THE LEUCAENA NETWORK NEWS

leucaena.net

THE LEUCAENA NETWORK NEWS

The Leucaena Network News

DECember 2009

Phone 07 3878 4398 Mobile 0418 411 351

Email leucaenanetwork@bigpond.com Website www.leucaena.net

Interest in leucaena around the world is increasing rapidly

not only for livestock production but also to learn more

about the advantages it offers to help manage natural

resources, this issue of the Newsletter will try to cover as

many of the topics that can be shared with you.

TLN Conference and AGM

The Leucaena Network 2009 Conference and Annual

General Meeting was a great success and our appreciation

goes to all who were able to support it, especially

Landmark for their generous sponsorship.

A special thank you is extended to George Watkin,

Landmark’s Regional Manager based at Townsville for his

help in arranging his company’s support.

Members attending the two days took the opportunity

to ‘network’ with the researchers, agronomy extension

specialist and fellow leucaena growers to learn more about

the many benefits the tree has to offer in helping manage

our natural resources and increasing livestock production

levels.

Well known Emerald district leucaena grower Lawrie

Duncombe was very pleased that he attended the 2009

Conference and said whenever he is able to attend a

Leucaena Network Conference he always takes away with

him some useful information for managing his pastures

and cattle and this year was no exception.

In this issue…

• leucaena in Latin America

• John Wilden remembered

• pasture for leucaena

• using silk sorghum

• soil carbon sequestration

• Thailand delegation

• Leucaena Info Days

Don Heatley speaking about chopping leucaena on his

property Byrne Valley, Home Hill.

Meat & Livestock Australia personell were heavily

involved throughout both days; once the formalities

on the first morning were completed Dr. Mick Quirk

outlined MLA’s extensive investment in leucaena research

and development.

Dr Ed Charmley from CSIRO covered the research in

reducing methane emissions from livestock and the role

of leucaena.

Managing the seed set of leucaena is one of the priorities

facing our industry while many long-term and new

leucaena growers want to find out more about the benefits

of ripping paddocks in comparison to not ripping them,

both of these topics were addressed by Stuart Buck from

Queensland Primary Industries & Fisheries.

Ernie Young from QLD Sustainable Agricultural Solutions

has been working with leucaena growers across Central

Queensland and he shared with the participants an insight

of on-farm tree utilisation.

Kelly Payne from MLA was kept busy over the two days

taking us through the benefits of MSA grading and

demonstrating new beef cutting and presentation options.

Then he handed the different steaks over to Dr. Mick

Quirk who re-enforced that the MLA slogan ‘turn the

bloody steaks once’ delivers mouth-watering results.


The Heatley family have

used a modified cane

harvester to chop standing

leucaena.

Members showed their support for The Leucaena

Network Executive by voting to retain them in their

positions for another term. Andrew Lawrie was elected as

President, Bryant Ussher, Vice-President, Ruth Wagner,

Treasurer and Ken Murphy as Minute Secretary. They

were all elected unopposed.

Following the election of office bearers, President Andrew

Lawrie delivered the current Code of Practice – and its

reason for being. After Andrew’s presentation, members

voted unanimously to endorse the current Code of

Practice for growing leucaena.

The Leucaena Network wishes to thank Mr. Don Heatley

for giving so generously of his time. Readers will know

that Don is constantly busy in his role as Chairman of

Meat & Livestock Australia. The timing of the Conference

for Don was not perfect, wedged between meetings in

Sydney and flights to USA.

At the Conference Dinner, Don had diners keen to know

more about the state of the red meat markets around the

world, after delivering his keynote address without the

aid of any prompts he took many wide-ranging questions

including the latest on the livestock export trade from the

floor.

Next afternoon Don, his wife Laurel and son Scott were

hosts to the Conference attendees to Byrne Valley at Home

Hill showing their very productive irrigated leucaena

operation.

At Byrne Valley leucaena is being chopped for the first

time and a sugar cane harvester has been converted to do

the job and the demonstration on cutting the standing

leucaena proved very successful.

Queensland Primary Industries & Fisheries have always

been great supporters of the Network and leucaena

Members discussed the effectiveness of the Heatley’s

chopper.

growers and this year their Principal Molecular Biologist,

Diane Ouwerkerk provided an overview on the very

important issues in the production of the bacterial

inoculums for cattle feeding leucaena.

Mark Best from QPIF was also on hand to handle one

of the most pressing question from landholders who

are considering to grow leucaena for the first time—the

productivity and economic returns of dryland leucaena.

Livestock producers are always hungry for the latest

research information about leucaena and The Leucaena

Network would be struggling without the never-ending

support of the University of Queensland.

Associate Professor Max Shelton was able to inform

delegates about leucaena toxicity problems in overseas

countries, while Sam Graham, PhD student from UQ

provided an update about his trial work testing for the

presence of the rumen bug in cattle herds.

Leucaena growers and supporters enjoy hearing cattle

producer’s grazing management experiences of the

leucaena grass pastures and our Vice-President Bryant

Ussher from Lingi, Chinchilla did this very well.

All the Conference presentations can be found at: http://

www.leucaena.net/conference.htm

The Leucaena Network seeks your advice about the 2010

Conference and AGM, to have your say go to: http://www.

leucaena.net/survey.htm

Support from funds raised at the Conference is very much

appreciated and this year generous donations in the form

of leucaena and pasture seed were offered.

Guest auctioneer for the evening Andrew Richardson

ensured that a cracking-pace was set for the bidders of

200 kilograms of Cunningham seed offered by Tom and

Ruth Wagner along with 500 kilograms of silk sorghum

donated by Bryant and Sussan Ussher and by the time

Andrew offered the 40 kilograms of Tarramba seed from

Peter, Jan and Tim Larsen intending buyers knew that

they would have to dig deep into their pockets.


Leucaena seed necklace and earings. It is believed that weed

leucaena was spread across Northern Australia by South

Pacific Islanders wearing this type of necklace in the late

1890s.

Almost $6000 was raised for the Network, many thanks

to the Larsen, Wagner and Ussher families for their

wonderful support.

LEUCAENA IN CENTRAL AND SOUTH

AMERICA

Countries of Central and South America are making

use of the benefits of leucaena for both enhanced

environment and livestock production.

Assoc. Prof. Max Shelton from the University of

Queensland and Mr Peter Larsen, Director of LeucSeeds

Pty Ltd at Banana Queensland, have recently returned

from a 2-week visit to the State of Michoacán, Mexico

to participate in the second Latin American conference

on Intensive Silvopastoral Systems (grazing forage trees

in pasture), and to conduct a short course on leucaena

establishment and management.

Here in northern Australia, most people in the livestock

industry are familiar with the development of >150 000

ha of leucaena / grass for cattle production; the most

significant pasture improvement initiative over the past 20

years. Cattle turned off these pastures are valued at greater

than $120M / annum, a figure that is expected to double

over the next 10 years.

However, many may not be aware that Australia is not

the only country making use of the benefits of growing

leucaena for feeding ruminants. In Mexico, the home

Field day inspection of leucauna pasture.

range of leucaena, the State of Michoacán, with support

from farmer organisations, Government and the

University sector, has begun implementing leucaena

developments for dairy and beef industries. Their initial

target is 10 000 ha of leucaena planted by 2011–12

comprising approximately 1000 producers; they currently

have 1600 ha planted involving 248 producers. Stocking

rate is 2 animals per ha, irrigation is often available, and

the soils are deep fertile black clays.

The system they are recommending is different from ours

and in many ways reminiscent of approaches that we

used here in Australia 30 years ago. The most appropriate

systems for Mexican farmers will probably evolve over

time, just they have here in Australia.

They are taking advice from other countries in the Latin

American region for planning of the development,

including Cuba where leucaena has been used for

many years; but most notably, they have been strongly

influenced by an NGO with the acronym CIPAV (Centre

for Investigation of Sustainable Systems of Agricultural

Production). It is based in Cali, Colombia where there

are also significant developments of leucaena: 5 to 10

thousand ha of leucaena / star grass / guinea grass have

been established for dairy producing 15–17 000 L milk

per ha per year.

One very interesting contrasting element compared to

Australia is that leucaena is promoted as a silvopastoral

system (trees in pastures) with strong green credentials.

CIPAV has at its core the development and promotion

of environmental services and incentive schemes that

improve biodiversity (birds, ants, flora, aquatic macroinvertebrates,

butterflies), fixation of carbon and water

quality. Their activities include research, transfer of


Dairy cow on leucauna pasture

technology, training and publication on the use of

leucaena.

Dr Enrique Murgueitio, the Head of CIPAV, said that

they had successfully engaged with Latin American

environmental agencies explaining that leucaena did not

invade undisturbed ecosystems and that there were many

environmental services that could be harnessed.

While in Mexico, Max Shelton was invited to speak at

the Silvopastoral conference (3–5 November) held in

Morelia and Tepalcatepec, in the State of Michoacán.

Approximately 850 delegates comprising representatives

from government, university, political interest groups,

rural organisations, and private ranchers attended,

including delegates from five Central and South American

countries.

It is easy to understand the huge interest in intensive

livestock silvopastoral systems in Central and South

America as large areas of tropical forests have been

cleared for pastures for livestock, just as occurred

centuries earlier in Europe, North America and Australia.

Silvopastoral systems offer an opportunity to retain the

economic benefits of livestock raising while restoring

some of the biodiversity and C sequestration value lost

from clearing the original vegetation.

Compared to pure grass pastures, their data show that

silvopastoral systems save fertilization (400 kg urea/ha/yr,

increase milk and meat production by 6050 L/ha/yr and

720 kg beef /ha/yr respectively, reduce use of irrigation

water by 20%, eliminate use of herbicides and pesticides

and increase the number of bird species.

We in Australia need to take notice of the progress they

have made on promoting the environmental issues

when using leucaena. Here we tend to hear only of its

weed potential and not its many positive environmental

impacts.

It was quite interesting to experience the broader interests

of our Latin friends while attending field day functions.

On one property, an enterprising farmer had developed

and is marketing leucaena cheese with unique flavour and

texture characteristics. Beautiful necklaces and earrings

made of leucaena seeds were also on display. Unlike

Australia, two common sights at the functions were

women making tortillas with bands of crooners singing

favourite Mexican tunes.

On technical matters, it was interesting that the Latins

are wrestling with most appropriate configurations for

establishing leucaena. Just as we did in the early stages of

leucaena development in the Ord River Scheme they are

trying close rows (1.6 m apart) to maximise growth of

leucaena, with consequent limited space for grass growth;

and they have yet to address the issue of subclinical

leucaena toxicity restricting response of their animals to

this otherwise very high quality leguminous feed. This

is a major issue in Australia. We saw signs of mimosine

toxicity in cattle grazing lush leucaena (hair loss from

switches of tails) and signs of DHP toxicity in animals

grazing leucaena for extended periods (cattle with

poor general vigour and lack of ‘bloom’ associated with

leucaena feeding).

There is a strong research group based at the University of

Yucatan in Merida. In contrast to the state of Michoacán,

the limestone soils common across the Yucatan Peninsula

are rocky, shallow and generally poor, but ideal for

leucaena which volunteers in most grass pastures, often

star grass, but is rarely seen as grazing sheep and cattle

keep young seedlings well grazed and out of sight. Dr Max

Shelton has now visited the University four times and

they have become the principal research institution for

leucaena research so necessary to support the extension

programs of farmer organisations.

As mentioned, they are eager to ask us about the possible

occurrence of toxicity. An obvious question was: Do

livestock in the region have natural protection against

mimosine toxicity? After all, Mexico is the home of

leucaena and it seems logical that there should be local

sources of gut micro-flora capable of degrading DHP.

Staff at the University have begun using the upgraded

urine colorimetric test developed by the University of

Queensland to test this hypothesis. Early results have

demonstrated to their surprise that many cattle and sheep

(they graze Pelibuey – a hair sheep) do show signs of high

concentrations of DHP in urine, and therefore apparently

lack degradation capability. However, results have been

mixed with some cattle herds on leucaena clear of urinary

toxin suggesting possession of DHP degrading organisms.

There is more work to be done.

While in Mexico, Max Shelton with colleague Peter

Larsen of LeucSeeds Pty Ltd Banana, conducted a short

course on the establishment and management of leucaena

for cattle, similar to the many courses they have been

conducted in Queensland since 2004. The course was

conducted on the property of a dairy cattle farming family

in the region. Participants were naturally interested in the


long experience and different approaches that we employ

in Australia.

Not surprisingly, the Latin American region is ready to

embrace the benefits of using leucaena, both economic

and environmental, and they wish to learn all they can

from our Aussie experiences.

JOHN WILDEN remembered

Sadly John passed away in Fiji on 13th September 2009.

He will be remembered fondly by his colleagues in DPI

and his many friends in the grazing communities of

Queensland, especially Central Queensland. John was a

research and Extension Officer of QDPI for almost all his

working life. He will be remembered for his dedication

to the promotion and adoption of new pasture system

technology and especially to the use of leucaena as a

highly productive forage system for alluvial and clay soils.

John, a Fijian, came to Australia as a teenager in 1956

to study Agriculture at Gatton Agricultural College.

Apart from his studies’ John was a top athlete excelling at

athletics, rugby union and cricket. He was a Prefect and

House captain of the college in 1958. After College he

completed an Agricultural Science Degree and Masters

at University of Queensland. He joined QDPI where he

spent almost all of his working life mostly at Brigalow

Research Station (Moura) and finally at Rockhampton.

John very early on recognized Leucaena (the small legume

tree) as having great potential. It had been introduced by

CSIRO (from Hawaii and Central America in1953) and

evaluated before the first cultivars were released in 1962.

Limited seed was initially available and there were early

problems with establishment (seedbed preparation,

weeds, insects, wildlife. John always stated that ‘you

plant the first 20 acres for the wallabies and kangaroos’.

Furthermore graziers had been battling tree regrowth on

cleared eucalypt and brigalow country for over 100 years

so were naturally wary of planting trees.

With his passionate belief in leucaena John persisted and

gained the assistance of a handful of pioneer growers

including Gordon Wieland (Yaamba), Jeff Hume

(Gracemere), John O’Neill (Carnarvon) and Scott McGhie

(Blackwater) who planted small areas.

They were quickly followed by many others. In 1993 John

stated in a paper to an International Grassland Congress

in Rockhampton ‘commercial leucaena in Central

Queensland increased from 24 ha in 1979 to 20 000 ha in

1992. An area of 120 000 ha can be expected in the next

decade’. When John retired from DPI in the late 1990s (to

pursue leucaena promotion in overseas tropical countries)

there was upwards of 75 000ha of leucaena-based pasture

in Queensland.

There is no doubt that John played a major role in the

acceptance and adoption of this technology by growers.

In the last 15 years there has been a major commitment

by R & D organizations (QDPI, UQ, CSIRO), The

Leucaena Network and its Code of Practice and growers

and MLA and AgForce, to the continued promotion

and development of this exceptionally high quality

and productive technology. It is a free grazing system

unsurpassed in the tropical world. Today there are in

excess of 200 000 ha of leucaena pasture in Queensland

contributing tens of millions of $$$ and expanding

rapidly.

The Leucaena Network and its growers thanks you John.

PASTURES FOR LEUCAENA SYSTEMS

The selection of suitable pasture species for leucaena

plantings is absolutely critical for maximising growth

rates. The better the companion pastures, the more

profitable the paddock is.

So what makes an efficient and profitable pasture in this

system? Quite simply, a feedlot ration scenario provides

a good comparison. Whilst grain and supplements

provide a protein base, high quality roughage is needed

to maximise protein usage, thus maximising energy and

top: Brian Loccisano and Richard Standen in a paddock of

first year Toro Rhodes Grass.

bottom: Tolgar Rhodes 6 months after planting showing

good ground cover capability.


kilos of beef. Leucaena provides a high protein base, so

to maximise the efficiency in this system, a pasture with

high yields and high digestibility needs to accompany the

legume.

Previously, much work had revolved around the reestablishment

of buffel and panic species in between rows

of leucaena. This has had varying degrees of success and

in general has produced the highest dry matter yields.

Rhodes grasses have also been used extensively with the

Callide types out-performing the Katambora types on a

yield basis, but can lack palatability in the later growth

stages or during dry periods. All of these varieties are

tufted grasses and under high grazing pressure situations,

leave much ground exposed for competing weeds and

erosion concerns.

I believe it to be possible to plant aggressive, high yielding

varieties of grasses which exhibit high digestibility. Before

the environmentally concerned ‘Green’ types banish me

to another industry where I can cause no environmental

harm, let me explain what we seed types talk to our plant

breeders about when we say ‘aggressive’.

Our new proprietary Rhodes grasses have been selected

for long, multiple runners with short internode length.

This simply means that the plant colonises more

effectively and binds the rooting zone. They provide

better matting on the soil which tolerates traffic and heavy

grazing and also exhibit quick bounce-back after rainfall

events. So therefore, ‘aggressiveness’ should not be in any

way confused with ‘invasiveness’.

The varieties which I refer to are Tolgar and Toro. Both

have only in recent years been released commercially.

Tolgar is bred from Katambora whilst Toro is from

Callide. They exhibit growth characteristics and flowering

periods vastly different to what you see in the current

varieties.

They are more productive and produce more energy

through having more leaf and less coarse, indigestible

stem material. In most cases, these grasses compliment,

rather than replace, what is currently being used. It is

not recommended that additional legumes be planted in

these systems, rather rely on opportune natural clover and

medic growth from timely rains.

Sabi grass, which is more commonly known as Urochloa

is another valuable species. Many farmers who plant

sorghum or cotton will be aware of this species as it can

be a major problem in cultivation country. It is hard to

control because it grows quickly and then hays off quickly,

often before it can be effectively controlled chemically.

What makes it a problem in cultivation, makes it great in

pasture situations. Sabi grass provides a flush of palatable

feed quickly then hays off. Whilst Sabi on its own in a

leucaena system is not seasonally viable, it can be a useful

species when mixed in with other long season grasses.

It is not wise to plant just one species of grass to

accompany leucaena, just as it is not viable to plant ten

different species and expect them all to co-exist. Creating

an efficient grazing system means taking dominate and

preferentially grazed varieties and using them to their

strengths, trying to cover as many different seasonal

patterns whilst using the least variety of grasses. When

thinking about what species are best to plant, as each

situation and farm is different, talking with agronomists

and consultants is usually the first and most important

step. Different outcomes require different species.

Ross Bruggemann, National Sales Manager

Australian Premium Seeds

Ph. 07 3879 3350

silk sorghum

It is often asked, what is the best way to establish grass in

the leucaena plantation. Well it is easy to say that every

situation should be considered separately. But I have

found over time that if you can get a good ground cover of

some sort from a fast growing crop which has been under

sown with your grass mix, then you will probably have the

best chance of getting the grasses established.

The reason I see this as working most times is that you

are getting ground cover and some protection for the

emerging grasses i.e. they don’t all germinate on the first

fall of rain.

Here are some reasons why I choose to use silk sorghum

as a cover crop when establishing grasses:

• You are sowing to get a sorghum crop so you are

sowing at the correct time for grasses.

• You will find the Silk is extremely hardy and can

withstand quite severe growing conditions.

• The seed size is similar to most grasses so mixing and

flow rates are not a problem.

• It can be sown on top of the ground and with a light

disturbance you will get quite good germination

results.

• Silk can be grazed quite hard then let recover for good

feed quality and quantity.

• As it is forage sorghum it is readily sort after by the

animals so they are leaving the newly established

grasses alone which in turn allows stronger root

growth by the grasses.

It has been said to me that silk is a ‘robber’ of nutrient and

moisture; however my experience has shown that if you

are starting with good conditions then the plant only adds

to the system. The shading in the paddock seems to outweigh

the moisture requirement.

The other element of silk that puts it at the top of the list

for me is the cost factor. Because it is a reasonably small

seed, your quantity required is not great. I have made

suggestions to people, that about 2 kg/ha as part of a

grass mix is ample seed. At $1.50/kg that makes the silk


component only $3 per ha or $1.22 per acre. Even if silk is

at $4/kg this is still only $3.24 per acre. At the same time

your grass seed could be costing you from $20 to $45 per

acre. I don’t think there are too many people that could

afford to have that cost of seed burnt off by the heat when

their grasses are only just out of the ground.

And finally the best part of silk sorghum: when used as

part of establishment in a leucaena tree grass pasture,

it is a great plant to compliment the high protein

source, grows fast and in top seasons has huge biomass

production.

With all the above said the most important thing that any

grazier must do is managing for his grass. If the season

is not going great then he must allow longer periods for

recovery. Silk has to be utilized as the protection for the

establishing grasses and the companion plant for the tree.

This is the opinion of Bryant Ussher, Lingi Chinchilla Qld

Carbon Sequestration and Soil

Organic Matter

Soil Organic Matter (SOM) is ‘everything in or on the soil

that is of biological origin, whether it’s alive or dead’ this

includes plant shoots & roots, soil bugs and humus.

SOM is made up of approx 60% carbon with the

remainder a mixture of calcium, hydrogen, oxygen

and nitrogen. SOM is vital for soil structure, moisture

retention, nutrient cycling, reducing erosion and food

source for soil microbes. Soil organic matter is broken

down over time into different forms of carbon as

illustrated in the soil carbon cycle diagram below.

Did you know, 90 % of carbon is lost back to the

atmosphere via respiration by soil microbes? Soil

microbial biomass (soil bugs) and humus account for the

remaining 10% of carbon stored in the soil.

So where does carbon sequestration fit in and how does

it occur? Carbon sequestration is defined as carbon that

is removed from the atmosphere and retained in a carbon

sink e.g. growing tree or in soil.

When carbon is considered sequestered in the soil it

means that it has been broken down from an active

carbon form to an inactive carbon form such as humus.

While carbon is in the active form it is not sequestered.

Charcoal is also a form of sequestered carbon but note

this occurs from activities such as fires. Charcoal only

accounts for 1% of total carbon in soils. Biochar is a

human induced process of sequestrating carbon using

organic waste products.

Hence building soil organic matter is a slow process! A

hectare of 10 cm deep soil weighs about 1200 tonne, so

increasing organic matter by 1% is a 12 tonne change!

But, you cannot simply add 12 tonnes of manure or

residue because only 10–20% of the original material

becomes part of the SOM. The rest (80–90%) is converted

over several years into carbon dioxide (CO 2 ).

Soil testing labs measure total organic carbon (TOC).

Use this equation to convert total organic carbon into

soil organic matter: TOC x 1.72 = SOM. Note that this

test does not break down the levels of inactive and active

carbon in the soil it is a measure of both pools.

Don’t forget that its not all about carbon, other nutrients

are equally as important. Soil microbes also need

nutrients such as nitrogen to break down SOM to convert

it to humus and sequester carbon in the soil.

Information sourced from: Jeff Baldock - CSIRO Soil

carbon the basics factsheet at http://www.csiro.au/

resources/soil-carbon.html,

Visitors from Thailand join to

share information on leucaena

After visiting Stuart Buck, David and Kathy Alsop and

Peter and Jan Larsen, Dr. Isara Chaorakam from the

National Agricultural Machinery Centre at Kasetsart

University in Nakorn Prathom and Mr. Chumroen

Benchavitvilai from Bioenergy Development Co. Ltd.

Bangkok Thailand were warmly welcomed by their fellow

Mr. Chumroen Benchavitvilai left and Dr. Isara Chaorakam

inspecting the leucaena chopped at Byrne Valley.


Freshly chopped leucaena foliage and processed pellets

(inset).

Network members over the two days at Ayr.

As well as in Australia, leucaena foliage meal and leucaena

forage technologies are being developed in Thailand and

Chumroen would like to share what they are doing with

other Leucaena Network members.

The leucaena varieties planted are local wild species,

they are still manually harvested and processed,

and Chumroen said that this method needs a lot of

improvement.

A corn harvester has been converted to replace the

manual harvesting and a trial was conducted recently

harvesting three (3) hectares of leucaena plantation

in Thailand. Chumroen described it as very much like

the harvesters that Ernie Young developed for use in

Australia.

At the same time leucaena is used to generate power from

its woody biomass for their 3 MW Gasification power

plant in Thailand.

The variety that they are planting is Tarramba; the fresh

cut wood used for firing the power plant has a moisture

content of 50% DM.

Chumroen believes that because leucaena provides

reasonable and satisfactory yields, it is easier to manage this

fast growing tree as an energy crop.

Harvesting and processing the foliage is a very labour

intensive operation.

Leucaena Information Days, keep

an eye out

Three Leucaena Information Days were held at Craig

Antonio’s Millmerran property as well as Terry, Dell and

David Wells Hannaford property and Lingi owned by

Bryant and Sussan Ussher during the second week of

December.

Even though drought conditions prevail over a large

section of Southern Queensland landholders attending it

agreed that the most important thing for them to do was

to make time to learn more about leucaena.

Interest in leucaena grass pastures is increasing across

cooler areas, participants came from wide a-field,

Tamworth and Moree in the south as far west as Surat and

Roma and north to Mundubbera. 120 people attended the

three (3) days.

Stuart Buck QPI&F left asking Bryant Ussher about his

dryland leucaena grass pastures at Lingi.


Landline camera team recording David Wells for their 2010

Program.

So keen is the interest from NSW, Lester McCormick

and Dr. Sue Boschma from Industry & Investment NSW

Tamworth attended the Leucaena Information Day at

Millmerran to learn more about leucaena grass pastures.

They are searching for a perennial legume for NSW and

have identified leucaena as one of their legumes of choice

to undertake further trial work with across north and

central areas of NSW.

Many participants indicated that they could not continue

the unprofitable practice of growing grain crops and

would be converting cropping paddocks to leucaena grass

pasture. Even though they had little spare time due to

the drought, they believed that attending the Leucaena

Information Day was very important as they needed

assistance in taking their first step in understanding the

establishment and management of leucaena

The main issues participants wanted to learn more about

were establishment of leucaena, grazing management and

companion grass selection and establishment

Participants were reminded that commercial stands of

leucaena must not add to the leucaena weed problem and

that leucaena is a plant grown under a Code of Practice.

If growers were not prepared to abide by the CODE,

The Leucaena Network message is DO NOT GROW

LEUCEANA.

Since Beef 2009, the popular ABC program Landline

has been putting together TV footage and materials on

leucaena for a show they are planning to air in the New

Year. Part of their program was shot at the Wells Family

property Golden Arrow where the Information Day was

held.

More Leucaena Information Days are

planned across Queensland for 2010,

so we hope to see you there.

Terry Wells (second from right) at the Information Day.

Pip Courtney, Landline’s Senior Reporter and her camera

team were hard at work with David Wells the day prior

to the information day, so please keep an eye out for the

program in 2010.

Landholders who had attended the earlier UQ and TLN

Leucaena for Profit and Sustainably courses enjoyed the

days as it gave them the opportunity to ‘network’ with

researchers, extension specialist and fellow leucaena

growers in finding out more on leucaena. This is one of

the main reasons The Leucaena Network was established.

Phone Contacts for

Executive Members

President – Andrew Lawrie (07) 4934 7526

Vice. President – Bryant Ussher (07) 4665 5118

Treasurer – Ruth Wagner (07) 4627 9230

Minutes Secretary – Ken Murphy (07) 4936 0337

Executive Officer – Kevin Graham 0418 411 351

Past President – Robin Cruikshank (07) 4995 1236

Research and Training – Scott Dalzell (07) 3365

1172

Accelerated Adoption of Leucaena – Stuart Buck

0427 929 187

Membership Officer – Peter Larsen (07) 4995 7228

Industry Representive – Ernie Young (07) 4927

3351

Grower Representive – Steve Farmer 0428 347 555

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