Views
5 months ago

10 february 2018_final

News From Non -Aligned

News From Non -Aligned World NAM Member States support Nagoya Protocol By IINS Research Team The Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization (ABS) to the Convention on Biological Diversity is a supplementary agreement to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). It provides a transparent legal framework for the effective implementation of one of the three objectives of the CBD: the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources. The Nagoya Protocol on ABS was adopted on 29 October 2010 in Nagoya, Japan and entered into force on 12 October 2014, 90 days after the deposit of the fiftieth instrument of ratification. Its objective is the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources, thereby contributing to the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity. The objective of the Nagoya Protocol is addressed in Article 1. The text of this provision draws from the third objective of the CBD as stated in its own Article 1, and it refers to “the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits and to the transferred technologies have to be taken into account. Finally, it is highlighted that the Nagoya Protocol aims at contributing to the conservation of biodiversity and the sustainable use of its components. Non-Aligned Movement recognizes the importance of Strengthening the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity and the fair and just international regime on access and benefit sharing that respect the sovereign rights, of States over their natural resources and promotes the fair and equitable benefit sharing from the utilization of genetic resources and associated traditional and local knowledge in the framework of the Convention on Biological Diversity and welcomed the coming into force of the Nagoya Protocol on 12 October 2014. The Movement has encouraged the respective parties, in close collaboration with relevant stakeholders, to take concrete measures towards achieving the objectives of the Convention on Biological Diversity and the Nagoya Protocol, and in this regard emphasizes the need to comprehensively address at all levels the difficulties that impede their full implementation. “Non-Aligned Movement recognizes the importance of Strengthening the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity and the fair and just international regime on access and benefit sharing that respect the sovereign rights, of States over their natural resources and promotes the fair and equitable benefit sharing from the utilization of genetic resources and associated traditional and local knowledge in the framework of the Convention on Biological Diversity and welcomed the coming into force of the Nagoya Protocol on 12 October 2014” arising from the utilization of genetic resources” as the main goal of the Protocol. Article 1 clarifies that such benefit-sharing includes appropriate access to genetic resources, appropriate transfer of relevant technologies, and appropriate funding. Accordingly, benefit-sharing entails more than sharing a certain percentage of the profits when a product is developed on the basis of a genetic resource. Furthermore, it is re-stated that when sharing benefits, the rights over the accessed resources NAM Member States have actively supported the implementation of the Nagoya Protocol. A few examples of such states are mentioned here. Nepal has ratified the Nagoya Protocol Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization (ABS) to the Convention on Biological Diversity. The endorsement of the protocol is expected to help Nepal establish its rights over genetic resources produced from Nepal. It will also help protect biodiversity and increase the access of the local community to natural resources, and the ability to forge agreements on sharing of benefits. South Africa ratified the Nagoya Protocol on 10 January, 2013. South Africa is one of the first countries to regulate the protection and use of indigenous biological resources and associated traditional knowledge. In April 2008, regulations for bio-prospecting, access and benefit sharing came into effect to manage access to South Africa’s bio-resources. India ratified the Nagoya Protocol on 4 October Contd.....On Page 16 February, 2018 (10)

Non-Aligned Movement strengthening Multilateralism By IINS Research Team NAM was initiated to sustain peace within the developing nations but it also aimed at gaining economic stability and sufficiency in the member nations. During the years the focus of Non-Aligned Summits therefore shifted away from essentially politically issues, to the advocacy of solutions to global economic and other problems. Later submits of NAM were all the more concentrated on conducive policies for economic development utilizing and strengthening South-South cooperation. The Summit of Jakarta in 1992 was a turning point in Non-Aligned history since this was the first Summit after the end of the Cold War. It allowed the Movement to shift its focus in a direction that also enabled it to work across to groupings such as the G-7 and the EU. The founders of the Non-Aligned Movement and their successors recognised that the Movement would probably be destroyed if they created such formal structures for the Movement as a constitution and “The practice of the Movement is to make all decisions by consensus. Consensus has enhanced the solidarity and unity of the Movement. This concept presupposes understanding of and respect for different points of view, including disagreement and implies mutual accommodation on the basis of which agreement can emerge by a sincere process of adjustment among member nations in the true spirit of Non-Alignment” News From Non -Aligned World the same time also delegated certain responsibilities for promoting the principles and activities of the Movement. The Coordinating Bureau is the vocal point for coordination. The Bureau reviews and facilitates the harmonisation of the work of the NAM Working Groups, Contact Groups, Task Forces and Committees. The Heads of State or Government entrusted the Coordinating Bureau with the task of intensifying its actions to further strengthen coordination and mutual cooperation among Non-Aligned countries, including unified action in the United Nations and other international foray on issues of common concern. All NAM Working Groups, Contact Groups, Task Forces and Committees meet as often as necessary. In the fulfillment of their mandates due regard is paid to coordination, efficiency and preparedness. It is necessary that the NAM countries elected to the Security Council, and who form the NAM Caucus in the Security Council, constantly strive to adopt unified positions, and that the decisions and the positions of NAM as adopted at its Summits and Ministerial Conferences and by the Coordinating Bureau be properly reflected by them in the Security Council, without prejudice to their sovereign rights. In order to promote coordination and cooperation between the NAM and the Group of 77 in promoting the interests of developing countries in international forum, a Joint Coordinating Committee of the two groups was established in 1994, which meets regularly in New York. internal secretariat. A multilateral trans-national organisation made up of states with differing ideologies and purposes could never create a rational administrative structure to implement its policies that all could accept. The Non-Aligned Movement has created a unique form of administrative style. Non-Aligned administration is non-hierarchical, rotational and inclusive, providing all member states, regardless of size and importance, with an opportunity to participate in global decisionmaking and world politics. The Summit is the occasion when the Movement formally rotates its Chair to the Head of State of the host country of the Summit, who then holds office until the next Summit. The Chair is at The practice of the Movement is to make all decisions by consensus. Consensus has enhanced the solidarity and unity of the Movement. This concept presupposes understanding of and respect for different points of view, including disagreement and implies mutual accommodation on the basis of which agreement can emerge by a sincere process of adjustment among member nations in the true spirit of Non-Alignment. The Cartagena Document on Methodology states that consensus, while signifying substantial agreement, does not require implying unanimity. In sensitive issues, the NAM tradition is to pay attention to openness and the holding of extensive consultations with the broadest possible participation. The Bureau of the Meeting, with its representative capacity, should render its assistance. (11) February, 2018

Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements
February
February, 2012 - CII
GLOBAL PERSPECTIVES | February 2011 - JAPAN EDITION
Managing Hazardous Chemicals - people on the Web at Boston ...
investigation of the february 10, 2010, rock fall at 274 west main ...
Oxfam-EU-Pulling-The-Plug-tax-note-March-2015
Action-programme-with-cover-EN
The European future of the Western Balkans: Thessaloniki@10
QUARTERLY REPORT ON INFLATION FEBRUARY 2010 - EPA
Sample Chapter - United Nations University
Making multilateralism matter EN - the European External Action ...
ISEAS News, Vol I, February 2011 - Nalanda-Sriwijaya Centre
the central government is responsible for the ... - Macao Yearbook
GlobalSlaveryIndex_2013_Download_WEB1
February 2012 - Kankakee Valley REMC
March 31 - Gerald R. Ford Presidential Library and Museum