Nephilims were on the earth, before and after the flood. Who are these giants? Were there other giant tribes and nations on the earth. How did they happen? A scriptural review on giants on earth.

Nephilims were on the earth, before and after the flood. Who are these giants? Were there other giant tribes and nations on the earth. How did they happen? A scriptural review on giants on earth.


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Normal<br />

IL 61761<br />

March 2018




















This is a study on <strong>the</strong> <strong>Giants</strong> of <strong>the</strong> <strong>Bible</strong> follow<strong>in</strong>g <strong>the</strong> Genesis 6 assertion<br />

of <strong>the</strong> presence of <strong>the</strong> <strong>Giants</strong> on earth before <strong>the</strong> flood of <strong>the</strong> time of Noah<br />

and also afterwards. This is a controversial subject <strong>in</strong> that several<br />

scholars have tried to identify who <strong>the</strong> "sons of God are". Usually three<br />

choices are found, however if we assert two creations of <strong>the</strong> man - one as<br />

given <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> Gen 1 by <strong>the</strong> Elohim where male and female are created and<br />

given <strong>the</strong> wide earth to subdue and to fill; and <strong>the</strong> o<strong>the</strong>r <strong>in</strong> Gen 2 by<br />

YHVH of Elohim who was placed <strong>in</strong>side a walled garden, we have ano<strong>the</strong>r<br />

choice. Adam and Eve were were <strong>Giants</strong> accord<strong>in</strong>g to Jewish an Islamic<br />

tradition. Evidently Adam was <strong>the</strong> Son of God and <strong>the</strong>re is no need to<br />

search with<strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> aliens to get sons of God . Evidently daughters of <strong>the</strong><br />

humans were all over <strong>the</strong> <strong>the</strong> earth.<br />

Ano<strong>the</strong>r problem is if <strong>the</strong> flood killed all evil generations and <strong>the</strong> Nephilims,<br />

how did <strong>the</strong> Nephilims appear after <strong>the</strong> flood? Who carried <strong>the</strong> genes<br />

over <strong>in</strong>to <strong>the</strong> New Earth?<br />

After <strong>the</strong> flood we see a large number of giants, families, clans and even<br />

tribes of <strong>the</strong> <strong>Giants</strong>. They are described as <strong>in</strong>terconnected and we will f<strong>in</strong>d<br />

it difficult to isolate or classify <strong>the</strong>m.<br />

Did <strong>the</strong> Israelite kill <strong>the</strong> giants completely? How did <strong>the</strong> giants fare <strong>in</strong><br />

o<strong>the</strong>r cont<strong>in</strong>ents. We can actually trace <strong>the</strong>ir existence through <strong>the</strong><br />

fossils. We still do have gigantism <strong>in</strong> today's world. Are <strong>the</strong>y all medical<br />

problems or do we have <strong>the</strong> giant genes with<strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> us.<br />

At any rate <strong>the</strong> presence of <strong>the</strong> giants were <strong>the</strong>re <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> world just as <strong>the</strong><br />

scripture asserts. We can f<strong>in</strong>d that <strong>the</strong>ir presence alone will expla<strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong><br />

structures of various countries which cannot be expla<strong>in</strong>ed with <strong>the</strong><br />

technologies of that period.<br />

Prof.M.M.N<strong>in</strong>an<br />

Normal, IL<br />

March, 2018


PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />




There are several clans of <strong>Giants</strong> mentioned <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> <strong>Bible</strong>.<br />

The Nephilim<br />

The earliest mention of giants <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> <strong>Bible</strong> is <strong>in</strong> Genesis 6:4 just prior to <strong>the</strong> Flood account.<br />

“There were giants [nephilim] on <strong>the</strong> earth <strong>in</strong> those days, and also afterward, when <strong>the</strong> sons of God<br />

came <strong>in</strong> to <strong>the</strong> daughters of men and <strong>the</strong>y bore children to <strong>the</strong>m. Those were <strong>the</strong> mighty men who<br />

were of old, men of renown ”(Genesis 6:4).<br />

The word translated as “giants” <strong>in</strong> this verse is <strong>the</strong> Hebrew word nephilim. There has been much<br />

debate over <strong>the</strong> mean<strong>in</strong>g of this word. Some believe it came from <strong>the</strong> root Hebrew verb "naphal,"<br />

which means to fall or lie, while o<strong>the</strong>rs claim that it is from <strong>the</strong> Aramaic noun "naphil". These<br />

<strong>in</strong>dividuals are described <strong>in</strong> Hebrew as gibborim(“mighty men”).<br />

This <strong>the</strong>me of aliens from <strong>the</strong> outer world came down to earth and cohabited with human females to<br />

produce ga<strong>in</strong>ts are common to almost all cultures.<br />

In Greek mythology <strong>the</strong>se aliens are often called demi-gods or gods. The mythology of Titans is<br />

popular <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> Greek culture. The word Titan probably comes from Shaitan for Satan. The twelve<br />

Titans, children of Uranus (Heaven) and Gê (Earth), were <strong>the</strong> group of gods immediately preced<strong>in</strong>g <strong>the</strong><br />

Olympian gods <strong>in</strong> Greek mythology. The Olympians defeated <strong>the</strong> Titans <strong>in</strong> a battle — <strong>the</strong> Titanomachy.<br />


In appearance, <strong>the</strong>y were <strong>the</strong> <strong>Giants</strong>.<br />


PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />

In addition to <strong>the</strong> Titans, Uranus and Gê produced monstrous<br />

offspr<strong>in</strong>g: three be<strong>in</strong>gs each with a hundred hands, and three one-eyed giants (<strong>the</strong> Cyclopes).<br />

Hercules is one popular example whose fa<strong>the</strong>r was a god and whose mo<strong>the</strong>r was human.<br />

emperors of Japan, <strong>the</strong> K<strong>in</strong>gs of <strong>the</strong> Aztec’s, and Mayans, are all said to be descendants of <strong>the</strong> star<br />

gods rem<strong>in</strong>iscent of <strong>the</strong> com<strong>in</strong>g of <strong>the</strong> fallen angels and <strong>the</strong>ir giant children.<br />

The<br />

We are not told any names of <strong>the</strong> giants prior to <strong>the</strong> flood. But <strong>the</strong>ir presence was mentioned<br />

apparently as a reason for <strong>the</strong> cleans<strong>in</strong>g of <strong>the</strong> earth and restart<strong>in</strong>g a new era for earth. But <strong>the</strong>n we<br />

are told <strong>the</strong>y were <strong>the</strong>re even after <strong>the</strong> flood.<br />

The nephilim were mentioned aga<strong>in</strong> when <strong>the</strong> spies returned from <strong>the</strong>ir exploratory mission of <strong>the</strong> land<br />

of Canaan.<br />

Num. 13:31 But <strong>the</strong> men who had gone up with him said, “ We are not able to go up aga<strong>in</strong>st <strong>the</strong><br />

people, for <strong>the</strong>y are too strong for us.”<br />

Num. 13:32 So <strong>the</strong>y gave out to <strong>the</strong> sons of Israel a bad report of <strong>the</strong> land which <strong>the</strong>y had spied<br />

out, say<strong>in</strong>g, “The land through which we have gone, <strong>in</strong> spy<strong>in</strong>g it out, is a land that devours its<br />

<strong>in</strong>habitants; and all <strong>the</strong> people whom we saw <strong>in</strong> it are men of great size.<br />

Num. 13:33 “There also we saw <strong>the</strong> Nephilim (<strong>the</strong> sons of Anak are part of <strong>the</strong> Nephilim); and<br />

we became like grasshoppers <strong>in</strong> our own sight, and so we were <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong>ir sight.”<br />

Gen 6 makes it clear that <strong>the</strong>se giants were <strong>the</strong> result of marriage between "<strong>the</strong> Sons of God" and<br />

<strong>the</strong> "Daughters of Man"<br />


Who are <strong>the</strong> sons of God?<br />

Who are <strong>the</strong> daughters of men?<br />

Why are <strong>the</strong>ir progenies giants?<br />


PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />

It is also <strong>in</strong>terest<strong>in</strong>g that God failed to cleanse <strong>the</strong> world of Nephilims which was part of <strong>the</strong> purpose of<br />

flood.<br />

How did this happen?<br />

Who are <strong>the</strong> "Sons of God" ( Bene ha Elohim):<br />

Genesis 6 K<strong>in</strong>g James Version (KJV)<br />

1 And it came to pass, when men began to multiply on <strong>the</strong> face of <strong>the</strong> earth, and daughters<br />

were born unto <strong>the</strong>m,<br />

2 That <strong>the</strong> sons of God saw <strong>the</strong> daughters of men that <strong>the</strong>y were fair; and <strong>the</strong>y took <strong>the</strong>m wives<br />

of all which <strong>the</strong>y chose.<br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />

3 And <strong>the</strong> Lord said, My spirit shall not always strive with man, for that he also is flesh: yet his<br />

days shall be an hundred and twenty years.<br />

4 There were giants <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> earth <strong>in</strong> those days; and also after that, when <strong>the</strong> sons of God came<br />

<strong>in</strong> unto <strong>the</strong> daughters of men, and <strong>the</strong>y bare children to <strong>the</strong>m, <strong>the</strong> same became mighty men<br />

which were of old, men of renown.<br />

This was one of <strong>the</strong> reasons that God had <strong>in</strong> destroy<strong>in</strong>g <strong>the</strong> world to end all wickedness<br />

5 And God saw that <strong>the</strong> wickedness of man was great <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> earth, and that every imag<strong>in</strong>ation<br />

of <strong>the</strong> thoughts of his heart was only evil cont<strong>in</strong>ually.<br />

6 And it repented <strong>the</strong> Lord that he had made man on <strong>the</strong> earth, and it grieved him at his heart.<br />

7 And <strong>the</strong> Lord said, I will destroy man whom I have created from <strong>the</strong> face of <strong>the</strong> earth; both<br />

man, and beast, and <strong>the</strong> creep<strong>in</strong>g th<strong>in</strong>g, and <strong>the</strong> fowls of <strong>the</strong> air; for it repenteth me that I have<br />

made <strong>the</strong>m.<br />

8 But Noah found grace <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> eyes of <strong>the</strong> Lord.<br />

9 These are <strong>the</strong> generations of Noah: Noah was a just man and perfect <strong>in</strong> his generations, and<br />

Noah walked with God.<br />

10 And Noah begat three sons, Shem, Ham, and Japheth.<br />

11 The earth also was corrupt before God, and <strong>the</strong> earth was filled with violence.<br />

12 And God looked upon <strong>the</strong> earth, and, behold, it was corrupt; for all flesh had corrupted his<br />

way upon <strong>the</strong> earth.<br />

13 And God said unto Noah, The end of all flesh is come before me; for <strong>the</strong> earth is filled with<br />

violence through <strong>the</strong>m; and, behold, I will destroy <strong>the</strong>m with <strong>the</strong> earth.<br />

The term ‘sons of God’ is used <strong>in</strong> Genesis 6:2 and 6:4, where it is stated “<strong>the</strong> sons of God saw that <strong>the</strong><br />

daughters of men were beautiful. And <strong>the</strong>y took wives for <strong>the</strong>mselves; whoever <strong>the</strong>y chose”. They had<br />

sexual relations, and as a result <strong>the</strong> daughters of men ‘bore children to <strong>the</strong>m’.<br />

So, who are <strong>the</strong> ‘sons of God’?<br />

The first mention of "sons of God" <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> Hebrew <strong>Bible</strong> occurs at Genesis 6:1-4. But it does not def<strong>in</strong>e<br />

<strong>the</strong>m<br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />



ANGELS<br />

First <strong>in</strong>terpretation<br />

that <strong>the</strong> ‘sons of God’ were<br />

Angelic be<strong>in</strong>gs<br />

who rebelled aga<strong>in</strong>st God and fell from grace.<br />

Fallen angels<br />

Accord<strong>in</strong>g to this <strong>the</strong>ory some of <strong>the</strong> angels looked down to <strong>the</strong> earth and was attracted to <strong>the</strong> beauty<br />

of <strong>the</strong> daughters of men.<br />

So <strong>the</strong>y left <strong>the</strong>ir heavenly abode and took flesh somehow and married<br />

<strong>the</strong>m and had children. These children had giant proportions for some reason. And <strong>the</strong>se were <strong>the</strong><br />

Nephilim.<br />

A number of early sources refer to <strong>the</strong> phrase "bene Elohim" which translated verbatim as"sons of<br />

Elohim" as Angels. The earliest such references are found <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> Dead Sea Scrolls, <strong>the</strong> Greek,<br />

Aramaic Enochic literatures, <strong>in</strong> certa<strong>in</strong> Ge'ez manuscripts of 1 Enoch and Jubilees. The earliest<br />

statement <strong>in</strong> support of this can be traced to <strong>the</strong> rabb<strong>in</strong>ical Targum Pseudo-Jonathan<br />

Some Christian<br />

apologists, such as Tertullian and especially Lactantius, shared this op<strong>in</strong>ion. So this may have been<br />

<strong>the</strong> choice of <strong>the</strong> early scholars.<br />

The New American <strong>Bible</strong> commentary suggests that <strong>the</strong> Epistle of Jude refers nephilim as "heavenly<br />

be<strong>in</strong>gs"<br />

(Jud 1:6)<br />

who came to earth and married women and had children though this is not explicit <strong>the</strong>re.<br />

And <strong>the</strong> angels which kept not <strong>the</strong>ir first estate, but left <strong>the</strong>ir own habitation, he hath<br />

reserved <strong>in</strong> everlast<strong>in</strong>g cha<strong>in</strong>s under darkness unto <strong>the</strong> judgment of <strong>the</strong> great day.<br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />

ἀγγέλους τε τοὺς μὴ τηρήσαντας κ.τ.λ.] ἀγγέλους without <strong>the</strong> article considered generally; <strong>the</strong> participle<br />

connected with <strong>the</strong> article <strong>in</strong>dicates <strong>the</strong> def<strong>in</strong>ite class of angels who are here meant imply<strong>in</strong>g a wider<br />

def<strong>in</strong>ition of <strong>the</strong> word angel.<br />

The prevail<strong>in</strong>g idea among <strong>the</strong> Jews was, that to <strong>the</strong> angels a lordship belongs over <strong>the</strong> earthly<br />

creation. By this explanation, also, <strong>the</strong> two clauses correspond; <strong>in</strong>stead of adm<strong>in</strong>ister<strong>in</strong>g <strong>the</strong>ir office as<br />

rulers, <strong>the</strong>y forsook <strong>the</strong>ir heavenly habitation, and thus became culpable.<br />

Christian commentators have argued aga<strong>in</strong>st this view, because of Jesus's statement that angels do<br />

not marry.<br />

One of <strong>the</strong> standard evidence cited <strong>in</strong> favor of <strong>the</strong> "fallen angels" <strong>in</strong>terpretation <strong>in</strong>cludes <strong>the</strong> fact that<br />

<strong>the</strong> phrase "<strong>the</strong> sons of God" ( literally "sons of <strong>the</strong> gods") is used twice outside of Genesis chapter 6,<br />

<strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> Book of Job (1:6 and 2:1) where <strong>the</strong> phrase is translated as angels <strong>in</strong> some translations. The<br />

Septuag<strong>in</strong>t's translation of Genesis 6:2 renders this phrase as "<strong>the</strong> angels of God."<br />

"sons of God" (Job 1:6; Job 2:1; Job 38:7) which is often translated as Angels is still "bene elohim"<br />

(The translaion as angels is an op<strong>in</strong>ion and not a true translation)<br />

Da 3:25 is son of God, probably refers to pre-<strong>in</strong>carnate Jesus - <strong>the</strong> begotten Son of God<br />

"sons of Elim," (Ps 29:1; Ps 89:7). (Sons of <strong>the</strong> mighty?)<br />

Evident <strong>the</strong> orig<strong>in</strong>al Hebrew word is still "bene Elohim" mean<strong>in</strong>g "Sons of Gods" with no specific<br />

connection to mean "angels" <strong>in</strong> those place. The translation of this as "Angels" is an imposition of <strong>the</strong><br />

translation and noth<strong>in</strong>g more.<br />

The expression “sons of God” occurs at Job 1:6, and here <strong>the</strong> reference is obviously to spirit sons of<br />

God assembled <strong>in</strong> God’s presence, among whom Satan, who had been “rov<strong>in</strong>g about <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> earth,”<br />

also appeared. (Job 1:7; see also 2:1, 2.) Aga<strong>in</strong> at Job 38:4-7 “<strong>the</strong> sons of God” who ‘shouted <strong>in</strong><br />

applause’ when God ‘laid <strong>the</strong> cornerstone’ of <strong>the</strong> earth clearly were not simple angels but "sons of<br />

God" . They are not humans descended from Adam, s<strong>in</strong>ce <strong>the</strong>y are not created at that po<strong>in</strong>t of time.<br />

So, too, at Psalm 89:6 “<strong>the</strong> sons of God” are def<strong>in</strong>itely heavenly creatures, not earthl<strong>in</strong>gs.<br />

Unless we def<strong>in</strong>e "Angels" to <strong>in</strong>clude all be<strong>in</strong>g <strong>in</strong> heaven we cannot identify <strong>the</strong> "Sons of God" as<br />

angels.<br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />

This is what we observe:<br />

People <strong>in</strong> Personal relationship with God are def<strong>in</strong>ed "sons of God"<br />

Israel, as <strong>the</strong> elect nation, is called his son, his first born (Ex 4:22);<br />

Israel as <strong>the</strong> elect seed, is named <strong>the</strong> son whom God (Elohim) Ps 80:17, .<br />

Those who have rema<strong>in</strong>ed faithful to God (De 32:5) are Sons of God<br />

Those who had back slidden, but returned, were sons of <strong>the</strong> liv<strong>in</strong>g God (Ho 1:10).<br />

Thus:<br />

Practically nowhere <strong>the</strong> translation of "bene Elohim" as Angels can be justified.<br />

Yet <strong>the</strong>se are still <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> orig<strong>in</strong>al Hebrew "bene Elohim" mean<strong>in</strong>g "Sons of Gods" with no specific<br />

connection to mean "angels".<br />

These can translated to mean Angels if we expand <strong>the</strong> word "Angels" to mean all spiritual be<strong>in</strong>gs <strong>in</strong> all<br />

dimensions of existence.<br />

I am not say<strong>in</strong>g it does not <strong>in</strong>clude angels, but <strong>in</strong>cludes many more than just angels as we understand<br />

what angels means. If Satan is also part of <strong>the</strong> sons of God certa<strong>in</strong>ly it <strong>in</strong>cludes many o<strong>the</strong>r forms of<br />

creation with<strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> cosmos. It would <strong>the</strong>n mean every creation who partake of <strong>the</strong> dimension of Spirit<br />

and Div<strong>in</strong>e out of <strong>the</strong> four dimensions usually def<strong>in</strong>ed <strong>in</strong> Judeo-Christian Tradition viz. Material, M<strong>in</strong>d,<br />

Spirit, Div<strong>in</strong>e. This is <strong>in</strong>deed to be expected because God alone existed <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> beg<strong>in</strong>n<strong>in</strong>g and<br />

everyth<strong>in</strong>g that exists were created by God with<strong>in</strong> him (s<strong>in</strong>ce <strong>the</strong>re is no outside of God). Hence all<br />

those be<strong>in</strong>gs with a Spirit are Sons of God. Hence we should not be surprised if we see even Satan<br />

<strong>in</strong> that group as a son of God. Even fallen be<strong>in</strong>gs are sons of God though <strong>the</strong>y are under <strong>the</strong><br />

judgement of God. We have some <strong>in</strong>dication that some fallen be<strong>in</strong>gs are <strong>in</strong> "prison" under sentence<br />

now.<br />

Second Temple Judaism<br />

The story of <strong>the</strong> nephilim is fur<strong>the</strong>r elaborated <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> Book of Enoch. The Greek, Aramaic, and ma<strong>in</strong><br />

Ge'ez manuscripts of 1 Enoch and Jubilees obta<strong>in</strong>ed <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> 19th century and held <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> British<br />

Museum and Vatican Library, connect <strong>the</strong> nephilim with <strong>the</strong> fallen angels, and <strong>in</strong> particular with <strong>the</strong><br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />

egḗgooi (watchers). Samyaza, an angel of high rank, is described as lead<strong>in</strong>g a rebel sect of angels <strong>in</strong><br />

a descent to earth to have sexual <strong>in</strong>tercourse with human females:<br />

Note: Book of Jubilees and <strong>the</strong> Book of Enoch have always been canon <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> Ethiopian <strong>Bible</strong><br />

Tertullian considered <strong>the</strong> Book of Enoch as part of <strong>the</strong> “Holy Scripture“.<br />

They are not part of <strong>the</strong> 66 books of our canon of "Scripture"<br />

As such we do not use <strong>the</strong>m to form doctr<strong>in</strong>es.<br />

doctr<strong>in</strong>es<br />

There is no harm <strong>in</strong> us<strong>in</strong>g <strong>the</strong>m to support biblical<br />

The Nephilim, Fallen Angels, <strong>Giants</strong> and <strong>the</strong> Watchers<br />

From <strong>the</strong> Book of Enoch<br />


1.And it came to pass when <strong>the</strong> children of men had multiplied that <strong>in</strong> those days were born unto<br />

<strong>the</strong>m beautiful and comely daughters.<br />

2. And <strong>the</strong> angels, <strong>the</strong> children of <strong>the</strong> heaven, saw and lusted after <strong>the</strong>m, and said to one ano<strong>the</strong>r:<br />

'Come, let us choose us wives from among <strong>the</strong> children of men and beget us children.'<br />

3. And Semjâzâ, who was <strong>the</strong>ir leader, said unto <strong>the</strong>m: 'I fear ye will not <strong>in</strong>deed agree to do this<br />

deed, and I alone shall have to pay <strong>the</strong> penalty of a great s<strong>in</strong>.'<br />

4. And <strong>the</strong>y all answered him and said: 'Let us all swear an oath, and all b<strong>in</strong>d ourselves by mutual<br />

imprecations not to abandon this plan but to do this th<strong>in</strong>g.'<br />

5. Then sware <strong>the</strong>y all toge<strong>the</strong>r and bound <strong>the</strong>mselves by mutual imprecations upon it.<br />

6. And <strong>the</strong>y were <strong>in</strong> all two hundred; who descended <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> days of Jared on <strong>the</strong> summit of Mount<br />

Hermon, and <strong>the</strong>y called it Mount Hermon, because <strong>the</strong>y had sworn and bound <strong>the</strong>mselves by<br />

mutual imprecations upon it.<br />

7. And <strong>the</strong>se are <strong>the</strong> names of <strong>the</strong>ir leaders: Sêmîazâz, <strong>the</strong>ir leader, Arâkîba, Râmêêl, Kôkabîêl,<br />

Tâmîêl, Râmîêl, Dânêl, Êzêqêêl, Barâqîjâl, Asâêl, Armârôs, Batârêl, Anânêl, Zaqîêl, Samsâpêêl,<br />

Satarêl, Tûrêl, Jômjâêl, Sariêl. 8. These are <strong>the</strong>ir chiefs of tens.<br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />


1. And all <strong>the</strong> o<strong>the</strong>rs toge<strong>the</strong>r with <strong>the</strong>m took unto <strong>the</strong>mselves wives, and each chose for himself<br />

one, and <strong>the</strong>y began to go <strong>in</strong> unto <strong>the</strong>m and to defile <strong>the</strong>mselves with <strong>the</strong>m, and <strong>the</strong>y taught <strong>the</strong>m<br />

charms and enchantments, and <strong>the</strong> cutt<strong>in</strong>g of roots, and made <strong>the</strong>m acqua<strong>in</strong>ted with plants.<br />

2. And <strong>the</strong>y became pregnant, and <strong>the</strong>y bare great giants, whose height was three thousand ells:<br />

3. Who consumed all <strong>the</strong> acquisitions of men. And when men could no longer susta<strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong>m, 4. <strong>the</strong><br />

giants turned aga<strong>in</strong>st <strong>the</strong>m and devoured mank<strong>in</strong>d. 5. And <strong>the</strong>y began to s<strong>in</strong> aga<strong>in</strong>st birds, and<br />

beasts, and reptiles, and fish, and to devour one ano<strong>the</strong>r's flesh, and dr<strong>in</strong>k <strong>the</strong> blood.<br />

6. Then <strong>the</strong> earth laid accusation aga<strong>in</strong>st <strong>the</strong> lawless ones.<br />


1. And Azâzêl taught men to make swords, and knives, and shields, and breastplates, and made<br />

known to <strong>the</strong>m <strong>the</strong> metals 〈of <strong>the</strong> earth〉 and <strong>the</strong> art of work<strong>in</strong>g <strong>the</strong>m, and bracelets, and<br />

ornaments, and <strong>the</strong> use of antimony, and <strong>the</strong> beautify<strong>in</strong>g of <strong>the</strong> eyelids, and all k<strong>in</strong>ds of costly<br />

stones, and all colour<strong>in</strong>g t<strong>in</strong>ctures.<br />

1. And <strong>the</strong>re arose much godlessness, and <strong>the</strong>y committed fornication, and <strong>the</strong>y were led astray,<br />

and became corrupt <strong>in</strong> all <strong>the</strong>ir ways.<br />

Semjâzâ taught enchantments, and root-cutt<strong>in</strong>gs,<br />

Armârôs <strong>the</strong> resolv<strong>in</strong>g of enchantments,<br />

Barâqîjâl, (taught) astrology,<br />

Kôkabêl <strong>the</strong> constellations,<br />

Ezêqêêl <strong>the</strong> knowledge of <strong>the</strong> clouds,<br />

Araqiêl <strong>the</strong> signs of <strong>the</strong> earth,<br />

Shamsiêl <strong>the</strong> signs of <strong>the</strong> sun, and<br />

Sariêl <strong>the</strong> course of <strong>the</strong> moon.<br />

And as men perished, <strong>the</strong>y cried, and <strong>the</strong>ir cry went up to heaven . .<br />


6. Thou seest what Azâzêl hath done, who hath taught all unrighteousness on earth and<br />

revealed <strong>the</strong> eternal secrets which were (preserved) <strong>in</strong> heaven, which men were striv<strong>in</strong>g to learn:<br />

7. And Semjâzâ, to whom Thou hast given authority to bear rule over his associates. 8. And <strong>the</strong>y<br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />

have gone to <strong>the</strong> daughters of men upon <strong>the</strong> earth, and have slept with <strong>the</strong> women, and have<br />

defiled <strong>the</strong>mselves, and revealed to <strong>the</strong>m all k<strong>in</strong>ds of s<strong>in</strong>s. 9. And <strong>the</strong> women have borne giants,<br />

and <strong>the</strong> whole earth has <strong>the</strong>reby been filled with blood and unrighteousness<br />

CHAPTER X.<br />

1. Then said <strong>the</strong> Most High, <strong>the</strong> Holy and Great One spake, and sent Uriel to <strong>the</strong> son of Lamech,<br />

and said to him:<br />

2. 'Go to Noah and tell him <strong>in</strong> my name "Hide thyself!" and reveal to him <strong>the</strong> end that is<br />

approach<strong>in</strong>g: that <strong>the</strong> whole earth will be destroyed, and a deluge is about to come upon <strong>the</strong><br />

whole earth, and will destroy all that is on it.<br />

3. And now <strong>in</strong>struct him that he may escape and his seed may be preserved for all <strong>the</strong><br />

generations of <strong>the</strong> world.<br />

Targum Pseudo-Jonathan identifies <strong>the</strong> nephilim as Shemihaza<br />

and <strong>the</strong> angels <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> name list from<br />

1 Enoch. as <strong>the</strong> angels that fell.<br />

There are also allusions to <strong>the</strong>se descendants <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong><br />

deutero-canonical books of Judith , Sirach 16:7, Baruch 3:26 –<br />

28, and Wisdom of Solomon 14:6, and <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> nondeuterocanonical<br />

3 Maccabees 2:4. In <strong>the</strong> New Testament<br />

Epistle of Jude 14 – 15 cites from 1 Enoch 1:9,<br />

To most commentators this confirms that Jude regarded <strong>the</strong><br />

Enochic <strong>in</strong>terpretations of Genesis 6 as correct. The reason for<br />

this is <strong>the</strong> broad understand<strong>in</strong>g of Angels as every be<strong>in</strong>g which<br />

are spiritual or has <strong>the</strong> Spirit with<strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong>m through which <strong>the</strong>y have<br />

contact with <strong>the</strong> Holy Spirit.<br />

The argument aga<strong>in</strong>st <strong>the</strong> <strong>in</strong>terpretation that <strong>the</strong> fa<strong>the</strong>rs of Nephilims were angels is essentially with<br />

<strong>the</strong> explanation who angels are by Jesus and <strong>the</strong>ir nature.<br />

First: Jesus taught that angels do not marry : "For <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> resurrection <strong>the</strong>y [humans] nei<strong>the</strong>r marry nor<br />

are given <strong>in</strong> marriage, but are like angels of God <strong>in</strong> heaven" (Mat<strong>the</strong>w 22:30; see Mark 12:25).<br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />

Second: Angels cannot cohabit nor reproduce with women. Angels are spirit be<strong>in</strong>gs:<br />

But to which of <strong>the</strong> angels has He ever said: "Sit at My right hand, till I make Your enemies Your<br />

footstool"? Are <strong>the</strong>y not all m<strong>in</strong>ister<strong>in</strong>g spirits sent forth to m<strong>in</strong>ister for those who will <strong>in</strong>herit salvation?<br />

(Hebrews 1:13-14)<br />

So <strong>the</strong> angels are ei<strong>the</strong>r created as m<strong>in</strong>ister<strong>in</strong>g spirits to serve those who will be <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> K<strong>in</strong>gdom or<br />

those who will be "sons of God". This would actually def<strong>in</strong>e 'Sons of God" as those who are served by<br />

<strong>the</strong> angels and should be different from <strong>the</strong>m at least <strong>in</strong> some ways.<br />

This is probably because <strong>the</strong>y were created more like mach<strong>in</strong>es to serve as messengers and for<br />

particular purposes or as I have expla<strong>in</strong>ed by book "Two Trees and <strong>the</strong> Serpent", <strong>the</strong>y are fixed on<br />

yetser Tov (<strong>the</strong> Good) by eat<strong>in</strong>g <strong>the</strong> fruit of <strong>the</strong> Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil, as <strong>the</strong> Humans<br />

and Demons are fixed on Yetser Ha Ra (<strong>the</strong> Selfishness). The Demons and Adamic Race are fixed<br />

on self centered activities. They are all <strong>in</strong> fact created as Sons of God. Hence angels can also be<br />

<strong>in</strong>cluded <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> list of 'Sons of Gos" s<strong>in</strong>ce we can consider Adamic race as "Sons of God" s<strong>in</strong>ce Adam<br />

was <strong>in</strong>deed Son of God. Did <strong>the</strong> status change because of <strong>the</strong> fall? Evidently God cared and <strong>the</strong>w<br />

<strong>the</strong>m out of <strong>the</strong> Garden to save <strong>the</strong>m <strong>the</strong> eternal torture and we know God has a plan to redeem sons<br />

of Adam and to give <strong>the</strong>m all <strong>the</strong> status of <strong>the</strong> Sons of God.<br />

There is ano<strong>the</strong>r group who are balanced with yetser HaRa and yetser HaTov - so that <strong>the</strong>y can act<br />

with full understand<strong>in</strong>g. They are <strong>the</strong> true children of God - <strong>the</strong> be<strong>in</strong>gs probably fallen but redeemed<br />

God. Death of Jesus on <strong>the</strong> cross, I believe have cosmic consequence beyond just human. Only<br />

we are not given <strong>the</strong> details. "Secret th<strong>in</strong>gs belongs to God, But what is revealed belongs to us and<br />

to our children."<br />

These form <strong>the</strong> sons of God <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> proper sense of <strong>the</strong> word. There are such be<strong>in</strong>gs <strong>in</strong> all dimensions<br />

with perfect freedom of will and act as <strong>the</strong> heirs of God. We can of course call all created be<strong>in</strong>gs as<br />

sons of God and <strong>the</strong>y all partake <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> creation <strong>in</strong> a limited way with<strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> limit. But <strong>the</strong>y don’t<br />

partake of <strong>the</strong> freedom of God <strong>in</strong> creation. They sit beside <strong>the</strong> Fa<strong>the</strong>r and is part of <strong>the</strong> function<strong>in</strong>g of<br />

<strong>the</strong> K<strong>in</strong>gdom of God. As such <strong>the</strong>re exists ano<strong>the</strong>r group who are full partakers <strong>in</strong> Div<strong>in</strong>ity and <strong>in</strong><br />

creation (outside of <strong>the</strong> Tr<strong>in</strong>ity). These "Sons of God" come from all dimensions <strong>in</strong>clud<strong>in</strong>g <strong>the</strong> Physical<br />

Dimension made of flesh as well. It is <strong>the</strong>se that have still got <strong>the</strong> total freedom of choice. What we<br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />

see is that <strong>the</strong>re are full sons of God who has physical body that has outgrown <strong>the</strong> mortality with<br />

multidimensional physical body like <strong>the</strong> resurrected body of Jesus.<br />

reproduce with<strong>in</strong> humans. It is this that will<strong>in</strong>gly violated <strong>the</strong> bound<br />

They can <strong>in</strong>deed can marry and<br />

Humans are one species that are "sons of God." because Adam was <strong>the</strong> son of God. Adam existed <strong>in</strong><br />

all dimensions of existence, Matter, M<strong>in</strong>d, Spirit and Div<strong>in</strong>e.<br />

Luke 3: 37<strong>the</strong> son of Methuselah, <strong>the</strong> son of Enoch, <strong>the</strong> son of Jared, <strong>the</strong> son of Mahalalel, <strong>the</strong><br />

son of Ca<strong>in</strong>an, 38<strong>the</strong> son of Enosh, <strong>the</strong> son of Seth, <strong>the</strong> son of Adam, <strong>the</strong> son of God.<br />

But humans are fixed on selfish ego and are demons now because of <strong>the</strong> disobedience which made<br />

<strong>the</strong>m eat <strong>the</strong> forbidden fruit before <strong>the</strong>y were mature enough. It is because of this God drove Adam<br />

and Eve so that <strong>the</strong>y may not rema<strong>in</strong> as demons eternally and God <strong>the</strong> Son <strong>in</strong>carnated and died to<br />

redeem <strong>the</strong>m giv<strong>in</strong>g <strong>the</strong> chance to be sons proper.<br />

Aga<strong>in</strong>, <strong>the</strong> phrase "sons of God" refers certa<strong>in</strong>ly to Christians, regenerated by God's Spirit but still<br />

human:<br />

"But as many as received Him, to <strong>the</strong>m He gave <strong>the</strong> right to become children [sons, KJV] of God,<br />

even to those who believe <strong>in</strong> His name."(John 1:12)<br />

» For as many as are led by <strong>the</strong> Spirit of God, <strong>the</strong>se are sons of God. . . . For <strong>the</strong> earnest<br />

expectation of <strong>the</strong> creation eagerly waits for <strong>the</strong> reveal<strong>in</strong>g of <strong>the</strong> sons of God. (Romans 8:14, 19)<br />

» . . . that you may become blameless and harmless, children [sons, KJV] of God without fault <strong>in</strong><br />

<strong>the</strong> midst of a crooked and perverse generation, among whom you sh<strong>in</strong>e as lights <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> world . . .<br />

(Philippians 2:15)<br />

» Behold what manner of love <strong>the</strong> Fa<strong>the</strong>r has bestowed on us, that we should be called children<br />

[sons, KJV] of God! Therefore <strong>the</strong> world does not know us, because it did not know Him. Beloved,<br />

now we are children [sons, KJV] of God; and it has not yet been revealed what we shall be, but we<br />

know that when He is revealed, we shall be like Him, for we shall see Him as He is. (I John 3:1-2)<br />

» Have we not all one Fa<strong>the</strong>r? Has not one God created us? Why do we deal treacherously with<br />

one ano<strong>the</strong>r by profan<strong>in</strong>g <strong>the</strong> covenant of <strong>the</strong> fa<strong>the</strong>rs? (Malachi 2:10)<br />

» . . . <strong>the</strong> son of Enos, <strong>the</strong> son of Seth, <strong>the</strong> son of Adam, <strong>the</strong> son of God. (Luke 3:38)<br />

Through Adam, <strong>the</strong>n, every human be<strong>in</strong>g is a child of God. Mank<strong>in</strong>d <strong>in</strong> general, because all men<br />

are sons of God by creation:<br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />

"I said, 'You are gods, and all of you are children of <strong>the</strong> Most High. But you shall die like men . . .'"<br />

(Psalm 82:6-7).<br />

Evidently those be<strong>in</strong>gs who were created as Sons of God with material bodies - <strong>the</strong> physical be<strong>in</strong>gs<br />

with <strong>the</strong> spirit of God with<strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong>m - like man will have <strong>the</strong>ir physical bodies even after resurrection.<br />

This is one of <strong>the</strong> fundamental doctr<strong>in</strong>es of <strong>the</strong> church. Thus some Sons of God like <strong>the</strong> redeemed<br />

mank<strong>in</strong>d will have real Physical bodies. But <strong>the</strong>se bodies are not decayable. The second law of<br />

Thermodynamics - <strong>the</strong> Law of Entropy - which says <strong>in</strong> an Isolated world everyth<strong>in</strong>g will go from order<br />

to disorder and will f<strong>in</strong>ally die. S<strong>in</strong>ce Sons of Gods are permanently connected to <strong>the</strong> Holy Spirit, <strong>the</strong>y<br />

are under Negative Entropy Law, where everyth<strong>in</strong>g will go from Glory unto Glory.<br />

Thus <strong>the</strong>re are some Sons of God who are immortal who will have real physical bodies.<br />

Alien <strong>in</strong>vasion?<br />

If as <strong>the</strong> ancient scripts asserts, <strong>the</strong>y are watchers. Then where will <strong>the</strong>y be placed so that <strong>the</strong>y can<br />

watch over <strong>the</strong> earth and its adm<strong>in</strong>istration? Certa<strong>in</strong>ly <strong>the</strong>y must be with<strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> material realm with<strong>in</strong><br />

out physical universe somewhere where <strong>the</strong>y have an adm<strong>in</strong>istration. This is what watchers means.<br />

They must be hav<strong>in</strong>g physical bodies, if <strong>the</strong>y have to <strong>in</strong>teract with humans on <strong>the</strong> earth.<br />

In <strong>the</strong> modern terms <strong>the</strong>y will be called aliens from outer space. If we <strong>in</strong>terpret it <strong>in</strong> this way we have<br />

a justification and a possible explanation. Alien observers from outer space appo<strong>in</strong>ted by God to <strong>the</strong><br />

affairs of earth, came down to earth and <strong>in</strong>term<strong>in</strong>gled with humans and produced Nephelim. In o<strong>the</strong>r<br />

words what <strong>the</strong> <strong>Bible</strong> and ancient Sumerian scripts are assert<strong>in</strong>g is that <strong>the</strong>re was an <strong>in</strong>tervention of<br />

aliens <strong>in</strong>to <strong>the</strong> earth. What <strong>the</strong> <strong>Bible</strong> asserts is that this <strong>in</strong>tervention was aga<strong>in</strong>st God's <strong>in</strong>tentions.<br />

While evidently <strong>the</strong>y went on for many hundreds of years before <strong>the</strong> flood, God <strong>in</strong>tervened and<br />

cleansed <strong>the</strong> world of <strong>the</strong>m and <strong>the</strong>ir progenies through <strong>the</strong> flood. But <strong>the</strong>ir genetic presence<br />

cont<strong>in</strong>ued even after <strong>the</strong> flood and <strong>the</strong> cleans<strong>in</strong>g of that rema<strong>in</strong><strong>in</strong>g genetic products was <strong>the</strong> work of<br />

Isra-El. Eventually we are told that <strong>the</strong> whole giant genetic cont<strong>in</strong>uations were destroyed.<br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />

https://www.catholic.com/tract/resurrection-of-<strong>the</strong>-body<br />

The <strong>Bible</strong> tells us that when Jesus returns to earth, he will physically raise all those who have died,<br />

giv<strong>in</strong>g <strong>the</strong>m back <strong>the</strong> bodies <strong>the</strong>y lost at death.<br />

These will be <strong>the</strong> same bodies people had <strong>in</strong> earthly life—but our resurrection bodies will not die<br />

and, for <strong>the</strong> righteous, <strong>the</strong>y will be transformed <strong>in</strong>to a glorified state, freed from suffer<strong>in</strong>g and pa<strong>in</strong>,<br />

and enabled to do many of <strong>the</strong> amaz<strong>in</strong>g th<strong>in</strong>gs Jesus could do with his glorified body (cf. 1 Cor.<br />

15:35–44, 1 John 3:2).<br />

The resurrection of <strong>the</strong> body is an essential Christian doctr<strong>in</strong>e, as <strong>the</strong> apostle Paul declares: "[I]f<br />

<strong>the</strong> dead are not raised, <strong>the</strong>n Christ has not been raised. If Christ has not been raised, your faith is<br />

futile and you are still <strong>in</strong> your s<strong>in</strong>s. Then those also who have fallen asleep <strong>in</strong> Christ have<br />

perished" (1 Cor. 15:13–18).<br />

Because, as Paul tells us, <strong>the</strong> Christian faith cannot exist without this doctr<strong>in</strong>e, it has been<br />

<strong>in</strong>fallibly def<strong>in</strong>ed by <strong>the</strong> Church. It is <strong>in</strong>cluded <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> three <strong>in</strong>fallible professions of faith—<strong>the</strong><br />

Apostles’ Creed, <strong>the</strong> Nicene Creed, and <strong>the</strong> Athanasian Creed—and has been solemnly, <strong>in</strong>fallibly<br />

taught by ecumenical councils.<br />

The Fourth Lateran Council (1215), <strong>in</strong>fallibly def<strong>in</strong>ed that at <strong>the</strong> second com<strong>in</strong>g Jesus "will judge<br />

<strong>the</strong> liv<strong>in</strong>g and <strong>the</strong> dead, to render to every person accord<strong>in</strong>g to his works, both to <strong>the</strong> reprobate<br />

and to <strong>the</strong> elect. All of <strong>the</strong>m will rise with <strong>the</strong>ir own bodies, which <strong>the</strong>y now wear, so as to receive<br />

accord<strong>in</strong>g to <strong>the</strong>ir deserts, whe<strong>the</strong>r <strong>the</strong>se be good or bad [Rom. 2:6–11]" (constitution 1).<br />

Most recently, <strong>the</strong> Catechism of <strong>the</strong> Catholic Church reiterated this long-def<strong>in</strong>ed teach<strong>in</strong>g, stat<strong>in</strong>g,<br />

"‘We believe <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> true resurrection of this flesh that we now possess’ (Council of Lyons II). We<br />

sow a corruptible body <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> tomb, but he raises up an <strong>in</strong>corruptible body, a ‘spiritual body’ (cf. 1<br />

Cor 15:42–44)" (CCC 1017).<br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />

As <strong>the</strong> follow<strong>in</strong>g quotes from <strong>the</strong> Church Fa<strong>the</strong>rs show, this has been <strong>the</strong> historic teach<strong>in</strong>g of <strong>the</strong><br />

Christian faith on <strong>the</strong> matter s<strong>in</strong>ce <strong>the</strong> very beg<strong>in</strong>n<strong>in</strong>g. …<br />

The Apostles’ Creed<br />

"I believe <strong>in</strong> . . . <strong>the</strong> forgiveness of s<strong>in</strong>s, <strong>the</strong> resurrection of <strong>the</strong> flesh. Amen" (Old Roman Symbol<br />

[A.D. 125]). ….<br />

Second Clement<br />

"Let none of you say that this flesh is not judged and does not rise aga<strong>in</strong>. Just th<strong>in</strong>k: In what state<br />

were you saved, and <strong>in</strong> what state did you recover your [spiritual] sight, if not <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> flesh? In <strong>the</strong><br />

same manner, as you were called <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> flesh, so you shall come <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> flesh. If Christ, <strong>the</strong> Lord<br />

who saved us, though he was orig<strong>in</strong>ally spirit, became flesh and <strong>in</strong> this state called us, so also<br />

shall we receive our reward <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> flesh. Let us, <strong>the</strong>refore, love one ano<strong>the</strong>r, so that we may all<br />

come <strong>in</strong>to <strong>the</strong> k<strong>in</strong>gdom of God" (Second Clement 9:1–6 [A.D. 150]). …..<br />

Just<strong>in</strong> Martyr<br />

"Indeed, God calls even <strong>the</strong> body to resurrection and promises it everlast<strong>in</strong>g life. When he<br />

promises to save <strong>the</strong> man, he <strong>the</strong>reby makes his promise to <strong>the</strong> flesh. What is man but a rational<br />

liv<strong>in</strong>g be<strong>in</strong>g composed of soul and body? Is <strong>the</strong> soul by itself a man? No, it is but <strong>the</strong> soul of a<br />

man. Can <strong>the</strong> body be called a man? No, it can but be called <strong>the</strong> body of a man. If, <strong>the</strong>n,<br />

nei<strong>the</strong>r of <strong>the</strong>se is by itself a man, but that which is composed of <strong>the</strong> two toge<strong>the</strong>r is called<br />

a man, and if God has called man to life and resurrection, he has called not a part, but <strong>the</strong> whole,<br />

which is <strong>the</strong> soul and <strong>the</strong> body" (The Resurrection 8 [A.D. 153]). ……<br />

Tertullian<br />

"Therefore, <strong>the</strong> flesh shall rise aga<strong>in</strong>: certa<strong>in</strong>ly of every man, certa<strong>in</strong>ly <strong>the</strong> same flesh, and<br />

certa<strong>in</strong>ly <strong>in</strong> its entirety. Wherever it is, <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> safekeep<strong>in</strong>g with God through that most faithful<br />

agent between God and man, Jesus Christ, who shall reconcile both God to man and man to God,<br />

[and] <strong>the</strong> spirit to <strong>the</strong> flesh and <strong>the</strong> flesh to <strong>the</strong> spirit" (The Resurrection of <strong>the</strong> Dead 63:1 [A.D.<br />

210]).<br />

"In regard to that which is called <strong>the</strong> resurrection of <strong>the</strong> dead, it is necessary to defend <strong>the</strong> proper<br />

mean<strong>in</strong>g of <strong>the</strong> terms ‘of <strong>the</strong> dead’ and ‘resurrection.’ The word ‘dead’ signifies merely that<br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />

someth<strong>in</strong>g has lost <strong>the</strong> soul, by <strong>the</strong> faculty of which it formerly lived. The term ‘dead’ <strong>the</strong>n applies<br />

to a body. Moreover, if resurrection is of <strong>the</strong> dead, and ‘dead’ applies only to a body, <strong>the</strong><br />

resurrection will be of a body. . . . ‘To rise’ may be said of that which never <strong>in</strong> any way fell, but<br />

which was always ly<strong>in</strong>g down. But ‘to rise aga<strong>in</strong>’ can only be said of that which has fallen; for by<br />

‘ris<strong>in</strong>g aga<strong>in</strong>’ that which fell is said to ‘re-surrect.’ The syllable ‘re-’ always implies iteration<br />

[happen<strong>in</strong>g aga<strong>in</strong>]. We say, <strong>the</strong>refore, that a body falls to <strong>the</strong> ground <strong>in</strong> death . . . and that which<br />

falls, rises aga<strong>in</strong>" (Aga<strong>in</strong>st Marcion 5:9:3–4 [A.D. 210]).<br />

Aphraahat <strong>the</strong> Persian Sage<br />

…."Therefore be <strong>in</strong>structed by this, you fool, that each and every one of <strong>the</strong> seeds is clo<strong>the</strong>d <strong>in</strong> its<br />

own body. Never do you sow wheat and reap barley, and never did you plant a v<strong>in</strong>e and have it<br />

produce figs. But everyth<strong>in</strong>g grows <strong>in</strong> accord with its own nature. So also <strong>the</strong> body which has been<br />

laid <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> ground is <strong>the</strong> same which will rise aga<strong>in</strong>" (Treatises 8:3 [A.D. 340]).<br />

Cyril of Jerusalem<br />

"This body shall be raised, not rema<strong>in</strong><strong>in</strong>g weak as it is now, but this same body shall be raised.<br />

By putt<strong>in</strong>g on <strong>in</strong>corruption, it shall be altered, as iron blend<strong>in</strong>g with fire becomes fire—or ra<strong>the</strong>r,<br />

<strong>in</strong> a manner <strong>the</strong> Lord who raises us knows. However it will be, this body shall be raised, but it shall<br />

not rema<strong>in</strong> such as it is. Ra<strong>the</strong>r, it shall abide as an eternal body. It shall no longer require for its<br />

life such nourishment as now, nor shall it require a ladder for its ascent; for it shall be made a<br />

spiritual body, a marvelous th<strong>in</strong>g, such as we have not <strong>the</strong> ability to describe" (Catechetical<br />

Lectures 18:18 [A.D. 350]).<br />

Epiphanius of Salamis<br />

"As for those who profess to be Christians . . . and who confess <strong>the</strong> resurrection of <strong>the</strong> dead, of<br />

our body and of <strong>the</strong> body of <strong>the</strong> Lord . . . but who at <strong>the</strong> same time say that <strong>the</strong> same flesh does<br />

not rise, but o<strong>the</strong>r flesh is given <strong>in</strong> its place by God, are we not to say that this op<strong>in</strong>ion exceeds all<br />

o<strong>the</strong>rs <strong>in</strong> impiety" (The Man Well-Anchored 87 [A.D. 374]).<br />

The Nicene Creed<br />

"We confess one baptism for <strong>the</strong> forgiveness of s<strong>in</strong>s; we look for a resurrection of <strong>the</strong> dead and<br />

life <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> age to come. Amen" (Nicene Creed [A.D. 381]).<br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />

August<strong>in</strong>e<br />

.…"God, <strong>the</strong> wonderful and <strong>in</strong>expressible Artisan, will, with a wonderful and <strong>in</strong>expressible speed,<br />

restore our flesh from <strong>the</strong> whole of <strong>the</strong> material of which it was constituted, and it will make<br />

no difference to its reconstruction whe<strong>the</strong>r hairs go back to hairs and nails go back to nails, or<br />

whatever of <strong>the</strong>se had perished be changed to flesh and be assigned to o<strong>the</strong>r parts of <strong>the</strong> body,<br />

while <strong>the</strong> providence of <strong>the</strong> Artisan will take care that noth<strong>in</strong>g unseemly result" (Handbook of Faith,<br />

Hope, and Charity 23:89 [A.D. 421]).<br />

Even after <strong>the</strong> redemption and immortal, every son of God <strong>in</strong> whatever realm of existence <strong>the</strong>y are free<br />

be<strong>in</strong>gs who have total freedom of choice.<br />

1 Enoch 15:8-12 -- Rephaim, Nephilim, <strong>Giants</strong>, and Demons<br />

The Book of Enoch chapter 15 reports ancient oracles as say<strong>in</strong>g,<br />

8. And now <strong>the</strong> giants, who have been begotten from body and flesh, will be called evil spirits<br />

on earth, and <strong>the</strong>ir dwell<strong>in</strong>g-places will be upon <strong>the</strong> earth.<br />

9. Evil spirits proceed from <strong>the</strong>ir bodies; because <strong>the</strong>y are created from above, <strong>the</strong>ir<br />

beg<strong>in</strong>n<strong>in</strong>g and first basis be<strong>in</strong>g from <strong>the</strong> holy watchers, <strong>the</strong>y will be evil spirits upon <strong>the</strong> earth, and<br />

will be called evil spirits.<br />

10. But <strong>the</strong> spirits of heaven have <strong>the</strong>ir dwell<strong>in</strong>g-places <strong>in</strong> heaven, and <strong>the</strong> spirits of <strong>the</strong> earth,<br />

who were born on <strong>the</strong> earth, have <strong>the</strong>ir dwell<strong>in</strong>g-places on earth.<br />

11. And <strong>the</strong> spirits of <strong>the</strong> giants, who cast <strong>the</strong>mselves upon <strong>the</strong> clouds, will be destroyed and<br />

fall, and will battle and cause destruction on <strong>the</strong> earth, and do evil; <strong>the</strong>y will take no k<strong>in</strong>d of food,<br />

nor will <strong>the</strong>y become thirsty, and <strong>the</strong>y will be <strong>in</strong>visible.<br />

12. And <strong>the</strong>se spirits will not (?) rise up aga<strong>in</strong>st <strong>the</strong> children of men and aga<strong>in</strong>st <strong>the</strong> women,<br />

because <strong>the</strong>y have proceeded from <strong>the</strong>m, <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> days of murder and destruction.<br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />



And I, Enoch, answered and said unto him: 'The Lord will do a new th<strong>in</strong>g on <strong>the</strong> earth, and this I<br />

have already seen <strong>in</strong> a vision, and make known to <strong>the</strong>e that <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> generation of my fa<strong>the</strong>r Jared<br />

some of <strong>the</strong> angels of heaven transgressed <strong>the</strong> word of <strong>the</strong> Lord.<br />

14. And behold <strong>the</strong>y commit s<strong>in</strong> and transgress <strong>the</strong> law, and have united <strong>the</strong>mselves with women<br />

and commit s<strong>in</strong> with <strong>the</strong>m, and have married some of <strong>the</strong>m, and have begot children by <strong>the</strong>m. 17.<br />

And <strong>the</strong>y shall produce on <strong>the</strong> earth giants not accord<strong>in</strong>g to <strong>the</strong> spirit, but accord<strong>in</strong>g to <strong>the</strong> flesh,<br />

and <strong>the</strong>re shall be a great punishment on <strong>the</strong> earth, and <strong>the</strong> earth shall be cleansed from all<br />

impurity.<br />

14. Yea, <strong>the</strong>re shall come a great destruction over <strong>the</strong> whole earth, and <strong>the</strong>re shall be a deluge<br />

and a great destruction for one year.<br />

16. And this son who has been born unto you shall be left on <strong>the</strong> earth, and his three children shall<br />

be saved with him: when all mank<strong>in</strong>d that are on <strong>the</strong> earth shall die [he and his sons shall be<br />

saved]. …… for I know <strong>the</strong> mysteries of <strong>the</strong> holy ones; for He, <strong>the</strong> Lord, has showed me and<br />

<strong>in</strong>formed me, and I have read (<strong>the</strong>m) <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> heavenly tablets.<br />

http://www.libertygospeltracts.com/question/prequest/giantsfl.htm<br />

The <strong>Bible</strong> is clear that angels do not br<strong>in</strong>g forth children. Mat<strong>the</strong>w 22:29-30 says, "29 Jesus<br />

answered and said unto <strong>the</strong>m, Ye do err, not know<strong>in</strong>g <strong>the</strong> scriptures, nor <strong>the</strong> power of God. 30<br />

For <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> resurrection <strong>the</strong>y nei<strong>the</strong>r marry, nor are given <strong>in</strong> marriage, but are as <strong>the</strong> angels of God<br />

<strong>in</strong> heaven."<br />

The <strong>Bible</strong> is clear that God has set a boundary between <strong>the</strong> "k<strong>in</strong>ds," and that <strong>the</strong>y cannot<br />

<strong>in</strong>terbreed. 1 Cor<strong>in</strong>thians 15:39 says, "39 All flesh is not <strong>the</strong> same flesh: but <strong>the</strong>re is one<br />

k<strong>in</strong>d of flesh of men, ano<strong>the</strong>r flesh of beasts, ano<strong>the</strong>r of fishes, and ano<strong>the</strong>r of birds."<br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />

Genesis 1:24-27 says, "24 And God said, Let <strong>the</strong> earth br<strong>in</strong>g forth <strong>the</strong> liv<strong>in</strong>g creature after his<br />

k<strong>in</strong>d, cattle, and creep<strong>in</strong>g th<strong>in</strong>g, and beast of <strong>the</strong> earth after his k<strong>in</strong>d: and it was so.<br />

Angels can appear <strong>in</strong> human flesh as body, and do some th<strong>in</strong>gs that bodies of flesh can do<br />

(like eat food etc as we see <strong>in</strong> many ocasions <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> <strong>Bible</strong>.<br />

Lot<br />

Genesis 19:1-3 says, "1 And <strong>the</strong>re came two angels to Sodom at even; and Lot sat <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> gate of<br />

Sodom: and Lot see<strong>in</strong>g <strong>the</strong>m rose up to meet <strong>the</strong>m; and he bowed himself with his face toward<br />

<strong>the</strong> ground; 2 And he said, Behold now, my lords, turn <strong>in</strong>, I pray you, <strong>in</strong>to your servant's house,<br />

and tarry all night, and wash your feet, and ye shall rise up early, and go on your ways. And <strong>the</strong>y<br />

said, Nay; but we will abide <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> street all night. 3 And he pressed upon <strong>the</strong>m greatly; and<br />

<strong>the</strong>y turned <strong>in</strong> unto him, and entered <strong>in</strong>to his house; and he made <strong>the</strong>m a feast, and did bake<br />

unleavened bread, and <strong>the</strong>y did eat."),<br />

But angels do not have regular bodies of flesh and bones.<br />

Angels are spirit-be<strong>in</strong>gs.<br />

Hebrews 1:7 says, "And of <strong>the</strong> angels he saith, Who maketh his angels spirits, and his m<strong>in</strong>isters a<br />

flame of fire."<br />

Hebrews 1:13-14 says, "13 But to which of <strong>the</strong> angels said he at any time, Sit on my right hand,<br />

until I make th<strong>in</strong>e enemies thy footstool? 14 Are <strong>the</strong>y not all m<strong>in</strong>ister<strong>in</strong>g spirits, sent forth to<br />

m<strong>in</strong>ister for <strong>the</strong>m who shall be heirs of salvation?”<br />

By def<strong>in</strong>ition "Angels are those who are fixed with <strong>the</strong> nature of serv<strong>in</strong>g God and all Sons of<br />

God". However we use <strong>the</strong> term loosely to refer to all Spirit be<strong>in</strong>gs - Sons of God, Serv<strong>in</strong>g<br />

Angels, even Demons.<br />

Spirit be<strong>in</strong>gs do not have flesh and bones even if <strong>the</strong>y take human form. This is because<br />

<strong>the</strong>y do not have material dimension.<br />

The form is only a shadow of <strong>the</strong>ir spiritual form.<br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />

Luke 24:38-39 says, “38 And he said unto <strong>the</strong>m, Why are ye troubled? and why do thoughts arise<br />

<strong>in</strong> your hearts? 39 Behold my hands and my feet, that it is I myself: handle me, and see; for a<br />

spirit hath not flesh and bones, as ye see me have.”<br />

But we see that resurrected Jesus <strong>in</strong>deed had flesh and bones. But his body could by pass or go<br />

around walls. Did he not appear to disciples who were <strong>in</strong>side closed doors. So resurrected body of<br />

Jesus ( as ours will also be) exist<strong>in</strong>g <strong>in</strong> more dimensions than <strong>the</strong> material three dimensions. So will be<br />

all <strong>the</strong> Sons of Adam who are saved and brought back from <strong>the</strong> dead - resurrect humans. They wll be<br />

called Sons of God - yet fully human.<br />

Even if some fallen angels - if <strong>the</strong>y were not human - committed immorality with women, it would not<br />

have produced any offspr<strong>in</strong>g, because it would be cross<strong>in</strong>g over between <strong>the</strong> "k<strong>in</strong>ds" (mak<strong>in</strong>g a<br />

half-man/half-angel). Evolution and change is limited with<strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> species accord<strong>in</strong>g to <strong>the</strong> Genesis<br />

creation story "only accord<strong>in</strong>g to its k<strong>in</strong>d". With<strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> species, yes <strong>the</strong>y can evolve and mate and<br />

reproduce.<br />

God does not allow conception between <strong>the</strong> “k<strong>in</strong>ds” or between “strange flesh” encounters.<br />

Hence if <strong>the</strong>re was a fall from <strong>the</strong> " Sons of God" it would have to be <strong>the</strong> raptured or taken to heaven<br />

humans or any humans who had become Sons of God <strong>in</strong> its fullness <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> manner of Enoch and Elijah.<br />

Hav<strong>in</strong>g <strong>the</strong>ir resurrected changed bodies. As Sons of God <strong>the</strong>y still have <strong>the</strong>ir freedom of choice and<br />

will. Accord<strong>in</strong>g to Jesus <strong>the</strong>y don’t marry or are given <strong>in</strong> marriage. But fallen aga<strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong>y can do that<br />

<strong>in</strong> violation of God's laws. With <strong>the</strong>ir freedom <strong>the</strong>y can fall <strong>in</strong>to <strong>the</strong> desires of flesh.<br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />





Sons of God are descendants of Seth<br />

and<br />

Daughters of Men are descendants of Ca<strong>in</strong><br />

Some considers Sons of Seth as equivalent to Sons of God through Adam.<br />

God all his children should be Sons of God.<br />

S<strong>in</strong>ce Adam is a Son of<br />

Then it must be true also of <strong>the</strong> Sons of Ca<strong>in</strong>, as he is<br />

also a son of Adam. But <strong>the</strong>se people identity Daughters of Men as ungodly female descendants of<br />

Ca<strong>in</strong>. That is where <strong>the</strong> problem of this choice.<br />

O<strong>the</strong>rs who who consider Ca<strong>in</strong> as <strong>the</strong> son of <strong>the</strong> Serpent who is identified as Satan also seems to<br />

accept this. How can this be. If Ca<strong>in</strong><br />

is <strong>the</strong> son of Satan, his daughters are<br />

not sons of Adam but daughters of<br />

Satan. Satan must be a human to<br />

produce children like Ca<strong>in</strong>.<br />

What is meant by this choice is <strong>the</strong>y<br />

are referr<strong>in</strong>g to <strong>the</strong> godly descendants<br />

of Seth. As opposed to <strong>the</strong> ungodly<br />

female descendants of Ca<strong>in</strong>. Their s<strong>in</strong><br />

would <strong>the</strong>n be one of religiously mixed<br />

marriages between <strong>the</strong> godly and <strong>the</strong><br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />

ungodly. It doesn’t expla<strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> mean<strong>in</strong>g of <strong>the</strong> Nephilim. Why should <strong>the</strong>ir children be giants. Ei<strong>the</strong>r<br />

both Ca<strong>in</strong> and Seth were giants or both are normal human be<strong>in</strong>gs.<br />

Translated by Ru<strong>the</strong>rford H. Platt, Jr., "The Forgotten Books of Eden" (1926):<br />

"1 AFTER <strong>the</strong> death of Adam and of Eve, Seth severed his children, and his children's children,<br />

from Ca<strong>in</strong>'s children. Ca<strong>in</strong> and his seed went down and dwelt westward, below <strong>the</strong> place where he<br />

had killed his bro<strong>the</strong>r Abel.<br />

2 But Seth and his children, dwelt northwards upon <strong>the</strong> mounta<strong>in</strong> of <strong>the</strong> Cave of Treasures, <strong>in</strong><br />

order to be near to <strong>the</strong>ir fa<strong>the</strong>r Adam.<br />

3 And Seth <strong>the</strong> elder, tall and good, with a f<strong>in</strong>e soul, and of a strong m<strong>in</strong>d, stood at <strong>the</strong> head of his<br />

people; and tended <strong>the</strong>m <strong>in</strong> <strong>in</strong>nocence, penitence, and meekness, and did not allow one of <strong>the</strong>m<br />

to go down to Ca<strong>in</strong>'s children.<br />

4 But because of <strong>the</strong>ir own purity, <strong>the</strong>y were named "Children of God," and <strong>the</strong>y were with God,<br />

<strong>in</strong>stead of <strong>the</strong> hosts of angels who fell; for <strong>the</strong>y cont<strong>in</strong>ued <strong>in</strong> praises to God, and <strong>in</strong> s<strong>in</strong>g<strong>in</strong>g psalms<br />

unto Him, <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong>ir cave--<strong>the</strong> Cave of Treasures."<br />

https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/genesis-4.html<br />

On <strong>the</strong> commentary of Gen 4:26 Clark's Commentary mentions <strong>the</strong> comment by Memonides which<br />

says that even <strong>the</strong> descendants of Seth went wrong and became idol worshippers. All children of<br />

Adam except a few persons as Enoch, Methuselah, Noah, Sham, and Heber went astray and became<br />

worshippers of idols and stars.<br />

Moses ben Maimon, commonly known as Maimonides, and also referred to by <strong>the</strong> acronym Rambam, was a medieval<br />

Sephardic Jewish philosopher who became one of <strong>the</strong> most prolific and <strong>in</strong>fluential Torah scholars of <strong>the</strong> Middle Ages.<br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />

Verse 26<br />

"Then began men to call upon <strong>the</strong> name of <strong>the</strong> Lord - The marg<strong>in</strong>al read<strong>in</strong>g is, Then began men to<br />

call <strong>the</strong>mselves by <strong>the</strong> name of <strong>the</strong> Lord; which words are supposed to signify that <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> time of<br />

Enos <strong>the</strong> true followers of God began to dist<strong>in</strong>guish <strong>the</strong>mselves, and to be dist<strong>in</strong>guished<br />

by o<strong>the</strong>rs, by <strong>the</strong> appellation of sons of God; those of <strong>the</strong> o<strong>the</strong>r branch of Adam's family,<br />

among whom <strong>the</strong> Div<strong>in</strong>e worship was not observed, be<strong>in</strong>g dist<strong>in</strong>guished by <strong>the</strong> name,<br />

הוחל children of men. It must not be dissembled that many em<strong>in</strong>ent men have contended that<br />

huchal, which we translate began, should be rendered began profanely, or <strong>the</strong>n profanation<br />

began, and from this time <strong>the</strong>y date <strong>the</strong> orig<strong>in</strong> of idolatry. Most of <strong>the</strong> Jewish doctors were of this<br />

op<strong>in</strong>ion, and Maimonides has discussed it at some length <strong>in</strong> his Treatise on Idolatry; as this piece<br />

is curious, and gives <strong>the</strong> most probable account of <strong>the</strong> orig<strong>in</strong> and progress of idolatry, I shall<br />

<strong>in</strong>sert it here.<br />

"In <strong>the</strong> days of Enos <strong>the</strong> sons of Adam erred with great error, and <strong>the</strong> counsel of <strong>the</strong> wise men<br />

of that age became brutish, and Enos himself was (one) of <strong>the</strong>m that erred; and <strong>the</strong>ir error was<br />

this: <strong>the</strong>y said, Forasmuch as God hath created <strong>the</strong>se stars and spheres to govern <strong>the</strong> world, and<br />

set <strong>the</strong>m on high, and imparted honor unto <strong>the</strong>m, and <strong>the</strong>y are m<strong>in</strong>isters that m<strong>in</strong>ister before him;<br />

it is meet that men should laud, and glorify, and give <strong>the</strong>m honor. For this is <strong>the</strong> will of God, that<br />

we magnify and honor whomsoever he magnifieth and honoureth; even as a k<strong>in</strong>g would have<br />

<strong>the</strong>m honored that stand before him, and this is <strong>the</strong> honor of <strong>the</strong> k<strong>in</strong>g himself. When this th<strong>in</strong>g was<br />

come up <strong>in</strong>to <strong>the</strong>ir hearts <strong>the</strong>y began to build temples unto <strong>the</strong> stars, and to offer sacrifice unto<br />

<strong>the</strong>m, and to laud and glorify <strong>the</strong>m with words, and to worship before <strong>the</strong>m, that <strong>the</strong>y might <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong>ir<br />

evil op<strong>in</strong>ion obta<strong>in</strong> favor of <strong>the</strong> Creator; and this was <strong>the</strong> root of idolatry, etc. And <strong>in</strong> process of<br />

time <strong>the</strong>re stood up false prophets among <strong>the</strong> sons of Adam, which said that God had<br />

commanded and said unto <strong>the</strong>m, Worship such a star, or all <strong>the</strong> stars, and do sacrifice<br />

unto <strong>the</strong>m thus and thus; and build a temple for it, and make an image of it, that all <strong>the</strong><br />

people, women, and children may worship it. And <strong>the</strong> false prophet showed <strong>the</strong>m <strong>the</strong> image<br />

which he had feigned out of his own heart, and said it was <strong>the</strong> image of such a star, which was<br />

made known unto him by prophecy. And <strong>the</strong>y began after this manner to make images <strong>in</strong> temples,<br />

and under trees, and on tops of mounta<strong>in</strong>s and hills, and assembled toge<strong>the</strong>r and worshipped<br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />

<strong>the</strong>m, etc. And this th<strong>in</strong>g was spread through all <strong>the</strong> world, to serve images with services different<br />

one from ano<strong>the</strong>r, and to sacrifice unto and worship <strong>the</strong>m. So, <strong>in</strong> process of time, <strong>the</strong> glorious and<br />

fearful name (of God) was forgotten out of <strong>the</strong> mouth of all liv<strong>in</strong>g, and out of <strong>the</strong>ir knowledge, and<br />

<strong>the</strong>y acknowledged him not.<br />

And <strong>the</strong>re was found no people on <strong>the</strong> earth that knew aught, save images of wood and stone,<br />

and temples of stone, which <strong>the</strong>y had been tra<strong>in</strong>ed up from <strong>the</strong>ir childhood to worship and serve,<br />

and to swear by <strong>the</strong>ir names. And <strong>the</strong> wise men that were among <strong>the</strong>m, as <strong>the</strong> priests and such<br />

like, thought <strong>the</strong>re was no God save <strong>the</strong> stars and spheres, for whose sake and <strong>in</strong> whose likeness<br />

<strong>the</strong>y had made <strong>the</strong>se images; but as for <strong>the</strong> Rock everlast<strong>in</strong>g, <strong>the</strong>re was no man that<br />

acknowledged him or knew him save a few persons <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> world, as Enoch, Methuselah,<br />

Noah, Sham, and Heber. And <strong>in</strong> this way did <strong>the</strong> world walk and converse till that pillar of<br />

<strong>the</strong> world, Abraham our fa<strong>the</strong>r, was born."<br />

Maimonides. - Clarke's Commentary on <strong>the</strong> <strong>Bible</strong> on Genesis 4:26<br />

The Book of Jasher (also, Jashar) or <strong>the</strong> Book of <strong>the</strong> Upright or <strong>the</strong> Book of <strong>the</strong> Just Man<br />

The Book of Jasher<br />

support <strong>the</strong> above <strong>the</strong>sis:<br />

"And Seth lived one hundred and five years, and he begat a son; and Seth called <strong>the</strong> name of his<br />

son Enosh, say<strong>in</strong>g, Because <strong>in</strong> that time <strong>the</strong> sons of men began to multiply, and to afflict <strong>the</strong>ir<br />

souls and hearts by transgress<strong>in</strong>g and rebell<strong>in</strong>g aga<strong>in</strong>st God. And it was <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> days of Enosh<br />

that <strong>the</strong> sons of men cont<strong>in</strong>ued to rebel and transgress aga<strong>in</strong>st God, to <strong>in</strong>crease <strong>the</strong> anger of<br />

<strong>the</strong> Lord aga<strong>in</strong>st <strong>the</strong> sons of men. And <strong>the</strong> sons of men went and <strong>the</strong>y served o<strong>the</strong>r gods, and<br />

<strong>the</strong>y forgot <strong>the</strong> Lord who had created <strong>the</strong>m <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> earth: and <strong>in</strong> those days <strong>the</strong> sons of men made<br />

images of brass and iron, wood and stone, and <strong>the</strong>y bowed down and served <strong>the</strong>m. And every<br />

man made his god and <strong>the</strong>y bowed down to <strong>the</strong>m, and <strong>the</strong> sons of men forsook <strong>the</strong> Lord all <strong>the</strong><br />

days of Enosh and his children; and <strong>the</strong> anger of <strong>the</strong> Lord was k<strong>in</strong>dled on account of <strong>the</strong>ir works<br />

and abom<strong>in</strong>ations which <strong>the</strong>y did <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> earth.<br />

"And <strong>the</strong> Lord caused <strong>the</strong> waters of <strong>the</strong> river Gihon to overwhelm <strong>the</strong>m, and he destroyed and<br />

consumed <strong>the</strong>m, and he destroyed <strong>the</strong> third part of <strong>the</strong> earth, and notwithstand<strong>in</strong>g this, <strong>the</strong> sons of<br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />

men did not turn from <strong>the</strong>ir evil ways, and <strong>the</strong>ir hands were yet extended to do evil <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> sight of<br />

<strong>the</strong> Lord. And <strong>in</strong> those days <strong>the</strong>re was nei<strong>the</strong>r sow<strong>in</strong>g nor reap<strong>in</strong>g <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> earth; and <strong>the</strong>re was no<br />

food for <strong>the</strong> sons of men and <strong>the</strong> fam<strong>in</strong>e was very great <strong>in</strong> those days. And <strong>the</strong> seed which <strong>the</strong>y<br />

sowed <strong>in</strong> those days <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> ground became thorns, thistles and briers; for from <strong>the</strong> days of Adam<br />

was this declaration concern<strong>in</strong>g <strong>the</strong> earth, of <strong>the</strong> curse of God, which he cursed <strong>the</strong> earth, on<br />

account of <strong>the</strong> s<strong>in</strong> which Adam s<strong>in</strong>ned before <strong>the</strong> Lord. And it was when men cont<strong>in</strong>ued to rebel<br />

and transgress aga<strong>in</strong>st God, and to corrupt <strong>the</strong>ir ways, that <strong>the</strong> earth also became corrupt."<br />

- Jasher 2:2-9<br />

Accord<strong>in</strong>g to this God even had a flood fill<strong>in</strong>g one third of <strong>the</strong> earth to destroy <strong>the</strong> heresy started by<br />

Enos.<br />

Targum of Onkelos and Targum of Jonathan supports this aga<strong>in</strong><br />

http://biblehub.com/commentaries/genesis/4-26.htm<br />

"Then <strong>in</strong> his (Enos) days <strong>the</strong> children of men ceased from pray<strong>in</strong>g <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> name of <strong>the</strong> Lord;''<br />

and <strong>the</strong> Targum of Jonathan is,"this was <strong>the</strong> age, <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> days of which <strong>the</strong>y began to err, and<br />

<strong>the</strong>y made <strong>the</strong>mselves idols, and surnamed <strong>the</strong>ir idols by <strong>the</strong> name of <strong>the</strong> Word of <strong>the</strong> Lord;''<br />

with which agrees <strong>the</strong> note of Jarchi,"<strong>the</strong>n <strong>the</strong>y began to call <strong>the</strong> names of men, and <strong>the</strong> names of<br />

herbs, by <strong>the</strong> name of <strong>the</strong> blessed God, to make idols of <strong>the</strong>m:''and some of <strong>the</strong>m say, particularly<br />

Maimonides (r), that Enos himself erred, and fell <strong>in</strong>to idolatry, and was <strong>the</strong> first <strong>in</strong>ventor of images,<br />

by <strong>the</strong> mediation of which men prayed to God: but all this seems to be without foundation, and<br />

<strong>in</strong>jurious to <strong>the</strong> character of this antediluvian patriarch; nor does it appear that idolatry obta<strong>in</strong>ed <strong>in</strong><br />

<strong>the</strong> posterity of Seth, or among <strong>the</strong> people of God so early; nor is such an account agreeable to<br />

<strong>the</strong> history which Moses is giv<strong>in</strong>g of <strong>the</strong> family of Seth, <strong>in</strong> opposition to that of Ca<strong>in</strong>; wherefore one<br />

or o<strong>the</strong>r of <strong>the</strong> former senses is best."<br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />

This is not part of <strong>the</strong> scripture but <strong>the</strong><br />

understand<strong>in</strong>g or explanation of Jewish<br />

Rabbi.<br />

At any rate at least some of Jewish tradition<br />

object to <strong>the</strong> Sethic l<strong>in</strong>e as sons of God.<br />

The major problem <strong>in</strong> this argument of Sons<br />

of God as Sethic l<strong>in</strong>e and Sons of Man as<br />

Ca<strong>in</strong>ites is <strong>the</strong> fact we have corroboration to<br />

<strong>the</strong> identity of Sethic l<strong>in</strong>e Noah hav<strong>in</strong>g<br />

married <strong>the</strong> Ca<strong>in</strong>ite Naamah. Hence we<br />

should expect <strong>the</strong> whole mank<strong>in</strong>d has got <strong>the</strong><br />

Nephillim gene. God has not killed all those<br />

violators and on <strong>the</strong> o<strong>the</strong>r hand chose one to<br />

cont<strong>in</strong>ue <strong>the</strong> human l<strong>in</strong>e and to fill <strong>the</strong> earth<br />

with <strong>the</strong>m!!<br />

Genesis 5 gives us <strong>the</strong> genealogy of Seth<br />

which ends with Noah and Genesis 4 gives<br />

us <strong>the</strong> genealogy of Ca<strong>in</strong> which ends with a woman named Naamah.<br />

The sons of God saw that <strong>the</strong> daughters of men were fair and took <strong>the</strong>m as wives (Genesis 6:2), and<br />

Noah was one of <strong>the</strong>se “sons of God” and <strong>the</strong> “daughter of man” that Noah took for a wife was named<br />

Naamah from <strong>the</strong> l<strong>in</strong>e of Ca<strong>in</strong>, Daughter of Lamech through his wife Zillah and <strong>the</strong> sister of Tubal Ca<strong>in</strong>.<br />

Then Lamech took for himself two wives: <strong>the</strong> name of one was Adah, and <strong>the</strong> name of <strong>the</strong> second was<br />

Zillah. And Adah bore Jabal . . . his bro<strong>the</strong>r’s name was Jubal . . . And as for Zillah, she also bore<br />

Tubal-Ca<strong>in</strong> . . . and <strong>the</strong> sister of Tubal-Ca<strong>in</strong> was Naamah. (Genesis 4:19–22)<br />

The early Jewish midrash Genesis Rabba (23.3) identifies this Naamah (<strong>the</strong> daughter of Lamech and<br />

sister of Tubal-ca<strong>in</strong>) as <strong>the</strong> wife of Noah (see Rashi's commentary on Genesis 4:22). It is also found<br />

<strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> controversial book of Jasher. 11th-century Jewish commentator Rashi <strong>in</strong> his commentary on<br />

Genesis 4:22. also confirms this. Rabbi Abba bar Kahanah said: Na'amah was <strong>the</strong> wife of Noah, and<br />

why was she called Na'amah (pleasant one)? S<strong>in</strong>ce her deeds were pleas<strong>in</strong>g , and our rabbis said:<br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />

There was ano<strong>the</strong>r Na'amah, and why did <strong>the</strong>y call her Na'amah? She played melodies on <strong>the</strong> drum to<br />

accompany idolatry".<br />

Naamah <strong>the</strong> Mo<strong>the</strong>r of All Mank<strong>in</strong>d<br />

The family of Ca<strong>in</strong> is described at length <strong>in</strong> order to reveal <strong>the</strong> identity of <strong>the</strong> second mo<strong>the</strong>r of mank<strong>in</strong>d<br />

- <strong>the</strong> first be<strong>in</strong>g Eve. Her name <strong>in</strong>dicates that she deserved to survive. Inspite of <strong>the</strong> fact <strong>the</strong> mention of<br />

her family background would not have been complimentary to her, we are given that <strong>in</strong> detail. From<br />

her be<strong>in</strong>g saved it becomes clear that not all <strong>the</strong> descendants of Ca<strong>in</strong> were without hope of redemption<br />

and <strong>the</strong>refore Ca<strong>in</strong> received Div<strong>in</strong>e Revelation. Rabbi Naftali Tzvi Yehuda Berl<strong>in</strong> comments <strong>in</strong> his<br />

commentary Ha'amek Davar on Genesis 4: 32 "from that which was good <strong>in</strong> Ca<strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> world was<br />

established, through this woman, and he had <strong>the</strong> privilege of jo<strong>in</strong><strong>in</strong>g <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> survival of <strong>the</strong> world with <strong>the</strong><br />

seed of Seth, who were <strong>the</strong> purpose of creation".<br />

If this is true, it will evidently makes it clear that <strong>the</strong> association of Sons of God as sons of Seth and<br />

Daughters of Man as daughters of Ca<strong>in</strong> is totally <strong>in</strong>valid. Ca<strong>in</strong>'s progeny is like Eve, <strong>the</strong> Mo<strong>the</strong>r of All<br />

Liv<strong>in</strong>g.<br />

Aga<strong>in</strong> if this is true, <strong>the</strong> flood did not make any difference as far as <strong>the</strong> Nephilim genes were concerned.<br />

The only th<strong>in</strong>g happened was <strong>the</strong> reduction of <strong>the</strong> life time of humans. Both Ca<strong>in</strong> and Seth are with<br />

us <strong>in</strong> our genes. This will corroborate <strong>the</strong> statement "Nephilims were on <strong>the</strong> earth at that time and<br />

also afterwords"<br />

The rationale for choos<strong>in</strong>g Naamah as <strong>the</strong> name for Noah’s wife is that some <strong>in</strong>terpreters believe <strong>the</strong><br />

mention of Naamah <strong>in</strong> Genesis 4:22 must have some special significance and that <strong>the</strong>re was a town<br />

<strong>in</strong> Canaan conquered by Joshua named Naamah .<br />

http://www.propheticrevelation.net/misc/noah_ham_giants.htm<br />

Jewish Encyclopedia gives <strong>the</strong> follow<strong>in</strong>g explanation and excuse and expla<strong>in</strong>s why Noah was<br />

considered righteous:<br />

"Although Noah is styled "a just man and perfect <strong>in</strong> his generations" (Gen. vi. 9), <strong>the</strong> degree of his<br />

righteousness is, never<strong>the</strong>less, much discussed by <strong>the</strong> Rabbis. Some of <strong>the</strong> latter th<strong>in</strong>k that Noah was<br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />

a just man only <strong>in</strong> comparison with his generation, which was very wicked, but that he could not be<br />

compared with any of <strong>the</strong> o<strong>the</strong>r righteous men mentioned <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> <strong>Bible</strong>. These same rabbis go still<br />

fur<strong>the</strong>r and assert that Noah himself was <strong>in</strong>cluded <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> div<strong>in</strong>e decree of destruction, but that he<br />

found grace <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> eyes of <strong>the</strong> Lord (comp. ib. vi. 8) for <strong>the</strong> sake of his descendants.<br />

O<strong>the</strong>r rabbis, on <strong>the</strong> contrary, extol Noah's righteousness, say<strong>in</strong>g that his generation had no <strong>in</strong>fluence<br />

on him, and that had he lived <strong>in</strong> ano<strong>the</strong>r generation, his righteousness would have been still more<br />

strongly marked (Sanh. 108a; Gen. R. xxx. 10).<br />

In like manner, <strong>the</strong> terms "wise" ("ḥakam") and "stupid" ("ba'ar") are applied to Noah by different<br />

rabbis (Ex. R. l. 2; Num. R. x. 9). Still, it is generally acknowledged that before <strong>the</strong> Flood, Noah was, by<br />

comparison with his contemporaries, a really up-rigḥt man and a prophet. He was considered as God's<br />

shepherd (Lev. R. i. 9; "Yalḳ. Ḥadash," "Mosheh," No. 128).<br />

Two different reasons are given why Noah begat no children until he had reached <strong>the</strong> advanced age of<br />

500 years, while his ancestors had families at a much younger age (comp. Gen. v.). One explanation<br />

is that Noah, foresee<strong>in</strong>g that a flood would destroy <strong>the</strong> world on account of its corruption, refused to<br />

marry on <strong>the</strong> ground that his offspr<strong>in</strong>g would perish. God, however, ordered him to take a wife, so that<br />

after <strong>the</strong> Flood he might re-people <strong>the</strong> earth (Tan., Bereshit, 39; "Sefer ha-Yashar," section "Noaḥ").<br />

The o<strong>the</strong>r explanation is that God rendered him impotent till he reached <strong>the</strong> age of 500, say<strong>in</strong>g: "If his<br />

children be wicked, he will be afflicted by <strong>the</strong>ir destruction; and if <strong>the</strong>y be upright like <strong>the</strong>ir fa<strong>the</strong>r, <strong>the</strong>y<br />

will be troubled with mak<strong>in</strong>g so many arks" (Gen. R. xxvi. 2).<br />

The "Sefer ha-Yashar" (l.c.) and Gen. R. (xxii. 4) both agree that Noah's wife was called Naamah.<br />

Accord<strong>in</strong>g to <strong>the</strong> latter, she was <strong>the</strong> sister of Tubal-ca<strong>in</strong> (Gen. iv. 21); accord<strong>in</strong>g to <strong>the</strong> former, she was<br />

a daughter of Enoch, and Noah married her when he was 498 years old.<br />

In <strong>the</strong> Book of Jubilees (Hebr. transl. by Rub<strong>in</strong>, iv. 46-47) Noah's wife is referred to as "Emẓara,<br />

daughter of Raḳi'el." Emẓara was his niece, and two years after <strong>the</strong>ir marriage bore him Shem.<br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />

Book of Jasher, Chapter 5<br />

12 Noah <strong>the</strong> son of Lamech refra<strong>in</strong>ed from tak<strong>in</strong>g a wife <strong>in</strong> those days, to beget children, for he<br />

said, Surely now God will destroy <strong>the</strong> earth, wherefore <strong>the</strong>n shall I beget children?<br />

13 And Noah was a just man, he was perfect <strong>in</strong> his generation, and <strong>the</strong> Lord chose him to raise up<br />

seed from his seed upon <strong>the</strong> face of <strong>the</strong> earth.<br />

14 And <strong>the</strong> Lord said unto Noah, Take unto <strong>the</strong>e a wife, and beget children, for I have seen <strong>the</strong>e<br />

righteous before me <strong>in</strong> this generation.<br />

15 And thou shalt raise up seed, and thy children with <strong>the</strong>e, <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> midst of <strong>the</strong> earth; and Noah<br />

went and took a wife, and he chose Naamah <strong>the</strong> daughter of Enoch, and she was five hundred<br />

and eighty years old.<br />

16 And Noah was four hundred and n<strong>in</strong>ety-eight years old, when he took Naamah for a wife.<br />

17 And Naamah conceived and bare a son, and he called his name Japheth, say<strong>in</strong>g, God has<br />

enlarged me <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> earth; and she conceived aga<strong>in</strong> and bare a son, and he called his name Shem,<br />

say<strong>in</strong>g, God has made me a remnant, to raise up seed <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> midst of <strong>the</strong> earth.<br />

18 And Noah was five hundred and two years old when Naamah bare Shem, and <strong>the</strong> boys grew<br />

up and went <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> ways of <strong>the</strong> Lord, <strong>in</strong> all that Methuselah and Noah <strong>the</strong>ir fa<strong>the</strong>r taught <strong>the</strong>m.<br />

19 And Lamech <strong>the</strong> fa<strong>the</strong>r of Noah, died <strong>in</strong> those days; yet verily he did not go with all his heart <strong>in</strong><br />

<strong>the</strong> ways of his fa<strong>the</strong>r, and he died <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> hundred and n<strong>in</strong>ety-fifth year of <strong>the</strong> life of Noah.<br />

20 And all <strong>the</strong> days of Lamech were seven hundred and seventy years, and he died.<br />

Wives of <strong>the</strong> Children of Noah.<br />

Apart from <strong>the</strong> wife of Noah, <strong>the</strong>re were three o<strong>the</strong>r women <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> Ark. Here aga<strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> <strong>Bible</strong> is silent<br />

about who <strong>the</strong>y were. However <strong>the</strong> book of Jasher give some details <strong>in</strong> this matter. Noah we are<br />

told preached for 120 years prior to <strong>the</strong> flood to be<strong>in</strong>g people to repent to avoid <strong>the</strong> flood. Jasher<br />

gives more details <strong>in</strong> this matter.<br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />

"And Noah rose up, and he made <strong>the</strong> ark, <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> place where God had commanded him, and Noah<br />

did as God had ordered him. In his five hundred and n<strong>in</strong>ety-fifth year Noah commenced to make<br />

<strong>the</strong> ark, and he made <strong>the</strong> ark <strong>in</strong> five years, as <strong>the</strong> Lord had commanded." (Jasher 5:33,34)<br />

Apparently after wait<strong>in</strong>g for 115 years of cont<strong>in</strong>uous preach<strong>in</strong>g of Noah which came to no change <strong>in</strong><br />

<strong>the</strong> world, God asked him to make <strong>the</strong> ark. Noah and his children built <strong>the</strong> ark <strong>in</strong> five year. Then we<br />

are told that Noah took wives for his children. It was a last m<strong>in</strong>ute decision. Where could Noah f<strong>in</strong>d<br />

righteous wives for his three children?<br />

closed.<br />

Apparently it was done just 7 days before <strong>the</strong> doors of ark was<br />

"Then Noah took <strong>the</strong> three daughters of Eliakim, son of Methuselah, for wives for his sons, as <strong>the</strong> Lord<br />

had commanded Noah. And it was at that time Methuselah <strong>the</strong> son of Enoch died, n<strong>in</strong>e hundred and<br />

sixty years old was he, at his death". (Jasher 5:35,36)<br />

They were of <strong>the</strong> children of Seth.<br />

flesh was totally s<strong>in</strong>ful <strong>in</strong> that generation.<br />

They may have been careers of <strong>the</strong> genes of Nephilim s<strong>in</strong>ce all<br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />



NOBLES<br />

The Third Explanation is that<br />

The Sons of God are Nobles <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> Society.<br />

Those who hold <strong>the</strong> royalty position see <strong>the</strong> “sons of God” as polygamous k<strong>in</strong>gs, nobles, or tyrants<br />

who viewed <strong>the</strong>mselves as gods. These k<strong>in</strong>gs lusted for power and “took wives” from among <strong>the</strong><br />

common people, forc<strong>in</strong>g <strong>the</strong>m to jo<strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong>ir harems. Their children held powers over common people<br />

and often perverted jusice. The K<strong>in</strong>gs and special people often claimed <strong>the</strong>mselves as gods. This<br />

is evident <strong>in</strong> Greek and Roman cultures specially. Targum Onqelos, Symmachus and <strong>the</strong> Samaritan<br />

Targum which read sons of <strong>the</strong> rulers , where Targum Neophyti reads sons of <strong>the</strong> judges .<br />

Aga<strong>in</strong> we cannot see any reason to assume why <strong>the</strong>ir descendants become giants. Unless we assume<br />

that giants simply mean evil or corrupt etc. It does not make sense. In this <strong>the</strong>ory <strong>the</strong>ir offspr<strong>in</strong>g were<br />

called great/mighty men or pr<strong>in</strong>ces. Then <strong>the</strong> word "giant" <strong>in</strong> this case does not means <strong>the</strong> giant size<br />

but "Nephilim" simply mean "gibborim" evil. Which is <strong>the</strong> mean<strong>in</strong>g of Nephilim when comb<strong>in</strong>ed with<br />

<strong>the</strong> word ‘gibborim’. So this simply means, <strong>the</strong> people of authority and power became evil and <strong>the</strong>ir<br />

children became evil as such. This of course does not expla<strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> presence of <strong>the</strong> giants and<br />

expla<strong>in</strong>s only <strong>the</strong> perversion of <strong>the</strong> authorities. Is that not <strong>the</strong> characteristics of <strong>the</strong> fallen human<br />

demons?<br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />




I am add<strong>in</strong>g a Fourth Explanation where<br />

Sons of God are children of Adam<br />

and Daughters of Men<br />

are <strong>the</strong> daughters of <strong>the</strong> Pre-Adamic<br />

people who lived outside of Eden.<br />

Adam and Eve who were created by YHVH and placed <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> Eden were of Giant size. God's garden<br />

provided nourishment and long life of a 900 years made <strong>the</strong>m giants. Jewish tradition makes Adam<br />

around 90 feet tall. The pre-Adamic people created by Elohim <strong>in</strong> Genesis 1 on <strong>the</strong> sixth day.<br />

Accord<strong>in</strong>g to <strong>the</strong> fossils found around <strong>the</strong> world <strong>the</strong>y were just 6 feet tall and lived only around 70 years.<br />

In this case probably what happened . The Adamic children born to Adam when <strong>the</strong>y came outside of<br />

Eden were still giants. They married <strong>the</strong> daughters of men who were <strong>the</strong>re produced giant children.<br />

Here <strong>the</strong>re is no conflict of species because both are essentially human with physical bodies. The<br />

<strong>in</strong>term<strong>in</strong>gl<strong>in</strong>g of <strong>the</strong>se two humans produced giants follow<strong>in</strong>g <strong>the</strong> genes of <strong>the</strong> Adamic humans. They<br />

were gibborims - evil and followed idol worship and <strong>the</strong> rituals of <strong>the</strong> children of men.<br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />

This will probably fit <strong>the</strong> description <strong>in</strong> every sense. The children of Adam are <strong>in</strong>deed Children of God<br />

and were giants.<br />

Once Adam and Eve were thrown out <strong>in</strong>to <strong>the</strong> wide earth <strong>the</strong>y certa<strong>in</strong>ly had come <strong>in</strong>to contact with<br />

<strong>the</strong> ord<strong>in</strong>ary humans who were hunter ga<strong>the</strong>rers of <strong>the</strong> earth. S<strong>in</strong>ce we are not given <strong>the</strong> names of<br />

<strong>the</strong> wives of <strong>the</strong> children of Adam and Eve and also <strong>the</strong> children of <strong>the</strong> progeny, we can very well<br />

assume that <strong>the</strong>y took wives from among <strong>the</strong> nomads. They might have been strong and beautiful as<br />

<strong>the</strong> verse suggests. S<strong>in</strong>ce Adam's sons were of giant stature, <strong>the</strong> children born with <strong>the</strong>m were of <strong>the</strong><br />

giant stature. When <strong>the</strong> verse says <strong>the</strong>re were giants on <strong>the</strong> earth at that time, we should th<strong>in</strong>k <strong>the</strong>y<br />

were referr<strong>in</strong>g to <strong>the</strong> m<strong>in</strong>ority humans of <strong>the</strong> children of Adam. Adamic progeny were few <strong>in</strong> number<br />

compared <strong>the</strong> people of <strong>the</strong> wide earth. But after <strong>the</strong> flood, some of <strong>the</strong> genes were carried over<br />

and <strong>the</strong> size became really giant size s<strong>in</strong>ce <strong>the</strong> height and size of <strong>the</strong> humans as well as that of <strong>the</strong><br />

Adamic people after <strong>the</strong> flood was <strong>in</strong>deed only of <strong>the</strong> order of 6 feet. Thus <strong>the</strong> occasional giants were<br />

noticed. Apart from <strong>the</strong> post-flood conditions of earth and <strong>the</strong> fast decay rate and poor nourishment of<br />

<strong>the</strong> outside of Eden vegetables and o<strong>the</strong>r food, <strong>the</strong> marriage of Adamic people with <strong>the</strong> non-Adamic<br />

humans would have been ano<strong>the</strong>r cause of decrease <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> size and stature of <strong>the</strong> children of Adam.<br />

The giant Adamsons married normal less than 6 foot human women and eventually, every one<br />

became short. Only <strong>in</strong> rare cases <strong>the</strong> giants are formed - a l<strong>in</strong>ger<strong>in</strong>g genes.<br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />

This is <strong>the</strong> simplest solution <strong>the</strong> problem, which expla<strong>in</strong>s every biblical observed facts. There is no<br />

need of any extraterrestial spiritual <strong>in</strong>trusion is required.<br />

<strong>in</strong>to <strong>the</strong> human world.<br />

In a sense Adam and Eve were <strong>the</strong> <strong>in</strong>trusion<br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />


ELIOUD<br />

Sons of Nephilim<br />

https://www.revolvy.com/ma<strong>in</strong>/<strong>in</strong>dex.php?s=Elioud<br />

Book of Enoch and Book of Jubilees and <strong>the</strong> Qumran community that produced <strong>the</strong> Dead Sea Scrolls,<br />

<strong>the</strong> Elioud (also called Eljo) are <strong>the</strong> antediluvian children of <strong>the</strong> Nephilim and are considered a<br />

part-angel par hyman hybrid race.<br />

"They comprise three classes:<br />

<strong>the</strong> orig<strong>in</strong>al giants,<br />

who begot <strong>the</strong> Nephilim,<br />

to whom <strong>in</strong> turn, were born <strong>the</strong> Elouid "<br />

(Book of Enoch, vii. 2).<br />

One of giants mentioned <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> <strong>Bible</strong> as a giant at Gath and his children is sometimes alleged to refer<br />

to <strong>the</strong> Elioud is stated as hav<strong>in</strong>g six f<strong>in</strong>gers on each hand and each foot<br />

The Nephilim are def<strong>in</strong>ed as children whose fa<strong>the</strong>r is an angel and whose mo<strong>the</strong>r is a human and <strong>the</strong>y<br />

are <strong>the</strong> "giants" (also known as Gibborim) referred to <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> book of Numbers. But <strong>the</strong>se def<strong>in</strong>itions are<br />

pretty vague <strong>in</strong> that <strong>the</strong>re are references <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> non-canonical books that angels and human women<br />

produce children who are Gibborim, and <strong>the</strong> Nephilim have fa<strong>the</strong>rs who are Gibborim and human<br />

mo<strong>the</strong>rs.<br />

1 Enoch 7:2 and 7:10-11. <strong>the</strong>y are called just angels while <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> Aramaic fragments found <strong>in</strong> Qumran<br />

Cave 4 <strong>the</strong>y are called "Watchers". .Watchers are mentioned <strong>in</strong> Daniel 4:13, 17, 23 as <strong>the</strong> Holy Ones.<br />

and Book of Enoch describes <strong>the</strong> fall of <strong>the</strong> Watchers thus identify<strong>in</strong>g <strong>the</strong> angels who fell as Watchers:<br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />

"10 Then <strong>the</strong>y took wives, each choos<strong>in</strong>g for himself; whom <strong>the</strong>y began to approach, and with<br />

whom <strong>the</strong>y cohabited; teach<strong>in</strong>g <strong>the</strong>m sorcery, <strong>in</strong>cantations, and <strong>the</strong> divid<strong>in</strong>g of roots and trees.<br />

11 And <strong>the</strong> women conceiv<strong>in</strong>g brought forth giants."<br />

The book of Jubilees 7:211-25 goes on <strong>the</strong> identify why God decided to wipe clean <strong>the</strong> earth:<br />

<br />

The 1913 translation of R.H. Charles of <strong>the</strong> Book of Jubilees 7:21-25 reads as follows<br />

><br />

Some scholars suggest that <strong>the</strong> children of Elouid formed <strong>the</strong> hom<strong>in</strong>ids such as Neanderthal and<br />

o<strong>the</strong>rs which are found <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> fossil studies. Neanderthals were not <strong>the</strong> only hom<strong>in</strong><strong>in</strong> species that<br />

Adamic humans mated with, accord<strong>in</strong>g to a new study East Asian populations share genes with a<br />

mysterious archaic hom<strong>in</strong><strong>in</strong> species that lived <strong>in</strong> Siberia, <strong>the</strong> Denisovans that are a close cous<strong>in</strong> to <strong>the</strong><br />

Neanderthal. Neanderthals, lived <strong>in</strong> Europe, <strong>the</strong> Middle East and parts of western Asia from about<br />

500,000 years ago to as recently as 30,000 years ago, say scientists. The amount of genetic variation<br />

throughout all modern human populations is surpris<strong>in</strong>gly small and implies a recent orig<strong>in</strong> for <strong>the</strong><br />

common ancestor of us all. Accord<strong>in</strong>gly, this agrees with Noah’s flood where <strong>in</strong> Genesis <strong>the</strong> Nephilim<br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />

and <strong>the</strong>ir children are destroyed. Even if <strong>the</strong>re were o<strong>the</strong>r <strong>in</strong>cursions of fallen angels <strong>the</strong>y never aga<strong>in</strong><br />

corrupted humanity to <strong>the</strong> degree <strong>the</strong>y had previously to <strong>the</strong> flood.<br />

Accord<strong>in</strong>g to tradition, <strong>the</strong> Nephilim had enormous psychic abilities. They performed levitation, m<strong>in</strong>d<br />

control, and remote view<strong>in</strong>g. They had <strong>the</strong> power of pronounc<strong>in</strong>g and remov<strong>in</strong>g curses and diseases,<br />

and had ways of know<strong>in</strong>g and predict<strong>in</strong>g <strong>the</strong> future. They were extremely <strong>in</strong>telligent. They knew all<br />

about science, architecture, and eng<strong>in</strong>eer<strong>in</strong>g. They comb<strong>in</strong>ed <strong>the</strong>se skills with <strong>the</strong>ir powers of<br />

<strong>in</strong>telligence to build <strong>the</strong> Pyramids and <strong>the</strong> o<strong>the</strong>r great monuments around <strong>the</strong> world. Accord<strong>in</strong>g to<br />

1Enoch <strong>the</strong>y created human sacrifice. They drank blood, were cannibals and taught abortion.<br />

The book of Enoch states, "And <strong>the</strong> fifth was named Kasdeja: this is he who showed <strong>the</strong> children of<br />

men all <strong>the</strong> wicked smit<strong>in</strong>gs of spirits and demons, and <strong>the</strong> smit<strong>in</strong>gs of <strong>the</strong> embryo <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> womb, that it<br />

may pass away, and <strong>the</strong> smit<strong>in</strong>gs of <strong>the</strong> soul <strong>the</strong> bites of <strong>the</strong> serpent…” (Enoch 69:12a)<br />

The <strong>in</strong>carnation required that Jesus be of human orig<strong>in</strong>.<br />

This is probably why Satan wanted tamper<br />

with <strong>the</strong> gene pool of man so that mank<strong>in</strong>d may not be redeemed and <strong>the</strong> plans of God may be<br />

disrupted. They certa<strong>in</strong>ly tampered with both human and animal gene pools (Jasher) to try and h<strong>in</strong>der<br />

redemption through a human bloodl<strong>in</strong>e. They were <strong>the</strong> heroes of old, <strong>the</strong> mighty men of renown, talked<br />

about <strong>in</strong> mythology, and contributed to <strong>the</strong> reason God had to destroy <strong>the</strong> world and all its <strong>in</strong>habitants<br />

<strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> Great Flood to make way for a clean start. Yes <strong>the</strong>re were Nephilims even after <strong>the</strong> flood.<br />

<strong>the</strong>y were easily cleaned out. The giants after <strong>the</strong> Biblical period should be only<br />

body like any o<strong>the</strong>r disease.<br />

But<br />

due dis-function of<br />

<strong>Bible</strong> says that "<strong>the</strong> Nephilim were on <strong>the</strong> earth <strong>in</strong> those days—and also afterward— Genesis 6:1–4,<br />

Nephilims were <strong>the</strong>re on <strong>the</strong> earth <strong>the</strong>re and also afterwards referr<strong>in</strong>g to <strong>the</strong> flood at <strong>the</strong> time of Noah.<br />

However <strong>the</strong>re are some who assert that <strong>the</strong> Nephilims were not <strong>the</strong>re after <strong>the</strong> flood.<br />

avoid <strong>the</strong> problem of how <strong>the</strong> giants reappeared after <strong>the</strong> flood.<br />

This stand will<br />

After all <strong>the</strong> destruction of <strong>the</strong><br />

nephilims seems to be one of <strong>the</strong> prime reason for <strong>the</strong> flood - to wipe clean <strong>the</strong> earth and start afresh.<br />

O<strong>the</strong>rwise we have to fall back on to <strong>the</strong> idea that one of ladies <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> ark carried <strong>the</strong> Nephilim genes.<br />

Here is <strong>the</strong> argument. It stands with <strong>the</strong> Doctr<strong>in</strong>e of Paternal Spiritual L<strong>in</strong>eage which states that <strong>the</strong><br />

spirit of <strong>the</strong> children comes from <strong>the</strong> Fa<strong>the</strong>rs and only <strong>the</strong> body comes from <strong>the</strong> Mo<strong>the</strong>rs. As a<br />

result even when giants are born, <strong>the</strong>y will still have <strong>the</strong> spirit of Adam s<strong>in</strong>ce Noah was a righteous<br />

man. It does not matter who <strong>the</strong> wives of <strong>the</strong> four <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> ark were - <strong>the</strong>y could even be Nephilims.<br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />

No Nephilim After Flood<br />

http://paradoxbrown.com/nonephilimpostflood.htm/<br />

But Noah found favor <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> eyes of <strong>the</strong> LORD. These [are] <strong>the</strong> generations of Noah: Noah was a<br />

just man [and] perfect <strong>in</strong> his generations, [and] Noah walked with God.” Gen 6:8-9<br />

The <strong>Bible</strong> specifies that Noah was “perfect <strong>in</strong> his generations”. This can refer to be<strong>in</strong>g spotless or<br />

unblemished <strong>in</strong> his l<strong>in</strong>eage. Why does God specify this? It would make sense that God said this to<br />

make clear that Noah was completely uncorrupted <strong>in</strong> his l<strong>in</strong>eage, both paternal and maternal,<br />

hav<strong>in</strong>g no ancestors that were related to <strong>the</strong> Nephilim-giants <strong>in</strong> any way. Noah was <strong>the</strong> paternal<br />

ancestor of every human who would come after <strong>the</strong> flood, his sons and all <strong>the</strong>ir children, who all<br />

humanity would be replenished from.<br />

However, it is not specified that Noah’s wife, sons, nor daughter-<strong>in</strong>-law were “perfect <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong>ir<br />

generations”. It is <strong>the</strong>refore possible that Noah’s wife (and <strong>the</strong>refore Noah’s sons) or<br />

daughters-<strong>in</strong>-law (and <strong>the</strong>refore his grandchildren), were bodily related to <strong>the</strong> Nephilim. Accord<strong>in</strong>g<br />

to <strong>the</strong> doctr<strong>in</strong>e of Paternal Spiritual L<strong>in</strong>eage, it did not matter if Noah’s wife was <strong>in</strong> fact even a<br />

Nephilim-giant, because Noah’s sons and all <strong>the</strong>ir children would have human-spirits, because<br />

Noah had a perfect human l<strong>in</strong>eage and a human-spirit.<br />

But it seems far more likely that Noah’s wife or daughters-<strong>in</strong>-law were humans, but unfortunately<br />

one or all were descended from a human-granddaughter of a Nephilim-giant. This would mean<br />

that while <strong>the</strong> women on <strong>the</strong> ark were human, not even giants, <strong>the</strong>y could still carry <strong>the</strong> genes for<br />

hereditary gigantism, as well as genes caus<strong>in</strong>g a shortened lifespan. It could be argued that<br />

besides <strong>the</strong> stated exception of Noah, that his wife and sons’ flesh had also been somewhat<br />

corrupted, as all flesh had been corrupted,<br />

“And God looked upon <strong>the</strong> earth, and, behold, it was corrupt; for all flesh had corrupted its way<br />

upon <strong>the</strong> earth.” (Gen 6:12)…….<br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />

The human-giants after <strong>the</strong> flood did not have any atmospheric advantage, and <strong>the</strong>re are<br />

<strong>in</strong>dications <strong>the</strong>y were <strong>in</strong> poor health, like those with gigantism today. For <strong>in</strong>stance, one very<br />

plausible <strong>the</strong>ory is that Goliath died by <strong>the</strong> stone hitt<strong>in</strong>g his head because of poor health and<br />

medical conditions which directly related to him hav<strong>in</strong>g pituitary gigantism.<br />

“And David put his hand <strong>in</strong>to his bag and took from it a stone and slung it,<br />

39<br />

and struck <strong>the</strong><br />

Philist<strong>in</strong>e on his forehead. And <strong>the</strong> stone sank <strong>in</strong>to his forehead, so that he fell on his face to<br />

<strong>the</strong> ground. Thus David prevailed over <strong>the</strong> Philist<strong>in</strong>e with a sl<strong>in</strong>g and a stone,<br />

and he struck<br />

<strong>the</strong> Philist<strong>in</strong>e and killed him; but <strong>the</strong>re was no sword <strong>in</strong> David’s hand.” 1 Sam 17:49-50<br />

“Undoubtedly Goliath’s great size was due to acromegaly secondary to a pituitary macroadenoma.<br />

This pituitary adenoma was apparently large enough to <strong>in</strong>duce visual field deficits by its pressure<br />

on <strong>the</strong> optic chiasm, which made Goliath unable to follow <strong>the</strong> young David as he circled him. The<br />

stone entered Goliath’s cranial vault through a markedly th<strong>in</strong>ned frontal bone, which resulted from<br />

enlargement of <strong>the</strong> frontal paranasal s<strong>in</strong>us, a frequent feature of acromegaly. The stone lodged <strong>in</strong><br />

Goliath’s enlarged pituitary and caused a pituitary hemorrhage, result<strong>in</strong>g <strong>in</strong> transtentorial<br />

herniation and death.”<br />

– Dr. Stanley Sprecher, MD<br />

http://radiology.rsna.org/content/176/1/288.2.full.pdf<br />

The Post-flood giant were due to acromegaly (acromegaly= A disorder <strong>in</strong> adults <strong>in</strong> which <strong>the</strong> pituitary<br />

gland produces too much growth hormone.)The poor health of <strong>the</strong>se giants could also be argued <strong>in</strong><br />

that whole villages of giants were killed off by <strong>the</strong> Israelites without any noted difficulty. (Deut 3:1-11,<br />

Josh 11:21)<br />

God had <strong>the</strong> Israelites kill off <strong>the</strong>se giant tribes entirely (men, women, and children), and this was likely<br />

for one very understandable reason.<br />

Us<strong>in</strong>g modern hereditary gigantism as a model, esp. FIPA (Familial Isolated Pituitary Adenomas ),<br />

each successive generation has a younger onset for <strong>the</strong> illness. This means that what might start as<br />

acromegaly, with adult onset, <strong>in</strong> a few generations would be more likely to result <strong>in</strong> gigantism that<br />

beg<strong>in</strong>s <strong>in</strong> childhood. That is for those who do express <strong>the</strong> genes and have gigantism. At <strong>the</strong> same time,<br />

most people <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> family are carriers who do not get <strong>the</strong> disorder, and some do not even carry it. In<br />

modern cases, an entire family or village of giants doesn’t happen. But <strong>the</strong>re is a reason why.


PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />

It is very likely that <strong>the</strong> only way that you would get this genetic disorder to be so strongly re<strong>in</strong>forced as<br />

to have an entire tribes of giants, where every man, woman, and child has <strong>the</strong> genetic disorder, is by<br />

<strong>in</strong>breed<strong>in</strong>g. The scientific understand<strong>in</strong>g of hereditary gigantism supports this assertion. (3,8) And we<br />

know that <strong>the</strong>se people did practice <strong>in</strong>breed<strong>in</strong>g. God confirms <strong>the</strong>se nations practiced <strong>in</strong>breed<strong>in</strong>g <strong>in</strong><br />

Leviticus 18, and this is what it would take to get entire villages of giants, <strong>in</strong> which every man woman<br />

and child was a giant. For <strong>in</strong>stance, FIPA is a dom<strong>in</strong>ant trait with only <strong>in</strong>complete penetration, mean<strong>in</strong>g<br />

it acts recessive <strong>in</strong> many ways, and so it would be almost impossible to get a whole village of giant<br />

people, except if <strong>the</strong> trait was re<strong>in</strong>forced through <strong>in</strong>breed<strong>in</strong>g, like <strong>the</strong> close <strong>in</strong>breed<strong>in</strong>g Lev 18 mentions,<br />

mak<strong>in</strong>g <strong>the</strong> trait to show very dom<strong>in</strong>antly…..<br />

“And yet aga<strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong>re was war at Gath, where was a man of [great] stature, whose f<strong>in</strong>gers and<br />

toes [were] four and twenty, six [on each hand], and six [on each foot]: and he also was <strong>the</strong> son of<br />

<strong>the</strong> giant. But when he defied Israel, Jonathan <strong>the</strong> son of Shimea David’s bro<strong>the</strong>r slew him. These<br />

were born unto <strong>the</strong> giant <strong>in</strong> Gath; and <strong>the</strong>y fell by <strong>the</strong> hand of David, and by <strong>the</strong> hand of his<br />

servants.” 1 Ch 20:6-8<br />

Like a quarant<strong>in</strong>e, to save much more of humanity from <strong>the</strong> genetic disorder of gigantism, God had<br />

<strong>the</strong>se tribes of giant people to be killed. This was a mercy on any children <strong>the</strong>y may have had, and<br />

future generations, as gigantism is a very pa<strong>in</strong>ful, deform<strong>in</strong>g and disabl<strong>in</strong>g genetic disorder. This also<br />

was protective aga<strong>in</strong>st spread<strong>in</strong>g this genetic disorder to all those peoples around <strong>the</strong>m, <strong>in</strong>clud<strong>in</strong>g <strong>the</strong><br />

Israelites. (Jdg 3:5-7)<br />

http://www.fipapatients.org/disorders/fipa/<br />

Figure below:. Autosomal dom<strong>in</strong>ant disease with <strong>in</strong>complete penetrance. In this case, <strong>the</strong><br />

fa<strong>the</strong>r's abnormal gene was <strong>in</strong>herited by 2 of his 4 children. Out of <strong>the</strong> three carriers (<strong>the</strong> fa<strong>the</strong>r,<br />

one son and one daughter) two patients developed <strong>the</strong> disease (fa<strong>the</strong>r and daughter) while <strong>the</strong><br />

third carries <strong>the</strong> gene but has not developed <strong>the</strong> disease. We do not know if this third person<br />

(<strong>the</strong> carrier son <strong>in</strong> this case) will develop <strong>the</strong> disease <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> future or not, and currently it is not<br />

possible to predict this.<br />

Families with pituitary adenomas, FIPA families, can be divided <strong>in</strong>to two groups.<br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />

In about 80% of families <strong>the</strong> gene caus<strong>in</strong>g <strong>the</strong> disease is unknown. The pituitary tumour types<br />

occurr<strong>in</strong>g <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong>se families are most commonly growth hormone-secret<strong>in</strong>g adenomas<br />

(caus<strong>in</strong>g acromegaly or acromegalic gigantism), prolact<strong>in</strong>-secret<strong>in</strong>g adenomas<br />

(prolact<strong>in</strong>omas) or non-function<strong>in</strong>g pituitary adenomas (NFPA), very rarely ACTH-secret<strong>in</strong>g<br />

adenomas (caus<strong>in</strong>g Cush<strong>in</strong>g's disease) or TSH-secret<strong>in</strong>g adenomas. The disease most<br />

often starts <strong>in</strong> adulthood, very rarely <strong>in</strong> childhood (average age of disease onset <strong>in</strong> our<br />

cohort for AIP negative FIPA patients is 38 years). These families usually only have two or<br />

three patients known with <strong>the</strong> disease.<br />

We still have giants even today due this disorder.<br />

What about Robert Wadlow? He was born <strong>in</strong> Alton, Ill<strong>in</strong>ois, <strong>in</strong> 1918. At 8 years old, he was 6’0". At 11<br />

years old, he was 6’7". At 14 years old, he was 7’5". At 17 years old, he was 8’1/2". At 22 years old he<br />

was over 8’11" — almost 9’ tall. He died <strong>in</strong> Manistee, Michigan. His shoes were size 37AA. Was he <strong>the</strong><br />

result of an angel? No. He was just a big man. (Gu<strong>in</strong>ness Book Of World Records, 1976).<br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />


But those who do not consider <strong>the</strong> Doctr<strong>in</strong>e of Paternal Spiritual L<strong>in</strong>eage as only an assumption to<br />

circumvent <strong>the</strong> problem will still have to answer how <strong>the</strong>y came. We certa<strong>in</strong>ly have giants after <strong>the</strong><br />

flood and cont<strong>in</strong>u<strong>in</strong>g even today.<br />

The <strong>Bible</strong> tells us that be<strong>in</strong>gs of giant physical stature lived both before and after <strong>the</strong> Flood (Genesis<br />

6:4; Deuteronomy 2:10–12, 20–23). After <strong>the</strong> Flood, giants appear <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> <strong>Bible</strong> as descendants of<br />

Ham’s son Canaan; <strong>the</strong>y were liv<strong>in</strong>g <strong>in</strong> Canaan when Moses sent agents to spy out <strong>the</strong> land (Numbers<br />

13:1–2, 32–33).<br />

it is not specified that Noah’s wife, sons, nor daughter-<strong>in</strong>-law were “perfect <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong>ir generations”. It is<br />

<strong>the</strong>refore possible that Noah’s wife (and <strong>the</strong>refore Noah’s sons) or daughters-<strong>in</strong>-law (and <strong>the</strong>refore his<br />

grand children), were bodily related to <strong>the</strong> Nephilim.<br />

Og, K<strong>in</strong>g of Bashan, was <strong>the</strong> last recorded giant east of <strong>the</strong> Jordan River (Joshua 12:4; 13:12).<br />

After Joshua’s conquest of Canaan (Joshua 11:21–22), a few giants cont<strong>in</strong>ued liv<strong>in</strong>g <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> Philist<strong>in</strong>e<br />

cities of Gaza, Gath and Ashdod. These giants terrorized <strong>the</strong> Israelites from <strong>the</strong> time <strong>the</strong>y entered <strong>in</strong>to<br />

Canaan until late <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> reign of K<strong>in</strong>g David. One of those giants was Goliath, whom David killed. K<strong>in</strong>g<br />

David and his "mighty men" also encountered o<strong>the</strong>r giants (2 Samuel 21:16–22;1 Chronicles 20:4–8).<br />

We will now take up <strong>the</strong> post-flood giants stories.<br />

The book of Enoch :<br />

Chapter 8<br />

1 And Azazel taught men to make swords, and knives, and shields, and breastplates, and made<br />

known to <strong>the</strong>m <strong>the</strong> metals of <strong>the</strong> earth and <strong>the</strong> art of work<strong>in</strong>g <strong>the</strong>m, and bracelets, and<br />

ornaments, and <strong>the</strong> use of antimony, and <strong>the</strong> beautify<strong>in</strong>g of <strong>the</strong> eyelids, and all k<strong>in</strong>ds of costly<br />

stones, and all color<strong>in</strong>g t<strong>in</strong>ctures.<br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />

3 Semjaza taught enchantments, and root-cutt<strong>in</strong>gs, ’Armaros <strong>the</strong> resolv<strong>in</strong>g of enchantments,<br />

Baraqijal (taught) astrology, Kokablel <strong>the</strong> constellations, Ezeqeel <strong>the</strong> knowledge of <strong>the</strong> clouds,<br />

Araqiel <strong>the</strong> signs of <strong>the</strong> earth, Shamsiel <strong>the</strong> signs of <strong>the</strong> sun, and Sariel <strong>the</strong> course of <strong>the</strong> moon.<br />

And as men perished, <strong>the</strong>y cried, and <strong>the</strong>ir cry went up to heaven . . .<br />

http://www.babylonris<strong>in</strong>gblog.com/Nephilim3.html<br />

Nephilim after <strong>the</strong> flood<br />

The Giant Story<br />

We come across very many different names and clans and tribes of <strong>Giants</strong>.<br />

But we can trace <strong>the</strong>m<br />

all from <strong>the</strong> orig<strong>in</strong>al <strong>Giants</strong> Nephilim who were <strong>the</strong>re before <strong>the</strong> flood and <strong>the</strong> scripture rem<strong>in</strong>ds us that<br />

<strong>the</strong>y were <strong>the</strong>re also after <strong>the</strong> flood.<br />

The name Nephilim literally means “fallen ones”. As we have discussed earlier, <strong>the</strong> Nephilim came<br />

from Sons of God mix<strong>in</strong>g with human women (Gen 6:2), We hare discussed various <strong>in</strong>terpretation<br />

who <strong>the</strong>se Sons of God are and who <strong>the</strong>se Daughters of Man are. The book of Enoch identifies Sons<br />

of God as Angels, particulary identifies <strong>the</strong>m as a class of angels called Watchers.<br />

In <strong>the</strong> Book of Enoch, <strong>the</strong> watchers are angels dispatched to Earth to watch over <strong>the</strong> humans. Watcher<br />

is a term used <strong>in</strong> connection with biblical angels. Watcher occurs <strong>in</strong> both plural and s<strong>in</strong>gular forms <strong>in</strong><br />

<strong>the</strong> Book of Daniel, where reference is made to <strong>the</strong>ir hol<strong>in</strong>ess. Watcher comes from <strong>the</strong> root of<br />

Hebrew. "ʿer", mean<strong>in</strong>g "awake, watchful";Greek: ἐγρήγοροι, (Grgori,) "Watchers", "those who are<br />

awake"; "guard", "watcher" is a term used <strong>in</strong> connection with biblical angels. Evidently <strong>the</strong>se angels<br />

were supposed to be servants of God who were supposed to be watch<strong>in</strong>g <strong>the</strong> humans on <strong>the</strong> earth.<br />

They were "Sons of God" <strong>in</strong> authority over humans. Thus we see Daniel 4:17 "This sentence is by<br />

<strong>the</strong> decree of <strong>the</strong> watchers, and <strong>the</strong> decision by <strong>the</strong> word of <strong>the</strong> holy ones: that <strong>the</strong> liv<strong>in</strong>g may know<br />

that <strong>the</strong> Most High rule over <strong>the</strong> k<strong>in</strong>gdom of men, and give it to whomsoever he will, and set up over it<br />

<strong>the</strong> basest of men." Watcher occurs <strong>in</strong> both plural and s<strong>in</strong>gular forms <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> Book of Daniel (4th–2nd<br />

century BC), where reference is made to <strong>the</strong>ir hol<strong>in</strong>ess and <strong>the</strong>ir authority over mank<strong>in</strong>d. Evidently<br />

<strong>the</strong>y had freedom to choose and some of <strong>the</strong>m choose evil. S<strong>in</strong>ce <strong>the</strong>y had <strong>the</strong> freedom of will, <strong>the</strong>y<br />

should be part of <strong>the</strong> proper "Sons of God". Aramaic ir<strong>in</strong> "watchers" is rendered as "angel" (Greek<br />

angelos, Coptic malah) <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> Greek and Ethiopian translations, although <strong>the</strong> usual Aramaic term for<br />

angel malakha does not occur <strong>in</strong> Aramaic Enoch. The apocryphal Books of Enoch (2nd–1st centuries<br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />

BC) refer to both good and bad Watchers, with a primary focus on <strong>the</strong> rebellious ones. Apparently <strong>the</strong>y<br />

soon beg<strong>in</strong> to lust for human women and, at <strong>the</strong> prodd<strong>in</strong>g of <strong>the</strong>ir leader Samyaza, defect en masse to<br />

illicitly <strong>in</strong>struct humanity and procreate among <strong>the</strong>m. Hence we have <strong>the</strong> reference to <strong>the</strong>m as "<strong>the</strong><br />

fallen ones". There were 200 of <strong>the</strong>se "Sons of God" who violated God's basic orders to keep <strong>the</strong>ir<br />

doma<strong>in</strong>s and had 10 leaders.<br />

Enoch is not part of <strong>the</strong> <strong>Bible</strong>, <strong>the</strong> book of Jude quotes from it and hence most consider it as an reliable<br />

book.<br />

The book of Enoch records how “<strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> days of Jared” angels left <strong>the</strong>ir position as authorities and<br />

correctors of humans and came down to <strong>the</strong> earth and had sexual relations with women which<br />

produced <strong>the</strong> giants Nephilim. This took place near <strong>the</strong> Mount Hermon just north of Bashan (where<br />

<strong>the</strong> giant Og later reigned as <strong>the</strong> last k<strong>in</strong>g of <strong>the</strong> Nephilim). .Peter says that <strong>the</strong>se fallen angels are kept<br />

<strong>in</strong> prison and are wait<strong>in</strong>g judgment (1 Pet 3:19; Jude 6)<br />

Over time, this race of giants evolved <strong>in</strong>to various clans and tribes after <strong>the</strong> fashion of <strong>the</strong> humans of<br />

earth and extended <strong>the</strong>ir doma<strong>in</strong>s and migrated southward east of <strong>the</strong> Jordan River through <strong>the</strong> region<br />

of Ammon, Moab and Edom (south of <strong>the</strong> Dead Sea). Eventually some branches of this giant race<br />

migrated across <strong>the</strong> Jordan River with some settl<strong>in</strong>g <strong>in</strong>to <strong>the</strong> hill country of sou<strong>the</strong>rn Canaan, and<br />

some migrat<strong>in</strong>g as far as <strong>the</strong> coastal pla<strong>in</strong> <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> region of Gaza. We know that <strong>the</strong>re were giants all<br />

over <strong>the</strong> world s<strong>in</strong>ce <strong>the</strong> daughters of man were distributed all over <strong>the</strong> world. These stories are not<br />

given <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> <strong>Bible</strong>.<br />

Inside <strong>the</strong> middle east we know that a coalition led by Chedorlaomer, <strong>the</strong> Philist<strong>in</strong>es, <strong>the</strong> Moabites, <strong>the</strong><br />

Ammonites, and <strong>the</strong> Edomites, along with <strong>the</strong> Israelites were able to totally destroy <strong>the</strong>m <strong>in</strong> that area.<br />

The last Giant K<strong>in</strong>g to be killed was Og who was 13 feet tall. Over <strong>the</strong> years probably <strong>the</strong>se giants<br />

were becom<strong>in</strong>g shorter, generation after generation and 400 years later <strong>in</strong> David’s day <strong>the</strong> giant<br />

Goliath was only 9 feet tall. And Goliath’s younger colleague, Ishbi-Benob, seems to have been<br />

weaker than Goliath because he used a spearhead that was only half <strong>the</strong> size of Goliath’s spearhead.<br />

The Israelites under Joshua and Caleb destroyed most of <strong>the</strong> race of giants rema<strong>in</strong><strong>in</strong>g <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> region of<br />

Canaan. But <strong>the</strong>y did not destroy all because <strong>the</strong>y left a few who were liv<strong>in</strong>g <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> Philist<strong>in</strong>e cities of<br />

Gaza, Gath, and Ashdod<br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />


NIMROD<br />

Nimrod was <strong>the</strong> son of Cush, <strong>the</strong> grandson of Ham, and <strong>the</strong> great grandson of Noah began to be a<br />

giant upon <strong>the</strong> earth. Cush is aga<strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> name of <strong>the</strong> region<br />

Sudan and Ethiopia of today. Apparently Nimrod ruled<br />

<strong>the</strong>se regions. He was not a giant, but he was a giant<br />

hunter; <strong>the</strong>refore <strong>the</strong>y say, As Nimrod <strong>the</strong> giant hunter<br />

before <strong>the</strong> Lord. - Genesis 10:8,9 (LXX)<br />

"The first among <strong>the</strong> leaders of <strong>the</strong> corrupt men was<br />

Nimrod. His fa<strong>the</strong>r Cush had married his mo<strong>the</strong>r at an<br />

advanced age, and Nimrod, <strong>the</strong> offspr<strong>in</strong>g of this belated<br />

union, was particularly dear to him as <strong>the</strong> son of his old<br />

age. He gave him <strong>the</strong> clo<strong>the</strong>s made of sk<strong>in</strong>s with which<br />

God had furnished Adam and Eve at <strong>the</strong> time of <strong>the</strong>ir<br />

leav<strong>in</strong>g Paradise. Cush himself had ga<strong>in</strong>ed possession of<br />

<strong>the</strong>m through Ham. From Adam and Eve <strong>the</strong>y had<br />

descended to Enoch, and from him to Methuselah, and to<br />

Noah, and <strong>the</strong> last had taken <strong>the</strong>m with him <strong>in</strong>to <strong>the</strong> ark.<br />

When <strong>the</strong> <strong>in</strong>mates of <strong>the</strong> ark were about to leave <strong>the</strong>ir<br />

refuge, Ham stole <strong>the</strong> garments and kept <strong>the</strong>m concealed,<br />

f<strong>in</strong>ally pass<strong>in</strong>g <strong>the</strong>m on to his first-born son Cush. Cush <strong>in</strong><br />

turn hid <strong>the</strong>m for many years. When his son Nimrod<br />

reached his twentieth year, he gave <strong>the</strong>m to him.<br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />

These garments had a wonderful property. He who wore <strong>the</strong>m was both <strong>in</strong>v<strong>in</strong>cible and irresistible.<br />

The beasts and birds of <strong>the</strong> woods fell down before Nimrod as soon as <strong>the</strong>y caught sight of him<br />

arrayed <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong>m, and he was equally victorious <strong>in</strong> his combats with men. The source of his<br />

unconquerable strength was not known to <strong>the</strong>m. They attributed it to his personal prowess, and<br />

<strong>the</strong>refore <strong>the</strong>y appo<strong>in</strong>ted him k<strong>in</strong>g over <strong>the</strong>mselves"<br />

The Legends of <strong>the</strong> Jews by Louis G<strong>in</strong>zberg (1909)<br />

It was <strong>in</strong> this area that Nimrod was born, and would eventually depart from <strong>the</strong>re to Sh<strong>in</strong>ar to establish<br />

<strong>the</strong> follow<strong>in</strong>g important “Middle Eastern” Biblical cities (Genesis 10:10): Babel, Erech, Accad, Calneh<br />

These places were located <strong>in</strong> Sh<strong>in</strong>ar, <strong>the</strong> area currently known as Iraq.<br />

Nimrod was often depicted as a mighty warrior, giant and possibly a hunter and subduer of giants as<br />

well. In fact, giants are even said to have helped him build <strong>the</strong> Tower of Babel. An Arabic manuscript<br />

found at Baalbek says:<br />

"After <strong>the</strong> flood, when Nimrod reigned over Lebanon, he sent giants to rebuild <strong>the</strong> fortress of Baalbek,<br />

which was so named <strong>in</strong> honour of Baal, <strong>the</strong> god of <strong>the</strong> Moabites and worshippers of <strong>the</strong> Sun."<br />

Josephus says Nimrod tried to ascribe success not by <strong>the</strong> power of God but my <strong>the</strong> power of human<br />

<strong>in</strong>genuity. In this he was defy<strong>in</strong>g God.<br />

“Now it was Nimrod who excited <strong>the</strong>m to such an affront and contempt of God. He was <strong>the</strong><br />

grandson of Ham, <strong>the</strong> son of Noah, a bold man, and of great strength of hand. He persuaded <strong>the</strong>m not<br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />

to ascribe it to God, as if it were through his means <strong>the</strong>y were happy, but to believe that it was <strong>the</strong>ir<br />

own courage which procured that happ<strong>in</strong>ess. He also gradually changed <strong>the</strong> government <strong>in</strong>to tyranny,<br />

see<strong>in</strong>g no o<strong>the</strong>r way of turn<strong>in</strong>g men from <strong>the</strong> fear of God, but to br<strong>in</strong>g <strong>the</strong>m <strong>in</strong>to a constant dependence<br />

on his power. He also said he would be revenged on God, if he should have a m<strong>in</strong>d to drown <strong>the</strong> world<br />

aga<strong>in</strong>; for that he would build a tower too high for <strong>the</strong> waters to reach. And that he would avenge<br />

himself on God for destroy<strong>in</strong>g <strong>the</strong>ir forefa<strong>the</strong>rs.<br />

Nimrod’s name means rebel. Apparently his rebellion was aga<strong>in</strong>st YHVH for he believed that YHVH<br />

killed his forefa<strong>the</strong>rs <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> flood. Therefore, Nimrod refused adherence to, and opposed by force,<br />

God’s righteous govern<strong>in</strong>g authority. So defiant of God was Nimrod that he built <strong>the</strong> city Babel and <strong>the</strong><br />

great Tower of Babel. From this we see <strong>the</strong> pattern of secular humanism and <strong>the</strong> result<strong>in</strong>g tyranny of a<br />

dictatorial government.<br />

Israel. Nimrod Fortress National Park (Qal‘at Namrud)<br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />

Josephus, <strong>the</strong> Jewish historian, wrote that <strong>the</strong> Tower of Babel was <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> days of Nimrod. “He<br />

(Nimrod) also gradually changed <strong>the</strong> government <strong>in</strong>to tyranny, see<strong>in</strong>g no o<strong>the</strong>r way of turn<strong>in</strong>g men<br />

from <strong>the</strong> fear of God, but to br<strong>in</strong>g <strong>the</strong>m <strong>in</strong>to a constant dependence on his power. He also said he<br />

would be revenged on God, if he should have a m<strong>in</strong>d to drown <strong>the</strong> world aga<strong>in</strong>; for that he would<br />

build a tower too high for <strong>the</strong> waters to be able to reach and that he would avenge himself on God<br />

for destroy<strong>in</strong>g <strong>the</strong>ir forefa<strong>the</strong>rs!” by flood.<br />

Now <strong>the</strong> multitude were very ready to follow <strong>the</strong> determ<strong>in</strong>ation of Nimrod, and to esteem it a piece<br />

of cowardice to submit to God; and <strong>the</strong>y built a tower, nei<strong>the</strong>r spar<strong>in</strong>g any pa<strong>in</strong>s, nor be<strong>in</strong>g <strong>in</strong> any<br />

degree negligent about <strong>the</strong> work: and, by reason of <strong>the</strong> multitude of hands employed <strong>in</strong> it, it grew<br />

very high, sooner than any one could expect; but <strong>the</strong> thickness of it was so great, and it was so<br />

strongly built, that <strong>the</strong>reby its great height seemed, upon <strong>the</strong> view, to be less than it really was. It<br />

was built of burnt brick, cemented toge<strong>the</strong>r with mortar, made of bitumen, that it might not be liable<br />

to admit water. When God saw that <strong>the</strong>y acted so madly, he did not resolve to destroy <strong>the</strong>m utterly,<br />

s<strong>in</strong>ce <strong>the</strong>y were not grown wiser by <strong>the</strong> destruction of <strong>the</strong> former s<strong>in</strong>ners; but he caused a tumult<br />

among <strong>the</strong>m, by produc<strong>in</strong>g <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong>m diverse languages, and caus<strong>in</strong>g that, through <strong>the</strong> multitude of<br />

those languages, <strong>the</strong>y should not be able to understand one ano<strong>the</strong>r. The place where<strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong>y built<br />

<strong>the</strong> tower is now called Babylon, because of <strong>the</strong> confusion of that language which <strong>the</strong>y readily<br />

understood before; for <strong>the</strong> Hebrews mean by <strong>the</strong> word Babel, confusion …”<br />

– Josephus, Antiquities of The Jews, Chapter 4 (Concern<strong>in</strong>g <strong>the</strong> Tower of Babylon, and <strong>the</strong><br />

confusion of Tongues)<br />

Gibborim does not necessarily def<strong>in</strong>e a Nephilim. Gibborim accurately describes Nimrod, s<strong>in</strong>ce he<br />

was a “potentate and tyrant,” Nimrod was not really a giant. He probably was an a<strong>the</strong>ist who believed<br />

that God is noth<strong>in</strong>g but ano<strong>the</strong>r be<strong>in</strong>g who lived <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> sky. Sky <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> ancient understand<strong>in</strong>g was a<br />

canopy over <strong>the</strong> earth. Hence Nimrod decideed to reach <strong>the</strong> sky by build<strong>in</strong>g a tall tower and <strong>the</strong>n<br />

kill<strong>in</strong>g God and his army of angels. Just as he was able to defeat o<strong>the</strong>r k<strong>in</strong>gs, he thought he could<br />

defeat and kill God also and take over <strong>the</strong> skies.<br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />

https://christiananswers.net/dictionary/nimrod.html<br />

http://daveliv<strong>in</strong>gston.com/nimrod.htm<br />

Gilgamesh is Nimrod<br />

This stone relief of eighth century BC found at Khorsabad, is identified as<br />

Gilgamesh. The best-known of ancient Mesopotamian heroes, Gilgamesh<br />

was k<strong>in</strong>g of Uruk <strong>in</strong> sou<strong>the</strong>rn Mesopotamia. His story is known <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong><br />

poetic Gilgamesh Epic, but <strong>the</strong>re is no historical evidence for his exploits<br />

<strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> story. He is described as part god and part man, a great builder and<br />

warrior, and a wise man <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> story. Dr. David Liv<strong>in</strong>gston, Associates for<br />

Biblical Research suggests Gilgamesh is to be identified with Biblical<br />

Nimrod (Genesis 10:8-12).<br />

What Josephus says here is precisely what is found <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> Gilgamesh<br />

epics. Gilgamesh set up tyranny, he opposed YHWH and did his utmost<br />

to get people to forsake Him.<br />

Two of <strong>the</strong> premiere commentators on <strong>the</strong> <strong>Bible</strong> <strong>in</strong> Hebrew have this to<br />

say about Genesis 10:9,<br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />

Nimrod was mighty <strong>in</strong> hunt<strong>in</strong>g, and that <strong>in</strong> opposition to YHWH; not ‘before YHWH’ <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> sense of<br />

accord<strong>in</strong>g to <strong>the</strong> will and purpose of YHWH, still less,… <strong>in</strong> a simply superlative sense… The name<br />

itself, ‘Nimrod’ from marad, ‘We will revolt,’ po<strong>in</strong>ts to some violent resistance to God…<br />

hunter became a tyrant, a powerful hunter of men (Keil and Delitzsch 1975: 165).<br />

Nimrod <strong>the</strong><br />

“<strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> face of YHWH” can only mean ‘<strong>in</strong> defiance of YHWH’ as Josephus and <strong>the</strong> Targums<br />

understand it (op. cit.: 166).<br />

Genesis 10:8-10<br />

Cush begat Nimrod; he began to be a tyrant <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> Earth. He was a tyrannical<br />

hunter <strong>in</strong> opposition to <strong>the</strong> Lord. Thus it is said, 'Nimrod <strong>the</strong> tyrannical opponent of YHWH.'<br />

"And <strong>the</strong> build<strong>in</strong>g of <strong>the</strong> tower was unto <strong>the</strong>m a transgression and a s<strong>in</strong>, and <strong>the</strong>y began to build it,<br />

and whilst <strong>the</strong>y were build<strong>in</strong>g aga<strong>in</strong>st <strong>the</strong> Lord God of heaven, <strong>the</strong>y imag<strong>in</strong>ed <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong>ir hearts to war<br />

aga<strong>in</strong>st him and to ascend <strong>in</strong>to heaven.<br />

And all <strong>the</strong>se people and all <strong>the</strong> families divided <strong>the</strong>mselves <strong>in</strong> three parts; <strong>the</strong> first said We will<br />

ascend <strong>in</strong>to heaven and fight aga<strong>in</strong>st him; <strong>the</strong> second said, We will ascend to heaven and place<br />

our own gods <strong>the</strong>re and serve <strong>the</strong>m; and <strong>the</strong> third part said, We will ascend to heaven and smite<br />

him with bows and spears; and God knew all <strong>the</strong>ir works and all <strong>the</strong>ir evil thoughts, and he saw<br />

<strong>the</strong> city and <strong>the</strong> tower which <strong>the</strong>y were build<strong>in</strong>g." - Jasher 9:25-26<br />

This face supposedly represents Huwawa who, accord<strong>in</strong>g to <strong>the</strong><br />

Gilgamesh's Epic, sent <strong>the</strong> Flood on <strong>the</strong> Earth. Accord<strong>in</strong>g to <strong>the</strong><br />

story, Huwawa (Humbaba <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> Assyrian version) was killed by<br />

Gilgamesh and his half man, half beast friend, Enkidu. Huwawa is<br />

<strong>the</strong> ancient pagan perspective of Yahweh (YHWH), <strong>the</strong> God of <strong>the</strong><br />

<strong>Bible</strong>. About 3 <strong>in</strong> (7.5 cm), this mask is dated to around <strong>the</strong> sixth<br />

century BC. Of an unknown provenance, it is now <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> British<br />


The Gilgamesh Epic describes <strong>the</strong> first “God is dead”. In <strong>the</strong> Epic, <strong>the</strong> hero is a vile, filthy,<br />

perverted person, yet he is presented as <strong>the</strong> greatest, strongest, hero that ever lived (Alexander<br />

Heidel, 1963: 18). So that <strong>the</strong> one who sent <strong>the</strong> Flood will not trouble <strong>the</strong>m anymore, Gilgamesh<br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />

sets out to kill <strong>the</strong> perpetrator. He takes with him a friend who is a monstrous half-man,<br />

half-animal-Enkidu. Toge<strong>the</strong>r <strong>the</strong>y go on a long journey to <strong>the</strong> Cedar Mounta<strong>in</strong><br />

with his tall<br />

Tower that reach all <strong>the</strong> way to <strong>the</strong> dome of <strong>the</strong> sky to f<strong>in</strong>d and destroy <strong>the</strong> monster who sent <strong>the</strong><br />

Flood. Gilgamesh f<strong>in</strong>ds him and f<strong>in</strong>ally succeeds <strong>in</strong> cutt<strong>in</strong>g off <strong>the</strong> head of this creature whose<br />

name is “Huwawa” (“Humbaba” <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> Assyrian version; see Heidel 1963: 34ff).<br />

The Tower of Babel was his attempt to reach Huwawaa YHVH to kill him<br />

Is <strong>the</strong>re a connection with <strong>the</strong> Gilgamesh epic and Genesis 10? Note what Gilgamesh says to<br />

Enkidu <strong>the</strong> half man, half beast, who accompanied him on his journey, found <strong>in</strong> Tablet III, l<strong>in</strong>es<br />

147-150.<br />

Because of <strong>the</strong> parallels between Gilgamesh and Nimrod, many scholars agree that Gilgamesh is<br />

Nimrod. Cont<strong>in</strong>u<strong>in</strong>g with Gilgamesh's fable, he did w<strong>in</strong>, he did vanquish Huwawa and took his<br />

head. Therefore, he could come back to Uruk and o<strong>the</strong>r cities and tell <strong>the</strong> people not to worry<br />

about YHWH anymore, he is dead. “I killed him, I will be your k<strong>in</strong>g and take care of you.”<br />

The Gilgamesh Epic 11 th Tablet<br />

The Babylonian Flood Story is told on <strong>the</strong> 11th tablet of <strong>the</strong><br />

Gilgamesh Epic, almost 200 l<strong>in</strong>es of poetry on 12 clay tablets<br />

<strong>in</strong>scribed <strong>in</strong> cuneiform script. A number of different versions of<br />

<strong>the</strong> Gilgamesh Epic have been found around <strong>the</strong> ancient Near<br />

East, most dat<strong>in</strong>g to <strong>the</strong> seventh century BC. The most<br />

complete version came from <strong>the</strong> library of Ashurbanipal at<br />

N<strong>in</strong>eveh. Commentators agree that <strong>the</strong> story comes from a<br />

much earlier period, not too long after <strong>the</strong> Flood as described <strong>in</strong><br />

<strong>the</strong> story.<br />

Two commentators on <strong>the</strong> <strong>Bible</strong> <strong>in</strong> Hebrew has this to say about Genesis 10:9,<br />

"Nimrod was mighty <strong>in</strong> hunt<strong>in</strong>g, and that <strong>in</strong> opposition to YHVH; not "before YHVH" <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> sense of<br />

accord<strong>in</strong>g to <strong>the</strong> will and purpose of YHVH, still less, . . . <strong>in</strong> a simply superlative sense . . . The<br />

name itself, "Nimrod" from marad, "we will revolt," po<strong>in</strong>ts to some violent resistance to God . . .<br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />

Nimrod as a mighty hunter founded a powerful k<strong>in</strong>gdom; and <strong>the</strong> found<strong>in</strong>g of this k<strong>in</strong>gdom is<br />

shown by <strong>the</strong> verb with vav consecutive, to have been <strong>the</strong> consequence or result of his strength <strong>in</strong><br />

hunt<strong>in</strong>g, so that hunt<strong>in</strong>g was <strong>in</strong>timately connected with <strong>the</strong> establish<strong>in</strong>g of <strong>the</strong> k<strong>in</strong>gdom. Hence, if<br />

<strong>the</strong> expression "a mighty hunter" relates primarily to hunt<strong>in</strong>g <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> literal sense, we must add to<br />

<strong>the</strong> literal mean<strong>in</strong>g <strong>the</strong> figurative signification of a "hunter of men" (a trapper of men by stratagem<br />

and force); Nimrod <strong>the</strong> hunter became a tyrant, a powerful hunter of men (Keil and Delitzsch 1975:<br />

165).<br />

"<strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> face of YHVH can only mean "<strong>in</strong> defiance of YHVH," as Josephus and <strong>the</strong> Targums<br />

understand it<br />

And <strong>the</strong> proverb must have arisen when o<strong>the</strong>r dar<strong>in</strong>g and rebellious men followed <strong>in</strong> Nimrod's<br />

footsteps and must have orig<strong>in</strong>ated with those who saw <strong>in</strong> such conduct an act of rebellion aga<strong>in</strong>st<br />

<strong>the</strong> God of salvation, <strong>in</strong> o<strong>the</strong>r words, with <strong>the</strong> possessors of <strong>the</strong> div<strong>in</strong>e promise of grace .<br />

Is Nimrod <strong>the</strong> Anti-Christ?<br />

Over <strong>the</strong> years, biblical scholar Gary Stearman has written extensively about Nimrod<br />

(Apollo/Osiris/Gilgamesh) and <strong>the</strong> connection this historical figure has with Babylonian Mystery<br />

Religion, Watchers, Nephilim (<strong>in</strong>clud<strong>in</strong>g <strong>the</strong>ir resurrection), and <strong>the</strong> spirit of <strong>the</strong> end-times<br />

Antichrist and revival of paganism. He too appears to believe <strong>the</strong> com<strong>in</strong>g of Antichrist represents a<br />

return of Nimrod. "But who is this Assyrian," he asked <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> July 2001 Prophecy <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> News<br />

Magaz<strong>in</strong>e, "He is none o<strong>the</strong>r than <strong>the</strong> spiritual <strong>in</strong>heritor of <strong>the</strong> first great post-Flood religious<br />

apostasy. He is <strong>the</strong> keeper of <strong>the</strong> great heritage that began at <strong>the</strong> Assyrian capital, N<strong>in</strong>eveh. Its<br />

founder was Nimrod…. He is <strong>the</strong> Antichrist, <strong>the</strong> future despot who comes <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> name of <strong>the</strong><br />

ancient mystery religion."<br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />



In fact, as a son of Canaan, Amorreus who as <strong>the</strong> fa<strong>the</strong>r of <strong>the</strong> Amorite giants, would have been a<br />

direct, contemporary cous<strong>in</strong> to Nimrod. Nimrod's o<strong>the</strong>r cous<strong>in</strong>, Caphtorim is <strong>the</strong> fa<strong>the</strong>r of a group of<br />

people we later discover had giants with<strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong>ir midst, namely Goliath and his bro<strong>the</strong>rs who were "<strong>the</strong><br />

sons of a giant <strong>in</strong> Gath." Thus it is certa<strong>in</strong> that Canaan carried <strong>the</strong> genes of <strong>the</strong> giants over <strong>the</strong> period<br />

of flood <strong>in</strong>to <strong>the</strong> history of <strong>the</strong> new beg<strong>in</strong>n<strong>in</strong>g of humanity<br />

Many <strong>Giants</strong> and Giant tribes appear <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> <strong>Bible</strong>. The problem is that <strong>the</strong>se giants are <strong>in</strong>ter-related<br />

that any attempt to classify and ennunciate <strong>the</strong>ir history will be of no use.<br />

These were different clans with<strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> Giant Tribe, They were <strong>in</strong>ter-related and probably all started from<br />

Canaan. It is not possible to categorize <strong>the</strong>m <strong>in</strong> isolated groups because <strong>Bible</strong> often calls <strong>the</strong>m by<br />

several names. The giant sons of Anak were among <strong>the</strong> Amorites at Hebron (Numbers 13:22)<br />

called for a time as Kiriath Arba (Joshua 14:15; Joshua 15:13-14 from <strong>the</strong>ir giant fa<strong>the</strong>r) "Debir, Ahab,<br />

and <strong>the</strong> mounta<strong>in</strong>s of Judah and Israel Joshua 11:21. The valley of Rephaim" (2 Samuel 5:18),<br />

southwest of Jerusalem, connects this giant race with <strong>the</strong> Amorites, as does <strong>the</strong> fact that Og, k<strong>in</strong>g<br />

of <strong>the</strong> Amorites <strong>in</strong> Bashan, was "of <strong>the</strong> remnant of <strong>the</strong> Rephaim" (Deuteronomy 3:11; Joshua 12:4;<br />

Joshua 13:19). The Anakim were sons of Anak, who was a son of Arba, who was a (distant?)<br />

son of Amorreus, who was a son of Canaan, who generated Amorites,<br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />

The Zamzummim were a race of giants, who are mentioned only once <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> <strong>Bible</strong>, namely <strong>in</strong><br />

Deuteronomy 2:20, where we learn that <strong>the</strong> Ammonites used to call <strong>the</strong>m that, but to <strong>the</strong> Hebrews<br />

<strong>the</strong>se guys were known as <strong>the</strong> Rephaim. These Zamzummim were a people as great, numerous and<br />

tall as <strong>the</strong> Anakim, but YHWH destroyed <strong>the</strong>m so that <strong>the</strong> Ammonites could move <strong>in</strong>to <strong>the</strong>ir territory.<br />

They <strong>in</strong>habited <strong>the</strong> region East of <strong>the</strong> Jordan which was<br />

occupied by <strong>the</strong> Ammonites later who<br />

displaced <strong>the</strong>m. They are identified with <strong>the</strong> Rephaim (Deuteronomy 2:20). They may be <strong>the</strong> same<br />

as <strong>the</strong> Zuzim mentioned <strong>in</strong> connection with <strong>the</strong> Rephaim <strong>in</strong> Genesis 14:5.<br />

dwellers - troglodytes):<br />

Horites (who were cave<br />

The Horims also dwelt <strong>in</strong> Seir beforetime; but <strong>the</strong> children of Esau succeeded <strong>the</strong>m, when <strong>the</strong>y had<br />

destroyed <strong>the</strong>m from before <strong>the</strong>m, and dwelt <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong>ir stead; as Israel did unto <strong>the</strong> land of his<br />

possession, which <strong>the</strong> LORD gave unto <strong>the</strong>m. - Deuteronomy 2:12 (KJV)<br />

The name Arba means "four" <strong>in</strong> Hebrew. The International Standard <strong>Bible</strong> Encyclopedia states:<br />

ar'-ba ('arba`, "four"): Variously described as "<strong>the</strong> greatest man among <strong>the</strong> Anakim" (Joshua 14:15),<br />

"<strong>the</strong> fa<strong>the</strong>r of Anak" (Joshua 15:13), "<strong>the</strong> fa<strong>the</strong>r of Anak" (Joshua 21:11 marg<strong>in</strong>). Thus he seems to<br />

have been regarded as <strong>the</strong> ancestor of <strong>the</strong> Anakim, and as <strong>the</strong> most famous hero of that race. He<br />

was <strong>the</strong> reputed founder of <strong>the</strong> city called after him, on <strong>the</strong> site of which Hebron was built (Joshua<br />

21:11).<br />

Clarke's Commentary on <strong>the</strong> <strong>Bible</strong> gives us more <strong>in</strong>sight:<br />

And <strong>the</strong> name of Hebron before was Kirjath-arba - That is, <strong>the</strong> city of Arba, or ra<strong>the</strong>r, <strong>the</strong> city of <strong>the</strong><br />

four, - kiryath arba. Joshua 15:14, says that Caleb drove from Hebron <strong>the</strong> three sons of Anak,<br />

Sheshai, Ahiman, and Talmai. These may be three of <strong>the</strong> Arba - four giants who were <strong>in</strong> Hebron and<br />

who were probably rulers of <strong>the</strong> monta<strong>in</strong> tribee. Joshua 15:13 says that Arba was <strong>the</strong> fa<strong>the</strong>r of Anak.<br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />

http://www.babylonris<strong>in</strong>gblog.com/Nephilim3.html<br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />

The Amorites are mentioned more than 80 times <strong>in</strong> Scripture.<br />

The term Amorites is used <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> <strong>Bible</strong> to refer to certa<strong>in</strong> highland mounta<strong>in</strong>eers who <strong>in</strong>habited <strong>the</strong> land<br />

of Canaan, described <strong>in</strong> Genesis 10:16 as descendants of Canaan, <strong>the</strong> son of Ham.<br />

. Amorites: A people descended from Emer, <strong>the</strong> fourth son of Canaan, accord<strong>in</strong>g to <strong>the</strong> book of<br />

Genesis (Genesis 10:15–16) They occupied <strong>the</strong> hill country of <strong>the</strong> Amorites (Deuteronomy 1:7, 19-20)<br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />

The Amorite name means literally "<strong>the</strong> high one" and may refer to one (or more) of three possibilities:<br />

<strong>the</strong> mounta<strong>in</strong>ous terra<strong>in</strong> of <strong>the</strong> land <strong>the</strong>y occupied (Num. 13:29; Deut. 1:7,19-20);<br />

<strong>the</strong>ir fearsome military prowess (Deut. 1:44); or<br />

<strong>the</strong>ir great stature (Num. 13:33).<br />

Here we see how <strong>the</strong> Giant genes escaped and entered <strong>in</strong>to <strong>the</strong> post-deluge world.<br />

somehow had <strong>the</strong> genes <strong>in</strong> him.<br />

Canaan<br />

While <strong>the</strong> Amorites are mentioned <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> same contexts as o<strong>the</strong>r giants a few times, <strong>the</strong>y are<br />

specifically described as giants <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> M<strong>in</strong>or Prophets.<br />

“Yet it was I who destroyed <strong>the</strong> Amorite before <strong>the</strong>m, whose height was like <strong>the</strong> height of <strong>the</strong> cedars,<br />

and he was as strong as <strong>the</strong> oaks; yet I destroyed his fruit above and his roots beneath. Also it was I<br />

who brought you up from <strong>the</strong> land of Egypt, and led you forty years through <strong>the</strong> wilderness, to possess<br />

<strong>the</strong> land of <strong>the</strong> Amorite” (Amos 2:9–10).<br />

The idea that <strong>the</strong> Amorites were giants is supported by <strong>the</strong> report of <strong>the</strong> spies whom Moses sent<br />

through <strong>the</strong> land of Canaan. The Amorites were one of <strong>the</strong> people groups <strong>the</strong>y saw (Numbers 13:29),<br />

and <strong>the</strong>y claimed that “all <strong>the</strong> people whom we saw <strong>in</strong> it are men of great stature” (Numbers 13:32). It<br />

is tell<strong>in</strong>g that <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong>ir response, Joshua and Caleb did not challenge <strong>the</strong> size of <strong>the</strong> land’s <strong>in</strong>habitants<br />

(Numbers 14:6–9).<br />

The term Amorites is used <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> <strong>Bible</strong> to refer to certa<strong>in</strong> highland mounta<strong>in</strong>eers who <strong>in</strong>habited <strong>the</strong> land<br />

of Canaan, described <strong>in</strong> Genesis 10:16 as descendants of Canaan, <strong>the</strong> son of Ham. They are<br />

described as a powerful people of great stature "like <strong>the</strong> height of<br />

<strong>the</strong> cedars" (Amos 2:9) who had occupied <strong>the</strong> land east and west<br />

of <strong>the</strong> Jordan. The height and strength mentioned <strong>in</strong> Amos 2:9 has<br />

led some Christian scholars, <strong>in</strong>clud<strong>in</strong>g Orville J. Nave, who wrote<br />

<strong>the</strong> classic Nave's Topical <strong>Bible</strong>, to refer to <strong>the</strong> Amorites as<br />

"giants".<br />

Hammurabi was an Amorite First Dynasty k<strong>in</strong>g of <strong>the</strong> city-state of<br />

Babylon, and <strong>in</strong>herited <strong>the</strong> power from his fa<strong>the</strong>r, S<strong>in</strong>-Muballit, <strong>in</strong> c.<br />

1792 BC. Hammurabi[a] (c. 1810 BC – c. 1750 BC) is best<br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />

known for hav<strong>in</strong>g issued <strong>the</strong> Code of Hammurabi, which he claimed to have received from Shamash,<br />

<strong>the</strong> Babylonian god of justice. Unlike earlier Sumerian law codes, such as <strong>the</strong> Code of Ur-Nammu,<br />

which had focused on compensat<strong>in</strong>g <strong>the</strong> victim of <strong>the</strong> crime, <strong>the</strong> Law of Hammurabi was one of <strong>the</strong> first<br />

law codes to place greater emphasis on <strong>the</strong> physical punishment of <strong>the</strong> perpetrator. It proscribed<br />

specific penalties for each crime and is among <strong>the</strong> first codes to establish <strong>the</strong> presumption of<br />

<strong>in</strong>nocence. Although its penalties are extremely harsh by modern standards, <strong>the</strong>y were <strong>in</strong>tended to<br />

limit what a wronged person was permitted to do <strong>in</strong> retribution. The Code of Hammurabi and <strong>the</strong> Law<br />

of Moses <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> Torah conta<strong>in</strong> numerous similarities, but <strong>the</strong>se are probably due to shared background<br />

and oral tradition, and is unlikely that Hammurabi's laws exerted any direct impact on <strong>the</strong> later Mosaic<br />

ones.<br />

Regard<strong>in</strong>g <strong>the</strong> Amorites, <strong>the</strong>y appear quite a number of times <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> Scriptures. One of <strong>the</strong> first<br />

Amorites we meet by name is found as early as Genesis 13.<br />

Mamre is a very <strong>in</strong>terest<strong>in</strong>g character <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> <strong>Bible</strong>. In Genesis 14:13, we learn that he has two o<strong>the</strong>r<br />

bro<strong>the</strong>rs, Eshcol and Aner. These three were Abram's allies <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> land of <strong>the</strong> Canaanites. Accord<strong>in</strong>g<br />

to J.B. Jackson's, "A Dictionary of Scripture Proper Names" <strong>the</strong>ir names mean:<br />

Mamre, Eshcol and Aner were three early descendants of Canaan's son Amorreus, from whom<br />

came all of <strong>the</strong> Amorites derived. The Amorite k<strong>in</strong>g, Og, was described as <strong>the</strong> last "of <strong>the</strong> remnant of<br />

<strong>the</strong> Rephaim" (Deuteronomy 3:11). The terms Amorite and Canaanite seem to be used more or less<br />

<strong>in</strong>terchangeably, Canaan be<strong>in</strong>g more general and Amorite a specific component among <strong>the</strong><br />

Canaanites who <strong>in</strong>habited <strong>the</strong> land.<br />

The Biblical Amorites seem to have orig<strong>in</strong>ally occupied <strong>the</strong> region stretch<strong>in</strong>g from <strong>the</strong> heights west of<br />

<strong>the</strong> Dead Sea (Gen. 14:7) to Hebron (13:8; Deut. 3:8; 4:46–48), embrac<strong>in</strong>g "all Gilead and all Bashan"<br />

(Deut. 3:10), with <strong>the</strong> Jordan valley on <strong>the</strong> east of <strong>the</strong> river (4:49), <strong>the</strong> land of <strong>the</strong> "two k<strong>in</strong>gs of <strong>the</strong><br />

Amorites".<br />

Sihon and Og (Deut. 31:4; Joshua 2:10; 9:10). Both Sihon and Og were <strong>in</strong>dependent k<strong>in</strong>gs. The<br />

Amorites seem to have been l<strong>in</strong>ked to <strong>the</strong> Jerusalem region, and <strong>the</strong> Jebusites may have been a<br />

subgroup of <strong>the</strong>m (Ezek. 16:3). The sou<strong>the</strong>rn slopes of <strong>the</strong> mounta<strong>in</strong>s of Judea are called <strong>the</strong> "mount<br />

of <strong>the</strong> Amorites" (Deut. 1:7, 19, 20).<br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />

Five k<strong>in</strong>gs of <strong>the</strong> Amorites were first defeated with great slaughter by Joshua (Josh. 10:5). Then, more<br />

Amorite k<strong>in</strong>gs were defeated at <strong>the</strong> waters of Merom by Joshua (Josh. 11:8). It is mentioned that <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong><br />

days of Samuel, <strong>the</strong>re was peace between <strong>the</strong>m and <strong>the</strong> Israelites (1 Sam. 7:14). The Gibeonites were<br />

said to be <strong>the</strong>ir descendants, be<strong>in</strong>g an offshoot of <strong>the</strong> Amorites who made a covenant with <strong>the</strong><br />

Hebrews. When Saul later broke that vow and killed some of <strong>the</strong> Gibeonites, God sent a fam<strong>in</strong>e to<br />

Israel.<br />

By <strong>the</strong> time of Samuel's judgeship, "<strong>the</strong>re was peace between Israel and <strong>the</strong> Amorites" (1 Sam. 7:14).<br />

Less than a century later, Solomon forced menial servitude upon <strong>the</strong> last few survivors (1 Kgs.<br />

9:20-21). The Amorites are last mentioned by <strong>the</strong> prophet Amos (2:10), apparently ei<strong>the</strong>r hav<strong>in</strong>g died<br />

out as a race or absorbed <strong>in</strong>to Israel. All that is left is but a memory of <strong>the</strong>ir great s<strong>in</strong> (cf. 1 Kgs. 21:26;<br />

2 Kgs. 21:11).<br />

The historian Marc Van de Mieroop writes:The Amorites were semi-nomadic groups from nor<strong>the</strong>rn<br />

Syria, whom Babylonian literature described <strong>in</strong> extremely negative terms:<br />

The Amorite, he is dressed <strong>in</strong> sheep’s sk<strong>in</strong>s; He lives <strong>in</strong> tents <strong>in</strong> w<strong>in</strong>d and ra<strong>in</strong>; He doesn’t offer<br />

sacrifices. Armed vagabond <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> steppe, He digs up truffles and is restless. He eats raw meat, Lives<br />

his life without a home, And, when he dies, he is not buried accord<strong>in</strong>g to proper rituals .<br />

WereTerah & Abraham Amorites?<br />

https://www.ancient.eu/amorite/<br />

The historian Kriwaczek writes:Terah’s family were not Sumerian. They have long been<br />

identified with <strong>the</strong> very people, <strong>the</strong> Amurru or Amorites. The Amorites of <strong>the</strong> <strong>Bible</strong> are depicted<br />

as pre-Israelite <strong>in</strong>habitants of <strong>the</strong> land of Canaan and clearly separate from <strong>the</strong> Israelites. In <strong>the</strong> Book<br />

of Deuteronomy <strong>the</strong>y are described as <strong>the</strong> last remnants of <strong>the</strong> giants who once lived on earth (3:11).<br />

In <strong>the</strong> Book of Joshua <strong>the</strong>y are <strong>the</strong> enemies of <strong>the</strong> Israelites who are destroyed by General Joshua<br />

(10:10, 11:8).<br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />

If modern-day scholarship is accurate about <strong>the</strong> patriarchs of Israel descend<strong>in</strong>g from <strong>the</strong> Amorites,<br />

<strong>the</strong>n <strong>the</strong>re must have been some reason why <strong>the</strong> Hebrew scribes went to so much trouble to separate<br />

<strong>the</strong>ir own identity from that of <strong>the</strong> Amorites.<br />

It is thought that Terah, <strong>in</strong> tak<strong>in</strong>g his family from Sumer, reta<strong>in</strong>ed <strong>the</strong> tribe’s orig<strong>in</strong>al ethnic identity and<br />

brought that cultural heritage with him to Canaan where Abraham, <strong>the</strong>n Isaac, and <strong>the</strong>n Jacob would<br />

establish that culture as `<strong>the</strong> children of Israel’ (Jacob’s name).<br />

The Book of Genesis tells <strong>the</strong> story of Joseph, Jacob’s youngest son, and his sojourn <strong>in</strong> Egypt and rise<br />

to power <strong>the</strong>re, and <strong>the</strong> Book of Exodus relates how <strong>the</strong> Hebrews were later enslaved by <strong>the</strong> Egyptians<br />

and were led from captivity to freedom back <strong>in</strong> Canaan by Moses. These biblical narratives would<br />

have served to separate <strong>the</strong> Israelites' national identity from <strong>the</strong>ir actual ancestors by creat<strong>in</strong>g<br />

new histories that highlighted <strong>the</strong>ir uniqueness among <strong>the</strong> people of <strong>the</strong> world.<br />

In Cappadocian Zircirli <strong>in</strong>scriptions he is called Hi Abi-a, '<strong>the</strong> god of my fa<strong>the</strong>r'. .Accord<strong>in</strong>gly, it has<br />

been suggested by L. R. Bailey (1968) and Jean Ouelette (1969), that this Bel Sade might be <strong>the</strong><br />

same as <strong>the</strong> Biblical El Saddai who is <strong>the</strong> God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> "Priestly source" of<br />

narrative, accord<strong>in</strong>g to <strong>the</strong> documentary hypo<strong>the</strong>sis. It is possible that Saddai means 'He of <strong>the</strong><br />

mounta<strong>in</strong>s'.<br />

Historically, <strong>the</strong>se Amorites seem to have been l<strong>in</strong>ked to <strong>the</strong> Jerusalem region, and <strong>the</strong> Jebusites<br />

(which means People of <strong>the</strong> Mounta<strong>in</strong>s) may have been a subgroup of <strong>the</strong>m. The sou<strong>the</strong>rn slopes of<br />

<strong>the</strong> mounta<strong>in</strong>s of Judea are called <strong>the</strong> "mount of <strong>the</strong> Amorites" (Deut. 1:7, 19, 20). One possible<br />

etymology for "Mount Moriah" is "Mounta<strong>in</strong> of <strong>the</strong> Amorites,"<br />

The way of Amorites<br />

To <strong>the</strong> apocryphal writers of <strong>the</strong> first and second pre-Christian century <strong>the</strong> Amorites are <strong>the</strong> ma<strong>in</strong><br />

representatives of hea<strong>the</strong>n superstition, loa<strong>the</strong>d as idolaters, <strong>in</strong> whose ord<strong>in</strong>ances Israelites may not<br />

walk (Lev. xviii. 3). A special section of <strong>the</strong> Talmud (Tosef., Shab. vi.-vii. [vii.-viii.]; Bab. Shab. 67a et<br />

seq.) is devoted to <strong>the</strong> various superstitions called "The Ways of <strong>the</strong> Amorites."<br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />

Amorite-Canaanite-Phoenician-Aramean-Hebrew all came from a common<br />

Semitic stock. S<strong>in</strong>ce <strong>the</strong> Egyptian tomb pa<strong>in</strong>t<strong>in</strong>gs show <strong>the</strong>m with blue eyes,<br />

we certa<strong>in</strong>ly have a genetic aff<strong>in</strong>ity to <strong>the</strong> blue eyes . We can def<strong>in</strong>itely see a<br />

confusion between two different Semitic words, found <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> Old Testament<br />

texts:<br />

The Hebrew words<br />

amoree = Amorite,<br />

aramee = Aramean, from aram,<br />

Ezekiel 16.3 seems to acknowledge Israel’s Canaanite orig<strong>in</strong>s:: "Thus says <strong>the</strong> Lord<br />

Yahweh to Jerusalem: Your orig<strong>in</strong> and your birth were <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> land of <strong>the</strong> Canaanites; your fa<strong>the</strong>r was an Amorite,<br />

and your mo<strong>the</strong>r a Hittite.<br />

Accord<strong>in</strong>g to <strong>the</strong> Jewish Encyclopedia:<br />

http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/articles/1422-amorites<br />

The descendants of <strong>the</strong> fourth son of Canaan (Gen. x. 16, I Chron. i. 14), <strong>the</strong>y form part of <strong>the</strong> ancient<br />

<strong>in</strong>habitants of Palest<strong>in</strong>e (Gen. xv. 21; Ex. iii. 8, 17, xxiii. 23; Joshua, iii. 10, xxiv. 11; I K<strong>in</strong>gs, ix. 20;<br />

Ezek. xvi. 3, 45; also Isa. xvii. 9, where we ought probably to follow <strong>the</strong> Septuag<strong>in</strong>t read<strong>in</strong>g, "<strong>the</strong><br />

forsaken places of <strong>the</strong> Amorites and <strong>the</strong> Hivites").<br />

As representatives of <strong>the</strong> whole pre-Israelitish population, <strong>the</strong>y are mentioned <strong>in</strong> Gen. xv. 16, xlviii. 22;<br />

Joshua, v. 1, xxiv. 15, 18; Judges, x. 11; I Sam. vii. 14; I K<strong>in</strong>gs, xxi. 26; II K<strong>in</strong>gs, xxi. 11; Amos, ii. 9, etc.<br />

Joshua, x. 5, mentions five k<strong>in</strong>gs of <strong>the</strong> Amorites; namely, <strong>in</strong> Jerusalem, Hebron, Jarmuth, Lachish,<br />

and Eglon, as "all <strong>the</strong> k<strong>in</strong>gs of <strong>the</strong> Amorites that dwell <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> hill-country"; compare ver. 12. Accord<strong>in</strong>g<br />

to II Sam. xxi. 2, Gibeon also was Amoritish (Joshua, xi. 19: Hivitish).<br />

Accord<strong>in</strong>g to <strong>the</strong> Book of Jubilees (xxix. 11), "<strong>the</strong> former terrible giants, <strong>the</strong> Rephaim, gave way to <strong>the</strong><br />

Amorites, an evil and s<strong>in</strong>ful people whose wickedness surpasses that of any o<strong>the</strong>r, and whose life will<br />

be cut short on earth." In <strong>the</strong> Syriac Apocalypse of Baruch <strong>the</strong>y are symbolized by "black water" on<br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />

account of "<strong>the</strong>ir black art, <strong>the</strong>ir witchcraft and impure mysteries, by which <strong>the</strong>y contam<strong>in</strong>ated Israel <strong>in</strong><br />

<strong>the</strong> time of <strong>the</strong> Judges." This refers to <strong>the</strong> strange story of Kenaz, preserved <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> "Chronicle of<br />

Jerahmeel" (Cohn <strong>in</strong> "Jew. Quart. Rev." 1898, pp. 294 et seq., and translation of Gaster, p. 166),<br />

which relates how <strong>the</strong> tribes of Israel learned all <strong>the</strong>ir wickedness from <strong>the</strong> Amorites, <strong>the</strong> masters of<br />

witchcraft, whose books <strong>the</strong>y kept hidden under Mount Abarim, and whose wonder-work<strong>in</strong>g<br />

idols—seven holy nymphs—<strong>the</strong>y had concealed beneath Mount Shechem. Each of <strong>the</strong>se idols was<br />

adorned with precious stones, which shone at night like <strong>the</strong> light of day, and by <strong>the</strong>ir power sight was<br />

restored to <strong>the</strong> bl<strong>in</strong>d. Kenaz, <strong>the</strong> son of Caleb and fa<strong>the</strong>r of Othniel, when hear<strong>in</strong>g of this, forthwith<br />

destroyed <strong>the</strong> idolatrous Israelites by fire, but tried <strong>in</strong> va<strong>in</strong> to destroy ei<strong>the</strong>r <strong>the</strong> magic-books or<br />

<strong>the</strong>stones. So he buried <strong>the</strong> books, but <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> morn<strong>in</strong>g found <strong>the</strong>m transformed <strong>in</strong>to twelve precious<br />

stones, with <strong>the</strong> names of <strong>the</strong> twelve tribes of Israel engraved <strong>the</strong>reon, and later <strong>the</strong>y were used <strong>in</strong><br />

Solomon's Temple. Then, with <strong>the</strong> help of <strong>the</strong> angel Gabriel, he smote <strong>the</strong> Amorites with bl<strong>in</strong>dness and<br />

destroyed <strong>the</strong>m with his sword.<br />

Indo-European hypo<strong>the</strong>sis<br />

The view that Amorites were fierce, tall nomads led to an anachronistic <strong>the</strong>ory among some racialist<br />

writers <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> 19th century that <strong>the</strong>y were a tribe of "Aryan" warriors who at one po<strong>in</strong>t dom<strong>in</strong>ated <strong>the</strong><br />

Israelites. Then, <strong>the</strong> evidence fitted <strong>the</strong>n-current models of Indo-European migrations. The <strong>the</strong>ory<br />

orig<strong>in</strong>ated with Felix von Luschan, who later abandoned it.<br />

Houston Stewart Chamberla<strong>in</strong> claimed that K<strong>in</strong>g David and Jesus were both Aryans of Amorite<br />

extraction. The argument was repeated by <strong>the</strong> Nazi ideologue Alfred Rosenberg.<br />

In reality, however, <strong>the</strong> Amorites certa<strong>in</strong>ly spoke exclusively a Semitic language, followed Semitic<br />

religions of <strong>the</strong> Near East and had dist<strong>in</strong>ctly Semitic personal names. Their orig<strong>in</strong>s were believed to<br />

have been <strong>the</strong> lands immediately to <strong>the</strong> west of Mesopotamia, <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> Levant (modern Syria), and so<br />

<strong>the</strong>y are regarded as one of <strong>the</strong> Semitic peoples.<br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />



Rephaim , a race of giants (Deu 3:11) sons of Rapha who lived on <strong>the</strong> east of Jordan. Anakim, Zuzim,<br />

and Emim were all branches of this stock. (Sam2 21:16, Sam2 21:18, Sam2 21:20, 33, " Ch1 20:5,<br />

Ch1 20:6, Ch1 20:8; Deu 2:11, Deu 2:20; Deu 3:13; Jos 15:8) It is rendered "dead" <strong>in</strong> Psa 88:10; Pro<br />

2:18; Pro 9:18; Pro 21:16, Isa 26:14. with connections to <strong>the</strong> Hades or Dead Spirits<br />

Apart from <strong>the</strong> mention of Nephilims <strong>the</strong>re were o<strong>the</strong>r groups of giants mentioned <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> <strong>Bible</strong>. It is<br />

not mentioned how <strong>the</strong>y came <strong>in</strong>to existence. One of <strong>the</strong> earliest mentions of <strong>the</strong> list of giants <strong>in</strong><br />

Scripture is found <strong>in</strong> Genesis 14.<br />

Gen 14:5 And <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> fourteenth year came Chedorlaomer, and <strong>the</strong> k<strong>in</strong>gs that were with him, and<br />

smote <strong>the</strong> Rephaims <strong>in</strong> Ashteroth Karnaim, and <strong>the</strong> Zuzims <strong>in</strong> Ham, and <strong>the</strong> Emims <strong>in</strong> Shaveh<br />

Kiriathaim,<br />

Gen 14:6 And <strong>the</strong> Horites <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong>ir mount Seir, unto Elparan, which is by <strong>the</strong> wilderness.<br />

Gen 14:7 And <strong>the</strong>y returned, and came to Enmishpat, which is Kadesh, and smote all <strong>the</strong> country of<br />

<strong>the</strong> Amalekites, and also <strong>the</strong> Amorites, that dwelt <strong>in</strong> Hazezontamar.<br />

Genesis 14 does not reveal that <strong>the</strong> Rephaim, Zuzim, Emim, or Amorites were giants, but this<br />

<strong>in</strong>formation can be found <strong>in</strong> o<strong>the</strong>r places.<br />

Deuteronomy 2:10-10:11 "The Emites used to live <strong>the</strong>re—a people strong and numerous, and as tall<br />

as <strong>the</strong> Anakites. Like <strong>the</strong> Anakites, <strong>the</strong>y too were considered Rephaites, but <strong>the</strong> Moabites called <strong>the</strong>m<br />

Emites. Horites used to live <strong>in</strong> Seir, but <strong>the</strong> descendants of Esau drove <strong>the</strong>m out. They destroyed <strong>the</strong><br />

Horites from before <strong>the</strong>m and settled <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong>ir place, just as Israel did <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> land <strong>the</strong> Lord gave <strong>the</strong>m as<br />

<strong>the</strong>ir possession….<br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />

That too was considered a land of <strong>the</strong> Rephaites, who used to live <strong>the</strong>re; but <strong>the</strong> Ammonites called<br />

<strong>the</strong>m Zamzummites. They were a people strong and numerous, and as tall as <strong>the</strong> Anakites. The Lord<br />

destroyed <strong>the</strong>m from before <strong>the</strong> Ammonites, who drove <strong>the</strong>m out and settled <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong>ir place. The Lord<br />

had done <strong>the</strong> same for <strong>the</strong> descendants of Esau, who lived <strong>in</strong> Seir, when he destroyed <strong>the</strong> Horites<br />

from before <strong>the</strong>m. They drove <strong>the</strong>m out and have lived <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong>ir place to this day."<br />

Thus we may assume that Anakites, Emites, Ammonites, Zamzummites were all one group of<br />

giants that are same as Repahite<br />

Repheim were a race of aborig<strong>in</strong>al or early <strong>in</strong>habitants East of <strong>the</strong> Jordan <strong>in</strong> Ashterothkarnaim<br />

(Genesis 14:5) and <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> valley of Rephaim Southwest of Jerusalem (Joshua 15:8). They are<br />

associated with o<strong>the</strong>r giant races, as <strong>the</strong> Emim and Anakim (Deuteronomy 2:10, 11) and <strong>the</strong><br />

Zamzummim (Deuteronomy 2:20). It is probable that <strong>the</strong>y were all of <strong>the</strong> same stock, be<strong>in</strong>g given<br />

different names by <strong>the</strong> different tribes who came <strong>in</strong> contact with <strong>the</strong>m. REPHAIM is used to<br />

comprehend all <strong>the</strong> gigantic races of <strong>the</strong> Canaanites, of whom <strong>the</strong>re were several families.<br />

The Hebrew word Rephaim is used <strong>in</strong> two dist<strong>in</strong>ct significations. One referr<strong>in</strong>g to <strong>the</strong> giants and <strong>the</strong><br />

o<strong>the</strong>r referrs to those who are <strong>in</strong> Sheol. We will not deal with <strong>the</strong> second mean<strong>in</strong>g here. We are<br />

only talk<strong>in</strong>g about giant group known as Rephaim.<br />

.repha'-im, from rapha', "a terrible one "hence "giant," <strong>in</strong> 1 Chronicles 20:4,<br />

yelidhe ha-rapha', "sons of <strong>the</strong> giant";<br />

There were Rephaim beyond Jordan,<br />

at Ashtaroth Karnaim, In <strong>the</strong> time of Abraham. Genesis 14:5;<br />

In <strong>the</strong> time of Moses. Og k<strong>in</strong>g of Bashan was of <strong>the</strong> Rephaim.;<br />

In <strong>the</strong> time of Joshua, some of <strong>the</strong>ir descendants dwelt <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> land of Canaan, Joshua 12:4 17:15,<br />

In David's time, <strong>the</strong>y were <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> city of Gath, 1 Chronicles 20:4-6.<br />

The giant Goliath and o<strong>the</strong>rs were <strong>the</strong> rema<strong>in</strong>s of <strong>the</strong> Rephaim, or of <strong>the</strong> k<strong>in</strong>dred family of Anakim.<br />

Their magnitude and strength are often spoken of <strong>in</strong> Scripture. They appear to have excelled <strong>in</strong><br />

violence and crime, and hence are monuments of div<strong>in</strong>e justice.<br />

They lived <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> region known as VALE OF REPHAIM,<br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />

This was a fertile vale (Isaiah 17:5), to <strong>the</strong> Southwest of Jerusalem (Joshua 15:8; Joshua 18:16; <strong>the</strong><br />

K<strong>in</strong>g James Version "Valley of <strong>the</strong> <strong>Giants</strong>"), on <strong>the</strong> border between Judah and Benjam<strong>in</strong>. Here David<br />

repeatedly defeated <strong>the</strong> <strong>in</strong>vad<strong>in</strong>g Philist<strong>in</strong>es (2 Samuel 5:18, 22; 2 Samuel 23:13 1 Chronicles 11:15; 1<br />

Chronicles 14:9).<br />

It is located by Josephus between Jerusalem and Bethlehem (Ant., VII, iv, i; xii, 4). It corresponds to<br />

<strong>the</strong> modern el-Biqa`, which falls away to <strong>the</strong> Southwest from <strong>the</strong> lip of <strong>the</strong> valley of H<strong>in</strong>nom.<br />

65<br />

It was a<br />

broad and fertile valley, Isaiah 17:5, beg<strong>in</strong>n<strong>in</strong>g near <strong>the</strong> valley of H<strong>in</strong>nom, and extend<strong>in</strong>g several miles<br />

south-west from Jerusalem, when it contracted to a narrow passage lead<strong>in</strong>g off towards <strong>the</strong><br />

Mediterranean.<br />

When <strong>the</strong> Israelites first approached <strong>the</strong> Promised Land after <strong>the</strong> Exodus from Egypt, <strong>the</strong>y were afraid<br />

to enter <strong>the</strong> land because it was filled with “giants” , <strong>the</strong> sons of Anak. <strong>Giants</strong> were also widely<br />

scattered through Canaan, but were known by different local names, <strong>in</strong>clud<strong>in</strong>g Rephaim, Zuzim, Emim,<br />

and Anakim. Deuteronomy 2:20–21 says <strong>the</strong> Rephaim were strong and tall, like <strong>the</strong> Anakites.<br />

We know noth<strong>in</strong>g of <strong>the</strong>ir orig<strong>in</strong>.<br />

They are referred to <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> follow<strong>in</strong>g verses.<br />

Genesis 14:5 In <strong>the</strong> fourteenth year Chedorlaomer came, and <strong>the</strong> k<strong>in</strong>gs who were with him, and struck <strong>the</strong> Rephaim <strong>in</strong><br />

Ashteroth Karnaim, and <strong>the</strong> Zuzim <strong>in</strong> Ham, and <strong>the</strong> Emim <strong>in</strong> Shaveh Kiriathaim,<br />

Genesis 15:20 <strong>the</strong> Hittites, <strong>the</strong> Perizzites, <strong>the</strong> Rephaim,


PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />

Deuteronomy 2:11 <strong>the</strong>se also are accounted Rephaim, as <strong>the</strong> Anakim; but <strong>the</strong> Moabites call <strong>the</strong>m Emim.<br />

Deuteronomy 2:20 (That also is accounted a land of Rephaim: Rephaim lived <strong>the</strong>re<strong>in</strong> before; but <strong>the</strong> Ammonites call <strong>the</strong>m<br />

Zamzummim,<br />

Deuteronomy 3:11 (For only Og k<strong>in</strong>g of Bashan rema<strong>in</strong>ed of <strong>the</strong> remnant of <strong>the</strong> Rephaim; behold, his bedstead was a<br />

bedstead of iron; isn't it <strong>in</strong> Rabbah of <strong>the</strong> children of Ammon? n<strong>in</strong>e cubits was its length, and four cubits its breadth, after<br />

<strong>the</strong> cubit of a man.)<br />

Deuteronomy 3:13 and <strong>the</strong> rest of Gilead, and all Bashan, <strong>the</strong> k<strong>in</strong>gdom of Og, gave I to <strong>the</strong> half-tribe of Manasseh; all <strong>the</strong><br />

region of Argob, even all Bashan. (The same is called <strong>the</strong> land of Rephaim.<br />

Joshua 12:4 and <strong>the</strong> border of Og k<strong>in</strong>g of Bashan, of <strong>the</strong> remnant of <strong>the</strong> Rephaim, who lived at Ashtaroth and at Edrei,<br />

Joshua 13:12 all <strong>the</strong> k<strong>in</strong>gdom of Og <strong>in</strong> Bashan, who reigned <strong>in</strong> Ashtaroth and <strong>in</strong> Edrei (<strong>the</strong> same was left of <strong>the</strong> remnant of<br />

<strong>the</strong> Rephaim); for Moses attacked <strong>the</strong>se, and drove <strong>the</strong>m out.<br />

Joshua 15:8 The border went up by <strong>the</strong> valley of <strong>the</strong> son of H<strong>in</strong>nom to <strong>the</strong> side of <strong>the</strong> Jebusite southward (<strong>the</strong> same is<br />

Jerusalem); and <strong>the</strong> border went up to <strong>the</strong> top of <strong>the</strong> mounta<strong>in</strong> that lies before <strong>the</strong> valley of H<strong>in</strong>nom westward, which is at<br />

<strong>the</strong> far<strong>the</strong>st part of <strong>the</strong> valley of Rephaim northward.<br />

Joshua 17:15 Joshua said to <strong>the</strong>m, "If you are a great people, go up to <strong>the</strong> forest, and clear land for yourself <strong>the</strong>re <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong><br />

land of <strong>the</strong> Perizzites and of <strong>the</strong> Rephaim; s<strong>in</strong>ce <strong>the</strong> hill country of Ephraim is too narrow for you."<br />

Joshua 18:16 The border went down to <strong>the</strong> far<strong>the</strong>st part of <strong>the</strong> mounta<strong>in</strong> that lies before <strong>the</strong> valley of <strong>the</strong> son of H<strong>in</strong>nom,<br />

which is <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> valley of Rephaim northward. It went down to <strong>the</strong> valley of H<strong>in</strong>nom, to <strong>the</strong> side of <strong>the</strong> Jebusite southward,<br />

and went down to En Rogel.<br />

2 Samuel 5:18 Now <strong>the</strong> Philist<strong>in</strong>es had come and spread <strong>the</strong>mselves <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> valley of Rephaim.<br />

2 Samuel 5:22 The Philist<strong>in</strong>es came up yet aga<strong>in</strong>, and spread <strong>the</strong>mselves <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> valley of Rephaim.<br />

2 Samuel 21:16 And <strong>the</strong>re came aga<strong>in</strong>st David one of <strong>the</strong> offspr<strong>in</strong>g of <strong>the</strong> Rephaim, whose spear was three hundred<br />

shekels of brass <strong>in</strong> weight, and hav<strong>in</strong>g a new sword, he made an attempt to put David to death.<br />

2 Samuel 21:18 Now after this <strong>the</strong>re was war with <strong>the</strong> Philist<strong>in</strong>es aga<strong>in</strong> at Gob, and Sibbecai <strong>the</strong> Hushathite put to death<br />

Saph, one of <strong>the</strong> offspr<strong>in</strong>g of <strong>the</strong> Rephaim.<br />

2 Samuel 21:20 And aga<strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong>re was war at Gath, where <strong>the</strong>re was a very tall man, who had twenty-four f<strong>in</strong>gers and toes,<br />

six f<strong>in</strong>gers on his hands and six toes on his feet; he was one of <strong>the</strong> offspr<strong>in</strong>g of <strong>the</strong> Rephaim.<br />

2 Samuel 21:22 These four were of <strong>the</strong> offspr<strong>in</strong>g of <strong>the</strong> Rephaim <strong>in</strong> Gath; and <strong>the</strong>y came to <strong>the</strong>ir end by <strong>the</strong> hands of<br />

David and his servants.<br />

2 Samuel 23:13 Three of <strong>the</strong> thirty chief men went down, and came to David <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> harvest time to <strong>the</strong> cave of Adullam;<br />

and <strong>the</strong> troop of <strong>the</strong> Philist<strong>in</strong>es was encamped <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> valley of Rephaim.<br />

1 Chronicles 11:15 Three of <strong>the</strong> thirty chief men went down to <strong>the</strong> rock to David, <strong>in</strong>to <strong>the</strong> cave of Adullam; and <strong>the</strong> army of<br />

<strong>the</strong> Philist<strong>in</strong>es were encamped <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> valley of Rephaim.<br />

1 Chronicles 14:9 Now <strong>the</strong> Philist<strong>in</strong>es had come and made a raid <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> valley of Rephaim.<br />

1 Chronicles 20:4 Now after this <strong>the</strong>re was war with <strong>the</strong> Philist<strong>in</strong>es at Gezer; <strong>the</strong>n Sibbecai <strong>the</strong> Hushathite put to death<br />

Sippai, one of <strong>the</strong> offspr<strong>in</strong>g of <strong>the</strong> Rephaim; and <strong>the</strong>y were overcome.<br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />

1 Chronicles 20:6 And aga<strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong>re was war at Gath, where <strong>the</strong>re was a very tall man, who had twenty-four f<strong>in</strong>gers and<br />

toes, six f<strong>in</strong>gers on his hands and six toes on his feet; he was one of <strong>the</strong> offspr<strong>in</strong>g of <strong>the</strong> Rephaim.<br />

1 Chronicles 20:8 These were of <strong>the</strong> offspr<strong>in</strong>g of <strong>the</strong> Rephaim <strong>in</strong> Gath; <strong>the</strong>y came to <strong>the</strong>ir death by <strong>the</strong> hands of David and<br />

his servants.<br />

Isaiah 17:5 It will be like when <strong>the</strong> harvester ga<strong>the</strong>rs <strong>the</strong> wheat, and his arm reaps <strong>the</strong> gra<strong>in</strong>. Yes, it will be like when one<br />

gleans gra<strong>in</strong> <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> valley of Rephaim.<br />

Isaiah 26:14 Dead -- <strong>the</strong>y live not, Rephaim, <strong>the</strong>y rise not, Therefore Thou hast <strong>in</strong>spected and dost destroy <strong>the</strong>m, Yea,<br />

thou destroyest all <strong>the</strong>ir memory.<br />

Isaiah 26:19 Thy dead live -- My dead body <strong>the</strong>y rise. Awake and s<strong>in</strong>g, ye dwellers <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> dust, For <strong>the</strong> dew of herbs 'is' thy<br />

dew, And <strong>the</strong> land of Rephaim thou causest to fall.<br />

2.REPHAIM, has a totally different mean<strong>in</strong>g <strong>in</strong> o<strong>the</strong>r references where it is also called <strong>the</strong> shades or spirits of <strong>the</strong> departed,<br />

dwell<strong>in</strong>g <strong>in</strong> Sheol or Hades.<br />

Psalms 88:10 To <strong>the</strong> dead dost Thou do wonders? Do Rephaim rise? do <strong>the</strong>y thank Thee? Selah. Proverbs 2:18 For her<br />

house hath <strong>in</strong>cl<strong>in</strong>ed unto death, And unto Rephaim her paths.<br />

Proverbs 9:18 And he hath not known that Rephaim 'are' <strong>the</strong>re, In deep places of Sheol her <strong>in</strong>vited ones!<br />

Accord<strong>in</strong>g to Genesis 14:5, K<strong>in</strong>g Chedorlaomer and his allies attacked and defeated <strong>the</strong> Rephaites at<br />

Ashteroth-Karnaim.<br />

In <strong>the</strong> biblical narrative, <strong>the</strong> Israelites were <strong>in</strong>structed to exterm<strong>in</strong>ate <strong>the</strong> previous <strong>in</strong>habitants of <strong>the</strong><br />

"promised land", i.e. Canaan, which <strong>in</strong>clude various named peoples, <strong>in</strong>clud<strong>in</strong>g some unusually<br />

tall/large <strong>in</strong>dividuals. Several passages <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> Book of Joshua, and also Deuteronomy 3:11, suggest<br />

that Og, <strong>the</strong> K<strong>in</strong>g of Bashan, was one of <strong>the</strong> last survivors of <strong>the</strong> Rephaim, and that his bed was 9<br />

cubits long <strong>in</strong> ord<strong>in</strong>ary cubits. (An ord<strong>in</strong>ary cubit is <strong>the</strong> length of a man's forearm accord<strong>in</strong>g to <strong>the</strong> New<br />

American Standard <strong>Bible</strong>, or approximately 18 <strong>in</strong>ches, which differs from a royal cubit. This makes <strong>the</strong><br />

bed over 13 feet long, even longer if <strong>the</strong> cubit was based on a giant's forearm). Anak, accord<strong>in</strong>g to<br />

2:11, was a Rephaite.<br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />





• Were Rephaites (Deut 2:11) mean<strong>in</strong>g <strong>the</strong>y were giants descended from Rapha, a subgroup<br />

descended from <strong>the</strong> Nephilim<br />

• Were giants descended from <strong>the</strong> Nephlim (Num 13:33)<br />

• Were “people of great size” (Num 13:32)<br />

• Were “stronger and taller” than regular people (Deut 1:28; 9:2)<br />

• Were all descendants of a giant named Arba (Josh 15:13; 21:11)<br />

• Were descendants of a giant named Anak who lived <strong>in</strong> sou<strong>the</strong>rn Canaan<br />

(Num 13:22,28)<br />

2. EMITES or EMIM<br />

• Described as “strong and numerous” and “tall as <strong>the</strong> Anakites” (Deut 2:10)<br />

• Were Rephaites (Gen 14:5; Deut 2:11) mean<strong>in</strong>g <strong>the</strong>y were giants descended from Rapha, a<br />

subgroup descended from <strong>the</strong> Nephilim<br />

• Lived east of <strong>the</strong> Jordan river <strong>in</strong> a region of Moab (Gen 14:5; Deut 2:11)<br />

• Were defeated <strong>in</strong> Abraham’s day by K<strong>in</strong>g Chedorlaomer (Gen 14:5)<br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />


• Described as “strong and numerous” and “tall as <strong>the</strong> Anakites” (Deut 2:21)<br />

• Were Rephaites (Gen 14:5; Deut 2:20) mean<strong>in</strong>g <strong>the</strong>y were giants descended from Rapha, a<br />

subgroup descended from <strong>the</strong> Nephilim<br />

• Lived east of <strong>the</strong> Jordan river <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> region of <strong>the</strong> Ammonites (Deut 2:20)<br />

• Were defeated <strong>in</strong> Abraham’s day by K<strong>in</strong>g Chedorlaomer (Gen 14:5)<br />

• Were later destroyed by <strong>the</strong> Ammonites (Deut 2:21)<br />

4. HORITES<br />

• Were Rephaites (Gen 14:5-6) mean<strong>in</strong>g <strong>the</strong>y were giants descended from Rapha, a subgroup<br />

descended from <strong>the</strong> Nephilim<br />

• Lived <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> “hill country of Seir” (Gen 14:6; Deut 2:12) a region of Edom<br />

• Were defeated <strong>in</strong> Abraham’s day by K<strong>in</strong>g Chedorlaomer (Gen 14:5-6)<br />

• Were later destroyed by “<strong>the</strong> descendants of Esau,” <strong>the</strong> Edomites (Deut 2:12,22)<br />

5. AVVITES<br />

• Mentioned only once at <strong>the</strong> end of a list of Rephaites (Deut 2:23)<br />

• Lived <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> coast land of sou<strong>the</strong>rn Canaan <strong>in</strong> villages near Gaza (Deut 2:23)<br />

• Were destroyed and replaced by <strong>the</strong> Caphtorites (ancestors of <strong>the</strong> Philist<strong>in</strong>es who arrived from <strong>the</strong><br />

island of Cypress/Caphtor)<br />

An entire race of giants mentioned <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> <strong>Bible</strong><br />

6. NEPHILIM<br />

• Race of “renown heros” result<strong>in</strong>g from <strong>the</strong> sexual mix<strong>in</strong>g of angels (sons of God) with human women<br />

(Gen 6:2)<br />

• “Heros” <strong>in</strong> Gen 6:2 were not necessarily good people<br />

• Nephilim were “heros” <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> same sense that Goliath was called a “hero” of <strong>the</strong> Philist<strong>in</strong>es (1 Sam<br />

17:51)<br />

• This resulted <strong>in</strong> offspr<strong>in</strong>g of exceptional size and strength (Num 13:33)<br />

• This giant race aggravated <strong>the</strong> exceptional wickedness of men liv<strong>in</strong>g before <strong>the</strong> flood and was a<br />

factor <strong>in</strong> God’s decision to “wipe mank<strong>in</strong>d from <strong>the</strong> face of <strong>the</strong> earth” by a flood (Gen 6:5-7)<br />

• Angels cont<strong>in</strong>ued sir<strong>in</strong>g Nephilim with human women even after <strong>the</strong> flood (Gen 6:4) which expla<strong>in</strong>s<br />

why descendants of <strong>the</strong> Nephilim resided <strong>in</strong> Canaan when Israel <strong>in</strong>vaded under Joshua (Num 13:33<br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />

Accord<strong>in</strong>g to Jude, Enoch son of Jared, before <strong>the</strong> flood, <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> 7th generation follow<strong>in</strong>g Adam, stood<br />

firm aga<strong>in</strong>st an explosion of wickedness among men that led to angelic <strong>in</strong>tervention (Jude 14-15)<br />

• S<strong>in</strong>ce <strong>the</strong> sort of wickedness to which Jude refers required angelic <strong>in</strong>tervention, it may well have<br />

concerned <strong>the</strong> Nephilim<br />


1. RAPHA<br />

• Early ancestor of all <strong>the</strong> giant clans <strong>in</strong> what became <strong>the</strong> region of Palest<strong>in</strong>e, which <strong>in</strong>cluded <strong>the</strong><br />

Anakites, Emites, and Horites (Deut 2:10-12; 2 Sam 21:16,18,20,22; 1 Chron 20:4,6,8)<br />

2. ANAK<br />

• Fa<strong>the</strong>r of a clan of giants liv<strong>in</strong>g sou<strong>the</strong>rn Cannaan (Num 13:28)<br />

3. ARBA<br />

• Forefa<strong>the</strong>r of Anak and <strong>the</strong> Anakim (Josh 15:13; 21:11)<br />

• Honored as “<strong>the</strong> greatest man among <strong>the</strong> Anakites” (Josh 14:15)<br />

• The Anakite name for Hebron was Kiriath-Arba mean<strong>in</strong>g “City of Arba”(Josh 15:13)<br />

4. SEPHER<br />

• Because Debir was an Anakite city like Hebron (Josh 11:21), and because <strong>the</strong> former Anakite name<br />

for Debir was Kiriath-Sepher mean<strong>in</strong>g “City of Sepher,” it must be that Sepher was <strong>the</strong> name of<br />

ano<strong>the</strong>r Anakite patriarch like Arba (Josh 15:15)<br />

5. OG<br />

• The k<strong>in</strong>g of Bashan identified as <strong>the</strong> last of “<strong>the</strong> Rephaites” (Deut 3:11)<br />

• S<strong>in</strong>ce o<strong>the</strong>r giants after Og are also Rephaites, <strong>the</strong> reference most likely means that Og was <strong>the</strong> last<br />

pure blooded (100%) giant sired by an angel mix<strong>in</strong>g with a human woman (see explanation of <strong>the</strong><br />

Nephilim)<br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />

• Bashan where Og ruled is <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> region of Mount Hermon, and that accord<strong>in</strong>g to <strong>the</strong> book of Enoch is<br />

where angels sired <strong>the</strong> Nephilim<br />

• Og is <strong>the</strong> largest giant mentioned <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> <strong>Bible</strong>—his bed was 13.5 feet long mean<strong>in</strong>g Og was himself<br />

about 13 feet tall (Deut 3:11)<br />

• Og with his army attacked <strong>the</strong> Israelites east of <strong>the</strong> Jordan <strong>in</strong> a battle at Edrei while <strong>the</strong>y were still<br />

commanded by Moses (Deut 3:1-11)<br />

• Og was defeated and killed and his territory was assigned to <strong>the</strong> half-tribe of Manasseh<br />

6. AHIMAN<br />

• A descendant of Arba and Anak who lived <strong>in</strong> Kiriath-Arba (later named Hebron) when Israel <strong>in</strong>vaded<br />

Canaan (Num 13:22)<br />

• One of 3 giants driven out of Hebron by Caleb (Josh 15:14; Jdg 1:10,20)<br />

7. SHESHAI<br />

• A descendant of Arba and Anak who lived <strong>in</strong> Kiriath-Arba (later named Hebron)<br />

when Israel <strong>in</strong>vaded Canaan (Num 13:22)<br />

• One of 3 giants driven out of Hebron by Caleb (Josh 15:14; Jdg 1:10,20)<br />

8. TALMAI<br />

• A descendant of Arba and Anak who lived <strong>in</strong> Kiriath-Arba (later named Hebron)<br />

when Israel <strong>in</strong>vaded Canaan (Num 13:22)<br />

• One of 3 giants driven out of Hebron by Caleb (Josh 15:14; Jdg 1:10,20)<br />

9. GOLIATH<br />

• The “champion” of <strong>the</strong> Philist<strong>in</strong>e army oppos<strong>in</strong>g <strong>the</strong> Israelites under Saul (1 Sam 17:4)<br />

• Was 9 feet tall, wore armor weigh<strong>in</strong>g 125 pounds, and spearhead weighed 15 pounds (1 Sam 17:4-7)<br />

• Was descended from <strong>the</strong> Anakim giants whom Joshua allowed to survive <strong>in</strong> Gaza, Gath, and Ashdod<br />

(Josh 11:22)<br />

10. LAHMI<br />

• One of <strong>the</strong> giants liv<strong>in</strong>g <strong>in</strong> Gath<br />

• The bro<strong>the</strong>r of Goliath<br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />

• Was killed by one of David’s men named Elhanan son of Jair<br />

• Used a spear of similar size to one used by Goliath (1 Chron 20:5; 2 Sam 21:19)<br />

11. ISHBI-BENOB<br />

• One of <strong>the</strong> giants liv<strong>in</strong>g <strong>in</strong> Gath with <strong>the</strong> Philist<strong>in</strong>es <strong>in</strong> sou<strong>the</strong>rn Canaan<br />

• Was killed by David’s nephew Abishai, son of David’s sister Zeruiah, who rescued David when this<br />

giant went after David dur<strong>in</strong>g a battle between <strong>the</strong> Philist<strong>in</strong>es and Israelites (2 Sam 21:15-17,22)<br />

• Used a spearhead weigh<strong>in</strong>g 7.5 pounds (2 Sam 21:16) which was merely half <strong>the</strong> size of Goliath’s<br />

spearhead<br />

12. SAPH also called SIPPAI<br />

• One of <strong>the</strong> giants subjugated by <strong>the</strong> Philist<strong>in</strong>es <strong>in</strong> sou<strong>the</strong>rn Canaan<br />

• Ano<strong>the</strong>r giant who lived with <strong>the</strong> Philist<strong>in</strong>es <strong>in</strong> Gath<br />

• Was killed by one of David’s men named Sibbachai <strong>the</strong> Hushathite (1 Chron 20:4,8; 2 Sam 21:18,22)<br />

Two unnamed giants<br />

A giant with 6 f<strong>in</strong>gers on each hand and 6 toes on each foot (2 Sam 21:20-22; 1 Chron 20:6-8)<br />

• One of <strong>the</strong> giants subjugated by <strong>the</strong> Philist<strong>in</strong>es <strong>in</strong> sou<strong>the</strong>rn Canaan<br />

• Ano<strong>the</strong>r giant who lived with <strong>the</strong> Philist<strong>in</strong>es <strong>in</strong> Gath<br />

• Taunted Israel <strong>in</strong> battle and was killed Jonathan, <strong>the</strong> son David’s bro<strong>the</strong>r Shimea<br />

A “huge Egyptian” (2 Sam 2:21; 1 Chron 11:23)<br />

• Was 7.5 feet tall (1 Chron 11:23)<br />

• Was killed by Benaiah son of Jehoiada<br />

• Benaiah was unarmed but snatched away <strong>the</strong> Egyptian’s own spear and killed him with it<br />


Families of Anakites liv<strong>in</strong>g <strong>in</strong> Hebron and Debir (Josh 10:36-39; 14:12-15)<br />

Goliath’s family of giants who lived <strong>in</strong> Gath (2 Sam 21:19; 1 Chron 20:5)<br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />


Anakites giants lived <strong>in</strong> 3 of <strong>the</strong>ir own cities<br />

• These were Hebron (formerly Kiriath-Arba), Debir (formerly Kiriath-Sepher), and Anab<br />

• These Anakite cities were located “<strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> hill country of Judah” (Josh 11:21)<br />

Some Anakite giants also resided with <strong>the</strong> Philist<strong>in</strong>es<br />

• Philist<strong>in</strong>e cities where Anakite giants resided <strong>in</strong>cluded Gaza, Gath and Ashdod<br />

• These Philist<strong>in</strong>e cities with Anakite residents were located on <strong>the</strong> coastal pla<strong>in</strong> below <strong>the</strong> hill country<br />

of Judah (Josh 11:22)<br />

Anakite giants of sou<strong>the</strong>rn Canaan lived <strong>in</strong> “large cities that have walls up to <strong>the</strong> sky” (Deut 9:2)<br />

• This most likely referred to <strong>the</strong> Anakite cities of Hebron, Debir, and Anab<br />

• May or may not have referred to <strong>the</strong> Philist<strong>in</strong>e cities of Gaza, Gath, and Ashdod<br />


CHEDORLAOMER, <strong>the</strong> k<strong>in</strong>g of Elam (region of Persia) who defeated several clans of giant people <strong>in</strong><br />

<strong>the</strong> region of Canaan dur<strong>in</strong>g <strong>the</strong> day of Abraham (Gen 14:5-6)<br />

The unknown Israelite who killed Og, <strong>the</strong> giant k<strong>in</strong>g of Bashan (Deut 3:3)<br />

CALEB who killed <strong>the</strong> giants Ahiman, Sheshai, and Talmai (Josh 15:14; Jdgs 1:10,20)<br />

OTHNIEL, Caleb’s son-<strong>in</strong>-law, who killed giants liv<strong>in</strong>g <strong>in</strong> Debir (Josh 15:17; 10:39)<br />

DAVID who killed <strong>the</strong> giant Goliath (1 Sam 17:51)<br />

BENAIAH SON OF JEHOIADA who killed a “huge Egyptian” who was 7.5 feet tall (1 Chron 11:23)<br />

ELHANAN SON OF JAIR who killed <strong>the</strong> giant Lahmi, bro<strong>the</strong>r of Goliath (2 Sam 21:19;1 Chron 20:5)<br />

ABISHAI SON OF ZERUIAH, David’s nephew, who killed <strong>the</strong> giant Ishbi-Benob (2 Sam 21:16-17)<br />

SIBBACHAI THE HUSHATHITE who killed <strong>the</strong> giant ei<strong>the</strong>r called Saph or Sippai (2 Sam 21:18; 1<br />

Chron 20:4)<br />

JONATHAN SON OF SHIMEA, David’s nephew, who killed an unnamed giant with 6 f<strong>in</strong>gers on<br />

each hand and 6 toes on each foot (2 Sam 21:20-21; 1 Chron 20:6-7)<br />


The “region of Argob” <strong>in</strong> Bashan ruled by Og <strong>the</strong> giant k<strong>in</strong>g (Deut 3:4)<br />

Anakites were scattered throughout <strong>the</strong> “hill country of Judah and Israel” (Josh 11:21)<br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />

The ma<strong>in</strong> Anakite centers were <strong>the</strong> cities of Hebron (formerly Kiriath-Arba), Debir (formerly<br />

Kiriath-Sepher), and Anab <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> hill country of Judah (Josh 11:21) Some Anakites also lived <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong><br />

coastal pla<strong>in</strong> region with <strong>the</strong> Philist<strong>in</strong>es <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> cities of Gaza, Gath and Ashdod (Josh 11:22)<br />

Emim lived east of <strong>the</strong> Jordan river <strong>in</strong> a region of Moab (Gen 14:5; Deut 2:11)<br />

Zamzummim lived east of <strong>the</strong> Jordan river <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> region of <strong>the</strong> Ammonites (Deut 2:20)<br />

Horites lived below <strong>the</strong> Dead Sea <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> “hill country of Seir” (Gen 14:6; Deut 2:12) a region of<br />

Edom<br />

Avvites lived <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> coast land of sou<strong>the</strong>rn Canaan <strong>in</strong> villages near Gaza (Deut 2:23)<br />

The place where a coalition of eastern k<strong>in</strong>gs led by Chedorloamer, k<strong>in</strong>g of Elam (<strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> region of Persia)<br />

defeated <strong>the</strong> comb<strong>in</strong>ed armies of several giant clans was named Shaveh-Kiriathaim (Wasteland of<br />

Kiriathaim). This place is a valley located <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> high pla<strong>in</strong> above <strong>the</strong> Arnon River east of <strong>the</strong> Dead Sea<br />

<strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> region of Moab (Gen 14:5)<br />



• Initially referred to descendants of an <strong>in</strong>dividual giant named Rapha, and <strong>the</strong>n became general term<br />

for several giant clans liv<strong>in</strong>g <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> region of Canaan<br />

• Rephaites were Nephilim because <strong>the</strong> Anakites (a clan of Rephaites) are identified as Nephilim (Num<br />

13:33)<br />

• Rephaite clans <strong>in</strong>cluded <strong>the</strong> Anakim, <strong>the</strong> Emim, <strong>the</strong> Zamzummim, <strong>the</strong> Horites, and <strong>the</strong> Avvites<br />

• Were <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> region of Canaan dur<strong>in</strong>g Abraham’s day (Gen 15:20)<br />

• Several Rephaite clans were defeated by K<strong>in</strong>g Chedorlaomer <strong>in</strong> Abraham’s day (Gen 14:5-6)<br />

• Og, K<strong>in</strong>g of Bashan, is identified as <strong>the</strong> last <strong>in</strong>dividual “remnant of <strong>the</strong> Rephaites” (Deut 3:11). But<br />

s<strong>in</strong>ce o<strong>the</strong>r giants after Og are also referred to as Rephaites, this reference most likely means that Og<br />

was <strong>the</strong> last pure blooded (100%) giant sired by an angel mix<strong>in</strong>g with a human woman Giant killers<br />

named <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> <strong>Bible</strong>:<br />

Arba was <strong>the</strong> “forefa<strong>the</strong>r of Anak,” <strong>the</strong> patriarch of <strong>the</strong> Anakim clan (Josh 15:13; 21:11)<br />

Anakim were descended from <strong>the</strong> Nephilim (Num 13:33)<br />

Rapha was <strong>the</strong> early ancestor of all <strong>the</strong> giant clans liv<strong>in</strong>g throughout <strong>the</strong> region of what became<br />

Palest<strong>in</strong>e. Giant clans descended from Rapha were referred to as Rephaites and <strong>in</strong>cluded <strong>the</strong><br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />

Anakites, <strong>the</strong> Emites, <strong>the</strong> Zamzummites, <strong>the</strong> Horites, and <strong>the</strong> Avvites (Gen 14:5-6; Deut<br />

2:10-12,23; 2 Sam 21:16,18,20,22; 1 Chron 20:4,6,8)<br />

S<strong>in</strong>ce <strong>the</strong> Anakites were giants descended both from Rapha (Deut 2:10-11) and <strong>the</strong> Nephilim (Num<br />

13:33),<br />

that means all Rephaites (descendants of Rapha) were descended from <strong>the</strong> Nephilim.<br />

The Nephilim were <strong>the</strong> orig<strong>in</strong>al giants (Gen 6:4)<br />


A race of giants called Nephilim beg<strong>in</strong> with Sons of God mix<strong>in</strong>g with women -Daughters of Man not<br />

only before but also after <strong>the</strong> flood (Gen 6:1-4)<br />

Chedorlaomer, k<strong>in</strong>g of Elam (region of Persia), forms a coalition of k<strong>in</strong>gs who <strong>in</strong>vade <strong>the</strong> region of<br />

Canaan and defeated several clans of giant people descended from <strong>the</strong> Nephilim dur<strong>in</strong>g <strong>the</strong> day of<br />

Abraham (Gen 14:5-6)<br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />

Spies sent by Moses discover giants (descendants of <strong>the</strong> Nephilim) liv<strong>in</strong>g <strong>in</strong> walled cities <strong>in</strong> sou<strong>the</strong>rn<br />

Canaan. 10 of <strong>the</strong> spies conclude that oppos<strong>in</strong>g <strong>the</strong> giants was hopeless, but<br />

Caleb and Joshua had faith that God would enable <strong>the</strong>m to overcome (Num 13:27-33)<br />

Moses leads Israel <strong>in</strong> kill<strong>in</strong>g Og <strong>the</strong> giant k<strong>in</strong>g of Bashan and defeat<strong>in</strong>g his entire army.<br />

Israel <strong>the</strong>n takes <strong>the</strong> land of Bashan at <strong>the</strong>ir own (Deut 3:1-11)<br />

Caleb drives out and kills all <strong>the</strong> giants liv<strong>in</strong>g <strong>in</strong> Hebron, formly called Kiriath-Arba, (Josh 10:36-37;<br />

14:12-15)<br />

Othniel, Caleb’s son-<strong>in</strong>-law, drives out and kills all <strong>the</strong> giants liv<strong>in</strong>g <strong>in</strong> Debir, formerly called<br />

Kiriath-Sepher, (Josh 10:38-39; 15:15-17)<br />

Joshua destroys all <strong>the</strong> Anakites except those <strong>in</strong> Gaza, Gath and Ashdod (Josh 11:22)<br />

Philist<strong>in</strong>es destroy <strong>the</strong> Avvites near Gaza (Deut 2:23) and subdue o<strong>the</strong>r giant clans <strong>in</strong> sou<strong>the</strong>rn<br />

Canaan (1 Chron 20:4)<br />

Moabites subdue <strong>the</strong> Emim liv<strong>in</strong>g <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> region of Moab (Deut 2:11)<br />

Ammonites drive out <strong>the</strong> Zamzummim liv<strong>in</strong>g <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> region of Ammon (Deut 2:21)<br />

Edomites drive out <strong>the</strong> Horites liv<strong>in</strong>g <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> region of Edom (Deut 2:12)<br />

David kills <strong>the</strong> giant Goliath (1 Sam 17:51)<br />

Benaiah son of Jehoiada kills a 7.5 foot Egyptian (1 Chron 11:23)<br />

Elhanan kills <strong>the</strong> giant Lahmi (2 Sam 21:19; 1 Chron 20:5)<br />

Abishai kills <strong>the</strong> giant Ishi-Benob (2 Sam 21:16-17)<br />

Sibbachai kills <strong>the</strong> giant called Saph or Sippai (2 Sam 21:18; 1 Chron 20:4)<br />

Jonathan son of Shimea kills <strong>the</strong> unnamed giant with 6 f<strong>in</strong>gers on each hand and 6 toes on each foot<br />

(2 Sam 21:20-21; 1 Chron 20:6-7)<br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />



These images are proof and critical evidence that Giant Melan<strong>in</strong>ated humanoids and Giant K<strong>in</strong>gs and<br />

Queens of <strong>the</strong> Anunnaki once walked our Earth <strong>in</strong> Ancient times. More than 200 Skeletons of Giant or<br />

Titan - sized humanoids have been found.<br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />

Proof, that <strong>the</strong> earth was <strong>in</strong>habited by GIANTS -Descendants of <strong>the</strong> giants!<br />

Tuesday, January 5, 2016 17:18<br />

Proof, that <strong>the</strong> earth was <strong>in</strong>habited by GIANTS<br />

Descendants of <strong>the</strong> giants?<br />

‘Huge Skeleton’ Discovered <strong>in</strong> Bulgaria’s Varna<br />

5-Meter Tall Human Skeleton Unear<strong>the</strong>d <strong>in</strong> Australia<br />

Over 1000 Giant Skeletons Have Been Found <strong>in</strong> Recent Years<br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />

http://www.human-resonance.org/nephilim_giants.html<br />

Resonance <strong>in</strong> Exoplanetary Hybridization<br />


by Alex Putney<br />

for Human-Resonance.org<br />

August 13, 2015<br />

Humanoid species of truly immense proportions still walk remote regions of <strong>the</strong> Earth today, just as<br />

<strong>the</strong>y have for many thousands of years. This reality is readily dismissed by Westerners, yet rema<strong>in</strong>s<br />

common knowledge <strong>in</strong> many regions of <strong>the</strong> world where <strong>the</strong> largest populations of giants are most<br />

active.<br />

While <strong>the</strong> only publicly available photographs of liv<strong>in</strong>g giants document <strong>the</strong> North American sasquatch,<br />

o<strong>the</strong>r giant humanoid species that more closely resemble Caucasian humans also <strong>in</strong>habit<br />

subterranean cavern systems, hidden away from human populations. Spanish chroniclers of <strong>the</strong> 'New<br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />

World' conquest reported light-haired, light-sk<strong>in</strong>ned giants occupy<strong>in</strong>g various lands. Giant k<strong>in</strong>gs that<br />

once ruled throughout present-day Peru wore massive tunics woven from f<strong>in</strong>e gold and silver thread<br />

no Earth human can don:The actual mummified head of <strong>the</strong> crowned k<strong>in</strong>g... is almost twice as large as<br />

my own and I wear <strong>the</strong> largest hat of anyone <strong>in</strong> my acqua<strong>in</strong>tance... The gold was impressive, but <strong>the</strong><br />

size of <strong>the</strong> man was someth<strong>in</strong>g more impressive than gold.<br />

The golden tunic that hung on <strong>the</strong> wall was made of spun gold. This was <strong>the</strong> first time <strong>in</strong> my life I had<br />

seen gold woven <strong>in</strong>to a fabric for cloth<strong>in</strong>g. The tunic was over eight feet tall and tailored <strong>in</strong> such a way<br />

as to suggest that it was not <strong>in</strong>tended to drag on <strong>the</strong> floor beh<strong>in</strong>d a k<strong>in</strong>g, but ra<strong>the</strong>r to hang straight<br />

down to <strong>the</strong> floor and no fur<strong>the</strong>r. That made <strong>the</strong> tunic itself a measur<strong>in</strong>g device for <strong>the</strong> orig<strong>in</strong>al height of<br />

<strong>the</strong> giant k<strong>in</strong>g. It was shock<strong>in</strong>g to imag<strong>in</strong>e... <strong>the</strong> shear weight of <strong>the</strong> garment.<br />

Nephilim Hybrid Skull, Moche, Peru and Nephilim Hybrid Skull, Java, Indonesia<br />

Mr. Juan Navarro, owner and director of <strong>the</strong> local museum, called <strong>the</strong> Paracas History<br />

Museum, which houses a collection of 35 of <strong>the</strong> Paracas skulls, allowed <strong>the</strong> tak<strong>in</strong>g of<br />

samples from 5 of <strong>the</strong> skulls. The samples consisted of hair, <strong>in</strong>clud<strong>in</strong>g roots, a tooth, skull<br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />

bone and sk<strong>in</strong>, and this process was carefully documented via photos and video. The<br />

samples were sent to <strong>the</strong> late Lloyd Pye, founder of <strong>the</strong> Starchild Project, who delivered<br />

<strong>the</strong> samples to a geneticist <strong>in</strong> Texas for DNA test<strong>in</strong>g... Brien Foerster... has revealed <strong>the</strong><br />

prelim<strong>in</strong>ary results of <strong>the</strong> analysis...:<br />

It had mtDNA (mitochondrial DNA) with mutations unknown <strong>in</strong> any human,<br />

primate, or animal known so far. But a few fragments I was able to<br />

sequence from this sample <strong>in</strong>dicate that if <strong>the</strong>se mutations will hold we are<br />

deal<strong>in</strong>g with a new human-like creature, very distant from Homo<br />

sapiens, Neanderthals and Denisovans.<br />

Many sasquatch hybrids have been shown to have human female mtDNA profiles with multiple SNPs,<br />

yet <strong>the</strong> nuDNA results confirmed <strong>the</strong>y are hybrids.<br />

Comprehensive analysis of giant skeletal rema<strong>in</strong>s from a multitude of ancient sites, based on height<br />

and physiognomy, po<strong>in</strong>ts directly to <strong>the</strong> hypo<strong>the</strong>sis that <strong>the</strong> Paracas giants are artificially eng<strong>in</strong>eered<br />

<strong>in</strong>terspecies hybrids closely mirror<strong>in</strong>g <strong>the</strong> complex global dynamics of <strong>the</strong> sasquatch case. Human<br />

female surrogate mo<strong>the</strong>rs from all cont<strong>in</strong>ents were artificially impregnated with nephilim semen,<br />

belong<strong>in</strong>g to 11-14'-tall giants such as a Mexican specimen with extreme vertical elongation. The<br />

7-9'-tall nephilim hybrid species is exemplified by a giant <strong>in</strong>fant mummy excavated near Andahuaylillas,<br />

Peru (below).<br />

Nephilim hybrid Skeleton - elongated cranium from Andahuaytilas, Peru<br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />

This comb<strong>in</strong>ation of highly unusual features is also seen <strong>in</strong> 11' tall giants from cave sites <strong>in</strong> Mexico and<br />

<strong>the</strong> United States. The cranial characteristics and enormous size of <strong>the</strong>se <strong>in</strong>dividuals suggest <strong>the</strong>y<br />

belong to a separate species of humanoid whose orig<strong>in</strong>s rema<strong>in</strong> unknown, hav<strong>in</strong>g been <strong>the</strong> subject of<br />

<strong>the</strong> myriad legends of giants from around <strong>the</strong> world and depicted <strong>in</strong> giant statuary on Easter Island.<br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />

Stone sculpture from Rapa, Nui<br />

The Atlantean orig<strong>in</strong> of <strong>the</strong> Moai statues was revealed by excavations conducted decades ago,<br />

expos<strong>in</strong>g <strong>the</strong>ir buried portions <strong>in</strong>clude bodies with stylized hands similar to those at Göbekli Tepe,<br />

Turkey. Paleo-Sanskrit hieroglyphic text <strong>in</strong>scriptions were discovered on <strong>the</strong> backs of <strong>the</strong> Moai,<br />

read<strong>in</strong>g: * adhi * ra raua adhi su-us , mean<strong>in</strong>g "The One deliver<strong>in</strong>g..., <strong>the</strong> One grant<strong>in</strong>g roar<strong>in</strong>g<br />

deliver<strong>in</strong>g whirr<strong>in</strong>g" (above).<br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />

In <strong>the</strong> Congo of Central Africa, <strong>the</strong> Mangbetu people appear to have preserved nephilim genes <strong>in</strong><br />

greater proportion than most haplogroups, along with <strong>in</strong>tact cultural traditions of head-b<strong>in</strong>d<strong>in</strong>g,<br />

<strong>in</strong>herited from <strong>the</strong> giants and practiced well <strong>in</strong>to <strong>the</strong> 1950s,<br />

Traditional wood totem carv<strong>in</strong>gs from <strong>in</strong>digenous cultures of <strong>the</strong> Solomon Islands and Papua New<br />

Gu<strong>in</strong>ea closely resemble <strong>the</strong> giant Moai basalt figures of Rapa Nui, yet provide greater detail of <strong>the</strong><br />

giant species' unusual facial characteristics, that <strong>in</strong>clude vertical cranial elongation, with very long<br />

nasal structures and <strong>the</strong> dist<strong>in</strong>ctive appearance of puffy eyes that matches <strong>the</strong> well known effects of<br />

head-shap<strong>in</strong>g techniques.<br />

The very same type of head-shap<strong>in</strong>g was common <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> Near East from ~9,000-7,000bp, most<br />

notably seen among members of <strong>the</strong> Ubaid culture excavated at sites <strong>in</strong> present-day Syria, <strong>the</strong><br />

remnants of which are now be<strong>in</strong>g destroyed by armed conflict throughout <strong>the</strong> region. The<br />

Chachapoyas statues of <strong>the</strong> Peruvian Andes depict <strong>the</strong> same vertically elongations, conta<strong>in</strong><strong>in</strong>g<br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />

mummified rema<strong>in</strong>s of a very tall, light-sk<strong>in</strong>ned race now recognized as a warrior class of nephilim<br />

hybrids rang<strong>in</strong>g <strong>in</strong> size from 7-9' <strong>in</strong> height.<br />

Giant stone handaxes were recently recovered from Africa's Kalahari Desert, preserved <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> dry<br />

bas<strong>in</strong> of Lake Makgadikgadi for thousands of years<br />

O<strong>the</strong>r documented examples of giant axes that no human be<strong>in</strong>gs can wield <strong>in</strong>cludes a massive solid<br />

copper axehead from <strong>the</strong> Hopewell cultural site of Seip Mound, Ohio, excavated with giant skeletons<br />

subsequently confiscated by <strong>the</strong> Smithsonian Institute:<br />

It was made of solid copper and weighed 17.7kg, 39 pounds. The object was 61cm long,<br />

10cm wide and varied from 2 to 4.5cm <strong>in</strong> thickness. It was <strong>the</strong> largest copper artifact ever<br />

recorded... It is too heavy for a man to handle efficiently and when hafted... rema<strong>in</strong>s<br />

non-functional.<br />

Impressive examples were collected at Swan Lake, <strong>in</strong> present-day Manitoba, Canada, and <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> UK,<br />

where archeological excavations <strong>in</strong> Cuxton, Kent and Sher<strong>in</strong>gham, Norfolk have also turned up giant<br />

stone axeheads. The most impressive example is a ref<strong>in</strong>ed biface blade likely produced by <strong>the</strong> Olmec<br />

culture of present-day Mexico, show<strong>in</strong>g <strong>the</strong> f<strong>in</strong>e work of human hands, yet made for <strong>the</strong> giants (below).<br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />

When questioned by Spanish chroniclers dur<strong>in</strong>g <strong>the</strong> conquest, Aztec Elders stated <strong>the</strong> orig<strong>in</strong>al builders<br />

of <strong>the</strong> Teotihuacan complex were light-sk<strong>in</strong>ned giants, whom <strong>the</strong>y identified as cannibals who ate raw<br />

human flesh, hav<strong>in</strong>g driven <strong>the</strong> Nahuatl peoples out of <strong>the</strong>ir territories before be<strong>in</strong>g exterm<strong>in</strong>ated <strong>in</strong><br />

later times.<br />

The presence and social <strong>in</strong>fluence of nephilim genes <strong>in</strong> human populations is be<strong>in</strong>g actively hidden by<br />

all governments of <strong>the</strong> world, desperately obfuscat<strong>in</strong>g <strong>the</strong> reality of exoplanetary genetic manipulation.<br />

American <strong>Giants</strong><br />

The stories of <strong>the</strong> giants are located <strong>in</strong> every state <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> union and are beyond <strong>the</strong> scope of a s<strong>in</strong>gle<br />

class. However, to illustrate this po<strong>in</strong>t we choose Ohio.<br />

The History of Marion County, Ohio (1883)<br />

A picture of a skull from 1996, taken by J.C. Chatters of Kennewick Man, Wash<strong>in</strong>gton State is that of a<br />

giant. <strong>Giants</strong> were also found when remov<strong>in</strong>g <strong>the</strong> gravel bluffs for <strong>the</strong> construction and repairs of<br />

roads.<br />

The History of Brown County, Ohio (1883)<br />

Mastodonic rema<strong>in</strong>s are occasionally unear<strong>the</strong>d and from time to time; discoveries of <strong>the</strong> rema<strong>in</strong>s of<br />

Indian settlements. Among <strong>the</strong> ru<strong>in</strong>s are gigantic skeletons with high cheek bones, powerful jaws and<br />

massive frames peculiar to <strong>the</strong> Red man.<br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />

Now and Long Ago: A History of <strong>the</strong> Marion County Ohio Area<br />

Satterfield, a justice of <strong>the</strong> peace, said that three giant skeletons were found at <strong>the</strong> mouth of <strong>the</strong> Paw<br />

Paw Creek. Jim Dean and o<strong>the</strong>rs found <strong>the</strong> bones while digg<strong>in</strong>g a bridge foundation. She said it was<br />

Dr. Kidwell, of Fairmont, who exam<strong>in</strong>ed <strong>the</strong>m and said <strong>the</strong>y were very old, perhaps thousands of years<br />

old. She said that when <strong>the</strong> skeletons were exposed to <strong>the</strong> wea<strong>the</strong>r for a few days, <strong>the</strong>ir bones turned<br />

black and began to crumble. All <strong>the</strong>se skeletons, she said, were measured and found to be about eight<br />

Giant creatures that existed on earth<br />

What is <strong>in</strong>deed significant is that many giant versions of o<strong>the</strong>r creatures existed <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> past or still exist<br />

today. To name just a few, <strong>the</strong>se <strong>in</strong>clude <strong>the</strong> follow<strong>in</strong>g:<br />

1. spiders (e.g., <strong>the</strong> bird-eat<strong>in</strong>g spider, up to 12-<strong>in</strong>ch legspan)<br />

2. moths (e.g., <strong>the</strong> Atlas moth, with a w<strong>in</strong>g span of 11 <strong>in</strong>ches)<br />

3. centipedes (up to 13 <strong>in</strong>ches long)<br />

4. snails (e.g., <strong>the</strong> African giant snail, up to 15½<strong>in</strong>ches long)<br />

5. frogs (e.g. Beelzebufo,16 <strong>in</strong>ches high)<br />

6. dragonflies (e.g., Meganeura,with a w<strong>in</strong>g span of more than 2½feet)<br />

7. rats (e.g., Josephoartigasia,with a conservatively estimated body mass of 750 pounds)<br />

8. beavers (e.g., Trogon<strong>the</strong>rium,about 7½feet long)<br />

9. scorpions (e.g., <strong>the</strong> sea scorpion Jaekelopterus,estimated at more than 8 feet long)<br />

10. crabs (e.g., <strong>the</strong> giant spider crab, with a claw span more than 12 feet)<br />

11. armadillos (e.g., Glyptodon,up to 13 feet long)<br />

12. turtles (e.g., Archelon,up to 16 feet long)<br />

13. fish (e.g., Xiphact<strong>in</strong>us,19 feet long)<br />

14.. sloths (e.g., Mega<strong>the</strong>rium,which stood about 20 feet)<br />

15. worms (e.g., <strong>the</strong> giant earthworm, up to 22 feet long)<br />

16. sea cows (e.g., Hydrodamalis,25 feet or more <strong>in</strong> length)<br />

17. crocodiles (e.g., Sarcosuchus,up to 40 feet long)<br />

18.. snakes (e.g., Titanoboa,over 42 feet long)<br />

19. crustaceans (e.g., supergiant amphipods 10 times larger than those previously discovered)<br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />

20. squid (e.g., Mesonychoteuthis,50 feet or more <strong>in</strong> length)<br />

21. sharks (e.g., Rh<strong>in</strong>codon,up to 65 feet long)<br />

22. octopuses with 100 foot long tentacles.<br />

The fact that scientists have discovered animals with body sizes far greater than those observed today<br />

suggests, at least <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong>ory, <strong>the</strong> possibility of <strong>the</strong>re hav<strong>in</strong>g also been giant humans <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> past, as<br />

recorded <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> <strong>Bible</strong>.<br />



Evidence for <strong>Bible</strong> <strong>Giants</strong>, Anakim, Rephaim & Emim<br />

http://www.biblehistory.net/newsletter/<strong>Giants</strong>_Anakim_Rephaim_Emim.htm<br />

Now if you are skeptical that men can reach <strong>the</strong>se heights, just with<strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> last 150 years alone <strong>the</strong>re<br />

have been men who lived to reach heights<br />

of between 8 and 9 feet. I listed <strong>the</strong>m below:<br />

Robert Wadlow: 8 feet 11" (1918 – 1940)<br />

John William Rogan: 8 feet 8" (1868-1905)<br />

Vä<strong>in</strong>ö Myllyr<strong>in</strong>ne: 8 feet 3" (1909 - 1963)<br />

Sultan Kosen: 8 feet 3 <strong>in</strong>ches. (1982-?)<br />

Zeng J<strong>in</strong>lian: 8 feet 2 <strong>in</strong>ches (1964 – 1982).However, she could not stand up straight due to a severely<br />

deformed sp<strong>in</strong>e. She would have reached at least 8'-8" with a normal curvature of<strong>the</strong> sp<strong>in</strong>e.<br />

Don Koehler: 8 feet 2 <strong>in</strong>ches (1925 – 1981)<br />

Bernard A. Coyne: 8 feet 2 <strong>in</strong>ches (1897 – 1921)<br />

Vikas Uppal: 8 feet 2 <strong>in</strong>ches (1986 – 2007)<br />

Julius Koch: 8 feet 1 <strong>in</strong>ches (1872 - 1902)<br />

Brahim Takioullah: 8 feet 1 <strong>in</strong>ch (1982-?)<br />

Morteza Mehrzad: 8 feet 1 <strong>in</strong>ch (1987-?)<br />

Gabriel Monjane: 8 feet 1 <strong>in</strong>ch (1944 – 1990)<br />

John F. Carroll 8'-0": (1932-1969) But had curvature of <strong>the</strong> sp<strong>in</strong>e and would have reached at least 8'-6"<br />

with a normal sp<strong>in</strong>e curvature.<br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />

http://listverse.com/2008/05/20/top-10-amaz<strong>in</strong>g-true-life-giants/<br />

From well before Biblical times, man has told amaz<strong>in</strong>g tales of giants. The likelihood of see<strong>in</strong>g a true<br />

giant was so slim that <strong>the</strong>y have always been a part of folklore. But,<br />

thanks to modern record keep<strong>in</strong>g and photography, we can now all see<br />

first hand, true liv<strong>in</strong>g giants. This is a list of <strong>the</strong> top 10,.<br />

Bernard Coyne 8’2″<br />

Coyne was born <strong>in</strong> 1897 <strong>in</strong> Iowa, USA. His 1918 World War I draft card<br />

listed his height as 8 feet. His Gu<strong>in</strong>ness book of records entry states that<br />

he was refused entry to <strong>the</strong> war due to his height. At <strong>the</strong> time of his death<br />

it was possible that he had reached <strong>the</strong> height of 8 foot 4 <strong>in</strong>ches. He died<br />

<strong>in</strong> 1921 of harden<strong>in</strong>g of <strong>the</strong> liver and a glandular condition. He is buried <strong>in</strong><br />

his place of birth <strong>in</strong> a specially made extra-large coff<strong>in</strong>.<br />

Vä<strong>in</strong>ö Myllyr<strong>in</strong>ne 8’3″<br />

Myllyr<strong>in</strong>ne was born <strong>in</strong> F<strong>in</strong>land <strong>in</strong> 1909. At one po<strong>in</strong>t he was<br />

officially <strong>the</strong> world’s tallest man. At <strong>the</strong> age of 21 he was 7 feet<br />

3.5 <strong>in</strong>ches tall, and weighed 31 stone. He experienced ano<strong>the</strong>r<br />

growth spurt after that which took him to his f<strong>in</strong>al height of 8 feet<br />

3 <strong>in</strong>ches. He is considered to be <strong>the</strong> tallest soldier <strong>in</strong> history as<br />

he was <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> F<strong>in</strong>nish army. He died <strong>in</strong> 1963.<br />

Edouard Beaupré 8’3″<br />

Edouard Beaupré, born <strong>in</strong><br />

1881, was a circus sideshow<br />

freak, a strong man, and a star<br />

<strong>in</strong> Barnum and Baileys. He<br />

was <strong>the</strong> eldest of 20 children and was born <strong>in</strong> Canada. While he was<br />

of normal height dur<strong>in</strong>g his first few years of life, by <strong>the</strong> age of n<strong>in</strong>e<br />

he was 6 feet tall. His death certificate showed him as be<strong>in</strong>g 8’3″<br />

and still grow<strong>in</strong>g. As a strongman, his feature stunt was crouch<strong>in</strong>g<br />

down and lift<strong>in</strong>g a horse to his shoulders. He reportedly lifted horses<br />

as heavy as 900 pounds. He died <strong>in</strong> 1904 of tuberculosis.<br />


Ella Ew<strong>in</strong>g 8’4″<br />


PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />

Ella Ew<strong>in</strong>g was born <strong>in</strong> Missouri <strong>in</strong> 1872. She is known as <strong>the</strong> ‘Missouri<br />

Giant’. She grew normally until <strong>the</strong> age of 7, at which time she began to<br />

grow rapidly. Her maximum height is disputed and due to <strong>the</strong> lack of<br />

records she is not listed <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> Gu<strong>in</strong>ness book of Records. She toured<br />

as a side-show freak until she died of tuberculosis <strong>in</strong> 1913.<br />

Al Toma<strong>in</strong>i 8’4.5″<br />

Al Toma<strong>in</strong>i was a giant who claimed a height of 8’4″ (though <strong>the</strong><br />

Gu<strong>in</strong>ess Book of Records stated that he was 7’4″). Weigh<strong>in</strong>g 356<br />

pounds (162 kg) and wear<strong>in</strong>g size 27 shoes, Al spent most of his life<br />

as a circus giant. He was work<strong>in</strong>g with a circus at <strong>the</strong> Great Lakes<br />

Exposition <strong>in</strong> Chicago, <strong>in</strong> 1936, when he met his future wife, Jeanie<br />

Toma<strong>in</strong>i. Jeanie was born without legs and was only 2 ft 6 <strong>in</strong> (76 cm)<br />

tall. After retir<strong>in</strong>g from <strong>the</strong> circus life, he and Jeanie settled <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> circus<br />

community of Giant’s Camp, Gibsonton, Florida.<br />

Leonid Stadnyk 8’5″<br />

Leonid Stadnyk was born <strong>in</strong> 1971 <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> Ukra<strong>in</strong>e. He is a<br />

registered veter<strong>in</strong>ary surgeon and lives with his mo<strong>the</strong>r. He is<br />

currently <strong>the</strong> world’s tallest human accord<strong>in</strong>g to <strong>the</strong> Gu<strong>in</strong>ness<br />

Book of Records. Accord<strong>in</strong>g to Pravda, his health is slowly<br />

fail<strong>in</strong>g <strong>in</strong> that he needs to hold on to limbs of trees and <strong>the</strong> side<br />

of his house to walk about. A group of Ukra<strong>in</strong>ian bus<strong>in</strong>ess<br />

people donated a satellite dish and a computer to Stadnyk and<br />

now he has Internet access.<br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />

John F Carroll 8’7″<br />

John Carroll (born <strong>in</strong> 1932) was born <strong>in</strong> Buffalo, New York and was<br />

known as <strong>the</strong> Buffalo giant. Despite a large number of medical<br />

treatments, he grew at a very rapid rate. He grew seven <strong>in</strong>ches <strong>in</strong> a<br />

matter of a few months. He died <strong>in</strong> 1969 and while his height was not<br />

recorded at <strong>the</strong> time, it is believed that he was very close to n<strong>in</strong>e feet.<br />

John Rogan 8’9″<br />

John Rogan was born <strong>in</strong> 1868 and he grew normally until <strong>the</strong> age<br />

of 13. His height was not officially recorded until his death at<br />

which po<strong>in</strong>t he was 8’9″ tall. Due to illness he weighed only 175<br />

pounds. He is <strong>the</strong> tallest African American ever. He died <strong>in</strong> 1905<br />

due to complications from his illness.<br />

Johan Aason 8′ 9-1/4″<br />

Johan was born <strong>in</strong> America <strong>the</strong> year that his mo<strong>the</strong>r moved <strong>the</strong>re<br />

from Norway. He beats John Rogan to <strong>the</strong> second spot on this list by<br />

a mere 1/4 of an <strong>in</strong>ch. Interest<strong>in</strong>gly his mo<strong>the</strong>r was also a giant, at<br />

7’2″. Accord<strong>in</strong>g to his death certificate from Mendoc<strong>in</strong>o State<br />

Hospital, at <strong>the</strong> time of death he was 9’2″ – if this is true <strong>the</strong>n he is<br />

<strong>the</strong> tallest recorded human – beat<strong>in</strong>g our number 1 spot by 3 <strong>in</strong>ches.<br />

He is buried <strong>in</strong> Montana.<br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />

Robert Wadlow 8′ 11.1″<br />

Robert Wadlow is <strong>the</strong> tallest man <strong>in</strong> history whose height is verified by<br />

<strong>in</strong>disputable evidence. He is often referred to as <strong>the</strong> Alton giant<br />

because he came from Alton, Ill<strong>in</strong>ois. At <strong>the</strong> time of his death he<br />

weighed 440 pounds and showed no signs of stopp<strong>in</strong>g grow<strong>in</strong>g. He was<br />

born <strong>in</strong> 1918, <strong>the</strong> oldest of five children. He died at <strong>the</strong> age of 22 from<br />

an <strong>in</strong>fection caused by a blister on his ankle, which he got while mak<strong>in</strong>g<br />

a professional appearance at <strong>the</strong> National Forest Festival. His coff<strong>in</strong><br />

weighed half a ton and required 12 pallbearers to carry. He was buried<br />

<strong>in</strong> a vault of solid concrete as his family had fears that his body would<br />

be <strong>in</strong>terfered with by curiosity seekers.<br />

Worlds tallest girl and her boyfriend<br />

Elisany da Cruz Silva, <strong>the</strong> tallest girl <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> world<br />

Elisany da Cruz Silva, 17, measures an unbelievable 6ft 8<strong>in</strong> tall and has<br />

to bend down to plant a kiss on her 4ft 4<strong>in</strong> lover Franc<strong>in</strong>aldo da Silva<br />

Carvalho, 22<br />

888 Giant Humans Found Across North America. Many of<br />

<strong>the</strong>m with Neanderthal look<strong>in</strong>g skulls. A later migration of<br />

giants from <strong>the</strong> Biblical Levant would <strong>in</strong>corporate advanced<br />

ma<strong>the</strong>matics <strong>in</strong>to <strong>the</strong> geometric earthworks <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> Ohio Valley.<br />

These giants have historically been known as <strong>the</strong> Nephilim<br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />

http://www.greatdreams.com/reptlan/giants.htm<br />

Real Life Encounters<br />

Brazilian <strong>Giants</strong><br />

William Turner, <strong>the</strong> naturalist and dean of Wells (d. 1568), mentions that on <strong>the</strong> coast of Brazil, near<br />

<strong>the</strong> river Polata, he saw a tribe of very gigantic naked savages, one of whom he estimated to be twelve<br />

feet tall.<br />

While <strong>in</strong> Brazil, Knyvet several times saw an Indian who, though still a youth, towered to a height of<br />

thirteen spans. S<strong>in</strong>ce thirteen spans equals n<strong>in</strong>e feet, n<strong>in</strong>e <strong>in</strong>ches, this would have made <strong>the</strong> giant<br />

about <strong>the</strong> same size as Goliath.<br />

Chile's <strong>Giants</strong><br />

Reaveneau de Lussan reported contact with natives of Chile that were of enormous bulk and stature.<br />

Frezier also relates that natives of <strong>the</strong> coast of Chile told him that some of <strong>the</strong> Indians liv<strong>in</strong>g <strong>in</strong>land<br />

stood n<strong>in</strong>e feet high.<br />

Capta<strong>in</strong> George Shelvock, on his voyage <strong>in</strong> 1719 to <strong>the</strong> Island of Chiloe off <strong>the</strong> coast of Chile, saw<br />

Indians which stood n<strong>in</strong>e to ten feet high.<br />

Cocopa <strong>Giants</strong><br />

Soon after Maldonado discovered <strong>the</strong> Seri giants, Capta<strong>in</strong> Melchior Diaz came across ano<strong>the</strong>r tribe of<br />

huge Indians while search<strong>in</strong>g far<strong>the</strong>r up <strong>the</strong> coast for <strong>the</strong> ships carry<strong>in</strong>g supplies for Coronado's 1540<br />

expedition. Pedro de Castaneda reported that, “After go<strong>in</strong>g about 150 leagues, <strong>the</strong>y came to a<br />

prov<strong>in</strong>ce of exceed<strong>in</strong>gly tall and strong men-like giants.” Evidently, <strong>the</strong>se were <strong>the</strong> Cocopa, a Yuman<br />

tribe who also <strong>in</strong>habited <strong>the</strong> lower Rio Colorado, which <strong>the</strong> Indians called Rio del Tison.<br />


Antonio Francesco Pigafetta, chronicler of Magellan's circumnavigation of <strong>the</strong> world:<br />

“We had been two whole months <strong>in</strong> this harbor without sight<strong>in</strong>g anyone when one day (quite without<br />

warn<strong>in</strong>g) we saw on <strong>the</strong> shore a huge giant, who was naked, and who danced, leaped and sang, all<br />

<strong>the</strong> while throw<strong>in</strong>g sand and dust on his head. Our Capta<strong>in</strong> ordered one of <strong>the</strong> crew to walk towards<br />

him, tell<strong>in</strong>g this man also to dance, leap and s<strong>in</strong>g as a sign of friendship. This he did, and led <strong>the</strong> giant<br />

to a place by <strong>the</strong> shore where <strong>the</strong> Capta<strong>in</strong> was wait<strong>in</strong>g. And when <strong>the</strong> giant saw us, he marveled and<br />

was afraid, and po<strong>in</strong>ted to <strong>the</strong> sky, believ<strong>in</strong>g we came from heaven. He was so tall that even <strong>the</strong><br />

largest of us came only to midway between his waist and his shoulder; 621 yet with all he was well<br />

proportioned. He had a large face, pa<strong>in</strong>ted round with red; his eyes were r<strong>in</strong>ged with yellow and <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong><br />

middle of his cheeks were pa<strong>in</strong>ted two hearts. He had hardly any hair on his head, what little he had<br />

be<strong>in</strong>g pa<strong>in</strong>ted white....”<br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />

Rupert Gould said <strong>in</strong> his book Enigmas <strong>in</strong> 1945, <strong>in</strong>cluded ano<strong>the</strong>r quote about Magellan’s voyage and<br />

added, This man was so tall that our heads scarcely came up to his waist, and his voice was like that<br />

of a bull.<br />

Many of <strong>the</strong> o<strong>the</strong>r natives <strong>in</strong> this region were also very tall; this would lead to <strong>the</strong> nam<strong>in</strong>g of those <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong><br />

region <strong>the</strong> "Patagonian <strong>Giants</strong>", Patagonian mean<strong>in</strong>g "people of <strong>the</strong> long feet."<br />

P. Joseph Tarrubia wrote <strong>in</strong> his Gianthologia, published <strong>in</strong> Madrid <strong>in</strong> 1761, that some utensils found <strong>in</strong><br />

South America were of such enormous size that <strong>the</strong>y could only have been used by giants. He also<br />

noted that several Spanish settlers told of hav<strong>in</strong>g seen monstrous men, rang<strong>in</strong>g from n<strong>in</strong>e to ten feet <strong>in</strong><br />

height, when <strong>the</strong>y sometimes strayed from <strong>the</strong>ir wild retreats verg<strong>in</strong>g toward <strong>the</strong> Straits of Magellan.<br />

Tarrubia fur<strong>the</strong>r related that: “…<strong>the</strong> South Americans had a body of soldiers, consist<strong>in</strong>g of about four<br />

hundred men, <strong>the</strong> shortest of whom was not shorter than n<strong>in</strong>e feet and <strong>the</strong> tallest about eleven feet.”<br />

Twenty giants off <strong>the</strong> coast of Venezuela. Amerigo, for whom approximately one-third of <strong>the</strong> world was<br />

later named, recounted this experience: “Thus sail<strong>in</strong>g along, we came upon an island [Curasao] which<br />

was situated fifteen leagues from <strong>the</strong> ma<strong>in</strong>land. At our arrival, s<strong>in</strong>ce we saw no people and <strong>the</strong> island<br />

looked favorable to us, we decided to explore it, and eleven of us landed. We discovered a trail and set<br />

ourselves to walk on it two leagues and a half <strong>in</strong>land; we met with a village of twelve houses <strong>in</strong> which<br />

we did not f<strong>in</strong>d anyone except seven women. They were of such great stature that <strong>the</strong>re was not one<br />

of <strong>the</strong>m who was not taller than every one of us by a span and a half [about 19 <strong>in</strong>ches]. When <strong>the</strong>y saw<br />

us <strong>the</strong>y were very much afraid of us. The chief one of <strong>the</strong>m, who was certa<strong>in</strong>ly a discreet woman, by<br />

signs hauled us up to a house and made <strong>the</strong>m give us refreshments. When we saw such noble women,<br />

we determ<strong>in</strong>ed to carry off two of <strong>the</strong>m, who were young women fifteen years of age, and make a<br />

present of <strong>the</strong>m to <strong>the</strong> k<strong>in</strong>g. They were creatures whose stature was certa<strong>in</strong>ly above that of average<br />

men. While we were thus plott<strong>in</strong>g, thirty-six men arrived, who entered <strong>the</strong> house where we were<br />

dr<strong>in</strong>k<strong>in</strong>g, and <strong>the</strong>y were of such lofty stature that each of <strong>the</strong>m was taller when upon his knees than I<br />

was when stand<strong>in</strong>g erect. They were of <strong>the</strong> stature of giants <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong>ir great size and <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> proportion of<br />

<strong>the</strong>ir bodies, which corresponded with <strong>the</strong>ir height.<br />

When <strong>the</strong> men entered, some of our fellows were so frightened that at <strong>the</strong> moment <strong>the</strong>y thought <strong>the</strong>y<br />

were done for. The warriors had bows and arrows and tremendous oar blades, f<strong>in</strong>ished off like swords.<br />

When <strong>the</strong>y saw our small stature, <strong>the</strong>y began to converse with us to learn who we were and whence<br />

we came. We gave <strong>the</strong>m soft words for <strong>the</strong> sake of amity and replied to <strong>the</strong>m <strong>in</strong> sign language that we<br />

were men of peace and that we were out to see <strong>the</strong> world. In fact, we judged it wise to part from <strong>the</strong>m<br />

without controversy, and so we went by <strong>the</strong> same trail by which we had come. They stuck with us all<br />

<strong>the</strong> way to <strong>the</strong> sea and until we embarked.<br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />



A<br />


The Great Pyramid of Giza consists of circa 2.3 million stone blocks weigh<strong>in</strong>g around 2.5 tons each.<br />

Some of <strong>the</strong> blocks weigh up to 50 tons. Yet despite <strong>the</strong> vast amount of blocks used, and <strong>the</strong> <strong>in</strong>credible<br />

weights <strong>in</strong>volved, <strong>the</strong> ma<strong>the</strong>matical accuracy of <strong>the</strong> layout of <strong>the</strong> build<strong>in</strong>g is breathtak<strong>in</strong>g. O<strong>the</strong>r such<br />

puzzl<strong>in</strong>g build<strong>in</strong>gs scattered around <strong>the</strong> world pose <strong>the</strong> same questions.<br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />

Who built <strong>the</strong>m? How did <strong>the</strong>y acquire such ma<strong>the</strong>matical and astronomical knowledge? And what<br />

advanced technology did <strong>the</strong>y use <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> construction?<br />

The people liv<strong>in</strong>g at that time, though an <strong>in</strong>credibly advanced and sophisticated people did not have<br />

<strong>the</strong> technology to shape hard stone with such accuracy.<br />

For if man began at <strong>the</strong> stone age, progressed to <strong>the</strong> bronze and <strong>the</strong>n to <strong>the</strong> iron age, <strong>the</strong>n we have<br />

<strong>the</strong> oldest pyramids popp<strong>in</strong>g up somewhere between <strong>the</strong> stone age and <strong>the</strong> bronze age. This is ak<strong>in</strong> to<br />

say<strong>in</strong>g that at some po<strong>in</strong>t <strong>in</strong> time past, man <strong>in</strong>vented <strong>the</strong> wheel. Sometime later, ano<strong>the</strong>r made a cart.<br />

But <strong>in</strong> between <strong>the</strong> wheel and <strong>the</strong> cart we f<strong>in</strong>d a brand new Mercedes! This is a realistic comparison<br />

when consider<strong>in</strong>g <strong>the</strong> construction of <strong>the</strong> pyramids.<br />

Manly P. Hall (probably recorded <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> 1980s) and giantologist Kristan T. Harris put it out on a<br />

Youtube video. It was orig<strong>in</strong>ally part of a lecture titled Atlantis and <strong>the</strong> Gods of Antiquity .<br />

“We are told that <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> year 820 AD …way back <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> days of <strong>the</strong> glory of Baghdad, <strong>the</strong> great sultan,<br />

<strong>the</strong> follower and descendant of <strong>the</strong> great El-Rashid of Arabian Nights, <strong>the</strong> Sultan El-Rashid Al-Ma’mun,<br />

decided to open <strong>the</strong> Great Pyramid. He had been told that it had been built by giants, who were called<br />

<strong>the</strong> Sheddai, superhuman be<strong>in</strong>gs, and that with<strong>in</strong> that pyramid and those pyramids, <strong>the</strong>y had stored a<br />

great treasure beyond <strong>the</strong> knowledge of man .”<br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />

The <strong>Giants</strong> of ‘Ad and Megalithic Construction <strong>in</strong> Egypt<br />

The Akhbār al-zamān, also known as The Book of Wonders (ca.900 – 1100 AD), is an Arabian<br />

compilation of medieval lore about Egypt and <strong>the</strong> world before <strong>the</strong> Great Flood. It claims that <strong>the</strong><br />

people of ’Ad were giants, so Shaddad was most likely one, and it is said he “ built <strong>the</strong> monuments of<br />

Dahshur with <strong>the</strong> stones that had been carved <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> time of his fa<strong>the</strong>r .” Before this, <strong>the</strong> giant Harjit<br />

had begun its construction. At a later date, Qofṭarīm, ano<strong>the</strong>r giant, “ placed secrets <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> pyramids of<br />

Dahshur and o<strong>the</strong>r pyramids, to imitate what had been done of old. He founded <strong>the</strong> city of Dendera .”<br />

Dashur consists of <strong>the</strong> Red Pyramid and Bent Pyramid constructed dur<strong>in</strong>g <strong>the</strong> reign of Pharaoh<br />

Sneferu (2613-2589 BC). Dendera consists of highly decorated pillars dedicated to <strong>the</strong> Goddess<br />

Hathor<br />

http://www.ancient-orig<strong>in</strong>s.net/unexpla<strong>in</strong>ed-phenomena/giants-ancient-egypt-part-1-lost-legacy-phara<br />

ohs-008739<br />

“Only an exalted celestial be<strong>in</strong>g could have masterm<strong>in</strong>ded <strong>the</strong> pyramids of that ancient epoch. Only a<br />

be<strong>in</strong>g or be<strong>in</strong>gs with such knowledge of <strong>the</strong> stars could have accomplished such th<strong>in</strong>gs.”<br />

B<br />




PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />

The archaeologists used a variety of techniques, <strong>in</strong>clud<strong>in</strong>g radiocarbon dat<strong>in</strong>g on workers' campfires<br />

from millennia ago, to discover that holes cut <strong>in</strong>to rocky outcrops to ga<strong>the</strong>r <strong>the</strong> stones were made<br />

centuries before Stonehenge was built.<br />

Stonehenge 'was built <strong>in</strong> Wales and dragged to Wiltshire later'<br />

The holes were dated to between 3,400 and 3,200 BC, but Stonehenge was only created <strong>in</strong> Wiltshire<br />

around 2,900BC. Some of <strong>the</strong> biggest stones weigh 50 tons, but s<strong>in</strong>ce <strong>the</strong> civilisation that built it left no<br />

written records beh<strong>in</strong>d, we don't know for sure how <strong>the</strong>y did it.<br />

At <strong>the</strong> time of Stonehenge's creation, <strong>the</strong> wheel had not even been built - modern tests have shown it<br />

is possible to move stones of similar size on roll<strong>in</strong>g logs or sleighs, but <strong>the</strong> most archaeologists can do<br />

is make an educated guess.<br />

Alternatively, <strong>the</strong>y could have a read Erich von Däniken's<br />

sem<strong>in</strong>al book Chariots of <strong>the</strong> Gods?, which makes <strong>the</strong><br />

argument that many ancient megastructures such as<br />

Stonehenge, <strong>the</strong> Egyptian pyramids, and <strong>the</strong> Moai heads of<br />

Easter Island were built us<strong>in</strong>g know-how passed down from<br />

God-like aliens to mank<strong>in</strong>d.<br />

C<br />


Baalbek is a city <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> Anti-Lebanon foothills east of <strong>the</strong> Litani River <strong>in</strong> Lebanon's Beqaa Valley, about<br />

85 km (53 mi) nor<strong>the</strong>ast of Beirut and about 75 km (47 mi) north of Damascus.<br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />

An ancient Super Megalith has been found <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> Siberian Mounta<strong>in</strong>s. How where <strong>the</strong>y made? Some<br />

are question<strong>in</strong>g if <strong>the</strong>y were just naturally made. Of course this idea fly’s <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> face of conventional<br />

wisdom. For students of <strong>the</strong> <strong>Bible</strong> <strong>the</strong> mysteries of <strong>the</strong>se Megalith and its creations are easily<br />

expla<strong>in</strong>ed away. There is no conventional mach<strong>in</strong>ery that can move <strong>the</strong>se objects. The pyramids of<br />

Egypt’s and <strong>the</strong> ru<strong>in</strong>s of Baalbek are structures that defy modern technological limits on Mach<strong>in</strong>ery.<br />

Does <strong>the</strong> Ancient Alien <strong>the</strong>ory hold any weight to <strong>the</strong> construction of <strong>the</strong>se amaz<strong>in</strong>g structures?<br />

The largest stone at Baalbek, uncovered <strong>in</strong> 2014<br />

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baalbek<br />



PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />

How does one move 1600 ton blocks? How does anyone <strong>in</strong> <strong>the</strong> ancient world go about lift<strong>in</strong>g <strong>the</strong>se<br />

megaliths? And <strong>the</strong> big question for me is why?<br />




PROF. M. M. NINAN<br />

Sasawaman, is a citadel on <strong>the</strong> nor<strong>the</strong>rn outskirts of <strong>the</strong> city of Cusco, Peru, <strong>the</strong> historic capital of <strong>the</strong><br />

Inca Empire.<br />

Sacsayjuaman, lies <strong>in</strong> Peru and we see 120 ton stones cut with polygonal shapes, and fitted <strong>in</strong>to place<br />

without <strong>the</strong> use of mortar? How was this done? The quarry lies about 50 miles away at 2000 feet<br />

lower <strong>in</strong> elevation than <strong>the</strong> site, and <strong>the</strong> Inca had only Lama’s as a beast of burden.<br />

When <strong>the</strong> Spanish conquistadors arrived and saw <strong>the</strong> ru<strong>in</strong>s <strong>the</strong>y asked <strong>the</strong> Inca if <strong>the</strong>y made <strong>the</strong>m.<br />

The Inca stated that a race of giants made <strong>the</strong> walls and that <strong>the</strong> site was here when <strong>the</strong> Inca <strong>in</strong>habited<br />

<strong>the</strong> land!<br />

https://lamarzulli.wordpress.com/2014/12/02/baalbek-nephilim-architecture/<br />


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