a new direction in the Middle <strong>East</strong> with a vital and continuing infusion of financial


support and technical assistance.<br />

While continuing its own grant-making and programs<br />

throughout the 1980s, <strong>NEF</strong> began to emphasize the<br />

professional development of individuals, including<br />

forming strategic partnerships with other organizations in<br />

order to provide Egyptian nationals with training and<br />

education and a chance to apply what they had learned.<br />

It was called “the network,” more formally known as the<br />

Development Practice Support Network.<br />

<strong>NEF</strong> provided sustained funding for needed publications,<br />

local learning as well as scholarships to study abroad.<br />

While the focus was on Egypt, the network soon expanded into Sudan and Jordan as well. It attracted young<br />

professionals employed by local and international nongovernmental organizations; and also tried to lure<br />

well-educated, young people into the development field, particularly encouraging them to work outside<br />

capital cities and go into the countryside. An amazing 5,000-plus development practitioners joined this<br />

network, and many went on to key posts, both locally and internationally.<br />

By 1990 a new organization clearly was badly<br />

needed to accommodate them. Heroically, 15<br />

network veterans left secure jobs and an<br />

uncertain future to establish the <strong>NEF</strong> Cairo<br />

affiliate—Center for Development Services<br />

(CDS).<br />

At first CDS carried on the previous professional<br />

development activities, but then realized yet<br />

another need existed—capacity building for<br />

institutions. For the next several years the <strong>NEF</strong><br />

affiliate focused on improving management,<br />

finances, and service delivery by collaborating<br />

organizations. A wide range of Arabiclanguage<br />

courses and materials, training, and<br />

technical assistance was developed by CDS<br />

and provided to them.<br />

Also, CDS approached leading lights in the field in order to provide Arab-language materials that made a<br />

significant contribution, in particularly on participatory approaches; that in turn influenced development<br />

education and practice throughout the region, raising standards to new heights. Thousands of<br />

nongovernmental organizations were strengthened and became valued partners to their communities,<br />

donors and governments. That CDS was based in Cairo was instrumental in its accomplishing so much in<br />

such a short time, given many donors were attracted to undertake development in a country of 70 million<br />

people, more than any other in the region.<br />

CDS started offering project management<br />

services by the mid-1990s, with its evaluations<br />

particularly in demand. By 1998 this <strong>NEF</strong> Cairo<br />

affiliate had 60 full-time employees and had<br />

become the largest single provider of Arablanguage<br />

development services for<br />

nongovernmental organizations in the Middle<br />

<strong>East</strong>. More recently CDS has again repositioned<br />

itself, this time addressing the roles of government<br />

and the private sector. For peak impact and continuing sustainability, CDS now is intensely involved in<br />

participatory planning, coalition building, and the creation of structures and networks.<br />

Here are some cases in community and sector development <strong>NEF</strong>-Egypt addressed in 2004-05.


At a meeting hosted by CDS, 40 lead researchers and experts from six countries came together in Cairo to<br />

address the subject of philanthropy for social investment and development, with funding provided by the Ford<br />

<strong>Foundation</strong>. CDS’s Egyptian philanthropy program is examining the patterns and size of local philanthropy<br />

and very importantly, its potential to play a larger role in national development. This pragmatic, actionoriented<br />

research is considered a leading effort to understand local assets of all kinds and mobilize them for<br />

community betterment. In addition to Egypt, conference participants were from Indonesia, Turkey, Britain,<br />

India and Tanzania.<br />

In what could become the largest project every implemented by <strong>NEF</strong> in this field in Egypt, CDS began the first<br />

phase of agricultural development of reclaimed desert land west of Lake Nasser, the largest fresh water<br />

reservoir in the world and a fragile environment under increasing stress. Funding came from Canada’s<br />

International Development Research Center, supplemented by a grant for training and market research from<br />

the UN International Fund for Agricultural Development. The project also represents a landmark for <strong>NEF</strong>’s<br />

growing expertise in innovative and sustainable strategies for communities with delicate ecosystems and<br />

changing socio-ecological environments. The aim is to enhance the health, income, and welfare of the 2,500<br />

small landholding families of the area. That includes an eco-health approach by CDS’s agro-ecology project<br />

which designed a plan to overcome such difficulties as poisonous bites from snakes and scorpions, the<br />

remoteness of the area, and lack of medical and emergency health facilities.<br />

Ongoing since early 2003, CDS’s collaboration<br />

with the Cairo-based Arab Council for Childhood<br />

and Development aims to unify the efforts of five<br />

countries in the Arab world and build their<br />

institutional capacity to address the phenomenon<br />

of street children and their lost human potential.<br />

Participating in this significant joint initiative are<br />

Egypt, Kuwait, Morocco, Syria, and Yemen. The<br />

project has three main phases and CDS is<br />

involved in all of them: first, development of a<br />

general framework for action, including planning,<br />

budgeting and reporting; second, training<br />

workshops for the five countries using that<br />

framework; and three, creation of operational<br />

manuals and application of the information and<br />

skills they contain. The Council and CDS<br />

previously worked together on a training program<br />

on project design and proposal writing for 24<br />

participants from 13 Arab countries. This project builds upon <strong>Near</strong> <strong>East</strong> <strong>Foundation</strong>’s involvement with street<br />

children in Egypt, Sudan, Jordan, and most-recently in Armenia.<br />

But one example of the wide expertise CDS makes available to community-based organizations addressing<br />

a range of needs and issues is a three-month project with the Association for Young Diabetics. The<br />

organization was founded in Egypt in 2000 and since has served over one thousand cases, helping young<br />

diabetics and their families better manage this disease. After conducting a comprehensive organizational<br />

assessment of management, finances and programs, CDS worked with board and key staff to devise<br />

expansion and implementation plans, then collaborated on securing needed funding to service the<br />

increasing number of young diabetics across Egypt. <strong>NEF</strong>’s health and population staff began to take note of<br />

diabetes as a rising health concern in the late 1990s, not only in Egypt, but throughout the region.


A first for Egypt, a fixed-price people’s market for<br />

the Al Mounib District of Giza came about with<br />

assistance from CDS and the United Nations<br />

Development Program as well as cooperation<br />

from the Giza Governorate, the Social Fund for<br />

Development, and Sekem companies. Only<br />

Venezuela has a similar enterprise, and it was to<br />

the popular market there that the field team went<br />

for a first hand look at a market that operates by<br />

group collaboration, and directly connects<br />

agricultural operators with the consumers of their<br />

produce. Then CDS started training 30 local<br />

volunteers and potential market operators,<br />

designed the research and field work, and<br />

supervised the team. <strong>NEF</strong> has a strong<br />

background in establishing urban markets,<br />

including the upgrading of the Tablita Market in<br />

Old Cairo and the establishment of the El-<br />

Harameen Market in <strong>East</strong> Alexandria.<br />

A year-long, multi-faceted involvement in upgrading services to Egyptian children with disabilities and<br />

special needs and at-risk youth in both urban and rural areas included a number of different assignments for<br />

CDS. A main objective of the World Bank-funded project was to design a comprehensive training program<br />

for staff of the Egyptian Ministry of Insurance and Social Affairs, who work with at-risk young people in<br />

Greater Cairo. In addition, CDS monitored and evaluated 33 subprojects by service providers in 11<br />

governorates throughout the country, leading to a complete and streamlined database. Based on this indepth<br />

familiarity, CDS was asked to conduct a comprehensive evaluation of the entire initiative preparatory<br />

to World Bank review. Results indicated nearly 45,000 people benefited—children, trainees, participating<br />

organizations. The increase in the number of service providers was perhaps the most important contribution<br />

as well as the development and testing of new, integrated ways of providing services. CDS’s experience<br />

with these issues goes back to 1995, including authoring a series of manuals on street children for the Arab<br />

Council for Childhood and Development, and long-term assistance to organizations like the Hope Village<br />

Association, which works with street children, and the Hospital Day Association, which serves the disabled.<br />

In a public-private partnership affecting the delivery of<br />

health care nationally, CDS is partnering with the Arab<br />

African International Bank and Cairo University<br />

Specialized Pediatrics Hospital, investing in the<br />

hospital’s staff and expansion plans. The hospital<br />

serves an average of 2,500 patients weekly and is one<br />

of the largest health care providers for Egyptian<br />

children. For its part, the bank is providing the majority<br />

of financing for the project; while CDS is upgrading<br />

nursing skills and simultaneously creating a core of<br />

well-qualified professionals capable of transferring<br />

their knowledge. The plan is for CDS to exit in a year<br />

with a sustainable program in place. Further, CDS is<br />

working at the operational level with the hospital’s<br />

administration to improve management, technical<br />

capacities and day-to-day efficiency. CDS was<br />

selected to play this pivotal role because of its<br />

involvement in the Egyptian health sector since 1991,<br />

most particularly because of its truly remarkable<br />

success at enhancing nursing as a career in Aswan. That project has since expanded to the Governorates of<br />

Aswan and Qena.


Working with the Egyptian government’s Social Fund for Development, in turn using World Bank funding for<br />

54 projects, CDS documented the implementation of four models being tried to increase awareness about<br />

population and reproductive health issues. Using both quantitative and qualitative methods, including<br />

conducting 373 interviews, CDS clearly defined the characteristic strengths and weaknesses of each model,<br />

determining exactly what created success and effectiveness. From these lessons learned, CDS then<br />

extracted the basics for an efficient and sustainable model to address population growth and improve the<br />

lives of rural women of reproductive age, reporting these complex findings to the government. CDS also<br />

examined each model for the approach most helpful to effective cooperation among the Ministry of Health<br />

and Population, nongovernmental organizations and local communities—the capacity-building part of the<br />

project.<br />

Editor: Andrea M. Couture<br />

• Designer: Ellen Scott


haled Bin Al-Waleid’s General Voluntary Society serves a community of 3,000 people who live in a<br />

starkly dramatic setting in steep hills 40 kilometers south of Jordan’s capital city of Amman. There are<br />

120 members in the society managed by a board of seven and assistance of four full-time women<br />

volunteers. The community-based organization began in 1991 with the goals of increased education and<br />

health awareness, vocational training, and support for school children. “We’ve reached almost all our goals,<br />

including community-based credit,” reported Mamdouh Hawatmeh with evident satisfaction.<br />

And their achievements are most impressive,<br />

particularly given such evidently difficult<br />

circumstances. The General Voluntary Society<br />

conducts informal classes supplementing the<br />

available school programming and in <strong>2005</strong> held<br />

14 workshops on subjects such as women’s and<br />

children’s rights, business awareness, care of the<br />

elderly, as well as for kindergarten teachers in<br />

conjunction with the kindergarten and nursery<br />

school they maintain. Indeed, they made such a<br />

good impression in 2001 when His Majesty King<br />

Abdullah II visited their community, he donated a<br />

bus to their kindergarten program. On the health<br />

front, the society ran an eight-week training<br />

program in family planning this year with 20<br />

women participants; and also conducted a<br />

workshop on the importance of a pre-marriage<br />

health examination.<br />

In addition, the society has a gallery space to<br />

display and sell products created by village women and provides other income-generating activities. Two<br />

dunums of land have been set aside for olive tree cultivation. They maintain the natural water springs in the<br />

breathtakingly beautiful valley below benefiting 20 farmers, who grow wild mushrooms, tomatoes,<br />

cucumbers, green peppers, olives, eggplant, figs, and guava. The catchment area for three farmers costs<br />

$4,225; and their newly-constructed water tank and concrete canal collects precious rainwater for five farm<br />

houses. “If we had more money, we could do more reservoirs,” Mr. Hawatmeh added. For his part, Falah<br />

Khlaf needs water to irrigate his olive grove. A concrete wall and a cistern has the potential for 80 cubic


meters of water, helpful for three or four families.<br />

The society also wants to establish a local bakery and use their bus to distribute baked goods throughout the<br />

area. They figure the bakery would cost about $140,000 with their 30 percent share raised from cash and<br />

building rent. They estimate profits of $4,225 annually, in turn used to expand their programs, even into<br />

nearby villages. In addition to income generating activities, the society has donated $8,450 in direct cash<br />

assistance to 300 poor families as well as to orphans and widows in their community.<br />

But it sounds like Mr. Hawatmeh is most proud of<br />

their <strong>NEF</strong>-funded credit program, which has<br />

assisted 58 families so far, creating small<br />

businesses like a grocery store, restaurant, and<br />

making possible the additional income that<br />

comes from raising rabbits, chickens, cows and<br />

goats. A case in point, one village women, the<br />

wife of a bus driver and mother of six children,<br />

took out a loan of $700 two years ago and bought<br />

six goats. Their milk, yogurt and butter products<br />

were used by her family and sold. She repaid<br />

the loan in full at $35 a month and now wants<br />

another to raise turkeys.<br />

Loans average about $700 with a maximum of<br />

$1,400; run for two years; with the monthly<br />

payment about $35. In three years they have<br />

made $4,000 from fees and boast an impressive<br />

96 percent repayment rate. About 75 percent of<br />

the businesses they staked with $14,000 are still<br />

going strong, and now have tripled in value to $42,300. The society has only $425 left to repay of the<br />

$16,000 <strong>NEF</strong> provided to get them going, along with training and technical assistance, like designing the<br />

application form, determining the selection criteria, and analyzing how much money is needed.<br />

For all these reasons, Khaled Bin Al-Waleid’s General Voluntary Society met the Qudorat Project’s stringent<br />

requirements and was selected to be one of 30 finalists from among 300-plus applicants. Society members<br />

have participated in intensive <strong>NEF</strong> training sessions over the past months.<br />

ear <strong>East</strong> <strong>Foundation</strong> opened its Jordan office in 1936 and since that time has been a prime mover in<br />

training and capacity-building for Jordanians and Jordanian institutions, culminating most appropriately<br />

in its leadership in <strong>2005</strong> of the Qudorat Project, Arabic for “capacities” and a most appropriate<br />

translation. A televised ceremony in December and subsequent national media campaign officially launched<br />

this ambitious, multi-year, multi-million program. It aims at nothing less than strengthening the country’s civil<br />

society, boosting non-governmental, community-based organizations and their traditional services, while<br />

enhancing their income generation potential.<br />

In yet another major thrust, <strong>NEF</strong> has been very intensely<br />

involved since last year in the creation of new fish farms in the<br />

Jordan Valley, working with small farmers to raise fish in<br />

existing irrigation ponds for both home consumption and sale.<br />

Further, <strong>NEF</strong> has been busily planning with the Jordanian<br />

government for a large aquaculture/fish farming program for<br />

the Zarka Governorate. This grand-scale proposal, involving<br />

the wider community—not just agricultural sector, uses <strong>NEF</strong>’s<br />

20 years of solid expertise since its first introduction of fish<br />

farming in rural areas in the 1980s.<br />

It would create a major center for aquaculture promotion in the region; provide recreational facilities for the<br />

people of Zarka and surrounding areas; increase water availability for bio-saline agriculture; and promote<br />

environmental education and applications throughout Jordan. Such changes ultimately could impact up to<br />

80 percent of Jordan Valley and Zarka Basin farmers.


These exciting latest developments really go back<br />

much further, building upon <strong>NEF</strong>’s work in Jordan<br />

since the 1930s with the founding of an institute<br />

for teachers in Trans Jordan in conjunction with<br />

the American University of Beirut, later attracting<br />

many Jordanian students to a new College of<br />

Agriculture, and by 1952 to an Institute of<br />

Economic Research. Over the decades <strong>NEF</strong><br />

honed an approach based on agricultural<br />

extension in combination with comprehensive<br />

rural reconstruction—improvements in rural living,<br />

increased farm production, and an emphasis on<br />

the family. In every instance, programs were<br />

requested, begun, and financed by the people<br />

themselves.<br />

From the beginning our kind of technical<br />

assistance meant bringing scientifically skilled<br />

people to live in Jordanian villages—where they<br />

stayed in the background. Our funding focused<br />

on providing education that stimulated Jordanian<br />

villagers to freely undertake helpful change. By any standard, the <strong>Near</strong> <strong>East</strong> <strong>Foundation</strong> pioneered<br />

international technical assistance in Jordan, reaching people of all economic and social levels. In<br />

recognition of these contributions, His Majesty King Hussein awarded <strong>NEF</strong> the Jordan Star of the Second<br />

Order in 1971, “for valuable work…in the domain of social service and economic development”— which<br />

continued on a grander scale and with more sophisticated techniques in 2004-05.<br />

Through the years <strong>NEF</strong> programs evolved, reflecting changing local conditions and new opportunities. In the<br />

1980s <strong>NEF</strong> expanded into urban settings, promoting health and social services through local communitybased<br />

organizations for the first time; and introduced fish farming in the rural areas. By the early 1990s this<br />

now vast experience focused on local economic development, promoting small businesses and incomegenerating<br />

activities in both cities and the countryside.<br />

<strong>NEF</strong> was the first to introduce micro-credit to Jordan and<br />

since the early 1990s has been a major player in assuring<br />

equitable access to credit, promoting income-generating<br />

activities, and supporting small and micro-enterprise<br />

development. Today <strong>NEF</strong>-Jordan is a primary resource<br />

for training, teaching materials, and technical assistance<br />

for more than 200 community-based funds; and now<br />

works with local banks and private sector companies to<br />

increase capital flows to these funds.<br />

literally entire communities.<br />

In the Zarka Governorate, in cooperation with the<br />

Jordanian Ministry of Social Development and local<br />

community-based organizations, <strong>NEF</strong> more recently has<br />

conducted housing assessments and established credit<br />

funds for home improvement loans to poor urban<br />

households. Over the years thousands of Jordanians<br />

have received loans and enhanced their livelihoods and<br />

living conditions as well as many organizations and<br />

<strong>NEF</strong>’s innovative approaches to problem-solving and technological innovation continued in 2004-05,<br />

particularly evident in its leadership of Qudorat,<br />

our largest project ever in Jordan, consolidating 15 years of<br />

capacity-building experience with community-based organizations there. With a $2.5 grant from Jordan’s<br />

Ministry of Planning and International Cooperation’s Enhanced Productivity Program, <strong>NEF</strong> is the principal<br />

agency in a consortium of Jordanian non-government and private sector institutions, including the Jordanian


Hashemite Fund for Human Development and Dajani Consulting, a private firm. Contracts were signed<br />

October 19, 2004.<br />

There are 5,000 community-based organizations across<br />

Jordan offering a wide range of services and activities.<br />

By<br />

supporting them with a new and creative approach,<br />

Qudorat aims at far more than training and technical<br />

assistance, but fully integrated institutional change in<br />

Jordanian civil society that will enhance and sustain<br />

these institutions and the contributions they make to their<br />

communities. Simultaneously Qudorat is encouraging<br />

income-generation, job creation, local economic<br />

development, and small and micro-enterprise throughout the country.<br />

<strong>NEF</strong>’s long-time Jordan Program Manager Majdi Qorom is directing the <strong>Near</strong> <strong>East</strong> <strong>Foundation</strong> consortium,<br />

which brings together a group of experienced and dedicated professionals, skilled in organizational needs<br />

assessment, participatory strategic planning, custom-tailored training and technical assistance as well as<br />

old-fashion hand-holding and cheerleading. They are working with management, board members, and<br />

community representatives, equipping them with the tools and practical assistance--to take a new look at old<br />

ways of doing business; redefine their relationships with existing and potential partners; and reform from<br />

within and reach objectives.<br />

Further, Qudorat intends to instill a better sense of direction, encourage commitment, and design<br />

interventions, then measure results. Once assessed, the information, materials, systems and lessons<br />

learned will be available for later expansion that should prove less costly and even more effective. At the<br />

same time <strong>NEF</strong> is “linking” these institutions together for the first time, boosting Jordan’s role in Internet<br />

applications and information technology. Every participating organization gets a computer with scanner and<br />

Internet connection.<br />

According to Manager Qorom, “ Qudorat aims to<br />

encourage public involvement, expand private<br />

financing as well as positive governmental<br />

practices.... In short, this is an integrated, goaloriented<br />

methodology and social change<br />

strategy. It’s citizen-driven and asset-based.<br />

The decentralized approach to implementation<br />

will strengthen the sector and leave something<br />

to build on for the future.”<br />

By the end of this fiscal year, Qudorat had<br />

received an overwhelming response to its<br />

request for proposals—over 300 communitybased<br />

organizations from six Jordanian<br />

governorates applied by the January 6<br />

deadline. <strong>NEF</strong> revolutionized the sorting<br />

process by entering applications on a webbased<br />

system for transparent tracking of<br />

progress, and later, selection of the 30 finalists.<br />

They were announced in Amman in April amidst<br />

much fanfare, attendance by officials, and press<br />

coverage. Finalists included 18 charitable organizations, eight cooperatives, two culture centers, and two<br />

sport clubs. Interestingly, nine of the finalists provide services to women. Not incidentally, <strong>NEF</strong> spent a<br />

month explaining to organizations that were not selected—why they did not win, considered a helpful<br />

process for a future application.<br />

Qudorat field trainer-motivators immediately began to compile basic information on the 30 communities<br />

served by the finalists for baseline studies and later market research and business development activities.<br />

Twenty of the finalists will receive financial assistance for income-generating activities. In conjunction with<br />

the announcement of finalists, a day-long orientation immediately launched the training phase of Qudorat.


By March more than 7,800 visitors had checked<br />

out the project website, about 18 percent from<br />

outside Jordan, indicative of international<br />

interest gradually growing each month. Also in<br />

March the first youth volunteer group was<br />

established to participate in Qudorat activities,<br />

particularly research and marketing, with two<br />

more planned. In April an intensive series of<br />

workshops and training exercises began for<br />

more than 200 trainees, carried out by 30<br />

instructors at more than 40 locations in six<br />

governorates.<br />

Next came institutional needs assessments at<br />

each community-based organization, prepared<br />

and piloted by <strong>NEF</strong>’s Cairo-based Center for<br />

Development Services, profiling each<br />

organization and where reform was most needed. These findings then became the basis for further planning<br />

at the three-day workshops on participatory strategic planning and visioning, to evaluate the general<br />

environment in which these organizations operate. Parallel with this training, Qudorat staff met with<br />

participating organizations to explore business concepts and ideas for income-generating activities.<br />

Editor: Andrea M. Couture • Designer: Ellen Scott


ian Stanhouse, who worked after school as a bagger in a grocery store, donated 10 percent of his<br />

paycheck, which he got his parents to match, plus involved his relatives in the cause. Some teachers,<br />

like Carol Bertsch, challenged their classes by pledging to match their contributions, in her case<br />

$1,700. A collection table manned during lunchtime in the school cafeteria began at about $20 the first day,<br />

then exploded, reaching $2,400, even $4,000! Almost every club and organization on campus took on the<br />

project—the orchestra raised $500 in a concert and the basketball team’s silent auction garnered $1,500.<br />

Eventually checks sent to the <strong>Near</strong> <strong>East</strong> <strong>Foundation</strong><br />

in New York passed their $10,000 goal to support<br />

<strong>NEF</strong>-Lesotho Country Director Ken Storen’s work<br />

with orphaned and abandoned AIDS babies. That<br />

was the spirit permeating Houston’s Kingwood High<br />

School, introduced to the plight of Lesotho’s<br />

orphans by teachers Courtney Wheeler and<br />

Jennifer Orenic, ex-Peace Corps volunteers in<br />

Lesotho and good friends of Ken. “I was thinking<br />

maybe we’d make a thousand,” confessed Ms.<br />

Wheeler, a special education teacher of students<br />

with moderate to severe disabilities of all kinds. But<br />

in just four weeks, “We were running through the<br />

halls, yelling, ‘We got it!’ ‘We got it!’”<br />

In total nearly $110,000 was contributed this year to<br />

the <strong>Near</strong> <strong>East</strong> <strong>Foundation</strong> to support <strong>NEF</strong>-Country<br />

Director Storen’s AIDS orphan project, an enormous outpouring of generosity.<br />

Peace Corps volunteer in Lesotho before becoming the <strong>Near</strong> <strong>East</strong> <strong>Foundation</strong>’s Lesotho Country<br />

Director, Ken Storen well knows the hugely tragic dimensions of the HIV-AIDS pandemic in Africa. The<br />

number of children orphaned by HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa is expected to more than double by<br />

2010, requiring one billion dollars annually to care for them, according to UNICEF, the United Nations<br />

children’s agency. An unprecedented “drastic deterioration in children’s lives” will likely see more than 24<br />

million children face AIDS-inflicted poverty, UNICEF says. Currently Africa is home to some 40 million<br />

orphans and that number may shoot to 50 million in the next five years in sub-Saharan African where 60 to<br />

80 percent of the cases are AIDS-related.


Tens of millions more will be made vulnerable as AIDS slowly<br />

kills parents, stretches households which care for orphaned<br />

relatives, and robs communities of teachers and health care<br />

workers. Historically African communities have cared for<br />

orphans and vulnerable children, but relatives and neighbors<br />

have been overwhelmed by this disease, which kills not just<br />

one parent—but usually both. Over time families find their<br />

resources depleted. The lifelong impact on these children and<br />

on the communities where they live will be profound and linger<br />

for decades after the epidemic begins to wane, particularly<br />

given the long incubation period of the disease—eight to 10 years.<br />

Compelled to act in this southern African, land-locked country he<br />

calls home, in May 2004 Storen founded a non-profit organization<br />

registered with the Lesotho government to improve the quality of<br />

life for infants and families affected and infected by HIV. Presented<br />

in the United States as Six Degrees of Separation, it provides care<br />

to orphaned infants through a place of safety based in<br />

Mokhotlong, Lesotho, and an outreach program, training, and<br />

supporting families so they can care for orphaned infants.<br />

An elderly widow walked three hours to the district hospital, her<br />

second such trip in three months. Mathato’s last visit ended when<br />

her daughter, a single mother, succumbed to a variety of infections<br />

acquired during her struggle with HIV. She died in her early<br />

twenties.<br />

When the old woman arrived at the hospital, she unwrapped her<br />

blanket to expose the tiny body of nine-month-old Nthabiseng. The<br />

baby was severely malnourished since the impoverished grandmother lacked the resources to provide more<br />

than sugar water and an occasional bit of food over the past three months. She tearfully placed her<br />

granddaughter in the hands of Nthabeleng, the project director, and said farewell, promising to visit when<br />

she could.<br />

Three weeks later, she returned to Mokhotlong town again on foot, and this time didn’t recognize her own<br />

granddaughter! Through feeding, care and medical treatment, Nthabiseng had grown into a healthy baby, no<br />

longer coughing weakly, but sitting up and smiling while playing with a small pile of toys. Mathato continued<br />

her visits on a monthly basis, smiling and crying tears of joy every time she held her happy little<br />

granddaughter in her lap.<br />

After six months, baby Nthabiseng went home with the<br />

program staff to be reunited with her grandmother in a<br />

highly emotional celebration. Project people continued<br />

to visit once a month, bringing food, training the family<br />

in proper care, and monitoring Nthabiseng’s health.<br />

Says her grandmother: “When I brought Nthabiseng<br />

to the hospital that day, I thought I would never see<br />

her again. I had lost my daughter and couldn’t bear the<br />

thought of losing my granddaughter--she was all I had<br />

left. Her life was saved and I am the happiest woman<br />

alive, because I have my granddaughter. I cannot say<br />

‘thank you’ enough.” On October 3 Nthabiseng<br />

celebrated her second birthday, as smiley and happy<br />

as ever.


Numerically there have been 93 home visits to provide nutritional support, monitoring, referrals and training;<br />

42 trips to Leribe Hospital and Motebang Clinic for treatment, immunization, and consultation; 16 staff trained<br />

in nutrition and medication administration; and 20 meetings with local government officials, hospital staff and<br />

others to create a referral network, among other facts and figures.<br />

Only three children sadly have died, while so many others are now living in safe, nurturing environments,<br />

either with Ken or reintegrated into extended families or in foster care. Staff visited children reintegrated into<br />

extended families at least two times per month, providing training for their care and monitoring weight,<br />

general health, development, and attitude. They were reportedly adjusting well.<br />

Although pressure exists to reintegrate all children into their families, it was discovered in many cases this<br />

would not be in the best interests of the child’s welfare, indeed in some instances, extremely dangerous.<br />

Despite training, many families have been found incapable of providing adequate care; and others,<br />

apathetic to the children’s needs.<br />

Virtually all children participating in the program<br />

have been immunized, also are being properly fed<br />

and receiving health care. Six children among<br />

those tested have been confirmed to be HIV<br />

positive; and four are taking anti-retroviral drugs.<br />

It has not been easy. Although Mokhotlong Hospital<br />

recently opened a clinic for people living with HIV,<br />

there is no doctor available to provide treatment and<br />

consultation, and the clinic is rarely staffed.<br />

Consequently health care on occasion has required<br />

a more-than-three-hour-drive from Mokhotlong to<br />

Leribe Hospital--weather permitting. Further, the hospital in Mokhotlong does not provide comprehensive<br />

pediatric care, so that can mean going even further afield to South Africa.<br />

All staff are now trained in health monitoring, nutrition, and baby care skills. That covered common baby<br />

infections, especially with infants who could be HIV positive; accurate measuring, preparation and storage of<br />

food; and stimulating educational games for developmental growth.<br />

In turn they trained caregivers about basics like hygiene, nutrition, and use of medications. Hygiene<br />

concentrated on topics like the importance of washing hands before handling food, boiling drinking water,<br />

and proper cleaning of baby feeding bottles and cups. Nutrition included formula preparation and<br />

maintaining food diaries for better nutrition assessment. Medication training focused on the use of medical<br />

equipment and observing child health progress, including reactions to anti-retroviral therapy. Importantly,<br />

each household maintained a notebook to record daily accomplishments about the children’s general<br />

health.<br />

Creating a network for referrals for outreach and places of safety has been problematic. Despite repeated<br />

attempts to create liaisons with the Lesotho Department of Social Welfare and the Child Gender Protection<br />

Unit, neither has provided much support in referring children or attending cases relating to legal matters and<br />

child welfare. To add to the frustrations, gender protection officers often have been placed on alternative<br />

duties and the district social worker unavailable. In fact, most referrals have come from community members<br />

and local chiefs; and consequently more meetings with local chiefs, clinics and communities are on the<br />

agenda.<br />

Editor: Andrea M. Couture<br />

• Designer: Ellen Scott


ountries that promote women’s rights and increase their access to resources and schooling have lower<br />

poverty rates, faster economic growth and less corruption than countries that do not. Countries with<br />

smaller gaps between women and men in areas like education, employment, and property rights, not<br />

only have lower child malnutrition and mortality, they also have more transparent business and government<br />

and faster economic growth--which in turn helps to further narrow the gender gap. In short, education,<br />

health, productivity, credit, and governance all work better when women are involved. That’s what the World<br />

Bank has written.<br />

According to the United Nations, economies in the developing world grow by three percent for every 10<br />

percent increase in the number of women who receive secondary schooling—since women are major<br />

economic contributors. So empowering women and achieving gender equality and integrating equality into<br />

development planning reduces poverty and hunger and improves poor people’s lives. In another promising<br />

fact, over the last decade the number of women represented in government increased from 16 countries to<br />

97.<br />

For its part, the International Center for Research on Women has pioneered the recognition that the wellbeing<br />

and survival of poor households depends disproportionately on women’s productive labor.<br />

Regardless of whether the question is asked from an economic, health or human rights perspective,<br />

according to the Center, investments in women’s lives yield high returns not only for women, but their families<br />

and communities as well. Since women typically are responsible for collecting water and firewood for the<br />

everyday needs of the household—they grow and process food to feed their families; they safeguard their<br />

children’s health, and care for the sick and elderly. Evidence also demonstrates, they say, that income in the<br />

hands of women results in better outcomes for children than income in the hands of men, because women<br />

tend to invest more in their children’s education, health and well-being.<br />

Despite all these facts and figures, gender inequality remains deeply rooted in entrenched attitudes, social<br />

institutions, and market forces. However, with the right approach, these attitudes and institutions can<br />

change—evidenced in <strong>Near</strong> <strong>East</strong> <strong>Foundation</strong>’s “remarkable breakthroughs” in Mali over the past year. <strong>NEF</strong><br />

well understands women’s critical role in building strong communities and strong nations, and consequently<br />

reports with special satisfaction the progress made in Mali. Despite considerable obstacles, women gained<br />

power and inequalities and discrimination diminished.<br />

ver the past year, two very important facts about Mali generally, and the area of <strong>Near</strong> <strong>East</strong> <strong>Foundation</strong><br />

concentration in particular, hit hard at our multi-faceted rural development program. First, according to<br />

<strong>NEF</strong> Country Director Yacouba Dème, the grain harvest was “calamitous” because of locust infestation--<br />

the worst in 15 years (see photo above)--and drought conditions, creating a massive exodus from <strong>NEF</strong><br />

partner villages. Food prices soared, precious cattle died, and the government urgently called for food


aid. Second, municipal elections installed a new group of public officials in local and regional government of<br />

the country. However, noteworthy too were remarkable breakthroughs in the enormous challenge of<br />

involving Mali’s women in the development of their country.<br />

It all goes back to 1964 when <strong>Near</strong> <strong>East</strong> <strong>Foundation</strong><br />

began working with the newly-independent African<br />

countries on agricultural development, recruiting<br />

hundreds of technicians trained in livestock<br />

improvement, water management and scientific crop<br />

improvement. As its program evolved, <strong>NEF</strong> established<br />

a separate African Endowment Fund that by 1980<br />

financed development of experimental projects in new<br />

areas.<br />

In the 1980s <strong>NEF</strong> responded to the threat of famine in<br />

Mali with a program that embraced livestock rehabilitation, village seed and cereal banks, agricultural credit,<br />

literacy, and soil and water conservation. Just one case in point, <strong>NEF</strong> designed an efficient, low-cost system<br />

for better harvesting rainwater for agricultural and forestry purposes that reduced stress to crops and<br />

improved food security. It represented in important ways an adoption and extension of traditional and locallyfamiliar<br />

water conservation techniques, however, not limited to individual farms. To successfully extend the<br />

design to a larger water catching area, <strong>NEF</strong> helped community members work through a number of complex<br />

questions around land tenure, water rights, and labor management, yielding sustainable benefits that could<br />

be managed by the local community permanently.<br />

In the competition between population growth and food shortages in Africa and the Middle <strong>East</strong> throughout<br />

the 1980s, <strong>NEF</strong> continued to work on agricultural improvement tailored to local conditions and the<br />

strengthening of local institutions and communities. Increasingly, <strong>NEF</strong> cooperated with other donor<br />

agencies to implement projects ranging from beekeeping in Sudan and Swaziland, to community<br />

development in Egypt and Jordan, and seed and cereal banks in Mali.<br />

Building upon work going back to 1984, <strong>NEF</strong> is intensely engaged in a band of 127 villages in Mali's<br />

northern Sahel, an area plagued by poverty, degraded land, sparse rainfall and the encroaching desert.<br />

<strong>NEF</strong>’s multifaceted, simultaneous strategy employs environmental and natural resource conservation and<br />

management; micro-credit; community organization; information; food security; and decentralization in<br />

consonance with government policy.<br />

In keeping with a major objective of creating and<br />

sustaining local community organizations and their<br />

capacities, 18 new, viable, democratic<br />

associations formed over the past year and<br />

became engaged in the social and economic<br />

development of their villages. Activities largely<br />

centered on potable water with important<br />

assistance provided by the Drilling Association of<br />

Mali; natural resource management with the help of<br />

the Regional Director of Nature Conservation, and<br />

health issues. Significantly, all but one association<br />

included women, in stark contrast to the cultural<br />

tendency toward their systematic exclusion and<br />

marginalization.<br />

In the area of Bore, for example, women joined 11<br />

committees concerned with woodland<br />

preservation, six water committees as well as<br />

multipurpose associations. Further, they were<br />

appointed to important posts—treasurer, inspector,<br />

secretary for information, for conflict resolution, for<br />

development, even deputy secretary general in one case. Fifty women accepted these new responsibilities<br />

from among a total of 387 new female members in the 1,467 combined membership of Bore’s various<br />

groups.<br />

This trend continued in <strong>NEF</strong>’s 45-day, capacity-building training in subjects such as literacy, leadership, plant<br />

nurseries, gabion construction as well as management of sensitive areas like water power and agricultural


oundary projects. In particular, female participation pops off the charts reporting work in literacy: in the 41<br />

sessions conducted, 15 were for women with participation a remarkable 89 percent, a significant increase<br />

over last year’s 73 percent participation. Overall a total of 638 people attended training sessions with only<br />

four drop-outs.<br />

On the public education front, 140 radio programs out of the 550 broadcast—about 25 percent--concerned<br />

the role of women in development. Next in order of frequency came education, health, environment,<br />

democracy, animal breeding, and agriculture. Like the radio programs, booklets explaining the<br />

government’s decentralization policy and the rights and duties of citizenship, rules about credit and collective<br />

farming in democratic Mali, were translated into the languages of the people—Bambara, Dogon and<br />

Peulh—and widely distributed throughout the area. Helen Keller International <strong>Foundation</strong> made possible not<br />

only radio programming, but Internet connection for people living in the countryside. Countries in<br />

Development-Canada and CTA (technical audio visual center) provided valuable radio programming<br />

services.<br />

Also, over 2,000 newspaper editions were published, reporting international stories like the situation in<br />

neighboring Ivory Coast and in Iraq; more local concerns like locusts, microfinance and the actions of<br />

community councils; and health issues including vaccination and fevers. All this kept information current,<br />

raising the level of rural culture generally, and assisting information exchange between readers and the <strong>NEF</strong><br />

program.<br />

Further helping that dialogue, <strong>NEF</strong> organized eight<br />

inter-village gatherings with representatives from<br />

59 villages—over 35 percent of them women,<br />

coming together to discuss with <strong>NEF</strong> staff the<br />

progress and problems of their village associations,<br />

activities and plans, and provide increasingly<br />

accurate statistics on births, marriages and<br />

deaths—important information for civil society<br />

building. A truly extraordinary phenomenon, the<br />

number one concern expressed at these large<br />

village meetings was the lack of women<br />

participating in some of the villages. Here are their recommendations to correct the situation quickly:<br />

<strong>NEF</strong> should make women’s participation in development the primary condition for assistance to<br />

villages;<br />

<strong>NEF</strong> should sensitize villagers, changing their attitudes toward women and promoting the importance of<br />

community service at the same time;<br />

village associations should appoint women to committees and responsible positions—and women<br />

should accept those jobs when offered;<br />

there should be more literacy training for women;<br />

structures should be created and organized for men and women to work together as well as exclusively<br />

women’s associations created or support renewed;<br />

<strong>NEF</strong> should integrate women into program management and provide more information to women about<br />

activities.<br />

This past year’s <strong>NEF</strong> credit activities centered on assisting the financial needs of women in the areas of<br />

Douentza and Mopti. For individual loans, amounts ranged from a low of nearly $10 to a high of $375; and<br />

out of 60 applicants, 51 were favorably received. Also, three village groups were capitalized to make their<br />

own commercial loans. <strong>NEF</strong> itself financed 19 women’s groups. In total there were 1,520 beneficiaries—11<br />

per cent of the women in the area, receiving over $250,000. That was lower than in 2003 and even 2001<br />

because of the locust infestation, which made the women even more hesitant than usual about taking on a<br />

debt they might not be able to repay. Yet, of the nearly $525,000 loaned the previous year, about $440,000<br />

has been reimbursed with another $73,000 late-but-expected. Only a single loan is considered a default—<br />

an enviable record.<br />

In addition, <strong>NEF</strong> credit activities generated an important operations manual that published in December,<br />

outlining all procedures in proper credit processing; and created a fund of about $3,400, given interest<br />

payments. The program’s 26 village credit agents added yet more experience to their growing competence<br />

and careful risk assessment evident in this year’s reimbursement record. Agents also received language<br />

lessons in Peuhl and Dogon in preparation for future expansion of the program in the country as well as<br />

training from the Professional Association of Micro Finance Institutions of Mali and the Mali Finance Ministry.


And inspired by <strong>NEF</strong>’s credit activities, the women’s<br />

group from Barmandougou visited the women’s<br />

association in Boni to learn how it all works—conditions<br />

for credit access, rules and regulations, their organization<br />

and functions—with some plans clearly in mind.<br />

Supporting Mali’s national policy and recognizing the<br />

harmful impact of timber exploitation and<br />

commercialization as an energy source, <strong>NEF</strong> continued<br />

its efforts to train local people in the economic and<br />

ecological wisdom of managing their natural resources<br />

in 11 rural centers. Solid results were quantifiable: 4,667 cubic meters were authorized for cutting and sale<br />

in the market and less were sold—3,904. Some 274 producers and 10 managers were involved. Further,<br />

four among the 11 villages regulated their woodlands for the first time.<br />

To restore and protect biodiversity and<br />

prevent erosion, local associations put<br />

nearly 4,500 new and varied plants into<br />

the ground, adding to the nearly 4,000<br />

successful plantings from the previous<br />

year’s activities. Rice farming was<br />

enhanced by <strong>NEF</strong>’s addition of a<br />

permanent technician on-site and<br />

provision of all necessary materials as<br />

well as by 80 volunteers “seeding” this<br />

experimental program in 12 villages.<br />

However, nature was most uncooperative<br />

and rice yields in some villages were<br />

severely affected by the prevailing<br />

drought. The year saw only 30 days of<br />

rainfall with less than 13 inches of rain.<br />

The village of Hombori was particularly<br />

deprived, getting less than eight inches of<br />

desperately needed water. In comparison,<br />

New York City’s recreational-use Central Park received 47 inches of rainfall in the same period.<br />

Despite such obstacles, <strong>NEF</strong> persisted on all fronts. Irrigation activity continued with new water pumps and<br />

canal building. The previous year’s 10 participating villages were joined by six new ones and availability of<br />

water increased as much as 153 percent. That meant a lot to the kitchen-gardeners of the villages of Mendie<br />

and M’Bessena, just one case in point and a huge blessing for 156 women living there. Kitchen-garden<br />

production in 12 villages—mostly onions with some tomatoes, apples, garlic, beets, peppers and tobacco—<br />

brought in nearly $10,000, hardly small change in a country where nine out of 10 people live on less than $2<br />

a day. And this clearly impressed women gardeners, attracting their increasingly active participation in<br />

<strong>NEF</strong>’s program.<br />

Also, a total of 86 hectares of denuded and degraded pastures were resurrected to the benefit of six villages.<br />

Over 23,000 forest and fruit plants emerged from 33 nurseries equipped by <strong>NEF</strong>; and <strong>NEF</strong> agro-forestry<br />

techniques helped farmers regenerate Baobab, Acacia and other valued trees. A total of 3,738 meters of<br />

riverbanks were protected against erosion. While pond regulation was set back by financial constraints and<br />

equipment problems, work on sand dunes continued. Twelve volunteers agreed to invest 18 months<br />

protecting farm land against dunes and wind erosion by planting protective shields of trees, provided by <strong>NEF</strong><br />

along with all necessary equipment to accomplish the task; while six villages worked collectively on their<br />

erosion problems. These are but a few highlights from the natural resource management section of a<br />

detailed 51-page report on <strong>NEF</strong>-Mali 2004-05.<br />

Editor: Andrea M. Couture<br />

• Designer: Ellen Scott


ear <strong>East</strong> <strong>Foundation</strong> Moroccan Country Director Abdelkhalk Aandam wants you to meet two women he<br />

has come to know during this year’s continuing work in the education of women and girls in the remote<br />

villages of the High Atlas Mountains. He writes:<br />

"Her name is Aicha Youss, a woman nearing 60, more<br />

marked by life than by her age. She has traveled a road of<br />

suffering, humiliation, and sacrifice. Because of her unlucky<br />

destiny, she was widowed and responsible for educating her<br />

eight children. However, living in a heartless society for<br />

widowed or divorced women only succeeded in making<br />

Aicha stronger, more ambitious and thirsty to learn. She<br />

succeeded is raising her children into the men and women<br />

she always wished for, and even more important, in forging<br />

her own iron personality and becoming a leader in the<br />

development of her community. This year her village has<br />

had the opportunity to make a leap and take the first step<br />

toward a better life because of the <strong>NEF</strong> project in rural<br />

primary education. It was also an opportunity to escape from<br />

her life’s sad destiny and reach the peak of her powers.<br />

Because of her unlimited ambition, her boundless<br />

enthusiasm and her irreversible will, she was named the<br />

leader of the local women. This new role opened up yet<br />

further horizons, Aicha traveled here and there, encountering<br />

many people and their differences, expanding her<br />

sophistication and experiences, and making her<br />

progressively deeper and more questioning.<br />

"Then there is Fanna Aamamou, a 58-year-old woman taking<br />

<strong>NEF</strong> literacy training. Her life has hardly been served on a<br />

golden platter, so the powerful liberation of her personality<br />

and charm of her conversation so full of wisdom comes as a<br />

surprise. At the same time she is so different, yet also a consummate woman of Morocco and the Grand<br />

Atlas. We have had the pleasure to recruit her as president of the women’s association in the Asseghmou<br />

area of Ouarzazate Province. Fifty-five years old and the mother of seven children, Fanna never went to


school because at that time education of girls was given no importance. She excelled in meeting her<br />

domestic responsibilities and with seven children to care for and without any resources, Fanne found refuge<br />

in the warmth of the home she created and where her family never went lacking. But because of her<br />

husband’s advancing age, he was no longer able to take care of the farming and the burden fell upon<br />

Fanna, who typically rose to the occasion.<br />

"The idea of creating a women’s association emerged from within the ranks of the village women and what<br />

they saw happening around them. Motivated and convinced, their association first saw the light of day in<br />

April 2001 and revived again in April <strong>2005</strong>. After identifying the needs of the women, local projects were<br />

launched, particularly literacy. Also, contacts were made with a number of organizations to obtain funding<br />

and French Heifer agreed to provide the means for a goat raising project for the sale of milk and cheese.<br />

Obstacles surely were not lacking, but they were managed, overcome by female initiative, and never<br />

discouraging Fanna. It took a lot of time and there were occasions when the credibility of the association was<br />

in question.<br />

"This long process had its impact upon the personality and life of Fanna, allowing her to fulfill her innate<br />

potential and to excel at advancing the best interests of her sisterhood. This journey and the solidarity of<br />

others increased Fanna’s confidence in her abilities, and as a result, Fanna’s life as a village woman has<br />

been transformed and she has become a militant for the rights of women and the well being of her<br />

community."<br />

he mountains of the High Atlas east of<br />

Ouarzazate are breathtakingly beautiful--cool<br />

and relaxing in summer, rugged and isolated<br />

in winter. In the warm months, fruits and nuts are<br />

plentiful; shepherds traverse the hills with sheep<br />

and goats. These provide villagers with cash crops<br />

for sale in distant urban markets. Where water is<br />

available, villagers cultivate small plots of grain,<br />

some few vegetables, and crops for animal fodder.<br />

In a good year, there may be a surplus for sale in<br />

local markets.<br />

In winter, snow-covered mountains, narrow<br />

unpaved roads, over-flowing rivers, and periodic<br />

landslides block access for weeks at a time.<br />

Small, isolated villages are cut off from one another<br />

and from the surrounding area, relying on the<br />

rewards of a summer harvest to survive the harsh<br />

winter. Electricity, water, and sanitation facilities<br />

are absent.<br />

For the vast majority of people in the High Atlas, education is a luxury they can ill afford. In many villages<br />

virtually all adults, both men and women, are illiterate; and there is a total absence of programs for adult<br />

literacy. In one village the local school had to be constructed alongside the village cemetery, reflecting the<br />

utter lack of social acceptance of education in or within proximity to the village. Further, teachers are<br />

outsiders, speaking and teaching in Arabic rather than the local Berber dialect.<br />

Where schools have been introduced, attendance is limited and largely restricted to boys. In some areas<br />

women and girls are not even allowed to pass by the school, symptomatic of the longstanding culture and<br />

traditions working against the education of girls and preventing the full integration of women in society.<br />

There are an estimated 2.5 million girls of primary school age in Morocco; and more than half of them live in<br />

the countryside, where again, less than half of girls attend school, and when they do, the drop-out rate<br />

between grades one and six, is a shocking 80 percent.<br />

Families feel little incentive to educate girls who are generally married by the age of 14 and are helpful with<br />

household chores like gathering water and firewood as well as child-rearing. Consequently, there is strong<br />

social pressure for girls not to attend school, and when they do, they often encounter a hostile environment<br />

and leave in discouragement. When <strong>NEF</strong> first began the project, some communities even refused to<br />

participate. They simply could not understand that education was important. Young men completing primary


school were unable to go on to the secondary level since it all too often meant a costly commitment to<br />

boarding and education in a distant town.<br />

Besides, local schools with their classes through<br />

sixth grade were all too often simply uninviting bare<br />

shells with little warmth and nothing to encourage a<br />

child’s attendance. Many consisted of a single or<br />

perhaps two classrooms. They lacked space, had<br />

leaky roofs, broken windows, missing doors,<br />

insufficient and often broken furniture, no heating<br />

so were absolutely freezing in winter, and typically<br />

had inadequate or often absent water and<br />

sanitation facilities. School books and supplies<br />

were extremely limited and beyond the means of<br />

the majority of families.<br />

Students, age six and up, had to walk many miles<br />

through rugged country in the cold of winter to<br />

attend class. Those beyond sixth grade have to<br />

travel 50 miles or more across the mountains to<br />

reach the nearest school at that level. Here they<br />

had to board with relatives or in unfamiliar hostels,<br />

and at a cost they could ill afford. Clearly such<br />

conditions discouraged school enrollment and<br />

encouraged frequent absenteeism.<br />

According to Abdelkhalk Andam, <strong>NEF</strong>’s Moroccan<br />

project director: “It’s hard for people to realize just<br />

how much has to be done. For instance, it’s not<br />

just about registering girls for school, but about<br />

keeping them there. This means that we have to<br />

deal not only with how these communities perceive<br />

education, but also how they look at the role of<br />

women at home and in the broader community,<br />

and also the role of young girls in the household<br />

economy. It’s about long-standing traditions and<br />

cultural issues,” he continued, adding, “Many<br />

people would prefer to see it more simplistically,<br />

but that’s just not possible.”<br />

<strong>Near</strong> <strong>East</strong> <strong>Foundation</strong> is working in the High Atlas Mountains in partnership with the US State Department’s<br />

Middle <strong>East</strong> Partnership Initiative (MEPI) and the Moroccan Department of Education, to bring learning to the<br />

High Atlas, promote the education of girls, provide continuing education, and encourage the involvement of<br />

local parents and teachers in activities that promote education and further development in local communities.<br />

The initiative was launched early in the year<br />

with much fanfare at the area Chamber of<br />

Commerce, including attendance by the<br />

General Director of the Moroccan Ministry of<br />

Education. Even the inauguration of the<br />

program was a learning experience—a<br />

workshop where all paricipants, including<br />

village representatives, exchanged ideas and<br />

<strong>NEF</strong>’s project manager outlined plans for the<br />

year.<br />

While initially difficult to gain community<br />

acceptance, the project has in nine months of<br />

intense activity produced a virtual revolution<br />

in the perception of education among villagers


in the eight participating communities.<br />

Villages that had refused to participate in the project are fast becoming models of educational reform.<br />

Virtually empty classrooms are now full. Those who enroll tend to remain for the term. Over 300 adults, an<br />

extraordinary more than 60 percent of them women, are enrolled in adult literacy classes--and their numbers<br />

are increasing.<br />

Newly-formed Parent Teacher Associations (PTAs),<br />

joined by women leaders from the villages, are<br />

collaborating with <strong>NEF</strong> to encourage education for<br />

all and to mobilize the resources needed to<br />

improve schools and allow local graduates to<br />

continue their education in secondary schools<br />

located in nearby towns and cities. Some PTAs are<br />

nearly autonomous and have proven their ability to<br />

organize and manage their affairs; some others will<br />

need additional support before reaching that<br />

plateau.<br />

<strong>NEF</strong>’s Project Director Andam reported with evident<br />

satisfaction: “A majority of both PTA members and<br />

local teaching staff and administrators are now<br />

much more aware of the role of the PTA in relation<br />

to the school, as well as their role in relation to the<br />

PTA. There is also much greater support and participation by local religious leaders, the Imams-fkihs.”<br />

While PTAs had been tried in some communities, they had met with little success in isolated areas such as<br />

the High Atlas. People simply did not understand what they were for, and if they did, they needed a great<br />

deal of help to make them function. So this became <strong>NEF</strong>’s starting point to encourage education—make the<br />

PTAs work for the community, and in turn, help the community understand how to work for the PTA. And to<br />

do this, help the teachers and administrators assigned to the schools understand how they could help and<br />

how the school would benefit from their greater involvement.<br />

This often meant breaking down barriers between<br />

insiders and outsiders since administrators and<br />

teachers are assigned for short terms to the rural<br />

areas, generally a few years at most. All the more<br />

reason for parents to take more responsibility for<br />

assuring that children attend school and that the<br />

education they receive is what they need. That<br />

challenge was further complicated by the gender<br />

issue. When <strong>NEF</strong> began its work there were almost<br />

no girls enrolled in village schools and the idea of<br />

having women participate on the boards of local<br />

PTAs absolutely unheard of, given that some<br />

communities even prohibited women and girls from<br />

venturing near schoolyards.<br />

Confronting gender head on and as a condition for<br />

participation, the project began by identifying and organizing women leaders from each village. Their role<br />

was to support the PTA in its efforts to encourage education and discourage dropouts. These women<br />

received training and were encouraged to participate in PTA activities and board meetings; and PTA boards<br />

were prompted to seek their advice and assistance. The<br />

strategy worked and gradually they became ad hoc members of the PTA boards.<br />

In addition, adult literacy classes were established in most communities and the majority of attendees were<br />

women. In class women were able to discuss their problems, needs, and aspirations. They were now<br />

outside of their homes, in school, and involved in the larger community--participating in educational<br />

awareness campaigns, making home visits to investigate school absences and dropouts, and encouraging<br />

parents to send their children to school. Not only moving about more freely in their own communities, they<br />

also traveled beyond and met with other women in other villages. For most, it was for the first time. For


some, it was their first time in an automobile.<br />

For their part, school administrators and<br />

teachers helped plan and participated in<br />

project activities, assisting new PTA board<br />

members in fulfilling their unfamiliar<br />

responsibilities, and in organizing and<br />

follow-up of project events. Many served<br />

as instructors for adult literacy classes with<br />

<strong>NEF</strong> providing vital training and support<br />

for their new role. Clearly evident, the<br />

educators came to better understand the<br />

problems rural people face; the role they<br />

can play in addressing these issues; and<br />

the critical importance of the teacher in<br />

encouraging and maintaining an interest<br />

in education by children and adults alike.<br />

To support all this, <strong>NEF</strong> encouraged the<br />

emerging PTAs to take an interest in improving school facilities. Working together, <strong>NEF</strong>, local communities,<br />

and local schools are transforming rundown facilities into adequate school rooms and providing pupils with<br />

basic school supplies and teachers with teaching materials. Over the coming two years, <strong>NEF</strong> hopes to<br />

continue to support the eight participating schools and to expand the project to include a total of 15 villages<br />

in the surrounding area together with their satellite school.<br />

This is only the beginning. Education is the core of development, but sustainable only through promotion and<br />

support for local economies. People expect education to produce results, for both men and women,<br />

improving their everyday quality of life. So <strong>NEF</strong> is working with government authorities and community<br />

residents on the development of complimentary activities that help identify and benefit from previously<br />

underutilized or neglected local resources.<br />

These include expansion and diversification of<br />

crops, introduction of quality seeds and plant<br />

materials, rebuilding and improving herds<br />

devastated by recent droughts, quality control<br />

and marketing of rural crafts, improving<br />

processing and packaging of goods, developing<br />

local markets and transport facilities. Much of<br />

this depends on putting in place simple, costefficient<br />

forms of water harvesting, reforestation,<br />

alternative sources of fuel, and greater fuel<br />

efficiency. Required too is increasing community<br />

participation and encouragement of individual<br />

entrepreneurs of all ages, male and female.<br />

Developing local economies provides incentives<br />

for continuing education and feeds the process<br />

of continuing and sustainable development for<br />

all.<br />

There is indeed a revolution brewing in the High<br />

Atlas, one that is fueling development and making it possible for local people to build the future they envision<br />

for themselves—the <strong>Near</strong> <strong>East</strong> <strong>Foundation</strong> mission. “I have to say that the work being done in the High Atlas<br />

by the <strong>NEF</strong> team is some of the best that I have seen in my career. They really are promoting a revolution in<br />

education and laying the base for economic recovery…I truly believe that,” emphatically commented <strong>NEF</strong><br />

Regional Director Roger Hardister.<br />

Editor: Andrea M. Couture<br />

• Designer: Ellen Scott


AGFUND Prize Acceptance Remarks<br />

Ryan LaHurd, President, <strong>Near</strong> <strong>East</strong> <strong>Foundation</strong><br />

Tunis, 15 December 2004<br />

irst I offer thanks to the Arab Gulf Programme for United Nations Development Organizations<br />

(AGFUND) and to its president HRH Prince Talal Bin Abdul Aziz Al Saud for honoring our project and<br />

sponsoring a prize which recognizes that good work is being done in support of international<br />

development objectives and that such work deserves to be held up and honored. The encouragement this<br />

award gives to organizations like the <strong>Near</strong> <strong>East</strong> <strong>Foundation</strong> and those of my colleagues here is especially<br />

important in an international environment which generally maintains that development efforts are<br />

unsuccessful.<br />

"I would like to thank our supportive partner and funder of the project, The Sawiris <strong>Foundation</strong> for Social<br />

Development. The Sawiris <strong>Foundation</strong> and <strong>NEF</strong>'s Cairo-based Center for Development Services worked<br />

closely throughout in planning and development, showing how donor organizations can be intimately<br />

involved throughout a project. I also pay tribute and offer appreciation to the staff of the <strong>Near</strong> <strong>East</strong><br />

<strong>Foundation</strong> who developed and carried out the project. They are committed to the philosophy which has<br />

guided the <strong>Near</strong> <strong>East</strong> <strong>Foundation</strong> since its beginnings 90 years ago when it began as America's response to<br />

the humanitarian crisis facing Armenian, Arab, Persian, Greek and Turkish refugees in the period of World<br />

War I and its aftermath. At that time America's citizens, not its government, took responsibility for rescue and<br />

relief efforts among these people they did not know and formed the organization that became the <strong>Near</strong> <strong>East</strong><br />

<strong>Foundation</strong>. <strong>NEF</strong>'s founders understood that to create a lasting solution to human need, more than relief<br />

efforts are required. The <strong>Near</strong> <strong>East</strong> <strong>Foundation</strong> pioneered an approach they called 'practical citizen<br />

philanthropy.' By this they meant assisting people to gain the skills and resources they need to help build<br />

their own better future, using an approach that seeks partnership and equality with no sense of domination<br />

or superiority. It is this approach the <strong>Near</strong> <strong>East</strong> <strong>Foundation</strong> has continued to use throughout its history and<br />

still employs, one which encourages participation of the people we seek to assist and listens to their needs<br />

and plans, treating them with the dignity and respect they deserve.<br />

"The reward of this approach is not only that the projects we work on together are more likely to be successful<br />

but, in the process, we build friendships and we build human beings. Our staff has seen repeatedly over the<br />

years that dealing with people as dignified and honorable equals builds their capacity more than any training<br />

sessions or educational programs.<br />

"The project for which the <strong>Near</strong>


<strong>East</strong> <strong>Foundation</strong> won the<br />

AGFUND International Prize for<br />

Pioneering Development<br />

Projects for 2004, enhancing<br />

nursing as a career in Upper<br />

Egypt, offers a perfect example.<br />

Three years ago when the <strong>Near</strong><br />

<strong>East</strong> <strong>Foundation</strong> started working<br />

at nursing sector development<br />

with the Swairis <strong>Foundation</strong>,<br />

there were 170 applicants for<br />

Aswan's six nursing schools<br />

compared with this year's 535.<br />

Immediate employment in<br />

public health facilities has been found by 398 new nurses; and 443 new nursing jobs, including 74 for<br />

nursing teachers and supervisors, have been created. While the project had many components, a key to its<br />

success was our ability to enhance the sense of dignity and respect that accrued to the career of nursing and<br />

therefore to the people who chose it as a career.<br />

"Besides the most important aspect of this project—the enhancement of the lives of the women involved—I<br />

ask all of you to consider another aspect: that a positive impact on the lives of even hundreds of people is a<br />

worthy goal and should be encouraged. Looking at the overwhelming need in our world, too many people<br />

regard as worthwhile only projects which affect millions. Hence they often conclude that the work of<br />

organizations like the <strong>Near</strong> <strong>East</strong> <strong>Foundation</strong> is luxury. But every human life is of great value. And every<br />

effort which enhances a human life is an important success. I ask your continuing support of work like ours,<br />

and again I thank the AGFUND for recognizing its value and honoring the dedicated staff who commit their<br />

lives to such work."<br />

ear <strong>East</strong> <strong>Foundation</strong> moved from its mid-Manhattan offices the first of the year, taking advantage of the<br />

end of its lease to benefit from financial incentives designed to attract occupancy downtown in the<br />

aftermath of the World Trade Center tragedy. Rental costs were cut nearly in half while square footage<br />

remains about the same at our newly renovated 90 Broad Street, 15th floor location in lower Manhattan’s<br />

Financial District. It is convenient to public transportation for both staff and visitors; and a short walk from<br />

historic Bowling Green park with its view of the Hudson River and Statue of Liberty.<br />

Anwar Samad was named Chief Financial Officer. A native of<br />

Bangladesh, he previously worked in finance for international<br />

assistance organizations, including Counterpart International, involved<br />

in social entrepreneurship, and InterAction, the alliance of US-based<br />

international development and humanitarian nongovernmental<br />

organizations, which includes <strong>NEF</strong>.<br />

Anwar graduated with a bachelor’s degree in business administration<br />

from Baruch College of the City University of New York, where he<br />

majored in finance and computer information systems and minored in<br />

accounting. He holds an M.B.A. in bank administration from St. John’s<br />

University, and has completed most requirements for a second M.B.A.<br />

with a major in accounting from Pace University. Both schools are in<br />

New York City. He is also licensed in mutual funds, real estate, income tax preparation and has obtained<br />

certificates in health care management, travel/tourism and other areas.<br />

The <strong>NEF</strong> museum exhibition that debuted at the Museum of the City of New York in 2003, “<strong>Near</strong> <strong>East</strong>/New<br />

York: The <strong>Near</strong> <strong>East</strong> <strong>Foundation</strong> and American Philanthropy,” toured to the West Coast, opening in October<br />

at the Doheny Memorial Library of the University of Southern California. The <strong>NEF</strong> exhibition was on view<br />

through January.<br />

In October <strong>NEF</strong> partnered with Arte<strong>East</strong>--


a nonprofit promoting the art and culture<br />

of the Middle <strong>East</strong> and its diaspora--for<br />

the premiere screenings of two<br />

documentary films, one Palestinian, the<br />

other Israeli. “Hopefully for the Best”<br />

(2004) by Raed Helou portrays Ramallah<br />

during the tense winter before the US-<br />

Iraq war. “Mashallah” (2004) by Eytan<br />

Harris was inspired by the brutal murders<br />

of two cab drivers three days apart in<br />

Jerusalem--the first an Israeli Jew, the<br />

second a Palestinian and the absent subject of the film. The films provoked a lively, at times passionate,<br />

post-screening discussion, which followed responses by <strong>NEF</strong> President Ryan LaHurd and Aissa Deebi,<br />

Arte<strong>East</strong>’s visual arts director.<br />

The line went around the block for the February joint <strong>Near</strong> <strong>East</strong><br />

<strong>Foundation</strong>-New York University Middle <strong>East</strong> Studies Department<br />

event. Participants filled all seats, and unfortunately the<br />

Greenwich Village theatre could not accommodate all who<br />

wanted to attend. The overflow audience came for a screening of<br />

the documentary film, “Control Room,” about the Al Jazeera<br />

television network, the Arab world’s most powerful broadcaster at<br />

work during the Iraq war. It was followed by a roundtable<br />

discussion including the film’s director, Jehane Noujaim, and<br />

producers Rosadel Varela and Hani Salama. They were joined<br />

by Jay Rosen of NYU’s journalism department and Khaled Fahmy<br />

of Middle <strong>East</strong>/Islamic studies. “Why did you do it?” asked a<br />

member of the audience. “Our hope is that this film will give<br />

people a window into a different perspective”…”that people will<br />

question the media”…”gain an independent way of thought,”<br />

responded the three women filmmakers in turn.<br />

In May <strong>NEF</strong> partnered with the Bard Program on Globalization<br />

and International Affairs, to present noted authority and<br />

commentator Fawaz A. Gerges, who spoke about the future of<br />

Middle <strong>East</strong> security. He is professor of international affairs and Middle <strong>East</strong>ern studies at Sarah Lawrence<br />

College, and author of the new book, “The Jihadists.”<br />

In the fall the <strong>NEF</strong> website www.neareast.org was<br />

redesigned for a sharper look and easier maneuvering with<br />

an ever increasing frequency of new postings—and steadily<br />

gained more daily average visitors over the following<br />

months. The <strong>NEF</strong> annual report became an entirely on-line<br />

publication for the first time.<br />

With generous funding by Antranig and Varsenne<br />

Sarkissian, a portable <strong>NEF</strong> exhibition was created, featuring<br />

seven panels about <strong>NEF</strong>’s history and one on present<br />

projects. It was first used in October in South Pasadena, CA,<br />

at the Armenian National Committee of American, Western<br />

Region event, where <strong>NEF</strong> received the organization’s 2004<br />

Freedom Award; again in February when <strong>NEF</strong> was among<br />

honorees for the Armenian Genocide commemorative<br />

“International Relief, Refuge and Recognition Tribute”<br />

luncheon in Los Angeles; and in April for the Congressional<br />

Armenian Genocide Observance held on Capitol Hill in<br />

Washington, D.C.


In conjunction with <strong>NEF</strong>’s 90th anniversary year, a comprehensive three-part series of articles on our history,<br />

evolution, past and current projects, and influence was widely featured in the Armenian American press and<br />

excerpted in Arab American magazines such as “Islamic Horizons.” An <strong>NEF</strong> anniversary announcement ran<br />

in “Washington <strong>Report</strong> on Middle <strong>East</strong>ern Affairs,” a widely read magazine with an Arab American audience<br />

of 100,000; also in a prominent Armenian weekly, “The Armenian <strong>Report</strong>er,” in Armenian Genocide<br />

commemorative issues in April.<br />

In both an individual mailing and placement on the web, <strong>NEF</strong> promoted planned giving as a way for our<br />

supporters to meet personal financial goals while simultaneously contributing to <strong>NEF</strong>. Planned giving to<br />

<strong>NEF</strong> provides important benefits by allowing our donors to fulfill philanthropic interests today—making a gift<br />

that will both have a long-term impact and provide opportunities to reduce personal taxes. Long-time<br />

supporter William Z. Cline, who has <strong>NEF</strong> in his will, gave his strong, personal endorsement to <strong>NEF</strong>’s planned<br />

giving program.<br />

Editor: Andrea M. Couture<br />

• Designer: Ellen Scott


or a brief time, despair in the Abou Shouk–El Fashir refugee camp faded and life seemed almost normal<br />

for people who feel preyed upon by all sides, caught up in a cruel conflict, with forced displacement of<br />

civilians, mass killings, burned villages, abducted women, stolen cattle, rape, and other grave crimes<br />

commonplace in this war-scarred region of Sudan. So far violence, hunger and disease have claimed up to<br />

300,000 lives, according to United Nations sources, while a further two million people have been forced from<br />

their homes.<br />

Despite extreme risk for humanitarian<br />

personnel, <strong>Near</strong> <strong>East</strong> <strong>Foundation</strong>'s<br />

Sudan administrator Mohamed Ali<br />

successfully delivered 50 sheep,<br />

purchased for the special occasion of<br />

the Eid Al-Adha celebrations, the holiest<br />

in the Islamic religious calendar. The<br />

feast commemorates Abraham's near<br />

sacrifice of his son and subsequent<br />

slaughter of a sheep instead. The <strong>Near</strong><br />

<strong>East</strong> <strong>Foundation</strong> joined in the Eid Al-<br />

Adha celebrations with camp residents,<br />

most of whom had lost not only their<br />

homes and livelihoods, but family and<br />

friends as well.<br />

Abou Fashir is comprised of 22 blocks<br />

with about 500 people in each; and an average of three sheep were allocated to each block and the meat<br />

shared, in keeping with the custom for this occasion. <strong>NEF</strong> was the only non-Islamic, Western agency<br />

participating in the feast with local people in Darfur. Mohamed Ali reported back:<br />

"It was very rewarding to see the impact of these gifts on the families and in particular on the children who<br />

have suffered so much. We learned that this is the first time that such gifts have been distributed in the area,<br />

with most agencies preferring distribution in the larger towns and villages rather than the camps, which are<br />

more chaotic and less easy to deal with. Both local officials as well as camp residents welcomed the<br />

initiative of <strong>Near</strong> <strong>East</strong> <strong>Foundation</strong> and extended a heart-felt welcome to continue to work with people in the<br />

area."


Then he contributed this personal note: "I would like to say that although due to the travel I was not able to<br />

be with my own family and children during the feast, I feel privileged and glad that I was able to contribute to<br />

the happiness of so many others in this area, who have been so severely affected by recent conflicts and<br />

tribal feuds. Rest assured that however small this effort may seem in comparison to the need, we did<br />

something positive to help people and to let them know that someone cares about them and shares with<br />

them during this important holiday season." He returned in early February and distributed thousands of<br />

dollars of emergency medicines and blankets.<br />

eople appreciate help on special occasions and emergencies—and we offer such help, but what they<br />

really want and need most is the kind of long-term development assistance the <strong>Near</strong> <strong>East</strong> <strong>Foundation</strong> is<br />

all about. For it is the underlying insecurity, poverty, disease, ignorance, environmental degradation,<br />

and lack of economic opportunity, that create conditions hostile to peace and stability.<br />

From the beginning, <strong>NEF</strong>’s work in Sudan has provided funds and training to increase the skills of Sudanese,<br />

who often lack only the expertise or experience to implement the initiatives they have in mind. At the World<br />

Bank's request, <strong>NEF</strong> helped launch and coordinate the first Ethiopia-Sudan Development Marketplace, a<br />

competition showcasing innovative ideas for development and poverty reduction. <strong>NEF</strong> promoted and eased<br />

Sudanese participation in the marketplace, where 20 Sudanese organizations secured funding. With<br />

Sudan's land-based people, we have labored in fish farming, bee-keeping, rangeland rehabilitation and<br />

much more.<br />

But deserving of particular mention, one of <strong>NEF</strong>'s<br />

early publications in Arabic was an extensive case<br />

study of micro-credit in Port Sudan back in the<br />

1980s, and that long history of providing training<br />

and capital for micro-credit continues. <strong>NEF</strong> set up<br />

two programs in the Abou Hamid area, 350 km<br />

north of the capital of Khartoum. Even for the<br />

visually impaired, a very special challenge<br />

requiring adaptation of all our materials and<br />

techniques, for an association of more than 60<br />

young adults and heads of households. The socalled<br />

"popsicle lady" from Tyba Kababish in<br />

northern Sudan, graphically demonstrates the<br />

difference a $200 loan can make in a human<br />

destiny.<br />

Her house is mud brick, a couple of small, spare,<br />

clean rooms with a bed of tree branches and<br />

woven support for a thin mattress. Outside, the<br />

garden space between the house and surrounding mud wall features a few flowers and some herbs and<br />

peppers planted in dirt-filled, powdered-milk cans. This starkly simple home is also her business location<br />

and makes possible the feeding, clothing, and education of the children of this widow and sole support of a<br />

large family.<br />

The enterprise was her idea. She borrowed the equivalent of $200 and bought a refrigerator with a freezer.<br />

Every evening she fills small plastic bags with flavored juice, and freezes them overnight. In midmorning she<br />

puts them in the orange insulated cooler atop the refrigerator, and heads off to the nearby elementary school<br />

where the children buy them as recess-time treats. The pennies add up and she makes a living by dent of<br />

her evident ingenuity, hard work, and the small loan—repaid in less than a year—and made possible<br />

through <strong>NEF</strong>’s program.<br />

<strong>NEF</strong> is now working with the International Fund for Agricultural Development to enhance Sudanese<br />

resiliency to drought, food security, and income generation in two western Sudan states. Beneficiaries are<br />

the small farmers, livestock keepers, workers and artisans, who comprise 90 percent of the rural population<br />

with average annual incomes of only $100 to $150. Previously <strong>NEF</strong> partnered with the Global Environmental<br />

Facility to support 20 community-based credit funds in the same area in 2001. With this new project, <strong>NEF</strong> is<br />

connecting with local groups to help establish effective credit for small enterprises and income-generating<br />

opportunities.


To make that possible, this spring <strong>NEF</strong>’s Jordan<br />

staff organized a study tour for 16 Sudanese<br />

officers of the traditional, informal, village saving<br />

and credit sanduqs. The sanduqs offer the<br />

advantages of use by illiterate villagers, low cost<br />

servicing, and built in social pressure for<br />

repayment. <strong>NEF</strong> is helping to develop these<br />

sanduqs with organizational and management<br />

support, loan policies and procedures, and grants<br />

up to $20,000. A 15-day workshop was held in<br />

Jordan, using participatory techniques, case<br />

studies and other methods, including field visits to<br />

two micro-financing companies and two<br />

community-based credit programs established in<br />

the south of Jordan with <strong>NEF</strong> support. Dr. Souliaman Ajeb, Director General of Sudan’s Ministry of<br />

Agriculture/State of Kordofan North, accompanied the sanduq representatives on the study trip.<br />

Also <strong>NEF</strong> introduced credit facilities in New Dar El-Salaam El-Rabwa to reinforce its reproductive health<br />

program with income-generating activities that supplement family income, improve nutrition, and increase<br />

access to health services. Again, to broaden the scope of training for the community-run, micro-credit fund,<br />

<strong>NEF</strong> called upon its Jordan staff and technical specialists from <strong>NEF</strong>-Egypt.<br />

After 30 months of very hard work to provide, affordable, quality reproductive health care to displaced<br />

Sudanese living outside the capital city of Khartoum—there is a fully operational health clinic, made possible<br />

by a grant from the David and Lucile Packard <strong>Foundation</strong> and with <strong>NEF</strong> support. It is the only health center<br />

available for the entire settlement of about 35-45,000 people fleeing Sudan's internal conflicts, drought and<br />

other difficulties.<br />

Their health is jeopardized by both poverty and the<br />

environment in which they live. Malaria and endemic<br />

diseases rank the main causes of illness and death<br />

with high maternal and infant mortality and a fertility<br />

rate of 5.4 children per women. National family<br />

planning is estimated at only 9.9 percent because of<br />

lack of information and misconceptions about risks; and<br />

an estimated 82 percent of Sudanese women have<br />

undergone female genital mutilation. Further,<br />

reproductive health problems, sexually transmitted<br />

disease and HIV/AIDS are growing at unprecedented<br />

rates—and the Sudanese Ministry of Health has put<br />

AIDS at the top of its agenda.<br />

By the first of the year, the <strong>NEF</strong> clinic had treated over<br />

33,000 patients since opening in September, and<br />

nearly another 30,500 in the past six months. In<br />

addition to general health services—diagnosis, primary<br />

health care, laboratory tests and a pharmacy, the clinic<br />

emphasizes reproductive health care, including family planning, prenatal and postnatal care, attracting more<br />

than 800 patients for these new services in the past six months. In <strong>2005</strong> <strong>NEF</strong> was able to expand services to<br />

include labor and delivery as well as advanced laboratory work, thanks to a grant from the Population<br />

Council. This extension involves designing a health management information system and establishing a<br />

sustainable pricing model for reproductive health care in low-income areas. All clinic services are offered at<br />

nominal fees to enhance access.<br />

Given the kinds of health problems encountered by clinic staff, there was a strong need for increased<br />

community awareness, particularly about reproductive health and sexually transmitted diseases. So <strong>NEF</strong><br />

responded with an outreach program teaching both primary and reproductive health care. Women have<br />

been trained in nutrition and hygiene, as midwives and home visitors, benefiting nearly 4,000 families.<br />

There’s even the possibility of micro-health insurance. Also, the <strong>NEF</strong> project has helped local residents to<br />

plan, manage and network within their own community, government and non-governmental organizations,


for the services they need, including a severe shortage of clean, potable water for the rapidly-growing<br />

population of the settlement and roofing and equipping the local school.<br />

And all that effort is very appreciated. “We used to travel a long distance to El-Hajj Youssef area just to get<br />

even the most basic medications,” said one member of her new village health committee, “We can now get<br />

them at cheaper prices at the <strong>NEF</strong> health center.” “This is my fourth pregnancy, but the first time I follow up<br />

with a doctor,” said a visitor to the Center for Pregnancy. “I used to call the midwife only when the labor pains<br />

came. Now I know how important it is to maintain a proper diet and healthy life-style during pregnancy. The<br />

friendly staff at the health center have taught us many things about having and raising health children,” she<br />

added.<br />

On the official side, the Sudanese Ministry of<br />

Health’s North Khartoum Health Team Director<br />

summed up the prevailing opinion: “The <strong>NEF</strong><br />

center offers high-quality services at very low-cost<br />

prices…services provided have contributed<br />

considerably to improving the health situation. Our<br />

entire team highly appreciates the valuable<br />

services <strong>NEF</strong> is offering to the Dar El-Salaam<br />

community.”<br />

Clearly delivering sheep to Sudan to provide meat<br />

for a religious feast is just one piece in the <strong>Near</strong><br />

<strong>East</strong> <strong>Foundation</strong>’s multi-faceted approach to<br />

bolstering human dignity. Over this year <strong>NEF</strong><br />

continued to invest in the people of Sudan for their<br />

long-term development and well being, building a people's sense of their possibilities and supporting their<br />

priorities.<br />

Editor: Andrea M. Couture<br />

• Designer: Ellen Scott


athy Gau, <strong>Near</strong> <strong>East</strong> <strong>Foundation</strong> Country Director for Swaziland, has lived there for over 20 years, in<br />

fact has dual American and Swazi citizenship, which helps account for her commanding grasp of both<br />

local issues and national character. Ms. Gau directs Vusumnotfo, a community organization begun by<br />

<strong>NEF</strong>, which translates to “restarting the economy,” and employs a range of approaches from early childhood<br />

education on through business development, to build individual and organizational capacity so Swazi<br />

communities can responsibly and effectively pursue development. About 50,000 people in 18 chiefdoms<br />

participate in Vusumnotfo. Ms. Gau made these observations during a home-for-the-holidays visit:<br />

Business Development —“Swaziland doesn’t have to be poor,” she said of a country where the main<br />

industries are sugar and forestry, the culture authoritarian, and life harder than in 1983 when AIDS struck.<br />

Working with local associations to enhance business opportunities, “We look at the psychological issues<br />

first. I tell them—‘We want you to make mistakes, business is about risks.’ Swazi culture wants to please, so<br />

this is very radical.” Given a little start up money, eight weeks, and the challenge of making a profit, the<br />

groups develop pilot projects and, “They get smart fast. I see slow, but steady progress.”<br />

Early Childhood Education —“People are so hungry for it,” she said. Vusumnotfo started a model preschool,<br />

provides in-service teacher training, and has been assigned a teacher by the government’s Ministry<br />

of Education. “But with the kids playing games and having fun…parents don’t think we’re being serious,”<br />

which led to a major undertaking, a manual on the physical, mental, and social development of children,<br />

titled “Growing Children Straight and Strong.”<br />

Social Development —Citing domestic water supply as but one example of Vusumnotfo’s contribution to<br />

community well-being—given routine daily “fetching” requires nine-and-a-half hours per household in<br />

addition to important implications for HIV, sanitation, convenience, the environment, and more—“But before<br />

we do water, we have to do a lot of education.”<br />

Status of Women —“The legal standing of a married woman is that she is a minor of her husband,” she said,<br />

telling a lot in a single sentence, then adding, “Once a group of Swazi women get empowered, my advice is<br />

to get out of their way.”<br />

HIV/AIDS —“The most effective HIV education is in pre-puberty.” Vusumnotfo advocates HIV testing; current<br />

US policy against providing condoms is “very detrimental," and orphanages are needed by only the 10<br />

percent who have no alternative and cannot be accommodated by their community. “I am seeing slow<br />

indications of behavioral change,” she gestured a tiny space between her thumb and forefinger, “but it won’t<br />

show up in the statistics.” A shocking 39 percent of the country’s adults are infected with HIV—the highest


prevalence rate in the world.<br />

he <strong>Near</strong> <strong>East</strong> <strong>Foundation</strong> was overseeing a beekeeping project under the Swaziland Ministry of<br />

Agriculture and Cooperatives during the harsh 1991-92 drought, when the National Disaster Task<br />

Force coordinated the distribution of food and water through various nongovernmental organizations,<br />

including <strong>NEF</strong>. As a follow up to food distribution, homesteads were given the wherewithal to plant a half<br />

hector of maize—with the provision they return a bag of maize at the end of the growing season.<br />

In June 1993, 92 percent of the homesteads<br />

overseen by <strong>NEF</strong> had returned their maize, which<br />

was subsequently sold at a profit of about $11,300.<br />

Rather than dividing these funds for projects within<br />

each of their communities, the traditional leaders<br />

decided to work together, and in December 1995,<br />

agreed upon a constitution governing the funds.<br />

Following a lengthy internal process—which<br />

included substantial capacity building by <strong>NEF</strong>—a<br />

redrafted constitution was authorized in September<br />

1999. Vusumnotfo had been established and since<br />

then has concentrated on three areas—business<br />

development at the community level; civil society<br />

and social development; and early childhood<br />

development.<br />

Very importantly, problems related to the country’s<br />

HIV/AIDS situation are mainstreamed throughout these programs:<br />

Business development activities increase income available to rural households, mitigating the impact of<br />

HIV on families and communities.<br />

Early childhood development activities help insure that children, particularly those orphaned and<br />

vulnerable, meet age-appropriate milestones, making them more resilient to the impact of HIV/AIDS in<br />

their families; less vulnerable to HIV/AIDS in later years; better functioning adults able to met<br />

responsibilities.<br />

Improved understanding from best practices in early childhood development provide a foundation for<br />

community support for orphaned and vulnerable children.<br />

Emergence of strengthened community-based organizations in turn empower entire communities to<br />

organize and address their HIV/AIDS situation on multiple fronts. Similarly social committees are better<br />

able to implement and sustain social services for their communities.<br />

Also, Vusumnotfo conducted several surveys related to HIV and is well positioned for future social<br />

research in communities served.<br />

These points are vitally relevant in a region of the world where AIDS has caused average life expectancy to<br />

drop to age 40 or less and population is declining. The economy and social fabric is deteriorating due to the<br />

loss of women and men in their most productive years. There is a dramatic rise in the number of orphans.<br />

And the proportion of people living in extreme poverty has continued to grow for 20 years.<br />

In July the <strong>NEF</strong> project completed a monumental childhood education task underway for two years, the<br />

publication of the community training manual, “Growing Children Straight and Strong.” A copy of the<br />

parenting and early childhood development manual was distributed to all 14 partner organizations with<br />

UNICEF, the funder, getting a CD Rom as well.<br />

It was immediately put to productive use over the following months. Fifty-nine key people representing a<br />

cross section of gender, age and area, as well as a number of partner organizations, both in and out of<br />

government, were trained in the basic concepts of early childhood education; as were 37 other selected<br />

caregivers. The manual also facilitated follow up HIV testing as requested.<br />

Every opportunity was seized upon to train the


community at large in early childhood development—<br />

National Women’s Day, the traditional July 7 reed dance,<br />

on through the <strong>NEF</strong> project’s participation as facilitator<br />

and secretariat in the development of a national<br />

curriculum for psycho-social support in Swaziland.<br />

Partners included the deputy prime minister’s office,<br />

UNICEF, government ministries of public health, health<br />

and social welfare, the regional education inspector for<br />

preschools, and a number of nongovernmental<br />

organizations, particularly those involved with HIV.<br />

General in-service training for preschool<br />

practitioners extended to 43 practitioners and 39<br />

preschools, involving more than 1,250 children.<br />

Training ranged from art making and volunteer<br />

counseling and testing, on through when death<br />

touches a child, kitchen gardens and speech and<br />

hearing problems, and HIV-related topics like<br />

supporting terminally ill people and mother-to-child<br />

transmission and antiviral drugs. Also 194<br />

monitoring days of applied knowledge at the<br />

preschool level were held and 203 preschool visits<br />

conducted. Twenty-one<br />

teachers from 10 Vusumnotfo areas attended an<br />

August workshop on early identification and<br />

intervention of learning disabilities; and 45<br />

preschool practitioners the two-session, September workshop on “understanding myself.”<br />

Happily by year’s end the community of Lomshiyo was 75 percent along in obtaining matching funding to<br />

construct a preschool, using the low cost $6,250 design prepared by the <strong>NEF</strong> project. Two other<br />

communities were talking about it—the necessary first step. The structure includes two classrooms, storage,<br />

teacher’s corner, common area, and with outside structures and play equipment added, can be built for about<br />

$12,650.<br />

Simultaneously Vusumnotfo’s business development program aimed to establish sustainable incomegenerating<br />

initiatives at the community level through capacity training, resource allocation, and assessment<br />

at each step of the way.<br />

A total of 81 days of group formation training<br />

within the community at large were held for<br />

209 participants— 22 percent male and 78<br />

percent female; seven existing associations<br />

received training to strengthen their<br />

organizations; and 10 meeting were held with<br />

community trainers and three more with team<br />

leaders. In-service training included provision<br />

of supplies and funds to learn skills like hair<br />

dressing, catering, driving, and computers.<br />

Cutting through the numbers, here’s just one<br />

example of an initial project development<br />

workshop held in February that involved six<br />

associations and in many ways summarizes<br />

the issues facing grassroots Swaziland. There<br />

were 61 members present—23 percent male and 77 percent female—with an average age of 49. Of their 88<br />

total dependents, 35 were under the age of 20. Six members had immediate family who had died in the past<br />

12 months; and 25 percent of members had taken in children, both family and non-family, during the past


three years. So it is in a country with the highest HIV infection rate in the world.<br />

Technical support, working materials and tools were provided to five associations. That meant grants of<br />

about $1,800 for the purchase of chickens after each member had built a shed from locally available<br />

materials and for the stocking of an association’s new store; water feasibility studies for other associations<br />

and capacity training for yet another needing help after getting financial support for a garden project…and on<br />

the list goes.<br />

Similarly social development at the<br />

community level translated to the specifics<br />

and diversity of rehabilitating a Lomshiyo<br />

shed into a community hall for the<br />

Lomshiyo Area Development Committee,<br />

compiling a list of all local homesteads,<br />

then linking and grouping them for a future<br />

water system, and obtaining a grant from<br />

the Finland Embassy for roofing of a<br />

classroom block for their new school; on<br />

through completing a domestic water<br />

system for the Nkonjanani community of<br />

982 people in 86 homesteads, with 95<br />

kitchens, and 78 percent coverage of pit<br />

latrines and 48 percent coverage of<br />

rubbish pits.<br />

It may not be glamorous but Vusumnotfo<br />

is improving the daily lives of thousands<br />

of Swazis. “What I love about <strong>NEF</strong> is that<br />

you see human behavior for what it is—an untidy process that bumps along at an up-and-down rate,”<br />

commented <strong>NEF</strong>’s well-experienced country director, adding, “The most you can hope for is that the overall<br />

progression is angled upward…. Really, there is no ‘them and us’—it only looks like a cleaner process in the<br />

United States because we are at a higher level than where Africa is at.”<br />

Editor: Andrea M. Couture • Designer: Ellen Scott


he West Bank village Al-Bathan has big problems, according to Mayor Mohammed Salahat, who heads<br />

the village council, only two years old and limited in resources. About 3,000 people live in Al-Bathan’s<br />

scattering of houses and small landholdings, averaging two-to-three dunums. Unemployment is a<br />

staggering 60 percent, since so many residents have lost jobs in Israel. But the youngish, serious-eyed<br />

mayor peering through his glasses, has a vision for his community of something better.<br />

On the up side, the large map in his office shows the locations of seven natural springs in the village,<br />

producing 5.5 million cubic meters of water a year, and a system of canals—making the Al-Bathan area<br />

green all year round and full of tourism potential. There are now seven small initiatives underway, he said,<br />

including restaurant development, swimming pools, cafes and private water parks for this region abundant<br />

with ancient history, vibrant culture, scenic landscapes and other attractions. A traditional Palestinian picnic<br />

spot, 500,000 visitors came each year before the Intifada, but despite such success, tourism wasn’t well<br />

planned, he added, and lacked appropriate infrastructure even before the economy suffered its current<br />

drastic decline.<br />

Now the mayor is lobbying the Palestinian National Authority and nongovernmental organizations for help<br />

with proper planning. He attended a recent tourism forum held in Nablus on just where new facilities should<br />

be located, and has established a good working relationship with Al Najah National University in Nablus and<br />

its resources. The mayor is encouraged and now is looking beyond local tourism to Al-Bathan’s national<br />

potential. Since Palestinians no longer have ready access to the Mediterranean, he says, Al-Bathan and its<br />

beautiful natural environs become a major recreational resource ripe for development.<br />

In 1998 a local pediatrician and a village mayor together<br />

contacted the <strong>Near</strong> <strong>East</strong> <strong>Foundation</strong> office in the West Bank. Dr.<br />

Hashem El Sholi and then-Mayor Assad Sawalmah from the<br />

village of Asira Al-Shamaliya north of Nablus were concerned<br />

about the increasing incidence of waterborne disease among<br />

children in the area. To prevent further outbreaks, help was<br />

needed. From these initial meetings began a long, productive<br />

partnership between <strong>NEF</strong> and an ever growing number of<br />

supporters--the Asira Municipality, local councils from 13 villages<br />

in the surrounding area, and more than 30,000 area residents.<br />

That relationship continues today and remains the strong core of<br />

<strong>NEF</strong>’s 2004-05 programs in the West Bank serving a “cluster” of villages: Asira Al-Shamaliya, Sabastiya,<br />

Bayt Imrin, Nisif Jubail, Burqa, Bazzariya, Al-Naqura, Dayr Sharaf, Yasid, Ajansiniya, Bathan, Taluzza, Bayt<br />

Iba, and Zawata.


Initially, cooperation focused on the development of a common vision for the entire cluster area, addressing<br />

basic needs while seeking longer-term solutions to endemic economic and social problems. Schools were<br />

overcrowded and health services inadequate; water and sanitation in need of repair and expansion; garbage<br />

collection sporadic with few available dumping sites. In particular, illegal roadside dumping and the burning<br />

of toxic wastes were affecting health conditions throughout the area. Also, family incomes were low and<br />

opportunities for jobs scarce in a society characterized by a young and growing population.<br />

For <strong>NEF</strong> and its partners these were immediate priorities, yet to address them meant more long-term<br />

approaches: human development, institutional capacity building, and more business-like planning and<br />

service delivery. This in turn required effective leadership, good governorance, and informed citizen<br />

participation. In short, to assure sustainability of any improvements made, there was a need for a delicate<br />

balancing act between long-term development needs and short-term priorities.<br />

As is often the case, reality overtook planning. Economic and social conditions quickly deteriorated given<br />

mounting political pressures of the second Intifada, and <strong>NEF</strong>’s focus shifted from the long-term to simply<br />

“what’s possible with what we’ve got.”<br />

Local economies downslided. Laborers once accustomed to good salaries, no longer were allowed to cross<br />

into Israel, and agriculture no longer an option for the majority of these young men. Education was<br />

interrupted. Freedom of movement was restricted and often dangerous, affecting the ability of employees to<br />

reach their work in the West Bank; also preventing producers from obtaining raw materials and from<br />

transporting goods to local markets. Local councils, struggling to cope with declining economic conditions,<br />

were strapped for cash, and despite often valiant efforts, generally unable to cope with emerging conditions.<br />

International assistance downturned as the political situation deteriorated further, and donor assistance<br />

increasingly focused on emergencies and relief operations.<br />

Despite all, the <strong>Near</strong> <strong>East</strong> <strong>Foundation</strong><br />

continued to build its relationship with local<br />

municipalities in the “cluster,” bringing relief<br />

while establishing a base for future, long-term<br />

projects. We did all we could—and frankly<br />

accomplished a good deal. The <strong>Near</strong> <strong>East</strong><br />

<strong>Foundation</strong> Consortium of <strong>NEF</strong> and its<br />

contributors, international partners and project<br />

sponsors, provided assistance to families in<br />

need, supported and encouraged school<br />

attendance, sponsored summer camps, and<br />

encouraged community participation in<br />

environmental education and clean-up<br />

campaigns. The consortium helped pay<br />

mounting utility costs for local families and small<br />

businesses; supported several self-help initiatives for women and youth; planned and raised funds for local<br />

infrastructure and water projects; and shared in community celebration of special events. All this was done<br />

in collaboration with local councils and civil society organizations, with many others throughout Palestine<br />

joining the efforts.<br />

As a result and even during the height of the Intifada, more than 1,000 children and their families were<br />

involved in special programs for “Helping Kids Cope” under conditions of continuing stress and violence.<br />

Over 2,500 children benefited from <strong>NEF</strong> provision of teaching materials and school supplies for children,<br />

along with very important nutritional supplements through our “Cup of Milk” project. Building upon last year’s<br />

success and responding to the requests of the six participating communities, this year packages of dairy<br />

products went to the entire family, not just to kindergarten children—particularly helpful to the poorest. All 17<br />

kindergartens received the milk, white and yellow cheese, and other local dairy products such as<br />

pasteurized lebaneh.<br />

Indicative of local enthusiasm for “Cup of Milk,” there was absolutely no absenteeism on distribution dates.<br />

Family contributions to the program—about $9, 25 percent of total costs—were easily collected in their<br />

entirety in the first month. Building upon evident parental support, this year <strong>NEF</strong> launched a health and<br />

nutrition awareness program for the mothers of participating children, attracting 440 women to the<br />

workshops. Also the local dairy industry benefited. The Al-Safa Dairy Plant in Nablus, for example, had an<br />

important new outlet for its products during a difficult economic period of generally low sales, assuring


continued employment for its workers and the 250 small farmers in turn dependant upon the factory for their<br />

livelihoods. Tetra Pac Inc. also is assisting the <strong>NEF</strong> program, funded by Human Concern International.<br />

New classrooms were built onto existing schools<br />

and in some villages, playgrounds and toilet<br />

facilities added. In Asira Al-Shamaliya an<br />

amphitheater was constructed with an added play<br />

area and cafeteria, now venues for local<br />

celebrations and community events. A new folkloric<br />

troupe nurtured along by <strong>NEF</strong>, now performs in the<br />

amphitheater and at weddings and other<br />

celebrations, building up pride and identity.<br />

“Emphasis on traditional culture, folklore, and<br />

language is essential for holding societies together<br />

in difficult times such as Palestinians now face,”<br />

commented <strong>NEF</strong> Regional Director Roger<br />

Hardister.<br />

With <strong>NEF</strong> project development and proposal writing<br />

assistance, the poorest of the poor in the village of<br />

Yasid got clean, potable drinking water this year,<br />

and workers in the area gainful employment while<br />

making that possible. Funded by a grant from the<br />

Welfare Association, the largest Palestinian nongovernmental<br />

organization, 20 water cisterns were dug. <strong>NEF</strong> worked closely with the local village council to<br />

develop transparent and accountable selection criteria. In addition, local workers benefited from the 900<br />

working days needed to build the cisterns and an average income gain of $13,500.<br />

Also, <strong>NEF</strong> partnered with the national Palestinian association working with youth, Taawon Cooperation for<br />

Conflict Resolution, on boosting the infrastructure and programming of three youth organizations in Nablus,<br />

hopefully the pilot for an even bigger youth program now in the planning stage, also financed by the Welfare<br />

Association through World Bank Assistance.<br />

The 10-month, nearly $100,000 project included the renovation of three youth centers, three sport halls, three<br />

Internet cafes and libraries, and four management programs and workshops, benefiting around 600 young<br />

people. “The emphasis is on financial sustainability over the long term,” said <strong>NEF</strong>-West Bank Country<br />

Director Tarek Z. Abdel Ghany Kotob, “designing recreational and sports activities on a fee-for-service or cost<br />

recovery system.”<br />

With such assistance, large and small and throughout the “cluster,” <strong>NEF</strong> has been instrumental in creating<br />

new institutions and strengthening others. These developments, while clearly positive in themselves, all<br />

have a much bigger role to play as conditions in the area become more stable and long-term plans come on<br />

line.<br />

A case in point and in consonance with the larger vision<br />

with which <strong>NEF</strong> and the residents of the cluster area began<br />

their collaboration years ago--the preparation of a landfill<br />

site is well underway, benefiting more than 3,500<br />

households. The large, up-to-code site, complete with<br />

electricity and water needed for cleaning and composing,<br />

has been built by the municipality of Asira. Also, five village<br />

councils have signed on, sharing costs and benefits, and<br />

determining the fines to be paid for violations of their new<br />

system. Roadside dumps are to be cleared in cooperation<br />

with local councils and illegal dumping ordinances are now<br />

being enforced.<br />

Further, <strong>NEF</strong>’s Environmental Action Program (EAP) has<br />

established a system of garbage collection and sorting at the household level; providing for timely transfer of<br />

sorted garbage to the project dumpsite; identifying viable markets for recycled products; and separating and<br />

sorting refuse to meet the demands of recycling. In summary and no small feat, <strong>NEF</strong>’s environmental<br />

program is providing jobs, improving sanitation, increasing health, encouraging voluntarism, developing<br />

local leadership, and instilling project management skills. Indeed, many consider it a model for future solid


waste disposal for the entire West Bank.<br />

Some Environmental Action Program facts straight<br />

from the grassroots include the following this year.<br />

Comprehensive, 50-hour, training courses held for<br />

80 male and female volunteers, focusing on solid<br />

waste management, sorting, collecting and<br />

composting, as well as community leadership and<br />

collaboration, communications and reporting.<br />

Equipped with this information, they became the<br />

core of a much larger volunteer effort to build<br />

community awareness, in all kinds of ways,<br />

including house-to-house visits along the town’s<br />

streets, advocating the sorting of organic and<br />

inorganic waste, just one for-instance. <strong>NEF</strong> field<br />

staff closely monitored the progress and<br />

development of these volunteer groups to sustain<br />

their environmental services and are at work<br />

forming new youth groups. Targeting the sweepers<br />

in particular, collection employees in the five villages were trained about solid waste’s deleterious impact on<br />

the environment and in new sorting, collecting, and disposal techniques at three workshops and four<br />

additional meetings.<br />

Among many other events designed to focus attention on the environment, the Asira community planned,<br />

launched, and directed clean-up campaigns, some attracting more than 240 participants—people of all<br />

ages, involved and volunteering. They collected waste, cleaned streets and illegal dumping sites, painted,<br />

distributed new waste bins, and generally worked together to make their environment a better place to live—<br />

plus promoted their cause with the placement of 2,000 posters and 1,000 stickers.<br />

Providing education without necessary resources only creates frustration. So <strong>NEF</strong> arranged for such<br />

elementary equipment as brooms and shovels for street cleaning, on through arousing community pressure<br />

that led to increased frequency of weekly waste collection, accomplished by new tractors and trolleys—<br />

thanks to <strong>NEF</strong>. Also, there are now environmentally-friendly and educational play gardens for children, a<br />

creative kids’ corners, mothers fitness center, among other small but helpful happenings.<br />

Agriculture and animal husbandry are key for an economic revival in many parts of the “cluster” and <strong>NEF</strong> is<br />

working with local authorities on plans to increase the number of livestock and boost dairy product<br />

production. Already underway is <strong>NEF</strong>’s rehabilitation of the area’s olive industry and encouragement of a<br />

wide variety of related income-generating activities.<br />

To assure long-term sustainability,<br />

however, there is a need for something<br />

larger. <strong>NEF</strong> and its partners envision a<br />

tourist route through the “cluster,”<br />

beginning in neighboring Nablus, the<br />

so-called “Gateway City,” known for its<br />

historical core and traditional markets.<br />

From there the route would wind its way<br />

through one of the most beautiful<br />

natural areas in the West Bank, with a<br />

varied landscape of rolling hills, small<br />

forests, orchards, and water parks,<br />

amidst picturesque villages mixing traditional and modern buildings, open-air restaurants, and historic sites.<br />

Such attractions already are a magnet for local tourists and the hope is for many regional and international<br />

visitors in the future.<br />

<strong>NEF</strong>’s involvement in the “cluster” has demonstrated without doubt the strong commitment of local leaders to<br />

good governance; and these same local councils are now moving beyond their individual concerns to form a<br />

Joint Services Council. This in turn will provide the legal status necessary to move forward with larger


cooperative efforts as well as the vehicle to attract international funding. To support this development, <strong>NEF</strong> is<br />

planning a pilot project promoting good governance, encouraging greater transparency, and providing a<br />

platform for broader participation by local residents and civil society institutions in their government.<br />

In short, <strong>NEF</strong>’s involvement with these West Bank villages exemplifies common economic problems and<br />

social concerns creating shared solutions. We think our “cluster” approach has clearly demonstrated more<br />

options, increased cost effectiveness, and helped assure sustainability. For all that we thank our partners in<br />

2004-05 for their support in making it all possible: United Nations Volunteers (UNV), Human Concern<br />

International (HCI), Mercy International (MI), the World Assembly of Moslem Youth (WAMY), Flora Family<br />

<strong>Foundation</strong>, and Mosaic <strong>Foundation</strong>.<br />

While <strong>NEF</strong> is an international development<br />

organization, we understand the importance of<br />

traditional feast days—and their spirit of charity and<br />

community. As the 2004 Ramadan began, 250<br />

food packages containing 16 nutritious foods<br />

cheered impoverished Palestinian families. Need<br />

was determined by the numbers of children and<br />

orphans, the sick and elderly, the unemployed and<br />

those families unable to maintain a minimum<br />

income level. The mid-October distributed was<br />

initiated by <strong>NEF</strong> in cooperation with Mercy<br />

International and Human Concern International,<br />

and with the participation of local municipal<br />

governments and Islamic charity committees in the<br />

West Bank villages selected by the number of<br />

inhabitants. In addition, the Ramadan food<br />

packages inspired yet more generosity, for<br />

example, the municipality of Asira and their village Islamic charity committee provided another 200 food<br />

packages for the needy.<br />

A few months later, again joined by its partners, <strong>NEF</strong> saw to it that nearly a thousand of the poorest “cluster”<br />

families received the Eid Al-Adha feast day they deserved. Widows, orphans, unemployed, those with<br />

special needs received meat packages along with a “Happy Eid” card and the good wishes of the <strong>NEF</strong><br />

consortium supporting integrated development in their villages. For Sa’ed Mashaki, a young boy from the<br />

village of Yasid, whose unemployed father had not been able to buy meat for many feasts past--this was a<br />

real family celebration.<br />

Editor: Andrea M. Couture<br />

• Designer: Ellen Scott


(Gifts from July 1, 2004 - June 30, <strong>2005</strong>)<br />

DODGE CIRCLE<br />

($10,000 and over)<br />

Dr. Vartan Gregorian<br />

Dr. Linda K. Jacobs<br />

Mrs. Violet Jabara Jacobs<br />

Ms. Aida S. Shawwaf<br />

ACHESON CIRCLE<br />

($5,000 - $9,999)<br />

Mr. Yervant Edward Demirjian<br />

Mr. and Mrs. L. Wesley Hayden<br />

Mr. Wentworth Hubbard<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Shant Mardirossian<br />

Varsenne & Antranig Sarkissian<br />

Dr. and Mrs. Daniel J. Towle<br />

PATRONS<br />

($2,500 - $4,999)<br />

Shahnaz Batmanghelidj<br />

Mr. David S. Dodge<br />

Mr. John A. Grammer<br />

Ms. Leigh W. Hamilton<br />

Mr. Bryan N. Ison<br />

Mr. Ronald E. Miller<br />

Mr. Abe J. Moses<br />

Ms. Pam Nunnally<br />

Ms. Courtney Wheeler<br />

SPONSORS<br />

($1,000 - $2,499)<br />

Anonymous<br />

Anonymous<br />

Mr. John Bart Antista<br />

Laura and Stephen Avakian<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Jerome W. Bolick<br />

Mr. William Bolin<br />

Ms. Briana Brower<br />

Mrs. William E. Bulkeley<br />

Mrs. William L. Cary<br />

Melissa B. Dodge and Mark W.<br />

Rutherford<br />

Ms. Lois Gau<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Arnold H. Gazarian<br />

ASSOCIATES<br />

($500 - $999)<br />

Anonymous<br />

Dr. John R. Alden<br />

Mr. John Amboian<br />

Mr. and Mrs. William N. Bancroft<br />

Mr. Steven A. Becker<br />

Carol L. and John A. Bertsch<br />

Dr. and Mrs. Richard C. Boyajian Lacy<br />

Walter and Dorothy M. Brady<br />

Mrs. Walter F. Brissenden<br />

Mrs. Grace D. Guthrie<br />

Mrs. Doris C. Halaby<br />

Mr. Daniel Fc Hayes<br />

Dr. and Mrs. George A. Hyde<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Frank Jungers<br />

Drs. Ryan & Carol LaHurd<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Tedford P. Lewis<br />

Ms. Toni A. Magnotta<br />

Mr. and Mrs. George E. Mallouk<br />

Haig G. Mardikian<br />

Sally Behn Martin and Mark Nelson<br />

Lynas<br />

Mr. Nazar Nazarian<br />

Ms. Eunice B. Ordman<br />

Ms. Jane Dressler Page<br />

Aldo and Helene Parcesepe<br />

Ms. Jennifer Doolittle<br />

Mr. Christopher Ebert<br />

Dr. and Mrs. Herbert D. Floyd<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Bruce E. Fraser<br />

Mr. Thomas K. Garesche<br />

Ms. Anne Gibson<br />

Ms. Dorothy Gill and Ms. Marcia Smith<br />

Mr. Robert C. Helander<br />

Dr. Jean Herskovits<br />

Mr. and Mrs. James T. Johnson<br />

Ms. Ann Z. Kerr<br />

Ms. Martha L. Payne<br />

Ms. Susan Penn<br />

Ms. Cecilia A. Quinn<br />

Ms. Mary E. Ramser<br />

Richard and Dee Robarts<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Alex Sarafian<br />

Walter J. and Maryjane M. Scherr<br />

Walter A. and Dorothy W. Stanhouse<br />

Mr. J. B. Sunderland<br />

Brian and Rosemary J. Waldron<br />

Arthur J. and Deborah F. Watson<br />

Ms. Kami Sue Watson<br />

Ms. Clare Wegescheide<br />

Ms. Nicole Willard<br />

Dr. David F. Nygaard<br />

Mr. Robert S. O'Hara<br />

Ms. Muriel L. Pfeifer<br />

Michael T. and Pamela K. Piotrowicz<br />

Ms. Georgeen M. Polyak<br />

Dr. Samuel S. Rea<br />

Ms. Frances K. Ross<br />

Mr. Orhan Sadik-Khan<br />

Mr. Richard J. Schmeelk<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Robert Haig Setrakian<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Robert D. Stevens


Mr. and Mrs. Carl F. Brockenauer<br />

Ms. Patricia Burns<br />

Ms. Caroline Buscher<br />

Ms. Elaine Carey<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Thomas A. Cassilly<br />

Mr. John W. Chapman<br />

Mr. and Mrs. William Z. Cline<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Raymond H. Close<br />

Mrs. Mary S. Cross<br />

Rev. and Mrs. James K. Donnell<br />

Dr. John M. Kerr<br />

Mr. Weldon D. Kruger<br />

Ms. Marilyn S. Lewis-Waugh<br />

Mr. Theodore R. Lilley<br />

Joaquin C. and Marina M. Lugay<br />

Mr. Robert E. Manning<br />

Ms. Siva Martin<br />

Dr. and Mrs. A. Colin McClung<br />

John F. McNamara and Maureen M.<br />

McNamara<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Lee Vance<br />

Stephen and Maura Walsh<br />

Mr. John D. Waters<br />

Mr. and Mrs. John H. Watts<br />

Mr. Andrew Wenke<br />

Dr. and Mrs. Baird W. Whitlock<br />

Ms. Carolyn M. Wilhelm<br />

Sara C. and Gregory H. Williams<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Wilfred R. Woods<br />

INSTITUTIONAL DONORS<br />

Abbey of Our Lady of the Holy Trinity<br />

Academy for Education & Development<br />

(AED)/Kaf’a<br />

AGFUND<br />

Alms Student Council<br />

Al-Safaa Dairy<br />

America’s Charities<br />

American Association of<br />

Critical Care Nurses<br />

American Eagle<br />

American University of Beirut<br />

Arab African International Bank<br />

Arab Council for Childhood &<br />

Development<br />

A.R.E. Inc.<br />

Asira Al Shamiliyya Municipality<br />

Bank of America Matching Gifts<br />

JS Barry Construction LLC<br />

British Council/Egypt<br />

British Council/Jordan<br />

Canadian International Development<br />

Research Center (IDRC)<br />

Central Ohio J.V.S.D.<br />

The Cleveland H. Dodge <strong>Foundation</strong><br />

Community Church of <strong>East</strong> Williston,<br />

New York<br />

Countries in Development<br />

The Debs <strong>Foundation</strong><br />

<strong>East</strong>-West Institute<br />

Egyptian Ministry for Agriculture &<br />

Land Reclamation<br />

Egyptian Ministry of Insurance &<br />

Social Affairs<br />

Egyptian Social Fund for Development<br />

ExxonMobil <strong>Foundation</strong>, Inc.<br />

First Congregational Church of<br />

Branford, Connecticut<br />

First Presbyterian Church<br />

The Flora Family <strong>Foundation</strong><br />

The Ford <strong>Foundation</strong><br />

German Education & Training<br />

German Technical Cooperation<br />

Global Environment Fund (GEF)<br />

Global Impact<br />

Helen Keller International <strong>Foundation</strong><br />

Human Concern International<br />

Humanitarian Aid Commission (HAC)/<br />

Sudan<br />

Interaction in Health<br />

Integrated Development Action<br />

Association in Minia<br />

International Development <strong>Foundation</strong><br />

(IDF)<br />

International Development Fund<br />

(ALMIA)<br />

International Development Research<br />

Coop.<br />

International Food/Agriculture<br />

Development<br />

International Fund for Agricultural<br />

Development<br />

Jacobs Family <strong>Foundation</strong><br />

Jessie M. McGavin Estate-Reid<br />

Educational Trust<br />

Jordan River <strong>Foundation</strong> (JRF)<br />

Jordanian Ministry of Planning &<br />

International Cooperation<br />

Kingwood High School<br />

Knights of Columbus - Council 5743<br />

The J.P. Morgan Chase <strong>Foundation</strong><br />

Lakeside <strong>Foundation</strong><br />

Land O’Lakes<br />

Little Hands<br />

Government of Mali<br />

Mercy International<br />

Mosaic <strong>Foundation</strong><br />

MTA New York City Transit Authority<br />

Netherlands Government/Dutch FIPMP<br />

Netherlands Organization for<br />

International Development (NOVIB)<br />

The New York Community Trust<br />

Norwegian People’s Aid<br />

Orinda Community Church<br />

Oxfam (U.K.)<br />

The David & Lucille Packard <strong>Foundation</strong><br />

The Pepsi Bottling Group <strong>Foundation</strong>,<br />

Inc.<br />

Pittsburgh Baptist Association<br />

Population Council<br />

Projet d’Appui aux Communes Rurales<br />

de Mopti<br />

Proliteracy Worldwide<br />

RMF <strong>Foundation</strong><br />

Sawiris <strong>Foundation</strong> for Social<br />

Development in Egypt<br />

South Side Presbyterian Church<br />

St. John the Evangelist Church<br />

St. John the Evangelist School<br />

St. Johns Respect for Life Society<br />

Sudanese Development Initiative<br />

(SUDIA)<br />

The Tarvezian Group<br />

Tetrapak<br />

United Nations Development<br />

Programme (UNDP)<br />

United Nations Volunteers (UNV)<br />

US Department of State (MEPI)<br />

Welfare Association<br />

World Assembly of Muslim Youth<br />

(WAMY)<br />

World Bank<br />

World Fish Center<br />

Youth Association for Population &<br />

Development, Egypt<br />

OTHER DONORS<br />

Anonymous<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Bill Abraham<br />

Mr. Rami Abudraz<br />

Mr. Constantinos D. Agouridis<br />

Mr. and Mrs James M. Alexander<br />

(in honor of Jack)<br />

Mr. Benjamin M. Aminoff<br />

Mrs. Marjorie B. Anderson<br />

Ms. Mary Elizabeth Anderson<br />

Ms. Gabriela Andrade<br />

Kathryn and Jon Appelbergh<br />

Mr. James Archambeault<br />

Ms. Eleonore Aslanian<br />

Robert and Sophia Assadourian<br />

Ms. Florence Avakian ( in memory of<br />

Louise Dingilian, Ashan Avakian,<br />

Phoebe Kapikian)<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Gennaro W. Avolio<br />

Ms. Cheryl F. Aycock<br />

Mr. Louis Galeazzo<br />

Mary Shiland Gallagher and Andrew<br />

Shiland Poa<br />

Mark Stephen and Laurie Galland<br />

Mrs. Charlotte Orr Gantz<br />

Dr. and Mrs. Lloyd E. Garcia<br />

Mrs. Dorothy K. Gardiner<br />

Ms. Annette Gast<br />

Mrs. Rita R. Gehrenbeck<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Wood M. Geist<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Richard Gennaro<br />

Tommy George<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Bernard Gerrity<br />

Eileen Z. and Joseph A. Gillespie<br />

James B. and Barbara J. Gilman<br />

Ms. Elena Ann Giordano<br />

Ms. Margaret Glasco<br />

Gloria and Anthony Golia<br />

Mr. John C. Goodridge<br />

Leona Goren and Sylvia Richman<br />

Dr. and Mrs. Louis M. Najarian<br />

Marlene and Joseph Natalie<br />

Mr. Conrad N. Nelson<br />

Ms. Alice Nigoghosian<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Albert P. Nittolo<br />

Dr. and Mrs. Richard H. Nolte<br />

Dr. & Mrs. Charles Nucho<br />

J.M. O'Bar<br />

Ms. Ann P. O'Brien<br />

Kenneth and Eileen R. O'Brien<br />

Michael and Eileen J. O'Brien<br />

Ms. Amy J. O'Connor<br />

Ms. Mary O'Connor<br />

Ms. Susan O'Connor<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Dan K. Olson<br />

Dr. Omara and Dr. McGrath<br />

Ms. Jennifer A. Orenic<br />

Mr. Matthew S. Orosz<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Vahe Oshagan<br />

Karen and Dale Panton


Mr. and Mrs. John A. Ayoub<br />

S & K Baghdassarian<br />

Ms. Jennifer Bagrowski<br />

Ms. Johanna Bairel-Wohlfart<br />

Ms. Ann Bailey<br />

Mrs. Olive C. Baird<br />

P. R. Baker<br />

Ms. Eleanore M. Baran<br />

Mr. Andrew A. Barasda<br />

Mr. Robert Barclay<br />

Mrs. Emma E. Barnsley<br />

Tracy and Danny Barron<br />

Patricia M. and Robert L. Bartkus<br />

Ms. Arlene Bartlow<br />

Randy R. and Debra A. Bauler<br />

Erich and Marianne Bayer<br />

Dianne M. Bazell and Laurence H. Kant<br />

Ms. Joyce M. Becker<br />

Ms. Karen Bedrosian-Richardson<br />

Mr. and Mrs. William T. Behrends<br />

Donna L. Belger<br />

Linda Jean Bell<br />

Mr. Charles E. Benjamin<br />

Ms. Elizabeth S. Bennett<br />

Mr. Thomas S. Benton<br />

Susan and Nicholas Berardi<br />

Aram Berberian<br />

Andre and Andrea Berg<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Loren C. Berry<br />

Mrs. Ankin G. Bertelsen<br />

Mrs. Irene B. Betner<br />

Mr. William R. Bigge<br />

Mr. Gerard Bochicchio<br />

Ms. Carmen Boghossian<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Joseph L. Bolster<br />

P.J. Boone<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Raymond M. Bost<br />

Mr. Arman Boyajian<br />

Barbara A. and John J. Brady<br />

Ms. Marie Brady<br />

Matthew and Melissa Brady<br />

Ms. Nicole Breazeale<br />

Kenneth J. and Shirley Breeman<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Christopher Brinkmann<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Carroll J. Brown<br />

Dr. and Mrs. George G. Browning<br />

Mr. John E. Browning<br />

Michelle M. and J. Brad Browning<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Frank J. Brumbaugh<br />

Craig E. and Kristi Bruner<br />

Mrs. Helen D. Bruner<br />

William A. and Sandi Bruss<br />

Dr. and Mrs. Henry J. Bruton<br />

Jeffery H. Buck and David A. Gall<br />

Theodore H. and Martha R. Bullock<br />

Russell and Barbara Bunyea<br />

Walton and Mary E. Burdick<br />

Ms. Patricia N. Burkitt<br />

Robert and Louise W. Burton<br />

Craig S. Buscher<br />

Ms. Maria E. Byrne<br />

Ms. Linda Callanan<br />

Ms. Elizabeth L. Cane<br />

Ms. Lusi Caparyan<br />

Nicholas and Rosemarie Carinci<br />

Ms. Ann Marie Carlo<br />

Kenneth and Barbara Carlson<br />

Joseph S. and Therese M. Carr<br />

Grover and Caroline A. Carrington<br />

Ms. Roberta C. Cassetta<br />

Mr. and Mrs. William B. Catton<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Michael C. Gorton<br />

Mr. and Mrs. William Goshgarian<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Sam L. Gousen<br />

Mr. John Graham<br />

Ms. Theresa Graham<br />

Charles A. and Mary Jane Green<br />

Ms. Sallie L. Greenfield<br />

Marie F. Greenhaw<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Louis P. Greulich<br />

Mr. and Mrs. William J. Griswold<br />

Mrs. Marjorie Grochola<br />

Catherine and Joan Gronowski<br />

Rick and Susan Groth<br />

Larry and Joanne Grunwald<br />

S. M. Guerrant<br />

( in honor of William G. Lord)<br />

Jim E. Gummelt<br />

Mr. Thomas A. Gutnick and Ms. Mary<br />

Grace Reph<br />

Mr. James H. Haddad<br />

Mr. Jerrier A. Haddad<br />

Ms. Mazen Haddad<br />

Ms. Dena Hall<br />

Roger W. and Gayle L. Ham<br />

( in name of Judy Doolittle)<br />

Barbara Hamilton<br />

Ms. Mary Hamparian<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Stephen Haratunian<br />

Carol Simon and Jack Harrigan<br />

Harold and Claire Harrison<br />

Ms. Carol Hartigan<br />

Scott D. and Michelle J. Hartings<br />

Ms. Karen L. Harvey and Marquis P.<br />

Vawter ( in name of Pat Reilly, Teresa<br />

Bell, Karen Harvey)<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Henry H. Heil<br />

Mrs. Esther A. Heller<br />

Edwin G. and Claire J. Hellgoth<br />

Doug and Katherine Henry<br />

Ms. Marilyn Herigstad<br />

Paul and Kacy Hertz<br />

Mr. Edward A. Hicks<br />

Dr. and Mrs. Allan G. Hill<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Herbert Hillery<br />

Terry S. Hood and Julia Murray<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Alan Horton<br />

Mrs. Lois C. Houghton<br />

Mr. John Hudson<br />

Ms. Phyllis Huffman<br />

Ms Virginia A. Humphreys<br />

Mr. Robert M. Hutton<br />

Francis and Nancy T. Ivanisko<br />

Theodore and Annette Barbara Izzo<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Gerald N. James<br />

Dr. and Mrs. Vahan Janjigian<br />

Mr. and Mrs. H. A. Jerry<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Noubar Jessourian<br />

Mr. and Mrs. John Jinishian<br />

Wanda L. and Lawrence H. Johanson<br />

Mr. Bob Johns<br />

Harry and Mary Ann Johnson<br />

Mr. James R. Jones<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Russell V. Jongewaard<br />

Mr. Paul Jorjorian<br />

Mr. Sean F. Julian<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Albert Kabrielian<br />

Anahid and Vertanes Kalayjian<br />

Mr. Elmer Kaprielian<br />

Mr. Stefan Karadian<br />

Mr. Haig Kartounian<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Charles Kasbarian<br />

Josephine and Anthony Paragano<br />

Michael and Mary Paul<br />

Mrs. Ruth R. Pease<br />

Mr. and Mrs. William W. Pease<br />

Ms. Frances C. Perito<br />

Lisa L. and Terry R. Perkins<br />

Mr. Albert J. Perri<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Victor E. Peters<br />

( in memory of Dr. James C. Moomaw)<br />

Mr. Carl H. Pforzheimer<br />

Joanne Phelan<br />

Ms. Anna Picone<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Pouzant Piranian<br />

Vincent P. and Carolyn D. Pisculli<br />

Mr. Allan L. Pitcher<br />

Bernice and Trampas Poldrack<br />

Mr. James C. Poloshian<br />

Ethel J. and Vito J. Porpora<br />

Philip E. and Kandy M. Pouget ( for Sally<br />

Martin’s birthday; in memory of Janice<br />

McCarthy)<br />

Dennis and Sandra C. Poulin<br />

Mr. Hasmig Proudian ( in memory of<br />

Aram T. and Rose Jenazian Proudian)<br />

Ms. Ariane A.V. Putnam<br />

Genevieve and Joseph Puzio<br />

Ms. Jessica Quarles<br />

Ms. Ingeborg Quesenberry<br />

Ms. Helen R. Reed<br />

Ms. Fran Renehan<br />

Mr. and Mrs. William Renehan<br />

Ms. Gerri Richardson<br />

Ms. Heidi Riddlesperger<br />

Mrs. Edgar C. Rines<br />

Ms. Kay H. Roberts<br />

Ms. Rona Roberts<br />

Mr. Andrew A. Robinson<br />

Mr. Horace C. Rodgers<br />

Francis and Mary Ellen G. Ronnenberg<br />

Mr. John B. Root<br />

Ms. Emily Rosenberg<br />

( in honor of Linda Jacobs)<br />

Ms. Victoria A. Ross<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Gregory J. Roth<br />

Ms. Joan D. Rueckert<br />

Dr. Herman Ruether<br />

Patricia Waite Ruger and Jacqueline<br />

Ruger Hutton<br />

Ms. Phyllis Ruppert<br />

Ms. Matilda Russo<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Robert C. Ruth<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Steve Sabella<br />

Ms Sandra Sacks<br />

Ralph and Francoise Santalis<br />

Mr. and Mrs Cody Sargent<br />

Mr. Khajag Sarkissian<br />

Mr. Harold H. Saunders<br />

Ms. Rachel Savane<br />

Mrs. G. W. Scarborough<br />

John and Margaret Scarfi<br />

Ronald J. and Sherri M. Sceroler<br />

Mr. James R. Schaefer<br />

Mrs. Marion M. Schersten<br />

Susan and Charles Schilling<br />

Miss Helen R. Schlifke<br />

William and Vivian Schmidt<br />

Mr. and Mrs. James W. Schmitt<br />

Dr. Walter R. Schur<br />

Ms. Tina L. Schwab<br />

Harsha A. Sen<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Hasma Serverian


E. V. and Francine Cerutti<br />

Ms. Nancy J. Chapman<br />

Herbert and Marilyn L. Cheskis<br />

Aroussiag and Tigran Chitjian<br />

Newman B. and Carole J. Chittenden<br />

Ms. Sharon B. Chrisman<br />

Emily and E. Kathy Christensen<br />

Ms. Barbara J. Christesen<br />

Gary A. and Mary C. Ciasullo<br />

Ms. Karen Cichocki-Vucci<br />

Ms. Susan A. Clancy<br />

Mrs. Sara F. Clark<br />

Carol A. Clayton<br />

Mr. and Mrs. James P. Clement<br />

Miss Mary E. Clemesha<br />

Denis and Kathleen J. Clifford<br />

Mr. Marvin Coats<br />

Ms. Hope Cobb<br />

Mr. Dennis Cochran<br />

John and Maria Coffin<br />

Michael E. and Kerri Collins<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Stanley C. Collyer<br />

Frederick W. and Patricia M. Colman<br />

Mr. and Mrs. William E. Copeland<br />

Ms. Monika Cornelius<br />

Mr. Joseph Costello<br />

Thomas and Mary Agnes J. Cotter<br />

Ms. Jeanette D. Coufal<br />

Miss M. Celia Coulter<br />

Mr. John R. Cox<br />

Michael J. and Sandra J. Coyne<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Miner D. Crary, Jr.<br />

Mr. R. Stephen Craxton<br />

Susan Cucinella and Holly C. Varriale<br />

Mr. and Mrs. William J. Cullen<br />

Philip and Terrie Curd<br />

Ms. Margaret R. Curtin<br />

Ms. Maria G. Cutrona<br />

Ms. Donna D'Andraia<br />

Charles and Loretta E. Dailey<br />

Mr. Robert S. Damerjian<br />

Mr. Ken Darian<br />

Ms. Ida Darrah<br />

Larry and Judy Darrah<br />

Ms Sarah S. Davidson<br />

Mr. George Davis<br />

Dr. Susan S. Davis<br />

Lucia M. and Artie De Feo<br />

Ms. Theresa M. DeLucia<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Boghos Der Ghazarian<br />

Dr. and Mrs. George Dermksian<br />

Ms. Nora M. Derwin<br />

Mr. Thomas Desimone<br />

Ms. Ethel M. Dewey<br />

Mr. Armon W. Diedrich<br />

Wesley W. and Cindy Diehl<br />

Andrew and Diane Dinoia<br />

Pauline Phuong Do<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Cleveland E. Dodge<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Walter J. Doherty<br />

Kerry P. and Dennis A. Dolan<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Robert J. Donnelly<br />

Ms. Nona M. Donoval<br />

Samuel W. and Judith K. Doolittle<br />

Mr. Alden C. Douglass<br />

Dr. Heratch O. Doumanian<br />

Ms. Amanda M. Dove<br />

Mr. Anthony J. Draye<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Mickey Dry<br />

Rev. Robert J. Duane<br />

Mrs. Suzanne F. Dunbar<br />

Rev. and Yn. Karekin Kasparian<br />

Dr. and Mrs. Paul Kechijian<br />

The Rev. Dr. and Mrs. David R. Keck<br />

Stacey W. and Brian W. Keltch<br />

Miss Adele M. Kennedy<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Mike Kerby<br />

Dr. and Mrs. Michael Keshishian<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Edwin M. Keusey<br />

Mr. Aram T. Kevorkian<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Paul Keyishian<br />

Ms. Claudia J. Kilby<br />

Erin K. Kilby<br />

Grace V. and John P. Kincart<br />

Ms. Belinda Zoet King<br />

Miss Margaret Kinne<br />

Ms. Sheila B. Kirkham<br />

Alan and June Kluepfel<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Gregory B. Knudson<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Emil Koistinen<br />

Mr. Oleh Kostiuk<br />

Miss R. H. Lola Koundakjian<br />

Erwin and Mildred A. Kraft<br />

Mr. Haig Krekorian<br />

Dr. and Mrs. John A. Lampe<br />

Mr. George M. Landes<br />

Ms. Marla Landis<br />

Ms. Carol R. Lange<br />

Alvin and Sharon Layton<br />

Brian P. and Debbie W. Leech<br />

Ms. Wanda LeGrand<br />

Ms. Amy M. Lehane<br />

Dr. and Mrs. William L. Lehmann<br />

Ms. Jacqueline E. Lein<br />

Anthony and Anne Lemma<br />

Mr. Joseph Leporati<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Alexander S. Lett<br />

Stuart Levin and Chun Kim-Levin<br />

Richard A. and Carolyn A. Lewis<br />

Concetta and Heather Liberatore<br />

Dr. Linda Lifur-Bennett<br />

Mr. and Mrs. John Little<br />

Mr. John J. Little<br />

Mr. James Lombardo<br />

Ms. Amanda Lowery<br />

Mr. Charles M. Loyd<br />

Ms. Donna Hutton Loyd<br />

Mr. Oliver H. Loyd<br />

Mr. Lawrence C. Lucas<br />

Michael A. and Sigrid H. Luksza<br />

William and Mary Luthin<br />

Christopher and Eileen MacDonald<br />

Miss Marcia MacDonald<br />

Ms. Jane S. Mackay<br />

Ms. Susan M. Mallonee<br />

Mr. Robert S. Mallouk<br />

Mrs. Harriette W. Mandeville<br />

Robert J. and Margaret P. Manny<br />

Mr. Hagop Manuelian<br />

Edward and Columbia L. Marcantonio<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Samuel Mardian<br />

Mr. Mark N. Markarian<br />

Mr. and Mrs. David Marrash<br />

Mr. James E. Martin<br />

Ms. Patricia Martin<br />

Mrs. Anita Masoian<br />

Ms. Barbara Massey<br />

Ms. Rosemary Matossian<br />

Miss Merze Mazmanian<br />

Ms. Lynda Mazzurco<br />

John McAvoy and Kathleen Mcavoy<br />

William and Diane McCabe<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Andrew A. Shahinian<br />

Keith and Joan M. Shepherd<br />

Daniel and Patricia B. Sheppard<br />

Ronald and Joan Sheppard<br />

Thomas P. and Patricia Shiel<br />

Ms. Betty Shumaker<br />

James and Dorothy Sideris<br />

Mr. Harold R. Sims<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Leon Siroonian<br />

Brian and Cynthia Skeels<br />

Rev. and Mrs. Harold G. Skinner<br />

Jeffrey J. and Ann Slader<br />

Elizabeth A. and John A. Slosar<br />

Mr. Alan Smith<br />

Ms. Allison G. Smith<br />

Mr. Eric P. Smith<br />

Ms. Jacqueline A. Smith<br />

Mr. James B. Smith<br />

Joseph J. Smith<br />

Mr. and Mrs. George W. Smyth<br />

Joan and George Spano<br />

Mrs. Doreen C. Spitzer<br />

Cindy and Michael Stagner<br />

Ms. Doris A. Stahl<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Paul Staudenmayer<br />

Ms. Katherine Steele<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Curt Steger<br />

Mr. Steven C. Steinberger<br />

Mr. Eric P. Steinhoff<br />

Mr. Lawrence Stelter<br />

Paul and Anna Stenhouse<br />

Mr. William A. Stoltzfus<br />

Ms. Eileen A. Storen<br />

Jeffrey and Janine Storen<br />

Mr. Donald S. Stosberg<br />

Ms. Elizabeth Stouffer<br />

Ms. Pamela R. Stutzman<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Charles Sundstrom<br />

Joseph and Kathryn A. Sutka<br />

Mrs. Joan S. Tait<br />

Ms. Rose Tashjian<br />

Haig and Sydnia Tcheurekdjian<br />

Mr. Noubar Tcheurekdjian<br />

Mr. Robert W. Thabit<br />

Ms Rita Thomas<br />

Miss Anahid Thomassian<br />

Mrs. David B. Thurston<br />

Ms. Arlene E. Tice<br />

Ms. Laura Tivoli<br />

Mr. and Mrs. William J. Tivoli<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Kevork S. Toroyan<br />

Ms. Helen Towsley<br />

Dr. Bruce L. Trott<br />

Mr. and Mrs. George E. Truppner<br />

Cathleen C. and michael R. Truschelli<br />

William and Jane Ann L. Tunnard<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Raymond Tusick<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Charles W. Ufford<br />

George A. and Lucille S. Uhlman<br />

Pallas Lee Van Schaick<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Harutun Vaporciyan<br />

Reno and Inez Veschi<br />

Mary Vicario and Nancy Lynne Gagne<br />

Oba L. Vincent<br />

Hercules and Barbara A. Volpe<br />

Ms. Patricia von Ahnen<br />

Ms. Beverly Paige Vyn<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Walter Walkinshaw<br />

Maryann and John Joseph Walpole<br />

Stephen and Maura Walsh<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Duane E. Ward


Mr. and Mrs. George S. Dunham<br />

Ms. Kathleen Ebner<br />

Richard A. and Anne Elizabeth Elbrecht<br />

Ms. Mollie D. Elicker<br />

Edward E. and Judy M. Elsner<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Alexander T. Ercklentz<br />

Mr. and Mrs. John G. Erickson<br />

Ms. Marisa Ernst<br />

Ms. Isabell C. Esposito<br />

Ahmed and Eva Essa<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Edward Essayan<br />

Mrs. Elizabeth S. Ettinghausen<br />

Mr. Jason W. Evans<br />

Gerald F. and Rose Fahey<br />

Dr. Amir Ali Farman-Farma<br />

Jerilyn Fasold<br />

Marcy E. Feller and Gabrielle A. Hanna<br />

John and Mary Leigh A. Feloney<br />

Rupert and Mary Fennelly<br />

Mr. Keith M. Ferguson<br />

Mr. Stephen Ferrari<br />

Robert R. and Ann M. Fetzer<br />

Ms. Heather L. Fisch<br />

Ms. Heather L. Fisch<br />

Mr. Edgar J. Fisher<br />

Mr. Larry J. Flood<br />

Duane H. and Verne F. Floyd<br />

Ms. Lindsay Flury<br />

James and Rosemary P. Flynn<br />

Dr. Laurie Ann Forest<br />

Mrs. William D. Foye<br />

Edward A. and Patricia A. Frawley<br />

Mrs. Donna A. Friedman<br />

Ms. Karen L. Frye<br />

Anne and David Gagliardi<br />

Kevin McCarthy and Joyce Mccarthy<br />

Ms. Carol McClellan<br />

Ms. Lucinda McCloud<br />

Mr. David McDonald<br />

Mr. David T. McDonald<br />

Ms. Molly McDowell<br />

Carlene M. and Thomas J. McGill<br />

Ms. Dana McKenna<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Mark J. McManus<br />

Ms. Laura S. McPherson<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Stephen Mekenian<br />

Mr. Julio Melgar<br />

Ms. Barbara Merguerian<br />

Ms. Patricia E. Merrill<br />

Mrs. Anne A. Meyer<br />

Mr. James Micciulla<br />

Cheryl A. Miller<br />

Gerald and Claudia I. Miller<br />

John M. and Marsha G. Miller<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Kenneth Miller<br />

Ms. Mary Ellen Miller<br />

Mr. Ralph Minasian<br />

Ms. Jeanmarie M. Mitchell<br />

Mr. Andrew Moers<br />

Walter H. and Anne F. Mongon<br />

Mr. Andrew P. Monroe<br />

Joyce C. and Michael Mooney<br />

Marie A. and Stanley Morgievich<br />

Ms. Regina C. Morini<br />

Mr. William J. Mostler<br />

Ms. Sara T. Munson<br />

John W. and Catherine A. Murchison<br />

Oliver and Ethel F. Murray<br />

Robert and Margaret Murtagh<br />

Ms. Patricia A. Ward<br />

Mr. Brian B. Watkins<br />

Ms. Teresa A. Wavra<br />

Mr. Joseph M. Weaver<br />

Gerald B. and Priscilla Weeden<br />

Pauline and Roger Weger<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Richard K. Wehter<br />

Ms. Leslie Wenke<br />

Debra R. and William G. Wenter<br />

Lori J. and Edward L. Wheeler<br />

Ms. Doris T. White<br />

Ms. Jessica L. Whitney<br />

Bryan and Kendra Williams<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Samuel B. Williams<br />

Miss Pauline E. Williman<br />

Susan K. Willis and Leah D. Lucas<br />

Ms. Gabriel C. Wilmoth<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Jack A. Wilson<br />

Ms. Penelope P. Wilson<br />

Bruce D. and Carolyn Wise<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Frederic G. Withington<br />

Mr. Virgil O. Wodicka<br />

Betty M. and Craig W. Wolf<br />

Ms. Murden Woods<br />

Mr. Jan Wright<br />

Ms. Julie Wyatt<br />

Mrs. Hasmig Yankelovich<br />

Ms. Denise L.C. Yap<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Thomas A. Ymbras<br />

Dr. and Mrs. Malcolm B. Young<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Paul Zenian<br />

( in memory of Levon and Araxil<br />

Zenian)<br />

ARMENIAN FRIENDS OF <strong>NEF</strong><br />

90TH ANNIVERSARY DONORS<br />

Mr. John Amboian<br />

Ms. Eleonore Aslanian<br />

Robert and Sophia Assadourian<br />

Ms. Florence Avakian ( in memory of<br />

Louise Dingilian, Ashan Avakian,<br />

Phoebe Kapikian)<br />

Laura and Stephen Avakian<br />

S & K Baghdassarian<br />

Ms. Karen Bedrosian-Richardson<br />

Aram Berberian<br />

Ms. Carmen Boghossian<br />

Mr. Arman Boyajian<br />

Ms. Lusi Caparyan<br />

Aroussiag and Tigran Chitjian<br />

Mr. Robert S. Damerjian<br />

Mr. Ken Darian<br />

Mr. Yervant Edward Demirjian<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Boghos Der Ghazarian<br />

Dr. and Mrs. George Dermksian<br />

Dr. Heratch O. Doumanian<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Edward Essayan<br />

Mrs. Donna A. Friedman<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Arnold H. Gazarian<br />

Mr. and Mrs. William Goshgarian<br />

Dr. Vartan Gregorian<br />

Ms. Mary Hamparian<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Stephen Haratunian<br />

DONORS TO SPECIAL APPEAL:<br />

Six Degrees of Love, Lesotho<br />

Anonymous<br />

Mr. and Mrs James M. Alexander<br />

( in honor of Jack)<br />

Dr. and Mrs. Vahan Janjigian<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Noubar Jessourian<br />

Mr. and Mrs. John Jinishian<br />

Mr. Paul Jorjorian<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Albert Kabrielian<br />

Anahid and Vertanes Kalayjian<br />

Mr. Elmer Kaprielian<br />

Mr. Stefan Karadian<br />

Mr. Haig Kartounian<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Charles Kasbarian<br />

Rev. and Yn. Karekin Kasparian<br />

Dr. and Mrs. Paul Kechijian<br />

Dr. and Mrs. Michael Keshishian<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Edwin M. Keusey<br />

Mr. Aram T. Kevorkian<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Paul Keyishian<br />

Mr. Haig Krekorian<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Emil Koistinen<br />

Miss R. H. Lola Koundakjian<br />

Dr. and Mrs. Richard C. Boyajian Lacy<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Samuel Mardian<br />

Haig G. Mardikian<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Shant Mardirossian<br />

Mr. Mark N. Markarian<br />

Mr. Hagop Manuelian<br />

Mrs. Anita Masoian<br />

Ms. Rosemary Matossian<br />

Miss Merze Mazmanian<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Stephen Mekenian<br />

Ms. Lindsay Flury<br />

James and Rosemary P. Flynn<br />

Dr. Laurie Ann Forest<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Bruce E. Fraser<br />

Edward A. and Patricia A. Frawley<br />

Ms. Barbara Merguerian<br />

Mr. Ralph Minasian<br />

Dr. and Mrs. Louis M. Najarian<br />

Mr Nazar Nazarian<br />

Ms. Alice Nigoghosian<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Vahe Oshagan<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Pouzant Piranian<br />

Mr. James C. Poloshian<br />

Mr. Hasmig Proudian ( in memory of<br />

Aram T. and Rose Jenazian Proudian)<br />

Mr. Khajag Sarkissian<br />

Varsenne and Antranig Sarkissian<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Alex Sarafian<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Hasma Serverian<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Robert Haig Setrakian<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Andrew A. Shahinian<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Leon Siroonian<br />

The Tarvezian Group<br />

Ms. Rose Tashjian<br />

Haig and Sydnia Tcheurekdjian<br />

Mr. Noubar Tcheurekdjian<br />

Miss Anahid Thomassian<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Kevork S. Toroyan<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Harutun Vaporciyan<br />

Mrs. Hasmig Yankelovich<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Paul Zenian<br />

( in memory Levon and Araxil Zenian)<br />

Kenneth and Eileen R. O'Brien<br />

Michael and Eileen J. O'Brien<br />

Ms. Amy J. O'Connor<br />

Ms. Mary O'Connor<br />

Ms. Susan O'Connor


American Association of<br />

Critical Care Nurses<br />

American Eagle<br />

Ms. Mary Elizabeth Anderson<br />

Ms. Gabriela Andrade<br />

Anonymus<br />

Kathryn and Jon Appelbergh<br />

Mr. James Archambeault<br />

A.R.E. Inc.<br />

Ms. Cheryl F. Aycock<br />

Ms. Jennifer Bagrowski<br />

Ms. Johanna Bairel-Wohlfart<br />

P. R. Baker<br />

Ms. Eleanore M. Baran<br />

Mr. Andrew A. Barasda<br />

Tracy and Danny Barron<br />

Patricia M. and Robert L. Bartkus<br />

Randy R. and Debra A. Bauler<br />

Erich and Marianne Bayer<br />

Dianne M. Bazell and Laurence H. Kant<br />

Ms. Joyce M. Becker<br />

Mr. Steven A. Becker<br />

Mr. and Mrs. William T. Behrends<br />

Donna L. Belger<br />

Linda Jean Bell<br />

Susan and Nicholas Berardi<br />

Aram Berberian<br />

Carol L. and John A. Bertsch<br />

Mr. Gerard Bochicchio<br />

P.J. Boone<br />

Barbara A. and John J. Brady<br />

Ms. Marie Brady<br />

Matthew and Melissa Brady<br />

Walter and Dorothy M. Brady<br />

Ms. Nicole Breazeale and Rodolfo<br />

Marcos Lloveras ( for Tara Loyd)<br />

Kenneth J. and Shirley Breeman<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Christopher Brinkmann<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Carl F. Brockenauer<br />

Ms. Briana Brower<br />

Michelle M. and J. Brad Browning<br />

Craig E. and Kristi Bruner<br />

William A. and Sandi Bruss<br />

Jeffery H. Buck and David A. Gall<br />

Russell and Barbara Bunyea<br />

Walton and Mary E. Burdick<br />

Ms. Patricia N. Burkitt<br />

Ms. Patricia Burns<br />

Robert and Louise W. Burton<br />

Ms. Caroline Buscher<br />

Craig S. Buscher<br />

Ms. Maria E. Byrne<br />

Ms. Linda Callanan<br />

Ms. Elaine Carey<br />

Nicholas and Rosemarie Carinci<br />

Ms. Ann Marie Carlo<br />

Kenneth and Barbara Carlson<br />

Joseph S. and Therese M. Carr<br />

Grover and Caroline A. Carrington<br />

Ms. Roberta C. Cassetta<br />

Central Ohio J.V.S.D.<br />

E. V. and Francine Cerutti<br />

Mr. John W. Chapman<br />

Ms. Nancy J. Chapman<br />

Herbert and Marilyn L. Cheskis<br />

Newman B. and Carole J. Chittenden<br />

Ms. Sharon B. Chrisman<br />

Emily and E. Kathy Christensen<br />

Ms. Barbara J. Christesen<br />

Ms. Karen Cichocki-Vucci<br />

Ms. Susan A. Clancy<br />

Ms. Karen L. Frye<br />

Anne and David Gagliardi<br />

Mr. Louis Galeazzo<br />

Mary Shiland Gallagher and Andrew<br />

Shiland Poa<br />

Mark Stephen and Laurie Galland<br />

Thomas K. Garesche<br />

Ms. Annette Gast<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Richard Gennaro<br />

Tommy George<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Bernard Gerrity<br />

Ms. Dorothy Gill and Ms. Marcia Smith<br />

Eileen Z. and Joseph A. Gillespie<br />

James B. and Barbara J. Gilman<br />

Gloria and Anthony Golia<br />

Mr. John Graham<br />

Ms. Theresa Graham<br />

Charles A. and Mary Jane Green<br />

Marie F. Greenhaw<br />

Catherine and Joan Gronowski<br />

Rick and Susan Groth<br />

Larry and Joanne Grunwald<br />

Jim E. Gummelt<br />

Ms. Dena Hall<br />

Roger W. and Gayle L. Ham<br />

(in name of Judy Doolittle)<br />

Barbara Hamilton<br />

Carol Simon and Jack Harrigan<br />

Harold and Claire Harrison<br />

Ms. Carol Hartigan<br />

Scott D. and Michelle J. Hartings<br />

Ms. Karen L. Harvey and Marquis P.<br />

Vawter ( in name of Pat Reilly, Teresa<br />

Bell, Karen Harvey)<br />

Mr. Daniel Fc Hayes<br />

Edwin G. and Claire J. Hellgoth<br />

Doug and Katherine Henry<br />

Ms. Marilyn Herigstad<br />

Paul and Kacy Hertz<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Herbert Hillery<br />

Terry S. Hood and Julia Murray<br />

Ms Virginia A. Humphreys<br />

Mr. Robert M. Hutton<br />

Francis and Nancy T. Ivanisko<br />

Theodore and Annette Barbara Izzo<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Gerald N. James<br />

Wanda L. and Lawrence H. Johanson<br />

Harry and Mary Ann Johnson<br />

Mr. Sean F. Julian<br />

Ms. Claudia J. Kilby<br />

Erin K. Kilby<br />

Ms. Belinda Zoet King<br />

Kingwood High School<br />

Alan and June Kluepfel<br />

Knights of Columbus - Council 5743<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Gregory B. Knudson<br />

Erwin and Mildred A. Kraft<br />

Ms. Marla Landis<br />

Ms. Carol R. Lange<br />

Alvin and Sharon Layton<br />

Brian P. and Debbie W. Leech<br />

Ms. Wanda LeGrand<br />

Ms. Amy M. Lehane<br />

Ms. Jacqueline E. Lein<br />

Anthony and Anne Lemma<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Alexander S. Lett<br />

Stuart Levin and Chun Kim-Levin<br />

Richard A. and Carolyn A. Lewis<br />

Concetta and Heather Liberatore<br />

Ms. Linda Lifur-Bennett<br />

Mr. and Mrs. John Little<br />

Dr. Omara and Dr. McGrath<br />

Ms. Jennifer A. Orenic<br />

Mr. Matthew S. Orosz<br />

Josephine and Anthony Paragano<br />

Aldo and Helene Parcesepe<br />

Ms. Frances C. Perito<br />

Lisa L. and Terry R. Perkins<br />

Mr. Albert J. Perri<br />

Joanne Phelan<br />

Ms. Anna Picone<br />

Michael T. and Pamela K. Piotrowicz<br />

Vincent P. and Carolyn D. Pisculli<br />

Bernice and Trampas Poldrack<br />

Ms. Georgeen M. Polyak<br />

Ethel J. and Vito J. Porpora<br />

Philip E. and Kandy M. Pouget ( for Sally<br />

Martin’s birthday; in memory of Janice<br />

McCarthy)<br />

Dennis and Sandra C. Poulin<br />

Ms. Ariane A.V. Putnam<br />

Genevieve and Joseph Puzio<br />

Ms. Jessica Quarles<br />

Ms. Ingeborg Quesenberry<br />

Ms. Cecilia A. Quinn<br />

Ms. Mary E. Ramser<br />

Ms. Fran Renehan<br />

Mr. and Mrs. William Renehan<br />

Ms. Gerri Richardson<br />

Ms. Heidi Riddlesperger<br />

Ms. Kay H. Roberts<br />

Ms. Rona Roberts<br />

Mr. Andrew A. Robinson<br />

Francis and Mary Ellen G. Ronnenberg<br />

Ms. Victoria A. Ross<br />

Patricia Waite Ruger and Jacqueline<br />

Ruger Hutton<br />

Ms. Phyllis Ruppert<br />

Ms. Matilda Russo<br />

St. John the Evangelist Church<br />

St. John the Evangelist School<br />

St. Johns Respect for Life Society<br />

Ms Sandra Sacks<br />

Ralph and Francoise Santalis<br />

Mr. and Mrs Cody Sargent<br />

Ms. Rachel Savane<br />

John and Margaret Scarfi<br />

Ronald J. and Sherri M. Sceroler<br />

Walter J. and Maryjane M. Scherr<br />

Susan and Charles Schilling<br />

Ms. Tina L. Schwab<br />

Harsha A. Sen<br />

Keith and Joan M. Shepherd<br />

Daniel and Patricia B. Sheppard<br />

Ronald and Joan Sheppard<br />

Thomas P. and Patricia Shiel<br />

Ms. Betty Shumaker<br />

James and Dorothy Sideris<br />

Brian and Cynthia Skeels<br />

Jeffrey J. and Ann Slader<br />

Elizabeth A. and John A. Slosar<br />

Mr. Alan Smith<br />

Ms. Allison G. Smith<br />

Ms. Jacqueline A. Smith<br />

Joseph J. Smith<br />

Joan and George Spano<br />

Cindy and Michael Stagner<br />

Walter A. and Dorothy W. Stanhouse<br />

Ms. Katherine Steele<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Curt Steger<br />

Mr. Eric P. Steinhoff<br />

Paul and Anna Stenhouse


Carol A. Clayton<br />

Mr. and Mrs. James P. Clement<br />

Denis and Kathleen J. Clifford<br />

Mr. Marvin Coats<br />

John and Maria Coffin<br />

Michael E. and Kerri Collins<br />

Frederick W. and Patricia M. Colman<br />

Ms. Monika Cornelius<br />

Mr. Joseph Costello<br />

Thomas and Mary Agnes J. Cotter<br />

Ms. Jeanette D. Coufal<br />

Mr. John R. Cox<br />

Michael J. and Sandra J. Coyne<br />

Susan Cucinella and Holly C. Varriale<br />

Mr. and Mrs. William J. Cullen<br />

Philip and Terrie Curd<br />

Ms. Maria G. Cutrona<br />

Ms. Donna D'Andraia<br />

Charles and Loretta E. Dailey<br />

Ms. Ida Darrah<br />

Larry and Judy Darrah<br />

Ms Sarah S. Davidson<br />

Lucia M. and Artie De Feo<br />

Ms. Theresa M. DeLucia<br />

Ms. Nora M. Derwin<br />

Mr. Thomas Desimone<br />

Wesley W. and Cindy Diehl<br />

Andrew and Diane Dinoia<br />

Pauline Phuong Do<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Walter J. Doherty<br />

Kerry P. and Dennis A. Dolan<br />

Ms. Nona M. Donoval<br />

Ms. Jennifer Doolittle<br />

Samuel W. and Judith K. Doolittle<br />

Ms. Amanda M. Dove<br />

Rev. Robert J. Duane<br />

Mr. Christopher Ebert<br />

Ms. Kathleen Ebner<br />

Edward E. and Judy M. Elsner<br />

Ms. Marisa Ernst<br />

Ms. Isabell C. Esposito<br />

Mr. Jason W. Evans<br />

Gerald F. and Rose Fahey<br />

Jerilyn Fasold<br />

John and Mary Leigh A. Feloney<br />

Rupert and Mary Fennelly<br />

Robert R. and Ann M. Fetzer<br />

First Presbyterian Church<br />

Ms. Heather L. Fisch<br />

Ms. Heather L. Fisch<br />

Mr. Larry J. Flood<br />

Duane H. and Verne F. Floyd<br />

Mr. John J. Little<br />

Mr. James Lombardo<br />

Ms. Amanda Lowery<br />

Mr. Charles M. Loyd<br />

Ms. Donna Hutton Loyd<br />

Mr. Lawrence C. Lucas<br />

Joaquin C. and Marina M. Lugay<br />

Michael A. and Sigrid H. Luksza<br />

William and Mary Luthin<br />

Christopher and Eileen MacDonald<br />

Ms. Jane S. Mackay<br />

Ms. Toni A. Magnotta<br />

Ms. Susan M. Mallonee<br />

Mrs. Harriette W. Mandeville<br />

Mr. Robert E. Manning<br />

Robert J. and Margaret P. Manny<br />

Edward and Columbia L. Marcantonio<br />

Ms. Patricia Martin<br />

Sally Behn Martin and Mark Nelson<br />

Lynas<br />

Ms. Barbara Massey<br />

Ms. Lynda Mazzurco<br />

John McAvoy and Kathleen Mcavoy<br />

William and Diane McCabe<br />

Kevin McCarthy and Joyce Mccarthy<br />

Ms. Carol McClellan<br />

Ms. Lucinda McCloud<br />

Ms. Molly McDowell<br />

Carlene M. and Thomas J. McGill<br />

Ms. Dana McKenna<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Mark J. McManus<br />

John F. McNamara and Maureen M.<br />

McNamara<br />

Ms. Laura S. McPherson<br />

Ms. Patricia E. Merrill<br />

Mr. James Micciulla<br />

Cheryl A. Miller<br />

Gerald and Claudia I. Miller<br />

John M. and Marsha G. Miller<br />

Ms. Mary Ellen Miller<br />

Ms. Jeanmarie M. Mitchell<br />

Walter H. and Anne F. Mongon<br />

Joyce C. and Michael Mooney<br />

Marie A. and Stanley Morgievich<br />

Ms. Regina C. Morini<br />

Ms. Sara T. Munson<br />

John W. and Catherine A. Murchison<br />

Oliver and Ethel F. Murray<br />

Robert and Margaret Murtagh<br />

Marlene and Joseph Natalie<br />

J.M. O'Bar<br />

Ms. Ann P. O'Brien<br />

Ms. Eileen A. Storen<br />

Jeffrey and Janine Storen<br />

Mr. Donald S. Stosberg<br />

Ms. Elizabeth Stouffer<br />

Ms. Pamela R. Stutzman<br />

Joseph and Kathryn A. Sutka<br />

Ms Rita Thomas<br />

Ms. Arlene E. Tice<br />

Ms. Laura Tivoli<br />

Mr. and Mrs. William J. Tivoli<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Daniel J. Towle<br />

Ms. Helen Towsley<br />

Ms. Helen Towsley<br />

Dr. Bruce L. Trott<br />

Cathleen C. and Michael R. Truschelli<br />

William and Jane Ann L. Tunnard<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Raymond Tusick<br />

George A. and Lucille S. Uhlman<br />

Pallas Lee Van Schaick<br />

Reno and Inez Veschi<br />

Mary Vicario and Nancy Lynne Gagne<br />

Oba L. Vincent<br />

Hercules and Barbara A. Volpe<br />

Ms. Beverly Paige Vyn<br />

Brian and Rosemary J. Waldron<br />

Maryann and John Joseph Walpole<br />

Stephen and Maura Walsh<br />

Stephen and Maura Walsh<br />

Ms. Patricia A. Ward<br />

Mr. John D. Waters<br />

Arthur J. and Deborah F. Watson<br />

Ms. Kami Sue Watson<br />

Ms. Teresa A. Wavra<br />

Gerald B. and Priscilla Weeden<br />

Pauline and Roger Weger<br />

Ms. Clare Wegescheide<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Richard K. Wehter<br />

Mr. Andrew Wenke<br />

Ms. Leslie Wenke<br />

Debra R. and William G. Wenter<br />

Ms. Courtney Wheeler<br />

Lori J. and Edward L. Wheeler<br />

Ms. Jessica L. Whitney<br />

Bryan and Kendra Williams<br />

Sara C. and Gregory H. Williams<br />

Susan K. Willis and Leah D. Lucas<br />

Ms. Gabriel C. Wilmoth<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Jack A. Wilson<br />

Bruce D. and Carolyn Wise<br />

Betty M. and Craig W. Wolf<br />

Mr. Jan Wright<br />

Mr. and Mrs. Thomas A. Ymbras<br />

Editor: Andrea M. Couture<br />

• Designer: Ellen Scott


<strong>NEF</strong> BOARD OF DIRECTORS<br />

Ms. Shahnaz Batmanghelidj<br />

Mr. Charles E. Benjamin<br />

Mrs. William L. Cary<br />

Mr. David S. Dodge<br />

Dr. Amir Ali Farman-Farma<br />

Mr. John Goelet<br />

Mr. John Grammer<br />

Mr. Robert C. Helander<br />

Dr. Jean Herskovits<br />

Dr. Linda Jacobs<br />

Dr. John M. Kerr<br />

Dr. Ryan LaHurd<br />

Mr. Haig Mardikian<br />

Mr. Shant Mardirossian<br />

Mr. Ronald E. Miller<br />

Mr. David W. Mize<br />

Mr. Abe J. Moses<br />

Mr. Richard C. Robarts<br />

Ms. Aida Shawwaf<br />

Ms. Emma Torres<br />

Mr. Anthony R. Williams<br />

Editor: Andrea M. Couture<br />

• Designer: Ellen Scott


NEW YORK HEADQUARTERS<br />

Ryan A. LaHurd<br />

President<br />

Andrea M. Couture<br />

Development Officer<br />

Anwar Samad<br />

Chief Financial Officer<br />

OVERSEAS <strong>NEF</strong> STAFF<br />

Roger Hardister<br />

Regional Director for Middle <strong>East</strong>, North Africa,<br />

and Horn of Africa - Cairo<br />

Alaa Saber<br />

Country Director - Egypt<br />

Hajem Halaseh<br />

Country Director - Jordan<br />

Kenneth Storen<br />

Country Director - Lesotho<br />

Yacouba Dème<br />

Country Director - Mali<br />

Abdelkhalk Aandam<br />

MEPI Project Director - Morocco<br />

Mohamed Ali<br />

Administrator - Sudan<br />

Kathy Gau<br />

Country Director - Swaziland<br />

Tarek Abdel-Ghany Kotob<br />

Country Director - West Bank<br />

Editor: Andrea M. Couture<br />

• Designer: Ellen Scott


BETTER BUSINESS BUREAU SEAL OF APPROVAL<br />

<strong>Near</strong> <strong>East</strong> <strong>Foundation</strong> meets all Standards for Charity Accountability of the<br />

Better Business Bureau’s Wise Giving Alliance. The alliance helps donors by<br />

collecting and distributing information on hundreds of nonprofit organizations<br />

that solicit nationally or have national or international program services.<br />

Organizations are asked to provide information on programs, governance,<br />

fundraising practices and finances.<br />

<strong>NEF</strong> hopes the fact that it displays the Better Business Bureau’s National Charity Seal helps<br />

reassure supporters, especially potential donors who do not already know our long history and<br />

stellar reputation. Given the current environment of confusion and suspicion about organizations<br />

working in the Middle <strong>East</strong>, the seal adds reassurance.<br />

> IRS Form 990 Fiscal Year 2004 (available soon)<br />

> Download IRS Form 990 Fiscal Year 2003<br />

Editor: Andrea M. Couture<br />

• Designer: Ellen Scott


<strong>Near</strong> <strong>East</strong> <strong>Foundation</strong> - Headquarters<br />

90 Broad Street, 15th Floor • New York, NY 10004, USA<br />

Phone: +1 (212) 425-2205 • Fax: +1 (212) 425-2350<br />

Editor: Andrea M. Couture<br />

• Designer: Ellen Scott

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