Infinity Ground : Thailand and Taiwan Contemporary Architecture

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Department of ARCHITECTURE<br />

<strong>Infinity</strong><br />

<strong>Ground</strong><br />

<strong>Thail<strong>and</strong></strong> <strong>and</strong> <strong>Taiwan</strong><br />

<strong>Contemporary</strong> <strong>Architecture</strong><br />

Ambi Studio<br />

Architects 49 Limited<br />

MAYU architects<br />

Jenchieh Hung, Kulthida Songkittipakdee

Drifting out aggregate into the ground

<strong>Infinity</strong> <strong>Ground</strong><br />

<strong>Thail<strong>and</strong></strong> <strong>and</strong> <strong>Taiwan</strong><br />

<strong>Contemporary</strong> <strong>Architecture</strong><br />

Exhibition<br />

The first architectural exhibition at the Bangkok Art<br />

<strong>and</strong> Culture Center (BACC) in 2023 will officially open<br />

on Tuesday, July 18. “<strong>Infinity</strong> <strong>Ground</strong> - <strong>Thail<strong>and</strong></strong> <strong>and</strong><br />

<strong>Taiwan</strong> <strong>Contemporary</strong> <strong>Architecture</strong> Exhibition” is<br />

organized by The Association of Siamese Architects<br />

Under Royal Patronage <strong>and</strong> Taipei Economic <strong>and</strong><br />

Cultural Office in <strong>Thail<strong>and</strong></strong>, sponsored by the Ministry<br />

of Culture (<strong>Taiwan</strong>), <strong>and</strong> in cooperation with Chulalongkorn<br />

University - Faculty of <strong>Architecture</strong>, King<br />

Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang -<br />

School of <strong>Architecture</strong>, Art, <strong>and</strong> Design, King Mongkut’s<br />

University of Technology Thonburi - School of<br />

<strong>Architecture</strong> <strong>and</strong> Design, <strong>and</strong> Silpakorn University -<br />

Faculty of <strong>Architecture</strong>.

The principal curators are Jenchieh Hung, who is<br />

the exhibition chairman of The Association of Siamese<br />

Architects Under Royal Patronage, <strong>and</strong> Kulthida<br />

Songkittipakdee, who is the co-founder <strong>and</strong> principal<br />

architect of HAS Design <strong>and</strong> Research. They curated<br />

eight architectural firms from <strong>Thail<strong>and</strong></strong> <strong>and</strong> <strong>Taiwan</strong><br />

to participate in the exhibition, including Architects<br />

49 Limited (A49), Arsomsilp Community <strong>and</strong> Environment<br />

Architect, Duangrit Bunnag Architect Limited<br />

(DBALP), Department of ARCHITECTURE, Ambi Studio,<br />

MAYU architects, Behet Bondzio Lin Architekten,<br />

<strong>and</strong> Atelier Or.<br />

Among the eight architectural firms, their exhibited<br />

architectural works are in Bangkok, Pattaya, Pathum<br />

Thani, Samut Sakhon, Nakhon Ratchasima, <strong>and</strong> Phra<br />

Nakhon Si Ayutthaya in <strong>Thail<strong>and</strong></strong>; <strong>and</strong> Hsinchu, Nantou,<br />

Yunlin, Kaohsiung, Pingtung, <strong>and</strong> Yilan in <strong>Taiwan</strong>,<br />

where different cultural backgrounds, different climatic<br />

conditions, <strong>and</strong> diverse social developments are<br />

indirectly or directly expressed in how the building<br />

responds to the characteristics of the ground.

Contents<br />

Preface 05<br />

<strong>Ground</strong> 26<br />

Exchanges<br />

Architects 49 Limited 30<br />

Velaa Sindhorn Village Langsuan<br />

D’luck Cinematic Theater<br />

Behet Bondzio Lin 40<br />

Architekten<br />

Eternal Hill Columbarium<br />

House of Roofs<br />

Duangrit Bunnag 50<br />

Architect Limited<br />

The Glass Temple<br />

Residence Prachachuen<br />

MAYU architects 60<br />

Pingtung Public Library<br />

Kaohsiung American School<br />

Athletic Complex<br />

Feeling 70<br />

<strong>Ground</strong>s<br />

Arsomsilp Community 74<br />

<strong>and</strong> Environment<br />

Architect<br />

Puey Ungphakorn Centenary Hall<br />

Tha Chalom Sky Boat Library<br />

Ambi Studio 84<br />

Hushan Reservoir Archaeological<br />

Exhibition Hall<br />

Yuhsiu Museum of Art<br />

Department of 94<br />


The Commons Thonglor<br />

Sala Bang Pa-In<br />

Atelier Or 104<br />

Sparkling Market<br />

Pavilion for Hsinchu<br />

Bus Station Plaza

Preface<br />

“<strong>Infinity</strong> <strong>Ground</strong> - <strong>Thail<strong>and</strong></strong> <strong>and</strong> <strong>Taiwan</strong> <strong>Contemporary</strong> <strong>Architecture</strong> Exhibition”<br />

takes the earth as the interface, connecting all of nature as a background<br />

story. On the undulating surface, it provides conditions for the interdependence<br />

of people, buildings, <strong>and</strong> nature <strong>and</strong> balances the operating<br />

mechanisms of the environment. More than a century ago, German geologist<br />

Alfred Lothar Wegener wrote a book called The Origin of Continents <strong>and</strong><br />

Oceans <strong>and</strong> explained that the earth is aggregated into a Pangea, surrounded<br />

by the waters of the Panthalassa, which later began to drift <strong>and</strong> split to<br />

form the basic l<strong>and</strong>forms of the seven continents <strong>and</strong> five oceans.<br />

The exhibition continues the perspective of the “drift” <strong>and</strong> “aggregation”<br />

of the earth, presenting <strong>Thail<strong>and</strong></strong> <strong>and</strong> <strong>Taiwan</strong> contemporary architecture<br />

in two chapters, “<strong>Ground</strong> Exchanges” <strong>and</strong> “Feeling <strong>Ground</strong>s”, which show<br />

new human <strong>and</strong> nature lifestyles based on the common earth’s ground:<br />

togetherness, ritual, native, porosity, extra-ordinary, nostalgic, vernacular,<br />

<strong>and</strong> boundaryless.<br />

In the first chapter of “<strong>Ground</strong> Exchanges”, the architect used modern<br />

construction methods to frame the unique site scenery <strong>and</strong> reflect the rich<br />

characteristics of the ground. Such as Architects 49 Limited’s Velaa Sindhorn<br />

Village Langsuan (2019) <strong>and</strong> Singha D’luck Cinematic Theater (2017), the<br />

elevated buildings, provide a place for public communication.

<strong>Ground</strong> Exchanges<br />

The space is like trees scattered r<strong>and</strong>omly, <strong>and</strong> the light <strong>and</strong> monsoon make<br />

the building’s skin have a unique effect. Furthermore, Behet Bondzio Lin<br />

Architekten’s Eternal Hill Columbarium (2022) <strong>and</strong> House of Roofs (2016),<br />

the designs responding to <strong>Taiwan</strong>’s tropical <strong>and</strong> rainy climate, also show<br />

the sacred senses of the ground. Third, in Duangrit Bunnag Architect Limited’s<br />

The Glass Temple (2020) <strong>and</strong> Residence Prachachuen (2020), the architecture<br />

endows the site with ceremonial <strong>and</strong> eternal features, combining with<br />

the surrounding environment to strengthen the sense of the infinite scale<br />

of the ground. Finally, in MAYU architects’ Pingtung Public Library (2020)<br />

<strong>and</strong> Kaohsiung American School Athletic Complex (2016), the clean geometry<br />

combined with delicately designed structures made the architecture a new<br />


interface for humans <strong>and</strong> the environment. Among these four architecture<br />

firms’ works, <strong>Ground</strong> Exchanges not only presents the diversity of architecture<br />

<strong>and</strong> l<strong>and</strong>, but its projects also show the way of future living directions:<br />

togetherness, ritual, native, <strong>and</strong> porosity.<br />

In the second chapter “Feeling <strong>Ground</strong>s”, the architect takes the environment<br />

as a design solution <strong>and</strong> combines materials, craftsmanship, <strong>and</strong> tectonics<br />

to present a multi-dimensional sense of ground space. First of all, in<br />

Arsomsilp Community <strong>and</strong> Environment Architect’s Puey Ungphakorn<br />

Centenary Hall (2019) <strong>and</strong> Tha Chalom Sky Boat Library (2022), the building<br />

continues the l<strong>and</strong>scape surface <strong>and</strong> combines functional attributes to<br />

form a micro-ecological system that is harmonious with the ground, <strong>and</strong><br />

the placed space effectively activates the original environmental interface<br />

<strong>and</strong> evokes the unique value of the place. Second, in Ambi Studio’s Hushan<br />

Reservoir Archaeological Exhibition Hall (2023) <strong>and</strong> Yuhsiu Museum of Art<br />

(2015), the building conforms to the topography to provide visitors with<br />

an unusual viewing path. In the detour circulation, the materials <strong>and</strong> the<br />

environment create an impressive scene. Then, The Commons Thonglor<br />

(2016) <strong>and</strong> Sala Bang Pa-In (2021) by the Department of ARCHITECTURE<br />

combined meticulous architectural craftmanship with floating <strong>and</strong> elevated<br />

forms to create more “ground gray spaces” to flow the indoor-outdoor<br />

interface, <strong>and</strong> they also reflected the multifunctional “Tai toon” of traditional<br />

Thai houses. Fourth, in Atelier Or’s Sparkling Market (2021) <strong>and</strong> Pavilion<br />

for Hsinchu Bus Station Plaza (2018), the small <strong>and</strong> light structural columns<br />

release the heavy visual constraints of typical buildings so that the internal<br />

<strong>and</strong> external spaces can be integrated. Among these four architecture<br />

firms’ works, Feeling <strong>Ground</strong>s endows the architecture with empathy for<br />

nature. The project not only shows the building as an interface between<br />

humans <strong>and</strong> the l<strong>and</strong> but also provides reflections on the environment:<br />

extra-ordinary, nostalgic, vernacular, <strong>and</strong> boundaryless.<br />


Feeling <strong>Ground</strong>s<br />

In addition, the exhibition space is surrounded by nine undulating buildings<br />

in a courtyard settlement. Its open <strong>and</strong> flowing space layout forms a vague<br />

<strong>and</strong> vivid exhibition space, <strong>and</strong> the continuous <strong>and</strong> sloping roof not only<br />

presents various visual effects; its natural light distinguishes two kinds of<br />

space fields, dark <strong>and</strong> bright, <strong>and</strong> cooperates with the eight participating<br />

architectural firms to provide a quiet <strong>and</strong> leisurely retreat, allowing visitors<br />

to return to the senses of infinite ground.<br />

Principal Curator : Jenchieh Hung, Kulthida Songkittipakdee<br />

Exhibition Chairman of The Association of Siamese Architects Under Royal Patronage<br />

Co-Founder <strong>and</strong> Principal Architect of HAS design <strong>and</strong> research<br />


9<br />

Velaa Sindhorn Village Langsuan<br />

Architects 49 Limited

D’luck Cinematic Theater<br />

Architects 49 Limited<br />


11<br />

Eternal Hill Columbarium<br />

Behet Bondzio Lin Architekten

House of Roofs<br />

Behet Bondzio Lin Architekten<br />


13<br />

The Glass Temple<br />

Duangrit Bunnag Architect Limited

Residence Prachachuen<br />

Duangrit Bunnag Architect Limited<br />


15<br />

Pingtung Public Library<br />

MAYU architect

Kaohsiung American School Athletic Complex<br />

MAYU architect<br />


17<br />

Puey Ungpahakorn Centenary Hall<br />

Arsomsilp Community <strong>and</strong> Environment Architect

Tha Chalom Sky Boat Library<br />

Arsomsilp Community <strong>and</strong> Environment Architect<br />


19<br />

Hushan Reservoir Archaeological<br />

Exhibition Hall<br />

Ambi Studio

Yuhsiu Museum of Art<br />

Ambi Studio<br />


21<br />

The Commons Thonglor<br />

Department of ARCHITECTURE

SALA Bang Pa-In<br />

Department of ARCHITECTURE<br />


23<br />

Sparkling Market<br />

Atelier Or

Pavilion for Hsinchu Bus Station Plaza<br />

Atelier Or<br />


<strong>Architecture</strong><br />

belongs not<br />

only to the<br />

ground but<br />

also links<br />

the ground,<br />

humans,<br />

<strong>and</strong> nature.<br />


Behet Bondzio Lin<br />

Architekten<br />

Eternal Hill Columbarium<br />

House of Roofs<br />

Architects 49 Limited<br />

Velaa Sindhorn Village Langsuan<br />

D'luck Cinematic Theater<br />

<strong>Ground</strong><br />

Exchanges<br />


MAYU architects<br />

Pingtung Public Library<br />

Kaohsiung American School<br />

Athletic Complex<br />

Duangrit Bunnag<br />

Architect Limited<br />

The Glass Temple<br />

Residence Prachachuen<br />


In 1915, Alfred Lothar Wegener published The Origin of<br />

Continents <strong>and</strong> Oceans, <strong>and</strong> he used the data of paleontology<br />

as evidence <strong>and</strong> joined several isolated Continents,<br />

including South America, Africa, India, Antarctica, <strong>and</strong><br />

Australia. And he found that four ancient creatures (Lystrosaurus,<br />

Cynognathus, Mesosaurus, <strong>and</strong> Glossopteris)<br />

could not cross the ocean to other l<strong>and</strong>s, so they could<br />

support these l<strong>and</strong> masses once they were connected<br />

together, explaining the “drift” <strong>and</strong> “aggregation”<br />

From the perspective of continental “drift” changes, which<br />

show the adaptation <strong>and</strong> integration of organisms in<br />

different regions, this is also like the development of these<br />

four architectural firms, such as Architects 49 Limited (A49),<br />

Behet Bondzio Lin Architekten, Duangrit Bunnag Architect<br />

Limited (DBALP), <strong>and</strong> MAYU architects, in the trend<br />

of globalization <strong>and</strong> internationalization, with a modern<br />

architectural approach to interpret the underst<strong>and</strong>ing <strong>and</strong><br />

exploration of their l<strong>and</strong>.<br />

For example, in the Velaa Sindhorn Village Langsuan by A49<br />

<strong>and</strong> the House of Roofs by Behet Bondzio Lin Architekten,<br />

the buildings explore how people can live together in the<br />

tropical climate, <strong>and</strong> the result also presents a new way<br />


of togetherness in that the roof provides another interactive<br />

relationship between people <strong>and</strong> space. Secondly,<br />

in DBALP’s The Glass Temple <strong>and</strong> Behet Bondzio Lin<br />

Architekten’s Eternal Hill Columbarium, the spatial axis<br />

<strong>and</strong> material texture imply the relationship between the<br />

architecture <strong>and</strong> the ground. In the detour circulation, the<br />

outdoor l<strong>and</strong>scape is reflected into the interior space,<br />

giving human beings a new sense of ritual. Thirdly, in the<br />

Singha D’luck Cinematic Theater by A49 <strong>and</strong> the Pingtung<br />

Public Library by MAYU architects, the dynamic facade<br />

elements <strong>and</strong> material compositions not only provide a<br />

new native experience but also improve the traditional<br />

function spaces deficiencies <strong>and</strong> enrich the people’s interaction<br />

with the environment. Finally, Residence Prachachuen<br />

by DBALP <strong>and</strong> Kaohsiung American School Athletic<br />

Complex by MAYU architects, with their simple geometries<br />

<strong>and</strong> architectural elements, break the traditional space<br />

constraints <strong>and</strong> create a porosity <strong>and</strong> dynamic relationship<br />

between the indoor <strong>and</strong> outdoor interfaces of the building.<br />


Architects 49 Limited<br />

Architects 49 Limited (A49), established in 1983 by Nithi Sthapitanonda,<br />

currently has over 200 staff based in Bangkok, with<br />

regional offices in Phuket, Chiang Mai, <strong>and</strong> Khon Kaen. Our diverse<br />

team has delivered diverse projects both in Asia <strong>and</strong> the Middle<br />

East. Focusing on sustainable, human-centric designs with distinctive<br />

character, we use data along with the latest architectural<br />

<strong>and</strong> technical advances, such as Artificial Intelligence <strong>and</strong> Machine<br />

Learning, in our workflow, empowering our staff to achieve our<br />

design goals.<br />


Prabhakorn Vadanyakul, A49’s Managing Director, attained his<br />

Bachelor of <strong>Architecture</strong> degree from Chulalongkorn University,<br />

<strong>and</strong> a Master of <strong>Architecture</strong> from the Catholic University of<br />

America in Washington, DC. He has since been responsible for a<br />

wide range of projects. His work has also extended to the United<br />

Arab Emirates <strong>and</strong> India, adding breadth to A49’s portfolio of work.<br />

Pichai Wongwaisayawan received his Bachelor of <strong>Architecture</strong><br />

from Chulalongkorn University in 1985 <strong>and</strong> began his career at<br />

Architects 49 before going on to attain a Master’s degree with<br />

distinction from the University of Michigan in 1989. After 3 years<br />

of working with Hobbs & Black Associates in Ann Arbor, Michigan,<br />

<strong>and</strong> Hellmuth, Obata & Kassabaum in New York, he rejoined A49<br />

in 1992 <strong>and</strong> has been a major contributor to A49’s international<br />

projects, serving as Managing Director of Architects 49 International<br />

established in 2006.<br />

Narongwit Areemit attained a Bachelor’s Degree in <strong>Architecture</strong><br />

from King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang with<br />

First Class Honours, <strong>and</strong> received a full scholarship from the<br />

Japanese government to pursue a Master’s Degree <strong>and</strong> Doctorate<br />

in the field of Building Environment at the University of Tokyo.<br />

In 2007 he joined Architects 49 <strong>and</strong>, in 2011, became the head of<br />

Architects 49’s Research <strong>and</strong> Development team which focuses<br />

on energy conservation <strong>and</strong> innovative building design, <strong>and</strong> plays<br />

an important role in competition projects.<br />



Velaa Sindhorn<br />

Village Langsuan<br />

Sindhorn Village is a luxurious, mixed-use<br />

development in central Bangkok -- a new<br />

l<strong>and</strong>mark that inspires modern, sustainable,<br />

urban developments. Stretching over 50-<br />

rai opposite the verdant Lumpini Park. The<br />

master plan also features a Super Green, a<br />

generous green space with a low-density<br />

ratio that will enhance its residents’ living<br />

st<strong>and</strong>ards. Sindhorn Village consists of the<br />

Sindhorn Residence condominium, Baan<br />

Sindhorn serviced apartments, Kimpton<br />

Maa-Lai hotel & restaurant, Sindhorn Kempinski<br />

Hotel Bangkok, The Residences at<br />

Sindhorn Kempinski Hotel Bangkok, <strong>and</strong><br />

the Velaa Langsuan retail plaza.<br />

Velaa at Sindhorn Village weaves the central<br />

Super Green’s lush green features into the<br />

urban fabric. The single-story semi-outdoor<br />

retail mall that merges with this green space<br />

includes cafes, restaurants, shops, services,<br />

<strong>and</strong> a below-ground supermarket with 3<br />

basement floors for parking. Areas dedicated<br />

to community use, or “green courts” are<br />

interspersed throughout this complex.<br />

The design of the retail buildings me<strong>and</strong>ers<br />

300 meters along Langsuan Road, around<br />

the established large trees, effectively creating<br />

a ribbon of shops <strong>and</strong> restaurants. This formation,<br />

along with the tall facade, makes each<br />

shop visible from the street, attracting customers.<br />

Open plan walkways allow for natural<br />

ventilation, eliminating the need for air conditioning.<br />

Derived from the “tree canopy concept,”<br />

the large canopy roof over the shopping areas<br />

<strong>and</strong> pedestrian walkways is supported by<br />

r<strong>and</strong>omly placed vertical columns to accentuate<br />

the experience of strolling in a park. Rays of<br />

light seeping through the roof canopy of the<br />

five main courts, shimmer <strong>and</strong> create shadows<br />

below, allowing natural light to the interiors.<br />

Lighting design, both warm <strong>and</strong> welcoming,<br />

illuminates the night through the skylights<br />

creating the sense of an enchanted forest.<br />

Its organic form, extending towards the Lumpini<br />

Park, can be appreciated when approached<br />

from Langsuan Road, creating a memorable<br />

impression for visitors through the distinctively<br />

animated Velaa Langsuan.<br />



Project Name : Velaa Sindhorn Village Langsuan Client / Developer : Siam Sindhorn Company Limited Location : Bangkok,<br />

<strong>Thail<strong>and</strong></strong> Function : Retail Site Area : 14,400 sq.m. Building Footprint Area : 7,323 sq.m. Gross Floor Area : 36,612 sq.m.<br />

Floor Numbers : 4 Completion : 2019 Photographs : W.Workspace <strong>Architecture</strong> Design Company Architect Firm :<br />

Architects 49 Chief Architect : Pichai Wongwaisayawan Design Team (Participant Employee) : Jaruwan Thavatkiattisak,<br />

Chanmya Nittayachinta, Sukkasit Lerksomphut Supervision : Façade Associates Structural Engineer : PSAA Consulting<br />

Engineers Engineer (Water <strong>and</strong> Electricity) : MITR Technical Consultant Air-Condition : MITR Technical Consultant Interior :<br />

Interior Architects 49 L<strong>and</strong>scape : P L<strong>and</strong>scape Lighting : 49 Lighting Design Consultants Graphics : G49 Civil Engineer :<br />

Metric Consulting Engineers & Architects Construction Company <strong>Architecture</strong> : Thai Obayashi Corporation<br />



D'luck<br />

Cinematic Theater<br />

For this, the architecture was kept simple,<br />

resembling a box. Mirrored planes were incorporated<br />

to both walls <strong>and</strong> ceilings at the<br />

ground floor pre-function area of the theatre.<br />

This camouflaged the structure by reflecting<br />

the surroundings <strong>and</strong> sky, creating the illusion<br />

of a levitating box. The box itself was cantilevered<br />

from the main structure, enhancing this<br />

perception. A reflection pond added to the<br />

illusion of height beneath the box, <strong>and</strong> ceiling<br />

lights help to emphasize the ceiling boundary<br />

under low light conditions.<br />

The unique performance which integrates<br />

the illusion of projection mapping technology<br />

with the realism of stage performers, are key<br />

in awakening the imagination of audiences.<br />

This sparked the idea to incorporate this illusion<br />

technique to the architecture of Singha D’Luck<br />

Cinematic Theatre.<br />

Several illusion techniques were studied to<br />

achieve various stunning effects, particularly the<br />

concept of levitation. The aim was to create<br />

maximum impact by capturing the imagination<br />

through the illusion of a theatre floating above<br />

the ground. Elements, such as shadows <strong>and</strong><br />

clear space or void under the building structure,<br />

play an essential role in achieving the effect of<br />

levitation.<br />

Besides static levitation, a kinetic façade was<br />

used to convey dynamism, taking advantage<br />

of Pattaya’s coastal winds. Diamond-shaped<br />

pieces of folded aluminum sheets, expressing<br />

traditional Thai art, are utilized for the kinetic<br />

components. On a breezy day, these 30,000<br />

golden diamond pieces create a sparkling<br />

wave effect resembling an ocean, beckoning<br />

visitors to experience an unforgettable cinematic<br />

adventure.<br />



Project Name : Singha D’luck Cinematic Theatre Client / Developer : Panjaluck Pasuk Company Limited Location : Chonburi,<br />

<strong>Thail<strong>and</strong></strong> Function : Theatre, Retail Site Area : 16,000 sq.m. Building Footprint Area : 5,453 sq.m. Gross Floor Area : 9,924 sq.m.<br />

Floor Numbers : 3 Completion : 2017 Photographs : Chaovarith Poonphol <strong>Architecture</strong> Design Company Architect Firm :<br />

Architects 49 Chief Architect : Narongwit Areemit Design Team (Participant Employee) : Tikumporn Theerapongpakdee<br />

Supervision Stage Design Consultant : Baanrig Façade Consultant : Structural Dynamics Projection Mapping Consultant:<br />

Xtreme Plus Acoustic Consultant : CCW Associates Structural Engineer : Architectural Engineering 49 Engineer (Water <strong>and</strong><br />

Electricity) : M&E Engineering 49 Air-Condition : M&E Engineering 49 Interior : Jarken L<strong>and</strong>scape : L<strong>and</strong>scape Architects 49<br />

Construction Company <strong>Architecture</strong> : Ritta<br />


Behet Bondzio<br />

Lin Architekten<br />


Yu-Han Michael Lin, Federal Chamber of German Architects (BAK),<br />

Association of German Architects (BDA), graduated from Harvard<br />

GSD, is an German <strong>Taiwan</strong>ese architect. He established Behet<br />

Bondzio Lin Architekten in 2003 after working 5 years with Peter<br />

Wilson. BBL is a multicultural architectural practice with offices<br />

in Münster <strong>and</strong> Leipzig Germany, Taipei <strong>and</strong> Taichung <strong>Taiwan</strong> <strong>and</strong><br />

is currently raking top 10 practice amount 30,000 German speaking<br />

architecture offices. His major works include the Tamkang Church,<br />

Textile Association NRW, Leipzig University in Augustus Platz,<br />

Paul Chiang art center, City columbarium Hsinchu, Venice biannual<br />

2012 <strong>Taiwan</strong>ese pavilion with director Ming-Liang Tsai. He has<br />

been honored with Young German architects, <strong>Taiwan</strong>ese architecture<br />

award, AIT award, <strong>Taiwan</strong>ese housing award, German urban<br />

design BSP prize, German brick prize, BDA award, Fritz-Hoger<br />

Brick Prize.<br />



Eternal Hill<br />

Columbarium<br />

Funerals are full of grief <strong>and</strong> emotions. We often<br />

see cemeteries, the last place we say farewell<br />

to our family, with fear. What kind of architecture<br />

will be able to drive away the fear, bear<br />

the emptiness of emotion <strong>and</strong> memory, <strong>and</strong><br />

at the same time be a space for us to settle<br />

down <strong>and</strong> recollect the past? We need a carrier<br />

for grief <strong>and</strong> loss, it does not mean what we<br />

left behind after we passed, but it meant what<br />

kind of space encourages us to face our past.<br />

In this cemetery, it needs to carry 70,000 past,<br />

which means it needs to contain 70,000 irreparable<br />

regrets.<br />

The stacking of slanted walls constructs a<br />

vision of being surrounded by mountains.<br />

Placing incense, c<strong>and</strong>les, <strong>and</strong> flowers on the<br />

“mountainside”, creates a wall <strong>and</strong> a chance<br />

for us to be lost in our thought.<br />

Wall being slanted <strong>and</strong> facing the sky, registering<br />

the rays of the sun, accompany us to<br />

confront fear. The skylight in the middle of<br />

the heavy concrete structure gently lays down<br />

light <strong>and</strong> hope in the courtyard.<br />

Wall is an element that constructs distance.<br />

In this case, by tilting the walls at a different<br />

angle creates a visual of it gradually leaving<br />

the griever. These walls create a distance of<br />

departure, instead of separation. A rectangular<br />

entryway invites unpredictable climate, <strong>and</strong><br />

slanted walls introduce wind from different directions.<br />

As the cemetery is located in Hsinchu,<br />

Wind City. The design <strong>and</strong> construction method,<br />

of this wind tower, tells stories <strong>and</strong> memories<br />

of the city.<br />



Project Name : Eternal Hill Columbarium Client / Developer : Hsinchu City Government Location : No. 999, Lane 300, Xiangcun<br />

Road, Xiangshan District, Hsinchu City, <strong>Taiwan</strong> Function : Columbarium Site Area : 18550 sq.m. Building Footprint Area : 3601.18<br />

sq.m. Gross Floor Area : 7578.89 sq.m. Floor Numbers : 5 Completion : 2022 Photographs : YuChen Chao Photography<br />

<strong>Architecture</strong> Design Company Architect Firm : Behet Bondzio Lin Architekten Chief Architect : Yu-Han Michael Lin Design<br />

Team (Participant Employee) : Behet Bondzio Lin Architekten + Yen Partnership + Fuguach <strong>Architecture</strong> Supervision : Peng-Da<br />

Wang Structural Engineer : Top Technic Engineering Consultant Co., Ltd Engineer (Water <strong>and</strong> Electricity) : Ming Jhan Co.,Ltd<br />

Air-condition : Ming Jhan Co.,Ltd Interior : Behet Bondzio Lin Architekten L<strong>and</strong>scape : Behet Bondzio Lin Architekten Construction<br />

Company <strong>Architecture</strong> : Zhou Shong Co., Ltd Engineer (Water <strong>and</strong> Electricity) : Ming Jhan Co.,Ltd Air-Condition : Ming Jhan<br />

Co.,Ltd Interior : Zhou Shong Co., Ltd L<strong>and</strong>scape : Zhou Shong Co., Ltd<br />



House of Roofs<br />

Learning from the ordinary.<br />

We can often recognise from a region’s roofs<br />

how its architecture has developed to adapt to<br />

its natural conditions <strong>and</strong> culture. The ordinary<br />

buildings in Pintung exhibit a wide variety of<br />

roof structures to deal with the volatile weather<br />

conditions which average 30-34 degree celsius<br />

temperature during most of the year <strong>and</strong> a<br />

tropical wet climate all year long.<br />

Community life is enjoyed mostly in shaded<br />

zones between interior space <strong>and</strong> uncovered<br />

street. It takes the form of loggias, canopies,<br />

tree foliage, pavilions <strong>and</strong> temples.<br />

The omnipresent additive temporary metal roof<br />

structures might seem unauthentic, yet they<br />

are true to a regional building solution that is<br />

versatile, interchangeable <strong>and</strong> pragmatic.<br />

Located in the tropical region of the Pintung<br />

Township at the southernmost tip of <strong>Taiwan</strong>,<br />

this building for 2 multi-generation families<br />

(each made-up of 8 units) unfolds in a long<br />

linear volume with 16 stacked <strong>and</strong> shifted<br />

roofs/terraces.<br />

The shape, depth <strong>and</strong> light filtering of each individual<br />

overhang depends on the interior space<br />

behind it. Large living rooms have garden<br />

terraces on the ground floor. Master bedrooms<br />

above have terrace-gardens whereas reading<br />

rooms have large bay windows for great views<br />

but shade provided by deep overhang. Bedrooms<br />

are provided with green balconies while<br />

the TV room canopies only accommodates a<br />

ribbon window.<br />

60 degrees is the most efficient slope for sun<br />

shading in <strong>Taiwan</strong>. Falling rain slides down from<br />

one canopy to the next all the way down to<br />

the garden, watering the vegetations <strong>and</strong> finally<br />

seeping down to the water collector that<br />

recycles the water back to the building.<br />

The overhangs protect the interior from rain<br />

<strong>and</strong> reduce heat admission (further achieved<br />

by usage of white Portl<strong>and</strong> cement). They also<br />

allow the inhabitants to open their windows<br />

anytime to let through cross ventilation <strong>and</strong><br />

cool down the rooms.<br />

In addition, it provides them with that precious<br />

shaded zone for a greener, healthier way of<br />

living. Finally, the shifting of these canopies<br />

encourages for communication across the<br />

levels/units.<br />



Project Name : House of Roofs Client / Developer : Mr. Hsieh <strong>and</strong> Mrs. Chen Location : Lane 2, Jianfeng Road, Pingtung, <strong>Taiwan</strong><br />

Function : Dwelling Site Area : 864 sq.m. Building Footprint Area : 518 sq.m. Gross Floor Area : 1580 sq.m. Floor Numbers : 4<br />

Completion : 2016 Photographs : YuChen Chao Photography <strong>Architecture</strong> Design Company Architect Firm : Behet Bondzio<br />

Lin Architekten Chief Architect : Yu-Han Michael Lin Design Team (Participant Employee) : Behet Bondzio Lin Architekten,<br />

Fuguach <strong>Architecture</strong> Supervision : Yu-Han Michael Lin Structural Engineer : Fuguach <strong>Architecture</strong> Engineers Engineer (Water<br />

<strong>and</strong> Electricity) : Mechanic Jin from Pintung Air-Condition : Mako Air Interior : Behet Bondzio Lin Architekten L<strong>and</strong>scape :<br />

Behet Bondzio Lin Architekten Construction Company <strong>Architecture</strong> : Fuguach <strong>Architecture</strong> Engineer (Water <strong>and</strong> Electricity) :<br />

Mechanic Jin from Pintung Air-Condition : Mako Air Interior : Behet Bondzio Lin Architekten, Fuguach <strong>Architecture</strong> L<strong>and</strong>scape :<br />

Behet Bondzio Lin Architekten, Fuguach <strong>Architecture</strong><br />


Duangrit Bunnag<br />

Architect Limited<br />

Duangrit Bunnag Architect Limited of DBALP was founded in 1998<br />

as a small architectural studio with 5 persons architect design team,<br />

founding shareholder by Duangrit Bunnag <strong>and</strong> Architects 49 Limited.<br />

In the year 2000, the studio was in a business re-structured <strong>and</strong><br />

Duangrit has become the sole shareholder of thecompany <strong>and</strong><br />

re-register as a company limited. For 20 years, DBALP has a strong<br />

interest to design work as an integrated practice of Architectural<br />

Design, Interior Design <strong>and</strong> L<strong>and</strong>scape Architectural Design as<br />


a cohesive disciplines. With a number of staff at 32 personal at<br />

the time being, the practice is organized inagile design groups of<br />

three Architects Group, two Interior Design Groups <strong>and</strong> one L<strong>and</strong>scape<br />

Architect Group. All the administration is h<strong>and</strong>led by Home<br />

Office Group with Officer Director team responsible for Accounting,<br />

Financial <strong>and</strong> HR.<br />

Our practice has been guided by our br<strong>and</strong> value, which can be<br />

understood through the following principles; Integrity, Responsibility,<br />

Authenticity, Legacy<br />

We believe in a practice that deliver. An architecture that works;<br />

functionally, economically <strong>and</strong> aesthetically. Years living in this<br />

principles emerging us through years of recognitions <strong>and</strong> awards,<br />

locally <strong>and</strong> internationally. The practice has been well recognized<br />

in the South East Asia region as well as Western European audiences.<br />

Until present, Duangrit Bunnag is still a Design Director <strong>and</strong> the<br />

Managing Director of the company <strong>and</strong> passionately work on each<br />

project personally to ensure the delivery of each project, large <strong>and</strong><br />

small, with the integrity of the word given <strong>and</strong> expected.<br />



The Glass Temple<br />

with an alternating cascading pattern, creating<br />

‘translucent’ effect that reveals the interior<br />

space whilst allows ventilation <strong>and</strong> light from<br />

the outside to enter within.<br />

The challenging question is probably whether<br />

this building is of Thai architecture. The Glass<br />

Temple (the meditation hall) is arise from<br />

columns that are cascading in layers, reveling<br />

Lord Buddha statue in a vague appearance,<br />

in the similar articulation that May found in<br />

Indonesian’s Borobudur stupas. The 3 column<br />

layers structure also support 3 typology of<br />

roof structure layers. Each typology is modeled<br />

from different original Thai temple proportions.<br />

For architects, it may in doubtful conversation<br />

to call this building a Thai architecture since<br />

its architectural structure is not a stereotype<br />

traditional. This might not be the representation<br />

of Thai traditional architecture but still influenced<br />

by Thai architecture <strong>and</strong> to endure the modern<br />

vocabulary in due time.<br />

Shifted Columns Layers<br />

The idea of translucent-transparent is the key<br />

for architectural wall of the building.<br />

The 3 layers of wood articulated pillars includes<br />

the first layer of pillars define the proportion<br />

of the building inspired by Thai temples. The<br />

second <strong>and</strong> third layer columns are arranged<br />

This translucent effect derived the name of<br />

Glass Temple that express the analogy of<br />

glass without using the material.<br />

The Sc<strong>and</strong>inavian pine wood was used at that<br />

time since it was the only secured supply of<br />

manufacture forestry that guaranteed the<br />

non-reduction carbon footprint of the natural<br />

wood usage. Once it was used, it will be replanted<br />

in cycle <strong>and</strong> ensure the green house<br />

gas absorption is sustained from the atmosphere<br />

while it lives. The natural way of wood<br />

usage reflect very much to the traditional<br />

way of Thai.<br />

Thai Articulations from A Modern<br />

Vocabulary<br />

To create this Thai temples, the architect<br />

chose <strong>and</strong> draw the roof structures from 3<br />

Thai traditional temple ‘Viharas’, from provinces<br />

of <strong>Thail<strong>and</strong></strong>. The selection was made<br />

through their perfect proportion. Then, each<br />

proportioned structures are overlayed on<br />

the cascading columns grid <strong>and</strong> creates a<br />

complex articulation of the room structure<br />

that binding coherently with the cascading<br />

column layers grid.<br />


The Architect use Copper shingle steel roof<br />

tiles as the roof material of the temple. It such<br />

an excitement to see the conversion of building<br />

modernity material approach is again pushed<br />

in the future direction in locality form of the past.<br />

Interior Design with Exterior Influences<br />

Inside the hall, white marble tiles are used to<br />

reinstate the value of the building interior <strong>and</strong><br />

embrace the Buddha statue gracefully. The<br />

edge of the building stone floor are installed<br />

to on a dry system to prevent the water from<br />

the rain line to pour into the central functional<br />

area of the temple.<br />

Philosophical Approach with The Nature of<br />

Lotus Ponds<br />

3 levels of lotus pond create a gr<strong>and</strong>e approach<br />

to the temple itself, whilst reflecting the building<br />

mirror image into the pond among the sky in<br />

the background. The lotus itself narrated<br />

the principal of Buddhism <strong>and</strong> symbolise it,<br />

naturally. The stepping stone walkway are the<br />

walk on the water over these pond also very<br />

philosophical approach in actions found in the<br />

Buddhism philosophy.<br />

Symmetrical Courtyard Layout<br />

For project planning, architects use the symmetrical<br />

axis approach, with central l<strong>and</strong>scape<br />

courtyard leading the way to the Glass Temple.<br />

The two-floored building on the left that is a<br />

library <strong>and</strong> a practice room for workshops<br />

building or religious training. Both buildings are<br />

designed with clean line simplistic articulations<br />

so they would level it hierarchical order of<br />

visual approach as second to the Glass Temple.<br />


Project Name : The Glass Temple Client / Developer : True Corporation Location : Nong Nam Deang, Pak Chong District,<br />

Nakhon Ratchasima, <strong>Thail<strong>and</strong></strong> Function : Meditation Center Site Area : 160,000 sq.m. Gross Floor Area : 8,445 sq.m.<br />

Completion : 2020 Photographs : W.Workspace <strong>Architecture</strong> Design Company Architect Firm : Duangrit Bunnag Architect<br />

Limited Chief Architect : Duangrit Bunnag Design Team (Participant Employee) : Kanitha Boonyatasaneekul Supervision :<br />

Paiboon Meepanyaprasert Structural Engineer : EMS Consultants Co., Ltd. Engineer (Water <strong>and</strong> Electricity) : EMS Consultants<br />

Co., Ltd. Interior : Prinponn Boonkham 49 L<strong>and</strong>scape : Ritdhawat Chalermviriya Songpol Sukto Construction Company<br />

<strong>Architecture</strong> : Wiphanai Co., Ltd., Ritta Co., Ltd. Engineer (Water <strong>and</strong> Electricity) : Wiphanai Co., Ltd., Ritta Co., Ltd. Air-condition :<br />

Wiphanai Co., Ltd., Ritta Co., Ltd. Interior : Wiphanai Co., Ltd., Ritta Co., Ltd.<br />



Residence<br />

Prachachuen<br />

Duangrit Bunnag’s take on the modern interpretation<br />

of tradition is a beguiling arrangement<br />

of six trapezoidal concrete pavilions, orientated<br />

in a north-south direction, on a wooden deck<br />

around a glittering blue swimming pool. The six<br />

blocks house a parent’s pavilion consisting of<br />

a bedroom/living room, bathroom <strong>and</strong> a closet;<br />

four pavilions of their daughters <strong>and</strong> sons, each<br />

with a bedroom, living room <strong>and</strong> bathroom of<br />

varying complexity <strong>and</strong> proportions, for the<br />

owner’s four offspring who enjoy independent<br />

living; <strong>and</strong> the sixth pavilion, that is a family<br />

lounge overlooking an amphitheatre.<br />

The deck extends over a podium that includes<br />

a huge entrance hall/ art gallery, a guest<br />

bedroom, living rooms, a formal dining room<br />

<strong>and</strong> a smaller family dining space, a library,<br />

one sons’ music room, <strong>and</strong> a home theatre;<br />

all opening to peripheral ground level decks<br />

<strong>and</strong> a basketball half-court. It is a large house<br />

in the Thai tradition of multi- generational<br />

living <strong>and</strong> filial piety.<br />



Project Name : Residence Prachachuen Owner : Worawat Chinpinkyo Location : Prachachuen Bangkok, <strong>Thail<strong>and</strong></strong> Site Area :<br />

4,800 sq.m. Gross Floor Area : 3,500 sq.m. Total Storey : 2 stories house Completion : 2020 <strong>Architecture</strong> Design Company<br />

Architect Firm : Duangrit Bunnag Architect Limited (DBALP) Interior Design Firm : Duangrit Bunnag Architect Limited (DBALP)<br />

Principal Architect : Duangrit Bunnag / Design Director Other Architect / Designer Architect Group Head : Saranya<br />

Srisakulchairak Interior Design Director : Prinponn NBoonkham L<strong>and</strong>scape Design Group Head : Supaporn Boonyoboln<br />

Structural Engineer : EMS Consultant Co., Ltd. System Engineer : EMS Consultant Co., Ltd. Lighting Designer : APLD Co., Ltd.<br />

Contractor : Taveemongkol Construction (2000) Co., Ltd.<br />


MAYU architects<br />


MAYU architects, founded in 1999 as Malone Chang Architects<br />

<strong>and</strong> reorganized in 2010 by Malone Chang <strong>and</strong> Yu-lin Chen, is an<br />

interdisciplinary practice based in Kaohsiung, <strong>Taiwan</strong>. The scope<br />

of MAYU ’s works spans from large-scale civic projects to smallscale<br />

ones. The studio recognizes the importance of teamwork<br />

in the creation of architecture while maintaining the individuality<br />

<strong>and</strong> artistry of each project. Therefore an architectural approach<br />

balancing interdisciplinary cooperation <strong>and</strong> artistic inspiration is<br />

applied. The studio’s conception to a project avoids the presumption<br />

of fixed style <strong>and</strong> dogmatism, in favor of a dynamic <strong>and</strong><br />

organic process. The dialogue between site, context, programs,<br />

time, materials, users, <strong>and</strong> clients constantly contributes to the<br />

forming of architecture. Organizational logic of physical buildings,<br />

holistic experience of spaces, <strong>and</strong> the changing characteristics of<br />

materials are priorities of the studio. Recently completed <strong>and</strong><br />

ongoing projects include Da-Dong Arts Center, Kaohsiung American<br />

School, Tainan Main Library, Tainan Yuwen Library, ITRI Research<br />

Building, Tung-Men Holiness Church, <strong>and</strong> Taichung Flora Exposition<br />

Hall among others. MAYU is made up of a highly multidisciplinary<br />

staff of over 90 creative professionals. The team includes<br />

architects, engineers, interior designers, urban planners, l<strong>and</strong>scape<br />

architects, <strong>and</strong> LEED Accredited Professionals.<br />



Pingtung<br />

Public Library<br />

This is an extension <strong>and</strong> renovation project of<br />

an existing cultural center built in 1983, located<br />

in the middle of the Millennium Park of Pingtung<br />

City. The main objective of transformation is<br />

to introduce transparency <strong>and</strong> accessibility to<br />

the once hermetic building <strong>and</strong> disoriented<br />

l<strong>and</strong>scaping.<br />

At urban scale, a transparent new lobby is<br />

proposed <strong>and</strong> attached to the western side of<br />

the existing building. It turns the architectural<br />

axis <strong>and</strong> approach 90 degree in order to make<br />

the library face the city directly. Instead of going<br />

through series of formal boulevard <strong>and</strong> plaza,<br />

the new approach guides visitors w<strong>and</strong>ering<br />

through the forest <strong>and</strong> arcades before entering<br />

the library. Therefore, the architecture can be<br />

more attuned to the physical <strong>and</strong> psychological<br />

conditions of contemporary library readers.<br />

The new lobby is a parallelogram plan <strong>and</strong> supported<br />

by continuous V-shaped steel structure.<br />

Several “activity Isl<strong>and</strong>s” are arranged, including<br />

a sunken seating area, a floating mezzanine,<br />

<strong>and</strong> a pair of suspended lanterns. The exp<strong>and</strong>ed<br />

glass curtain walls link the interior to the exterior,<br />

showing the activities of the library to the city<br />

<strong>and</strong> vice versa.<br />

At architectural scale, by transforming the original<br />

entrance lobby into a wooden readingroom <strong>and</strong><br />

three levels of compact book storage into a bright<br />

multi-functional atrium, the originally fragmented<br />

<strong>and</strong> congested building becomes fluid <strong>and</strong><br />

identifiable. Two distinct stairs, one spiral <strong>and</strong><br />

one stair-seating, complete the reader’s circulation<br />

while providing various seating types <strong>and</strong><br />

opportunities along the journey. Taking advantage<br />

of the surrounding park views, open floor plan<br />

<strong>and</strong> natural materiality, the library programing<br />

<strong>and</strong> furniture deployments can achieve individuality,<br />

flexibility <strong>and</strong> a sense of intimacy which<br />

are important characters of contemporary<br />

libraries.<br />

The exterior of the original structure is remodeled<br />

by cladding white aluminum panels <strong>and</strong> louvers.<br />

An arcade is extended from the original entrance<br />

to function as an in-between space between the<br />

reading room <strong>and</strong> the lawn, which was tranformed<br />

from the depleted entrance plaza. The new l<strong>and</strong>scape<br />

design connects the library seamlessly to<br />

its surrounding park <strong>and</strong> therefore invites more<br />

citizens to use this new public space regardless<br />

of their purposes.<br />



Project Name : Pingtung Public Library Client / Developer : Pingtung County Government Location : No. 69, Dalian Road,<br />

Pingtung City, <strong>Taiwan</strong> Function : Library Site Area : 59,289.53 sq.m. Building Footprint Area : 2,416.26 sq.m. Gross Floor Area<br />

: 8,596.86 sq.m. Floor Numbers : 6 + 1 (basement) Completion : 2020 Photographs : YuChen Chao Photography <strong>Architecture</strong><br />

Design Company Architect Firm : MAYU architects Chief Architect : Malone Chang, Yu-lin Chen Design Team (Participant<br />

Employee) : (SD) Ya-yun Wang, Ya-zhi Kuo, Ya-jue Li, Chia-ru Lin, Fei-min Chang, Chia-hua Lee; (DD) Ya-yun Wang, Che-sheng<br />

Wang, Ya-jue Li, Chia-ru Lin, Fei-min Chang, Che-kang Liu, Ting-yi Lo, Pin-min Huang, Min-ru He, Li-chi Yeh; (CA) Ya-yun Wang,<br />

Che-sheng Wang, Min-ru He, Chia-ru Lin, Kuan-Hsien Li, Jui-Hsiang Hsiao, Yu-wen Huang, Pai-fu Kuo Supervision : MAYU<br />

architects Structural Engineer : Justin C. H. Shih Structural Engineer <strong>and</strong> Associates Engineer (Water <strong>and</strong> Electricity) : Chia-Ding<br />

MEP engineer Air-Condition : Da- Yang HVAC engineer Interior : MAYU architects L<strong>and</strong>scape : MAYU architects Construction<br />

Company <strong>Architecture</strong> : Meng Hui Construction Co., Ltd. Engineer (Water <strong>and</strong> Electricity) : Pu Chieh Technology Co., Ltd<br />

Air-Condition : Guang Da HVAC Co., Ltd. Interior : Meng Hui Construction Co., Ltd. L<strong>and</strong>scape : Meng Hui Construction Co.,<br />

Ltd., Yu Shuen Construction Co., Ltd.<br />



Kaohsiung American<br />

School Athletic Complex<br />

Sports facilities such as gymnasiums <strong>and</strong><br />

swimming pools are typically st<strong>and</strong>-alone<br />

“black boxes” inserted into school campuses,<br />

contrasting with other academic buildings<br />

formed by smaller <strong>and</strong> repetitive learning<br />

units. However, we strive to break free of<br />

the norm of this building type by creating a<br />

“transparent” sports facility.<br />

We align the complex to the height of the<br />

adjacent elementary school building by lowering<br />

the double-height swimming pool space<br />

halfway below the grade. The visual linkage<br />

of all these spaces not only interconnects<br />

them but also invokes a sense of surprise,<br />

a paradoxical feeling generated by walking<br />

into a normal-height lobby <strong>and</strong> then immediately<br />

having one’s visual field exp<strong>and</strong>ed. The<br />

V-shaped steel structure supports the gymnasium<br />

creating a floating perception. The tall<br />

ribbon windows on the gym floor optically<br />

join the gym to the soccer field outside,<br />

creating a visual panorama unique to the<br />

sports building type.<br />

The pool space is treated with cool tone color<br />

materials to be in concert with the water in the<br />

pool. The ceiling absorbs the sound while other<br />

surfaces reflect, allowing the sound of water<br />

to reverberate deliberately inside the space.<br />

In contrast, the gymnasium is treated with<br />

warm tone color materials echoing the body<br />

energy <strong>and</strong> heat generated by the sports activities.<br />

The copious acoustic treatment absorbs<br />

the staccato sounds of bouncing balls <strong>and</strong><br />

rubbing shoes, leaving the acoustics crystal<br />

clear <strong>and</strong> direct.<br />

The swimming pool is designed with a movable<br />

floor platform changing depth from 0 to 200<br />

centimeters to accommodate the various<br />

students’ age.<br />



Project Name : Kaohsiung American School Athletic Complex Client / Developer : Kaohsiung American School Location :<br />

No. 889, Cuihua Rd., Zuoying Dist., Kaohsiung City, <strong>Taiwan</strong> Function : Swimming pool, Gymnasium, Cafeteria, Soccer field<br />

Site Area : 28,744 sq.m. Building Footprint Area : 2,730 sq.m. Gross Floor Area : 4,777 sq.m. Floor Numbers : 2 + 1 (basement)<br />

Completion : 2016 Photographs : Yu-Chen Chao <strong>Architecture</strong> Design Company Architect Firm : MAYU architects Chief Architect :<br />

Malone Chang, Yu-lin Chen Design Team (Participant Employee) : Waylon Lo, Jia-yu Chen, Miao-ling Cheng, Juen-yuan Deng<br />

(SD, DD, CD), Ying-zhang Huang (CA) Supervision : MAYU architects Structural Engineer : Envision Engineering Consultants<br />

Engineer (Water <strong>and</strong> Electricity) :Chen Zhao-rong Engineer Air-Condition : Chen Zhao-rong Engineer Interior : MAYU architects<br />

L<strong>and</strong>scape : MAYU architects Construction Company <strong>Architecture</strong> : Song Hui Construction Co., Ltd.<br />


Atelier Or<br />

Sparkling Market<br />

Pavilion for Hsinchu Bus Station Plaza<br />

Department of ARCHITECTURE<br />

The Commons Thonglor<br />

Sala Bang Pa-In<br />


Arsomsilp Community<br />

<strong>and</strong> Environment Architect<br />

Puey Ungphakorn Centenary Hall<br />

Tha Chalom Sky Boat Library<br />

Ambi Studio<br />

Hushan Reservoir Archaeological<br />

Exhibition Hall<br />

Yuhsiu Museum of Art<br />

Feeling <strong>Ground</strong><br />


From the perspective of continental “aggregation” which<br />

shows the evolution <strong>and</strong> coordination of organisms in the<br />

same regions, this is also like the development of these<br />

four architectural firms, such as Arsomsilp Community<br />

<strong>and</strong> Environment Architect, Ambi Studio, Department of<br />

ARCHITECTURE, <strong>and</strong> Atelier Or, which, in the trend of<br />

globalization <strong>and</strong> internationalization, reinterpret traditional<br />

<strong>and</strong> innovative architectural spaces with local materials<br />

<strong>and</strong> unique craftsmanship.<br />

For example, The Commons Thonglor by Department of<br />

ARCHITECTURE <strong>and</strong> the Sparkling Market by Atelier Or,<br />

the floating roof is like a traditional stilted house, which<br />

not only provides the ground space with sun shading <strong>and</strong><br />

natural ventilation, but also makes the space layout more<br />

flexible. In addition, the shuttle experience also allows the<br />

architecture to integrate into the urban texture, expressing<br />

the extra-ordinary in the ordinary. Secondly, in the Tha<br />

Chalom Sky Boat Library by Arsomsilp Community <strong>and</strong><br />

Environment Architect <strong>and</strong> the Hushan Reservoir Archaeological<br />

Exhibition Hall by Ambi Studio, the historic site<br />

was expressed by the architectural materials, thus creating<br />


a nostalgic spirit of the place. Thirdly, in the Sala Bang<br />

Pa-In by Department of ARCHITECTURE <strong>and</strong> the Yuhsiu<br />

Museum of Art by Ambi Studio, the natural environment<br />

allows architectural materials <strong>and</strong> textures to transcend<br />

visual functions, thus combining with form, space, <strong>and</strong><br />

circulation <strong>and</strong> shaping a unique vernacular style. Finally,<br />

in Arsomsilp Community <strong>and</strong> Environment Architect’s<br />

Puey Ungphakorn Centenary Hall <strong>and</strong> Atelier Or’s Pavilion<br />

for Hsinchu Bus Station Plaza, the form integrated into<br />

the environment not only creates a place identity for the<br />

site but also provides the public with an impressive experience,<br />

thereby improving the city’s functions.<br />


Arsomsilp Community<br />

<strong>and</strong> Environment Architect<br />


Arsomsilp Community <strong>and</strong> Environmental Architect, the professional<br />

architecture studio established to support “work-based learning”<br />

for school of architecture of Arsomsilp Institute of the Arts, a nonprofit<br />

institution of higher education established as a learning<br />

community committed to “transformative learning,” or developing<br />

architect through education using the holistic concept of joining<br />

together in a worthwhile way to effect societal change, always<br />

holding fast to these four architectural principles: (1) Focus on the<br />

value architecture has for being truly beneficial to humanity <strong>and</strong><br />

the environment. (2) Stress design that grows from participation<br />

of all parties concerned. (3) Use uncomplicated, straightforward<br />

architecture, at one with nature. (4) Utilize local tradition <strong>and</strong> Thai<br />

knowledge <strong>and</strong> wisdom in design (think: tropical <strong>and</strong> vernacular<br />

architecture).<br />

We believe that the value <strong>and</strong> meaning of architectural work is<br />

not limited to physical <strong>and</strong> aesthetic dimensions, but that its true<br />

value lies in its utility for life, producing benefits for the user, the<br />

project lead, the community, <strong>and</strong> ultimately for society <strong>and</strong> the<br />

natural environment. In practice every project, therefore, stresses<br />

reading <strong>and</strong> getting to underst<strong>and</strong> the background context of each<br />

project. What are the real issues surrounding a house? The idea is<br />

to specify the challenges <strong>and</strong> set up clear basic value objectives<br />

to focus on needed change. What are shared elements in various<br />

dimensions involved in the social, economic, environmental, <strong>and</strong><br />

spiritual needs of stakeholders, <strong>and</strong> how must individual attitudes<br />

change?<br />



Puey Ungpahakorn<br />

Centenary Hall<br />

In 2016, the year that was 100 th anniversary<br />

of the birth of Puey Ungphakorn (1916-1999),<br />

the 10 th chancellor of Thammasat university,<br />

<strong>and</strong> also was the year that he been named by<br />

UNESCO as one of the world’s most important<br />

people for his “impeccable ethics”. In order to<br />

celebrate Prof. Puey Ungphakorn, who not<br />

only be important to the university but the<br />

country as well, along with the university slogan,<br />

“Thammasat university, where we learn to love<br />

the people”, Thammasat university-Rangsit<br />

campus aim to develop the site which located<br />

at the center of the campus used to be scattered<br />

parking area, not only to serve students<br />

<strong>and</strong> the university activities, but to serve all<br />

the people, the community <strong>and</strong> the country<br />

as well.<br />

Therefore, the program was to create the<br />

l<strong>and</strong>mark <strong>and</strong> the main axis of the campus<br />

that provided space for university’s student<br />

<strong>and</strong> public functions consisted of concert<br />

hall with royal lounge, moral <strong>and</strong> politics<br />

sciences museum, non-permanent exhibition<br />

hall, archives, library, movie room, co-working<br />

area, canteen, supported office, public<br />

service center <strong>and</strong> public park.<br />

Architectural Concept<br />

The Study Center consists of classrooms<br />

for the Faculty of <strong>Architecture</strong> <strong>and</strong> Planning,<br />

Faculty of Engineering, Faculty of Fine <strong>and</strong><br />

Applied Arts, <strong>and</strong> Faculty of Education. It<br />

reflects the philosophy <strong>and</strong> the concept of<br />

promoting learning innovation “Teacher for<br />

pupils” <strong>and</strong> a prototype of a learning facility<br />

that inspires imaginations <strong>and</strong> creativities,<br />

wisdoms <strong>and</strong> spirits in order to create new<br />

borderless leaders of change.<br />

The Community of Learning Hub<br />

The building located in the main axis of<br />

Thammasat University – Rangsit Campus.<br />

As the Community of Learning Hub there<br />

are multiple entrances accessing to activity<br />

spaces for students to socialize <strong>and</strong> learn<br />

to make friendships.<br />

<strong>Architecture</strong> Encourages<br />

Multidisciplinary Learning<br />

Intending to support <strong>and</strong> nurture a new generation<br />

of teachers <strong>and</strong> academics to believe<br />

in social development <strong>and</strong> continuous learning,<br />

the overall design of the project creates a<br />

learning community. The educational space<br />

promotes interactions <strong>and</strong> learning exchanges<br />

in a variety of styles while encouraging a sense<br />

of community. The building also provides<br />

different learning environments, from private<br />

spaces for reflection, self-study, or small<br />

groups to social spaces for learning through<br />

interaction to communal space where learning<br />


happens through discussion <strong>and</strong> conversation.<br />

The overall space is flexible enough<br />

to accommodate different types of learning<br />

activities <strong>and</strong> emphasize the prayer room<br />

as an example of critical learning within the<br />

organization.<br />

Thammasat University<br />

Urban Rooftop Farm (TURF)<br />

Amidst the climate crisis, food <strong>and</strong> water<br />

scarcity pose tremendous threats to human<br />

civilization. Once abundant agrarian societies<br />

rich with food sources, Bangkok <strong>and</strong> cities<br />

across Southeast Asia are victims of unregulated<br />

urbanization on rice-producing regions.<br />

The once fertile marshl<strong>and</strong>s have transformed<br />

into paralyzed concrete developments—no<br />

longer able to breathe, absorb water or grow<br />

food. To revive the l<strong>and</strong> on which it st<strong>and</strong>s,<br />

the Thammasat Urban Rooftop Farm (TURF)<br />

unites principles of modern l<strong>and</strong>scape design<br />

with traditional agriculture of rice terraces,<br />

to transform wasted space into a productive<br />

organic rooftop farm—Asia’s largest.<br />

As rainwater zigzags down the slopes, each<br />

level of TURF harvests runoff from the previous<br />

cell, forming unique clusters of micro-watersheds<br />

along the terrace to helping absorb,<br />

filter <strong>and</strong> purify rainwater while growing food<br />

for the campus. By the end of its journey, four<br />

retention ponds await on each wing, capable<br />

of holding up to 3,095,570 gallons of water<br />

once combined. These ponds significantly<br />

reduce the volume of stormwater leaving the<br />

site while mitigating unexpected flood <strong>and</strong><br />

drought disasters. They present a solution to<br />

storing excessive runoff during intense storms<br />

for future use during dry spells.<br />


Project Name : Puey Ungpahakorn Centenary Hall Client / Developer : Thammasat University Location : Thammasat University<br />

Rangsit Campus, Pathum Thani, <strong>Thail<strong>and</strong></strong> Function : Learning Center Site Area : 60,000 sq.m. Building Footprint Area : 22,000<br />

sq.m. Gross Floor Area : 59,000 sq.m. Floor Numbers : 3 (1 Basement) Completion : 2019 Photographs : Arsomsilp Architect,<br />

Pat Phuchamni <strong>Architecture</strong> Design Company Architect Firm : Arsomsilp Community <strong>and</strong> Environmental Architect Co., Ltd.<br />

Chief Architect : Nuntapong Yindeekhun, Sombat Krieng-areekun Design Team (Participant Employee) : Kittikorn Somprasong,<br />

Prommanas Amatyakul Supervision : Theerapol Niyom Structural Engineer : Sanguan Ruangroattham, Pattarasak Nuntakit<br />

Engineer (Water <strong>and</strong> Electricity) : TPM Consultants Co., Ltd. Air-condition : TPM Consultants Co., Ltd. Interior : Dimensional<br />

Interpretation Co., Ltd. Lighting : Lighting And Equipment Public Co., Ltd Signage Design : Be Our Friend Co., Ltd. L<strong>and</strong>scape :<br />

L<strong>and</strong>process Co., Ltd. Construction Company <strong>Architecture</strong> : Pre-Built Public Co., Ltd. Engineer (Water <strong>and</strong> Electricity) :<br />

Pre-Built Public Co., Ltd. Air-condition : Pre-Built Public Co., Ltd. Interior : Pre-Built Public Co., Ltd. L<strong>and</strong>scape : Pre-Built<br />

Public Co., Ltd.<br />



Tha Chalom<br />

Sky Boat Library<br />

Public space from the community, by the<br />

community <strong>and</strong> for the community.<br />

Tha Chalom, the first sanitation district in<br />

<strong>Thail<strong>and</strong></strong> which is the habitation of the Thai-<br />

Chinese fishing communities that settled here<br />

in the past. Presently it is facing challenges<br />

from multidimensional change, from dense<br />

urbanization caused by a large non-registered<br />

population of migrant workers, a lack of public<br />

spaces to promote people’s health, <strong>and</strong> the<br />

fading of historical identities.<br />

Located as an existing public health center<br />

with a small park space, this project aims to<br />

develop a multifunctional space to be shared<br />

<strong>and</strong> enjoyed by multigeneration. This public<br />

space is co-owned by the community <strong>and</strong><br />

promotes the holistic wellness of communities<br />

through participatory process in the design,<br />

development <strong>and</strong> maintenance stages of the<br />

project. With only 3,200 sqm, the project serves<br />

a space that is usable <strong>and</strong> beneficial to all its<br />

users, from young children, teenagers, adults<br />

<strong>and</strong> elderly. The concept connects the gems<br />

of the location, the sky, sea, s<strong>and</strong> <strong>and</strong> the<br />

community all together, for all to enjoy<br />

harmoniously.<br />

The community pitched ideas for various activities<br />

that can be divided into 4 main focuses,<br />

activities for children, for tourists, for exercise<br />

<strong>and</strong> for social <strong>and</strong> cultural activities, additionally<br />

there are spaces for community events,<br />

attractions, library <strong>and</strong> learning space for the<br />

youth. The l<strong>and</strong>scape design has multiple open<br />

space areas for flexible use, depending on<br />

the community’s usage or timing, allowing<br />

the community to reflect their way of life. The<br />

parking spaces can adapt to facilitate sport<br />

activities or street store kiosks to improve the<br />

health <strong>and</strong> economy of its people. The other<br />

main feature is the above the former underground<br />

water tank, ‘Lan Tai Kong’ fishing boat<br />

inspired playground, that can be enjoyed by<br />

children <strong>and</strong> used as conversation pits for<br />

the adults.<br />

All the spaces are linked by the continuity of<br />

the surrounding green areas, all the big existing<br />

trees are preserved. The design requires low<br />

maintenance <strong>and</strong> creates low impact towards<br />

the existing environment. The existing structures<br />


in the site, the ab<strong>and</strong>oned water tower is also<br />

preserved <strong>and</strong> transformed into a usable space.<br />

The water tower is repurposed with the design<br />

of cubic shapes that convey the structure of<br />

a fishing boat cab, the top two floors are the<br />

reading area <strong>and</strong> a view point that overlooks<br />

the panoramic view of the entire Tha Chin River<br />

settlement of Tha Chalom.<br />

Tha Chalom courtyard is developed with the<br />

aim of becoming a learning <strong>and</strong> tourism destination<br />

that will be linked as part of the whole<br />

Tha Chalom cultural-based tourism development<br />

plan. This will be an inspiration for<br />

local communities to repurpose their looked<br />

over park spaces <strong>and</strong> old ab<strong>and</strong>oned buildings<br />

to be creatively used for the lifestyles of all<br />

ages <strong>and</strong> generations. To showcase the identity<br />

of the area, <strong>and</strong> to create awareness for the<br />

community to preserve <strong>and</strong> have pride in their<br />

culture <strong>and</strong> city.<br />

“I’m proud that we play a part in pushing<br />

forward good things to happen in our hometown.<br />

When it started, I didn’t know how it<br />

would change. After it’s done, I’m glad to see<br />

the children having fun <strong>and</strong> people exercising.<br />

We have enhanced the community space<br />

through designs that bring out the identity of<br />

the area.”-<br />

Chairman of Samut Sakhon City Development<br />

Volunteer Group<br />


Project Name : Tha Chalom Sky Boat Library Client / Developer : Samutsakhon Municipality Location : Tha Chalom Public<br />

Health Service Center, Samut Sakhon, <strong>Thail<strong>and</strong></strong> Function : Library & Park space Site Area : 3,200 sq.m. Building Footprint Area :<br />

25 sq.m. Gross Floor Area : 100 sq.m. Floor Numbers : 4 Completion : 2022 Photographs : Srirath Somsawat <strong>Architecture</strong><br />

Design Company Architect Firm : Arsomsilp Community <strong>and</strong> Environmental Architect Co., Ltd. Chief Architect : Theeraphon<br />

Niyom Design Team (Participant Employee) : Isariya Poonnopatham, Teerapat Krudnguen, Naruemol Poldongnok, Siyapak<br />

Numthai Supervision : Prayong Posriprasert, Chaiwat Mekdee Structural Engineer : Samutsakhon MunicipalityEngineers<br />

Engineer (Water <strong>and</strong> Electricity) : Samutsakhon Municipality Interior : Arsomsilp Community <strong>and</strong> Environmental Architect Co.,<br />

Ltd. L<strong>and</strong>scape : Arsomsilp Community <strong>and</strong> Environmental Architect Co., Ltd. Construction Company <strong>Architecture</strong> : Shinaphak<br />

Concrete Co., Ltd. Engineer (Water <strong>and</strong> Electricity) : Shinaphak Concrete Co., Ltd. Interior : Shinaphak Concrete Co., Ltd.<br />

L<strong>and</strong>scape : Shinaphak Concrete Co., Ltd.<br />


Ambi Studio<br />

Born in <strong>Taiwan</strong> <strong>and</strong> educated in the United States, Mr. Wei-Li Liao<br />

received his Master in <strong>Architecture</strong> from Southern California<br />

Institute of <strong>Architecture</strong> (SCI-Arc), <strong>and</strong> founded Ambi Studio in<br />

2001. Growing up in Tongxiao Township, Miaoli County, thanks to<br />

the artistically subtle childhood memories in Tongxiao that all the<br />

memory fragments come back <strong>and</strong> become a source of creative<br />

inspiration.<br />


Mr. Wei-Li Liao’s architectures are mainly located in the Midwest<br />

of <strong>Taiwan</strong>, known for his “Bridge”, “Church” <strong>and</strong> “Art Museum”<br />

series. The representative works include the Dongyanshan Public<br />

Toilet in Taoyuan, the Wang Gong Footbridge in Changhua, the<br />

Sky Bridge in Beigang, The Light of Christ’s Salvation Church in<br />

Taichung, the Jiaoxi Presbyterian Church, the Tainan De-guang<br />

Presbyterian Church, <strong>and</strong> the Yu-Hsiu Museum of Art in Nantou.<br />

Treating the world with reverence <strong>and</strong> gratitude, as he has always<br />

been committed to being sincerely facing people, events, <strong>and</strong><br />

objects in life with underst<strong>and</strong>ing <strong>and</strong> emotion, which allows him<br />

to realize the meaning of his life, <strong>and</strong> discover his architectural<br />

faith. The childhood memory in Tongxiao, Miaoli is the key to<br />

establishing his architectural view, <strong>and</strong> exp<strong>and</strong>ing the awareness<br />

to the world <strong>and</strong> nature, attempting to think <strong>and</strong> act on how to<br />

awake the cultural meaning of architecture in <strong>Taiwan</strong>.<br />

He takes marginal culture in <strong>Taiwan</strong> as a starting point, through<br />

observing <strong>and</strong> reflecting, he discovered the vibrancy <strong>and</strong> vigor<br />

of <strong>Taiwan</strong>’s ordinary people’s life <strong>and</strong> the flexibility endowed by<br />

oceanic isl<strong>and</strong>. All of these come together to form an unbreakable<br />

power of opposing international styles <strong>and</strong> preserving <strong>Taiwan</strong> ‘s<br />

authenticity. As he said, “I would like to dedicate my whole life to<br />

find out how to better present traditional regional characteristics<br />

in my architecture under an international perspective.”<br />



Hushan Reservoir<br />

Archaeological<br />

Exhibition Hall<br />

Hushan Reservoir is located at the junction of<br />

Douliu City <strong>and</strong> Gukeng Township in Yunlin<br />

County. The Reservoir has been in used since<br />

2016 to supply water for people’s livelihood,<br />

agricultural irrigation, <strong>and</strong> aquaculture industry<br />

in Yunlin County. However, during the construction<br />

of the reservoir, two prehistoric cultural<br />

sites named “Gukeng‧Dapingding Site”, which<br />

can be dated back between 2,500 to 4,000<br />

years ago, were discovered. Therefore, the<br />

Hushan Reservoir Archaeological Exhibition<br />

Hall is designed to be the l<strong>and</strong>mark aiming to<br />

connect cultural heritage <strong>and</strong> regional ecological<br />

characteristic. It is expected to become<br />

a “community museum” <strong>and</strong> an “eco-museum”.<br />

The terrain is located at a narrow hilly platform,<br />

with a height difference of two to three floors.<br />

The design adheres to the principle of the least<br />

intervention to the site originality, the volume<br />

of Hushan Reservoir Archaeological Exhibition<br />

Hall <strong>and</strong> decentralized configuration on the<br />

plan demonstrate the correspondence to<br />

the topography. By making good use of the<br />

topography, Hushan Reservoir Archaeological<br />

Exhibition Hall creates a unique vertical line of<br />

movement connecting the exhibition space,<br />

ancillary facility space <strong>and</strong> recreation area,<br />

<strong>and</strong> guides to the panorama of Dapingding<br />

heritage site.<br />

The vertical <strong>and</strong> horizontal lines of movement<br />

of Hushan Reservoir Archaeological Exhibition<br />

Hall are interspersed with each other, allowing<br />

visitors to experience various view with every<br />

step, as if w<strong>and</strong>ered in a traditional Chinese<br />

garden. Through the spatial experience creating<br />

a state of alternately moving <strong>and</strong> staying, the<br />

tiredness of mountain climbing fades into<br />

oblivion.<br />

The first to third floors of the building are made<br />

of concrete, <strong>and</strong> the fifth floor is made of largespan<br />

timber <strong>and</strong> steel frame, one end of which<br />

falls within the hillside. The whole building is<br />

like placing a bridge on the column pier. The<br />

ground floor is a semi-outdoor square, which<br />

not only welcomes visitors, but also responds<br />


to <strong>Taiwan</strong>’s high humidity <strong>and</strong> high temperature<br />

climate. Office <strong>and</strong> multimedia room mainly<br />

configure on the second floor. Continue to the<br />

third floor where a l<strong>and</strong>scape restaurant is<br />

located. Afterwards the fourth floor is an<br />

outdoor terrace for people to rest <strong>and</strong> enjoy<br />

the surrounding environment. Finally moving<br />

up to the fifth floor, this is a timber-structure<br />

exhibition area. In order to make the surrounding<br />

environment as a part of the exhibition, the<br />

aisles are arranged on both sides, facilitated<br />

with curtain walls <strong>and</strong> observation area where<br />

the nature, the reservoir, the settlement <strong>and</strong><br />

the heritage come into view. The panorama<br />

of the ruins eventually appears when you finally<br />

walk down the stairs to the exterior. Through<br />

spatial intimation by various routes <strong>and</strong> openings,<br />

visiting Hushan Reservoir Archaeological<br />

Exhibition Hall becomes am approach to correspond<br />

<strong>and</strong> dialogue with the surrounding<br />

environment.<br />

The building uses double-layered façade <strong>and</strong><br />

roof to control the indoor temperature, humidity,<br />

lighting <strong>and</strong> ventilation effectively, in an attempt<br />

to create a small <strong>and</strong> exquisite local ecological<br />

museum.<br />


Project Name : Hushan Reservoir Archaeological Exhibition Hall Client / Developer : Yunlin County Government Location :<br />

No. 53, Gukeng Township, Yunlin County, <strong>Taiwan</strong> Function : Museum Site Area : 2,210.12 sq.m. Building Footprint Area :<br />

1,469.83 sq.m. Gross Floor Area : 696.92 sq.m. Floor Numbers : 5 Completion : 2023 Photographs : Kuomin Lee <strong>Architecture</strong><br />

Design Company Architect Firm : Ambi Studio Chief Architect : Wei-Li Liao Design Team (Participant Employee) : Qingli Ren,<br />

Qiaozhen Hou, Jieshan Lin, Yuting Wu, Yurui Fan Supervision : Ambi Studio Structural Engineer :Tomita Structural Design<br />

Engineer (Water <strong>and</strong> Electricity) : Guansheng Engineering Design Office Air-Condition : Richeng Air Conditioning Co., Ltd.<br />

Interior : Ambi Studio L<strong>and</strong>scape : Ambi Studio Construction Company <strong>Architecture</strong> : Yili Construction Co., Ltd. Engineer<br />

(Water <strong>and</strong> Electricity) : Guangji Hydropower Engineering Co., Ltd. Air-Condition : Yili Construction Co., Ltd. Interior : Yili<br />

Construction Co., Ltd. L<strong>and</strong>scape : Yili Construction Co., Ltd.<br />



Yuhsiu Museum of Art<br />

Settled in Pinglin Village, Nantou County, next<br />

to 99 peaks Forest Trail, Yu-Hsiu Museum of<br />

Art is an example of how nature <strong>and</strong> topography<br />

can symbiosis with an architecture design.<br />

The design maintains the original l<strong>and</strong>scape<br />

to the greatest extent, as focusing on the earthwork<br />

balance to avoid redundant intervention,<br />

as well as protecting the original species on<br />

the base, especially the original vineyards in<br />

front of the site.<br />

The design intended to continue the pleasant<br />

scale of surrounding settlements <strong>and</strong> alleys,<br />

<strong>and</strong> organic integrated with the local community.<br />

With profound consideration of local conditions<br />

<strong>and</strong> functional requirements, the museum<br />

configuration is divided into three independent<br />

units: the exhibition hall, the restaurant, <strong>and</strong><br />

the holiday school. Due to the 7-meter height<br />

difference of the terrain, the three independent<br />

units connected by alleys produces a wellorganized,<br />

natural <strong>and</strong> organic rhythm. An<br />

ecological pool is sited at the lowest part of<br />

the terrain, which has the functions of water<br />

storage <strong>and</strong> micro-climate adjustment.<br />

The museum is inspired from both the planning<br />

concept of traditional Chinese Garden (“block<br />

first, guide second, <strong>and</strong> the third is to link <strong>and</strong><br />

connect”), <strong>and</strong> the spontaneous form of Pinglin<br />

Village settlement texture. The entrance of the<br />

museum is guided by the semi-outdoor promenade<br />

<strong>and</strong> natural plants, facing unexpected<br />

turnings, entering narrow alleys, <strong>and</strong> encountering<br />

walls. The light <strong>and</strong> natural green are<br />

intertwined <strong>and</strong> contrasting, which lengthens<br />

the space in-between outer world <strong>and</strong> inner<br />

art world. With the change of scenery step by<br />

step, the visitors slow down the pace, settle<br />

down the mood, totally immerse into the environment<br />

of harmony <strong>and</strong> finally they travel to<br />

the exhibition hall.<br />

The exhibition hall has double-layered exterior<br />

walls, contains a basement <strong>and</strong> three floors<br />

above ground, as the reinforced concrete<br />

structure on the inside, <strong>and</strong> multiple materials<br />

with light green clear glass on the outside,<br />

creating a dialogue with the surrounding environment,<br />

as well as forming an air-flow heat<br />

insulation layer with the inner structure. The<br />

light green clear glass reflects the views of the<br />

four seasons in Pinglin, blurring the museum<br />

volume into the environment. When mist<br />

wreathed the hills, the museum seems to fade<br />

into the surroundings, looming with the fog.<br />

The variation of nature endows the museum<br />

with meaning <strong>and</strong> vitality.<br />


The surrounding alley extends spontaneously<br />

<strong>and</strong> finally reaches the vertical corridor inside<br />

the exhibition hall. The building frames various<br />

surrounding sceneries, which allows indoor<br />

<strong>and</strong> outdoor spaces to be constantly alternating,<br />

entangled <strong>and</strong> extending. Nevertheless,<br />

the boundaries between the building <strong>and</strong> the<br />

surrounding environment are blurred, therefore<br />

enrich the spatial experience of visiting the art<br />

gallery.<br />

The roof is an extension of the terrain where a<br />

steel-structure folly is placed. The folly shows<br />

not only the owner‘s intuition of building this<br />

museum, but also provides the most suitable<br />

view for the magnificent beauty of the 99 peaks.<br />

After browsing through artworks, <strong>and</strong> walking<br />

into the folly, the shock from nature comes<br />

unexpectedly. In this unique space, on the one<br />

h<strong>and</strong>, visitors can marvel at this wonder of the<br />

nature through the window, <strong>and</strong> on the other<br />

h<strong>and</strong>, they can recall all the fine arts that have<br />

viewed throughout this journey. The folly<br />

becomes the place for the dialogue between<br />

man <strong>and</strong> nature.<br />


Project Name : Yuhsiu Museum of Art Client / Developer : Yeh Yuhsiu Location : No. 26, Lane 150, Jianxing Road., Caotun<br />

Township, Nantou County, <strong>Taiwan</strong> Function : Museum Site Area : 4,680 sq.m. Building Footprint Area The main building<br />

exhibition hall : 1,204 sq.m. Restaurant : 147 sq.m. Studio-workshops for resident artists : 462 sq.m Gross Floor Area<br />

The main building exhibition hall : 323 sq.m. Restaurant : 147 sq.m. Studio-workshops for resident artists : 276 sq.m. Floor<br />

Numbers : 4 Completion : 2015 Photographs : Ambi Studio <strong>Architecture</strong> Design Company Architect Firm : Ambi Studio<br />

Chief Architect : Wei-Li Liao Design Team (Participant Employee) : Ding-Xiang Gao, Ying-Jian Jr, Wen-Jang Ying, Rou-Jau Pei,<br />

Jiun-Huang You Supervision : Ambi Studio Structural Engineer : Ding Jiang Engineering Consulting Co., Ltd. Engineer (Water<br />

<strong>and</strong> Electricity) : Guansheng Engineering Design Office Air-Condition : Richeng Air Conditioning Co., Ltd. Interior : Ambi Studio<br />

L<strong>and</strong>scape : Ambi Studio, Hetuo Planning <strong>and</strong> Design Company Construction Company <strong>Architecture</strong> : Fuguarch <strong>Architecture</strong><br />

Engineer (Water <strong>and</strong> Electricity) : Guansheng Engineering Design Office Air-Condition : Richeng Air Conditioning Co., Ltd.<br />

Interior : Ambi Studio L<strong>and</strong>scape : Ambi Studio, Hetuo Planning <strong>and</strong> Design Company<br />


Department of<br />



Department of ARCHITECTURE Co. is a design studio based in<br />

Bangkok, <strong>Thail<strong>and</strong></strong>; founded by Amata Luphaiboon <strong>and</strong> Twitee<br />

Vajrabhaya Teparkum in 2004. It practices architecture, interior<br />

architecture, l<strong>and</strong>scape, <strong>and</strong> other related design disciplines in<br />

a broad range of programmatic requirements <strong>and</strong> scales.<br />

The studio’s design approach encompasses not only the tangible<br />

aspects of architecture, but also the conceptual framework upon<br />

which individuals interact. The practice is interested in finding<br />

new possibilities for architecture by exploring beyond the surface<br />

<strong>and</strong> designing an underlying foundation that forms the basis for<br />

the physical spaces.<br />



The Commons<br />

Thonglor<br />

For Bangkok, or any other modern-day cosmopolitan<br />

cities, living conditions <strong>and</strong> spatial form<br />

continue to evolve. Bangkokians are now<br />

yearning for new possibilities of outdoor living<br />

space that can effectively answer to the tropical<br />

heat <strong>and</strong> its dense living condition where there<br />

is not much space for the outdoor. ‘The Commons’,<br />

a small retail development in the city<br />

center, is an attempt to create a new active<br />

outdoor space where people can comfortably<br />

enjoy it at anytime of the year.<br />

‘The Commons’ proposes a vertical open-air<br />

public space folding upward as a backbone of<br />

the building. It starts with ‘the <strong>Ground</strong>’ which<br />

is a l<strong>and</strong>scape of steps <strong>and</strong> ramps integrated<br />

with platforms, seatings, planting <strong>and</strong> small<br />

kiosks. The area is well shaded by the third<br />

<strong>and</strong> the fourth floor structure above protecting<br />

the entire space from the sun <strong>and</strong> the rain.<br />

‘The <strong>Ground</strong>’ vertically opens up through large<br />

voids on the upper floors, connecting to a<br />

large public open-air area occupying nearly<br />

thirty percent of each of the third <strong>and</strong> the fourth<br />

floor plate. The space vertically <strong>and</strong> horizontally<br />

flows in <strong>and</strong> out the entire building <strong>and</strong><br />

allows for natural ventilation throughout. Two<br />

sets of industrial fans are incorporated into<br />

the ceiling screen below the skylight. One<br />

set draws hot air upward <strong>and</strong> out; the other<br />

set blows the wind downward to effectively<br />

increase the air movement in extra hot days.<br />

This airy semi-outdoor space is well incorporated<br />

with gardens on all levels. It becomes<br />

an active vertical urban living area. It is a place<br />

for strolling <strong>and</strong> relaxing at any time <strong>and</strong> in<br />

any seasons.<br />

‘The Commons’ also provides a solution<br />

answering to a classic challenge of a multistorey<br />

retail building on how to draw people<br />

upward to the upper levels. The wide ‘<strong>Ground</strong>’<br />

with its gradual series of steps <strong>and</strong> platforms<br />

connecting the street level to the second floor<br />

naturally draws people to walk up leisurely.<br />

A series of openings in the third <strong>and</strong> the fourth<br />

floor further enhance a continuity of the vertical<br />

space. Shops on the upper levels are clearly<br />

seen from different angles from ‘the <strong>Ground</strong>’.<br />

People flow to every floor effortlessly.<br />

A building skin on the upper floors answers to<br />

another challenge. While the project wants to<br />

open up the facade for a through ventilation,<br />

the different identities of various shops on the<br />

façade would have made the building appear<br />

to be fragmented. The project applies a thin<br />

sheer steel mesh over the façade to partially<br />


mask off the differences among the shops<br />

providing a unified surface while allowing for<br />

visual transparency from the inside, a through<br />

ventilation, <strong>and</strong> the lightness appearance from<br />

the outside.<br />

The ceiling of ‘the <strong>Ground</strong>’ is carefully up-lighted<br />

creating a floating effect to the mass above<br />

<strong>and</strong> give a cozy atmosphere to the area. The<br />

exterior light on the meshed façade fades in<br />

<strong>and</strong> out slowly. With light, the surface of the<br />

building skin comes into presence, while when<br />

the light fades away, the façade becomes<br />

transparent <strong>and</strong> briefly reveals what is inside.<br />

It feels as if the walls could breathe <strong>and</strong> the<br />

building itself is alive.<br />


Project Name : The Commons Thonglor Owner : The Commons Co., Ltd. Location : Thonglor 17, Bangkok, <strong>Thail<strong>and</strong></strong> Site Area :<br />

5,000 sq.m. Completion : 2016 Photographs : W Workspace, Ketsiree Wongwan <strong>Architecture</strong> Design Company Architect Firm :<br />

Department of ARCHITECTURE Co., Ltd. Principals : Amata Luphaiboon, Twitee Vajrabhaya Teparkum Design Team (Participant<br />

Employee) : Chaiyapat Mirasena, Chanlika Boonpha, Matusorn Surachattumrongrat, Taraya Antarasena L<strong>and</strong>scape : Wabi-Sabi<br />

Studio Co., Ltd. Structural Engineer : Jet Structural Engineer (Mechanical <strong>and</strong> Electrical) : EEC Engineering Network Environmental<br />

Graphic : be>our>friend studio Identity design : TNOP Design Construction Company <strong>Architecture</strong> : International<br />

Project Administration Co., Ltd. (InterPAC) Main Contractor : NL Development Public Co., Ltd. Façade Contractor : SC Glazing<br />

Co., Ltd.<br />



Sala Bang Pa-In<br />

The resort is situated in a rural l<strong>and</strong>scape of<br />

Ayutthaya, <strong>Thail<strong>and</strong></strong>, surrounded by the Chao<br />

Phraya River on one side <strong>and</strong> the canal on the<br />

other. The architectural design is a contemporary<br />

re-interpretation of the local rural l<strong>and</strong>scape<br />

<strong>and</strong> intends to connect people to the<br />

life of the river <strong>and</strong> its atmosphere.<br />

The buildings are scaled down to be in grain<br />

with the surrounding local houses, alternating<br />

<strong>and</strong> surrounded by lushness of trees, <strong>and</strong><br />

arranged in clusters with variation of positioning,<br />

in <strong>and</strong> out with various building heights. The<br />

roofline of the clusters is corresponding to<br />

those of the surrounding villages. Yet the villas<br />

are contemporary in their spatiality. The living<br />

space of the villa is designed as if it is suspended<br />

between nature, with one full front<br />

opens up <strong>and</strong> connects to the river <strong>and</strong> another<br />

full opening opens up to the small courtyard<br />

on the opposite side. The hotel room type has<br />

a special bay window as a cozy little place to<br />

snuggle oneself in <strong>and</strong> to be connected with<br />

the rural canal view beyond.<br />

Thai house. In the surrounding immediate<br />

context <strong>and</strong> in the Thai rural l<strong>and</strong>scape in<br />

general, houses <strong>and</strong> villages are often full with<br />

colors – red, blue, green, yellow, pink, etc.<br />

The lobby building which is nested within<br />

the village is rendered red to speak the same<br />

language of its colorful context.<br />

The bridge as an extension of the lobby<br />

bringing people from one side of the canal<br />

to the main resort side also continues the red<br />

color. This red bridge, although seems very<br />

‘distinct’ in its color, is actually ‘blending’ into<br />

the colorful village context – ‘bridging’ the<br />

new architecture to the local tone <strong>and</strong> culture.<br />

Crossing the red footbridge across the canal<br />

to the resort site, one would arrive at the<br />

arrival platform marked by a large well-preserved<br />

rain tree at the entry point.<br />

Guests would arrive from the mainl<strong>and</strong> through<br />

the breezy lobby space underneath the wooden<br />

building on stilts, just like how one would be<br />

welcomed at a living space of the traditional<br />


The main gathering space of the resort is the<br />

restaurant, cafe, <strong>and</strong> bar. The architecture is<br />

a casual fabric structure with multiple pitched<br />

rooflines referencing yet modernizing vernacular<br />

village skyline. Its open-air atmosphere captures<br />

the sense of a tropical architecture. The entire<br />

space is looking out to the river <strong>and</strong> the seating<br />

flow to the outdoor, cascading down to connect<br />

with the Chao Phraya River. The finishing of<br />

the restaurant is predominantly brick, reminiscent<br />

of the traces of the old Ayutthaya. Yet the<br />

construction of the brick is surprisingly<br />

weightless, almost as if the bricks are floating<br />

in mid-air, a contemporary tectonic twist of<br />

the age-old traditional material.<br />

The overall atmosphere of the resort can be<br />

defined as simple, casual, relaxing <strong>and</strong> connecting<br />

to the life of the river. It is a contemporary<br />

space with materiality touch of sheer<br />

fabric, bricks, natural woods, <strong>and</strong> wickerwork<br />

as a linkage to Ayutthaya locality <strong>and</strong> its<br />

craftsmanship.<br />


Project Name : Sala Bang Pa-In Client / Developer : Sala Bang Pa-In, Co., Ltd. Location : Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya, <strong>Thail<strong>and</strong></strong><br />

Function : Resort Site Area : 7,680 sq.m. Building Footprint Area : 3,185 sq.m. Gross Floor Area : 4,000 sq.m. Floor Numbers :<br />

1-2 Completion : 2021 <strong>Architecture</strong> Design Company Architect Firm : Department of ARCHITECTURE Co., Ltd. Chief Architect :<br />

Twitee Vajrabhaya, Amata Luphaiboon Design Team (Participant Employee) : Jirapatr Jirasukprasert, Worrawit Leangweeradech,<br />

Tanapat Phanlert, Ramida Sakulteera, Kwanchanok Pornchaipisut, Fahlada Roonnaphai Structural Engineer : POST Co., Ltd.<br />

Engineer (Water <strong>and</strong> Electricity) : MITR Technical Consultant Co., Ltd Air-Condition : MITR Technical Consultant Co., Ltd<br />

Interior : Department of ARCHITECTURE Co., Ltd. L<strong>and</strong>scape : Department of ARCHITECTURE Co., Ltd. Construction Company<br />

<strong>Architecture</strong> : S45 Engineering Co., Ltd, Double Click Construction Co., Ltd Engineer (Water <strong>and</strong> Electricity) : SKT Engineering<br />

Co., Ltd Air-Condition : SKT Engineering Co., Ltd Interior : New Muangthong Furniture (1993) Co., Ltd. L<strong>and</strong>scape : S45<br />

Engineering Co., Ltd<br />


Atelier Or<br />


An architect <strong>and</strong> curator, Sheng-Feng Lin received his Master of<br />

<strong>Architecture</strong> from Cranbrook Academy of Art. He is currently an<br />

associate professor at the Department of <strong>Architecture</strong>, Shih Chien<br />

University, <strong>and</strong> the founder of Atelier Or. Lin garnered wide attention<br />

for his outdoor l<strong>and</strong> art installation, The Memory of 80’s, presented<br />

at Taitung Art Museum in 2014. In 2018, he received the Outst<strong>and</strong>ing<br />

Awards of TILA L<strong>and</strong>scape Awards for the Happiness Plaza in<br />

Hsinchu, <strong>and</strong> Honorable Mention of <strong>Taiwan</strong> <strong>Architecture</strong> Awards<br />

for Shih Chien University Campus Renovation; In 2022, he received<br />

the Japan’s Good Design Award for the Sparkling Market at Nanliao<br />

Fishing Harbor, Hsinchu. The spaces designed by Lin often project<br />

a “prototypical” poetic ambiance, with different materials effortlessly<br />

incorporated.<br />

Atelier Or was founded in 2011. Its work involves architectural<br />

design, tectonic creation, exhibition design, etc. Atelier Or focuses<br />

on experimental design with tectonic approach, <strong>and</strong> the derivation<br />

of geometric order. Their works constantly seen as the represen<br />

tation of abstract <strong>and</strong> purity, <strong>and</strong> harmonious dialogue between<br />

body <strong>and</strong> environment in a poetic manner. The current <strong>and</strong> recently<br />

completed projects includes: Sparkling Market in Hsinchu, Renovation<br />

of National Museum of History, Pedestrian Overhead Bridge<br />

in Hsinchu, outdoor l<strong>and</strong>scape art installation at Taitung Art<br />

Museum, etc.<br />



Sparkling Market<br />

The Fish market at Nanliao Fishing Harbor,<br />

Hsinchu brings together a myriad of functions<br />

including fish market, restaurants, outdoor<br />

stalls <strong>and</strong> ancillary services. The new building<br />

takes a different approach from the existing<br />

14-meter high, two-story edifice to be replaced.<br />

Rather than packing all the functions into one<br />

single colossal mass, the concept here is to<br />

disperse functional volumes, scale back the<br />

building height to 7 meters, <strong>and</strong> create open<br />

spaces in-between that entertain visual experience<br />

at varying scales, animated pedestrian<br />

flow <strong>and</strong> opportunities for happenings. The<br />

volumes are unified with a horizontal extension<br />

in the form of a sprawling canopy <strong>and</strong> windsheltering<br />

walls, resulting in a composition that,<br />

while being attentive to the existing harbor<br />

l<strong>and</strong>scape, protects its users against the harsh<br />

climatic conditions along Hsinchu’s coast<br />

featuring scorching heat in the summer <strong>and</strong><br />

gusty northeasterly monsoons in the winter<br />

along.<br />

Sparkling Market falls under Phase One of<br />

the Fish Market Project. The N-shaped layout<br />

carves out open spaces that unfold along the<br />

long <strong>and</strong> narrow site toward the adjacent road,<br />

fishing harbor, <strong>and</strong> kite field. Vertical walls with<br />

arched profiles erected from CLT (cross-laminated<br />

timber) <strong>and</strong> shaped steel components<br />

are capped with a giant undulating SRC<br />

(steel-reinforced concrete) canopy formed<br />

by geometric modular units. The horizontality<br />

of the wavy roof with homogenous variation<br />

is interrupted at 45-degree angles to form<br />

interesting eave lines that metamorphose<br />

with the sight angle. The arched walls skewed<br />

at 45-degree angles work together with the<br />

sliced canopy to shape a market space that<br />

features mesmerizing curves, fluid insideoutside<br />

relationships, <strong>and</strong> seasonal chiaroscuro.<br />

The building <strong>and</strong> l<strong>and</strong>scaping utilize straightforward<br />

<strong>and</strong> weatherproof materials like<br />

concrete, glued laminated timber, weatherproof<br />

steel, stainless steel, <strong>and</strong> compressed<br />

concrete paving. The enormous structure is<br />

imbued with a curious contrast of airiness that<br />

is abstract <strong>and</strong> dematerialized, credited to<br />

the homogenous material use deployed over<br />

large areas of the SRC canopy, CLT walls, <strong>and</strong><br />

mosaic paving, as well as deliberately minimalistic<br />

detailing. Low-profile, homogeneous<br />

<strong>and</strong> linear stalls under the great canopy,<br />

thoroughly integrated <strong>and</strong> exposed utility lines<br />

<strong>and</strong> equipment, <strong>and</strong> the mechanical visual<br />

lexicon comprising singular use of stainless<br />


steel materials <strong>and</strong> system components form<br />

a contrast <strong>and</strong> dialogue with the abstract<br />

canopied structure. As for the lighting design,<br />

the underside of the canopy is sparingly illuminated<br />

from below <strong>and</strong> the profiles of the arched<br />

walls accentuated. Lighting for the stalls,<br />

however, is intensified so as to turn them into<br />

glowing bodies that float in the night.<br />

Nanliao Fishing Harbor boasts a rich history<br />

of fishery development <strong>and</strong> strong potential<br />

for recreation <strong>and</strong> tourism. Guided by a wellinformed<br />

master plan, several major infrastructure<br />

projects have been completed in<br />

recent years, including a 17-kilometer l<strong>and</strong>scaped<br />

coastline, kite field, sports park, familyfriendly<br />

beach, <strong>and</strong> parking provisions. As a<br />

key facility linking fishery <strong>and</strong> tourism <strong>and</strong><br />

recreation, this new building serves to reorganize<br />

functions <strong>and</strong> respond to the spatial<br />

framework. More importantly, it is a piece of<br />

site-specific vernacular architecture endowed<br />

with a strong identity <strong>and</strong> unrestrained qualities<br />

that are in constant dialogue with the l<strong>and</strong>scape,<br />

sensitive to the microclimate, <strong>and</strong><br />

aligned with local construction technology.<br />


Project Name : Sparkling Market Client / Developer : Hsinchu City Government Location : Singang 3rd Road, North District,<br />

Hsinchu City, <strong>Taiwan</strong> Function : Tourist market Site Area : 29,700 sq.m. Building Footprint Area : 7,200 sq.m. Gross Floor Area :<br />

8,070 sq.m. Floor Numbers : 2 Completion : 2021 Photographs : Yu-chen Chao <strong>Architecture</strong> Design Company Architect Firm :<br />

Atelier Or Chief Architect : Sheng-Feng Lin Design Team (Participant Employee) : Tzu-chi Lin, Hsin Lu, Hsiu-ting Chan, Ruei-pei<br />

Yang Supervision :Tzu-chi Lin Structural Engineer : HONG MAI Engineering Consultant Co., Ltd. Engineer (Water <strong>and</strong> Electricity) :<br />

Longcyuan Electricians <strong>and</strong> Engineers L<strong>and</strong>scape : Atelier Or Lighting : CosmoC Lighting, Ltd. Construction Company <strong>Architecture</strong><br />

: Jinchunfu Construction Co., Ltd.<br />



Pavilion for Hsinchu<br />

Bus Station Plaza<br />

The Pavilion for The Hsinchu Bus Station Plaza<br />

is located between the disembarking area for<br />

buses <strong>and</strong> parking for scooters <strong>and</strong> bicycles.<br />

Its function is to protect pedestrians from the<br />

elements as they make their way to the bus<br />

stops, the bus terminal <strong>and</strong> the underpass<br />

linking the front <strong>and</strong> back of the railway station.<br />

The structure of the 48-meter long pavilion is<br />

formed from one single folding stainless steel<br />

panel. The form is a tectonic interpretation at<br />

once pure, minimal <strong>and</strong> expressive. It is the<br />

result of various factors including the strength<br />

of the folding panels, drainage, spatial scale<br />

of the surrounding, <strong>and</strong> the fabrication /construction<br />

process.<br />

The structural system is based on the simple<br />

geometry of the rhombus. Variations in the<br />

geometric relationships, the site’s environmental<br />

context <strong>and</strong> spatial requirements inform<br />

the formation of the canopy with a span ranging<br />

between 3 to 9 meters. The canopy is transformed<br />

by environmental conditions <strong>and</strong> the<br />

changing scales in spatial functions. The form<br />

of the main structure reflects the most<br />

compact <strong>and</strong> effective structural behavior<br />

against wind <strong>and</strong> earthquake. The systematic<br />

<strong>and</strong> modular design effectively reduces the<br />

number of intersections between the panels,<br />

streamlining the fabrication <strong>and</strong> on-site construction.<br />

The V-shaped beams <strong>and</strong> columns<br />

become part of the canopy’s drainage system.<br />

Lighting is projected from the ground. The<br />

canopy becomes illuminated <strong>and</strong> reflective,<br />

creating the ambience of a glowing body at<br />

night.<br />

The Pavilion explores issues of tectonic creation<br />

<strong>and</strong> experimentation. It is a discourse in the<br />

evolution from module to system. The design<br />

attempts to link the manipulation of materiality<br />

<strong>and</strong> space, creating functional systems of<br />

architectural spaces in an open urban environmental<br />

context, establishing the relationships<br />

<strong>and</strong> order between object, people <strong>and</strong> event.<br />



Project Name : Pavilion for Hsinchu Bus Station Plaza Client / Developer : Hsinchu City Government Location : Hsinchu City,<br />

<strong>Taiwan</strong> Function : Pavilion Site Area : 818.5 sq.m. Building Footprint Area : 297.3 sq.m. Gross Floor Area : 297.3 sq.m.<br />

Floor Numbers : 1 Completion : 2018 Photographs : Yu-Chen Tsao <strong>Architecture</strong> Design Company Architect Firm : Atelier Or<br />

Chief Architect : Sheng-Feng Lin Design Team (Participant Employee) :Yi-Lin Tsai Supervision : Yi-Lin Tsai Structural Engineer :<br />

TH Tsai <strong>and</strong> Associates, Consulting Engineers Engineer (Water <strong>and</strong> Electricity) : Longcyuan Electricians <strong>and</strong> Engineers Lighting :<br />

CosmoC Design,Ltd L<strong>and</strong>scape : Atelier Or Construction Company <strong>Architecture</strong> : Atelier Or Engineer (Water <strong>and</strong> Electricity) :<br />

Longcyuan Electricians <strong>and</strong> Engineers L<strong>and</strong>scape : Atelier Or<br />


HAS<br />

design <strong>and</strong> research<br />


HAS design <strong>and</strong> research was founded by Jenchieh Hung <strong>and</strong><br />

Kulthida Songkittipakdee, <strong>and</strong> they explore Asia’s architectural<br />

language through a parallel “design + research” approach. Hung<br />

And Songkittipakdee (HAS) has developed an international reputation<br />

by winning competitions; their work st<strong>and</strong>s by synthesizing<br />

form, pattern, material, <strong>and</strong> technology into irreducible constructions.<br />

They have been widely recognized for their innovative work<br />

<strong>and</strong> have received awards <strong>and</strong> honors that include <strong>Thail<strong>and</strong></strong><br />

Prestige Award 2021, Designer of the Year Award 2019, Design<br />

Star Award 2018, as well as their inclusion into the Wallpaper*<br />

Architects’ Directory 2022.<br />

Jenchieh Hung is also exhibition chairman of The Association of<br />

Siamese Architects Under Royal Patronage, as well as founding<br />

president of Chinese-Thai Research Studio, <strong>and</strong> Kulthida Songkittipakdee<br />

is public relations director of The Association of Siamese<br />

Architects Under Royal Patronage. They are the principal curators<br />

of “<strong>Infinity</strong> <strong>Ground</strong> <strong>Architecture</strong> Exhibition” at Bangkok Art <strong>and</strong><br />

Culture Centre (BACC). Hung And Songkittipakdee have also been<br />

actively involved in academia as visiting professors <strong>and</strong> architecture<br />

design critics for Tongji University, as well as Chulalongkorn<br />

University <strong>and</strong> King Mongkut’s University of Technology Thonburi.<br />

They were also invited to serve as curators <strong>and</strong> critics for Thai<br />

contemporary architecture, executing a series of exhibitions,<br />

publications, <strong>and</strong> forums.<br />


Photo Credits<br />

<strong>Ground</strong> Exchanges<br />

Architects 49 Limited<br />

Velaa Sindhorn Village<br />

Langsuan<br />

Photo : W Workspace<br />

House of Roofs<br />

Photo : YuChen Chao<br />

Photography<br />

MAYU architects<br />

Pingtung Public Library<br />

Photo : YuChen Chao<br />

Photography<br />

D’luck Cinematic Theater<br />

Photo : Chaovarith Poonphol<br />

Duangrit Bunnag<br />

Architect Limited<br />

The Glass Temple<br />

Photo : W Workspace<br />

Kaohsiung American School<br />

Athletic Complex<br />

Photo : YuChen Chao<br />

Photography<br />

Behet Bondzio Lin<br />

Architekten<br />

Eternal Hill Columbarium<br />

Photo : YuChen Chao<br />

Photography<br />

Residence Prachachuen<br />

Photo : W Workspace<br />


Feeling <strong>Ground</strong>s<br />

Arsomsilp Community<br />

<strong>and</strong> Environment<br />

Puey Ungphakorn<br />

Centenary Hall<br />

Photo : Pat Phuchamni<br />

Yuhsiu Museum of Art<br />

Photo : Ambi Studio<br />

Sparkling Market<br />

Photo : YuChen Chao<br />

Photography<br />

Tha Chalom Sky Boat Library<br />

Photo : Srirath Somsawat<br />

Department of<br />


The Commons Thonglor<br />

Photo : W Workspace<br />

Pavilion for Hsinchu<br />

Bus Station Plaza<br />

Photo : YuChen Chao<br />

Photography<br />

Ambi Studio<br />

Hushan Reservoir<br />

Archaeological<br />

Exhibition Hall<br />

Photo : Kuomin Lee<br />

Sala Bang Pa-In<br />

Photo : W Workspace<br />

Atelier Or<br />


Hosts<br />

Co-Organizers<br />

Supporters<br />


Thanks to all who put<br />

in infinity effort for<br />

this special moment<br />

Adul Kaewdee<br />

Aimpawee Jirapatcharapat<br />

Anawach Phongsuwan<br />

Antika Sawadsri<br />

Apiradee Kasemsook<br />

Athipat Wongchaiya<br />

Boonyarat Toruen<br />

Bunchusa Putthapornmongkol<br />

Chaiyapat Mirasena<br />

Chana Sumpalung<br />

Chatchakwan Fagon<br />

Chayanee Pinitsoponpun<br />

Chun-Ming Huang<br />

Duanpen Juipracha<br />

Ekkarach Laksanasamrit<br />

Hsuan-Chen Chen<br />

Jenna Jun Wang<br />

Jenna Tsailin Liu<br />

Joanne Yu-An Tien<br />

Kamolthip Kimaree<br />

Ketsiree Wongwan<br />

Kisnaphol Wattanawanyoo<br />

Komgrij Thanapet<br />

Kunlatida Suwintrakorn<br />

Linda Cheng<br />

Michael Paripol Tangtrongchit<br />

M.L.Paskorn Abhakorn<br />

Naputt Sakkamat<br />

Nattanon Nirundorn<br />

Natthamon Tangtrongmit<br />

Nicha Teanpraneet<br />

Nives Vaseenon<br />

Nontawat Charoenchasri<br />

Paniti Potchanapitak<br />

Pattamawan Roongsiriwong<br />

Phanthip Thiranet<br />

Pichapohn Singnimittraku<br />

Prathum Sutthiprinyanont<br />

Premika Farsawang<br />

Prompt Udomdech<br />

Ratchaneeya Yangthaisong<br />

Rattakan Khantayaporn<br />

Saowakon Srinak<br />

Saowaruj Rattanakhamfu<br />

Saranya Siangarom<br />

Sarayut Supsook<br />

Soraya Panthongkhum<br />

Suphichaya Suppipat<br />

Tawan Wongsawan<br />

Theerarat Kaeojaikla<br />

Thomas Hsiang-Yu Chang<br />

Tonkao Panin<br />

Top Koaysomboon<br />

Woraphot Tangmanuswong<br />

Yingyong Poonnopatham<br />

Zcongklod Bangyikhan<br />


<strong>Infinity</strong> <strong>Ground</strong><br />

<strong>Thail<strong>and</strong></strong> <strong>and</strong> <strong>Taiwan</strong><br />

<strong>Contemporary</strong> <strong>Architecture</strong><br />

First Print<br />

July 2023, Bangkok<br />

Authors<br />

Jenchieh Hung<br />

Kulthida Songkittipakdee<br />

Managing Editor<br />

Kamolthip Kimaree<br />

Graphic Designers<br />

Wasawat Dechapirom<br />

Jirawadee Kositbovornchai<br />

Print<br />

Print / Plate<br />

Superpixel<br />

Published by<br />

art4d CO Limited<br />

© Copyright 2023<br />

No responsibility can be<br />

accepted for unsolicited<br />

manuscripts or photographs.<br />

National Library of <strong>Thail<strong>and</strong></strong> Cataloging in Publication Data<br />

Hung, Jenchieh.<br />

<strong>Infinity</strong> <strong>Ground</strong> - <strong>Thail<strong>and</strong></strong> <strong>and</strong> <strong>Taiwan</strong> <strong>Contemporary</strong> <strong>Architecture</strong><br />

-- Bangkok : art4d CO, 2023.<br />

120 p.<br />

1. <strong>Architecture</strong> -- Exhibitions. I. Kulthida Songkittipakdee, jt.auth. II.<br />

Title.<br />

720.74<br />

ISBN 978-616-94289-0-9

Atelier Or<br />

Arsomsilp Community<br />

<strong>and</strong> Environment Architect<br />

Behet Bondzio Lin Architekten<br />

Duangrit Bunnag<br />

Architect Limited

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