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S03 HUMAN GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT EXAM 5 Answers (Ashworth College)

Question 28 of 40 5.0/

Question 28 of 40 5.0/ 5.0 Points According to Erikson, when do we all pass through the trust-versus-mistrust stage? A. first 12 months of life B. first 18 months of life C. first 2 years of life D. first 5 years of life Question 29 of 40 5.0/ 5.0 Points When young children are using speech that is spoken and directed to themselves, this is called: A. egocentric speech. B. syntax. C. fast mapping. D. private speech. Question 30 of 40 5.0/ 5.0 Points What research could a developmental psychologist rely on when explaining to parents infant interaction and adult attention to children’s faces? A. Attachment represents a reaction to people around the infant. B. Infants sociability is expressed in primitive ways during the first 6 months. C. Behaviors and cognitive imitation are essential for positive recognition of interactions. D. Brain scanning techniques have found that the facial features of infants activate a specialized structure in the brain called the “fusiform gyrus” within an interaction. Question 31 of 40 5.0/ 5.0 Points All of the following may be a factor in how much a preschooler weighs and how tall he/she is EXCEPT: A. sex; boys tend to gain more weight and height than girls. B. global economics; children in developing countries like Bangladesh do not gain weight and height as quickly as children living in Sweden. C. poverty; U.S. children living in families whose income falls below the poverty level are likely to be shorter than children from affluent homes. D. the quality of preschool; children who attend quality preschool programs receive better snacks and lunches. Question 32 of 40 5.0/ 5.0 Points What is the sum total of the enduring characteristics that differentiate one individual from another? A. The differences in the lives they lead B. Differences based on gender and race C. Personality D. The nature of the families in which they grow up

Question 33 of 40 5.0/ 5.0 Points When an infant uses his/her abilities to interpret others’ facial and vocal expressions that carry emotional meaning, this is called: A. nonverbal encoding. B. nonverbal decoding. C. a social smile. D. communication. Question 34 of 40 5.0/ 5.0 Points Which attachment pattern describes a style of attachment in which children display a combination of positive and negative reactions to their mothers? They show great distress when the mother leaves, but upon her return they may simultaneously seek close contact but also hit and kick her. A. Ambivalent attachment pattern B. Avoidant attachment pattern C. Secure attachment pattern D. Disorganized-disoriented attachment pattern Question 35 of 40 5.0/ 5.0 Points Parents in China, Japan, and the United States all see the benefits of preschools in a different way. What do Japanese parents view as the most likely benefit of preschool? A. Academic head start B. Developing a sense of independence C. Experience of being a member of a group D. Learning about the child’s family history Question 36 of 40 5.0/ 5.0 Points A child demonstrates the kind of attachment where the mother is used as a “home base” and the child is at ease when she is present, but the child gets upset when she leaves, and then the child goes to the mother as soon as she returns. This is called: A. Bowlby safety and security pattern. B. Ainsworth safety and security pattern. C. secure attachment pattern. D. strange situation pattern. Question 37 of 40 5.0/ 5.0 Points Children who show the __________ attachment pattern show inconsistent, contradictory, and confused behavior such as approaching the mother when she returns but not looking at her. A. ambivalent B. disorganized-disoriented C. avoidant D. secure