Microsoft PowerPoint - Rancocas Creek National Water Trail master - 4211116

foops16

4/12/2018

• 4 Rancocas Creek National Water Trail Initiative

www . rcnwt

. com

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4 Rancocas Creek National Water Trail Nomination

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National

Water

Trails

Seven “Pillars”

1.

Recreation Opportunities

2.

Education 4 H20 Resources

3.

Conservation

4 . Public Info / Social Media “beta”

5.

Community Outreach and Promotion

6.

Planning and Development

7.

Stewardship and Maintenance

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is

a Local,

R ancocas Creek National Water Trail

Inititative

Regional and National Resource for Conservation & Recreation.

N Branch

S

Branch

SW Branch

Iron-Works

Park

5 Alive Winter Bass Tournment,

Mirror Lake

Rancocas State Park

Paddle

Sports

Multi-Use

Public Access

presents

ecological,

R ancocas Creek National Water Trail Proposed

historical, aesthetic, recreational, scientific and educational

individuals, groups and communities.

value to

www.rcnwt.com


ef: USGS Landsat

4 Rancocas Creek National Water Trail Nomination

Advocacy

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Public Purpose

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Distinctive towns,

villages and

communities w/ real

pride in their area.

Great

opportunities for multi-

use

recreation activities and learning

experiences.

Expansive variety of wildlife

and habitats including rare

and important species.

N Branch

Well conserved

historical features and

a rich cultural

heritage.

An environment shaped by centuries of

history, navigation, agriculture and

commerce, embracing a future of

enhanced public access.

.

S Branch

Tranquil,

semi-

wild,

unspoiled places, rural

character and urban

settings.

Diverse , inspirational

landscapes and

breathtaking scenery

and views

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Rancocas Creek Chronology

Cultural, Educational and Recreational

1678

1928

1 ,000 BC

1900

1678

1778

1875

1900

1910

1944

1960

1960

2015

3015

2015

1944

3015

ALL

DATES

APPROXIMATE

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4 Rancocas Creek National Water Trail Nomination


Entrance onto US DOD JBMDL through

waterbodies is prohibited by federal law

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Rancocas Creek National Water Trail

Year

Round Multi-Use Access

N Branch

M t. Holly – Oxbow

S Branch

SW Branch

Monroe Street Park

SW Branch-Medford-Kirby's

Mill

S Branch

Rancocas State Park

Headwaters

N Branch

Bass

Alive Fishing Tournemant

Winter

Bass-Mirror

Lake

Long Bridge County Park

Hainesport

M t. Holly – N Branch-Oxbow

S Branch

Community Meetings

Mt. Holly Enviro Cmte

Mt.

Holly- N Branch

M ill Dam – M t. Holly – N Branch

N BrancPaddle

Safe

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N Branch

N Branch

Adopt a Creek


Rancocas Creek National

Water Trail

Mission Statement

Initiative

To promote the Rancocas Creek as a free-flowing non-tidal

and tide-

water creek offering safe, inexpensive and

low-impact

multi-use recreational use and paddle-

sport activities on these local waters and surrounding

regional parklands; to preserve private property rights and community along the Rancocas Creek; to actively

enhance the conservation of the sensitive natural areas and wildlife habitat; to promote heritage and

environmental tourism through education and community support; and, to refocus on the Rancocas Creek as

an attraction for local residents and visitors.

Pen and Ink Drawings Public Domain Credit for

Robert

Savannah, U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service


Rancocas Creek National Water Trail

NWT Designation Supplement

Atlas of Destination

Attributes, Points of

Interest and Special

Study Sites . . .

Prepared by the RCNWT Steering Committee


Contents

-

One Step Ahead -

Points of

Interest Along the Rancocas Creek

• Overview of Atlas

• Mission Statement

• Part One: Planning and Policy Process

• Part Two: Points of Interest

• Geographic Synopsis of the Rancocas Creek


Rancocas Creek National Water Trail

Nomination Poster

• General Overview of RCNWT

• RCNWT It’s a Wonderful Multi-

Use Water

Trail

• RCNWT Regional Location

• P lanning Cycle – Heritage as Opportunity

Multi-Site Data Base

• Coalitions Ripple Flow Chart


N Branch Headwater Area

• Early Settler' s

• Cretaceous Period

• Browns Mills

• Camp Dix (JDP MDL)

Rancocas Creek N Branch

• Mirror

Lake - Browns Mills - Pemberton

• Flora and Fauna

• Headwater Area SW Branch

Rancocas Creek


Burlington County Parks Canoe

Trail

• Industrialization of the Creek -

Smithville

• West New Jersey Rail Lines

• Camping Areas

• South Branch

• M edford Canoe Trail – Kirby's

M ill – Dr. of the Pines

• Lumberton to Hainesport County

Park Landing

• Hainesport to the Confluence

• Wishbone Paddle Trail Segment

• Mt. Holly’s Oxbow and Flood

Bypass Channel


Hugh Campbell - Artist

• M unicipal Access Plan – DVRPC

• M ill Dam – Head of Tide

• North n South Branch Tidal


King Street Flood Bypass Channel

Weir

• Mt. Holly to the Confluence

• Fishing / Hunting / Wildlife

• Timbuctoo

Rancocas State Park Natural Area

Rancocas Nature Center

• Long Bridge County Park


Coalitions are

Like Ecosystems

Rancocas and other State Parks

• Hunting Safety

• Confluence

• Texas Phosphorous Plant

• C enterton Bridge – Main Stem

Multi-Use Playground

Rancocas Creek Benthic Organisms

• Main Stem Rancocas Creek

• Multi-Use

Creek Activities and Marinas

• Main Stem Parks, Protected Parklands

• Willingboro and Mill Creek

• Amico Island Burlington County Park

• Delaware River Ports and Harbors

Rancocas Creek Agriculture

• Pirates and Admiralty of the Rancocas Creek

• Multi-Use Recreation Opportunities

• Food-Dining-Refreshments

• P rohibition – Gun Smuggling Along the Creek

• Underground Railroad

• Kayaking Safety

• Application of Kuhn-

Tucker Model to Demand

Water Trail Trips (Random Utility Model) NC

Model

• Extent of Tidal Influences

• Other

• Credits

• Scientific Studies

• Indians

• Mt. Misery Headwater Area


Von Ewald Map of Rancocas

Valley (1776)

• Oxbow

• Burlington County Greenway and

Municipal Pocket Parks

• Maritime and Port Connections

• References (public domain)

• Fat Cat Paddling Bye

Rancocas Creek Mill Economies

Cover Photo: Rancocas Creek, N. Branch

Rancocas

State Park - Westampton, NJ

• Bridgeboro Bridge

photo ref: winter diving duck - internet photo grab neuvision

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w/ special thanks on content to pw schopp

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a ppreciates an enlightened use

Rancocas Creek National Water Trail

Atlas

( with applicable credit) of the existing ‘Rancocas Creek Greenway' resources in a p ractical way

that

broad range of enthusiastic parties and numerous activities highlighting diverse participatory benefits from coordination,

leadership.

Destination attributes from the headwaters to the Delaware River showcase community heritage, natural history ,

recreation opportunities and cultural resources along the Rancocas Creek National Water Trail.

identifies a

pub

lic advocacy and

multi-

use


Part One:

Planning Process, Public Policy Concerns

for Best Management Practices (BMP’s);

Community Support and Citizen Interest

Mill

Race - Mt.

Holly Oxbow

High Tide

- N Branch

Prepared 4 the RCNWT Nomination


It’s

a Wonderful Route - Charting Practical Pathways to Synergize Actions that

support the Nomination Application for the Rancocas Creek National Water

Trail.

The National Park Service, National Water Trail program recognizes

the quality of life for residents and visitors, alike.

water trails as an important element in improving

The Rancocas Creek National Water Trail nomination was created to capitalize on the multi-

use recreation

opportunities presented by the Rancocas Creek’s varied, diverse parklands and the variety of uses along the Burlington

County Parks Greenway. Over the course of this water trail visitors of all ages and demographics encounter historic,

recreational

and scenic attractions in urban, suburban, rural, semi-

wild and pristine fresh water and tidal settings.

The water trail for the Rancocas Creek, the main tributary between the Delaware Capes and Trenton , traverses the

center of Burlington County mostly along the 40 degree parallel and serves as a “spine” that enhances and elevates a

network of state, county and municipal landings, communities and destination attributes that stretch across the

Rancocas Creek 360 square mile watershed.

The Rancocas Creek National Water Trail offers both breath-

taking, unique scenery w/ connections to the heritage and

historic characteristics of Burlington County. The National Water Trail encourages residents and visitors to discover

these wonderful opportunities. Paddlers along the water trail can choose to paddle segments of the water trail (such

as in the Mt. Holly Oxbow and N Branch Channel) or travel other lengths over several days and many hours.

Rancocas Creek

The Rancocas Creek Water Trail Atlas has been compiled to introduce the reader to rediscover the Rancocas and also as

an allowable adjunct to the formal NWT application. Some water trail segments may not be passable at different

t imes of the year. Some sites and trail segments are visited multiple times of a seasonal time horizon. This Atlas of

D estination Attributes is updated and revised on a frequent basis reflective of the natural vibrancy of the Rancocas

Creek.

“Let Us Begin this Tour

of the Rancocas Creek,

as both Shores will be

under our eyes at

once”

1893

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Citizens Points of Interest

Comments have been collected from

citizens during public forums on the

water trail.

Does RCNWT increase environmental protections? Jim, Delran.

Can the water trail improve communications among stakeholders ? Diane, Pemberton.

How can kids and others learn about the water trail ?

Janice, Mt. Holly.

Will the water trail increase the value of my property ? Robert, Eastampton.

What does it cost to maintain a water trail ?,

Mrs. D., Westampton.

W hat measures are being

undertaken by the water trail to reduce potential impacts w/ multi-

use on the

Rancocas ?, Ray, Hainesport.

W ho and what

entity is r esponsible for the water trail ? Mike., Willingboro.

When can people participate in activities on the water trail ? Margo, Medford.

Who is ultimately responsible for the water trail ? Russ, Mt. Holly.

Fall

to Late Winter, 2015-2016

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Publicize

Rancocas

Creek Tidewater

Visitor

Services

Eco-L inks:

Information Partnerships, Foster

Collaboration, Facilitate Cooperation

for Public Access and

Community Interpretation.

Former

Farm Land, Now County Park-Land


Rancocas Creek National Water

Planning Process

Trail

Action 1

T idewater

-

Pine Barrens

Action 3

Resource Markets

Action 2

C ommunity Eco

- Link

s

Action 4

L ocal

- R egiona

l

- S tat

e

- Nationa

l

Action 5

M ulti

- Us

e

Action 6

C oalitions

are Eco

-

Systems

Action 8

Communicate

Results

Rancocas State Park

State Natural Area

Action 7

S

hared

Advocac

y

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COALITIONS CAUSE RIPPLES

Formal

vs.

Informal

Organize Coalition

Points

of

Interests

Community

Resources

Rancocas Creek National

Water Trail Nomination

Process

Catalyst

-

2 -

Action

Stewardship

Diversity

Implement

Strategies

Mill Creek Park, Willingboro

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Perceptions

/

Beliefs

/ Knowledge

S takeholder participation and citizen action is a fundamental component of projects r/t natural resources. Federal legislatio

n such as the Coastal Zone

Management

Act, the National Marine Sanctuaries Act, the Magnuson-S

tevens Act, National Water Trail Legislation, and the National

Environmental

P olicy Act (NEPA) and other legislative mandates (funded and unfunded) incorporate citizen participation in all final decisions.

Collaborating is a proactive engagement can enhance opportunity

• An

opportunity has been clearly identified;

• The best course of action is complex or not apparent;

• Support of stakeholders is necessary for the decision to be

successful;

• Many parties are affected by the decision;

• No single agency has clear or complete jurisdiction;

• No single person or group has resources or expertise to implement

a decision;

• Issues and solutions are negotiable;

• Parties are willing to collaborate.

Shape Water Trail Management & Actions

Special rather than Routine

(RCNWT Nomination)

Major rather than Incremental

(Public Access)

Required of the Public

(Development and distribution of education guide on

effective creek front buffer vegetation is a voluntary action

not mandated).

Controversial

(Development vs. Fines)

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Shared Vision:

Rancocas Creek National

Water Trailr

Trail

Purpose 1

Conserve and

enhance the

natural beauty,

wildlife and

heritage of the

RCNWT

Purpose 2

Promote opportunities

for the understanding

and enjoyment of the

special, unique qualities

of the RCNWT

Civics

Mt. Holly Flood Bypass Channel

N.

Branch - Rancocas Creek

Elevate the social and

economic

well-

being of

local communities on

the RCNWT

N Branch - Mt. Holly

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Public Policy

Water Trail Maintenance;

• Promotions/Partnerships/Coalitions;

• Increase effort on tourism management agencies;

• Improve infrastructure using BMP;

• Increasing number of marked RCNWT segments;

• Willingness to Pay for an increased marked trail

segments (free market environmentalism);

• Use of access fees or activity fee’s (ie: log removal

program) to raise water trail specific revenue;

Water Quality Issues;

• Perennial and sudden concerns.. .

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• Federal

• State

• County

• Municipal

• Private

• Public

• Other

Mining SJ Cedar Tree’s 1870

NJ State Museum

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Participatory Process:

Capacity Building and Stewardship

Participatory Process

N Branch - Mt. Holly

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Rancocas Creek National Water Trail Nomination

Capacity Building - Stewardship Matrix

Municipal

County

State

Federal

Public

Other

Promote Advocacy

Multi-Use Recreation

C ultivate Community

Support

Public Information

Social

Media Campaign

Access Strategies

Planning Process

Sustainability


NJDEP Endorsement Letter

Sample Municipal

Requires

Resolution

vetting

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RCrk National

Water

Trail

Elevates

• T rash and Garbage Reduction – RCNWT advocacy for individual and Community based involvement

= clean water, clear open channel improves safety, facilitates flood control and improves water quality;

• E cosystem Rediscovery – RCNWT increases awareness on the quantity and diversity of multi-

use recreation

opportunities and the natural world and Creek specific plant and animal species;

• Q uality of Life – Add to the Rancocas Creek’s and Mt. Holly’s and other creek-

front communities unique charms and

make the region more attractive to residents, visitors, and businesses and provide an elevated level of recreational

opportunities

along an expanded linear greenway and water- trail system;

• C ultural Connections – Linking people, neighborhoods, eco-

systems, cultural resources and celebrating the historical

connection of the Rancocas Creek to the Burlington County Greenway ;

• Adopt-A-

C reek – Promote multi-use recreation and improving

w ater quality and quantity

along and adjacent to the

Rancocas Creek so as to enhance destination attributes, sites of study, and points of interests on a local, State and

National level.

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overlapping biological zones

Port of Philadelphia

Port of Camden

The seven special qualities of the Rancocas Creek are:

1 . Diverse, inspirational landscapes and breathtaking views;

2 . A rich variety of wildlife and habitats including rare and

internationally important species;

3 . Tranquil and unspool places;

4 . An environment shaped by centuries of farming and

embracing new enterprise;

5 . Great opportunities for recreational activities and learning

experiences;

6.

Well-

conserved historical features and a rich cultural

heritage;

7 . Distinctive towns and villages, and communities with real

pride in there are

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Rediscover

-

Restore

- Recreation

Part

Two

Destination Attributes, Points of Interest and Study Sites

for the

Rancocas Creek National Water Trail (nomination)

Head of Tide-Mt.

Holly

Mill Dam

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Main Stem/Tidal

Goal

of

Maps

& Charts

Non-Tidal

SW Branch

13.8 miles long

Non-Tidal

Non-Tidal

S Branch

21.7 miles long

Non-Tidal

N Branch

28.3-mile-long

A ugment i ndividual,

o rganizational,

civic,

governmental,

discussions

Water

charts

and

points

about

T rail. Visual

of

the

natural

of

Rancocas

legislative

the

Rancocas

displays

resources

interest

Creek

and

and

her

Rancocas

of

Creek

of

sites

or

maps

Creek

and

community

National

navigation

s how

p eople,

places,

d estination

attributes,

for

t ributaries.

study

along

the

Rancocas Creek Watershed

ref: base map noaa virtual coast map

Entrance onto US DOD JBMDL through waterbodies is prohibited

by federal law

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Nominated as a National Water Trail, New Jersey’s Rancocas Creek runs mostly along the 40t

h

parallel North, midway between the rigorous climates of the North and the mild climates of the

South.

The Rancocas Creek is located on the Delaware River, upstream from Philadelphia. The Rancocas Creek is formed by the

joining of the North and the South Branch which drains a

watershed of 360 square miles across 34 municipalities, located in 2 Counties and flows deep-r

ooted within two of NJ’s Congressional

Districts.

Double hulled shallow drafting sailing hoys ride the tide ? Flows west? Texas, NJ ? Rum- runners busted ? Paleo- I ndian sites?

1890s

gun runners to Cuba traverse the Rancocas?

Tide

mills?

Pirates? Revolutionary War battles? Mill economies? Phossy-

jaw?

J ogging? hiking? Relaxation? Paddle sports? War of 1812

armed shallop blockade ? Escape route of the Underground

Railroad?

Tidal and Non-Tidal

Fishing? Old wharves, piers, stone bulkheads? Colonies of maidenhair spleenworts? Turning basins? Semi-wild,

incision though long-

established Municipal, County

and State Parks ? An Oxbow? a Mill Race all a bubbling fast? Dining ? Lunch ? Summer-time ice-cream ? Drink-a-T

oast swigged ? Twinned head of navigation? 375 years of continuous maritime

commerce? Timbuctoo ? State Park Natural Area ? County Parkland and Greenway ? Mosasaur's ? Sand mines ? New Jersey.... yes,

South Jerseys Rancocas Creek.

Up on the Delaware River, up on northern end of

Creek is marked by a buoy.

the Torresdale Range, where the Mud Island Range runs further North towards

Tr

enton and below Burlington sits

the entrance of the Rancocas

The North Branch headwaters arise inside the 42,000-contiguous acres of the Joint Base Fort Dix-Maguire-Lakehurst.

Down her sinuous

channels creek-

front communities nest among the Pines

B arrens. The Rancocas Creek is a capillary to Americas, South Jersey and the Delaware Valley history.

H er fabric weaves from the NJ Pinelands National Preserve, westerly, on 4 different

t ributaries, on swiftly flowing, cool c edar waters until reaching the Delaware River's tidal influence at Mt. Holly (N Branch) and Lumberton (S Branch). The Rancocas Creek flows directly through

the historic Burlington County Seat of Mt. Holly. From here the N Branch is enhanced with downstream tidal flows. Semi-w

ild the N Branch pass the former hamlet of Timbuctoo, through

pristine State and County Parkland and remains of NJs maritime and thus to the Confluence or as known historically as “The For

ks”.

Through Lumberton does the S Branch flow. Past

her former mill and a creek-f ront no longer active in local agriculture commerce

. Stay w/ care as before man a critter that swam creek waters

w as the feared Mosasaurs.

Looking for shoes? On the S Branch the old Lumberton shoe factory would have been your creek-

f ront l anding at the head of tide.

Daily steam and sailing ships

embarked to the Port of Philadelphia, skipping through laden sailing shallops and down through Hainesport and her ties to furn

aces,

rail, sand mines and commercial navigation. The S Branch

skirts the slopes of the Mt. Laurel Questa joining the N Branch deep inside the Rancocas State Park at “The Forks”.

N Branch

Passing under the Turnpike, the Rt. 295 and the Rt. 130 Bridges the Rancocas flows into a main Delaware River

on the main channel are intriguing elements of man’s maritime use of the Rancocas.

channel at

Amico

Island Park.

The main stem embraces multi-

use recreation. Here

Water

safety along the Rancocas Creek enhances awareness of the risks present when on the Rancocas. The water trail promotes w ays

to reduce the risks of using the Rancocas Creek for

gain.

The goal is fun, safe, enjoyable access to a natural resource for multi- use outdoor recreation, commerce and leisure.

Phossy Jaw ?

Texas, Rancocas Creek

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Destination Attributes

and Points

of

Interest

for

Water

Trails

1.

Seasonal

and Year Round Multi- Site Recreation;

2 . Relaxation;

3 . Value for money spent;

4 . Safe place to visit;

5 . Change of scenery;

6 . Scenic locations;

7 . Local getaway;

8 . Short length of getaway;

9 . Friendly, local residents; N. Branch Rancocas Creek, Mt. Holly, New Jersey

10.

Unexpected adventures.

Ref:

NJDEP, Economic

Benefits of Blueways,

2012

N. Branch, Mt. Holly

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Database Used to identify and

categorize Points of Interest on

the Rancocas Creek

Burlington County Parks

Hainesport

Boat-Launch

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Rancocas Creek National Water Trail Nomination

Elevate,

Rancocas

adjust and enhance Creek the community, National archeological Water and historical Trail

record.

“ Hank” Herron

Paddle on Down

Rancocas Creek - A Privilege of Water

375 Years of Commercial Navigation,

Multi-

Use, Recreation, Notable

History, Community and

America’s

Heritage.

Rancocas Creek

1904: S Branch, Hainesport

PW Schopp Collection

N Branch, Long Bridge County Park

S Branch, Vincentown

Westward

Flowing; Pine

Barren National

Preserve

Headwaters;

Mt. Holly Historic

O xbow –

Lumberton’s

Landing w/

Hainesport’s Tidal

Reach; Flanked by

State, Burlington

County Park

County and

Municipal Parks;

Joins the

Delaware River at

A mico Island.

Amico Island, Delaware River

Monroe Street Park, Mt. Holly

Flood Control Bypass Channel

N Branch

Multi-

use recreation

opportunities and exploration

featuring kayaking, fishing,

hiking, and the viewing

wildlife abound on the

Rancocas Creek, a vitally

important and historically

prominent

tidal and non-

tidal

waterway of South Jersey and

the Delaware Valley.

Rancocas State Park

N Branch

Prepared 4 the Rancocas Creek National Water Trail nomination by Rancocas Pathways, Inc.

www.nbranchwatersafety.com

2015

Confluence

Exit 5

NJ Turnpike

N Branch Timbuctoo


Geographic Description of the Waters of Rancocas Creek Watershed

RCNWT

Geo-Fact

A j

Port

ourney

City

Camden

West

e

influenced

of

Philadelphia’

s

‘ s Riverfront,

t

nters

the

D

b y tides,

10

miles

U

he

elaware

Penn’

s

R

ancocas

R iver.

Landing

C

reek

pstream

and

the

flowing

from

Port

from

the

of

the

The

shaped

entire

60

by

3 square

NJ

Pine

mile

Barren

Rancocas

headwater

Creek

watershed

is

a reas. F rom

these,

surface

3 distinct

main

headwater

areas

named

t he

North,

the

C reek.

South

West

and

the

South

Branch

of

the

Rancocas

4

The

in

South-West

Wharton

beyond

from

b

Knitted

State

B ranch

(1) drains

F orest. The

M t.

M isery

(2) while

t

ogs

found

together

on

t

he

Joint

he

B

these

3 creek

N

ase

b

West

South

orth

M

ranches

from

Branch

headwaters

extends

B ranch

(3) descends

cGuire

D

ix

connect

L akehurst.

a

nd

drain

2

3

Lumberton or South Branch

Mt. Holly or North Branch

the

m

forks

The

ain

inside

mostly

navigable

South

stream

R

of

t

ancocas

shallow

channel

Branch

of

he

extend

S

R

ancocas

tate

flowing

the

the

P ark.

R

C reek

(4) from

ancocas

Delaware

Delaware

runs

into

R iver. The

River’

s

b

the

tidal

elow

the

Federal

North

reach

and

to

Medford or SW Branch

1

M t.

Holly

a nd

Lumberton,

r espectively.

4/12/2018

Map from Crosswicks Creek Flood Report 1978

4 Rancocas Creek National Water Trail Nomination

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( 3) -

N Branch Headwaters

Area

Entrance onto US DOD JB-MDL

through waterbodies is prohibited by federal law

Obliged and Credit for Photos to US DOD JB-MDL

Entrance onto US DOD JB-

MDL through waterbodies is prohibited by federal law

US DOD JB-MDL does not endorse the Rancocas Creek National Water Trail

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Tunica

remotam

cigas

Rancocas Creek Drainage

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4 Rancocas Creek National Water Trail Nomination

38


B lue Arrows Show

Direction of Water

Flow by Drainage

Areas

(NON-T IDAL)

Delaware

River Basin

Rancocas Creek

Watershed

Atlantic Slope

Basin

Watershed Divide

RCNWT

Geo-Fact

Enhanced Scale That Shows the Direction of

Non-

Tidal Water Flow

Watershed Divide 200 Feet

above sea level

Delaware

River Basin

PA

NJ

Atlantic Slope

Basin

4/12/2018

4 Rancocas Creek National Water Trail Nomination

39


R ed Arrows Show

Extent of Tide and

the End of

Navigation

Mt. Holly

North Branch - Rancocas Creek

RCNWT

Geo-Fact

Ports of Camden and Philadelphia

Lumberton

North Branch - Rancocas

Creek

Extent of Tidal Influence

End of Navigation for

Commerce

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4 Rancocas Creek National Water Trail Nomination

40


Rancocas

The tide ends on the North Branch at Mt. Holly.

Creek Tides

On the South Branch the Tide ends in Lumberton.

RCNWT

Geo-Fact

T he rise and fall of the tides play an important role in the natural world, navigation and commerce. Tides allowed commercial

vessel traffic on the Rancocas Creek to Delaware River Ports. Tides have a marked effect on recreation related activities.

High Tide-Hainesport

Low Tide-Hainesport

Average Creek Water Depth

Range of Tide for the Rancocas Creek

are from 1 to 6 feet

High

-Tide

Mt. Holly

Low-Tide

Mt. Holly

Review tide charts before paddling

the tidal reaches of the RCNWT.

4/12/2018

4 Rancocas Creek National Water Trail Nomination

41


Eco

- Links

400 Hundred Years of

Tidal

Reach

Rancocas Creek Commerce

1600’s to

1900’s

Rancocas State Park,

N. Branch Rancocas Creek

C Colonization

& D Canal

Devonish Range Landing

Traders

Of Exploration the wet of woods,

of the

Delaware Farmers lapping

River

of waves;

Coastal Shipping

Of the mad pushes

Delaware Bay

of waves upon the land.

W. Whitman

Delaware River

Harbor

N. Delaware BranchRiver

Rancocas Creek

Devonish Range

Towards

DelawareMain

Navigation

B ay

Channel

Mt. Holly

North Along

Coastal NJ

to New

Amsterdam

(NYC) to

Rancocas Creek

European

Tidewater

Ports

South to

Jamestown,

Southern US Ports,

the Caribbean,

Cape Barbados, May

Jamaica…


Rancocas Creek Communities are tied to America’s

maritime by large quantities of locally produced

commerce and agriculture trade shipped down the

Rancocas to Delaware River Ports.

Schooners plied between Mt. Holly and Lumberton

to the Ports of Philadelphia and Camden. Rafts of

logs

for mills, coal and pig-

iron for local foundries

and machine shops all were carried on the Rancocas.

Rancocas

Port of

Creek Maritime

Camden Port of Camden

Burlington Port

Shipping on the Rancocas Creek began in the mid

1600’s and ended in the early part of the 1900’s.

Early sailing vessels like shallop’s (late 1700’s ),

hoy’s

and then river-

steamers services ran the

Creek’s crooked , narrow, twisting tidal channel back

and forth to the Delaware River Communities of

Riverside, Delran and Delanco and than to the Ports

of Philadelphia and Camden.

Vessels and cargos then returned to Rancocas Creek

local communities and regional market nodes.

C & D Canal

Port of Salem

Port of

1616

Dutch Delaware River Yacht

Thirty-eight

feet over the keel, forty-

four and a half

from bow to stern, and eleven and a half feet wide.

By Design, Shallow Draft.

Popular vessel creek excursions to creek resorts from

days

past have evolved to today’s kayak, paddle-

sport

and multi- use recreation activity.

RCNWT

Geo-Fact

4/12/2018

4 Rancocas Creek National Water Trail Nomination

43


Rancocas

Creek

RCNWT

Geo-Fact

unknown date

Ward 1930

4/12/2018

4 Rancocas Creek National Water Trail Nomination

44


Dutch Trade on the Delaware River w/specific ships sailing from Trexel to the Delaware River

Rancocas Creek

Dutch Map 1616

Dutch West India Trading Company

(1621)

Collected 2013

Ref: Dutch Maritime Museum

RCNWT

Geo-Fact

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4 Rancocas Creek National Water Trail Nomination

45


Rancocas Drainage Beaver Trade

Price of

1665 A.D.

a Brooklyn (NYC) Ferry

550 Dutch Guilders ($220.00)

Shallop

Long Bridge Burlington County Park

N. Branch Landing

1/3 in Beaver Furs (Winter Beaver Pelts);

/3 Merchantable Wampum

1/3 in Goods, and Free Passage.

1 (120 beads = 1 guilder) ;

Ref:

Perry, John.,

American Ferryboats,

1957

N. Branch Rancocas Creek

Rancocas Down Creek State Park fromBeaver

Landing Lodge

эко-связи


Philadelphia

Trading Area

1760

Mt.

Holly Founded (founded - 1687)

Lumberton Area (first settled - 1683)

Head

of Tide and Navigation

Early Settlers

Trading Pattern

Rancocas Creek Watershed

North Branch’s B. Devonish

Sailed to Caribbean Market via Port of

Philadelphia

(1687)

Revolutionary War Period Admiralty Issues

(1776)

State of NJ Rancocas Creek Navigation Acts

RCNWT

Geo-Fact

(1783)

Armed Shallop Blockade

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4 Rancocas Creek National Water Trail Nomination

47


Navigation

on the Rancocas

First Ferry Across the Rancocas Creek: Bridgeboro in 1748

Chaise, Chair or sleigh, if drawn by 1 horse ... Toll of 9 pence (DeCou)

Evolution:

Indian Dugouts---the scow---shallops---sloops---snows---steamers---motor

boats---kayaks

1823 Begins Steam Navigation of

the Rancocas

Mt. Holly and Rancocas Steamboat

Company (1824)

Rancoas Creek

March 21, 1817

Sailing Shallop “Good Intent”

One Deck-One Mast

L ength: 52 feet – 8 inches

Width: 18 feet 6 inches

Dept: 4 feet

W eight: 30 tons

Ref: Decou

Rancocas

Creek Steamer

Barclay

120 feet long.

24 feet

wide.

Mostly Produce-Lumber-Charcoal

to the Philadelphia Port Market


State of NJ

Legislative Navigation Acts

from 1783

Rancocas or Ancocas Creek

Type of early

tidal creek dredge.

Rancocas Creek

Maritime Heritage

RCNWT

Geo-Fact

“Vessel Ribs”

“Barge Ribs”


Rancocas

Creek Navigation Channel in 1909 *

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50


West Jersey

Rancocas Creek Rail Lines

Camden Amboy Line (1830)

Others

ref: Vincentown Pizza Shop

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51


Rancocas

Creek Stage Coach Routes

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RCNWT

Geo-Fact

Existing Public

Transportation

Stops along the

Length of the

Rancocas Creek

ref:

cross county connection

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4 Rancocas Creek National Water Trail Nomination

53


Monroe Street Park- N Branch

N Branch Rancocas Creek

Agriculture

May

- 2015

Rancocas Creek Harbor Seal

By:

Michael Castagner , Willingboro

Rancocas Creek Natural Ecosystem

Timbuctoo

S Bog

Confluence

Rancocas State Park

Main Steam - Wild Turkey

Head Water

Rancocas

Areas

Creek

N Branch

Watershed

Whitesbog

Area

(Whitesbog)

S Branch

(Mt. Misery)

Main Steam

Centerton

Black Run

Preserve Area

Mt. Misery

Area

Rancocas Creek Watershed

2015

SW Branch

(Black Run)

S Branch Rancocas Creek

S Branch - Sheep Laurel

Rancocas Creek Drainage

4/12/2018

Flowering Begger Tick, Timbuctoo Main Stem Rancocas

Pine Barrens Long Bridge 54

Agriculture

Marinas-Dining-Launch

State Park


North Branch

Mt.

Holly

Branch Rancocas

Creek

Superior

Paddle Trail

Segments

Smithville

Fishing Hotspots

1890’s Tidal Sailing Scow, Mt. Holly Landing

Ref: Rizzo, Dennis; History of Mt. Holly

4 Rancocas Creek National Water Trail Nomination

55


Building Fort Dix

From the Paul W. Schopp Collection

North Branch - Rancocas Creek Headwaters

Hartshorne Mill Stream

Revolutionary War Admiralty Court

56


N Branch Rancocas

Creek Headwaters

Paddle West down through New Lisbon, Connect to

the Burlington County Parks Canoe Trail to

Smithville and Mt. Holly.

Mirror Lake

These upper head-

reaches of the N Branch are for

the most part “wild and wholly”.

Trespassing in the Joint Base is Illegal.

Entrance onto US DOD JBMDL through waterbodies

is prohibited by federal law

Scout water levels before paddling at Mirror Lake

Dam and at the New Lisbon Post Office Bridge.

N Branch

Rancocas Creek

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4 Rancocas Creek National Water Trail Nomination

57


N Branch Headwaters-Mirror

Lake

Entrance onto US DOD JBMDL through waterbodies is prohibited

by federal law

Aroma of the Pines

1797

Charles

Newbold (1764-

1835) invented a farmer’s plow.

Plow cast at Hanover Furnace near Browns Mills.

Browns Mill

N Branch Headwaters

5 year old carry’s 2 pecks of Browns Mills Cranberry Crop

Browns Mill

Era of Summer Resorts

M irror Lake – Browns Mills

Mirror Lake is the end of Public Access on the Rancocas Creek.

Browns Mills lies along the

N Branch of the Rancocas Creek 11 miles east of Mt. Holly.

Do Not Trespass on Joint Base MDL

58

N Branch Headwaters-Mirror

Lake


Rich Soil

of

NJ’s

Marl

Region

RCNWT

Geo-Fact

Before

Rancocas Creek

1917

Camp Dix

( JB- MDL)

Entrance onto US DOD JBMDL through waterbodies is prohibited by federal law

Map Appreciates Lay of the Land in 1833

During

After

Camp Dix Payroll - Sept 1917

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4 Rancocas Creek National Water Trail Nomination

59


June, 1929

Fort

Dix

Camp Dix

Opened June 1917

Turn of the Century Stereographic Photo

WW1 Camp Dix Gas Mask Drill

B- 17

Mt. Holly – 1944

Fort-

Dix Army Air Force

Photo-Recon Training Unit

Constructing Fort Dix

1918

60

GEN. HUGH L. SCOTT AT CAMP

/12/2018 DIX

- 1918

4 4 Rancocas Creek National Water Trail Nomination


Representative of Distinguished Units that Trained at Camp Dix

369t

h

Regiment

- Harlem “Hell Fighters”

Fort Dix

September 1917

The 369th Regiment band was relied upon not only in battle but also for

morale. By end of their tour they became one of the most famous military

bands throughout Europe. They followed the 369th overseas and were highly

regarded and known for being able to immediately boost morale.

Two Medals of Honor and many Distinguished Service Crosses were awarded

to members of the regiment. Henry Johnson was the first American to

receive the C roix de Guerrre

awarded by the French government. This award

s ignifies extraordinary valor. By the end of the war, 171 members of the

369th were awarded the Legion of Honor or the Croix de Guerre

4/12/2018

61


Camp Dix - July 1918

Entrance onto US DOD JBMDL through waterbodies is prohibited by federal law

Company “A” 26t

h

Engineers

Water Supply Service

Camp Dix Water Pumping Station

N Branch – Rancocas Creek

New Lisbon

Front Line Water Supply

E ntrance to Deep Well – France

Long Way from the N Branch

After Camp Dix to the Front...

Pine Snake,

New Lisbon

Hand to Hand Combat

...Trenton Engineers Company “C”

4/12/2018

Front

Line - 1918

62


- Joint Base MDL

N Branch

4/12/2018

63


Rancocas State Park

Rancocas Creek Headwaters

a re

in

N and Since S Branch 1931

Medford Lakes Annual Canoe Festival

FLORA

SW Branch - White-Fringed Orchid

SW Branch - Pine Barrens Tree Frog

www.nbranchwatersafety.com

N Branch - Magnolia

FLORA

Yellow Asphodel

N Branch

Sundew

N Branch

FAUNA

Rancocas Creek National Water Trail

nomination

Entrance onto US DOD JBMDL through waterbodies is prohibited by federal law

FAUNA

Advocacy

for

Public Purpose

Pine Barrens Gentian

S Branch

Swamp Pink

Hartshorne Mill Stream

S Branch - Used w/ Permission

Lady Slipper

Gaunts Brook

photos

used w/ permissions and maybe otherwise retrieved from USDA plant list

f lora and fauna poster

prepared by rancocas

pathways, inc.


Pemberton/New Mills/New Lisbon

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4 Rancocas Creek National Water Trail Nomination

65


S Branch

Rancocas

Creek Sub-Watershed Divide

Line of Sight

N Branch

RCNWT

Geo-Fact

CONFLUENCE

M ain Stem – R ancocas Creek

Physiographic Areas of

Burlington County

Line of Sight Photo

CONFLUENCE

North Branch

Rancocas Creek

Pemberton

Displays two

physiographic Burlington

County provinces with the

C uesta divide between the

Inner Coastal Plain and

Outer Coastal Plain and

Burlington County

preserved farmland.

Medford

SW Branch

South Branch

Rancocas Creek

S Branch

Lumberton

Vincentown

Hainesport

Burrs

Rd. - Pemberton

Drainage Direction of the North and South Branches

66

4/12/2018

4 Rancocas Creek National Water Trail Nomination


Mt. Holly Cuesta

183 Feet Above Sea level

Arney’s Mount Cuesta

163 feet above sea level

RCNWT

Geo-Fact

N Branch

Line of Sight of Photo

SW Branch

Medford Canoe Trail

Rancocas Creek Topo Map

Rancocas Creek

Sub-Watershed and Cuesta Divides

4/12/2018

4 Rancocas Creek National Water Trail Nomination

67


Burlington County

Parks

Canoe Trail

Early 1900’ Color Enhanced Photo

• County Roads

Clarks

Canoe and Kayak Rental - Pemberton

t. M

y Holl

Smithville

Pemberton

Public

Launch

4/12/2018

4 Rancocas Creek National Water Trail Nomination

68


RCNWT

Geo-Fact

Mùxulhama

“He Who Travels w/

Canoe”

Scientific

Study

Archaic-Woodland Period

8000 B.C. - 1000 A.D.

Cyclical and Seasonal Visitations

American

Shad

Fish Runs *

Spring and Fall

and Nut Harvests **

Stripped Bass

Dorothy Cross -1937

Unique

Land

Use

Celt

- Collected S Branch 2013

Sturgeon

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4 Rancocas Creek National Water Trail Nomination

* Seasonal Fish Runs: sturgeon-salmon-shad-herrin

g-alewife-eel

**

Rancocas Creek Woodland Nut-Bearing Trees: hazel-hickory-beech-oak- walnut-chestnut

Alewife

69


Historic Smithville: Industrialization of the Rancocas

4/12/2018

4 Rancocas Creek National Water Trail Nomination

70


Smithville-Eastampto

n-Mt

Holly

Photo by Margret Berry

From the Paul W. Schopp Colelction

Clarks

Canoe and Kayak Rental - Pemberton

Mt Holly

Smithville

4/12/2018

4 Rancocas Creek National Water Trail Nomination

71


South Branch

Lumberton Branch of the Rancocas

Remarkable Scenic Attributes

Pine Barrens

Festivals

and Frog-Tow

n

Creek

Mill

Race - Mt.

Holly Oxbow

N Branch

Prepared 4 the RCNWT Nomination


Non-

Tidal South Branch

South Branch, Rancocas

High Tide

Creek

Rancocas

Creek-Tidewaters

Hainesport

- Tidewaters

Kirby’s Mill, Medford

South Branch (Tidal)

Since 1931

Medford Lakes Annual Canoe Festival

Southampton

- “Wild n Wooley”

Lumberton

South Branch

South Branch

Ref: Medford Calendar

Hear the Tide;

Entrance onto US DOD JBMDL

through waterbodies is prohibited by

federal law

Share the Ride !

South Branch Canoe Trail, Medford

Advocacy for Public Purpose

Rancocas Creek National Water Trail

Below Mt. Holly, Tidal

Wishbone Paddle Trail

Established, Public

Launches

North Branch


Destination Attributes

Headwater

Area - South Branch

Flora and Fauna

Pasanada Ghost Town

Camping Area

Brendyn Byrne State Park

MT. Misery Area

SW Mt. Misery

Pakim Pond Hiking and Swimming Area

Batona Trail

Burlington County Parks Canoe Trail

Headwaters

Rancocas Creek

Pakim Pond Camping

Greenwood Bridge Picnicking

Seasonal Cranberry Harvest 4 Fall Paddling.

Proximity to NJ Pine Barrens National Preserve

NW Mt. Misery

RCNWT

Geo-Fact

Cranberry Bog

74


Mt. Misery Area

Headwaters of the

SW Branch Rancocas Creek

NE Mt. Misery

RCNWT

Geo-Fact

SW Mt. Misery

Pitch pine/scrub oak forests are prime breeding habitat for the Prairie Warbler, a migratory songbird that

winters in the islands of the West Indies. The preserve contains the Four Mile Spring, one of several

tributaries

of the Rancocas Creek that spring from the headwaters swamps of this 1,227-

acre forested

preserve. Approximately five miles of footpaths and sand roads wind through the preserve’s pitch pine

forests and along ancient Atlantic White Cedar forests, and allows public access for foot travel, mountain

biking

and horse-

back riding.

NW Mt. Misery

NW Mt. Misery

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4 Rancocas Creek National Water Trail Nomination

75


ef:

frank leslies weekly newspaper 9-1-

1866

NEW JERSEY MARL PITS.

THE advantages of marl as a fertilizer have been greatly overlooked in

this country until within a very recent period. With our immense

territory of rich soil in the new States, we had little care to improve lands

worn out with long cultivation, and so neglected the means of

maintaining the fertility of our farms, although they were often quite

available. Of late years it has been found more advantageous to make

lands adjacent to market as productive as possible, and immense

sums

have been expended for the various appliances which subserve that end.

Among these, marl occupies a prominent place. It is found in almost

inexhaustible quantities in many parts of the country, and can be

profitably applied to almost any soil. The lower portions of New Jersey

contain immense quantities of marl, and our illustration shows the

manner of digging and sending it from the pits. It is easily cut out, and is

thrown directly into the cars, which stand on convenient tracks, by

which it is taken wherever it is needed. By its use lands that were quite

barren have been made to produce liberally, rewarding amply the labor

a nd money expended upon them.

4 Rancocas Creek National Water Trail Nomination

RCNWT

Geo-Fact


S Branch Hydrosaur

Dinosaurs,

Mosasaurs

and Ocean Lizards

Cretaceous Period of

Mesozic

Era

RCNWT

Geo-Fact

the

Mosasaurus Teeth

Collected

Lumberton, NJ

December 8, 1877

Academy of Natural Sciences

Prionochelys

144 million years ago - Early Cretaceous Period

Rancocas Creek Back in the Day

Their Past Speaks to the Present and Our Future

Rancocas Creek Halisaurus

4/12/2018

77


RCNWT

Geo-Fact

Smithville

Burlington

County Parks

Canoe Trail

Mt.

Holly N Branch Non-Tidal

Launch Area

Leslie’s Mag. NJ Creek Vessels

Mid- 1800’ s

1878 Jersey Shore Tidewater Vessels

4/12/2018

Ref: Harper’s Weekly 4 Rancocas Creek National Water Trail Nomination

78


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4 Rancocas Creek National Water Trail Nomination

79


SW Branch

Medford Branch of

the Rancocas

Creek

Medford Canoe Trail

Kirby’s

Mills

Wharton State Forest

4 Rancocas Creek National Water Trail Nomination

80


SW Branch Rancocas Creek Headwater Preserves and Sub-Watershed

s

S Branch Rancocas Creek

Burlington County

Canoe Trail

N Branch Rancocas Creek

SW Branch Rancocas Creek

Medford Canoe

Trail

S Branch Rancocas Creek

SW Branch Rancocas Creek

4/12/2018

4 Rancocas Creek National Water Trail Nomination

81


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4 Rancocas Creek National Water Trail Nomination

82


Headwaters of SW Branch Rancocas

Wharton State Park

Evesham

Jackson Road

Bear

Tributaries

Run Reserve

Join at

Medford Canoe Trail

Freedom Park Medford

Chairville

Vincentown (marl pits-mining-dinosaurs- mill)

Headwater Area of SW Branch Rancocas

Black Run Preserve

internet Photo: www.whatsupmarlton.com

Headwater Area of SW Branch Rancocas

Wharton State Park

www.njdep.gov

RCNWT

Geo-Fact

4/12/2018

4 Rancocas Creek National Water Trail Nomination

83


Rancocas

Creek-Tidewaters

Hainesport

- Tidewaters

Since 1931

Medford Lakes Annual Canoe Festival

Lumberton

South Branch

South Branch

Medford Canoe Trail

Medford Canoe Trail

SW Branch

South Branch

Kirby’s Mill, Medford

South Branch (Tidal)

Ref: Medford Calendar

Advocacy for Public

Purpose

Rancocas Creek

National Water Trail

Nomination


James

Still, (1812-

1885) the Dr. of the Pine Barrens,

Herbalist, Father, Abolitionist, Poet...

The Other Land, James Still

A brief sketch of James Still tx

Recollections of Dr. James Still

1877

4/12/2018

4 Rancocas Creek National Water Trail Nomination

85


Mt.

Holly-Oxbow

Confluence

N Branch

RCNWT

Geo-Fact

Hainesport

Pemberton

S Branch

N Branch

New Lisbon

Lumberton

SW Branch

S Branch

Medford

Vincentown

86


Down creek Lumberton

S

and SW

Branch Rancocas

Creek

Ironwood Outdoor Center

An Anglers Guide to South Jersey - 1904

Up creek Lumberton

4/12/2018

4 Rancocas Creek National ‘ de BanWater

d Trail Nomination

87


Yallawickers,

Shallops, Barges, Tugs, River- Steamers.. .

L umberton – Hainesport

An Example of a

1850’s

Creek-Front

Wharf

Confluence

Confluence

N and S Branch

Lumberton and Hainesport

Extensive Sand Mining/Local

Agriculture/Timber/Shoes/Iron

Commercial Navigation

1630’s to 1908

“Frog”

Ref: Leslie Illustrated, 1859

4/12/2018

4 Rancocas Creek National Water Trail Nomination

88


Confluence North and South Branch

Confluence

Hainesport

Mt. Holly

Confluence

Timbuctoo

Mt. Holly Municipal Launch

Wishbone Paddle Trail Segment

Tidal

-

Mt. Holly to Hainesport

Hainesport, South Branch

Timbuctoo, North Branch

South Branch - Hainesport

Burlington County Park

Landing

Hainesport- Burlington County Park’s Landing


Mt.

Holly

Oxbow

-

Flood Bypass Channel - N Branch

Burlington County

Heritage Area

French and Indian War

Outstanding Scenic

Features

Mt. Holly Flood Bypass Channel

N Branch Oxbow

4 Rancocas Creek National Water Trail Nomination

90


Mt. Holly Police Department

1700’s

Sailing Shallops - Last Commercial

Barge to Mt. Holly - 1908

Revolutionary War Battle of Mt. Holly

Multi-Use Activity

Mt. Holly N Branch

Community Fishing Activity

Rancocas Creek

Mt. Holly (N Branch)

to the Confluence

Hainesport (S Branch) to the Confluence

Confluence to the Delaware River

www.nbranchwatersafety.com

Mt. Holly Flood Bypass

Train Station

Channel

Oxbow

Channel

RCNWT

Geo-Fact

Mt. Holly Oxbow

Rancocas Creek National Water Trail

nomination

Destination Attribute: Mt. Holly

Mt. Holly

W inter Diving Duck – Bufflehead

Passes Through the Mt. Holly Oxbow

Mt.

Holly - Historic

Water-Works

Sluiceway

Advocacy

4

Public

Purpose

tm

Oxbow

N Branch - K ing Street – Weir

- Flood Channel


Wildlife

Heritage Maritime History Multi-Use

Scientific Study

Recreation Conservation Points of Interest Destination Attributes

N.

Branch Rancocas Creek

Westampton, NJ

Mt. Holly, New Jersey

Original

Creek-Bed

N. Branch, Rancocas Creek

1929-1930,

State of NJ Aerial Survey

RCNWT

Geo-Fact

St.

Andrew’s Point - Mt. Holly

Flood Bypass Channel - N. Branch Rancocas Creek


40.00000°

N

Geo-L ocation : 40.00182°

N - 74.81465° E

Mouth of the Rancocas Creek

Mt. Holly and the Rancocas Creek Sits

40.0000 Degree Line

on the

Bernard Devonish, Land Owner on the Rancocas

Creek in 1687 sailed regularly back and forth to

Barbados from the Rancocas Creek. Bernard's

brother was a Ship’s Captain known to have sailed

from the Ports of Baltimore and Philadelphia.

Back in the 1700’s brigs and such unloaded cargo

from Barbados in the Port of Philadelphia. From

these docks, cargo was loaded into Rancocas Creek

shallops and than sailed the tide back to the

Devonish and Other Land Holdings (todays

Rancocas State Park) up on at the confluence.

RCNWT GEO-FACT

Rancocas Creek

Navigation

Geo-L ocation : 40.00182°

N - 74.81465° E

Mouth of the Rancocas Creek

40.00000°

N

18

th

Century Navigation Plan

20.0000°

N

Horse Latitudes

Geo-L ocation: 13° 10'

N and 59° 32' W

Barbados

40.00000°

N

As an example: General Sailing Directions from the

Island of Barbados to the Rancocas Creek. Actual plans

vary in detail. The majority of Captains and Pilots kept

knowledge of the trade and maritime passage ---

private.

Word of mouth passed from generations to generations.

Sample Sail Plan: Sail North-

West from Barbados,

striking in two weeks the Coast (America). Sail North to

the South River (Delaware Bay). Ascend the Delaware

River passing the Port of Philadelphia to 40.0000 N. At

the “Hens and Chicks” rocks at “White Sheet Bay” effect

safe passage in to the Rancocas Creek. Allow the tide to

sail you East on the Rancocas Creek to the Confluence.

Take the North Fork to Devonish Landing*. Follow the

Little Dipper up creek to Mt. Holly.

(* now inside todays Rancocas State Park).

4/12/2018

4 Rancocas Creek National Water Trail Nomination

93


Revolutionary War Reference to the Rancocas Creek by Hessian Colonel von Donop in reference to the

Revolutionary

War Battle of Mt. Holly (December 22 and

23, 1776)

Battle of Mt. Holly, also known as the Battle of Iron Works Hill

RCNWT

Geo-Fact

Map of Rancocas Valley, Rancocas Creek and Mt. Holly

H essian Captain J. Wald – 1776

Ref: NJ State Museum

4/12/2018

4 Rancocas Creek National Water Trail Nomination

94


350000

June

- 1909

Partial Value of Exports and Imports From Mt. Holly

(Freight via Rancocas Creek *)

Photo: N Branch Atlantic White Cedar Woodland

300000

250000

* Freight

via Boat - R ail – Truck: .12 cents per 100 pounds

* Freight Via Boat: .09 cents per hundred pounds

Ref:

WS Rendell-Chairman of Mt. Holly Committee on Rancocas Creek Improvements

Sec of War Rancocas Creek Report , New Jersey

200000

150000

100000

50000

0

Advantage accrues to National commerce in a small amount and

the total commerce on stream contributes to the Nations general

commerce.

(Rand - 1889)

4/12/2018

4 Rancocas Creek National Water Trail Nomination

95


RCNWT

Geo-Fact

Mt.

Holly’s Flood Control Bypass Channel 1941-

1944

October 2, 1940 at 11:45 AM

Flood Channel

Mr. Mark Reynolds, Chair of

Mt. Holly, NJ Flood Committee accompanied by NJ Senators and Representatives

meet w/ President Franklin Roosevelt and others to capture and control floods that

commonly ripped through the Rancocas Valley community of Mt. Holly.

The result the Mt. Holly Flood Control

Bypass Channel

Ref:

Pare Lorentz Center,

FDR Library

1938 Flood Washington St

1938 Mt. Holly Flood Photos Courtesy of Larry Tigar,

4/12/2018

4 Rancocas Creek National Water Trail Nomination

Mt. Holly Historical Society 96


Mt. Holly Oxbow, Mill Race n Flood Channel

Mt. Holly Mill Race Holiday Lights

Always Wear a Life Jacket !

Monroe Street Park

Multi-Use

Pinelands Preservation Alliance

N Branch

Chillin’ on the Oxbow

Rancocas Creek

Watershed OldAmbassador

Mill

4/12/2018

4 Rancocas Creek National Water Trail Nomination

98


Hugh

Campbell

pursued

an

artist'

s life

in

the

1930’ s. It

was

the

fields

around

his

boyhood

fishing

spots

in

Mount

Holly

where

he

felt

the

most

at

h ome.

E ach night,

winter

a nd

summer,

he

would

go

to

Milldam

Park

and

m editate. E ach

day,

carrying

his

heavy

p ainting

gear,

he

would

look

for

inspiration

in

and

around

the

t own. Every

Sunday

he

would

display

his

paintings

on

High

S treet .

In

1962

he

published

a book

called

Knock

Vigorously

to

Be

H eard. It

is

filled

with

h ometown humor,

depression

memories

and

spiritual

o bservation Centerton s. His

paintings

and

writings

are

a moving

history

of

Mount

Holly

at

mid

c entury. Hugh

Campbell'

s entire

collection

is

preserved

by

Burlington

County

P arks.

Hugh Campbell’s

Woolman’s Lake

Mt. Holly

Burlington County Protected Paelo-Indian

Sites

RCNWT

Geo-Fact

Artist Hugh Campbell

Barn and Corn Crib

Rancocas State Park

Entering Rancocas State Park

Todays

Rancocas Nature Center

Hugh Campbell’s

North Branch

Mt. Holly

Margo

P elligrino

and paddling friend c

the Monroe Street Park

hillin

at

4 the Rancocas Creek national Water Trail

* www.rcnwt.com

Horsehead Point Photo 2013


Mill

Dam Pool-Mt.

Holly

H ummingbird – Cardinal Flower

Mt. Holly Oxbow

May

- 2015

Rancocas Creek Harbor Seal

By:

Michael Castagner , Willingboro

Original N Branch Channel

M onroeMt.

Street Holly Park Oxbow – Mt. Channel Holly

Water Trails

incubate

destinations for

environmental,

and recreation

activities

r/t

community,

cultural and

historic

attractions.

Map of Rancocas Valley, Rancocas Creek and Mt. Holly

H essian Captain J. Wald – 1776

Ref: NJ State Museum

Mt. Holly

N Branch

the

Head of Tide

Headwaters Of

Heart- waters !

F lood Channel – Oxbow

Mt. Holly

tm

Flowering Begger Tick, Timbuctoo

Mt. Holly’s

Hack ‘s Canoe Retreat

Red-Belly Turtle

Monroe Street Park

Watershed Marl Beds

Summer 4/12/2018

Time

Dinosaurs Marl & beds Mosasaurs

100

O xbow – Mill Race

4 Rancocas Creek National Water Trail Nomination


Head of Tide

RCNWT

Geo-Fact

When paddling or hiking the Greenway you

can locate the remaining features of the

Federal Project.

Washboard

White-

Water

Receation

Site

Mt.

Holly -1942 Flood Control Project

Placed on a 1967 ACOE Map

4/12/2018

4 Rancocas Creek National Water Trail Nomination

101


Clothing and Textile

Hub of

Manufacturing

Fog-Late March

Flood Channel, Mt. Holly

4/12/2018

4 Rancocas Creek National Water Trail Nomination

102


N Branch Head of Tide

Mill Dam Characteristics

Recreation Site

Scaled Appropriate

Buoys

(should mark) the presence of Mill Dam, up- stream, intake area.

Strong current over or through spillway and trash gates. Mill Dam is approximately 65 feet across. Mill Dam Spillway is

70 feet long and 65 feet wide. It is 100 feet from the face of the Mill Dam to the North Branch shoals.

Strong unpredictable currents, presence of submerged hazards and low visibility upstream of dam spillways and trash

gates.

Turbulent discharges from Mill Dam gates. Mill Dam is 5 gates across w/ 2 debris gates for a total of 7 gates.

Cascading spillway discharges, strong unpredictable currents below dam and presence of

debris passing over or through dam.

Strong upstream currents in surface waters (reverse flow) after water flows though flood

gates.

Swift, turbulent waters in a plunging flow below spillway gates.

Slippery surfaces on shoreline.

Submerged scaled accordingly shoals and rapidly rising waters from spillway discharge.

Note: Ideal Destination Attribute to practice basic and fundamental white and flat water kayaking. Follow ACA

position papers on how to paddle safely. Always paddle w another person. Leave a Float Plan. Wear your PFD.

proper

and appropriate instruction before kayaking flat or white-

water. Know the area you are paddling.

Gain


Low Tide, Mt. Holly Flood Control Weir

Water Control Structure

1942

Scientific Study

Blueprint of Mt. Holly Flood Control Weir

Flood Channel Constructed 1942

Note:

Vertical Posts

Note: 2015 Weir Solid to a Sandy Creek Bottom. Concrete shelf

Runs north for 20 feet before dropping off precipitously into main

N Branch Channel

North Channel

Original

Rancocas Creek

N Branch

Vertical

Post

Vertical Post

Proximal (North) end of

Mt. Holly Flood Channel

Photo: AJH Designs, Mt. Holly

Approximate area of

concrete shelf, slopes downcreek

Detail of Mt. Holly Flood Control Weir, Low Tide 30 July 2014

Hydraulic

Resistance from Tidal

Forces

at

Weir

allows

a Reversible Water

Flow


Watch for Scale

Scientific Study

Mt. Holly Flood Bypass Channel and Weir on

the N Branch-

Oxbow of the Rancocas Creek

Meets the Requirements as to allow for

registration as a National Historic Site.

Note: Grommet

One per Section

Note: Red Dashed Line Marks Approximate

Edge of Concrete Shelf. Shelf continues

downslope

Not all sections have metal plate


On the N Branch

Downstream Mt. Holly

RCNWT

Geo-Fact

Tide Racing on the N Branch at the Mt. Holly Oxbow and

Flood Bypass Channel Weir

Last Commercial Vessel 2

Mt. Holly

4

Water-Borne Commerce

1908 *

4/12/2018

4 Rancocas Creek National Water Trail Nomination

106


Rancocas Creek National Water Trail

Eco-Links Scientific Study: Capillary’s of Tidal Ice Formation in the Rancocas Creek Watershed

( Mt. Holly Oxbow-Flood Bypass Channel- Delaware River Maritime Crossroads)

Comparison and Contrast Phases of Tidal Creek Ice Build-Up w/ Associated Impacts to Local Eco-Systems

and Migratory Fish Species

Fresh and Salt Water - Range of Salinity - Habitats

RCNWT

Geo-Fact

North Branch - Scientific Study

r/o Embryotic Pancake Ice Formation

Tidal-Fresh Water/Mill Dam Pool


N Branch

Tidal

Timbuctoo

Rancocas State Park

State Park Natural Area

Long Bridge County Park

Horse Head Point

N Branch - High Tide

4 Rancocas Creek National Water Trail Nomination

108


Oxbow to the Confluence:

N Branch Tidal

Rancocas State Park

300 Hundred Years of Rancocas

Creek Commerce

1600’s to

1900’s

Colonization

Traders

Exploration

Farmers

Coastal Shipping

River Steamers

Leisure and Resorts

2015---Multiuse recreation

Rancocas

NatureCenter

Protected Park Land - N Branch

Atlantic Coastal Plain Fresh & Oligohaline Tidal Marshes Westamptons Historic

Marsh Environment and Eco-Systems

Timbuctoo, Marsh Ecology

4/12/2018

4 Rancocas Creek National Water Trail Nomination

109


N Branch

870’s

1 RCNWT

Geo-Fact

Devonish Farm Landing

(todays Rancocas State Park)

Rancocas Nature Center Farmstead

Confirmed (Period) Approximate Location of a

1870’s

era Farm, Wharf or Club-House

Landing


N Branch Tributary and Drainage - Westernmost Cedar Swamp in

Burlington County - Only Cedar Swamp in NJ’s Inner Coastal Plain

4/12/2018

4 Rancocas Creek National Water Trail Nomination

111


When

or

the

on

the

N Branch

“ Drinking

Gourd”

,

during

a evening

rising

low

over

or

and

night-time

spanning

paddle

one

Horse-Head

sees

Point

t he

constellation,

and

T imbuctoo.

“ Little

Dipper”

Here

as

standing

tides

post

flow

r epose. ..” Follow

above

immortal

the

in

silent

Drinking

G ourd”

Directly above the hamlet of

Timbuctoo sits the “Little Dipper” and

t he

N orth Star.

Burlington County

and Timbuctoo a single-

path among

the myriad capillaries of the Underground Railroad.

Little Dipper

RCNWT

Geo- Fact Sound Track: Richie Havens Jams “Follow the Drinking Gourd”

4/12/2018

4 Rancocas Creek National Water Trail Nomination

112


olaris

P

r

o

e

h

t

h

Nort

tar

S

s

i

e

h

t

t

as

l

r

ta

s

n

i

he

t

n

constellatio

rsa

U

r

ino

M . s

olari

P

s

i

he

t

r

ta

s

t

a

e

h

t

p

i

t

f

o

he

t

e

andl

h

f

o

e

th

Little

“ ”

ipper

D .

olaris

P

s

i

d

considere

a

l

avigationa

n

r

ta

s .

olaris

P

s

a

w

d

se

u

y

b

ailing

s ,

hallops

s ,

tugs

arges,

b ,

yaliwackers

team

s - s

oat

b

d

n

a

e

th

ike

l

s

a

y

he

t

d

navigate

ancocas

R

k

ree

C

l

tida

aters

w

n

o

t

igh

n

s

tide

nd

a

s

urrent

c .

Nomination

Trail

Water

National

Creek

4 Rancocas

RCNWT

eo

G - t

Fac


Semi-Wild Paddling

RCNWT

Geo-Fact

N Branch

My Soul Has Grown Deep Like the River.

Langston Hughes, 1921

4/12/2018

4 Rancocas Creek National Water Trail Nomination

114


Grubb’s Run

Hx Brickworks

Respect

Landowners

on this

Multi-

use

water trail

Nature

Center

State Park

Natural Area

Nature

Center

Horsehead

Point

Timbuctoo

Grubb’s Run

Old

Wooden/Stone

Jetty

Low Tide: Bricks/Extensive Wooden Bulkhead/Debris Fields

Westampton

Township

Causeway Marsh

RCNWT

Geo-Fact

Long Bridge Park Overlook

N. Branch

Rancocas Creek

Vessel-Ribs

Long Branch County Park

Hainesport

Township

Ref: Watson Buck

Map Tide-

Mill

Rancocas Creek

N Branch Meadow

Ref: NJDEP Tidewater

Conveyance Overlay Map

Map #: 420-1956

N. Branch, Rancocas Creek

Westampton/Hainesport

Turning Basin


N Branch Historic

Timbuctoo

4/12/2018

4 Rancocas Creek National Water Trail Nomination

116


Even the stars marked the

distress and fears of those at

Timbuctoo *

Harriet Tubman, Underground Railroad

Conductor sang of the Little Dipper in the

spiritual

folk-

song “Follow the Drinking

Gourd”.

Sung around by slaves, hymnals were

used to get the word out and about.

“Follow the Drinking Gourd” ** hymn

refers to:

When the first quail

drinking gourd...

call, follow the

Escape in the Spring looking

at the night sky for direction.

Leading the way the star

formation, the Little Dipper

which points to P olaris,

the

Pole Star, North and

Freedom **

RCNWT

Geo-Fact

* Timbuctoo was settled on the N Branch, Rancocas Creek by Fugitive Slaves in1825

**

h ttp://www.followthedrinkinggourd.or g (reference on “Follow the Drinking Gourd” song)

Prepared for the Rancocas Creek National Water Trail, nomination

When the first quail

drinking gourd...

call, follow the

E scaping slaves used the N orth Star as

a guide to follow North on the

Underground Railroad. In a kind of

general

way. i e:

If you go far enough,

you come to one of the free states, or

to Canada.


Little Dipper (“Drinking Gourd”) and Polaris

N Branch - Horse Head Point - Timbuctoo

Geo-L ocation : 40.00182°

N - 74.81465° E

RCNWT

Geo-Fact

Polaris is a fixed, Northern stationary

Star. Crux of Night Navigation

The Little Dipper rotates in the night

sky

in a counter-

clockwise direction

around Polaris

Rancocas

Creek

Mt. Holly

Horse Head Point

Timbuctoo

Polaris

Night Time Navigation

Shallop or Creek Barge Deck

Point of View

Grubbs Run

4 Rancocas Creek National Water Trail Nomination

N Branch Rancocas Creek


1.

Introduction

2.

Historic Background

3.

Topography of South Jersey

4.

Mt. Holly, New Jersey

5.

Rancocas Valley Mill Economies

6 .

Head of Navigation

7.

N Branch Tidal Characteristics

8.

Aerial Overview

9.

1936 N Branch Survey WPA Chart

10.

Landscape and Tide Marsh Companies

Site Synopsis: Present Conditions

11.

Birds Eye View Causeway Marsh

12.

Causeway Marsh Access

13.

High Tide Inflow

14.

Findings Causeway Marsh

15.

Side Elevation of Causeway Marsh and Turning Basin

16.

Comparison Elevations, 1936 WPA Chart

17.

Tide Mill Hydraulics

18.

Surface Profile

19.

Tide Mills

20.

Causeway Marsh Mid-Low Tide Flow Patterns

21.

Tide Mills and Turning Basins

22.

Site Elevations

23.

Field Notes 1: Causeway

24.

GPS Survey

25.

Causeway Marsh: South

Site Analysis

Flood Bypass Channel

Mt. Holly N Branch

.

Scientific Studies

RCNWT

Geo-Fact

S Branch - Medford

Kirbys Mill Annual Festival

.

26.

Historic Land Owners

27.

Feature Interpretation: Causeway

28.

Spillway

30.

Feature Interpretation Characteristics

29.

Field Notes 2: Spillway

“When the Flood Tide is Done”

31.

Field Notes 3: South Elevation

33.

34.

Low Tide Findings

Middleford Comparison

32.

35.

Site Characteristics: Southern Elevation

Tidewater Conveyance Location Chart

36.

Scooby’s Island

Timbucto, Westampton Township

.

/12/2018

37.

4

Grubbs Run-References

4 Rancocas Creek National Water Trail Nomination

119


R SP – Rancocas State Park

RCNWT

Geo-Fact

Mt. Holly

Long Bridge

North Branch, Hugh Campbell, Artist

Begger Tick Wall

RSP

Atlantic White Cedar Swamp Tributary

Westampton

Timbuctoo

Take- Out, RSP

RSP Natural Area

RSP

4/12/2018

4 Rancocas Creek National Water Trail Nomination

120


State Park Natural

Area

RCNWT

Geo-Fact

4/12/2018

4 Rancocas Creek National Water Trail Nomination

121


R ancocas

Creek Paddlers Alert:

2016

Waterfowl

and Migratory Bird Hunting

along the Rancocas Creek

Year Round Kayaking along the Rancocas brings paddlers into areas where

l egal hunting of Waterfowl and Migratory Birds takes place.

RCNWT

Geo-Fact

Rancocas Creek

Rancocas Creek Beaver Trade (1665 A.D.)

Price of a Brooklyn (NYC) Ferry ( S hallop)

http://www.state.nj.us/dep/fgw/waterfowl_info.htm

Boat

550 Dutch Guilders ($220.00)

1/3 in Beaver Furs (Winter Beaver Pelts);

1/3 Merchantable Wampum;

1/3 in Goods, and Free Passage.

Ref:

Perry, John., A merican Ferryboats,

1957

by rancocas pathways, inc

Rancocas creek is both in the North and South duck

hunting zones. The cut-

off for North and South is Rt.

73 and I- 295.

Paddler

Note:

Prepared 4 Public Advocacy 2 the Rancocas Creek National Water Trail, nomination

www . nbranchwatersafety . com

North Duck , Pemberton, Mt. Holly , Hainesport to

Rt.

295 ends January 23r

d

R eview NJ Fish and Game Regulations 4 Seasonal

South Duck , West of Rt 295 and South of Rt 73 ends

14

th

January and North Goose ends 23 January

Hunting Zones.

Find also link below Map

• Wear your PFD (Life Jacket) and Hunter Safety Orange Gear.

• Elevate and Enhance paddling awareness. Plan your paddle trip accordingly.

• Hunting often takes place in the morning and early evening (dusk) hours.

• Plan your paddle trip accordingly.

• Stay Alert for waterfowl decoys and hunters on turns and points along the Rancocas Creek.

• Do not disturb decoys. Do not intrude on hunters. Do not bother hunting dogs.

• Hunters Are More Likely 2 B Present in the Morning Hours and Early Evening.

Wear Your PFD. Let a friend know where and when your paddling. Hypothermia sets in very quickly when water temps drop below

70 degree’s. Dress properly. Double bag all electronic gear. Paddle Safe. Share the Ride.

N J

State Police

Paddlers Alert

Winter

Safety

Waterway Video Tips

Rancocas Creek spans numerous habitats, semi-

wild, pristine, tidal marsh,

natural areas in places . The Rancocas Creek Watershed embraces migratory

ducks and other waterfowl, rail, snipe, coots or moorhens (gallinule). All legally

hunted in NJ.

U May Not C Them !

NJ Duck Hunting Boat

Rancocas

Creek -NJ’s

3rd

TM


under

my basilica 4 de double- bladed paddlers.

N Branch

Rustic Landing,

Rancocas State Park

here along thee’ knave, a sermon of the water homilies

double-

bladed apostolic summons a mosaic of tints, wonderfully alive.


Devonish Range & Landing

Taylor’s

Reach

Melpine

Shoal

Lott’s

Shelf

Forten’s

Point

RSP

“A Beautiful Place for Everyone to Enjoy”

4/12/2018

4 Rancocas Creek National Water Trail Nomination

124


Lady Slipper, N Branch

4/12/2018

125


Below the Confluence

M ain Stem – Rancocas Creek

1877 Navigation Chart: Entrance Rancocas Creek

“ Hens and Chicks Rocks” & “White Sheet Bay”

1870’s Boat Hook from the Tug Minerva

Courtesy of Burlington County Lyceum

Prepared 4 the RCNWT Nomination


Main Stem: Multi-Use Tide-Water

Playground

Centeron Bridge

Viewshed (West)

Willingboro

RCNWT

Geo-Fact

Mill Creek

Willingboro Lakes

Delran- Bridgeboro Bridge

Delanco: Pennington Park

Riverside

Boundary Creek Natural

Resource Park

Paleo-Indian Site

Long Woods Park

Moorsetown

County Greenway and County Municipal Grant

Park Development Program

Laurel Run County Park

127


4.

2.

3.

3.

4.

5.

Rancocas

Creek C reek

Front

Parks and Tidal Protected

Buffer Zone

1.

4.

6.

Rancocas Creek Main Stem

C enterton Bridge to

Bridgeboro

Bridge

N

NOTE: Tidal Wetlands Buffer

1.

Burlington County Park

2.

Burlington County Park

4.

8.

3.

Burlington County Park

4 .

5.

Mill Creek

Naturally Protected Wetlands - Tidal Buffer

4.

6.

Mill Creek Park

7.

Borton

Landing

8.

Rancocas Historic Village

9.

Centerton

Bridge-County

Greenway

7.

4.

12.

10.

Texas

11.

Confluence (North and South Branch)

12.

Rancocas State Park

9.

9.

4.

10.

11.

12.

4/12/2018

4 Rancocas Creek National Water Trail Nomination

128


NOT FOR NAVIGATION -NOAA BOOKLET CHART

Rancocas Creek

Confluence to the Route 130 Bridge

S hare the Tide – Ride the Tide !

Willingboro

Mill Creek

Willingboro

Moorsetown

Masonville

Mt.

Laurel

RCNWT

Geo-Fact

Emergency and other vessel access points


RCNWT

Geo-Fact

4/12/2018


Mt.

Laurel

TEXAS ?

Rancocas

Woods


Rancocas Creek Phosphorous Match Works

Centerton (Texas)

Typical

Phossy Jaw - 2015

Ref: B Medical Journal

C enterton – Texa s

Rancocas Creek

1886:

Rancocas Chemical Works

Owner:

Gibbs & Deacon and J.J. Allen's Sons

Products Made:

Chemicals-Agricultural/Fertilizer

Location:

Centerton, Burlington County, New Jersey

Work Title:

Hexamer General Surveys, Volume 21

Ref: Free Library of Philadelphia

Chemical Retort

Phossy Jaw on the

Rancocas Creek ?

Ref:

US EPA hazard Sites

Ref:

Gibbs 1950

News Report Phossy Jaw

England

4 Rancocas Creek National Water Trail Nomination

Match Factory

East Ornage NJ

132


Rancocas

Creek National

Water

Trail

Stewardship

RCNWT

Geo-Fact

Evaluate

Investment

Business Hawk Island

NJ

Recreation

Access

Take Action

Health

COMMON

INTERESTS

Government

Assess

Education

Coalitions

Academia

Points

of

Interest

Ownership

N. Branch, Mt. Holly


Moorsetown

- Chester

Boundary Creek Burlington County Parks Natural

Resource Area-Observation Platform

( screen grab B CParks)

Ref: Herd Register 1901

Borton

Landing

1682, John and Sarah Roberts became the

first

English-speaking residents of Moorestown

From pw

schopp

collection

Main Stem Off

Borton

Landing

Long Wood Municipal Park

Sir Thomas Lipton Race

“ v sl” Sandot

Muffie-M

oorsetown

Owner

Vsl

clocked at 41.43 MPH


RCNWT

Geo-Fact

Share the Tide

Reflective Main Stem

Burlington County

Protected

Paelo-Indian

Sites

Typical

Phossy Jaw - 1880’ s

Quaker Burial Ground

Motor Boating Rancocas Creek near

M oorsetown ref:

riverton

hx

society

County Parkland

Horsehead Point

1950’s

Sea-Scout

Base

Great 4/12/2018

Blue Heron

Fenton Island Sandbank

135


Willingboro

Mill Creek

Thomas

Ollive

23.7-square-

kilometer Mill Creek basin

first toll bridge across the mill dam (1692)

William Franklin

Dunks Ferry

1748-1793

Ferry Across Rancocas Creek

Camden Amboy Railroad

Levittown

Mill Creek Park

Civic Activism

Willingboro Lakes

F ishing” shad – river

Motor Boats

1936 WPA maps

River Steamer John Warner

Adams Wharf

Irish Wharf

Borton

Landing

herring (stocked waters ?)

Transported wounded Union soldiers to Willingboro hospital

Effects of storm runoff on water quality in the Mill Creek drainage basin, Willingboro, New Jersey

Water-Resources Investigations Report 80-98

Willingboro, since 1688, an

original township of Burlington

County and the State of NJ

4/12/2018

4 Rancocas Creek National Water Trail Nomination

136


Preserved Farm Land and County Park

Common Merganser

Rancocas Creek

Farm Grove-Rancocas Creek

Ref: riverton hx society

Access at Light Rail

R ancocas Creek – Downstream

- Delran

Below Centerton

Bridge the

Rancocas Creek

Opens

into an expansive,

shallow tidal

multi-

use

waterway.

B ridgeboro Bridge (1793 – First One)

Willingboro Tidal flats

ref:

Early 1900’s - BC Times/WJ History Project

Off Pennington Park Burlington County Park

4/12/2018

4 Rancocas Creek National Water Trail Nomination

137


Delaware River

and Rancocas Creek

Maritime Crossroads

RCNWT

Geo-Fact

“ Outstanding Scenic Feature

4/12/2018

4 Rancocas Creek National Water Trail Nomination

138


NOT FOR NAVIGATION -NOAA BOOKLET CHART

Rancocas Creek

Delaware River to the Confluence

Marina’s, emergency and other vessel access points


R ancocas Creek – Delaware River Maritime

Crossroads

Rancocas Creek National Water Trail

“1639 Dutch Anchorage”

A daptaive Reuse

1960’s

now BC P enington

Park (no Swimming)

Amico Island

County Park

Rancocas

Creek - Main Stem

State, County and Municipal Parks

Burlington County Greenway

Willingboro Lakes (former Olympia Lakes) Burlington County Park

PA Tidewater Delaware River Trail

Creek

Rancocas

Main Stem

BC

A daptaive Reuse

P enington

Park (no Swimming)

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At

the “1639 Dutch Anchorage” in the Rancocas Creek - Delaware River Maritime Crossroads

Boating Clubs

RCNWT

Geo-Fact

Delanco Ship-Yard 1920s

Marina Cluster

River Steamers

Amico Island

Dredge Harbor Marina

Lighting Jacks Marina

Hawk Island Marina

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1639 Anchorage

Before the Ship Channel

Note:

Anchorage Mark

RCNWT

Geo-Fact

Note: Anchorage

Mark

Rancocas Creek

Note: Water Depth Soundings for Navigation.

Soundings obtained by poling or “casting the lead”.

Ref:

Library of Congress

Relief shown pictorially. Depths shown by soundings.

- Shows the region of the Delaware Bay and river, natural features, and other geographical entities.

- Pen-and-

ink and watercolor.

- Attributed to Joan Vinckeboons by comparison with his other Dutch maps in Henry Harrisse collection.

- D escribed in Terrae incognitae, v. xvi, 1984. Richard W. Stephenson's The Henry Harrisse collection ... , p. 40; the third volume has binder's title "Manuscript

maps of New- Netherland and Manhattan drawn on the spot by Joan Vingboons in 1639.

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Maritime History from around the “1639 Dutch Anchorage”

1902

RCNWT

Geo-Fact

Ref: 1849

Ref: 1916

Ref: 1860

Ref: 1889

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Riverfront Access

PA Tidewater Delaware

River Trail

Market Cluster

RCNWT

Geo-Fact

Delran-Delanco-

Riverside

PA Water Trail

Emergency Access Ramp Only

Burlington County Park

Hawk Island Marina

Dredge Harbor Marina

Amico Island

Burlington County Park

Lighting Jacks Marina

Burlington County Park


Lightning Jacks

Hawk island

Marinas

RCNWT

Geo-Fact

Dredge Harbor

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Rancocas Creek and Delaware River

100 Years on the Delaware Valley’s Maritime Crossroads

1850-

1950

- Maritime Anchorage

Goat Locker

Prepared 4 the RCNWT Nomination


1877 Rancocas Creek

Navigation Chart

White Sheet Bay is today Burlington County

Parks Hawk Island Park.

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Rancocas Creek and the Delaware River

Maritime Crossroads - “Goat Locker”

1898 Steamer Fare

RCNWT

Geo-Fact

Regularly scheduled trip was $0.25 one-

way or

$ 0.40 for a round-

trip to Bristol or $0.50 to

Trenton

Jonathan Cone of the Upper Delaware River Transportation Company’s

operated on the Delaware River for passenger trips. In 1857, introduced

the iron-hulled JOHN A. WARNER. From PW Schopp Collection

TWILIGHT built by the Harlan & Hollingsworth yard in 1868

From PW Schopp Collection

S amoset (American Ferry Steamship, 1897)

Columbia-1898-Delanco Landing

From PW Schopp Collection

Centerton Bridge

From PW Schopp Collection

T hree Musketeers – 1930

Model of Annie VanSciver, Rancocas Creek Streamer (1907)

From PW Schopp Collection

Pennsylvania Side of Delaware River

Museum of the Albermarle, 2009 - Virginia Pilot

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Rancocas

Creek Multi-Use Tide-

Waters

Share the Ride

RCNWT

Geo-Fact

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Delaware River Main Navigation Channel

RCNWT

Geo-Fact

Emergency Access Ramp Only

Amico Island

Burlington County

Park

Hawk Island

Marina

Dredge Harbor

Marina

KEY:

1 ) Numbers represent depth of water (subject to change)

2)

“Range” marks specific distance - navigation marker.

3) White marked area: Delaware River Ship Channel

NOT FOR NAVIGATION

Lighting Jacks

Marina

Lehigh Channel , off Burlington River front

R ef: NOAA

Coast

P ilot. Rancocas

Creek

Delaware

River

Junction

River

Mile

96S,

has

some

sand

and

gravel

barge

traffic

as

far

as

the

first

b ridge; above

this

point

the

creek

is

used

only

by

pleasure

b oats. Depths

are

about

5 feet

to

Centeron

6 miles

above

the

m outh.

The

channel

is

narrow

and

crooked

above

Bridgeboro

and

in

general

follows

ebb-tide

bends

back

and

forth

between

s hoals; navigation

is

difficult

without

local

k nowledge. The

entrance

to

the

creek

is

marked

by

a

b uoy. The

current

velocity

is

about

1 knot

in

the

e ntrance.

Local

Tug-Devlin Channel

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R ancocas

Creek and Delaware River Maritime Crossroads

Ecolinks

эко-связи

Come get me

Possum Spice !

RCNWT

Geo-Fact

Naturally “Re-Purposed”

Dis-

Used Wooden

Wharfs and Maritime Piers and Docks.

Borton

Landing, Moorsetown

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Maritime Crossroads

Pennsylvania

Tide-Water

Trail

Rancocas Creek National Water Trail

RCNWT

Insert

RCNWT

Geo-Fact

Main Stem

N Branch

N Branch Channel

Mt. Holly

Main Stem-Rancocas

Hainesport Boat Launch

M t. Holly Oxbow – Mill Race

S Branch

Burlington County Park

Lumberton

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Delaware River (tidewater) is a unifying symbolism with the Mid-

Atlantic’s

unique,

nation-

shaping history as the raison d'être for any Rancocas Creek -

c entric focus to the edification of America’s maritime legacy. "Crossroads" is

pertinent

since that is precisely how the Delaware River Valley and its tide-

waters figured so profoundly in the years leading to the founding and early

development of the Republic.

RCNWT

Geo-Fact

RCNWT promotes this heritage apart from Independence Hall, Valley Forge and

t he most obvious touchstones of the Revolutionary Period. How the little ole

Rancocas

tributary served to "cont ribute" s ignificantly

to the development of

West New Jersey in the heart of the Delaware River Region, is simply a matter

o f public record. There was a time when Burlington, Mt. Holly, Hainesport,

M edford, Delran, Moorestown, Willingboro, Pemberton among several

other

y oung cities and todays communities

along the Delaware and

i ts associated waterways figured most prominently in the affairs of an emerging

nation....

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Credits

RCNWT

Geo-Fact

Thanks to All Who Helped

B . Franklin’s

Injury Control and Safety Program;

Eco-Links

M t. Holly – C itizen’s Facebook Site, Local Paddling Organizations and Associations;

Westampton

-

D iscussions w/ Neighbors, and in Social Forums;

W illingboro's

Downstream

-

" S .O.S " Activists - (S ilent,

O pinionated,

S teadfast) ;

L.J.

and all the

F olks

Below Fenton’s;

Special Thanks to de’ Crick’s and the County’s Rancocas Creek Watershed....

......“

Swamp Rats”, “Snappers”, “Creek-

Angels” and

“ C rawdaddys”


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Locally,

Devonish

Regionally, Value Added;

Nature Center

a Unique Community Resource;

Timbuctoo

Nationally, a Treasure; Statewide,

a Gem.

Thank-You

Confluence

Rancocas Creek

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