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Dhoto-JaringanKomputer1 (1)

12.2.1.2

12.2.1.2 Content-Type....................................................................................................................108 12.2.1.3 Content-Transfer-Encoding..............................................................................................109 12.2.1.4 Encoded-Word..................................................................................................................109 12.2.1.5 Multipart-Messages..........................................................................................................109 12.3 Post-Office-Protocol (POP).............................................................................................................109 12.4 Internet Message Access Protocol version 4 (IMAP4)....................................................................110 12.5 Cara kerja Email...............................................................................................................................110 13 World Wide Web......................................................................................................................................113 13.1 Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP)...............................................................................................113 13.1.1 Request Message......................................................................................................................113 13.1.2 Request Method........................................................................................................................113 13.1.3 Versi HTTP...............................................................................................................................114 13.1.4 Kode Status (Code Status)........................................................................................................114 13.1.5 Contoh......................................................................................................................................115 13.2 Web Browser....................................................................................................................................115 13.2.1 Sejarah......................................................................................................................................116 13.2.2 Fitur..........................................................................................................................................117 13.2.3 Struktur Web Browser..............................................................................................................117 13.3 Web Server.......................................................................................................................................118 13.3.1 Fitur..........................................................................................................................................118 13.3.2 Tipe Konten..............................................................................................................................119 13.3.3 Translasi Path...........................................................................................................................119 13.3.4 Konkuren (concurency)............................................................................................................119 13.3.5 Sejarah......................................................................................................................................119 13.3.6 Perangkat Lunak.......................................................................................................................120 13.4 Konten..............................................................................................................................................120 13.4.1 Konten Statik (Static Content).................................................................................................120 13.4.2 Client-Side Dynamic Content..................................................................................................120 13.4.3 Server-Side Dynamic Content..................................................................................................120 14 Manajemen Jaringan................................................................................................................................122 14.1 Simple network Management Protocol (SNMP).............................................................................122 14.1.1 Management Information Base (MIBs)...................................................................................122 14.1.2 Arsitektur SNMP......................................................................................................................122 14.1.3 Protokol SNMP........................................................................................................................123 14.1.4 Perkembangan dan penggunaan...............................................................................................123 14.1.5 Mengimplementasikan SNMP.................................................................................................124 14.2 Multi Router Traffic Grapher...........................................................................................................124 6

1 Arsitektur, Sejarah, Standarisasi dan Trend Zaman sekarang, Internet dan World Wide Web (WWW) sangat populer di seluruh dunia. Banyak masyarakat yang membutuhkan aplikasi yang berbasis Internet, seperti E-Mail dan akses Web melalui internet. Sehingga makin banyak aplikasi bisnis yang berkembang berjalan di atas internet. Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) merupakan protokol yang melandasi internet dan jaringan dunia. Pada bab ini, akan dijelaskan tentang protokol TCP/IP, bagaimana internet terbentuk, dan bagaimana perkembangannya kedepan. 1.1 Model Arsitektur TCP/IP Protokol TCP/IP terbentuk dari 2 komponen yaitu Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) dan Internet Protocol (IP). 1.1.1 Internetworking Tujuan dari TCP/IP adalah untuk membangun suatu koneksi antar jaringan (network), dimana biasa disebut internetwork, atau intenet, yang menyediakan pelayanan komunikasi antar jaringan yang memiliki bentuk fisik yang beragam. Tujuan yang jelas adalah menghubungkan empunya (hosts) pada jaringan yang berbeda, atau mungkin terpisahkan secara geografis pada area yang luas. Gambar 1.1 Contoh Internet – Dimana keduanya terlihat dalam sama sebagai 1 logikal jaringan Internet dapat digolongkan menjadi beberapa group jaringan, antara lain: Backbone: Jaringan besar yang menghubungkan antar jaringan lainnya. Contoh : NSFNET yang merupakan jaringan backbone dunia di Amerika, EBONE yang merupakan jaringan backbone di Eropa, dan lainnya. Jaringan regional, contoh: jaringan antar kampus. Jaringan yang bersifat komersial dimana menyediakan koneksi menuju backbone kepada pelanggannya. 7

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