Panels & Furniture Asia November/December 2022

Panels & Furniture Asia (PFA) is a leading regional trade magazine dedicated to the woodbased panel, furniture and flooring processing industry. Published bi-monthly since 2000, PFA delivers authentic journalism to cover the latest news, technology, machinery, projects, products and trade events throughout the sector. With a hardcopy and digital readership comprising manufacturers, designers and specifiers, among others, PFA is the platform of choice for connecting brands across the global woodworking landscape.

Panels & Furniture Asia (PFA) is a leading regional trade magazine dedicated to the woodbased panel, furniture and flooring processing industry. Published bi-monthly since 2000, PFA delivers authentic journalism to cover the latest news, technology, machinery, projects, products and trade events throughout the sector. With a hardcopy and digital readership comprising manufacturers, designers and specifiers, among others, PFA is the platform of choice for connecting brands across the global woodworking landscape.


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www.panelsfurnitureasia.com<br />



NOVEMBER/DECEMBER <strong>2022</strong><br />


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<strong>November</strong> / <strong>December</strong> <strong>2022</strong><br />

08<br />

Editor’s Note<br />

10<br />

News<br />

Market Report<br />

16<br />

Global economic slowdown overshadows near-term<br />

market outlook<br />

Environmental Report<br />

18<br />

The role of an independent auditor in forest<br />

management<br />

20<br />

Innovative recycling and upcycling for furniture and<br />

furnishings: Giving plastic waste a new life<br />

In Person<br />

24<br />

“Delivering added value to our customers”: Teknos<br />

expands to Vietnam<br />

Product Highlight<br />

27<br />

Greater sustainability with Dieffenbacher’s CPS+<br />

continuous press system<br />

28<br />

Automated spray coating<br />

30<br />

woodCommander 5: Simpler, faster and<br />

more cost-efficient production<br />

Panel Manufacturing<br />

32<br />

<strong>2022</strong>: A year rich in achievements<br />

<strong>Furniture</strong> Manufacturing<br />

34<br />

Defect detection in batch-size-one production<br />

37<br />

Ways to improve the quality of edgebanding<br />

40<br />

The role of Malaysian <strong>Furniture</strong> Council in improving<br />

sustainability<br />

42<br />

Advanced woodworking solutions pay off<br />

with Jager and HOMAG<br />

Materials<br />

44<br />

On market diversification and educating new<br />

markets: A conversation with AHEC<br />

Flooring<br />

48<br />

New herringbone technology:<br />

One panel type for simpler production<br />

Recycling<br />

50<br />

From wood to resource: Market updates in<br />

times of challenges<br />

16<br />

42<br />

Structural Elements<br />

53<br />

Little Finlandia<br />

Columnists<br />

56<br />

Reasons for solid wood doors prone to warping and<br />

loosening<br />

60<br />

How sustainable is palm wood?<br />

Show Review<br />

64<br />

IFMAC & WOODMAC <strong>2022</strong><br />

66<br />

VietnamWood <strong>2022</strong><br />

67<br />

Calendar of Events<br />

68<br />

List of Advertisers<br />

6 <strong>Panels</strong> & <strong>Furniture</strong> <strong>Asia</strong> | <strong>November</strong> / <strong>December</strong> <strong>2022</strong>


Whether you are looking for American, European, or<br />

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for you to explore the many species in our range.<br />

Check out our website to browse the newest catalogues<br />

from Global Timber and see for yourself.<br />

Global Timber is an international company with more than 40 years of experience in the hardwood industry. The<br />

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Our employees all have extensive experience from the wood industry.<br />

Per Friis Knudsen<br />

pfk@globaltimber.dk +60 111 429 7073<br />



Standing together<br />

in solidarity<br />

Times are bad. This seems to be the<br />

consensus not only in the industry, but across<br />

the world. Amid inflation and rising interest<br />

rates, factories are not seeing as much orders<br />

as before, unlike earlier this year. Everybody<br />

is a little cautious and hesitant at doing<br />

business. Michael Snow, executive director<br />

of the American Hardwood Export Council<br />

(AHEC), predicts we are looking at least “six<br />

months of difficult trading conditions” (p.44).<br />

With less than two months left in the year,<br />

it is a bit of a downer to end things so<br />

bleakly. One can make the case that the<br />

global economy is definitely getting better.<br />

Trade exhibitions are back in full run, and<br />

many companies got to reconnect with<br />

old customers or meet new customers in<br />

Vietnam (p.66) or Indonesia (p.64). Likewise,<br />

CMC Texpan got to unveil new products and<br />

showcase their portfolio at the recent Xylexpo<br />

exhibition in October (p.32). A slow economy<br />

also does not stop businesses from growing.<br />

Teknos has opened a new commercial and<br />

competence centre in Vietnam (p.24), and<br />

both HOMAG and Unilin have released new<br />

technologies this year, in machinery software<br />

(p.30) and flooring (p.48) respectively.<br />

But for every little achievement we<br />

celebrate, something pulls us back. The<br />

market slowdown is one, but other global<br />

events continue to haunt us — be it the<br />

Russia-Ukraine conflict, the aftereffects of<br />

COVID-19, or climate change. With COP27<br />

in the horizon, it is time to think about<br />

sustainability measures, especially as a<br />

forestry-related industry that has huge<br />

impact in net-zero emissions. <strong>Furniture</strong> and<br />

panel manufacturers can consider applying<br />

to forest certification schemes (p.40), or try<br />

alternative wood-based materials, such as<br />

palm wood (p.60).<br />

There is no quick solution to solve market<br />

woes or climate change, and it is near<br />

impossible to sit back leisurely, knowing<br />

we still have to salvage the business in such<br />

tough times. But if everybody is mired<br />

in the same situation, perhaps we can<br />

stand together in solidarity and comfort<br />

each other. And hopefully, a new year<br />

brings new prospects: When there are new<br />

opportunities, the wood and woodworking<br />

industry will rise up again.<br />


PANELS &<br />



Publisher<br />

William Pang • williampang@pabloasia.com<br />

Editor<br />

Yap Shi Quan • shiquan@pabloasia.com<br />

Business Development Manager<br />

Pang YanJun • yanjun@pabloasia.com<br />

Graphic Designer<br />

Goh Meng Yong • mengyong@pabloasia.com<br />

Circulation Manager<br />

Shu Ai Ling • circulation@pabloasia.com<br />


General Manager<br />

Ellen Gao • pablobeijing@163.com<br />


Editor<br />

Kresly Shen • pabloshanghai@163.net<br />




3 Ang Mo Kio Street 62, #01-23, Link@AMK,<br />

Singapore 569139<br />

Tel : +65 6266 5512<br />

Email: info@pabloasia.com<br />

www.panelsfurnitureasia.com<br />

Company Registration No: 200001473N<br />

Singapore MICA (P) No: 105/12/2021<br />



Tel : +86 10 6509 7728<br />

Email : pablobeijing@163.com<br />


Tel : +86 21 5238 9737 / 36<br />

Email : pabloshanghai@163.net<br />

let's connect!<br />

@panelsfurnitureasia<br />

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8 <strong>Panels</strong> & <strong>Furniture</strong> <strong>Asia</strong> | <strong>November</strong> / <strong>December</strong> <strong>2022</strong>

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NEWS<br />





CENTRE<br />

The opening ceremony of Teknos’s new centre in Dong Nai, Vietnam<br />

Teknos has announced the opening of its new<br />

commercial and competence centre with a<br />

technical application laboratory, training and<br />

warehouse facilities in Dong Nai province,<br />

Vietnam.<br />

According to the company, Vietnam is an<br />

important growth market for them, and to be<br />

close to their customer, they have invested<br />

in and are committed to the region and their<br />

existing and future customers. The new office<br />

opened on 13 Sep <strong>2022</strong>.<br />

The local staff will now be able to provide<br />

local services, from sampling and pre-line<br />

trial testing, to training, colour matching and<br />

optimised logistical services, thus reducing lead<br />

times and offering the ability to provide fit-forpurpose<br />

logistical support.<br />

Customers in Vietnam will also have access to<br />

Teknos’s range of products. The waterborne<br />

and UV products will be imported from<br />

Malaysia, the nearest Teknos production<br />

site in the region. Accessibility to additional<br />

products is also ensured and can come from<br />

the company’s factories in Finland, Germany,<br />

Denmark or China.<br />

“The decision to establish the new service<br />

centre in <strong>Asia</strong>-Pacific supports our growth<br />

plans. Vietnam was a logical choice for us as our<br />

Vietnamese export business has grown steadily<br />

over the past years,” said Paula Salastie, CEO of<br />

Teknos and owner of Teknos Group.<br />

“We want to meet customers where they are<br />

located to be able to enhance our collaboration<br />

and support them with faster response time<br />

and tailored solutions and services.<br />

“This will also enhance our sustainability<br />

as it reduces the emissions from logistics.<br />

Our team in Vietnam plays a crucial role in<br />

broadening our global development and<br />

service network. Our model will always<br />

be working in close cooperation with our<br />

customers, building a stronger relationship,<br />

by providing them with sustainable coating<br />

solutions.”<br />

Wanda Smith, managing director of Teknos<br />

Malaysia, who is also taking care of the South<br />

East <strong>Asia</strong> region, leads the new Teknos Vietnam<br />

set-up, looking after the sales, customer<br />

support, technical service and warehouse<br />

functions.<br />

“It is an exciting time to mark this milestone<br />

and start a new chapter in this region to be<br />

closer to our Vietnamese customers,” said<br />

Smith.<br />

The new office is located at Nhon Trach<br />

Industrial Zone III – Phase 2, Hiep Phuoc<br />

town, Nhon Trach district, Dong Nai province.<br />

It has a total area of about 650m 2 , branded<br />

with the blue and green Teknos corporate<br />

colour scheme, and consists of an office space,<br />

meeting room, technical application laboratory<br />

and warehouse.<br />

Teknos will continue to invest and grow in<br />

Vietnam, with a mid-term of three to five<br />

years expansion plan to become a secondary<br />

production site and gain better control over<br />

lead time and reduce the dependence on<br />

imports to meet the growing local demand.<br />

As such, the Vietnamese expansion will be able<br />

to support the export to other South East <strong>Asia</strong>n<br />

or <strong>Asia</strong>-Pacific countries, complementary to<br />

Teknos’s Malaysia plant.<br />

For more information about Teknos’s new<br />

centre, flip to page 24. P<br />



Siempelkamp and Smartech have<br />

announced a partnership to work on artificial<br />

intelligence (AI) for the wood-based panel<br />

industry, particularly for manufacturers of<br />

engineered wood products.<br />

“We believe our collaboration with Smartech<br />

will drive the next generation of wood-based<br />

panel manufacturing. We look forward to<br />

working together to bring to the market<br />

the most cutting-edge technology with a<br />

massive impact for our customers,” said<br />

Gregor Bernardy, head of Manufacturing<br />

Executive System (MES) and Industrial IT<br />

Solutions from Siempelkamp Logistics &<br />

Service.<br />

“Siempelkamp is a global leader in<br />

supplying press lines to the wood-based<br />

panel industry and we are excited to be<br />

working together. Technology is the key to<br />

better growth and a better future. The synergy<br />

between Siempelkamp and Smartech will drive<br />

the market with a game-changing solution,”<br />

said Hanoch Magid, CEO of Smartech.<br />

Smartech is a specialist in smart factories, with<br />

experience in transforming existing production<br />

lines into autonomous, data-driven and<br />

sustainable assets. P<br />

10 <strong>Panels</strong> & <strong>Furniture</strong> <strong>Asia</strong> | <strong>November</strong> / <strong>December</strong> <strong>2022</strong>

NEWS<br />


Luigi De Vito, the president of Acimall and<br />

division director of SCM, has become the<br />

president of Eumabois recently, succeeding<br />

past president Jürgen Köppel.<br />

Eumabois is a European association<br />

dedicated to promoting European<br />

woodworking machinery industry regionally<br />

and internationally. De Vito was the previous<br />

vice-president of the association since 2016.<br />

The board of director was also renewed, with<br />

new members being Wolfgang Rohner from<br />

IMA Schelling, Daniel Bucher from Striebig,<br />

and Ismet Toktas from AES Group. Outgoing<br />

members include Samuel Hänni from<br />

Lamello, and Mustafa Sabri Erol from Törk<br />

Makine. P<br />

Handover between Juergen Koeppel (left)<br />

and Luigi De Vito (right)<br />

De Vito commented in his inaugural<br />

speech as the new president: “I want to<br />

express my best wishes to the new board<br />

of directors that will be in office for the<br />

next three-year term. My heartfelt thanks<br />

go to all the outgoing board members I<br />

have worked with and who, in recent years,<br />

have contributed to bringing Eumabois to<br />

its current levels of quality and influence<br />

worldwide.<br />

“Finally, a very special thanks goes to Jürgen<br />

Köppel, the years spent together have been<br />

fuelled by a strong spirit of collaboration and<br />

mutual esteem, and I can say that I am very<br />

proud of the work done together and of the<br />

results achieved.”<br />

Köppel, in his farewell speech, said: “I<br />

am very pleased that such top-class<br />

representatives of our industry are<br />

supporting at European level and are<br />

thus driving our common European ideas<br />

worldwide.<br />

“European woodworking machines and<br />

tools are setting trends worldwide and<br />

this leading position needs to be secured<br />

and expanded with the support of our<br />

federation.<br />

“I would like to thank everyone who has<br />

supported me in my work, especially I want<br />

to thank Luigi De Vito, because in the past<br />

six years of working together, he, as a former<br />

competitor, has become a strong comradein-arms<br />

and friend.”<br />

Besides the change in presidency, the new<br />

vice-president was also appointed, with<br />

Frederik Meyer from HOMAG group taking<br />

charge.<br />

<strong>Panels</strong> & <strong>Furniture</strong> <strong>Asia</strong> | <strong>November</strong> / <strong>December</strong> <strong>2022</strong> 11

NEWS<br />


DRILLTEQ H-308<br />


HOMAG has launched DRILLTEQ H-308,<br />

which features the latest in drilling<br />

technology in terms of efficiency and speed,<br />

designed and developed for <strong>Asia</strong>.<br />

According to HOMAG, DRILLTEQ H-308 is<br />

distributed exclusively in <strong>Asia</strong>, since the<br />

region requires a flexible machine to deliver<br />

diverse orders.<br />

Previously, manufacturing firms had to<br />

manually adjust their machines with each<br />

change in the cut, drilling and pattern. The<br />

DRILLTEQ H-308 does away with these timeconsuming<br />

steps.<br />

In summary, the machine offers flexibility<br />

for high variant diversity as well as<br />

efficiency when series production is<br />

needed. Work interruptions are also<br />

lessened, resulting in faster processes and<br />

greater efficiency.<br />

The DRILLTEQ H-308 is suitable for firms that<br />

produce 200-300 pieces a day.<br />

The high-speed<br />

processing unit of<br />

DRILLTEQ H-308<br />

(Image: HOMAG)<br />


The DRILLTEQ H-308 includes six-sided<br />

processing, enabling the machine to drill six<br />

sides of the working piece simultaneously.<br />

The machine also operates on two working<br />

fields that can be fed by an operator at the<br />

same time, offering a two-in-one machine. As<br />

one field is working on one panel, the other<br />

field can prepare for further processing of the<br />

workpiece.<br />

Meanwhile, its upgraded variant, the<br />

DRILLTEQ H-310, provides the same functions<br />

but can be connected in a fully automatic line<br />

and can be controlled by a computer or robot.<br />

As such, the processing time is reduced, and<br />

there is greater availability and flexibility in<br />

production.<br />

“The possibility of using two working fields<br />

at the same time, thus doubling loading the<br />

machine, is fully in line with the wishes and<br />

needs of the <strong>Asia</strong>n market,” said Gordon Wu,<br />

product development head of HOMAG.<br />

The DRILLTEQ H-308 also possesses a spindle<br />

clamp that can perform precise depth in<br />

drilling, ensuring reliable quality due to high<br />

repeat accuracy. It is equipped with four<br />

computer numerical controlled (CNC) clamps<br />

to hold the workpieces firmly and precisely.<br />

It can handle workpieces with dimensions of<br />

250-2,500mm in length and 60-1,250mm in<br />

width.<br />

HOMAG reported that the woodWOP software<br />

is also included in the machine, enabling<br />

fast and intuitive operation and the ability to<br />

create individual sub-programmes. It also has<br />

greater programming security by providing<br />

3D images of the workpieces as well as the<br />

processing and clamping equipment. P<br />



Arauco’s board of director has approved<br />

the construction of a new medium-density<br />

fibreboard (MDF) line in the city of Zitácuaro,<br />

Mexico.<br />

According to Arauco, this construction project<br />

will be an investment of US$235m and<br />

incorporates operational, environmental and<br />

safety technology. The project is expected to<br />

begin operating during Q2 2025.<br />

Arauco is a producer of wooden boards in<br />

Mexico. This project is expected to add about<br />

300,000m 3 of MDF production per year, half<br />

of which would be melamine coated to meet<br />

the growing demand of Mexico’s furniture,<br />

construction, and interior decorating industries.<br />

The plant will create jobs for 220 new<br />

employees. Additionally, it strives to<br />

promote a circular economy model,<br />

driving small local forestry producers<br />

and protecting the surrounding<br />

ecosystem.<br />

Back in May, Arauco also announced an<br />

investment to expand their thermally<br />

fused lamination (TFL) operations at their<br />

particleboard plant in Grayling, Michigan, US.<br />

The new lamination line will be Arauco’s third<br />

TFL line at Grayling and will increase the mill’s<br />

lamination capacity more than 50% in support<br />

of Arauco’s Prism TFL decorative surface<br />

product offering. P<br />

The new MDF line at<br />

Mexico (Image: Arauco)<br />

12 <strong>Panels</strong> & <strong>Furniture</strong> <strong>Asia</strong> | <strong>November</strong> / <strong>December</strong> <strong>2022</strong>

NEWS<br />




A complete wood fibre insulation board (WFIB)<br />

plant provided by Dieffenbacher for Ziegler<br />

Group’s site in Grafenwöhr, Bavaria, Germany,<br />

is up and running less than one year after<br />

construction began.<br />

Dieffenbacher’s scope of supply for the complete<br />

plant included a fibre dryer, a EVOjet M 2.0<br />

gluing system, the forming station and<br />

forming line with pre-press, a CSS continuous<br />

steam press system, the raw board handling<br />

system, electrics, automation, and the<br />

MyDIEFFENBACHER digital service platform.<br />

“We are very pleased that our new<br />

Dieffenbacher WFIB plant had such a rapid<br />

and successful start,” said Andreas Sandner,<br />

commercial managing director at Ziegler<br />

Group.<br />

According to Dieffenbacher, the line for<br />

rigid WFIB began production on 30 Aug<br />

<strong>2022</strong>. Ziegler Group placed its order with<br />

Dieffenbacher on 1 Apr 2021, but the<br />

construction only began five months later in<br />

September due to a change of location from<br />

the town of Bärnau, 50km west to Grafenwöhr,<br />

on a short notice.<br />

“We never would have been able to achieve<br />

this record-breaking construction and<br />

completion time without the full cooperation<br />

of our partners. In this case, especially<br />

Dieffenbacher,” said Sandner.<br />

“The change of location and the procurement<br />

crisis during the pandemic made this feat all<br />

the more remarkable. Our thanks go to the<br />

entire Dieffenbacher team, who overcame<br />

Production of the first board in Ziegler Group’s new<br />

Dieffenbacher WFIB plant in Grafenwöhr,<br />

Bavaria, Germany<br />

huge challenges to meet our requirements for<br />

product quality and energy efficiency.”<br />

In addition to the WFIB plant just completed,<br />

Ziegler Group commissioned Dieffenbacher to<br />

supply another fibre dryer for flexible insulation<br />

mat production at the Grafenwöhr site.<br />

Construction began in June, and the 10-tonne/h<br />

capacity dryer should have started operations<br />

in October. P<br />

<strong>Panels</strong> & <strong>Furniture</strong> <strong>Asia</strong> | <strong>November</strong> / <strong>December</strong> <strong>2022</strong> 13

NEWS<br />




NOW OPEN<br />

All seven pieces of<br />

Future Heirlooms<br />

(Image: Sarah de Pina)<br />

Future Heirlooms, a design collaboration by<br />

South African cooperative Always Welcome and<br />

the American Hardwood Export Council (AHEC),<br />

is now open at Always Welcome Viewing Rooms<br />

in Sandton, Johannesburg, South Africa.<br />

The project, which was initially announced in<br />

July <strong>2022</strong>, will remain at its current location until<br />

<strong>November</strong> <strong>2022</strong>, and will then move to the new<br />

Always Welcome Heritage House in Cape Town in<br />

January 2023.<br />

For this project, a group of seven South African<br />

designers from three provinces across the<br />

country have created a series of works that not<br />

only anticipates the future of sustainable design,<br />

but also explores their own heritage and the<br />

story of South Africa’s design legacy.<br />

Created in American red oak by hardwood<br />

furniture designer-manufacturers Houtlander<br />

and timber importers BOS Timbers, the seven<br />

pieces are a celebration of material and memory,<br />

and ask questions about current approaches to<br />

the environment.<br />

The seven pieces were crafted by various design<br />

studios and designers, such as Dokter and Misses,<br />

MashT Design Studio, TheUrbanative, Kumsuka,<br />

Kalki Ceramics, Joe Paine in partnership with<br />

Nathan Gates, and Nøde Studio.<br />

Under the mentorship of the Always Welcome<br />

team, the designers were asked to create an<br />

object or a piece of furniture that encapsulates<br />

the themes of sustainability, longevity and<br />

quality.<br />

“We need to end our current throwaway culture<br />

and we need to use materials that have a low<br />

environmental impact. These issues should<br />

affect all our day-to-day decision-making,” said<br />

Roderick Wiles, regional director of AHEC.<br />

“Designers, especially, have a huge influence<br />

on how products are planned and with what<br />

materials. This project was the perfect platform<br />

for us to work with accomplished South African<br />

designers and makers, while also helping<br />

them to work with an abundant, versatile and<br />

beautiful, yet lesser-known American hardwood<br />

species.”<br />

For the designers, the project has offered<br />

an opportunity to explore alternative<br />

manufacturing methods and American red oak<br />

itself.<br />

Commenting on her participation in the project,<br />

Thabisa Mjo, founder of Johannesburg-based<br />

product and furniture design group MashT<br />

Design Studio, said: “The material intrigued<br />

me from the outset of Future Heirlooms. I<br />

became fascinated by the seemingly endless<br />

possibilities of American red oak itself that,<br />

coupled with Houtlander’s special ability to<br />

work with timber, set my imagination alight and<br />

I just had to see what could be made.”<br />

The American red oak arrived for the project<br />

at the South African port of Durban was also<br />

carbon negative. AHEC reported that just<br />

about 1.3m 3 of American red oak were used<br />

to make all seven pieces, with the finished<br />

pieces being made up just under 1m 3 of wood<br />

after manufacturing.<br />

For their lifetime, these seven furniture pieces<br />

will keep around 1,069kg of CO2e out of the<br />

atmosphere.<br />

Wiles concluded: “Such is the size of the US<br />

hardwood forest resource and so dominant<br />

in the forest is red oak at roughly 18% of the<br />

total resource, that all the red oak lumber<br />

used to make the seven designs would have<br />

been replaced in the US hardwood forest<br />

through natural regeneration in just 1.35<br />

seconds.<br />

“With the world facing the ever-increasing<br />

impacts of climate change and of overconsumption<br />

of high-impact materials, the<br />

emphasis needs to shift to the environmental<br />

merits of making more use of what nature is<br />

growing.<br />

“Through this collaboration, we hope the<br />

designers and manufacturer learnt a lot<br />

about a beautiful and sustainable material<br />

while also demonstrating the beauty of a<br />

widely available, yet under-utilised American<br />

hardwood species.” P<br />

14 <strong>Panels</strong> & <strong>Furniture</strong> <strong>Asia</strong> | <strong>November</strong> / <strong>December</strong> <strong>2022</strong>

NEWS<br />



In a move to enhance ASEAN member countries’ competitiveness as a<br />

region, the Malaysian Timber Council (MTC) has signed a Memorandum<br />

of Understanding (MoU) with the Thai Hevea Wood Association (THA)<br />

and the Wood Processing Industry Club at The Federation of Thai<br />

Industries (FTI) in Songkhla, Thailand.<br />

The MoU, which was signed by Muhtar Suhaili, CEO of MTC, Nikorn<br />

Likhitwangphanit, president of THA, and Akarin Vongapirat, chairman<br />

of FTI Wood Processing Industry Club, will help to promote the<br />

development of the Malaysian and Thailand timber trade as well as<br />

establish timber trade standardisation between the two countries.<br />

The MoU also included promotional activities for MTC’s upcoming<br />

Malaysian Wood Expo (MWE) to encourage participation from Thai<br />

timber industry players in the fair.<br />

In 2021, Malaysia was one of the top five major timber export<br />

destinations for Thailand’s major timber products, especially for<br />

sawntimber. According to MTC, Malaysia was the largest export country<br />

for Thailand’s sawntimber which amounted to US$44.3m. Thailand also<br />

exported $7.8m worth of wooden furniture and $10m worth of plywood<br />

to Malaysia in 2021.<br />



AT WORK<br />


Bottom moistening<br />

on forming belt<br />

Bottom moistening<br />

on forming belt<br />



Top moistening<br />

on mat surface<br />

Top moistening<br />

on mat surface<br />

The MoU signing was followed by a B2B matching session between 19<br />

timber companies from Malaysia and 15 companies from Thailand.<br />

“We need to strengthen our business ties and help escalate each other’s<br />

imports and exports in international markets,” Muhtar said, adding that<br />

the MoU was prompted during an earlier market visit to Bangkok in April<br />

this year.<br />

“Both MTC and FTI came up with the idea of organising a Rubberwood<br />

Sourcing Mission from Malaysia to the Songkhla province which is the<br />

second-largest rubber producer in Thailand with 330,240 hectares of<br />

planted area.”<br />

Sourcing and augmenting raw material supply for local timber-based<br />

manufacturers is one of MTC’s top priorities, and Thailand’s rubberwood<br />

is sought after. MTC has started reaching out to its trade partners within<br />

ASEAN to revive business and trade relationships that were halted due<br />

to the COVID-19 pandemic.<br />

According to MTC, this year alone the council has visited Singapore<br />

in March, Thailand in April, Vietnam in June, Indonesia in July and is<br />

scheduled for a visit to the Philippines in <strong>November</strong>. P<br />




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<strong>Panels</strong> & <strong>Furniture</strong> <strong>Asia</strong> | <strong>November</strong> / <strong>December</strong> <strong>2022</strong> 15


Global economic slowdown<br />

overshadows near-term<br />

market outlook<br />

By Judd Johnson, editor,<br />

Hardwood Market Report Publications<br />

Most countries in the world are<br />

experiencing slower economic growth or<br />

economic contraction. Certainly, those<br />

with global influence are performing at<br />

less-than-optimal rates.<br />

For instance, the US is contending with<br />

a 40-year high rate of inflation and a<br />

tightened monetary policy by the federal<br />

government. Included are significantly<br />

higher interest rates to commercial<br />

and consumer borrowers. Also, the<br />

US GDP has marked two consecutive<br />

quarters of contraction, which is one<br />

measure of recession. In contrast, the US<br />

manufacturing sector is still expanding,<br />

according to its Purchasing Managers’<br />

Index (PMI) readings of over 50, which<br />

is another barometer that indicates<br />

the US economy is not in recession.<br />

But recession or no recession, the US<br />

economy is waning.<br />

Europe’s economy is also suffering from<br />

tightened oil and gas supplies extending<br />

from Russia’s war on Ukraine. This is<br />

affecting both business and consumer<br />

activity, and the impacts will become<br />

more severe during winter.<br />

China has earned recognition as<br />

the world’s manufacturing hub. But<br />

the manufacturing sector of China’s<br />

economy has contracted five of the<br />

past seven months, based on the<br />

government’s manufacturing PMI<br />

report. Also, China’s economic growth<br />

in <strong>2022</strong> has relied heavily on increased<br />

exports of goods and services, which<br />

climbed from 21% of the overall<br />

economy in 2021 to 36% of China’s<br />

economy midway through this year.<br />

China’s domestic consumerism created<br />

a great deal of economic growth prior to<br />

COVID-19, but has slowed substantially.<br />

COVID-19 and Russia’s war on Ukraine<br />

are key contributors to present<br />

economic challenges. There also have<br />

been policy missteps by world leaders<br />

that exacerbated existing problems<br />

and risks, however well-intended those<br />

policies might have been.<br />

Putting all the causes aside — and there<br />

are many — one ramification facing the<br />

forest and wood products industries<br />

from the economic slowdown is reduced<br />

consumerism in all major markets<br />

around the world. Specifically at risk<br />

are housing sales and sales of nonessential,<br />

big-ticket items, such as home<br />

furnishings.<br />


The frustrating part of this potential<br />

outcome is that the marketplace<br />

had prepared for housing and home<br />

16 <strong>Panels</strong> & <strong>Furniture</strong> <strong>Asia</strong> | <strong>November</strong> / <strong>December</strong> <strong>2022</strong>


have affected production capacity<br />

utilisation and the product mix of<br />

sawn lumber and timbers. That said,<br />

continued financial strain could alter the<br />

production make-up by acquisitions and<br />

attrition of sawmill companies.<br />

COVID-19 and subsequent pressures have affected production capacity utilisation and the<br />

product mix of sawn lumber and timbers<br />

furnishing sales to increase. There is<br />

pent-up consumer demand in markets<br />

held back by government lockdowns<br />

to control the spread of COVID-19 and<br />

delayed deliveries of goods. There also<br />

is increasing demand in other markets.<br />

It is an important distinction that<br />

demand is not the same as the ability or<br />

inability to fulfil demand.<br />

In particular, the US has a large and<br />

growing population of young people<br />

that extends in ages from 40 years<br />

and younger. Over half of the total US<br />

population falls within this age group,<br />

which means there can be tremendous<br />

consumer buying power for homes and<br />

home furnishings for many years to<br />

come.<br />

financial stress for almost three years.<br />

The historic rise in prices that occurred<br />

in 2021 did create profits for sellers,<br />

but not for long. Rapidly rising costs of<br />

replacement goods and materials cut<br />

into profit margins and left companies<br />

exposed with high-cost inventories<br />

when sales prices began to fall.<br />


In the case of US hardwood sawmill<br />

production capacity, there has been<br />

no measurable change since the<br />

early recovery phase from the Great<br />

Recession. However, changes caused<br />

by COVID-19 and subsequent pressures<br />

This pattern of business is similar<br />

to that which began in Q4 2018 and<br />

carried over to the start of 2020, as<br />

the pandemic emerged. There was<br />

evidence of tighter supplies of US grade<br />

hardwood in H2 2019, and there was a<br />

growing sense of optimism then about<br />

improved business heading into 2020.<br />

Yes, COVID-19 was unforeseen and<br />

changed the marketplace. But before<br />

then, US hardwood lumber supplies<br />

were corrected.<br />

And they are correcting now, again. P<br />

Hardwood Market Report (HMR)<br />

is the leading source of pricing<br />

and market information for North<br />

American hardwoods. It has<br />

provided reliable, expert analysis<br />

of pricing and market trends to<br />

hardwood companies throughout<br />

the world since 1922. Sample copies<br />

and subscription services for HMR<br />

and all other HMR publications are<br />

available online at www.hmr.com.<br />

Non-essential items<br />

like home furnishings<br />

are at risk of reduced<br />

consumerism<br />

from the economic<br />

slowdown<br />

While wood products manufacturing<br />

and distribution can support increased<br />

product demand at present, companies<br />

involved in these businesses cannot<br />

stand by idly and indefinitely while<br />

waiting for a non-responsive customer<br />

base to re-engage.<br />

First, supplies will adjust to present<br />

market conditions. That is happening<br />

now, even if results from production and<br />

inventory cutbacks are not yet evident.<br />

In time, and without improvement<br />

in economies and consumer activity,<br />

manufacturing and distribution<br />

capacities will contract. The reality<br />

is that businesses have been under<br />

<strong>Panels</strong> & <strong>Furniture</strong> <strong>Asia</strong> | <strong>November</strong> / <strong>December</strong> <strong>2022</strong> 17


The role of an<br />

independent auditor<br />

in forest management<br />

By Yap Shi Quan<br />

As forests are increasingly subjected to harmful causes,<br />

whether natural or man-made, the need to preserve and<br />

protect them arises. Auditing is one such way. Forest<br />

Practices Board, a forest watchdog organisation based in<br />

British Columbia, Canada, explains what auditing in forestry<br />

comprises, and how it contributes to healthier forestlands.<br />

Forestlands are depleting across the world.<br />

Regardless of whether it is due to natural causes<br />

like climate change, or man-made causes like<br />

illegal logging or deforestation, forests need to<br />

be preserved if businesses want to maintain the<br />

global consumption of timber used for wood<br />

and non-wood products, or simply, to protect<br />

our environment. Timber certification systems<br />

have been implemented to ensure that timber<br />

is harversted ethically and legally. But is it<br />

adequate?<br />

Another way is through auditing. Darlene<br />

Oman, director of corporate performance from<br />

Forest Practices Board (FPB), explained what<br />

auditing comprises: “During a forestry audit,<br />

[our] board examines timber harvesting, road<br />

construction, maintenance and deactivation,<br />

silviculture activities, such as replanting<br />

and tending of new forests, and wildfire<br />

preparedness and prevention, as well as<br />

operational plans related to these activities.”<br />

FPB is a watchdog organisation based in British<br />

Columbia (BC), Canada that provides oversight<br />

of both forest companies and government<br />

agencies. It ensures that forest planning and<br />

practices in BC are sound, and that the public’s<br />

interests in the forests are being served.<br />

According to Oman, their auditors in BC check<br />

for compliance with legislation, specifically<br />

with the Forest and Range Practices Act<br />

and the Wildfire Act. The Forest and Range<br />

Practices Act sets out BC government’s<br />

objectives for how the province’s forests<br />

should be managed, and the Wildfire Act aims<br />

to prevent wildfire caused by industrial activity<br />

in the forests.<br />

Oman continued: “Inspections take place in<br />

the field and plans and permits are reviewed<br />

in the office. Examples of practices audited are<br />

18 <strong>Panels</strong> & <strong>Furniture</strong> <strong>Asia</strong> | <strong>November</strong> / <strong>December</strong> <strong>2022</strong>


1<br />

2<br />

Legend<br />

1 The trend<br />

of warmer<br />

temperatures<br />

and drought<br />

have subjected<br />

BC forests to<br />

stressors<br />

2 BC forests cover<br />

approximately 57<br />

million hectares<br />

and are used for<br />

different activities<br />

checking reserves left along streams to<br />

protect fish habitat and water quality,<br />

ensuring roads and bridges are safe<br />

for industrial use and are not causing<br />

soil erosion or landslides, checking the<br />

number and quality of replanted trees,<br />

and ensuring that any fire hazards from<br />

slash and debris are treated to reduce<br />

the risk of wildfire.”<br />


Currently, BC’s forests are “generally<br />

very healthy”, but the trend of warmer<br />

temperatures and drought have<br />

subjected their forests to stressors,<br />

according to Oman. In the last 10-20<br />

years, insect infestations and wildfires<br />

have caused damage to millions of<br />

hectares of BC’s forested lands.<br />

The forests in BC cover approximately<br />

57 million hectares and are used for<br />

different activities. For instance, about<br />

20 million hectares are available for<br />

timber harvesting and the forest<br />

industry harvests about 1%, or 200,000<br />

hectares each year. The forests also<br />

provide forage for ranchers to graze<br />

cattle, and are important for the tourism<br />

and recreation sectors. Furthermore,<br />

forests are important to indigenous<br />

lives. BC is home to about 200<br />

indigenous nations, each with their own<br />

unique language, dialect, and traditions.<br />

The government is committed to<br />

implementing the United Nations<br />

Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous<br />

Peoples — a framework that aims to set<br />

standards on maintaining the rights<br />

and dignity of indigenous people<br />

globally — by involving indigenous<br />

nations in decisions about the<br />

management of BC’s forestlands.<br />

In 2021, BC passed legislation that<br />

enshrines this commitment in law.<br />


As an independent auditor, FPB is<br />

responsible for holding governments<br />

and businesses accountable,<br />

ensuring that all forestry policies<br />

and legislations are abided. The<br />

organisation assures the public<br />

that forest companies follow legal<br />

requirements to protect forest values,<br />

and that the government is enforcing<br />

any forest-related legislation.<br />

This independence is what separates<br />

FPB from other certification or<br />

auditing bodies — it is not directed<br />

by the government or market forces,<br />

and hence key to gaining the public’s<br />

trust in their findings and policy<br />

recommendations: “Having an<br />

independent third party that provides<br />

this assurance builds public trust in the<br />

stewardship of BC’s public forests.”<br />

FPB has audited various woodworking<br />

businesses in the past, including<br />

Interfor, a forest products producer<br />

based in North America, and<br />

Kalesnikoff, a mass timber and lumber<br />

manufacturer. From these audits, FPB<br />

will make policy recommendations<br />

to the government, so that any harm<br />

done to forestlands from industrial<br />

and woodworking activities can be<br />

mitigated.<br />

As Oman explained: “Over the years,<br />

the board has made a number of<br />

recommendations to the government<br />

to improve the forest management<br />

system in BC. The government<br />

recently introduced amendments to<br />

the legislation that would address<br />

a number of our recommendations,<br />

such as a new forest landscape<br />

planning requirement, maps that<br />

showed the public the location of new<br />

logging roads and cut blocks, and<br />

giving government managers greater<br />

authority to direct forest companies if<br />

their activities might cause harm to the<br />

environment.”<br />

Indeed, in that sense, FPB is more<br />

answerable to the public and the<br />

forestlands. With a stronger forest<br />

management and stewardship,<br />

ensuring no long-lasting harm to the<br />

ecosystems, a stronger forest industry<br />

will emerge as well — contributing<br />

to a more regular revenue flow for<br />

companies producing forest-related<br />

products. To that end, the board<br />

encourages all companies to “comply<br />

with the Forest and Range Practices<br />

Act and the Wildfire Act and to<br />

follow best management practices in<br />

planning and designing their forestry<br />

operations”, so that the public remains<br />

confident in the management of BC<br />

forests. P<br />

<strong>Panels</strong> & <strong>Furniture</strong> <strong>Asia</strong> | <strong>November</strong> / <strong>December</strong> <strong>2022</strong> 19


Innovative recycling and<br />

upcycling for furniture<br />

and furnishings: Giving<br />

plastic waste a new life<br />

By Ken Hickson<br />

Wood used by<br />

Roger&Sons to<br />

repurpose airline<br />

seats and galley<br />

carts<br />

There is a fair chance that plastic<br />

will get back into “my good books”.<br />

Particularly if I find a few more examples<br />

of where ocean-bound plastic is being<br />

put to good use. Like being turned into<br />

furniture or textiles for furnishing, or<br />

even panels for boats or buildings.<br />

Admittedly, my preference is for wood<br />

— everywhere — in furniture and fittings<br />

and even in complete built structures.<br />

But I must admit I am looking much<br />

more closely as plastic gets recycled<br />

more and can be turned into an object<br />

to admire and use. Sometimes in<br />

combination with wood.<br />

I saw this for myself when I went to the<br />

launch of the new global headquarters<br />

of Archwey in Singapore recently.<br />

Archwey is a holding company for<br />

various brands that innovate materials,<br />

including Arch & Hook.<br />

Not only did Sjoerd Fauser, the CEO of<br />

Archwey make a seemingly outlandish<br />

claim that his company intended to<br />

“rid the world of virgin plastics”, but he<br />

showed me how it could be done. He<br />

showed me how his brand-new office<br />

has been filled with recycled plastic<br />

furniture and fittings.<br />

He started in the Netherlands by turning<br />

plastic waste into coat hangers for the<br />

fashion industry. Now he has found an<br />

efficient way of putting plastic waste,<br />

literally, through the mill, turning it into<br />

tiny pellets which can then be moulded<br />

into objects of desire.<br />

Arch & Hook has also done a lot of<br />

work for Nike, not only to make use of<br />

recycled plastic in all the sports shoes<br />

it makes, but using what he calls “the<br />

BLUE recycling process”.<br />

On top of this, retail stores themselves<br />

have become shrines to the<br />

convenience of virgin plastic — often<br />

crammed with plastic display cases,<br />

shelving, packaging and furniture that<br />

has been designed to be thrown away<br />

rather than reused.<br />

Arch & Hook’s experimentation with<br />

sustainable materials dates back<br />

to 2016, when the company started<br />

exploring a way to turn ocean-bound<br />

and post-consumer plastics into new<br />

products.<br />

20 <strong>Panels</strong> & <strong>Furniture</strong> <strong>Asia</strong> | <strong>November</strong> / <strong>December</strong> <strong>2022</strong>


During London Fashion Week in<br />

September 2019, the company launched<br />

BLUE: a fully-recyclable hanger<br />

made from 100% recycled plastics<br />

predominantly sourced from four of the<br />

most polluting rivers in the world.<br />

Arch & Hook takes<br />

plastic waste<br />

through the BLUE<br />

recycling process<br />

Fauser has been quoted in media around<br />

the world as he believes “any fashion<br />

or retail company dragging its heels<br />

on eliminating virgin plastic from its<br />

business will soon be left behind. The<br />

tide is turning against single-use plastic<br />

— both in the public consciousness and<br />

now through global legislative action”.<br />

In March this year, at the Environment<br />

Assembly in Nairobi, Kenya,<br />

representatives from the United Nations<br />

(UN) Member States “endorsed a historic<br />

resolution” to combat plastic pollution.<br />

An Intergovernmental Negotiating<br />

Committee will be established this year<br />

with the aim of drafting an international<br />

legally binding agreement before 2025.<br />

This is truly significant. Rather than<br />

only focusing on waste management,<br />

the agreement will address diverse<br />

alternatives to the full lifecycle of<br />

plastic, including production, design<br />

and disposal.<br />

So, through the work of Archwey and<br />

others, we should expect to see a lot<br />

more practical uses for recycled plastic;<br />

furniture and furnishings made to last,<br />

too.<br />

We have reported before on the<br />

Singapore social enterprise, Semula,<br />

because it has been doing its best to<br />

show what can be done by recycling<br />

or repurposing plastic waste, taking<br />

it through a heating and moulding<br />

process to produce items for home and<br />

office environments.<br />

According to Jeryl Yep, co-founder<br />

of Semula, the company is still going<br />

strong whether “by design and good<br />

<strong>Panels</strong> & <strong>Furniture</strong> <strong>Asia</strong> | <strong>November</strong> / <strong>December</strong> <strong>2022</strong> 21


intentions”, taking discarded highdensity<br />

polyethylene (HDPE) bottles<br />

and turning them into “one-of-akind<br />

material which can be used as<br />

decorative claddings, fittings and the<br />

making of furniture and more”.<br />

Limited only by the imagination, Yep<br />

said Semula has to date diverted<br />

1.7 tonnes of plastic waste from<br />

the incineration plant and landfill<br />

into upcycled new plastic sheets for<br />

partners to use in commissioned<br />

projects.<br />

Semula believes strongly that only by<br />

showing how plastic waste can have<br />

commercial value can we change<br />

people’s perspective about it.<br />

“We need to reduce the overuse of<br />

finite resources,” Yep insisted. “And,<br />

instead, consider the use of nontraditional<br />

material like upcycled<br />

plastic. This takes away some of the<br />

pressure on our natural ecosystems,<br />

and through time, leads to behaviour<br />

change for a more sustainable way<br />

of living.”<br />

Semula operates and makes all<br />

its sheets locally. It works and<br />

collaborates with local fabricators<br />

and craftsmen to design and turn<br />

waste into a treasured thing of<br />

beauty. Educating businesses<br />

and creating greater awareness in<br />

the minds of the consumer is an<br />

important by-product of the work<br />

done by Semula.<br />

Working in partnership helps too, so<br />

maybe Semula and Archwey could<br />

find ways to collaborate in a similar<br />

way to what Semula has done with<br />

the woodcrafts firm, Roger&Sons.<br />

These innovative and creative people<br />

in Roger&Sons have just told us<br />

about their latest Singapore project.<br />

They now have a collaboration with<br />

the Singapore Airlines by repurposing<br />

economy class three-seaters and<br />

galley carts from retired Airbus A380<br />

planes.<br />

While they had in mind making these<br />

for airline enthusiasts, they have<br />

recreated limited-edition collectables<br />

using repurposed local wood. This<br />

upcycling collaboration features<br />

Roger&Sons’ initiative, The Local Tree<br />

Project — an effort to rehabilitate<br />

abandoned logs felled in our city.<br />

Its version of the economy class<br />

three-seater showcases local African<br />

mahogany as the material of choice,<br />

while retaining its original aluminium<br />

frames and plastic armrests.<br />

Even identifying its forms, the<br />

enterprising woodcrafters mimicked<br />

its curvatures to mould the seats for<br />

comfort. They also kept its functional<br />

seat-recline mechanism, allowing<br />

additional control for passengers’<br />

comfort.<br />

There will probably be many furniture<br />

collectors — more than just aviation<br />

enthusiasts — who would love to<br />

feature these unique “flying objects”<br />

in their homes or offices.<br />

Whether for repurposing airline<br />

seats and galley carts, largely made<br />

of plastic and metal, or producing<br />

furniture and useful objects for the<br />

home and office from ocean-bound<br />

plastic, we are seeing a desire by<br />

committed businesses to come up<br />

with a second life for what would<br />

normally be dumped.<br />

Archwey puts it this way: “We collect<br />

post-consumer and post-industrial<br />

plastic waste via blue bins and put it<br />

2<br />

through a process of technological<br />

1<br />

2<br />

3<br />

recycling, including extrusion and<br />

granulation, before transforming it<br />

into high-quality recycled pellets that<br />

can be manufactured into anything.<br />

We design for the future — and work<br />

with companies that realise that is<br />

the only option, both ethically and<br />

economically.”<br />

The trick here is making sure that<br />

materials are designed from the<br />

very beginning with their second life<br />

already in mind. That is “sustainability<br />

thinking”. That is applying the<br />

principles of a circular economy.<br />

And maybe that is the future for the<br />

built environment — inside and out<br />

— as its grapples with the challenge<br />

of producing a large share of global<br />

greenhouse gas emissions. P<br />

Legend<br />

1 Semula takes<br />

plastic bottles and<br />

turns them into<br />

coasters, plates or<br />

tiles<br />

2 Plastic recycled<br />

and used in this<br />

bar table top<br />

and stool seats<br />

for Archwey’s<br />

Singapore<br />

headquarters<br />

3 Close up of the<br />

wood treatment<br />

used for upcycled<br />

airline seats<br />

22 <strong>Panels</strong> & <strong>Furniture</strong> <strong>Asia</strong> | <strong>November</strong> / <strong>December</strong> <strong>2022</strong>

Canadian wood.<br />

Versatile and durable.<br />

Gỗ Canada.<br />

Đa dụng và bền bỉ.<br />




canadianwood.com.vn<br />

+84 (0)274 380 3609<br />

A range of high-quality certified lumber from sustainably<br />

managed forests of British Columbia, Canada.<br />

Các loại gỗ xẻ chất lượng cao được chứng nhận từ nguồn rừng trồng<br />

được quản lý bền vững của tỉnh bang British Columbia, Canada.


“Delivering added<br />

value to our customers”:<br />

Teknos expands to Vietnam<br />

The new commercial and competence centre in Vietnam by<br />

Teknos promises faster response time, and solutions and services<br />

tailored to each customer. How can this customer-centric<br />

business model strengthen the value of the company?<br />

By Yap Shi Quan<br />

Teknos’s new commercial<br />

and competence centre in<br />

Vietnam<br />


Everything a company does impacts their<br />

customers’ perceptions and decisions to keep<br />

choosing the company’s brand, solutions,<br />

products and services: This customer-centric<br />

model is one of the guiding business principles<br />

of Teknos, as declared by Paula Salastie,<br />

CEO of Teknos and owner of Teknos Group.<br />

It is also one of the various reasons why the<br />

coating solutions provider has opened a new<br />

commercial and competence centre in Vietnam<br />

in September, with the aim of enhancing their<br />

collaboration with Vietnamese customers<br />

and support them with faster response time,<br />

and tailored solutions and services of their<br />

offerings.<br />

Located in the province of Dong Nai, the new<br />

centre includes Teknos’s sales and business<br />

development, customer service, technical<br />

application and services, training, and<br />

warehouse facilities. Wanda Smith, managing<br />

director of Teknos Malaysia, elaborated: “Our<br />

local technical support and extensive global<br />

network are at our customers’ service to help<br />

find the right solution for their needs. On top of<br />

that, we train our customers, help with safety,<br />

chemistry, application, painting line processes<br />

and so on. All these can be done from either our<br />

new facility centre or at the customer’s site.”<br />

24 <strong>Panels</strong> & <strong>Furniture</strong> <strong>Asia</strong> | <strong>November</strong> / <strong>December</strong> <strong>2022</strong>


As a whole, Teknos offers various types of<br />

value-added services, including product<br />

development and adjustment, production<br />

line configuration or set-up, line audit,<br />

sampling and pre-line trial, colour matching,<br />

quality performance testing, on-site or<br />

virtual technical troubleshooting, and more.<br />

According to Salastie, such services are part<br />

of the company’s strategic pillar of ‘Customer<br />

Experience’, where it aims to be as close to<br />

their customers as possible by increasing<br />

customer satisfaction and creating “long-term<br />

customer relationships”. In essence, Teknos<br />

hopes to interact with them “at all stages and<br />

touchpoints of their journey, before and after<br />

they become [their] customer”.<br />

She added: “Each customer has their unique<br />

operation model and pain points. For some,<br />

this might be about energy savings, others<br />

might want to solve recycling of over-sprayed<br />

paint, or they might need to understand their<br />

contribution to greenhouse emissions. We<br />

tailor our services with close collaboration,<br />

to understand our customers better all the<br />

way to their end customer. For us, aftersales<br />

services involve following how our<br />

customers’ products develop and adapting our<br />

collaboration, so that our services suit their<br />

given circumstances.”<br />

1<br />

As mentioned by Salastie, Teknos looks at their<br />

own manufacturing footprint and emissions<br />

throughout the lifecycle of their customers’<br />

products. The company is committed to<br />

sustainability in their own processes, their<br />

customers’ journey, and in the collaborations<br />

with suppliers and other stakeholders, by<br />

practising their own strategies modelled after<br />

the United Nations’ Sustainable Development<br />

Goals (SGDs): future generation, sustainable<br />

solutions and services, people and culture, and<br />

responsible operations and supply chain. For<br />

instance, Teknos chose to open the new centre<br />

in the JSC Industrial Park because the park<br />

was equipped with sustainable infrastructure<br />

systems, including a central wastewater<br />

treatment and built-in air ventilation.<br />

2<br />

Legend<br />

1 Teknos team with the<br />

JSC team<br />

2 The reception area<br />

3 The technical<br />

application room<br />

Salastie intuited that building ESG values<br />

and after-sales services is crucial in delivering<br />

added value to their customers: “This will<br />

reinforce or reassure our customers that they<br />

have made the right choice in choosing us, and<br />

make them feel good about the Teknos brand.<br />

3<br />

<strong>Panels</strong> & <strong>Furniture</strong> <strong>Asia</strong> | <strong>November</strong> / <strong>December</strong> <strong>2022</strong> 25


It plays an important role in customer<br />

satisfaction and long-lasting customer<br />

relations, generating loyal customers<br />

and increasing Teknos brand value.”<br />


In 2021, Vietnam contributed 36% of<br />

Teknos’s total sales revenues in the<br />

South East <strong>Asia</strong>n region, among other<br />

key markets that Teknos is located in,<br />

such as Malaysia, Thailand, Indonesia<br />

and Cambodia. This is an indicator of<br />

the company’s growing demand in the<br />

country, and hence their decision to<br />

expand into Vietnam to better support<br />

the demand. Smith commented that<br />

they are also aware Vietnam is one<br />

of the fastest growing economies in<br />

the world, with “openness to foreign<br />

investment and the Vietnamese<br />

government putting incentives in place”,<br />

attracting Teknos to invest further in the<br />

market.<br />

4<br />

5<br />

“Currently, Vietnam is already one of the<br />

leading manufacturers and exporters of<br />

furniture, including wood for indoor and<br />

outdoor purposes. With all the existing<br />

and growing opportunities in sight, we<br />

are confident that our Teknos solution<br />

offerings, be it products or services, will<br />

be able to benefit customers in Vietnam<br />

— such as our bio-based products,<br />

finishings and systems such as digital<br />

printing or embossing, and value-added<br />

services for pre- and post-purchases.”<br />

For better collaborations with their<br />

customers, Teknos chose Dong<br />

Nai province also because it is one<br />

of Vietnam’s main manufacturing<br />

centres. Smith explained that the JSC<br />

Industrial Park is most favourable in<br />

terms of geographical location for<br />

business development, investment, and<br />

transport intersections for connectivity,<br />

being close to various ports like Cai Lai<br />

and Cai Mep ports, and airports such as<br />

Tan Son Nhat airport and Long Thanh<br />

international airport. With Teknos’s<br />

waterborne and UV products imported<br />

from Malaysia, and additional products<br />

from their Finland, Germany, Denmark<br />

or China factories, customers can<br />

choose from different supply channels.<br />

Furthermore, they can have easier<br />

access to local sales and technical<br />

support team, as well as regional and<br />

global specialists for more complex<br />

projects.<br />

Following their Vietnam expansion,<br />

Teknos is planning to grow their<br />

business by penetrating existing<br />

markets in <strong>Asia</strong>-Pacific, mainly<br />

Indonesia, Thailand, Australia, Japan<br />

and New Zealand. Salastie concluded:<br />

“Currently we are managing these<br />

markets via export directly or with<br />

our distribution network. The aim<br />

is to expand our product range and<br />

services in furniture as well as to other<br />

customer areas and, as the business<br />

grows, eventually to have our own<br />

entities.” P<br />

Legend<br />

4 The technical<br />

laboratory<br />

5 Warehouse<br />

containing<br />

Teknos solutions<br />

26 <strong>Panels</strong> & <strong>Furniture</strong> <strong>Asia</strong> | <strong>November</strong> / <strong>December</strong> <strong>2022</strong>


Greater sustainability<br />

with Dieffenbacher’s CPS+<br />

continuous press system<br />

Environmental regulations are<br />

tightening and the cost of CO2 emissions<br />

is increasing, but with Dieffenbacher’s<br />

CPS+ continuous press system,<br />

manufacturers can balance economic<br />

and sustainability goals to build a<br />

better future for their business and the<br />

environment.<br />

Dieffenbacher’s Press Emission<br />

Control System is just one tool to help<br />

achieve that balance. It protects the<br />

environment by cleaning exhaust gases<br />

from the press through a washing<br />

process. Dust and condensable fractions<br />

of exhaust gases are bound to fine water<br />

droplets. These solid and liquid parts<br />

are separated in the system’s Inline<br />

Scrubber. In addition, pre-absorber<br />

units are available to reduce volatile<br />

organic compounds (VOC) emissions,<br />

particularly formaldehyde.<br />

Another way to balance economic and<br />

sustainability goals is to reuse heat<br />

from the press exhaust air elsewhere<br />

in the production process. When the<br />

press exhaust air is cleaned by a wet<br />

air cleaning system, for example, the<br />

Inline Scrubber in the Press Emission<br />

Control System, the process water<br />

from the wet air cleaning system cools<br />

down. The result is more effective<br />

air cleaning, as cold water can bind<br />

emissions better. The recovered<br />

low-calorific heat from the process<br />

water can then be used, for instance,<br />

to preheat the hall air inside the<br />

production building to save heating<br />

energy and costs. It can also be used<br />

to preheat the glue. This not only<br />

saves energy, but the resulting lower<br />

viscosity glue enables a more precise<br />

glue spray pattern. More consistent<br />

operations, meanwhile, produce less<br />

excess glue. These are two of the<br />

various ideas to reduce energy costs<br />

and emissions and increase profits by<br />

reusing press exhaust air, according to<br />

Dieffenbacher. P<br />

Reuse heat from<br />

the press exhaust<br />

air elsewhere in the<br />

production process,<br />

such as to preheat<br />

the glue<br />

<strong>Panels</strong> & <strong>Furniture</strong> <strong>Asia</strong> | <strong>November</strong> / <strong>December</strong> <strong>2022</strong> 27


Automated spray coating<br />

In carpentry and joinery services for living, working and<br />

commercial areas, carpentry company Bantli focuses on<br />

quality, customer satisfaction and innovative technology. Their<br />

automated spray coating line from Buerkle is an example of this.<br />


Interior designers and furniture manufacturers<br />

face the challenge of making the looks and<br />

feel of doors, furniture and wall panelling<br />

convincing. “Natural”, “durable”, “elegant” and<br />

“attractive” are adjectives that describe surface<br />

finishing. The range of different materials<br />

requires a high level of flexibility, and it takes<br />

economic efficiency to create the ideal surface<br />

finishing, despite small batch sizes at times.<br />

To meet these requirements to the customer’s<br />

satisfaction, Bantli has been working with a<br />

manual spraying station for years. Painters<br />

manually apply the desired surface finishing<br />

with spray guns. However, because of<br />

increasing requirements and larger numbers of<br />

incoming orders, the spraying station gradually<br />

became a bottleneck in the production<br />

process. Moreover, it has been increasingly<br />

difficult to find skilled staff for this field of work.<br />

Oliver Bantli, owner and managing director<br />

of Bantli, therefore preferred an automated<br />

solution to avoid bottlenecks in the field of<br />

surface finishing.<br />

Bantli, a company in the Swiss carpentry<br />

industry, aims to attach importance to data<br />

consistency throughout the company. The<br />

owner Bantli explained: “Our company<br />

objective is ambitious: We strive for 100%<br />

customer satisfaction. Our comprehensive<br />

employee and apprentice training activities<br />

as well as the consistent use of innovative<br />

technology in all areas contribute significantly<br />

to this.”<br />

With a branch office in Regensdorf, Switzerland,<br />

Bantli caters to customers in Zurich and the<br />

surroundings with a portfolio of services and<br />

advice. Business growth has been steady for<br />

the company since their beginning in 1982.<br />

Computer numerical control (CNC) technology<br />

and planning support through 3D computeraided<br />

design (CAD) made their appearances in<br />

the early 2000s.<br />


Bantli was convinced of his decision of obtaining<br />

Buerkle’s ROBUSeco spray coating line, in favour<br />

over a system from the surface specialist Black<br />

Forest: “The ingenious concept of the ROBUSeco<br />

spray coating line developed and built for us<br />

by Buerkle had convinced us on the spot. Data<br />

consistency and, above all, a very high degree of<br />

automation were important for us.”<br />

The automation is accomplished through the<br />

combination of workpiece cleaning, integrated<br />

automatic turning unit, and the largely<br />

28 <strong>Panels</strong> & <strong>Furniture</strong> <strong>Asia</strong> | <strong>November</strong> / <strong>December</strong> <strong>2022</strong>


automatic removal and loading of<br />

the rack trolleys. The spray-painting<br />

machine and its upstream and<br />

downstream machines thus enable<br />

almost unmanned, individual coating<br />

of quality. The installation of the<br />

ROBUSeco also opens up an additional<br />

business segment for Bantli. The<br />

carpentry business can now offer<br />

cost-efficient contract work in the<br />

coating field to fellow carpenters.<br />

This complements the cooperation<br />

with colleagues in the field of parts<br />

production.<br />


Robert Buerkle entered the spray<br />

coating segment with its first<br />

machines in 2017. The company from<br />

Freudenstadt, Germany, has realised a<br />

number of projects to date, ranging from<br />

stand-alone machines to automated<br />

batch-size-one lines. With the flexibility<br />

of the ROBUSeco spray coating concept,<br />

workpiece materials and their geometry<br />

are of little importance; a customised<br />

edge spray gun, for example, was<br />

developed for the Bantli application.<br />

High edges, which regularly occur when<br />

coating doors, can thus be coated in<br />

ideal quality.<br />

1<br />

With the combination of automated<br />

surface finishing and the traditional<br />

manual spraying station, Bantli now<br />

sees itself well positioned for the near<br />

future in this area. “Since we started<br />

producing with the ROBUSeco, we keep<br />

discovering more possible applications<br />

that we had not even thought of<br />

before. Buerkle proves to be a partner<br />

who is always prepared to make<br />

appropriate adjustments, extensions or<br />

conversions,” Bantli stated.<br />

In his experience, even the software<br />

adaptations that usually become<br />

necessary for the quite complex plant<br />

are in good hands with the Buerkle<br />

specialists. “So far, they have found a<br />

solution for every requirement,” Bantli<br />

concluded. P<br />

This article was first published in<br />

Schreinerzeitung and is reproduced<br />

here with permission.<br />

2<br />

3<br />

Legend<br />

1 Cross conveyors<br />

automatically<br />

retrieve<br />

workpieces from<br />

the rack trolleys<br />

2 Manual removal<br />

of finished coated<br />

workpieces from<br />

the rack trolley<br />

3 With the new edge<br />

spray guns, even<br />

high edges can be<br />

coated<br />

<strong>Panels</strong> & <strong>Furniture</strong> <strong>Asia</strong> | <strong>November</strong> / <strong>December</strong> <strong>2022</strong> 29


woodCommander 5:<br />

Simpler, faster and more<br />

cost-efficient production<br />

Relevant parameters<br />

are displayed, and<br />

preview images<br />

based on 3D<br />

simulation enable<br />

faster programme<br />

changes<br />

HOMAG has launched a new generation<br />

of software to boost the performance<br />

and productivity of their EDGETEQ<br />

S-500 machine. woodCommander 5,<br />

an upgraded version of the previous<br />

system, is now available to offer users<br />

additional internal and external options<br />

for data exchange.<br />

woodCommander 5 is designed for<br />

the quick selection of machining<br />

programmes and edge material,<br />

and enables the fast recording of<br />

production parameters as well as<br />

the workpiece-oriented creation of<br />

machine programmes. The software is<br />

recommended for operators who need<br />

to run various programmes for their<br />

product range through the edgebanding<br />

machine.<br />

According to HOMAG, customers who<br />

have tried woodCommander 5 reported<br />

that it is easy to find their way around<br />

the software. Fewer clicks are required<br />

to produce the desired edging results,<br />

since the software groups the levels of<br />

information in an intuitive way. Relevant<br />

parameters can be displayed depending<br />

on the situation, and preview images<br />

based on 3D simulation enable faster<br />

programme changes. Especially for<br />

EDGETEQ S-500, where its automated<br />

production requires a lot of parameters,<br />

all of the production meters are visually<br />

displayed, so operators need not<br />

memorise anything to use the software.<br />

woodCommander 5 also ensures that<br />

the first test edgebanding workpiece<br />

comes out as accurate as possible,<br />

true to the operator’s desired results.<br />

This allows savings in real-time<br />

production and costs, since there<br />

are fewer faulty test pieces. The 3D<br />

workpiece simulation, the display<br />

of the dimensions directly on the 3D<br />

workpiece, and the automatic check of<br />

impermissible parameter combinations<br />

also ensure a high level of operating<br />

safety. Additionally, with the operatorspecific<br />

arrangement of parameters and<br />

the integrated user rights management,<br />

personnel have more flexibility when<br />

operating the edgebanding machine.<br />

Widgets, such as for programmes or<br />

edge material, aim to simplify the<br />

handling.<br />


The woodCommander 5 also comes<br />

with an edge data plug-in module,<br />

which creates a connection between<br />

the machine control unit and the<br />

Edgeband Management Set, HOMAG’s<br />

edgeband assistant that keeps an<br />

information overview of the edge<br />

material and material stock. The<br />

plug-in transfers data such as edge<br />

30 <strong>Panels</strong> & <strong>Furniture</strong> <strong>Asia</strong> | <strong>November</strong> / <strong>December</strong> <strong>2022</strong>



From left: IMAL Belt<br />

Dryer; GLOBUS OSB<br />

Strander<br />

glue blender. Hence, the gluing area contaminants potentially inside the mat, the top surface. A double diagonal saw<br />

may be certified as ATEX 22, where an thus protecting the steel press belts produced by IMAL cuts the master panel<br />

explosive atmosphere from a mixture of<br />

combustible dust in the air is not likely<br />

from damage.<br />

to the size required after it has been<br />

pressed.<br />

A visual display of the<br />

edge data plug-in module<br />

to occur.<br />

At the infeed to the press, the<br />

thickness, edge height and available length Dynasteam when system recording is fitted the to edgeband inject data, thus A board saving weighing operator scale with and other users in work preparation<br />

In of addition the selected to the edge mat weighing roll from scale the edgeband steam into time the and mat minimising to reduce possible the input errors. thickness gauge and and purchasing, blister detector simplifying stock management<br />

and assistant moisture application meters, an to x-ray the edgebanding<br />

operated press factor Furthermore, and achieve the a data better transfer is not manufactured a one-way and by IMAL production is installed for operators.<br />

in the<br />

system machine. is installed on the forming line,<br />

called PSD 400 or Power Scan Device. It<br />

distribution street of — the the heat. edgebanding In the case machine of also after-press reports area. The company declared<br />

LSB production, the remaining a second length Dynasteam of the edge roll that back it to has installed Currently, approximately woodCommander 5 is only available<br />

controls For the operator, the weight this per minimises area of the the mat need for is installed the to edgeband “iron” the assistant. strands, This so means that 870 thickness the gauges for EDGETEQ worldwide S-500, with but it might be available for<br />

utilising manual x-rays, and redundant and detects intermediate any foreign steps that small edge particles stock will may be be up applied to date to for the machine over 7,000 measuring other EDGETEQ heads. The machines IMAL in the future. P<br />


Non-contact Panel Scale<br />

Measurement of area weight<br />


Calculation of panel weight<br />

Required space for installation<br />

only 335mm [13.2“]<br />



www.electronic-wood-systems.com<br />

<strong>Panels</strong> & <strong>Panels</strong> <strong>Furniture</strong> & <strong>Furniture</strong> <strong>Asia</strong> | <strong>November</strong> <strong>Asia</strong> | March / <strong>December</strong> / April <strong>2022</strong> 31 37


<strong>2022</strong>: A year rich<br />

in achievements<br />

CMC Texpan, a wood-based panel<br />

manufacturer, and part of the Siempelkamp<br />

Group, celebrated its 60th anniversary<br />

earlier this year. In light of this, the company<br />

recounts all of its achievements over the year.<br />

was physically launched at Xylexpo.<br />

This system can be installed inside<br />

LYNX as an expansion or as a single<br />

device to allow the classification of<br />

different wood composites, such as<br />

particleboard (PB), medium-density<br />

fibreboard (MDF), wood chips and<br />

oriented strand board (OSB). With the<br />

implementation of artificial intelligence<br />

(AI) algorithms, Speed Classifier is<br />

able to predict the area and geometric<br />

barycentre of the examined samples,<br />

simultaneous to the type classification,<br />

while they are carried on the LYNX’s<br />

conveyor belt.<br />

Another system introduced during<br />

Xylexpo was a system based on THz<br />

technology (Fig. 3) to measure the<br />

density profile of the wooden panels<br />

and mats, in real time and with<br />

“non-contact” technology applicable<br />

for various types of wood and mat<br />

heights. Moreover, it is possible to<br />

install an additional device that has<br />

the capacity to identify humidity<br />

gradients. With such systems, it<br />

is possible to collect information<br />

regarding the quality and repeatability.<br />

With respect to other systems present<br />

in the market, the THz technology<br />

is not “dangerous”, and permissions<br />

or particular authorisations are not<br />

needed.<br />

Fig. 1: The glue<br />

kitchen system<br />

Located in Colzate, Italy, CMC Texpan<br />

celebrated its anniversary on 26 Mar<br />

<strong>2022</strong>, with a speech by the president<br />

Paolo Gattesco on the importance of<br />

teamwork and team spirit. To leave a<br />

tangible memory of this milestone, the<br />

company gave an elephant made of<br />

wood and metal to all its employees.<br />

This present stood for solidity, majesty<br />

and impressiveness — characteristics<br />

of what CMC Texpan strives to be — and<br />

in overall for what represented the<br />

Siempelkamp group for the company.<br />

The elephant also symbolised longevity,<br />

health and happiness.<br />

From 12-15 Oct, CMC Texpan<br />

participated in the Xylexpo fair, which<br />

took place at Fiera Milano-Rho in Italy,<br />

to signal its presence in the furniture<br />

industry. During the exhibition, the staff<br />

members met their partners from all<br />

around the world, and their customers or<br />

potential clients to give the information<br />

regarding CMC Texpan’s range of<br />

machines, to explain its products and<br />

services, and last but not least to give<br />

technical support clarifications.<br />

During Xylexpo, CMC Texpan emphasised<br />

one of its latest products: the LYNX<br />

sorter. LYNX is a compact and versatile<br />

technology for the detection and removal<br />

of contaminants. It is specially designed<br />

for the removal of pollutants.<br />

Another of CMC Texpan’s latest CMC<br />

technology, the Speed Classifier (Fig. 2),<br />

CMC Texpan also has experience in<br />

glue blenders, particularly in designing<br />

and manufacturing blenders with highand<br />

low-speed execution. High-speed<br />

glue blenders represent a conventional<br />

technique that was, and still is, in<br />

some plants appreciated for their<br />

compactness and cost-effectiveness.<br />

However, to preserve the geometric<br />

shape of the particle, CMC Texpan’s<br />

low-speed blenders reportedly reduce<br />

the particle impact and fragmentations<br />

with a decreased peripheral speed of<br />

the mixing tools. The mixing chamber<br />

walls of the blenders can be equipped<br />

with ceramic or tungsten carbide<br />

coating to reduce wear problems and<br />

ensuring longer operation life. For<br />

the production of unique panels like<br />

ultra-particleboard (U-PB) or sandwich<br />

32 <strong>Panels</strong> & <strong>Furniture</strong> <strong>Asia</strong> | <strong>November</strong> / <strong>December</strong> <strong>2022</strong>


Fig. 2: The Speed Classifier<br />

Fig. 3: The THz<br />

particleboard (SPB), different configuration<br />

or dedicated arrangements of the blenders<br />

are also available to salvage the geometric<br />

shape of the flakes and, consequently,<br />

increase the mechanical proprieties of the<br />

boards.<br />

CMC Texpan has also designed and patented<br />

a magnetic coating system named Mag Shell<br />

(Fig. 4). This system is composed of metal<br />

sectors with tungsten carbide coating applied<br />

in the mixing chamber of the blenders.<br />

The scope of this system is to recover the<br />

worn mixing chamber without having to<br />

replace the complete machine. The system<br />

is also composed of magnetic sheets with<br />

tungsten carbide coating surface, which will<br />

be in contact with the wood flakes inside the<br />

mixing chamber. This system includes strong<br />

magnets when combined one another, but<br />

not any more harmful or dangerous than a<br />

normal magnet — in fact, in this case, CMC<br />

Texpan claimed that the airfreight shipment<br />

of Mag Shell is typically approved. In case of<br />

wearing over time, CMC Texpan said that the<br />

system allows for a possible fast and easy<br />

replacement of the single sectors. As such, it<br />

is economical and fast to revamp an existing<br />

worn-out machine.<br />

CMC Texpan also has a glue kitchen (Fig. 1),<br />

which consists of a storage, allowing for<br />

the dosing of the different components of<br />

the glue mixture according to the present<br />

throughput values. The glue mixture is made<br />

up of the glue additives, such as hardener,<br />

Fig. 4: The<br />

Mag Shell<br />

urea, paraffin emulsion, water, polymeric<br />

methylenediphenyl diisocyanate (PDMI)<br />

and dyeing agents. The glue kitchen system<br />

can be integrated with dusty or granulated<br />

additives too. Compared to the conventional<br />

and common systems present on the market,<br />

CMC Texpan’s new glue kitchen aims to be<br />

economical, all-purpose and undemanding<br />

with very low maintenance. The main phases<br />

of the glue kitchen system are preparation or<br />

storage, and dosing.<br />

The storage of common additives is made<br />

using tank with agitators and filtering group for<br />

the components, so as to remove encrustation<br />

of the foreign bodies. During the dosing phase,<br />

there is a combination of mass-flow mater and<br />

magnetic flow meters depending on the product<br />

used. It is possible to ensure a precise and full<br />

control of the regulation and the metering with a<br />

dosing pump powered by a frequency converter<br />

and with pressure sensors and an automatised<br />

valve. Separate metering of every component<br />

and static mixer ensure a correct mixing of all<br />

the glue mixture. CMC Texpan’s glue kitchen<br />

system can be also fitted with a transparent,<br />

graduated vessel used for instrument calibration<br />

during start-up. Directly controlled and<br />

managed by a programmable logic controller<br />

(PLC), the vessel can be used to run verification<br />

tests on every component without stopping the<br />

production. P<br />

<strong>Panels</strong> & <strong>Furniture</strong> <strong>Asia</strong> | <strong>November</strong> / <strong>December</strong> <strong>2022</strong> 33


Defect detection<br />

in batch-size-one<br />

production<br />

Around 98% of Hali furniture is delivered<br />

to the customer fully assembled.<br />

However, inspection only at the end<br />

of production also means that any<br />

defects in the individual workpieces are<br />

noticed late. This causes a stir, since the<br />

remanufacturing will be a rush so that<br />

the delivery does not stop completely. In<br />

addition, such a rush job at Hali cannot<br />

run through the variant production line<br />

with the corresponding recording in the<br />

waste optimisation, but is automatically<br />

a part for the make-to-order production<br />

to be available again in time. All these<br />

were disadvantages that Hali no longer<br />

accepted.<br />

Mario Helfenschneider, production<br />

manager at Hali, commented:<br />

“Discovering surface defects only during<br />

furniture assembly was a problem<br />

and economically a great loss for the<br />

company. That was why we thought<br />

about how we could improve the<br />

situation. And we came up with the<br />

idea of having the parts inspected<br />

automatically by a scanner during the<br />

ongoing process so that defects were<br />

noticed much sooner.”<br />

When workpieces pass automatically<br />

through a production process, defects<br />

are usually noticed late — namely, only<br />

when an employee is involved in a visual<br />

inspection, unless, an inspection system<br />

performs this task during the ongoing<br />

process. Office furniture manufacturer<br />

Hali has decided to go this route and<br />

invested in a system from Baumer<br />

Inspection.<br />

Hali’s production in Eferding, Austria<br />

takes place in a showcase production<br />

facility, and has efficient, interlinked<br />

production facilities with decoupling<br />

buffers in Europe. The company<br />

aims to produce at a high quality in<br />

batch-size-one. For this purpose, the<br />

individual workpieces do not pass<br />

through production labelled; instead,<br />

prefabrication from cutting to the<br />

drilling line is data-based. This means<br />

that each workpiece passes through<br />

the process steps of production as<br />

pre-programmed data record with<br />

individual information, and is not<br />

‘read in’ anew by each machine so<br />

that it can set itself up individually for<br />

processing.<br />

Yet, despite how advanced its<br />

processes are, Hali has invested in a<br />

ColourBrain <strong>Furniture</strong> 4.0 scanner from<br />

Baumer Inspection to detect defects<br />

on the workpiece surfaces earlier. This<br />

is because low manpower production<br />

means that the workpieces are only<br />

inspected by employees at a late<br />

stage in the value chain. At Hali, this<br />

is usually not until assembly, shortly<br />

before loading and delivery, which is<br />

largely carried out by employees.<br />

In 2019, there were initial discussions<br />

with Baumer Inspection for their<br />

ColourBrain <strong>Furniture</strong> 4.0 system<br />

and also competitors at LIGNA, the<br />

international woodworking trade show<br />

held at Hanover, Germany. However, it<br />

became apparent that Baumer’s system<br />

was the ideal fit for Hali.<br />

“There were clear knockout criteria<br />

for other systems at an early stage, so<br />

our choice fell on the Baumer system,”<br />

said Helfenschneider. “For example,<br />

in terms of material colours and also<br />

workpiece thicknesses. At Hali, we are<br />

talking about batch-size-one production<br />

with around 1,200 parts per shift, where<br />

hardly one part is the same as another.<br />

Since we wanted the scanner to detect<br />

at a normal line speed, other systems<br />

reached their limits. The illumination<br />

and camera settings from one part to<br />

the next, for example, was a challenge,<br />

as was the thickness change-over to<br />

guide a thinner 16mm part through the<br />

34 <strong>Panels</strong> & <strong>Furniture</strong> <strong>Asia</strong> | <strong>November</strong> / <strong>December</strong> <strong>2022</strong>


system just as reliably and without vibration<br />

after a thicker 25mm part. In addition, a wide<br />

part with 1m could also be followed by a very<br />

narrow one with 30cm.<br />

“In any case, all adjustments from transport<br />

to camera settings must be made in fractions<br />

of a second, and not every scanner could do<br />

that. The resolution quality of the images was<br />

also not the same for all suppliers, and we<br />

had determined for ourselves that we would<br />

digitally recheck the parts marked as faulty on<br />

the screen.”<br />

Helfenschneider and his team fiddled to find<br />

the ideal position for the scanner within the<br />

interlinked plant. In the end, they decided<br />

to place ColourBrain <strong>Furniture</strong> 4.0 between<br />

the edging line and the picking warehouse.<br />

“At this point, it was still a good time in the<br />

value chain and in the overall process flow<br />

to be able to react. On one hand, the part<br />

had not yet been finished, and on the other,<br />

the picking warehouse held about a day’s<br />

production directly after the scanner until it<br />

was then outsourced, drilled and assembled<br />

according to the order. This meant that we had<br />

enough time to inspect the part that had been<br />

marked as defect and, if necessary, to initiate<br />

remanufacturing. This was then automatically<br />

included in the next day’s waste optimisation<br />

and ran normally via variant production.<br />

Ultimately, we now have savings of between<br />

40-50% as a result.”<br />

The scanner inspects both the top and bottom<br />

of the workpiece in a single pass and provides<br />

feedback as the part continues on its way to<br />

the picking warehouse. Hali decided against<br />

a 360° inspection, even though the Baumer<br />

system could handle this as well, since there<br />

were rarely problems in the edge area. They rely<br />

on employees to check edging lines instead,<br />

according to Helfenschneider.<br />


After the initial contact with Baumer Inspection<br />

in May 2019, the project was concretised and<br />

visits were made to the scanner manufacturer<br />

at Lake Constance. The inspection system<br />

was delivered in July 2020 during the<br />

summer vacation period. Nevertheless, it<br />

was a huge task for Baumer, because variant<br />

production had to be shut down accordingly<br />

for the installation of the scanner. With good<br />

preparatory work and preliminary acceptance<br />

at Baumer in Constance, everything went<br />

quickly and smoothly. In the end, it was less the<br />

installation than the individual connection that<br />

became a challenge for Baumer.<br />

Stefan Eisenkohl, head of sales and marketing at<br />

Baumer Inspection, recalled: “The production of<br />

Hali with connection of the scanner was special<br />

in that the parts passed through data-based.<br />

This meant that we had to integrate the scanner<br />

into HOMAG’s production control system of<br />

the entire plant by means of an interface. This<br />

was because it was necessary for the scanner<br />

to provide each data record with an individual<br />

description after the scan if a defect was found.<br />

At a later point in time, the system operator used<br />

the digital image to check whether the part really<br />

had a defect.<br />

“In principle, he had three options: He could<br />

release a part because the error message was<br />

due to, for example, contamination by dust,<br />

which could be easily removed, or he ordered a<br />

remanufacture because it was actually a scratch<br />

or similar surface defect. If he was unsure, he<br />

could also enter the information that another<br />

visual inspection must be carried out. It was<br />

important to attach all the information digitally<br />

— cleanly programmed interfaces were the basis<br />

for this. We did not have something like this with<br />

every new plant; this form of software linking<br />

was new territory for us.”<br />

All these worked to Helfenschneider’s<br />

satisfaction: “The plant functionality we had<br />

imagined established within one month. The<br />

difficulty lay in setting the quality individually<br />

according to our requirements. In the end,<br />

it would be of no use to us if parts were<br />

permanently marked as defective where there<br />

were no real defects and an employee then<br />

had to check them using a scanner image.<br />

Conversely, we did not want the machine<br />

to measure so laxly that real defects slipped<br />

through and we were back to square one.<br />

“In this respect, the step from installation to<br />

regular operation with exact detection was<br />

almost the trickiest. We have defined guidelines<br />

with templates that show which defect was<br />

acceptable to what extent at which location,<br />

and where it was not. On a front or a table<br />

surface with uni-decor, for example, a maximum<br />

defect of 0.2mm 2 might occur on an area of 1m 2 .<br />

Basically, a part was given its ‘personal’ quality<br />

zones in the data record. And all this was already<br />

pre-set for the scanner. But we had to get there<br />

first; not every detail could be clarified despite<br />

professional preliminary acceptance of the<br />

system.”<br />

The inspection system finds various defects on furniture parts with a high hit rate<br />


Helfenschneider was hoping for another<br />

leap in defect classification from this further<br />

development so that, for example, dirt that<br />

needed to be removed is also recognised as such<br />

and no longer led to an error message and timeconsuming<br />

visual inspection by an employee.<br />

<strong>Panels</strong> & <strong>Furniture</strong> <strong>Asia</strong> | <strong>November</strong> / <strong>December</strong> <strong>2022</strong> 35


“First, we had a lot of chip generation in<br />

upstream processes that could not be<br />

completely removed from machining,<br />

even with very good extraction. Then<br />

it was a matter of cleaning the parts as<br />

close to detection as possible — brushes<br />

and also cleaning fluid were used for<br />

this. The brushes could not be kept<br />

100% clean in ongoing production, and<br />

the liquid did not evaporate optimally<br />

every time. And we already had a<br />

breeding ground for contaminants or<br />

even detect streaks on the workpiece<br />

due to remaining moisture. In our case,<br />

the path to the scanner tended to be a<br />

bit too long, and this could cause dust<br />

to settle again. The system should be<br />

able to detect this in the future. It was<br />

the same with labels. We did not actually<br />

use them. However, it was possible that<br />

parts from the residual board storage<br />

were included in the waste optimisation,<br />

which were given a label for storage. This<br />

label, or even a piece of it, should also<br />

not lead to an error message.”<br />

Eisenkohl added: “The classifier for dirt<br />

detection that we are currently working<br />

on is a lever for all companies to further<br />

improve the accuracy of a ‘real’ error<br />

message in the future. We are already<br />

doing well, but we want to work with<br />

customers like Hali to improve system<br />

performance even more. And experience<br />

shows that most detections are caused<br />

by contamination; large scratches in the<br />

surface are rather rare.”<br />

A scanner also has its limitations. Labels<br />

are a problem, because they can conceal<br />

surface defects. Even high-gloss surfaces<br />

with protective films cannot be detected.<br />

Nevertheless, Hali is satisfied with the<br />

results, as Helfenschneider declared:<br />

“Before we got the inspection system,<br />

we detected about 40% of rejects in the<br />

machine area and 60% of the defects<br />

precisely when the furniture was<br />

assembled. Now, in more than 80% of<br />

the cases, we find the defects already in<br />

the parts production. And this increases<br />

our potential enormously.”<br />

Since the system was installed, the<br />

scanner has already helped to detect<br />

machine problems and minimise them<br />

at an early stage. A bent collet chuck on<br />

the saw has left distinctive marks at a<br />

specific point on the workpiece surface,<br />

and with the error messages and digital<br />

recordings, the problem is found and<br />

eliminated.<br />



The Baumer scanner also helps<br />

with general quality control vis-à-vis<br />

suppliers. Helfenschneider described:<br />

“Even before we got the ColourBrain<br />

<strong>Furniture</strong> 4.0, there was documentation<br />

of defects to prove that the material<br />

was already of inferior quality upon<br />

delivery. Based on these records, we<br />

even launched a quality offensive in<br />

2017 in the direction of our suppliers.<br />

In general, the quality we receive is<br />

now right. But with the scanner and<br />

the digital recordings, it is now much<br />

easier to create a good ‘defect log’. This<br />

is because Q-Live, a tool in Baumer’s<br />

plant software, allows companies to<br />

obtain comprehensive statistics on<br />

detection performance. While we cannot<br />

necessarily trace a defect back to a<br />

specific wood-based panel, we can at<br />

least trace a batch.”<br />

Helfenschneider also praised the<br />

Baumer scanner’s user-friendliness:<br />

“Maintenance and servicing take up only<br />

a small amount of time. For what the<br />

system does, this part is unproblematic<br />

and easy. We are also able to configure<br />

and set up everything ourselves, so<br />

we do not have to contact Baumer for<br />

every action. In addition, the range of<br />

individual setting options is enormous.”<br />

The easy handling of the system also<br />

refers to the detection of new decors,<br />

as Helfenschneider reported: “There<br />

are already enough possibilities given<br />

on the part of the software. We only<br />

have to ‘categorise’ a decor, whether<br />

it is smooth or textured, light or dark,<br />

plain or patterned. So, any number of<br />

new decors can be added. We could<br />

not afford to train the plant with a new<br />

decor over a long period of time first: If a<br />

customer ordered furniture in a special<br />

decor, which we consequently ordered<br />

from the supplier for the first time, then<br />

we must be able to programme it in and<br />

make it ‘scannable’ within a very short<br />

time so that production ran efficiently.<br />

Alternatively, we could exclude these<br />

parts from detection. But then such a<br />

system would not be worthwhile. We<br />

already wanted to inspect 99.9% of all<br />

parts.”<br />

Eisenkohl elaborated: “There are usually<br />

a maximum of 12 categories for grouping<br />

a workpiece or decor. This is exactly<br />

what makes our systems so applicationoriented<br />

— there is no need to teach<br />

600 decors if there is a large variety in a<br />

company. Instead, the system brings a<br />

really large amount of knowledge to the<br />

table to reliably find the defects in the<br />

most diverse decors.”<br />

Such close cooperation with new tasks is<br />

beneficial for a machine manufacturer,<br />

because it moves the plants forward in<br />

the long term. Eisenkohl concluded: “The<br />

scanner project for Hali was another leap<br />

for us in terms of gaining know-how. This<br />

will benefit other customers with similar<br />

requirements in the future. With Hali,<br />

we were very fortunate to have access<br />

to certain data from the company in<br />

detection during the project. Analysing<br />

the faults we found and assessing the<br />

stability of the system gave us another<br />

boost. We rarely get that much insight,<br />

especially after installing a scanner.” P<br />

The article was first published in<br />

Möbelfertigung by Doris Bauer and is<br />

reproduced here with permission.<br />

The Baumer scanner<br />

is located in the<br />

variant production<br />

line at Hali and<br />

detects all furniture<br />

parts at normal<br />

throughput speed<br />

36 <strong>Panels</strong> & <strong>Furniture</strong> <strong>Asia</strong> | <strong>November</strong> / <strong>December</strong> <strong>2022</strong>


Ways to improve<br />

the quality of<br />

edgebanding<br />

equipment accuracy and technologies.<br />

The company focuses on EVA, PUR<br />

adhesive, hot air banding, laser banding<br />

process, striving to provide high-quality<br />

edgebanding solutions for furniture<br />

enterprises.<br />

Continuous development of the<br />

furniture industry and improvement<br />

of people’s quality of life have led<br />

to higher expectations of furniture<br />

quality by consumers, and wholehouse<br />

customised furniture and<br />

custom-made concepts have<br />

become a trend. In the face of new<br />

furniture concepts and technologies<br />

put forward by businesses, the<br />

edgebanding effect for consumers<br />

is arguably the most intuitive and<br />

easiest factor for them to judge<br />

the quality of furniture, apart<br />

from different design styles. Ideal<br />

edgebanding includes aesthetic fitting<br />

and firm pasting, smaller colour<br />

difference and glue seam between<br />

edgeband and the panel, as well as<br />

smooth and flat corners, making the<br />

panel look like a whole board with<br />

minimised traces of processing. In<br />

essence, the quality of edgebanding<br />

directly affects the overall aesthetics<br />

and durability of the furniture.<br />

Various factors such as edgebanding<br />

machinery, edgeband, melt adhesive,<br />

boards, and process will have an<br />

impact on the final banding effect.<br />

Currently, the edgeband and<br />

workpiece joining process usually<br />

includes ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA)<br />

hot-melt adhesive, polyurethane<br />

(PUR) hot-melt adhesive, hot<br />

air banding, and laser banding.<br />

Nanxing Machinery, for the past<br />

25 years, aims to keep enhancing<br />



With low cost and low technical<br />

threshold in woodworking equipment<br />

and materials, traditional EVA hot-melt<br />

adhesive banding still dominates the<br />

market. The glue pot adopts the glue<br />

taking method of absorbing glue on<br />

the glue wheel. The glue pot has a large<br />

capacity, and the glue near the glue<br />

shaft will be consumed first, and the<br />

remaining glue will be heated repeatedly<br />

in the pot, which is prone to scorch<br />

and discolouration , and impacts the<br />

adhesive’s performance and aesthetics<br />

of the glue seam. Using Nanxing’s premelting<br />

glue application system, a part<br />

of the hot-melt adhesive is preheated to<br />

a certain temperature in the pre-melting<br />

glue box above. Then the pre-melting<br />

glue is injected into the glue tank below<br />

for a short period of heating through<br />

motor control according to the amount<br />

of glue needed for the board, before the<br />

glue is applied directly to the workpiece.<br />

Repeated heating is avoided. The<br />

50mm-diameter gluing roller also has<br />

a heating rod in the middle, ensuring<br />

better control over the temperature and<br />

amount of glue applied. The glue can be<br />

melted and used immediately to keep<br />

the hot-melt adhesive, thus ensuring<br />

an optimal performance at a proper<br />

<strong>Panels</strong> & <strong>Furniture</strong> <strong>Asia</strong> | <strong>November</strong> / <strong>December</strong> <strong>2022</strong> 37


temperature. Such a method<br />

ensures a stabler edgebanding<br />

quality and more even gluing.<br />

Compared to conventional glue<br />

application method, the glue line<br />

is smaller and more aesthetic,<br />

the glue supply is large, and the<br />

heating is fast.<br />

In addition, white boards and<br />

dark boards are used in furniture<br />

production. Typically, white<br />

boards are matched with white<br />

edgeband and white glue, dark<br />

boards with dark glue. The<br />

consistent colour matching of the<br />

banding material can enhance the<br />

integrity after banding, making<br />

the glue lines less visible. For this<br />

reason, the design of the double<br />

glue pot in Nanxing double premelting<br />

glue application system<br />

edgebanding equipment such<br />

as NB7PCGM-PC and NB7CJM<br />

reportedly achieve rapid switching<br />

between dark- and light-colour<br />

hot-melt glue for colour matching<br />

with the workpieces and<br />

edgeband, thus saving time for<br />

machine adjustment. There is also<br />

a narrow version of the automatic<br />

edgebanding machine NB7CJMN<br />

with double gluing system, and<br />

the short-end corner rounding can<br />

achieve a minimum processing<br />

width of 45mm, which not only<br />

realises switching between two<br />

kinds of glue colours, but also<br />

solves the problem of narrow<br />

board and end edgebanding.<br />


For PUR, adhesive molecules<br />

and water molecules in the air<br />

react to form an irreversible<br />

adhesive-linked curing structure,<br />

resulting in a more solid<br />

and durable adhesive layer.<br />

According to Nanxing, due to the<br />

characteristics of PUR adhesive,<br />

PUR adhesive edgebanding<br />

achieves better performance<br />

in water resistance, corrosion<br />

resistance, durability, cold<br />

resistance and long preservation<br />

after an irreversible curing<br />

reaction in the production of<br />

panel furniture. Compared to EVA<br />

hot-melt adhesive, the amount of<br />

glue applied is about one times<br />

less, the texture is relatively thin<br />

after melting, and the glue line<br />

is smaller, about 0.03-0.05mm.<br />

The glue lines are reportedly<br />

barely visible to the naked eye<br />

after matching of the same colour<br />

system — that is, white plates with<br />

white glue, and dark plates with<br />

dark glue. The bonding strength<br />

is also several times higher than<br />

traditional hot-melt adhesives, and<br />

it has performance advantages<br />

in scenarios with relatively high<br />

temperature and humidity such<br />

as bathrooms and kitchens. The<br />

method is now being adopted<br />

by more and more furniture<br />

manufacturers to improve the<br />

quality of edgebanding.<br />

Nanxing reported that all of its<br />

top feed glue pot can be directly<br />

installed with PUR devices. The<br />

double gluing-pot equipment<br />

NB7CJM, NB7CJMN and NB7PCGM-<br />

PC can be installed with two sets<br />

of PUR device to realise the quick<br />

switching of dark and light PUR<br />

hot-melt adhesive and improve the<br />

edgebanding effect.<br />

Some of Nanxing<br />

Machinery’s<br />

edgebanders use a<br />

double pre-melting<br />

glue application<br />

system<br />

The NB-Laser10<br />

38 <strong>Panels</strong> & <strong>Furniture</strong> <strong>Asia</strong> | <strong>November</strong> / <strong>December</strong> <strong>2022</strong>


1 1<br />


Currently, laser edgebanding is<br />

the most technically advanced<br />

process in the market and solves the<br />

problem of glue lines with traditional<br />

edgebanding. Laser edgebanding<br />

comes with a functional polymer.<br />

Through laser activation of the<br />

functional layer, the functional layer<br />

of the edgeband penetrates the board<br />

fibres to form a mechanical ‘riveting’ to<br />

achieve seamless banding and strong<br />

joint strength. The whole process<br />

is the jointing between the board<br />

and the edgeband, and it has better<br />

closure performance since there is no<br />

additional glue coating in the middle,<br />

thus improving the joint strength<br />

and water tightness. Furthermore,<br />

it is more environmentally friendly,<br />

seamless, and aesthetic.<br />

Laser edgebanding has high<br />

requirements on the performance<br />

and laser head of the edgebanding<br />

machinery. Nanxing’s NB-Laser10<br />

uses advanced rectangular spot laser<br />

edgebanding technology in China,<br />

which has a stabler energy output,<br />

and more even temperature control<br />

and power density, thus reducing the<br />

risk of coating burn and producing<br />

quality products more stably. In<br />

addition to one laser set, NB-Laser10<br />

is equipped with a pre-melting glue<br />

application unit for EVA glue, and it<br />

can also be installed with a PUR unit<br />

to enable EVA, PUR and laser to be<br />

used in one machine and to switch<br />

quickly. The laser generator, together<br />

with its integral steel beam, servo<br />

tape feeder and presser, servo end<br />

cutting, servo fast corner rounding and<br />

other configurations, can ensure high<br />

edgebanding quality even at speeds up<br />

to 32m/min.<br />

Legend<br />

1 The laser<br />

edgebanding<br />

process<br />

2 Hot air banding<br />

technology<br />

2<br />


As a low-cost banding solution<br />

alternative to laser banding, hot<br />

air sealing technology, similar to<br />

laser banding in principle, applies<br />

a banding strip with a pre-coated<br />

adhesive layer, and the hot air<br />

system sprays hot air at a high<br />

temperature and pressure onto<br />

the strip through a nozzle, thus<br />

melting the functional layer and<br />

pressing the banding strip to the<br />

surface of the workpiece to achieve<br />

a seamless joint between the strip<br />

and the workpiece. Compared<br />

to EVA adhesives, it has higher<br />

durability and resistance to water<br />

and high temperature, and the hot<br />

air used in hot air systems is easier<br />

to obtain and greener. Nanxing’s hot<br />

air system adopts a high-pressure<br />

hot air conveying control system<br />

from Germany, with short heatingup<br />

time, stable performance, and<br />

speeds of up to 20m/min. It can be<br />

installed on automatic edgebanding<br />

machines with pre-milling and<br />

profiling functions, such as NB7PCGM-<br />

PC and NB7CJ edgebanders.<br />

In terms of the above-mentioned<br />

joining methods between edgebands<br />

and boards, from the edgebanding<br />

effect, laser edgebanding is better<br />

than hot air edgebanding, PUR<br />

edgebanding and pre-melting<br />

gluing edgebanding. However, hot<br />

air banding is less cost-effective<br />

than PUR and EVA edgebanding,<br />

and the latter two still dominate the<br />

market. Besides, with the continuous<br />

advancement of edgebanding<br />

equipment, process and materials,<br />

as well as the same-colour system<br />

matching between hot-melt adhesive<br />

and panels, the gap of edgebanding<br />

effect will become increasingly<br />

smaller. <strong>Furniture</strong> manufacturers<br />

should also identify product<br />

positioning, and consider product<br />

demand and cost in a comprehensive<br />

manner to select the equipment<br />

and process most suited for their<br />

products. P<br />

<strong>Panels</strong> & <strong>Furniture</strong> <strong>Asia</strong> | <strong>November</strong> / <strong>December</strong> <strong>2022</strong> 39


The role of Malaysian<br />

<strong>Furniture</strong> Council<br />

in improving sustainability<br />

Can Malaysian furniture manufacturers<br />

and suppliers adapt to the dual challenges<br />

of advancing the industry to remain<br />

competitive, while transitioning towards<br />

greater sustainability in their processes and<br />

sourcing of raw materials?<br />

As an export-driven market, the<br />

Malaysian furniture industry faces<br />

a number of challenges to remain<br />

competitive internationally, particularly<br />

in the wake of the pandemic. The cost<br />

and availability of raw materials, and<br />

confronting the carbon footprint of the<br />

industry as a whole are just a few of the<br />

most pressing issues.<br />

These issues emerge within the context of<br />

a national shift towards a more efficient<br />

and resilient Malaysian manufacturing<br />

industry, with the Industry 4.0 policy<br />

proposed by the Ministry of International<br />

Trade and Industry (MITI) 1 . In addition,<br />

the world has experienced a variety of<br />

extreme weather events in H1 2021, and<br />

this has magnified the importance of<br />

sustainability in every facet of life, as well<br />

as in international supply chains and<br />

manufacturing processes.<br />



The Malaysian <strong>Furniture</strong> Council<br />

(MFC) has introduced initiatives to<br />

help both small and medium-sized<br />

enterprises (SMEs) and larger furniture<br />

manufacturers address some of these<br />

issues. For example, it encourages its<br />

members to source sustainable materials<br />

where possible. The Malaysian furniture<br />

industry has relied on a relatively<br />

renewable and sustainable source of<br />

wood in furniture use for decades: the<br />

rubber tree. The wood harvested from<br />

this tree, after decades of supplying<br />

latex, is traditionally a waste by-product.<br />

Malaysian furniture manufacturers were<br />

among the earliest to commercialise the<br />

wood for furniture use in the late 1970s,<br />

and rubberwood now comprises over<br />

80% of Malaysia’s furniture exports.<br />

Rubberwood is reportedly also an<br />

efficient carbon sink, particularly in<br />

mixed agroforestry systems where<br />

rubber trees are planted among other<br />

crops and trees. While studies of carbon<br />

sequestration in rubberwood are yet to<br />

still be fully explored, the next generation<br />

of Malaysian scientists are taking strides<br />

to determine rubberwood’s role in<br />

removing CO2 from the atmosphere<br />

with the support of the MFC and the<br />

Malaysian Timber Certification Council<br />

(MTCC). A student from Universiti<br />

Malaysia Sabah, Chai Lee Ting, recently<br />

won the Freezailah Forest Sustainability<br />

Award from the MTCC for developing<br />

Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) as<br />

a method in quantifying and mapping<br />

the aboveground carbon (AGC) stock at<br />

rubber plantation areas. This method<br />

can be used to provide further insights<br />

into the planning of rubber plantations<br />

and the role they play in carbon<br />

sequestration.<br />

However, for a number of reasons,<br />

including the length of time it takes to<br />

harvest rubberwood — typically 20-30<br />

years — and the impact of high rainfall<br />

and flooding in Malaysia, the industry<br />

cannot rely on rubberwood alone to<br />

40 <strong>Panels</strong> & <strong>Furniture</strong> <strong>Asia</strong> | <strong>November</strong> / <strong>December</strong> <strong>2022</strong>


sustain the local furniture industry. The MFC<br />

relayed concerns from its members about<br />

the availability of rubberwood to the national<br />

government, and the government banned the<br />

export of raw rubberwood in 2017 as a result 2 .<br />


Forests are considered national treasures in<br />

Malaysia, and have been, and still are, closely<br />

linked to the socio-economic development<br />

of the country and its people. The Malaysian<br />

Timber Certification Scheme (MTCS) developed<br />

and managed by the MTCC is a certification<br />

scheme for tropical forests in the <strong>Asia</strong>-<br />

Pacific, endorsed by the Programme for the<br />

Endorsement of Forest Certification (PEFC).<br />

PEFC awarded a gold medal to the MTCC for<br />

its efforts to certify almost 1 million hectares<br />

of forests under sustainable management<br />

plans in 2020 alone. Malaysia is now home to<br />

over 5,600,000 hectares of certified forests 3 ,<br />

which remain productive for the economic<br />

development of the forestry sector while<br />

protecting the natural ecosystems that exist<br />

within these forests.<br />

Certification schemes ensure that timber and<br />

non-wood forest products derived from these<br />

areas are sourced sustainably, allowing the<br />

forests to regenerate naturally at a rate that<br />

does not deplete or degrade them over time.<br />

PEFC certification can also help protect water<br />

catchment areas, conserve the environment<br />

and animal and plant biodiversity living within<br />

forests, as well as improve the economy of local<br />

communities which depend on forest products<br />

as a source of their livelihoods. In line with<br />

the country’s sustainable forest management<br />

commitment 4 , the MTCC plans to add 10 more<br />

forest management units (FMUs) by 2025 5 ,<br />

potentially representing hundred thousand<br />

hectares of protected forests.<br />

MFC’S ROLE<br />

Electricity consumption among manufacturing<br />

industries in Malaysia has grown at an annual<br />

rate of 3.5-4.5% and constitutes roughly 40% of<br />

the total energy consumption of Malaysia. The<br />

MFC, through its subsidiary Export <strong>Furniture</strong><br />

Exhibition (EFE), has sought to address this<br />

problem at the source by promoting the use<br />

of solar power and supplying solar panels to<br />

its members to trim the generation of fossilfuel-intensive<br />

electricity. The generation of<br />

electricity through solar panels is not only<br />

environmentally viable but also cost-effective.<br />

A study in August 2021 by United Overseas Bank<br />

(UOB) Malaysia indicates that a typical solar<br />

photovoltaic panel installation on commercial<br />

or industrial properties will potentially help<br />

businesses save 25% in electricity cost.<br />


On the manufacturing side, the MFC has<br />

encouraged its members to adopt the use of E1<br />

standard particleboards in lieu of the oftenused<br />

E2 standard particleboards. E1 and E2<br />

refer to European standards for the emission<br />

of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) such as<br />

formaldehyde, particularly in the adhesives of<br />

engineered wood products. VOCs are toxic gases<br />

that are released into homes and offices over<br />

time and are generally considered dangerous<br />

to human health, with links to cancer and other<br />

health conditions 6 . VOCs may also have adverse<br />

effects on the environment. When they are<br />

released in large volumes during manufacturing,<br />

they can contribute to smog and air pollution<br />

in cities and industrial areas. E1 standard<br />

particleboards reportedly emit just a tenth of<br />

the VOCs that E2 particleboards do, making E1<br />

standard boards safer for consumption.<br />

With the MFC advocating and working towards<br />

sustainability, the future of the industry looks<br />

bright even in the face of challenges. The MFC<br />

will continue to work towards a resilient supply<br />

chain by introducing initiatives that enhance<br />

the capacity of both SMEs and larger furniture<br />

manufacturers to adapt and change, while<br />

remaining internationally competitive. P<br />

References<br />

1. Ministry of International Trade and Industry. Industry4wrd Readiness<br />

Assessment. <br />

2. The Nation Thailand. Malaysian government to ban export<br />

of rubberwood from July 1. <br />

3. Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification. Facts and<br />

figures. <br />

4. Malaysian Timber Council. Sustainable forestry in Malaysia.<br />

<br />

5. Malaysian Timber Certification Council. Minister calls for state<br />

governments to increase certified forests to complement<br />

Malaysia’s sustainable forest management efforts.<br />

<br />

6. Environmental Protection Department. Volatile Organic Compounds.<br />

<br />

Forests are considered national treasures in Malaysia, and are closely linked to its socio-economic<br />

development<br />

Certification schemes ensure that timber products<br />

derived from forests are sourced sustainably<br />

(Image: The Green Factory)<br />

<strong>Panels</strong> & <strong>Furniture</strong> <strong>Asia</strong> | <strong>November</strong> / <strong>December</strong> <strong>2022</strong> 41


Advanced<br />

woodworking<br />

solutions<br />

pay off with<br />

Jager and HOMAG<br />

wood products: flooring, windows,<br />

doors, and other types of furniture.<br />

While these factories have proliferated,<br />

some common issues exist in the<br />

industry. Many processes involved in<br />

manufacturing are still labour-heavy<br />

with little to no machine assistance,<br />

resulting in production bottlenecks,<br />

defective products and the lack of<br />

skilled workers.<br />

HOMAG, a global provider of<br />

integrated woodworking solutions,<br />

has been providing machines and<br />

software that have helped multiple<br />

<strong>Asia</strong>n companies rely less on<br />

manpower and transition towards<br />

automated processes. This is also<br />

useful for manufacturers as many<br />

prefer to access data logged by their<br />

machinery; understanding production<br />

metrics helps them set and achieve<br />

KPIs, ultimately increasing efficiency.<br />

Another emerging industry trend is<br />

a shift away from mass production,<br />

necessitating manufacturers to move<br />

down to batch-size-one production.<br />

Consumers prize customisation — after<br />

all, who would not want something<br />

uniquely made for them? <strong>Furniture</strong><br />

is no different. Order volumes have<br />

shrunk from 100-500 pieces in the past<br />

10 years, to 5-20 pieces.<br />

The rise of Industry 4.0 or the fourth<br />

industrial revolution has changed the<br />

face of the field of manufacturing with<br />

the use of autonomous systems driven<br />

by data and machine learning — Internet<br />

of Things (IoT), cloud computing,<br />

analytics, and artificial intelligence (AI),<br />

among others. It creates greater value<br />

with data gleaned from production and<br />

operation. It brings to light insight from<br />

areas such as supply chain, customer<br />

service and other enterprise systems,<br />

which would have in the past remained<br />

concealed. These smart factories<br />

feature higher automation, predictive<br />

maintenance, self-optimisation in<br />

terms of processes as well as greater<br />

efficiency and responsiveness to<br />

customers. Flexibility in production is<br />

also a highly prized effect of Industry<br />

4.0.<br />

These are especially true for small,<br />

medium and large enterprises in South<br />

East <strong>Asia</strong>.<br />



Many of these manufacturing plants<br />

cater to interior designers, fit-out<br />

contractors and end users, and they<br />

focus on the design and fabrication of<br />

With batch-size-one production,<br />

manufacturers have flexibility.<br />

Automated machines make for a less<br />

cluttered factory floor and encourage<br />

skilled workers who might otherwise<br />

leave for other manufacturing<br />

industries.<br />

Finally, as <strong>Asia</strong>n companies look into<br />

phase-by-phase growth, HOMAG<br />

presents itself as an industry partner.<br />

Jager, a Vietnamese furniture<br />

manufacturer, is one such company<br />

that has teamed up with HOMAG,<br />

trusting the woodworking machinery<br />

manufacturer to guide them through<br />

their business expansion and<br />

journey into advanced woodworking<br />

automation.<br />

42 <strong>Panels</strong> & <strong>Furniture</strong> <strong>Asia</strong> | <strong>November</strong> / <strong>December</strong> <strong>2022</strong>



Jager uses technology whereby customers can<br />

determine how their space is designed and<br />

furnished without spending excessive time in<br />

communication between furniture maker and<br />

client. With this, the company aims to lead the<br />

domestic furniture market and export to other<br />

countries. Their clientele includes real estate<br />

corporations, designers as well as individual<br />

customers.<br />

While maintaining their production, Jager<br />

strives to incorporate “Vietnamese values and<br />

pride” in each and every piece of the furniture<br />

they make. They place a premium on beauty<br />

and perfection, especially as the company<br />

promises their customers a “high-class living<br />

space” and “high living quality”.<br />


Apart from their company’s goals and vision,<br />

Jager commits and invests in woodworking<br />

automation. Le Quon Khanh, CEO of Jager,<br />

recognises the need for technology in this<br />

business. Jager’s first factory was equipped<br />

with a panel saw, edgebander and computer<br />

numerical control (CNC) system but when he<br />

was planning for his new factory, he knew<br />

he had to invest into a new, more automated<br />

production to cater to the lower batch<br />

environment. This commitment paid off.<br />

“In 2009, I started research and learning in the<br />

industry from my experiences doing business<br />

with clients and handling previous projects,”<br />

Khanh shared.<br />

Aiding them in their technological journey was<br />

HOMAG, which the CEO of Jager described as a<br />

“key partner” and “one of the best decisions”<br />

that the company had made to develop their<br />

products successfully. He is proud to call Jager<br />

a “modern, new-generation manufacturer”.<br />

When Khanh set out to build his business,<br />

he made his decisions based on two key<br />

objectives: to create a company not dependent<br />

on manpower, and to nurture one that<br />

promotes effectiveness and sustainability.<br />

HOMAG’s machines and solutions have helped<br />

him with respect to these objectives.<br />

Among HOMAG’s products that have<br />

improved their manufacturing processes are<br />

the STORETEQ S-200, a horizontal storage<br />

system; SAWTEQ B-300, an integrated panel<br />

saw; CENTATEQ N-300, an integrated CNC<br />

nesting centre and another SAWTEQ B-300 as<br />

an external panel saw. Other machines the<br />

Vietnamese manufacturer utilised are HOMAG’s<br />

Legend<br />

1 Industry 4.0 ensures<br />

greater value with<br />

data gleaned from<br />

production and<br />

operation<br />

2 Jager aims to<br />

create a company<br />

not dependent on<br />

manpower, thus<br />

enlisting the help of<br />

HOMAG’s automated<br />

products<br />

3 With automation,<br />

understanding<br />

production metrics<br />

can help companies<br />

set and achieve KPIs,<br />

ultimately increasing<br />

efficiency<br />

2<br />

edgebanding machine EDGETEQ S-380 with<br />

return conveyor belt LOOPTEQ O-300; and<br />

the routing and drilling processing centre,<br />

CENTATEQ P-110 and DRILLTEQ V-200.<br />

Jager’s ongoing transformation reflects<br />

not just the impacts of Industry 4.0, but the<br />

potential that technology and automation<br />

have on manufacturing, production, and<br />

distribution in various industries.<br />


HOMAG strives to design its machines and<br />

solutions with <strong>Asia</strong>n markets in mind. Jager’s<br />

success and continual progress are not<br />

only a reflection of how HOMAG commits to<br />

helping its customers expand, but also proof<br />

that manufacturers can grow and flourish<br />

when they make the right investments in<br />

automation and advanced woodworking<br />

solutions. P<br />

1<br />

3<br />

<strong>Panels</strong> & <strong>Furniture</strong> <strong>Asia</strong> | <strong>November</strong> / <strong>December</strong> <strong>2022</strong> 43


On market diversification<br />

and educating new markets:<br />

A conversation with AHEC<br />

The American Hardwood Export Council (AHEC) has recently<br />

concluded their appearances in Vietnam and Bangkok timber<br />

events. We speak to Michael Snow, the executive director of<br />

AHEC, on the current hardwood market outlook, the council’s<br />

strategies for diversification and education, and what<br />

sustainability means to them. By Yap Shi Quan<br />

This year started out strong, but now,<br />

the last two or three months were<br />

bad. Prices are going down quickly,<br />

lots of people in the industry are<br />

sitting on too much inventory. It is not<br />

helping in Europe with what is going<br />

on, the energy prices and inflation,<br />

and housing markets slowing down<br />

everywhere, whether in China, the US,<br />

or Europe. And these are usually big<br />

drivers of demand. So, I think we will<br />

be looking at probably, at least, six<br />

months of difficult trading conditions.<br />


How was the recent convention by<br />

AHEC in Bangkok?<br />

Michael Snow: We were pleasantly<br />

surprised. We were hoping for maybe<br />

150 people, and we ended up with<br />

more than 200. We had 30 American<br />

companies that travelled with us, which<br />

was good too, given the problems in<br />

the industry now with low prices and<br />

a difficulty in selling stock anywhere. A<br />

lot of them came [to Bangkok] to find<br />

new customers, and we already know<br />

from several members that they made<br />

sales during the convention. From that<br />

perspective, I think the convention was<br />

very good.<br />

Can you describe what the timber<br />

market is like now?<br />

Snow: It has been a roller coaster ride<br />

the last two years, especially last year.<br />

And in Europe, one of the AHEC’s<br />

biggest regions, people are worried<br />

about how they are going to afford<br />

to keep their homes this winter. So, I<br />

do not think people are doing much<br />

renovation work. Compared to 2021<br />

and early <strong>2022</strong>, we saw big increases<br />

in demand everywhere. After being<br />

cooped up at home during COVID, a<br />

lot of people wanted to do furniture<br />

and flooring, then we had a big push,<br />

and we probably saw three years’<br />

worth of normal home renovations<br />

in one year. But now it is slowing<br />

way down. We have a shortage of<br />

truck drivers in the US, there are still<br />

problems with logistics. Shipping is<br />

getting better, but there is still a lot of<br />

bottlenecks.<br />

44 <strong>Panels</strong> & <strong>Furniture</strong> <strong>Asia</strong> | <strong>November</strong> / <strong>December</strong> <strong>2022</strong>


What about the demand for US<br />

hardwoods in South East <strong>Asia</strong>?<br />

Snow: For South East <strong>Asia</strong> in the last<br />

couple of years, especially since COVID,<br />

we are now selling more to the region<br />

than we ever have. It is better than it<br />

was pre-COVID. Vietnam is one of the<br />

biggest markets in South East <strong>Asia</strong> for<br />

us, and of course, Indonesia, Thailand,<br />

and Malaysia.<br />

your exports go to one country. That is<br />

one of our biggest goals right now, to<br />

start developing other markets, even<br />

if they are small, which is why we are<br />

going to South Africa, Algeria, Morocco,<br />

the Middle East, Saudi Arabia, among<br />

others. If we can spread the risk over<br />

to more than one country, any trade or<br />

real war will not impact the business<br />

much.<br />

The other thing we are seeing that is<br />

exciting for us is Vietnam moving up<br />

the value chain. If we look back to<br />

2017, more than half of what was sold<br />

to Vietnam was yellow poplar, which<br />

is the least expensive wood in the US<br />

that we sell internationally. Now they<br />

are using less of that, and much more<br />

white oak, red oak, and walnut than<br />

before. They are no longer looking to<br />

be the cheapest manufacturer. They are<br />

moving up the value chain and making<br />

more expensive, higher-end furniture.<br />

And that is good for us too, because we<br />

need to sell a bigger spread of species,<br />

and the spread to Vietnam now is more<br />

even.<br />

What kind of markets is AHEC trying<br />

to expand into to promote the use of<br />

US hardwoods?<br />

Snow: We have been focusing a lot on<br />

India. We still have a small percentage<br />

of the Indian market, so that is one area<br />

where we see a lot of growth. We have<br />

also been looking at North Africa, like<br />

Algeria and Morocco. We are trying to<br />

find more smaller markets to pick up<br />

some of the slack from the declining<br />

market in China, such as Brazil, and<br />

a little bit in Colombia. So, we are<br />

reaching out a little more into South<br />

America. And Mexico continues to grow<br />

very much. I was in a show in August<br />

in Guadalajara, Mexico, where a lot of<br />

the furniture is made. A big part of our<br />

promotion is the nearshoring in France<br />

too. There are also a lot of Taiwanese<br />

looking to invest in the US market.<br />

Our main focus now is to diversify<br />

our markets as much as possible. We<br />

learned a big lesson with China, that<br />

it is a problem when more than half of<br />


What strategies does AHEC have to<br />

expand to these markets?<br />

Snow: It really depends on the<br />

knowledge level of hardwoods in these<br />

markets. They need to understand first<br />

the species, and more importantly,<br />

the grades. Because if they do not<br />

understand the grading rules, and they<br />

just look at price per cubic metre, AHEC<br />

is almost always the most expensive.<br />

But with grading rules, certain grades<br />

are made for certain uses. If you are<br />

making flooring, for example, you do<br />

not need to buy the highest grade.<br />

We spend a lot of time on this<br />

education with smaller markets, but<br />

for markets that are more mature, like<br />

Australia, New Zealand, Japan, and<br />

Europe, that is when we try to pull<br />

the demand by influencing architects<br />

and designers. Our goal there would<br />

be to influence the influences, making<br />

architects talk about the species.<br />

We can talk about it, but at the end<br />

of the day, we are trying to sell you<br />

something. An architect does not really<br />

want to be sold something, but they do<br />

want to listen to their colleagues, about<br />

what they are doing.<br />

In India, it will be several years before<br />

we could do that. Right now, we work<br />

directly with the manufacturers and<br />

importers there. We are spending more<br />

time making sure they understand<br />

the grades, what species are good for,<br />

what type of species or wood grades<br />

for flooring, and others. For example,<br />

you do not want to use poplar if you<br />

are making flooring. So, education is<br />

always the first step. And then you can<br />

start talking to designers. It does not do<br />

“The forest is growing quickly,<br />

and that is sustainable. But for<br />

us, we need to make sure there<br />

is a home for all the different<br />

species… We need to open up<br />

the forest.”<br />

Michael Snow<br />

Executive Director, AHEC<br />

you any good to get architects excited<br />

about wood if there is nobody there<br />

that can sell to them.<br />

Some of the countries you mentioned<br />

grow tropical timber. How can<br />

US hardwoods compete with the<br />

demand of tropical timber?<br />

Snow: The way we look at it, we do not<br />

compete with other woods suppliers.<br />

For us, the real competition is other<br />

materials. In 1999, we produced the<br />

most employment, and we had a high<br />

domestic use of US grade lumber. But<br />

<strong>Panels</strong> & <strong>Furniture</strong> <strong>Asia</strong> | <strong>November</strong> / <strong>December</strong> <strong>2022</strong> 45


more slowly, they absorb less. So, by<br />

taking out bigger trees and allowing<br />

smaller trees to grow, you actually get<br />

more carbon stored in the forest. But<br />

people often overlook the importance<br />

of carbon stored in the wood products<br />

made. If you make a table and pass it<br />

down to your children, and that table<br />

has been sitting around for 60 years,<br />

then that really is carbon negative,<br />

because in the time that the tree was<br />

cut down to make that table, it has<br />

been replaced by new trees now. And<br />

the carbon that has been taken out is<br />

stored in that piece of furniture.<br />

AHEC at their<br />

Bangkok convention,<br />

presenting on<br />

one of their latest<br />

design showcases,<br />

Discovered<br />

now the domestic consumption is<br />

lower because of, for example, floors<br />

made out of luxury vinyl tile, and<br />

we have got a lot of particleboards<br />

and the IKEA-nisation of furniture.<br />

Essentially, we are not making things<br />

to last, we are making throwaway<br />

furniture. Whether it is using French<br />

or Canadian wood, or as long as it is<br />

sustainably sourced, we do not look at<br />

other wood suppliers as competition.<br />

But we are in deep competition with<br />

all the other types of materials.<br />


Given the council’s past projects<br />

with interior designers or<br />

architects, what is the council<br />

focusing on now?<br />

Snow: We are looking at doing more<br />

structural work, and we are trying to<br />

push red oak. One of the problems we<br />

always had with red oaks, the most<br />

abundant species in the forest, is that<br />

China used to buy a lot of it, so it was<br />

not really a problem before. But now,<br />

with the Chinese market down — and<br />

Europeans previously never really<br />

liked red oak — a lot of our projects<br />

now try to showcase red oak, because<br />

one of our main goals is to match<br />

demand for species with what the<br />

forest provides. That is the one thing<br />

when you are talking about natural<br />

forests and not plantations: You get<br />

the species that nature gives you. You<br />

got to create demand for what nature<br />

gives us. Everybody loves walnut,<br />

but walnut is 1% of the forest. Red<br />

oak is 30% of the forest. That is a big<br />

difference.<br />

What does sustainability mean to<br />

AHEC?<br />

Snow: You got forest sustainability,<br />

which has the growth removal ratio of<br />

2.4:1. For every tree that is cut down<br />

or dies naturally, we have two and<br />

a half more trees. So right now, we<br />

have more than double the number<br />

of trees we had 50 years ago. The<br />

forest is growing quickly, and that is<br />

sustainable. But for us, we need to<br />

make sure there is a home for all the<br />

different species. We do not just take<br />

white oak or walnut. We need to open<br />

up the forest.<br />

The second part is understanding the<br />

role the forest and wood itself play<br />

in carbon sequestration and climate<br />

change. If we make something out<br />

of wood, we will cut down that tree<br />

and allow new trees to grow where<br />

the old tree was. New trees absorb<br />

carbon quicker than mature trees,<br />

but mature trees will hold carbon<br />

inside. As they stop growing or grow<br />

Now we started looking at mass<br />

timber, building buildings out of wood<br />

instead of steel and concrete. That<br />

also locks away carbon. Plus, mass<br />

timber buildings go up much quicker<br />

and there is less disruption compared<br />

to steel or concrete buildings where<br />

you have to dig deep foundation, with<br />

trucks coming in and out all the time,<br />

and the work done on-site. These<br />

cause disruption to nearby buildings.<br />

Whereas if you construct buildings<br />

using wood panels, the building is<br />

made somewhere else, brought in,<br />

and put together — it goes up quicker.<br />

And all of that wood stores carbon. It<br />

will have a carbon footprint of about<br />

1/20 of a same size building made of<br />

concrete or steel. So, we really want<br />

to look at it on a larger scale, and it<br />

is something that can be done right<br />

now.<br />

Currently we are also working on a<br />

new certification system, because<br />

the Forest Stewardship Council<br />

(FSC) and Programme for the<br />

Endorsement of Forest Certification<br />

(PEFC) schemes do not really work<br />

in the US due to land ownership. So,<br />

we are researching on certification<br />

systems of jurisdictional certification<br />

that looks at individual areas, and<br />

we are seeing these systems used for<br />

things like wood pellets, soybeans,<br />

or olive oil, to show that this region<br />

is sustainable. More information will<br />

come out soon, so do look out for<br />

that. P<br />

46 <strong>Panels</strong> & <strong>Furniture</strong> <strong>Asia</strong> | <strong>November</strong> / <strong>December</strong> <strong>2022</strong>


New herringbone<br />

technology: One panel type<br />

for simpler production<br />

The conventional method of installing<br />

herringbone flooring requires two<br />

distinct types of panels, and this<br />

raises several challenges in producing<br />

and installing herringbone. As Floris<br />

Koopmans, sales director IP at<br />

Unilin Technologies, explained: “The<br />

installation of a herringbone pattern<br />

has one big downside: you normally<br />

need two types of panels — left and<br />

right or A/B panels which are mirror<br />

images of each other — to be able to<br />

lay this flooring pattern. The method<br />

of using A/B panels makes installation<br />

more difficult, and also creates a more<br />

extensive production process, supply<br />

chain and stock management.”<br />

To address these inconveniences,<br />

Unilin Technologies, a researcher and<br />

developer of solutions for interior<br />

design- and construction-related<br />

industries, has launched a new<br />

herringbone installation method that<br />

removes the need for two types of<br />

panels, and instead uses one universal<br />

type. Unizip, Unilin’s new herringbone<br />

technology, is their answer to simplify<br />

the production, supplying and<br />

installation of herringbone flooring.<br />

Without using glue or plastic inserts,<br />

the Unizip profile leverages on a<br />

tongue-and-groove locking system<br />

and positions it around the panel so<br />

that the short side of the panel can be<br />

locked into the long side of the adjacent<br />

panel without having to compromise<br />

on the locking strength. According<br />

to Koopmans, Unilin focused on<br />

developing a locking system that creates<br />

strong locking strength on both the<br />

short and long sides of the panel, while<br />

ensuring that the panel could fit other<br />

panels in every way possible.<br />

Koopmans added: “After a lot of R&D<br />

effort we developed a breakthrough<br />

locking system that combines an<br />

innovative design that is partly groove,<br />

partly tongue. It is a great locking<br />

system that can be incorporated by<br />

48 <strong>Panels</strong> & <strong>Furniture</strong> <strong>Asia</strong> | <strong>November</strong> / <strong>December</strong> <strong>2022</strong>


integrating some adjustments to<br />

existing product lines.”<br />

Hence, this rules out any confusion<br />

from using two different sets of<br />

panels. From a logistical perspective,<br />

producing only one type of panel<br />

compared to two reduces the supply<br />

chain storage and distribution<br />

requirements. Additionally, the Unizip<br />

profile can be integrated in the current<br />

production process, as producers only<br />

need one additional tool: a machine<br />

integration for the milling machine.<br />

This tool pushes the milling blade<br />

forward and backwards at precise<br />

moments.<br />

The development of Unizip also<br />

responds to the rising demand for<br />

herringbone. According to Unilin,<br />

what makes herringbone popular is<br />

its trendy and timeless look, while<br />

creating the illusion that a room<br />

looks larger than it is. The developer<br />

reported that they have seen “an influx<br />

of interested parties” for herringbone<br />

patterns, and “more producers have<br />

invested in production lines for Unizip<br />

panels”.<br />

For instance, according to a press<br />

release by Unilin, Novalis Innovative<br />

Flooring, a designer and manufacturer<br />

of sustainable luxury vinyl tile<br />

(LVT) flooring, adopted the Unizip<br />

technology for their flooring products<br />

and will be investing more to lead the<br />

trend for herringbone stone plastic<br />

composite (SPC) flooring. Another<br />

manufacturer, Jiangsu Shengchang,<br />

described how their turnover time<br />

was reduced with Unizip, since only<br />

one type of panel is needed to be<br />

produced.<br />

1<br />

Unizip is available for all main types<br />

of flooring, although it is generally<br />

more popular with engineered wood<br />

floors. P<br />

Legend<br />

1 Using Unizip rules out any confusion<br />

from using two different sets of panels<br />

2 Herringbone can create the illusion that<br />

a room looks larger than it is<br />

2<br />

<strong>Panels</strong> & <strong>Furniture</strong> <strong>Asia</strong> | <strong>November</strong> / <strong>December</strong> <strong>2022</strong> 49


From wood to resource:<br />

Market updates in<br />

times of challenges<br />

Trees are circular<br />

by nature<br />

With over 15 years of experience<br />

in wood-based solutions and<br />

production, Jose Matas joined<br />

Tomra Recycling as segment<br />

manager in 2021 to advance<br />

the material recycling and<br />

circularity of waste wood for<br />

the panelboard industry. His<br />

international experience with some<br />

of the world’s largest wood-based<br />

producers offers insights into<br />

the challenges and future of the<br />

industry.<br />

Wood is becoming an increasingly<br />

desirable commodity, especially in<br />

times when the market finds itself under<br />

extreme pressure due to supply chain<br />

shortages and high prices.<br />

In only a couple of months, two<br />

developments have been influencing<br />

the status quo of the sector. On the one<br />

hand, there is no place in the world<br />

where the impacts of climate change<br />

have not become evident. Whether it<br />

is extreme heat, large-scale floods or<br />

wildfires, climate change is quickening its<br />

pace. On the other hand, energy prices in<br />

Europe are on the rise and winter ahead<br />

could lead to sky-high power bills. In<br />

50 <strong>Panels</strong> & <strong>Furniture</strong> <strong>Asia</strong> | <strong>November</strong> / <strong>December</strong> <strong>2022</strong>


this article, we will look at how both the<br />

energy crisis in Europe and the weather<br />

extremes impact the wood industry and<br />

how transitioning to a circular economy<br />

can help overcome these challenges.<br />


The current energy crisis, with gas prices<br />

at record highs, has a major impact<br />

on the wood sector. Households now<br />

tend to turn to conventional heating<br />

methods such as wood-burning stoves.<br />

In Germany, for instance, where almost<br />

50% of homes are heated with gas,<br />

people started to stockpile wood for<br />

fear of gas shortages 1 . For centuries,<br />

wood has been a reliable and affordable<br />

source of energy. To date, 50 million<br />

homes in Europe use energy recovered<br />

from biomass 2 . With the aim to create<br />

sustainable energy systems and limit<br />

resource scarcity, renewable energy<br />

sources like biomass will only continue<br />

to grow 3 .<br />


It has been decades since people<br />

heard about the urgency to combat<br />

climate change and little has happened<br />

to mitigate its effects. This year,<br />

maybe more than ever before, we are<br />

experiencing the devastating aftermaths<br />

of climate change. Extreme weather<br />

has significantly impacted forests and<br />

thereby the condition and availability<br />

of wood. Canada, which covers about<br />

one quarter of the wood demand in the<br />

US, is suffering from severe drought<br />

and wildfires that disrupt the supply<br />

chain 4 . At the same time, drought<br />

leads to insect infestations that affect<br />

the condition of wood and, thereby,<br />

potentially the quality of the woodbased<br />

products.<br />


A variety of industrial and consumer<br />

products consists of wood, and<br />

the furniture industry is producing<br />

wood-based panels on a large scale<br />

to meet growing consumer demands.<br />

Unfortunately, wood has turned into a<br />

product that no longer grows on trees<br />

since its demand has long exceeded the<br />

volume Earth can naturally provide 5 . The<br />

lack of supply has only recently been<br />

exacerbated by the climate emergency<br />

and the European energy crisis, as well<br />

as the ongoing war between Russia and<br />

Ukraine. With the start of the war, the<br />

EU decided to stop imports including<br />

wood and wood-based products from<br />

both Russia and Belarus. This entails a<br />

gap of approximately 4.5 million cubic<br />

metres of sawn lumber annually 6 . As a<br />

consequence, the wood-based panel<br />

industry is exposed to challenges in<br />

sourcing enough raw material that is still<br />

suitable to be processed into superior<br />

quality products.<br />


Current lumber prices are a reflection<br />

of the scope of the sector’s challenges.<br />

In Bulgaria, for instance, where the use<br />

of wood-burning stoves is common,<br />

firewood prices have doubled,<br />

reaching up to €150/cubic metre 7 . In<br />

Germany, prices for wood and pellets<br />

have multiplied by 2.5, and pellet<br />

production plants can hardly keep pace<br />

in producing enough saleable material 8 .<br />

In the US, lumber prices outperformed<br />

those of gold and bitcoins and wood is<br />

expected to become the most desirable<br />

commodity 9 .<br />

The price for non-processed wood chips<br />

for instance shot up by 450% within the<br />

last year. In 2021, collectors had to pay<br />

for disposing of hazardous waste wood<br />

but today some licensed facilities are<br />

even rewarding waste collectors for the<br />

material. Given the recent challenges,<br />

prices are predicted to increase even<br />

more mid-to-long term.<br />

Such trends can be turned into<br />

opportunities and incentivises us to<br />

change the way we treat and manage<br />

our resources.<br />



When energy-intense primary<br />

production is hampered by material<br />

shortage and unprecedented prices,<br />

manufacturers must find ways to<br />

access materials to secure profits.<br />

An environmentally friendly and<br />

economically viable solution is the reuse<br />

of recyclable materials. Until recently,<br />

most wood has been downcycled rather<br />

than being turned into recycled content<br />

that features virgin-like qualities and<br />

is applicable for the manufacture of<br />

higher-grade applications 10 . If we kept<br />

wood-based panels in a closed loop,<br />

we can bridge the gap between supply<br />

and demand and contribute to meeting<br />

sustainability targets.<br />


Wood is a circular material and trees are<br />

a best-practice example of renewability:<br />

It all starts with a small seed that is<br />

planted and nurtured by nutrients<br />

found in the soil, and the tree starts<br />

growing. During the tree’s lifecycle, it<br />

uses nutrients from the soil to produce<br />

oxygen with its leaves. During autumn,<br />

the leaves fall, are absorbed by the<br />

soil, and provide nutrients for the next<br />

generation of trees. As this example<br />

shows us, trees are circular by nature<br />

from the beginning to their end of life.<br />

Given the recent developments and the<br />

industry’s aim to make its processes<br />

more sustainable, it is time to also apply<br />

the concept of circularity to the end-oflife<br />

cycle of trees.<br />

<strong>Panels</strong> & <strong>Furniture</strong> <strong>Asia</strong> | <strong>November</strong> / <strong>December</strong> <strong>2022</strong> 51



FOR WOOD<br />

To date, huge volumes of wood end up<br />

in landfill instead of being recycled and<br />

processed into new products. Stepping<br />

away from linear production and<br />

consumption towards a circular model<br />

would enable the industry to alleviate<br />

supply shortages and prices and save<br />

valuable resources. To get there, we<br />

must introduce a holistic approach<br />

that includes the collection, sorting,<br />

and recycling of waste wood. While<br />

the necessary infrastructure is still in<br />

its infancy in many countries, market<br />

trends signal that investing in waste<br />

wood recycling can be economically<br />

advantageous.<br />

Apart from the economic advantages,<br />

a circular economy for wood is a<br />

promising concept to reduce CO2<br />

emissions. Production with recycled<br />

wood emits less CO2 than processes<br />

with primary materials. For example,<br />

1m 3 of ready-to-market particleboard<br />

absorbs 720kg CO2, and for mediumdensity<br />

fibreboard (MDF), even 820kg 11 .<br />


A circular economy that exploits the<br />

full potential of natural resources<br />

like wood depends on the advanced<br />

cleaning, sorting and recycling of<br />

waste wood. Whereas traditional<br />

cleaning methods, such as magnets,<br />

air and water separators, deliver<br />

adequate results for smaller plants<br />

that do not require high throughput<br />

and purity levels, manufacturers<br />

looking to increase recycled content<br />

require the most advanced sorting<br />

technology. A combination of x-ray<br />

sorting units to remove inert materials<br />

from waste wood and optical sensorbased<br />

sorters for further purification<br />

enables plant operators to unleash<br />

new opportunities. First, they can<br />

run high throughputs and reach new<br />

purity levels. Second, they can create<br />

new revenue streams when upgrading<br />

the optical sorter with deep learning<br />

technology. Sorting software based on<br />

deep learning allows for the detection,<br />

analysis and separation of different<br />

Droughts endanger the condition of vegetation and trees<br />

wood grades and can even recover MDF<br />

from a processed waste wood stream.<br />


In recent years, the industry has<br />

undergone considerable change and<br />

made progress related to sustainability.<br />

Infrastructures to collect, sort, and<br />

recycle waste wood have been put<br />

in place in countries and regions<br />

that have recognised the untapped<br />

potential of waste wood. With the<br />

market introduction of smart sorting<br />

technologies that outperform many<br />

conventional methods, recycling has<br />

become a promising concept for both<br />

the industry and nature. In the future,<br />

the wood-based panel industry will<br />

increasingly turn to recycled wood to<br />

access materials, develop products<br />

of higher quality, reduce costs and<br />

dependence on material availability,<br />

and realise higher yields.<br />

Once holistic approaches are<br />

established, we must go beyond<br />

closing the loop on particleboards<br />

and address circularity for all types<br />

of wood-based materials, some of<br />

which are still difficult or impossible to<br />

recycle. In general, the solution is quite<br />

simple: The more wood is kept in use,<br />

the more we protect our planet and<br />

minimise deforestation, a factor that is<br />

propelling climate change. There is still<br />

a long way to go, and the imbalance of<br />

supply and demand will not disappear<br />

overnight, but we will get there if we<br />

join forces and remind ourselves of the<br />

necessity to maximise resource use<br />

and recovery.<br />

Do not forget: wood is good, recycled<br />

wood is better. P<br />

References<br />

1. Deutsche Welle. Germany: Stockpiling wood in fear<br />

of gas shortage. <br />

2. The Post. Firewood: The premodern solution to Britain’s<br />

3. Renewable Energy Magazine. Biomass market growth<br />

promoted by increasing investments in renewable power<br />

generation. <br />

4. CNBC. Climate change will disrupt supply chains much<br />

more than COVID — Here’s how businesses can prepare.<br />

5. Material Trader. Cascading wood towards the circular<br />

economy. <br />

6. Metsä Group. Price of sawn timber settling at a new<br />

normal. <br />

7. Euractiv. Firewood prices, shortages spell cold winter<br />

for Europe’s poorest. <br />

8. Deutsche Welle. Germany: Stockpiling wood in fear<br />

9. The Atlantic. Lumber prices are off the rails again.<br />

Blame climate change. <br />

10. Material Trader. Cascading wood towards the circular<br />

economy. <br />

11. ResearchGate. Carbon shortage in wood products.<br />

<br />

52 <strong>Panels</strong> & <strong>Furniture</strong> <strong>Asia</strong> | <strong>November</strong> / <strong>December</strong> <strong>2022</strong>


Little<br />

Finlandia<br />

Location:<br />

Helsinki, Finland<br />

Architectural design:<br />

Jaakko Torvinen, Havu Järvelä,<br />

and Elli Wendelin, in collaboration<br />

with Pekka Heikkinen, Architects<br />

NRT, and Arkitekturum<br />

Client:<br />

Finlandia Hall and<br />

the City of Helsinki<br />

Building year:<br />

2021<br />

Structural design:<br />

Asko Keronen<br />

Construction:<br />

FM-Haus<br />

Photography:<br />

Kimmo Räisänen, Jaakko Torvinen,<br />

Mikko Raskinen, FM-Haus<br />

Finlandia Hall, a venue in Helsinki,<br />

Finland for conferences and other<br />

events, is now flanked by a wooden<br />

construction known as Little<br />

Finlandia. The pavilion-like building,<br />

offering facilities for events and<br />

catering, is made 100% from Finnish<br />

wood and will provide temporary<br />

facilities during Finlandia Hall’s<br />

renovation until the end of 2024. The<br />

building covers approximately 2,000m 2<br />

and can host up to 800 participants.<br />

Little Finlandia is a joint project of<br />

the City of Helsinki, Finlandia Hall,<br />

Aalto University and FM-Haus, and its<br />

elements are built with Metsä Wood’s<br />

Kerto laminated veneer lumber (LVL)<br />

products.<br />

<strong>Panels</strong> & <strong>Furniture</strong> <strong>Asia</strong> | <strong>November</strong> / <strong>December</strong> <strong>2022</strong> 53



Little Finland was designed by<br />

architects Jaakko Torvinen, Havu<br />

Järvelä, and Elli Wendelin in<br />

collaboration with professor Pekka<br />

Heikkinen from Aalto University,<br />

and architecture and design firms<br />

Architects NRT and Arkitekturum. The<br />

structural design of Little Finlandia<br />

was based on the possibility of<br />

reusing the building. Once the<br />

renovation of Finlandia Hall is<br />

completed, Little Finlandia can be<br />

moved to other locations and used<br />

as temporary facilities for schools<br />

and day care centres, or for other<br />

renovation projects.<br />

1<br />



Little Finlandia is an example of<br />

Finnish wood architecture, blending<br />

into its surroundings. It also adheres<br />

to the principles of sustainability<br />

and the circular economy. Wood is<br />

a sustainable construction material,<br />

and the use of wooden modules<br />

enables the building to be flexibly<br />

adapted, ensuring it a long, useful life.<br />

“Wood stores carbon throughout<br />

the building’s lifecycle. For example,<br />

the Kerto LVL used in Little Finlandia<br />

has a carbon storage of 484.5 tonnes<br />

of CO2e,” said Lassi Moisio, sales<br />

manager from Metsä Wood.<br />

The renovation of Finlandia Hall is<br />

slated to complete by the end of<br />

2024, so Little Finlandia will serve<br />

its current purpose at least until<br />

then. The building can then be<br />

used for other purposes. Moisio<br />

explained: “To ensure the building<br />

meets the requirements for<br />

adaptability, transport, and reuse, it<br />

must be constructed from durable<br />

and premium-quality materials.<br />

The elements, made of Kerto LVL<br />

products, ensure a long-lived building<br />

that withstands heavy use.”<br />

FM-HAUS<br />

Little Finlandia was constructed by<br />

FM-Haus, a family-owned company<br />

established 25 years ago in the<br />

municipality of Jokioinen, Finland.<br />

The company is a partner in module<br />

and wood construction. FM-Haus<br />

operates across Finland and has<br />

been Metsä Wood’s partner for more<br />

than 20 years.<br />

The cooperation between Metsä<br />

Wood and FM-Haus is based on<br />

mutual trust and the wish to develop<br />

and boost wood construction. The<br />

partners’ joint work has focused<br />

especially on developing the<br />

structure of Kerto LVL RIPA slabs.<br />

“Metsä Wood offers first-class<br />

delivery reliability. We also have<br />

a designated sales representative<br />

and get personal customer service<br />

whenever needed. We have engaged<br />

in close cooperation with Metsä<br />

Wood for nearly as long as our<br />

company has existed. In recent<br />

years, our joint development work<br />

has mainly focused on multi-storey<br />

construction, and we have carried out a<br />

lot of product development for various<br />

components,” said Juhani Sjöman,<br />

managing director of FM-Haus.<br />

Metsä Wood and FM-Haus share the<br />

same goal: They aim to be sustainable<br />

and environmentally friendly operators<br />

in the construction value chain. The<br />

buildings constructed by FM-Haus are<br />

adaptable and modifiable while offering<br />

the properties and fulfilling the criteria<br />

of permanent buildings. FM-Haus<br />

wants its buildings to serve people as<br />

versatilely and for as long as possible.<br />

Another major goal is to put a stop to<br />

single-use construction.<br />

Little Finlandia was constructed<br />

from wooden volumetric modules,<br />

prefabricated by FM-Haus at its<br />

element factory in Jokioinen, 120km<br />

north of Helsinki. Modular construction<br />

had an impact on the speed of<br />

construction compared to on-site<br />

construction.<br />

2<br />

Legend<br />

1 Little Finlandia<br />

can host up to 800<br />

participants<br />

2 The on-site<br />

construction<br />

time was a third<br />

of the duration<br />

for normal<br />

construction<br />

3 The wooden<br />

volumetric<br />

modules were<br />

prefabricated offsite<br />

4 The volumetric<br />

modules were<br />

built using Metsä<br />

Wood’s Kerto LVL<br />

products<br />

5 The floor and roof<br />

structures feature<br />

Metsä Wood’s<br />

Kerto LVL RIPA<br />

technology<br />

6 Three-ply CLT<br />

panels were used<br />

and folded to gain<br />

structural integrity<br />

7 The Kerto LVL<br />

panel<br />

54 <strong>Panels</strong> & <strong>Furniture</strong> <strong>Asia</strong> | <strong>November</strong> / <strong>December</strong> <strong>2022</strong>


“In the case of Little Finlandia,<br />

modular construction cut the on-site<br />

construction time to a third of the<br />

usual duration,” said Sjöman.<br />

3<br />


The load-bearing structures of the<br />

modules used in Little Finlandia were<br />

built with several Kerto LVL products,<br />

including Kerto LVL S-beams, as<br />

well as Kerto LVL Q- and Kerto-Kate<br />

panels. Each of these products offers<br />

optimal usability and properties for<br />

their purpose. Although lightweight,<br />

the products are strong and rigid,<br />

according to Metsä Wood.<br />

4<br />

The floor and roof structures feature<br />

Metsä Wood’s Kerto LVL RIPA<br />

technology, as elaborated by Sjöman:<br />

“Thanks to Kerto-RIPA technology, we<br />

didn’t need as much Kerto LVL for the<br />

elements. This matches our ecological<br />

values, as it means a reduced volume<br />

of material. Of course, it is also more<br />

cost-effective for us.”<br />

5<br />


Little Finlandia must meet stringent<br />

standards for fire resistance. Metsä<br />

Wood reported that the Kerto LVL<br />

structures used in the building have<br />

a fire resistance of 60 minutes. The<br />

building also features three fire<br />

compartments, bordered by fire<br />

dampers that withstand fire for 30<br />

minutes. The ventilation engine room<br />

and the intermediate floors were<br />

constructed to ensure a fire resistance<br />

of 30 minutes.<br />

The wood panels used in the<br />

building have a high fire and char<br />

resistance, and they have been<br />

treated with a certified fire retardant<br />

to ensure they satisfy the fire safety<br />

requirements of European design<br />

standards. The building also has<br />

an automated fire alarm system<br />

and four fire hydrants, according<br />

to Jere Kinnunen, the site’s project<br />

manager. P<br />

6<br />

The article was first published by Metsä<br />

Wood, and is reproduced here with<br />

permission.<br />

<strong>Panels</strong> & <strong>Furniture</strong> <strong>Asia</strong> | <strong>November</strong> / <strong>December</strong> <strong>2022</strong> 55


Hello, Mr Shim<br />

I am working for a company supplying adhesives, responsible<br />

for the sales of woodworking adhesives. A customer who owns<br />

a factory producing solid wood doors with mahogany wood<br />

sourced from its forest farm complained that the two-component<br />

emulsion polymer isocyanate (EPI) glue we supplied was unstable,<br />

resulting in the assembled doors prone to loosening and warping,<br />

and hence not durable. I appreciate it if you can help analyse the<br />

reasons for warping and the poor durability of the doors, and put<br />

forward solutions. According to local government regulations,<br />

new trees must be planted after logging in the client’s forest farm,<br />

with Acacia mangium as the main plantation species. Recently,<br />

the client is considering planting Azadirachta excelsa, and I hope<br />

you can provide general knowledge about Acacia mangium and<br />

Azadirachta excelsa to enhance my communication with the client.<br />

Thank you.<br />

Sincerely,<br />

Mr Chen<br />

Reasons<br />

for solid<br />

wood doors<br />

prone to<br />

warping and<br />

loosening<br />

Shim Yee Shin is a<br />

specialist consultant<br />

in the woodworking<br />

and panel industry,<br />

with more than<br />

four decades of<br />

experience in the<br />

field. He graduated<br />

from Taiwan’s<br />

National Chun-Hsing<br />

University with a<br />

major in forestry<br />

in 1973, and has<br />

since accumulated a wealth of experience through his work in<br />

various countries across South East <strong>Asia</strong> and Greater China.<br />

Mr Shim now runs his own consultancy firm providing ad-hoc<br />

consultancy services and bespoke training workshops. Prior to<br />

this, he was Henkel’s Woodworking Adhesives technical service<br />

director for the <strong>Asia</strong>-Pacific region.<br />

Mr Chen, thank you for your message. According<br />

to the information you provided, the factors<br />

that cause assembled wooden doors to be<br />

prone to loosening and warping, as well as the<br />

improvement measures, are briefly described<br />

as follows:<br />

I. Unstable wood moisture content: Excessive<br />

moisture content in solid timber used for<br />

doors may result in the following defects:<br />

1. Poor adhesive strength: When lumber<br />

with moisture content between 16-20%<br />

is used for the door post or ledge, the<br />

adhesive strength will not be ideal.<br />

When the moisture content of the<br />

lumber decreases to 10-12%, the wood<br />

will shrink and lead to gaps and the<br />

warping of solid wood door parts.<br />

2. Fluffing of round timber tenon hole:<br />

If the moisture content of the timber<br />

is up to 20% and the drilling bit is not<br />

sharp enough, it may cause fluffing<br />

of the round timber tenon hole of the<br />

door post and ledge, resulting in poor<br />

adhesive strength.<br />

3. Unstable wood: Most mahogany<br />

timber is mixed with different species<br />

with large density tolerance. When the<br />

homogenisation treatment in the dry<br />

kiln is not in place and the moisture<br />

content is too high, these will cause<br />

wood instability, causing solid wood<br />

doors to be prone to warping and<br />

deformation.<br />

4. Suggested improvement measures:<br />

Logs of the same species or similar<br />

densities should be selected in the<br />

lumber mill and then collected for<br />

lumber production. Raw logs of the<br />

same species, similar densities or<br />

synchronous drying times are also<br />

preferred for lumber production. It is<br />

recommended to control the lumber<br />

density tolerance below 0.2g/cm³ or<br />

classify it according to the species of the<br />

tree.<br />

Additionally, use qualified stacking<br />

rods and ensure they maintain an<br />

appropriate distance to minimise the<br />

disadvantages of the kiln-drying wood<br />

warping. And regularly check whether<br />

the drying kiln is operating normally<br />

and whether the homogenisation<br />

56 <strong>Panels</strong> & <strong>Furniture</strong> <strong>Asia</strong> | <strong>November</strong> / <strong>December</strong> <strong>2022</strong>


II.<br />

treatment is in place before<br />

the drying timber leaves the<br />

kiln. An ideal moisture content<br />

is 8-10%. The drying timber<br />

should not leave the kiln until<br />

its temperature drops to room<br />

temperature.<br />

Unstable quality control (QC) of raw<br />

logs for door post or ledge: Try to<br />

avoid bending and warping when<br />

cutting and sawing the raw logs. It<br />

is recommended that the raw logs<br />

should be planed on the side and<br />

front with a hand planer, and a foursided<br />

planer is used to complete the<br />

secondary processing process after<br />

ensuring the logs are straight and<br />

free of warping defects.<br />

III. Poor processing accuracy of door<br />

post or ledge: If the thickness or<br />

door slot accuracy of the door post<br />

or ledge during four-sided planing<br />

is not handled properly, it will lead<br />

to gaps when the door post or ledge<br />

is assembled, causing damage to<br />

tightness performance (Fig. 1). It<br />

is recommended to use a simple<br />

mould to check the accuracy of the<br />

door post or ledge during planing.<br />

IV. Poor accuracy of dowel tenon<br />

hole of door post or ledge: When<br />

drilling the dowel tenon holes into<br />

the door post or ledge, ensure that<br />

the thickness is error-free. When<br />

drilling tenon holes in the centreline<br />

of the door post or ledge, ensure<br />

that the spacing, hole depth, hole<br />

diameter and right-angle accuracy<br />

are accurate. If the dowel mortise<br />

and tenon hole are not at a right<br />

angle, it will cause the assembled<br />

solid wood doors to spring back and<br />

loosen (Fig. 2). It is recommended<br />

to use a simple mould to check the<br />

accuracy of the door post or ledge<br />

when drilling the tenon holes.<br />

V. Unstable dowel tenon quality:<br />

Misplacement of the chamfering<br />

and grooving of the dowel tenon,<br />

excessively large diameter<br />

tolerance, hit miss, and excessive<br />

moisture content will cause the<br />

assembled wooden door to be not<br />

durable and prone to loosening. It<br />

is recommended that the moisture<br />

content of the dowel be controlled<br />

at 8%, and the diameter tolerance of<br />

the dowel tenon be less than 0.1mm<br />

(Fig. 3).<br />

VI. Improper glue application: If the<br />

glue applied to the tenon holes<br />

is too little or uneven, the solid<br />

wood door will not be durable. It<br />

is recommended to use a steampressure<br />

glue barrel and a glue gun<br />

with a small hole in the nozzle, so<br />

that the glue can be sprayed on<br />

all sides, to ensure that the glue is<br />

applied evenly and a proper amount<br />

is used (Fig. 3).<br />

VII. Unstable QC of glue mixing:<br />

Employees must control the glue<br />

mixing ratio and use it up within<br />

45 minutes of the pot life, or the<br />

glue will lose efficacy. Therefore,<br />

the adhesive force is often unstable<br />

due to human errors, resulting in<br />

the degumming and poor durability<br />

of solid wood doors. EPI twocomponent<br />

adhesive is used in the<br />

assembly of solid wood doors, but<br />

it is recommended to use EU D3<br />

grade one-component white latex,<br />

or polyvinyl acetate (PVAc) glue that<br />

features an appropriate anti-solvent<br />

effect.<br />

VIII. Lengthy assembly time: If it takes<br />

too long to assemble the solid wood<br />

door, the glue film of the tenon<br />

hole will dry prematurely, causing<br />

poor glue strength of the solid<br />

wood door. It is recommended to<br />

complete the door assembly within<br />

the effective opening and closing<br />

times after glue application.<br />

IX. Improper control of assembly<br />

pressure: If the assembly machine<br />

for the solid wood door has been<br />

used for a long time, and the oil<br />

seal of the oil cylinder piston wears<br />

and leakage occurs, these will<br />

result in the poor tightness of the<br />

Fig. 1: Gaps in between the door posts or ledges from the improper<br />

handling of the thickness or door slotting accuracy of the post or ledge<br />

Fig. 2: Misplacement of the round tenon’s chamfering and grooving,<br />

excessively large diameter tolerance, hit miss, and excessive moisture<br />

content will cause the assembled wooden door to be prone to loosening<br />

<strong>Panels</strong> & <strong>Furniture</strong> <strong>Asia</strong> | <strong>November</strong> / <strong>December</strong> <strong>2022</strong> 57


Fig. 3: Using a straight six-inch-long round tenon or a round rod with the same diameter as<br />

the tenon to drive into the tenon hole, while using a square to check whether the drilled hole<br />

is at a right angle<br />

assembly, and a slit between the<br />

door post and ledge. If the material<br />

density tolerance of a pair of door<br />

pillars is too large, it will cause the<br />

flimsy pillars to be under too much<br />

pressure, which further causes the<br />

compressed door pillars to rebound<br />

after decompression and destroy<br />

the glue film that penetrates the<br />

cellular tissues of the pillars. It is<br />

recommended to check the solid<br />

wood door assembly machine<br />

regularly to maintain proper<br />

pressure, and it is recommended<br />

to control the density tolerance of<br />

lumber used for door pillars below<br />

0.2g/cm³ or classify according to<br />

the tree species.<br />

A brief description of the two plantation<br />

species is given below:<br />

I. Acacia mangium, with a scientific<br />

name of Acacia mangium Willd,<br />

also known as big-leaf acacia,<br />

is an evergreen tree native to<br />

Queensland, Australia, and later<br />

introduced to South East <strong>Asia</strong>.<br />

It belongs to the Mimosaceae<br />

family with alternate leaves, flat<br />

leaf margins, and 3-5 longitudinal<br />

veins with acuminate ends. As a<br />

fast-growing species, it has small<br />

diameter timber and grows to<br />

full size within 7-8 years. Acacia<br />

mangium is most commonly<br />

II.<br />

used for pulp making: The wood<br />

is brown, with a wood moisture<br />

content of 15% and a density of<br />

0.53-0.69g/cm³. The material is<br />

refined, with a colour similar to<br />

teak, and can be used for furniture.<br />

The sapwood is light yellow and<br />

white, and the heartwood is often<br />

decayed or broken. It has a low<br />

utilisation rate of materials, slow<br />

artificial drying, and is easy to<br />

produce collapse or honeycomb<br />

crack if not well controlled.<br />

The neem, or sentang, with a<br />

scientific name of Azadirachta<br />

excelsa, is an evergreen tree of<br />

the neem family, distributed in<br />

South East <strong>Asia</strong>. If the growth<br />

environment is good, it can reach<br />

125cm in diameter and 50m in<br />

height, with an average height<br />

of 20-30m, and is a fast-growing<br />

timber. It has alternate, oddpinnately<br />

compound leaves, usually<br />

7-11 pairs which are 30-75cm. The<br />

pinnae are lanceolate or falcate,<br />

with serrated leaf margins and all<br />

green near the petiole of 1-2cm<br />

(Fig. 4). The leaves have a bitter<br />

taste and insect pests. It grows to<br />

full size within 7-8 years and has<br />

12% moisture content and 0.58g/<br />

cm³ density. As medium hardwood,<br />

it has light brown sapwood and<br />

dark red-brown heartwood,<br />

suitable for furniture, plywood and<br />

other woodworking materials. In<br />

addition to being used for wood,<br />

the bark and leaves are rich in neem<br />

seeds, which can be extracted to<br />

make neem oil and insect repellent.<br />

If added to other materials, it can<br />

be made into insecticide, fungicide,<br />

and others. It has a scientific name<br />

of Azadirachta Indica in India and<br />

Melia Azedarach L in China.<br />

In addition to the above two species,<br />

Albizia Facata Bacher ex Merill and<br />

Eucalyptus Grandis are also worth<br />

considering for afforestation.<br />

Based on the information you provided,<br />

the above are my analyses and<br />

suggestions for improvement. I hope<br />

they can help solve the problems of<br />

poor durability in the solid wood door,<br />

and the door post and ledge prone<br />

to loosening or warping. I have also<br />

provided some general knowledge of<br />

afforestation species, which I hope are<br />

helpful. P<br />

Sincerely,<br />

Shim Yee Shin<br />

Figure 4: The aluminium rubber roller<br />

has been used for a long time and the<br />

rubber tank is worn out, or the rubber tank<br />

is deformed due to improper cleaning,<br />

causing the glue to be uneven<br />

Fig. 4: Sapling of<br />

neem, or sentang<br />

58 <strong>Panels</strong> & <strong>Furniture</strong> <strong>Asia</strong> | <strong>November</strong> / <strong>December</strong> <strong>2022</strong>

Build<br />

Sustainably<br />

Build<br />

with Wood<br />

Every two minutes<br />

U.S. forests grow<br />

700 cubic meters<br />

enough to build a<br />

12-story building


How sustainable<br />

is palm wood?<br />

Inspiring the next “material revolution” by<br />

creating sustainable and high-performance<br />

materials from oil palm waste, Peter Fitch,<br />

together with IOI, have set up IOI Palm<br />

Wood to commercialise this untapped<br />

potential.<br />

Palm wood comes from various tree-like<br />

species in the palm family. However, the most<br />

abundant and sustainable supply comes from<br />

Elaeis guineensis, or commonly known as oil<br />

palm. Palm wood can be sustainable due to<br />

the high availability of oil palms but logging in<br />

tropical forests and deforestation causes great<br />

ecological damage. So, the question is: Just<br />

how sustainable is it to buy products that are<br />

made from palm wood?<br />

Palm wood is sustainable because of its<br />

carbon storage and carbon sequestration.<br />

Palm trees are only cut down when they stop<br />

bearing economically valuable fruits. Thus, the<br />

production of palm wood from oil palm trunks<br />

(OPT) that are chopped and left to rot in the<br />

fields serves as an environmentally friendly way<br />

to repurpose an otherwise waste material.<br />

To understand the sustainability of palm wood,<br />

let us assess the lifecycle of furniture and<br />

other building materials using the lifecycle<br />

assessment (LCA) to evaluate the potential<br />

environmental impacts of each stage of palm<br />

wood’s lifecycle. LCA is a strategic method that<br />

has been used by companies over the years to<br />

research and create more sustainable products.<br />

In this article, we will use the cradle-to-grave<br />

perspective to examine each stage of the<br />

lifecycle of flooring, furniture and building<br />

materials made from palm wood.<br />


As oil palms grow, they uptake carbon<br />

dioxide, thus reducing its presence in the<br />

atmosphere. Throughout the ages, oil palms<br />

have adapted to many habitats in the world’s<br />

tropical regions and have provided fruit crops<br />

such as crude palm oil. While only 5% of the<br />

world’s vegetable oil farmland is used for palm<br />

plantations, palm cultivation produces 38%<br />

of the world’s total vegetable oil supply. In<br />

terms of oil yield, a palm plantation is 10 times<br />

more productive than soyabean, sunflower or<br />

rapeseed cultivation because palm fruit and<br />

kernel both provide usable oil. The production<br />

of palm wood from discarded trunks adds to<br />

the usefulness and climate positive aspects of<br />

palm wood.<br />


The palm family has 190 genera and 2,800<br />

species, making it one of the largest in the<br />

monocotyledon, or monocot, group. Other<br />

families in this group are banana and bamboo.<br />

Palms, like all other monocots, are more closely<br />

related to grass than trees: The plants have only<br />

a single stem and no bark, branches or secondary<br />

growth. Thus, palm wood is technically neither<br />

hardwood nor softwood. Palms have been used as<br />

alternative sources of wood for hundreds of years,<br />

such as the flexible stems from climbing rattans<br />

— a large palm sub-family — which is commonly<br />

used to make furniture and household items.<br />

Some palm species which palm wood is<br />

commonly utilised for building homes and making<br />

furniture include palmyra palm, or Borassus<br />

flabellifer; red palm or coconut palm; date palm,<br />

or Phoenix dactylifera; peach palm, or Bactris<br />

gasipaes; and rattans.<br />

At IOI Palm Wood, we aim to add oil palm,<br />

or Elaeis guineensis to this list. Palm wood’s<br />

sustainability lies in the potential for carbon<br />

sequestration due to the abundance of<br />

plantations throughout Malaysia and South East<br />

<strong>Asia</strong>, and the multiple benefits of land used for<br />

growing these palm species for vegetable oil<br />

production.<br />

Oil palms are grown in large plantations for their<br />

fruits. Once these palms are no longer productive,<br />

60 <strong>Panels</strong> & <strong>Furniture</strong> <strong>Asia</strong> | <strong>November</strong> / <strong>December</strong> <strong>2022</strong>


they are cut down to make room for the next<br />

generation of palms. OPT, which is the byproduct<br />

of the fruit crops, provides a quantity<br />

of sustainable biomass material for the wood<br />

industry. For example, oil palms can grow<br />

up to 20m in height and 1.5m in diameter. If<br />

plantations are replanted after 25 years, the<br />

felled trunks could be used to produce palm<br />

wood. It can be estimated that a typical trunk<br />

volume of 140m³ per hectare can sequestrate<br />

80 tonnes of CO2. Additionally, removing the<br />

trunks prevents the release of methane during<br />

the decaying process which is 24 times as<br />

detrimental to the climate as CO2. The use<br />

of the palm wood thus reduces the pressure<br />

on endangered hardwood species located in<br />

tropical rainforests.<br />

Hardwoods have annual growth rings that are<br />

similarly dense. Conversely, a typical palm stem<br />

consists of two regions with unequal density.<br />

The region around the core is larger and softer<br />

than the outer region, which is often made of<br />

densely packed fibres.<br />

The energy needed to power sawing machines<br />

and the kilns can come from fossil-free sources<br />

to reduce carbon emissions. Burning wood<br />

waste is one way to avoid using fossil fuel in<br />

this step. At IOI Palm Wood, we intend to derive<br />

100% of our thermal energy from biomass.<br />

Another fossil-free fuel option is solar power<br />

which will be a potential investment for us in<br />

2023.<br />


Using palm furniture and building materials is<br />

sustainable with the carbon capture during the<br />

product’s lifetime. Palm wood, for example,<br />

can last for more than a decade, provided<br />

they are dry and treated properly. When wood<br />

is decayed, either naturally in the forest or<br />


Turning palm wood into furniture has a<br />

relatively low carbon footprint because wood<br />

waste can be recycled fully as by-products<br />

or biomass energy to off-set the carbon<br />

emissions during harvesting and processing.<br />

The first step of manufacturing palm furniture<br />

and building materials involves cutting down<br />

the palms and turning them into lumber in a<br />

sawmill. Electricity is needed to run sawing<br />

machines. The next step is to dry the lumber<br />

before turning it into furniture. A piece of<br />

lumber needs to be dried to the desired<br />

moisture content. Then, a kiln is used, which<br />

requires extra energy, which can be off-set by<br />

using biomass energy.<br />

The rate of drying palm wood depends on the<br />

moisture content and the temperature. This<br />

can take many days, or even weeks. Density<br />

is another deciding factor for the drying time.<br />

Turning palm wood into furniture has a<br />

relatively low carbon footprint<br />

<strong>Panels</strong> & <strong>Furniture</strong> <strong>Asia</strong> | <strong>November</strong> / <strong>December</strong> <strong>2022</strong> 61


because of damage caused by usage at home,<br />

the carbon stored in the wood is released back<br />

to the atmosphere. Therefore, long-lasting<br />

furniture can be a good way of keeping carbon<br />

out of the atmosphere. If the wood is reclaimed<br />

for making another piece of furniture, its<br />

positive carbon storage environmental impact is<br />

even higher.<br />


The transportation of palm wood is a relatively<br />

carbon-intensive stage in the palm wood’s<br />

lifecycle due to the distance from its source<br />

and the emissions associated with operating<br />

the vehicles from taking the OPT at the oil<br />

palm plantations to sawmills, to factories, and<br />

lastly to stores. As palm wood typically comes<br />

from the tropics, transporting palm wood<br />

furniture would typically have a similar carbon<br />

footprint to furniture produced in other <strong>Asia</strong>n<br />

regions such as Vietnam, China and Indonesia.<br />


The end-of-life stage for palm wood products is<br />

sustainable when the wood is reused or burned<br />

as bioenergy. There are a few scenarios for wood<br />

products — furniture, building materials and<br />

household items — at the end of their lifecycle.<br />

First, they can end up in landfills and do not<br />

decompose. In this case, it keeps its role as<br />

carbon storage. Second, wood products can<br />

also be upcycled and reused, extending their<br />

role as carbon storage and reducing the fossil<br />

carbon emitted. New wood products often travel<br />

much further to their markets, compared with<br />

recovered wood products. The latter is typically<br />

made in urban centres and sold locally, which<br />

lowers the transportation environmental<br />

burdens. Third, in another end-of-life scenario,<br />

products like a palm wood cabinet can be<br />

burned for biomass energy displacing coal or<br />

natural gas in generating electricity.<br />


Buying sustainable wood helps to prevent<br />

illegal or unsustainable logging, which harms<br />

the forests’ biosystems and accelerates climate<br />

change. Logging accounts for 26% of forest and<br />

biodiversity losses. Cutting down trees for wood<br />

has less impact on carbon storage than farming<br />

or mining. However, if logging is not sustainably<br />

managed, it can damage the biodiversity.<br />

Sustainable use of palm wood will absorb<br />

carbon from the atmosphere and reduce the<br />

overall effect of climate change. And, to make it<br />

even more sustainable, use any palm furniture<br />

for as long as you can, upcycle the material<br />

to extend its usage, and arrange for it to be<br />

recycled fully. P<br />

Keeping long-lasting<br />

furniture can be a good<br />

way of keeping carbon<br />

out of the atmosphere<br />

62 <strong>Panels</strong> & <strong>Furniture</strong> <strong>Asia</strong> | <strong>November</strong> / <strong>December</strong> <strong>2022</strong>


IFMAC & WOODMAC <strong>2022</strong><br />

encourage industry<br />

innovation and growth<br />

IFMAC &<br />

WOODMAC <strong>2022</strong><br />

gathered 11,225<br />

trade visitors over<br />

four days<br />

Indonesian furniture manufacturing<br />

components and woodworking<br />

machinery technology exhibitions<br />

IFMAC & WOODMAC <strong>2022</strong> closed its<br />

doors on 24 Sep <strong>2022</strong> on a positive<br />

note with 11,225 trade visitors from 22<br />

countries. They returned to a physical<br />

edition after a two-year postponement<br />

due to the pandemic, and gathered<br />

participation from 108 exhibitors from<br />

18 countries and regions, including<br />

Austria, Canada, China, Germany,<br />

Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Malaysia, South<br />

Korea, Taiwan, the US, among others.<br />

Various furniture and woodworking<br />

machinery, tools and components,<br />

software for furniture design, raw<br />

materials, solutions for interior works<br />

like adhesives and coatings, and fittings<br />

were showcased.<br />

Over the four days of exhibition,<br />

exhibitors and visitors got back to<br />

face-to-face business, conducting<br />

live machinery demonstrations and<br />

business back at the top of the agenda.<br />

Complementing the exhibition were<br />

seminars and presentations, which<br />

were reportedly well-received by<br />

trade attendees. These industryspecific<br />

sessions ran concurrently with<br />

the exhibition and feature industry<br />

specialists to address problems in the<br />

Indonesian furniture industry, as well<br />

as provide insights on world furniture<br />

industry trends to Indonesian<br />

furniture industry players.<br />

Shaun Yee, marketing and<br />

communications specialist in<br />

Raute Corporation for <strong>Asia</strong>-Pacific,<br />

commented: “We are very happy to<br />

be back in IFMAC & WOODMAC to see<br />

people, to interact and mingle again<br />

with customers. A huge crowd came<br />

to our booth to see our products and<br />

watch our demonstrations, where our<br />

experts could explain more to them.”<br />

Similarly, Tri Purno Adianto, chief<br />

representative of Jowat Adhesive in<br />

64 <strong>Panels</strong> & <strong>Furniture</strong> <strong>Asia</strong> | <strong>November</strong> / <strong>December</strong> <strong>2022</strong>


Indonesia, expressed his satisfaction: “The<br />

exhibition is good. A lot of visitors came<br />

to our booth and we have a lot of new<br />

potential here.”<br />

IFMAC & WOODMAC <strong>2022</strong> have also<br />

garnered the support of industry<br />

associations. Abdul Sobur, chairman of<br />

the presidium of the Indonesian <strong>Furniture</strong><br />

and Craft Industries (HIMKI), said that the<br />

use of technology could be a solution in<br />

competing with other countries, since it can<br />

not only increases the domestic industry’s<br />

production capacity, but also increases<br />

the efficiency of production costs. As he<br />

explained: “To meet the export market,<br />

Indonesian industry players must shift from<br />

traditional patterns to the use of advanced<br />

technology. The cost of technology is<br />

not always high. Therefore, HIMKI invites<br />

furniture industry players to attend IFMAC<br />

& WOODMAC <strong>2022</strong> as reference and<br />

motivation.”<br />

companies to explore the Indonesian<br />

market through IFMAC & WOODMAC. This<br />

includes Felder Group, Raute Group <strong>Asia</strong>,<br />

Dainasint, Qualitech Indopiranti, Cabinet<br />

Vision South East <strong>Asia</strong>, Global Timber <strong>Asia</strong>,<br />

Furnisoft, Jowat, and more.<br />

The next edition of IFMAC & WOODMAC<br />

will take place from 20-23 Sep 2023, at<br />

Jakarta International Expo in Jakarta,<br />

Indonesia. Space bookings are now<br />

open. P<br />

Live demonstrations of various furniture or interior<br />

design technology<br />

This statement was also supported by H.M<br />

Wiradadi Soeprayogo, chairman of the<br />

Indonesian Sawmill and Woodworking<br />

Association (ISWA): “The IFMAC &<br />

WOODMAC exhibition has been highly<br />

beneficial to Indonesia’s wood processing<br />

industry. It is a must-attend exhibition<br />

for wood processing industry players to<br />

learn about the latest developments in<br />

machining technology displayed here.”<br />

Sofianto Widjaja, general manager of<br />

Wahana Kemalaniaga Makmur (WAKENI),<br />

the organiser of IFMAC & WOODMAC,<br />

said that to boost the performance of the<br />

Indonesian furniture and craft business,<br />

quality interaction is expected between<br />

producers and suppliers at the exhibition:<br />

“Given that IFMAC & WOODMAC unite from<br />

upstream to downstream a spectrum of<br />

furniture production under one roof, the<br />

exhibition is proud to be the link for the<br />

entire industrial value chain that brings<br />

together the tools, fasteners and hardware<br />

needed for the entire furniture production<br />

and production process.”<br />

WAKENI’s partnership with Deutsche<br />

Messe, the organiser of Germany-based<br />

woodworking exhibition LIGNA, is said to<br />

attract more European and other global<br />

<strong>Panels</strong> & <strong>Furniture</strong> <strong>Asia</strong> | <strong>November</strong> / <strong>December</strong> <strong>2022</strong> 65


VietnamWood <strong>2022</strong><br />

The 14th Vietnam International<br />

Woodworking Industry Fair<br />

(VietnamWood), concurrent with<br />

Vietnam International <strong>Furniture</strong><br />

Accessories, Hardware and Tools<br />

Exhibition (Furnitec), was held<br />

from 18-21 Oct <strong>2022</strong> at the Saigon<br />

Exhibition and Convention Center<br />

(SECC) in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam,<br />

with the online platform live from<br />

18-24 Oct. Both exhibitions aim to<br />

boost the wood industry and pave<br />

the way for future investment.<br />

1<br />

This year, VietnamWood gathered<br />

233 exhibitors from 25 countries<br />

and regions to display their<br />

manufacturing solutions, machinery<br />

and technology for business<br />

contacts and technical exchanges.<br />

During the four-day event, more<br />

than 8,992 visitors came to<br />

experience the event, attending<br />

business interactions and catching<br />

up with the Vietnam market.<br />

Despite pandemic challenges<br />

and the current market situation,<br />

statistics showed that VietnamWood<br />

and Furnitec were a place of<br />

choice for the woodworking and<br />

furniture industry to unveil<br />

innovations. According to Chan<br />

Chao International Enterprise<br />

Group, the organisers behind<br />

VietnamWood, 85% of the<br />

exhibitors were satisfied with<br />

the exhibition and showed<br />

interest to participate again in<br />

2023. Moreover, over 67% of the<br />

visitors influenced purchasing<br />

decisions. The visitors hailed<br />

from 53 countries and regions<br />

and had the opportunity to<br />

check out exhibitors’ launches<br />

and new brands, and explored<br />

woodworking trends. Over 88%<br />

of them were satisfied with their<br />

experience in VietnamWood <strong>2022</strong>.<br />

Legend<br />

1 Businessmen<br />

interacting at the<br />

German pavilion of<br />

VietnamWood <strong>2022</strong><br />

2 Over 8,992 visitors<br />

participated the<br />

exhibition<br />

2<br />

The 15th edition of VietnamWood<br />

aims to continue the momentum<br />

and bolster the growth of the<br />

woodworking industry and<br />

market in Vietnam. It will be held<br />

from 20-23 Sep 2023. P<br />

66 <strong>Panels</strong> & <strong>Furniture</strong> <strong>Asia</strong> | <strong>November</strong> / <strong>December</strong> <strong>2022</strong>


Events Calendar <strong>2022</strong>–2024<br />

<strong>2022</strong><br />

Cairo WoodShow <strong>2022</strong><br />

Cairo, Egypt<br />

DOMOTEX 2023<br />

Hannover, Germany<br />

DECEMBER, 15 – 18<br />

2023<br />

JANUARY, 12 – 15<br />

MARCH, 09 – 12<br />

Export <strong>Furniture</strong> Exhibition<br />

Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia<br />

MARCH, 28 – 31<br />

Interzum Guangzhou<br />

Guangzhou, China<br />

AUGUST, 10 – 13<br />

AUGUST, 24 – 27<br />

in conjunction with<br />

Smart <strong>Furniture</strong> Solutions and Mass Timber<br />

Binh Duong, Vietnam<br />

Hawa Expo<br />

Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam<br />

Malaysia International <strong>Furniture</strong> Fair 2023<br />

Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia<br />

DelhiWood<br />

New Delhi, India<br />

FEBRUARY, 22 – 25<br />

MARCH, 01 – 04<br />

MARCH, 02 – 05<br />

MARCH, 07 – 09<br />

Dubai WoodShow<br />

Dubai, United Arab Emirates<br />

Photo: Jonathan Bernard / Unsplash<br />

Photo: Jonathan Bernard / Unsplash<br />

Salone del Mobile<br />

Milan, Italy<br />

Wood Taiwan<br />

Taiwan<br />

interzum Cologne<br />

Cologne, Germany<br />

LIGNA<br />

Hannover, Germany<br />

imm Cologne 2023<br />

Cologne, Germany<br />

APRIL, 18 – 23<br />

APRIL, 20 – 23<br />

MAY, 09 – 12<br />

MAY, 15 – 19<br />

JUNE, 04 – 07<br />

Photo: Thomas Tucker / Unsplash<br />

Korean International <strong>Furniture</strong> & Interior Fair<br />

Seoul, South Korea<br />


Jakarta, Indonesia<br />

VietnamWood<br />

Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam<br />

Holz-Handwerk 2024<br />

Nuremberg, Germany<br />

SEPTEMBER, 20 – 23<br />

SEPTEMBER, 20 – 23<br />

OCTOBER, 4 – 6<br />

126th NHLA Annual<br />

Convention & Exhibit Showcase<br />

Ohio, US<br />

2024<br />

MARCH, 19 – 22<br />

<strong>Panels</strong> & <strong>Furniture</strong> <strong>Asia</strong> | <strong>November</strong> / <strong>December</strong> <strong>2022</strong> 67


PANELS & FURNITURE ASIA • <strong>November</strong> / <strong>December</strong> <strong>2022</strong><br />


American Hardwood Export Council<br />

OBC<br />

Lensaya Industriya Journal 63<br />

Baillie Lumber 11<br />

BAUMER Inspection GmbH 61<br />

Berndorf Band GmbH 9<br />

Cabinet Vision South East <strong>Asia</strong> 21<br />

Nanxing Machinery Co., Ltd 2,3<br />

Northwest Hardwoods 1<br />

Plytec Oy 13<br />

Quebec Wood Export Bureau 4,5<br />

Electronic Wood Systems GmbH 31<br />

Smart <strong>Furniture</strong> Solutions & Mass Timber 2023<br />

FC<br />

Forestry Innovation Investment Ltd. 23<br />

Softwood Export Council 59<br />

Global Timber <strong>Asia</strong> Sdn Bhd 7<br />

IMEAS spa 68<br />

Technik Associates, Inc<br />

Teknos (M) Sdn Bhd<br />

IBC<br />

IFC<br />

Interzum Guangzhou 47<br />

Weitmann & Konrad GmbH & Co KG 15<br />

Kuang Yung Machinery Co.,Ltd 65<br />

ai161597024816_EN_PFA_IMEAS_202105.pdf 1 17/03/21 09:37<br />

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68 <strong>Panels</strong> & <strong>Furniture</strong> <strong>Asia</strong> | <strong>November</strong> / <strong>December</strong> <strong>2022</strong>

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