Mid Term Report - Gauteng Online

Mid Term Report - Gauteng Online

Mid Term Report - Gauteng Online


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ii • Midterm Report - 2004/06

Contents1 Introduction 32 Profile of Gauteng 72.1 Demographic profile 72.2 The economy 72.3 Employment 82.4 Poverty 82.5 Households 92.6 Safety and Security 93 Implementation of the GPGfive-year strategic programme 113.1 Enabling faster economic growth and job creation 133.2 Fighting poverty and building safe, secureand sustainable communities 213.3 Developing healthy, skilled and productive people 353.4 Deepening democracy and realising theconstitutional rights of our people 453.5 Building an effective and caring government 554 Conclusion 61Midterm Report - 2004/06 • 1

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decade faced the challenge of broadening access toconstitutional rights, further accelerating delivery andenhancing the government’s capacity to effectivelyimplement its programmes in partnership with othersectors of society.The ruling African National Congress (ANC) 2004manifesto, A people’s contract to create work andfight poverty, was adopted by the provincial governmentfollowing the 2004 elections. The manifestohighlighted the achievements of the first decadeof freedom and pointed to the need to do more inimproving the lives of South Africa’s people. But toachieve this, a stronger partnership was neededamong all South Africans in a people’s contract for abetter South Africa.The manifesto’s Vision 2014 outlined the followingamong its key objectives:• Reduction of unemployment by half• Reduction of poverty by half• Provision of skills required by the economy• Ensuring that all South Africans are able fully toexercise their constitutional rights and enjoy thefull dignity of freedom• Ensuring compassionate government service tothe people• Improving services to achieve a better nationalhealth profile and the reduction of preventablecauses of death, including violent crime, roadaccidents and turning the tide against HIV andAids• Significantly reducing the number of serious andpriority crimes and cases awaiting trial• Positioning South Africa strategically as an effectiveforce in global relations.Following the ANC victory in the 2004 elections,the manifesto representing the electoral mandatebecame the basis for the development of the GPGfive-year strategic programme, which represents theprovincial government’s commitment to a contractwith the people to create work and fight poverty.The Gauteng ProvincialGovernment five year strategicprogrammeIn addition to its link to the ANC manifesto, the developmentof the GPG five year strategic programmefor 2004 to 2009 and 2014 vision followed aprocess of review, consultation, research and planning.It committed the provincial government tocontribute to the national effort to:• Halve unemployment through ensuring highlevels of labour absorbing, economic growthcontributing to reduced inequality and thedevelopment of our province, nation andcontinent.• Halve poverty through growing secure andprosperous communities with jobs, schools,clinics, and other services in a safe and healthyenvironment which supports active social, culturaland volunteer activities.The five year strategic programme seeks to giveeffect to this vision of an even better life for all. It isbased on five key strategic priorities:• Enabling faster economic growth and jobcreation• Fighting poverty and building safe, secure andsustainable communities• Developing healthy, skilled and productivepeople• Deepening democracy and nation building andrealising the constitutional rights of our people• Building an effective and caring government.As Premier Shilowa says in the preface to the fiveyear programme, the programme was informed byour vision of where we would like our province tobe in 2014 and identifies the key programmes and • Midterm Report - 2004/06

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Profile of GautengThis section provides a statistical overview of Gauteng, includinginformation on the province’s socio-economic status. The informationis sourced mainly from Statistics South Africa.Demographic profileGauteng is South Africa’s smallest province, yet it has the second largestpopulation after Kwazulu/Natal. According to Statistics SA’s 2006Mid-year Population Estimates, the total population is estimated at 9,5million, based on the new provincial boundaries announced in January2006. This is 20,1% of the country’s total estimated population of 47,4million.Gauteng continues to experience signifi cant levels of in-migration fromother parts of the country and the continent. This places pressure on servicesand infrastructure but also attracts scarce skills to the province.The majority of the population are black Africans. Gauteng has moremen (51,3%) than women (48,7%). This is unlike the national totals,where women constitute 51% of the population.According to the 1996 and 2001 Census, Gauteng’s population grewfrom 7,3 million in 1996 to 8,8 million in 2001, an increase of over20%. By 2006, the estimated population increased to 9,5 million, takinginto account the new provincial boundaries. This represents a 7,8%increase compared to 2001.The economyLike the rest of South Africa, Gauteng has seen unprecedented andsustained economic growth since the mid-1990s, reaching a growth rateof 5,8% in 2005.Gauteng is South Africa’s economic engine, generating over a thirdof the country’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and is the fourth largesteconomy in Africa.The province is home to 70% of South Africa’s hi-tech workforce andis the country’s most urbanised province. It is also home to the premierconsumer market, with a collective purchasing power that is 64% higherthan the national average.Gauteng accounts for the bulk of all employees’ remuneration in theMidterm Report - 2004/06 • 7

country, at a whopping 47.7%, and is responsiblefor 50.4% of all company turnover in South Africa.Historically, the province’s economy was based onmining. However, it has increasingly evolved towardsvalue added manufacturing and services, with60% of growth now in the tertiary sector.The Gauteng Business Barometer, a provincialeconomic indicator launched by the private sector in2006, has provided detailed evidence of Gauteng’soutstanding economic performance, including thefollowing:• Total passenger arrivals at the OR Tambo InternationalAirport were expected to reach closeto 9 million in 2006, compared to around 5,5million in 1999.• Business activity has increased since 2005, withan overall 10,7% increase to 2006.• In 2001, the average number of properties soldin Gauteng was around 11 400 per month. Thisincreased to 14 000 per month in 2005.• Job advertisements in Gauteng newspapersincreased by 38% over the past few years.• Buildings completed in Gauteng nearly doubledfrom 253 000 square meters in 2000 to closeto 500 000 square meters in 2005.• Close to 40% of all houses sold in South Africain 2005 were in Gauteng.• Vehicle sales increased by 19%, advertisingsales increased by 14%, retail sales increasedby 10% while wholesale sales increased bynearly 18% over the past year to 2006.• While the overall index showed a slight dropsince an all-time high in February 2006, it is stillup 9% compared to a year ago.EmploymentGauteng’s unemployment rate at 22,8% in September2005 is the second lowest of all South Africa’sprovinces and has shown the fastest decline of allprovinces, from 30,4% in September 2001.Over 75% of the provincial workforce is employedin trade, finance, manufacturing, community servicesand the household sector, with 21% in construction,transport and mining and the balance in electricityand agriculture.The labour absorption rate – the percentage of theworking age population (15-65) who are employed– increased from 47,4 % to 50.9% from March2002 to March 2006. The total number of peopleemployed in Gauteng increased from 2,8 million inMarch 2002 to 3,293 million in March 2006.PovertyPoverty and inequality remain a significant challenge,particularly among children. Income poverty has beenaddressed through a variety of strategies, includingthe promotion of economic growth and job creation,as well as the provision of social grants and short-termjobs through the Expanded Public Works Programme.Poverty, human development and inequality indicatorsremain worst among the African population while thewhite population has a better quality of life.However,there are signs of a slow shift in this regard.Jobs per economic sector(March) 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006Agriculture, forestry etc 1,0 0,6 0,9 1,5 1,9Mining and quarrying 4,5 4,0 3,9 2,7 2,4Manufacturing 16,4 17,3 16,7 18,1 17,6Electricity, water and gas 0,7 0,7 1,2 1,8 1,2Construction 4,2 5,2 4,2 6,7 7,2Wholesale and retail trade 23,2 21,0 23,5 21,9 24,9Transport, storage,commncation 7,5 7,0 6,9 5,9 5,6Financial and business services 15,6 17,1 16,2 14,5 15,0Community, personal services 17,1 19,1 19,5 18,3 15,4Private households 8,5 6,9 6,6 8,6 8,4Other 1,3 1,2 0,4 0,1 0,5Total (1000) 2 867 2 889 3 019 3 222 3 293Stats SA, Labour Force Survey, March 2002-2006 • Midterm Report - 2004/06

HouseholdsThe total number of households increased by 17% from2,475 million in 2002 to 2,983 million in 2005, reflectingpopulation growth, in-migration to the province andsmaller households. According to the July 2005 GeneralHousehold Survey, the percentage of households living ininformal dwellings declined from 19,8% in 2003 to 14,4%in 2005, despite high levels of in-migration. This indicatesthe positive impact of housing programmes in the province.The number of electrified households increased steadilyfrom 87,6% in 2002 to 89% in 2004. However, accordingStats SA, in 2005 a slight decline to 82,7% wasexperienced.Households using the bucket system declined from 1,8% in2002 to 1,5% in 2005, compared to the national averageof 10,2%.Access to water from a tap increased by 6.7% from 2002to 2005, with 65.3% of households having paid for waterin 2005.Human Development IndexAfrican 0.64Coloured 0.74Asian 0.81White 0.88Total 0.71Global Insight Southern Africa, Regional Economic Focus, 2005The Gini Coefficient, a measure of inequality, for 2005 was 0.59%African 0.61Coloured 0.50Asian 0.32White 0.38Total 0.59Global Insight Southern Africa, Regional Economic Focus, 2005Safety and SecurityWhile crime remains one of Gauteng’s most serious obstaclesto a better life for all its people, SA Police Servicesfigures show a reduction in contact crimes in the periodto April 2006 compared to the previous year. The totalaverage reduction for all contact crimes was 8,4%, and iswithin the national target of a 7% to 10% reduction. However,there was an increase in cash-in-transit and businessrobberies.Midterm Report - 2004/06 •

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IMPLEMENTATION OF THEFIVE YEAR PROGRAMMEThe GPG’s fi ve-year strategic programme for 2004 to 2009 is theprovincial government’s main mechanism to give effect to its 2004electoral mandate. The programme seeks to signifi cantly enhanceshared economic growth and job creation and push back the frontiersof poverty by 2009. In doing so, it aims to lay the foundations for therealisation of the province’s 2014 vision.The following provides an account of the key challenges and key commitments(actions and programmes) outlined in the fi ve-year programme,the key areas of progress and delivery from 2004 to 2006 and keypriorities ahead.Midterm Report - 2004/06 • 11

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3.1 EnABlInG FASTER EConomICGRoWTH AnD JoB CREATIonThe provincial government has prioritised sharedeconomic growth as the key factor in achievingits development goals. The aim has beento build on the province’s economic successes andensure that more of our people actively participate inand benefi t from wealth creation. Sustained economicgrowth is central to tackling poverty, creatingjobs, expanding access to quality social servicesand generally improving people’s quality of life.Key challengesAmong the key challenges in 2004 which the fi veyear programme set out to address were the following:• Consolidate the restructuring of the economyand support the growth of a knowledge-basedeconomy as well as addressing the consequences,including job loss, in declining sectors suchas mining.• Translate economic growth into employmentgrowth, including through the promotion oflabour absorbing and value adding sectors.• Recognise that different strategies are required tocreate sustainable employment in different partsof our province and for different sectors of ourcommunities such as the long term unemployed,youth and women.• Align our economic and spatial developmentstrategies so that all sectors and areas of ourprovince contribute to growing a single economy.• Pay attention to sustainable or clean productionprocesses and the use of renewable energy toprotect the environment for future generations.We also need to address our negative environmentallegacy, particularly that left by the miningsector.• Ensure broad based black economic empower-ment and the development of strategies aimedat strengthening small and medium and microenterprises, including those owned by womenand people with disabilities.• Integrate technological advances into our workprocesses and society in ways which will bebenefi cial to all. We will promote research anddevelopment to enhance creativity and innovation.• Develop and attract the skills that our economy requiresand address the impact of the HIV and AIDSepidemic on productivity and the skills supply.• Build our competitive advantage in the worldwhile enhancing our trade relationships withAfrica in particular.• Expand the partnerships we have with the privatesector to further leverage government spendingand increase direct investment in targeted areas.Key commitmentsThe priority actions and programmes identifi ed for2004-2009 included the following:• Enabling, supporting and investing in:– Strategic economic infrastructure includingthe Gautrain Rapid Rail Link, the InnovationHub and the Johannesburg InternationalAirport Industrial Park– Labour absorbing and value adding sectorsand expanding the knowledge-basedeconomy; and– Targeted geographical areas which wouldenhance broad based economic growth andlocal economic development.• Promoting Gauteng as a preferred destination forinvestment, tourism and business and the home forcompetitive sport. We will ensure the success ofthe 2010 World Cup soccer tournament and useit as an opportunity to consolidate our preferreddestination status for investment, tourism and sport.Midterm Report - 2004/06 • 13

• Broadening wealth creation through supportfor BEE and SMME development and cooperatives,including creating opportunities forself employment and playing a role in microfinancingwith a focus on women and youth.• Playing a strategic role as a procurerof goods and services to advance oureconomic objectives including support forlocal manufacturers and black and women’seconomic empowerment.• Maximising the use of agricultural land andincreasing support to black farmers in respect ofskills, infrastructure and access to markets.• Building Gauteng into an integrated andglobally competitive region where the economicactivities of the different parts of the provincecomplement each other in consolidatingGauteng as an economic hub of Africa and aninternationally recognised global city-region.ProgressSince June 2004, strong progress has been madein developing and implementing a range of interrelatedstrategies and programmes to stimulate fastereconomic growth, job creation and expanded accessto the economy. These include the Gauteng Growthand Development Strategy (GDS), the GautengCity Region perspective (GCR), the GautengAgricultural Development Strategy, the Broad BasedBlack Economic Empowerment (BBBEE) strategy,the competitive sport strategy, the Gauteng HumanResource Development Strategy, the cultural industriesstrategy, the Gauteng Enterprise Propellor (GEP),Gautrain and integrated transport plans.The Gauteng Global City RegionOne of the most significant initiatives arising from theGPG’s five-year programme has been the developmentof a vision and plan to build Gauteng as aglobally competitive city region. Inspired by the needto more effectively address the challenges of poverty,underdevelopment and unemployment, the initiativepositions the province as an integrated economic regionwith a shared development path. Driven by theprovincial government and Gauteng municipalities,it envisages greater cooperation, coordination andintegration across administrative boundaries so as tobetter compete on the world stage.The Global City Region (GCR) plan aims to improveeconomic growth, job creation and the social conditionsof Gauteng’s people, as well as ensure moreeven development across the province. It provides aframework for a range of provincial and municipalsocio-economic development strategies.The GCR vision and plan has been a collaborativeeffort by provincial and local government and waslaunched for public comment by the Premier andGauteng mayors in the provincial legislature inAugust 2006. This followed a process of intensivedeliberations with civil society representatives,including trade unions, business, women, youth,people with disabilities, universities and otherinstitutions of higher learning and the media.An implementation plan was approved by thePremier’s Coordinating Forum, which includes thePremier, MECs, executive mayors and municipalmanagers.Among the GCR’s key priority areas for improvedcoordination are safety and security, transportinfrastructure, sustainable human settlements,investment and tourism promotion, brandingGauteng, infrastructure provision and environmentalsustainability.Special attention will be paid to building researchcapacity, harnessing development agencies,preparations for the FIFA 2010 World Cup, betterunderstanding the city region’s economic footprint,building a creative city region and ensuring effectivebenchmarking, monitoring and evaluation.The Gauteng Growth andDevelopment StrategyThe Gauteng Growth and Development Strategy(GGDS), launched in April 2005, complements theGCR strategy and aims to propel the province’seconomy to reach a growth rate of 8% by 2014. Inline with our commitment to build a people’s contractto create jobs and fight poverty, the strategy was developedin consultation with civil society stakeholdersat a GGDS summit in November 2004. It outlinedcomplementary roles for government, the private sectorand civil society in achieving its goals. A GGDSForum involving civil society representatives wasestablished to provide for consultation on the implementationof the strategy. The provincial governmentallocated close to R8 billion for the implementationof the strategy from 2006 to 2009.The GGDS targets the following growth sectors forsupport to promote employment and investment:• smart industries, including information and communicationtechnology (ICT)• trade and services, including financial servicesand the film industry• tourism• agriculture, including agro-processing and biotechnology• manufacturing, including steel-related industries,14 • Midterm Report - 2004/06

automotive components, beer and malt infrastructure.Considerable progress has been made in each of theidentified sectors, including through the developmentof subsidiary strategies and the promotion ofeconomic activity in areas such as the ICT,knowledge-based, automotive, competitive sport,creative industries, agriculture and film sectors.Integrated developmentA key challenge identified in the five year plan andreiterated in the GCR perspective is the need to aligneconomic and spatial development strategies so thatall sectors and areas of Gauteng can contribute togrowing a single economy.To give effect to this, the provincial governmenthas made significant progress in developing aGauteng Spatial Development Perspective. This willbe finalised in 2007 and will provide a coherentframework for municipal Integrated DevelopmentPlans (IDP). The IDP process in the province unfoldedfollowing the March 2006 municipal elections.Together these local and provincial plans haveprovided the foundation for the development of theLocal Growth and Development Strategies (LGDS).Premier Shilowa, in his February 2006 openingof the legislature address, made a commitment tosupport the development of growth and developmentstrategies in each metro and district in Gauteng,including through setting aside resources for LocalGrowth and Development Summits to involve localstakeholders. Important progress has been made inthis regard and, by the end of 2006, each metroand district had held a summit and developeda LGDS. This represents a major step forward inpromoting local economic development and jobcreation and growth in the province as a whole.Broad based black economicempowermentBroad based black economic (BBBEE) empowermentis one of the key mechanisms to address theexclusion of black people from the mainstreameconomy. It is central in making sure that the poorand marginalised, women, youth and peoplewith disabilities can contribute to and share in thecountry’s wealth.BBBEE is an integrated, coherent socio-economicstrategy that directly contributes to South Africa’seconomic transformation and brings about significantincreases in the number of black people thatmanage, own and control the country’s economyand significant decreases in income inequalities.In line with its commitments, the provincial governmentadopted a BBBEE strategy in September 2005,using its buying power to promote BBBEE and small,medium and micro enterprises (SMME). The strategysets the following targets for 2009:••••70% of GPG procurement will be from BBBEEcompanies30% of the total spend from SMME BBBEEenterprises30% on goods manufactured in South Africa5% on women-owned enterprises.By the end of 2006, GPG procurement spendingreflected a total of 2 703 black vendors with directownership. Of these, 1433 were women owned,73 were owned by people with disabilities and 17were owned by youth.Small businessIn addition to BBBEE, the promotion of SMMEs hasbeen a key pillar of provincial government efforts toboost shared economic growth.In April 2005, the provincial government launchedthe Gauteng Enterprise Propeller (GEP) with a missionto unleash SMME potential by giving them financialand non-financial support. GEP has already assistedover 400 SMME’s in key areas such as productivityenhancement, quality assurance, developing businessplans, marketing and human resource development.An additional 1000 aspiring and existingentrepreneurs have been trained. Of those assisted,88% are black owned and 52% are owned bywomen. An SMME portal has been set up to linkSMMEs to economic opportunities and more than2000 SMMEs are already registered on the portal.To take GEP closer to where people live, five operationalcentres are being established in Soweto,Themba, Tsakane, and Ekangala.Competitive sportThe GPG five year programme identified competitivesport as a key sector with the potential to promoteinvestment, jobs and other economic opportunities.In realising this potential, the provincial governmentheld a Sports Indaba with a wide range of stakeholdersin July 2005 and developed a competitivesport strategy to position Gauteng as the Home ofChampions and preferred choice for major internationalcompetitive sporting tournaments, both domesticand international.Part of the strategy entails encouraging professionalteams from across sporting codes based in Gautengto play their home games within the province. Workto upgrade HM Pitje, George Thabe, Sinaba,Orlando and Rand Stadiums is already underway,Midterm Report - 2004/06 • 15

with over R40m allocated for the upgrades overa period of three years ending 2009. Three ofthese stadia will be home-grounds to MamelodiSundowns, Cosmos, Swallows and Benoni United.These initiatives will also prove to be a significantfactor in the ability to position the stadia as potentialpractice venues for 2010.Priority has been given to seven sporting codes(football, netball, athletics, cricket, rugby, boxingand swimming), although other codes or events havealso been supported. Bursaries have been given to156 students to participate in sports academies,while significant resources have been pumpedinto bringing a host of major sporting events to theprovince.Highlights include the establishment of the GautengCup and the Vodacom Challenge – with Britishfootball club Manchester United competing in theprovince in 2006. Other events held in Gautengincluded the Hyundai Five-a-Side, major internationalboxing bouts such as the World Boxing Council’stitle defence by Cassius Baloyi and the CharityMile Cup, a horse race which benefited charityorganisations.Another important achievement has been winningthe right to host Soccerex, the world’s largest andmost prestigious soccer exhibition and convention, inGauteng, annually from 2007 to 2009. The eventbrings thousands of business tourists to the provinceand is expected to bring over 100 million US dollarsinto the South African economy as well as multibillionrand international media coverage.2010 FIFA World CupThe 2010 FIFA World Cup presents an importantopportunity to create a lasting legacy for the peopleof the province and for the global branding and marketingof the Gauteng city region as a destinationfor investment, tourism, competitive sport and othermajor events.The province will host three official match venues,major matches and is also the base of the LocalOrganising Committee, the SA Football Associationand the FIFA headquarters during the World Cup.It will need to ensure an efficient transport system,information and broadcasting technology, safety andsecurity, and hospitality – among others, as well ascoordinate multi-sectoral planning across departments,local government, and the public and private sectors.To this end, a Gauteng 2010 strategic framework hasbeen developed in consultation with municipalitiesto ensure that Gauteng contributes to the successfulhosting of the World Cup in 2010 and maximisesthe socio-economic development opportunitiespresented by the hosting of the event. It addressesissues such as infrastructure development, includingthe upgrading of stadia and transport legacy projects,medical services, traffic management and volunteerprogrammes.Creative industriesCreative industries the world over have proven tobe a crucial element of growing competitive cityregions, contributing to both social and economicdevelopment. They have significant potential toimprove people’s quality of life through creating jobsand other income-generating opportunities and topromote tourism, innovation, urban renewal andcultural development and identity.Gauteng is home to 40% of the country’s creativeindustries, with significant government investment ininitiatives such as promoting film productions, theNewtown Cultural Precinct, the Constitutional Hill,cultural and historical heritage sites and the performingarts. The Oscar winning film Tsotsi was filmed inGauteng and the province is increasingly attracting16 • Midterm Report - 2004/06

internationally renowned productions, including theLion King. The provincial government has also completeda feasibility study into the establishment of afully-fledged film city to further grow the film industryin the province.In line with the objectives of the Gauteng Growthand Development Strategy, the provincial governmenthosted a creative industries summit with avariety of stakeholders in the sector and developed aGauteng creative industries development strategy togrow the sector. This will stimulate investment in thefurther development of creative workers, creative clustersand creative enterprises; develop and promoteproducts and services in the sector and support thedevelopment of creative communities.TourismGauteng continues to sustain its position as a leadingprovincial destination for foreign tourists, averaging51% over the past five years. While South Africa’stourism growth was 10% in 2005, reaching alandmark 7.3 million arrivals, the province recordeda 7% growth over the same period, representing atotal of 3.6 million arrivals. Africa continues to be akey source market for South Africa and more so forGauteng, accounting for over 70% of all arrivals.Following a slight decline in revenue during 2004,the province achieved a phenomenal growth of nearly30% in Total Foreign Direct Spend (TFDS) from R13billion to R16.6 billion in 2005. This performance inforeign receipts represents an average of 4.6% contributionto the provincial economy.Notwithstanding what seems to be a negligible increasein length of stay from an average of 5.5 daysto 6.3 days between 2004 and 2005, this performanceis significant in the run-up to the 2010 FIFAWorld Cup. The bed-nights remained stable at 31%during the period in review.ICTIn terms of the ICT sector, a baseline study thatdetermines possible usage of information technologyhas been conducted and finalised. It seeks toposition ICT in the mainstream of job creation andsocial development. Moreover, it seeks to determinethe means through which information technology ispositioned at the centre of efforts to grow Gautengas a globally competitive city region.AgricultureAnother potential growth sector identified in theGGDS is the agricultural sector. An AgricultureDevelopment Strategy was launched in 2006 and isbeing implemented to take advantage of the sector’spotential for economic empowerment and growth.This aims to boost value-added production in thesector, including through promoting bio-technology,agro-processing and high-value and niche-marketcrops.TransportA successful Gauteng city region and a growingeconomy needs an effective and integrated transportsystem which includes a variety of transport modesincluding trains, taxis, buses and private cars. Ofparticular importance in meeting the needs of ourpeople is a public transport system which is safe, reliable,accessible and affordable and integrated.Since 2004, the provincial government has madeimportant progress in developing key aspects of thisintegrated transport system, including the following:• Implementation of a Gauteng strategic publictransport network has commenced as an initialstep towards integrating taxi, bus and railtransport routes. The system will provide commuterswith accurate service information and linkmarginalised areas with employment centres.Midterm Report - 2004/06 • 17

Investment promotionGEDA has facilitated R617 million investment in tertiarysector industries with a direct potential to create 8055 jobs. A key growth sector is in business processoutsourcing and call centres, which have significantpotential to create jobs. The sector has been growingat approximately 8% per annum and contributes0.55% of the Gauteng GDP.Another crucial investment is the Eye of Africa project.This is a R 5 billion multi-purpose development with industrial,residential and hospitality aspects. By the endof 2006, a total of R174 million had been investedas part of phase one development, and a total of 80jobs created.Economic empowerment ofyouth and womenA number of initiatives have been undertaken bythe provincial government to promote the economicempowerment of youth and women. Youth andwomen have benefitted from job opportunities andsmall business promotion through the Gauteng EnterprisePropellor, the GPG broad-based black economicempowerment strategy, the Community DevelopmentWorker programme and the Expanded Public WorksProgramme. Young people and women have beenthe main beneficiaries of GPG bursaries, learnershipsand internships as well as other skills developmentand training opportunities, with an important focuson opportunities for unemployed graduates. Plansare also underway to support youth and women-ledcooperatives in various Gauteng regions.Human Resource DevelopmentOne of the most pressing challenges facing theGauteng city region is the development of the necessaryskills to drive both economic growth and socialtransformation. In 2005 and 2006 we completedthe development of a comprehensive Human ResourceDevelopment (HRD) strategy, MaximisingHuman Capital for Shared Growth, and held anHRD Summit in September 2006 to consult with arange of stakeholders on the strategy. The strategywill make an essential contribution to addressing theskills shortage in the economy and in enabling moreof our people to access skilled jobs. The strategy willalso pay attention to skills needs in the public sector.Its key goals are to:• Accelerate improvements in the education foundations• Create a skilled, adaptable, and employableworkforce• Support the eradication of poverty and unemployment• Expand the “national system of innovation”within the province• Develop GPG’s capacity to drive HRD and skillsdevelopment.Priorities aheadAmong the key priorities ahead in stimulating fastereconomic growth and job creation in Gautenginclude fast-tracking the implementation of the initiativeto build Gauteng as a globally competitive cityregion. This includes building state capacity at pro-Midterm Report - 2004/06 • 19

3.2 Fighting poverty and building safe,secure and sustainable communitiesFighting poverty in a comprehensive mannerand improving the quality of life of the poorhas been a top priority underpinning Gauteng’seconomic and social strategies.Poverty resulted from underdevelopment,unemployment and a lack of access to economicopportunities. This was made worse by poor health,low skills levels and apartheid settlement patternswhich marginalized the poorest and kept them farfrom economic opportunities and services.While Gauteng is regarded as the wealthiest provinceattracting job seekers from across the country, itcontinues to confront inequality, urban poverty anddeprivation.To address these challenges and contribute to thenational goal of halving poverty by 2014, the fiveyearstrategic programme aimed to attack povertyon four fronts through:•••Growing the economy and creating jobsBuilding secure and prosperous communitieswith good schools, clinics, sports fields andother social facilities, where people can live ina healthy and safe environment with access toaffordable and efficient transportEnsuring a strong social safety net for thepoorest and most vulnerable of our people• Ensuring that our people are healthy andskilled.The provincial government further made a firmcommitment to put the poor at the centre of servicedelivery and ensure that all our policies andprogrammes prioritise the poor.Key aspects of poverty which we seek to addressinclude:• Income poverty – to be addressed through jobcreation and measures such as the provision ofsocial grants, indigent policies and short-termemployment creation through the expandedpublic works programme• Asset poverty – which relates to the challengesassociated with land and housing ownership,the transfer of title deeds and agriculturaldevelopment strategies• Infrastructure poverty – addressed throughthe expansion of social and economicinfrastructure, including in communities andthrough urban renewal programmes• Services poverty – to be addressed through aservices revolution within the public and privatesectors• Knowledge poverty – to be addressed throughMidterm Report - 2004/06 • 21

a comprehensive human resource developmentstrategy for Gauteng.Key challengesAmong the key challenges identified in the GPG’sfive-year programme of action in 2004 to be addressedin the second decade of democracy to2014 in reducing poverty and improving the qualityof life of all our people, were the following:• Responding to high levels of migration intoGauteng• Supporting people unable to work or find workas well as people infected and affected by theHIV and Aids epidemic• Upgrading informal settlements and linking themand their economies to neighbouring formal settlementsand economies• Improving the provision of basic services to allcommunities, with an increasing emphasis on thesustainability of such services• Complementing the provision of basic serviceswith measures to address income poverty so thatthe poorest and most marginalized of our peopleare able to benefit from these services• Building houses and new communities on welllocated land and promoting greater levels ofdensification and urban regeneration, infill ofexisting settlements and mixed income and landuse patterns• Ensuring sustainable development in the protectionof the environment by influencing patternsof consumption, encouraging recycling, the useof renewable energy and cleaner productionmethods• Reducing the use of motorized transport due toits negative impact on the environment and thehealth of our people• Developing specific approaches to ensure developmentin the less economically developed andrural parts of our province.The realization of this priority is crucial in the contextof the overall strategy to build Gauteng as a globallycompetitive city region to promote economic prosperityand social inclusion for all. In addition it will helpensure more even development between the urbancentres and the periphery and that development inthe province takes into account the socio-economicneeds of our people.Key commitmentsThe priority actions and programmes identified in2004 for the period 2004 to 2009 included thefollowing:• A comprehensive consolidated infrastructure pro-•••••••••••••gramme, including new settlements with housesand public amenities; regenerating public assetsas communities change; concentrating governmentinvestment around public spaces or transporthubs; complementing large-scale capitalinvestment by investment in parks, monumentsand facilities; awarding contracts to local entrepreneursand labour maximization in constructionand maintenance.Consolidation of the Expanded Public WorksProgramme in Gauteng and expanding it tolocal government, parastatals and all aspects ofgovernment service deliveryEnsuring provision of basic services to all, includinga certain amount of free water and electricityDensification of a wide variety of housing aimedat various markets, on well located land anddelivered in partnership with the private sectorand other role playersResolving the future of hostelsFormalisation of informal settlements on safe,habitable and appropriately designated landUrban regeneration, including working withall spheres of government and pulling togetherpublic and private sector investment to maximizebenefitsPromoting and enabling local economic developmentinitiatives to provide work, build communityinfrastructure and ensure access to localopportunities, particularly in the poorest communities.Government will seek to co-ordinateand target its investment in certain local areas orprecincts so as to maximize impactDevelopment and implementation of a comprehensivepublic transport management strategythat increases access to safe and affordabletransportCreating a safe and healthy environment throughproducing less waste, reducing the use of non-renewableresources and addressing the pollutionof our air, water and soilWorking in partnership with communities and thepolice to ensure safe streets, homes, workplacesand schools, especially for women and childrenEnsuring safety on Gauteng roads through effectivetraffic managementContinuing to implement a comprehensive HIVand Aids programmeProviding a social safety net for the most poor,including through:– The provision of social grants to all thosewho are eligible (until the function is transferredto the national agency)– Introducing a programme aimed at thepoorest children, especially orphans, togive them access to a package of services,including the child support grant, school22 • Midterm Report - 2004/06

––Progressfee exemptions, free health care, schooluniforms, school feeding and psycho-socialsupport such as foster careIntroducing a comprehensive and integratedfood security programme focusing onincreasing local food production throughsupport for farmers, especially black andwomen farmers, and food gardens, continuedschool feeding programmes andimproving the nutritional status through supplementationand awareness programmesSupporting and empowering people withspecial needs, including the most vulnerable,children and youth in conflict with thelaw and people with disabilities. Governmentwill play a stronger role to compensatefor compromised family support as aresult of the AIDS epidemic.Since 2004, the provincial government has madesignificant progress on all its commitments relating tofighting poverty and building better communities. Arange of new strategies and programmes have beendeveloped, including the Gauteng Social DevelopmentStrategy, an integrated housing strategy, theGauteng Strategy on Sustainable Development, theGauteng Safety Plan, the Gauteng Road Safety Plan,the consolidated Expanded Public Works Programmeand the Sports Development Strategy. Significantprogress has been made in developing poor communitiesand access to basic services and in expandingthe social safety net, including through the BanaPele programme, which provides free services to theprovince’s poorest children.Human settlementIn line with the commitments in the GPG’s five yearprogramme and the national human settlement plan,the provincial government adopted a new and integratedapproach to housing and human settlement,known as Breaking New Ground. The strategy goesbeyond simply building houses to a more holisticapproach focusing on a comprehensive package offacilities such as clinics, schools, policing services,roads, community centers and economic hubs. Theseare essential in building sustainable communities andimproving people’s quality of life.The plan has shifted from a “one size fits all” responseto the growing demand for decent shelterin Gauteng which is further prompted by rapidurbanization and in-migration. We have expandedpeople’s access to a variety of housing opportunitiesby focusing on the specific needs of different sectors.Between April 2004 and October 2006, a total of161 579 new housing opportunities were providedin the province. This amounts to at least 177 housingopportunities a day, improving the lives of over 600000 Gauteng residents.We have succeeded in mobilizing private sectorinvestment in the delivery of affordable housing to includea significant section of the population excludedfrom housing opportunities provided by governmentand through banks.Key initiatives since 2004 have included the formalizationof informal settlements, the upgrading of hostelsand a major urban renewal programme targetedat 20 of Gauteng’s older, established townships. Thedevelopment of new communities, including mixedincome settlements, are beginning to break downapartheid settlement patterns where communities aresegregated according to race and income. This willhelp contribute to social cohesion and nation building.New communitiesOne of the largest new communities to be developedin the province is Cosmo City, which was launchedin 2005 and caters for a variety of income groupsthrough mixed-use housing. This includes give-awayhouses for low income earners and bonded housesfor middle to higher income earners. Over 2 800bonded houses have been transferred to owners,while close to 1 900 RDP houses had been completedby December 2006. In addition, in linewith provincial government commitments to ensurethe timeous provision of an integrated package ofamenities in new settlements, three schools havebeen opened, with an additional three planned forcompletion in the 2007/08 financial year. A mobileclinic was made available in the area while plansare afoot for the completion of a permanent clinicand other facilities.Social and rental housingSocial and rental housing has been provided forGauteng residents who do not wish to own theirhouses. This includes migrants who may own houseselsewhere and young working people who wish tolive close to urban amenities to minimize transportcosts to work. It has been used for infill housingopportunities in inner cities and contributes to urbanrenewal.These initiatives have been supported by the GautengPartnership Fund (GPF), which was set up toaddress funding needs in the social housing sector.Its key focus is to attract private sector finance foraffordable housing by enabling social housing institutionsin Gauteng to obtain financing on favourableMidterm Report - 2004/06 • 23

terms for the development of housing units for peoplein the low and middle-income market.In September 2005, the provincial governmentlaunched an innovative partnership with a privatebank to mobilize funding for rental housing projectsin the inner city. The GPF contributed R20 millionwhile the bank invested R70 million. The partnershipfunded inner city upgrading projects and in 2006/7invested over R100 million in the social housing sector,which was used to attract approximately R300million in private sector funding for the sector.The Brickfields housing project in the Johannesburginner city was launched by President Thabo Mbekiin August 2005 in the Newtown cultural precinctand has helped to revitalize the area. The project isthe largest housing initiative involving a public andprivate sector partnership and caters for people fromvarious income groups.In Glen Ridge, Soweto, more than 3 000 newhouses are being built in an R800 million new developmentinitiated in partnership with a private bank.Informal settlementsProgress has been made in fulfilling the provincialgovernment’s commitment to formalize identifiedinformal settlements by 2009, and eradicate identifiedinformal settlements in Gauteng by 2014. Thisincludes the provision of basic services and infrastructureand facilitating the provision of top structures informalized settlements. Progress between April 2004and October 2006 is as follows:• A total of 98 513 stands in informal settlementswere registered and serviced.• A total of 10 952 housing units were builtthrough the community builder and people’shousing process.Transfer of ownershipThe transfer of ownership of properties to residentsin Gauteng has made an important contribution toimproving the assets of residents and poor communities.Two key programmes have been implementedin this regard:••Transfer of Rental Properties (Torps), and theRegularization and Transfer of Ownership (Retro).Torps is aimed at promoting home ownership throughfacilitating the transfer of claimed and undisputedtitle deeds, particularly within the former black areaswhere occupation was previously subject to longtermleaseholds. Retro has benefitted mainly Colouredand Indian communities in housing previouslyadministered by the apartheid tricameral parliament.Between April 2004 and October 2006:• 34 203 properties were transferred to ownersthrough the Torps programme, bringing the totalnumber of properties transferred since 1996 to251 579• 9 204 units were transferred through the Retroprogramme.Hostels conversionHostel dwellers have historically lived under appallingconditions with hostels symbolizing apartheid’sinflux control and migrant labour system. Since 2004a programme has been implemented to upgradehostels and convert them into affordable rental accommodation.A total of 1 701 hostel units havebeen upgraded or converted between April 2004and October 2006.Emergency interventions were undertaken at 54hostels to upgrade and convert them into habitableand sustainable living environments which are integratedinto urban communities. This is scheduled forcompletion in 2007. The work has focused on fixingthe buildings, water reticulation, lighting, improvedaccess control, repairs to windows and doors andunblocking sewerage systems.Inclusionary housing policyThe provincial government has made a commitmentto develop an inclusionary housing policy to ensurethat commercial developments allocate a percentageof housing to affordable housing for lower middleincome groups. Work on the policy has alreadycommenced.24 • Midterm Report - 2004/06

Housing opportunities between April 2004 andOctober 2006TypeTotalServiced stands 98 513Top structures 10 952Densification 7 186Transfer of ownership 43 407Hostel upgrading 1 701Total 161 579Community infrastructureSignificant strides have been made in improvingcommunity infrastructure and rolling out basic servicesto Gauteng communities. This includes infrastructurefunded through the Municipal InfrastructureGrant (MIG) and other allocations. In 2004/5, anallocation of R699 million was made on 277 infrastructureprojects, including water, sanitation, stormwater, lighting, solid waste and community facilities.This increased to R899 million allocated in 2005 for282 projects.Free basic servicesOne of government’s key commitments has been toensure the rollout of basic services to communities,including the provision of a certain amount of freewater and electricity.According to the Local Government PerformanceReview of February 2006, between 2000 and2005, 181 827 new water connections, 80 552new sanitation connections and 80 238 new legalelectricity connections were installed in Gauteng. Asa result, of the registered indigent households, 1 225854 (96%) households are receiving free basic waterand 1 150 416 (78%) households are receiving freebasic electricity.Eradicating the bucket systemBuilding sustainable communities means removing allhealth hazards from the environment in which peoplelive, including in informal settlements. In 2004,the provincial government made a commitment tocontinue working towards improving the provision ofbasic services to all communities, with an increasingemphasis on the sustainability of such services. Thiswould be complemented with measures to addressincome poverty so that the poorest and most marginalizedof our people are able to benefit from theseservices.In 2003, 12 332 buckets were identified for eradicationand replacement with water borne or VIPsystems. Following a commitment by the provincialgovernment to eradicate all buckets in Gauteng, byNovember 2006 most of these buckets had beenreplaced. However, additional research in 2006 revealedthat the figure had increased to 13 588, withspecific areas in need including Kokosi, Alra Park,Ratanda and Westonaria. The remaining bucket systemsare expected to be eradicated by June 2007.Urban renewalA key challenge identified in 2004 was the need forurban regeneration to revitalize urban communitieswhich were underdeveloped and neglected in thepast. The aim was to mobilize the three spheresof government and the private sector to buildbetter communities by investing in social andeconomic infrastructure to stimulate local economicdevelopment and create sustainable jobs andMidterm Report - 2004/06 • 25

sustainable communities. This would in turn improvethe quality of life and alleviate poverty. Importantprogress has been made in implementing urbanrenewal projects in Alexandra, Bekkersdal, Evatonand Kliptown. These were later followed by a furthermajor urban regeneration initiative announced byPremier Mbhazima Shilowa in February 2006 toupgrade 20 priority townships across Gauteng.• Alexandra: Extensive progress has been madeon the Alexandra Renewal Project. By theend of October 2006, a total of 94 projectshad been completed in Alexandra, includingthe upgrading of schools, libraries, hostels,clinics, sport facilities, parks, cemeteries, roads,electricity, water and sanitation infrastructure,the building of 1 200 houses, and therehabilitation of the Jukskei river. New parkshave been built and a new police stationopened. Work is being completed on a further38 projects to provide further affordable andrental housing and a range of communityfacilities.• Evaton: By March 2006, 21 projects werecompleted in Evaton, including the constructionof roads, rescaling of streets, the developmentof a catchment plan, the installation of schoolsanitation facilities and fencing, infrastructureat a local community hall, the provision oftraining and the upgrading of sports and healthfacilities. Planning is underway to prioritisefurther infrastructure upgrades including housing,bulk infrastructure and roads and stimulatingeconomic development in identified precincts.• Bekkersdal: By March 2006, 20 projects werecompleted as part of the Bekkersdal renewalprogramme. Amongst others, completedprojects focused on the installation of high mastlighting, waste management, the upgradingof the CBD taxi rank, spatial developmentframeworks, an information hub and training onbrick making for 57 individuals.• Kliptown: As the site where the historicFreedom Charter was drawn up at thecongress of the people in 1955, the provincialgovernment earmarked Kliptown for majorurban renewal. The project, undertaken underthe auspices of Blue IQ, involved investmentin strategic economic infrastructure to createa local economic hub with tourism attractionsand the upgrading of surrounding communities.A major development around the WalterSisulu Square of Dedication was launched tocoincide with national celebrations of the 50thanniversary of the Freedom Charter in June2005. The precinct includes shops, a taxi rank,conference facilities and a museum with newroad infrastructure and housing.26 • Midterm Report - 2004/0620 TownshipsIn line with the Premier’s commitment in his stateof the province address in February 2006, significantprogress has been made in putting in placemechanisms to fast-track the rehabilitation of twentyof Gauteng’s old, established townships. The programmeis aimed at the renewal of impoverishedurban environments in these communities and theprovision of social and economic amenities. So farR3 billion has been allocated for projects such asthe tarring of roads and the upgrading of schools,clinics, water and sanitation facilities and backyarddwellings. Of vital importance will be the developmentand upgrading of local transport and businesshubs to contribute to local economic developmentand job creation.The 20 prioritised areas are as follows:• Tshwane: Atteridgeville/Saulsville, Mamelodi• City of Johannesburg: Orlando and Zola• Ekurhuleni: Daveyton, Wattville, Tembisa, Katlehongand Kwatsaduza (Kwa-thema, Duduza,Tsakane)• West Rand: Munsieville, Kagiso, Mohlakengand Khutsong• Sedibeng: Boipatong, Bophelong, Sebokengand Sharpeville and• Metsweding: Ratanda, Refilwe and RethabisengIn 2006, an extensive baseline study was conductedto determine priority areas and plans for each of the20 townships were then developed with inputs fromboth local and provincial government. The initiativewas launched in September 2006 in Tembisa,Ekurhuleni, and implementation has commenced.The environmentRapid urbanization, economic growth anddevelopment in Gauteng places significant pressureon the environment. Of particular importance hasbeen the need to balance developmental demandswhile minimizing negative environmental impacts inthe short, medium and long term.The provincial government has therefore paidattention to environmental regulation as a vital aspectof sustainable development and building healthy,safe and sustainable communities.Sustainable development is also about povertyeradication, influencing consumption and productionpatterns and protecting and managing naturalresources required for economic and socialdevelopment.In 2004, the provincial government released theGauteng State of the Environment report. Thisbecame the basis for interdepartmental collaboration

on a revised Gauteng Environmental ImplementationPlan and the Gauteng Strategy for SustainableDevelopment (GSSD). These strategies seek anintegrated approach to land use, developmentplanning and the sustainable use of resources,including managing the environmental impacton non-renewable resources. This led to thedevelopment of the GSSD that is consistent with theGrowth and Development Strategy.The Gauteng Strategy forSustainable DevelopmentThe GSSD, which is expected to be approvedin 2007, provides a framework to ensure that allstrategic policy planning and other initiatives withinthe province are informed by international andnational sustainable development guidelines. Theframework ensures that priority interventions arecontextualized and developed within Gauteng’ssustainable development needs. The priorities of thisframework address capacity building and humanresource development for sustainable development;managing good intergovernmental and societalrelations to promote plans that deal with, amongstothers, pollution, water, sanitation, municipalplanning, building regulations, municipal healthservices, electricity and gas reticulation; findingsolutions to economic development for sustainabledevelopment and building sustainable humansettlements.Environmental managementIn 2005, an increase in cases of non-compliancehighlighted the need to expand the provincialgovernment’s capacity to ensure compliance andenforcement of environmental laws. To this endan Environmental Management Inspectorate waslaunched in 2006. In addition, sophisticated satellitetechniques, together with formal policing methods,will be utilized to track illegal developments anddamage caused to the environment.Social developmentAlongside strategies to stimulate shared economicgrowth and job creation, the provincial governmentdeveloped a comprehensive Gauteng SocialDevelopment Strategy which was adopted in 2006following consultation with stakeholders. Thisprovides an integrated multi-facetted approach totackle poverty, marginalisation and social exclusionfocused on the poorest and most vulnerablecommunities, families, households and individuals.The strategy aims to counter tendencies towardsthe urbanization of poverty, social exclusion,inequality, the disruption of social support systemsand dysfunctional families in global city regions. Itmoves away from a welfarist approach to socialdevelopment and instead adopts a developmentalapproach.In addition to providing a social safety net, theaim is to empower the vulnerable and build strongand caring communities in which the efforts of civilsociety, families and other social institutions aregeared towards supporting those in need. Efforts willbe directed towards enabling increasing numbers ofpeople to move beyond poverty and dependencyto development, dignity and self-reliance. The socialdevelopment strategy should contribute towardsenabling more people to become active participantsin the economy, resulting in sustainable livelihoodsand sustainable communities.It prioritises the needs of those who have weakfinancial and social support, placing vulnerablechildren, youth, women, the disabled and theelderly at the core of development efforts. The multisectoralapproach ensures that a range of provincialdepartments collaborate with each other to enablehouseholds to access a comprehensive set ofservices, including shelter, nutrition, child and youthdevelopment, education and health care.Midterm Report - 2004/06 • 27

This people-centred approach to social development:• seeks to promote the well-being of the populationas a whole, and of households and vulnerableindividuals/ groups within it.• aims to address inequalities which exist due todisadvantages resulting from lack of education,poor housing, poverty, social crime, preventableill-health, victimization, and vulnerability;• focuses on social exclusion, social inclusion,poverty alleviation and cultural outcomes tobring about change; and• targets the most vulnerable: children, the elderly,people with disabilities, women, youth, peopleliving in poverty; the unemployed and peopleliving with HIV & AIDS.The new strategy follows the formation of the newSouth African Social Security Agency (SASSA)which is responsible for the administration of socialgrants. The provision of social grants has continuedto provide a safety net for the poorest in theprovince. Significant improvements in the paymentof pensions, child care and other grants have beenmade since 2004. The number of beneficiariesincreased from 969 559 in 2004 to 1 063 095recipients in 2006, including 883 669 on childsupport grants. Over 40% of recipients access theirgrants through a no cost banking system, whilewaiting times at paypoints have been reduced fromtwo hours to 30 minutes.Bana PeleIn line with a commitment in the GPG’s five-yearstrategic programme, the provincial governmentin 2005 launched the Bana Pele programme, aninitiative to provide an integrated package of freeservices to Gauteng’s poorest children. The servicesinclude the child support grant, free schooling, freehealth care, free school uniforms, school feeding andscholar transport and psycho-social support.Since June 2005, at least 38 231 Grade onelearners received free school uniform, 359 613children were reached through the school nutritionprogramme, 66 381 were provided with freetransport to schools and 310 881 children wereexempted from paying school fees.Between 2004 and 2006 the provincial governmenthas expanded its social support programmes forpeople with special needs, including the mostvulnerable, children and youth in conflict with thelaw, people with disabilities and people infectedand affected by HIV and Aids.In 2004, the provincial government subsidised36 homes for persons with disabilities with a bedoccupancy of 1 505, while 1 818 people wereassisted through protective workshops. A total of 25352 children were placed in foster care, 29 623children were assessed prior to appearances in courtand 1 984 children were placed under probationalsupervision as part of diversion programmes. By2006, close to 9 000 children received probationalservices, statutory supervision and diversion services.A total of 57 protective workshops were subsidised,benefitting 4 476 people.Between 2004 and 2006, the number of communitybased care programmes increased from 49 to 98,increasing the number of beneficiaries reachedfrom 52 953 to 151 236. The beneficiariesof community based care include orphans andvulnerable children infected and affected by HIV/AIDS.Indigent policyIn a further effort to ensure that the province’s poorestpeople have access to basic services, the provincialgovernment has worked closely with municipalitiesto develop policy guidelines to target and supportindigent people.Food securityTo help meet the basic food needs of the province’spoorest communities and families, the householdfood security programme has been implemented. Theaim is to enhance the production, processing andaccessing of food to benefit deprived, food insecurecommunities in a sustainable and affordable manner.In 2004/2005, 24 community food productionprojects and 4 197 homestead food gardenswere established in the poorest communities. Thisincreased to 31 units in 2005/6, with 6 794homestead food gardens. In this period, the numberof beneficiaries increased from 20 985 to 33975. Support services were provided to over 100community projects, with about 2 340 beneficiaries.Household food security is linked to the integratedprovincial agricultural management system tooptimise the contribution of sustainable agricultureto the economy to improve the quality of life forall. It provides for the equitable development of allcommunities in Gauteng with the aim of enhancingfood security, income and employment throughagricultural development.A new Integrated Food Security Strategy is beingdeveloped for implementation in the 2007/8financial year.Ensuring linkages between the Integrated FoodSecurity programme and the Expanded Public Works28 • Midterm Report - 2004/06

Programme will improve the livelihoods and ability ofthe poor households to access income to meet basicfood requirements.Expanded PublicWorks ProgrammeThe Expanded Public Works Programme (EPWP)represents an important aspect of the GPG’s labourintensive labour absorption strategy. The constructionsector in particular is being used to implement labourintensive projects. Various approaches in this regardhave been adopted. One is a standard requirementfor potential construction contractors to ensure that atleast 25% of work undertaken on behalf of the GPG islabour intensive. Secondly, there is a requirement thata minimum number of jobs be created. Thirdly, variouslocal centres have been established to build capacityfor existing construction SMMEs and those that seekto enter the field as construction service providers. Thisentails the provision of technical and financial supportin establishing construction companies, business plansand tender submissions. This is a crucial strategy topull people out of the second economy.Direct and indirect jobs continue to be createdthrough the EPWP in projects such as Working forWater, Land Care, fire and fencing programmes, agriculturaldevelopment support for farmer settlement andthe provision of on-farm infrastructure.About 1 700 people in community based sites havebeen identified to participate in the EPWP programmeand learnership contracts are being completed. Trainingservice providers have been identified and servicelevel agreements are being concluded to enhancecapacity building and allow more people to participatein the EPWP.Midterm Report - 2004/06 • 29

Work around infrastructure investment, which formspart of the 20 townships urban renewal programme,presents another opportunity to further utilize EPWPas a key driver of short term job creation.A total of 352 609 person days of work have beengenerated across the province, resulting in 3 973job opportunities. EPWP created 35.5% of the totaljob opportunities and the labour intensive programme21.8%.As part of the EPWP programme, a pilot programmeon Waste Management was implementedin 2006/07 and will be rolled out as part of the20 townships project. Community based wastemanagement will also be utilized to contribute toservice delivery and sustainable job creation. Thisprogramme focuses on the rehabilitation of dumpingsites, recycling initiatives and the collection of wastein communities through community based wastemanagement.The GPG has also embarked on the CommunityHeritage programme, which entails the constructionof memorial sites of the liberation struggle in 2006.The programme includes opportunities for employmentand capacity building for veterans and unemployedgraduates. So far eight projects have beenimplemented.Between March 2005 and October 2006, close to14 000 EPWP jobs were created in public works,construction, agriculture and the environment and thesocial development sectors. Priority was given to theemployment of women, youth and people with disabilitiesand the transfer of skills.from sectors such as labour, business, civics, women,faith-based organizations, the media, cultural workers,people living with HIV and Aids and the youth.The GAC drives the broader partnership againstAids in the province.The following programmes for HIV prevention andcare have been implemented with success:• The prevention of mother to child transmission(PMTCT) programme has been implemented inall public hospitals and community health centresin Gauteng and 72% of clinics with maternityservices including antenatal care.• The distribution of condoms in the provinceincreased from approximately 8.5 million permonth in 2004/2005 to about 11 millionmale condoms in 50 primary sites and 781000 female condoms in 47 primary sites since2004/2005.• The number of Voluntary Counselling and Testing(VCT) sites increased from 295 in 2004/2005to 340 in 2005/2006. A total of 393 740clients were tested since 2004/2005, of whom137 200 tested HIV positive.• The programme for post-exposure-prophylaxis(PEP) for victims of sexual violence, implementedsince July 2002, is now available at 54 facilitiesacross the province.• Gauteng established 257 beds in step-downfacilities in nine hospitals and funds 250 hospicebeds, as well as 132 NGO’s to providehome based care. The number of patients caredfor at home by community health workers hasincreased from 51 994 in 2004/2005 to 53347 in 2005/2006.• The Gauteng government funds 38 NGO’s toHIV/ AidsA key challenge for the GPG in 2004 was tointensify the implementation of a comprehensive HIVand AIDS programme that would, amongst others,include the expanded implementation of an HIV andAIDS care and treatment programme in partnershipwith civil society and the private sector.Provision for other services for people infected andaffected by HIV and Aids was also made, includingthe provision of shelter for people in ill-health andsupport for those who are unable to work.The Gauteng government has a well established,multi-sectoral and interdepartmental AIDS programmewhich is implemented by all the government departmentsin the province. The provincial government’sprogramme is lead by the Premier’s Committee onAids, involving all MECs and heads of departments.The Premier also heads the Gauteng Aids Council(GAC), which consists of civil society representatives30 • Midterm Report - 2004/06

organise support groups for people living withHIV and AIDS, and in 2005/2006 fundedthe income generating projects of 10 supportgroups. A total of 383 support groups wereoperating in health facilities and within the communityin the year under review. Training wasprovided to support group members to equipthem with counselling skills and basic HIV andAIDS information. Additionally, 101 members ofthe support groups were trained as Peer Educatorsand 91 as Lay Counsellors.A comprehensive HIV and AIDS care and treatmentprogramme, including anti-retroviral therapy, is beingimplemented with the following outcomes:• A total of 352 874 patients have been assessedto date and 170 507 CD4 tests havebeen conducted, an increase of 96 941 from2004/2005.• The number of patients on treatment increasedfrom 12 983 in 2004/2005 to more than44 000, of which 6 000 were children. Thenumber of facilities offering ART increased from23 in 2004/2005 to 34 (87% of hospitals,79% of CHCs and 83% of districts).• Forty sites have been accredited to providetreatment; services will start at the remainingseven sites as soon as the infrastructure has beencompleted and the relevant staff appointed.• There is an active recruitment of pharmacists,medical practitioners, dieticians, social workers,nurses and counsellors to make up the teams toprovide comprehensive care.• In addition to care, educational materials stressingthe need to know one’s HIV status and prevention,the importance of diagnosing TB andcompleting TB treatment, nutrition, and condomuse are distributed at all health facilities.Measures have been taken to address psycho-socialand economic factors which drive HIV infection andincrease the impact of AIDS. These include the following:• Poverty relief measures have been made accessiblefor families affected by AIDS.• Traditional healers made a breakthrough by settingup a coordinating committee at the traditionalhealer’s summit and providing visible supporton AIDS programmes.• The provincial World Aids Day door-to-doorcampaign has been conducted annually in partnershipwith municipalities across the provinceand saw 12 000 trained volunteers visit morethan 800 000 homes, reaching up to two millionpeople with information and education addressingHIV prevention, health care for peoplewith AIDS and support for affected families andchildren.Public safetyPublic safety and social crime prevention have beentop priorities for the provincial government. In linewith its commitments, the provincial government in2006 adopted a renewed, integrated approach toimproving safety in Gauteng in the Gauteng SafetyStrategy and the Gauteng Road Safety Strategy.Gauteng Safety StrategySafety and security are central to the realization ofthe vision to build Gauteng as a globally competitivecity region. The vision of the Gauteng SafetyStrategy (GSS) is “A globally competitive city regioncharacterised by households and communities whoenjoy a good quality of life because they live, workand travel in a law-governed society free of fear,violence and crime”.The key pillars of the GSS, which is in line with theNational Crime Prevention Strategy, are to:• prevent and reduce violent and serious economiccrimes• improve and enhance the quality of policing• promote better coordination of the criminaljustice system• strengthen intergovernmental relations and managethe fighting of crime through an integratedapproach across GPG departments and municipalities• improve systematic means of data collection andanalysis for effective crime prevention• build and promote a social movement againstcrime.The social movement against crime seeks to mobiliseMidterm Report - 2004/06 • 31

a broad range of civil society sectors, communitiesand individuals in a coalition to fight crime. Theplan recognises that enormous energy lies untappedwithin our communities. Through an organized socialmovement, this energy can be channelled anddirected against crime and criminality in our society.The safety plan aims to improve integration,alignment and coordination across national,provincial and local government in Gauteng.A key aspect has been stepping up social crimeprevention. This has included prioritising the fightagainst violence against women and children andvictim empowerment. The victim empowermentreferral network has been strengthened to ensurevictims of violence and abuse have access to therelevant services. In addition, volunteers on victimempowerment have been trained based on astandardized and accredited training manual.In preventing youth criminality, work has beendone to strengthen youth desks and improve theinvolvement of youth in social crime preventioninitiatives, including through the trainingof volunteers. To address school safety, aprovincial school safety plan was developed forimplementation. Campaigns have been undertakento remove firearms and illegal weapons fromschools and prevent alcohol and drug abuse inschools.Gauteng Road Safety StrategyThe Gauteng Road Safety Strategy sets out a strategicpath for the province to maximise safety on theroads, including achieving the provincial government’starget of reducing fatalities on the province’sroads by 30% by 2009.The plan includes the establishment of an integratedinformation management system as well as educationand awareness programmes and campaignstargeted at all road users. Increasing the visibility oftraffic law enforcement and a rapid response systemfor accidents and facilities are also important.The provincial government has shifted its approachto satellite stations which were located in areasdeclared hazardous locations in the province. Thestatus of these areas has improved due to the implementationof projects in these areas. The focusis now on mobile satellite stations to ensure rapiddeployment and greater visibility across the province.Six mobile units are being deployed throughout theprovince, with an emphasis on pedestrian hazards.Other traffic law enforcement initiatives includeroadside check points to focus on driver and vehiclefitness, overload control, inspection of public passengertransport vehicles to ensure their roadworthinessand inspection of drivers licence testing centers anddriving school instructors.These law enforcement operations are gearedtowards reducing road fatalities and accidents withinthe province and contributing to increased safety onour roads.The training of enforcement officers is being reconceptualisedto focus on both traffic law enforcement,general policing and crime prevention so as to dealwith all aspects of safety and security on the road.32 • Midterm Report - 2004/06

In the context of ongoing housing programmes, prioritiesinclude the initiative to formalise and eradicateinformal settlements and upgrade backyard shacks,the transfer of ownership of houses in key areas andthe finalisation of the inclusionary housing policy. Theeradication of any remaining bucket systems andthe provision of decent water and sanitation facilitiesshould be fast-tracked.Provincial disaster managementSince 2004 the provincial government has developeda provincial disaster management frameworkand systems and has undertaken extensive preparationsfor the establishment of a Provincial DisasterManagement Center, which will be located inMidrand. Phase one of the centre will be completedin March 2007 and it is expected to be fully operationalby August 2007.The provincial government also initiated a programmeaimed at assisting all district municipalitiesin complying with the Disaster Management Act byMarch 2007, including the establishment of municipaldisaster management frameworks, plans anddistrict disaster management centers.Priorities aheadFighting poverty and building safe, secure and sustainablecommunities will require the implementationof a range of strategies, including the implementationof the Gauteng Social Development Strategy. Otherpriorities in the period to 2009 are outlined below.Human settlementA key priority in the second decade of freedom to2014 is continuing to reverse apartheid settlementpatterns and building dynamic, safe and sustainablecommunities. This will be achieved by promotingmixed income settlements as well as implementingthe urban renewal programmes across the province,particularly in the 20 prioritised townships identifiedabove.SafetyAmong the key priorities in building safe and securecommunities across Gauteng will be ensuring theeffective implementation of the Gauteng SafetyStrategy and Gauteng Road Safety Strategy. Thiswill include the implementation of practical steps toreduce crime such as improved case management,the targetting of organised crime and promotingthe mobilisation of all available resources in thefight against crime. Crucial in this regard are thefollowing:• the establishment of an intergovernmental anticrimecoordinating structure• co-ordinated action by the SA Police Services,the metro police and the private sector• the building of a broad-based social movementagainst crime.Work to address the conditions that breed socialcrime such as the abuse of women and childrenneeds to be intensified. Issues such as lighting andthe environmental design of communities needs to beaddressed in this regard.Poor and marginalised communities are often worstaffected by crime. It is therefore essential to ensurean equitable provision of policing and other servicesthat contribute to crime reduction.Government and society in general need to inculcatea culture of respect for the law and a zero toleranceapproach to crime in all its forms.EPWPThe EPWP programme must be upscaled, particularlyin the social, environmental and economic developmentsectors, to create jobs and expand delivery.EPWP projects should include beautifying the environmentin the 20 identified townships, home-basedcare and early childhood development.The environmentIn protecting the environment, the correct balanceneeds to be achieved between promoting developmentto address the needs of the people of Gautengwhile minimising negative environmental impacts.In this regard, a key priority will be to finalise andimplement the Gauteng Strategy on SustainableDevelopment.Midterm Report - 2004/06 • 33

3 • Midterm Report - 2004/06

in transforming society, bringing about social equity,and contributing to the country’s growth and development.Early Childhood DevelopmentEarly Childhood Development (ECD) is essential inlaying firm foundations for schooling. The focus hasbeen on the elimination of inequality, the promotionof increased access, the provision of quality servicesand the development of enabling legislative andpolicy frameworks.Important progress has been made in phasing inGrade R to bring all Grade R learners into the compulsoryeducation system (Grade R to Grade 9) by2010.The period April 2004 to April 2006 saw a significantexpansion in the number of ECD sites andthe number of learners in Grade R in Gauteng, asfollows:• The number of learners in Grade R increasedfrom 34 690 to 47 314• The number of registered ECD sites increasedfrom 569 to 960• The number of ECD sites at public schools increasedfrom 465 to 800• The number of community based ECD sitesincreased from 95 to 160 in the same period.All practitioners received a monthly salary subsidyfrom the provincial government.Pre-Grade RIn fulfilling its commitment to improve the qualityof care our children receive in the early years, theprovincial government developed an ECD strategyand established an ECD Institute (ECDI). This hasfocused on setting up systems to improve integrationand coordination of ECD programmes and projects,so as to avoid any duplication and fragmentation ofservices provided to children.The ECD Institute is playing a vital role inimplementing the integrated Expanded PublicWorks Programme (EPWP) plan for early childhooddevelopment in Gauteng. This targets especiallyunemployed and/or underemployed caregivers inall ECD programmes. The programme facilitatesthe attainment of professional qualifications forpractitioners specialising in the birth-4 and 4-6 yearage cohort through learnerships and also providesskills development for support staff such as cooks,cleaners, gardeners, administrators, parents andGoverning Bodies in ECD centres.Improving public schoolingthrough pro-poor targetingEducation is crucial in escaping the poverty trap.As part of the provincial government’s Bana Peleprogramme targeted at the poorest and mostvulnerable children, various mechanisms have beenimplemented to ensure that children from Gauteng’spoorest households are able to access decenteducation.School nutrition: To fulfil children’s constitutionalright to basic nutrition and help ensure that childrendo not go hungry, the provincial government hasimplemented a school nutrition programme. A total of359 613 learners at 1 107 schools benefited fromthe programme in 2004/05, increasing to 378903 learners during the 2005/06 financial year.Scholar transport: The provision of free scholartransport is aimed at ensuring that every child ofschool-going age within the province has access toeducation. During 2004/05 scholar transport wasprovided to 66 318 primary and secondary schoollearners and to 47 000 learners in 2005/6.36 • Midterm Report - 2004/06

The provision of scholar transport has ensured accessto education for learners who reside in farm,rural or informal settlements where the nearest publicordinary school is more than 5 kilometres from theirplace of residence. Scholar transport has also beenextended to those historically disadvantaged learnerswho reside in areas where schools cannot accommodatethe intake of learners within the demarcatedfeeder zone and to settlements where schools havenot yet been built. The scholar transport service hasensured that learner attendance at schools servicingfarm, rural and informal communities has increasedsignificantly, and failure and drop-out rates have alsobeen reduced.Free schooling: As part of the strategy to alleviatethe effects of poverty, redress imbalances of the pastand ensure all children exercise their right to basiceducation, school fees were eliminated at Gauteng’spoorest schools from January 2006. This was inline with the revised norms and standards on schoolfunding and the introduction of no fee schools. Thisfollowed the exemption from school fees for the province’spoorest children in 2005 as part of the BanaPele programme.Facilities: The provincial government has prioritisedthe upgrading of schools, educational facilities andthe provision of learning materials in the poorestcommunities. By 2006, close to one million learnersand 22 000 educators, many from the poorest communities,had access to the most up to date computerswith internet access and email.Public schoolingNational Curriculum StatementThe National Curriculum Statements (NCS) havebeen successfully implemented in Grades 7 and10 and preparations are underway for theirimplementation in Grades 8, 9 and 11 in 2007.Teachers in these grades have already undergonetraining in this regard.In creating a seamless outcomes based educationsystem, curriculum redress plans have beenformulated to enhance and increase access to thecurriculum, and teacher development programmeshave been aligned to district improvement plans.Schools have received comprehensive support,including intensive curriculum support and monitoringand evaluation of the implementation of the NCS.Matric results• The performance of the province’s matricshas been encouraging, with the pass rateincreasing significantly from 74.9% in 2005 to78.35% in 2006. A total of 10 857 learnersin the province produced 21 607 distinctions,representing 14.85% of the total learners whowrote the examinations.• The number of learners that passed withendorsement (university entrance) increased from21.10% to 23.20%, reflecting a qualitativeimprovement in the pass rates.• Girls continued to shine and the proportionMidterm Report - 2004/06 • 37

of female learners who obtained distinctionsis much greater than those produced by malelearners.• While the numbers of full time matric candidatesdeclined from 77 602 to 73 187, the numberof part time candidates increased by 3 498.Schools performanceThe improved results since 1999 show that provincialgovernment strategies to improve the qualityof education is bearing fruit. However, attentionhas also been paid to improve the results of poorlyperforming schools to ensure a minimum level ofperformance at all public schools in Gauteng.The proportion of poorly performing schools hasdeclined from 59 in 2004 to 46 in 2006. Specialattention will be paid to all schools that have passrates of below 50%. These will have to present aplan to the district office by the end of January 2007on steps to be taken to improve their pass rates.Preparatory examinations for all subjects servedas a measuring tool for exam readiness of Grade12 learners. They also help schools evaluate theirlearners against provincial standards and preparelearners for the final examinations.The provincial government has also implementeda support strategy for curriculum implementation inthe Further Education and Training (FET) band, andhas monitored the completion of the syllabus, theimplementation of continuous assessment and thecompletion of oral and practical work.Professional development and support is provided ina wide range of areas, including subject strategies,classroom visits, in-service training (INSET) and theresourcing of both educators and learners. In addition,the provincial government has promoted animproved organizational ethos and culture in schoolsto improve learner discipline and attendance.Other measures to improve learner performanceinclude:• The early identification of learners at risk at theend of Grade 9, 10 and 11.• Standardised tests throughout the course of theyear to help candidates remain focused.• Common examinations to be written by allGrade 11 learners.• The C-aggregate plan.• The improvement of school and classroom management.• Improving the discipline of learners and educators.• The implementation of the School EffectivenessProgramme, and beginning teaching and learningon the first day of the school year.• The provision of additional curriculum supportfor educators, including formal in-service trainingprogrammes.Maths, Science and TechnologyVarious initiatives have been undertaken to equipyoung people to become the key drivers of the Gauteng’sknowledge-based economy. To enable increasingnumbers of learners to pursue further educationand training, higher education and careers in the key38 • Midterm Report - 2004/06

growth sectors of the Gauteng economy, the provincialgovernment has placed a growing emphasis onmaths, science and technology education.A Maths, Science and Technology strategy is beingimplemented, including as part of the Senior SecondaryImprovement Programme (SSIP) and Dinalediprojects to improve learner performance in thesesubjects.A total of 70 secondary public which had a lessthan 50% overall pass rate in 2005, as well asother schools showing underperformance in gatewaysubjects, participated in SSIP. On average the SSIPschools showed a 10.5% increase in pass rates,from 44.61% in 2005 to 55.11%.A total of 70 Dinaledi schools were selected in Gauteng,based on their potential to enhance learnerperformance in maths and science.Sci-Bono Discovery CentreThe Sci-Bono Discovery Centre, an initiative of theprovincial government, was developed to helpstimulate learners’ interest in, and understanding of,science and technology.In 2006 Sci-Bono hosted over 40 000 school learnersat the centre and worked with another 20 000learners through its outreach programmes in schools,libraries and community centres.The BHP Billiton Career Centre, a partnership withthe BHP Billiton Group, offered psychometric andcareer counselling to over 2 500 walk-in clients in2006. Through new partnerships with the LearningChannel, it also provides career advice through aweekly TV broadcast on SABC and through newspapersupplements distributed to over 3 million schoolbasedreaders.Sci-Bono provided new FET maths and science curriculummaterials and support to over 120 Gautengschools. This included innovative projects such asCAD, amateur radio and chemistry.Sci-Bono has supported the improvement of qualificationsfor 100 maths and science teachers and hasprovided supplementary training for another 150teachers.Smart Young MindsThe Blue IQ Smart Young Minds challenge, acompetition encouraging Gauteng’s youth to unearthsmart business ideas, made its debut in 2003 whenit was launched in high schools across the province.Midterm Report - 2004/06 • 39

The project aims to stimulate innovation and scienceand technology-related entrepreneurship amonglearners. The competition is designed to createexcitement around maths, science, technology andentrepreneurship, by engaging high school learnersin a creative and basic technology problem-solvingprocess.Smart Young Minds seeks to empower schools, especiallydisadvantaged schools, with equipment andteaching aids. It seeks to motivate learners to investigateproblems, wants and needs in their communitiesand to generate ideas for products or services thatwill fill a gap in the market and become commerciallyviable.A schools outreach programme was implemented in50 schools and 100 learners were trained as projectambassadors. 10 Finalists were selected by a panelof judges representing industry specialists acrossthe fields of maths, science, technology and business.Each finalist was matched with a team of WitsBusiness School post-graduate students to developdetailed business plans for their ideas.Further Education and TrainingThe technical education sector has been successfullytransformed into a viable Further Education andTraining (FET) sector. Gauteng has eight collegesoperating on 33 campuses. The sector has introduceda number of standard programmes in conjunction withthe Sector Education and Training Authorities (SETAs)and targets over 46 000 learners. Partnerships withlocal government, the private sector and other governmentdepartments have been forged to promote skillsdevelopment to target out-of-school youth.391 enrolments in 2005/06. Gauteng has 49Adult Centres which operate from 15h00 to 21h00depending on the time table and the area where thecentre or the satellite is situated. The ABET programmefocuses on basic literacy, skills development and entrepreneurshipwhich also targets out-of-school youth.The ABET strategy for the province was developed in2004 and provincial teams were set up to fast-trackits implementation. ABET centre managers have beentrained on the compilation of a centre developmentplan, a centre improvement plan and also a centreself-assessment plan.Human ResourceDevelopment strategyOne of the most important achievements in developinghealthy, skilled and productive people in theprovince has been the finalisation of a comprehensiveHuman Resource Development strategy whichwill enhance both economic growth and job creationas well as social delivery. This is also dealt with underthe chapter on “Enabling faster economic growthand job creation”.Health careThe provincial government has prioritised access toquality health care for all Gauteng residents, witha particular focus on investing in human capitaland health care infrastructure. One measure of theimproved access is an increase in the number ofpatient visits from 10,4 million in 2002 to 14,1 millionin 2005. Key areas of commitment include thefollowing:• Promoting adequate nutrition and healthy life-Consolidated support to the FET sector has been provided,including through the training of councils, theestablishment of learnership programmes, curriculumresourcing, student representative council elections,staff development, infrastructural improvements andstrategic planning.A three-year recapitalisation process started in2006 following extensive planning in the 2005/6financial year.All FET colleges in the province were engaged invarious learnership and skills programmes.ABETAdult Basic Education and Training targets thosepeople who were previously denied an opportunityto develop literacy, numeracy and other skills. Therewere a total of 69 897 full time equivalent enrolmentsat public ABET centres in 2004/05 and 6240 • Midterm Report - 2004/06

••••••••••••••styles among all Gauteng residents so that theycan lead productive livesPrevention and treatment programmes to actagainst the causes of ill health and death suchas violence, road accidents, stress, HIV andAids, poor lifestyles and alcohol abuseProviding caring, responsive and quality healthservice through:reducing waiting timesimproving frontline serviceinvesting in our health care professionals andworkersrevitalizing health infrastructureempowering our communities with health informationand educationConsolidating primary health care services todeal with common conditions, build communityparticipation and enable inter-sectoral collaborationContinuing to implement a comprehensive HIVand AIDS programme including:ongoing prevention to reduce new infectionsespecially among youthimplementing comprehensive HIV and AIDS careand treatment including anti-retroviral therapydeveloping community capacity for preventionand care through partnerships with civil societyand the private sectoraddressing psycho-social and economic factorswhich drive HIV infection and increase theimpact of AIDScoordinating all efforts across government andcivil society for maximum impact.The following section outlines some of the key areasof progress.Human resourcesThe retention and recruitment of health professionalshas been one of the greatest challenges in providingquality care. A strategy to address this has beenimplemented, including:• upgrading the posts of health professionals suchas professional nurses, nurse educators, primaryhealth nurses, medical and dental practitioners• improving working conditions by providinghealth professionals with state-of the art tools ofthe trade• increasing the number of bursaries awardedto 1800 for critical scarce skills with contractobligations• providing scarce skills for designated healthprofessionals such as doctors, specialist nursesand others• expansion of the Employee Assistance Programme• increasing training at all levels – since2004/05, 2971 new nurses were admitted fordiploma courses, 10 888 nurses attended trainingand 3688 nurses graduated.Despite a high attrition rate, 5 864 health professionalswere employed since 2004/2005 with significantgains in medical staff.Important inroads have been made in successfullyimplementing learnerships and internships since2004/5, benefitting 7 497 people and exceedingthe target of 5 100 by 2009.Since the inception of the Community Health WorkerProgramme in 2004, 2 116 CHWs completed training.As part of the EPWP, further CHWs are beingtrained to exceed a target of 3 000 by April 2007.Training includes comprehensive HIV and TB clinicalmanagement and care.Hours of serviceResidents in many areas have appealed to theprovincial government to extend hours of service athealth care facilities, particularly clinics, to enablethem to better access services. Significant progresshas been made, with 77% of sub-districts now havingextended hours of service to improve accessibilityand to offer after-hour and emergency servicesto communities. In addition, family physicians havebeen appointed at district level and started work on1 June 2006.Improving health care facilitiesInvestment in health infrastructure has focused onupgrading existing facilities and the construction ofnew hospitals, community health centres and clinics.Progress since 2004 includes:Midterm Report - 2004/06 • 41

• Completion of the new Pretoria Academic Hospital,a state of the art health facility• Construction of Soshanguve Block L, Hillbrow,Stretford and Stanza Bopape Community HealthCentres• Completion of a new kitchen and other facilitiesat Sizwe Hospital, new maternity unit at Far EastRand Hospital, renovated theatres at KalafongHospital and two new wards at WeskoppiesHospital• New pharmacies completed at Dr Yusuf Dadoo,Kopanong, Edenvale, Pholosong, Weskoppies,Coronation and Pretoria Academic Hospitals.Pharmacies were renovated at Carletonville, DrGeorge Mukhari and Natalspruit Hospitals• Commissioning of Johannesburg Hospital oncologyunit• Completion of stores at Chris Hani BaragwanathHospital and breast clinic at Helen JosephHospital• Acquiring over R600 million worth of new equipment,including high tech medical equipmentsuch as MRI and CT scanners, gamma cameras,digital mammography units, radiological equipmentincluding multifunctional digital x-rays,linear accelerators and Cath labs for variousGauteng hospitals.Revitalisation projects are underway at Chris HaniBaragwanath hospital and Mamelodi hospital. Newhospitals are being built in Kathorus and Zola andnine new clinics are under construction.NutritionThe number of children experiencing severe malnutritionhas dropped from 0.5% in 2004/2005 to0.34% in 2005/2006 due to improve nutrition riskidentification and management. In addition to theBana Pele programme and school feeding aimedat the poorest children, pre-schools are funded toprovide nutrition to poor children. Supplements areprovided to needy children and post-partum womenat health care facilities, while special attention isgiven to the nutrition of patients with HIV and Aidsand TB. Fortified porridge, multivitamins and nutritionalsupplements have been distributed to all facilitiesand NGOs. Since 2004/5 over 70 000 patientsreceived nutritional supplements, including more than20 000 patients from comprehensive HIV and AIDScare and treatment sites.Improving motherand child healthSince 2004, the provincial government has madegreat strides in improving the health of women andchildren in Gauteng through a range of programmes.These include:• Strategies and programmes arising from the Savingthe Mother Report have been implementedin maternal and neonatal care units establishedin 2004. The focus is on preventing and reducingavoidable maternal deaths and deaths ofbabies. So far 94% of health facilities are complyingwith the recommendations of the reportand further steps will be taken to ensure 100%compliance.• All health facilities implement protocols andguidelines for the management of pregnantwomen and staff have been trained on the useof the protocols. Provincial facilities are pilotingthe World Health Organisation Basic AntenatalCare (BANC) programme, a strategy to improvethe health of pregnant women and their unbornbabies.• The Integrated Management of ChildhoodIllnesses programme, a child survival strategyfor children under six years of age, is beingimplemented in 86% of our primary health carefacilities, as compared to 64% in 2004.• The Expanded Programme on Immunisation isbeing implemented to reach all children underthe age of five in the province. Mass immunisationcampaigns have resulted in immunisationcoverage increasing to 90%.• The Perinatal Problem Identification Programme(PPIP) is being implemented in all hospitals andin 22 maternity and obstetric units (MOUs). Inaddition, the Kangaroo Mother Care (KMCs) isimplemented in all hospitals.• Cervical cancer screening has benefited 266843 women since the inception of the programmein 2000. More than 21 000 mammogramswere performed to improve earlydetection of breast cancer since 2004. Thesescreening services afford women the opportunityto be offered early treatment and follow up. Anew project will ensure access to surgery forbreast cancer patients at the Johannesburg andChris Hani Baragwanath hospitals, as well asthe Helen Joseph hospital’s new breast clinicopened in 2006.• Teachers are being assisted to provide childrenwith basic knowledge about common healthconditions, including immunisation, nutrition andadolescent sexual health.• Widespread health awareness programmeshave been undertaken, including focusing onhealthy lifestyles.The provincial government is addressing the followingkey challenges in improving child health andreducing maternal deaths:• Ensuring triple therapy ART is accessible to allmothers who need it, following up childrenwhose mothers returned to their province of42 • Midterm Report - 2004/06

origin after accessing the PMTCT programme inGauteng and improving the PMTCT uptake• Social mobilisation and partnerships to provideinformation and encourage the public to knowtheir status• Improving TB cure rates and strengthening TBadvocacy• Addressing the high levels of poverty as a keymeasure to build a healthy society.HIV/AidsIn addition to progress on HIV/Aids outlined as partof fighting poverty and building safe, secure andsustainable communities, the following progress hasbeen recorded:• A comprehensive treatment and care programme,including anti-retroviral therapy (ART) isnow being implemented in 34 health facilities. Aprocess is underway to accredit three additionalsites at Charles Hurwitz, East Rand and TshepisongTB hospitals. The number of people ontreatment has increased to 44 000.• The programme for post-exposure-prophylaxis(PEP) for victims of sexual violence started in July2002 and is now implemented at 54 facilities,of which 56% are open 24 hours a day. ThePEP programme has benefitted more than 40000 people to date, of whom 47% (18 800)received ARVs since 2002. The adherence rate,estimated at 41%, remains a challenge.• Significant steps have been undertaken tostrengthen the partnership with civil society inthe fight against HIV and AIDS. Provincial andmunicipal community participation co-ordinatorsparticipated in a train-the-trainers programme inMarch 2006.Midterm Report - 2004/06 • 43

Key challenges which the provincial government hascontinued to address include the reduction of waitingtimes in health facilities and addressing apparent disparitiesin the provision of services between districts,provincial and central hospitals. This includes:• Strengthening queue managers appointed athospitals to reduce waiting times.• Encouraging level one patients to use clinicsrather than flock to central hospitals, addressingthe perception of poor quality services at clinicscompared to hospitals and establishing gatewayclinics.• Improving the dispensing of chronic medicationto reduce waiting times.• Enhancing health human resource strategies toattract and retain highly qualified human resourceprofessionals.• Implementing the provincialisation of the provisionof primary health care services in line withthe National Health Act.Priorities aheadThe central challenge remains ensuring universaland equitable access to the range of educationand health care services provided by government inGauteng as well as improving the quality of theseservices.In particular, the challenge remains to continue to re-verse apartheid’s legacy in access to quality educationto improve the quality of education of the Africanchild. This includes continuing to address overcrowdingand ensuring the provision of decent facilities aswell as improving the quality of teaching. Literacyand numeracy levels need to be improved to givemore people access to better economic opportunitiesand maths, science and technology education needsto be prioritised. The ECD strategy needs to be effectivelyimplemented to ensure that every child has firmfoundations from which to realise their full potential.The roll of FET colleges in the development of ourskills base needs to be maximised, including ensuringan equitable channeling of resources to FETs andinstitutions of higher learning.Finally, the Gauteng HRD strategy needs to be effectivelyimplemented in partnership with the privatesector, labour and other stakeholders.In health care, the provincial government needs tocontinue, and step up its efforts, to improve the qualityof health care at all levels and ensure the effectiveimplementation of the comprehensive strategy onHIV and Aids. An effective human resources strategyshould be implemented to ensure that the health caresystem in Gauteng has adequate capacity, and toimprove the retention, recruitment and training anddevelopment scarce skills, including at primary healthcare level.44 • Midterm Report - 2004/06

3.4 Deepening democracy and realisingthe constitutional rights of our peopleWhile South Africa’s democratic constitutionprovides the framework for democraticpractice, the defence and consolidation ofdemocracy requires ongoing concerted action.Important strides have been made in overcomingpast divisions and forging a common identity. However,more needs to be done to strengthen nationbuilding and entrench the values and rights enshrinedin the constitution.Important progress has been made in entrenchingthe rights of women, children, people with disabilitiesand other vulnerable groups. However, unfairdiscrimination and the abuse of women and childrenremain a challenge.Key challengesThe key challenges identified in the period 2004 to2014 in deepening democracy include the following:• An increasingly diverse population and ongoinghigh levels of migration to Gauteng from withinand outside South Africa.• The ongoing challenge of racial and genderdiscrimination, increasing inequality and redressingthe legacy of apartheid.• The impact of the HIV and AIDS epidemic onfamily, community and social cohesion.• The socio-economic and socio-cultural circumstancesof a large number of women whichpredisposes them to dependency, and rendersthem unable to leave abusive relationships andvulnerable to sexual abuse. At the same time, increasingwomen’s empowerment also challengestraditional patriarchal relations.• High levels of crime, particularly inter-personaland family violence and crimes resulting fromthe alienation of youth, which can lead to thedestabilization of communities.• Changing inter-generational relations as a newgeneration of young people emerges, with oftena significantly different set of values and aspirationsfrom their parents.Deepening democracy also requires that we createincreasing avenues for all our people to participatein decision making about all aspects of their livesand fully exercise the rights and responsibilities ofcitizenship.Key commitmentsThe priority actions and programmes identified in thefive year strategic programme in 2004 were:Midterm Report - 2004/06 • 45

• Social crime prevention to prevent and addressthe causes of crime and violence, particularlyagainst women and children.• Youth development to increase the opportunitiesfor young people to participate in the economyand realize their potential, including throughenabling participation in sport, art and culture.• Women’s empowerment through all governmentprogrammes to remove remaining barriersto equal participation in the economy andsociety, strengthening the human rights agendafor women and instilling values of compassion,dignity and responsible sex amongst men andwomen. An annual Gauteng Women’s Dialoguewill plan and evaluate progress together withwomen in civil society.• Using arts and culture, sport and recreationprogrammes to strengthen nation building andsocial cohesion.• Sports development as an important programme,not only to promote healthy and active lifestyles,but also nation building and youth development.• Promoting public participation and accountability,including through our Izimbizo, Lets Talkcampaign and public hearings, and strengtheningthe role of the Legislature in this regard.• Consolidating democratic participation in allforms of governance through strengthening theparticipation of our people in forums such asward committees, School Governing Bodies andCommunity Policing Forums.• Promoting responsible citizenship, includingthrough:– Promoting awareness of our national andprovincial symbols– Deepening a sense of civic responsibilityand pride, such as paying for services andtaking responsibility for the maintenance ofinfrastructure– Exercising democratic rights.• Safeguarding our human rights culture.• Actively listen to and consult our people on keyprogrammes and policies of government, and• Lead by setting the example.ProgressPublic participationand accountabilityThe provincial government has enjoyed a healthy relationshipwith the Gauteng legislature as the electedrepresentatives of the people and accounts to thelegislature, including through its standing committees,on a regular basis on plans and delivery.Stakeholder engagement and consultation in policymakingand planning has been significantly expandedsince 2004. Civil society sectors have beenconsulted on a range of key strategies and directlyinvolved in consultative bodies.Public participation and accountability has alsobeen significantly advanced through the GautengIzimbizo where the Premier, Members of the ExecutiveCouncil and mayors have engaged directly withGauteng residents on issues affecting them in theircommunities. Over 100 Gauteng Izimbizo acrossthe province, including women’s imbizo, have beenheld since 2004. This has given over 150 000people an opportunity to hold government to accountand influence government’s delivery programme toimprove their lives.The African Peer Review Mechanism process inGauteng in 2005 and early 2006 was anothermilestone in democratic participation in the province.Civil society stakeholders, including labour, women,business, faith-based organisations, people withdisabilities, youth, NGOs and civics, joined gov-Deepening democracy, nation building and realizingthe constitutional rights of all our people also requiresus as government to incorporate these priorities in allour programmes and actions. We will thus in all ourprogrammes:• Mainstream issues of youth, women, children,the elderly and people with disabilities• Work in partnership with other people andorganizations in the private sector and communitiesto collectively contribute to our nation buildingand social agenda• Involve our people in improving their lives andthose of their communities through, for example,promoting social activism, volunteerism and enablingcitizens to monitor service delivery46 • Midterm Report - 2004/06

ernment in the APRM provincial governing councilwhich conducted a widespread public participationprocess. Gauteng residents from all walks of life andregions were given an opportunity to participate ina review of the province in the areas of Democracyand good political governance, Economic governanceand management, Corporate governance andSocio-economic development. Door to door work,public meetings, workshops and two consultativeconferences were held as part of the process, whichculminated in a Gauteng Assessment Report. Thereport formed part of the country assessment report.Stakeholders also interacted directly with the AfricanUnion country review mission which visited theprovince.The development of the Gauteng Global City RegionPerspective (GCR) also saw widespread consultation,with 13 stakeholder briefings and engagementsinvolving mayors, the Premier and MECs.A number of key provincial government strategieshave been subjected to participatory democracyforums and summits involving a wide range of civilsociety stakeholders. These include high level strategiessuch as the Provincial Growth and DevelopmentStrategy, the competitive sport strategy, the HumanResource Development Strategy; the GautengSocial Development Strategy; the Creative IndustriesStrategies, the infrastructure investment strategy andthe Gauteng strategy on sustainable development,among others.The engagement process around these and manyother strategies, for example, included a wide rangeof stakeholders ranging from academia and institutionsof higher learning, the media; civil societyinterest groups, science institutions and businessorganisations. This high level stakeholder participa-Midterm Report - 2004/06 • 47

tion in the making of key development strategies isan essential element in building partnerships and inensuring vital broad support for government policiesand programme implementation.Residents’ participation in ward committees, schoolgoverning bodies and community policing forumshas been strengthened over the past few years, contributingto popular participation and the deepeningof democracy.Moral regenerationThe provincial government recognises that the buildingof a moral society is an important component ofdeepening democracy and making the constitution aliving reality. To this extent, the provincial governmenthas complemented its public sector initiatives onethics with a partnership with civil society through themoral regeneration programme. This has includedactive involvement in the Gauteng Moral RegenerationMovement (MRM), including providing supportto civil society in the development of a provincialMRM framework and programme of action.Mainstreaming targeted groupsPeople with disabilitiesThe provincial government recognises the vital roleof people with disabilities, as well as the need totake active steps to reverse discrimination and realisetheir rights. Measures have therefore been taken tomainstream the rights of people with disabilities. Theprovincial government has therefore paid particularattention to the pursuit of the rights of people with disabilitiesin all its planning, resourcing, programmesand projects. All GPG departments have taken intoaccount the needs of people with disabilities inensuring access to, and in the provision of, services.In addition, departments are bound to ensure thatthe systems, facilities and infrastructure that they areresponsible for do not discriminate against, or disadvantage,people with disabilities.The provincial government has a target of 4% peoplewith disabilities in the workforce by 2009. This targethas already been met by some departments.Furthermore, the Gauteng Broad-Based Black EconomicEmpowerment Strategy incorporates a PreferentialProcurement Policy which favours entrepreneurswith disabilities. At least 17 enterprises owned bypeople with disabilities have acquired provincialcontracts with a rand value of R 10 644 060. TheExpanded Public Works Programme (EPWP) prioritisespeople with disabilities in access to jobs, whilethe Gauteng Enterprise Propellor (GEP) also givesspecial attention to support for small businessesowned or managed by people with disabilities.More than 13 000 wheel chairs have been providedsince 1999 and assistance is provided to peoplewith disabilities in education and in entering thelabour market. In the provincial health infrastructure,the GPG has established devices to assist peoplewith disabilities.Bursaries are provided for artists with disabilities,whilst the Department of Social Development providesa range of services, including counselling andother social assistance for people with disabilities inneed.Women’s empowermentThe provincial government developed a policyframework to achieve gender mainstreaming and theempowerment of women, taking into account issuesraised by women themselves.The policy outlines the province’s vision of genderequality and aims to enhance government’s capacityto address gender development challenges. Alldepartments have dedicated gender empowermentprogrammes and projects that are adequatelyresourced. Interdepartmental and intergovernmentalforums drive the gender development agenda inthe province and have proven useful in setting therelevant gender mainstreaming agenda, as well asin monitoring and evaluation.In the context of enhancing participatory governance,a series of engagements with relevant stakeholderswere held throughout the province. Women’sdialogues involving women from a variety of civilsociety sectors and government were held to solicitdirectly from the women of the province the mostappropriate means to deliver on their developmentneeds.The objectives of the provincial Women’s Dialoguewere:• To facilitate a process for Gauteng womento engage and agree on a multi-stakeholderprogramme of action in at least three key issuesfacing the province namely:– Economic empowerment of women in thesecond economy– Protection and support in respect of violenceagainst women– Supporting women in the partnershipagainst HIV and AIDS, including care forfamilies and children infected and affectedby the epidemic.• To strengthen partnerships between government,the private sector, women’s organizations andother organizations at regional and provincial48 • Midterm Report - 2004/06

levels• To enable women from different backgroundsboth in Gauteng and on the continent to shareexperiences.Following the women’s dialogues, a programme ofaction was adopted by the provincial government.Progress will be reviewed at the provincial women’sdialogue in 2007, once again ensuring the effectiverealisation of a people’s contract.In addition to the Women’s Dialogues, 10 women’simbizo were held in different parts of the province inAugust 2005 and 2006 to give women in communitiesan opportunity to raise their concerns and suggestionsdirectly with the Premier, MECs and mayors.A gender audit was completed to assess resourceallocation and the institutional basis for gender programmes.The recommendations will assist to furthercapacitate the provincial government in registeringprogress in this regard.A range of Gauteng government programmes payspecial attention to the needs of women, especiallyblack women. Priority has been given to promotewomen’s access to economic opportunities, includingthe EPWP, small business promotion through theGauteng Enterprise Propellor (GEP), the GPG broadbasedblack economic empowerment strategy andpreferential procurement policies, learnership andinternship programmes, as well as employing womenin senior management in the provincial government.The Premier has made a commitment to ensure thatby 2009, 50% of women in senior managementpositions are women.Youth developmentThe provincial government regards youth developmentas an important part of the province’s vision totransform Gauteng into a globally competitive smartprovince, which plays a leading role in technologicaldevelopment and innovation.The objective of youth development is to enableyoung people to become active participants inactivities that fulfil their potential by increasing theiropportunities to participate in the economy. The GautengIntegrated Youth Development Strategy (GIYDS)2004-2009 provides a basis for the implementationof these policies. The strategy was adopted bythe Executive Council in 2005 and situates youthdevelopment in the context of the province’s 2014 vision,five-year strategic programme and the GautengGrowth and Development Strategy.Subsequently, the Gauteng Commission on YouthDevelopment (GCYD) was established in 2006.The GCYD brought together a talented and versatilegroup of young people in the province, representingyouth from all walks of life in Gauteng – from alldistricts and sectors, including faith-based organizations,business, political and disability movementsand those dealing with human rights, gender issues,HIV and AIDS, community policing and skills andentrepreneurial development.The GCYD was instrumental in the drafting of theGauteng Integrated Youth Development Strategy(GIYDS). The strategy was developed in consultationwith young people in the province, including throughyouth dialogues. It focuses amongst others on socialcrime prevention, HIV and AIDS, moral regeneration,youth development advocacy, youth labour marketand employment strategies, youth citizenship, youthfriendlygovernment services and the institutionalframework for youth development.Subsequently, the provincial government identifiedthe need for a statutory body and established theGauteng Youth Commission (GYC) in 2006 in termsof the Gauteng Youth Commission Act.The GYC is responsible for co-ordination, facilitation,advice and monitoring of the mainstreaming of youthdevelopment in the policies and programmes of theprovincial government. It will liaise and engage withcivil society organs of youth and the youth sectorbroadly. In addition, the GYC plays an advocacyrole for youth development in the broader societyand engages with the civil society youth sector in theprovince.The GYC launched its outreach programme duringSeptember 2006 at the provincial legislature. Thelaunch was attended by over 150 youth representingover 80 youth organisations in the province. The outreachprogramme assisted the GYC in understandingthe challenges and the needs of the youth in theprovince. It served to deepen democracy by creatingavenues for young people to participate in decisionmakingabout their lives and fully exercise the rightsand responsibilities of their citizenship. In addition, ithelped to link young people to government, as wellas promote access to information and services availableto them.The GYC outreach programme included regionalyouth izimbizo and meetings with organized youthfrom various sectors such as faith based organisations,people with disabilities, political, entrepreneurialand so forth. A youth economic fair was also heldin collaboration with the City of Tshwane.These and other engagements such as youth summitsgive young people in the province an opportunityMidterm Report - 2004/06 • 49

to help drive the youth development agenda of theprovincial government.The promotion of youth job creation and othereconomic opportunities for the youth has been akey focus. This has been through, amongst others,the Gauteng Enterprise Propeller (GEP), CommunityDevelopment Workers, the Expanded Public WorksProgramme, the provision of bursaries, learnershipsand internships, provincial government contracts, aswell as other skills development and training opportunities,with an important focus on opportunities forunemployed graduates.Through the GEP, the province will ensure that by theend of the 2007/8 financial year, 20% of fundinggoes to support youth-led job creation activities andthe establishment of youth and women led co-operativesin Gauteng’s six regions as well as payingattention to the provision of financial support toSMMEs.The rolling out of learnership and internship programmesin line with the undertakings at the Growthand Development Summit has begun, with increasedfocus placed on Further Education and Training Collegesand Human Resource Development.The Automotive Industry Development Centre (AIDC)has given both formal and vocational training in theautomotive industry to previously unemployed youths.These youths have been prepared for full-time employmentin the sector.In addition, the provincial Agricultural DevelopmentStrategy aims to bring previously disadvantagedsections of the population, including youth, womenand the unemployed into the entire value chain ofagriculture.An audit on youth development programmes withinthe provincial government was completed in 2006.This will serve as the basis for further enhancement ofyouth development mainstreaming.ChildrenAs part of its efforts to make Gauteng a province fitfor children, the Gauteng government introduced theBana Pele programme. This is a package of servicesaimed at improving the lives of the poorest and mostvulnerable children in the province.The aim of Bana Pele is to integrate existing servicesso that they can be accessed at one point of entry.Through Bana Pele, children who receive the childsupport grant will also receive free health care, freescreening for the early detection of disabilities andspecial needs and free psycho-social support fromworkers. Children at schools in the very poorest communitieswill be exempted from paying school feesand will receive free scholar transport and free mealsat school. Those going into grade one will receivefree school uniforms. Since the launch of the coordinatedBana Pele programme in 2005, at least 38231children have benefited from this programme.Social crime preventionWhile crime is still unacceptably high, significantstrides have been made in the fight against crime,including in social crime prevention. This has beenthe result of an integrated approach and collabora-50 • Midterm Report - 2004/06

tion across all spheres of government and with civilsociety organisations. Among the key initiatives ofgovernment, two strategic milestones were concludedin 2006 with the completion of the GautengProvincial Safety Strategy and the Gauteng RoadSafety Strategy, as outlined in section 3.2.Community involvement in anti-crime initiatives hasnot only contributed to the deepening of democracybut has resulted in a decline in criminal activities andimproved conviction levels. In this regard, CommunityPolicing Forums, through their civilian oversightrole, have led to better monitoring of the effectivenessand efficiency of law enforcement agencies.A range of mechanisms have been put in place tocurb crime. These include:• efforts to improve visible policing and sectorpolicing• the introduction of Metropolitan Police at localgovernment level• increasing the number and training of policeemployed by the South African Police Services• establishment of more police stations in identifiedcommunities• Building community-police relations and strengtheningCommunity Policing Forums (CPFs). TheCPFs bring together police and communityrepresentatives to discuss crime-related problemsand crime prevention and crime combattingmeasures.Violence againstwomen and childrenParticular attention has been paid to the preventionof violence against women and children, with an emphasison empowering women and protecting andpromoting the rights of women and children. This hasbeen boosted by new legislation such as the MaintenanceAct, the Termination of Pregnancy Act and theDomestic Violence Act.Trauma centres and victim empowerment centreshave been established across the province, andthe training of police officers, forensic nurses andother role players has been prioritised to ensure thatvictims of domestic violence and other sexual offencesare assisted in a humane and sensitive wayand to improve successful prosecutions against theperpetrators. A one-stop victim support centre, IkhayaLethemba, has been established and provides acomprehensive package of care services on a 24/7basis to those in need.A range of GPG programmes have focused on advocacy.These have included the following:• Encouraging women and the public in general tobreak the silence against abuse, and providinginformation on the procedures to follow whenthey are being abused, in line with the DomesticViolence Act and the Victims’ Charter• Creating awareness among women and thepublic in general about types of abuse, interven-Midterm Report - 2004/06 • 51

tions by government in addressing the preventionof violence and abuse of women and childrenand services available to those affected• Educating women about the various types ofrape and the availability of Post Exposure Prophylaxis(PEP) for sexual assault victims, as well ashow to access PEP services, including safety tipsfor women in an effort to prevent incidences ofrape• Forging partnerships and improving publicawareness and mobilisation through commemoratingthe 16 Days of Activism of no violenceagainst women and children, and addressinginitiatives to extend the campaign.Information about servicesA key aspect of realising constitutional rights is anability to access services provided by government togive effect to those rights. Since 2004 the provincialgovernment has produced a variety of directorieson services provided by the provincial government,including on women, people with disabilities, children,youth, violence against women and children,economic opportunities and HIV and Aids. These areupdated annually and are distributed widely in Gautengcommunities. The information is also availableon the Gauteng government website.Sport developmentImportant strides have been made in encouragingmass participation in sport and in redressing pastimbalances in access to sporting facilities and sportsclubs.Following a sport indaba in May 2005 and thedevelopment of a competitive sport strategy, workwas focused on the development of a comprehensivesport development strategy for the province. Thesport development policy framework was developedin 2006. Among its objectives are to ensure thatsports development promotes shared economicgrowth and development, as well as social developmentand building social cohesion and sustainablecommunities. In addition, the policy aims to promotethe transformation of the sports sector to improve itsefficiency and representivity.Key pillars include promoting mass participationin sport and improving sporting facilities and infrastructure,especially in disadvantaged communities.Community sporting hubs have been established,with a particular focus on the 20 identified townships.These hubs are aimed at attracting increasingnumbers of residents into sporting activities, providingtraining and coaching, as well as making themcentres of economic activity, job creation and talentidentification. Between April 2004 and April 2006,there were already 22 sporting hubs in communitiesacross the province, with another 10 due for completionby the end of the 2006/7 financial year.The annual Masakhane games have continued to bea success, drawing in large numbers of participants.Cultural activitiesA range of cultural and arts activities have been conductedto promote social cohesion and nation buildingas well as develop the sector as an economicgrowth sector with job creation potential. The followingare some of the cultural activities undertaken bythe provincial government:• Pale Ya Rona Carnival: The provincial governmentstaged an annual street carnival in 2005and 2006 to coincide with Heritage Monthin September. The carnival aims to become adomestic and international tourist attraction.Thousands of people, including those in carnivalattire, troupes and floats, participated. Theprocess has contributed to the employment ofartists in the design and production of floats andcostumes.• Grants: To promote arts and culture and developartistic talent, about R900 000 was grantedto various arts and culture organisations in the2006/07 financial year, while R300 000 wasgiven to needy arts and culture tertiary studentsto further their studies.• Traditional music: The provincial governmentpartnered with Arts Alive in staging the Isicathamiyaand Maskandi performances to showcaseand promote traditional music. In addition,a partnership of traditional dance and musicgroups and local and provincial government hasbegun staging traditional dance events. Eventshave so far been held in Thokoza, Bekkersdaland Soweto.• Kippies Jazz club: the provincial governmentsupported the re-opening of Kippies jazz club inNovember 2006, to support musicians and topreserve our musical heritage.• Roving Tavern Jazz Programme: In partnershipwith Arts Alive and municipalities, the provincialgovernment staged the Roving Tavern JazzProgramme in Sebokeng, Katlehong, Tembisa,Eldorado Park, Brixton and Atteridgeville. Thishas helped promote up and coming jazz groupsand contribute to the building of this economicsector in these communities.Commemorative eventsIn addition to sports and cultural activities, a widerange of commemorative events have contributed tothe strengthening of social cohesion, national prideand national unity. These include Human Rights Day,52 • Midterm Report - 2004/06

Freedom Day, National Youth Day and NationalWomen’s Day. In 2005, the 50th anniversary of theFreedom Charter was celebrated, while in 2006activities were organised to mark the 30th anniversaryof the 1976 student uprisings on 16 June andthe 50th anniversary of the historic women’s anti-passmarch on 9 August.National pride remains at relatively high levels in theprovince, with 77% of Gauteng residents in 2006expressing pride in being South African. Pride in beinga Gauteng resident stood at 76%, up from 73%in 2005.•••Promoting partnerships between government andcivil society in achieving development objectivesStrengthening legislative oversightPromotion of second generation rights, includingthe development of proactive plans to ensurethe progressive realisation of second generationrights and universal serviceThe implementation of integrated policies andstrategies to address the needs of women, children,youth and people with disabilities. Particularattention should be paid to the economicempowerment of women, youth and people withdisabilities.•Priorities aheadAmong the key priorities ahead in deepening democracyand realising the constitutional rights of ourpeople is the need to explore further support for civilsociety bodies. While the provincial government hasopened up opportunities for civil society sectors toparticipate in governance, this is limited by their lackof capacity and resources. Consideration thereforeneeds to be given to mechanisms to improve this.Other priorities include:• Promoting active citizenship and ensuring thatevery citizen exercises their rights and responsibilitiesMidterm Report - 2004/06 • 53

Midterm Report - 2004/06

3.5 BuIlDInG An EFFECTIvE AnD CARInGGovERnmEnTIn line with its commitment to build a democraticand developmental state, the Gauteng provincialgovernment has strived to be people-centred andresponsive to the needs of its citizens; effective andeffi cient in the utilisation of resources to the maximumbenefi t of the people; accountable and transparentin its actions and empowering residents with information.The provincial government has also taken cognisanceof the ten-year review of government followingthe fi rst decade of democracy, which pointed to theneed to improve the capacity of the state to acceleratedelivery and implement government programmes.Key challengesAmong the key challenges which the fi ve yearprogramme set out to address in improving servicedelivery to the people in the period to 2014 werethe following:• increasing pressure on the fi scus to deliverservices due to rising expectations and ongoingin-migration• citizens who are knowledgeable about theirrights and rightfully demand increasing quality ofservice provision, and that they are treated withdignity by the public service• new opportunities and ways of serving our peopledue to the ongoing revolution in ICT• the impact of the HIV and AIDS epidemic onthe public service, including the possible loss ofprofessional workers.Key commitmentsThe priority actions and programmes for the fi ve yearperiod from 2004 were to:• Provide all citizens with high quality, caring andintegrated government services. This criticallyincludes removing obstacles to effective servicedelivery, making sure services are sustainableand increasing the responsiveness of the publicsector to complaints and problems from citizens.We specifi cally commit ourselves to:• Increasing the commitment of public servants toBatho Pele• Developing a set of service standards so thatthe public know what level of service they canexpect• Speedily and effectively addressing requests forassistance or complaints from citizens as well asallegations of ill-treatment by public servants ofmembers of the public. Citizens will no longerbe pushed from pillar to post nor wait for longperiods of time before being assisted.These commitments will be made possible through:• Increasing the use of technology, including rollingout of electronic government services• Reducing ‘red-tape’ in accessing governmentservices• Co-ordination and integration of services betweennational, provincial and local levels ofgovernment.• Rolling out of Multi-Purpose Community Centresand community development workers.• Build the capacity of the public service includingthrough:– A comprehensive skills development programmeincluding learnerships and formanagers and staff on the frontline ofservice delivery– Performance management of public servants– Strengthening our HIV/AIDS workplaceprogrammes– Improving the representivity of the publicservice especially of black people, womenand people with disabilities at managerialand professional levels and– Improved planning and budgeting, monitoringand evaluation.• Make government accessible through:– Ensuring accessible information about governmentservices– Strengthening communication with ourpeople– Strengthening redress or complaints mechanismsand• Use government resources in a prudent yet innovativemanner to achieve maximum impact.• Implement our anti-corruption strategy andcontinue to demonstrate zero-tolerance towardsfraud and corruption.• Co-ordinate the management of public buildingsand the development of a government precinctfor those GPG buildings located in the Johannesburgcentral business district.• Work with local government to support the transformationprocess currently underway for it to effectivelydeliver services and play an increasingMidterm Report - 2004/06 •

developmental role. In particular we will seek to:– Draw on the capacity of each metro tobuild an integrated region– Strengthen district municipalities to betterco-ordinate the strategic direction of localmunicipalities– Review the present allocation of powersand functions so that we empower localgovernment to discharge its responsibilitiesto the people and define the appropriaterole of spheres of government for thecircumstances facing Gauteng.• Increase the level of monitoring of policingagencies and the criminal justice system toensure improved service delivery as well assupporting them in respect of transformation,improved crime prevention and communitypolice relations.ProgressImportant strides have been made in improving theefficiency and effectiveness of the Gauteng publicservice and in ensuring the continued transformationof the state.Capacity of the stateIn 2005 the provincial government undertook astudy on the capacity and organisation of the stateand produced a strategy which was adopted bythe Executive Council. The strategy underlined thecentrality of government capacity in enhancingGauteng’s ability to become a globally competitivecity region and highlighted strategic interventionsin this regard. In 2006 a process was initiated todevelop an implementation plan to give effect to thestrategy.Similarly, a review of local government performancein the period from 2000 to 2005 was conducted.The review highlighted critical areas for interventionin order to further enhance the delivery capacityof local government in Gauteng. Currently, thereis an ongoing process to review the organisationand capacity of the state at local government level.A number of interventions were implemented tobuild the capacity of municipalities, including thosedesignated under Project Consolidate.A key focus has been on ensuring that municipalitieshave the necessary managerial, professionaland technical staff to implement developmentalprogrammes. By the beginning of 2006, a total of70 professionals including project managers, seniorengineers, and chartered accountants had beendeployed in Kungwini, Mogale City and Emfulenito provide the necessary support. Steps were alsotaken to support improved local government financialmanagement. An Advisory Committee made up offinancial management experts was set up to provideappropriate advice and promote compliance withthe Municipal Financial Management Act.To further improve the capacity of governmentat all levels, the provincial government and localgovernment, under the auspices of the Premier’sCoordination Forum, has undertaken a review ofpowers and functions carried out by the differentspheres of government. The matter is under discussionand is expected to be taken further in 2007. Workhas also commenced on the introduction of ametropolitan system of governance in Gauteng.At the level of public representatives, discussions withthe legislature have been undertaken to determineits capacity to enhance its oversight role. In thisregard, two strategic documents are being finalisedon the funding of political parties represented inthe legislature and on ministerial accountability todetermine forms of accountability and relationshipsbetween the Executive Council, including Heads ofDepartment and the Legislature.The Executive Council (cabinet) system has beenreconfigured with the aim of improving integrationand coordination between various departments andbetween the provincial and local government andto promote effective and efficient executive decisionmaking.The monitoring and evaluation of the implementationof government programmes and commitments hasbeen a priority. The provincial government concludeda monitoring, evaluation and reporting system, whichincludes the tracking of commitments made by thePremier in his opening of the legislature address.Quarterly reports on progress in delivering on thesecommitments are tabled on the Gauteng governmentportal as a way of accounting to the public ondelivery. Key Performance Indicators, developedin 2004 alongside the GPG’s five-year strategicprogramme, have been revised and monitored.Integration and coordinationIntegration and alignment across spheres of governmenthas been a long-standing challenge of thedemocratic government. Good progress has beenmade in this regard since 2004, spurred by the iniativeto build Gauteng as a globally competitive cityregion.A variety of strategies, programmes and projectsare being implemented across provincial and localgovernment in Gauteng, including the 20 prioritytownships project and other urban renewal projects,56 • Midterm Report - 2004/06

the Gauteng Safety Strategy and the Gauteng SocialDevelopment Strategy.Intergovernmental relations have been strengthenedand the Premier’s Coordination Forum (PCF) hasbecome the primary intergovernmental governancestructure in the province. The PCF is chaired by thePremier, and includes selected MECs and Gautengheads of departments, together with Gauteng mayorsand municipal managers. Administrative headsmeet prior to the PCF in the PCF Technical committee,which is chaired by the provincial government’sDirector General and is made up of the municipalmanagers and the relevant provincial governmentheads of departments.A range of other intergovernmental structures havebeen established to improve co-ordination and alignmentof government work in areas such as publicsafety, women’s empowerment, people with disabilitiesand communications.EfficiencyThe establishment of the Gauteng Shared ServicesCentre (GSSC) in the previous term of office wasaimed at improving the efficiency of the provincialgovernment. Important strides have been taken in thisregard through the GSSC, particularly in the areas ofinformation technology and e-governance, procurement,aspects of human resources management suchas recruitment and selection as well as internal auditfunctions.An emphasis has been placed on continuously improvingfinancial management and compliance withthe Public Finance Management Act, and achievingunqualified audit reports.GPG as a model employerAn important aspect of building an effective andcaring government has been the transformation ofthe public service and ensuring that the provincialgovernment is a best practice employer. While thisis exercised through a variety of mechanisms, keyaspects include the following:• In line with employment equity objectives, stepshave been taken to ensure that public servantsreflect the demographics of the province. Inthis regard the Premier made a commitment toMidterm Report - 2004/06 • 57

ensure that by 2009, 70% of provincial governmentsenior managers are black and 50% arewomen. By the beginning of 2006, 63% ofsenior management was black and 30% werewomen.• Skills development and training of staff is regardedas a priority. Programmes have beenimplemented at all levels of the public service,including at a senior management level throughthe Gauteng Management Development Programme.• Learnerships and internships have been introducedto give young people work experienceand training and to make it easier for them toaccess employment. The provincial government’slearnership/internship intake in the GPG for the2006/7 financial year has since exceeded theset target of 8% of the workforce. It has recordedan intake of 8.44%, which translates to 5 381people. Of these, a number of the programmesfocused on developing people in areas of criticaland scarce skills.• The implementation of a workplace Aids programme.All provincial government departmentsare responsible for implementing comprehensiveHIV/Aids programmes aimed at public servants.• The provincial government has introduced anEmployee Assistance Programme (EAP) to provideadvice, counselling and other services toGPG employees.Anti-corruption and ethicsIn fulfilling its commitment to clean and ethicalgovernance and a zero tolerance approach to corruption,the provincial government has made steadyprogress in entrenching public service ethics andpreventing fraud and corruption.A range of measures have been institutionalisedto prevent corruption, including in the procurementsystem. The anti-corruption strategy was reviewed in2006 and a revised strategy has been developed inline with the anti-corruption and ethics imperatives ofthe province. All the provincial departments re-alignedtheir fraud prevention plans based on fraud and corruptionrisk as identified in a 2005 risk assessmentexercise. Fraud prevention and anti-corruption awarenesstraining sessions were conducted throughout theprovincial government.Batho PeleTo promote effective service delivery and in line withthe Batho Pele principles, provincial governmentdepartments in 2006 finalised the development ofservice standards and service charters. These servicecharters commit the provincial government to thedelivery of high quality services to citizens. They setout the expectations that citizens may reasonablyhave of departments and provides opportunities forcomplaints, public comment and suggestions onservice delivery improvement.The provincial government established a ServiceDelivery Forum to facilitate the promotion andimplementation of the Batho Pele ethos within GPGdepartments.The celebration of Africa Public Service Day, GautengPublic Service Week and the Premier’s ServiceExcellence awards, provided further impetus for theinstitutionalisation of Batho Pele across the provincialgovernment.Multi-PurposeCommunity CentresService delivery has been further improved andmade more accessible to Gauteng residents throughthe establishment of Multi-Purpose Community Centres(MPCCs) as a joint initiative by local, provincialand national government.The MPCCs provide one-stop access to a rangeof government and non-governmental services andmake it easier for residents, particularly those inpreviously neglected communities, to access servicescloser to where they live. Since April 2004, 13 newMPCCs were established, bringing the total by theend of October 2006 to 25 MPCCs.In 2006 a GPG ethics survey was carried out to assessthe provincial government’s ethics capacity andsupport the needs of provincial departments. The studyfocused on ethics initiatives that promote ethical decisionmaking as part of a comprehensive approach togood governance in the provincial government. Anethics capacity building programme has been finalisedto enhance ethical conduct on an ongoing basis.58 • Midterm Report - 2004/06

E-governanceThe e-governance strategy has been effectively implementedby the provincial government since 2004.It provides for a variety of channels through whichcitizens can access government at their convenience,including:• A contact centre, which was started in 2004and which can be accessed through the 0860GAUTENG number. The centre was expandedin 2006 with the establishment of satellite callcentres in Wynberg and Mogale City, and afurther site is to be launched in Sedibeng.• The internet portal, www.gautengonline.gov.za which is operating successfully following itsofficial launch in June 2005, offering integratedaccess to information about the provincial government.The portal includes a service databaseproviding information on how to access variousgovernment services.• Walk-in centres in the form of MPCCs, as indicatedabove.• Information kiosks: To accelerate citizens accessto information about government services,the provincial government planned a total of50 information kiosks to be set up at MPCCsand other government service centres in andaround Gauteng, as well as 70 digital loungeswithin government departments. In addition totelephones, residents will also be able to sendfaxes and e-mails to obtain information aboutgovernment. In addition, 40 community librarieswill be connected to the GPG portal.By the beginning of 2006, 200 CDWs had beendeployed as full-time public servants to assist communitiesto unblock service delivery obstacles. Anadditional 319 new cadets started a one-year learnershipprogramme in March 2006. This has put theprovince on course to fulfill its commitment to deployat least one CDW in each ward in Gauteng by April2007.Priorities aheadBuilding the capacity and organisation of the stateis the top priority in ensuring an effective and caringgovernment. Key aspects include:•••••••Human resource development, including the possibilityof a Gauteng academyImproving service delivery and ensuring the effectiveimplementation of service standardsEnhanced communication and public access toinformationEstablishing a government-wide monitoring andevaluation systemContinued support for local governmentAlignment and integration of planning acrosslocal, provincial and national government andparastatalsThe establishment of a metropolitan system ofgovernance in Gauteng andConcluding a review of powers and functions oflocal and provincial government.•Community Development WorkersThe introduction of Community Development Workershas been a key prong in our efforts to build aneffective and caring government which at all timesacts in service of the people to improve their lives.Midterm Report - 2004/06 • 59

60 • Midterm Report - 2004/064

ConclusionHalf way through its fi ve year term of offi ce, the provincial governmentis on course in fulfi lling the mandate it received from the people of theprovince in 2004. While signifi cant challenges remain, steady progresshas been made in fulfi lling the commitments made in 2004 and in implementingall key areas of the GPG fi ve year strategic programme for 2004 to 2009.Key aspects of the achievements so far have been registered through new initiativesand strategies which have been developed and where implementation isin progress. These include the following:• Building Gauteng as a globally competitive city region which is prosperousand able to meet the needs of all its people.• Promoting shared economic growth and job creation, particularly throughthe Gauteng Growth and Development Strategy and related strategies,including the broad based black economic empowerment strategy, supportfor small, medium and micro enterprises and sector strategies in agriculture,competitive sport and the creative industries.• Fighting poverty and improving the lives of the poor and the vulnerablethrough a combination of economic and social strategies to improve poorpeople’s access to economic opportunities, improve the social wage andimplement a comprehensive social development strategy.• Building sustainable communities through human settlement and widespreadurban renewal programmes to reverse apartheid’s legacy ofunderdevelopment and create vibrant and dynamic communities, with aparticular emphasis on 20 prioritised townships in the province.• Putting in place a Gauteng Safety Strategy and Gauteng Road Safety Strategyto achieve our vision of a law governed society free of fear, violenceand crime.• The development of a Human Resource Development strategy to addressskills needs to boost the economy, the public service and social deliveryand improving the quality of health care and education.• Deepening democracy and implementing programmes to realise the rightsand improve the lives of women, children, people with disabilities andyouth.• Improving the capacity and organisation of the state to better implementgovernment programmes and make it more responsive to citizens’ needs.Among the key priorities in the period ahead are:• The implementation of the Gauteng Global City Region perspective includingthe alignment and reprioritisation of municipal and provincial strategiesin line with GCR objectives• The completion of the Gauteng spatial development perspectiveMidterm Report - 2004/06 • 61

• The effective implementation of the GautengGrowth and Development Strategy and sectorstrategies• The effective implementation of the Gauteng2010 strategy to ensure the successful hostingof the 2010 FIFA World Cup in Gauteng andlegacy projects• Managing the impact of our success, includingpaying attention to issues such as the capacity ofthe economy, energy and migration• Implementing integrated youth and women developmentstrategies• The effective implementation of the 20 prioritytownships initiative• The effective implementation of the GautengSocial Development Strategy• Further expanding and upscaling the ExpandedPublic Works Programme• The effective implementation of the GautengSafety Strategy and Gauteng Road SafetyStrategy• The effective implementation of the GautengHuman Resource Development Strategy• Enhancing the capacity and organisation of thestate.Much work still needs to be done in ensuring theeffective implementation of existing and new strategies,the GPG’s five-year programme and in realisingour 2014 vision. We need to intensify our actionsand fast-track delivery in continuing to addresspoverty, unemployment and underdevelopment in ourprovince and our country. The provincial governmentis ready to continue to put shoulder to the wheel, inpartnership with all our people, in making Gautengan even better place in which to live.62 • Midterm Report - 2004/06

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Notes64 • Midterm Report - 2004/06

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Together, creating jobsfighting povertywww.gautengonline.gov.za orcall 0860 42 88 364 (0860 GAUTENG)66 • Midterm Report - 2004/06

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