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UNEST Newsletter 2010 Issue No. 8 (English) - UNDP Timor-Leste

UNEST Newsletter 2010 Issue No. 8 (English) - UNDP Timor-Leste

UNEST Newsletter 2010 Issue No. 8 (English) - UNDP Timor-Leste

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<strong>UNEST</strong> Team<br />

Andres del Castillo<br />

Chief Technical Adviser<br />

Dan Radulescu<br />

Project Manager<br />

Vera Monteiro<br />

Coordinator of Electoral Advisors<br />

Karen Kelleher<br />

Graphic Designer<br />

Georgete Gomes<br />

Project Officer<br />

Bernardo Cardoso<br />

Senior Trainer for Political Parties<br />

Antonieta T. Graca Maia<br />

Project Assistant, Political Parties<br />

Euclides Monteiro<br />

Electoral Officer<br />

Caroline Tan<br />

Electoral Officer<br />

Til Subba<br />

Electoral Officer<br />

Kisho Tsuchiya<br />

Electoral Officer<br />

Vicente Ximenes<br />

National Facilitator<br />

Candida Moniz<br />

Project Clerk<br />

Alessandro Righetti<br />

Operations and Logistics Advisor STAE<br />

Diane Cruz Almeida<br />

Adviser for STAE Director<br />

Rodrigo Gambera de Sousa Elias<br />

IT Specialist for STAE<br />

Abdullah Abidin<br />

Electoral IT Advisor for STAE<br />

Marcos T. Clemente<br />

Electoral Logistic Advisor for STAE<br />

Carla Duarte<br />

Public Information & Voter Education Advisor<br />

for STAE<br />

Jose Levi<br />

Administrative Advisor for CNE<br />

Jessie Lagrosas<br />

Electoral IT Advisor for CNE<br />

Raffaele Ditadi<br />

Monitoring Advisor CNE<br />

Albertina Piterbarg<br />

Civic Education & Public Information Advisor<br />

for CNE<br />

Martinho Chachiua<br />

Electoral Management Advisor for CNE<br />

Olga Rabade<br />

Electoral Legal Advisor for CNE<br />

ISSUE 6<br />

The UN Electoral Support Team (<strong>UNEST</strong>) is an integrated initiative from the <strong>UNDP</strong><br />

Support to the <strong>Timor</strong>ese Electoral Cycle Project and the UN Integrated Mission in<br />

<strong>Timor</strong>-<strong>Leste</strong> (UNMIT). With more than 30 national and international professionals<br />

and 62 UNVs, <strong>UNEST</strong> provides the <strong>Timor</strong>-<strong>Leste</strong> Electoral Management Bodies, CNE<br />

and STAE, with advisory and support in the areas of Electoral Planning, Legal,<br />

Logistics, Information Technology and Data Base, Civic and Voter Education, Public<br />

Information, Management, Finance, Administration and Graphic Design.<br />

President Jose Ramos Horta congratulates<br />

STAE, CNE and expresses gratitude to the UN<br />

On October 15, the President of the Republic visited the Technical Secretariat<br />

for Electoral Administration (STAE) HQ following the 2009 Community (Suco)<br />

Elections held on October 9. The President took the opportunity to congratulate<br />

STAE for the successful preparation, organization and conduct of the elections<br />

and the National Electoral Commission (CNE) for their efficient supervision of<br />

the electoral processes.<br />

President Horta also congratulated the UN and particularly the UN Electoral<br />

Support Team (<strong>UNEST</strong>) for the assistance provided throughout the process. In<br />

this context he mentioned that <strong>UNEST</strong> should continue its support towards the<br />

Municipal (local) elections up to the following the general elections in 2012.<br />

In addition, the President specially mentioned the voter and civic education<br />

campaigns designed and organized by STAE, CNE and supported by <strong>UNEST</strong> that<br />

aimed to inform and educate voters on the electoral process. President Horta<br />

commended the quality and visibility of the materials utilized in the outreach<br />

activities namely: posters, banners, flyers, newspapers ads which all contributed to<br />

the high voter turnout and good knowledge of the electoral process.<br />

Photo: Carla Duarte/<strong>UNEST</strong><br />

Photo: Maria del Huerto/<strong>UNEST</strong>


Photo: Martine Perret/UNMIT<br />

Photos: Karen Kelleher/<strong>UNEST</strong><br />

Photo: Fernanda Pereira/<strong>UNEST</strong><br />

STAE Preliminary Results<br />

Based on the provisional results announced by STAE, the national<br />

turnout was 67.75%. Regarding the empowerment of women, 11<br />

females were elected Suco Chief (7 in the previous Suco election),<br />

37 were elected Aldeia Chief (22 previously), 6 were elected representative<br />

of elders (2 previously). In addition, the 3 posts reserved for<br />

women in each Suco Council constitute 1,328 female posts. The total<br />

number of women elected is 1,380, representing 28.29% of the total.<br />

There has been an increase compared with previous elections and the<br />

representation is wider in terms of number of districts. The gender<br />

disaggregated data for the Suco elections provisional results represent<br />

the highest in the South East Asia region for local elections.<br />

CNE Verification of Electoral Documents<br />

On October 13, CNE started the verification of the electoral materials received<br />

from the 13 STAE District Offices. According to the Electoral<br />

Calendar, this important electoral process was scheduled for the period<br />

October 14-20 in order for CNE to assess and verify the sensitive electoral<br />

material received after the completion of the district tabulation process.<br />

On October 17, CNE finalized the verification of all the electoral results in<br />

which were identified discrepancies and/or complaints that in general do<br />

not impact the STAE preliminary results. Subsequently, CNE will send the reports<br />

along with recommendations to the Court of Appeal for final approval<br />

and proclamation of the results. According to the current legislation<br />

(Law 3/2009: Community Leaderships and its Election), the Court of Appeal<br />

has up to 30 days to announce the final results of the elections.<br />

CNE Provisional Results<br />

According to the reports from CNE, the national average of the spoiled<br />

ballots (ballots that contain stray marks or other markings that invalidate<br />

the entire ballot) is 4.2%. As a reference the world average (according to<br />

International IDEA ) is 3.8%. Other countries reported spoiled ballots in<br />

the following averages: France – 4.4%; Italy – 7.2%; Argentina – 21%. In the<br />

region, other averages are: Australia – 4.8%; Indonesia – 3.8%; Fiji – 11.1%<br />

(IDEA). CNE concluded that the voter and civic education campaigns contributed<br />

in informing the population on the polling process and therefore<br />

helped in reducing the number of invalid, spoiled and cancelled ballots.<br />

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Photos: Karen Kelleher/<strong>UNEST</strong><br />

Photo: Martine Perret/UNMIT<br />

Electoral Observers Reports<br />

On October 12, Asia Foundation organized an international observers' debriefing<br />

with the participation of electoral observers and representatives<br />

from the Australian Embassy, IRI, IFES and IPAS. According to Asia Foundation<br />

observations, it was a peaceful process, well organized by STAE, with no serious<br />

issues or critical problems detected. This view of the October 9<br />

Community Elections was also shared by all the other participants.<br />

The observers also mentioned some of the main challenges of the process<br />

such as:<br />

• Long queue lines in some locations due to the difficulties that some Polling<br />

Officers met handling the voter’s list and checking the names.<br />

• Inking and checking the finger process could be better coordinated in<br />

future elections.<br />

• Some candidates’ agents showed a limited understanding of their role.<br />

<strong>UNEST</strong> announced activities for the Post<br />

Electoral Period<br />

The electoral process for the 2009 Community Elections will not be<br />

finalized until the Court of Appeal validates and announces the final results.<br />

These processes will be followed by the post-electoral voter/civic education<br />

campaign “Back to our Suco” and at headquarters level archiving and<br />

inventorying documents, sensitive electoral materials and equipment.<br />

In addition, the period from now until the end of 2009 will be utilized to<br />

organize and conduct de-briefing sessions at different levels and to identify<br />

best practices and lessons learned for future electoral processes.<br />

The main activities that <strong>UNEST</strong> will perform until the December 31 include:<br />

1. Supporting CNE in the tabulation/verification of electoral packages:<br />

October 12 – 22.<br />

2. Supporting STAE in the district capitals to review inventories of electoral<br />

materials: October 12 – 22.<br />

3. STAE General debriefing: October 16.<br />

4. UN EST general debriefing: October 23 – 26.<br />

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5. Workshop preparation for the National Vox Populi<br />

process of voter knowledge.<br />

6. Post -electoral Voter/Civic Education Campaign in<br />

districts “back to the Suco level”: <strong>No</strong>vember 1- 15.<br />

7. Electoral International Seminar (CNE, STAE, AECID<br />

and <strong>UNEST</strong>), <strong>No</strong>vember 19-20, and;<br />

8. National Vox Populi process of voter knowledge<br />

(data collection) <strong>No</strong>vember 15 - December 15.<br />

Photo: Karen Kelleher/<strong>UNEST</strong><br />

<strong>UNEST</strong> GENERAL OBJECTIVES<br />

• To enhance capacity of the National Electoral<br />

Management Bodies (STAE and CNE) to fulfill<br />

their administrative and supervisory mandates<br />

and organize and conduct free and fair elections.<br />

• To support electoral processes and the revision<br />

of the legal framework.<br />

• To enhance participation and credible elections.<br />

• To assist and support in the development of the<br />

political parties capacity.<br />

• To support the implementation of comprehensive<br />

public awareness strategy focused on civic<br />

and voter education.<br />

• To promote gender equality and empowerment<br />

in the electoral processes.<br />

Photos: Karen Kelleher/<strong>UNEST</strong><br />

Photo: Meire de Castro Alves/<strong>UNEST</strong><br />

Photos: Karen Kelleher/<strong>UNEST</strong><br />

Photo: Martine Perret/UNMIT<br />

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