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S03 HUMAN GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT EXAM 5 Answers (Ashworth College)

Glada is 7 months old.

Glada is 7 months old. Her mother has been playing with her using age-appropriate toys. Glada has begun to engage in the concepts of object permanence. Her mother feels she should have totally grasped the concepts of object permanence and is concerned her daughter may have developmental issues. What could a developmental specialist tell Glada’s mother regarding this concept? A. It takes several months for the concept to be fully comprehended, and Glada will make certain kinds of errors. B. Unanticipated events are treated as interesting, and also as something to be explained and understood. C. Glada will proceed at her own pace. D. Imitation is a huge factor with this concept, and Glada’s mother needs to present more attainable tasks. Question 18 of 40 5.0/ 5.0 Points Piaget thought that the repetition of a chance motor event that helps the baby start building cognitive schemes is a process called: A. first habits. B. assimilation. C. circular reaction. D. accommodation. Question 19 of 40 0.0/ 5.0 Points What is the term that refers to a style of language use in which language is used primarily to convey feelings and needs related to oneself and others? A. Underextension B. Overextension C. Referential D. Expressive Question 20 of 40 5.0/ 5.0 Points In Piaget’s sensorimotor period, the first substage is called: A. first habits and primary circular reactions. B. schemes. C. assimilation. D. simple reflexes. Part 2 of 2 - 100.0/ 100.0 Points Question 21 of 40 5.0/ 5.0 Points Eight-month-old Elisha’s crib is located near a large mirror on her dresser, yet Elisha barely ever stops to look at herself in the mirror. On the other hand, her 18-month-old sister, Amanda, stops regularly to gaze at herself as she crawls around on the floor near the full-length bathroom mirror. What is the likely reason that Amanda looks at the mirror but Elisha does not? A. Amanda has developed self-awareness, or knowledge of herself. B. Amanda’s self-awareness has begun to develop into narcissism. C. Elisha has developed self-awareness, but is too interested in other things to look at herself. D. Amanda’s mother has given her more attention than she’s given Elisha.

Question 22 of 40 5.0/ 5.0 Points What is the term that relates to one’s sense of being male or female? A. Social perceptions B. Gender C. Sex D. Gender roles Question 23 of 40 5.0/ 5.0 Points What is the term that means the intentional search for information about others’ feelings to help explain the meaning of uncertain circumstances and events? A. Social smile B. Nonverbal decoding C. Social referencing D. Nonverbal encoding Question 24 of 40 5.0/ 5.0 Points The dysfunction of __________ may be related to the development of disorders involving theory of the mind as well as autism. A. attachment B. mirror neurons C. cerebral cortex D. cerebellum Question 25 of 40 5.0/ 5.0 Points Two-year-old Baby Angela attends day care five days a week because she has a single mother who works. This means that Angela falls into the group of close to __________ of children between the ages of 4 months and 3 years who are cared for by other adults. A. 25% B. 50% C. 66% D. 75% Question 26 of 40 5.0/ 5.0 Points What is Erikson’s term for the period during which toddlers (aged 18 months to 3 years) develop independence and autonomy if they are allowed the freedom to explore, or shame and self-doubt if they are restricted and overprotected? A. Erikson’s theory of psychosocial development B. Autonomy-versus-shame-and-doubt stage C. Temperamental stage D. Trust-versus-mistrust stage Question 27 of 40 5.0/ 5.0 Points Neuroscientists have discovered growth spurts in the brains of children who are __________ years of age, a time associated with the development of language abilities. A. 3 to 4 B. 1½ to 2 C. 2 to 3 D. 1 to 3

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